April 23, 1864

Macomb Eagle

The Great Speech.

            We trust that no regular or occasional reader of this paper will fail to read the great speech of Hon. D. W. Voorhees. It is the greatest effort of the day, and the halls of Congress have never listened to a speech so full of historical facts, so burning in evidence and clear in detail, and so unanswerable in all its conclusions. The palmiest efforts of Clay, Webster, Calhoun, or Douglas, have ever surpassed this wonderful effort of Mr. Voorhees.

Read it – read it all, for no paragraph is superfluous – and pass it to your neighbors for them to read. Let it sink deep into the heart of every man who is not either a fool, knave or fanatic, and it will arouse him to make another effort to save his country from the living death which now fearfully threatens it.


            → We must beg the indulgence of our advertisers. The space occupied by Mr. Voorhees’ speech has compelled us to leave a number over till next week.


            → “Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty,” but good photograph pictures can be obtained at Hawkins & Philpot’s gallery at the same old price. Invest while the sun shines.


            → After the confederates had captured Fort Pillow, it is said, they killed all the negro soldiers they found. If true, it was a horrible and disgraceful butchery.


            → At Quincy the democrats carried their city ticket by 600 majority, and elected six of the eleven Aldermen. At Henry, Marshal county, the whole democratic city ticket was elected by handsome majorities.

April 22, 1864

Macomb Weekly Journal

Full Return of the Election.

            We have at length got the full returns from all the townships in the county. The copperheads have been bragging about carrying the county by two hundred majority, then by fifty. – We were fearful that the latter figure was about correct, but we are happy to state that the following figures show a decrease from the vote of last fall. – The figures verify the assertion we made several times before the election, that we could carry this county if the members of our party would only turn out. The vote encourages us to renewed exertions for the coming campaign. A majority of twelve can certainly be overcome, especially when we remember that the “cops.” Polled their full vote, fearful of a defeat if they did not. Union men, let us each work for the cause during the coming summer and fall, and success will crown our efforts.

Dem. Maj.   Union Maj.  
Lamoine, 21 New Salem, 27
Eldorado, 27 Scotland, 50
Bethel, 24 Mound, 2
Industry, 44 Macomb, 94
Chalmer, 14 Prairie City, 130
Tennessee, 43    
Emmet, 56    
Hire, 10    
Walnut Grove, 3    
Sciota, 16    
Blandinville, 57    

315                                                                           303

Dem. Maj.          12


Showing Their Colors.

            It has been charged repeatedly by the Union press of the United States that the so-called Democratic party, alias, Copperhead, was in sympathy with the South, and that nothing would gratify them more than to see the independence of the Southern Confederacy acknowledged. The leaders of that party have denied it as often as we have made the assertion, but still, their every action, and ever word they uttered, went to prove that they were in deep sympathy with the South. They are now beginning to show their true colors. Long, of Ohio, Fernando Wood, Rodgers, of N. J., and Harris, of Maryland, have made speeches in Congress advocating the acknowledgement of the independence of the South, and the withdrawal of our armies north of Mason and Dixon’s line. All of the copperhead papers throughout the land will now take their cue from those speeches, and howl long and loud for that policy. Well, let them howl.



Facts and Incidents of Fiendish Barbarity.

            As the facts come to light of the massacre of negro troops at Fort Pillow, they show a depth of depravity truly horrible to contemplate, especially when we reflect that there are persons in the North who uphold and glory in such work when committed by “chivalry.” The following, which we take from the Chicago Journal is a truthful account of the perfidy of the rebel leaders. The Journal says that Fort Pillow is added to New York city, Lawrence, Tecumseh and Richmond, on the scroll that chronicles the barbarities and atrocities that distinguish the warfare that the slaveholders of the South wage against the Government of the United States.

The statements that we shall now proceed to make can be relied upon. – We obtain them from eye-witnesses and parties who participated in the strife.

First and foremost – perfidy and a lie. During the cessation of hostilities and under the flag of truce the rebel commander secretly made such a movement of his troops as to make the holding of the fort impossible and the capture of it easy. A portion of the rebel troops were ordered to creep along the ravine that partially surrounds the fort and station themselves close to the breastworks, behind which our troops were resting unsuspectingly on their arms, their commander being in conference with the rebel commander in good faith under the white flag. At a given signal the rebel troops thus perfidiously located were to pour over the walls. The conference ended. The flag of truce was withdrawn. The signal was given. Instantly the rebels were in the fort. As might have been expected, and as was utterly unavoidable, at the appearance of the enemy in such formidable numbers and in such magic suddenness, in the very midst of our garrison, the garrison was thrown into confusion and feel back overpowered to the banks of the river. The fort was immediately surrendered; but what was the horror and amazement of Major Bradford to see his troops massacred burned and buried alive before his face! Beside the rebel troops that were stationed where and when as we have described, there was, at the same time, and under the same flag of truce, another squad so stationed as to pour their fire upon our troops when they were driven back to the river. Between these two fires our helpless soldiers perished by scores, after the surrender, and crying in vain for quarter. No quarter was given them. No quarter was intended for them. The blacks and their officers were shot down, bayoneted, and put to the sword in cold blood, the helpless victims of the perfidy by which they were overpowered, and of the savage, barbarous, brutal, devilish blood-thirstiness that burned in the hearts and impelled the arm of their victors – reveling in their fraudulently gotten victory.

Out of four hundred negro soldiers only about twenty survived. At least three hundred of them were distroyed after the surrender! This is the statement of the rebel General Chalmers himself to our informant. Negroes were compelled to dig trenches into which they were thrown alive! Our informant – an officer in whose probity and moderation we have entire confidence – says he saw the charred remains of negro soldiers mingled with the ashes of their tents! Their tents were fired, and they were prevented from escaping.

They were deliberately burned to death! The spectacle, as presented to the eyes of our informant, was one that no human being and no inhabitant of perdition imagined within the range of human or inhuman possibilities on the face of the earth. The wounded with great gashes in the head and with limbs dissevered from the body, writhed and pelled with agony that terrified the horses, but made the rebel fiends in human shape laugh, and jest, and jeer.

We have no heart for more words . Words may convey the facts – they are inadequate to the reparation of them. Loyal men! the spectacle of Fort Pillow on the 12th is before you – what will you do about it? Submit to it or avenge it!


A Union Disaster in Louisiana.

            We see by the correspondent of the Chicago Journal that the Third and Fourth Division of the 13th Army Corps, under Gen. Ransom, were badly cut up in a recent fight in Louisiana. Our loss is about 2,000, Gen. Ransom, was wounded and Capt. Cyrus E. Dickey of this State was killed. By the timely arrival of the 19th Army Corps our forces succeeded in checking the enemy.


            → We see it stated that the Coles county murderers have been released by the authorities at Springfield, by taking the oath of allegiance. It appears from this that Illinois will have to undergo the purification of fire the same as Missouri did in 1861-2. For every rebel so let loose on the community, two Union men will have to suffer. This taking the oath is about “played out.” We want a McNeil in this State, and then there would be no danger of another outbreak.



From the 78th Regiment.

Camp Near Rossville, Ga.,
April 6, 1864.

            Our expected review which I spoke of in my last letter came off on Thursday. The weather was as pleasant as could be expected. The men were all admonished that clean clothes, clean hands and faces, and hair well combed, and shoes well blackened would be expected of every one. Our whole division was marched out to a piece of ground which had been prepared for the occasion about half a mile to the south of camp, and I must say that the display was very grand. Generals Thomas and Palmer, with their respective staffs, reviewed the division according to the roles in such cases made and provided, but what conclusions they arrived at as the result of their observations this deponent has never yet been informed.

At length we have something like spring weather. The season is very backward for this latitude. I think the peach crop is about destroyed, and the apple crop nearly so. From the situation of our camp we can see but little or nothing of the farming country about us, and hence I can make no report of any progress in farming in this section. I think that slaves are scarce on the plantations and troops too plenty hereabouts for farmers to thrive much.

Mr. W. S. Hendricks of Macomb township, formerly a Lieutenant in the 57th Ill., arrived on Monday last in company with about a dozen others, new recruits for this regiment. Mr. H. will probably receive the appointment of Sergeant Major, which post has been vacated by the promotion of Harmon Veatch to a Lieutenancy in Co. I.

Adjutant C. V. Chandler has resigned his position in this regiment and he started for his home in Macomb this morning. It is only about four weeks since that I mentioned in one of my letters his promotion to the position of Adjutant. He found that his wound received at Chickamauga, unfitted him for active duty, and in consideration of this, taken in connection with the serious affliction which has recently befallen his father, he felt it to be his duty to resign.

The members of CO. C, have lately been made the recipients of favors at the hands of the patriotic ladies of Blandinville, for which they have passed resolutions of thanks which I suppose will be duly forwarded to you for publication.

There are no indications of a move with us at present. When the weather permits we have our regular company and battalion drills, and so each day comes and goes with but little variation in routine. I do not believe that we will be long inactive. The day and the hour rapidly approaches when the decisive blow will be struck which will proclaim the nation redeemed and disenthroned from the dark pall of rebellion which has so long hung over it.

J. K. M.

            Rossville, Ga., April 10, 1864. – We have just received orders to prepare three days rations and be ready to march to-morrow morning at day-light. I do not know the object of contemplated move, but am inclined to think it is another reconnaissance in force toward Dalton. All appear to be in good spirits and in fine condition. – I will write you again upon the first opportunity after we shall have moved.

J. K. M.


            – The rebel railroads are represented by refugees as in a terrible condition, trains not being able to make more than ten miles per hour. Large numbers of troops are on their way to Richmond from different portions of the South.


            – The farmers in Michigan are paying farm laborers from $26 to $28 per month. The former rates paid for farm hands was $10 to $15 per month. The great scarcity of labor, as well as the high prices of the necessaries of life, have caused this advance in the price of labor.


Wanted – Correspondence.

            Seven young men, who are not going to die very soon with beauty, and who have reenlisted for three years more, if not sooner shot, wish to correspond with any number of young Ladies with a view to Fun, Love or its Consequences hereafter. Address, Charley Mead, D. D. Woods, W. F. King, W. F. Thomas, J. W. Pope, F. Colwell, and W. Walters, Co. “B” 16th Reg’t Ill. V. V. Inf’t. Nashville, Tenn.


            $[?] Reward. – Lost in or near D. Walker’s nursery, a Smith & Wesson Pistol, small sixe, partially silver plated. The above reward will be paid to the finder by leaving it at Johnson’s store.


            Religious. – We understand that a Meeting will be held in this city commencing sometime next week by the members of the Christian Church of this State. We learn that a large number of ministers and elders will be in attendance.


            Runaway Team. – On last Saturday a sorrel team attached to a two-seat wagon started to run from the front of Cottrel & Bro’s store, on the [?] side of the square and ran “with [?] and main” around the square, knock one of the corner posts of the railing in front of S. J. Clarke’s book store and knocking it to splinters, passed under W. S. Bailey’s awning and broke the posts of that, and finally brought the wagon to a stand still in front of [?]’s, and breaking a corner post of his awning. After getting loose from the wagon they “slightly” knocked Mr. Beardsley, became entangled for a short time in a corn cultivator, then went like rockets up Caroll Street. People should be more careful about leaving their horses without tying them fast to some stationary [?]


            Wild Cat. – Geo. W. Bailey makes an announcement in our business column that everybody and his wife would be well to heed. The bankers having determined to throw out all the wild cat and red dog currency, people had better go and exchange all they have for goods while they have the opportunity of passing them at par. “A word to the wise,” &c.


            Have you Good Teeth? – Teeth, considered as an aid to digestion, and also an ornament to a person’s mouth, are a very good institution you can always tell whether a man, or a lady, has good, round white teeth by the open smile upon the countenance, the lips just parted enough to show the pearls encased within. Most people are at first blest with such teeth as we have described above, but they, through neglect, or ignorance, suffer them to become yellow by never cleaning them properly, or decayed by continually “picking” them with metal tooth-picks – pins; and the consequence is, they are tortured with the toothache until nothing will ease them till the tooth or teeth are drawn out. When your teeth do get to aching the best way to do is to go to some good dentist, one who understands his business and have all drawn out and a new set put in. The time has been when such a course could not be pursued by every one, for the false teeth cost from two hundred to three hundred dollars per set, but that time has past. An entire new set of teeth can now be obtained for sixty dollars. It also was the case in time past that a person had to go from here to some large city to get work in that line done; but that time, also, is past. We have resident dentists here who are perfect masters of the art. Dr. E. A. Floyd, Practical Dentist, on the east side of the square, has been located in this city for several years, and in that time has built up a reputation, as a first-class dentist, that is to be envied by older practitioners than himself. He has fitted up rooms in superb style, and had all the modern improvements wherewith to draw teeth, make teeth and insert them. His office is divided into three rooms – the reception room, operating room and workshop, and everything is in nice order which makes it a pleasure to go there and see. His prices for work are all reasonable. We will only mention one – that for inserting an entire new set of teeth, which is only sixty dollars. Call on him and see how easy he draws that “confounded tooth.”


            The Valley Farmer. – We have received the April number, and notice among its various articles – Curing Tobacco, Hemp Culture; in the stock department – Milch Cows, Doctoring Sick Animals, Worms in Horses, Mad Itch, &c. A great variety of Horticultural matter to suit Grape Growers, Fruit Raisers and Florists, including the Vegetable Garden and other choice matter. Farmers should at once remit by mail $1 and secure this valuable Journal. Back numbers furnished from January, when the present volume commenced. A treatise on Sorgho given free to every new subscriber. Address Norman J. Colman, Editor and Proprietor, or B. Bryan, Publisher, St. Louis, Mo.


            Schools. – Schools have been opened in the different ward school houses in this city, and are rapidly filling up with scholars. Still, there are a great many children in the city who are not sent, but are allowed to roam around our streets and loaf in stores and other places of resort. Parents would confer a lasting favor on their children by sending them to school. The cost of sending them to school will be far less than it will be to pay surgeon’s bills for broken limbs or damages and costs for some mischievous pranks played by their children. With such a talented class of teachers as we have in this place, there should be no excuse for parents to keep their children away from school.


              Raise Good Crops. – Attention is respectfully called to the advertisement of W. L. Imes, Manufacturor of Plows, Cultivators, &c., at the Union Plow works in this city. Now, that hands are scarce, farmers will consult their own interest to purchase such machinery as will enable them to cultivate their farms without extra labor. Produce brings a good price, and they should endeavor to raise enough to meet the demand. Call on Mr. Imes and see those Riding Plows.


               Clip Your Wool. – John Venable is again in the market ready to purchase all the wool that can be brought to him. He has received his Spring stock of woolen goods, and will exchange them for wool, or pay cash for it. Take your wool to him and buy your woolen goods of him, as he sells as reasonable as the times will admit of. See his new advertisement.


                Going East. – Luther Johnson, the mammoth dry goods dealer in this city, will start next week for New York and Boston, where he will purchase, and will soon have here for sale, a large stock of goods in his line. When they come they will be announced through the columns of this paper.


                 To Farmers. – Farmers look to your interest by reading the card of Graham & Brother. These gentlemen have just opened in this city and they will be found to be up to the times by having a stock of Agricultural Implement on hand suitable for every man.


                 Ice Cream Saloon. – G. K. Hall, on the east side of the square, is fitting up an ice cream saloon that would be a credit to any city. It will be a nice place to go to during the warm days and evenings the coming summer. – Ice cream and strawberries are good.


                 The “Doctors.” – The medical fraternity of this city have unanimously agreed upon a “medical fee-bill,” and passed resolutions making it obligatory on all to live up to it. Some of the fees are very reasonable, while others are, we think, exorbinant.


                 → The Philomath Society of this place is in a flourishing condition. The young men appear to take hold of the matter with commendable zeal. We have not had the pleasure of meeting with them yet, but shall soon, and when we do we shall report.


                   → The man who took John L. Anderson’s “bee gum” hat from W. H. Phelps’ tailor shop is very kindly requested to bring it back.


