October 28, 1864

Macomb Journal


            We are requested to state that Township Committees can get their supply of tickets for the election at the Circuit Clerk’s office. We would urge upon the Committees to make no delay in the matter, and also for them to see that they have enough for all the voters in their respective townships, and be careful that they are not exposed the malicious designs of the venomous copperheads who would destroy them.



The Eagle Screams.

            The Eagle of last week overflows as usual with falsehood, misrepresentation and abuse. It has the boldness and to accuse the administration of a design to disrupt the Union and establish a Northern Confederacy. Hear the Eagle scream:

“Think you these men have abandoned their purpose of letting the South go? Give them four years more of the control of this Government and they fancy they can so consolidate their power as to accomplish their long cherished object of a northern Confederacy. – Who can believe that they will establish a peace of good feeling, of friendship, of mutual interest, save with the independent confederate States?      *          *            Men who sincerely desire a restoration of the Union, with its old advantages and blessing, must vote to remove Lincoln from the Presidency.”

How supremely loyal the Eagle is getting to be. It is actually “afeered” Mr. Lincoln is going to recognize the independence of the Southern Confederacy, and it calls upon the loyal Democracy to come to the rescue. – Well, this is a progressive age, and the Eagle is surely a progressive paper. – It is only a little more than three years ago that this same paper, the Macomb Eagle, edited by Nelson Abbott, loudly proclaimed that the Southern confederacy was an “INDEPENDENT NATION,” and that Mr. Lincoln had no business to send armies or munitions of war into their territory. Here are its own words:

“If the administration wants to hold those forst, it wants to do it for the purpose of aggressive measures against the Confederate States; it wants them as a basis of operations, from whence are to issue armies for the conquest of an independent nation, and to reduce a free people to the condition of vassals and serfs.

                                    *                      *                      *                      *

            The continued possession of forts, and maintaining of armies in the territory of another nation, is tantamount to a declaration of war.

*                      *                      *                      *

            We repeat that the administration has no practical use for Sumter or Pickens, except as a standing menace and defiance to another Power.

                                      *                      *                      *                      *

            And yet a little more. We ask the reader to look over again the first extract taken from the Eagle of last week and note how fearful the Eagle man is that Lincoln will “let the South go.” “Men who sincerely desire a restoration of the Union must vote to remove Lincoln.” Here is an appeal to Union lovers to save the Union. Now listen to this Democratic organ of three years ago:

“If Mr. Lincoln does not wish to wage a war of aggression of conquest, of subjugation, against [fold] IN RECOGNIZING THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES.”

How true is the old adage that “Time works wonders!” A little more than three years ago, at the close of the Democratic (?) administration of James Buchanan, the Eagle and its party labored to have it recognize ! as a settled fact that the Union was permanently dissolved, that the Confederate States were a free and independent nation. – The Eagle in its simplicity supposed that its Southern friends had fixed their scheme of secession and independence, so nicely and so strongly, aided as it was by a Democratic administration that it was beyond the power of Mr. Lincoln and his administration to overthrow them. But Mr. Lincoln has disappointed them. He met the rebellious scoundrels in that true and pure spirit of patriotism which declared that the Union must and shall be preserved. – And now after a struggle of three years, under the firm and wise policy of Mr. Lincoln, the Confederate states to-day are not recognized as a Government by a single nation upon the face of the globe, and the Stars and Stripes proudly float over every State in the Republic. Even the Eagle is now forced to recognize the fact that the Union still lives, and its nice cherished scheme of Southern independence is knocked to the winds, and instead of giving Mr. Lincoln credit for upholding and maintaining the Union, it now with its characteristic meanness, duplicity; and hypocrisy, declares its fears that Lincoln will establish a “northern Confederacy.” The truth of the matter is just here. The Eagle knows full well that Mr. Lincoln and the party which supports him are determined that the “Union must and shall be preserved.” A large portion of those who act and vote with the Democratic party sympathize in all efforts to preserve the Union, but a still larger portion believe with the Eagle that there can be “no dishonor in recognizing the independence of the Confederate States.” Now these disunion Democrats, of the Eagle stamp, will vote the McClellan ticket without doubt – they are reliable – but it is necessary for that party to pursue a policy that will catch the votes of these Democrats who are supposed to be still loyal to the Union, and hence we find the Eagle assuming to speak for the loyal sentiment of the county, and endeavoring to thrown doubts upon the loyalty of Mr. Lincoln. That’s the way to catch the votes of Union Democrats. But they must be ignorant indeed who are caught by any such shallow means. The developments of the past four years prove conclusively enough that all issues are now narrowed down to the one great issue of Union or Disunion. All disunionists favor the election of McClellan, and every true Union man in the country will support Mr. Lincoln.



The Last Grand Rally.

            Let every Union man in the county bear in mind that on Friday next it is proposed to get up the biggest meeting ever yet held in Macomb. Hon. Wm. Bross, candidate for Lt. Governor, Dr. Tiffany, who is said to be one of the most eloquent orators of the West, E. S. Taylor, Esq., of Chicago, and other distinguished speakers, will be present. Arrangements are being made to secure if possible the presence of Hon. Schuyler Colfax and Hon. John Wentworth. We would urge upon the good and loyal citizens of every township to be prepared to attend this meeting. – Appoint your local committees, marshals, &c., and get up a delegation or procession in every township. Come one and all, and give this day to the cause of your country. With each succeeding day our prospect brightens. – Victory perches upon the banners of our brave and gallant armies. The loyal masses of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana, have spoken to us in a spirit to which they invite us to respond. – Let us turn out then on Friday next and make a demonstration which will show that we are in earnest in this work, and which will be an augury of triumph at the polls on the following Tuesday.



They Never Change.

            It has been the boast of the opposition party that they never change their name, and that we change ours too often ever to succeed. Well, we acknowledge that the opposition stick to their name very well, but there is this difference between us; while they retain their name they change their principles; while we change our name and retain our principles. But to show how consistent they are, if our friends will take the pains to examine the McClellan tickets they will find that the name is changed. Their tickets are headed, “Union Democratic Ticket.”

They never change! “We are all Democrats!”



The Prospect.

            In less than two weeks our citizens will be called upon to use the elective franchise so dear to the heart of every American citizen. The issue presented is, as we firmly believe, Union or disunion – an honorable peace, or a dishonorable one. Which will you choose? The prospect at the present time appears bright for the Union. On every side the indication are that Old Abe will be triumphantly elected. The watch-fires of the Union are burning brightly, and all true hearted Unionists are certain that the dark days of treason are near their end. Peace! That blessed boon vouchsafed to erring mortals by He who rules our destinies, appears on the horizon. Grant, Sherman and Sheridan are its fore-runners, and they are fulfilling its behests in a manner calculated to strike terror into the hearts of rebels North and South. The election of Lincoln will bring about this much-to-be-desired result. We therefore call upon all, Republicans and Democrats, to cast their votes for Lincoln, for thereby can only peace be restored.



Adjourned Meeting of the Macomb Protection Society.

Tuesday Eve., Oct. 25, 1864.

Thompson Chandler in the chair.

On motion of J. M. Campbell, Esq., G. W. Patrick was appointed Secretary for the evening.

Mr. Tunnicliff, from committee appointed last evening, offered the report of the committee, which was as follows:

The undersigned, your committee appointed by the citizens of Macomb to submit a plan of organization for the protection of our homes, persons and property against marauders and thieves, beg leave to submit the following by-laws and regulations:

1st. This society shall be called the “Macomb Protection Society,” and shall consist of one President, two Vice Presidents, one Secretary, and one Treasurer, and such members as shall sign these by-laws.

2nd. The object of the society shall be the protection of every member of this community against lawless desperadoes, and to that end the members pledge themselves to aid in the formation and sustaining an armed guard to be suitably armed and equipped, and placed under competent commanders to accomplish the purpose aforesaid.

3rd. Said guard shall act under and by the authority of the Mayor of the city of Macomb, and the President of the Society or either of them.

4th. Every member of this Society shall at all times be bound to furnish the Mayor of the city or the President of this Society with any and all information tending to show danger from raiders, horse thieves, or others who shall thereupon take such action, thereon, as he or they shall deem proper.

5th. There shall be a standing committee of five to be called a Finance Committee whose duty it shall be to raise funds by subscription or if they shall deem it necessary by a just and equitable assessment upon the different members of this Society, and which funds when raised shall be paid over to the Treasurer of this Society, who shall hold the same subject to the order of the Mayor of the city, or the President of this Society, for the purpose of carrying out its objects.

6th. The regular meetings of this Society shall be on the first Saturday night of each month, but the Mayor of the city or the President of this Society shall have the power to call special meetings at any time they or either of them may deem proper.

7th. Every member of this Society shall be bound to render such [?] in aid of its objectives as the Mayor of the City or the President shall direct.

Your committee would further report that they have conferred with Capt. G. L. Farwell, as the best means of forming said guard for our protection, as contemplated in these by-laws, and who has consented to undertake to raise the same, and then will make a verbal report to the meeting of his progress.

Your committee recommend the following named persons as permanent officers of this Society, to wit:

For President. – Thompson Chandler; For Vice Presidents – O. F. Piper and Joseph Batton; For Secretary – J. B. Cummings; For Treasurer – John Knappenberger; For Finance Committee – A. E. Hoskinson, Washington Goodwin, James Anderson, F. D. Lipe and Thos. J. Beard.

Your committee recommend that each person becoming a member of this Society, be required to sign the agreement hereunder written, all of which is respectfully submitted.

T. M. Jordan, J. M. Campbell, J. Knappenberger, D. G. Tunnicliff, and G. L. Farwell, Committee.


            The undersigned, agree to become members of the “Macomb Protecion Society,” and to conform to, and abide by its by-laws, rules and regulations.

The report of the committee and by-laws were unanimously adopted, and the committee discharged, and the gentlemen named in the report of the committee were declared to be the permanent officers of the Society. Mr. D. G. Tunnicliff offered the following, which was adopted:

Resolved, That each township in the county be requested to form similar Societies to this, and to form a guard of at least ten men active vigilant men in each town, to act in concert with this Society and the guard of this city, and with each other.

Resolved, That the President of this Society appoint a committee to coner with the citizens of each township with a view of effecting such organization.

Whereupon the President appointed the following gentlemen as such committee: C. F. Wheat, J. H. Baker and G. W. Bailey.

On motion, it was ordered that the Finance Committee be instructed to solicit funds from the citizens for the use of the Society.

It was also ordered that the Fincance Committee be instructed to keep a list of the names of the contributors to this fund, with the amount contributed by each, and that the Treasurer obtain and preserve a copy of the same.

On motion of J. M. Campbell, the editors of the Eagle and Journal were requested to publish the proceeding of this Society.

On motion, adjourned until Thursday evening, at 7 o’clock, P. M.

T. CHANDLER, President.

G. W. Patrick, Secretary.



The Missouri Rebels Recruiting in Illinois.

            It has been known for some time past that our county has been infested by refugees from the South, who, on arriving here professed great Unionism, but after becoming acquainted with the Copperhead residents, and, finding that they could, spouted their treason with impunity. We have long looked upon these gentry with suspicion, and our fears have proved not to be groundless, as the following from the Burlington Hawkeye, of Oct. 22d, fully shows:

“Some thirty or forty men of the most desperate character, probably Missouri guerillas, who have been hiding in McDonough county, Illinois, armed with revolving rifles and pistols, having stolen horses enough to mount the band, crossed the Mississippi, Wednesday, above Dallas, and rode their way through Lee county towards Missouri yesterday. Mr. Finch, of Dallas, says they took ten horses from one stable, and were said, by those who ferried them across, to be very desperate men. In this state we hear of their stealing several horses.

These roving bands of desperadoes are doubtless made up of rebels concealed in our midst and prompted by home traitors. These horse-thieves, who plunder and murder our citizens indiscriminately, are evidently well posted – know where to go, and what roads to take. If we are to have any security for life and property it will be necessary to know all comers and goers – to know that we are not harboring murderers and thieves, ready to burn and lay waste the country on a given signal.



To Soldiers Home on Furlough.

            The following General Orders are, no doubt, of interest to our soldier readers, who are now home on furlough. But they will not be so interesting to the Union party, if the soldiers do as the copperheads say they will – that is, vote for McClellan. – However, we are willing to risk it, which is more than the Cops. will say:

Head Qrs., District of Illinois,
Springfield, Ill., Oct. 22, 1864.

General Orders, No. 13.

I. By the direction of the Secretary of War, all soldiers now on leave or furloughs in the State of Illinois may, on application to these Headquarters, have their furlough extended until the 10h day of November, 1864.

II. Application for extension of furloughs, may be made by letter addressed to the Asst. Adjutant General of the District, by giving: 1st, The name, rank, Company, Regt, Brigade, Division, and army Corps of the applicant. 2nd, The place where the furlough was given. 3d, The date of commencement and time of expiration.

III. In all cases where it is practicable, application for extension of furloughs will be endorsed with the approval of a commissioned officer of the army.

By command of

                        Brig. Gen. JOHN COOK.

Geo. W. Carter,

            Capt. & A. A. A. Gen.


For the Journal.

The 78th Regiment.

            I would say to friends and others interested in the 78th regiment that I have no very recent news from the regiment. The last information I have of their whereabouts they were at Chattanooga, having just returned from a chase after the rebel Forrest along the line of the Tennessee and Alabama Railroad. Several members of the regiment are now at home on furlough, and I expect to see the faces of more of them before election. The come to meet their friends once more, and to vote for Honest Old Abe. I expect to return to my regiment immediately after the election when I shall resume my weekly letters to the Journal.

I have been permitted to read a letter, received by Mr. John S. Smith, of this city, from his son, a member of the 78th, now a prisoner of war at Savannah. The letter is dated Oct. 4th, and contains the following:

I send this letter by a sailor who is going to our lines to-morrow. I am still in good health. George Hall, Morris Chase, Nat. Decker and myself are still in the Hospital as attendants. There are eleven of us alive yet to represent Co I out of twenty that were captured. I will give you the names of the dead: — Richard Allen, Hugh Dorae, Frank Stewart, John Carroll, C. Brown, L. Allshouse, Samuel Gibson, Simon Criag. The rest are all well as far as I know.

There is now every reason to believe that an exchange will soon be made of all prisoners now in rebel hands.

J. K. M.


            Accidents. – On Saturday last, Mr. John Axford, whilst working at his broom corn press in this city, met with rather a serious accident which came near proving fatal. It appears that they press the broom corn by lever power, and as he was bearing down on the lever something broke about it and the the hammer part flew up and struck Mr. Axford on the head and shoulder, cutting his forehead severely but not dangerously. We understand he is improving.

On the same day Mr. W. P. Pearson’s little boy got his forefinger broke it being caught between a gate and the post. The finger was put together, and the Doctor thinks it will heal without trouble.


            The Drafted. – Nearly all the men who who were drafted in this county have reported at Mt. Sterling, and passed through the hands of the Board of Examiners. Some few were rejected, some procured substitutes at prices ranging from eight hundred dollars to one thousand, whilst others donned the suit of blue for themselves. We have heard of some two or three that skedaddled. We do not envy them their lot in the future. A few of the drafted men were released on the ground that they were enrolled in two townships.


            Cold Weather. – Winter is coming on rapidly, and the long evenings have to be filled up some way, and one of the pleasantest ways we know of is to look at some handsome pictures; – Hawkins & Philpot know how to take beautiful photographs such as we all like to look at. Don’t forget to go there.


            Snow. – “The ground was all covered with snow,” last Friday morning. It fell thick and fast for awhile, but soon melted off, and was seen no more. A cold drizzly rain succeed, and altogether the day was one well calculated to give one the blues. Since then, the weather has been unusually fine.

P. S. – Since the above was in type, we have had a big rain. The roads are in a very muddy and sloppy condition.


            Lincoln and Johnson Club. – This Club will meet at the Court House on Monday evening next. A general attendance is requested, as the time is short in which to work. There will be only two regular meetings between this and the election, so do not forget to attend.


            Bad Roads. – Every body, especially farmers, know what bad roads are, and the difficulty of navigating them. From experience we know that bad roads will for some be time the order of the day, and our farming friends will be troubled to get in to town – consequently they should lay in a supply of groceries at once, and the place to get them is at Watkins & Co’s, southeast corner of the square, in Randolph block.



            On the 29th inst. at the residence of the bride’s father, by Rev. J. H. Rhea, Mr. John E. Lane and Miss Josephine A. Kendrick, all of this city.

We pity Jack, we do – from the bottom of our heart we do; for after serving three long years in the army, and never surrendering to the enemy, he now surrenders to one woman.

At Prairie City, by Rev. P. W. Thomson, Mr. Farnk M. Dewell and Elizabeth C. Campbell, all of this county.

No cards, no time, no greenback, no thanks, no nothing.

October 21, 1864

Macomb Journal


            With this issue of the Journal, my connection with it ceases. Cause, off for the war. During my short career as editor, I have endeavored to avoid all personalities and do every man justice, who is a candidates before the people. To those friends who have sustained the Journal I can but return thanks. To my political enemies I would say, turn from the error of your ways and vote the Union ticket from Lincoln to our County officers. The Journal will lose none of its earnestness in the cause by my retirement, and I sincerely hope that it will receive that encouragement and support which it deserves.

Thinking as I do, that this rebellion must be crushed by force of arms, and knowing that copperheads, as a party, oppose the further prosecution of the war, I think it my duty to give my humble efforts for the accomplishment of the much desired peace alike honorable to ourselves, to the world, permanent, and to complete that the hydra-head of treason may never arise again.

C.L. Sanders.


Gone to the War.

            As will be see by his Valedictory, at the head of our columns, our late associate, Mr. C. L. Sanders, has again gone to try his hand at fighting rebels. He served three years faithfully in the field, and came home this Summer satisfied that he had performed his duty to his country, but after enjoying the comforts of “God’s country” for a few brief months, his desire to be “in at the death” of the rebellion overcame his love of ease, and he has given way to it. Our best wishes go with him, and we hope to soon see him return to us with the announcement that this “cruel war is over,” and that Peace once more hovers over our happy country.


            → James W. Brattle is not a renegade, and if elected – as he assuredly will be – he will stay in the county and perform his duty. Refugees will not be employed by him.


The Copperhead Meeting.

            On last Friday, 14th inst., our city was enlivened(!) by a grand rally of ye unterrified, alias, Copperheads. In point of numbers it was a respectable gathering, but in order to increase the show, and cause the verdant to believe there was an immense outpouring of the great unwashed, they had recourse to the theatrical trick of doubling the procession – that is, they marched up Jackson street to the east part of town, then returning on the back streets to the west side, rejoined the procession – in humble imitation of McClellan riding the war horse and peace platform, cider mill fashion.

The principal speaker on the occasion, and, we believe, the only one, was he notorious Dick Merrick, of Chicago. He appeared on the platform, where he was greeted with a few faint cheers by those in the immediate vicinity of the stand, and after pulling out of his pockets the two great electioneering documents of ye Copperheads – McClellan’s Report and the Chicago Times – he commenced speaking his piece.

The principal points he discussed were, the failure of the Administration to crush the rebellion, and the great success that had so far attended the rebel arms. He ridiculed our victories but magnified our defeats. He acknowledged that we had taken a few inches of territory from the “Confederates,” but that did not amount to much, and from the tone of his remarks one would be led to infer that the rebels could retake all that we have captured them whenever they wished, and as proof of his assertion, he cited the present invasion of Missouri by the rebel General Price, who was within one hundred miles of St. Louis. At this announcement the enthusiasm of the Cops. was unbounded. One old gray haired Cop. in particular, who sat upon the platform, cheered vociferously. – And all through the speech it was just so – cheering whenever allusion was made to Johnnies. The speaker, in speaking of the back bone of the rebellion, said that it was not broken, but that it was being as vigorously prosecuted as ever.

How the crowd would have received any allusions to our recent victories in the Shenandoah Valley, and in Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania, we have no means of knowing, for the speaker appeared to be entirely oblivious of those things.

On their posters, announcing the meeting, the unterrified were called on to give one day to the salvation of their country, and to cheer up the hearts of the brave soldiers who are now battling for Constitutional liberty; but not one word was uttered calculated to cheer the hearts of the brave Union soldiers – not one word in favor of the old flag – not one word in condemnation of those who are fighting our brave soldiers. A queer mode of “cheering the hearts of our brave boys.”

Taken altogether, the speech was more suitable to the latitude of South Carolina than Illinois.


Lincoln and Johnson Club.

            A Club bearing the above name has been organized in this city, and is doing a vast deal of good for the cause here. We speak of it, in order to call the attention of Union men in other townships to the importance of thoroughly organizing into clubs throughout the county. We cannot expect to succeed unless we work, and to do that as it should be, we must combine together. Individual efforts are very good things in themselves, but concert of action is required to conduct a canvass to a successful issue. Therefore, we would urge our friends to speedily commence the organization of clubs, and for them to meet often – see that their friends attend, – appoint committees to confer with like committees from other townships – circulate documents – bring out voters, and the day is ours. Remember that last Spring election, also the election last Fall. We lost those elections by dilatoriness, and a belief that we could not elect if we were to try. Do not let it be said so this Fall.


Gov. Yates’ Speech.

            We neglected to notice last week the speech of our honored Governor, Dick Yates, in this place two weeks ago to-day. The day was very unfavorable for out-door speaking – it having rained the night before – the streets were muddy, the weather raw and windy, and very disagreeable for standing out of doors. Considering the state of the weather, we had a very good crowd who came to town to hear the soldiers’ true friend. The Governor spoke for about two hours, but owing to being a little hoarse, and the high wind prevailing, he could not be heard by all who were in the Court House square for that purpose. The Governor made one of his happiest efforts, and did a vast deal of good.


