November 19, 1864

Macomb Eagle

→ The election in Illinois is ‘slightly’ against the Democracy. – Oglesby’s majority is 20,000 or more; the Legislature has an abolition majority in each branch – one in the senate and nine in the house; and of the fourteen congressman we have elected but four – Ross, Marshall, Thornton, and Morrison.

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            → The States of New Jersey, Delaware, and Kentucky have cast their votes for McClellan. The rest are joined to their idols.

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The Canadian Federation.

            The essential points agreed upon touching a federation of the British North American Provinces by the conference at Quebec, are as follows: The new Colonial Union is to have a government to consist of a governor general, appointed by the crown, an upper house, the members of which are to be appointed by the crown from the provincial legislature, and are to hold their office for life; and a lower house chosen by popular vote, each province to have a representation, according to its population. The upper house is to consist of seventy-six members, of which the Canadas are to have twenty each, and the remaining colonies twenty-eight. The federal authority will have supreme control of customs, currency, navigation laws, and internal affairs. The provinces will take care of their own local affairs.

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            → The Detroit Free Press is informed by one who knows, that Mary Ann Pittman, the southern lady referred to in Judge Holt’s infamous report, is a mulatto girl, and was taken from a plantation about ten miles from Fort Pillow. She drinks, chews tobacco, smokes, dresses in men’s clothing when necessary, and is addicted to all the vices of a woman who is a regular camp follower. She is shrewd, unscrupulous and vicious to the last degree – will not hesitate at anything for pay. All this must have been known to Mr. Stanton and Judge Holt, and yet they have the impudence and daring to issue such a report against a million northern men, on the testimony of such an abandoned witness.

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            – General Grant has congratulated Mr. Lincoln on his re-election. From his stand point it was a good thing that Mr. Lincoln should be re-elected, and consequently General Grant did a good thing in congratulating Mr. Lincoln, for it is marvellously befitting to rejoice with those who do rejoice upon proper occasions. “Lincoln has been a good emperor for us,” said the Richmond Sentinel, and we should not be surprised to hear that it had imitated General Grant in congratulating Mr. Lincoln. It rejoices with Grant and Lincoln, and for the same reasons. – With Lincoln, because his election secures the continuance of negro policies, in opposition to union ones, in the conduct of the war; and with Grant, because Lincoln’s election secures his (Grant’s) continuance in command before Richmond. Grant has been a good general for the confederates, as Lincoln has been a good emperor. Not one of our generals thus far has succeeded in killing so many of our own men, and, in proportion to his losses, so few of the rebels, as Grant. “The Grave-Digger of the Chickahominy” only covered a few acres with corpses, and managed to extinguish more rebels than of his own men. Grant has left a trail, several miles in width, of buried and unburied skeletons, from the Rapidan to Petersburg. Mr. Lincoln supplied the lives, and Grant made the conversion. With a mutual hope of continuance in that business, why should Grant not rejoice with Lincoln, and Lincoln with Grant, and both rejoice together? – Chicago Times.

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            Negro Insolence Encouraged. – A few days since, as we understand, a negro entered a car on the Little Miami railroad reserved for ladies and gentlemen who escorted them. He was invited by the conductor to withdraw to another car reserved for men. He refused. The conductor then summoned two brakemen to the scene. After some parleying, the negro still refusing, he was removed, considerable force being employed to effect it, as he stoutly resisted. The negro, on arriving at the sweet-scented town of Xenia, got a warrant for the arrest of the brakemen. They were tried and were found guilty of an assault and battery, and punished with a fine of $25 and imprisoned for six days in the jail. So it is established that under the Xenia abolition code no cars can be set apart for ladies that negroes can not invade. – Cincinnati Enquirer.

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Election in Galesburg.