                    → Assessors will find, under the head of new advertisements, a particular notice to them and will govern themselves accordingly.

April 16, 1864

Macomb Eagle

→ The Democratic State Committee have appointed a Democratic State Convention to be held at Springfield, on the 15th of June ensuing, for the selection of delegates to the Democratic National Convention, and [?] the nomination of candidates for Electors of President and Vice President [obscured] other convention, at a later day for the nomination of candidates for Governor and other State officers.


Another Proclamation.

            As usual, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, has found it necessary to issue a second proclamation in order to let the people know what he meant in a former one known as his reconstruction proclamation. In [?] it was generally under- [fold] taken in arms against the United States, and all rebels who had taken up arms, below the grade of Colonel, in the army were offered a full pardon and a restitution of all their property except slaves, for all offense committed against the government of the United States during the war, after taking the oath of allegiance and abandoning the rebel cause. And so broad an interpretation did the President give to his proclamation that he actually granted pardon to Ed. Grant of Arkansas, who had been a General in the rebel army and had [?] in a public (deliberate in his State) of his having hung yankee union men by their heels till they were dead. And he also granted pardon to convicted pirates. But it now appears that he, as well as the balance of mankind, were mistaken as to the persons for whose benefit the proclamation was issued for in the first explanatory document he says did not intend that those whom he had any control over should deprive benefit from the provisions of the document, but only those who he had no control over whatever. In other words he is willing to let go free whom he never caught and to hold on to those who he has in his possession, and can turn loose. This piece of military strategy of Mr. Lincoln is in character like unto that he applied to the negro slaves, wherein he declared those free who were in the hands of the rebels and beyond his control, while he retained in slavery all those who were within military lines and where he could have given them actual freedom. A [?] statesman and military hero is Father Abraham, especially on proclamations.


            → The Democrats of Macomb township are requested to meet at the court house at 2 o’clock p. m., on Saturday, April 23rd, for the purpose of organizing a Democratic Club, and attending to other business. A full attendance is requested.


            → The Democrats achieved a glorious triumph in the municipal election at Springfield, Ill., last Tuesday, electing their entire ticket by majorities ranging from 12 to 60. “The home of Lincoln” thus rebukes the amalgamationism of the republican party.


            → Greenbacks still taken at par on subscription and other accounts due at this office.


            → We have a few copies of Mr. White’s speech, the reading of which will prove beneficial to all men who desire to do a man’s part in the coming struggle for the restoration of the Union. Call and get them.


            → A gentleman paid three years advance subscription to The Eagle this week. All sensible men will prefer an Eagle to a greenback. The former is composed of sterling metal, while the latter is a wretched substitute for real value.


            → The weather this week has been of a raw, disagreeable character, quite out of place for April. But it has not interfered with the business of Keefer’s new cash drug house, which has become the popular resort for all persons purchasing goods in his line of business.


The Balance Sheet.

            Admitting the statement of the Administration press, that slavery is abolished, to be true in its widest sense, somebody makes up the National balance sheet thus:

EMANCIPATION.                                        DR.

To 500,000 American citizens killed.

To 100,000 maimed, wounded and disabled.

To a devastated country, filled with orphans and widows.

To a loss of National prestige.

To $3,000,000,000 of indebtness.

To a divided country (suspense account).


By 4,000,000 free negroes.

We presume all parties will conceded the above statement not overrated – it probably falls short of the truth. – Now comes the important question – “Will it pay?” We have got for all this vast expenditure of men and money absolutely nothing save the freedom of four millions of blacks whenever we are strong enough to conquer their masters. That is, this war has NOT restored the Union; has NOT made us stronger, has NOT made us richer, has NOT made us better; but given to us a divided country, a heritage of hatred between North and South which three generations will not wipe away a rapidly increasing public debt, already amounting to one fourth the total valuation of property in the entire Union as it was, and taken from the land five hundred thousand of its best and bravest sons.

In the drawing room of Rogers, the poet, there used to hang a note on the Bank of England for one million pounds sterling. It was thought to be a great curiousity, and men looked with envy upon this bit of paper which the owner by a single touch of his pen could convert into a shower of gold. But the Emancipation Proclamation which was hawked about our streets the other day and sold for two dollars, cost six hundred times more than Rogers’ bank note. It is in fact all we have in exchange for lost love, wasted treasure and wasted blood, but to use it as we may, it can bring back to us none of these.


            We are right glad to know that the president holds fast to his Gettysburg speech. It is the best word of his administration and much the best word uttered at Gettysburg. It will live long after many more elaborate and pretentious utterances shall have been forgotten. – N. Y. Tribune.

If our reader will recollect that Mr. Lincoln’s speech on the occasion refered to, was not more than two minutes in length, and that the gist of what he said was, that it was very difficult for him to make a speech without making a fool of himself, they cannot fail to see the pungent sarcasm of the above. – Carlinville Spectator.


            Outrages by Negroes. – The late massacre of negro soldiers near Vicksburg is now said not to have been a rebel outrage, but quite otherwise. – The negroes went to a hotel where there were only white women and children with their servants; committed the grossest possible outrage on the women, and then burned the house. An Indiana regiment heard of the affair, and attacked and killed the negroes. No rebels were concerned in the shocking affair. Amiral Porter said in a late report, “The negro troops near Vicksburg have been committing many outrages.”

April 15, 1864

Macomb Weekly Journal

Union County Convention.

            The voters of McDonough County, who are in favor of sustaining the General Government, in its efforts to suppress the present unholy rebellion, are requested to meet at their voting places in their respective townships, on Friday the 29th day of April, A. D. 1864, for the purpose of appointing delegates to a County Convention to be held at Macomb on Saturday, May 7th, 1864, at 1 o’clock P. M., to select nine delegates to represent our County in the State Convention to be held at Springfield on the 25th of May to nominate State officers and Presidential Electors. The basis of representation will be a delegate for every twenty-five Union voters and every fraction over fifteen cast at the fall election, 1862.

Eldorado, 4 Chalmers, 3
New Salem, 5 Emmet, 4
Mound, 4 Sciota, 3
Prairie City, 14 Lamoine, 3
Industry, 6 Tennessee, 6
Scotland, 5 Hire, 5
Macomb, 13 Blandinville, 5
Walnut Grove, 4 Bethel, 4

By order of County Union Cen. Com.


What are we Coming to?

            On Saturday last, in the Hall of the House of Representatives, one of the most disgraceful and huminiating scenes transpired that has falleu under our notice since the war began. Harris, of Maryland, a violent copperhead – one of those low, sneaking things that will occasionally get into high places, made a speech, defending Long, of Ohio, on the resolution to expel him from Congress for treasonable utterances and practices, and in that speech he declared in favor of recognizing the Southern Confederacy, and also in acquiescing in the right of secession. Now comes the disgraceful part of the whole thing. – Washburn, of Illinois, feeling justly indignant at such treasonable talk in the halls of Congress, and at a time, too, when our country is being made desolate by the hands of traitors, offered a resolution expelling Harris from his seat, when, upon the vote being taken the house refused to expel! The question is, what are we coming to? We may well despair when men, professing to be Union men, harbor such reptiles in their midst.


Union County Convention.

            It will be seen by reference to the [fold] of the first column on the second page, that the Union Central Committee for this county has called a County Convention to be held at Macomb on Saturday, May 7th 1864. The primary township meetings are requested to be held on Friday the 29th inst. Let there be a general turn out at these meetings, and send true Union men to the County Convention. The County Convention will send delegates to the State Convention to be held at Springfield on the 25th day of May next. – Matters of vital importance will be transacted at each of these conventions, hence it will be easily seen why none but undoubted loyal men should be chosen. We will not stop to inquire that were their former politics, Democrats or Republicans, so that they are for the Union and inseperable. We have an insidious for to deal with, and we must buckle on our armor and be prepared for the fray as soon as possible if we would win Bear in mind that the opposition are thoroughly organized, and do all their work in secret, so that we have a double foe to meet,


State Convention of County Judges.

            A Convention of County Judges in this State has been called to meet a Chicago, at the County Court room, on the first Tuesday of May next at 10 o’clock in the forenoon, to take into consideration the propriety of adopting a uniform system of practice in Probate matters throughout the State; also, of determining what amendments are necessary to our present Probate Law, and recommending their passage to our Legislature the coming winter, and to take into consideration such other and further business as may be brought before the Convention, in relation to the County Courts, Probate Laws and practice.


The Township Elections.

            We can learn nothing definite of the exact vote in this county at the late election, but, as near as we can learn, we have been defeated on the general vote by about forty votes. The opposition claim about two hundred, but we must take into consideration their facul- of making a mountain of mole hill. A large number of our men did not vote – enough to have turned the scales on the general result. They must come out next fall. We will have more to say on that subject as the campaign progresses.



From the 78th Regiment.

Camp near Rossville, Ga.,
March 29, 1864.

            Last Sunday, while on review before our Colonel, it was announced to our regiment that our whole Division would be reviewed by Gen. Thomas the next day, and before dismissal the company officers exhorted their men to be prepared in the best possible trim for the occasion. It was said that the review would take place on the old Chickamauga battle ground, and hence many were well pleased with the prospect, not only of seeing the brave old soldier, Gen. Thomas, but of roaming over the ground which will ever be sacred to history as the resting place of the remains of so many of the brave defenders of the Union. But the next day was stormy and of course the promised review did not come off. We have reached Wednesday, and we still hold ourselves in readiness for the review, but although the rain has ceased falling, the weather is cold and unpleasant. The boys have about made up their minds that “The Sunny South” is a grand humbug. A week ago we had snow a foot deep, and to-day it is cold and blustering enough to wear two overcoats. It is said that the apple crop as well as peach crop in this section is entirely cut off by the cold weather.

I have seen occasionally in the public prints notices of individual patriotism, and notices also of what I might call family patriotism. In the individual cases they are generally those who sacrificed the comforts of a home, tore themselves away from family and friends, and rushed to the defense of their country’s flag, taking good care, however, in the first place to secure a commission which would render them exempt from the drudgery of camp, and bring them at the same time one or two hundred dollars a month. Such cases of patriotism are by no means uncommon; we have instances of them in almost every regiment. But I know of a case of family patriotism which is worthy of mention. At the breaking out of this war, Mr. James Curtis and his six sons lived in the vicinity of Brooklyn, Schuyler county. At the present time they are all serving the Government as soldiers in the army. – The father is serving in the 7th Mo. Cavalry, one son in the 118th Illinois, and five sons in Co. A, in this regiment. A grandson of the old man, about 16 years of age, came on a few weeks ago and enlisted as a new recruit with his uncles in Co. A. I doubt whether there is another family in the whole state can boast of being so numerously or ably represented in the army as the Curtis family.

Capt. Allen, of Hancock county, whose return to the regiment I noticed a few weeks since, has tendered his resignation. He was severely wounded in the left hand at Chickamauga, and the wound still renders him unfit for duty. It is on this account that he offers his resignation. It is surmised by some that the vacancy will be filled by Thos. M. Scott, the Orderly Sergeant of the company. I do not mean any disparagement to the other officers, in that company when I say that Tom is eminently worthy of that position. – He has ever been faithful to the interests of the company; he is industrious capable and unselfish – the latter quality being a rare virtue in the army. – Tom can show the scars of a bloody wound received at Chickamauga, which came very near ending his career on earth. He also had a narrow escape from death at the hands of a rebel which is of sufficient interest for me to relate. In the course of the battle there was much sharpshooting going on on both sides. Tom was watching for the curling smoke from the rifle of some rebel sharpshooter, and he was not long in spying it. So dodging around behind trees he at length secured a good position and put out the smoke from behind a certain tree in the distance. Just then he turned around and there emerged from behind a tree within thirty steps from him the meanest looking rebel he ever set his eyes upon. Both gazed at each other a second or two, and simultaneously both went to loading their guns. It was a race for life. The one who could get his gun loaded first had the other at his mercy. Tom was equal to his antagonist in getting out a cartridge, and pouring in the powder, but when he came to ram down the bullet it stuck fast. The gun had been fired so many times that it had become extremely foul. Tom pushed desperately at the bullet, but it resisted his stoutest efforts. He then gave up in despair. He looked at the reb, who was just in the act of adjusting the cap to his gun, when the same look revealed to his vision, a few rods in the distance, his fellow soldier of the same company, John Bierman. Tom, by a motion of his hand, drew the attention of Bierman to the reb, and Bierman understanding the nature of the case at a glance, leveled his rifle, took steady aim, and the reb fell dead – shot thro’ the head.

Capt. Hume returned to the regiment on Monday last, after an absence of about four weeks. He is much improved in health, but not yet entirely well. He brought with him a new recruit in the person of John Kirk, residing near Blandinville.

J. K. M.


From the 7th Ill. Cavalry.

Memphis Tennessee,
April 4th, 1864.

            Mr. Editor: — Thinking perhaps that you have not heard from the gallant old 7th for a long time; and being idle to-day I thought I would drop you a few lines. The 7th has nearly all re-enlisted and are preparing to take our furloughs. Our brigade has given its quota of veterans and will come home in a body. Gen. Grierson will accompany us to Springfield, where we expect to have a jolly good time. We are ordered to carry our arms home with us, if we do let the copperheads beware. – The non-veteran force of the 7th, is now detached under Lieut. W. W. Porter, of Bushnell. They left camp at 4 o’clock, A. M. to-day, with five days rations to look after old Chalmers, who is said to be lurking in the vicinity. A goodly number of the veterans wished to go but was prevented by the officers. We are heartily tired of lying still, we would much rather be going and doing. We have carried the Stars and Stripes once across the Southern Confederacy and can do it again if the order be given. Give us Gen. Grierson for our leader, and we can march from one end of the Confederacy to the other. We expect to remain with Uncle Sam to the end of the war, until we see the old flag of the Union waiving triumphantly from every dome of the Southern Confederacy. And that old tyrant, Jeff. Davis dragged from his throne. Then and not until then can we think of giving up the struggle.

Yours in haste,
One of
Grierson’s Raiders.


Soldiers Festival.

            Blandinville, Ill.
April 9, 1864.

            Editor Journal: — Not long since the citizens of Blandinville and vicinity met for the purpose of making arrangements for giving the [fold]. The 7th of April was agreed upon as the day, and all necessary arrangements made, such as appointment of the committees, extending invitations, &c.

Capt. Wm. R. Hays, Co. I, 11th Ill. Cavalry, was invited to have his company in attendance, also all other soldiers, discharged or otherwise were invited to attend.

The Seventh came and a more beautiful day for the occasion could not be wished. During the forenoon all was activity, more especially the ladies, who were arranging the table and bearing the different varieties of edibles to Davis’ Hall – where the dinner was given. People were coming in from the country with their baskets well-filled, and all seemed so very cheerful that they verified the old proverb which says, “There is more joy in giving than there is in receiving.”

At three o’clock P. M., all veteran soldiers with their partners were invited to the first table and were feasted upon all that was good and palatable. – Next came soldiers not veterans and new recruits. Then the older citizens followed by the younger. And among the two hundred and fifty who went up there came not away one who did not feel happier as well as feel that the people of Blandinville and vicinity were fond of distributing the good things of earth.

In behalf of the soldiers I am authorized to render them, the citizens, our most profound gratitude and humble thanks, for this kind manifestation of their worthy regard and friendship. – It tells us in words and actions that cannot be mistaken, that this people are grateful for the services we render in support of our glorious country. It informs us that they honor the supporters of law and order above all others, and as a consequence they are a loyal patriotic and benevolent people.

Before closing we would more especially pay tribute to the ladies of B., for it was by their ingenuity and skillful hands that the table was adorned in a manner that would satisfy the eye of the most tasty. We close with the prayer that we may meet this people when there is no more rebellion in our country, and when peace shall have removed the badge of mourning that now overhangs our Glorious Country.


            – “Got any tin?” will be the correct inquiry. The new cent will be composed of 95 per cent. copper, and five per cent. tin.