“Mr. Neece and his Traducers.”

            Under the above imposing caption the Eagle of last week presumptuously assumes that the statement published by Mr. Neece in both the city papers of the week before “is a triumphant vindication” of the charges which have been made in this paper against that individual. We can’t see it. The main points in the charges against Mr. Neece still remain uncontradicted. – Even the carefully prepared statement of Mr. Neece does not conceal the fact that he made the exorbitant charge of twenty dollars against the widow and her sons for the simple act of buying her land at tax sale at a cost of seventy eight cents. Very profitable transaction for Mr. Neece. Pays out seventy-eight cents, and charges therefor twenty dollars. Magnanimous man – who will dispute that he is not the friend of the widows and orphans?

But it is perfectly idle for Mr. Neece, or any of his friends to publish statements attempting to deny the charges made against him so long as the record stands uncontradicted. We have the original certificate of purchase made by Mr. Neece in which the claim is made for fifty odd dollars, when the same certificate shows that only seventy-eight cents was paid for the land. Mr. Neece and the Eagle are both careful to say nothing about the certificate. That certificate is a perfect sock dologer. That speaks for itself. The charge does not rest up on our testimony, but there is the certificate, gentleman, which we are ready to show to the curious. And besides this, there is the transcript from the Justice’s docket which proves that Mr. Neece was sued upon this matter and a judgment rendered against him of about Thirty dollars. That’s so. Mr. Neece nor the Eagle will dare to deny this stunning fact. Documents and old records are sometimes stubborn things. You had better said nothing about this little affair of robbing the widow, Mr. Neece, for the more you stir it the worse it will smell.


            → For Circuit Clerk, John B. Cummings – the energetic, accommodating and competent incumbent of the office.


Going to Inaugurate Him at Springfield.

            Dick Merrick said in his speech here on last Friday that in case Lincoln was elected this Fall by such frauds as were perpetrated in Indiana last week, that they (the Copperheads) would take George B. McClellan and inaugurate him at Springfield in this State. Dick had better be careful, or he will expose the programme of the Cops too soon. – We have no earthly doubt that it is the intention of the Copperhead party to inaugurate civil war in the North if McClellan is defeated, but Dick should not blow it too soon, for fear the spark might go out. What a jolly old time the Cops will have at that inauguration. Micawber, would be in his glory – ‘depressing circumstances” would be abundant.

Hurrah for McPendavis!


            → For Sheriff, G. L. Farwell – the man who believes in serving out the full time in the army for which a man enlists.


Ye Cops Rejoiceth.

            Last week the Quincy Herald and the Macomb Eagle brought out their big Rooster, and crowed lustily over the election returns from Pennsylvania and Ohio. Bully for them! We had not supposed that they would rejoice over our success so much as to bring out their chickens, but we were mistaken. However, there is a certain animal called a coon, which is very fond of chickens. We opine that Abbott’s bird will be non est after this.


City Hall.

            Editor Journal: – With your permission I would say a few words in regard to the building of a City Hall. It is well known there is no place in our city adapted to holding Lectures, Concerts, or a public meeting of any kind. Campbell’s Hall is objected to on account of its being too wide for its length, the ceiling too low, and not being of easy access. I would now propose a plan which could easily be adopted, if the citizens will take hold of the matter. Let a sufficient number of shares of Ten Dollars ($10) each be issued for the purpose of building and furnishing the Hall. Then let the share-holders elect annually, or otherwise, as they may see proper, officers to take charge of the building, and see that everything is kept in proper order. The officers might consist of a Treasurer, Agent, Doorkeeper, Janitor, Executive Committee, and others if needed. Dividends might be declared as the stockholders saw proper.

A suitable location could be had for a hall of this kind. Will not our citizens think of the matter and start a subscription paper and see what could be obtained. The investment would profitable to all.


            → The question is often asked, Why do the citizens of the great, free noble West tolerate such a foul-mouthed treasonable sheet as the Chicago Times?

In Greece it was the fashion to intoxicate a slave, in order that young men and maidens might witness the disgusting effects of drunkenness, and so refrain from following the example.

The Times is the drunken slave, playing fantastic tricks of treason that disgust even the weakest-minded, and so serves as a hideous example of what unprincipled men may become.


            → Prices’ rebel army, at las accounts was between Independence and Kansas City, Mo., and our forces were moving after them from Jefferson City. There will soon be a great change in Western Missouri.


How the Soldiers Vote.

            The following letters, received from the writers a few days since, show how the soldiers vote in the field, and would vote were they permitted to come home at the election. The 124th is only one regiment, but the vote shows how all the regiments from Illinois would vote. Read the letter:

            Head Quar’s 124th Ill Vol. Inf.
Vicksburg, Miss. Oct. 9th ’64.

            Editor of the Macomb Journal:

Sir: – At the request of the officers and men of my regiment a vote was taken this p. m. for President and Vice President of the United States with the following result:

Whole number of votes cast                           516.

For Lincoln and Johnson                                502.

For McClellan and Pendleton                         14.

The vote was by ballot, and is the uninfluenced and voluntary expression of Veteran soldiers, who have borne the flag of the Union on many long and weary marches, and amid the storm of battle, and have never turned their backs to the foe; men who long for peace – honorable, just and permanent peace – but who will never consent to surrender the Union, or to sue for peace at the feet of a wicked and traitorous enemy who has been beaten and driven to the verge of the “last ditch” which now yawns to receive him – They will never thus dishonor the graves of their fallen comrades.

Your obedient servant,

J. H. Howe,
Col. Comd’g Reg’t.

Head Quarters Co. D 124 Ill. Vol. Inf.
Vicksburg, Miss. Oct. 9 ‘64

            Editor of the Macomb Journal:

Sir: – It having been asserted by the Quincy Herald and other secession sheets that the soldiers are for little Mac I therefore, forward here with a communication of Col. J. H. Howes for publication, showing the result of an election held in this regiment on the 9 inst. The two companies which represent McDonough voted as follows:

Company D.

Lincoln and Johnson                                       55

McClellan and Pendleton                               0.

Company I.

Lincoln and Johnson                                       49.

McClellan and Pendleton                               0.

            We have some thirty-three men not with the above companies, but will probably vote the same as above, I am highly gratified and pleased with this expression of sentiment. It proves the deep interest and lofty patriotism of our noble soldiers in this our national struggle.

Respectfully your obedient servany,

Abraham Newland.

Capt. Co. D, 124 Ill. Vol. Inf.


A Noble Record.

            The following, which we take from the Vicksburg Daily Herald, is truly a noble record of one of Illinois’ best regiments. The 124th has done gallant service under the heroic Logan, and are ready to do more, by either fighting the rebels in front with bullets, or fighting their allies at the North, (the Copperheads,) with ballots. All honor to the 124th:

The 124th regiment Illinois infantry now encamped at this place, has a record of which the noble regiment may well be proud. It has been in service nearly three years, and in a contest for superiority in drill was awarded the banner over all competitors in the division to which it belonged, 3d division, 17th army corps. In battle, it has proven worthy of the great State from which it hails; and its deeds of valor stand as enduring records of the heroism of the officers and men composing it. But it has, if possible, a record more to be boasted of than that of valor or discipline. Although so long a time has elapsed since its formation as a regiment, and notwithstanding the diversity of character of its numerous members, and the perilous scenes of trial and temptation it has been passed through during this exciting war, makes the proud and glorious boast that not a man in the 124th Illinois infantry has ever been brought before a general court-martial to be tried for a violation of the articles of war or any general order.

Is it not a noble record, and may not the “Sucker State” point with pride and pleasure to this gallant regiment and say, “These are my jewels?”

May every member of the regiment continue to feel that its honor is in his keeping, so that when it shall have fulfilled its allotted time of service, it may make the same proud boast as now, No member of the 124th has ever been before a courtmartial.


Close of the Volume.

            With this No. of the Journal Vol. 9 closes. We commence the new Vol. with very flattering prospects of success, for which we return our sincere thanks to those of our friends who have so kindly assisted us the past year. – Our circulation is now greater than the paper has ever enjoyed since it has been started, and with proper exertion it can be greatly increased. “As in the past, so in the future,” we will be found endeavoring to give our patrons a good county paper.


            Still Another. – From the Canton (Ill.) Register we learn that just after dark on Wednesday night of last week, several shots were fired at Mr. George Lucky, while quietly pursuing his business at home. Fortunately, however, none of the shots took effect, though some of them came uncomfortably near. He has been acting as Assistant Provost Marshal of Buckheart, and had already notified nearly all the drafted men in his township. There is no doubt that some of the peace sneaks were attempting to carry out their threats of shooting the draft officers.

The Register says that such proceedings are the legitimate results of the teachings of the “Democratic” peace-sneak party, and they must bear the infamy thereof as long as history shall last. While they are continually howling for peace –when every sane man well knows that no peace can be obtained without conquering the rebels or submitting to the division of the Government – they are at the same time arming themselves, in accordance to the teachings of their leaders and papers and doing the very things which tend to plunge the entire country into a more sanguinary war than ever; and when the authorities find it necessary to send armed forces among them to preserve order and prevent further outrages, then they set up a howl, that their liberties are destroyed by a military despotism. From these things it is very evident that their determination is to rule the country as they see fit – without regard to the voice of the people – or to ruin it.


Wm. Pitt Kellogg.

            This gentleman will speak at Bushnell, in this county, on Thursday the 27th. We expect citizens of Prairie City township will will give him a good audience, as they generally take a hold of political matters with a will, and are all sound on the great questions of the day. We would earnestly call on our political opponents to go and hear Mr. Kellogg that day.


            Guerillas in Illinois. – A raid was made in this county and Hancock last Tuesday night, by some lawless persons, and 15 horses taken by force from Union men. We understand that most of the men engaged in the robbery were drafted men. It appears by this, that the muttered threats that we have heard from time to time, are being fulfilled. Well, if these peace men are bent on bringing war into this State, let them “pitch in,” Burkus is willin’.”


            Attempted Assassination. – An attempt was made week before last, near Lewistown, Fulton county, to assassinate Mr. Charles Phelps, Assistant Provost Marshal for Fulton County. The cowardly sneaks who did the deed were hid in the bushes, and fired on him as he passed by on the road. He was walking at the time and leading his horse. One ball took effect in his left hip, and thirteen bullet holes were counted in his overcoat. His horse was killed. Mr. Phelps had been out notifying the drafted men in Isabella township, and this attempt was undoubtedly the work of some of the peace sneaks of that county.


            Penmanship. – Prof. J. Morton a gentleman who comes among us well recommended, as a teacher of Penmanship, proposes to open a school in this city for the purpose of teaching writing, both plain and ornamental. – From specimens shown us by Mr. M. we should judge that he is just the man that is needed here. He is stopping at the Randolph House, where specimens of his penmanship can be seen.

Terms – $2 per scholar, for twelve lessons.


            A City Hall. – In another column will will be found a communication from “Fist,” in which he broaches the project of having a “Town Hall,” in which Lectures, Concerts, Exhibitions, &c., can be given. We have long since came to the conclusion that a thing of this kind was needed in this city, and we hope our citizens will take hold of the matter and push it to an early completion.


            Delivered Free. – W. P. Pearson wishes us to inform the citizens of this city that he delivers, free of charge, all goods bought at his establishment, north side of the square, one door east of Wadham & Stowell’s. See advertisement.


            → A flock of seven hundred sheep passed through this place on Wednesday morning last, en route for Iowa. – We understand they were from Ohio.


            → The household furniture of peace men in Indiana consists of pistols, rifles, hand grenades, rockets, bombshells, and other inoffensive utensils. – It is with these that they propose to maintain peace.


            $1,000 Reward. – Several of our prominent citizens offer a reward of $1,000 for the detection of the person or persons who have been guilty of poisoning horses in this city lately. – Capt. F. D. Lipe, as was mentioned last week in the Journal, having lost three of his best horses within two or three days of each other, the conclusion was reached that they were poisoned.

We sincerely hope that the perpetrators of such diabolical meanness will be found out, and that punishment swift and sure may follow.


            → Window paper at old prices at Clarke’s Bookstore.


            → A portion of Bill Anderson’s rebel cavalry, numbering between two and five hundred, made a raid from Missouri into western Iowa last week, committing considerable depredations , plundering the country and even murdering citizens. The news of the raid has had the effect to stir up the people of Southern and Central Iowa, and at last advices great preparations were making to repel the invaders and defend the State. No armed rebels can stay in the brave and loyal State of Iowa many hours alive.

October 15, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Pennsylvania all Right!

Ohio and Indiana Coming!

“Little Mac” the next President.

Old Abe up Salt River and no chance to swap Horses!


            Pennsylvania stands firm for the people and the Constitution. The Keystone State still nobly and firmly supports the arch of the Union. She votes for McClellan. The Democratic majority is about 10,000, and the soldiers will increase it, because they are voting for McClellan and the Union. With Pennsylvania the Democracy can elect the President. Pennsylvania always votes for the candidate that is successful. New York is with her in this fight. The glorious phalanx of the Northwest will spring to the contest with renewed courage. The news from Ohio is full of hope. We have gained 75,000 on the vote of last year, and complete returns may give us a majority. Indiana is not unfavorable. The abolitionists claim five to ten thousand majority. Both these States can be carried in November. McClellan will be the next President, and drafting will be stopped, our prisoners released, the Union be restored, domestic tranquility preserved, the general welfare promoted, and the numberless blessings of peace showered upon the land. Lincoln and war and disunion are played out. Be of good heart, and make one grand effort for Illinois. The Prairie State must not be lacking nor lagging. Pennsylvania calls to our Democracy. Rally, rouse to the work – for our country’s salvation draweth night.

“Sound the loud timbrel o’er land and o’er sea,
Jehovah has triumphed – his people are free.”



“To Whom it may Concern.”

            We give below the entire list of drafted men – 210 in number – for this county. It is a heavy list, and has carried anxiety and distress to more than two hundred households in the county. A good many will furnish substitutes, but others are too poor to do that, and will therefore have to submit to being dragged off under guard, shut up in filthy pens with niggers and jail-birds, and finally sent to the front to be killed in a war not to restore the Union, but to compel the “abandonment of slavery.” This will not be the last draft, if Lincoln should be elected again. The man who votes for the administration votes for more useless slaughter, more drafts, more tears, more taxes, more orphans, more sorrow, more niggers. Let these two hundred and ten names be living and speaking arguments against the continuance of a policy that will render necessary the recurrence of these scenes of anxiety and suffering.


                                    1.  D. Prophet,                        12. Bedford Graham,
2. T. J. Wallace,                      13. W. L. Wilson,
3. D. W. Badger,                     14. Alexander Cosland,
4. Ben Parrish,                        15. W. H. Grigsby,
5. James Parrish,                    16. J. V. Banks,
6. A. Huff,                                 17. G. W. Hickerson,
7. James Bice,                          18. H. Hainline,
8. Marcellus Shyrack,             19. James Hays,
9. A. Zimmerman,                   20. Abner C. Keithley,
10. Henry Cord,                      21. Jacob Colton,
11. J. H. Milsap,                      22. John Bond.


                                    1. Thos B. Lillard,                   6. Robt. McCutcheon,
2. Samuel Godfrey,                 7. Wm McMillan,
3. John N. Burr,                      8. Horace Avery,
4. Geo A. Cover,                      9. Charles Stephens,
5. Robt. J. Thornburg,           10. Wm M. Reid.


                                     1.Benj Provolt,                        8. John Buxton,
2. W Prince,                             9. Wm Warren,
3. C. M. Smith,                       10. John Kitt,
4. Richard Jones,                    11. David Allen,
5. John Arthur,                        12. George Castle,
6. John Scott,                          13. W H. Dudley,
7. James Allen,                        14. Charles Blandin.


1. E Hickman,                         9. W G. Nesbit,
2. James Carter,                      10. B F. Wheeler,
3. Daniel Wood,                      11. John B. Purdy,
4. John Askew,                        12. Jack Humbard,
5. A T. Lea,                               13. Wesley Bugg,
6. Louis P. Atkinson,              14. W B. Naylor,
7. Randolph Inman,                Robert McCord,
8. M Bergen,                            15. Benj Guy.


                                    1.Edward Powell,                  12. Chancellor Sanford,
2. R McGuffey,                      13. William Wier,
3. John Sammons,                   14. Wesley Ralston,
4. R Huston,                            15. Thos Simmonds,
5. Ralph M. Brown,                16. James Woodard,
6. Wm Goodrich,                    17. Bird Roberts,
7. Aug P. Garrett,                   18. Silas J. James,
8. John Watts,                         19. David Toland,
9. John S. Shootman,              20. Pink Whittington,
10. Andrew Wear,                  21. Benj Griffin,
11. A J. Hortey,                      22. Joseph J. Monk.


                                    1.  John I. Dunsworth,             8. Cleaver C. Horrell,
2. Benj Miller,                           9. Jacob Allen,
3. J Freshwater,                       10. Geo B. Reed,
4. John Smizer,                        11. Isaac L. Tayor,
5. A. J. Dunsworth,                 12. John Stoneking,
6. John Vorhes,                       13. Wm Monk,
7. Geo G. Vennard,                  14. Abraham Rush.


                                    1. Jas Langston,                      11. Wm Carnahan,
2. David Bruner,                     12. Thos W. Ausbury,
3. Johnathan A. Mick,            13. Woodford Chappell,
4. Peter Van Buren,                14. James Hartford,
5. George Cox,                         15. W. R. Pennington,
6. Henry Long,                        16. Thos G. Smedley,
7. James T. Pyle,                     17. E C. Dawson,
8. Elisha Keach,                      18. Erastus Eastman,
9. Geo R. Price,                       19. Moore Marshall,
10. J W. Chipman,                  20. J A. Seward.

New Salem.

                                    1.    Wm Mercer,                      10. Thompson Milkey,
2. A J. Grimm,                         11. Wm Loots,
3. John Vaughn,                      12. Barton Husted,
4. Willis Graves,                      13. W B. Swango,
5. John Carrison,                     14. John Douglass,
6. David Littlejohn,                15. George McQueen,
7. Reuben Nebergall,              16. Solomon Cox,
8. Geo T. Harland,                  17. Shadrack Mitchell,
9. Joseph Chambers,               18. David Miller.


                                    1.   John Kaley,                         13. John Beale,
2. Jas Lawrence,                      14. Leonard Yeast,
3. John H. Crall,                       15. John Wrell,
4. N Towns,                               16. Jas Thompson,
5. Jacob Wagner,                     17. R L Smith,
6. B F. Hartsook,                     18. Elias Steele,
7. T B Little,                              19. Jacob E. Meadows,
8. B Quate,                               20. B F Smith,
9. J N Putnam,                        21. A Boaz,
10. I S Kelso,                            22. Wm Work,
11. A Garrett,                            23. D A Colleflower,
12. Joseph Melvin,                  24. M V. Markham.


                                    1.  W C. McGrath,                   12. Jonas Ringer,
2. Wm H. Parker,                    13. Thos W. Nunn,
3. Wm McHenry,                    14. George Jones,
4. George Suntker,                  15. Albert M. Chase,
5. F M. Bash,                          16. Jonas Lindsey,
6. F M. Beck,                          17. Samuel Jones,
7. John F Watson                    18. I P Monfort
8. Robt Littleson,                    19. R M. Hammer,
9. James Boyd,                        20. Archibald Watson,
10. T S Saunders,                    21. J A Provine,
11. W Simmonds,                   22. Chas Andrews.

Walnut Grove.

                                     1. James Ewing,                    14. Moses Hoyt,
2. Charles Elting,                    15. James Boyles,
3. Geo W. Curtis,                    16. Harvey Dungan,
4. H Hallocker,                        17. Frederick Cruser,
5. Christian Englehart,         18. Warnell Tracey,
6. A. W. Laney,                       19. Wm D Starke,
7. George Hay,                        20. Thomas McMahan,
8. Wesley Dodge,                   21. W Thompson,
9. J W Sneider,                       22. Herman George,
10. Samuel Towler,                23. F Thompson,
11. James Langston,               24. E T Boyles,
12. Wm Tanner,                      25. J D Mitchell,
13. J M. Bowers,                     26. Lewis Ebelsizer.


  1. Christopher Vail,                 2. John Peak.


Mr. Neece and his Traducers.

            We hope that no one of our readers, when they read the triumphant vindication furnished by Mr. Neece last week, supposed that the abolition clique of this county would give up the matter without an effort. We have known animals too long – have been cognizant of too many of their tricks – to suppose that they would give up the game in the face of the clearest proof, or that they would abandon their cherished maxim that “a lie well stuck to is as good as the truth.” We were prepared therefore to find a reiteration of their falsehood; but we were not prepared for their attempt to impeach the veracity of not only Robert Irwin, but also of his aged and respectable mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Irwin. – Two men undertake this, and say they visited James Irwin, while he lay sick in bed, to get from him a statement that would damage the character of Mr. Neece. James Irwin never recovered from that sickness, and no longer able to give a contradiction, these two abolition worthies report what they say he had told them. What do honest people think of this? These abolitionists importuned and dogged a man in his dying sickness, for some words whereby they could manufacture a story about a Democratic candidate. They wait several weeks, till the man dies and is buried, and then they make public their startling declarations! Why did they not publish this before James Irwin died? Why did they hold it back for weeks, till they knew he was beyond the power of giving a contradiction? – Unfortunately for them Mrs. Elizabeth Irwin says she was present when these two men called to see her son James – that she heard their conversation, all of it – and that James Irwin gave no such statement as these men have published. If the question of veracity lay merely between Mrs. Irwin – an honest woman, and who has no possible motive for prevarication in the matter – on the one hand and these two scheming abolition demagogues on the other, who could doubt which to believe? But Mrs. Irwin is supported by the testimony of her son Robert, who was knowing to all the facts, who was pecuniarily interested, and who says that Mr. Neece never attempted to take any advantage of his brother, and that their settlement was entirely amicable and satisfactory to all concerned.

