The Definition of a Great ‘Crime.’
“This war, so far as I have anything to do with it, is carried on on the idea that there is a Union sentiment in those States, which, set free from the control now held over it by the presence of the Confederate or rebel power, will be sufficient to replace those States in the Union. If I am mistaken in this, if there is no such sentiment there, if the people of those States are determined with unanimity, or with a feeling approaching unanimity, that their States shall not be members of this Confederacy, it is beyond the power of the people of the other States to force them to remain in the Union; and, in that contingency – in the contingency that there is not that sentiment there – this war is not only an error, it is a crime.” – Abraham Lincoln.
The Justification of the Rebellion.
“Any people anywhere, being inclined and having the power, have a right to rise up and shake off the existing government and form a new one that suits them better. This is a most sacred right, which we hope and believe is to liberate the world. Nor is this right confined to cases in which the whole people of an existing government may choose to exercise it. Any portion of such people that can, may revolutionize, and make their own of so much of the territory as they may inhabit. More than this, a majority of any portion of such people may revolutionize, putting about them who may oppose their movements.” – Abraham Lincoln.
Five Hundred Thousand More!
The President has issued a call for five hundred thousand more men for the military service of the United States. Since the first day of October last seven hundred thousand have been enlisted, and this call now shows that half a million of soldiers have sunk out of sight in six months of this year. It shows that notwithstanding the vaunting promises of the early spring, the great object of securing impartial freedom for negroes is as far from being attained as ever. The five hundred thousand now called for will disappear – will sink out of sight – as the last five hundred thousand have done, and then the destruction of the South will still be unaccomplished, the negroes will still be negroes, and another five hundred thousand will be called for. Thus it will go on, under Mr. Lincoln’s policy, until the last man shall disappear and the last greenback be not worth the paper it is printed on. Lincoln’s policy will still make the confederate army a wall of fire, against which our northern hosts will dash and melt away, precisely as they have heretofore dashed against that burning obstacle and been consumed. Let it go on, say the republican leaders – it is all right – the King can do no wrong. What are the lives of millions of whites, compared to the impartial freedom of negro barbarians? Let the men go to war – and melt out of sight, as frostwork melts before the morning sun. Let the women go into the harvest field – let general poverty and destitution fall upon the land – let the old men and the boys be ground into the dust with the weight of the national debt – let them coin their heart’s blood into gold to pay the annual taxation – and all for the sake giving impartial freedom to negroes. We are in favor of this war, in favor of this call and of all subsequent calls, in favor of a general judgment, and in favor of eternal hell fire for every able-bodied abolitionist who won’t put himself in the way of being killed by rebel bullets.
We are informed that Hon. Henry T. Blow, a member of Congress from Missouri, and who has just returned from Washington, states upon his veracity and as a man of honor that Gen Grant has lost since he first crossed the Rappahannock, the first of last May, one hundred and twenty-five thousand men, in killed, wounded, diseased and prisoners.
→ The republicans boast that Andrew Johnson was once a tailor. That is certainly no disgrace to him, but at this time the “ninth part of a man” will never do for vice President.
Democratic State Convention.
This body has been called to meet at Springfield on the 6th day of September next. McDonough is entitled to eight delegates. Our cotemporary at the capital says: As our readers know, we had favored an earlier call of the convention, believing that in no way could the party be so thoroughly organized as by the selection of standard bearers for the people to rally around; but the committee has decided differently, and we are well satisfied with their action. In 1862, after being beaten in the June election, we put out a state ticket on the 18th of September, which swept the state with a majority of fifteen thousand. WE CAN INCREASE THIS MAJORITY NEXT NOVEMBER. And the consternation which the postponement of the national and state conventions has produced amongst the devotees of Lincoln, has satisfied us of the wisdom of such postponement. The Democracy are wide awake, eager, enthusiastic and confident, while their opponents are torn by factious contentions, and daily becoming more de- [obscured] serves to convince intelligent men that the present administration are utterly incapable of extricating the country from the terrible difficulties into which they have plunged it. Delay, then, does us no injury, while it adds infinitely to their weakness and demoralization.
The Rushville Times very appropriately advises “that in view of the threats and menaces of the ‘Union Leaguers’ and the alarming indications that the party in power intend to carry the election by force, that the Democrats should take some precautionary steps against such an emergency. We do not wish to counsel any covert or unlawful proceedings, but would advise the Democracy in every township to organize companies to be designated as ‘Democratic Guards’ for the purpose of insuring a free election. A free vote or a free fight should be your motto. Do not meet secretly, or by night, nor bind yourselves in unusual oaths like the ‘Leaguers,’ but in open day, with your objects and intentions openly avowed. Claim nothing but your constitutional rights, and these maintain at all hazards. The Leagues make some measure of this kind absolutely necessary upon your part. Will our friends act upon these suggestions, or will they devise some more plausible methods.”
Pile on the Taxes. – The New York Times, a Lincoln organ, calls for more taxes. It says, we must tax heavily, although in 1864, the people will be called upon to pay:
→ Federal Taxes.
→ State Taxes.
→ County Taxes.
→ Borough and Township Taxes.
→ School Taxes.
→ Bounty Taxes.
→ Conscription Taxes.
→ Militia Taxes.
→ Special Taxes.
→ License Taxes.
→ Road Taxes.
→ Poor Taxes.
→ Internal Taxes.
→ Income Taxes and a heavy additional taxation for everything they eat, drink and wear. Oh, the beauty of keeping Lincoln in power.
→ We dislike very much to talk about the vices and wickedness of the town in which we live. But it is manifest to the dullest comprehension that the morals of Macomb “are getting no better fast.” There is entirely too much devotion to “beauty and the beast” to comport with a due regard for religion or even virtue. A sister in one of the churches is accused of sinning with the gay husband of another sister, and Madame Rumor says – no matter what she says – it isn’t fit for publication. Certes, there are immoralities that need correcting, vices that need uprooting, and wickedness that should cause some other feeling than mirth among our people. No search need be made for distant objects of missionary labor, or foreign fields to work in the “interest of God and humanity.” Worse than the Greeks are at our doors, and Christians may as well pluck out some wickedness at home before inveighing indiscriminately against all who do not every Sunday recite the catechism of “loyalty.”
The Yield of Wheat. – The wheat in this county is now all cut and shocked, and much of it placed in the barns and stacks. The grain is very large and plump, and the yield is more abundant than has been known for years. Many of our farmers say they have never harvested a better crop. We hear of numerous fields will turn out twenty-five bushels to the acre, and of but few that will go under that number. McDonough county will send off an immense quantity of No. 1 wheat this fall.
→ Politics run into the harvest field occasionally. A blatant fool in Emmet township broke up a set of hands, in the middle of wheat cutting, merely by his insufferable talk about “copperheads.” A republican’s wheat stood some time in consequence of it.
In New Salem township they managed better. In the fields of Mr. Grim, on Thursday last, were two reapers and fourteen men at work and but one blacksnake among them, and he kept straight as a shingle.
Real Estate. – Mr. David Lawson has sold his farm east of town, comprising 320 acres, for $8,000.
Mr. Blount has sold his farm north of town, comprising about 150 acres land, 20 acres timber at the rate of $40 per acre.
We have heard of some sales of raw prairie at as high a figure as $25 per acre.
→ Two horse thieves, who gave their names as Benj. Gee and T. Haynes, were arrested at Monmouth last week. They had two horses, which they said were stolen from John Sickman of Schuyler county.
→ A fine light-bay horse was stolen from Wm. R. Scott, eight miles southeast of Macomb, on Monday night. A reward of $50 is offered for the horse.
→ This county was visited by a glorious shower of rain last Tuesday. The corn and potatoe crops will profit thereby amazingly.
Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, has issued a proclamation calling for 500,000 more men. This is as it should be. We need more men, and we will have them – if not voluntarily, by draft. These men must be forthcoming; the rebellion must be crushed, the war must be stopped, and the only way for it to be done honorably is to send men enough to Dixie to to effectually crush the power of the rebels. The quota of this State, under the call for 500,000 men, we believe, is 28,000. We have a credit now with the Government of 35,000 men, consequently we are about 7,000 ahead of the present call, but this should not deter us from making every exertion to to fill our quota the same as if we had no credit. If the war continues four more years our State will be called on for men until we get behind, and therefore we should see to it that the men go now. We firmly believe the war will be stopped this fall, provided we put such a force in the field as we can and the quicker it is done the better. – Go to work and recruit men. Let it be done, and done quickly.
P. S. – Since the above was in type we find that we were mistaken about the quota of this State. It is really 46,550. The credit is 35,000, consequently we are 11,550 behind. These can be easily raised by a little exertion.
In a Quandry.
The editor of the copperhead organ, of this city, is in a quandary. Cannot some philanthropic gentlemen get him out. It is too bad to have the Eagle man wallowing about in such a slough of doubt, as he is at present.
The great (?) indignation meeting, advertised to take place at Peoria the coming month is “what’s the matter” with him. He does not know whether to indorse it, or oppose it. We have no advice to offer in the premises. The The Eagle man can do just as he pleases – it won’t amount to much, anyhow. Lincoln can’t feel much worse than he dose now about the convention, whether the Eagle man indorses or opposes it.
Stand from Under Again!
The Eagle, of last week, calls on Gov. Seymour, of New York, to enforce the laws of his State, and says “if the power of New York is not strong enough to maintain her laws, tens of thousands of law-abiding men from other states will fly to her assistance.” We wonder whether these “tens of thousands of law-abiding men” are a part of those 200,000 men who were to escort Vallandigham to the Governor’s chair in Ohio last fall. The Eagle says the President has reached the “climax.” Well, if he has, he had better “cap” it. The Eagle don’t like it because the Grand Jury of New York city refused to find a bill of indictment against General Dix, hence the reason of his call on Gov. Seymour to “enforce the laws.”
Can’t the Eagle man, after getting through with the job of helping Seymour “enforce the law,” step over to Fort Warren and liberate the “kidnapped” Coles county prisoners? or, would he prefer to let that job out – if so, we would respectfully suggest he sends the one hundred and forty signers to the call for the Peoria convention.
Once again we say, stand from under, when those “tens of thousands” start for New York.
Why Do They Talk So?
Copperheads of this county and elsewhere, are continually blowing about the great love they have for the “Union as it was, and the Constitution as it is” and that they are the only true Union men at the North, and all that sort of bosh, but if they are, why do that talk as they do? We have heard of copperheads saying, in this city, that they could see Lincoln hung higher than Haman; others have declared that the only way to get peace would be to get up a fight at the North; others hurrah for Jeff. Davis on our streets unrebuked, and yet copperheads say they are for the Union! We have known old gray-haired copperheads, members of the Church, laugh and appear to be rejoiced at the drunken ravings of Jeff Davisites when they would be cursing the Government of the United States, and reviling Lincoln and the soldiers, and yet would hold up their hands in holy horror to hear a soldier damn the rebels or copperheads. We might multiply questions all day as to why do they talk so, but it would be a waste of time for copperheads won’t answer.
From the 78th Regiment.
Camp near Marietta, Ga.,
July 2, 1864.
I wrote you on the 28th ult., giving you the list of our killed and wounded in the engagement of the day before, and have been waiting since for a favorable opportunity to write you at more length. I have not yet reached a favorable opportunity, but nevertheless, lying upon my back, and holding my paper and portfolio before my face, while the bullets from the enemy’s sharpshooters are making hideous music but a few feet over my head, I will try and write some items for the columns of the Journal, and whether my communication shall be long or short, will depend upon the length of time I am permitted to remain undisturbed in my present graceful position.
We are still occupying the same ground from which we drove the enemy on the morning of the 27th, and from which I wrote you last. We have thrown up pretty substantial breastworks, and we are just now enabled to appreciate their great necessity. The enemy to-day are throwing their bullets at us very spitefully and briskly, but they generally range from about eight to fifty feet over our heads. Occasionally, however, a bullet comes whizzing at low enough range to do mischief and then we are in constant danger from glancing bullets. On the evening of the 29th Joseph P. Curtis of Co. C was struck in the right shoulder by a glancing ball which has probably laid him up for the balance of this campaign. There are few others in the regiment who have been slightly hurt by glancing balls, but as they are still remaining on duty I have no occasion to mention names. A night or two ago an alarm from some cause was raised, and every man sprang to his gun. We were on the scout line of battle. The first line – the 98th Ohio – opened heavily upon the rebs and they replied briskly. Soon the shell began to whiz about our heads, and we were admonished to lay close. The firing was very terrific for about twenty minutes, when it gradually subsided, and in a short time ceased. I think that some noise created the impression upon both sides that the other party was advancing. In this skirmish we lost one man – E. McWilliams of Co. B, killed by a piece of shell.