            The election in this city on Tuesday last did not pass off in a manner worthy of a high minded and generous people. Every obstacle was thrown in the way of Democrats that could be conceived of by their opponents calculated to intimidate and overawe them. We do not know that any democrat was absolutely prevent from voting, but there were many who did not cast their ballots deeming it unsafe to do so, after the occurrence of several scenes which transpired in the forenoon. Democratic tickets in the hands of persons about the polls were taken from them and destroyed, and no one permitted to distribute them in that neighborhood. Dr. Helms, one of the leading physicians of the city, after voting, was surrounded by a large number of persons, who crowded and kicked him from the room and across Main street, and would probably have killed him, had he not took refuge from his pursuers in a drug store which was locked against them, and which they threatened to destroy, but on being appealed to by several leading Republicans, to desist therefrom and to cease their attacks upon the Doctor, they did so, but continued about the polls intimidating other democratic voters, during the day. – Other Democrats were badly treated and none of them remained at the polls after the disturbances above mentioned only long enough to vote. The consequence of this was that a great many illegal votes were cast. Many voted that were minors and we are informed of numerous instances of Swedes voting that have been in the country but a short time. This accounts for the extremely large number of votes that were cast here on Tuesday, being several hundred greater than ever were cast before.

We look upon these proceedings, of Tuesday in this city, as exceedingly disgraceful and as exemplifying the declaration made by republicans, that democrats have no rights, which they are bound to respect. – Galesburg Observer.

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Official Vote of McDonough Co., Nov. 8, 1864.

  For President.  
Geo. B. McClellan   2171
A. Lincoln   2145
  For Governor.  
James C. Robinson, Dem.   2182
R. J. Oglesby, abo   2157
82 For Congress.  
Lewis W. Ross, Dem.   2180
Hugh Fullerton, abo   2154
  For Senator.  
H. K. Peffer, Dem.   2181
Jas. Strain, abo   2153
  For State’s Attorney.  
T. E. Morgan, Dem.   2182
P. C. Stearns, abo   2151
  For Representatives.  
Wm. H. Neece, Dem.   2185
Alex Blackburn, abo   2146
  For Circuit Clerk.  
John. H. Hungate, Dem.   2170
John B. Cummings, abo   2157
  For Sheriff.  
Lewis F. Smith, Dem.   2164
G. L. Farwell, abo   2169
  For Surveyor.  
Jos. B. Nickel, Dem.   2176
J. W. Brattle, abo   2148
  For Coroner.  
Jeremiah Sullivan, Dem.   2179
J. H. Epperson, abo   2151

 

The returns show that one of the electors on the abolition ticket – Nathaniel M. McCurdy – received only 532 votes. They also show that Dr. F. A. McCurdy received 1512 votes for elector. Total vote for President 4,316, do. for Governor 4,330.

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            A Grand Soiree. – The members of Olive Branch Lodge, of Good Templars, in this city, propose holding an entertainment at Campbell’s Hall on next Thursday evening, Nov. 24th, for the benefit of the lodge. The entertainment will consist of that thrilling moral drama, entitled, “The Drunkard, or the Fallen Saved,” together with Tableaux and original burlesques, entitled, “How to Become an M.D.,” and “When Doctors Disagree, Who Shall Decide?” The hall will be thoroughly cleaned. Nothing will be performed to offend the most fastidious. Let them have a crowded house.

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            The Prairie Farmer. – We have read this valuable agricultural journal with much interest the present year. It is the best paper for western farmers and fruit growers. There are hundreds of farmers in this county who ought to take it. The price is two dollars a year, making it the cheapest paper of its class in the United States. Address Emery & Co. Chicago.

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            → We are indebted to Samuel Knight, Esq., for a sack of white pairmain apples. – There are other apples probably as good as the pearmain, but none better.

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            → There is an unusual number of stray horses advertised about this time. What is the matter, that so few are found?

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            Married. – At the home of Ben. Mourning, Tennessee township, on the 6th inst., by Rev. W. R. Welch, Mr. John Gesler of Macomb and Miss Julia A. Mourning.

This is the neatest and happiest way of taking the mourning off a woman that we have heard of in a long while.

November 18, 1864

Macomb Journal

Daybreak.

