October 1, 1864

Macomb Eagle


Lincoln Responsible for their Sufferings and Death.

The Negro the only obstacle to Exchange.

            The wrongs, indignities, and privations suffered by our (white) soldiers would move me to consent to anything to procure their exchange, except to barter away the honor and faith of the government of the United States, which has been solemnly pledged to the colored [nigger] soldiers in its employ.

Benj. F. Butler,
Maj. Gen. and Ag’t of Exchange.

            All other questions between us may be postponed for future settlement, but the fair exchange of colored soldiers and of their white soldiers will be insisted on by the government before another rebel soldier or officer will be exchanged.

Wm. Whiting,
Solicitor of the War Department.

How the White Soldiers Suffer and Die.

            From the memorial of the 35,000 perishing prisoners in the pen of pestilence and famine at Andersonville, Ga.:

The Situation of the Men.

To the President of the United States:

These 35,000 men are confined in a field of some thirty acres, enclosed by a board fence, heavily guarded. About one-third have various kinds of indiffierent shelter, or even shade of any kind, and are exposed to the storms and rains which are of almost daily occurrence; the cold dews of the night, and the more terrible effects of the sun striking with almost tropical fierceness upon their unprotected heads. This mass of men jostle and crowd each other up and down the limits of their enclosure, in storm or sun, and others lie down upon the pitiless earth at night with no other covering than the clothing upon their backs, few of them having even a blanket. * * Thousands are without pants or coat, and hundreds without even a pair of drawers to cover their nakedness.

The Scanty Ration.

            To these men, as indeed to all prisoners, there is issued three-quarters of a pound of bread or meal, and one-eighth pound of meat per day. – This is the entire ration, and upon it the prisoner must live or die. The meal is often unsifted and sour, and the meat such as at the north is consigned to the soapmaker.

Sickness and Death.

            But to starvation and exposure, to sun and storm, add the sickness which prevails to a most alarming and terrible extent. On an average one hundred die daily. * * It needs no comment, no effort at word painting, to make such a picture stand out boldly in most horrible colors.

Despair and Idiocy – Death Courted.

            They are fast losing hope, and becoming utterly reckless of life. Numbers, crazed by their sufferings, wander about in a state of idiocy; others deliberately cross the “dead line,” and are remorselessly shot down.

The Character of Men Left to Such a Fate by Lincoln.

            Few of them have been captured except in the front of battle, in the deadly encounter, and only when overpowered by numbers. They constitute as gallant a portion of our armies as carry our banners anywhere. If released, they would soon return to the army again to do vigorous battle for our cause.

Why They Suffer and Die – The men Understand the Reason – the Negro.

            We are told that the only obstacle in the way of exchange is the status of enlisted negroes captured from our armies, the United States claiming that the cartel covers all who come under its flag, and the Confederate States refusing to consider the colored [nigger] soldiers, heretoore slaves, as prisoners of war.

The negro Prisoners of War for Whom our White Men are Sacrificed – How they Live and are Cared For.

            The blacks on the contrary, are seldom imprisoned. They are distributed among the citizens, or employed on government works. Under these circumstances, they receive enough to eat and are worked no harder than they have been accustomed to be. They are neither starved, nor killed off by pestilence in the dungeons of Richmond and Charleston. It is true they are again made slaves; but their slavery is freedom and happiness compared with the cruel existence imposed upon our gallant men. They are not bereft of hope, as are the white soldiers, dying by piece-meal. Their chances of escape are tenfold greater than those of the white soldiers, and their condition, in all its lights, is tolerable in comparison with that of the prisoners of war now languishing in the dens and pens of secession.

Views and Conclusions of the Memorialists.

            We are profoundly impressed with the conviction that the circumstances of the two classes of soldiers are so widely different that the government can honorably consent to an exchange, waiving for the time the established principle justly claimed in the case. – Let 35,000 suffering, starving and dying men aid this appeal. By prompt and decided action in their behalf, 35,000 heroes will be made happy. For the 800 commissioned officers now prisoners, we urge nothing. Although desirous of returning to our duty, we can hear imprisonment with more fortitude if the enlisted men, whose sufferings we know to be intolerable, were restored to liberty and life.


James C. Robinson to Speak in Macomb!

            The State central committee, for some unimaginable cause, failed to make an appointment for Mr. Robinson at Macomb. But our citizens are determined that he shall not pass through our city without giving them a short call, at least. We therefore publish an appointment for the next Governor of Illinois, at

Macomb, Thursday Evening, October 6th, at 7 o’clock.

            Let the people from the country adjacent to the city turn out and give our noble standard-bearer in the gubernatorial contest a rousing welcome.


Grand Mass Meeting


Democracy of McDonough County,


Macomb, Friday, October 14th.

            The county central committee have the pleasure of announcing a grand mass meeting at Macomb, and that the following distinguished speakers have been invited and are confidently expected to attend:

Hon. D. W. VORHEES of Ind.,

A. C. DODGE, of Iowa,



And others.

            Men of McDonough! Need we urge upon you the importance of making one grand demonstration in harmony with the efforts of the friends of constitutional Liberty in other counties and States? – Everywhere the masses of our countrymen are moving as “with the sound of many waters,” to the rescue of our distracted and perishing nation. Are we less concerned than others in the things that pertain to our country’s salvation and peace? The foes of your liberty and of the Union of our Fathers are defiantly working for the overthrow of our Government and the enslavement of our people under the black yoke of a hateful abolition despotism. – Then turn out in your pride and strength – with wagons and horsemen – with your wives and little ones – with music and the old colors flying – “terrible as an army with banners!”


A Soldier’s Opinion.

            We are permitted to take the following extract from the letter of a soldier in the 103rd Illinois regiment, and addressed to his mother, a resident of Fulton county. Although written more than a year ago, yet time has justified the conclusions of the writer:

LaGrange, Tenn., Apr. 14, 1863.

            You spoke about there being a great diversity of opinion among the people about the war. I hope the excitement in the North will soon be over. It is hard to look at the way the abolitionists are trying to do. I am confident the Democratic party will have the present difficulty to settle. I do not think it right to acknowledge the independence of the South, but if the abolitionists still persist in their course I am afraid we shall have it to do. – Fighting will not restore the Union as long as there remains such a diversity of opinion. I have sometimes thought that the Democrats were a little too hasty; but when I would settle down on a conclusion it was that they were doing nothing but what was right. I think if a convention could have been called and reasonable terms offered to the South, upon which to settle the present troubles, they would have accepted them; but if in such a case they would not consent to peace, and were determined to try to gain their independence in spite of us, we would then have found a united North and been able to give them a flaxing. But no, the African is not yet free, we have not yet accomplished our design; we have not made quite money enough; we must get our pockets full; the negro free, and put on an equality with the white man, and then we will say to one and all, just let the Union slide. Thus argue the abolitionists. Such purposes are enough, it would seem, to start the spirit of our father Washington from the grave, to condemn them.

M. D.


A Voice from the Libby Prison.

            We call attention to the article in another column showing, from official documents, why our prisoners are not exchanged, and why 35,000 brave men are left to suffer and perish in the pestilence pens at Andersonville, Ga. Read it, Americans, and if you have a friend in that prison, or who being in the army is like to become a prisoner, whether the man is responsible for this terrible sacrifice of brave soldiers at the shrine of abolitionism and negro equality – this enormous wickedness crying to Heaven for vengeance – is fit to be reinstated in the presidential chair and entrusted with the lives and property and destiny of thirty millions of people? And then ask yourselves whether these thirty-five thousand soldiers confined in the rebel house of death are now praying for the reelection of Abraham Lincoln? As friends of these soldiers, and as your hearts bleed at the story of their terrible sufferings, will you doom them to further misery and horrible death, by voting for Lincoln?

It is not difficult to believe that the votes of these 35,000 soldiers, could they be registered in November next, would show a unanimity like that prevailing among the three hundred and seventy soldiers still confined in the Libby prison. On hearing of the nomination of McClellan these brave and suffering men expressed their preference for President as follows:

For McClellan…………………………………………………………..367
For Lincoln………………………………………………………………..3

Remember these men at the polls!

P. S. After the above was put in type, we see a dispatch from Washington, stating that “Mr. Lincoln has refused to see Mr. Tracy, the commissioner from the federal prisoners at Andersonville, Ga.” No more brutal or fiendish act was ever deliberately committed by any despot on the earth. Language is tame to express the utter detestation and scorn which Americans should feel toward the fanatical president who sacrifices these brave men by the hundred every day, and refuses even to hear the recital of their sufferings. This cruelty to white soldiers is permitted to go on in order to enforce the abolition dogma of negro equality. – Again we say, remember these soldiers at the polls!


Mr. Peffer in McDonough.

            Hon. H. K. Peffer, the Democratic candidate for senator, has been spending the present week in this county, addressing the people on the political questions of the day. He began at Blandinville on Monday afternoon, where he addressed a large and attentive audience for nearly two hours. – His speech there, as well as at other points, was a masterly and eloquent effort. He quotes from the record and proves that the leading republicans have for years been sowing the seeds of disunion and revolution, and that the present terrible harvest of suffering and death is but the natural and inevitable result of their teachings – that Lincoln is incapable of wisely or even impartially administering the affairs of the Government – that he is surrounded and controlled by men who are demagogues in policy and fanatics in principle, and to be delivered from them and their misrule is the great duty of the hour. Mr. Peffer is doing a good work; he is making an impression that will redound to the advantage of himself and the cause of the country which he so earnestly advocates. Candid, logical, dignified, and earnestly persuasive, no man can take offense at his remarks, or fail to be convinced if he at all open to be convinced. Democrats who fail to hear Mr. Peffer lose a rare treat, and others who stay away from his appointments know not what they do


The Abolition Meeting.

            The meeting of the abolitionists of this county on Friday last was a miserable failure. They made great efforts to get up a crowd – their appeals to the people were almost frantic. But it was of no avail, the crowd did not accumulate, the people staid at home. It was a complete fizzle, viewed in the light of a demonstration. Not more than two or three hundred were present, of whom a goodly portion were stanch old Democrats, who are bomb-proof against any abuse from the vocabulary of abolitionism.

The speakers were sufficient in number, but terribly deficient in ability. “Major Hugh Fullerton: led off. His speech was a compound of panegyric upon his own virtues and abuse of some persons whom he styled “the damned copperheads.” Fool erton is the way his name should be spelled, as this orthography would furnish a key to the man and his consequences.

Richard Jerusalem Oglesby was the next speaker. He, too, labored under the weight of copperhead on the brain. He strutted and swelled and inflated his red nose like a turkey gobbler’s snout, and after roaring his brief hour subsided, to the relief of the crowd, many of whom had already left the ground.

Master Benny Prentis and Jacky Grimshaw were on hand, but they did not hurt nor frighten anybody. The latter was very savage toward the rebels, and if he only had courage enough to shoulder a musket and go where the rebels are, he no doubt would make an end of them immediately, if not sooner.

The efforts of all the speakers were notoriously void of argument to show that Lincoln was worthy of the confidence of the people – that he had preserved the public tranquility – that he had promoted the general welfare – that he had insured the happiness and prosperity of the nation. They forgot to justify his administration, or to predicate an argument for the future, founded on the past. They forgot all this, and in its stead consumed the time in abusing Democrats. A gives B an ugly name, and then abuses him for being called so. So these abolition speakers called the Democrats copperheads, and then fell to abusing them because they were called copperheads. This is very handy, and we suppose Oglesby pursued this course because he was mentally incapable of pursuing any other. Viewed in this light we do not feel like scoring him much. – Men of small calibre, like him, can be tickled with a straw, and when they set up a “man of straw and knock it down,” they imagine they have done a wonderful feat. Let us not disturb Oglesby while he indulges in such childish recreations as are suited to his boyish mind.


            → The fact has become known that as fast as the western regiments return home, as the term of their enlistment expires, their arms are distributed to secret abolition organizations. When these lilly-livered “wide awakes” attempt to use these arms they will meet their quietus suddenly and so thoroughly that Satan himself will be astonished at the suddenness with which they are thrown upon his hands.


            → Rev. Dr. Warren, who holds some sort of a commission in the army, and who has been living for some time where she-niggers are plenty, made a speech on Friday night, in behalf of the republican cause. We didn’t hear it, but we are told by some who did that we could not state the speaker’s points without offending against that standard of decency which should obtain in every respectable newspaper. We therefore pass it.


            → When Oglesby arrived in town Thursday night, he said to a dozen or more men and boys who had assembled to get a look at the roaring bull of Bashan, that wait till tomorrow and he would “give the traitors hell.” Owing to the amount of water that fell the next day we think his fire didn’t burn any body “muchly.”


            → We do not know whether the rain of last Friday should be taken as an evidence of the displeasure of Heaven at the attempts of the loyal leaguers to abolitionize the people of McDonough county – but it does seem as if Providence was throwing cold water on their wicked efforts.


            → The corn crop in this county is now beyond danger from frost. It is probably the largest crop ever raised in the county. The number of acres in cultivation is larger than any previous year, and the average yield per acre is equal to any heretofore known.


            → The day of the republican meeting at Macomb was ushered in with a fine shower of rain, which was of incalculably more advantages to the country than all the meetings which that party can hold from now till the day of its doom.


            → Gov. Yates did not attend the abolition meeting in Macomb last week. The reason is supposed to be, that he heard Macomb was a temperance town – no whisky sold here – and he concluded that he had business elsewhere.


            → As a shower of rain is the only good thing that ever results from the holding of an abolition meeting in this town, it is a pity one was not held several weeks ago – say in time for the rain to have been a benefit to the potato crop.


            → We are indebted to S. H. Murfin, Esq., for a gallon of sorghum, of the new crop. – Squire M. makes a most excellent article and while we get “sweetening” of that [?] we shall not desire to look farther.

September 30, 1864

Macomb Journal

Grand Rally


U N I O N !

            A grand mass meeting of the Union people of McDonough and adjourning counties will be held at Macomb on Friday, October 7th, at noon. The soldiers’ friend and patriotic Governor of the State, Richard Yates, Hon. Wm. Pitt Kellogg, and other eminent speakers, will certainly be present. Let every Union man devote that day to his country. Come with your wives and your children. Come soldiers of the Union, ye wounded and battle scarred heroes. Come ye soldiers’ wives, widows and orphans, to see, hear, and give a hearty welcome to the Soldiers’ Friend, and let us make it the grandest day, old McDonough has ever seen.


Joint Discussion.

            The following is the schedule of appointments in this county for Hon. Lew. Ross and Major Hugh Fulerton:

Macomb,                     October,                      25th.
Prairie City,                      “                            26th.
Speaking to commence at 1 o’clock, P. M.


            → Remember, people of McDonough County, the action of the Copperhead Board of Supervisors in refusing to contribute to the support of soldiers, families. Remember that these same men are now asking for your votes, and though they can vote a reward of three hundred dollars for the capture of a criminal, they can find no law to appropriate one thousand dollars, for the support f the dependent soldiers’ wives, widows and children in our midst.


A Contrast.

            My voice today is for conciliation; my voice is for compromise; and it is but the echo of the voice of my commitments. I beg you, gentlemen, who with me represent the northwest; you who with me represent the State of Ohio; you who with me represent the city of Cincinnati – I beg you, gentlemen, to hear that voice. If you will not; if you find conciliation impossible; if your differences are so great that you cannot or will not reconcile them, then, gentlemen, let the seceding States depart in peace; let them establish their government and empire, and work out their destiny according to the wisdom which God has given them. – Geo. H. Pendleton in the House of Representatives.

So soon it is as clear, or even probable, that our present adversaries are really for peace upon the basis of the Union, we should exhaust all our resources of statesmanship practiced by civilized nations and taught by the traditions of the American people consistent with the honor and interests of the country to secure such peace, re-establish the Union, and guarantee for the future the constitutional rights of every State. The Union is the one condition of peace; we ask no more.

If a frank, earnest, and persistent effort to obtain these objects should fail, the responsibility for ulterior consequences will fall upon those who remain in arms against the Union; but the Union must be preserved at all hazards. – Geo. B. McClellan’s letter of acceptance.

Can the Eagle tell which of these men’s principles it endorses. At heart it prefers Pendleton, but policy dictates that it should advocate the success of their vile, corrupt party, on the McClellan basis.