We leave these facts for the people of this county to reflect upon.


            → Capt. Lipe’s fine Morgan stallion was found dead in his stable on Wednesday morning. He was a very valuable animal and got $2,500 last spring. A fine mare, also belonging to Capt. Lipe, and worth over $300 was found dead on Sunday morning previous. Most persons will be inclined to suspect foul play; it is hardly probable that both were accidental deaths. If they were poisoned, the wretch who did it deserves the severest punishment that human ingenuity can inflict. On Thursday morning a valuable mare belonging to Mr. Shumate, which had been in the stall occupied by the horses, also died. We learn also that Mr. Lipe has lost a valuable gelding in the same mysterious war. There is terrible villainy connected with this.


            → Woodford Chappell, drafted in Eldorado township, has not lived in that township for some two years. He was entered in Industry township, and also in Schuyler county. We are told that one J. W. B[?] entered him in Eldorado this summer. – There’s accuracy for you – B[?] ought to have some public office.


            → James Langston is the “luckiest” man we have heard of. He was enrolled in Eldorado and Walnut Grove townships, and got drafted in both. If he goes himself and furnishes a substitute it may be sufficient to exempt him for one year.


            → Johnny Westfall, at the express office, has a fine lot of McClellan badges, photographs, and flags. Also school books, stationery, notions, and various useful and fancy articles.


The Calumny against Frank Smith.

            “Remember that L. F. Smith, the secession candidate for sheriff, wrote a letter to a member of the 2nd Illinois Cavalry, advising him to desert.”

The above appeared in the abolition paper of this county last week. The letter alluded to was written to William Cockerham, son of Andrew J. Cockerham of this county. Mr. Smith, being unable as yet to procure the original letter, has taken the trouble to procure affidavits as to its contents, which, together with a note from Mr. Smith, we publish below:

            Mr. Editor: Having been unable as yet to procure that letter which I wrote to William Cockerham, in which you assert that I told him to “desert” and come home and he would be protected, I herewith furnish for you to publish, the affidavits of the following gentlemen – two of whom have read my letter to said Cockerham, and the other two were told by said Wm. Cockerham himself, when at home last spring, just what they testify to in their affidavits. And I will here say that none of these men are in any way related to me, and there can be no inference drawn in that quarter; and that one of them, Mr. Scott, is a very strong Republican. I will further say that I have written to said Cockerham for the letter, (which I can prove by two witnesses,) and that so soon as I can obtain said letter you shall have it for publication.

            I remain your friend,

L. F. Smith.

Affidavit of Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith.

Scotland Township, Oct. 10, ’64.

            Alexander Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him there was nothing in any letter written to him by L. F. Smith, which told him to desert and come home and he would be protected, or even encouraged or intimated such a thing.

Jeremiah Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him the same as stated by his brother [Alex. Smith.]                                                            Jeremiah Smith.

I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do testify that Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith were duly sworn before me this 10th [Oct.] 1864.

Affidavit of John Scott.

            Scotland Township, Oct. 10, 1864.

Mr. John J. Scott being duly sworn says that, I read a portion of a letter that L. F. Smith wrote to William Cockerham and sent to him by F. F. Patrick, and heard the letter read by Wm. Cockerham and that there was nothing in it telling the soldiers to desert and come home. But the letter contained very abusive language against the administration and the Republican party, and, as I thought, calculated to discourage soldiers in the field.

John Scott.

            I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do hereby testify that John J. Scott was duly sworn before me, this 10th day of October, 1864.

Robert McNair, J. P.

Affidavit of Andrew J. Cockerham.

Tennessee Township, Oct. 5, 1864.

            Andrew J. Cockerham being duly sworn says that, I saw L. F. Smith in Macomb on the 13th day of July, 1863 it being the day that H. Clay Dean spoke in said city, and that he requested the said Smith to write to his son William Cockerham then in the army, and relieve his mind of certain false impressions that he had received from letters written to the army by persons at home, viz: that the Democrats at home were all copperheads, and in league with Jeff. Davis. Said Smith agreed to do so, and that my son when at home in March, 1864, told me he did receive a letter from said Smith, and that he (William) had said letter with him when at home. I read the letter myself, and William also read said letter to his mother and all of my family that were at home at the time. The reason of his and my reading said letter being that certain persons had said I and Mr. Smith and others had been writing to said William Cockerham and had told him to desert the army and come home. I further declare that there was no such advice given or even intimated in said L. F. Smith’s letter, which I read. And I further declare that William Cockerham my son told me that neither I nor said L. F. Smith had ever advised or even intimated such a thing to him, and that the whole thing was a lie from beginning to end.

Andrew J. Cockerham.

            Subscribed and sworn to before me, the 5th day of October, 1864.

Samuel A. Knott, J. P.


October 14, 1864

Macomb Journal



Read the Record.

            We clip from the Macomb Journal of November the 27th 1863, the following record of McDonough county Democracy (!) What was applicable then, is applicable now, for they have not changed one iota in sentiment since the war began. We commend a careful perusal of this record to the voters of the county.

We take it for granted that all men, of whatever political cast, who are not in favor of the Southern rebellion, will, when they rightly understand the principles of the secesh Democracy, spurn it with contempt. There are thousands of good loyal men in this State, who still adhere to the so-called Democratic party, believing it to be a loyal organization. But there was never a greater mistake committed. That the masses of the party are loyal is proven by the result of the late elections, which must have been carried by the assistance of loyal Democrats. The leaders of the party, however, are now, and have been from the commencement of the war, notoriously disloyal. Let honest Democrats, who are in favor of the restoration of the Union, read the record of the Democracy of McDonough county, and then say, if they can, that the charge of disloyalty to the Government is not fully sustained by their own utterances. Take, for instance, the Macomb Eagle, the acknowledged mouth piece of the party in this county, and see if it can be harmonized with principles of loyalty. As far back as January 18th, 1861, the editor of the Eagle said:

It is evident that the incoming administration is for war – war against our own people – war against our own blood – [tear]. There will be a call for volunteers; and if this means fail to secure men enough to shoot and be shot, those who, by their votes and speeches, and otherwise, have aided the work of compelling the South into rebellion (if they please to term it so,) should have the glory of imbuing their hands in their kindred’s blood. * * * If war does come it will not be the fault of any Democrat. Let those who shall cause it fight it out. Let Democrats cultivate their fields, work at their benches, and pursue their usual business. Let conservative Union-loving Republicans – and there are many such – do the same thing. Let them raise the corn and hogs and make up the goods to clothe the abolition fanatics who want to carry out Lincoln’s doctrine of making the States all free. Again we say, let the abolitionists do the volunteering and be the subjects for drafting. Democrats and Union-loving Republicans can be engaged in better business than shooting their neighbors.

On the 13th of April of the same year, the Eagle, which has of late been a great lover of the “Constitution as it is and the Union as it was,” came out boldly in favor of recognizing the independence of the Southern Confederacy, and declared that the Government had no right to hold the United States forts that were located in the Southern States. The following extracts are from editorial articles in that paper of that date:

If the administration wants to hold those forts, it wants to do it for the purpose of AGGRESSIVE measures against the Confederate States; it wants them as a basis of operations, from whence are to issue armies for the CONQUEST of an INDEPENDENT NATION, and to reduce a free people to the condition of vassals and serfs. The pretext that hostilities will be commenced by the South is so shallow and frivolous that it is almost incredulous.

                      *                      *                      *                      *

                The whole conduct of the administration is brimfull of taunts and menaces toward the South – insulting and spurning them – and defying the Confederate States to help themselves. It is pursuing the same policy toward the Confederates that the British crown pursued toward the Colonies.

                       *                      *                      *                      *

                The continued possession of forts, and the maintaining of armies in the territory of ANOTHER NATION, is tantamount to a declaration of war.

                       *                      *                      *                      *

                We repeat that the administration has no PRACTICAL use for Sumter or Pickes, except as a standing menace and defiance to another Power; and the attempted reinforcement of those fortresses, after the repeated declarations of the Confederate States that such reinforcement would be resisted to the last extremity, and be regarded in no other light than as a willful and deliberate intention on the part of Lincoln and his abolition advisers to wage a war of aggression, of conquest, of subjugation, against those States. If he does not wish to do this, there can be no dishonor in recognizing the independence of the Confederate States, or at least in exhausting all peaceable negotiations.

                   *                      *                      *                      *

                The “seceding States” are perfectly indifferent as to what we of the North may do in regard to negro slavery. They “claim” to have a separate and independent sovereignty, and have no desire or expectation of shaping or influencing the legislation of the Northern States, than they have of influencing the legislation of the Canadian provinces. That they would like to see the great majority of our people understand and acknowledge the natural status of the negro is probable enough. But that they want us, who are living under another Government, and in another climate, to “love slavery,” and “assist in its expansion,” etc., is an idea so foolish that none but an abolitionist brain could conceive of it.

We are well aware that the above are the sentiments of the Eagle, and unless approved by the Democracy of the county not justly chargable to them. But how stands the matter in this respect? In the Fall of the same year, after Abbott had thus openly advocated the cause of the Southern traitors – the Democracy, in their township conventions, fully indorse the Eagle in its treasonable course, and thus assumed advocacy of the same principles. In Hire township the following resolution was passed:

  1. That we heartily recommend the Macomb Eagle as a bold and independent Democratic journal, and well worthy the support of the Democratic party of McDonough county.

In Industry township:

  1. Tbat we cordially commend the Macomb Eagle, for its bold and independent course as a Democratic journal, and as such consider it entitled to the support of good and true Democrats, and as many of our Republican friends as may prefer it to the little Tribune;

In Chalmers township:

  1. That we heartily recommend the Macomb Eagle as a bold, independent and true Democratic journal, and as such entitled to the support of every true Democrat and true patriot.

But this is not the only way in which the same principles were endorsed. – On the 17th of August, the Democracy of Tennessee township met for the purpose of electing delegates to the county convention, and unanimously passed the following resolutions:

Resolved, That the present civil war which Abraham Lincoln is waging upon sovereign States is alike unconstitutional, inhuman and unjust, and unless speedily checked must end in the complete overthrow of liberty and in the establishment of a military despotism.

Resolved, That the taking of human life under the frivolous pretext of war, before all reasonable means have been resorted to which human wisdom can invent to avert the evil, and before Congress has made a declaration of war in a legal and constitutional manner, is as unjustifiable as the taking of life contrary to civil law.

Resolved, That we most cordially endorse the fearless and manly stand taken by the Hon. C. L. Vallandigham of the House of Representatives, and the Hon. J. C. Breckinridge of the Senate, in the debates of the last session of Congress.

It will be noticed that in these resolutions the miserable traitors, Vallandigham and Breckinridge, were fully endorsed; one of whom has been convicted as a traitor, and banished from the country, and the other is a general in the rebel army. The delegates who voted for these resolutions were admitted to the County Convention, and tool part in its proceedings.

On the 24th of August, 1861, men calling themselves Democrats, met in Emmet township, and passed the following resolutions, also endorsing Vallandigham and Breckinridge:

Whereas, We believe that the present war inaugurated by Abraham Lincoln is unnatural, unconstitutional and unjust, and that the liberties of our people and nation are endangered thereby; and

Whereas, We believe the whole scheme of prosecuting a war upon the Southern States, in preference to compromising with them, has for its end and aim the abolition negro slavery in those States – therefore,

Resolved, That we are in favor of peace and Union on compromise terms, to be effected by the voice of the people, through all the States.

Resolved, That we are opposed to general government interfering with domestic institutions of any State or territory, especially the institution of negro slavery except to protect them according to the intent and meaning of the Constitution, and according to the law of nations.

That we most cordially endorse the fearless and manly Hon. C. L. Vallandigham of the House of Representatives, and the Hon. J. C. Breckinridge of the Senate, in the debates of the last session of Congress.

The secesh Democracy of Bethel township protest in line manner:

Resolved, That of all wars a civil war is the most repulsive and inhuman, and that we regard it as the worst of all POSSIBLE means to be used in the achievement of our present difficulties.

The above is a true copy of the record made by the copperheads of this county during the first year of this war. And let it be borne in mind that all this took place before the PResident had issued his Emancipation Proclamation – before negroes had been employed in the service – before Confiscation acts were passed, or even thought of. The Eagle is now in the habit of declaring that the opposition of the copperheads to this war is predicated upon these acts of Congress and the administration – that there has been a time when they were in favor of the war. But reasoning men, with the above record before them, will fail to discover the exact point of time at which this was the case. Since that time the party of this county have not improved upon the above record, unless a still more open advocacy of the rebel cause can be called an improvement.

A few days since the same party held another convention, and nominated a ticket for county officers, every one of whom have endorsed all the treasonable acts and doings of the party – a ticket that if elected will be claimed as an indorsement of the most treasonable principles. Let no Union man be deceived. The issue is the same in McDonough county that it was in the Ohio election. The question before the people is will we stand for the government, or for the traitors who are seeking its overthrow. The success of Vallandigham would everywhere have been taken as an expression of enmity to the government, and a refusal to stand by it in putting down treason. The same will be the case in this county. Every man who votes for the copperhead candidates, thereby endorses all the ungodly heresies of the men who are in favor of the recognition of the Southern Confederacy as an independent nation – who denounce our brave solders as cutthroats. Again we say be not deceived. Read closely the record made by these men, and vote as your conscience and your duty to your imperiled and bleeding country demands.


            → Think of $25 for a watermelon. That’s what they pay in Dixie.


Can’t Stand the Fire.

            We learn that a few days since a meeting for political discussion was called at a school house in New Salem township. Both parties were pretty well represented at the meeting. A Mr. Randall, of Bushnell, was the first speaker, who proceeded to expound Democracy according to the modern views of that party. The burden of his speech was an argument to prove that it was not our “mis-guided Southern brethren” who had rebelled against the Constitution and the Government, but it was Lincoln and his administration. Randall spoke about two hours, and after he had subsided a Mr. Throgmartin, late of Ohio, rose to reply. He had talked about fifteen minutes, and was making the fur fly from the backs of the Democracy, when a well-known, inveterate Democrat, John Miner by name, rose and requested all those interested in the Democratic Invincible Club to adjourn to Grimm’s barn in the vicinity, and so the Democracy retreated in good order. No better evidence is wanted of the rotteness and weakness of the Democratic party than their disposition, as manifested upon all occasions, to avoid a fair and candid discussion.



            The thunders of Unionism have been heard from Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The result is a decided victory. The minions of Jeff Davis have been beaten in a fairly fought contest, and these noble States sends greeting to their gallant boys in the trenches, the watchword of UNON and FREEDOM. Let us emulate their noble example and roll up such a majority in November as will forever silence loud mouthed blatant traitors at home. Look at our pyramid.

I N D I A N A !

            “Glory to God on high.”

The people tired of Cop’s and also of their treason,
And Thus will EVERY State come back to thoughts of reason.

We have gained three members of Congress in the old Keystone State; three in the Hoosier State, and the glorious, faithful old Buckeye gives us a gain of twelve. Gov. Morton is returned to the gubernatorial chair by 20,000 majority. This news answers the purpose of an electioneering document. The hords of treason are hurled back, the weak strengthened, the doubting becomes hopeful, and glorious, thrice glorious victory, perches upon our banner.

“The Star spangled banner in triumph shall wave,
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.”


Georgia to Secede!

            It is not improbable that the Southern Confederacy will in a short time be obliged to take a dose of its own medicine. Governor Morton stated at Indianapolis on Monday night that an agent of the Sanitary Commission had just arrived from Atlanta. When he left there, Governor Brown and staff were in conference with General Sherman, arranging terms for the withdrawal of Georgia from the Slaverholding Confederacy.


“Abolition Falsehoods.”

            Under the above caption, the Eagle of last week says that we are “resorting to falsehood and calumny against the Democratic candidates.” To give color to this accusation, he cites our stricture on Messrs. Neece and Smith. We desire to say to the people generally, and the Eagle particularly, that we were neither dismayed or chagrined when Mr. Smith denied the charge which we made against him min a public meeting. We knew he was there before the meeting opened, and was sitting by his side before speaking. Capt. Farwell was also on the same seat, and it was such a good opportunity for drawing a comparison between the two candidates that we had to do it. Mr. Smith may deny these charges made against him, but that will not avail in the light of the overwhelming testimony against him. We would call the attention of the public to the card of William Venable, Jr., late a member of the 2nd Ill. Cavalry. Facts are very stubborn things, and we have the assurance of Mr. Venable that he read both the letters of Mr. Smith wrote to Mr. Cockerham:

Editors of Macomb Journal:

Sirs: — As there has been some discussion as to the “gist” of what L. F. Smith wrote to William Cockerham, a member of Co. H, 2nd Ill. Cav., I will give as near as I can remember the substance of the two letters which I read during the summer of 1863.

They first spoke of the former friendly relations that had existed between himself (Smith) and Cockerham; next he said that Cockerham’s democratic friends, including, I think, C’s father, were extremely mortified by the false position he, (C.,) being a Democrat, occupied as a Federal soldier.

Then, Smith proceeded to abuse the Administration; the policy pursued in conducting the present war. He said that as the war was conducted he had no sympathy for the Federal army, but professed great regard for our honest, yet misguided, soldiers.

Then he pitched into “Old Abe” and his co-laborers, calling them by the hard names usually used by the Copperhead journals.

Smith wound up by asking a reply from Cockerham, wishing to know how C. felt in regard to soldiering, and the policy pursued by the Administration.

L. F. Smith may deny that he said in so many words – “Cockerham, desert, come home, and your Democratic friends will protect you,” yet he cannot deny that by implicating he did as much as he dared to do to encourage dissatisfaction and desertion from the Federal army.

If it will afford him any consolation to know what many of “our boys” tho’t of him after these letters had been received and read, I’ll tell him; the words are to the point, if not fit for ears polite – “Frank Smith, or any one else, is a d – d traitor, that entertains such sentiments towards the army and Government.

William Venable, Jr.
Late of Co. H, 2nd Ill. Cav.


That Letter.

            We publish to-day the card of Mr, L. F. Smith with the affidavit of several of his friends. We have no desire to so Mr. Smith injustice, and told him at the time the charge was preferred, that our columns were open for his denial at any time he saw proper to use our paper for the purpose. We too have written to Mr. Cockerham – or at last procured a friend to write for us – for the original letter if he still retained it, and if it had been lost or destroyed to give us the substance of its content.

We would call the attention of the public to the card of Mr. Wm. Venable elsewhere, and ask for it a careful perusal.

Mr. Scott’s affidavit and his communication are very much of the same tenor and the same construction placed upon it, that the letter was calculated to discourage soldiers in the field. We shall probably give more attention to the matter next week.

A Card from L. F. Smith.

            Mr. Editor: Having been unable as yet to procure that letter which I wrote to William Cockerham, in which you assert that I told him to “desert” and come home and he would be protected, I herewith furnish for you to publish, the affidavits of the following gentlemen – two of whom have read my letter to said Cockerham, and the other two were told by said Wm. Cockerham himself, when at home last spring, just what they testify to in their affidavits. And I will here say that none of these men are in any way related to me, and there can be no inference drawn in that quarter; and that one of them, Mr. Scott, is a very strong Republican. I will further say that I have written to said Cockerham for the letter, (which I can prove by two witnesses,) and that so soon as I can obtain said letter you shall have it for publication.

            I remain your friend,

L. F. Smith.

Affidavit of Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith.

Scotland Township, Oct. 10, ’64.

            Alexander Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him there was nothing in any letter written to him by L. F. Smith, which told him to desert and come home and he would be protected, or even encouraged or intimated such a thing.

Jeremiah Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him the same as stated by his brother [Alex. Smith.]                                                            Jeremiah Smith.

I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do testify that Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith were duly sworn before me this 10th [Oct.] 1864.

Affidavit of John Scott.

            Scotland Township, Oct. 10, 1864.

            Mr. John J. Scott being duly sworn says that, I read a portion of a letter that L. F. Smith wrote to William Cockerham and sent to him by F. F. Patrick, and heard the letter read by Wm. Cockerham and that there was nothing in it telling the soldiers to desert and come home. But the letter contained very abusive language against the administration and the Republican party, and, as I thought, calculated to discourage soldiers in the field.

John Scott.

            I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do hereby testify that John J. Scott was duly sworn before me, this 10th day of October, 1864.

Robert McNair, J. P.

Affidavit of Andrew J. Cockerham.

Tennessee Township, Oct. 5, 1864.

            Andrew J. Cockerham being duly sworn says that, I saw L. F. Smith in Macomb on the 13th day of July, 1863 it being the day that H. Clay Dean spoke in said city, and that he requested the said Smith to write to his son William Cockerham then in the army, and relieve his mind of certain false impressions that he had received from letters written to the army by persons at home, viz: that the Democrats at home were all copperheads, and in league with Jeff. Davis. Said Smith agreed to do so, and that my son when at home in March, 1864, told me he did receive a letter from said Smith, and that he (William) had said letter with him when at home. I read the letter myself, and William also read said letter to his mother and all of my family that were at home at the time. The reason of his and my reading said letter being that certain persons had said I and Mr. Smith and others had been writing to said William Cockerham and had told him to desert the army and come home. I further declare that there was no such advice given or even intimated in said L. F. Smith’s letter, which I read. And I further declare that William Cockerham my son told me that neither I nor said L. F. Smith had ever advised or even intimated such a thing to him, and that the whole thing was a lie from beginning to end.