            We think we can se through to the end of the rebellion. How far off it is we cannot measures – what lies between we cannot see. How much more money, how much more blood will be drawn from us, no man can estimate now; but we feel in our bones that whatever the nation demands will be given. We shall be called upon to sacrifice more, much more, but it will be done. We have advanced where there is no retreat – the bridges are burned behind us! Onward, ONWARD! is the cry; for onward to the bloody end is a far safer path than we shall traverse if we attempt to return. The nation will never consent that the rivers of blood that have bathed so many battle-fields shall have flowed in vain. The soil that is thus consecrated will never be surrendered to traitors again.

Politicians may scheme and maneuver as they please, but this sore, strong, bleeding nation must forget its wounds before it will resign the soil these wounds have purchased. Will the Mississippi ever be given back to Jeff. Davis and his satellites? Never, while it laves the bluffs of Vicksburg and Port Hudson! Will Louisiana be permitted to bind a cord around the great national artery which throbs along to the Valley of the Alleghanies, and to the Rocky Mountain Springs? Never, till the resurrection trumpet calls the sailors and soldiers of Farragut and Sherman from their rude graves. Kentucky and Tennessee, are they to be abandoned again to the enemy? Fort Donelson, Murfreesboro, Chicamauga, Georgia and Virginia, which, mile by mile, and inch by inch, has been wrested from rebeldom by the bloody sword, – these vales all dotted by patriot’s graves, – those ridges were our men fought above the clouds, – Atlanta, on which Sherman has clenched his iron hand, – are these ever to be given up again? Yes, but not till this bloody record is razed out of the national memory – when these battle-scarred fields shall give back their dead to these afflicted homes, – but not till then.

Vicksburg, Gettysburg, Spottsylvania, Atlanta, the Shenandoah, and a score of other bloody blows plants on the head of the rebellion, although delivered with great loss of blood and strength to the nation, are yet to be followed by swifter and fiercer blows, beneath which treason must fall.

The end is sure! although we have not reached it yet. This is the death-grapple, but it is with a despairing giant, bound to have drop for drop to the last. We shall conquer and out triumph will be the grandest incident in human history, but will cost the tension of every muscle and nerve to do it. Not only the soldier in the field, the sailor on board the ship, but the farmer in the field, the mechanic in the shop, the seamstress with her needle, must toil and struggle, and suffer, be watchful and brave, to achieve this victory. We must pay our taxes cheerfully, suffer cheerfully for our country, if we would gain this glorious result. The morning cometh, let us prepare for it.

Compromise was a witching syren “once,” but that has vanished now in the smoke of many battle-fields. “Democracy, a radiant goddess,” once, is nailed into the coffin which she has built for herself, and dropped into a bottomless grave. Color-prejudice is fast vanishing before the hundreds of thousands of glittering bayonets. In his own blood the black man has helped to wash away the stain. From bootblack to wagoner, from wagoner to private, from private to officer, he goes steadily marching on. Cursed by the men that should shout and cheer him on his way, still onward he presses, till bye and bye he may occupy seats of learning with white men, stand before us in the pulpit, and break the sacramental bread into our hands at the altar.

But let us be patient. It may be long from daybreak till dawn. Not in a day, or a month, can this great rebellion be settled. Therefore we must work hard, work late, and work long.

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Army Correspondence.

Knoxville, Tenn., Oct. 18, ’64.

            Dear Journal: – If some of your readers could see the splendid weather here now, they would never return to your bleak, Borean prairies. Why bless you, on this, near the last day of October, we are sitting with raised windows, and have had nothing which could be called cold weather yet. But I read in Ohio and Indiana papers of snows, and a dispatch from Indianapolis says: “Our second snow fell last night.” Oh! ye unhappy dwellers near the breathing place of the Northern Pole (or) Bear.

While you are all intent on political squabbles in the North, we are as cool as cucumbers here. There have been two or three Union speeches delivered in town, but the attendance was not large, and they were in the day-time, and of course not invested with any of the feverish enthusiasm which artificial light generates among a crowd. No unlucky wight has yet appeared in this portion of the State (outside of old Vaughn’s rebel brigade) with effrontery enough to advocate the two-horned abortion composed of a peace platform and Jiniral McLillan. A few of the traitorous devils who have been rebels and have sworn to a lie by “taking the oath,” are for him, but they do not care to commit themselves by taking the stump.