This is the sixth day we have been lying upon this ground, digging and burrowing in the earth to protect ourselves from bullets and shell, and many of the men begin to assume the color of the ground, but it is not according to our tactics to yield an inch of ground that we have fought to gain, and although the rebs are very strongly entrenched upon our front I am well satisfied that we will worry them out of their works before many days.
Our list of killed in the late engagement numbered ten – that of McWilliams makes it eleven. All of these have been decently buried near our old camp a mile in the rear, and headboards, on which is engraved the name and company, mark the grave of each.
On the death of John E. James, Co. C has lost a worthy and valuable member. He was first Sergeant of the company and had received a commission as second Lieutenant, but failed to be mustered on his commission on account of a late order permitting but two commissioned officers to a company below eighty-four enlisted men. As Capt. Hume, in consequence of continued ill health, has tendered his resignation, James had he lived would probably soon have been mustered as a Lieutenant in the company. He was a faithful, ambitious, and energetic going man, and his tragic end will be deeply deplored, not only by his bereaved parents, brothers and sisters, but by many friends and acquaintances in different parts of McDonough county.
Wm. H. Pierce, of Co. E, was another young man of many sterling and noble qualities, whose death is mourned by family and friends. He was from Adams county. During the past few months I had formed a rather intimate acquaintance with him, and had learned to respect him very highly. His company officers held him in high estimation, and since his enlistment promoted him from Corporal to first Sergeant of the company. He was instantly killed by the bursting of a shell.
Corporal Wm. Manlove of Co. D lost his life in the noble endeavor to rescue the major of the 121st Ohio, who had been wounded in his legs, and was lying upon the field exposed to rebel bullets. He was a youth of excellent character, and beloved by all his acquaintances. The Major’s dead body was found the same evening.
Jacob H. Michaels, of Co. C is the name of another of our noble dead worthy of honorable mention. Although of sufficient age to exempt him from all apprension of a draft, and although a native of a slave State, when he saw that his government needed men in the field to maintain the supremacy of the laws, promptly gave himself and his two sons to the cause of the country he loved so well. One of those sons has filled soldiers grave for nearly two years, and now the father yields his life a martyr to Freedom’s cause. He leaves a wife and several children in Blandinville for whom I bespeak the kind consideration of the loyal people of that vicinity.
My acquaintance with the others who were killed in this regiment was but slight, and I have not time at present to speak of them as their memory deserves.
I feel impelled to pay a passing tribute to my friend and messmate, Richard L. Terry, of Hancock county, who was wounded in the ankle and suffered an amputation a few inches below the knee. He was a brave and gallant soldier, cheerful, lively, and always prompt to duty. He and I were always near each other in the ranks, and whenever it became our duty to face the enemy in line of battle there was not a man in the regiment more cool, more firm and self-possessed than was young Terry. After his foot was amputated he leaned up upon his elbow, and taking a survey of what remained of his leg, coolly remarked that there was enough left to kick a copperhead after he should get home.
July 7. – The rebs have made another skedaddle, and here we are in pursuit, only nine miles from Atlanta, the spires of which city are visible from this point. I have had no opportunity until this moment of finishing this letter and sending it away. I will close it with a few items and write again the first opportunity.
Lieut. Geo. A. Brown, of Schuyler county, who was wounded in our recent engagement, has since died. He was buried in the National cemetery at Chattanooga.
We learn through the Chattanooga Gazette, that Serg’t Thomas Lindsey of this regiment, whose family resides in Blandinville, was buried June 25th, in the National cemetery. He left us in the early part of June, near Dallas, complaining of chills and fever.
James Withrow, of Macomb, is now our acting Sergeant-Major [obscured] appointment has been worthily bestowed.
Serg’t Thomas Scott, of Co. H, has received his commission as Captain, and is now awaiting an order from the War Department, prior to being mustered.
Your humble correspondent has received the appointment of first Sergeant in Co. C, made vacant by the death of J. E. James.
J. K. M.
From the 137th Regiment.
Camp Near Memphis, July 4th, ‘64
Mr. Editor: — By the urgent request of many of our McDonough friends in the regiment I write you for the Journal, thinking it might not be uninteresting for the friends of the three companies that hail from your patriotic county, to hear from us through the columns of your paper. Since the regiment landed in this place, June 15th, we have not been idlers in our country’s cause; standing picket every other day, digging wells, cleaning camp, guarding rebel property, &c., &c., has been the order of the day. The latter of which by the way, meets with the indignation of every true soldier in Memphis. We did not come here to serve the rebellion or its abettors, but to drive them into the last ditch, where they propose to die. But when out officers place us on guard over the property of men who are now armed in the service of the rebellion, or who would rejoice to see us bite the dust before their infamous hordes, although obedient soldiers as we profess to be – we fell almost mutinous. Before we entered the army we had supposed that the good example of “Brute” Butler, Grant and other efficient officers was being emulated by men of much less signifigance. But petit Brigadiers and Colonels with more self-conceit and bigotry than was ever witnessed ever among the dignitaries of Rome, call out their guards for headquarters and rebel property, regardless of the health and fatigue of their commands. But you look at the record of such men, and not one single philanthropic act have they ever done. They are heroes, but you can’t find the foe they ever faced. They are patriots but the fires that burn in their breasts are for their own aggrandizement rather than the suppression of treason and the restoration of this once glorious Republic. When noble, true hearted men who have left their own home circles with the oracles of truth and right deeply implanted in their bosoms, witness such proceedings from those whom they have trusted as loyal, true men, is it strange that they feel from the bottom of their hearts the deepest indignation. None can we trust. Is it strange that they say, if we feed and fight them too, when will the end come?
Memphis is by no means free from such commanders. But last night an order was issued charging all damages to rebel property, to the troops nearest the depredation. The property is to be assessed, and with 100 per cent. added to the amount, subtracted from the hard earnings of the soldier at the pay table, whether innocent or guilty. The policy is, let the traitor whose property is made use of by the loyal soldier receive double its value. And what traitor is not mean enough to apply the torch to his house worth $4,000 for the sake of doubling the amount. I shall not violate military law by speaking disrespectful of my superior officer, but only condemn the infamous order, and every man who desires to see it enforced.
You have perhaps heard ere this of the death of Dr. Huston, whose loss we deeply feel. When such patriots fall every loyal heart can but bleed. Who will fill his place is not yet known.
Rebels begin to feel the weight of the one hundred days boys. Yesterday one of their spies lurking around our lines observing the position of our pickets and professing to be a United States detective exhibiting his badger with the boldest assurance, was overhauled in his career by Capt. Johnson, (picket officer of the day) and safely lodged in Irving prison for safe keeping until tried by proper authorities. It has since been ascertained that he has left our lines several times disguised in women’s clothes, with horses and news which he returned without. He is safe now gazing out upon the world between iron bars.
How long the regiment will remain here is not known by us, but if we are wanted to chase Forrest, be assured men were never more willing, notwithstanding the sound threshing he gave that dead headed Sturgiss, and the awful accounts we get of it daily. Any way to assist our country in this dark hour. But one thing we do want, and that is to re-enlist with thirty days furlough, about the time Uncle Abe is again to be made President of the United States. Although engaged with traitors south we have not forgotten the more shameless ones north, and desire a few days about that season of the year to pay then our respects at the [obscured] they are too worthless to merit our steel. Their apostle has emerged from his slimy hole, and now no doubt the smaller snakes such as Charlie Sweeney, editor of the Eagle and many others of the same caliber, dare to show their venomous heads, hideous with the fangs and hisses that render their infamous leader, Val. so contemptible in the eyes of every good man.
This evening Lieut. Col. Roach was called out by the boys for a speech, unwilling that the glorious anniversary of our nationality should pass unnoticed. – The burning eloquence of the orator fully aroused the spirit of old “’76” and felt just as we used to when we celebrated it at home. It was indeed a joyful day for us, although separated from sweethearts ‘long reaching miles.’
The health of the regiment is remarkable good, but very few in the hospital.
June 1st 1864, of lung fever in hospital near Dallas, Ga., Henry Vanmeter, of Co. C. 8th Regt. Ill. Vol., aged 21 years and 6 months.
→ We have been requested to publish the following letter from the members of the Co. L, 7th Ill. Cav:
Qrs. Co. “L,” 7th Ill. Cav.,
July 4th, 1864.
Miss M – B – and other Ladies of Bushnell, Ill.,
Dear Friends: — It is with hearts o’erflowing with thankfulness that we acknowledge the receipt of your kind favor, in the shape of a bountiful feast accompanied with a letter brimful of patriotism and sympathy for the soldiers.
This being the anniversary of our Independence, our thoughts naturally turned to home and friends; and when we discovered such a substantial token of esteem, we could but feel that our friends were the kindest and best in the world. We can assure you that we did ample justice to the good things sent us, and after hearing the letter read, we resolved that come weal or woe, we would freely give life itself to protect such noble friends.
You cannot (unless you were here to see for yourselves) know with what gratitude and pleasure we received such tokens of good will and respect. – They will ever nerve our hearts to undergo cheerfully all the privations of a soldier’s life, and endear to us those homes we all love so well.
In the list of names we find wives, sisters and friends very dear to us – those that we have learned to love with all the power of our hearts. O, how glad we would be to spend our lives in your midst, in the peaceful pursuits of civil life; but our country has called her sons, and we are determined that, though it costs us separation and many a bitter pang, we will ever do our duty as best we can, hoping that at some future time, when our country’s skies are clearer, we may meet you all again on our own bright prairie. Then, perhaps, we can better thank you than we can now with our blundering pen.
Hoping that we may always deserve a place in your memories, and that God’s choicest blessings may rest upon each one of you, we close by bidding you all adieu for the present.
Co. “L,” 7th Ill. Cavalry.
Death of John E. James. – With deep fellings of sorrow we pen the announcement of the death of Sergt. John E. James, of Co. C. 78th Regt. Ill Vol. He fell, nobly fighting for his country, in the battle of Kenesaw mountain on the 27th ult. In our short acquaintance with Mr. James we learned to love him, and that is what all done who knew him. Steady, honest, upright, addicted to none of the vices so common among our young men, he gave great promise of becoming a useful member of society, but alas! he is cut off in the first blush of manhood and the places that once knew him shall know him no more forever.
Boy Killed. – We understand that a boy by the name of George McGee was killed a few days since in one of the coal pits at Colchester, by a large rock falling on him while at work in the pit. He was rescued after several hours hard work, alive but died that evening.
Deserved Promotion. – It will be seen, by the last paragraph in our army letter, that Mr. Magie has received the appointment of first sergeant of Co. C. 78th made vacant by the death of Sergt. James. Mr. Magie has served faithfully as a private for nearly two years, and richly deserves this stepping stone to further promotion. If Capt. Hume’s resignation is accepted he will undoubtedly receive a commission as lieutenant.
A Nuisance. – We should respectfully call the attention of our city authorities to the condition of the alley and out-buildings back of our office. The stench arising therefrom is horrible, and the nuisance should be abated forthwith.
Ice Cream. – Harry Gordon & George Gash have fitted up an ice cream saloon in the building formerly occupied by G. F. Clark as a clothing store, where they make a superior article of ice cream, which is just the thing for this hot weather, and we advise all who delight in the luxury of a good dish of ice cream, or ice-cold lemonade to give them a call. They also keep a good assortment of confectionary oranges, lemons, soda water, &c. – Harry Gordon has served faithfully in Uncle Sam’s army for three years, and deserves the patronage of all. Remember their saloon is on the west side of the square, two doors north of Adcock & Co’s grocery store.