            Boarding. – We are requested to state that Mr. Chas. Patrick, having leased the property known as Dr. Head’s house, nearly opposite Judge Chandler’s residence, has opened a Boarding house, where he will receive boarders by the day or week. His table will be supplied at all times with the best that the market affords, and he will spare no pains to make his guests feel at home. We can recommend Mr. Patrick to those wishing board, and who wish to avoid the promiscuous crowd that is generally found at hotels. The house is conveniently located near the square and yet enough retired to escape all the annoyances and dust which a house immediately on the square is subject to.


            Another Business House. – You cannot very often, now a-days, pick up a newspaper without “readin’ something in it,” especially the chronicling the advent of a new business house or the filling up of one of the old established houses. We notice that the old building on the south side of the square, has been nicely fitted up and is now occupied by Mr. H. T. [?] with a Grocery Store. Mr. H. shows great tact in the manner of displaying his wars, and, as his stock is entirely new, purchasers will find it to their advantage to give him a call.


            Cash. – John Venable, the wool dealer on the north side of the square gives cash for wool, or will exchange woolen goods for wool or cash. Look out for his new advertisement next week. In the meantime get your wool ready for market and bring it to him.


            A Curiousity. – We saw the other day a pair of boots made by Capt. Hall, of this city. The boots had been worn at least half that length of time and are good boots yet. They are of the long-toed, sharp=pointed pattern, and no doubt will last several years let.


            Bardolph. – Our friends who go to Bardolph to get their mail matters or to trade may be pleased to know that Mr. Geo. Litzenberg, a young gentleman who is well and favorably known in and around Bardolph as a successful school teacher, has engaged in the grocery business in that village. George is a high-minded honorable man, and purchasers will find it to their pecuniary advantage to patronize him. Recollect, he has just started in business, therefore you need not fear of getting sand in your sugar, or salt in your saleratus. Give him a call.


            From Chicago. – Mrs. Jacobs has just arrived from this place with a good assortment of Millinery, of various kinds, and she thinks that she can sell as cheap and as good Goods as most anybody else. Remember she has removed lately to the east side of the square. Don’t fail to drop in and look at her goods, it will pay if you don’t buy anything. See advertisement in another column.


            Sickness. – We understand that there is still a great deal of sickness in town and in the country yet, though there are not so many cases that prove fatal.


            Ladies Take Notice. – A meeting of the Ladies Loyal League of Macomb, will be held at the League Room, on Thursday evening, April 21st. Business of importance will be before the meeting. Let there be a full turn out.


            Resigned. – Lieut. V. C. Chandler, Adjutant of the 78th has resigned, and is now home. The wound that he received at the battle of Chickamauga disabled him from riding on horseback.


            The Weather. – The weather continues decidedly damp and unpleasant. It appears that we are to have considerable rain this Spring – a great deal more than we had last year.


            → Our Bushnell Market Reports have failed to reach us again this week, and in consequence we leave them out altogether. What is the matter, Friend Walters?


Report of Soldiers Aid Society from December 1st to April.

            Cash on hand, $26, expended this quarter $73, $20 of which was sent to Mes. Debrick, for the use of the Quincy hospitals, the remainder purchased materials to make clothing &c.

We have sent to the Sanitary Commission 2 boxes containing 54 cotton shirts, 7 flannel shirts, 27 pairs of drawers, 14 towels, 3 pair of socks, 1 bed comfort, bandages, rags, dried fruit and reading matter.

We also sent one barrel of potatoes sliced in vinegar, one keg of cabbage and one of onions also in vinegar, and one box of canned, dried fruit and tomatoes.

We meet at the Randolph House every Wednesday afternoon to sew, and invite all ladies to attend, and assist in supplying the necessities of our wounded soldiers. Officers of the Society are Mrs. Lancy, Mrs. M. A. Bartleson, Mrs. Metcalf and S. W. Craig.

April 9, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Heavy Loads for Bad Roads.

            The more difficult the task before the people, the more the administration burdens them and enlarges the difficulties. The Louisville Democrat elucidates this truth in the clearest language: “We are certainly a brisk people, if not very wise. It used to be that one thing at a time was considered enough; and if we had stuck to the one thing of restoring the union it was certainly enough to occupy the attention of the country. It would not, however, satisfy those who thought they might not profit by the accomplishment of that single design. Here there has been tried to it abolition, pure and simple; then came a change in relationship between the states and the Federal government. To this was hitched tampering with the elections, then the dismissal of officers who did not walk just in the path of the administration; confiscation, etc., were piled on top of it. Now we may be able to drag through with all of these, but it is not exactly the best plan to pack over too much though a very miry place. If we had left them on the other side until this rebellion has ‘dried up,’ it would have been wiser – still wiser to leave them on the other side as some of the cause of the mud hole, and rather be thankful when when we had got on the safe side, like Christian, in Pilgrim’s Progress, that the burden had been dropped.”


            → The New Nation (radical republican) says: “A fact ascertained by a close examination of official documents, that Vicksburg was defended by only fourteen thousand men instead of thirty-one thousand; and that the list of prisoners exchanged revealed the fact that the difference (namely, seventeen thousand,) was added in order to mitigate in the eyes of the public the disgrace of having expended so much time, men and money, against so weak an enemy.”


            → It is now three years since the war commenced – half a million of men have been killed or maimed, five thousands millions of debt have been fastened upon the country, one third of its area has been desolated, yet Abraham asks for “200,000 more,” the “green back” mill continues to pour out its stream of promises to pay and the nation’s imbecile head intrigues, lies and plunders for a continuance of his misused power.


            → The amalgamators are at work. At Owen Lovejoy’s funeral in Brooklyn, on Monday, a negro named Davis, was one of the pall bearers, along with William Cullen Bryant, editor of the Evening Post, and others.


            → Eastern capitalists have lately advanced the rents of property about thirty per cent. This will reimburse them for what they have given to the negro cause. What they give to the negroes they take away from poor white men.


An Awful Rebuke to the Clergy.

            Under the head of “Dead Faith and an Apostate Church,” the True Presbyterian deals some terrible blows at the head of the bloody infidel ministers of the United States, who have literally turned our churches into dens of thieves. It says:

We fondly thought that, poised upon the truth, animated by the grace, and obliged by the commands of her glorious Head, the church would have proved a bulwark against the rushing tide of evil. We thought she would be an oasis in the desert, where weary travelers might refresh themselves; we thought she would be an island in the stormy sea, where shipwrecked mariners might find safety and shelter. – We did not expect to hear in her solemn Assemblies the voice of human anger, much less of satanic malice. – We believed that in the hour of civil commotion, when States were sundered, she would lift up holy hands without wrath and doubting, and implore her Master to drop from heaven the olive branch of peace; that she would gather her sons and her daughters about her and say to them, “My children love one another,” that she would lay one hand upon Ephraim and the other upon Manasseh, and bless them both. We need not say how sadly we have been disappointed. In spite of her boasted conservation and fidelity to principle, this once venerated body, at one bound, broke every pound of truth and charity, in effect renounced her allegiance to her great Head, and allied herself with his arch enemy. – She has turned aside from her Master’s work, and through her highest courts, and through hundreds of her pulpits, is engaged in propagating political ideas and in sounding the dread tocsin of war. Her ancient schools of the prophets – where linger the memories and repose the ashes of the illustrious dead – have been perverted to the advocacy of a cruel war, and of a godless and unhuman abolitionism. Her most widely circulated newspaper, that used to howl so frantically whenever an Episcopalian was appointed to a chaplaincy in the army or navy, is now the whining slave of the secular power that lords it over God’s heritage, and is rejected in disgust by Christian and even loyal men, on the ground that it is no longer a religious paper. Her oldest Quarterly Review now receives inspiration from disappointed military commanders, who failing of success in the field, have become “the communicating intelligence” of absurd politics and impracticable campaigns. Her clergy in many instances vie with each other, not in fidelity to God and the souls of men, but in devotion to party and in zeal for the carnage of battle.

Amid this furious babble of politics and war, we look in vain for the Magna Carta of the Annunciation, “Glory to God in the highest: On earth, peace, good will to men.” It is appalling to see the Church of God spue from her mouth the Gospel of peace, and bawl herself hoarse in stimulating the ferocious passions of men, and in cononizing the red-handed fiend of the battle-field! Where is her former hatred of abolitionism, now that she is causing her own children to pass through the fire of Moloch, and is gloating over the the prospect of servile insurrection? What shall we say of the distinguished clergymen who so loudly applauded Mr. Van Dyke sermon on that subject, and who now lift up their hands and roll their eyes in pious horror at the sin of slavery? – Shall we say as the world says of them, that they have either been practicing a gross deception all their lives, or are now basely yelding to unmanly fear? Shall we adopt the humiliating charge so freely made, that as a body, the clergy of this country have been less reliable, more unwilling to sacrifice their positions to principle, more shuffling and cowardly and blood-thirsty, than any other class of men in it? Shall we repeat the sneer, that rather than give up their places and their salaries, they will preach and pray under the dictation of a turbulent faction in their churches; or the bitter taunt of the soldier, who on being reproved by one of them for swearing, replied, “I will not be rebuked by you sir! I have exposed my life for three years in this war, and but for the preachers there would have been no war, We desire to bring no railing accusations, neither to judge any man; but by their fruits ye shall know them, and the fruits of all their labors is that they, the Church, and religion itself, are brought into contempt among men. The Lord Jesus seems to have averted his face, and the Spirit of Grace to have departed from the scene of strife and fanaticism, and bound in the toils of the devil, and exposed to the hootings of the world, nothing is left to us but a “Dead Faith and an Apostate Church.”


            → A republican paper wants congress to pass a “vagabond act” to disperse all the lobbyers from Washington. If all the vagabonds were dispersed from Washington, what would become of Congress and the administration?


The Coles County Affair.

            The detailed account of the present lamentable affair in Coles county, furnished by our special reporter and printed elsewhere in this sheet exhibits abolitionism in two of its most marked characteristics, viz: [?] brutality when the power is [?]own to inflict injury, and the most abject cowardice when it is in danger of punishment for its atrocities. In Coles county, it has for months needed the returned soldiers the instrument of every sort of partisan insult and outrage upon democrats, and the instant it was threatened with retaliatory measures, it dug holes in the ground for its own security. Such is abolitionism in Coles county, and as it is there so it is everywhere.

Deplorable as the event at Charleston is, it may have its salutary uses. It may teach abolitionism that there is a limit to its atrocities, and admonish the superior military authorities that soldiers, stimulated by common malevolence and rum, must not be turned loose upon quiet, peaceful and unoffending people. It may awaken those who most need to be [?] to the condition of things which is growing up under the reign of lawless violence in the land, and bring all parties to a realizing sense of the great fact that there is no safety but in the law. If these shall be its uses, lamentable as the event is, its occurrence may avert impending dangers compared with which its consequence is diminutive indeed. – Chicago Times.


            Tornado in Central Illinois. – A furious gale, almost equaling the terrible prairie tornadoes that occur almost every year in the west, swept over a portion of Bureau county on Monday morning last. Fences over a large area of territory were leveled with the ground. In Knoxville several buildings were blown down, and the tall steeple of one of the churches was dashed to the ground. The gale was also felt in all its force about Galesburg, and much damage was suffered.


            → What calls itself “unconditional Unionism,” is unmitigated scoundrelism, for it calls the restoration of the Union, under the Constitution, “neither desirable nor possible,” while it wages a murderous war for the ostensible purpose of restoring it. It adds murder to hyprocrisy, and destroys the Union while professing to be saving it.


            – How are the laboring people with greenback for money and greenback prices for goods? Were they ever troubled with such under a democratic administration? And does any man believe that we would be thus cursed to-day, had Douglas been elected president in 1860 instead of Lincoln? As things under republican management are going rapidly from bad to worse, had we not better try a season of democratic policies awhile?


            The Town Election – McDonough County All Right. – The annual town election in this this county, last Tuesday, has resulted in the usual triumph of the Democracy. We have elected eleven out of the sixteen supervisors, and lose one by only two votes. This is indeed a triumph, when we consider the boasts of the traitors that they “had a sure thing of getting a majority of the board.” The towns of Sciota and Chalmers, where the amalgamators expected to make large gains, have done nobly. The democrats of Walnut Grove are also entitled to credit for electing the most important officers on the ticket. The following is the result:

Democrats – Eldorado, L. Cassidy; Industy, Simon Smith; Walnut Grove, John McSperitt; Bethel, Wm. Twaddle; Chalmers, Jeremiah Sullivan; Emmet, W. C. [?]; Sciota, G. T. Green; Lamoine, L. [?]; Tennessee, S. A. White; Hire, S. K. [?]; Blandinville, H. Williams.

Amalgamators – New Salem, Mound, Prairie City, unknown; Scotland, G. W. [?]; Macomb, B. R. Hampton.


            The Whisky Traffic. – We once thought that the licensing of houses to retail whisky was better than to prohibit its sale altogether, and we acted in accordance with the conviction. But what we have seen in the past three years has been sufficient to change our opinion. The increase of disorder, [?], and crime in our midst, which can be [?] traced to the selling of whisky, should certainly be sufficient to arouse our citizens to the necessity of making some effort to [?] this gigantic evil. We know of no [?] so well calculated to effect this desirable result as the election of officers who will prohibit the sale of whisky and break up the selling shops in Macomb. We believe this can be done – and we call upon all men who would like to see our city obtain a reputation for good order and good morals, then take steps without delay for the accomplishment of this desirable object.


            Gratuitous Printing. – An exchange has the following sensible remarks, which we approve and adopt, and those sending such notices of limited interest will accompany their requests with a liberal amount to pay for the space they occupy, or we shall give them no attention: “It has been the custom of all associations and individuals to impose upon country editors the publication of resolutions, obituary notices, and statements of benevolent enterprises, and other various articles of limited or private individual interest, without charge. We have done quite our share of that kind of thing. If associations consider it due to deceased members to pass resolutions testifying to their virtues and condoling with their wives, they must henceforth consider it due to publishers to pay for them; and if literary, school, and other associations cannot exist without gratuitous printing, they must be too slightly prized to promise substantial benefit to their members. Until we find teachers who teach gratis; butchers who furnish steaks and roasts without charge; lawyers who counsel without fee; farmers who donate their wood and produce &c., we must decline being in the list of printers who print without compensation.”


            → There was a combat with a “dorg” in the west end of town, last Tuesday. The dog, from lack of better feeding, [?] his teeth in the pantaloons of a man pacing by, and was thereupon ferociously assaulted with revolvers and other direful weapons. About a dozen shots were fired into or at the enemy when he retired “badly demoralized.”


            → S. H. Martin, Esq., has presented us one of those fine, large hams, which he so well knows how to cure in good order. May his shadow never be less, and his larder be always abundantly filled.


            → Hawkins & Philpot, south east corner of the square, are taking pictures in the best style of the photographic art.


            → We are indebted to our old friend, Davis Hardin, for a sack of apples, as good as any other man’s raising.


A Truthful Account of the Coles County Troubles.

Special Dispatch to The Chicago Times.

Mattoon, Ill. March 31.

            Great effort are being made to give the recent troubles at Charleston in this county a political significance to which they are not entitled, and to this end the wildest exaggerations and grossest misstatements are industriously circulated and telegraphed all over the country. From a visit to Charleston this afternoon, and a conversation with many who participated in or were witness of the unfortunate affray, I have been enabled to arrive at the correct facts of the case. For some time past there have been affrays at Charleston and in different parts of Coles county between the citizens and the soldiers, to which liquor contributed quite as much, if not more from politics. Some citizens from O’Hair’s settlement had been quite roughly handled by the soldiers, several of whom, it is reported on one or two occasions assisted each other in beating citizens. The people of this neighborhood became much incensed, and determined upon revenge, which they designed inflicting by the same means they claimed the soldiers had resorted to, that is, in superior numbers.