Andrew J. Cockerham.

            Subscribed and sworn to before me, the 5th day of October, 1864.

Samuel A. Knott, J. P.


S C R I B B L I N G S.
By J. K. M.

            From the 78th Regt. – The latest information I have from the 78th is up to the 26th ult. The men were still in camp near the suburbs of Atlanta, and were generally well. A not from Lieut. Blondin says that our wounded are getting along very well. Corporal Stafford, of Co. C has been promoted to 5th Sergeant, and Joseph A. James to 1st Corporal. I learn indirectly from a source subsequent to the 26th that the Paymaster had arrived and was paying off the troops.

            I have received from Lieut. Col. Vernon, commanding the 78th, a full report of the operations of the regiment from the 2d day of May, when they broke camp at Rossville, until the battle of Jonesboro, and the occupation of Atlanta, which will be published in the columns of the Journal in a week or two. I have also received a full and complete list of the killed and wounded in the regiment from the 2d of May to the 5th of September, giving the date of death or wound in each case, also the character of the wound, and the place at which each casualty occurred. These reports will form very interesting and important docu- [obscured] 78th.

            With this number of Journal the names of all those to whom this paper has been sent by friends in the 78th, and who are not paid for in advance, will be struck from the list. The attention of all such will be called to this article by a mark of the pen around it.


Our Prisoners.

How McClellan Men South Treat Our Prisoners.

            We accord space in our columns this week for the following letter from a McDonough boy, and as it speaks for itself, requires no comments from us.

Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 28th, 1864.

            Friend Charlie, Having just returned from a tour of inspection, I shall – for old acquaintance sake – try, to the best of my abilities, give you a short history of my adventures while sojourning in Dixie, and the care that McClellan men bestows on us Union men.

On the night of our capture we were taken to Brig. Hd’qrs and there examined in regard to the amount of troops that had crossed the creek with us. I very politiely, – you know my manners are very becoming – told the commandant that I had not counted the “yanks.” His Southern blood got riled and he very humanely remarked that he would swing me to a tree for my insolence. Again he made enquiry as to our forces, and I, in rather a tremulous tone informed him that there was sufficient force to hold the position. After he had gained all the information he could, off we started for the rear. We had proceeded but a short distance when the friends of the Northern copperheads relieved us of all our surplus baggage, such as Rubber blankets, canteens, tin cups, writing material, &c. We were then escorted into Atlanta, arriving there in the “wee, sma, hours of the morning.” After a few hours rest we were conducted to his highness the Provost Marshal, where our rank and command were taken. On being conducted to prison we were asked if we had any money, or jewelry, which luckily we had not. We stayed here until the next night when we moved our base six miles south of the city to East Point. Remained there two days and marched to Griffon 40 miles south of Atlanta, where we took the cars for Macon. After two days knocking about we landed at Andersonville, unloaded, counted off in detachments, and then marched to the blockade. The gates of hell opened, we passed through they closed and we were engulphed in a mass that mans most fertile imagination cannot describe. There we found 30,000 prisoners eking out their existence on hal putrid rations, and we became actors in this awful drama. I felt that the world and all its pleasures were gone and I was no more counted in this mundane sphere.

The stockade that we were placed in encloses 22 acres inside this there is 15ft cut off all the way around which constitutes that terror of all prisoners the dead line there is about 4 acres cut off, by this then there is a swamp running through the prison which takes 3 acres more, leaving 15 acres to be occupied by the prisoners. Here they are many of them naked not a stick of clothes except a piece of old rag tied around their hips, scarcely none of them has shoes, hats or coats, they lay there some have shade others none they lay out in the hot sun all day and the cold dew at night, here are thousands that cannot held themselves laying in the hot sand which is moving with vermin, often I have saw the skeleton of a man moving around and maggots working out of their nose, eyes and mouth. At roll call in the morning the sick have to be carried to the appointed place in blankets, so the chivalrous sons of the south can see them I had charge of one mess while we were there and I asked the sergeant who had the calling of the roll if I couldn’t let one or two of my men who were very sick stay in quarters during roll call as the hot sun was nearly death to them, his answer was no if they are dead damned and delivered they must come out, and thus the thing wore on until it wore a man out, the deaths during our stay was 4,500 during the month of Aug. there was 3,100 carried to the grave yard, which interesting action is performed by loading them into a large army wagons thus transporting them to that “bowrne from whence no traveler returns,” each load contains 40 human carcasses, and is drawn by six mules. Our grub consisted of one half pound of corn bread with out salt and the meal not sifted, 1-3 pound of fly blown beef, 1 pt. of cooked corn peas the shells peas and a fair proportion of sand all cooked up in the same pot.

            But to give you anything like a true description is impossible suffice to say that for suffering barbarism and misery, the old Spanish inquisition would be shamed into nothingness. – We were exchanged by a special exchange of 2000 by Sherman and Hood, when the gates of hell opened and we walked out and they were shut between us and this den I felt as though heaven and earth had come together I must close. Hurrah for Lincoln three times Hurrah. I remain yours,

Geo. L. Hainline.


            Mysterious. – On Sunday night last, Capt. Lipe lost a very fine mare by death. On Tuesday night he lost his fine Morgan stud “Beautiful Boy” in the same manner and Wednesday night a fine blooded mare. We believe that such a series of losses are occasioned by human interference, and some steps should be taken to hunt down the scoundrel who thus cowardly seeks revenge. We hope he may be discovered and justice meted out to him.


            Our Next State Senator. – The tour of Hon. Jas. H. Strain through this county, has been a series of orations seldom accorded to a candidate for office. Everywhere, the people turn out in their strength to hear him. Alexander Blackburn Esq., our next Representative, and John B. Cummings Esq., who is sure to be re-elected – are with Mr. Strain, and there is every indication that McDonough County will respond gloriously to the thunder of the guns from Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. Mr. Strain speaks to-day (Friday,) at Pennington Point, at [?] 1-2 o’clock P. M., and Saturday afternoon at the same hour in Macomb. – Turn out and here him.


            Sheridan vs. Early. – General Sheridan is down in the Shenandoah Valley, and from all accounts is getting the better of the rebel Gen’l, Early, and while they are having their little fracas down there, the people in this section of the country are quietly going to the dry goods house of Geo. W. Bailey, on the east side of the square, where they find a full and complete assortment of dry goods, boots, shoes, hats, caps, Yankee notions, &c., at reduced prices. George has a natural tact to get customers to call at his store, and his polite and urbane manners causes them to forget their earthly troubles and buy “hugely,” and with entire satisfaction to themselves.


            At Home. – We welcome the arrival of Lieut. L. A. Simmons, Q. M. of the 84th Ill. Vol. Inft. Mr. S. is just from the front, and returns to repair his health which has become impaired during the arduous campaign before Atlanta. May he soon recover his health and wave as usual.


            Substitutes. – There are numbers of our fellow-citizens who are wanting substitutes to fill their places in Uncle Sam’s grand army, and are freely offering the sum of $1,000, but Hawkins & Philpot are still manufacturing superior photographs at their old stand, southeast corner of the square. Our advice to principals, substitutes, and everybody and his wife is to go to Hawkins & Philpot’s to get their pictures.


            Conscript. – The words “draft” and “conscript” are muchly used now-a-days, and so are Watkins & Co’s groceries. We last week neglected to speak of them – the groceries – but we take notice that the people have not forgotten to go there for first-class groceries at low rates. When this enterprising firm get into their new store house look out for a splendid stock of groceries.


The Draft.

            We are indebted to Mr. Chas. Waters, clerk in the Provost Marshal’s office, for the following list of drafted men, which completes our quota. We have a personal acquaintance with but few of them, and we cannot but note the difference of a drafted Union man’s countenance and one of the Copperhead persuasion. Substitutes are in demand, but they hold themselves at rather high figures:


                                    Lafette Hickman,                    William G. Nesbit,
James Carter,*                         Benjamin F. Wheeler,
Daniel Wood,                          John B. Purdy,
John Askew,                           Jack Humbard,
Archibald T. Lea,                    Wesley Bugg,
Lewis P. Atkinson,                 William B. Naylor,
Randolph Inman,                    Robert McCord,
Martin Bergen,                        Benjamin Guy.


                                    Benjamin Provolt,                   John J. Buxton,
William Prince,                        William Warren,
C. M. Smith,                           John Kitt,
Richard Jones,                         David Allen,
John Arther,                            George Castle,†
John Scott,                              William H. Dudley,
James Allen,                            Charles Blandin.


                                    David Prophet,                         Bedford Graham,
Thomas J. Wallace,                 William L. Wilson,
David W. Badger,                    Alexander Cothan,
Benjamin Parish,                     William H. Grigsby,
James Parish,                           Job V. Banks,
Abijah Hough,                          Geo. W. Hickerson,
James Bice,                               Hiram Hainline,
Marcellus Shyrack,                  James Hays,
A. Zimmerman,                        Abner Keithley,
Henry Cord,                              Jacob Cotton,
James H. Milsap,                     John Bond.


                                    Thomas B. Lillard,                  Robt. McCutchin,
Samuel Godfrey,                     William McMillen,
John N. Burr,                          Horace Avery,
George A. Cover,                    Charles Stephens,
Robt. J. Thornburg,                 William M. Reid.


                                    Edward Powell,                      Chancelor Sanford,
Rial McGuffey,                       William Wier,
John Sammons,                       Wesley Ralston,
Riley Huston,                          Thomas Simonds,
Ralph W. Bowman,                James Woodard,
William Goodrich,                  Bird Roberts,
Augustus P. Garrett,               Silas J. James,
John Watts,                             David Toland,
Jno. S. Shootman,                   P. Whittington,
Andrew Ware,                        Benjamin Griffin,
Andew J. Hartrey,                  Joseph S. Morris.


                                    John T. Dunsworth,                Weaver C. Howell,
Benjamin Miller,                     Jacob Allen,
Joshua Freshwater,                  George B. Reed,
John Smizer,                            Isaac L. Tayor,
A. J. Dunsworth,                     John Stoneking,
John Vorbes,                           William Monk,
George G. Vanard,                 Abraham H. Rush.

Walnut Grove.

                                    James Ewing,                          Moses Hoyt,
Charles Elting,                        James Boyles,
G. W. Curtis,                           Harvey Dugard,
Henry Herlocker,                    Frederick Cruser,
Christian Englehart,                — Tracy,
A. W. Lancy,                          William D. Stark,
George Hoy,                           Thomas McMahan,
Wesley Dodge,                       William Thompson,
Jackson W. Sneider,                George Harmon,
Samuel Noel,                           Franklin Thompson,
James Langston,                      Elijah Boyles,
William Tanner,                       J. G. L. Michel,
John M. Bowers,                     Lewis Evelsizer.


                                    William C. McGrath,              Jonas Ringer,
William H. Parker,                  Thomas W. Nunn,
William McHenry,                  George Jones,
George Suntker,                      Alfred N. Chase,
Francis M. Bash,                     Jonas Lindsey,
Francis M. Beck,                     Samuel Jones,
Robert Littleton,                     Rich’d M. Hammer,
James Boyd,                            Archibald Watson,
Thomas L. Sanders,                John A. Provine,
Weston Simmons,                   Charles Andrews.


                                    John Caley,                             John Beal,
James Lawrence,                   Leonard Yeast,
John H. Croul,                        John Wrel,
Nicholas Comes,                     James Thompson,
Jacob Wagoner,                      Richard S. Smith,
Benj. F. Hartsook,                  Elias Steel,
Tobias P. Little,                       Jacob E. Medaris,
Leander Quait,                         Benj. F. Smith,
John W. Putnam,                    Esa Boaz,
Elias Kelsoe,                            William Wood,
Augustus Garrett,                   David A. Calliflower,
Joseph Melvin,                        Martin V. Markham.


                                    Christopher Vail,                     John Peak.

New Salem.

                                    William Mercer,                      Thompson Wilkey,
Andrew J. Grimm,                  William Leety,
John Vaughn,                          Barton Husted,
Willis Graves,                          William B. Swango,
John Carrelson,                       John Douglas,
David Littlejohn,                    George McQueed,
Reuben J. Nebergall,               Solomon Cox,
George T. Harland,                 Shadrack Mitchell,
Joseph Chambers,                   David Miller.


                                    James Langston,                      William Darnahan,
David Breener,                        Thomas W. Ausbury,
Johnathan A. Mick,                 Woodford Chappell,
Peter Van Buren,                    James Hartford,
George Cox,                            W. R. Pennington,
Henry Long,                            Thomas E. Smedley,
James T. Pile,                          Enoch C. Dawson,
Elijah Keach,                           Erastus Eastman,
George R. Price,                      Moore Marshall,
John W. Chipman,                  John A. Seward.

* In the 28th Ills.

† Live in Walnut Grove Township.

October 8, 1864

Macomb Eagle

What Abolition Has Cost Us.

            Four years ago our people were united, prosperous and happy. We had no standing army worth the name, nor was there any necessity for any. The Government, under Democratic auspices, rested in calm security upon the will of the people, who were all interested in its maintenance. We had no national debt, and, consequently, all that a man earned by his labor was his own. He paid no national taxes that he felt. He could buy cotton goods to clothe his family for 12 ½ cents per yard, shoes, and every other article necessary for himself and family in like proportion. But how is it now, after three years of rule under Abraham Lincoln? We are compelled to keep under arms half a million of soldiers to maintain the authority of our own people of a government calling itself Republican, and although we have given over two millions of men to put down opposition to the party dogmas of this Lincoln, the horrors of the draft still stares us in the face. The poor man finds himself deprived of two-thirds of what he earns when he buys the necessities of life to sustain a government which four years ago cost him nothing. And yet the people are asked by the present office-holders and Lincoln’s shoddy-parasites to renew their confidence in an administration which has brought all these burdens on us. If Mr. Lincoln and his paid stipendiaries succeed as a natural sequence, those who desire freedom of the press, freedom of discussion, safety of their persons, immunity from conscription, and desire what they earn shall be their own, must, if they vote for Lincoln, hereafter be silent. They will seal their own doom. Let your reason and judgment choose.


Historical Facts.

            When you hear abolitionists charging the rebellion upon Democrats, confront them with the following truths from History:

  1. That there were no symptoms of rebellion in the South until after the election of Abraham Lincoln, who had proclaimed that this government could not exist part free and part slave – and that he would not be bound by a decision of the Supreme Court if it decided that slaves could be held in the Territories.
  2. That all the difficulties would have been settled by the Peace Convention, and war prevented, if Lincoln, Chase, Chandler, et al, had desired it.
  3. That if Lincoln had called Congress to meet on the 20th of May – as he could have done – and called 75,000 men simply to protect Washington until Congress had acted – there would have been no war. The Border States would not have gone out – and the men who fired on Sumpter, would have been punished by Law.
  4. That at any time since the war commenced, Lincoln’s Congress could have made Peace by simply guaranteeing to the State their Constitutional Rights – and can do so, even now.
  5. That from 1833 to 1860, the Southern States had respected and executed every law of Congress – while large numbers of citizens in every Northern State, had rebelled – resisted the Broad Seal of the United States of America, tore it up, trampled it under their feet, and assaulted the officers of the Government.
  6. That in no Southern State – except South Carolina – was there a majority of all the voters who voted for President in 1860, in favor of Secession: and had the war been prosecuted solely to enforce the Laws and defend the Constitution – and put down armed rebels, it would have ended two years ago, and there would not have been now armed rebel in any State.
  7. That the election of Abraham Lincoln was the immediate cause of this war and all its disaster – and his removal – through the ballot-boxes – will bring immediate Peace and restore the Union.


Geo. H. Pendleton.

            The shoddy papers and orators hereabouts are just at present quite busy villifying the character of the distinguished gentleman whose name heads this article; he is denounced as a “disunionist,” as a “peace at any price” man, and as one whose sympathies are against the Government in the present crisis. We present our readers with the following extracts from his speeches made since the war commenced, and showing he utter falsity of those charges. On the 13th of July, 1861, in the debate on a bill for increasing the regular army Mr. Pendleton used this language:

“I will heartily, zealously, gladly support any honest effort to maintain the Union and reinvigorate the ties which bind these States together. I will not vote for an increase of the regular army, for this uprising of the people of the North shows that our brave and noble volunteers are ready and able to do the work now to be done. Neither will I vote for bills of indemnity to the President – for bills which are not intended to relieve the country from its difficulties, but to cover the acts and doings of the administration from fair investigation and honest judgment. Nor will I vote for the suspension of those laws for the protection of personal liberty which the President tells us were passed in too great tenderness of the rights of citizens. I will do what is fairly necessary to give the administration power to maintain the government and prevent disaster to its flag, and enforce obedience to the obligations of the Constitution and the laws passed in accordance therewith.”

Another declaration made by Mr. Pendleton in Congress, March 12, 1862, gives us the means of estimating what the shoddyites consider Mr. Pendleton’s disunionism. “This bill,” said Mr. Pendleton, speaking on the bill for establishing irresponsible and unlawful provisional governments over the seceded States, “ought to be entitled a bill to dissolve the Union and abolish the Constitution of the United States. I AM UNALTERABLY OPPOSED TO THE DESTRUCTION OF EITHER from any quarter whatsoever.”


Abolition Falsehoods.

            We have never yet known a canvass in this country, without the abolition leaders resorting to falsehood and calumny against the Democratic candidates. They do this in the hope that they can prevent some persons from voting for them. Sometimes these falsehoods are published in their abolition paper, and sometimes they are retailed around the county by word of mouth. Mr. Neece and Mr. Smith seem to be chosen by these abolition leaders as the victims of their falsehood and calumny, and upon whose devoted heads must be showered their pent up wrath.

The first attack was made upon Mr. Smith. At an abolition meeting in Scotland township last week, one of the speakers asserted that he had been told that Mr. Smith, the Democratic candidate for sheriff, “had written a letter to a soldier advising him to desert and come home, and the Democrats would protect him.” Mr. Smith happened to be present, and much to the dismay and chagrin of the speaker he rose to his feet and pronounced the statement a falsehood – a falsehood so base as to be without the shadow of a foundation.

Being thus foiled in their attack on Mr. Smith, the abolition clique turned their attention to Mr. Neece, the Democratic candidate for Representative, and we find the last number of their paper overflowing with their abuse and falsehood. Mr. Neece has lived from a child in this county, and his character for honesty and probity is too firmly established to be shaken by scurrilous attacks from the two or twenty lying abolitionists who write for the Macomb Journal. The charge in the present case is, that Mr. Neece has swindled a widow lady – Mrs. Elizabeth Irwin – out of some $96, on a swindling tax certificate. The infamy of this accusation may be fully appreciated by reading the following statement from Mrs. Irwin herself and her son Robert Irwin. We introduce them without further comment:

         Statement of Robert Irwin.

To the Editors of the Macomb Weekly Journal:

Dear Sir – I take this opportunity to request you to correct a statement in your issue of last week in regard to a certain tax certificate purchased by W. H. Neece in 1860, on the land owned by the heirs of James Irwin, sen’r deceased. The statement as it is made does great injustice to Mr. Neece. – The facts of the transaction are as follows: before the land sales of 1860 my brother, James Irwin, sold Mr. Neece a horse. – Neece was to pay the tax on the land in question, and it was understood between my brother and Mr. Neece in regard to the sale of the land to the highest bidder, that Neece was to see that the taxes were paid, and was to have credit on the purchase of the horse or the amount of the tax. – Sometime after this, brother and Neece settled, Neece only claiming a credit of about twenty dollars, and the balance be paid over to my brother. The settlement was perfectly amicable and agreeable to both Mr. Neece and my brother.

Sometime after this Mr. Wm. H. Randolph persuaded my mother that he could make something for her – that he could recover it all off Neece – promising to pay all cost, &c. The suit was commenced, but nothing was recovered; the suit was abandoned.

As for Neece demanding the double of the tax or any other sum o my mother, or any of us, it is entirely false. The transaction was satisfactory with both my brother and myself, and there never would have been any trouble if it haqd not been for the conduct of Mr. Randolph. You can rely on this fact that Neece never claimed the benefit o his contract off my brother nor was he compelled to pay any amount by virtue of said suit.

Robert Irwin.

Certificate Of Elizabeth Irwin.

            I have just read a note signed by my son, Robert Irwin, in regard to a certain editorial in the Macomb Journal, bringing in question the character of Wm. H. Neece. The facts stated in my son’s note are true, as I understand them.

Elizabeth Irwin.

            Oct. 3rd, 1864.

            Copies of the above notes have been sent to the Journal office, and we will see whether its editor will have the manliness to admit them to its columns.


            → President Lincoln is a chief magistrate seeking re-election by all nefarious means; striving, by abuses of military power, by the subversion of freedom of the ballot, of the press, and of political discussion, by the corrupting power of public plunder, by the distribution of offices and spoils, by cunning and intrigue, to grasp for another term the powers with which in three short years he has almost accomplished the independence of the South and the subversion of the liberty of the North. Can any honest, patriotic citizen vote to re-elect a man of whom his own partisans confess these truths?


            → The following sentence from a a private letter from Munfordville, Ky., addressed to the editor of this paper, contains a question which Democrats will do well to give more than a passing thought:

“I think when abolitionism is put down, we will have Union; but if they succeed in November we are gone – liberties, and all that we hold dear. Will you Democrats of the Northwest stand firm and deliver yourselves and us from Despotism?” Kentucky will vote if she has to vote through scenes of fire and blood. I fear elections will not save us, and that the only salvation for the Democracy is in her strong arm. This is a war upon Democracy, which is the Constitution and State righs. Our Fathers said that Republican Governments could only exist through and by the consent of the governed. May the God of Heaven preserve us!”