Idaho. – The correspondent of the Macomb Eagle, writing from Virginia City, Idaho Territory, gives a doleful account of the prospects of the gold miners in that country. He says it don’t pay. Those who left here last Spring with such sanguine expectations of soon realizing a “pile,” would have made more by staying at home and mining in the coal mines of this county. That there is gold, and plenty of it in Idaho, and other regions of the Rocky Mountains, none can doubt, but it takes capital and severe labor to get it out.
Masonic Hall. – Dr. T. M. Jordon is erecting, on the northwest corner of the square a large three story brick, the dimension of which is 36 by 60 feet, desinged for business houses in the lower story, and the third story will be occupied by the Masonic society of this city. The second story will, probably, be occupied by the Sons of Temperance of this city. When finished, this building will add considerable to the appearance of that part of the square.
Pigs. – We have noticed for some time that there were always more or less pigs to be seen around the public square on Sundays. We suspect that the pigs have found out that Marshal Case attends church on Sunday, and they doubtless think it is a good time to come out. Now, we don’t intend that the Marshal be imposed upon in this manner, and we warn all such pigs that hereafter the Marshal or a deputy will be on hand. Query: How do the pigs manage to get out on Sunday and no other day?
Dissolution. – It will be noticed, by reference to our new advertising columns, that the firm of Wright & Strader, boot shoe, hat and cap dealers, has been dissolved by mutual consent. Mr. Strader will continue the business at the store now occupied by him, in Campbell’s block where all can get the best of bargains for their money. His stock of summer goods will be sold extremely low. Mr. Wright requests us to return his sincere thanks to the people of this county for the liberal patronage they bestowed on him, individually and to the firm of Wright & Strader, and asks that it may be continued to the new firm. We will add that our acquaintance with Mr. Strader justifies us in saying that he is a fair dealer, upright in his transactions, and we believe he can “keep hotel.”
The Weather. – Saturday, Sunday, Monday and part Tuesday were the hottest days known to this latitude for a number of years. The mercury in the thermometer stood at times as high as 108 – almost hot enough to roast apples on the trees. On Tuesdasy afternoon we had a violent wind and rain storm pas over our county but whether there was much damage done by the wind we have not learned. There was but very little lightning accompanied the storm. The lightning rod on the residence of G. K. Hall was struck, but did no damage other than spreading apart the bricks in the flue to which the rod was attached. Today, (Wednesday) the atmosphere is considerably cooler.
Runaway. – During the storm on Tuesday last a span of horses were standing in front of the post office, and becoming frightened at the noise of the wind and rain started and run, upsetting and breaking away from the wagon, and left for parts unknown.
→ The weather is delightfully cool this (Thursday) morning.
Missing. – The letter that we have this week from Mr. Magie, speaks of a former letter, written after the battle of the 27th ult., giving a list of the killed and wounded of the 78th Regt. We are sorry that it failed to reach us, as it undoubtedly contained a good description of the battle besides the list of killed and wounded. Mr. Magie will, perhaps, send the the list again when he learns that the first one failed to reach us.
Hides Wanted. – Mr. S. F. Wright, formerly of the firm of Wright & Strader, wishes to buy all the hides that can be brought to him, for which he will pay the highest price in cash. He will be found at the store of Mr. Strader & Co. Remember, all you who have hides to sell, to go to S.F. Wright, and you will get the very highest cash prices for them.
Dull. – We are just now in the midst of the dullest season of the year for business. The farmers are very busy gathering in their grain, and the consequence is, our business men are enjoying a general holiday. It will come out right, though, after awhile.
Don’t Forget. – During these hot days, don’t’ forget that a good, cooling drink is a good thing, and that John Gesler gets up a drink called Spruce beer. Also ice-cold lemonade. Give him a call, all ye that are thirsty.
Indignation Mass Meeting.
We notice an advertisement in the Chicago Times calling for a mass meeting at Peoria on the 3rd day of August next, for the purpose of expressing “indignation at the act of the President in kidnapping and removing beyond the jurisdiction of the civil authorities the Coles county prisoners.” The call purports to be signed by about one hundred and fifty Democrats, representing fifty-four counties in the State. The object may be and undoubtedly is a laudable one, for the act of the President is one of the most unjustifiable and infamous of all the catalogue of scandalous usurpations of power that mark Lincoln’s despotic career, and it is eminently fitting that the people, and especially the Democracy of the State should express their fierce indignation at this trampling upon our laws and this violation of that liberty which makes our form of government preferable to the monarchies of Europe.
→ The call for a Democratic mass meeting at Peoria, we regret to see, does not meet with entire approbation, as the following paragraph from the Times intimates:
We have received a letter from Dr. A. M. Miller, of Logan county, whose name is appended to the call for a Democratic mass convention at Peoria on the 3d day of August, informing us that his name is used without his authority, and that he does not approve of the manner in which the convention has been called. He also states that, within his knowledge, other names appended to the call are used without authority.
And the Springfield Register shows how the call is regarded at the capital of the State, as follows:
A call for a democratic mass meeting, to be held in Peoria sometime in the coming month of August, appears in the advertising columns of the Chicago Times. While of course any Democrat – or number of Democrats – possesses the “inalienable right” to call a mass meeting of Democrats at any time or at any place he chooses, Democrats, like Glendower’s spirits, have a right to refuse to come at their call. And we fancy that they will exercise that right in this instance. The call, as we regard it, is unwise, unnecessary, and inexpedient; and though signed with such an imposing array of names, is readily the idea of but one or two, or at most, of a half dozen gentlemen. Probably not one of those in this or the adjoining congressional districts, whose name is appended, was consulted or approved of the movement. We have heard from several of the most prominent signers, who desire us to express their disapprobation of the entire proceeding.
→ While speaking of the Bernadotte celebration last week, we omitted to return our acknowledgements to Mrs. [?] Woods. Miss Woods, for the large handsome and fully democratic cake received from her hand. It was of pyramidal form, highly decorated and of the best composition. We ask Heaven to shower blessings upon her.
→ Daniel Strader and Aexander [?] returned this week from western lands after an absence of a year and a half. They are in good health, and seem to be satisfied with the results of their labor.
→ A small pocket book, found at the circus on Saturday night, can be claimed at this office.
→ An excited individual, on Saturday afternoon last, whipped his team to race around the square, to the great threat of stampeding other teams and running over persons afoot. He brought up near the calaboose and took lodgings till Monday morning, when he was suffered to depart.
→ The uneasiness created by the sudden appearance of a strong Confederate force in Maryland, and the ease with which they had so far “walked” over the course, has not interfered with the trade in boots and shoes at the popular store of Wright & [?]. The gentlemen, by constant reception keep their stock complete in every department and are able to supply customers all with the best goods at the lowest rates.
Death of a Soldier.
Mr. Editor: We have just received the melancholy intelligence of the death of our son, Henry Vanmeter, in the field hospital near Dallas, Ga.
He enlisted in July 1862, in Co. C, 84th Illinois volunteer infantry. He participated in a number of the most celebrated battles of the war, as well as numerous skirmishes in the campaign from Chattanooga to Dallas, without receiving a wound. He was taken with lung fever about the 25th of May, and died June 1st, 1864, aged 24 years and 6 months.
His messmate, G. W. Harris, who had fought by his side and often kneeled with him in the secret grove, says, “He died very happy.”
Capt. Wm. Ervin, commander of the company, writes thus to me: “He was a good Christian, a gentleman, and a soldier always ready and willing to do his duty to God, his country, and his neighbor. He lived respected by his officers and comrades, and died regretted by all who knew him.”
He leaves his parents, with nine brothers and sisters, and many friends, to mourn his departure; but we believe he has gone to a clime out of reach of pain and death, and out of hearing of the roar of artillery and the din of war.
The father may love a dear son,
And children may love one another;
And many may grieve for the lov’d one that’s gone,
But there’s nothing like the love of a Mother!
A sister may feel the sad loss,
A brother may feel for a brother;
But none feel the weight of so heavy a cross –
There are none that can feel like a mother!
A wife, or a husband, may weep
And feel the sad loss of each other;
But none have a heart that is wounded sp deep –
For there’s none that can weep like a mother!
L. N. Vanmeter.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
Raids and rumors of raids appear to be the order of the day. The rebels are making a big raid into Maryland for the purpose of robbery, plunder, and to draw the attention of Grant from Richmond.
Gen. Wallace, commanding the Department of Maryland, was defeated, and forced to retreat in disorder on Sunday last. The enemy’s forces numbered at 20,000, while our own was less than one-half that number.
The rebels are reported to be 45,000 strong in Maryland. They cut the railroad between Baltimore and Washington, also the telegraph lines, but they have all been repaired, and communication is again open between the two places.
Maj. Gen. Franklin was captured by the rebels on board of a railroad train.
Several trains of cars have been taken by the rebels in Maryland can burned, after rifling the mails and baggage. Money and watches belonging to the passengers were taken, and everything of any value.
The pirate, Florida, is off the Delaware coast, and has succeeded in capturing a number of vessels, among them the steamer Electric Spark, from New York bound to Havana and New Orleans. The Electric Spark had the mail on board, contained in 65 bags, which was also taken possession of by the pirate.
The report of the capture of Gen. Franklin is contradicted. As the report was a Philadelphia dispatch, we hardly believe it. We will know soon.
A part of Sherman’s army is across the Chattahoochee river, and the probability is that Atlanta is in our possession.
Stand from Under!
With deep feeling of awe we inform our readers that there is going to be an indignation meeting held – that the “Democrats” are going to hold it, and it’s to be held at Peoria on the 3rd day of August next. They are going to express their indignation (!) of President Lincoln. Lincoln will feel bad, we know he will – when he reads the names of the shining lights of “Democracy” who have signed the call for that meeting. Perhaps our readers would like to know what the Democracy have found to be indignant about again. We here insert the call and the names of those from this county who have signed it:
→ Democratic Mass Convention. – A Mass Convention of the Democracy will be held at Peoria, on Wednesday, the third day of August next, to take into consideration the present perilous condition of our country and express their indignation at the act of the President in kidnapping and removing beyond the jurisdiction of the civil authorities the Coles county prisoners. Let the people rally in their might. Hon. Thomas Hendricks and Hon. Daniel W. Voorhees, of Indiana, Hon. George H. Pendleton, of Ohio and other distinguished speakers will be present and address the people.
Signed by J. W. Mathews, J. C. Thompson, Thos. A. Mustaine and Wm. H. Neece. O, won’t Lincoln feel immensely bad when he finds out that Mathews, and Thompson, and Mustaine and Neece are going to be indignant at his manner of doing business! Just imagine, if you can, the dire effects the indignation of James W. Mathews, Joseph C. Thompson, Thomas A. Mustaine and William H. Neece will have on the President of the United States. Going to express their indignation, are they! O-h! golly!
In getting signers to this call for a “Mass Convention,” the Democracy of this county should have secured the names of the Morgan raiders, bushwhackers, and other secesh refugees who infest this city and county. One, in particular, who was “Kidnapped” and placed in durance vile at Camp Chase, might, “express” his “indignation,” of the President for treating the “chivalry” so barbarously. We move that his name be added.
A “Mass Convention” they call it. We have no doubt but that it will be as largely attended as the mass convention at Cleveland a few weeks since. This Peoria convention call has one letter too many, though. It should be [obscured] more appropriate, for none but the veriest donkeys in the State will take part in the proceedings.
But seriously, a part of the call says that they want to take into consideration the serious condition of the country. The object is a noble one, but taking in view the past action of the “Democratic” party of the last three years, we have no hopes of their doing anything to better the condition of the country. They may cry “Peace! peace!” but there will be no peace until this infernal rebellion is crushed out entirely, and the leaders properly punished. What we want now is, armed and determined men in the field – not in Peoria to “express indignation,” but in the front where armed traitors are fighting with bullets to destroy our country. The rebels in arms at the South are respectable men beside the peace-sneakes who will assemble in Peoria on the 3rd of next month.
Oh, Mathews, Thompson Mustaine Neece, what will you take to don’t?
A Noble Woman. – There is a widow lady living in Dupage county, in this State, who has had her two only sons in the army from the beginning of the war. The time of the boys’ enlistment expired a short time ago, and she entreated them to again enlist for the war which they have done, their mother meantime carrying on a large farm. The family are well educated and in comfortable circumstances.