Last Monday was the commencement of the spring term court in Coles county, a day on which many citizens are accustomed to visit the county seat. Hon. John R. Eden, the democratic member of Congress from this district was also advertised to addressed his constituents. The two events would necessarily bring a large number of people together on that day, and Mr. Eden’s promised address made the assemblage largely democratic. – The people of O’Hair’s settlement were aware of the advantage they would have on that day, above all others, in an affray with the soldiers. They believed all the democrats present would participate and give the soldiers a sound drubbing. The conceived that some interference would be made with Mr. Eden when he attempted to speak, and accordingly, about thirty of them prepared themselves for the defensive or offensive, as circumstances should require. Some of them pistols, and others had guns concealed in their wagons under the straw. Mr. Eden arrived about 2 o’clock. He quickly saw that both soldiers and citizens had been drinking quite freely, (as they were using intemperate language and laboring under quite a degree of excitement,) and that a speech would necessarily result in a disturbance. He accordingly revoked his appointment. The excitement was not to be allayed, and the leading democrats of the county induced many of the people to return to their homes, and over two-thirds of those who came out to hear Mr. Eden left town before 3 o’clock, and some hopes were entertained of preventing any disturbance. About 4 o’clock, however a soldier named Olive Salee, in passing a citizen named Arlson Wells, ran against him, asked if there were any copperheads in the county, said he could whip any copperhead in the county, &c., &c., and finally asked Wells if he was a copperhead? Wells replied in the affirmative. Salee put his hand on Well’s shoulder, who stepped back said, “if you lay your hands on me I will shoot you.” Salee said he would “shoot back.” A minute after, if is said, Wells fired his pistol, whether at Salee or not, is not known. Revolvers were drawn at once and used with terrible effect, as was also the shot guns with which the people from O’Hair’s neighborhood were provided. Some of the soldiers were armed with revolvers, and some had their muskets where they soon got hold of them. In two or three minutes Major York, Surgeon of the 54th Illinois, and Alfred Swain, James Goodrich, and Wm. G. hart, of the same regiment, and Nelson Wells, were mortally wounded and have since died. Col. Mitchell, Oliver Salee, John Neer, Wm. Decker, George Ross, I. J. Brooks, solders, were wounded, as were also William Gilman, John Trimble, and Sanford Noyes, republicans, and Geo. J. Collins, John W. Herndon, democrats. the men from O’Hair’s settlement then left town. About half an hour afterwards a prisoner named John Cooper attempted to escape by running into the store of John Jenkins, a very estimable citizen and a republican. A volley was fired, which killed both Cooper and Jenkins, making the total number of killed seven, and of wounded eleven.

Col. Mitchell telegraphed to Mattoon, and 250 of his regiment came up to Charleston, and squads were sent out, and many persons arrested.

John R. eden left town as soon as the affray commenced, which, with others democrats, he had been endeavoring to prevent.

Rumors were prevalent that some 300 men were congregated at Goliday Mills, seven miles from Charleston. Col. Mitchell visited that place, where, he was informed, the camp was located at Nenniken Point, some twelve miles further, and which he deemed so mythical he did not visit. Rumors fixed another camp near Windsor, seven or eight miles west of this place, but the 74th Indiana 51st Illinois visited the place before daylight this morning and failed to discover traces of there having been a camp in that vicinity. – Rumors of democrats marching on Mattoon and Charleston originated either in the fears of some people or circulated by others for effect. No danger is apprehended and the 47th Indiana has already left, as has also a detachment of the Missouri, commanded by Lieut. Galva. The 41st Illinois will probably leave in the morning and with the withdrawal of troops, the excitement will subside, fears will gradually die out, and the usual quiet be restored.

Democrats and republicans deplore the matter equally, and hold that the conduct of those from O’Hair’s settlement was highly reprehensible.

Too much credit cannot be given Col John True of the 52d Illinois, and Col. G. M. Mitchell, of the 54th, for the manner in which they have acted. Both of them sought to allay the excitement, and have prevented a still greater effusion of blood. The 54th Illinois is under orders to remain on duty in this vicinity.


[By request.]

On the Death of Vatchel Benson.

            Among the pines that overlook,
Stone River’s rocky bed,
Illinois knows full many a son
There numbered with the dead.

‘Tis hard to die mid scenes of strife,
No friend or kindred near
To wipe the death damp from the brow,
Or shed affection’s tear.

That day when all along our lines,
Rained showers of shot and shell,
There many a brave young soldier died,
There many a hero fell.

When night closed o’er the bloody scene,
Returning o’er the ground,
I heard Vatchel’s piteous moan,
Laid low by mortal wound.

It was by the ford we fought that day,
The ground so dearly bought;
Where Waters led his valiant men,
And gallant Moody fought.

Then Vatchel’s cheek was wan,
And lusterless was his eye;
I knew, before another morn
The wounded man must die.

I built a fire of cedar falls,
(The air was cold and damp,)
And filled his canteen from the spring
Below the river bank.

And then I sat me down to ask
If he would wish to send
A last request, or parting word,
To mother, sister, friend.

“I have some word,” poor Vatchel said,
“My friends would like to hear –
Would fill my sister’s soul with joy,
My mother’s heart would cheer.

“Tell them I died a soldier’s death
Upon the battle field,
But lived to know the day was ours
And see the rebels yield.

“But most of all I’ll have them know,
That with my latest breath
I spoke of him I loved in life,
‘Twas joy and peace in death.

“Tell sister I have read with care,
From holy ties endeared,
The Bible mother gave to me
Before I volunteered.”

In silent converse with his God,
The wounded hero lay –
It seemed to him communion sweet,
No agony to pray.

He smiled as does the gentle child
When angels whisper near;
No anguish marked up his brow,
Nor blanched his cheek with fear.

And thus he died that stormy night,
No friend or kindred near
To wipe the death damp from his brow,
Or shed affection’s tear.

And should you wander o’er the ground
Where fell so many brave,
Among the cedars on the hill
You’ll find his lonely grave.

The flowers will soon light with smiles
Stone River’s rocky shore;
But his spirit knows a brighter clime,
Where flowers bloom ever more.

Mild-eyed Pence may visit soon
Stone River’s rocky shore,
But Murfreesboro’s Sabbath bells
Shall never wake Vatchel Benson more.

April 8, 1864

Macomb Weekly Journal

Army Correspondence.

From the 78th Regiment.

Camp near Rossville, Georgia.
March 20, 1864.

            Mr. Editor: — Having had the assurance that a communication from my pen would receive publication in the columns of your paper, and being somewhat desirous of seeing myself in print, I have concluded to write you a letter. I have read several numbers of your paper and it never fails to interest me deeply. I like its tone and sentiment, as the boys all seem to like it and I presume it has quite an extensive circulation in our regiment. We have been lying quietly in camp at this place since our return from the late demonstration made upon Dalton, of which you have heard full particulars. How long we will remain here none of us can tell, but I do not think we will stay in camp any great length of time, for the slogan of the grand army of the Cumberland is “forward to victory,” and it will not long remain idle. It will strike a blow for freedom as soon as the spring campaign opens that will send a thrill of joy to the hearts of the friends of the Union everywhere. We like the situation of our camp very well, and would like it much better is wood and water were more convenient. The country in the vicinity of our camp is neither fertile or productive, but to the eye of the lover of nature it is a beautiful country. Its mountainous nature renders the surrounding scenery surpassingly beautiful. Here we breathe the pure mountain air, and hence it is not only a beautiful country but it must be a healthy one. Yet it lacks one thing to render it a desirable country for me to live in, and that is good society. In the respect, so far as I have observed, the State of Georgia is sadly deficient. – The society of the boasted aristocracy of the south is far inferior to that of the northern mudsills.

But for the sake of variety I will change the tone of my letter. I have before remarked that we were lying in camp, yet we are not idle for we have company and battalion drill every day except Saturday and Sunday. We also have target practice. One company is taken out every day, and each man is allowed to step out in front of the company and discharge his gun at the target. The best shots are reported by the company officers to brigade headquarters, and it is said the men who make the best shots will be transferred to the sharpshooters. We are very much afraid of losing our friend J. K. Magie, as he has proven to be a remarkably good shot. We pass the time very pleasantly. We have some very interesting discussions on various literary topics. We are favored occasionally with an eloquent speech from Mr. Magie. So you see Mr. Editor that although we are far from home we are not without our amusements and literary treats.

Fearing that I shall consume too much space in your paper and weary the patience of your readers I will refrain from writing any more at present.

Yours Respectfully,
W. C. F.


Head Q’s Co E, 78 Reg’t Ill.
Vol Inf. camp near Rossville Ga
March 24, 1864.

            Friend Journal: — As I have a few leisure moments I will endeavor to write a few lines stating how the 78th Ill. is getting along, as I think it will be a little interesting to the readers of the Journal. I am not going to write such a flourishing letter, and as this is the first one I ever undertook to write, the readers must excuse all mistakes. – Well we are in our old camp, where we was camped before we went to Tyner Station. We came back here on the last of February; and on the night of the 21st of this month it commenced to snow and it snowed all the next day. The depth of the snow was eleven inches. And on the 22d Co. K, Co. E, Co. B, and Co. C, got in the snow and had large times snow balling each other, [obscured] seriously wounded. And on the 23d, the 78th Ill. throwed out skirmishers and brought on another snowball engagement with the 98th Ohio, and they had it pretty hard for about half an hour and the 98th gave up, and then they went in on the 113th Ohio, but they soon gave up and went to their dog huts, and then the 78th went in on the 121st Ohio, and they held then a pretty tight fight, and while they was fighting them the 78th got on the 108th Ohio camp ground, and the 108th went in on us, and then we went at the 108th, and at the first charge they gave up, and then part of the 108th helped us and then they went in again on the 121st O. V. I., and after fighting about two hours they drove the 121st twice to their houses with the 78th Ill. victorious. – There was several slightly wounded and some prisoners taken. The 121st had some niggers to help them and I took notice that some of them got knocked down and I wouldn’t have cared if they had never got up again. – The boys that was in the fight are complaining with sore arms. Well I will have to close and I will say in conclusion, that the 78th is lively and in good spirits.

From a high private in the rear rank of Company E, 78th Reg’t Ill. Vol. Infantry.

C. F. A.


The Township Elections.

            The returns come in slowly from the county. Enough is known, however, to give the complexion of the new board of Supervisors. The board will be composed of eleven Democrats and five Union men – a gain of one in our favor.

New Salem was carried by the Union men by 29 majority. A large gain. We understand that the Union men attribute their success to the missionary labors of Messrs. James M. Campbell and Nelson Abbott. It appears that these two “missionaries” went out to that township to preach up their doctrine of miscegenation, and they admirably succeeded – in defeating their candidates. We are requested to invite them to go there again next fall or some time during the coming campaign.

We hope to give the vote by townships next week.

We are defeated, it is true, but we should not despair. We will pick our time and try again. We will succeed some time, and we hope that it will be next fall.


            The speck of war that arose so suddenly in Coles county this State has as suddenly subsided. The riot did not last ten minutes, but the excitement was continued for several days. It turns out that it was a premeditated affair on the part of the copperheads, to massacre all the soldiers in Charleston, and that they came into town with revolvers in their belts and guns concealed in their wagons. The copperheads were banded together under the high-sounding name of the “Mighty Host,” and their object was, undoubtedly, after killing the soldiers there, to proceed to Mattoon and follow up on their work there. But, cowards as they were, they became panic stricken at their own folly and ingloriously fled from the village.

Some of the ringleaders have been taken and sent to Springfield, where we hope they may have justice meted out to them. The principal one, John O’ Hair, has not yet been captured. We trust that he will not escape.


Exchange of Prisoners.

            The complete exchange of prisoners with the rebels appears to hang fire on the negro question yet. The rebel commissioner Ould agreed to an exchange, man for man, upon terms satisfactory to Butler, but insisted that that agreement should not include the officers and soldiers of the negro regiments, while Butler insisted that, serving under the same flag, they are entitled to the same treatment as other United States soldiers.



From the 78th Regiment.

Camp near Rossville, Ga.,
March 24, 1864.

            Somebody, somewhere, about spring time last year, made a remark something like this – “Winter lingers in the lap of spring.” I am not able to say whether this was intended as a bit of poetry, or as a plain practical remark, but I am inclined to think if the author of that sentence were alive now, and a member of this regiment, and should have been detailed as a picket night before last, he would have give it up that there was more such than poetry in the remark. Day before yesterday we had a fall of snow some ten inches or twelve inches in depth, and that too in the State of Georgia. – “The sunny South,” as some poetically describe it, and peach trees at the same time in full bloom. – Toward night it ceased snowing, but became freezing cold. I was lucky enough to be off duty at the time. All drill was suspended, and so those in camp gathered around their comfortable firesides, told stories, discussed the prospects of the war, or got out their portfolios and jotted down their thoughts for the loved ones at home. But those on picket were not so comfortable. My friend W. T. Freeland, of Blandinville actually had his toes frost bitten while walking his beat at the dead hour of night, and has since suffered considerably in consequence. But yesterday the boys were compensated for all the gloominess and inconveniences of the day before. The sun sent his rays down from a cloudless sky, and the snow was in excellent condition for snowballing. A little skirmishing commenced immediately after dinner, between some companies of this regiment, when quite a large body snow-ballers were seen moving down from the direction of the 98th O. V. I. which is camped about twenty rods west of us. Hostilities immediately ceased between the companies, and they formed a junction and immediately commenced a vigorous attack on the 98th boys. The contest was quite spirited for a time, both parties contending manfully, when the right wing of the 98th was observed to give way slightly. Our boys saw their advantage and followed it up with much vigor. The 98th could not recover their ground, and the evidence began to gather that they would soon be driven from the field in a total rout. Just then [obscured] forward, which proved to be reinforcement for the 98th from the 113th O. V. I. The 78th not undaunted in the least, but with undomitable perserverance rallied their forces and advanced their lines some two or three rods. A courier was sent back after ammunition. The convalescents were called out and a large wash tub was filled with well-made snow balls and carried to the field. The contest now raged fiercely. The tub of ready-made snow balls came in the niche of time. The enemy began to fall back. Just at this time, Andy Wilson of Co. C, was brought to the rear severely wounded in the right eye with a snow ball. The 78th continued to press forward. The enemy was then reinforced by a detachment from the 121st O. V. I., but they could not recover their lost ground. At 5 o’clock P. M. the 78th was declared the victors, and they cheered and crowed lustily over their triumph. While the contest was raging, a few of our boys had the temerity to cast a few balls in the direction of the camp of the “Hundred-and-Ot,” which is the dutch for ‘108th O. V. I.” but they could not be drawn out from behind their breastworks. I have not received a list of the casualties on the part of the enemy, as they took their wounded from the field. The casualties on our side foot up two severely wounded, three slightly wounded.

I continue to hear of more promotions in the regiment. Orderly James, of Co. C, and Harmon Veatch, Seargeant-major, have both received commissions as 2d Lieutenants. Lieut. C. V. Chandler has received his commission as Adjutant of the regiment – Veatch takes the place evacuated by Chandler of Co. I. There is, however, a question raised as to the validity of the commissions of Veatch and James, as they are based on the requisition made to our regiment from the 34th Illinois, which I have mentioned in former letters. The matter I presume will be decided one way or another in a few days. A few promotions have been commenced in Co. I. Corporal Jesse Scudder, corp. John Carroll, and private L. Allshouse have been appointed sergeants. The two latter are prisoners of war at Richmond. S. W. Dallam, Wilson McCandless and S. Carnahan have received appointments as corporals.

I learn that Dr. D. M. Creel, of Industry, who has been our hospital steward since the organization of the regiment, and who is now at home, has passed a satisfactory examination before the Military Medical Board, and is recommended as Assistant Surgeon in this regiment. He comes, however, under the same disability mentioned in the cases of Veatch and James.

Those of our boys who came out with the regiment begin to consider themselves as veterans, and they look upon the new recruits as extraordinary specimens of greenness and verdancy in military matters. They tell us the following story on one of our new recruits. – He was placed on one of the outposts as picket, and while walking his beat he concluded it would be a good opportunity to clean his gun lock, and so he seated himself on a stump near by and soon had his gun taken to pieces. – While he was vigorously employed in polishing the gun lock, Gen. Morgan came around on a tour of inspection, and noticing the young soldier in such a new line of duty for a picket, he approached him and asked him what he was doing there. “Well,” says the verdant youth, “I am a sort of kind of guard here.” “Well,” says the General, “I am a sort of a General here.” “Oh, yes,” says the boy, “hold on, General, until I get my gun put together and I will salute you.” – The General rode away and ordered a “veteran” to the post, and the new recruit was ordered to camp for instruction.