Electioneering Falsehoods.

            We warn the Democrats of this county to be on their guard against the electioneering falsehoods of the abolitionists. These will come in various stripes, and their direct object is to damage the character of the Democratic candidates. Some of these will be retailed verbally, like the one about Frank Smith’s advising a soldier to desert. Others will be published in their journals, where they can find the editors totally oblivious to truth and decency, like the one about Mr. Neece’s swindling a poor widow. And there are others which are distributed in pamphlet form. These are aimed at the Democratic candidate for President, and are the spawning of the dense corruption at Washington. – These are thrust into the hands of the unwary and unsuspecting, like the issues of the counterfeiter’s art, for the purpose of deception and ruin. Let Democrats beware of anything that come from the hands of an abolition leaguer.


            → The abolition press have just now a more difficult balancing feat than any of Blondin’s. They try to convince the soldiers that McClellan is a for a dishonorable peace, and a surrender to rebels. And they try to demonstrate, at the same time, to those the term “peace democrats,” that he is in favor of war to the bitter end, arbitrary arrests, confiscation, and all the wickedness that Lincoln is practicing. Between the two they are decidedly in a bad way.


            The Draft. – Drafting in five townships of this county took place at the provost marshal’s office in Mt. Sterling, on Wednesday last. The following is a list of the “lucky” men:


                                    James Langston,                      William Carnahan,
David Bruner,                        Thos W. Ausbury,
Jonathan A. Mink,                  Woodford Chappell,
Peter Van Buren,                    James Hartford,
George Cox,                            W. R. Pennington,
Henry Long,                            Thomas E. Smedley,
James T. Pile,                          Enoch C. Dawson,
Elijah Keach,                           Erastus Eastman,
George R. Price,                      Moore Marshall,
John W. Chipman,                  John A. Seward.

Democrats 17, abolitionists 2, unknown [?].

New Salem.

                                    Wm Mercer,                            Thompson Wilkey,
A. J. Grimm,                           Wm Louis,
John Vaughn,                          Barton Husted,
Willis Graves,                          W. B. Swango,
John Carrison,                         John Douglas,
David Littlejohn,                    Geo McQueen,
Reuben Nebergall,                  Solomon Cox,
George T. Harland,                 Shadrack Mitchell,
Joseph Chambers,                   David Miller.

Democrats 10, abolitionists 5, unknown 3.


                                    John Kaley,                             John Basic,
Jas Lawrence,                          Leander Yeast,
John H. Crall,                          John Wrell,
N. Towns,                               Jas Thompson,
Jacob Wagoner,                       R. L. Smith,
B. F. Hartsook,                       Elias Steele,
T. B. Little,                             Jacob E. Meadows,
B. Quate,                                 B. F. Smith,
J. W. Putnam,                          E Boaz,
I. S. Kelsoe,                            Wm Work,
A Garrett,                                D. A. Colleflower,
Joseph Melvin,                        M. V. Markham.

Democrats 7, abolitionists 3, unknown 9.


                                    W. C. McGrath,                        Jonas Ringer,
Wm H. Parker,                        Thos W. Nunn,
Wm McHenry,                        George Jones,
George Smither,                      Albert M. Chase,
F M. Bash,                              Jonas Lindsey,
F M. Beck,                              Samuel Jones,
John F. Watson,                      I. P. Monfort,
Robt Littleson,                        R. M. Hammer,
James Boyd,                            Archibald Watson,
T. S. Saunders,                        J. A. Provine,
W. Simmonds,                        Chas Andrews.

            Democrats 5, abolitionists 18, unknown 4.

Walnut Grove.

                                    James Ewing,                          Moses Hoyt,
Charles Elting,                        James Boyles,
Geo. W. Curtis,                       Harvey Dugan,
H Hailocker,                            Frederick Cruser,
Christian Englehart,                Warnell Tracey,
A. W. Laney,                          Wm D. Stark,
George Hay,                            Thomas McMahan,
Wesley Dodge,                       W Thompson,
J. W. Sneider,                          Herman George,
Samuel Towler,                       F Thompson,
James Langston,                      E T Boyles,
Wm Tanner,                            J. D. Mitchell,
J. M. Bowers                           Lewis Ebalazer.

Democrats 10, abolitionists 14.

Those in the first column will be taken first, and if any other of them are exempted, those in the second column will be taken in numerical order. It is a pleasant prospect truly.


            → Prof. Clamber, known as the “Wizard of the Alps,” will give another entertainment at Campbell’s Hall on Friday evening. He will introduce a number of new and astonishing feats, and completely puzzle the acutest intellect. No superior to Prof. Clamber in his line has ever appeared in Macomb, and as this will be his last exhibition here, those interested will not fail to attend.


            → Keefer, the indefatigable, go ahead druggist, is now receiving his fall purchases of medicines, drugs, paints, oils, dye stuff and the thousand and one articles which are always to be found in a first class wholesale and retail drug house. Keefer’s goods are always A 1, and purchasers may always rely upon getting exactly what they bargain for.


            → Two showers of rain fell this week – one commenced on Monday morning and lasted all day, and the other began in Tuesday forenoon and continued till night. Both showers were somewhat wet.

October 7, 1864

Macomb Journal









Joint Discussion.

            The following is the Schedule of appointments in this county for Hon. Lew. Ross and Major Hugh Fullerton:

Macomb                      October,                      25th.
Prairie City                       “                             26th.

Speaking to commence at 1 o’clock, P. M.



Mr. Strain’s Appointments.

            Hon. James Strain, Union candidate for State Senator in the 14th Senatorial District, composed of the counties of McDonough, Henderson, Warren and Mercer, will address the citizens of McDonough county at the following times and places, viz:

At Prairie City, on Tuesday, October 11th, at 2 o’clock, P. M.

Bushnell, same day, at 7 1-2 o’clock.

Blandinville, Wednesday, 12th, at 7 1-2 o’clock, P. M.

Tennessee, Thursday, 13th, at 7 1-2 o’clock, P. M.

Industry, Friday, 14th, 2 o’clock, P. M.

New Salem, School House, same day, 7 1-2 o’clock, P. M.

Macomb, Saturday, 15th, at 1 1-2 o’clock, P. M.

Persons residing in the several neighborhoods, where these appointments are made, are requested to give the notice as extensive a circulation as possible and procure a good turn out; also to light and warm the houses for the evening meetings. Other speakers will be in attendance.

By Order of the
Union Cen. Com.



→ We publish elsewhere in this paper the several statements of W. H. Randolph, W. H. Neece, and C. L. Sanders, respecting the charge of extortion made against Mr. Neece. They are sufficiently full and explicit to require no comment from us.



“That Letter.”

            The copperhead candidate for sheriff has not yet furnished for publication “that letter.” Hurry up, Frank, the election is approaching and your cake will be all dough if you don’t publish that letter before election. We are inclined to think it will be dough any how.



→ Remember the mass meetig this afternoon. “Dick” Yates, the soldiers’ friend will be here.



Lieut. Joe. G. Waters at the Court House on Thursday Night Last.

            Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather and the indications of a storm, the court house was crowded to excess, with a goodly number of ladies, to hear our fellow townsman, fresh from the scenes of Gen. Sherman’s great victories, dilate on the political aspect of our country.

Lieut. Waters commenced by saying that he had left the Republican party, and was willing to bury all past political differences for the purpose of upholding the Government, now struggling for its very life. He had advocated the claims of a War Democrat for the position of Governor, and had the party claiming the name of Democrats, nominated such a man as Gen. Logan, Gen. McClernand or one who had an claim to the support of loyal people, he would have given him his hearty endorsement. But what a spectacle did they present to the American people. Peace upon any terms is the sum and substance of their platform, while the Union, was the rallying cry of their candidate. – Unlike James Buchanan, he did not lose his identity and become the platform, but to steal the votes of the soldiers in the field, cried Union, leaving to Mr. Pendleton the task of shouldering the Chicago-rotten platform.

He said that two parties, one Union, and the other rebel at this juncture alone could exist. That as long as the rebels prayed for the success of one, he felt it his duty to vote for the other. – He cited the course of Nelson Abbott in his continued opposition to the war, and his unceasing defamatory articles upon the soldiers and their defenceless ones, who they were compelled to leave behind them, justly remarking, that were he to utter them in the presence of the army his poor frail tenement, would be so badly scattered, that a fine toothed harrow would be necessary to cover his remains. He also stated that Thos. E. Morgan one of the leaders of the Peace faction, (and for whom he had no personal dislikes) had stated to him that Richmond’s fall before the election would insure Abe’s election, [fold] “Little Mac” elected. He said things were strangely arranged, when it constituted patriotism to denounce Lincoln, only as regards the rebels, say, that they done wrong, in not staying in the democratic fold.

Lieut. Waters retired amidst prolonged applause and was followed in a few happy remarks by Mr. J. K. Magie, who takes every occasion to “set up” copperheads. It being late the meeting adjourned with three cheers for Lincoln and the Union for our speakers.




            The Eagle of last week contained an article relating to one of our best citizens, which is too scurrilous for reproduction. We have here another instance of how those who go to the army, are scorned and defamed by the peace party of McDonough county.

Dr. Warren – to whom the article alludes – was for a number years pastor of the Presbyterian Church in this city, but accepted the position of Chaplain in the 10th Mo. Vol. Inf., and has been laboring in his capacity as such, until a week or two ago he returned home on leave [fold] His offence is, that he supports the Union cause, and for this reason, no other, is his private character attacked by the low, mean, filthy, blackguard, who having no principle of his own, sells out to a party as devoid of integrity as he is of decency. Dr. Warren is no candidate for office, and the slurring insinuation of that garbage cart of secession – the Macomb Eagle – cannot permit a minister of the church to express his political preferences without assailing his character, and by sneering insinuations endeavor to blacken his spotless fame. We have the gratifying assurance that not even the employees of the Editor of the Eagle, give him credit for anything more than a reckless villifier of men who deserve well of a community in which they have so long labored, and we congratulate the Dr. that he is too loyal to his government to have this man Abbott speak well of him.



To the Army. – We are in daily reception of letters from the “boys” in front, and regret that our limited space will not permit us to lay them before the public. They all breathe but one sentiment, that of undying devotion to the cause of the Union with Mr. Lincoln as their commander-in-chief for four years longer, and castigating copperheads. If any McClellan man wants the opinion of Illinois soldiers on the candidates of their secession party, let them get the Eagle to publish some of these letters, and not devote so much space in their columns to treason.



Mr. Neece’s Statement.

Macomb, Oct. 4, 1864

Editors of the Macomb Journal:

In your paper of the 30th of Sept. you make a most unprovoked and false accusation against me, in regard to paying taxes on Mrs. Elizabeth Irwin’s land. The following statements of Robert Irwin and Elizabeth Irwin are all the reply I deem it necessary to make and their publication in your paper I ask as a matter of justice to myself and the public.

Wm. H. Neece.


Statement of Robert Irwin.

Editors of the Macomb Journal:

Dear Sir – I take this opportunity to request you to correct a statement in your issue of last week in regard to a certain tax certificate purchased by W. H. Neece in 1860, on the land owned by the heirs of James Irwin, sen’r deceased. The statement as it is made does great injustice to Mr. Neece. – The facts of the transaction are as follows: before the land sales of 1860 my brother, James Irwin, sold Mr. Neece a horse. – Neece was to pay the tax on the land in question, and it was understood between my brother and Mr. Neece in regard to the sale of the land to the highest bidder, that Neece was to see that the taxes were paid, and was to have credit on the purchase of the horse or the amount of the tax. – Sometime after this, brother and Neece settled, Neece only claiming a credit of about twenty dollars, and the balance be paid over to my brother. The settlement was perfectly amicable and agreeable to both Mr. Neece and my brother.

Sometime after this Mr. Wm. H. Randolph persuaded my mother that he could make something for her – that he could recover it all off Neece – promising to pay all cost, &c. The suit was commenced, but nothing was recovered; the suit was abandoned.

And as for Neece demanding the double of the tax or any other sum o my mother, or any of us, it is entirely false. The transaction was satisfactory with both my brother and myself, and there never would have been any trouble if it haqd not been for the conduct of Mr. Randolph. You can rely on this fact that Neece never claimed the benefit o his contract off my brother nor was he compelled to pay any amount by virtue of said suit.

Robert Irwin.

Certificate Of Elizabeth Irwin.

            I have just read a note signed by my son, Robert Irwin, in regard to a certain editorial in the Macomb Journal, bringing in question the character of Wm. H. Neece. The facts stated in my son’s note are true, as I understand them.

Elizabeth Irwin.

            Oct. 3rd, 1864.

Statement of W. H. Randolph.

Macomb, Oct. 5, 1864.

Editor Macomb Journal,

Dear Sir – I have been shown a statement by Wm. H. Neece for publication in the Macomb Journal, in which my name is used and my conduct criticised, and as said statement abound in falsehood and misrepresentation, I deem it but just to myself and the public that a plain, unreserved and truthful statement of all facts connected with the case should be published.

Sometime in the summer of 1860 it came to my knowledge [fold] had purchased at a sale for taxes a certain tract of land belonging to the heirs of James Irwin, deceased, and occupied by the widow of the deceased. I ascertained from the record that Mr. Neece had paid the sum of seventy-eight cents, including costs, for said tract of land, and that in a settlement with the widow and her sons for the same, he had charged them the value of a good horse. I thought this looked something like extortion, if not downright swindling, and I felt indignant that it should be practiced upon a widow with limited means who in her honest simplicity had supposed the amount charged by Mr. Neece to be his honest due. I gave to Mrs. Irwin a true version of the facts in the case, and at the request of the widow and her sons in their behalf, I commenced a suit against Mr. Neece for the amount which he had extorted from them. Upon learning of the suit, Mr. Neece met me upon the street, and heaped upon me the most vile abuse, accompanied by threats of personal violence, because I would not withdraw the suit. The case came to trial before Justice Wm. S. Hail, and resulted in a verdict against Mr. Neece of twenty-nine dollars and forty-seven cents.

A few days since I was at the house of Mrs. Irwin and her sons in company with Mr. C. L. Sanders. Mrs. I, and her son expressed regret that such a man as Mr. Neece should have been nominated as a candidate for the legislature, and expressed themselves as decidedly hostile to his election. They also took occasion to express their warmest thanks to me for the part I had taken in this matter, and gave me full authority, whenever I should deem it expedient, to make public these facts.

A transcript of this suit from the docket of Justice Hail, as well as the original certificate of purchase by the County Clerk to Wm. H. Neece, in which it is shown that seventy-eight cents was the sum paid by Mr. Neece for the land of Mrs. Irwin, I have placed in the hands of the editors of the Journal for the inspection of any person who questions the correctness of this statement.

Wm. H. Randolph.

Statement of C. L. Sanders.

Journal Office, Oct. 5th, 1864.


Having accompanied Mr. Randolph to the widow Irwin’s some three weeks ago, and heard the statement as made by her son James, — every word of which was endorsed by the mother – I think it incumbent upon myself, since Mr. Neece has seen proper to deny it – to endorse the statement of Mr. Randolph as far as the interview was concerned. The facts substantiated, not only the developments made in the Journal of last week, but the same as represented in Mr. Randolph’s statement.

The son James – since deceased – said on that occasion that, “Mr. Neece had acted the rascal with his mother, and if he lived to get to the polls in November, he would vote against Neece and the party which countenanced such villany.” He furthermore declared, that he had no objection to a full publication of all the facts connected with the case, in which assertion he was sustained by his mother.

The suit never was withdrawn, which fact is established by the justice’s docket, a transcript of which, together with the original certificate of purchase is in the Journal office for the inspection of all incredulous ones.

C. L. Sanders.



Facts to be Remembered.

            REMEMBER that Wm. H. Neece, the peace candidate for the legislature, endeavored through chicanery and fraud to take advantage of a poor widow, who, reposing trust in him, was wronged out of a portion of her hard earnings.

REMEMBER, that John H. Hungate, the copperhead candidate for Circuit Clerk, was secretary of an indignation meeting, held at Campbell’s Hall, in February last, where the soldiers were disparaged and villified.

REMEMBER, that L. F. Smith, the secession candidate for Sheriff, wrote a letter to a member of the 2nd Ill. Cav., advising him to desert.

REMEMBER, that arrayed against these men we have Alexander Blackburn, the poor man’s friend, for the legislature; John B. Cummings, the sturdy friend and defender of the soldier, for Circuit Clerk, and Capt. G. L. Farwell, who has served his country faithfully and honorably for three years, for Sheriff.



S C R I B B L I N G S.
By J. K. M.

            The draft has caught Charley Mead, of the C. B. & Q. R. R., and John Wood, jr., son of ex-Gov. Wood, both of Quincy. A son of Hon. I. N. Morris is also among the lucky ones.

            Vallandigham supports McClellan for the Presidency. Has Val become a War Democrat, or has Mac become a Peace Democrat? Who can answer?

            The Eagle of last week publishes a “remarkable article” from the Richmond Enquirer. Here is another “remarkable article” from the same paper of July 30th:

“We regard Gen. Lee as an arrant pipe-layer for the Democratic Convention at Chicago, and Gen. Early has gone over to stump the States of Maryland and Pennsylvania for the peace party.”

The following from the Charleston Mercury of the 5th ult., the Eagle might also style as “remarkable” but I can’t see any thing remarkable in it:

“If we hold our own and prevent further military successes on the part of our foes, there is every prospect that McClellan will be elected, and his election on the Chicago platform must lead to peace and our independence.”

            The fifth resolution in the Chicago Peace Platform speaks of the shameful disregard of the administration in respect to “our fellow citizens who now are, and long have been, prisoners of war.” This is supposed to apply to the rebel prisoners now in our hands, and under “arbitrary arrest” at camp Chase, Rock Island, and other places.

            The Eagle is shedding tears of bitter grief over the “thirty-five thousand soldiers confined in the rebel house of death” at Richmond. I am glad to perceive this show of sympathy for Union soldiers. I have read in times past in the Eagle that every life taken in this war was unjustifiable as life taken contrary to civil law, and hence, according to the Eagle logic, these 35,000 soldiers were no better than murderers. – But now the Eagle wails and laments over the sufferings of these poor soldiers. Out upon such hypocrisy. – There is not a Union soldier in rebel hands but who would spurn with contempt all such sympathy as that proffered by the Eagle. Some of these prisoners have destitute families residing in this county, and what has your copperhead Board of Supervisors done in the way of affording them relief? – Why nothing – absolutely nothing! I have seen and conversed with many exchanged prisoners, but I have never found one in sympathy with the copperhead, disunion doctrines preached in the Macomb Eagle. And the Eagle has the effrontery to claim them all, or nearly all, for McClellan. They would see Little Mac and the Eagle in the bottomless pit first.

            Some few days since there were three or four good and true Union men of this city engaged in a neighborly conversation upon the political aspect of the times, when it was remarked by one of the party that he believed a fair and candid public discussion of the respective merits of Lincoln and McClellan would result in good to the Union cause. These gentlemen, knowing the ready disposition of our neighbor Abbott to expound the principles of Democracy according to Vallandigham, were of opinion that he was a fit representative of the Democracy of this county, and my own name was suggested as one who would probably be willing to meet him on the stump in defence of Union principles. One of the party soon after saw Mr. Abbott and broached the matter to him, and he requested a few days for consideration. – I was then approached upon the subject and for the first time informed of what had transpired. I expressed myself as having no objection, to meeting Mr. Abbott in public discussion, if all parties were agreed. Mr. Abbott was then informed of my willingness to meet him, and by this time Abbott had discovered insuperable objections to meeting me in discussion. And now, my dear readers, I regret that I am unable to tell you just what those objections [obscured] Mr. Abbott said they were of a personal nature. Well, now, you can guess the character of those objections. Mr. Abbott is a very tidy man, and I wear soldier’s clothes, which may be distasteful to him. Or perhaps Mr. Abbott may have laid it to heart, that little affair where he called me a poltroon, and I called him a liar. Now if I should condescend to meet Mr. Abbott on the stump I can’t conceive of any objection that he might not waive in compensation for my condescension. But nevertheless, I am willing to go still further. I cannot agree to lay aside my soldier’s clothes – I am too proud of them – but I will agree to wash and shave up, and put on a clean shirt, and try and look as neat and tidy as Mr. Abbott himself, if he will only consent to divide time with me in discussing before the people of the county the political issues which divide us.



→ Brown on the south side of public square is taking the lead in selling boots and shoes, or hats and caps, for he has on hand and is receiving the best stock ever brought here. He keeps a full assortment, from an infants shoe to a heavy custom made kip boot. And he can and will sell cheaper than any other house here. If you want to save money in buying goods in his line, go and look at his stock and prices before buying.



Meeting at the Court-House. – An adjourned meeting of the Lincoln and Johnson club, convened at the Court House on Monday evening, a goodly number being in attendance. – The Rev. Mr. Rhea, Pastor of the M. E. Church addressed the audience, and we regret that our space will not permit us to give his remarks at length. – For two hours he held the audience spell bound, by the eloquent logic of a devoted Union man. In the course of this address, he remarked, that no doubt his speech would be heard from again, but he considered it as much his duty to proclaim loyalty and fealty to his country, as a citizen, as to preach the doctrine of the Bible in his capacity of minister, and his mouth could not be locked for dollars and cents.

We hope to have the pleasure of hearing Mr. Rhea again, and bespeak for him, the approval of all loyal men in the country.