A good many soldiers are going home on a brief furlough, till after the election. I notice that copperhead papers say that only those who promise to vote for Mr. Lincoln are allowed to go. This assertion of theirs is pretty good proof that it is the other way, as indeed any observer knows. Any soldier knows that they are not asked their politics, and I know, as far as my observation extends, that more in proportion of McClellan men are sent than Lincoln men. Being a soldier and editing a soldier’s paper, I have very good means of finding out these matters. I saw a squad of eleven start for your State to-day, all belonging to Elgin Battery.

You wonder why any soldier will vote for McClellan, and I do, too. But the explanation is found in the fact that many do not understand the platform he is running on and others think he is a soldier and will disregard that instrument. I honestly believe that any man, be he citizen or soldier, who will vote for him and believes he will carry out that platform, is a traitor to his country!

Provisions are very scarce in East Tennessee, especially meat. The armies that have occupied the country have killed all the hogs, and the farmers have not had a chance to raise others. Side-bacon now sells in this town at 50 cents per lb. I saw a man the other day, a renting farmer, who, to get this pork, sold greenbacks for gold, at three dollars per one, then paid eight cents per lb. in gold for his pork, thinking he got it cheap. Coffee retails in Knoxville for $1.25 per lb. I pay at the rate of $12 per week for day board (eating alone) in a private family. Perhaps you may think this overbalances our fine weather; sometime I think so myself. Perhaps it will surprise you when I say that I have known whisky to sell here within a week past, for $32 per gallon, and very poor stuff at that. The authorities are determined to stop the sale of it to soldiers, and have closed all the drinking places and distilleries in the neighborhood.

Speaking of whisky reminds me of a good joke. Last Saturday the Chief of Army Police, in town, heard of a distillery, located about thirteen miles southeast. A sergeant and three men were sent to squelch it. They found only four gallons on hand, which they took possession of and closed the establishment, carrying the “fluid” with them. After riding a short distance, they discovered a body of rebels in pursuit, and the chase lasted four miles, when the “galliant confiscators” had to throw aside the weight which did so heavily beset them, in order to run with swiftness the race set before them, (to paraphrase part of a sermon) and arrived in town, near night, with whole skins, but no ‘ardent.”

It has been said by them of olden time that ye dam-sels in this Sunny South were very much afraid of ye Northmen in rainbow blue. Don’t you believe it. All the marriages now taking place in this section are between Lincoln hirelings and ye wrathy Southrons of the female persuasion. And your correspondent (who is an awfully modest man) and a friend had to escort a flock of no less than eleven on a small excursion (not small in character but in duration) only the other day! Oh! don’t you wish you were an unmarried soldier. The way we gathered chestnuts was amazing.

The hospitals here are now quite thinly inhabited. What with few fights, good weather, and going home to vote, they have found it necessary to discontinue one of the large hospitals, and the beautiful spot where were extended so many Yanks on beds of down (?) is now deserted forever. This must be anguish to the blazing Southern heart, which was fired in 1861 and has burned with such a fierce flame ever since.

Brig. Gen. Munson, the defeated copperhead candidate for Lieut. Governor of Indiana, has been rusticating here for some months. He is my superior officer and I cannot say anything. If he were not, how I could tell you what a fit man some one is to misrepresent a certain party I know of.

We have lately had a very welcome arrival in the shape of a new brigade band, just enlisted for the brigade which has headquarters in Knoxville. They play in front of Gen. Tillson’s headquarters, morning and evening, and attract a large crowd of music lovers.

Yours, as ever,

T.