            → The Eagle s terribly exercised because the position of their party is not fairly stated. Their creed has been published so often that it has become a household word, and may be summed up in the word LIE. With a conglomeration of war and peace, they seek to defraud the honest voters of the country by howling “war to the knife” on one side of their platform and “peace on any terms” on the other. After vilifying and heaping abuse upon our brave soldiers, they tell them that they have their sympathy. They tell us that immediate efforts must be made for a cessation of hostilities, that the states may hold a convention, when they know that the seceded states, scorns and repudiates their offers as they did those of Mr. Lincoln. This is their position and we know of no loyal Journal in the country, that has not fairly and truthfully defined it, taking for their authors the platforms, candidate and speeches of their whole copperhead breed throughout the land.



By J. K. M.

            Correction. – I was unable to read the proof of the “scribbling” I penned for last week’s Journal, and cousemently several provoking blunders crept into print, the most of which the good sense of the readers would probably correct, but the statement that I had abandoned the money due me from comrades in the 78th regiment on subscriptions to the Journal, I am not disposed let go uncorrected. I wrote that I had advanced the money on those [rest obscured by tear].

From the 78th. – I have received three or four private letters from friends in the 78th which inform me that the regiment is now camped about a mile and a half outside of the city limits of Atlanta, and the men appear to enjoy their days of rest. All were permitted to visit the conquered city without hindrance, and many were availing themselves of the privilege. – The regiment had not been paid on the 15th, but the pay rolls were being made out, and probably before this time the regiment has been paid. One friend writes that not hearing the roaring of musketry and artillery it seems very much like the peaceful Sabbaths they used to enjoy at home.

Capt. G. H. Reynolds of this county is now Brigade Provost Marshal.

It has been ascertained that the 78th captured more prisoners than the regiment numbered.

            My friend, Benj. Gill, writes me that Wilson McCandless of this township, assisted by some others, took one of the captured cannon at Jonesboro, and turned it upon the enemy, and sent them some of the compliments they had designed for “Lincoln’s hirelings.” Good for Wilson.

            I have received no late news from the members of our regiment, now prisoners in the hands of the rebels. I hope to hear of some plan of exchange soon. I have no doubt their sufferings are severe. Several have been called to their long home, and the next news we hear from them we shall probably learn of the death of more. We have information of the death of the following, belonging to Co. I, — L. Allshouse, Chris. Brown, Samuel Gibson, David Vincent, Richard Allen.

            Sylvester McFall, of Blandinville, who was wounded in the right arm in the early part of August last, is now at Hospital No. 19, Nashville. He has suffered terribly with his wound, and it was thought at one time that his arm would have to be amputated. His wound is now doing better, and he will probably reach home before the election.

            It rained, and blowed, and thundered and lightned, and a thick, pitchy darkness hung over this portion of God’s footstool on Wednesday evening last, but notwithstanding the unpropitious state of the weather there was quite a respectable gathering at the centre school house in Scotland township on that evening. Our worthy candidate for Representative, Alex. Blackburn, addressed the audience at some length in a speech abounding with good sense, and plain and candid argument. The writer hereof was called out and made a few remarks. Our editorial friend, Sanders, was also called upon, and his remarks caused a little squirming and writhing of a certain copperhead present, who we believe is reported to be a candidate for Sheriff against the brave and gallant soldier, Captain Farwell. Mr. Sanders alluded to a certain letter alleged to have been written by the said copperhead candidate to a soldier in the field, the import of which was that the soldier would do better to throw away his gun and come home than to be be engaged in freeing niggers and murdering his southern brethren. The copperhead denied writing any such letter, but said he would get the letter and have it published, thus admitting that there was some fire under this cloud of smoke which has been raised about “that letter.” So let all prepare to read the forthcoming letter. We have the promise of the aspiring candidate that the letter shall be published. In the meantime let all suspend judgment in reference to the character of the letter, but if the letter is not published according to promise, then it will be safe to set it down as a fact, what is alleged by more than a dozen respectable witnesses who have read the letter in question, that the said candidate is a miserable copperhead, an aider and abettor of treason, enticing soldiers to desert the flag of their country, and thus a thousand times more worthy of the halter than of the votes of the honest and loyal citizens of McDonough county.

My young friend and former messmate, Richard L. Terry, was severely wounded in the charge upon Kenesaw in June last, and was sent to the rear from the Division Hospital, since which time I have not heard from him. [Rest obscured by tear.]

[Obscured by tear] of Atlanta, an address like this:

Soldiers, in the language of the Democratic platform, after you four years of failure to restore the Union by the experiment of war, I am authorized to say that the sympathy of the Democratic party is heartily extended to you.


Tribute of Respect.

H’qrs 78th Regt. Ill. Vol. Inft.
2nd Brig, 2nd Div, 14th A. C.
Atlanta, Ga., Sep 16, 64.

            At a meeting of the officers of the 78th regiment of Illinois volunteer infantry, held at regimental headquarters on the 14th ult., for the purpose of presenting a testimonial showing their love and esteem for their late commander, Col. Carter Van Vleck, the following was read and adopted:

With sorrowing hearts we bow with reverence before the will of the “Almighty Ruler of the Universe,” who has seen fit in his wisdom to take from among us our late beloved commander, Col. Carter Van Vleck.

Returning to the regiment on the 11th of August, after a short illness brought on by the exhausting labors of the campaign, he had scarcely assumed command when the leaden messenger of death, a stray shot from the enemy, pierced his brain, inflicting a mortal wound.

Lingering on until the evening of the 23d, he breathed out his existence as calmly as the setting sun went down beneath the western horizon.

Thus passed from earth one whose life had been spent in beautiful contrast to the tumultuous scenes of war among which he died. Alas! we shall never again behold that placid countenance, nor hear, as we so often have, on drill and on the field, that full, melodious voice.

Professing to be, he lived as a Christian in his every-day life, and died with a firm trust in God.

As a patriot, there was none more devoted to his country, giving his counsel in peace and his life in war.

In his death we have lost a valuable friend and the regiment a loved commander, one, who, while he enforced obedience to orders, elicited the universal respect of his command.

To his bereaved wife and little daughter we offer our heartfelt sympathy as mourners, and condole with them the melancholy affliction that has fallen so heavily upon them.

With his aged father we share the grief brought to his declining years.

But while we mourn the loss of him who was so recently our companion in arms, we have the consolation of knowing that the sacrifice was given in a cause which he deemed worthy the offering.

Resolved, That a copy of these proceedings be sent to his family and to [hole] and also to be published in the Macomb Journal and Quincy Whig & Republican.

Lt. Col. M. R. Vernon, Ch’n.
H. Veatch, Lt. & Act. Adjt. Secy.



            In Bethel Township, on the 27th of Sept., 1864, HENRY, fifth son of Israel Curtis, in the 15th year of his age.

On the morning of the 17th inst., CATHARINE, daughter of Wm. Hunter, near this city, aged 14 years 1 month and 7 days.

In Macomb, Ill., Sep. 21st, WILLIE, infant son of William S. and Dollie C. Bailey.

Death alas! has taken another “bud of promise.” The cherished hopes of fond parents are again blasted, and hearts are left desolate. But in their sorrow and loneliness faith points them for consolation to those beautiful words of our Savior, “suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of God.”

This death just equally divides the family – two children, above, look down with tender interest upon two parents left on earth. May they all be united one day into one unbroken circle.

“The dove has found its ark, the lamb its fold.

J. J. T.


            A Good Chance. – A beautiful young bay mare, well trained, together with a good harness and top buggy, is offered for sale by a gentleman stopping at Browne’s Hotel in this city. – The mare is certainly a very desirable animal, and we would recommend to our readers to call and look at them.


            Public Sale. – Remember the great sale of lots, which comes off in the flourishing town of Bushnell, on Saturday, October 1st, at 2 o’clock in the afternoon. The property is beautifully situated on the west side of the town, and desirable for investment.


            Notice. – The individual who took a package from my store on Friday last, through mistake, is respectfully requested to return the same immediately.                     I. AUGUST.


            Wanted Immediately. – One hundred seventy five young men and boys, of all shapes and sizes, from the tall, graceful dandy, with hair enough on his upper works to stuff a barber’s cushion down to the little hump-backed, freckled face, bow legged, carrot-headed upstart. The object is to form a gaping corps, to be in attendance at the church door each Sabbath, to stare at the females as they enter or retire, and make indelicate and ungentlemanly remarks on their person and dress. All who wish to enlist in the above corps will appear at the various church doors next Sabbath, where they will be duly inspected, and their names, personal appearance and and quantity of brains registered in a book kept for the purpose and published in the newspapers. To prevent a general rush, it will be well to state that none will be enlisted who possess intellectual capacities above that of a donkey.


            At Home. – Mr. J. W. Nichols, former editor of the Journal, and the Grand Worthy Chief Templar of the Independent Order of Good Templars of the State of Illinois, arrived at home on Monday, after an absence of three months. Mr. N. has been in bad health for some time owing to his arduous labors throughout the State. We welcome him back once more and hope we soon see him restored to perfect health.


            Personal. – Rev. Dr. Warren Chaplain of the 10th Mo. arrived on Thursday last from Vicksburg. The Doctor is looking extremely well and judging from his speech on Thursday night, is feeling well enough, to scath copperheads and help along in the good work of electing our ticket.

Lieut. Jo. Waters of the gallant 84th is also at home, and we find that he has no more sympathy with rebels North, than he had for those South, when he baked biscuits at Chattanoga for two weary boys of the 16th. Joe is rolling up his sleeves, and going into the speaking biz for a short time.

Our friend Mr. Favorite, from Chicago, arrove on Tuesday evening, and his arrival was duly celebrated by his numerous friends.


            → The following are among the new books just received at Clarke’s Bookstore: Woman in Black, Pride of Life, Flirtation in Fashionable Life, Gentleman’s Book of Etiquette and Fashion, Life of Gen. Grant, Life of Secretary Chase, a complete series of Mrs. Holmes’ works, including Marian Grey, Meadow Brook, Dora Dean, etc. Also some of the old standard works.


            “Wizard of the Alps” – Campbell’s Hall – Monday night.


            Ladies Portmonies. – For the finest and best portmonies for the ladies go to Clarke’s Bookstore. He has a very nice lot.


            General Order No. 1. – General opinion says that Watkins & Co. are selling groceries a leetle cheaper than any one else in the city. We think the General is correct, but don’t ask any one to take our word for it, go and see for yourselves. That’s the way to test the matter, and as you go, let your song be,

On wings o love I fly
From Grocer-zz to Grocer-I,

So that you may know where to find them cheap.

September 24, 1864

Macomb Eagle


            “THE UNION IS A THING OF THE PAST, HATED and DESPISED OF EVERY PATRIOT.” – William Bross, of Illinois.


Voting and Fighting for Lincoln.

            Elsewhere in this paper will be found a quotation from Seward’s late speech at Auburn, wherein he insists upon the “divine right” of Lincoln to “be President four years of the whole United States.” This impudent claim is sufficiently answered in the connection, and we desire to call attention to another passage in the same speech:

“How shall we vote then, to save the country from this fearful danger? (Vote Lincoln in again.) You have hit it exactly, my friend. We must vote Lincoln in again, and fight him in at the same time. If we do otherwise, we have only the alternatives of acquiescence in a perpetual usurpation, or of entering an endless succession of civil and social wars.” – Seward’s Speech at Auburn.

What does Seward mean by FIGHTING Lincoln in? Why does he seek to terrify the timid into Lincoln’s support, by threatening “an endless succession of civil and social wars,” as the penalty for a failure to vote Lincoln in? If the republican ticket be defeated then we are to have not only one “social and civil war,” but an “endless succession” of them? Mr. Seward and his party tell us that negro slavery is the only contest in the present civil war. What further war have they in mind? Do they intend to resist the decision of the people at the polls, unless that decision shall be in their favor? Who has uttered language that smacks more strongly of treason and rebellion than this?

But the Secretary says that the republicans “must vote Lincoln in and fight him in at the same time.” We should like to know where this fighting is to be done. Does he mean that electoral votes must be given by Federal bayonets and niggers in Florida, Louisiana, Arkansas, the Carolinas, etc.? Or does he mean that when his party vote for Lincoln they must also fight away all opposition from the polls? What else does he mean when he says that the voting and fighting must be done “at the same time?” To make sure work of it the two jobs must be finished at one blow? Is not this what Seward means – is it not what he meant should be understood from his expressions?

The people will not be deterred from electing McClellan, in consequence of these puerile threats from Lincoln’s chief adviser. They will vote for and elect McClellan, and then, if necessary, fight him into the presidency. Mr. Seward and Mr. Lincoln might as well understand at once that “that’s what’s the matter.”


“Official Documents.”

            Under this head the union leaguers are flooding the country with old Abe’s “Opinions on slavery and its issues.” Scarcely a mail arrives that does not bring large packages of pamphlets for distribution among the “loyal.” And these purport to be “Official documents from the Patent office.” Being marked “official,” they must emanate from the administration. Wonder how much the Government pays for printing Lincoln’s campaign documents? Thus it is that under “official” guise the administration in power prostitutes the the mails for the furtherance of Lincoln’s re-election.


The Terms of Peace.

            Fairness or candor or truth are not to be expected of abolition journals when they speak of the Democratic party or its candidates. To state our positions fairly would destroy their efforts to deceive the people. Hence it is that upon the great question of the country’s Peace, abolitionists furiously and wickedly misrepresent the Democratic candidates. They say we are in favor of “peace at any price” – “a peace recognizing the rebel Confederacy” – “any kind of peace,” etc. Now this is all false. The resolutions of our national convention declare for “Peace on the basis of the Federal Union,” and Gen. McClellan says emphatically that “The Union is the one condition of Peace.” These are the terms of Peace. Language could not be more explicit. They are honorable terms. They are just and equitable to all sections.

The pledge of the Democratic platform to the people of the South as well as the North, is, that an earnest, frank, and fraternal effort should be made for [fold] “without the effusion of another drop of blood” – for the Peace that every intelligent man who is not either a knave or a fanatic would hail with unbounded joy. There is reason to believe that the people of the South are ready to return to the house of their fathers. For our country’s sake let us clear the Lincoln impediments out of the way, and encourage them to come back.


            → The republicans seem to be as little inclined to fight out this war as any other people. At least we think so, from the fact that they are not volunteering, nor making any efforts to get up volunteers. Neither do they want to be drafted. In fact they don’t want to be killed in “Lincoln’s war” at all. Now the way to avoid drafts, and conscriptions, and rebel bullets, is to vote for and elect McClellan. Then there will be no more war – for the Union will be restored without shedding of another drop of blood, and Peace will diffuse its blessings throughout the land.


            → Gen. Grant, in his late letter, says: “All we want now to insure an early restoration of the Union is a determined unity of sentiment North.” Certainly and this unity of sentiment will be made manifest by the election of McClellan. It can never be obtained under Lincoln’s policy. His stubborn demand for “the abandonment of slavery” renders this impossible, and every man of common intelligence knows it. Until this foolish and wicked edict is revoked, there can be neither unity of sentiment North, nor Union sentiment South, upon which to work for reconciliation and peace. Then vote for Little Mac!


            → Abolition journals charge us with “offering a peace which repudiates the purposes of the war.” What is the purpose of the war? Is it to procure “the abandonment of slavery,” as Lincoln says? Is it to re-elect Lincoln President, as Seward says? If either of these or both be the purpose of the war, then the Democracy do repudiate it, and do prefer Peace on the basis of the Federal Union.


            → Republicans generally have much to say about every man’s being either for or against his country. Now, we agree with them fully, in such most obvious premises, but in regard to conclusions, there is more than a slight difference. What are their conclusions from the premises? Why that republicans are the friends, and democrats the enemies of the country! We have always supposed that the more a man upheld and labored for the maintenance of the Constitution and Constitutional Laws of his country, the more he was for his country. But republicans, it seems “don’t see it,” so after trampling the most prominent principles of the Constitution under foot, they turn round and tell us, “you old copperheads, you are always such sticklers for the strict observance of Constitutional Law, you are enemies to your country. We are its true friends! Every man is for or against his country. We are for, and therefore you are against it.” How conclusive!


H. K. Peffer’s Appointments.

            Hon. H. K. Peffer, Democratic candidate for Senator, will address the people of McDonough county, at the following times and places:

Blandinville, Monday afternoon, Sept. 26th.

Knappenberger’s school house, Sciota, same evening.

J. B. Purdy’s school house, Emmit, Tuesday afternoon, 27th.

Macomb, same evening.

Tennessee, Wednesday afternoon, 28th.

Lamoine mills, same evening.

Middletown, Thursday afternoon, 29th.