I heard a good joke the other day on Bill McClellan of Co. I, which I must relate. It appears that one of the boys of that company, a messmate of Bill, had been reported for some delinquency, and he was ordered to the ‘Bull-pen’ under guard. The ‘Bull-pen’ is a place near the Colonel’s quarters where the delinquents assemble and remain under guard until their cases are disposed of. When the name of this delinquent was called it was an hour or so after guard-mounting, and Bill of course thought his messmate was called for what we call “fatigue duty,” which is lighter work than picket or guard or duty. The young culprit not liking the ‘Bull-pen,’ was purposely absent, and as Bill’s name came next on the roll he announced himself as ready to fill his place. The Orderly did not want Bill, but Bill was not to be put off so easily. He knew that fatigue duty was lighter than picket duty, and his turn at picket duty would come in the morning. It was his chance now to escape it, and he began to suspect the Orderly of partiality in refusing to call his name next. At [obscured] on filling his messmate’s place to come along, and so Bill started off and soon found himself under guard, marching straight for the ‘Bull-pen.’ A new light began to break in upon the mind of Bill. He began to ‘see’ things as other saw them, but with somewhat different feelings. He remonstrated with the guard – said he wasn’t the man by no manner of means. He was somebody else entirely. The Colonel soon saw how matters stood, and ordered his release immediately. But it was a good joke on Bill, as there is not a better soldier in the regiment, or one who tries more faithfully to do his duty. – Bill won’t hear the last of it while the war lasts.

We still occupy the same old camp near Rossville. I hear that the 16th and 10th Ills. are under marching orders, but for what point I cannot say. – There are no prospects of our regiment marching soon. Capt. Hume has not yet returned, but is expected in a day or two.

J. K. M.


A Democratic Version of the Coles County Massacre.

            The Chicago Post more nearly reflects the sentiments of the majority of the Democrats in Illinois than any other paper published in the State. One of its editors has been visiting Coles county and the scene of the recent copperhead massacre of Union soldiers, and in a long letter written there, which is published in the Post, giving the particulars of the affair, he says that the outbreak was the result of a regular copperhead conspiracy, formed months ago; it was a regular military organization, calling itself “The Mighty Host,” its object being to render aid and comfort to the rebels, with whom the leaders were in correspondence. The attack upon the soldiers at Charleston on Monday was a premeditated affair; the scoundrels had been drilling and preparing for several days, with the avowed purpose of killing the Union soldiers; and the soldiers were fired upon without the least provacation.

The Post also publishes the following:

            Mattoon April 1.

To the Editor of the Chicago Post:

Most of the dispatches concerning the Carleston insurrection are grossly untrue. There was not the slightest provocation. Three days now spent in taking testimony, swow a plan to murder all the soldiers in Charleston. The leaders were John H. O’Hair, Nelson Wells, John Frazer and others. About one hundred are implicated, thirty-seven of whom are now under arrest. The ringleaders escaped. Efforts are being made in the surrounding counties to rally rebels, but have failed. They are believed to have disbanded and fled. A body of 200 was reported in Jasper, yesterday, going South. Eight deaths have occurred, five of which were of soldiers; one other will die. The soldiers were unarmed. All the rioters came armed with extra guns in wagons. Four additional prisoners were brought in this morning.

A foraging party went to O’Hair’s this morning, but could learn nothing of his whereabouts. Eden left for Washington on Monday, on foot. The feeling in this community is one of deep and terrible indignation against the Peace demagogues who are not only believed but known to be at the bottom of the late outbreaks.

April 2, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Next Tuesday.

            The annual town elections come off next Tuesday. We trust it is not necessary to warn Democrats that they must vote their entire strength, or, in some of the townships at least, they will meet with a humiliating defeat. – The disunion republicans will be out in force, and they already boast that in some of the Democratic townships they will elect their ticket. The pride of every Democrat should be aroused to prevent this. Our enemies have made secret nominations, and hope to succeed by the trick of secret organizations. The Democrat who neglects to vote next Tuesday is unworthy of his birthright, because he will thereby imperil the cause of self-government and aid the efforts of those partizans who would destroy our liberties and erect a despotism in their stead.


Their Own Argument.

            One of the favorite arguments of the amalgamation papers against General McClellan, is, that somebody whom they call copperheads (whatever that word may mean) wish to see him President. When not retailing some baseless slander, this is considered a knock-down argument. If they find any thing particularly objectionable in an opposition paper, it is quoted with a flourish and the exclamation, “that paper will support McClellan for the presidency,” as if that proved anything against the object of their dislike. Let us take their mode of argument and see what kind of man Lincoln is, judging him by the character of some of the company who are supporting him for re-election:

1. All the howling, bloodthirsty fanatics from Maine to California.

2. Every blaspheming infidel and atheist in the country.

3. The filthy practicers of the doctrine of miscegenation; every one of them.

4. Every idle and dissolute negro.

5. All the thievish shoddy contractors – the vultures who fatten on the public waste and offal of the state.

6. The army of corrupt office-holders.

7. The great stock gamblers, without exception.

8. All the speculators and extortioners who are running up prices at the expense of the poor.

9. The men who pay poor sewing-women starvation prices for work on army clothing.

10. The men who declare the “Constitution a league with death and a covenant with hell.”

11. All the men who boast that for years they have labored to destroy the Union.

12. All the men who declare that the Union is a thing of the past, hated and accursed, by every patriot.

The list might be extended indefinitely, but this sample is sufficient. – How do the republicans like this of their own argument?


            → “You will never see again the nation late which you were born; the old-fashioned, calm, quiet, homely, home-bred, school-house farmer’s republic.” “You are to have a nation developed into a first rate military power.”

The above pretty extract from Wendell Phillips’ last speech tells the end of abolition rule. The days of the old fashioned republic are numbered, and the new military despotism is about to be inaugurated. But one chance remains to defeat the schemes of the conspirators. The election of Mr. Lincoln is necessary to their entire success. His defeat will give a new lease of life to the republic. Shall it be affected?


Union League Catchism.

            The pious elders who run the union leagues in the interest of the African fetish are getting up a catechism for the juvenile members of their flocks. We suppose it will be something like the following:

What is the chief end of the loyal league?
The end of the Union.

What are States?
Colonies of the Federal Government.

What is a judge?
A provost-marshal.

What is a court of law?
A body of soldiers appointed by a General to try civilians without law.

What is a bastile?
A republican meeting house, for the involuntary assembling of men who believe in the Union as it was, and the Constitution as it is.

What is a President?
A general agent for negroes.

What is a Government?
A general agent for the President.

Are the people of the United States happy?
They are.

What do they live upon?
Chiefly upon blood.

What are Five Twenties?
Lincoln’s I. O. U.’s, made redeemable in Government strips of paper, in five or ternty years.

What is the meaning of the word ‘patriot?’
A man who loves his country less, the negro more.

Who is Garrison?
A friend of the President, who descended into hell, and found the original copy of the Constitution of the United States.


            City Election. – The day is not distant when the people of Macomb will be called upon to elect municipal officers, and we think it time that some attention was being directed to the matter. Under the rule of the republicans who have managed things their own way for several years, the morals of our city have been, apparently, uncared for and vice and crime have increased to an amount that is absolutely alarming.

The citizens are paying heavy taxes, and they look in vain for any adequate return for their money, either in public improvements or in protection to person or property. The public schools have been conducted in a manner that has rendered them more of a nuisance then a benefit. Dens of intoxication and gambling have multiplied, and have gone unchecked in their trade, until the name of our town is becoming a byword and a reproach among the sober people of the country. Men drink and gamble away their earnings, with a reckless indifference of the misery they are surely bringing upon themselves and their families. Boys are seeing what others are doing and are rapidly learning the ways of vice and eventual crime. Can the parents, there interested in making men and not drunkards of their children, look upon these things with indifference? The present authorities have shown themselves utterly powerless, or utterly careless about many of the duties incumbent upon them. It were far better to shut up every whisky shop in town than longer to permit the sapping and destruction of virtue and manhood in our midst. We call upon the people to take this matter in hand, and either restrain the selling of whisky and all gambling for “the drinks,” or else prohibit the traffic entirely.


            → The March term of the circuit court adjourned on Tuesday morning. A large amount of business was disposed of.

The most important civil case before the court was that of Lancaster vs. Homer, which occupied three days. The jury returned a verdict for the defendant.

Owen Manion, indicted for murder, was granted a continuance till the next term of the court, on account of the absence of a material witness.

John Harry and wife were sentenced to jail, one for four and the other for two months.

A large number of People’s cases were continued till the next term.


            → We had a call this week from our handsome friend, J. M. Davidson, of the Carthage Republican. He looks well, which leads us to believe that the Carthagenians are doing well by him. Mr. D., by the way, is entitled to the credit of that union league music which we published last week. He has been known as a master of music heretofore, and has earned a good reputation in that line; but his talents as a composer must now be acknowledged by all, and on the exhibition of his genius will chiefly rest his fame.


            → The union league music we published last week answers a double purpose: 1st, to show the niggerism of the league generally: and 2d to illustrate how emphatically the republicans have got “nigger on the brain.” The little fellows standing on their heads show precisely the “situation.”


            → This week, the last of March, has been just about as ugly and disagreeable weather as the most inveterate hater of comfort could desire.


            → We have a letter from Mr. Naylor, written at Atchison, March 27th. He thought they would get off in about a week from that date.


            → The promptness with which the Farmers’ and Merchants’ Insurance Company of Quincy pay their losses may be judged of by the following note:

To the editor of The Macomb Eagle:

On the 19th day of February 1864, my house and contents , insured by the Farmers’ and Merchants’ Insurance Company of Quincy, Ill., under policy No. [???] were totally destroyed by fire. The company, on being made acquainted with the fact, adjusted my loss and paid me in full, six hundred dollars being this amount insured.

Such prompt and immediate adjustment and settlement deserves [?] and notice, and I hereby recommend this company to all who, like myself, might meet with an accident.

T. Foster.

            Blandinville, March 31, 1864.


            The Alton Democrat. – We value this as one of the spiciest and ablest Democratic papers that comes to our table. Its energy and ability are evidently appreciated by the Democracy of Alton and vicinity, as we notice it has recently been enlarged and otherwise improved. It is determined to keep pace with the demands upon its columns. We wish it unbounded success.


            → The coolest people we know of are the newspaper patrons, who send you a few lines of advertisement, and accompany them with a yard or two of puffs which they request you to insert in the editorial columns gratis! This is like paying a shopkeeper for a pound of sugar and asking him to throw in a barrel of flour.


            Civilizing the African. – Mrs. Frances D. Gage, in a recent address on the condition of the negroes on the sea cotton Island of South Carolina said that when she went there in 1862, they neither used profane language nor got drunk – these immoralities being confined to the military officers – but since the white man was introduced, and the intercourse between the two races had extended and become common, the contraband had arrived at a remarkable state of accomplishment in the gentlemanly qualifications of swearing and drinking whisky.

March 26 edit

An item slipped my mind last week that needs to be posted.  This cartoon was mentioned in today’s edition of the Journal; it appeared in last week’s Eagle.


race music

April 1, 1864

Macomb Weekly Journal

For the Macomb Journal.

A Song.

Who Says de Darkies Won’t Fight.

By Ned Foster.

Air. – Coal Black Roses

Some white folks hab been heard to say
de nigger’s wouldn’t fight,
But I guess dat dey look at it now
Quite in an nodder light;
Hush up your mouf you “copperheads”
Don’t take dat for a plea,
To keep us from de battle field,
Where all of you should be

Our cause is right,
And we will fight,
For dear old Uncle Sam,
And show de Traitors Norf and Souf
Though black we’re each a man.

At “Milkum’s Bend” Port Hudson to,
We made our Masa’s scoot,
And I guess dey formed de cision dere;
Dat we know how to shoot
I tink dat in a little while
We’ll drill it in dere head;
Dat Uncle Sam will arm all things
That can shoot down a “Reb.”

Old Mass Colonel say to us
Which make us feel quite proud
Dat de darkies make as good a mark
As any in de crowd;
And as we’re used to waitin’ on
Our Massa’a heretofore;
We’ll serve dem up a little dis
Dat they’ve not bargained for.

Dey talk about your arming slaves
And make a dreadful fuss,
But don’t dey repudiate dere debts
Which am a great deal “wuss?”
And when de nigger you compare
Wit traitors ain’t it true;
Dat dere deeds if not dere color
Am de whitest ob de two.


Kansas Correspondence.

Salina, Salina County, Kansas.
March 17th, 1864.

            Mr. Editor: — Having been a resident of your county for a number of years, from whence I moved to this place in the year 1860, I am frequently inquired of by friends, as to how I like this country, and what are its prospects as a farming country. And as it may be of some interest to your readers, I propose, with your permission, to answer some of the more general inquiries, in the Journal.

Salina is at present the extreme western county in the State. The territory lying west, being unorganized and uninhabited, except by the few ranch men, on the great roads across the plains. It is used at present as a buffalo pasture. We are one hundred and seventy-five miles west of Fort Riley, on the military road from Fort Leavenworth to New Mexico. The Smoky Hill fork of the Kansas river divides the county into two nearly equal portions. The Solomon and Saline branches also run through it. According to the usage of the country I call these streams rivers, although an Illinoisian, at first sight might be inclined to doubt the propriety of so dignifying them. In appearance, they are but little larger than Crooked Creek, at Macomb. Yet their great length and the size of the fish they produce entitle them to the name river. The Smoky Hill heads full three hundred miles west of this place. It is a peculiarity of Kansas streams, to have a length out of proportion to their size.

The greater part of our timber is cottonwood, some oak, walnut, ash, elm, [obscured], honey locust, box-elder and willow. A person who has been raised in a timber country, would not be satisfied with either the quantity or quality of that article here; but one used to the prairies of Illinois, would find sufficient for all practical purposes. Stone plenty, well distributed and of easy access. Stone will be the principal building material of Kansas. The bottoms on the streams are broad, dry, and smooth as a threshing floor, producing luxurious crops of grass of the best quality. The soil in the bottom is a light black loam, and produces the broad-leafed, blue stem grass and rosin weed. In some places it assumes a pale or ash color, but seems equally productive. The uplands are similar to the high prairies with you, and although but little tested, I think will yet prove our best wheat lands. In my judgement the soil lacks firmness and compactness it is too loose and light, but in this respect improves with cultivation. The sub-soil is of a porous mixture of sand and clay, hardly retentive enough of water. This defect adds to the health of the country, and gives us good roads eleven months in the year. I have seen as good corn raised here as ever I did in Illinois, but I do not consider it as sure a crop. For the small grains such as wheat, rye and barley it is superior.

Stock raising must always be a leading feature in all farming here. The country is peculiarly well suited for that business. It gives promise of both the surest and largest profits, for the capital invested. It is the testimony of all who have made the comparison, that the natural grasses of Kansas are more nutritious than in the States further east. To see our cattle and partake of the beef will convince any one of that fact. It is also illustrated in the condition of the buffalo, some of which have been killed in this section, yielding as much as eighty pounds of tallow. Our feeding season is from six weeks to two months shorter than with you. Indeed some cattle have gone through the winter without being fed at all; such treatment is poor economy and not to be recommended. But few sheep have yet been introduced here. Yet there is every reason to believe that they will pay even better than cattle. They would require but little feed to winter them, except the short time that snow is on the ground. Hogs are the poorest of all stock here, and I am not sorry for it. I am glad that I have got to a country, where the porker is not esteemed an important member of society, and where swine’s flesh is not an indispensible article of diet.