Good News. – A letter from Lloyd Thomas, Co. A, 16th V. V. Inf. informs us that Sergt. G. L. Hainline, Corp. W. H. Hainline and Private James M. Forrest, have returned to the regiment having been exchanged. The three [?] young fellows – it will be remembered – were captured on the 20th of July and we congratulate them on so early a return to God’s people. They deserve a furlough and a vote for Abraham Lincoln, which they will cast if home in time for the election. Mr. Thomas also informs us that the 16th has lost none of its loyalty; but with few exceptions are for the re-election of Mr. Lincoln and a further vigorous prosecution of the war. Bully for the 16th.



→ A Union meeting will be held in Bethel township Saturday evening, 9th inst., at the school house near the residence of George Venard. Good speakers have promised to attend.



A Nuisance. – For some nights back, the good citizens of this moral city, have been disturbed by a party of midnight prowlers, who, with tin horns, drums, and every other conceivable noisy instrument makes night hideous with their dissipated carousels. When we reflect that we have a constabulary and yet no measures taken to stop these disturbances, we are inclined to believe that the anti-license law is not much of a benefit at last. Some of these young bloods are known, and a continuance of this nuisance will compel us to publish the names, if our city authorities do not take the matter in hand.



Lincoln and Johnson Club. – A meeting was held at the Court House on Friday night for the purpose of organizing this club, when the organization was completed by the election of the following officer.

President, O. F. Piper,

Vice do.   Thos. Freeman.

Secretary, James Venable.

Treasurer, Geo. W. Bailey.



At Campbell’s Hall To-Night. – Prof. Clamber, the celebrated Wizard of the Alps, gives one of his highly amusing and interesting entertainments at Campbell’s Hall this evening. Our exchanges speak highly of the Professor wherever he has been. We can safely promise a rich treat to all who attend.



Glee Club. – We have the pleasure to announce that we will now have in Macomb good local music throughout the campaign. Under the immediate supervision of those talented vocalists, F. R. Kyle and Geo. W. Bailey, a glee club has been organized, among the members of which we note, Mr. D. M. Graves, and Mr. R. McDonald. We speak from personal knowledge, when we say that all who hear them, will say they are more than fair representatives of the Lumbard, Bro.’s. They sing to-day (Friday) at the mass meeting. Let all who love good local music go and hear the Lincoln and Johnson glee club.



A Raid on the Randolph House. – On Friday night a number of young ladies and gentlemen, took possession – but not forcibly – of the dancing hall and parlors of this popular Hotel. – The occasion was one of uninterrupted enjoyment, and after dancing muchly, and partaking of the good things furnished by the Proprietor each and every young gallant, took unto himself a fair daughter of Eve – not matrimonially – and wended their way homeward rejoicing.



The meeting at Springfield. – D. G. Tunnicliffs Esq. and Capt. G. L. Farwell returned yesterday, (Thursday) morning from Springfield, and gives us a glowing description of the mass meeting held there on Wednesday. Gov. Yates, Wm. Pitt Kellogg, Gen. Jno. A. Logan and other able speakers were present to address the immense assemblage which had congregated to hear the truth expounded. The good work goes on and it does us an immense amount of good to record the enthusiasm which greets our speakers upon every occasion.



The 137th. — This regiment of hundred days men was mustered out on the 24th ult. The boys from this county have all, or nearly all arrived at home looking none the worse, for their brief sojourn in Dixie. Thad. Huston, who was wounded in the attack of Forest on Memphis is able to be about on crutches. The regiment has not yet been paid, but are expecting payment next week. A vote was taken in the regiment at C. B. on the Presidential question which resulted as follows:

For Lincoln                                                   596.
For McClellan,                                               48.



→ The Lincoln & Johnson club meets at the court house every Monday evening. Speakers have been engaged for the next meeting.



Dick Yates!




The Draft.

            The drawing for this county commenced on Wednesday. We have heard from six townships, the result of which we publish below.

Walnut Grove.

James Ewing,                          Moses Hoyt,
Charles Elting,                        James Boyles,
G. W. Curtis,                           Harvey Dugan,
Henry Herlocker,                    Frederick Cruser,
Christian Englehart,                — Tracy,
A. W. Lancy,                          William D. Stark,
George Hoy,                           Thomas McMahan,
Wesley Dodge,                       William Thompson,
Jackson W. Sneider,                George Harmon,
Samuel Noel,                           Franklin Thompson,
James Langston,                      Elijah Boyles,
William Tanner,                       J. G. L. Michel,
John M. Bowers                      Lewis Evelsizer.


                                    William C. McGrath,              Jonas Ringer,
William H. Parker,                  Thomas W. Nunn,
William McHenry,                  George Jones,
George Suntker,                      Alfred N. Chase,
Francis M. Bash,                     Jonas Lindsey,
Francis M. Beck,                     Samuel Jones,
John F. Watson,                      Isaac P. Monfort,
Robert Littleson,                     Rich’d M. Hammer,
James Boyd,                            Archibald Watson,
Thomas L. Sanders,                John A. Provine,
Weston Simmons,                   Charles Andrews.

New Salem.

                                    William Mercer,                      Thompson Wilkey,
Andrew J. Grimm,                  William Leety,
John Vaughn,                          Barton Husted,
Willis Graves,                          William B. Swango,
John Carrelson,                       John Douglas,
David Littlejohn,                    George McQueed,
Reuben J. Nebergall,               Solomon Cox,
George T. Harland,                 Shadrack Mitchell,
Joseph Chambers,                   David Miller.


                                    James Langston,                      William Darnshan,
David Breener,                        Thomas W. Ausbury,
Jonathan A. Mick,                   Woodford Chappell,
Peter Van Buren,                    James Hartford,
George Cox,                            W. R. Pennington,
Henry Long,                            Thomas E. Smedley,
James T. Pile,                          Enoch C. Dawson,
Elijah Keach,                           Erastus Eastman,
George R. Price,                      Moore Marshall,
John W. Chipman,                  John A. Seward.


                                    John Caley,                             John Beal,
James Lawrence,                     Leonard Yeast,
John H. Croul,                         John Wrel,
Nicholas Comes,                     James Thompson,
Jacob Wagoner,                       Richard S. Smith,
Benj. F. Hartsook,                   Elias Steel,
Tobias P. Little,                       Jacob E. Medaris,
Leander Quait,                                    Benj. F. Smith,
John W. Putnam,                     Esa Boaz,
Elias Kelsoe,                           William Word,
Augustus Garrett,                   David A. Calliflower,
Joseph Moirin,             Martin V. Markham.


                                    Christopher Vail.                     John Peak.

October 1, 1864

Macomb Eagle


Lincoln Responsible for their Sufferings and Death.

The Negro the only obstacle to Exchange.

            The wrongs, indignities, and privations suffered by our (white) soldiers would move me to consent to anything to procure their exchange, except to barter away the honor and faith of the government of the United States, which has been solemnly pledged to the colored [nigger] soldiers in its employ.

Benj. F. Butler,
Maj. Gen. and Ag’t of Exchange.

            All other questions between us may be postponed for future settlement, but the fair exchange of colored soldiers and of their white soldiers will be insisted on by the government before another rebel soldier or officer will be exchanged.

Wm. Whiting,
Solicitor of the War Department.

How the White Soldiers Suffer and Die.

            From the memorial of the 35,000 perishing prisoners in the pen of pestilence and famine at Andersonville, Ga.:

The Situation of the Men.

To the President of the United States:

These 35,000 men are confined in a field of some thirty acres, enclosed by a board fence, heavily guarded. About one-third have various kinds of indiffierent shelter, or even shade of any kind, and are exposed to the storms and rains which are of almost daily occurrence; the cold dews of the night, and the more terrible effects of the sun striking with almost tropical fierceness upon their unprotected heads. This mass of men jostle and crowd each other up and down the limits of their enclosure, in storm or sun, and others lie down upon the pitiless earth at night with no other covering than the clothing upon their backs, few of them having even a blanket. * * Thousands are without pants or coat, and hundreds without even a pair of drawers to cover their nakedness.

The Scanty Ration.

            To these men, as indeed to all prisoners, there is issued three-quarters of a pound of bread or meal, and one-eighth pound of meat per day. – This is the entire ration, and upon it the prisoner must live or die. The meal is often unsifted and sour, and the meat such as at the north is consigned to the soapmaker.

Sickness and Death.

            But to starvation and exposure, to sun and storm, add the sickness which prevails to a most alarming and terrible extent. On an average one hundred die daily. * * It needs no comment, no effort at word painting, to make such a picture stand out boldly in most horrible colors.

Despair and Idiocy – Death Courted.

            They are fast losing hope, and becoming utterly reckless of life. Numbers, crazed by their sufferings, wander about in a state of idiocy; others deliberately cross the “dead line,” and are remorselessly shot down.

The Character of Men Left to Such a Fate by Lincoln.

            Few of them have been captured except in the front of battle, in the deadly encounter, and only when overpowered by numbers. They constitute as gallant a portion of our armies as carry our banners anywhere. If released, they would soon return to the army again to do vigorous battle for our cause.

Why They Suffer and Die – The men Understand the Reason – the Negro.

            We are told that the only obstacle in the way of exchange is the status of enlisted negroes captured from our armies, the United States claiming that the cartel covers all who come under its flag, and the Confederate States refusing to consider the colored [nigger] soldiers, heretoore slaves, as prisoners of war.

The negro Prisoners of War for Whom our White Men are Sacrificed – How they Live and are Cared For.

            The blacks on the contrary, are seldom imprisoned. They are distributed among the citizens, or employed on government works. Under these circumstances, they receive enough to eat and are worked no harder than they have been accustomed to be. They are neither starved, nor killed off by pestilence in the dungeons of Richmond and Charleston. It is true they are again made slaves; but their slavery is freedom and happiness compared with the cruel existence imposed upon our gallant men. They are not bereft of hope, as are the white soldiers, dying by piece-meal. Their chances of escape are tenfold greater than those of the white soldiers, and their condition, in all its lights, is tolerable in comparison with that of the prisoners of war now languishing in the dens and pens of secession.

Views and Conclusions of the Memorialists.

            We are profoundly impressed with the conviction that the circumstances of the two classes of soldiers are so widely different that the government can honorably consent to an exchange, waiving for the time the established principle justly claimed in the case. – Let 35,000 suffering, starving and dying men aid this appeal. By prompt and decided action in their behalf, 35,000 heroes will be made happy. For the 800 commissioned officers now prisoners, we urge nothing. Although desirous of returning to our duty, we can hear imprisonment with more fortitude if the enlisted men, whose sufferings we know to be intolerable, were restored to liberty and life.


James C. Robinson to Speak in Macomb!

            The State central committee, for some unimaginable cause, failed to make an appointment for Mr. Robinson at Macomb. But our citizens are determined that he shall not pass through our city without giving them a short call, at least. We therefore publish an appointment for the next Governor of Illinois, at

Macomb, Thursday Evening, October 6th, at 7 o’clock.

            Let the people from the country adjacent to the city turn out and give our noble standard-bearer in the gubernatorial contest a rousing welcome.


Grand Mass Meeting


Democracy of McDonough County,


Macomb, Friday, October 14th.

            The county central committee have the pleasure of announcing a grand mass meeting at Macomb, and that the following distinguished speakers have been invited and are confidently expected to attend:

Hon. D. W. VORHEES of Ind.,

A. C. DODGE, of Iowa,



And others.

            Men of McDonough! Need we urge upon you the importance of making one grand demonstration in harmony with the efforts of the friends of constitutional Liberty in other counties and States? – Everywhere the masses of our countrymen are moving as “with the sound of many waters,” to the rescue of our distracted and perishing nation. Are we less concerned than others in the things that pertain to our country’s salvation and peace? The foes of your liberty and of the Union of our Fathers are defiantly working for the overthrow of our Government and the enslavement of our people under the black yoke of a hateful abolition despotism. – Then turn out in your pride and strength – with wagons and horsemen – with your wives and little ones – with music and the old colors flying – “terrible as an army with banners!”


A Soldier’s Opinion.

            We are permitted to take the following extract from the letter of a soldier in the 103rd Illinois regiment, and addressed to his mother, a resident of Fulton county. Although written more than a year ago, yet time has justified the conclusions of the writer:

LaGrange, Tenn., Apr. 14, 1863.

            You spoke about there being a great diversity of opinion among the people about the war. I hope the excitement in the North will soon be over. It is hard to look at the way the abolitionists are trying to do. I am confident the Democratic party will have the present difficulty to settle. I do not think it right to acknowledge the independence of the South, but if the abolitionists still persist in their course I am afraid we shall have it to do. – Fighting will not restore the Union as long as there remains such a diversity of opinion. I have sometimes thought that the Democrats were a little too hasty; but when I would settle down on a conclusion it was that they were doing nothing but what was right. I think if a convention could have been called and reasonable terms offered to the South, upon which to settle the present troubles, they would have accepted them; but if in such a case they would not consent to peace, and were determined to try to gain their independence in spite of us, we would then have found a united North and been able to give them a flaxing. But no, the African is not yet free, we have not yet accomplished our design; we have not made quite money enough; we must get our pockets full; the negro free, and put on an equality with the white man, and then we will say to one and all, just let the Union slide. Thus argue the abolitionists. Such purposes are enough, it would seem, to start the spirit of our father Washington from the grave, to condemn them.

M. D.


A Voice from the Libby Prison.

            We call attention to the article in another column showing, from official documents, why our prisoners are not exchanged, and why 35,000 brave men are left to suffer and perish in the pestilence pens at Andersonville, Ga. Read it, Americans, and if you have a friend in that prison, or who being in the army is like to become a prisoner, whether the man is responsible for this terrible sacrifice of brave soldiers at the shrine of abolitionism and negro equality – this enormous wickedness crying to Heaven for vengeance – is fit to be reinstated in the presidential chair and entrusted with the lives and property and destiny of thirty millions of people? And then ask yourselves whether these thirty-five thousand soldiers confined in the rebel house of death are now praying for the reelection of Abraham Lincoln? As friends of these soldiers, and as your hearts bleed at the story of their terrible sufferings, will you doom them to further misery and horrible death, by voting for Lincoln?

It is not difficult to believe that the votes of these 35,000 soldiers, could they be registered in November next, would show a unanimity like that prevailing among the three hundred and seventy soldiers still confined in the Libby prison. On hearing of the nomination of McClellan these brave and suffering men expressed their preference for President as follows:

For McClellan…………………………………………………………..367
For Lincoln………………………………………………………………..3

Remember these men at the polls!

P. S. After the above was put in type, we see a dispatch from Washington, stating that “Mr. Lincoln has refused to see Mr. Tracy, the commissioner from the federal prisoners at Andersonville, Ga.” No more brutal or fiendish act was ever deliberately committed by any despot on the earth. Language is tame to express the utter detestation and scorn which Americans should feel toward the fanatical president who sacrifices these brave men by the hundred every day, and refuses even to hear the recital of their sufferings. This cruelty to white soldiers is permitted to go on in order to enforce the abolition dogma of negro equality. – Again we say, remember these soldiers at the polls!


Mr. Peffer in McDonough.

            Hon. H. K. Peffer, the Democratic candidate for senator, has been spending the present week in this county, addressing the people on the political questions of the day. He began at Blandinville on Monday afternoon, where he addressed a large and attentive audience for nearly two hours. – His speech there, as well as at other points, was a masterly and eloquent effort. He quotes from the record and proves that the leading republicans have for years been sowing the seeds of disunion and revolution, and that the present terrible harvest of suffering and death is but the natural and inevitable result of their teachings – that Lincoln is incapable of wisely or even impartially administering the affairs of the Government – that he is surrounded and controlled by men who are demagogues in policy and fanatics in principle, and to be delivered from them and their misrule is the great duty of the hour. Mr. Peffer is doing a good work; he is making an impression that will redound to the advantage of himself and the cause of the country which he so earnestly advocates. Candid, logical, dignified, and earnestly persuasive, no man can take offense at his remarks, or fail to be convinced if he at all open to be convinced. Democrats who fail to hear Mr. Peffer lose a rare treat, and others who stay away from his appointments know not what they do


The Abolition Meeting.

            The meeting of the abolitionists of this county on Friday last was a miserable failure. They made great efforts to get up a crowd – their appeals to the people were almost frantic. But it was of no avail, the crowd did not accumulate, the people staid at home. It was a complete fizzle, viewed in the light of a demonstration. Not more than two or three hundred were present, of whom a goodly portion were stanch old Democrats, who are bomb-proof against any abuse from the vocabulary of abolitionism.

The speakers were sufficient in number, but terribly deficient in ability. “Major Hugh Fullerton: led off. His speech was a compound of panegyric upon his own virtues and abuse of some persons whom he styled “the damned copperheads.” Fool erton is the way his name should be spelled, as this orthography would furnish a key to the man and his consequences.

Richard Jerusalem Oglesby was the next speaker. He, too, labored under the weight of copperhead on the brain. He strutted and swelled and inflated his red nose like a turkey gobbler’s snout, and after roaring his brief hour subsided, to the relief of the crowd, many of whom had already left the ground.

Master Benny Prentis and Jacky Grimshaw were on hand, but they did not hurt nor frighten anybody. The latter was very savage toward the rebels, and if he only had courage enough to shoulder a musket and go where the rebels are, he no doubt would make an end of them immediately, if not sooner.

The efforts of all the speakers were notoriously void of argument to show that Lincoln was worthy of the confidence of the people – that he had preserved the public tranquility – that he had promoted the general welfare – that he had insured the happiness and prosperity of the nation. They forgot to justify his administration, or to predicate an argument for the future, founded on the past. They forgot all this, and in its stead consumed the time in abusing Democrats. A gives B an ugly name, and then abuses him for being called so. So these abolition speakers called the Democrats copperheads, and then fell to abusing them because they were called copperheads. This is very handy, and we suppose Oglesby pursued this course because he was mentally incapable of pursuing any other. Viewed in this light we do not feel like scoring him much. – Men of small calibre, like him, can be tickled with a straw, and when they set up a “man of straw and knock it down,” they imagine they have done a wonderful feat. Let us not disturb Oglesby while he indulges in such childish recreations as are suited to his boyish mind.


            → The fact has become known that as fast as the western regiments return home, as the term of their enlistment expires, their arms are distributed to secret abolition organizations. When these lilly-livered “wide awakes” attempt to use these arms they will meet their quietus suddenly and so thoroughly that Satan himself will be astonished at the suddenness with which they are thrown upon his hands.


            → Rev. Dr. Warren, who holds some sort of a commission in the army, and who has been living for some time where she-niggers are plenty, made a speech on Friday night, in behalf of the republican cause. We didn’t hear it, but we are told by some who did that we could not state the speaker’s points without offending against that standard of decency which should obtain in every respectable newspaper. We therefore pass it.


            → When Oglesby arrived in town Thursday night, he said to a dozen or more men and boys who had assembled to get a look at the roaring bull of Bashan, that wait till tomorrow and he would “give the traitors hell.” Owing to the amount of water that fell the next day we think his fire didn’t burn any body “muchly.”


            → We do not know whether the rain of last Friday should be taken as an evidence of the displeasure of Heaven at the attempts of the loyal leaguers to abolitionize the people of McDonough county – but it does seem as if Providence was throwing cold water on their wicked efforts.


            → The corn crop in this county is now beyond danger from frost. It is probably the largest crop ever raised in the county. The number of acres in cultivation is larger than any previous year, and the average yield per acre is equal to any heretofore known.


            → The day of the republican meeting at Macomb was ushered in with a fine shower of rain, which was of incalculably more advantages to the country than all the meetings which that party can hold from now till the day of its doom.


            → Gov. Yates did not attend the abolition meeting in Macomb last week. The reason is supposed to be, that he heard Macomb was a temperance town – no whisky sold here – and he concluded that he had business elsewhere.


            → As a shower of rain is the only good thing that ever results from the holding of an abolition meeting in this town, it is a pity one was not held several weeks ago – say in time for the rain to have been a benefit to the potato crop.


            → We are indebted to S. H. Murfin, Esq., for a gallon of sorghum, of the new crop. – Squire M. makes a most excellent article and while we get “sweetening” of that [?] we shall not desire to look farther.

September 30, 1864

Macomb Journal

Grand Rally


U N I O N !

            A grand mass meeting of the Union people of McDonough and adjourning counties will be held at Macomb on Friday, October 7th, at noon. The soldiers’ friend and patriotic Governor of the State, Richard Yates, Hon. Wm. Pitt Kellogg, and other eminent speakers, will certainly be present. Let every Union man devote that day to his country. Come with your wives and your children. Come soldiers of the Union, ye wounded and battle scarred heroes. Come ye soldiers’ wives, widows and orphans, to see, hear, and give a hearty welcome to the Soldiers’ Friend, and let us make it the grandest day, old McDonough has ever seen.


Joint Discussion.

            The following is the schedule of appointments in this county for Hon. Lew. Ross and Major Hugh Fulerton:

Macomb,                     October,                      25th.
Prairie City,                      “                            26th.
Speaking to commence at 1 o’clock, P. M.


            → Remember, people of McDonough County, the action of the Copperhead Board of Supervisors in refusing to contribute to the support of soldiers, families. Remember that these same men are now asking for your votes, and though they can vote a reward of three hundred dollars for the capture of a criminal, they can find no law to appropriate one thousand dollars, for the support f the dependent soldiers’ wives, widows and children in our midst.


A Contrast.

            My voice today is for conciliation; my voice is for compromise; and it is but the echo of the voice of my commitments. I beg you, gentlemen, who with me represent the northwest; you who with me represent the State of Ohio; you who with me represent the city of Cincinnati – I beg you, gentlemen, to hear that voice. If you will not; if you find conciliation impossible; if your differences are so great that you cannot or will not reconcile them, then, gentlemen, let the seceding States depart in peace; let them establish their government and empire, and work out their destiny according to the wisdom which God has given them. – Geo. H. Pendleton in the House of Representatives.