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           Grand Entertainment. We understand the Good Templars of this city are making arrangements for holding a grand entertainment for the benefit of their lodge, on Thursday, Nov. 24th, 1864. The arrangements for holding the entertainment is in the hands of those who know no such word as fail, and we can promise our readers an entertainment well worthy their patronage. The performance will consist probably, of an oration, essay, and the performance of that celebrated and thrilling moral drama, entitled “The Drunkard, or, The Fallen Saved;” together with tableaux, and original local burlesques, one of which, “When Doctors Disagree, Who Shall Decide?” we have seen, and we know it will almost make you burst your sides with laughter, and make some people open their eyes with astonishment.

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            → Sometime last week, two “women of the town” made their appearance in this neighborhood, and soon collected together a number of the young “bloods,” of whom, with the two hags, two were arrested, taken before ‘Squire Withrow, and respectively fined $10 and costs, amounting to $14.60. The women claimed to be sisters and gave their names as Morgan. The boys having promised not to do it any more, we will withhold their names from the public, but if they are ever caught in a like scrape, out comes their names in full.

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          → We presume the Street Commissioner deems it unnecessary to keep the sidewalks in repair since the shutting up of the liquor shops. But we would suggest that we cannot see in the dark, drunk or sober, and the “devil” says that during the past week, while gallanting “the object o his heart” home from church, he has several times found himself and the “aforesaid” in rather an uncomely position.

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            Lost. – On Monday, 14th inst. in Macomb, a Photograph of a soldier, now a prisoner in the hands of the rebels. With the Photograph was a Ten Dollar Greenback, somewhere between the Depot and the Square. A reward of Two Dollars will be given for the return of the Photograph and money in this office.

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            Our Duty. – We deem it our duty to keep constantly before our readers that most valuable of all medicines, known as Coe’s Cough Balsam. It has stood the tests of time and experiment and all who use it speak in the most praiseworthy terms of its medical value. It is the real duty of every parent to keep a constant supply of it in the house, read, for immediate use. Not only is it a most splendid remedy for coughs, sudden colds, influenza, croup, and all throat complaints, but it is the consumptive’s great relief. When they are so far gone that no medicine will ever cure them, Coe’s Cough Balsam will be found an invaluable friend to allay the coughing, help the expectoration, and ease the sufferer. Why will ye that are suffering from coughs, colds, croup, sore throat, hoarseness – and that are liable to pulmonary attacks, not take our advice, and provide yourself with a supply of Coe’s Cough Balsam – the best and cheapest Cough Balsam in the world. It costs but forty cents, and can be found upon the counters of druggists everywhere.

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            Horse Thief Caught. – A man giving the name of George Smith, was arrested on Wednesday last, at Bushnell, on the charge of horse-stealing. He had in his possession a horse which was stolen from Adam Douglas, of this county. He was brought to this city and placed in the custody of Sheriff Dixon, in default of $1000 bail. On Wednesday evening the sheriff of Knox county arrived here after the same gentleman, on the same issue. We rather think Mr. Smith is gone up.

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            Tender-footed. – At the close of a prayer, at the Presbyterian Church, last Sunday forenoon, in which the blessings of God were invoked on the President elect, and in aid of the abolition of slavery, a prominent dry goods merchant and his wife, and an ex.-Rev. of the Dutch Reformed Church, left the church. Their chances for any of God’s blessings are very slim.

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            Returns Thanks. – Messrs. Williams & Berry desire us to return their sincere thanks for the very liberal patronage bestowed on them since they opened. They are doing a large business, and are keeping their stock full and complete by the constant arrival of new goods. All they can ask is a call from the public generally to convince them that they sell goods and cheap.

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            → Rev. Mr. Westfall, of the Universalist Church, in this city, will deliver a sermon on Sunday evening, Nov. 27; subject, “Hell.” We presume it is Mr. W.’s intention to try and convince the people that there is no hell. If so, we hope he will tell us what is to become of the rebs and cops when they die.

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            Hides, Furs and Pelts. – S. F. Wright, is still purchasing hides, furs and pelts, and paying the highest market price in cash. Farmers and others having hides to sell, can do no better than to take them to Wright on the west side of the square, at M. Strader & Co’s boot and shoe store.