Center school house, Scotland, same evening.

Industry, Friday afternoon, 30th.

Rinehart’s school house, New Salem, same evening.

Bushnell, Saturday afternoon, Oct. 1st.

Prairie City, same evening.

The afternoon meetings will be held at 1 ½ o’clock, and the evening meetings at 7 o’clock. Other speakers will accompany Mr. Peffer. – It is hoped that all parties – will take the time to attend these meetings, and hear a candid discussion of the “things that pertain to their peace.” The ladies are especially invited.


            → There was a good meeting of the Democracy of the southeast part of McDonough and the adjoining portion of Fulton, at Foster’s Point, on Saturday last. The crowd in attendance was large, probably numbering one thousand persons. A common feeling of devotion to the Union and of earnest enthusiasm for the redemption of our country through the election of McClellan, pervaded every heart. The strong wind that was blowing made it laborious work for the speakers; but notwithstanding this, Mr. T. E. Morgan made a most eloquent and effective speech, scattering to the fierce winds the pretensions of the republican leaders that their policy is designed to promote the general welfare of the people. We regret that we cannot give a synopsis of his speech, for all admit that it was one of the masterly efforts which the present crisis has brought forth.


            → This town has very nearly gone dry. The dust flies in clouds through the streets, the wells on the square are pumped out every day, the water in Crooked creek has dwindled to a span’s breadth, “Green river” has known no flood for many a month, and there is no “lager” in town! What will thirsty people do?

September 23, 1864

Macomb Journal
September 23, 1864

A Bid for the Solders Vote.

The effrontery of the Chicago platform culminates in an insult to the soldiers of the Union. The last resolution extends the sympathy of the Democratic party to them, and promises, [fold] them all the “care and protection, regard and kindness” to which they are entitled. Are the framers of this resolution and the voters for it such asinine wittlings as to suppose the soldiers can be gulled by hypocrisy so transparent? Have they such small acquaintance with human nature as to pretend that those whom they have sneeringly called “Lincoln hirelings” would accept their hollow-hearted proffers of sympathy? They have done every thing they could to discourage and damp the ardor of these brave defenders of the Government. They have worked like beavers to disfranchise these intelligent voters, and to deny them a privilege in the field which they would be compelled to accord at home. They know that men who go to the battle-field to fight for a principle will go to the polls to vote for it, and they are afraid of their exercise of the right of suffrage. They know that the army vote will decide the great question of the day, and that though many in the army are attached personally to McClellan because he was their former leader, their attachment to the cause which he failed adequately to represent, and from active sympathy with which he is now more remotely removed than ever, is ten fold stronger. While these demagogues have labored to create the impression that the war is unjust and injurious, that it is carried on in the interest of partisanship and for the perpetuation of the “Lincoln dynasty,” the soldiers who comprehend the real import of the struggle are offering up their lives upon the altar of their country, and sealing with their blood their devotion to a cause which does not concern their country alone, but in which the great heart of humanity and philanthropy everywhere looks for its chosen embodiment, its favorite impersonation. What bond of sympathy can possibly exist between those who are straining every nerve in favor of slavery, aristocracy and rebellion, and those who are risking capture and imprisonment, maiming and death in the interests of freedom and good government? What affiliation is there between those who indulge in absurd and stupid whining about the coercion of sovereign States, and those who are fighting for a strong, consolidated Government, made up, not of Confederated, but of United States? Do the Copperheads presume when they attempt to flatter the soldiers, that the brave fellows are blind to the slurs of the newspaper press and deaf to the conversations in which it is intimated that they had better stay at home than to be fighting “for the nigger.” It is not very complimentary to the intelligence of those voters who go forth in their country’s defense, to suppose that they can be oblivious to the past, or unconscious of the present. More than this, it is a wanton insult to gloss over with fair words what everybody knows – is rankling in their hearts. They cannot bury written records, nor recall their utterances; they cannot blot out their deeds, nor efface their memories. They cannot consistently at one moment denounce the soldier as a “minion” of Lincoln, and at another cringe at his feet for his vote. They have no business to vote against his right of suffrage, and when it is conceded by large majorities of those who are his true friends, to beg its exercise in their favor. Yet it need not create surprise. A party so lost to all the claims of the present and all the demands of the future as this heterogenous fusion called the democracy, will not hesitate to resort to any means, fair or foul, for the attainment of its ends. But the soldiers whom they have heretofore slighted and insulted will reject their offers with scorn, and rebuke them as they deserve at the ballot box.


Pendleton’s Record.

            The copperhead press, with characteristic effrontery, is endeavoring to bolster up their candidate for the Vice Presidency. With surpassing coolness, they either deny or explain away the allegations of the Union press affecting his loyalty, and the records of his opposition to the war measures of the Government, and of his sympathy with Jeff. Davis and his followers in their treasonable designs. If Mr. Pendleton is not a secessionist, perhaps the Eagle will obligingly instruct us how to construe the language of his speech in the House of Representatives, January 18th, 1861, in opposition to the bill to provide for the collection of duties on imports – substantially the same, as most of our readers can recollect, as that which was passed under similar during Gen. Jackson’s administration. In this speech – which may be found in the Appendix to the Congressional Globe, XXXVI Congress, Second Session – he contended that the Government had no right to enforce its laws in the seceded States.

Mr. Buchanan had nominated Mr. McIntyre, of Pennsylvania, [fold] on Charleston harbor, and Mr. Pendleton, who dissented from such a course on the part of the Government, enjoys the signal honor of being the only Northern man who stood up in opposition to the Government’s policy. In the course of his remarks, he urged his fellow members to yield disgraceful concessions to the armed traitors of the South, who were preparing to strike a deadly blow at the life of the nation, adding these words:

“If you will not; if you find conciliation impossible; if your differences are so great that you cannot or will not reconcile them; gentlemen, let the seceding States depart in peace; let them establish their government and empire, and work out their destiny according to the wisdom which God has given them.”

All testimony goes to show that Mr. Pendleton has acted consistently with this view during the rebellion, and we must accordingly give him credit for his consistency. He, at least, will cling to the peace plank of the platform which McClellan has deliberately kicked overboard. But does it ever occur to the people, that if this inharmoniously-yoked couple should be elected, to ask themselves what kind of President Mr. Pendleton would make in case of McClellan’s death.

Does the Eagle with its blasphemous treason endorse Mr. Pendleton in his endeavors to acknowledge secession, contrary to all law, of which they claim to be the exponents? Please come out and make some issue, as we have a few more facts on which we wish you to express an opinion.



Democratic Consistency.

            Messrs. Editors: By your permission I wish to say a few things through the Journal upon the above subject. – The writer of this has never been one who much believes in the consistency of democracy. On the contrary, a life long experience has convinced him that if he wished to find that “jewel” he must seek elsewhere than in the democratic party to find it. As he grows older every day experience makes that conviction stronger. Only last week we had a very fair sample of Democratic Consistency, in the action of the Board of Supervisors for this county. – It was in this way. A proposition was made that the county should appropriate one thousand dollars for the benefit of soldiers families and the widows and orphans of those who have fallen on the field of battle. The majority of the Board voted it down, giving as one of their reasons that there was no law authorizing such an appropriation by the Board. Now mark what follows. – During the same session only a day or two afterwards these same men voted three hundred dollars out of the county treasury to pay a reward for the arrest of one Adams who was accused of murder. This they did not only without any law authorizing it, but contrary to the spirit, meaning and intent of a law of the land. “Oh! consistency thou art a jewel,” and Oh! democracy thou art a ruby of great price.




→ I say to this people, and to Abraham Lincoln, that if there is not to be a free election, there will be a free fight. – Dick Richardson.

We say to the people, Dick Richardson and the copperheads generally, that they can be accommodated either way. There is no intention to prevent a free expression of opinion at the ballot box, and woe, to the man who endeavors to stop Union voters by inaugurating a free fight.




By J. K. M.

            I have been favored once more by Uncle Sam’s officials with permission to return home for a few weeks. I arrived on Friday morning last, having left Chattanooga on the Monday afternoon previous. My readers are perhaps aware that I have been absent from my regiment since the early part of August. I am improving in health, but am still quite unfit for active field service.

On the first of September the glorious old 78th was engaged in a desperate encounter with the enemy and won a brilliant victory, taking a large number of prisoners and several pieces of cannon. But it was accomplished with fearful cost. While I feel the exultation of victory my heart is cast down at reading the long list of killed and wounded, many of whom were my most intimate and particular friends. My company (C), suffered terribly, but I am proud to know they did noble and valiant service. A list of the killed and wounded is published in a letter in another column from Mr. Wm A. Duffield. I take this occasion to express my thanks to Mr. Duffield for his good will and promptness in furnishing the letter. I perceive that my friend, Sergeant O’Niel of Blandinville, was first and foremost in the fray, capturing a battle flag from the enemy. Thos. Broaddus, of this city, a son of the late Major Broaddus, took a rebel General prisoner. Bully for Tom.

Company I, which was raised in this city and vicinity, suffered comparatively little. Company C, of Blandinville, appears to have suffered more heavily than any other company in the regiment. In the published list we have four killed, but I have subsequent advices which informs me that Cyrel Tift died from his wounds a day or two after the battle. Joseph Bond, I learn, has suffered an amputation of a leg. – In the death of Henry Venning our company loses an excellent soldier, and his family a kind father and affectionate husband. This is indeed a terrible blow to Mrs. V. She is a very worthy woman and in rather destitute circumstances, and is now left with five small children to care for and protect. She and her children must not suffer in this land of plenty. Justice to the memory of John W. James requires that I should say a word of him. He was a young man of excellent character and a willing soldier. In all the trials and vicissitudes of camp life he never forgot his duties as a persevering and faithful Christian. He was unwell for several days in the past summer, but I could not help but admire him for his earnest disposition to be reported for duty whenever it was in any degree compatible with his health. Our company will ever remember him for his noble and sterling qualities.

I suppose that our regiment is now in the city of Atlanta. I have no positive information upon the subject, but from what I can gather I think our regiment will form a portion of the garrison of that city and remain there during the winter.

On my return home from Chattanooga I met Thos. Edmondson of Co. I, and Dr. Sapp of Co. A, at Louisville on their return to the regiment, having enjoyed the pleasures of a thirty days’ furlough. The Doctor has been very low during the past summer with typhoid fever. Edmondson was wounded in the battle of Peachtree creek in July last. He has now quite recovered from his wound. Tom is what we call a “bully soldier.” He was promoted from Corporal to 2d Sergeant on the battle field before Kenesaw in June last for brave and gallant services as color bearer.

During the time I shall be at home I will try and keep posted in regard to the regiment and communicate through the columns of the Journal.

[?] writing the above we learn that Michael Mealey of Co. C., Wm. Weaver, of Co. G., and Richard H. Scott, of Co. A., have died of their wounds.


To Whom It May Concern. – A number of my friends and acquaintances in the 78th Regiment during the past summer subscribed for the Journal, to be sent as a present to their friends or families at home, with the expectation of paying me for the same when the regiment should be paid off. Up to the time I left the regiment they had received no pay – nearly eight months pay being their due. I have no doubt, however, that the paymaster has visited them before this time. I wish to say to those receiving the Journal from the source indicated above that I have abandoned the money on each of these subscriptions and settled with Mr. Clarke for the same. A goodly portion of these are my friends, who, in the kindness of their hearts, were disposed to send the Journal as a weekly visitor to loved ones at home, now lie cold in death, while a still larger number have been obliged to leave the regiment on account of sickness or wounds. I have no doubt that those wounded or sick are anxious to pay me but it is impractable for them to do so at present. I am poorly able to lose the large amount in the aggregate due me from those who have died. I would therefore say to all those receiving the Journal, through the kindness of friends in the 78th, that I would be much gratified to have a settlement of the same, and I would remark especially to the friends of the deceased, sick and wounded, that a dollar sent to me at Macomb would be duly credited to the name for whom it was sent and the Journal continued for the length of the time paid for.

I would here say that as long as the 78th regiment has an existence or an organization I expect to be connected with it, if my life is spared; and the readers of the Journal may expect to hear from me every week. I shall at no very distant day write a history of the 78th, with some discriptions of the country through which we have traveled, with a number of very thrilling and interesting adventures, hair-breadth escapes, etc. I should be pleased to see every name now upon our subscription book continued.

            I learn that my old friend and former associate in the publication of the Journal, Mr. J. W. Nichols, has recently been very low with typhoid fever at the house of a friend in Aurora, in this State, but, I am pleased to announce that he is now much better, and will probably reach his home again in this city sometime next week.

            Letter Robbed. – Mr. Isaac Tunus, of this city, a member of Co. I, 78th Reg’t, who is now sick at Hospital in Nashville about six weeks since deposited a letter containing twenty dollars in the post office in that city directed to his wife at this place. The letter has failed to reach her. The wretch that would rob a poor soldiers letter of the money designed to cheer the hearts of his wife and little ones at home, by furnishing the necessaries of life, ought to be choked to death with a halter. I learn that Mrs. Tunis is now quite sick with fever, and needing the aid and sympathy of her kind neighbors.

Bow Wow Wow!!

            Reading in the Eagle of last week that the Democratic Club of Scotland township would meet at the central school house on Tuesday, 20th inst., at 2 o’clock P. M., and that “speeches on the state of the country” would be made, and noticing particularly that all were invited to attend, we were induced to believe that the meeting would be an important and interesting one, and that we would be fully recompensed in travelling the distance of six miles to attend it. Accordingly, in company with a friend, was fully impressed with importance and interest attaching to the contemplated meeting, we rode out to the center school house at the appointed time. We was a little dilatory in starting, and our friend was quite impatient lest the crowd at the school house would get in before us, and we thus fail to secure a good seat. But having one of French’s fast nags, we made pretty good time, and it was only half-past two when we arrived at the school house. From what we had read in the Eagle and other Democratic papers about the great enthusiasm among the masses over the nomination of the young Napoleon, we expected to hear the cheers of the multitude long before we reached the place of meeting, but the awful and profound silence which reigned in and about the school house, and the solemn and grave visages of about half a dozen peaceful individuals, who had assembled in a fence corner a few rods from the school house led us to suppose that we had made a mistake, either in the place or the character of the meeting which had been called. Perceiving a young man in soldiers clothes approaching, we inquired of him if this was a church elder’s meeting, or was it a primary meeting of some sort. – The young man solemnly assured us that it was a mass meeting of the Democracy in Scotland township, and considering all things it was quite an outpouring or pouring out of the admirers in Scotland township, of that newly discovered policy by which the war shall be conducted on peace principles. In a short time Mr. Smith, whom we were told had kindly consented to allow the use of his name as a candidate for Sheriff, appeared, and discovering the half-dozen individuals in the fence corner, with quite a nervous feeling, informed the said half-dozen individuals that he knew the people wouldn’t turn out to such a meeting in the day time. Our friend, whom we had invited to come with us gave us such a look that we felt the rebuke immediately. As soon as we had opportunity we apologized for inviting him to such a place in open day, where everybody could see us, telling him that I had but recently returned from the army, and didn’t know that people held such meetings in such disrepute as to refuse to be seen at them in the day time. Our friends and neighbors, Messrs. Hangate and Neece, rode up, but taking a hint from Mr. Smith, they soon rode off again. There was no speaking, the school-house was not opened, and there is three dollars gone for hoss-hire, for which the Eagle man, or the parties who instigated that notice in the Eagle, ought to pay.




From the 78th Regiment,

In Camp at Jonesboro, Ga.,
September 2, 1864

            Editor Journal: — As Mr. Magie, your correspondent in the 78th, is sick in hospital and unable to keep you informed of the condition and movements of the regiment, and as the friends at home are anxious to hear from us often, especially so after a battle has been fought, I shall try and write a short letter to you for the benefit of those having friends in the regiment.

We left camp near Atlanta on the morning of the 26th of August. We moved by short marches, encountering but little resistance until we got near Jonesboro station, on the Atlanta an Macon R. R., where, on the morning of Sept. 1st it becoming apparent that a fight was imminent, we were formed in line of battle to await the coming combat. We lay in line until about 1 p. m.. when the order was given to move forward, and soon the rattle of musketry and booming of cannon mingled with the hissing of shells and whistling minnie balls, told that the ball had opened. The fighting continued until long after dark, resulting most disastrously to the rebels, and most gloriously the 78th. The regiment, under command of Lieut. Col. Vernon, went for the “Johnnies” at the double quick, capturing their first line of works, many prisoners, and a battery of four guns with their caissons. This glorious work, however, was effected with a severe loss on our part – the regiment losing in all some seventy-five in killed and wounded. The rebels remained in their works, loading and firing their cannon, until our men commenced bayoneting them, when almost that entire part of the line surrendered as prisoners of war.