The land in this section, has not yet been offered at public sale, and can be obtained only by actual settlers, either by right pre-emption, or under the Homestead Act. By this means land speculators, (the curse of all new countries,) are excluded. In many parts of Kansas, the best of the land is held by non-residents, to the great injury of the settlers, depriving them of the advantage of society, and retarding for years schools, churches, and public improvements. It is to be hoped, that the policy of throwing the public lands into market as soon as open for settlement is forever abandoned. As usual with all first settlers, fruit culture has received little or no attention. My own little experience in planting has been perfectly satisfactory and I expect in due time to gather fruit. Native plums and grapes grow in abundance, and of excellent quality.

One of the greatest charms this country has for me, is its healthfulness. In regard to this I can speak with great confidence. No swamps or stagnate water producing miasma. A clear bracing atmosphere, giving health to the body and elasticity to the spirit. The population of this county is between four and five hundred, composed of German, Scotch, Irish, English and representatives from most of the Western States and some few Eastern people. Most of them came here with but little capital. The want of it was the main inducement in bringing them here. But few, I think, will ever regret the change. If they are not rich, they have lain the foundation, which if continued will lead to wealth. I am frequently asked through letters by persons, if I would advise them to come to this country. It is hard to answer the question satisfactory, as I do not know the habits, tastes and desires of the individuals or their expectations. What would be desirable to one, might be objectionable to another. Industrious and enterprising men and women of all kinds will do well here. Loafers will do just as well where they are. The country won’t suit them. We have no regular physician here. We want one; one who has a head and heart, in other words a good doctor united with a good man, such a one will find here a community to appreciate his worth.

Salina, the county seat of Saline county is a small town, but a place of considerable business. It contains three stores, grist and saw mill, school house, blacksmith, gunsmith, wagon maker, and saddler. The fur market of the place could not have been less than thirty thousand dollars during the past year. The presbyterian and christian denominations have church organizations. You will find by consulting the map, that you and I studied at school, that this country is part of what was then the “Great American Desert.” That desert may have a definite geographical position, if so it must be sought elsewhere than here. Or if this is a fair sample of it, a miracle is not necessary to “cause the desert to blossom and bloom like the rose.”




Washington, March 21, 1864.

            The most important event that has transpired since my last was the visit of Gen. Grant to this city.

Major Generals have been crowding the hotels here during the winter, and Brigadiers have been as thick as locusts in Egypt, and none of them so far as heard from, have noted for their modesty, but General Grant is truly a modest man, and seemed to desire to avoid anything like show or display. He will be here again this week, and will go into the field immediately with the army of the Potomac, and we will have to let the future tell what the result will be. Officers who have been engaged in the attempted advances towards Richmond report the fortifications of the rebels as impregnable, owing to the nature of the ground they occupy. The country being so situated that one hill commands another, and to take one fortification would be to place our forces directly in range of another battery. But we will see what course Gen. Grant will pursue in reference to these impregnable positions.

Fort Donelson was said to be impregnable but it did not prove so when Gen. Grant “moved” against it, and so it was with Vicksburg. Grant persevered against every obstacle until that modern Gibraltar was taken.

Mission Hill was also said to be so strong a point that the rebels could not be dislodged. Gen. Grant was in command there but few days before the rebels were driven from it in confusion.

There is nothing about Gen. Grant’s personal appearance that would indicate the great man according to the popular theory, but it is impossible to [obscured] the results have been accomplished by good judgment, tenacity of purpose and determined perseverance, rather than by brilliant dashes, he is none the less entitled to credit for them.

The Presidential Question.

            Chase’s letter withdrawing his name has proved a wet blanket to many aspiring gentlemen here. Those who were most active in their efforts for Chase, belonged to that class of persons, samples of which you see everywhere, who must either rule or ruin. Men, in most cases who had everything to make by a change and nothing to lose, and who were working purely from selfish motives. Very few of them I think ever had much hope of succeeding in getting Mr. Chase nominated, but hoped to raise a faction formidable enough to bring themselves into notoriety; while the real friends of Mr. Chase from the beginning discouraged the movement, as they knew the popular heart was for Mr. Lincoln, and they did not desire to see Mr. Chase make a failure.

I presume there never has been a time in the history of this country when the result of a coming election could be more clearly foretold. From every part of the country the voice of the Union masses comes up nearly unanimously for Mr. Lincoln.

The result of the election in New Hampshire can be taken as a forerunner of the elections that are [?] off in 1864.

The Copperheads in New Hampshire and their journals everywhere made the contest in that State a fight against the Administration and against Mr. Lincoln, as the exponent and originator of the policy of the Administration, and said that the result would show whether Mr. Lincoln was sustained. We have had that result, it was an overwhelming majority for the Union and an indorsement of the policy of the Administration. Connecticut will follow in April with a like verdict, and so the ball will be kept rolling until Abraham Lincoln is triumphantly re-elected in November.

The Fair.

            The Ladies’ Fair for the benefit of the Christian Commission still continues and is a great success. Saturday evening there was a grand promenade concert at the fair rooms. Mrs. Kretchmar, the great singer, assisting, the rooms as usual were crowded. The fair will close with a grand ball on the evening of the 28th. Most of the valuable artifacts have been disposed of by raffling, or by “taking chances” as the ladies term it. Some of my acquaintances have been quite fortunate – one: Mrs. L. — , of Ohio, has drawn two very valuable silver tea sets.

Veteran Reserve Corps.

            I see that by order of the War Department, the name of the Invalid Corps has been changed to the more appropriate one of Veteran Reserve. The regiment stationed here, belonging to that corps, has dress parade every Sabbath afternoon on Franklin Square. I went up to see them last Sabbath. They present quite a fine appearance in their light blue uniforms with dark facings, and the armless coat sleeves dangling by the side of many of the officers show that they have seen service.

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

            That attention of the traveling public is called to the above road, as a through route from the West. The Michigan Southern Railroad has made arrangements with the Newark and Sandusky and other roads in Ohio, by which they run through trains with close connection making better time from Chicago to Washington, and with less change of cars than by any other route. And in this age proverbial for gruff officials, it is a pleasure to come in contact with the gentlemanly and obliging officers and employees on this road.

Those doing business with the road, by shipping freight, or otherwise, will find in W. P. Smith, Esq., the Superintendent, a gentlemen, who, while he pays strict attention to the interests of the road, is ever ready and willing to oblige if in his power.



            “Rally round the” polls, boys! Don’t forget the election next Tuesday, but go and vote; see that your Union neighbor votes. Remember that your opponents are wily, and that they will leave no stone unturned to secure our defeat. This election will be watched and commented on all over the Union, and we should not be found sleeping on our posts. Every Union voter that stays from the polls counts one for the copperheads. Let us send word to our gallant soldiers in the field that McDonough county is released from the thralldom of copperhead rule.

Remember, do NOT say “can’t” but go and vote. If you love your country – if you desire to gratify your friends in the field, go and vote for Union men; men who are tried and true.


War in Illinois.

            The copperheads have appeared determined from the first to bring on a collision between themselves and Union men in this State, and have, through their press, and by individuals, societies and every other way provoked Union men and returned soldiers till it was almost unbearable. The copperheads in Coles Co., more zealous in the cause of their master, Jeff. Davis, than others have commenced the war in earnest by going in crowds to Charleston on Monday the 28th, armed with guns concealed in wagons, and carrying revolvers. They commenced firing on some soldiers in the court house yard, and the County Sheriff commenced firing on Union men in the Court House. It is too late for us to make more than a note of it. We will endeavor to give the particulars next week. Several were killed and wounded, among the killed was Maj. S. York, Surgeon of the 54th, [obscured.]


Union Meeting in Scotland Township.

            At a meeting held at Centre Point school house, on March 26th, 1864, for the purpose of nominating candidates for township officers, Mr. H. H. Kyle, Chairman, and Mr. Robert Littleson Secretary.

The following nominations were made.

Geo. W. Provine township Supervisor, Robert Littleson town Clerk, Jeremiah Sullivan Assessor, Charles W. Greenup Collector, James M. Rexroat Commissioner of Highways, Samuel McKidney Overseer of Poor, John Roberts and Edwin B. Rall Constables.



Do They Talk Nigger?

            Some of our Democratic cotemporaries are continually harping about Union men talking nigger, and our great love for the woolly heads. Where they get their information from is more than we know. We have never seen it in any paper or heard it expressed by an individual, except by the copperheads themselves. But we asked the question “Do they talk nigger?” In answer to it we would state that as a matter of curiosity we took the pains to count how many times the word nigger, or its equivalent of black, Sambo, &c., occurred in a certain paper, that is published something less than a thousand miles from this office. We counted the word FORTY-TWO times. Just think! forty-two times in one issue, and that is far less a number than usual. Besides the forty-two times the words was mentioned, the same issue had the photographs of 40 of his colored brethren. Copperheads don’t talk nigger? No-siree.



From the 78th Regiment.

Camp near Rossville, Ga.,
March 15, 1864.

            This is a cold, chilly morning. Although I was looking yesterday upon a number of peach trees richly clothed with blossoms of brilliant hues, and listening to the sweet music of the birds, this morning I find myself jostling and elbowing with my messmates in order to get a comfortable position near the cheerful fire which illuminates our rude little cabin. The sky is overcast with blue and lowery looking clouds, and the winds come rushing into the cracks and crevices of our shanty with a dismal howl. But soldiers are called upon to endure all kinds of weather – cold and hot, wet and dry, cloudy and clear, and ever be ready for duty at a moment’s warning.

There it comes! a blast from Maynard’s bugle. That is a call for the pickets to fall in. Our company furnishes eight men for picket every morning. They pack their blankets, and provide themselves with rations for 24 hours, and rig themselves as though for a march. Picket duty in good weather is no hardship. Each picket is required to stand as sentinel six hours out of the twenty-four – that is, two hours on duty, and six hours off. As matters are at present arranged a man’s turn [obscured] The pickets usually take with them their writing materials, and a large portion of the letters sent from the army are written while out on picket. At half past nine Maynard blows his bugle again. That will be the call for company drill. Each company then assembles on their respective parade grounds, form in line, and are then marched out to the most convenient places for drilling. At eleven o’clock the re-call is sounded, and we then march to our quarters. At half past two the bugle sounds for battalion drill, which exercise is continued until four o’clock, thus consuming three hours each day in drilling. Saturday and Sunday, however, are excepted.

A recent order requires that the men shall practice an hour each day at target shooting. This exercise comes off immediately after dinner, and is rather liked by most of the men. The target is usually set at a distance of one hundred yards, and each man steps out as his number is called – takes aim, and fires. A report is handed in each day at headquarters of the names of the two best shots in each company, and the distance hit from the centre. These reports prove that we have excellent marksmen in the regiment, as scarcely a day passes but each company can show the bull’s eye pierced at the centre.

Capt. Reynolds of Co. I, returned to the regiment a few days ago apparently much improved in health. Dr. D. M. Creel, of Industry, started for home a few days since on a leave of absence for thirty days. The Doctor has filled the position of Hospital Steward since the organization of the regiment, and won for himself the confidence and esteem of both officers and men. He goes home with a recommendation to Gov. Yates to commission him as an Assistant Surgeon in this regiment, and I hope to see him return with his commission in his pocket.

Orderly J. J. Clark of Co. I, has obtained a furlough for a few days and starts for Macomb on Friday. I learn that his wife is dangerously ill, but at last accounts was slightly improving.

Lieut. Col. Carter Van Vleck has been promoted to the Colonelcy of this regiment, and I presume he will now doff the silver leaf and don the eagle. Capt. M. R. Vernon, of Co. K, whose home is in Quincy, is promoted to the Lieut. Colonelcy.

Thursday Evening, March 17. – No mail arrived this evening. A rumor is current that John Morgan has cut the railroad near Tullahoma and captured a train, mail and all. I trust it may prove a canard. All remains quiet at the front. We had a biting frost last evening, and hard freezing. I think the whole peach crop in this section of country must be destroyed.

J. K. M.


Union Meeting in Chalmers Township.

            Pursuant to call, the Unconditional Union voters of Chalmers Township, McDonough county, met at the house of Mr. Joseph Litchfield in the above named township, on Saturday afternoon, March 26th, for the purpose of nominating candidates for the various town offices to be voted for at the coming Spring election.

The meeting was called to order by Mr. Alexander Blackburn, Esq. Doanne was called to the chair and W. F. A. Kohler elected secretary. By request of the chairman, Mr. Blackburn stated the object of the meeting.

On motion the convention proceeded to make nominations for the several offices to be filled. The following Ticket was unanimously agreed upon:

For Supervisor, Alexander Blackburn; for Town Clerk, W. F. A. Kohler; for Assessor, James Thompson; for Collector, Joshua Wayland; for Highway Commissioner, Jacob Kaisersen; for Overseet of Poor, S. G. Scroggs.

On motion, Messrs. Steckel, Blackburn and Joel Wayland were appointed a Township Central Committee and also a committee to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of this convention. The following resolutions were presented and unanimously adopted:

Resolved, That in the great struggle of our country for National existence there is neither time nor space among loyal men for party, but in the language of the lamented Senator Douglas, All must be Patriots or Traitors. He that is not for his government, his country, is against it.

Resolved, That we cordially endorse the Administration and its war measures, for the effectual suppression of the slave holders’ rebellion.

Resolved, That we tender our undivided thanks to those brave and heroic soldiers, who have so gallantly maintained our national integrity.

Resolved, That we look forward with hopeful anticipations to the utter overthrow of this terrible rebellion, to the complete recovery of all revolted territory, and the renomination of Abraham Lincoln at the Baltimore Convention.

On motion the Convention adjourned sine die.

A. H. DOANE, Chairman.


For the Macomb Journal.

Interesting to Stock Raisers!

McDonough Co. Still Ahead!

Walnut Grove, March 28, 1864.

            Mr. Editor: I enclose you the following:

Mr. Matthies Hemenover a neighbor of mine, has a cow that a short time since gave birth to three calves, one living and two dead. Last spring she gave birth to four, all were alive but the weather being very cold at the time three of them froze to death, one is still living. The spring previous she had three at one birth, all were alive but as it happened in the month of February and the weather being intensely cold, they all perished for want of proper care; hence she has had ten calves at three births, and in about two years. Said cow is a bright red, and rather heavy set. You discover nothing peculiar in her appearance.

The above facts can be well attested.

Yours, F. CRUISER.


Copperhead Lyric.

            Mr. Editor: — We commend to your readers the following copperhead morning hymn. Now-a-days we hear so much of the superiority of races, and of part of mankind having no rights that the white man need respect, that I have reduced their sentiments to numbers. It may be that Dr. Olds’ church may extend this far, and they may need special odes for their purified sanctuary. Moreover, your cotemporary seems again religiously exercised, and you might send him a copy. In this day of open bibles such lyrics are almost out of print, and these devout personages have to go to the heathen for their sacred songs:

Father Almighty, [?] as the race
Of white men far and near; but chase
The negroes from thy throne, black crew,
Swift headlong to the world below.

The Golden rule, good Lord, repeal,
And sanction, thou, who black men steal;
Those Hottentots and Congres rate
As monkies of superior state.

The Chinese save, the Indian, too,
The Dutch, the Swede, and dark [?]
But Sambo’s soul respect not thou,
Nor let his rights be heard below.

The negro is a lower race,
Unfit to dwell in thy embrace,
Then cause our cup to overflow,
And sink this Cuffee o’er so low.

Thus, Lord, thy praise shall rise supreme
In hearts more worthy thy esteem,
Whilst these low chattels we will use,
To spread thy name to Greek and Jews.

And when to Abram’s bosom we
Are raised to all eternity,
May ‘nigs’ on three-legged stools be left
Far down in torrid climes – a drift.

Then through high heaven on downy beds,
Both Butternuts and Copperheads,
Their social voices loud will ring,
And nary nigger there will sing.


Annual Town Meeting.

            The citizens, legal voters of the Town of Macomb, in the County of McDonough and State of Illinois, are hereby notified that the annual town meeting for said town will be held at the Court House in said town on Tuesday, the fifth day of April, 1864, being the first Tuesday in said month, for the purposes following:

To choose a Moderator to preside at said meeting.