→ W. M. Anderson, an Ohio delegate to the copperhead Chicago Convention, writes a letter in favor of a Western Confederacy. This is “Democratic” devotion to the Union!
June 26, 1864.
Editor Journal: Since I last wrote you matters have changed here greatly for the better. At that time there were hundreds of refugees herding about the town, living in pieces of houses or under trees. Now, most of them have disappeared, having received a gratuitous passage to the plentiful North at the hands of their good Uncle Sam. The condition of these poor people is miserable beyond description. Take one example: I conversed with one old lady who had come from North Carolina (from which State a large number of them come.) who had with her five children. She said she had traveled some seventy-five miles before reaching our railroad; had left one boy at home to try and save the property. Poor woman, I very much fear that she will never again see her boy or property either. Of course she was living here on the Government rations.
Perhaps you have little idea of the extent and fierceness with which border warfare is carried on in East Tennessee. Many Union men who were driven from their homes by the rebels have come to Knoxville and live here for protection. These men act as scouts, (so they call it.) but really as bushwhackers. A small band leave here as often as once a week, and go into the neighborhood of their former homes and shoot known secesh without mercy. In fact the word mercy is about banished from the dictionary in this part of the world. Some of these “scouts” are enlisted men, but others act “on their own hook.” Of course they run a great risk, as bands of thieves and plunderers from the rebel army thickly infest the country scouted over. One man, on his last trip killed eight men with his own hand. The most notorious of these scouts in the service is one Captain Reynolds, who is an old citizen here, and knows every by-path among these mountains and valleys. There is no knowing how many he has dispatched, but their name is legion. About once a week he is reported killed or captured, but he always turns up. A narrative of his adventures would be much better than any of the novels which are thrown upon the mercy of the people so thickly now-a-days.
We have a “great big scare” about once a week now, and have got used to [obscured] turning to Virginia, cut our telegraphic lines to Lexington, Ky., one day last week, alarmed many of the inhabitants, but they passed on without doing any great amount of damage.
When I say that Knoxville is, at present, the dullest place of its size in the United States, I do not exceed the bounds of truth. The reasons for this are obvious. In the first place most of the men in this part of the country have gone into one army or the other. Secondly, the restrictions, on travel and trade are very severe. Each citizen is allowed to enter the town, but to get out is another thing. To accomplish this, he (or she) has to go to the Post Provost Marshal’s office and get a pass, which is only attained by proving themselves loyal by the evidence (either oral or written) of some well known citizen and this must be repeated at every visit. Then, no citizen is allowed to purchase five cents worth of goods unless they have a certificate or other proof of loyalty, and for every bill of goods they have to receive a written or printed bill. For every amount over five dollars they have to go to the Custom House and pay 20 cents duty. After 5 P. M. no merchant is allowed to sell to any citizen in any way. Soldiers purchase when they have the tin, without any of these restrictions, but there are not many of them here now, and each detachment has its own sutler.
J. W. T.
Tribute of Respect.
Headquarters, 137th Ill. Vol. Inft. Camp
near Memphis, July 1, 1864.
Editor Macomb Journal: — Will you please give the following an insertion in your paper in accordance with the desire expressed therein by the members of this regiment.
H. P. ROBERTS,
Chaplain 137th Ill. Vol.
At a meeting of the commissioned officers of the 137th Ill Vol., held June 30th, 1864, of which Col. John Wood was appointed Chairman, and chaplain H. P. Roberts Secretary.
On motion of Capt. Veatch it was voted that a committee of three be appointed to draft resolutions expressive of the feelings of the regiment, upon the death of Surgeon Wm. A. Huston. Capt. B. M. Veatch, Lieut. Col. T. K. Roach and Hospital Stewart B. I. Dunn were appointed that committee. The meeting then adjourned until the next morning, July 1st, when the committee presented the following report:
We the undersigned a committee appointed to draft some suitable expression of the feelings of the officers and men of this regiment in reference to the death of our much esteemed fellow soldier, Surgeon Wm. A. Huston, present the following, viz:
We learn with sad regret that Surgeon Huston died at the officers hospital, in the city of Memphis on Saturday last, June 25th, after a short illness of only four days. The same evening his remains in care of his son, Thaddeus Huston, Orderly Sergeant of Co. C, were started to his late home in Macomb, McDonough county, Ill.
Surgeon Huston joined this regiment at its organization as we believe from purely patriotic motives. He was in good practice at home, but at the call of his country gave it up, and occupying the appointment of principal Surgeon at once entered upon the arduous duties of that position with all the energies of his warm and patriotic heart. The sickness of which he died we have no doubt was brought on by his over exertion in erecting his hospital and providing for the welfare and comfort of the sick in the regiment, for whom he seemed to feel more than an ordinary solicitude, and he died as truly for his country as though he fallen upon the field of battle.
From the very commencement of his illness Dr. Huston appeared to have a presentiment that he would not recover and gave directions to Dr. Dunn in reference to his family and business at home with great calmness and deliberation. At the same time while caring for the interests of his own family he was not forgetful of the interests of the regiment, and when his friends were expressing their anxiety for his recovery [obscured] them not to neglect the sick boys for him, saying he would be well enough cared for.
Our friend and comrade is gone. – He will be with us no more. We shall miss him in our mess, in the hospital, and in our social circle. But, ch! how much more will his dear family miss him at home. There he was known in all the endearing ties of husband, father and friend. There he was truly loved for himself and there the shadow has fallen with the darkest gloom. We therefore tender to his bereaved family our sincere and heart-felt sympathy in this their greatest loss and offer the following resolutions:
Resolved, That in the death of Surgeon Huston, the 137th regiment has indeed sustained a great loss.
Resolved, That the Union cause has lost one of its warmest and most efficient supporters.
Resolved, That a copy of these preceedings signed by the chairman and secretary be sent to his family, and also that a copy be furnished for publication to the Macomb Journal, Quincy Whig and Republican and Chicago Journal.
T. K. ROACH, Lieut. Col.
Signed B. M. VEATCH, Capt., co C
B. I. Dunn, Hos’l Steward.
On motion the above report was unanimously adopted and the meeting adjourned.
H. P. ROBERTS, Sec’y.
At Hillsgrove, in this county, July 2nd, Mrs. Amelia Thompson, wife of Benedict Reynolds, aged 49 years.
She was overthrown and trampled on by a colt, lived in great pain 24 hours, and died in peaceful hope. An only daughter shares her father’s grief; as do all the neighborhood. A useful and beloved Christian has gone to her reward. I. F. H.
In the Quartermasters Department at St. Louis.
2,000 Laborers $40 per month and rations.
1,500 Teamsters $35 per month and rations.
100 Carpenters at $67 50 per month and military board.
100 Blacksmiths, Wheelwrights and Stone Masons, at $60 per month and military board.
100 Blacksmith’s helpers, at $35 per month and military board.
Free transportation furnished to place of destination and returned to St. Louis. For further information inquire of
T. A. WOOLLEN, or
M. A. BROWN, at Brown House.
Resigned. – We see by the Quincy Whig and Republican, that our old commander, Col. M. M. Bane, of the 50th Ill. Vols., has resigned in consequence of ill health, and has returned home. We believe this step was taken reluctantly by the Colonel, for his whole soul was engaged in this war for the crushing of the rebellion, and nothing but death or long protracted sickness would drive him from the field. Col. Bane lost his right arm in the memorable battle of Shiloh, but with a heroism worthy of emulation, he seized his sword with the remaining arm, and remained in the service ever since, firmly resolved that he would be “in at the death,” as he was at the commencement, but disease has accomplished the work that rebel bullets could not do – driven him from the field, and from the gallant boys who have served with him, and been on the long and weary march, and hotly contested battle field. We wish the Colonel a speedily return to his usual vigorous health, and that he may soon return to the front with the stars on his shoulders.
Killed by a Colt. – Mr. B. D. Reynolds, an estimable citizen of Hills Grove, 15 miles southwest of Macomb, has a two year old colt that he has neglected to wean. When about to use the dam, he has been accustomed to lead her out of the stable shutting in the colt: a process the latter has learned to dislike. On the 2nd of July Mrs. Reynolds went to the stable, and the colt anticipating such a maneuver, rushed over her, injuring her fatally. The stomach and breast were both supposed to be lacerated, although no severe external injury was visible. She lived in great agony just 24 hours and died. Mrs. Reynolds was a kind neighbor, and very efficient in sickness, few equalled her in ability, and none excelled her in willingness, to minister to the necessities of the suffering. She leaves none in that neighborhood who can make her place feel good. She had long been a member of the Calvinist Baptist Church, lived an irreproachable Christian life, and died “the death of the righteous.”
On the Rampage. – Last Saturday, circus day, a man from Swan Creek, Warren county, came to this town to see the show, and spread himself generally, and the better to qualify himself for his part of the performance, [?] away a considerable quantity of tangle-leg. Because circus horses [?] fast around the ring, he supposed he could go fast around the square, and [?]ing into his wagon, he started around somewhat faster than the city ordinance expects orderly, law-abiding citizens to drive. By the time he got once around the square, special policemen Chapman, Goodwin and Wal[?] had him in custody, and took him to the lock-up. Monday morning he was brought before Esquire Withrow, and “after the usual ceremonies, he loaned the city five dollars.” Be careful boys, about fast driving, or you will be called on for a loan.
Failed Again. – Our army letter from Mr. Magie has failed to reach us again. The army is so far advanced in Georgia that letters cannot be sent with any regularity, and the mails are uncertain. Our readers can rest assured that it is not Mr. Magie’s fault. We may have two from him in next week’s paper.
A Good Move. – We see by the proceedings of the city council at their last meeting, that the clerk was directed to draw up an ordinance for the protection of Bills and Notices stuck up in this city. This should have been done long since, as the rowdy boys of this city do not allow any kind of poster, as a general thing, to stay up longer than twenty-four hours, and in some cases bills have been torn down before the paste has time to dry. – Those who get handbills printed to post in town should be protected in their rights, and we hope the council will pass a stringent law for that protection.
Declined. – Some of the friends of Col. L. H. Waters, wishing him to allow the use of his name before the convention for candidate for Congress, wrote to him asking him for his consent. The Colonel peremptorily declines the honor, as he thinks his services are needed in the field at the present time too much to leave. After this war is over, we will run Col. Waters for Congress, and elect him, too.
Too Fast. – Our young city is getting too fast, decidedly. What with fast youths, fast horses, fast dances, and everything else in the “fast” line, we present quite a city appearance. Go it, b’hoys, while you are young, for when you get old, &c.
Attention! Everybody. – Do you want to be employed by the Government at good wages? Do you want to go South without going as a soldier? If so, call on Mr. T. A. Woolen or M. A. Brown, at the Brown House. This is an opportunity that will be withdrawn before long, and now is your time. See advertisement under the head of “new advertisements.”
Wounded. – There is a rumor in town that Col. L. H. Waters, of the 84th, was wounded in one of the late fights in Georgia. We do not know whether it is true or not, but we do doubt the truth of it.
Another call for More Troops.
It is announced from Washington that another call for several hundred thousand men will soon be made. – Take this in connection with the assertion of Senator Wilson that 400,000 men have been mustered into the service since first October 1863, and the country will be more than ever startled at the rapid waste and destruction of our fighting material. – Where has this vast multitude gone? A million of men properly handled and husbanded should be sufficient to conquer this whole continent from Greenland to Patagonia; yet this wretched, blundering, wasteful administration has had more than two million of men altogether, and we seem to be as far from final victory over the South as ever. In truth, this reliance upon mere numbers is a signal proof of the essential weakness of our military administration. It was not the myriads of [?] which al;ways prevailed; the skill and bravery of the Greeks who opposed were more than a match for them. The nation cannot stand these terrible drafts upon its population and any one can see that one year more of this fearful waste of human life will produce exhaustion and lead to an enforced peace. If Mr. Lincoln be re-elected the independence of the southern confederacy will be a fixed fact.
A Lesson from Washington.