It was a glorious time for the 78th – some of the boys being almost wild with delight at our success, throwing their hats and cheering with the greatest excitement. There were many instances of individual bravery, but all behaved most gallantly. Sergt. O’Neil, of Co. C, captured a rebel flag, but afterward laying it down to assist in repelling a charge the rebels were making to regain their guns, it was stolen by a soldier belonging to another regiment. – Co. B captured a fine team of mules. – Thos. Broaddus, of Co. I, took a rebel General prisoner while exhorting his men to stay in their works. I think his name was Vance. Co. C. lost rather heavier than any other company on account of its central position in the regiment, and on account of the kind of ground passed over while making the charge. It lost four killed and eight wounded. As our men clambered over the rebel works a rebel fired at the color bearer and tried to hit him with his gun. Corp. Richart, of Co. H, ordered him to surrender, and upon his refusing to do so, he charged upon him with unloaded gun, striking him upon the head until his gun stock broke. Corp. Ogden of Co. H, was hit on the head by a glancing ball, and as it bleed considerable, he started back to a small rivulet that was in the rear, meeting on the way Major Green, who ordered him to the rear; but upon washing his wound, and finding it but slight, he immediately returned to his post. Capt. Black, of Co. d, was killed instantly by a musket ball in the head. Maj. Green had an arm broke. We lost as many men as at Chicakamauga, but with far different results.

This morning the rebels were gone, and our men are now on their track. – The railroad is being thoroughly destroyed as we advance, which indicates that the campaign is nearly over for the present.

Our boys need money and clothing sadly, but I hear no murmuring – all being in good spirits. Below is a list of the killed and wounded so far as I have been able to ascertain:

Co. A – Wounded – Sergt. John D. Corvie, left arm, slight; Privates Wm. H. Curtis, neck, severe; Alexander Shamil, neck, severe; C. L. Wilson, left arm and shoulder, severe; Rhichard H. Scott, abdomen, severe; Henry Vandiver, head, severe; Harvey Hendricks, right hand, slight; H. C. Rodenhamer, right leg, slight; Thos. R. Atway, scalp, slight; Wm. R. Ruggles, hand, slight.

Co. B – Wounded – Sergt. W. K. Miller, arm, slight; Privates Daniel Newcomer, severely in lower part of breast; Wm. Beaty, through the chest, mortal; Wm. Patterson, wrist broken; Chris. Mangle, burned by the explosion of a caisson.

Co. C – Killed – Privates, John W. James, John Rush, Henry Venning and John S. Forrest.

Wounded – Sergt. Michael Mealy, neck, severe; Corp. Luther Meek, arm, slight; Privates, Joseph Bond, leg, severe; Wm. C. Freeland, hand; John F. Greene, side, slight; Joseph A. James, arm, slight; George Martin, shoulder, slight; Cyrel Tift, leg, severe.

Co. D – Killed – Capt. R. M. Black, Sergt. Albert Wallace, Privates, Samuel S. Davis, George W. Crotts.

Wounded – Wm. S. Davis, John C. Cormack, Wm. H. Thompson, Jacob J. Fry, J. J. Herst, M. E. Wallace, Jas. Craig.

Co. E – Wounded – Corp. Francis M. Barnard, thigh, severe; Edward Williams, thigh, severe; Privates, Jesse Cunningham, thigh, severe; Samuel Deighton, thigh, severe; John W. Hendricks, forehead, slight; P. Hoffmaster, shoulder, slight.

Co. F – Killed – Sergt. Robert Welbourne.

Wounded – Theodore Chandler, shoulder, severe.

Co. G – Killed – 1st Lieutenant D. W. Long, Private John S. Beckett. Wounded – Corps. George W. Wisehart, shoulder, severe; J. C. Malthamer, breast, slight. Privates, Wm. T. Beckett, thigh and wrist, slight; Richard Flack, in leg; Clayton W. McGill, right knee, slight; Alfred Pollock, head severe.

Co. H – Killed – Sergt. Wm. H. Thomes. Wounded – Sergt. Jno. Gibbs, heel, slight. Corp. Philo Ogden, head, slight. Privates, Thomas Robinson, breast, severe; Jeremiah Ward, breast, severe; Henry Gilbreath, hands, severe; Joseph Walker, side, slight; Wm. Stanley, arm, severe.

Co. I – Wounded – Corps. Sophroneus Carahan, neck, slight; John C. Pembroke, arm, severe; Henry Parker, arm, slight; Wm. Weaver, head, severe.

Co. K – Killed – Perry Lesenr. – Wounded, 1st Sergt. Jonathan Butler. Corp. John P. Beers, arm, slight. – Private Thos. H. Winfield, thigh, severe; Wm. Cray, neck, severe; David M. Coulter, leg, severe; John Riley.

            A good many of the wounded will probably prove fatal. Jeff. C. Davis commanding the 14th A. C. made a speech to us to-day, in which he said we had more than made up for our repulse at Kenesaw Mountain, on the 27th of June last. More anon.




Gov. Yates. – We regret to announce that owing to an arrangement made between Gov.’s Yates and Morton, our talented Governor will not be present at the Grand Mass Meeting to-day, (Friday,) but an appointment has been made for the 7th of Oct., when we predict a large turn out to see and hear the soldiers’ friend, the successor of Dick Richardson in the U. S. Senate, and the rising Statesman of the West, Hon. Richard Yates.



Rally Union men of Scotland. – There will be a meeting at the Central School house in Scotland township on Wednesday evening next when able speakers will be present to address the assembly. Mr. J. K. Magie who has just returned from the 78th will be present and express the sentiments of the Illinois troops.



Flag Raising. – On Wednesday last the Union men of the city flung to the breeze, a handsome, new American flag, that starry banner, representative of the cause for which we are contending. The pole in the Court house yard had been repaired and at 5 o’clock, the flag – measuring 8 by 24 – was run up and so bright did the stars appear, that the McClellan secessionists, could but glance and then droop their heads like whipped curs.

The Star spangled Banner was thrown
to the breeze’s.

In the Court house yard, over the trees’s.
Long will it float.



Vote for Lincoln. – A vote was taken, Wednesday, on the train from Keokuk Junction to Hamilton which resulted as follows: Lincoln, 41; McClellan, 19, and Fremont 1. Fremont believes in being No. 1 and nothing else, at least as far as the number of votes is concerned. On the train from the Junction to Macomb, same day, a vote was taken which resulted for Lincoln, 80; McClellan, 22; Fremont, 1.



Western Sanitary Fair. – This Fair commences at Quincy on the 11th inst., and from the preparations making, will far exceed anything of the kind held in the West. The C. B. & Q. R. R., will issue excursion tickets, and from the reputation M’Donough Co. has for aiding the soldiers, we anticipate a large turn out from this section.



Acquitted. – Pat Leary, Co. C, 16th Ills. Inf. who was indicted for riot in February last was tried and acquitted last week. Pat has started for the Reg’t at Atlanta.



That’s So. – We heard a friend remark the other day that Strader & Co., sold the best article of boots and shoes, hats and caps, and at the cheapest rates in town. We agree with our friend, and advise all those who are looking for a good bargain in the boot line to call on Strader & Co., west side of the square.



Runaways. – On Sabbath last, the fine premium grey team of Mr. A. V. Brooking, took fright from some cause, broke loose and started on a little trip upon their own account. They were finally brought up about two miles in the country, but little damage being done to the carriage, none to the harness or themselves. Mr. B. says eight dollars will cover the damage.

Monday afternoon the team running for Tinsley’s mill, go tired waiting at the depot, and concluded to hurry home. A young lad – son of the miller – was in the wagon at the time, and, brave little fellow as he was, prevented them from a general smash up. They were stopped on the square without any mischief being done.



Dry Clothes. – Every one knows the importance of having wearing apparel thoroughly dried before wearing, and the best thing that we know of to effectually wring the water out of them is the “Universal Clothes Wringer,” for sale by Wadham & Stowell, northwest corner of the square. These wringers have been sufficiently tested to prove them to be worthy of all the encomiums and first premiums that have been bestowed on them. Go to Wadham & Stowell’s and procure one.



Victory. – C. M. Ray has achieved a splendid victory over the high prices of boots, shoes, hats, caps &c. He has a very large and complete stock of the above goods, and he is selling them at very cheap rates. Mr. B. has in his employ some of the best workmen, in the boot and shoe line, in the West, and is prepared to make to order all kinds of boots and shoes. All work warranted. His store is on the east side of the square, at the sign of the “Big Boot.”

He has also a large supply of Copper Tipped shoes, for children, which he is selling at last year’s prices. Remember that one pair of the copper tipped shoes will last a child as long aqs two pairs without tips.



Improvement. – Joe Wynne our indefatigable and energetic Post-master has added to the accomodations of the public by having lock drawers placed in the P. O. We don’t think this a useless expense Joe for “Father Abraham” will continue you four years longer, and every body “and more too” is perfectly satisfied with your administration, except one or two Copperheads who expect office under McClellan or Jeff. Davis, they don’t know which.



From the 16th. – A letter from Lieut. Gash, dated the 11th gives us the casualties in the fight at Jonesboro. Edwin D. Kelly, Co. “A,” killed. Mr. K. was from Bushnell, and no other fatalities occurred to members from this county. We know him to have been a good soldier, and one who would not flinch from any duty imposed upon him. He fell in the cause of his country and his family have our heart-felt sympathies.

September 17, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Three Dollars a Year.

            The continued increase in the price of printing paper and other articles necessarily consumed in a printing office, render a further advance in subscription rates indispensable. We have therefore raised the price of The Eagle to three dollars a year – or one dollar for four months. There will be no deviation from these rates. Those who think they cannot stand it will please call and settle accounts without delay.


Hon. H. K. Peffer for Senator.

            The convention at Monmouth on Tuesday nominated Henry K. Peffer for Senator. This is one of the best nominations that has been made in the State; he is emphatically the right man in the right place. Two years ago he was elected representative from Warren county, over one of the most popular republicans that could be run against him. His record in the Legislature is marked by a thorough devotion to the interests of the State, and a firm and consistent opposition to the swarm of claim agents that thronged the capital. Mr. Peffer is a good speaker, a logical debater, and a thorough sympathizer with the laboring population in their efforts to resist the grasping avarice of capital. He will take occasion to address the citizens of this county in a few weeks, and we bespeak for him large audiences and candid attention.


          → Gen. Grant, it seems, has had such an easy task in destroying Lee’s army, in taking Petersburg and Richmond, and in breaking the backbone of the rebellion generally, that he has had ample leisure to write a letter in aid of Lincoln’s falling fortunes. In looking over the graves of one hundred twenty-five thousand federal soldiers which mark his path from the Rapidan to the Weldon road, he thinks that with a few more men and Lincoln’s proclamations he will be able to end the war immediately if not sooner. He certainly comprehends the temper of the people, when he asks that they “quietly” submit to the “robbing of the cradle and the grave,” in the interests of abolitionism and despotism, as fully as he comprehends the strategy necessary to defeat Lee.


            → Let the people who have friends or relatives languishing and dying n southern prisons, remember that these gallant men will never be exchanged while an abolition administration holds sway. He refuses to exchange prisoners of war until the rebels will recognize a negro as the equal of a white soldier. This they will never do. But when McClellan takes the chair, as he will do on the 4th of March next, one of his first steps will be to order a general exchange of white soldiers held as prisoners of war. Let every true friend of the soldier unite in assisting to elect such a president.


A Valuable Accession.

            We understand that Jas. H. Stewart, Esq., of Monmouth, has openly proclaimed his renunciation of the republican party, and avowed his intention to support McClellan and the Democracy in their righteous efforts to restore Union and Peace to the country. This is a good accession to the cause of constitutional rights. Mr. Stewart is one of the first lawyers in this part of the State, and will have a large influence. He is satisfied that the principles and policies of the Lincoln party are antagonistic to the general welfare, are destructive of all the rights that individuals and States enjoy under the federal constitution, are exercising despotic as well as unwarranted and unnecessary power, and are perverting the war which was began against a rebellion, into a crusade against institutions and laws and privileges. Therefore, as a lover of his country, and a sincer hater of everything mean and despicable in an imbecile or corrupt administration, he obeys the dictates of conscience and of principle by allying himself with the Democracy of the country.


Spurious Unionism.

            While the awful absurdity of a vast and bloody war is being enacted for the obviously impossible object of restoring the Union, and while the lessar absurdity to terming the party which upholds such a war as its sole mode of attaining that object a “Union party,” is still beguiling thousands of unreflecting men, the utter falsity of both assumptions is constantly shown in the spirit of intense and malevolent hatred which characterizes every expression of this spurious Union party towards the Southern people. The idea of uniting with a people for whom such bitter malice and implacable hatred is cherished would appear preposterous to every body but a Loyal Leaguer or a lunatic. A pretty Union party, which denies the equality of States, and declares that the Union shall not be restored save on condition which render its restoration impossible. Every prominent leader of the abolition party has proved himself a traitor to the Union – has worked for its dissolution, and, to use the language of Stephen A. Douglas, “urged war as a means of accomplishing disunion.” – How supremely absured, then, for the administration to claim to be a Union party.


            → The abolitionists have the unparalleled impertinence to call themselves “unconditional Unionists.” – Ask one of them if he would accept the restoration of the Union if slavery were to be retained, and he will reply “no,” at once. At least Lincoln says he will not even open a treaty to restore the Union until by sacrificing the lives of a million or so of white soldiers, he has succeeded in freeing the negroes. This is the their Unionism.


            → This country has had but one President whose name was George, but he was about the best President we have ever had. The people all love his memory, and they intend to elect another George this fall and see if he won’t make a good President too.


Scotland Township.

            The Democratic club of Scotland township will meet at center school house on Tuesday next, 20th inst., at 2 o’clock p. m. Speeches on the state of the country will be made. All are invited to attend.


The County Fair.

            The attendance at the county fair on Thursday and Friday was very good, but not so large as we have seen. Some of the departments were well filled, while others were miserably meager. This was especially the case with


            The articles in this line consisted of two squashes, 3 cabbages, a peck of scraggy potatoes, bony cane stalks, a quart of onions, a sample of good German wheat, and perhaps something else not worthy of mention.


there was one wagon, a patent churn, ditto loom, and nothing more.


was well filled with quilts, children’s dresses, cushions, millinery, chemises, skirts, shirts, etc., etc., exhibiting much skill in needlework, and taste in design and execution. We cannot particularize where so many articles deserve meritorious mention.


            There was a good variety of large and small fruits on exhibition.

Apples. – Mr Damron exhibited 35 varieties, and Mr. Chandler 21, all desirable.

Grapes. – Mr. Damron had speciments of the Concord, Isabella, Catawba, Oporto, Ibex, McCrosky, Diana, Hartford, Prolific, and Clinton – all fine and luscious.

Mr. Vawter had samples of Delaware, Clinton, Concord, Oporto, Catawba, Isabella.

The most of these are very fine grapes, or we are no judge.

Mr. Marx exhibited a Clinton and an Isabella vine, two years old, growing in a box containing less than half a bushel of earth. – Both were very large and full large clusters of grapes.

Pears. – Mr. Damron had 8 varieties of pears and Mr. Chandler 3, all appearing to be fine fruit and of large size.


            There were several pens of good hogs on exhibition, and considering the insignificant amount of premiums offered for this stock, the display was better than might have been expected. Exhibitors certainly did not take this stock to the fair solely for the premiums they might receive.

Mr. H. S. Head exhibited 2 sows and 8 pigs. We could not learn the breed, or age, there being nothing to inform visitors of these particulars. They are very fine animals and are worthy of the attention of hog raisers.

One pen contained 2 Berkshires – fine animals – and another pen 2 of another color. The owners did not deem it necessary to [?] around and answer questions, or to post up any information concerning them, so we are without further particulars.

Mr. Hankins had “the big hog” of the lot, but as a notice of this animal has been made elsewhere, nothing further need to be said here.

We must defer till next week a notice of the sheep, cattle, horses, etc. on exhibition.


            Good Fits. – Those who want to enjoy the comfort of well made and exactly fitting clothes can obtain them at the tailoring and clothing house of Mr. August. This gentleman has lately secured the services of one of the best cutters in Illinois – Mr. Wright – and is prepared to guarantee satisfaction and a little more than satisfaction to all who entrust the making up of their garments to his hands. Gents will please take notice.