To elect one Supervisor, one Town Clerk, one Collector, one Assessor, one Overseer of the Poor, one Commissioner of Highways, one Justice of the Peace for one year, six Overseers of Highways, and to act upon any additional subject which may, in pursuance of law, come before said meeting, at the proper time, when convened.

Which meeting will be called to order between the hours of nine and ten o’clock in the forenoon and kept open until six o’clock in the afternoon.

Given under my hand at Macomb, this twenty-ninth day of March, A. D. 1864.

Town Clerk.


            Meanness Personified. – Some malicious person, or persons, with malice aforethought, entered our office on Wednesday night last and pied a lot of advertisements on the inside pages and also several jobs that were standing on the job stone. Whoever it was knew something of the internal arrangement of a printing office, and also where we kept our key. We thought when we commenced this article that we would tell our opinion of such acts, but we can’t do the subject justice. We have not got the time to reset the “ads” that are pied, but will have them all right next week. Among the ads that were pied was that of G. W. Smith’s Nursery which we had promised to bring forward among the new advertisements.


            Billingsgate. – The classical regions of Billingsgate, London, have their counterpart in this city. On Campbell’s corner may be seen, about every other day, some gentlemen of the Irish persuasion engaged in the lucrative business of selling fish, while other gentlemen (!) of the copperhead persuasion are engaged in the laudable practice of “cussing” and swearing. – It is a very pleasant place for ladies to pass! Why can’t our city “dads” be made to stand there for a few hours in the day. It would help their morals – and may be they would do something.


            New Music. – The following are among the pieces of new music just received at Clarke’s book store: Vacant Chair, Babylon is Fallen, Beautiful Child of Song, Oh, Wrap the Flag Around Me, Boys, Sleeping for the Flag, House Far Away, Vicksburg is taken, Boys, Washington and Lincoln, Gay and Happy, Ah! he Kissed Me when He Left Me, Mother would Comfort Me, Brave Boys are They, Will you Come to Meet Me, Darling, Lottie in the Lane, All Hail to Ulysses, Maudie Moore, Columbias Guardian Angels, O come you from the Battle Field, Grafted into the Army, I Stand on Memory’s Golden Shore, Old Brown Cot, She Sleeps Beneath the Elms, Oh Bury the Brave where they Fall, When will my Darling Boy Return, Sleighing with the Girls, Bless Me, Mother, ere I Die, Corporal Schnapps, Rock Beside the Sea.


            Apple Trees. – We have neglected to call attention to the advertisement of G. W. Smith, nurseryman of this city. Mr. Smith is one of the oldest and most reliable nurserymen in this section of the State. He offers his trees at extraordinary low prices, and all who contemplate setting out orchards this spring should not fail to call on him for choice varieties of trees at greatly reduced prices. See his advertisement which we bring forward among the “New Adverstisements.”


            Teachers’ Association. – The Teachers’ Association for McDonough county commenced its session on Tuesday last. There are quite a large number of teachers in attendance.


            Brought Home. – The remains of Wm. T. Chase, a son of Rev. James Chase, of this county, was brought home from the army last week for interment here. Mr. Chase enlisted last November, and we learn had never reached his regiment. He was sent from Chattanooga with others to guard a train to Knoxville, Tenn., and on the road he was taken sick with the pleurisy, and died in a few days. He was buried last Friday from the Presbyterian Church.

Mr. Moses A. McCandless, who was killed at the battle of Missionary Ridge last December, was also brought home last week for burial. The funeral services took place at the Presbyterian Church last Saturday.


            Mud. – “Spring time has come,” and so has mud. Now, as a general thing, people are not very fond of tramping through mud barefoot, and they, as a natural consequence, want to know where to get boots and shoes that will keep the mud from their feet. – There are several places in this town where they can be supplied, but J. M. Browne & Co’s is the place and no mistake. They are in receipt of their spring stock of boots and shoes, hats and caps, baskets all of the very best quality and at prices that defy competition. Be sure and call on them when you want anything in their line. Mr. Browne came to this city about one year ago, and by his politeness of manners and strict attention to business, has succeeded in building up a very large trade, but he is still willing to have more. – Remember it is of no use to go barefoot when you can be shod so cheap.


            Crackers. – Attention is called to the advertisement of G. W. Kruse, Machine Baker, of this city. Those contemplating going to Idaho will do well to call on him and supply themselves with a lot of those crackers. They will find that they will come handy on the plains.


            Sudden Death. – We were pained to learn on Monday morning last of the sudden death of Dean Ray, eldest son C. M. Ray, Esq., of this city. He had only been sick since Thursday evening previous. The bereaved parents have the profound sympathies of the whole community in their sad affliction.


            Indicted. – We understand that Capt. Geo. B. Reid was indicted during the sitting of the Grand Jury for bringing an “unbleached American” into this county. The Captain belongs to the 66th, and we don’t doubt but that he will feel bad about it when he hears of it. There is only one way for him to escape the punishment due to his enormous crime – and that is to vote the copperhead ticket.


            Windy. – The weather on last Monday was regular March weather. – High winds prevailed. Dust was in the ascendant – altogether it was a first rate day to stay in the house.


            Musical Convention. – A musical convention has been holding here during this week under the direction of Prof. Bennett, of Janesville, Wisconsin. A concert will be given this (Friday) evening either at the Presbyterian or Universalist Church.


            Adjourned. – The Circuit Court, after a busy session of seven days and a half, adjourned on Tuesday. A large amount of business was transacted in that time. The trial of Manion for the murder of Tom Brown was postponed till next court.


            Off for Idaho. – On Tuesday morning another company started from this place for Idaho. The company was composed of Robt. Bonham, G. A. Decker, John Harris, and C. C. Clarke, Wm. H. Phelps also belongs to the same company, but will not start for several days yet.

We neglected to notice last week the departure of Mich. Lipe and Ben. Naylor. They contemplate going by the way of Salt Lake City. We wish the whole crowd an abundance of success.


            Tangle-leg. – The other day we saw an old man attempting to navigate West Jackson street, who seemed to think that the plank of the side walk was too short at both ends – at least, he attempted to walk on both sides at once.


            Sickly. – There is a great deal of sickness in this city and vicinity this Spring. We believe the prevailing disease is diptheria, though there are several cases of fever. There has been several deaths.


            Changed Hands. – The building on the north side of the square, known as the Masonic Hall, has been bought by Mr. John Venable. He occupies one room with his woollen store. The other room will be occupied by a millinery store.


            Fire. – The smoke house of Mrs. Logsdon, on West Jackson street was discovered to be on fire on Saturday night last, about 12 o’clock. The origination of the fire is unknown. The loss to Mrs. Logsdon is about $500, as all of her flour, meat, &c, were stored in it.


            Quashed. – The indictment in the suit of Covalt vs. Phelps, for libel was quashed on Monday last by the Prosecuting Attorney.


            More Improvements. – We notice that the business house on the south side of the square, adjoining Cottrell & Bros., is being re-modelled, and fixed up in style. We have not learned who will occupy it, but presume it will not remain long without an occupant.

Thos. Gilmore is putting up an office on the south side of the square, and improving the old building. After he gets through, that part of the square will assume a more business-like appearance.

On West Jackson street we notice a large dwelling house going up – being built by Mr. Strader. It is of the “Barn” order of architecture.

Moab Lovely, of the firm of R. J. Adcock & Co., has bought, and is refitting a building on West Jackson street formerly owned by Mrs. Atkinson.

James Clarke, Esqr., has commenced putting a large dwelling on the same street, opposite the Macomb House.

W. O. Thomas is putting up a Carpenter shop on Lafayette street south of Adcock & Co’s grocery store.

Dr. E. A. Floyd is having the back room of the Chicago store fitted up for offices.

G. W. Bailey, dry goods dealer on the east side of the square, has bought the property, formerly owned by Mrs. Maury, on East Jackson street, and is making a new place of it. It will add to the appearance of that part of town when he get through with his contemplated improvements.


            → A hump backed, Jew-nosed individual put his body inside our office the other day and asked, “Is that man I wanted to see in here yet?” We were about to inquire what man, when seeing the end of a whisky bottle sticking out of his pocket, we were satisfied and answered, “The man you want to see is in the abolition office.” He left. – Eagle.

We found the about artice in the Eagle last week, and we did begin to think that Abbott had reformed, but alas! on inquiry, we found that Abbott did not write that article. He is not the man to let a bottle of whiskey slip from him in that abrupt a manner.


            Musical. – By last week’s Eagle we see that our neighbor has turned his attention to music – and to verify our assertions of last week in regarding to the disease of “N. O. B.,” the notes he uses for his music are little darkies climbing on a rail fence. It is true, the music is not adapted to be sung in church, but it will do for a copperhead camp meeting. From the words accompanying it, we should infer that it is the opening ode of the Knights of the Golden Circle. Here are the words; our readers can judge for themselves:

In the rank dog fennel John Brown was born across the creek,
With a black spot in his bosom that astonished old Nick;
As he died stealing niggers, let us free them quick,

While the devil gets us all!
Glory to the big buck nigger,
Glory to the big buck nigger,
And the fat she nigger too.


            More Copperhead Literature. – The following sweet specimen of copperhead audacity was received a short time since by the person to whom it was addressed. We have not learned whether Mr. Hill has been “Badley whiped” or not, but presume he keeps a body guard with him, and will not be “ketched” out alone. Such letters are more amusing than frightful, and if the copperheads think they can scare good Union men by them, or accomplish more than their brethren of New York did last summer, why – let ‘em “pitch in”

Tennessee Illinois

Mr hill if you dont mind your Bisness you will get youre selfe Badley whiped Before you leeve yet the next time I ketch you out you will get one of the gratest whipens you ever had I wont leeve A Bit of hide on your Back I think you will get A thing A Bout the sise of A Beene I have bin wAtching you for last week Now you Beter kep your ise open your Friend toly

March 26, 1864

Macomb Eagle

The Administration Favor it.
Leading Republicans say the People
must Adopt the Doctrine.

          Yes, Abolitionism always defiant of God’s, and man’s laws, and with a fanaticism and hardihood only equaled by the Jacobins of the French Revolution, long since determined not only to free the negroes of the South, but to place them upon perfect social and political equality with the white race.
Hence Lincoln’s proclamation and its kindred measures, the recruitment of the blacks for our army, Navy, &c. As first they were only to be employed in the performance of menial services, such as digging ditches, camp duties, &c., with an allowance of but half pay. Soon, however, the mask was dropped and now Sambo is by law made the equal in all respects of the proud veterans of Donelson, Shiloh, Antietam and Gettysburg, and should any officers of a Regiment – border State or other – manifest the slightest repugnance to so recognizing the darkies he will be immediately removed if not imprisoned and disgraced by the administration.
But not content with thus degrading our high spirited and noble soldiers – because they have despotic power over them – the revolutionary Jacobins who now rule our unhappy country are determined, like their bloody-minded prototypes of France, that none shall escape their wild and utopian schemes of “liberty, fraternity and equality.” Day after day, the immortal Cuffee is introduced upon the Congressional theatre, and made to play a controlling part to the neglect and injury of our white soldiers and the public service generally. On the 10th ult., Sumner, of Massachusetts, a giddy and moon-struck abolitionist,
“Loquacious, loud and turbulent tongue,
Awed by no shame, by no respect
Controlled,” –
Moved in the Senate a resolution to admit colored persons to an equal enjoyment of all railroad privileges in the District of Columbia. From his remarks it now appears that Lincoln and Stanton are appointing negroes to the higher officers of the army, and we may soon expect to see them giving orders to white soldiers. In support of his resolution, Mr. Sumner [abolition] said
My special motive in offering this resolution is to call attention to a recent outrage which has occurred in this District.
An officer of the United States with the commission of a Major, with the uniform of the United States, has been pushed off one of the cars on Pennsylvania avenue by the conductor for no other offense than that he was black. Now, sir, I am free to say that I think we had better give up railroads in the District of Columbia if we cannot have them without such an outrage upon humanity and upon the good name of our country. An incident like that, sir, is worse for our country at this moment than a defeat in battle. It makes for our cause abroad enemies and sows distrust. I hope, therefore, that the Committee on the District of Columbia – I know that the disposition of my honorable friend [Mr. Grimes] the chairman of that committee – in the bills which we are to consider relative to the railroads in the District will take care that such safeguards are established as will prevent the repetition of any such outrage.
Mr. Hendricks (democrat). It seems to be considered a great outrage that the negroes in the District of Columbia are not allowed to take their seats in the cars with the white men and women who travel in the railroads of this city. If I were to express any opinion on the subject, I should say the outrage would be the other way. But perhaps it is due to the company to say that I have observed the fact, as I suppose other Senators have observed it, that there are cars furnished for the colored people of the District, and those cars are very plainly indicated, so that there can be no mistake about it.
I do not understand from the Senator who has introduced this resolution that any negro has been denied the right to ride on the cars which, at the expense of the company, have been provided for their accommodation; but the difficulty, I suppose, has arisen because the negro declined to ride in the cars that are provided for persons of his color, and claimed the right to ride in the cars that are provided for the white men and women who travel on these railroads.
By mistake I have entered the cars designed only for the use of colored persons and not wishing to intrude upon their rights I withdrew.
Mr. Grimes [abolition.] I have found myself in some of the cars, and I did press myself upon their attention and rode with them, and I did not consider myself disgraced by riding to the Senate chamber in a car with some colored people.
Mr. Sumner declared that the treatment of the colored Major “is a disgrace to this city – it is an outrage – it is a disgrace to the government. The Major had just as much right in the cars as the Senator from Indiana. I go further,” he continued, “and I say – I merely take him for illustration – that the ejection of that Senator from a car would not bring upon this capital half the shame that the ejection of this colored officer from the car necessarily brings upon the capital, or any other Senator, for I do not mean, of course, to make the remark personal; but as the Senator from Indiana has entered into this discussion, and chooses to vindicate this inhumanity, I allude to him personally.”
Mr. Wilson [abolition] said:
But, sir, this is not the only place that needs reform. There are other portions of the country that need reform also.
The other day a friend of mine came up from the army, and with him two colored men, and they were forced into a cattle car while he alone in a freight car over that road, forced there by the personal exercising the control under the authority of the United States.
The country will yet, however, be abolitionized and civilized and humanized, but it must be abolitionized before the high civilization or the high humanity will come.
Mr. Hendricks. I desire to ask the Senator from Massachusetts who has just taken his seat if he has not heard of tens of thousands of cases where white soldiers have been compelled to ride in cattle or burden cars. I know that nothing is more common in the pressure upon the railroads of the North West then for that very thing to occur.
Mr. Wilson. In reply to the question of the Senator I will say that there is no doubt it is true. That, however, I take it was a matter of necessity.
Mr. Hendricks. During the very cold winter weather towards the commencement of the session under the very eye of Senators, the veterans from the Potomac and the Rapidan came into this city in cars that were not all fit for white people, in which they suffered extremely for the want of fire – and yet that Senator nor any other Senator felt that the cause of humanity and right required them to call the attention of Senate to the circumstance.
I am satisfied, sir, that the Senators have now declared the end which we are to come, and that by the action of the Federal government the social as well as the political equality of the negro is to be forced upon the white race. * * * The people that I represent in this chamber have not yet adopted that sentiment. The distinction between the two races is yet maintained in Indiana.
The Senator says that abolitionism is to do its work, as I understand from him, is to bring about social equality. I presume he means also political equality. I think we will not consent to that very readily in Indiana. * *
And yet, sir, accustomed as we are to white labor there, and to none other, we are not content that equality, social and political, of the black race, shall be forced upon us; and I am glad not that in plain terms the two distinguished Senators from Massachusetts and the Senator from Minnesota have told the country that this is the end we are to come to, that this war is not only for the freedom of the negro but for the equality of the negro socially as well as politically, and the country can now appreciate the issue that is before it.
Mr. Pomeroy [abolition] declared Indiana is not a free State, not such a one as he would make.
Senator Grimes, in another debate, greatly to the annoyance of Sumner, claimed that himself and Harlan had been the first to advocate the employment of negro troops, and hinted that Sumner was stealing their thunder.