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            Furs, Furs, Furs. – The largest and best Stock of Furs is to be found at Browne’s, on south side of the Square. He has just received a new lot, and with his fine assortment defies competition in his line. Be sure and look at his stock before buying.

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            That Big Crowd. – We would say to our readers that that crowd always collected on the south-east corner of the Square, is drawn there by the great display of cheap groceries at Watkins & Co’s.

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            → We understand that the Rev. Mr. Rhea, pastor of the M. E. church, in this city, will deliver a sermon on Thanksgiving Day, at the Presbyterian Church.

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            The Election. – The election on Tuesday resulted in the choice of Hawkins & Philpot to do the photographing for all this section of country. We assure our readers that they can do it as well as anybody in the business.

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Notice.

            My son, Wm. H. Fair, having left my home, I forbid any person from harboring or trusting him.

Said boy is 17 years old, swarthy complexion, pale blue eyes, light hair, and has large ears. Had on, when he left, a red flannel shirt, snuff colored vest, a dark pair of pants, and high shoes laced in front.                                                                                         W. M. FAIR.

November 12, 1864

Macomb Eagle

McDonough County.

            We give below, after waiting till 12 o’clock m. Thursday, the reported majorities in fourteen townships in this county:

Dem. Repub.
Eldorado 41
New Salem 13
Mound
Prairie City 211
Industry 43
Scotland 50
Macomb 130
Walnut Grove 2
Bethel 33
Chalmers 23
Emmett 65
Sciota 12
Tennessee 44
Hire 36
Blandinville 92
Lamoine

 

This leaves the republican ticket 12 votes ahead, which will be overcome (and 20 or 30 to spare) by the votes of Mound and Lamoine.

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Lincoln Probably Elected.

            The dispatches so far received indicate that Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and several other States, have voted for Lincoln electors, thus securing his re-election.

New York city gives McClellan 36,000 majority, which probably secures him the State.

Partial returns from twenty-eight counties in Kentucky, excluding Jefferson, give Lincoln 250 majority. In Louisville official: McClellan, 4,873; Lincoln, 1,849.

Returns from Kentucky are meagre, but indicate a Democratic majority.

One hundred and ten towns and cities in New Hampshire give Lincoln 22,395, McClellan 20,291; a democratic gain of 2,050. The above embraces nearly two-thirds of the entire vote of the State.

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The Frauds in Indiana.

            The Democratic central committee of the Indiana have published a most withering and telling expose of the shameful frauds practiced by the Morton party for the purpose of carrying the recent election in that State. – These frauds were made to extend to almost every point where railroad facilities enabled the guilty parties to transfer voters from one place to another. So palpable and stupendous is the cheat that a person may take a map of Indiana and by aid of the late elections trace by townships the routes of the railroads by the increase of the republican vote over former years. – This increase is the largest nearest Indianapolis and diminishes as the distance grows from it, except in a few instances on the border; where it is apparent the illegal help came temporarily from other States. Many small precincts upon railroad lines show an enormous increase that cannot be accounted for by any additions to the inhabitants either the day before or the day after the election. In the township where Indianapolis is located, for instance, the republican majority is greater than the number of legal voters of both parties added together. In many counties the vote cast is in the proportion of one hundred and fifty for every hundred polls assessed, while in Marion the proportion reaches as high as two hundred and twelve for every hundred polls. As another test, the military enrollment of the State last spring was 215,312, while the ballots cast are 283,558, being an excess of 68,246 over the enrollment. It is not claimed, to be sure, that the number of enrolled is equal to the whole legal vote; but there ought to be no such difference as this. As to the manner in which the frauds were perpetrated, there are statements from hundreds of as respectable men as there are in the State as to the mode, namely: that minors and non-residents were brought up and voted, without challenge, where the republican party had control of the election boards, and not only voted in one place, but carried from point to point and caused to vote repeatedly in the same and in different counties.