            Egyptian Wheat. – Mr. C. F. Long of Prairie city township has left at our office a few heads of “Egyptian wheat,” raised by him this year. It is a good berry and yields, as we are informed by Mr. Long, at the rate of forty bushels per acre.


            Watch Lost. – Mr. C. Von Wolff lost a silver watch on the evening of the 3rd inst. – It is of small size, French make and cylinder [?]. The owner will be suitably rewarded by leaving it at this office.


            Largest Hog in the County. – Mr. A. J. Hankins had a hog at the late fair, which is undoubtedly the largest “lump of swine” in the county. The animal is three years old, weighs over 200 pounds, breadth across the shoulder 30 inches, length from snout to tail seven feet. It is a cross of Chester and Berkshire, and color white.


            A Good Churn. – Markille & Smith’s patent churn is a good invention. The ease and rapidity with which the “churning” can be done are its great recommendations. We have tried one of these churns, and can advise our farmers that it is worth the money. Sold by Jos. T. Mitchell, at J. W. Arnold’s, five miles north of Macomb.


            → The house of Strader & Co. have just received a large invoice of boots and shoes for the fall and winter trade. They will sell a better article at lower figures than any other firm in the county. That’s so.


Answer Before You Vote.

            The following questions will be found interesting at the present time:

How much regard have rulers for the rights of the people?

When will passion give way to reason?

What kind of government, and how much debt are we to have when the war is over?

If the war should continue until the last man is killed and the last dollar is spent, who will bury the last man, and who will hold the last dollar?

Does sovereignty reside in the office holders or in the people?

Should the freeing of slaves be the paramount object of the war?

Is there any recoil to a musket in the hands of a negro soldier?

Do all governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed?

Is love, hatred or fear, the stronger bond of Union?

Has one-tenth of the people of States a right to rule the nine-tenths?

Does the right to think, and speak and vote, constitute the life of liberty?

If slavery caused the war, what caused the split in the republican party, between Fremont and Lincoln?

Are men made for the governments, or governments for men?

How many bad men are kept in office?

How many good men are kept out of office?

Shall negro soldiers, after the war shall be ended, be kept as a standing army, to domineer over white citizens?

If not, what will you do with them?

September 16, 1864

Macomb Journal





The Union men of McDonough county will hold a grand

Mass Meeting

at Macomb, on

Friday, September 23d,

which we want everybody to remember. Gov. Yates, his successor, Maj. Gen. Oglesby, Long John Wentworth, Hon. Wm. Pitt Kellogg, Col. L. Waters, Hon. Wm. Walker, Major Fullerton, and our own D. G. Tunnicliff and C. F. Wheat will promulgate the truth to all who wish to hear.

Rally, Union men! – Come and hear these noble, patriotic Statesmen who are representing the “Prairie State” in the field and the council Halls of the nation, and we promise to present to you “the noblest works of God,” our county ticket.


            Hurrah for Lincoln. – A letter received by us from the U. S. Gen’l Hospital at Keokuk, Iowa, announces the result of a vote taken on the 11th inst. Of 607 votes cast, Lincoln received 583, McClellan 21, Fremont 2, and Val-hand-him-a-dime 1. That’s the boasted strength of copperheads in the army everywhere.


            → The Eagle is like the poor boy at a corn husking, and hasn’t a word to say about the grand fizzle they had on the 3d. They publish the proceedings of their county convention, but we find no resolutions, no endorsement of Chicago and its doings, nor a word about Dick Richardson’s great speech. What’s the matter? The editor – lost as he is to shame – hasn’t sand enough to come out and endorse such a speech coming from such a man. “That’s what’s the matter.”


The Chicago Ticket.

            Chicago has spoken, both in candidates and resolutions. Fernando Wood, at Dayton, Ohio, sometime prior to the meeting of the Convention, predicted the nomination of an unconditional peace man on an unconditional peace platform. How aggregiously he was mistaken. The ultra’s had to ignore principle for availability, and barter their convictions for a man they thought could command a large army vote.

Geo. B. McClellan can accept the nomination for President on any platform. The instigator of emancipation, he was the first practical emancipationist. The adviser of arbitrary arrests, he was the first to demonstrate that military law in time of a great rebellion was supreme to civil law, and to confiscate the property of rebels was one of his cherished ideas. His war record is clear, explicit, and unconditionally for Mr. Lincoln’s policy. Deposed from the command of the army of the United States, he changes his base politically with as much sangfroid as he did martially, and we now find him, with the blood of one hundred thousand men on his hands, trying to steal into the Presidential chair on the cry of “Peace, peace, when there is no peace.”

Their party is more than execrated for attempting to surrender the nation to a peace both ruinous and dishonorable. We are not far wrong in supposing that the portion of the Democracy (!) which opposes the war on every ground, is really in favor of peace on any terms. This is the most significant meaning of the Chicago Convention, its platform and its nominees. It has shown its inconsistency by endeavoring to serve the Union and the rebellion at the same time; in offering a peace which repudiates the purposes of the war, and it but conceals the real motives of the men who are operating, not so much to secure the triumph of a party as the defeat of Mr. Lincoln and the success of the South; or, in other words, a peace of any kind. Those who have not scrupled to lend their whole opposition to every feature of the war, would not scruple, we know, about terms. It is not love of peace, but love of the South and power which was the animus of the men at the Chicago Convention.

Gen’l McClellan has nothing to predicate his claims upon for the Presidency. His only success, during his career as an officer, was his defeat of Gen’l Pope at the second battle of Bull Run, and then he had the assistance of Fitz John Porter. Weak, vascillating, without any stamina, devoid of moral courage, and withal, ambitious, he sold himself to a handful of politicians for political purposes – permitted his ambition to predominate over his loyalty, and endeavored to become a dictator to the present administration.



From the 78th Regiment.

Field Hospital, 2nd Division 14th A. C. near Atlanta, Ga.
August 24, 1864.

            Our dear and much beloved Col, Carter Van Vleck, has closed his eyes in death. He expired last evening at this Hospital soon after sunset. His estimable companion, but now his afflicted widow, arrived here yesterday morning in company with her brother, and thus had the sweet satisfaction of being with him in the last few hours of his life, and giving him those kind attentions that none can so well bestow as a gentle and affectionate wife. Colonel Van Vleck received his fatal wound on the 11th of the present month, and from the first he was perfectly conscious that his wound must inevitably result in death before many days should pass away. Never did a man meet death more serene, more tranquil, more resigned, or better prepared. He was a pure patriot, an honest and upright man, and a consistent Christian. Our regiment is cast down with grief, and will miss him much. Macomb has lost one of her best and most useful citizens. Thus is another noble name added to the long list of martyrs who died in the defense of his country, in a just and holy cause.

You will perceive that I still date my letter from the Field Hospital. I have been here a much longer time than I anticipated when I first came. It appears that the hardships and fatigues of the late laborious campaign have broken me down. I am much debilitated, and in the last few days I appear to be losing strength rather than gaining any. My prospects of a speedy return to my regiment are not very flattering. I have always endeavored in my letters to the Journal to avoid croaking, grumbling or fault-finding, but I feel disposed just now to indulge a little in that privilege. To come to the point at once I must say that I have never been so nearly starved as I have been at this Hospital since the memorable famine last fall on Stringer’s Ridge, near Chattanooga, when we were on quarter rations. I have not time or strength just now to go into particulars, but in behalf of some twenty or thirty starving patients in Ward (No. 1.) in the matter of the quality and quantity of food furnished us I must enter a solemn and indignant protest. I have ascertained that in other Wards there is not so much cause of complaint, but I think our good folks at home will agree with me that one table-spoonful of boiled rice, and a part of a cup of coffee is scarcely calculated to be enough for one man’s meal, especially for one who has passed the crisis of his disease, and needs only good and sufficient nourishment to be restored to his former health and strength. I have felt the cravings of hunger so strongly since I have been here that I shall ever feel a profound gratitude to Mr. William Shannon, of Co. K, and Lieut. Worrell of Co. D, for favors which relieved me in some degree from the awful stringency of the sick ration in Ward No. 1.

There is just now a buzz of excitement throughout the Hospital. A move is on the tapis. Names are being taken of all unable to march, and they are to be sent to the rear. I find that I am booked for the rear, but how far we will be sent back I am not able to say. It is thought, however, that we go to Chattanooga. At whatever point we bring up at, I will add a few words to this letter and send it forward.

Field Hospital, Chattanooga,
August 27, 1864.

            Here I am once more in Chattanooga, and I must say that the change of Hospitals is most gratifying to me, as it must be to every Hospital patient sent from the front, especially those from Ward No. 1, to which allusion is made above. We left the Field Hospital near Atlanta in a train of ambulances about three o’clock, P. M. 24th inst., and arrived at Vinings Station on the railroad, north of the Chattahoochee river, about ten o’clock the same evening. At this point is situated the Field Hospital for all sick and wounded soldiers of the Department, and it was here that we began to realize some of the blessed influences of the Sanitary Commission. We here enjoyed the comforts of a good clean bed, faithful and attentive nurses, and the next morning – will I ever forget the breakfast, — never! It may appear not only strange, but ridiculous to the well-fed readers of the Journal, that a man on the sick list should be so exercised about his rations, — but that breakfast! Columbus did not feel a greater glow of joy when he discovered America than I felt when I saw my breakfast brought to me in the morning. It consisted of a good thick slice of soft bread, a table spoonful or more of delicious bread pudding, a moderate slice of cold boiled ham, and a generous little piece of pickle, and a cup (and more if I wanted it) of good coffee, with milk and sugar. Now that was not very extravagant in quantity, but there was about ten times as much as had been dealt out to me at the Hospital I had just left, and didn’t I feel grateful for the change? In short, let me say, that the Sanitary Commission, is performing a noble work. I have no doubt its influences have saved, and is destined to save thousands of lives. I remained at Vinings Station until about ten o’clock on the evening of the 25th, when a long train was filled with sick and wounded, and started for Chattanooga. The Sanitary Commission provided us with a breakfast at Kingston, about 80 miles south of Chattanooga, and with an excellent dinner at Dalton. We arrived at Chattanooga about 4 o’clock, P. M., having been eighteen hours on the road. The sick were distributed among the various Hospitals at this point. The field hospital is pleasantly located near the railroad, not far from the beautiful Tennessee river, and but a short distance from Lookout Mountain, of which we have a splendid view at this place. I cannot speak too highly of the arrangement, and the system upon which this hospital is conducted. Everything calculated to promote the comfort and cheer the spirits of the sick and wounded is done here that can be done. The food is sufficient in quantity, and excellent in quality. I think I will recover here – but Ward No. 1, 2d Div. 14th Army Corps, will haunt me a long time. Oh, happy deliverance! But I will drop that unpleasant subject. It has no pleasant memories for me.

I think I have forgotten to mention in my former letters the death of John Munshan of Blandinville. He died about three weeks since and was buried here in Chattanooga.

When I left the front the rumors were that our army was being thrown to the rear of Atlanta to attack from that point. The 78th was under orders to march, and will undoubtedly perform its part. Whatever may be accomplished you will learn by telegraph through the newspapers before this can reach you.

J. K. M.


From the 137th Regiment.

Hd. Qrs. 137th Reg’t I. V.
Memphis, Tenn., August 31, 1864.

            Messrs. Editors: — Believing that it would be interesting to your readers, especially to those who had sons or friends in this regiment, I send you a few lines for publication in the Journal.

Our camp was aroused at 3 o’clock on the morning of the 21st by the firing on our pickets, which at the point of attack, was not more than three hundred yards from our camp. Our men sprang out of bed, seized their arms, and rapidly began to form, loading their pieces as they came, but before our line was completed the enemy was upon us, under the command of the arch rebel, Forrest, in great force. – He made a furious charge upon our partially formed lines, but was gallantly met and repulsed. Again he came up in great fury, seemingly determined to destroy us, and again he was driven back. He gathered his forces for a third charge, but our boys stood firm, and a third time drove him back into the road. By this time the enemy had moved a regiment of dismounted men towards our left, endeavoring to get in our rear. At the same time he opened upon us from two batteries which he had got into position within 150 yards of our lines, pouring the grape and cannister into our ranks with terrible effect. O, it was awful to hear the fiendish yells of the enemy as they came up within a few yards of our lines, and it would have done the heart of any patriot good to have seen our men so nobly and so gallantly defending the dear old Flag for the first time in their lives. There they stood like old veterans in war. And these were the boys who were sneeringly call “Infantry” by rebel sympathizers in Macomb. But every parent who has a son, relative or friend in the regiment from McDonough county, ought to feel proud of these boys. They have gloriously maintained the honor of their gallant old State.

We had now fought the enemy alone for more than an hour and a half. O, how anxiously I listened to hear the sound of some friendly gun coming to our aid, but none had yet appeared. I saw many of these brave boys fall, pierced by the bullets of our enemy, and seeing we were likely to be surrounded and cut off entirely, I reluctantly gave the order to our men to fall back and take a better position, which order was executed in pretty good order notwithstanding the thick, heavy fog that had now set in. But just before the order was given to fall back I was struck by a spent ball in my side, which lodged against a rib, but from which the surgeon very kindly relieved me after the fight was over; yet I was not compelled to leave my regiment at all. Finally, about half past seven o’clock, we received orders to move our regiment to the support of a battery that had at last got in position, where we remained until all was over.

Our men had been under arms for more than six hours. And now came the hardest part we had yet to perform. When we marched into our camp, O, what a sight met our eyes. There lay many of our noble boys, cold and stiff in the embrace of death; their blood mingling with that of the enemy, who lay scattered all about our camp. The ground where we met the second charge of the rebels was almost literally covered with dead men, and ead horses and mules. This, to me, Messrs. Editors, was the most trying time of all. Here lay my comrades – the gallant, brave boys, whose parents had committed them to my care only a few months ago. I thought of bereaved ones at home, and mentally lifted a prayer that God, in his goodness, would sustain them by his grace, when this sad news shall come to their ears. Our loss was very heavy – 7 men killed dead, 45 wounded, 13 of whom have since died, 20 in all, and 69 missing. The greater portion of the latter were sick in the hospital, and on duty there waiting upon the sick. Dr. Dunn heroically remained by the sick and wounded when he knew he would be captured, but he would not desert his post, and when the sick were ordered out by the rebels he was taken too, but after going several miles he was released to take care of our sick and the rebel wounded that they were forced, in their flight, to leave behind, and soon made his way back to camp, and for meritorious conduct was made Acting Second Assistant Surgeon of our regiment, and is now on duty as such in the hospital. – Of the McDonough boys in Capt. Veatch’s company, none were killed. – Sergt. Huston was wounded in the leg but is doing well. E. S. Brooking was taken prisoner at the hospital and driven so hard by the rebels, in their haste to get away, that he fell dead from pure exhaustion on the road. James Thompson, Charley Patrick, Sergt. Drais, Milton Eakle, and Jacob Kians were also captured, the latter wounded but not severe. In Capt. Johnson’s company, Christopher Stantiol was killed. Wounded – A. E. Carrier, in hand; A. J. Collar, in ancle; Henry Hull, in thigh; John Orr, finger. In Capt. Oglesbee’s company, Lester Porter was killed, and Martin West wounded in the head, slight; D. Wells, skull fractured, severe; Sergt. J. A. Kyle, in hip, not severe; captured – L. Wykoff, S. F. Sanders, Lewis Arnold, L. Lemaster, J. Lennington, A. L. Barnes, Corporal J. Dawson, D. Chamlees, A. Sherman, P. Lyttle, W. Rhodeck and Nelson Wilson. These are the names, I think, of all from our county that were killed, wounded or missing.

All our wounded are doing well, and everything is being done for them that can be done here to make them comfortable.

I should love to give you the names of many of our county boys who distinguished themselves in the late battle, but where all done so well, I need not particularize. Our men are less homesick, and have more confidence in themselves, than before the engagement, and if they could only have a few days at home before the draft, many of them would re-enlist. We expect orders very soon to go North. Our time is out on the 13th of September, but if Uncle Samuel needs us longer here we are ready to serve him.

J. K. Roach
Lt. Col. Com’d’g 137th Ill. Vol.


            Butter Wanted. – I will pay 37 1-2 cents cash for all Butter delivered at my store. – G. K. Hall.