The Father of his country, in his farewell address to the people whose freedom and liberties he had done so much to secure, warned them to “Indignantly frown upon the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest, or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link together its various parts.”
Would not the troubles of our country have been averted had these words of warning been listened to by the people of the North? It has been the mission of the republican party to inflame the passions of the ignorant and the violent, until they produced a general feeling of hatred and disorganization which spread, like a fatal poison, through every artery of the body politic. Its songs of triumph were alike the death-knell of the Republic. Founded upon ignorance, injustice, and a contempt for the Constitution, this party could bring nothing but disaster and disunion in its wicked train.
Nullifiers in the North.
Do the honest men in the republican party ever reflect upon the infamous conduct of their leaders in placing their party in opposition to the Constitution adopted by our revolutionary fathers? Do they ever think of the fact that in at least twelve of the northern States they have trampled the supreme law of the land under their feet? Do they know that they have not only broken the peace of this Union, but have also destroyed the solemn compact that made us a nation? Do you know that these same leading republicans have torn out the key-stone of the arch on which the temple of American liberty rested, and now, with the noise of drums and cannon they seek to make you drunk with the blood of your brethren, so that you may mock, and shout, and dance with them over the ruins of your country’s greatness and glory?
A republican paper inquires for the principles of the Democratic party. – We answer that they are briefly summed up in the Ten Commandments, Christ’s sermon on the Mount, the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution of the United States, and fully illustrated in the writings of those eminent Democrats, Moses, Paul, Jefferson, Jackson, and Douglas.
→ Congress has repealed the commutation clause in the conscription bill, but left substitute part as it was. This is only making a bad matter worse. – The price of substitutes will range higher than before, and leave a greater number of poor men subject to a forced service in the army. If there is any forced service the burden should fall upon the rich as well as upon the poor – the life of the former is worth no more to his family or to the public than is the latter. If no substitutes were allowed then the operation of the law would be equal and just as between men. As it is, the oppression is all thrown on the poor and the comparatively poor. These classes will never see the rich men compelled to bear their equitable share of the burdens of the war, until the party in power are hurled from the position they have disgraced and the trust they have violated.
→ The war is no longer popular with the majority of the people, or a forced conscription would not be necessary to fill up the army, which is so often decimated by confederate bullets and camp disease. None feel the fact of the unpopularity of the war more keenly than do the republican politicians. This is evidenced by their great anxiety to avoid all discussion on the policies of the administration, and their persistent efforts to drown all exposure of the crimes of Mr. Lincoln, in the foolish cry of supporting the government. If the republicans were conscious that their conduct would stand the scrutiny of investigation, they would not attempt to silence all proper discussion of the subject. The people are tired of the war – tired of the vain sacrifices of so many thousands of lives – tired of the continual increase of the public debt, and they are sternly determined on a change of administration.
But it is not only ludicrous but astounding to see with what pertinacity these folks play upon this theme. It forms the basis of at least one indignant or lachrymose [?] in each weekly issue of such papers as the Springfield Register, Macomb Eagle, and Carthage Republican. A stranger would have hard work to discover, on reading one of these newspapers, which was driving the country to the devil the fastest, this horrible miscegenation,” or the terrible “tyranny” of President Lincoln. – Hancock New Era.
Not very hard work either, for any man with half an eye can see that Lincoln’s terrible tyranny is the best scheme to compass the swift destruction of constitutional liberty in this country. After the despotism of this administration shall have become consolidated by its re-election, then miscegenation is to play its part by emasculating the people of their manhood and destroying their ability even to re-assert or regain their lost freedom. This may be “fun” to some persons now, but the time may come when the despot’s hand will grapple their own throats.
→ We would like to remind business men that The Eagle office is the place to get job printing done, whether posters, circulars, cards or anything else. Work done in superb style and at short notice.
Celebration at Bernadotte. – It was our good fortune to be present at a celebration of the Fourth at Bernadotte. It was announced as a Democratic celebration, and as such faithfully observed. At twelve o’clock a procession was formed in the village, under the direction of H. J. Benton, chiefly assisted by Messrs. Tartar and Medley. [?] marched to the grove below on the bank of the river. Here was a long table, covered with every style of meat, bread, and pies that could be desired, and ornamented with butternuts and other articles plucked on the beautiful grove. This table reflected great credit upon the liberality and [?] played by the ladies of the village and vicinity. After the people, one thousand or more in number, had dome ample justice to the good things spread out for refreshment, [?] repaired to the speaker’s stand. The declaration of Independence was read by Mr. W[?] in good style. After this the writer [?] made a short speech. He was followed by Mr. H. J. Benton. In a lengthy, eloquent, argumentative address. Seldom have we listened to a better array of facts, or a more unanswerable argument on political questions, then was presented by Mr. Benton. It was with much regret that we were compelled to start for home before the conclusion of the exercises. The day was worthily celebrated, and we believe the great multitude (excepting perhaps a few ? who could not see it were well placed. The Democracy of Bernadotte and vicinity are alive to the issues of the day, and we stand in their lot in the great battle for Constitutional freedom that is now upon the country.
→ The celebration of the Fourth in Macomb was not, as we are told, a very extended affair. The exercises in the fair grounds consisted of reading the Declaration of Independence and an oration by Mr. Nesbitt. In the afternoon a greased pole was “climbed” by a lot of boys, who obtained a ten dollar “coin green,” which liberal man had placed on top of the pole. At night a few fireworks tickled the boys who had gathered around to see them.
→ Our farmers are now busy in the harvest fields, and acres after acres of grain are rapidly falling before the ratling march of the reapers. The yield of wheat and rye are larger, in this county, than it has been for a number of years past. Corn is growing as fast as it can, and bids fair for an abundant yield.
→ Brig. Gen. Charles G. Harker, one of the youngest and most gallant officers of the army, was killed at the battle of Kenesaw mountain, Ga., on the 27th of June. He was at the head of his brigade, while gallantly storming the enemy’s works. He was a brother of Wm. Harker, Esq., of this city.
→ Congress adjourned at last. There is then some hope for the country. If the majority of them would go out and hang themselves there would be more hope.
A Prayer for Peace.
Give us peace in our time, O Lord,
From the desolating sword,
From the devastating fire,
From wicked men’s desire!
Passionate, senseless, proud,
The teachers of the crowd,
Disturb the sorrowful air,
Crying, “Strike! and do not spare!”
The preachers of they word,
Untrue to the trust conferred,
Defile thy temple gate
With the blasphemies of hate.
The eyes of our young men glow
As the wild war trumpets blow,
And their hands drip crimson
With the blood of their brethren slain.
“More blood!” the old men urge,
As the tides of battle surge;
‘Tis sweet for our country to die!
“More blood!” the women cry.
And they go, the brave and strong,
For a right that may be wrong,
To feed the greedy tomb
With their beauty and their bloom;
To redden the rolling flood,
To fatten the earth with blood,
And poison the air’s pure breath
With the charnel reek of death!
From the mountains to the sea,
Floats up, O Lord, to Thee –
To the footstool of Thy throne,
The long, low, tremulous moan –
Of a childless multitude,
Tender, and fair and good;
Of mothers forlorn – forlorn,
Who weep for their early born –
And of widows forlorn as they,
Whose hope, whose prop, and stay,
Lies low in the shallow grave
Of the unforgotten brave.
Give us peace, O Lord, in our time,
From all this wrong and crime;
From all this sorrow and shame –
Peace! peace! in Thy holy name!
For the sake of the perishing realm
That our passions overwhelm;
For the sake of the outraged laws,
And Liberty’s sacred cause –
Stay, stay Thy lifted hand
On our decimated land!
Hold back the avenging rod!
Peace! peace! O Lord, our God!
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
Union Congressional Convention.
We copy the following call for a Congressional Convention to assemble at Beardstown, in Cass county, from the Schuyler Citizen:
Notice is hereby give, that a Convention composed of delegates from the several counties in the 9th Congressional District of this State, will be held in the city of Beardstown, Cass county, on Thursday the 21st day of July, commencing at 10 A.M. of that day, for the purpose of electing a Union candidate to represent this district in Congress. Each county will be entitled to the same number of delegates as in the late Union State Convention. It is recommended that each county hold a mass convention at as early a date as practicable, say on the Saturday preceding the 21st for the selection of said delegates.
Chm’n Union Ex. Com. 9th Con. Dis.
Rumored Capture of Petersburg.
Just as we were going to press, this, Thursday, morning, the Chicago Journal came to hand with the rumor that Grant had captured Petersburg on the 4th. If it should prove to be true – why, glory!
From the 78th Regiment.
Camp near Marietta, Ga.,
June 22, 1864.
Nothing of special interest or importance has transpired in this regiment since I wrote you on the 17th inst. On the morning of the 19th it was discovered that the rebs had left their fortifications on our immediate front and retreated a mile or two farther south to a high hill or mountain at the base of which on the south side Marietta is situated. Our troops immediately moved forward, and now occupy to the base of the mountain on the north side. This mountain appears to be only about [obscured] our right and left flanks are moving around it, and before this reaches you I have no doubt the hill will be in our possession. We have taken several hundred prisoners and deserters within the past three days, and they report that our shells and bullets have been very destructive and have terribly thinned their ranks.
We are now camped about half a mile from the mountain I have spoken of. From our position we have a grand view of the top of it where we can see the rebs moving about and laboring upon their fortifications. There is a battery of Parrott guns situated only about ten miles to the left of our [obscured] been playing briskly on their works, and although it may be death to the rebs, it has been fun for us to see them duck their heads and hunt their holes whenever our cannon opens upon them. They have had the temerity to send their respects to us in the shape of three or four shells, but they appear to be very saving of their ammunition. – Their skirmishers and sharpshooters in the side of the mountain send their bullets about as rather more frequently and closely than we relish, but so far they have hurt no one in this regiment.
Our communications with the rear still remains uninterrupted. I have the Macomb papers for the week ending June 11. I perceive that the Eagle is quite enthusiastic in its support of Fremont. That is a curious bird – that Eagle. I think it was this same Eagle that more than three years ago spoke of the Southern Confederacy as an “independent nation,” and advised Democrats not to go into the war, but to let abolitionists do all the fighting, and I think it published resolutions declaring our soldiers no better than murderers, and endorsing the acts and speeches of John C. Breckinridge and Clem Vallandigham. And yet the Eagle is for the Constitution and the laws – so am I! And yet the Eagle thinks that the Administration has not been as faithful and energetic as it might have been in the observance of the constitution, and the execution of the laws – so do I, for if the laws had been faithfully executed the editor of that Eagle would have been hung for his treason long ago. – It is the forbearance and leniency of the Administration towards traitors which has induced the Fremont organization, and yet the Eagle will howl about the despotism and tyranny of Lincoln, and I the next breath bestow compliments upon Fremont and Cochrane, who, if they could be elected, would cut short the career of all such men as the Eagle editor, or make matters more confounded in the attempt.
We have received the sad intelligence of the death of Lieut. Tobias Butler, 1st Lieut. of Co. G, which occurred at La Harpe two or three weeks since, from wounds received at the battle of Chickamauga. He suffered long and patiently, and conflicting hopes and fears respecting his recovery. A few weeks before his death, his symptoms assumed a more favorable phase, and he began to be cheered with the prospect of soon returning to his regiment. But death choose him for a victim, and his name is added to the long list of noble heroes who have yielded their lives as willing sacrifices, rather than that our glorious Union should be rent and torn asunder by villainous traitors to promote the interests of such a hellish system as American slavery. Orderly Sergeant D. W. Long will probably soon receive a commission to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Lieut. Butler.
C. W. Hite, of Co. A, has been notified that a commission as 2d Lieut. of that company has been issued to him. Corporal Abram Frisbie has been promoted to fill the position of Orderly Sergeant made vacant by the promotion of Hite.
Since I commenced writing this letter the rebs have opened their batteries upon us from the place where they were so vigorously shelled by our guns yesterday. They throw an occasional shot at our regiment, but so far only one person has been hurt, and he but very slightly. Our batteries have opened a terrific fire both on our right and left, and are directing their shots more to the base of the mountain, and are paying no attention to the batteries on the summit which appear to be shelling them. Our part in this interesting little drama appears to be to look out for the enemy’s shells, lay low, and hold our position in the centre. This day’s work will undoubtedly develop something interesting, and I await with some anxiety the issue.