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            A Female Soldier. – Mrs. Frances L. Clayton, now in Maine, enlisted in the army at St. Paul, Minn., with her husband, in 1861, and fought by his side till he was killed in the battle of Stone river. She was in eighteen battles; once a prisoner; three times wounded – in hand, hip, and knee; and at her husband’s death made known her sex to her general and was discharged. After that she walked ninety-three miles, from Lexington to Lousiville, bareheaded and barefooted, tracking her way in blood.

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            Female Recruiting Officer. – A young woman in Jackson, Michigan, has been carrying on the recruiting business in an original and highly peculiar manner. She marries a man on condition that he will enlist and give her his bounty. She being strikingly handsome, the man consents. – After he is gone, she marries another. Four men has she thus wedded and sent to the army. On the fifth occasion she was detected.

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Capture of the Albemarle.

            Admiral Porter has communicated to the secretary of the navy the following interesting particulars from Lieutenant Cushing in regard to the sinking of the rebel ram Albemarle.

Albemarle Sound, Oct. 30.

            Sir: I have the honor to report the rebel iron clad Albemarle is at the bottom of the Roanoke river. On the night of the 27th, having prepared my steam launch, I proceeded up toward Plymouth, with thirteen officers and men, partly volunteers from the squadron.

The distance from the mouh of the river to the ram was about eight miles, the stream averaging in width some 200 yards, and lined with the enemy’s pickets. A mile below the town was the wreck of the Southfield, surrounded by some schooners, and it was understood that a gun was mounted there to command the beach. I therefore took one of the Shamrock’s cutters in tow, with orders to cast off and board at that point, if we were hailed. Our boat succeeded in passing the pickets, and even the Southfield, within twenty yards, without discovery, and we were not hailed until by the lookouts on the ram. The cutter was then cast off and ordered below, while we made for our enemy under a full head of steam. The rebels sprung their rattle, rang the bell, and commenced firing at the same time, repeating their hail, and seeming much confused. The light of a fire ashore showed me the iron clad, made fast to the wharf, with logs around her about thirty feet from her side. Passing her closely, we made a complete circle so as to strike her fairly, and went into bows on. By this time the enemy’s fire was very severe, but a dose of cannister at short range seemed to moderate their zeal and disturb their aim.

Paymaster Swan, of the Otsego, was wounded near me, but how many more I know not. Three bullets struck my clothing, and the air seemed full of them. In a moment we had struck the logs just abreast of the quarter-port, breaking them in some feet, our bows resting on them. The torpedo-boom was then lowered, and, by a vigorous pull, I succeeded in diving the torpedo under the overhang, and exploding it at the same time the Albemarle’s gun was fired. A shot seemed to go crushing through my boat and a dense mass of water rushed from the torpedo, filling the launch and completely disabling her.

The enemy then continued his fire at fifteen range, and demanded our surrender, which I twice refused, ordering the men to save themselves, and removing my overcoat and shoes. Springing into the river I swam with others into the middle of the stream, the rebels failing to hit us. The most of our party were captured, some were drowned, and only one escaped besides myself, and he in another direction. – Acting master’s mate Woodman, of the Commodore Hull, met him in the water half a mile below the town, and assisted him as best he could, but failed to get him ashore. Completely exhausted, I managed to reach the shore, but was too weak to crawl out of the water until just at daylight, when I managed to creep into the swamp close to the fort. While hiding, close to the [?], the Albemarle’s officers passed, and I judged from their conversation that the ship was destroyed. Some hours travelling in the swamp served to bring me out well below the town, when I sent a negro in to gain information, and found that the ram was truly sunk. Proceeding through another swamp, I came to a creek, and captured a skiff belonging to a picket of the enemy, and, with this, by 11 o’clock the next night, I made my way to Valley city.

I am, sir, respectfully your obedient servant,

W. B. CUSHING,

Lieutenant, U. S. N.

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            – A Georgia paper talks of a sample of sorghum flour its editor has seen, which those who have tried it announce to be an admirable substitute for buckwheat. And it is asserted that it makes excellent hoe cake, and is likely to come into very general use, if prepared like wheat flour by bolting. ‘Five million bushels of sorghum seed,’ it says, ‘has been raised in Georgia the present season. As a substitute for coffee, no parched grain or vegetable ordinarily used as substitutes is at all equal to sorghum seed. And what is still more valuable to know, in the present scarcity of sugar, a small quantity of the syrup boiled with ground seed makes the coffee substitute very pleasant and palatable.’