            Job Printing. – Having recently purchased and set up a new job printing press, and added largely to our stock of job type and material, we are now prepared to do job work as neatly and expeditiously as it can be done outside of Chicago. Terms reasonable, and work solicited.


            At Home. – Capt. G. L. Farwell, late of the 28th, and soon to be our Sheriff, arrived at home on Saturday last, after serving faithfully three years. The Capt. looks well, and his many friends congratulated him on his return to civil life after being wounded and a prisoner in the hands of McClellan men South. We extend to him our hearty welcome, and know him to be a [?] youth with a vitreous optic, or, in army phrase, “a bully boy with a glass eye.” Long may he wave.


            List of Casualties in the 78th. – We copy from the Chicago Journal the following list of killed and wounded in this noble regiment, formerly commanded by the lamented Col. Van Vleck:

Co. “C.” – Killed – Jno. W. James, Jno. B. Forrest, Jno. W. Rush.

Wounded. – Sergt. Michael Mealy, neck; Corp. Luther Meek, right arm; Wm. C. Freelan, thumb off; Marion D. Bond, right leg; John Green, contusion; Jas. A. James, right shoulder; Geo. Martin, left shoulder; Cyrel Tift, right thigh.

Co. “I.” – Wounded – Corp. S. Carnahan, neck, slight; Jno. C. Pembroke, right arm; Henry Parker, right arm; Wm. Weaner, head.


            Runaway. – On Tuesday last a two horse team was taken with the flanks, an concluded to try Hood’s method of fighting by running away. – We did not ascertain who the team belonged to, or what injury was done, but suppose it was some returned emigrant’s from the Chicago Convention, just having heard of Mac’s letter of acceptance, was fearful they would place that on top of the platform and completely bust their wood-en machine.


            Cheap Groceries. – The late news from Mobile and Atlanta has determined Watkins & Co. S. E. Corner of the square to put the price of groceries down to the lowest figures, and we should request everybody to call and see them before purchasing elsewhere.


            Our County Fair. – The McDonough County Fair opened on Wednesday the 7th inst., and though it did so under very unfavorable auspices, continued to improve until it became the best we have had for the past three years. The show of stock, vegetables and Fancy goods were excellent. The Floral department was also creditable. The “ladies’ bazaar” for the benefit of the poor was well patronized and they realized a fund as creditable to them as their exertions deserved. We had been promised a schedule of the trotting matches, but the absence of the Secretary, F. R. Kyle, Esq., prevents our publishing it this week.


            Officers of the Agricultural Society. – An election for officers of the McDonough County Agricultural Society was held at the Fair Grounds on Friday last, which resulted in the re-election of the present able incumbents, Joseph Burton Esq. for President and F. R. Kyle Esq. for Secretary, without any opposition.


            The 28th at Home. – We just have time before going to press, to announce the arrival of the non-veterans from this gallant regiment. They arrived yesterday (Thursday) morning, and look as though they were ready for the “free fight” which the Eagle promises us in November. We extend to them a hearty welcome.


            Hop at the Brown House. – On Tuesday evening last, Macomb turned out her fairest daughters. The Brown House had more beauty, more fashion and more facination in it on that occasion than generally falls to the lot of a public house in a small place. “The boys” were pleased, the ladies – God bless ‘em – were pleased, and everything passed off to the satisfaction of a well pleased party.


            Pretty Faces. – If you want to look pretty, and see how you do look after passing through the able artists hands, go to Hawkins & Philpot’s gallery on the southeast corner of the square. – “Photos” are done up on short notice and no one could be displeased with the work which they pride themselves on turning out.

September 10, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Democratic National Nominations.

For President,

For Vice President,

For Electors – At Large.


  1.   SAMUEL ASHTON,          8. A. E. STEVENSON,
    2. HENRY T. HELM,              9. J. C. THOMPSON,
    3. WILLIAM BARGE,                       10. J. M. WOODSON,
    4. HENRY K. PEFFER,          11. H. K. S. O’MELVENY,
    5. JOHN V. LINDSAY,          12. THOS. DIMMOCK,
    6. S. W. BOWEN,                    13. CRESSA K. DAVIS
    7. A. L. KELLER,

For Governor,

For Lieut. Governor,

For Auditor of State,

For Secretary of State,

For State Treasurer,

For Sup’t Public Instruction,

For Congress, at Large,

For Congress,

For State’s Attorney,

For Circuit Clerk,

For Sheriff,

For Coroner,


McClellan or Lincoln.

            The nomination of McClellan and Pendleton is well received by the people. Although not the first choice of the conservative portion of the voters of this part of the State, yet since the issue has been narrowed to McClellan or Lincoln – the former for Peace and the Union of white men, and the latter for war to compel “the abandonment of slavery” – there can be no hesitation among Democrats and the friends of constitutional government, as to whether they will serve God and McClellan or Lincoln and Baal. The issue is strongly and sharply defined: on the one hand is honesty, capacity, fidelity, and McClellan; on the other is corruption, imbecility, faithlessness, and Lincoln. With the first we have the promise of Peace with all its attendant blessings and prosperity; with the latter is connected a permanent War, with its burdens, its distress, its ruin. The former promises us a government of white men, for white men and their posterity forever; the latter threatens us with a government in which negroes may have an equal share. The former promises us a government according to the Constitution and the principles of our fathers; the latter threatens us with despotism, in which the liberty and life of the citizen is held at the caprice of whatever tyrant may possess the throne. The former promises a free election to all citizens of the Republic; the latter threatens to drive from the polls all voters who will not subscribe to the destructive fanaticism of the hour. The former promises free speech and free discussion of the acts of public men; the latter threatens imprisonment and forfeiture of goods for all who point out the errors of the administration. – The former promises to open the prison doors and let the victims of illegal and despotic arrests go free; — the latter threatens to punish without conviction and imprison without trial.

Choose whom ye will have!


            → Let every man and every man’s wife who buys a piece of cotton goods at the present enormous prices remember that these enormous prices are the direct and logical results of the abolition policy adopted by Mr. Lincoln. – By freeing the negroes, and confiscating the plantations and burning and plundering the houses and other improvements on them, he in the first instance almost destroyed the production of the raw material. He now gives it the finishing stroke by permitting Massachusetts and other abolitionists to save their “loyal” hides by enlisting the few able-bodied negroes heretofore left about the plantations. A blind man can therefore see that, as all the able bodied negroes will be taken for soldiers, there will presently be no production of cotton at all, and hence no limit to high prices which abolition policy has already placed on cotton goods.


The cause of the War.

            “Slavery which is the cause of the war, must be destroyed before the war can stop.”

This is the stereotyped prattle of all the big and little Lincoln sympathizers in the land. If the logic and reasoning be good, it is worth following. Something is the cause of slavery, and if that must be destroyed then its cause should be wiped out. Negroes are the cause of slavery, for without them there would have been no slavery, and without slavery no war; therefore negroes should be abolished, lest there’s a repetition of slavery and of the war. Now there is a cause for negroes – and that cause is either Africa or the Almighty. Now let the Lincolnites carry out their argument, and insist upon a war to abolish the Almighty, because He made negroes, without which negroes there would have been no slavery, and without which slavery there would have been no war.


            → Abolition misrule has given us nearly four years of the bloodiest war the world has ever witnessed, and placed this once fair and happy land on the brink of ruin. They grant us no hope of release from this state of horror. – They spurn the very thought of peace. Men who urge the nation to turn their thoughts to the “things that make for peace” are denounced as “sneaks.” – The time has come to change our rulers. In the days of the Hebrew monarchy under King David, the sacred historian records that “the children of Issachar were men that has understanding of the times to know what Israel ought to do.” Our country looks to McClellan and the Democracy, as the men who have understanding of the times and know what the nation should do.


            ‒ The Democrats will have a peaceful election this year, if they have to fight for it.


            → The subject of buying fifteen or twenty acres of ground for the use of the agricultural society is being agitated by those interested in the prosperity of our county. It would certainly be more satisfactory if the requisite grounds could be obtained. The improvements would then be of a permanent character, and every citizen of the county would feel that he had an interest in the success of the society. We have no time to say further about it this week, but we trust the project will meet with that success which it deserves.


            → As we go to press the county fair is in the full tide of successful operation. A large amount of stock and productions of the farm and the workshop are on exhibition. – The fair promises to be as extensive in quantity on exhibition, and as successful in point of numbers in attendance, as any previous fair. We have no time for particulars this week.


            → Jones & Beggs have opened a meat shop on the south side of the square, where they will have for sale fine beef and mutton. They are prepared to suit all customers with sweet and tender meats.


            → A collision occurred on the railroad on Monday night, near Aurora, in which seven persons were killed outright and a large number severely wounded. Three locomotives were destroyed, and several freight and passenger cars smashed up.


            → Dr. Hebern, on his last visit to this city, had quite a number of applicants for cures of cancerous and other tumors. He has treated many cases of this kind quite successfully in this county. He makes regular visits, and will continue to do so as long as there is a patient of the kind who wishes to be cured.


            → Charley Wolf wishes the farmers of this county to understand that he is in the market for fat beef cattle, especially young ones, as well as sheep and hogs. He is daily selling large quantities of meat to the citizens of Macomb, and is ready to pay the highest price for good live stock.


            → We are requested by the school inspectors to give notice that the public schools in Macomb will commence the winter term on Monday 19th inst.


Judge Higbee and Singleton.

Quincy, August 24, 1864.

Editors Whig and Republican:

Being in this city on business, your daily paper of yesterday fell under my notice, in which I observed an extract taken from the Springfield correspondence of the Chicago Tribune purporting to give some charges which he says Gen. Singleton made against Judge Higbee, of Pike county, in a speech made by the general at Springfield, on the evening of the 18th inst., to the effect that he (Higbee) was a demoralizer, and that he was at one time a Mormon, and the editor of a Mormon paper at Nauvoo, which at length became so dirty and contemptible that Joe Smith threw it into the Mississippi; and that he hung around the legislature till he got it to plea a docket fee bill, and then went home, became a candidate for judge, and was elected.

As Judge Higbee is an immediate neighbor of mine, and as I have been intimately acquainted with him for many years past, I deem it a privilege as well as my duty, to pronounce each of these charges wholly and utterly false. And without determining who the father of these charges may be, would say that no one knows – or ought to know – better than Geo. Singleton himself, that they are without any foundation in fact.

The character o Judge Higbee is too well known throughout the State to be injured by such calumnies; but still I have thought it proper to brand them as they deserve. So far from being a demoralizer he is an exceptional of a man, not only in public but in private and domestic life, for virtue and uprightness of purpose and action.

An elder brother of Judge Higbee, Francis M. Higbee, now deceased, was once connected with a paper in Nauvoo; but it was not as falsely charged, a “Mormon paper,” but it was an anti-Mormon paper, devoted to the purpose of exposing the corruptions and heresies of Mormonism. So bold and successful was it in uncovering Joe Smith’s wicked purpose that he (Smith) being mayor, called the city council together and procured an ordinance declaring the press a nuisance, and had it thrown into the river; which act did much to arouse the indignation of the people against the Mormons at Nauvoo than any other. Judge Higbee did not have anything to do with the paper whatever. This silly fabrication against him is of a piece with the balance.

As to his procuring the passage of the docket fee bill and then returning and running for judge, I have only to say Judge Higbee went on to the bench in the fore part of the year 1861, and the bill in question was passed in the year 1863.

I hope sir as an act of justice, you will publish this correction, and that the Chicago Tribune will give it a place in its column.

Very respectfully, &c.,                        Scott Wike.

September 9, 1864

Macomb Journal

Campaign Paper!



          The Journal will be published from this issue until after the November election for 50 cents. The coming election is the most important which was ever held in this country and it behooves every loyal man to spread the truth, and disseminate the principles of our great and free government throughout the land.

We desire the aid of every well wisher of our National perpetuity, to extend the circulation of the Journal throughout this Congressional district. Do not forget the Campaign Journal for ONLY 50 CENTS.





A Free Ballot or a Free Fight.

            We had written an article under the above caption, for this weeks issue of the Journal, but the following from the Chicago Tribune reflects our views so well, that we commend it to the perusal, not only of loyal men, but the supporters of Geo. B. McClellan. It rests with them to say, whether we shall have “a free ballot or a free fight,” or both. The Lincolnites are the most accommodating set of men in the world, and would as leave fight as not, and a little leaver:

The Peace Democracy have been in great distress for a long time least they should pass through the approaching election without “a free ballot or a free fight.” They may suspend their anxiety on this point: or, if they choose they may change their cry to “a free ballot and a free fight.” We have the pleasure of informing them that the most ample arrangements are making to give them all the voting and all the fighting they can stomach. The one hundred and fifty regiments of brave volunteers from Indiana and Illinois, who have been for several years temporarily absent from their homes, giving the “Democracy” of the South a “free fight” at their own request after having once given them a free election will all return in November, if the exigencies of the military situation shall possibly permit, and will meet their brethren of the North in a free election or a free fight in their respective precincts. Some of them were engaged in a “knock down” at “Donelson.” – Others has a “set to” at Vicksburg. Some were in a “mill” under Rosecrans, at “Murfreesboro;” and others have participated in a controversy with the advocates of States rights and the opponents of the Lincoln despotism from Chattanooga to Atlanta. We who have remained at home will do what we can, also, in our humble way, to make the election interesting to our Copperhead friends, if they desire a lively time. On the whole, therefore, we trust the Copperheads will cease shouting themselves hoarse, to the great disgust of all decent and loyal men, by bawling for a free election, when they alone have interfered with the freedom of elections, by bullying honest citizens away from the polls, and they will rest assured that if, in addition to a free election, they have the slightest disposition for a free fight, we shall give them every facility in our power, and there is no doubt that the free fight will satisfy their most sanguine anticipations.

These are not an army of hirelings and mercenaries, as the Copperhead papers have styled them, but an army of citizens, a grand posse comitatus for enforcing the Constitution and the laws, and none of us have so well earned a right to vote as they. Yet the Copperheads have steadily endeavored to prevent them from voting, and in Indiana and Illinois, alone of all the States of the Union, are they obliged to return to their homes to vote. Perhaps the Copperheads, by way of facilitating “a free election or a free fight,” will conclude to prevent them from voting at home, as they have prevented them from voting in their camps. If so, look out for a free election or a free fight.


The “Unterrified” in Council.

            Saturday last was a huge day for the McClellanites. They held a County Convention and nominated a ticket which is even weaker than the one presented at Chicago. Neece for the Legislature, Hungate for Circuit Clerk, Smith for Sheriff, and Sullivan for Coroner are the victims. In the afternoon they held a meeting in the court house yard where Dick Richardson and Lew Ross blated treason for two hours, to a very slim audience composed mostly of Lincolnites. Ross was not enthusiastic on the performances which took place at the great show in Chicago, but confined himself to giving his hearers an outline of local affairs in Washington, which, he of course held the Administration responsible for. Dick was pretty drunk – as usual. He told an anecdote of a miller who kept fat hogs, but his neighbors couldn’t tell where the corn came from. Our liquor law is pretty stringent in the city just now and the same anecdote is very applicable to his case, as he was very drunk, but nobody could tell where the liquor came from. Probably advised of the slim chances for wetting up in Macomb, he came with a jug of steam in his satchel, as a timely precaution against going home dry. We have had the pleasure of seeing the inimitable Burton playing “Toodles,” and Dick reminded us very much of the deceased comedian with this difference, Burton played drunk; while it required no exertion on Dick’s part to be drunk. He told us that as soon as McClellan was elected, Lincoln was to be shot. – Abraham, Abraham, be thou on the alert! He also told us that negroes should not be protected by the Government, wherein he differs from his Chicago brethren, for in their platform they have declared, that, ‘The sympathy of the Democratic party is heartily and earnestly extended to the soldiery of our army, who are and have been in the field under the flag of our country.” If our memory serves us correctly, we have about 200,000 negroes armed and equipped, in the field, “fighting under the flag of our country;” and the query now is, does this plank in their platform include them? Of course it does; and they but endorse our sentiments by declaring a loyal negro as better than a disloyal white man.

He unintentionally told the truth when he was endeavoring to justify McClellan’s arrest and imprisonment of the Maryland Legislature, for he told us that “in time of rebellion the civil authority must succumb to the military power to preserve our Government intact,” thus, in the most emphatic manner endorsing the policy which Mr. Lincoln has pursued, to accomplish the same purpose, “to preserve our Government intact.” A few more speeches from Richardson and the copperheads can’t command the vote of a Corporal’s guard.