So soon it is as clear, or even probable, that our present adversaries are really for peace upon the basis of the Union, we should exhaust all our resources of statesmanship practiced by civilized nations and taught by the traditions of the American people consistent with the honor and interests of the country to secure such peace, re-establish the Union, and guarantee for the future the constitutional rights of every State. The Union is the one condition of peace; we ask no more.

If a frank, earnest, and persistent effort to obtain these objects should fail, the responsibility for ulterior consequences will fall upon those who remain in arms against the Union; but the Union must be preserved at all hazards. – Geo. B. McClellan’s letter of acceptance.

Can the Eagle tell which of these men’s principles it endorses. At heart it prefers Pendleton, but policy dictates that it should advocate the success of their vile, corrupt party, on the McClellan basis.


            → The Eagle s terribly exercised because the position of their party is not fairly stated. Their creed has been published so often that it has become a household word, and may be summed up in the word LIE. With a conglomeration of war and peace, they seek to defraud the honest voters of the country by howling “war to the knife” on one side of their platform and “peace on any terms” on the other. After vilifying and heaping abuse upon our brave soldiers, they tell them that they have their sympathy. They tell us that immediate efforts must be made for a cessation of hostilities, that the states may hold a convention, when they know that the seceded states, scorns and repudiates their offers as they did those of Mr. Lincoln. This is their position and we know of no loyal Journal in the country, that has not fairly and truthfully defined it, taking for their authors the platforms, candidate and speeches of their whole copperhead breed throughout the land.



By J. K. M.

            Correction. – I was unable to read the proof of the “scribbling” I penned for last week’s Journal, and cousemently several provoking blunders crept into print, the most of which the good sense of the readers would probably correct, but the statement that I had abandoned the money due me from comrades in the 78th regiment on subscriptions to the Journal, I am not disposed let go uncorrected. I wrote that I had advanced the money on those [rest obscured by tear].

From the 78th. – I have received three or four private letters from friends in the 78th which inform me that the regiment is now camped about a mile and a half outside of the city limits of Atlanta, and the men appear to enjoy their days of rest. All were permitted to visit the conquered city without hindrance, and many were availing themselves of the privilege. – The regiment had not been paid on the 15th, but the pay rolls were being made out, and probably before this time the regiment has been paid. One friend writes that not hearing the roaring of musketry and artillery it seems very much like the peaceful Sabbaths they used to enjoy at home.

Capt. G. H. Reynolds of this county is now Brigade Provost Marshal.

It has been ascertained that the 78th captured more prisoners than the regiment numbered.

            My friend, Benj. Gill, writes me that Wilson McCandless of this township, assisted by some others, took one of the captured cannon at Jonesboro, and turned it upon the enemy, and sent them some of the compliments they had designed for “Lincoln’s hirelings.” Good for Wilson.

            I have received no late news from the members of our regiment, now prisoners in the hands of the rebels. I hope to hear of some plan of exchange soon. I have no doubt their sufferings are severe. Several have been called to their long home, and the next news we hear from them we shall probably learn of the death of more. We have information of the death of the following, belonging to Co. I, — L. Allshouse, Chris. Brown, Samuel Gibson, David Vincent, Richard Allen.

            Sylvester McFall, of Blandinville, who was wounded in the right arm in the early part of August last, is now at Hospital No. 19, Nashville. He has suffered terribly with his wound, and it was thought at one time that his arm would have to be amputated. His wound is now doing better, and he will probably reach home before the election.

            It rained, and blowed, and thundered and lightned, and a thick, pitchy darkness hung over this portion of God’s footstool on Wednesday evening last, but notwithstanding the unpropitious state of the weather there was quite a respectable gathering at the centre school house in Scotland township on that evening. Our worthy candidate for Representative, Alex. Blackburn, addressed the audience at some length in a speech abounding with good sense, and plain and candid argument. The writer hereof was called out and made a few remarks. Our editorial friend, Sanders, was also called upon, and his remarks caused a little squirming and writhing of a certain copperhead present, who we believe is reported to be a candidate for Sheriff against the brave and gallant soldier, Captain Farwell. Mr. Sanders alluded to a certain letter alleged to have been written by the said copperhead candidate to a soldier in the field, the import of which was that the soldier would do better to throw away his gun and come home than to be be engaged in freeing niggers and murdering his southern brethren. The copperhead denied writing any such letter, but said he would get the letter and have it published, thus admitting that there was some fire under this cloud of smoke which has been raised about “that letter.” So let all prepare to read the forthcoming letter. We have the promise of the aspiring candidate that the letter shall be published. In the meantime let all suspend judgment in reference to the character of the letter, but if the letter is not published according to promise, then it will be safe to set it down as a fact, what is alleged by more than a dozen respectable witnesses who have read the letter in question, that the said candidate is a miserable copperhead, an aider and abettor of treason, enticing soldiers to desert the flag of their country, and thus a thousand times more worthy of the halter than of the votes of the honest and loyal citizens of McDonough county.

My young friend and former messmate, Richard L. Terry, was severely wounded in the charge upon Kenesaw in June last, and was sent to the rear from the Division Hospital, since which time I have not heard from him. [Rest obscured by tear.]

[Obscured by tear] of Atlanta, an address like this:

Soldiers, in the language of the Democratic platform, after you four years of failure to restore the Union by the experiment of war, I am authorized to say that the sympathy of the Democratic party is heartily extended to you.


Tribute of Respect.

H’qrs 78th Regt. Ill. Vol. Inft.
2nd Brig, 2nd Div, 14th A. C.
Atlanta, Ga., Sep 16, 64.

            At a meeting of the officers of the 78th regiment of Illinois volunteer infantry, held at regimental headquarters on the 14th ult., for the purpose of presenting a testimonial showing their love and esteem for their late commander, Col. Carter Van Vleck, the following was read and adopted:

With sorrowing hearts we bow with reverence before the will of the “Almighty Ruler of the Universe,” who has seen fit in his wisdom to take from among us our late beloved commander, Col. Carter Van Vleck.

Returning to the regiment on the 11th of August, after a short illness brought on by the exhausting labors of the campaign, he had scarcely assumed command when the leaden messenger of death, a stray shot from the enemy, pierced his brain, inflicting a mortal wound.

Lingering on until the evening of the 23d, he breathed out his existence as calmly as the setting sun went down beneath the western horizon.

Thus passed from earth one whose life had been spent in beautiful contrast to the tumultuous scenes of war among which he died. Alas! we shall never again behold that placid countenance, nor hear, as we so often have, on drill and on the field, that full, melodious voice.

Professing to be, he lived as a Christian in his every-day life, and died with a firm trust in God.

As a patriot, there was none more devoted to his country, giving his counsel in peace and his life in war.

In his death we have lost a valuable friend and the regiment a loved commander, one, who, while he enforced obedience to orders, elicited the universal respect of his command.

To his bereaved wife and little daughter we offer our heartfelt sympathy as mourners, and condole with them the melancholy affliction that has fallen so heavily upon them.

With his aged father we share the grief brought to his declining years.

But while we mourn the loss of him who was so recently our companion in arms, we have the consolation of knowing that the sacrifice was given in a cause which he deemed worthy the offering.

Resolved, That a copy of these proceedings be sent to his family and to [hole] and also to be published in the Macomb Journal and Quincy Whig & Republican.

Lt. Col. M. R. Vernon, Ch’n.
H. Veatch, Lt. & Act. Adjt. Secy.



            In Bethel Township, on the 27th of Sept., 1864, HENRY, fifth son of Israel Curtis, in the 15th year of his age.

On the morning of the 17th inst., CATHARINE, daughter of Wm. Hunter, near this city, aged 14 years 1 month and 7 days.

In Macomb, Ill., Sep. 21st, WILLIE, infant son of William S. and Dollie C. Bailey.

Death alas! has taken another “bud of promise.” The cherished hopes of fond parents are again blasted, and hearts are left desolate. But in their sorrow and loneliness faith points them for consolation to those beautiful words of our Savior, “suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of God.”

This death just equally divides the family – two children, above, look down with tender interest upon two parents left on earth. May they all be united one day into one unbroken circle.

“The dove has found its ark, the lamb its fold.

J. J. T.


            A Good Chance. – A beautiful young bay mare, well trained, together with a good harness and top buggy, is offered for sale by a gentleman stopping at Browne’s Hotel in this city. – The mare is certainly a very desirable animal, and we would recommend to our readers to call and look at them.


            Public Sale. – Remember the great sale of lots, which comes off in the flourishing town of Bushnell, on Saturday, October 1st, at 2 o’clock in the afternoon. The property is beautifully situated on the west side of the town, and desirable for investment.


            Notice. – The individual who took a package from my store on Friday last, through mistake, is respectfully requested to return the same immediately.                     I. AUGUST.


            Wanted Immediately. – One hundred seventy five young men and boys, of all shapes and sizes, from the tall, graceful dandy, with hair enough on his upper works to stuff a barber’s cushion down to the little hump-backed, freckled face, bow legged, carrot-headed upstart. The object is to form a gaping corps, to be in attendance at the church door each Sabbath, to stare at the females as they enter or retire, and make indelicate and ungentlemanly remarks on their person and dress. All who wish to enlist in the above corps will appear at the various church doors next Sabbath, where they will be duly inspected, and their names, personal appearance and and quantity of brains registered in a book kept for the purpose and published in the newspapers. To prevent a general rush, it will be well to state that none will be enlisted who possess intellectual capacities above that of a donkey.


            At Home. – Mr. J. W. Nichols, former editor of the Journal, and the Grand Worthy Chief Templar of the Independent Order of Good Templars of the State of Illinois, arrived at home on Monday, after an absence of three months. Mr. N. has been in bad health for some time owing to his arduous labors throughout the State. We welcome him back once more and hope we soon see him restored to perfect health.


            Personal. – Rev. Dr. Warren Chaplain of the 10th Mo. arrived on Thursday last from Vicksburg. The Doctor is looking extremely well and judging from his speech on Thursday night, is feeling well enough, to scath copperheads and help along in the good work of electing our ticket.

Lieut. Jo. Waters of the gallant 84th is also at home, and we find that he has no more sympathy with rebels North, than he had for those South, when he baked biscuits at Chattanoga for two weary boys of the 16th. Joe is rolling up his sleeves, and going into the speaking biz for a short time.

Our friend Mr. Favorite, from Chicago, arrove on Tuesday evening, and his arrival was duly celebrated by his numerous friends.


            → The following are among the new books just received at Clarke’s Bookstore: Woman in Black, Pride of Life, Flirtation in Fashionable Life, Gentleman’s Book of Etiquette and Fashion, Life of Gen. Grant, Life of Secretary Chase, a complete series of Mrs. Holmes’ works, including Marian Grey, Meadow Brook, Dora Dean, etc. Also some of the old standard works.


            “Wizard of the Alps” – Campbell’s Hall – Monday night.


            Ladies Portmonies. – For the finest and best portmonies for the ladies go to Clarke’s Bookstore. He has a very nice lot.


            General Order No. 1. – General opinion says that Watkins & Co. are selling groceries a leetle cheaper than any one else in the city. We think the General is correct, but don’t ask any one to take our word for it, go and see for yourselves. That’s the way to test the matter, and as you go, let your song be,

On wings o love I fly
From Grocer-zz to Grocer-I,

So that you may know where to find them cheap.

September 24, 1864

Macomb Eagle


            “THE UNION IS A THING OF THE PAST, HATED and DESPISED OF EVERY PATRIOT.” – William Bross, of Illinois.


Voting and Fighting for Lincoln.

            Elsewhere in this paper will be found a quotation from Seward’s late speech at Auburn, wherein he insists upon the “divine right” of Lincoln to “be President four years of the whole United States.” This impudent claim is sufficiently answered in the connection, and we desire to call attention to another passage in the same speech:

“How shall we vote then, to save the country from this fearful danger? (Vote Lincoln in again.) You have hit it exactly, my friend. We must vote Lincoln in again, and fight him in at the same time. If we do otherwise, we have only the alternatives of acquiescence in a perpetual usurpation, or of entering an endless succession of civil and social wars.” – Seward’s Speech at Auburn.

What does Seward mean by FIGHTING Lincoln in? Why does he seek to terrify the timid into Lincoln’s support, by threatening “an endless succession of civil and social wars,” as the penalty for a failure to vote Lincoln in? If the republican ticket be defeated then we are to have not only one “social and civil war,” but an “endless succession” of them? Mr. Seward and his party tell us that negro slavery is the only contest in the present civil war. What further war have they in mind? Do they intend to resist the decision of the people at the polls, unless that decision shall be in their favor? Who has uttered language that smacks more strongly of treason and rebellion than this?

But the Secretary says that the republicans “must vote Lincoln in and fight him in at the same time.” We should like to know where this fighting is to be done. Does he mean that electoral votes must be given by Federal bayonets and niggers in Florida, Louisiana, Arkansas, the Carolinas, etc.? Or does he mean that when his party vote for Lincoln they must also fight away all opposition from the polls? What else does he mean when he says that the voting and fighting must be done “at the same time?” To make sure work of it the two jobs must be finished at one blow? Is not this what Seward means – is it not what he meant should be understood from his expressions?

The people will not be deterred from electing McClellan, in consequence of these puerile threats from Lincoln’s chief adviser. They will vote for and elect McClellan, and then, if necessary, fight him into the presidency. Mr. Seward and Mr. Lincoln might as well understand at once that “that’s what’s the matter.”


“Official Documents.”

            Under this head the union leaguers are flooding the country with old Abe’s “Opinions on slavery and its issues.” Scarcely a mail arrives that does not bring large packages of pamphlets for distribution among the “loyal.” And these purport to be “Official documents from the Patent office.” Being marked “official,” they must emanate from the administration. Wonder how much the Government pays for printing Lincoln’s campaign documents? Thus it is that under “official” guise the administration in power prostitutes the the mails for the furtherance of Lincoln’s re-election.


The Terms of Peace.

            Fairness or candor or truth are not to be expected of abolition journals when they speak of the Democratic party or its candidates. To state our positions fairly would destroy their efforts to deceive the people. Hence it is that upon the great question of the country’s Peace, abolitionists furiously and wickedly misrepresent the Democratic candidates. They say we are in favor of “peace at any price” – “a peace recognizing the rebel Confederacy” – “any kind of peace,” etc. Now this is all false. The resolutions of our national convention declare for “Peace on the basis of the Federal Union,” and Gen. McClellan says emphatically that “The Union is the one condition of Peace.” These are the terms of Peace. Language could not be more explicit. They are honorable terms. They are just and equitable to all sections.

The pledge of the Democratic platform to the people of the South as well as the North, is, that an earnest, frank, and fraternal effort should be made for [fold] “without the effusion of another drop of blood” – for the Peace that every intelligent man who is not either a knave or a fanatic would hail with unbounded joy. There is reason to believe that the people of the South are ready to return to the house of their fathers. For our country’s sake let us clear the Lincoln impediments out of the way, and encourage them to come back.


            → The republicans seem to be as little inclined to fight out this war as any other people. At least we think so, from the fact that they are not volunteering, nor making any efforts to get up volunteers. Neither do they want to be drafted. In fact they don’t want to be killed in “Lincoln’s war” at all. Now the way to avoid drafts, and conscriptions, and rebel bullets, is to vote for and elect McClellan. Then there will be no more war – for the Union will be restored without shedding of another drop of blood, and Peace will diffuse its blessings throughout the land.


            → Gen. Grant, in his late letter, says: “All we want now to insure an early restoration of the Union is a determined unity of sentiment North.” Certainly and this unity of sentiment will be made manifest by the election of McClellan. It can never be obtained under Lincoln’s policy. His stubborn demand for “the abandonment of slavery” renders this impossible, and every man of common intelligence knows it. Until this foolish and wicked edict is revoked, there can be neither unity of sentiment North, nor Union sentiment South, upon which to work for reconciliation and peace. Then vote for Little Mac!


            → Abolition journals charge us with “offering a peace which repudiates the purposes of the war.” What is the purpose of the war? Is it to procure “the abandonment of slavery,” as Lincoln says? Is it to re-elect Lincoln President, as Seward says? If either of these or both be the purpose of the war, then the Democracy do repudiate it, and do prefer Peace on the basis of the Federal Union.


            → Republicans generally have much to say about every man’s being either for or against his country. Now, we agree with them fully, in such most obvious premises, but in regard to conclusions, there is more than a slight difference. What are their conclusions from the premises? Why that republicans are the friends, and democrats the enemies of the country! We have always supposed that the more a man upheld and labored for the maintenance of the Constitution and Constitutional Laws of his country, the more he was for his country. But republicans, it seems “don’t see it,” so after trampling the most prominent principles of the Constitution under foot, they turn round and tell us, “you old copperheads, you are always such sticklers for the strict observance of Constitutional Law, you are enemies to your country. We are its true friends! Every man is for or against his country. We are for, and therefore you are against it.” How conclusive!


H. K. Peffer’s Appointments.

            Hon. H. K. Peffer, Democratic candidate for Senator, will address the people of McDonough county, at the following times and places:

Blandinville, Monday afternoon, Sept. 26th.

Knappenberger’s school house, Sciota, same evening.

J. B. Purdy’s school house, Emmit, Tuesday afternoon, 27th.

Macomb, same evening.

Tennessee, Wednesday afternoon, 28th.

Lamoine mills, same evening.

Middletown, Thursday afternoon, 29th.

Center school house, Scotland, same evening.

Industry, Friday afternoon, 30th.

Rinehart’s school house, New Salem, same evening.

Bushnell, Saturday afternoon, Oct. 1st.

Prairie City, same evening.

The afternoon meetings will be held at 1 ½ o’clock, and the evening meetings at 7 o’clock. Other speakers will accompany Mr. Peffer. – It is hoped that all parties – will take the time to attend these meetings, and hear a candid discussion of the “things that pertain to their peace.” The ladies are especially invited.


            → There was a good meeting of the Democracy of the southeast part of McDonough and the adjoining portion of Fulton, at Foster’s Point, on Saturday last. The crowd in attendance was large, probably numbering one thousand persons. A common feeling of devotion to the Union and of earnest enthusiasm for the redemption of our country through the election of McClellan, pervaded every heart. The strong wind that was blowing made it laborious work for the speakers; but notwithstanding this, Mr. T. E. Morgan made a most eloquent and effective speech, scattering to the fierce winds the pretensions of the republican leaders that their policy is designed to promote the general welfare of the people. We regret that we cannot give a synopsis of his speech, for all admit that it was one of the masterly efforts which the present crisis has brought forth.


            → This town has very nearly gone dry. The dust flies in clouds through the streets, the wells on the square are pumped out every day, the water in Crooked creek has dwindled to a span’s breadth, “Green river” has known no flood for many a month, and there is no “lager” in town! What will thirsty people do?

September 23, 1864

Macomb Journal
September 23, 1864

A Bid for the Solders Vote.

The effrontery of the Chicago platform culminates in an insult to the soldiers of the Union. The last resolution extends the sympathy of the Democratic party to them, and promises, [fold] them all the “care and protection, regard and kindness” to which they are entitled. Are the framers of this resolution and the voters for it such asinine wittlings as to suppose the soldiers can be gulled by hypocrisy so transparent? Have they such small acquaintance with human nature as to pretend that those whom they have sneeringly called “Lincoln hirelings” would accept their hollow-hearted proffers of sympathy? They have done every thing they could to discourage and damp the ardor of these brave defenders of the Government. They have worked like beavers to disfranchise these intelligent voters, and to deny them a privilege in the field which they would be compelled to accord at home. They know that men who go to the battle-field to fight for a principle will go to the polls to vote for it, and they are afraid of their exercise of the right of suffrage. They know that the army vote will decide the great question of the day, and that though many in the army are attached personally to McClellan because he was their former leader, their attachment to the cause which he failed adequately to represent, and from active sympathy with which he is now more remotely removed than ever, is ten fold stronger. While these demagogues have labored to create the impression that the war is unjust and injurious, that it is carried on in the interest of partisanship and for the perpetuation of the “Lincoln dynasty,” the soldiers who comprehend the real import of the struggle are offering up their lives upon the altar of their country, and sealing with their blood their devotion to a cause which does not concern their country alone, but in which the great heart of humanity and philanthropy everywhere looks for its chosen embodiment, its favorite impersonation. What bond of sympathy can possibly exist between those who are straining every nerve in favor of slavery, aristocracy and rebellion, and those who are risking capture and imprisonment, maiming and death in the interests of freedom and good government? What affiliation is there between those who indulge in absurd and stupid whining about the coercion of sovereign States, and those who are fighting for a strong, consolidated Government, made up, not of Confederated, but of United States? Do the Copperheads presume when they attempt to flatter the soldiers, that the brave fellows are blind to the slurs of the newspaper press and deaf to the conversations in which it is intimated that they had better stay at home than to be fighting “for the nigger.” It is not very complimentary to the intelligence of those voters who go forth in their country’s defense, to suppose that they can be oblivious to the past, or unconscious of the present. More than this, it is a wanton insult to gloss over with fair words what everybody knows – is rankling in their hearts. They cannot bury written records, nor recall their utterances; they cannot blot out their deeds, nor efface their memories. They cannot consistently at one moment denounce the soldier as a “minion” of Lincoln, and at another cringe at his feet for his vote. They have no business to vote against his right of suffrage, and when it is conceded by large majorities of those who are his true friends, to beg its exercise in their favor. Yet it need not create surprise. A party so lost to all the claims of the present and all the demands of the future as this heterogenous fusion called the democracy, will not hesitate to resort to any means, fair or foul, for the attainment of its ends. But the soldiers whom they have heretofore slighted and insulted will reject their offers with scorn, and rebuke them as they deserve at the ballot box.