I close by sending a list of absentees on account of sickness or otherwise from the respective companies in this regiment.
Co. A. – Sergeant John H. Walker, Corp. Wm. Walker, Corp. O. L. Pitney, James Howe, Henry Wilds, James Graves, Samuel Wilds, Dr. John Sapp, [obscured] ter person had one of his toes accidentally shot off. Dr. Sapp has been seriously ill, but at last accounts was improving rapidly. Dr. S. was a physician in good practice at his home in Schuyler county, but he chose rather to wear the honors of a private soldier in this war for the Union than to enjoy the comforts of his home while his country needs his services in the field.
Co. B. – Capt. Ruddell, Wm. A. Adair, D. W. Adair, C. W. Pitt, Wm. McWilliams, David Kincaide. – Joseph McWilliams and Charles A. Spicer, who have been in the rear on the sick list, have recovered and recently rejoined their company.
Hendricks, John W. Kirk, Thomas Lindsey, C. L. Norris. I learn that Capt. Hume is still at officer’s hospital, Chattanooga, and has recently been very ill. Kirk was at Nashville, and Lindsey at Chattanooga, the last we heard from them. Hendricks had some complaint resembling erysipelas, but the surgeon pronounced him poisoned by some noxious weeds. Harry Carnes who has been a long time on the sick list, has rejoined us, and I noticed him the other night on the skirmish line load and fire with as much life and vigor as though he had never seen a sick day in his life. The smell of gunpowder appears to have a revivifying influence upon him.
Co. D. – Serg’t James Abbott, Corp. W. E. Milton, Sol. Fry, S. Gilliand.
Co. E. – Joshua Winner, Jesse Cunningham, Thomas Gott. The latter I learn has recovered and started for the regiment, but it appears has not yet found us.
Co. F. – Thos. Barry, Geo. Schmidt, Francis Malone. I reported Malone in a recent letter probably bushwhacked, but I learn since that he was taken sick and sent to Chattanooga, and from thence to go to his home Adams county on furlough.
Co. G. – Jonathan Demois, Hugh D. McClellan, F. C. Ensminger, A. E. Sanborn, C. M. Marsh, John C. Malthaner, C. W. Magill. The latter was left, at Rome, and I learn is getting better. Marsh has been sent to Nashville. John Olssen who has been in the rear, sick, is now with us.
Co. H. – Lieut. S. Simmons, in hospital at Nashville, is getting better; Robt. Honsensesearth, slightly wounded; Misner, badly wounded; Milton Shaw, slightly wounded; J. W. Vanhorn, Jonah Flora, Andrew McElhany, Geo. Dunham, Allen Luddington, Silas Thompson, John Mills, Ed. Arnold, H. Randless, David R. Raymond, Wm. Dusenberry, B. W. Strickler, Marion Beazely. The latter was wounded in left foot, and is now at Jeffersonville hospital, Ind. Dusenberry is laid up with sprained hip. Co. H, has a large list, but some of them are about well, and will probably rejoin their company.
Co. I. – Wm. C. McClellan, Wm .Cupp, Douglas M. Chapman.
Co. K. – Geo. B. Johnson, Wm. O. Underwood, Jacob B. Robbins, Geo. W. Buskirk, A. G. Cookson, Samuel Weldon. The latter has a finger shot off.
Col. Van Vleck has not been well for a day or two, but is getting better. I have not heard from Sergeant-major Hendricks since he was taken to the hospital. Sergt. Alfred Bailey, of Co. K, is now performing the duties of the Sergeant-major.
– A case of transfusing animal blood into a human subject was practiced in Leipzic, lately, with success. Twelve ounces from the veins of a living lamb were injected with benefit into a patient of the hospital in that city.
– The stalwart bruiser Tom Hyer, once the pride and envy of muscular New York, is now a hopeless cripple, broken down in health and beggared in purse.
– Guerrilla bands are annoying the navigation of the Missouri. Nearly every boat passing the vicinity of Lexington is now fired upon.
A Few good pieces of MINER’S FLANNEL (plaid) just received and for sale low at the store of JOHN VENABLE.
The 4th in Macomb. – Notwithstanding our citizens were rather dilatory about getting up a celebration in this city, the 4th was very nicely celebrated. In general everything passed off to the satisfaction of all. There was a very creditable turnout of people on the Fair Grounds to hear the Declaration, Oration, &c. The oration, delivered by Rev. Mr. Nesbitt, Pastor of the Presbyterian Church in this city, was a masterly effort. Every person who had the good fortune to hear it, speaks in terms of highest praise, both in the sentiment and manner of delivery. Declaration, read by Rev. Mr. Reynolds Pastor of the Christian Church in this city. There was some misunderstanding about the money on the greased pole, but we believe it was satisfactorily explained, and everything quieted down.
At night a splendid display of fireworks were exhibited at the Fair Grounds, under the direction of Mr. G. K. Hall. Taken altogether, the day was fitly celebrated, and will long be remembered by our citizens, especially the younger portion.
Go and Hear Him. – Gen’l B. M. Prentiss will lecture at the Christian Church to-night, Thursday, in aid of the Home for the Children of disabled and diseased Soldiers. The object is a laudable one, and all should turn out to hear the General, and then give him “material aid” to the best of their ability.
Cancers. – The greatest discovery of 19th century has been made by Dr. G. Fox, of St. Louis. It is a plaster to take out all kinds of malignant and other cancers. The Doctor is now stopping at the Macomb House, on West Jackson street, where he can he [?] ready to prove all he says in reference to those detestable things, cancers, ulcers, &c. He has references from Drs. McDowell and Bakee of St. Louis, which he will be happy to show. Dr. McDowells reference is enough to justify any person living in the West, as to Dr. Fox’s ability to perform all he says he can.
Lightning. – On Thursday evening, 30th ult., a thunder storm came over this city, and during its transit the lightning struck a locust tree in the front of Mrs. Dr. Huston’s house. Mrs. Huston was standing, at the time, at the head of the stairs, and was knocked down by the shock to the bottom of the stairs. Mr. Brown, the station agent, was knocked down as he was standing at his desk, in his office, writing, and an Irishman, by the name of Simmons was knocked down by the same shock in front of the Randolph Hotel. No further damage was done that we have heard of.
The Great Show. – Remember that to-morrow (Saturday,) the big Equescurriculum of L. B. Lent will be here, and give two of their inimitable and unique performances. We have seen this show, and unhestitatingly pronounce it to be the best show traveling in the West, and we believe it to be best traveling anywhere. The riding and tumbling of Mr. Madigan and young Robert Stickney cannot be excelled. In a word, it is a good show. Go and see it.
Army Mail Bag. – We are again indebted to Mr. J. W. Tatham, editor of the Army Mail Bag, for copies of this paper, also for another interesting letter for publication, which we shall publish next week.
Personal. – Lieut. Geo. W. Low, of the 58th U. S. Inft., is at home on a short furlough, and looking remarkably well for one who has seen over three years of active service in the field.
Calathumpians. – During the celebration ceremonies on the 4th, the scene was enlivened by the appearance of a company of mounted Calathumpians, who paraded around the streets of the city, and assisted materially in hightening the enjoyment of the occasion. We would like to have the boys appear again soon.
→ As the campaign is now open, why cannot we have a Lincoln and Oglesby club formed in this city? We surely ought to have one, and it should not be delayed another week. We see that they are being formed almost everywhere, and Macomb should be behind hand. Let us hear about it, or else let it be done so we can announce next week that we have a club in successful operation.
Resolutions of Respect.
The following resolutions of respect to the memory of the late Maj. William A. Huston, Surgeon of the 137th Ill. Vol. Inft., resident of this city, who died after a short illness, in Memphis, Tenn., were passed unanimously by the physicians of this city and vicinity, in council met:
Be it resolved by the Physicians of Macomb and vicinity.
1st, That it was with heartfelt sorrow that we learned of the decease of Major William A. Huston, Surgeon 137th Ill. Inft. Vols.
2nd, In expressing our professional appreciation of our late brother, we sympathize with his afflicted family and bereaved friends in the loss of a warm friend in the social circle, and a man well read in the duties of his profession.
3rd, For months he greatly desired to minister to his suffering countrymen in camp and hospital, and to aid the Government in crushing the present rebellion. – Patriotism, like a consuming fire, has turned to ashes the offering he laid upon his country’s altar. He loved his friends and noble, profession not “less” than when he devoted his life to the healing of the sick, but he loved his country “more,” and would gladly serve it at any sacrifice. He gave the best, all he had. It was accepted.
4th, That a copy of these resolutions be presented to the family of the deceased, also a copy be furnished each of our city papers, requesting the publication of the same.
A. B. Stewart, M. D.,
– Do you want a good second-hand, light running Democrat wagon? if so, call on Watkins & Co., at their grocery store, on the south east corner of the square, who have a good one which they will dispose of for cash or for trade for a horse.
– The effort of rebel emissaries in Europe to stay the tide of emigration proves most abortive. Almost every day large numbers of foreign emigrants come to Illinois and other Western States in search of a home, and they say that there is no prospect of the number dimishing. Some of these persons are in good circumstances, having the means to procure and stock large farms.
The National Democratic committee have taken upon themselves the authority of postponing the National Democratic convention until the 29th day of August. We do not understand why this has been done, nor can we imagine what advantage is likely to result from it. It may and we hope will be for the best. Acquiescence in the action of the committee will render it valid. In the meantime Democrats must not be idle. Our ranks must be consolidated, and each man must be ready, if needs be, to forego somewhat of his opinions or preferences, for the sake of promoting the success of our party and the welfare of our country.
Two years ago Wilkes’ Spirit of the Times was a standard authority among the supporters of the administration. Its abuse of McClellan found its way into all their papers. After this long association with the leading republicans of the country, and speaking from the knowledge gained by his intimacy with them, Wilkes now says:
“For years our public characters have been constantly deteriorating and running to mediocrity. The political condition of the country requires an infusion of new blood, and it is right it should have a new man. As for this Albino administration, and its diluted spawn of pink-eyed patriots – this limp result of the feeble embraces of half-furnished conservatives and limited emancipators – the country will spurn them from its bosom with disgust.”
→ Henry Wilson recently said in his place in the senate: -
“Sir, there is power enough in the nation, there are resources enough in the nation, if God would only give us some power to organize it and to precipitate it against the enemy, to with these battles, and to close this contest within a short time. If God would but inspire somebody, if He would but plant in some mind in authority the power to organize, and then the power to direct, this great contest would be closed with more glory to the American people than ever before fell to the lot of any portion of mankind.”
The senator is plainly of the opinion that God is not upon our side. – Wilson will probably soon be denouncing Him as a “pro-slavery God!”
War Record of Illinois. – A careful statement is published in the Springfield Journal of all the troops for which Illinois has received credit up to April 30th showing that Illinois is at the present time some 35,000 in excess of all calls. This is exclusive of about 12 regiments of 100 day men under Gov. Yates’ last call.
→ The Lincoln men feel a horror of the peace men; but Lincoln will belong to that party after a while. He said at the beginning, “you can’t fight always.” That is true, we presume. So Abraham Lincoln must contemplate being a peace man some day. Some people are only a little in advance of Lincoln.
→ It has been very properly suggested that the party of the administration should no longer be called republicans, since they have ceased to favor a republican form of Government. Their proper term is Monarchists, for all their manners lead at once to that.
→ Many years ago Elwood Fisher, a prominent citizen of Ohio, predicted that the epitaph which would be inscribed upon our political tablet would read as follows:
“Here lies a people, who, in striving to give liberty to the negro lost their own freedom.”
– It is said that Grant will not trust the negro troops in battle at all. He has not even so good an opinion of them as Falstaff had of his ragamuffins, who “Would fill a grave as well as better.” Grant thinks the negroes will not even fill graves as well as white men.
A Happy Family.