            → It was a noticable feature at the copperhead fizzle on Saturday last, that no allusion whatever was made to the fall of Atlanta. The Quincy Herald of that day contained the official bulletin of Secretary Stanton, announcing that we took possession of it on the 2d inst. We immediately issued the dispatch in the form of a small poster, and several times attempted to have it passed into the speakers’ hands to be read. They refused to announce the defeat of their friends, Old Dick ranting furiously about National honor. – What a comment on their patriotism and love of country!


            → Fort Morgan fell, Gen’l Morgan fell, Atlanta fell, Gold fell, McClellan stock fell and Lincoln stock rose in proportion. Sherman has strengthened the weak-kneed Union men by his brilliant success, and Grant is electioneering for Lincoln before Richmond. Let every man who doubts the success of the Union cause, take courage from these indications of a brilliant victory in November next. – The copperheads cannot arouse any enthusiasm for their half-breed ticket on their peace platform, and it now rests with us Lincoln hirelings to teach them a never-to-be forgotten lesson.


            → Lew Ross, said in his speech on Saturday last that there were better men than him looking through “the grates of a prison.” We have no issue with him on that score, for the remark was a true and happy one. He probably made a mistake, but the truth will slip out occasionally, notwithstanding his efforts to choke it down.


Tribute of Respect.

            At a call Communication of Macomb Lodge, No. 17, A. F. and A. Masons, held in their “Hall in the City of Macomb, on Thursday September 1st, A. D. 1864, A. L. 6864.” The following preamble and resolutions were adopted:

WHEREAS, It has pleased the Almighty Father of the Universe in his inscrutable wisdom to remove from among us, Col. Carter Van Vleck, late of this city, who was wounded by an unseen foe in his camp near Atlanta, Ga., and died on the 23d of August, 1864, after severe suffering. When wounded he was as Colonel of the 78th Illinois Volunteers, in command of his regiment. Death overtook him in the prime of life, and usefulness to his family and friends, and to his country as a soldier of devoted fidelity, and

WHEREAS, Though gone from among us, he will not be forgotten. We will ever remember his kind and pleasant deportment, cherish his name as one worthy of the high esteem in which he was held by his brethren of the “Mystic Tie.”

Resolved, That in the death of Brother Van Vleck, the Fraternity have lost a worthy member, his wife and child a kind and affectionate husband and father, the nation a faithful soldier and officer the country an upright citizen; who regulated his life by the plumb line of justice and squared his actions by the square of virtue; and we hope that he is now in the “Grand Lodge” above where the Supreme Architect of the Universe presides.

Resolved, That we tender to the bereaved wife and family of the deceased our sincere condolence at their irreparable loss, and while we sympathize with them in this dispensation of our Divine Master; may it serve to strengthen the ties of “Brotherly Love,” in those of us who survive him; and lead us to live so that when the sound of the “Gavel” shall call us from earth we may gain admittance in that “Celestial Lodge” “not made with hands eternal in the Heavens.” When with our departed brother we may cease from labor and enjoy the reward vouchsafed to all true and faithful Masons.

Resolved, That as a testimonial of our respect the members of this Lodge will attend his burial, and plant with our brother the evergreen and ever cherish the memory of his many virtues as a citizen, soldier, officer and mason; that we will wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days and drape our Lodge in mourning.

On motion, it was ordered that a copy of the foregoing resolutions be presented to the widow of our deceased brother, also be published in the city papers, and Masonic Trowell, at Springfield.

By order of the Lodge.

Attest,                                                                                                             T. M. HALL, Sec’y.


            → In these times of high prices, it is well to remember that children can be supplied with shoes for less than half the usual annual cost, by wearing Metal-Tipped Shoes, to say nothing of stockings destroyed and health endangered by wet feet, arising from the childlike habit of wearing out their shoes at the toes first.


            To Correspondents. – We have received a letter from Lieut. Col. T. K. Roach, of the 137th, but too late for this weeks paper.

A well written communication from a correspondet at Prairie City will be inserted shortly.


            Accident on the C. B. & Q. R. R. – The passenger train which left Chicago on Tuesday night at 9.30 arrived at Earl Station behind time. Fearing they might meet the freight going east they started an engine ahead to clear the road, and immediately started out after it. The pilot engine having met the freight was preparing to return to Earl, when they saw the passenger train coming at full speed. The engineers on the two engines jumped off thereby saving their lives, but the passenger cam in full tilt, making a complete wreck of the three engines, a number of cars, killed seven emigrants and wounding some fifteen or twenty. The accident was certainly the result of carelessness and should be minutely inspected.


            Grand Rally. – That statesman, patriot, and soldiers’ friend Gov. Yates, and his successor Gen. Dick Oglesby, will be on hand to address the people of McDonough county, on Friday the 23d inst. at Macomb. We want to see the Union men of the county turn out in their strength, and show to home traitors, that the nominations at Chicago does not terrify them in the least. – Let us show these vipers that loyalty is predominant in old McDonough, and send greeting to our brave boys in the field, the fact that they are sustained at home while battling for our country, and that we will take care of local treason, while they are whipping armed rebels. Come out, everybody.


            The Fair. – The Fair of the McDonough county Agricultural Society opened on the morning of the 7th, under rather gloomy prospects, owing to the lowering state of the weather, but in the afternoon it was more encouraging; and yesterday (Thursday) morning the prospect for a good show was very flattering to the friends of the society. The show of horses, colts, jacks, mules, and cattle was very creditable. Of fruits we saw but little, as it was early while we were there, and there had not been much brought in, but what we saw was of superior quality – making one’s mouth water with desire to taste the “forbidden fruit.” – Taken altogether, we believe the present Fair will be the best that we have ever had, the credit of which belongs to the energy and perseverance of its popular President and Secretary – Jos. Burton, Esq. and Frank R. Kyle.


            Funeral of Col. Van Vleck. – Thursday last was a sad day for Macomb. The body of the late Col. Van Vleck arrived here on Wednesday, was taken charge of by the Free Masons, of which order the Colonel was a member – and the funeral ceremonies conducted under the auspices of the Masonic fraternity. The body was escorted to the Presbyterian church where a fine discourse was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Nesbitt, to a large audience, and from thence to the cemetery, to which place it was followed by an immense concourse of people, paying the last sad rights to one who fell nobly in our great national struggle.


            The Big Show.Howe’s establishment will be hear on to-morrow (Saturday) and with its world wide reputation cannot fail to attract everybody and more too. A combination of performances are advertised, which must prove both interesting and instructive to all classes of people, and as this is the last and best show of the season we bespeak for them all the patronage they have labored so long to deserve.


            Circuit Court. – This Court commenced its session on Tuesday last, Judge Higby presiding. There have been but two cases of importance yet before the court. The first was “The People of the State of Illinois,” vs. William Williams and Edward Worthington, indicted for assault, on change of venue from Schuyler county. The same vs. Nathaniel Slack, U. S. Provost Marshal. The defendants were acquitted in both cases.

September 3, 1864

Macomb Eagle

The Nominations.

            We returned from Chicago on time to announce the result of the labors of the Democratic national comvention. Geo. B. McClellan received 202 ½ votes for President on the first ballot, and Thos. H. Seymour 23 ½ votes. On motion of Mr. Vallandigham the nomination of McClellan was made unanimous.   Geo. H. Pendleton of Ohio was nominated for Vice President on the second ballot. That’s the ticket, on the platform to be found in this paper. Rally to it and save the Republic. All round it is satisfactory and will be accepted and endorsed by an overwhelming majority of the people.


An Awful Summons.

            On the occasion of the funeral service at the burial of Bishop General Polk at Atlanta, the venerable Bishop Elliott delivered an address. Its conclusion was thus: At the close of his deeply interesting remarks, Bishop Elliott descended from the pulpit and turning his face to the North, said in the most solemn and impressive tones. “In the name of my Episcopal office; in the name of the blood that, like that of Abel calleth aloud from the ground for vengeance on those who lend the sanction of the church of this crusade against religion; in the name of desolated homes and blackened roof-trees of desecrated churches, of altars profaned and the Holy Sacrament tramped in the mire; in the name and by the authority of God, and by the enchanting spell-word evoked from the presence of the martyred dead – in his name who closes for this hour the list of prelates murdered, I summon such of the Episcopal Bishops and Clergy of the North, as have urged on this war, to meet me and their victims, alive and dead at the Judgment Bar of Almighty God, there to answer! – And may God have mercy upon them in that day!”


            → Among the crimes charged upon the king of Great Britain, by Jefferson, Franklin, and the great men of the revolution, was “that he had affected to render the military independent of and superior to the civil power.” From the midst of reeking corruption at Washington, Abraham Lincoln directs his military officers to disregard the process of our civil courts, and to spurn civil authority. To resist such tyranny our fathers fought out the revolution. So vital to liberty did they deem this point that eight of the states which originally made up this Union, declared in their constitutions “that the military power should in all cases, and at all times be held in exact subordination to the civil authority, and be governed by it.” The question must now be met. Will our people stand up for the liberties our fathers gained?


Platform of the Democratic Party.

            Resolved. That in the future, as in the past, we will adhere with unswerving fidelity to the union under the constitution as the only solid foundation of our strength, security and happiness of the people, and as a framework of government equality conducive to the welfare and prosperity of all the states, both northern and southern.

Resolved, That this convention does explicitly declare, as the sense of the American people, that after four years of failure to restore the union by the experiment of war, during which, under the pretence of a military necessity or war power higher than the constitution, the constitution itself has been disregarded in every part, and public liberty and private right alike trodden down and the material prosperity of the country impaired. Justice, humanity, liberty, and the public welfare demand that immediate efforts be made for a cessation of hostilities, with a view to an ultimate convention of the states, or other peaceable means to the end that at the earliest possible moment peace may be restored on the basis of the Federal States.

Resolved, That the direct interference of the military authorities of the United States in the recent elections in Maryland and Delaware, was a shameful violation of the constitution, and a repetition of such acts in the approaching election will be held as revolutionary, and resisted with all the means and power under our control.

Resolved, That the aim and object of the Democratic party is to preserve the Federal Union and the rights of the States unimpaired; and they hereby declare that they consider the administrative usurpation of extraordinary and dangerous powers not delegated by the constitution – the subversion of the civil by the military law in States not in insurrection; the arbitrary military arrest, imprisonment, trial and sentence of American citizens in the states where civil law exists in full force; the suppression of freedom of speech and of press; the denial of the right of asylum; the employment of unusual test oaths; and the interference with and denial of the right of the people to bear arms in their defense, is calculated to prevent a restoration of the union and the perpetuation of government deriving its just powers from the consent of the governed.

Resolved, That the shameful disregard of the administration to it its duty, in respect to our fellow citizens who are now and long have been, prisoners of war in a suffering condition, deserves the severest reprobation on the score alike of public policy and common humanity.

Resolved, That the sympathy of the Democratic party is heartily and earnestly extended to the soldiery of our army, who are, and have been, in the field under the flag of their country; and, in the event of its attaining power, they will receive all the care, protection, and regard that the brave soldiers of the republic have so nobly earned.


            → The mortal remains of Col. Carter Van Vleck arrived at this place on Wednesday, and were buried on the next day. Our absence during the week must be our apology for the absence of a poor though sincere tribute to the memory of the deceased.


            → Patrick Noonan died suddenly Wednesday last. He was a private in comp. C 90th Regiment, was severely wounded last winter, and returned home last week, recovered from his wound, but disabled from further service. His disease was cholera morbus.


            Returned. – Dr. W. G. Nesbit has returned from his trip up the Mississippi, and will be happy to serve his old and new friends who may want their “dental arrangements” attended to. Office at the former place.


            → Strander & Co. are now receiving their fall stock of boots, shoes, hats, caps, etc. They have the latest style of hats and caps, and also will sell them at lower figures than any other house in town. Call around and see how well they can suit you in any article of goods in their line.


            → Another huge circus is advertised for Macomb on the 10th inst. A great parade of actors, clowns, wild beasts, and other attractions, is spread before the public, and wonderful things are promised, all for the small sum of fifty cents in greenbacks.


            The Model of Ancient Jerusalem. – There is now on exhibition in Campbell’s Hall, a most surprising and ingenious work of art, being composed of more than ten thousand pieces of wood & c.; representing the Mount of Olives, Zion, Calvary, Moriah; also Valleys of Jehosaphat, Hibbem, Kedron, Tophet, and the whole city with its walls, gates, towers, palaces, and the Temple covered with gold. – Arrangements will be made so that Sunday Schools will be admitted on Monday at reduced rates. Let all go and see it.

September 2, 1864

Macomb Journal

The Chicago Convention.

            We have no time this week to comment upon the actions or resolutions of the Chicago, Secesh Convention, which assembled in that city on Monday last. The notorious characters of the personages there assembled in solemn conclave to save the country, is too well known to require any extended notice at our hands.

Their platform – if it can be designated by such a title – is such as would have been expected to emanate from Richmond in the early and palmy days of secession. They have indirectly declared their intention to fight for the defeat of Mr. Lincoln, and while appearing before the American people as the advocates of peace, they proposed to make it on terms to suit themselves, and in direct opposition to the will of the majority.

We can conceive of no baser mode of gulling the people into their support, than the one they have adopted, and it behooves every man to call his thinking faculties into operation, before he concludes to support the nominees of a party who has practiced nothing but deception as far back as our memory extends.

Whoever their nominee may be, he is obliged to war against the Union, except upon the same platform which was to carry the rebel Breckinridge into power. Forsaking principle, country and everything which tends to make a patriot, they are but true Bardolphs, who, when told of their deaths, will exclaim:

“Would I were with them where some’er they be – either in Heaven or in Hell.”

We desire that all should remember the promises made in ’56, when that old arch-traitor Buchanan was elevated to the Presidential chair through chicanery and fraud. Many good men now unite with the majority in denouncing the O. P. F., but the same men advocating the same principles, are now the head and front of the Copperhead party, and as they have so often succeeded in elections by the game of “brag and bluff,” have adopted the same method, only on a more extended scale.

The example set by the hordes of traitors at the South, is now being followed up their accomplices in the North, and while we are resting in the fancied security; while many, very many, cannot be aroused to a sense of the danger which threatens our perpetuity as a government, these home traitors – under the auspices of the Chicago leaders – are arming and drilling to resist the constituted authorities of the land. We are an alarmist, but these facts are so palpable, that he who runs can read, and he who reads can not but understand.

The Eagle, – which is the fountainhead of treason in this county – is prepared to resort to any means to defeat the Union party, and is so lost to all patriotism, all love of country and every principle which constitutes a man, that nothing is too low or degrading for [fold] to diffuse among a community when their [fold] peculiar views and party predilections are to be advanced. It is a matter of vital import to the safety of our rights, that when a small party in the North is struggling for the Southern Confederacy, to assume control of the Federal Government, and to circumscribe and destroy our National institutions, that the people should rise in their might and crush with one powerful blow all opposition to our legally constituted rulers.

P. S. We stop the press to announce that “the great GUYASTICUTUS are loose.” Gen. Geo. B. McClellan and Geo. H. Pendleton were nominated by the Peace Convention – on Wednesday last. We wait patiently to see how they will reconcile McClellan’s war record with their peace platform.


          → The people have met with trouble wherever their rulers, influenced more by a wicked ambition than by moral principles, have assumed the right to regulate matters not pertinent to their jurisdiction. – Eagle.

True, and the democratic party is a dead example of this assumption to regulate matters for the success of party, and ignoring the rights of the people. Jeff. Davis, Jas. Buchanan, C. L. Vallandingham and those who have been identified with their clique, are the rulers, to whom we are indebted for all our present Mr. Lincoln of “wicked ambition” in enforcing the laws, because forsooth, their power has departed never to return. This is an enlightened age Mr. Eagle, and such stuff won’t go down.


          → Gov. Yates has issued his proclamation calling for a regiment of volunteers for State service. It is said the regiment is to be used to enforce the draft, and for the arrest of obnoxious individuals. This is but commencement. – Eagle.

We should like to know of the Eagle, who says this regiment is to be raised for the purpose he states, except the Chicago Times? Even were it so – which we most emphatically deny – would it not be but a counter movement to protect Union voters at the polls? Is not the Copperhead party organized into armed and secret societies for the purpose of intimidating those who choose to vote the Lincoln ticket? No loyal man need fear Martial law. – They claim to be good, loyal, law-abiding citizens; if so, they are as safe from martial law in Illinois, as they are from the rebel bullets of Hood or Lee.