The Testimony of Republicans.

The Boston Post thus cleverly epitomizes the testimony of leading republican authorities, showing corruption and weakness on the part of the administration. Mr. Phillips says only five United States senators are in favor of Mr. Lincoln’s re-election, and among those are not Messrs. Sumner and Wilson. Mr. Blair, on the floor of congress, accuses the secretary of the treasury of gross misdeeds – says the department is rotten with corruption, and that this is so palpable the friends of Mr. Chase dare not call for investigation. Fremont declares he has been badly treated by the administration, and pouts. The Grotz Brown radicals smite the President as Samson did the Philistines, hip and thigh, and often with the same weapon. – Banks is derided by the republicans in Massachusetts! Senator Hale said in his seat he thought the liberties of the country were more in danger from the profligacy, that was practiced upon the treasury than they were from the rebels in the field. The Springfield Republican asks, “is lying a vice inherent in republican institutions, or merely incidental to Mr. Lincoln’s administration?” Thaddeus Stevens says if the government go on expending money at the present rate, the people will be involved in one general bankruptcy and ruin. Thurlow Weed writes to the Albany Evening Journal: “Until the administration thoroughly sifts and probes the iniquities of the New York custom-house, the people will be justified in inquiring whether their treasure and blood shall continue to flow by millions and in rivers, while its own officials are playing into the hands of the enemy.” Senator Pomeroy says that should Mr. Lincoln be re-elected the affairs of the country will go on from bad to worse in his hands, and the war will languish until our public debt will overwhelm us. Mr. Boutwell denounces the president’s plan of reconstruction; Winter Davis charges the president with acting without law, and Miss Dickinson boxes the ears of Mr. Seward to the evident delight of a republican multitude who hang upon her words as the bee upon the flower. The persons here named are all republicans, if not “all honorable men.”


How Long?

The Springfield Register pertinently remarks that General Lincoln’s cool and summary order upon the country for two hundred thousand more men – making seven hundred thousand since the 1st of January, is but a sample of what is in store for us in future. We have now at last reached a point when we feel the burden of these drafts upon our fighting material. It will not take our presidential joker long to get rid of this levy if he pursue the policies that have marked his course in the past. A few more Florida raids: some more such battles as Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville; another summer of feeble demonstrations in the swamps and lagunes of malarious Dixie will rapidly exhaust the long lines of fresh and stalwart men this mandate will send into the field. And then another call, and yet another. There was no dearth of enthusiasm; enlistments needed no unnatural stimulus when McClellan led the armies to fight “not populations, but armed forces in the field;” and when it was declared that we were fighting “to restore the Union under the constitution,” and that when “this was accomplished, the war should cease.” How is it now, when the armies of the nation are used to electioneer for the re-election of an imbecile, whose only talent is that of telling broad, but funny stories –when our generals are employed as runners, to scatter this joker’s latest and most stupendous joke – the amnesty proclamation, through the south? Is it the will of the people that their strength and their wealth should still be wasted thus, or will they, by placing a democratic administration in power, preserve this Union, uphold the constitution, and restore peace and consolation to this sorely-afflicted land?


          → Who thinks of calling Lincoln “honest” any longer? We hear of “Old Abe” still, and never of “honest Old Abe.” Even the boundless impudence of the republican editors cannot quite come that now.


          → Let Congress tax whisky just as high as it pleases. The chief tax after all that men will pay for it will not be out of their pockets, but out of their health, their nerves, and their lives.


          → The government can’t make “cents without making Copperheads.” And it can’t make Copperheads without having “sense” either.



The New York Tribune of the 16th instant thus states the miscegenation question:
“1. Will the admixture of white and black blood necessarily produce a physically weak progeny? This is a question for the physiologist.
“2. Will such admixture necessitate a race to be of naturally inferior position in the family of man? This is a question for the ethnologist.
“3. Have such admixtures heretofore been followed by the evil consequences which a modern recurrence to them would threaten? This is a question for the historian.
“4. Are such admixtures forbidden by the law of God? This is a question for the theologian.
“5. Will such admixtures lessen the productive resources of the country? This is a question for the economist.
1. The admixture of white and black blood will produce an abolitionist. – The claims for exemption from the draft in the abolition State of Massachusetts the past year prove that abolitionists are “physically weak.”
2. The answer to the first interrogatory compels an affirmative answer to the second, as there is a singular harmony between the physical and mental weakness of abolitionists.
3. The answer to the third question can perhaps be more intelligently made by waiting for the development of the progeny of the sixty-one school marms at Port Royal.
4. Such admixtures, we infer, are not forbidden by the law of God, because those “engaged in the interest of God and humanity” are their practical and zealous advocates.
5. Such admixtures will lessen the productive resources of the country, unless the progeny are superior to their black progenitors; for did not Mr. Lincoln aver to Patten and Dempsey concerning the negroes in our army, “They eat and that is all?” – Chicago Times.


Sherman’s Expedition.

How Sherman’s late “big raid” profited the country, is thus told by a Tribune correspondent at Vicksburg, who rolls the sweet morsels under his tongue with evident gusto:
“Some three thousand slaves of all ages and colors reached here yesterday. It was one of the saddest spectacles witnessed for a long time in Vicksburg. The women and children were almost starved, and half naked. Such a terrible picture of abject want and squalid misery can neither be imagined or portrayed with pen. Many of the women and children were sick with fevers, brought on by the great fatigue and exposure of the long march from Meridian, Enterprise, Quitman, and other places. Will not the friends of freedom and the humane philanthropists of the north came forward at once, and with their generous hands rescue these liberated slaves from premature graves. Shoes and clothing for both sexes are needed immediately.”
If General Sherman failed to take Mobile, it will be seen that he succeeded admirably in that other and more important object, “making the nigger squeal.” And are we not fighting under the leadership of “heir of the aspirations of Christ and John Brown,” to strike the fetters from the limbs of our poor fellow creatures in the south, after which they are to be fed, clothed and “miscegenated?”
Is not such a war a glorious one, and worthy a great and free people?


Two Hundred Thousand more.

The new presidential proclamation for two hundred thousand conscripts, in addition to the five hundred thousand volunteers which have almost been raised, will not not be received with patience by the country. After all the patriotic sacrifices which have been made by wards, towns, and counties throughout the North, it is disheartening that, after all, we should be subject to the hardships of an enforced draft. What makes the matter more discouraging is the utter uselessness of giving Mr. Lincoln more men without a distinct assurance of a change of military policy. During the past six months a winter campaign, in the gulf states and against Savannah and Charleston, could have been conducted better than any other time of the year; yet all Mr. Lincoln has to show for the vast outlay of money and they myriads of men placed at his disposal is Olustee and a few irritating and fruitless raids. We appeal to our files to show that we have honestly and earnestly done what we could to help volunteering; but this order for a draft is more than we bargained for. In view of the readiness with which volunteers can be secured when sufficient pecuniary inducements are offered, it is a needless and cruel hardship to force poor men from their families and compel them to serve for the pittance in depreciated currency now paid our soldiers.


Township Meetings.

The Democrats of Emmet township will meet at the Union school house on Saturday, 26th March, at 2 o’clock p. m., for the purpose of nominating candidates for township officers.
→ The Democrats of Lamoine township will meet at the Lamoine Mills, on Saturday, April 2nd, at 1 o’clock p. m., to nominate candidates for town officers, and also to organize a Democratic Club. A full attendance is requested. J. H. Hungate, Esq., will address the meeting.


          Gone. – Messrs. J. Ben. Naylor and W. Mitch. Lipe started on Monday last for the gold regions of Idaho. Their destination is West Bannock, which they expect to reach by stage in twenty days after leaving Atchison. The route goes by Salt Lake, and if they escape the snares of Mormonism (and we think they will), they will be sure of getting their share of the precious metal, which has been so long hidden among the Rocky mountains. “Ben” has been a workman in this office for seven years, and we certainly wish him a good time and the most abundant success in his search after gold.


          Murder! – A most lamentable encounter tool place in town on Thursday night of last week. Owen Manion, Thomas Brown, and two other men, about midnight, left Kruse’s store, and when on the street one of the party who was quite drunk said he had lost some money. The rest began to accuse each other of having stolen it. Manion so accused Brown, which the latter angrily denied, and after some dispute seized Manion by the breast or throat. At this Manion drew a pistol and shot his antagonist in the abdomen. Brown died the next day. Manion has been known as a quiet, peaceable citizen, and is one of the last men whom we would have supposed was likely to get into a difficulty of this kind. – He will probably have a trial during the present session of the circuit court.


          → A case of careless shooting occurred in McClintock’s billiard rooms last Saturday, which should serve as a lesson of caution to all persons handling fire arms. A soldier who was pretty well “corned” pulled a pistol from his pocket and fired it “promiscuously” toward several men. The ball passed through the arm of a young man named Roark, inflicting a severe wound, and thence through the coat sleeve of Mr. Crissy, and barely missing the body of Mr. McClintock, it brought up finally in a brandy bottle on the shelf. – The firing was a piece of drunken mischief, and demands the severest condemnation.


          → A hump-backed, Jew-nosed individual put his body inside our office the other day and asked, “Is that man I wanted to see in here yet?” We were about to inquire what man, but seeing the end of a whisky bottle sticking out of his pocket, we were satisfied, and answered, “The man you want to see is in the abolition office.” He left.


          To Teachers. – Teachers and citizens wishing to attend the Teachers Institute will meet at the school house in the second ward, at 10 o’clock a. m., on Tuesday next.


          -It is said that Lincoln has a presentiment that he will not live after the war is closed. One of his spiritush mediums has so knocked it out from the world of spirits. That is, to him, the best reason we can imagine why he should be so madly opposed to peace.


-The faithful of the Republican camp talk less than formerly of Sambo as “a man and a brother” and more of Dinah as a “woman and a sister.”


Fifty Packages.

→ The first stock of boots and shoes for the spring trade is now being received at Wright’s, the popular emporium for this trade. He has not only the first arrival, but he has also the largest and most complete assortment, all of which were manufactured on his order expressly for this market. The ladies especially will find the neatest and best variety of shoes for spring wear, embracing every possible or fashionable style. The assortment for men and boy’s wear is kept full, and any kind of boot or shoe, that can be desired by country or city gent, will be sold at the lowest prices. Also all work made to order, by competent workmen. Be sure to call at Wright’s, for anything in his line of trade.


[For the Macomb Eagle.]

“The Longer Man Lives the More
He Finds Out.”


“The longer man lives the more he finds out,”
Is a very trite maxim; yet, we have those who doubt
Such old fogy notions. It is quite obsolete
With a class in our midst; should they chance to repeat
This axiom sound, it is done with contempt;
From receiving more knowledge they are clearly exempt –
In their own estimation. Well, so let it pass;
While I introduce to your notice a few of this class.
There’s the miss of fourteen, that embryo belle
Whom you see on the street. She is known by the smell
Of musk or verbena, by manner and style,
By the sling of her skirt, with a view to beguile
That youth on the corner – whom, you see, can’t be beat –
Into the idea she’s “punkins” of the ton, the elite.
But this worthy who now attracts our attention
I will here introduce without further detention:
He is our young belle’s gallant, her “feller,” her “dear.”
He too has his smell, though it smacks much of beer;
He chews, smokes cigars, (at conclusions we jump)
If short of “spondulix,” will pick up a stump;
His attire is costly – paid for by his dad –
(But I shouldn’t have told this.) It’s really too bad,
That a gent of his cloth, I can scarcely believe,
Has no funds of his own; but looks oft deceive –
All is not gold that glitters, you have often been told –
So if this chap proves brass, instead of hard gold,
Who’s to blame? But I’ll hasten without more loss of time,
To cite a few more and then end my rhyme.
There’s our dandy young clerks who sell tape in the stores,
Who look fierce, stroke their beards, as they stand in their doors;
And our newly made captain – just home from the wars –
A hero; a son of the god of war – Mars.
His manners are fine, though none of your fops;
He’s intensely loyal – “aren’t” he down on the “Cops?”
(These words are not mine – no “by the Eternal,”
They are Forests – poet Laureate – who writes for the Journal;
A genius of fancy, both subtile and rare,
Who builds up on ether, erecting “in air”
A “castle of marble,” which age cannot sever,
Standing majestic and “enduring forever.”)
There are hundreds of others, in every profession,
Dispute it you can’t – there’s no room for discussion.
You would think from their walk, their manner, their look,
What to them is unknown wouldn’t make a large book.
They will tell you if asked, I haven’t a doubt,
That this maxim of ours is long since played out,
Or at least they’re exceptions – don’t smile at the thought –
It’s so. But I say, if they each could be bought
At their worth, and then sold at their own valuation,
What a trade it would be, what a grand speculation!
And now to conclude, I would say to the trade,
Go in, buy them up, there’s a “pile” to be made;
But for public content, and to give satisfaction,
Export all you buy; and in case of contraction
Of the market abroad, dispose of your ware,
If only for neat price – they are not wanted here.
Thus your pockets you fill, and from thence cease to doubt,
That “the longer man lives the more he finds out.”


Rules for the Preservation of Health.

Wash yourself now and then.
Change your inner garments occasionally.
Chew your meat; eschew greasy gravies.
Don’t chew your tobacco.
Drink as little as you choose.
Don’t eat much more than your stomach will hold.
Keep your temper.
Temper your keep.
If a soldier, don’t rest on your laurels until they have been well aired.
Avoid falling out about trifles.
Fall out of the window as seldom as possible.
If your constitution requires you to sleep during the sermon, see that the sexton has an aired night cap for you and a hod of hot bricks to put to your feet.
Keep your mouth shut on dusty days.
Never open your mouth in frosty weather.
Close your mouth very tight when the wind blows from the east.
If your business compels you to go out before breakfast, have some breakfast first.
If it is wet under foot, house your poor feet.
Beware of the ices of Summer and the snows of Winter.
Don’t swallow too many telegrams.
Keep off the streets when gold is falling.
If the silver of advancing years, in on your hand, don’t change it for paper.
Don’t let your circulation slacken; especially if your are a newspaper man.
Use tooth powder instead of gunpowder.
Neither sleep in hot rooms nor eat mushrooms.
Live on six nickel cents a day, but don’t earn them, as some wretched speculators are doing now.
Partake sparingly of wild fowl – particularly of the ‘canards’ that come from the army.
Violate, persistently, all the military rules insisted on by Hall’s Journal of Health.
If you cannot for the milk in the cocoanut, do not hesitate to make free use of it.
Never eat your own words, unless you are madly desirous of giving an additional flavor to the cup of bitterness.
Should your thermometer indicate an extreme degree of cold or heat, immerse it in cold or hot water, until it arrives at a proper sense of its duty.
If you are subject to swelling, wear kid gloves next to your skin.
Rise early before you are twenty-five if possible.
Do not let your physique go to the dogs.
Always dress yourself with care.
Never dress your salad with cod liver oil.


American Horse Stock.

For the last two years the demands of the times have begotten a special demand for sheep; the next sensational item of stock husbandry, will be Horse. The uses and wastes of war in the destruction of over one hundred thousand horses a year, superadded to the usual demands for domestic purposes, have made such a drain upon the horse stock country that there are unmistable symptoms of a horse famine close at hand. When the country was full of supernumerary colts – two, three, four years old – the drain upon horses fit for the field was readily supplied; now the available market stock is used up, the colts are all put upon the civil list, and the slow process of breeding does not fill the vast prospective needs of the country.
The first year of the war used up a host of big-headed, straight-shouldered, wooden-legged brutes, which were then well out of the way; but after the demands took in better blood and breeding, and with them quite a number of mares, which is a serious drain upon our productive resources. Every farmer who has a good mare should now look upon her as a treasure, and hold capabilities of production at a high estimate. Do not fool away the golden opportunity by breeding to every penny-royal stallion that may be had at a low price, but go in for a colt that will amount to something. Now is the time to bestow especial attention upon the producing horse stock of the country. – Ohio Farmer.


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