The New York World concisely states the “situation” in the ranks of the abolition party. According to their own testimony, such a conglomeration of scoundrels, swindlers and incapable old grannies was never known. The old proverb, “when rogues fall out,” &c., was never more happily exemplified than in the quarrels which distract the “great UNION” party. Each and every man of them can be demonstrated to be either corrupt or incapable by evidence taken from among themselves. For instance, as the World says:
“The Evening Post has recently proved very clearly that Mr. Chase’s financial system is all wrong. The Tribune has furnished some very cogent reasons why Mr. Lincoln should not be renominated or re-elected, and the same paper has very candidly confessed that its party are in league with the rebels; that they are allies; and that the election of Mr. Lincoln nowhere gave more joy than it did in Charleston – “the heart and focus of the rebellion.” Thurlow Weed, also, has also told some painful truths, and now the Times comes on the stand to show the monstrous incapacity which obtains in our navy department. By the article from the Times, which we copy to-day, it will be seen that Mr. Lincoln’s biographer, regards Mr. Welles’ management of the navy department as being unutterably disgraceful to the country. It would be difficult to name a single department in the government about which abundant republican evidences cannot be produced to show that it has been wofully mismanaged. There are plenty of republicans who admit that Mr. Seward’s diplomacy is a conspicuous national dishonor. There are also other republicans who assert and prove the Mr. Stanton’s management of the war department is wrong headed, wasteful, and improvident. Republican journals and orators by the score bear witness to the short-sightedness and want of capacity and sound financial skill displayed by Mr. Chase. – As for Mr. Welles, the failure of our ships to catch the rebel privateers; the acknowledged blunder in the construction of a useless monitor fleet, and the want of provision in all our naval operations, are testified to by almost the entire republican press. Then, as to Montgomery Blair, his course has been so obnoxious to his own party that he and his friends were unanimously insulted by the Baltimore convention. With these elements of discontent and dissatisfaction in the republican ranks, it is easy to foretell the fate that awaits that unfortunate party at the presidential election next fall.
The man who does not see that a great reaction is going on in the minds of the people against the present administration, is either blinded by partisanism or an indifferent observer of what is going on about him. The people are sick and tired of the jokes of Abraham Lincoln, and demand statesmanship. – The follies and extravagance of his administration are such as to disgust many honest men of his own party, who will either vote for Fremont or join the Conservative Democracy who want a man at the Nation who will administer the laws impartially, will protect the rights of citizens, enforce the Monroe doctrine, and seek a speedy peace, upon an honorable basis. That there will be a change this fall, in the National administration seems now to be a fixed fact. It is right, too, for it is unsafe to trust such a man as Lincoln, with hundreds of millions of the Government for four years longer. If he is re-elected, no man born can foretell the sad fate of our distracted country.
The Coles County Rioters.
From the Springfield Register.
On Thursday last Messrs. Hay and Ficklin, on the part of the men charged with complicity in the riot at Charleston, Ill., on the 28th of March last, made application before Judges Davis and Treat, of the United States circuit court, for a writ of habeas corpus, to bring before the court Binford E. Brooks and fifteen others, held at Camp Yates under the above named charge. The petition stated that the grand jury of Coles county had acted upon the cases of the men held in confinement, and had found bills for murder against two of them, and for riot against two others, and had ignored any bills against Binford Brooks and the remaining ten. Also, that the grand jury of the United States court had been discharged without finding bills against any of the parties.
Upon notice of this application being served upon Col. Oakes, provost marshal general for the state, he requested, as we understand, time to consult his superior officers, which was granted, but at the expiration of the time, instead of filing the proper answer, he exhibited an order from President Lincoln, and coolly informed the court that under that order the prisoners had been spirited away to Fort Delaware!
Were it not that under the reign of Lincoln the people have become familiarized with all forms of the grossest tyranny, the bare recital of this last enormity would suffice to cause the overthrow of the monstrous despotism which overrides law, violates constitutions, tramples down state sovereignty and trifles with individual liberty unchecked in this once free country. – What were the allegations against George III, in the Declaration of our independence? That he had “obstructed the administration of justice;” that he had “deprived us, in many cases, of the right of trial by jury;” – and that he had “abolished the free system of English laws.” What have the people of the state of Illinois to say to this invasion of her sovereignty? – Here were four men, held by a jury of their countrymen to answer to a criminal charge brought against them in due form of law, and eleven others, charges against whom had been investigated by the same impartial jury, and found baseless – but all are transported beyond the limits of the state, and out of the reach of her officers of justice. – How [obscured].
Let the men of Illinois ponder these facts seriously, thoughtfully and deliberately, and ask to what we are hastening. The cause of justice has never been obstructed in Illinois; these kidnapped citizens were never in the service of the United States in any way. There is no single circumstance to extenuate the infamy of Mr. Lincoln’s crime against our laws. But these infamies are daily, hourly perpetrated in the United States by men sworn to uphold and maintain the laws.
If we do not overthrow this despotism next November, how long do intelligent men suppose it will be before the people are prostrate in the dust, with its feet on their necks? A motto of the revolution was “[?] principiis” – “resist the beginning of despotism. Let us begin now.
The Hundred Day Men.
It will be news to the friends of the company that left here over four weeks ago to join a regiment at Quincy, to know that the boys had never been mustered into service.
A mustering officer was at Quincy a few days ago to do the business, but he, like Dick Yates, was too drunk all the time to attend to it. Word was sent to Springfield and another officer sent down, but he threw out all the “boys” who did not come up to the standard of the army regulations, which very materially reduced the ranks of the regiment. If they get no pay till they are mustered in, we think they are being treated very shabbily. But as election times are drawing nigh and the offices want filling, there is but little time left to look after the soldiers or the interests of the country. – Monmouth Review, 24th.
The Fourth at Bernadotte. – We have been informed that there will be an old-fashioned Democratic celebration of the Fourth at Bernadotte, in Fulton county. A large crowd and a good time are expected. Several speakers will be in attendance.
A Wretch. – A man named Lambert, from Tennessee township, is now in jail for having whipped his wife. Fear for her own safety compelled the unfortunate woman to have him arrested on a peace warrant, and being unable to give bail for his good behavior, he is furnished with lodging in the county jail. It is hoped he may come out repentant and a better man.
The N. N. P. S. – These are the initials of the name of a new society which has been in operation here about two weeks. Although somewhat secret and private in operations yet the society numbers already several hundred members, and among them are leading men of all parties. The object is to promote peace and union, in a natural way, [?] is believed that much advantage will result from an introduction of the platform to all [?]es of society. We understand that the D[?].G. F. M. G. for the Macomb district contemplates the establishment of a side degree for the initiation of all the disconsolate widows in the land.
The Equescurriculum. – This monster exhibition of men, horses, bears, bulls, buffaloes, monkeys, dogs, etc., will exhibit in this city on Saturday the 9th inst. The concern is a very novel one, and if we may believe the statements of the press since it has been on exhibition, it is very attractive. The tricks of the trained bears, buffaloes, and dogs, are said to be astonishing, and things surpassing the belief of even the spectator. The posters for this show cover one-eighth of the circumference of the public square, and are worth a visit of themselves.
Storm. – There was quite a storm of wind and rain over the northwest part of this county on Sunday afternoon. The growing wheat in a good many fields was badly blown down.
Wanted. – A man that voted for Old Abe in 1860 – and intends to in 1864 – that will exchange gold for greenbacks, dollar for dollar.
→ The Democrats of Fulton county will hold their convention to nominate candidates for county officers, on the day of August.
Death of Dr. Huston. – Dr. W. H. Huston, of this city, died at Memphis last week, of chronic diarrhea. He was assistant surgeon of one of the hundred days regiments.
→ St. Crispin’s motto was, “there is nothing like leather.” The purchasers of leather goods in this city allow there is nothing like the stock of Wright & Strider, for wear, finish, and neat fits. Remember the west side, Campbell’s block.
→ Greenbacks are worth about 40 to 45 cents on the dollar. We are taking them at par for all debts due this office. Isn’t that proof of strong loyatly?
→ Dr. Hebern, at his visit on Saturday, treated a number of cases of cancer, in a manner satisfactory to the people afflicted. His rooms were crowded with patients nearly all day. His next visit can be discerned by consulting his advertisement.
10,000 lbs BUTTER,
10,000 doz EGGS,
10,000 lbs PAPER RAGS,
Or anything else.
Always pay Greenbacks or any other Goods, at
One door from Cottrell & Bro., Macomb.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
RICHARD J. OGLESBY, of Macon.
FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR,
WILLIAN BROSS,of Cook.
FOR SECRETARY OF STATE,
SHARON LYNDALE,of St. Clair.
FOR AUDITOR OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTS,
O. H. MINER,of Sangamon.
FOR STATE TREASURER,
JAMES H. BEVERIDGE, of De Kalb.
FOR SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION.
NEWTON BATEMAN, of Morgan.
FOR CONGRESSMAN AT LARGE,
S. W. MOULTON, of Shelby.
→ “Two things American citizens will do well to remember.”
1. The copperheads claim to be the great Democratic party of the country, and yet are afraid to put their principles on paper so that the people can read them.
2. The copperheads receive all the secesh, bushwhackers, Morgan raiders, &c. that come from the South, with open arms, and depend upon their votes to carry the elections next fall.
→ The editor of the copperhead organ in this city talks about the “Democratic creed.” Will he please inform us what the “Democratic creed” is as the “Democratic” convention that assembled in Springfield on the 15th ult. Utterly forgot to enunciate a creed; and, if we are not mistaken, the “Democratic” party all over the North has forgotten to tell the people what their “creed” is. We would like to know what it is.
→ The editor of the copperhead paper in this city hints that we are an ass. We deny it, for we are no relations of his whatever.
→ The editor of the Eagle is on the stool of repentance. In his last issue he inquires for a copy of Greely’s Life of Fremont. Can’t somebody furnish him with a copy.
From the 78th Regiment.
Camp 4 Miles North of Marietta, Ga.,
June 17, 1864.
I have received copies of the Journal regularly up to June 3rd. In the issue of that date I must say that I felt a little vexed at the number of inexcusable blunders made by your compositors in my communications. I found a number of words left out, and in some instances other words substituted for those which I wrote. When you substituted the word “concentrated” for the word “evacuated” you destroyed the meaning of what I wrote. But it is too late now to specify errors.
Since I wrote you last our regiment has moved forward about five miles toward Marietta. Here we lie in full view of the hills upon which the enemy are well entrenched. Our skirmish lines are not over one hundred yards apart. For the past four days we have had an incessant roar of musketry and artillery. Day before yesterday we drove the enemy back a half a mile or more and still hold the ground. The 78th was not engaged. From a hill upon which the 78th is now camped we have a fine view of our lines extending for a mile or more upon our front and to our left. Soon after two o’clock in the afternoon all appeared to be ready. A strong skirmish line in advance, well supported by two or three solid lines of battle, moved steadily forward upon the enemy. As they neared the enemy’s lines we noticed a large number of the “grey jackets” emerging from the brush and the timber and running as fast as their legs could carry them, straight for our lines, some of them swinging their hats, and others waving white rags or handkerchiefs. At first we thought it a charge of the rebs upon our men, and we looked for a desperate hand to hand encounter. But the excitement was not at all diminished when we ascertained that these “grey jackets” were deserters from the enemy’s ranks, seeking protection in our lines. Many of them were fired upon by their own men as they ran away from them, and they sought the protection of trees upon the side toward our men before they had reached our lines. One officer came dashing over to our side upon horseback. From my own observation I can estimate that there were at least one hundred desertions from the enemy’s ranks in that charge, but I hear rumors of a much larger number. It cannot be denied that there is much disaffection and demoralization existing in the rebel army, and as they begin to learn the true state of thing, and to get a proper idea of the hopelessness of their cause there will be more of it. A few days ago a few boys of Co. B, in this regiment captured six rebels as they were busy gathering some vegetables in a garden not far from their own lines. – They were surprised, but at the same time they were not sorry to be taken in by the blue jackets. I am told that they were not aware that our forces had taken Dalton, but that they supposed that the forces down this way were mere raiders. There were only some three or four engaged in the capture of these rebs, and they deserve some credit for the cool and quiet manner in which they did it, as there was a pretty large force of rebel cavalry but a few hundred yards off.