From the 78th Regiment.

Field Hospital, 2nd Division 14th A. C. near Atlanta, Ga.
August 10, 1864.

            Alas, for human expectations. Here I am at the Hospital again numbered among the long list of patients unfit for duty. When I wrote you about the 1st inst., I spoke of returning to the regiment in two or three days. Well, I went, although I knew I was weak, and not exactly well; but on reaching the regiment, I soon became convinced it was not the place for me just yet. Our Surgeon’s were of the same opinion, and yielding to the force of circumstances, I took the back track, and I suppose I will have to serve out my allotted time at the Hospital; but whether it will be long enough to run into weeks, or short enough to be counted only by days, I will be better able to tell you next Christmas. My complaints are not of a serious nature, but are such as will require a little time and careful nursing to remedy.

Our regiment in the past few days has suffered considerable in wounded and some few killed. Sylvester McFall and John S. Mayhugh, of Co. C, were each wounded in an arm four or five days since and have been sent to Chattanooga. They were both severe flesh wounds, but luckily no bones factured. On the 6th inst. Marshal I. Cline of the same company was struck with a piece of shell in the abdomen and died the same night in great agony. At the breaking out of the war, Mr. Cline was residing in a secesh district in Missouri, but being loyal to the core, as soon as he could complete his arrangements he moved his family to Blandinville, the place of his former residence, and then enlisted in the 78th regiment. He was a good soldier, and from what I learn of him, a very worthy man. Jesse Warner, of Co. C, and James Ellis of Co. I, were both slightly wounded from the bursting of the same shell which killed Cline. Warner was struck in the head, and Ellis on the under part of the knee. They are both here at the Hospital, and will probably be unfit for duty for two or three weeks. Day before yesterday there were four wounded men brought in here from our regiment, viz: Lewis Achbaugh of Co. D, severe flesh wound in right arm; Sergeant A. Abbott, same co., wound in left hand; John Buskirk, co. K, flesh wound in right arm; Corp. Peter S. Caunnery, co. G, wounded by a piece of shell in bowels. Caunnery’s wound is severe, but with care he may recover.

Col. Van Vleck has been on the sick list for two or three weeks, but is getting better. Michael Baymiller, of co. I, has been laid up here at the hospital for several days with sore eyes, but I am glad to notice he is rapidly improving.

Dr. W. H. Githens, of our regiment, has charge of the wounded in one of the wards at this hospital, and it gives me pleasure to note that there is no Surgeon here more faithful and industrious in the care of his patients than is Dr. Githens. He appears to take a special care in each case, and is careful to observe that they receive all the attention and care they require.

It is a very common thing for patients at a hospital to find a great deal of fault with their treatment, and to note particularly that nothing is done right. – For my own part I try to make all allowances, and am truly thankful for all the mercies and favors I receive. But while others are finding fault with everything, I propose to express my displeasure only upon one matter – and that is the loose system which appears to prevail in the receiving of patients at the hospital. The first time I was brought to the hospital there were some six or eight of us unloaded from the ambulance in front of the hospital ten’s, and there were lay in the hot sun for fifteen or twenty minutes before we received any attention. When I came back two evenings since I was in company with four others from our regiment, and we were unloaded in like manner, and the ambulance was driven away. We patiently sat upon the ground, knowing it was the duty of somebody to look after us and assign us our proper places. After waiting as patiently as we could for nearly half an hour, I concluded to go myself and ascertain whether the hospital was closed against further admission, or whether somebody was derelict in duty. The Surgeons were very busy just then attending to a fresh load of wounded which had been brought in, and I concluded not to disturb any of them, but observing a very benevolent looking Chaplain who appears to be stationed at the hospital, standing by looking on at the amputation of a poor fellows leg. I concluded that he was my man. After getting his attention I told him that there were five sick men who had been brought in, and who were lying out upon the bare ground, and I thought as night was setting in they ought to be looked after. I failed to raise the sympathy in this mans breast that I had supposed I could, and to cut short my story I have only to say that those sick men were obliged to lay out in the bushes all night without any food, or any attention only such as they were able to render each other.

Aug. 12. – Have an opportunity today to send this letter. Col. Carter VanVleck was brought to the hospital last evening mortally wounded with a bullet in the head. He only left us yesterday noon to return to the regiment. He is still alive, but little or no prospect of recovery. A gloom pervades the regiment. He was a man of many noble qualities. Capt. Ruddell, of Co. B, is also here with a severe wound in his head.

J. K. M.


137th Regt. Ill. Vol.

Camp Memphis, Aug. 22, ’64.

          We had quite a battle yesterday. The rebels attacked us about half past three in the morning. They came in on our Regiment first, as we were the farthest out on the Hernando Road. They were all through our camp before we knew anything about it. They captured the pickets and came in upon us with a yell. After awhile the Major got us in line of battle, then we gave them a volley or two and had to fall back – as they were peppering us with grape and canister, not over twenty-five steps from us. We kept falling back, giving them volley after volley, until some of the other regt’s came to our support. We fought them about two hours, our reg’t. alone, as the other regt’s were in town, and it is about three miles to the city. At one time our regt. Was in Preacher Hawley’s yard, and had quite a little fight there. Mr. Hawley was out there talking to the boy’s. Some of the boys in our Company carried a wounded rebel in Mr. H’s house. The fight began about half-past three, and lasted until three or four in the afternoon. When we came back to our tents, in the afternoon, the dead rebels were laying thick on our camp ground. While we were fighting them, when they first attacked us, it was so dark we could not see them, but had to guess where they were; which we did pretty well, as the dead horses are lying around everywhere; there is two lying dead in our company quarters. The rebels took all the rubber blankets that they could get ahold of and some woolen ones. The boys all drew new clothing the day before; I drew a new pair of pants and some socks, but the rebels didn’t open my Knapsack; all they got from me, was my rubber blanket. Some of the boys lost all they had. – There was a sick boy in our company, that could not get out of his bunk. They took him out of his bunk, to the front of the tent and shot him through the head, and also ran a bayonet through his body, “he was murdered in cold blood.” I was over to the College grounds this morning and saw five dead rebels laying behind trees, each one had a tree to himself, and they were all shot through the head. I guess the rebels thought they would make a dash in here and capture Gens. Washburn and Hurlbut and release some of the prisoners that we had here, but the prisoners had been sent up the river the day before. They come very near getting Gen. Washburn, but he made his escape. My tent has got four bullet holes in it. Last night about twelve o’clock, we were called out again, the rebels were coming in again. We got up and marched about a mile to support a battery, and slept on our arms the rest of the night, and this morning came back to camp. There are men detailed this morning to bury the dead. At some of the houses around our camp, they set a supper for the rebels, and when our Reg’t. came in the fight, the Major went over to the houses and told them to have supper ready for him and the rest of the officers in our Regt., and told the boys to forage all they wanted to. Col. Roach was slightly wounded in the back, by a spent ball. There was two men killed in our Company. Thad. Houston was wounded in the leg; the ball went in at the knee and come out in the fleshy part of the thigh. Surgeon Dunn said that he wasn’t badly wounded. I have not seen him, he is down town in the Hospital. I think he was the only one wounded in our Company. I believe there were 10 or 12 of our Company taken prisoners. Ed. Brooking of Macomb, and a boy from Colchester named Charley Patrick. The rest that were taken were from other towns. Capt. Veatch was down in the Hospital, his sword was hanging up in his tent, the rebels took that, and also the Lieuts. Dress coat and his best pants, and several other things. Most of the officers lost nearly everything they had. I am detailed to take charge of a squad of men and report at Head Quarters immediately. I don’t know what for, so I must bring this to a close. Dr. Dunn was taken prisoner, they took him about three miles and put him in charge of the sick and wounded, when he made his escape.

Fred. L. Lancey.


            The rebels are in our front – their Canadian allies in our rear, their copperhead allies in our midst – and their Indian allies on our right flank. Loyal men of the Republic are you alive to the exigency and necessities of the hour? If you shut your eyes upon the crisis, or seeing it, treat it with unconcern, what hope is there for your country, your city, your property, the house over your head, or the children at your hearthstone?


Carter Van Vleck.

            Death has found another shining mark. Another brave and dashing patriot has fallen a free-will offering on his country’s altar, in the perilous field of battle: and another patriotic hearth is left in sadness. Col. Carter Van Vleck is no more, wounded in the brain by a random shot from the enemy before Atlanta, on the 11th inst., he lingered until about the 23d inst., when his spirit in great tranquility ascended to his God.

Col. Van Vleck was a native of Hamilton, Madison county New York, and was at his death 34 years of age. He studied law at Springfield, Illinois, and practiced as an attorney at Beardstown in this State some years, from whence he removed to this place nine or ten years ago.

A man of easy and refined address, of humane, kind-hearted, generous and manly emotions, he readily won the affections of both old and young; and his death has caused almost universal mourning. Col. Van Vleck possessed an easy flowing oratory, which rendered him one of our most impressive public speakers, and the way was fast opening for him to assume a place amongst our most prominent men. His morals were pure and unsullied and his integrity unquestioned. He was, for some years before his death, a consistent devoted member and elder of the Presbyterian Church, where he had warm friends, amongst them the young and adult members.

But the closing years of his short and useful life were spent in the immediate military service of his country, amidst the stirring scenes of the great national struggle now in progress. When others periled their lives he was not one to set by unmoved. In 1862 he was appointed by Gov. Yates a Lieutenant Colonel, of the 78th Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, and he was afterwards promoted to the place of Colonel in the same regiment. As a military man Col. Van Vleck has exhibited powers highly gratifying to his many friends, and in seeming contrast with his amiable and gentle manners. On the battle-field he was prompt and daring; eager to divide the labor, the danger and the risks with all around. – Although seriously wounded on the battle-field of Chickamauga, he rejoined his regiment with his arm in a sling, and sought not honorable retirement.

But he has at last fallen, and we will greet no more in our streets his noble, manly and generous countenance, and will hear his soft and soothing voice no more.


            Casualties in the 137th Regiment. – The following is the list of casualties in Co’s C and I, 137th Ill. Inft., on the morning of Aug. 21st, at Memphis, Tennessee:

Co. C – Killed – James Poling – Wounded – Orderly Sergeant Thaddeus Huston, leg, severe; Davis N. Rogers, bowels, dead. Captured – Sergt. James H. Drais; Private Edward S Brooking, died on the way, Bailey Cozzard, Milton Eakle, Jacob Kious, slightly wounded; John F McCord, Charles V Patrick, James Thompson, Prestly Williams.

Co I – Killed – L W Porter. Wounded Serg’t J A Kyle, thigh; Privates Ulast West, head; D L Wells, head; J R Gentry, thigh; Thos Jones, leg, slight.

Prisoners – J P McDonald, paroled; Corp. J R Dawson, Privt. Jas Bennie, J W Couch, still in hands of rebs; J Pennington, leg; N M Wilson, arm; W B Radecan, D L Wycoff, S F Sanders, Dave Chambers, J L Lemaster, A L Barnes, D A Davis, Benj. Montague, A Sherman, J C Arnold.

Killed, 1; wounded 5; prisoners, 16; still in hands of rebs, 13; total 22. This is just one fourth of our company.

C. D. Hendrickson, O. S. Co. I.


            From the 16th. – We have received letters from this regiment dated the 21st, and as no mention is made of the death of the officers reported killed in our last, we feel inclined to doubt the correctness of the report.


            School Notice. – The Public Schools of the City will open on Monday the 19th of this month.


            From the Front. – Col. Lew. Waters of the gallant 84th, arrived at home on Saturday last from near Atlanta. The Col. comes home to recuperate his health, which the arduous duties of the present campaign has impaired to a considerable extent. He brings us the cheering intelligence, that Gen. Sherman’s operations are of the most satisfactory character, and his final success, merely a question of time. – He saw, and conversed with Col. Van Vleck on the 20th, and says the opinions of the Surgeons are not at all favorable to the Col.’s recovery. He was wounded on the 11th, the ball entering near the forehead, glancing upward and could not be extracted. We welcome Col. Waters to his home once more but regret he cannot he with us to fight the political campaign through.


            Death of Ed. S. Brooking. – We see, in a list of casualties of the 137th. In the Memphis fight on the 21st ult., that Mr. E. S. Brooking was captured by the enemy and afterwards died from exhaustion. His numerous friends will be pained to learn of his death.


            County Fair. – The County Fair commences on Wednesday next the 7th inst., when it is to be expected everybody and the rest of mankind will turn out. It is the desire of the officers to make this the best exhibition of the kind ever before held in Macomb, and it can only be done by a hearty response from the people of the county. The prospects for a large turn out is a very flattering one, and we have no doubt the expectations of the managers will be realized.


            Thanks. – To the fair unknown, who so kindly favored us with a box of delicious Grapes last week, we beg leave to return our thanks, and beg leave to proclaim “to all whom it may concern;” that we are open for the reception of all favors of that kind, at all times.


            Still Another. – The “Vets” of the old regiments, whose time has expired, are returning every day – the latest arrival we notice in John Anderson, a son of James Anderson, Esq. He looks remarkably well, and as though he could stand three years more easy.

Joe Low, another brave Macomb boy, has also returned to receive the congratulations of his friends and acquaintances. Joe has grown tall and stout, and looks every inch a soldier.


          Personal. – We notice the arrival, on Wednesday morning of Sergt. Major Hendricks, of the 78th. It will be recollected that Mr. Hendricks was wounded in the foot some time last Spring. We are happy to state that he has recovered from the effects of his wound, and that he will return to his regiment shortly.


            Lost. – Jim Gash has lost a tuning fork, and any one finding the same will please return it to him at the Dry Goods Store of A. J. Davis, where they will be amply rewarded by the thanks of Jim, and an opportunity to purchase a cheap bill of goods from that popular salesman.


            The Chicago Museum. – Those of our readers who visit Chicago, should not fail to go to Col. Wood’s Museum, on Randolph street, between Dearborn and Clark streets. The attractions at that popular place of resort are numerous and instructive, among which we will name the “Trial of Christ,” a collection of wax statuary unequaled in America. Seen by gas-light it forms one of the most superb sights that can be imagined. The Col. will have, in a short time, a wax figure of the “Chicago Beauty,” which will be worth going far to see. There are thousands of other curiosities there, and any one visiting the Museum will not go away dissatisfied. Lovers of Nature, Art, the marvelous, or the wonderful, all will find something to feast the sight with. Be sure and visit Col. Wood’s Chicago Museum while you are at Chicago.


            Improving. – Watkins & Co., not content with keeping already the largest stock of Groceries in this City, deem their present extensive storeroom too small for their growing trade, and also wishing to improve the appearance of the city, are putting up a large three story brick building on the southeast corner of the square, opposite their present location. When finished their building will be an ornament, not only to that part of the square but to the city.


            Great Show. – The only real Circus – S. B. Howe’s European Circus – will exhibit in this city on the 10th. The press every where speaks of this show as being the only one traveling that is fully up to the mark. If you want to see genuine acting go to Howe’s circus on the 10th.


            → In these times of high prices, it is well to remember that children can be supplied with shoes for less than half the usual annual cost, by wearing Metal-Tipped Shoes, to say nothing of stockings destroyed and health endangered by wet feet, arising from the childlike habit of wearing out their shoes at the toes first.


Township Quotas.

Hdq’s. P M’s Office,
Ninth District.

Mt. Sterling, Ill., Aug. 29 ’64.
W. E. Withrow, Esq. Macomb, Ill.

            Dr Sir: — The following is the quota of the several towns in McDonough Co., of which fact, please notify the people of said towns, in order that the men may be raised without draft, to wit:

No. 44 Eldorado         .           .           20 men.

“   45  Industry,         .           .           2 “

“     46 Bethel,             .           .           14 “

“   47   Lamoine,         .           .           21 “

“   49 Chalmers,          .           .           9 “

“ 50   Scotland,         .           .           23 “

“   51   New Salem,     .           .          19 “

“   52   Mound ,           .           .           23 “

“   54   Emmett,          .           .           17 “

“   55   Hire,                .           .           22 “

“   57   Sciota,             .           .           14 “

“   58   Walnut Grove,   .       .           25 “

Total Required            .           .           209 “

            The following Towns are in excess and consequently not liable to draft, to wit:

Tennessee        town.               42 men ahead,

Blandinsville   “                      7          do

Macomb          “                      94        do

Prairie City      “                      25        do

            Yours, Respectfully, B. F. Westlake, Capt. and Pro. Mar. 9th Dist. Ill.


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