Pendleton’s Record.

            The copperhead press, with characteristic effrontery, is endeavoring to bolster up their candidate for the Vice Presidency. With surpassing coolness, they either deny or explain away the allegations of the Union press affecting his loyalty, and the records of his opposition to the war measures of the Government, and of his sympathy with Jeff. Davis and his followers in their treasonable designs. If Mr. Pendleton is not a secessionist, perhaps the Eagle will obligingly instruct us how to construe the language of his speech in the House of Representatives, January 18th, 1861, in opposition to the bill to provide for the collection of duties on imports – substantially the same, as most of our readers can recollect, as that which was passed under similar during Gen. Jackson’s administration. In this speech – which may be found in the Appendix to the Congressional Globe, XXXVI Congress, Second Session – he contended that the Government had no right to enforce its laws in the seceded States.

Mr. Buchanan had nominated Mr. McIntyre, of Pennsylvania, [fold] on Charleston harbor, and Mr. Pendleton, who dissented from such a course on the part of the Government, enjoys the signal honor of being the only Northern man who stood up in opposition to the Government’s policy. In the course of his remarks, he urged his fellow members to yield disgraceful concessions to the armed traitors of the South, who were preparing to strike a deadly blow at the life of the nation, adding these words:

“If you will not; if you find conciliation impossible; if your differences are so great that you cannot or will not reconcile them; gentlemen, let the seceding States depart in peace; let them establish their government and empire, and work out their destiny according to the wisdom which God has given them.”

All testimony goes to show that Mr. Pendleton has acted consistently with this view during the rebellion, and we must accordingly give him credit for his consistency. He, at least, will cling to the peace plank of the platform which McClellan has deliberately kicked overboard. But does it ever occur to the people, that if this inharmoniously-yoked couple should be elected, to ask themselves what kind of President Mr. Pendleton would make in case of McClellan’s death.

Does the Eagle with its blasphemous treason endorse Mr. Pendleton in his endeavors to acknowledge secession, contrary to all law, of which they claim to be the exponents? Please come out and make some issue, as we have a few more facts on which we wish you to express an opinion.



Democratic Consistency.

            Messrs. Editors: By your permission I wish to say a few things through the Journal upon the above subject. – The writer of this has never been one who much believes in the consistency of democracy. On the contrary, a life long experience has convinced him that if he wished to find that “jewel” he must seek elsewhere than in the democratic party to find it. As he grows older every day experience makes that conviction stronger. Only last week we had a very fair sample of Democratic Consistency, in the action of the Board of Supervisors for this county. – It was in this way. A proposition was made that the county should appropriate one thousand dollars for the benefit of soldiers families and the widows and orphans of those who have fallen on the field of battle. The majority of the Board voted it down, giving as one of their reasons that there was no law authorizing such an appropriation by the Board. Now mark what follows. – During the same session only a day or two afterwards these same men voted three hundred dollars out of the county treasury to pay a reward for the arrest of one Adams who was accused of murder. This they did not only without any law authorizing it, but contrary to the spirit, meaning and intent of a law of the land. “Oh! consistency thou art a jewel,” and Oh! democracy thou art a ruby of great price.




→ I say to this people, and to Abraham Lincoln, that if there is not to be a free election, there will be a free fight. – Dick Richardson.

We say to the people, Dick Richardson and the copperheads generally, that they can be accommodated either way. There is no intention to prevent a free expression of opinion at the ballot box, and woe, to the man who endeavors to stop Union voters by inaugurating a free fight.




By J. K. M.

            I have been favored once more by Uncle Sam’s officials with permission to return home for a few weeks. I arrived on Friday morning last, having left Chattanooga on the Monday afternoon previous. My readers are perhaps aware that I have been absent from my regiment since the early part of August. I am improving in health, but am still quite unfit for active field service.

On the first of September the glorious old 78th was engaged in a desperate encounter with the enemy and won a brilliant victory, taking a large number of prisoners and several pieces of cannon. But it was accomplished with fearful cost. While I feel the exultation of victory my heart is cast down at reading the long list of killed and wounded, many of whom were my most intimate and particular friends. My company (C), suffered terribly, but I am proud to know they did noble and valiant service. A list of the killed and wounded is published in a letter in another column from Mr. Wm A. Duffield. I take this occasion to express my thanks to Mr. Duffield for his good will and promptness in furnishing the letter. I perceive that my friend, Sergeant O’Niel of Blandinville, was first and foremost in the fray, capturing a battle flag from the enemy. Thos. Broaddus, of this city, a son of the late Major Broaddus, took a rebel General prisoner. Bully for Tom.

Company I, which was raised in this city and vicinity, suffered comparatively little. Company C, of Blandinville, appears to have suffered more heavily than any other company in the regiment. In the published list we have four killed, but I have subsequent advices which informs me that Cyrel Tift died from his wounds a day or two after the battle. Joseph Bond, I learn, has suffered an amputation of a leg. – In the death of Henry Venning our company loses an excellent soldier, and his family a kind father and affectionate husband. This is indeed a terrible blow to Mrs. V. She is a very worthy woman and in rather destitute circumstances, and is now left with five small children to care for and protect. She and her children must not suffer in this land of plenty. Justice to the memory of John W. James requires that I should say a word of him. He was a young man of excellent character and a willing soldier. In all the trials and vicissitudes of camp life he never forgot his duties as a persevering and faithful Christian. He was unwell for several days in the past summer, but I could not help but admire him for his earnest disposition to be reported for duty whenever it was in any degree compatible with his health. Our company will ever remember him for his noble and sterling qualities.

I suppose that our regiment is now in the city of Atlanta. I have no positive information upon the subject, but from what I can gather I think our regiment will form a portion of the garrison of that city and remain there during the winter.

On my return home from Chattanooga I met Thos. Edmondson of Co. I, and Dr. Sapp of Co. A, at Louisville on their return to the regiment, having enjoyed the pleasures of a thirty days’ furlough. The Doctor has been very low during the past summer with typhoid fever. Edmondson was wounded in the battle of Peachtree creek in July last. He has now quite recovered from his wound. Tom is what we call a “bully soldier.” He was promoted from Corporal to 2d Sergeant on the battle field before Kenesaw in June last for brave and gallant services as color bearer.

During the time I shall be at home I will try and keep posted in regard to the regiment and communicate through the columns of the Journal.

[?] writing the above we learn that Michael Mealey of Co. C., Wm. Weaver, of Co. G., and Richard H. Scott, of Co. A., have died of their wounds.


To Whom It May Concern. – A number of my friends and acquaintances in the 78th Regiment during the past summer subscribed for the Journal, to be sent as a present to their friends or families at home, with the expectation of paying me for the same when the regiment should be paid off. Up to the time I left the regiment they had received no pay – nearly eight months pay being their due. I have no doubt, however, that the paymaster has visited them before this time. I wish to say to those receiving the Journal from the source indicated above that I have abandoned the money on each of these subscriptions and settled with Mr. Clarke for the same. A goodly portion of these are my friends, who, in the kindness of their hearts, were disposed to send the Journal as a weekly visitor to loved ones at home, now lie cold in death, while a still larger number have been obliged to leave the regiment on account of sickness or wounds. I have no doubt that those wounded or sick are anxious to pay me but it is impractable for them to do so at present. I am poorly able to lose the large amount in the aggregate due me from those who have died. I would therefore say to all those receiving the Journal, through the kindness of friends in the 78th, that I would be much gratified to have a settlement of the same, and I would remark especially to the friends of the deceased, sick and wounded, that a dollar sent to me at Macomb would be duly credited to the name for whom it was sent and the Journal continued for the length of the time paid for.

I would here say that as long as the 78th regiment has an existence or an organization I expect to be connected with it, if my life is spared; and the readers of the Journal may expect to hear from me every week. I shall at no very distant day write a history of the 78th, with some discriptions of the country through which we have traveled, with a number of very thrilling and interesting adventures, hair-breadth escapes, etc. I should be pleased to see every name now upon our subscription book continued.

            I learn that my old friend and former associate in the publication of the Journal, Mr. J. W. Nichols, has recently been very low with typhoid fever at the house of a friend in Aurora, in this State, but, I am pleased to announce that he is now much better, and will probably reach his home again in this city sometime next week.

            Letter Robbed. – Mr. Isaac Tunus, of this city, a member of Co. I, 78th Reg’t, who is now sick at Hospital in Nashville about six weeks since deposited a letter containing twenty dollars in the post office in that city directed to his wife at this place. The letter has failed to reach her. The wretch that would rob a poor soldiers letter of the money designed to cheer the hearts of his wife and little ones at home, by furnishing the necessaries of life, ought to be choked to death with a halter. I learn that Mrs. Tunis is now quite sick with fever, and needing the aid and sympathy of her kind neighbors.

Bow Wow Wow!!

            Reading in the Eagle of last week that the Democratic Club of Scotland township would meet at the central school house on Tuesday, 20th inst., at 2 o’clock P. M., and that “speeches on the state of the country” would be made, and noticing particularly that all were invited to attend, we were induced to believe that the meeting would be an important and interesting one, and that we would be fully recompensed in travelling the distance of six miles to attend it. Accordingly, in company with a friend, was fully impressed with importance and interest attaching to the contemplated meeting, we rode out to the center school house at the appointed time. We was a little dilatory in starting, and our friend was quite impatient lest the crowd at the school house would get in before us, and we thus fail to secure a good seat. But having one of French’s fast nags, we made pretty good time, and it was only half-past two when we arrived at the school house. From what we had read in the Eagle and other Democratic papers about the great enthusiasm among the masses over the nomination of the young Napoleon, we expected to hear the cheers of the multitude long before we reached the place of meeting, but the awful and profound silence which reigned in and about the school house, and the solemn and grave visages of about half a dozen peaceful individuals, who had assembled in a fence corner a few rods from the school house led us to suppose that we had made a mistake, either in the place or the character of the meeting which had been called. Perceiving a young man in soldiers clothes approaching, we inquired of him if this was a church elder’s meeting, or was it a primary meeting of some sort. – The young man solemnly assured us that it was a mass meeting of the Democracy in Scotland township, and considering all things it was quite an outpouring or pouring out of the admirers in Scotland township, of that newly discovered policy by which the war shall be conducted on peace principles. In a short time Mr. Smith, whom we were told had kindly consented to allow the use of his name as a candidate for Sheriff, appeared, and discovering the half-dozen individuals in the fence corner, with quite a nervous feeling, informed the said half-dozen individuals that he knew the people wouldn’t turn out to such a meeting in the day time. Our friend, whom we had invited to come with us gave us such a look that we felt the rebuke immediately. As soon as we had opportunity we apologized for inviting him to such a place in open day, where everybody could see us, telling him that I had but recently returned from the army, and didn’t know that people held such meetings in such disrepute as to refuse to be seen at them in the day time. Our friends and neighbors, Messrs. Hangate and Neece, rode up, but taking a hint from Mr. Smith, they soon rode off again. There was no speaking, the school-house was not opened, and there is three dollars gone for hoss-hire, for which the Eagle man, or the parties who instigated that notice in the Eagle, ought to pay.




From the 78th Regiment,

In Camp at Jonesboro, Ga.,
September 2, 1864

            Editor Journal: — As Mr. Magie, your correspondent in the 78th, is sick in hospital and unable to keep you informed of the condition and movements of the regiment, and as the friends at home are anxious to hear from us often, especially so after a battle has been fought, I shall try and write a short letter to you for the benefit of those having friends in the regiment.

We left camp near Atlanta on the morning of the 26th of August. We moved by short marches, encountering but little resistance until we got near Jonesboro station, on the Atlanta an Macon R. R., where, on the morning of Sept. 1st it becoming apparent that a fight was imminent, we were formed in line of battle to await the coming combat. We lay in line until about 1 p. m.. when the order was given to move forward, and soon the rattle of musketry and booming of cannon mingled with the hissing of shells and whistling minnie balls, told that the ball had opened. The fighting continued until long after dark, resulting most disastrously to the rebels, and most gloriously the 78th. The regiment, under command of Lieut. Col. Vernon, went for the “Johnnies” at the double quick, capturing their first line of works, many prisoners, and a battery of four guns with their caissons. This glorious work, however, was effected with a severe loss on our part – the regiment losing in all some seventy-five in killed and wounded. The rebels remained in their works, loading and firing their cannon, until our men commenced bayoneting them, when almost that entire part of the line surrendered as prisoners of war.

It was a glorious time for the 78th – some of the boys being almost wild with delight at our success, throwing their hats and cheering with the greatest excitement. There were many instances of individual bravery, but all behaved most gallantly. Sergt. O’Neil, of Co. C, captured a rebel flag, but afterward laying it down to assist in repelling a charge the rebels were making to regain their guns, it was stolen by a soldier belonging to another regiment. – Co. B captured a fine team of mules. – Thos. Broaddus, of Co. I, took a rebel General prisoner while exhorting his men to stay in their works. I think his name was Vance. Co. C. lost rather heavier than any other company on account of its central position in the regiment, and on account of the kind of ground passed over while making the charge. It lost four killed and eight wounded. As our men clambered over the rebel works a rebel fired at the color bearer and tried to hit him with his gun. Corp. Richart, of Co. H, ordered him to surrender, and upon his refusing to do so, he charged upon him with unloaded gun, striking him upon the head until his gun stock broke. Corp. Ogden of Co. H, was hit on the head by a glancing ball, and as it bleed considerable, he started back to a small rivulet that was in the rear, meeting on the way Major Green, who ordered him to the rear; but upon washing his wound, and finding it but slight, he immediately returned to his post. Capt. Black, of Co. d, was killed instantly by a musket ball in the head. Maj. Green had an arm broke. We lost as many men as at Chicakamauga, but with far different results.

This morning the rebels were gone, and our men are now on their track. – The railroad is being thoroughly destroyed as we advance, which indicates that the campaign is nearly over for the present.

Our boys need money and clothing sadly, but I hear no murmuring – all being in good spirits. Below is a list of the killed and wounded so far as I have been able to ascertain:

Co. A – Wounded – Sergt. John D. Corvie, left arm, slight; Privates Wm. H. Curtis, neck, severe; Alexander Shamil, neck, severe; C. L. Wilson, left arm and shoulder, severe; Rhichard H. Scott, abdomen, severe; Henry Vandiver, head, severe; Harvey Hendricks, right hand, slight; H. C. Rodenhamer, right leg, slight; Thos. R. Atway, scalp, slight; Wm. R. Ruggles, hand, slight.

Co. B – Wounded – Sergt. W. K. Miller, arm, slight; Privates Daniel Newcomer, severely in lower part of breast; Wm. Beaty, through the chest, mortal; Wm. Patterson, wrist broken; Chris. Mangle, burned by the explosion of a caisson.

Co. C – Killed – Privates, John W. James, John Rush, Henry Venning and John S. Forrest.

Wounded – Sergt. Michael Mealy, neck, severe; Corp. Luther Meek, arm, slight; Privates, Joseph Bond, leg, severe; Wm. C. Freeland, hand; John F. Greene, side, slight; Joseph A. James, arm, slight; George Martin, shoulder, slight; Cyrel Tift, leg, severe.

Co. D – Killed – Capt. R. M. Black, Sergt. Albert Wallace, Privates, Samuel S. Davis, George W. Crotts.

Wounded – Wm. S. Davis, John C. Cormack, Wm. H. Thompson, Jacob J. Fry, J. J. Herst, M. E. Wallace, Jas. Craig.

Co. E – Wounded – Corp. Francis M. Barnard, thigh, severe; Edward Williams, thigh, severe; Privates, Jesse Cunningham, thigh, severe; Samuel Deighton, thigh, severe; John W. Hendricks, forehead, slight; P. Hoffmaster, shoulder, slight.

Co. F – Killed – Sergt. Robert Welbourne.

Wounded – Theodore Chandler, shoulder, severe.

Co. G – Killed – 1st Lieutenant D. W. Long, Private John S. Beckett. Wounded – Corps. George W. Wisehart, shoulder, severe; J. C. Malthamer, breast, slight. Privates, Wm. T. Beckett, thigh and wrist, slight; Richard Flack, in leg; Clayton W. McGill, right knee, slight; Alfred Pollock, head severe.

Co. H – Killed – Sergt. Wm. H. Thomes. Wounded – Sergt. Jno. Gibbs, heel, slight. Corp. Philo Ogden, head, slight. Privates, Thomas Robinson, breast, severe; Jeremiah Ward, breast, severe; Henry Gilbreath, hands, severe; Joseph Walker, side, slight; Wm. Stanley, arm, severe.

Co. I – Wounded – Corps. Sophroneus Carahan, neck, slight; John C. Pembroke, arm, severe; Henry Parker, arm, slight; Wm. Weaver, head, severe.

Co. K – Killed – Perry Lesenr. – Wounded, 1st Sergt. Jonathan Butler. Corp. John P. Beers, arm, slight. – Private Thos. H. Winfield, thigh, severe; Wm. Cray, neck, severe; David M. Coulter, leg, severe; John Riley.

            A good many of the wounded will probably prove fatal. Jeff. C. Davis commanding the 14th A. C. made a speech to us to-day, in which he said we had more than made up for our repulse at Kenesaw Mountain, on the 27th of June last. More anon.




Gov. Yates. – We regret to announce that owing to an arrangement made between Gov.’s Yates and Morton, our talented Governor will not be present at the Grand Mass Meeting to-day, (Friday,) but an appointment has been made for the 7th of Oct., when we predict a large turn out to see and hear the soldiers’ friend, the successor of Dick Richardson in the U. S. Senate, and the rising Statesman of the West, Hon. Richard Yates.



Rally Union men of Scotland. – There will be a meeting at the Central School house in Scotland township on Wednesday evening next when able speakers will be present to address the assembly. Mr. J. K. Magie who has just returned from the 78th will be present and express the sentiments of the Illinois troops.



Flag Raising. – On Wednesday last the Union men of the city flung to the breeze, a handsome, new American flag, that starry banner, representative of the cause for which we are contending. The pole in the Court house yard had been repaired and at 5 o’clock, the flag – measuring 8 by 24 – was run up and so bright did the stars appear, that the McClellan secessionists, could but glance and then droop their heads like whipped curs.

The Star spangled Banner was thrown
to the breeze’s.

In the Court house yard, over the trees’s.
Long will it float.



Vote for Lincoln. – A vote was taken, Wednesday, on the train from Keokuk Junction to Hamilton which resulted as follows: Lincoln, 41; McClellan, 19, and Fremont 1. Fremont believes in being No. 1 and nothing else, at least as far as the number of votes is concerned. On the train from the Junction to Macomb, same day, a vote was taken which resulted for Lincoln, 80; McClellan, 22; Fremont, 1.



Western Sanitary Fair. – This Fair commences at Quincy on the 11th inst., and from the preparations making, will far exceed anything of the kind held in the West. The C. B. & Q. R. R., will issue excursion tickets, and from the reputation M’Donough Co. has for aiding the soldiers, we anticipate a large turn out from this section.



Acquitted. – Pat Leary, Co. C, 16th Ills. Inf. who was indicted for riot in February last was tried and acquitted last week. Pat has started for the Reg’t at Atlanta.



That’s So. – We heard a friend remark the other day that Strader & Co., sold the best article of boots and shoes, hats and caps, and at the cheapest rates in town. We agree with our friend, and advise all those who are looking for a good bargain in the boot line to call on Strader & Co., west side of the square.



Runaways. – On Sabbath last, the fine premium grey team of Mr. A. V. Brooking, took fright from some cause, broke loose and started on a little trip upon their own account. They were finally brought up about two miles in the country, but little damage being done to the carriage, none to the harness or themselves. Mr. B. says eight dollars will cover the damage.

Monday afternoon the team running for Tinsley’s mill, go tired waiting at the depot, and concluded to hurry home. A young lad – son of the miller – was in the wagon at the time, and, brave little fellow as he was, prevented them from a general smash up. They were stopped on the square without any mischief being done.



Dry Clothes. – Every one knows the importance of having wearing apparel thoroughly dried before wearing, and the best thing that we know of to effectually wring the water out of them is the “Universal Clothes Wringer,” for sale by Wadham & Stowell, northwest corner of the square. These wringers have been sufficiently tested to prove them to be worthy of all the encomiums and first premiums that have been bestowed on them. Go to Wadham & Stowell’s and procure one.



Victory. – C. M. Ray has achieved a splendid victory over the high prices of boots, shoes, hats, caps &c. He has a very large and complete stock of the above goods, and he is selling them at very cheap rates. Mr. B. has in his employ some of the best workmen, in the boot and shoe line, in the West, and is prepared to make to order all kinds of boots and shoes. All work warranted. His store is on the east side of the square, at the sign of the “Big Boot.”

He has also a large supply of Copper Tipped shoes, for children, which he is selling at last year’s prices. Remember that one pair of the copper tipped shoes will last a child as long aqs two pairs without tips.



Improvement. – Joe Wynne our indefatigable and energetic Post-master has added to the accomodations of the public by having lock drawers placed in the P. O. We don’t think this a useless expense Joe for “Father Abraham” will continue you four years longer, and every body “and more too” is perfectly satisfied with your administration, except one or two Copperheads who expect office under McClellan or Jeff. Davis, they don’t know which.



From the 16th. – A letter from Lieut. Gash, dated the 11th gives us the casualties in the fight at Jonesboro. Edwin D. Kelly, Co. “A,” killed. Mr. K. was from Bushnell, and no other fatalities occurred to members from this county. We know him to have been a good soldier, and one who would not flinch from any duty imposed upon him. He fell in the cause of his country and his family have our heart-felt sympathies.


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