Soon after our lines advanced, on the afternoon alluded to, our regiment was called upon for three companies to be sent to the front as skirmishers. Companies A, H, and C were detailed for that purpose, and as I am enrolled in the latter company I had the privilege, in common with the rest, of going forward to be shot at by the rebs. It was about dark when we relieved some other companies of the 34th Ill., and took their places. It was in a rather dense forest, with a thick undergrowth, not far from the railroad. We found the rebs only about seventy-five yards in our advance, and our only protection from their bullets was lying upon the ground or getting behind trees. In the course of the evening the firing gradually diminished until a shot in our vicinity was rarely heard. We then went to a large wood pile on the railroad and carried to our respective positions enough cord wood to make us a very substantial protection against the enemy’s bullets. We were stationed off in groups of four, six and eight at distances from eight to twelve paces apart, and in this manner our line extended for several miles. In our immediate rear, about ten rods distant there lay several companies as a reserve. I do not speak of this as a special arrangement for that night, for it is just in that manner that we have moved forward from Ringgold here, a distance of nearly one hundred miles. After we had got our breastworks built we laid down quietly behind them and endeavored to listen for what might be heard over in the rebel lines. We soon ascertained that some hardshell preacher was carrying on meetin’ exercises. We could hear him give out the hymn, and then came the singing, the praying and the preaching. I thought of a very appropriate hymn for them but I am not sure it was the one they sang. It commences –
And are we wretches yet alive,
And do we yet rebel,
‘Tis truly God’s amazing grace
That we are out of hell.
It is a very common thing for our boys and the rebs while on the skirmish line to strike up a conversation with each other. Sometimes I have been much amused at the witticisms passing back and forth, at other times the conversation would take a more serious turn, and I have known of information being gained upon both sides of the whereabouts of old acquaintances. This conversation is too apt, however, to run into blackguardism. Last night a reb called over to one of our men asking some insulting question about nigger wenches. He got for an answer, “We have no use for them, we have more of your wives and daughters then we know what to do with. They trade for hardtack.” Yesterday afternoon on one portion of the line our boys and the rebs became so friendly that several laid down their guns and met each other halfway. In conversation they reported great victories for Lee over Grant, but admitted that Sherman was rather getting the better of Johnson, but he would never get to Atlanta. They said there were a great many in their army they could not trust on the skirmish lines, as they would come over to us the first opportunity. – After making some trades for tobacco, &c., they shook hands, resumed their respective places, and were ready to shoot each other again.
I have to record two more casualties in this regiment. Yesterday morning as our Sergeant Major W. S. Hendricks, was coming from the spring with some water, and while even within the limits of our camp, a chance bullet from the enemy’s lines, three-quarters of a mile distant, struck him in the heel of one of his feet, making an ugly and painful wound, rendering it very probable that his foot will be permanently crippled. He was immediately taken to our field hospital in the rear, since which time I have not heard from him. The other case is that of Jeremiah Stewart, of Co. D, who was struck in the head by a bullet the same day, and died in the course of the night.
Dr. Wm. Githens, our indefatigable Assistant Surgeon, informs me that our regiment at this time enjoys an unusual degree of health. There are no serious cases reported at the present time.
We have received the proceedings of the Union Convention held at Baltimore, on the 7th inst., and as far as I have heard any expression of sentiment among the soldiers, it is unanimous in approval of the nominations and the platform.
J. K. M.
– Travelers just returned from Europe declare that the American war creates far more interest on the continent, and especially among the Germans, than the war in Denmark, nearer home. The news by every steamer is read with the greatest avidity, and in all the great cities it is posted up in the hotels as soon as it is received. The feelings of the Germans are generally in sympathy with the North; those of the French half and half.
– The Supreme Court of Iowa has decided that a note, though expressly stated “to be paid in gold,” can be paid in United States Treasury Notes. The question involved was, “can the plaintiff, to whom the defendant loaned $700 in gold United States coin, pay that loan back in United States Treasury Notes, though he promised to repay the loan in coin.” The Court decided that he could.
– The prisoners from Coles county, Ill., who have been in confinement at Camp Yates, Springfield, were, it is stated, sent off to Fort Delaware, near Philadelphia, on Friday, by order of Secretary Stanton.
The 4th. – Our citizens are at last [?]sed up to the importance of celebrating the glorious 4th in an appropriate manner. The programme fixed for the occasion consists of ringing of bells and firing of guns at sunrise, a grand procession, orations, singing, reading the declaration, fireworks, [?] race, greased pig, greased pole, etc. Taken altogether, if properly [?] out, the day will be fitly celebrated, and a pressing and cordial invitation is extended to everybody to come to town and join with us.
Departure of the 28th. – Co. D, of the 28th, left this place last Friday [?], bound for Natchez, Miss., their furloughs having expired. While at home, the boys enjoyed themselves greatly, and departed in good spirites to the stern realities of war for another wearisome three years. At the depot a large concourse of friends and [?] generally waited to see them, and as the cars slowly left the [?], three rousing, hearty cheers were given for the gallant boys of the 28th.
Death of Dr. Husten. – We were saddened to learn, on Monday last, of the death of Dr. Wm. A. Auston, 1st Surgeon of the 137th Ill. Vol. Dr. Huston was a resident of this city, and enjoyed a large and inclusive practice, when the late call for 100 days’ men, went into the service. He was not in the service quite a month when he was stricken down with congestion on the brain. He was taken sick on Saturday the 21st ult., and died the following Saturday. His remains were brought home on Wednesday morning, and buried the same day.
Grand Concert. – The Musical Convention, which has been in session in this city for the last two week will give a Concert at the Universalist church in this city on Saturday (tomorrow) evening, at 7 1-2 o’clock We have no doubts that it will be a rare [?] to our music loving citizens to attend this concert, as the convention in composed of some of the best singers we have in this section of the country. The price of admission is places so that it is in reach of all to attend. See bills.
The Equescurriculum. – The [?] show with the unpronouncable name advertised in our paper to be held on the 9th inst. The Chicago papers prenounce this show to be the show of the season. Grizzly Adams, with his performing bears, accompany this show, and will appear in the ring at each performance.
Runaway. – Runaways used to be of rare occurrence in this city, but of late they are quite common. On last Friday, a team, belonging to Mr. A. V. Brooking started to run, and did run for awhile, but evidently being circus horses ran around in a circle two or three times and then fetched up against the court house fence. No damage done. On Monday another team, belonging to A. Blackburn, Esq., started from the square, and ran up Carroll street to the east side of town, and then turned south but were stopped before doing any great damage.
An Old Friend. – When the writer of this was quite young, the Saturday Evening Post was his favorite, and as he grows older still he retains his affection for the old “stand-by.” We are pleased to see that it has come out with an entirely new dress, and looks as nice as – as – a lady. In our estimation, the Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post is far superior to all the New York “Sledgers” that ever were printed. Deacon & Peterson are the editors and publishers. If you want a really good literary paper, send for the Post.
Sold Out. – Mr. S. J. Hopper has sold out his entire stock of dry goods, hats and caps, notions, &c., to Messrs. Gilfry & Davis, who will remove their stock of goods to the Randolph block. With the two stocks united, Messrs. Gilfry & Davis will have a very large and complete assortment of goods in their line, and they inform us that they intend to sell at old prices, regardless of the late advance in goods. Persons in search of a bargain will do well to go to Gilfry & Davis’ new stand, on the east side of the square, and they will be sure to be suited.
Ho! for Bardolph! – Grand 4th of July Demonstration! Big Basket Dinner! Cheering Music by the Bushnell Brass Band! Patriotic Songs by the Macomb Glee Club! Good Speeches by eminent Speakers! – A grand celebration of the Fourth of July will be held in the grove three-fourths of a mile north of Bardolph, in which Bushnell, Macomb, “and the rest of mankind” (and women, too) are invited to take a part. Eminent speakers from various parts of the country will be there. The service of the Bushnell brass band and the Macomb glee club have been secured. Let everybody come out to honor the day that gave birth to our national independence. All are requested to bring their baskets of provisions with them.
The programme of exercises will be as follows, and will begin at 10 o’clock, A. M.
1st, Music by a band and choir; 2nd, Prayer by Chaplin, Rev. H. C. Mullan; 3rd, Music by choir; 4th, Reading the Declaration of Independence, by G. H. Litzenburg, of Bardolph; 5th, Music by band; 6th, Patriotic Oration, by Mr. Harris, of Chicago; 7th, Music by band; 8th, Basket Dinner; 9th, Music by the band and choir; 10th, Speech by Col. Thomas Hamer, of Vermont; — 11th, Music, by band and choir; 12th, Speech, by C. F. Wheat, of Macomb. 13th, Music, by band.
Submitted by the Committee of Arrangements.
H. C. MULLAN, Ch’n.
A. Russell, Sec’y.
“Not a Drum was heard.” – So says the “poick,” but S. J. Clarke & Co. are determined that it shall not be said in this place the coming 4th, so they have just received a supply of superior drums, enough, in fact to wake young America up with a rush. Get your drums of Clarke, and you can make noise. They have also received a handsome lot of flags – the regular stars and stripes. Go and see them.
The Crops. – We learn from our farmer friends that there is a better prospect for good crops of corn and wheat than has been for several years. The farmers say that Spring wheat will average from 25 to 30 bushels per acre. This large yield, take in connection with the great breadth of land sown, shows that we need not entertain no fears of a famine this year at least.
Dry Goods. – If you come into town on the 4th and wish to purchase anything in the dry goods line, give Geo. Bailey, on the east side of the square a call. George sells good goods, and cheap for cash.
→ As you go along, keep your eye on the south side of the square, and you will find Browne’s boot, shoe, hat and cap store. Then call on him, and if you need goods in his line, you will certainly buy, for he beats all selling goods cheap.
Macomb, June 27, 1864.
Editor Journal: — With your permission I would say a few words in regard to the Literary Society, recently organized in this city. We have now been organized about three months and number at this time about twenty members. Our object is our mutual improvement in oration, essay, declamation and debate, and in furtherance of that object it is necessary we should have a library connected with our society which we can refer to at all times. A committee has been formed to wait upon our citizens to solicit such donations of books and periodicals as they are willing to contribute. Historical, biographical, religious and scientific works preferred, but any kind will be thankfully received.
We would say to all those who would be willing to contribute, but fear the society will not be sustained any length of time, that it is a fixed institution, as every member is actuated by that which our name signifies – the love of learning, and will not, under any circumstances, allow the society to go down.
We propose, if a sufficient number of books are contributed, to have what might be denominated Reading Members; who upon paying the initiation fee of the society, and such dues as may be levied upon the members, shall be entitled to the privileges of the library, the same as regular members.
We would return our thanks to S. F. Wright and others for their very liberal donation of books. A suitable acknowledgment will be made to all who contribute when the names are reported in full.
Hoping to meet with encouragement from our fellow citizens in our effort to establish a society of this kind, we remain Yours truly,
S. J. CLARKE,
→ Sergeant Thad. Huston, of the 137th regiment starts on his return to his regiment, Tuesday the 5th inst. Those wishing to send letters by him can do so by leaving them at Chambers & Randolph’s store. No large bundles taken.
Reed’s Pianos. – Mr. Reed, one of the proprietors of Reed’s Musical Temple, of Chicago, is in this city soliciting orders for pianoes. Any person wishing to purchase an A. No. 1 piano should buy of Mr. Reed, as he warrants all his instruments to give perfect satisfaction. He refers any one who wishes to buy to Capt. J. L. N. Hall and S. F. Lacy, Esq., of this city, as they have pianos purchased at Mr. Reed’s establishment.
To Whom It May Concern.
Rockford, June 1st, 1864.
We understand there is an agent of a certain would-be rival Reaper, telling the people that he has had a John P. Maney Reaper and Mower, and had to Return it to Rockford. We would say that we never sent any machine to McDonough county until last year. We invite the farmers to look at J. P. Many’s before purchasing. County Agency at Bushnell.
THOMPSON & CO.
per J. RADENBACH.
Notice is hereby given to all persons that my wife Eliza Bice, has left my bed and board without any provocation on my part. I hereby warn all persons from trading with her on my account, as I will not be responsible for any contract she may make after this date the 13th day of June, A. D. 1864.