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            → The election day and night following was marked by the largest fall of rain, in this region, that has been known in the same space of time for several years.

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            → Several emigrants from Montana have lately arrived in this vicinity. Among them we recognize C. S. Churchill, J. H. Wilson, P. McGinnis, James Roark, etc. Mr. Hogan and some others are expected in a few days. Those who have returned appear to enjoy good health, if they haven’t got a pocketfull of rocks.

 ——————–

            Arrested. – A man who gave his name as Preston F. Randolph, was arrested on Saturday night at Brown’s Hotel, where he had that day taken lodgings. He stole a revolver at Tennessee, and was followed by the owner, who, on finding him here procured a warrant for his arrest. The arrest was made by W. Goodwin and G. W. Smith, and taken before T. Chandler, Esq. The stolen property was fully identified, and Randolph was held to bail in the sum of $500, in default of which he was committed to the county jail. During the examination he made an attempt to break from the justice’s room, but did not succeed.

 ——————–

The Shooting of Mr. Randolph.

            At the time of going to press last week we were in possession of but few of the particulars of this unfortunate affair, and these were so contradictory that we deemed it better to withhold them entirely. The following account is believed to be correct:

John Bond, after an absence of a week or two, returned to Blandinville on Tuesday evening. The “loyal” men immediately sent a messenger to Randolph, deputy provost marshal, to come and take the “deserter.” Randoph started at 2 o’clock in the morning, and found Bond at a grocery, and told him he had come to arrest him. Bond drew a pistol and replied, “I shall not be taken, and I warn you to keep off of me.” Randolph drew a pistol and the two got into the street, gradually moving towards James Bond’s tavern. There was much altercation on the street, and quite a number of men became spectators of the scene. Bond continually asserted that he would not be taken, and Randolph called on the bystanders to aid him in making the arrest; but no one moved to his assistance, although “loyalists” as well as Democrats were present. Randolph and Bond finally went into the tavern and ate breakfast, after which Bond and one of his brothers made some remark about taking a ride, and started from the house to the stable to get their horses. Randolph followed, when in the lot he seized Bond by the shoulder; the latter jerked from him, fired on shot and jumped the fence, Randolph firing at him as he went. John Bond faced about and exchanged several shots with his pursuer, neither one inflicting any injury upon the other. At this juncture Miles Bond fired two or three pistol shots at Randolph, inflicting two mortal wounds. The wife of James Bond handed him a shot gun, but it was not used. Randolph walked to the street and was taken to the house of Mr. Hudson, where he died. The three Bonds left town on horseback, no effort being made to prevent them nor to follow them.

Coroner Sullivan held an inquest over the body of the deceased on the 3rd. The jury returned a verdict, after hearing the testimony of several witnesses, that he came to his death at the hands of John Bond and Miles Bond, aided by James Bond and Tyller Ray, and that the act was without sufficient justification.

 ——————–

An Appeal to Every One.

            It has become an established fact that the service rendered to our armies by the Sanitary commission is of vital importance. And the citizens of McDonough county are doubtless willing to add their mite to help furnish supplies for our numerous hospitals, and not be deterred from this work by any returned soldiers, saying they have not received supplies. The Commission does not propose to supply those in the field, but the hospitals, articles necessary for the sick and wounded, which any one, who has been in any way connected with any hospital, will testify are received.

It is also well known to all that we have in our county many soldiers’ families, whose natural supporters are either in the field doing gallant service for us, or lying sick and wounded in hospitals, pining in prison, or sleeping in their graves, having given their lives in a noble cause. And how better can we express our gratitude and sympathy, than by helping them to the comforts and luxuries of life, of which many are thus deprived?

To raise funds for these objects, the ladies of Macomb have organized a society called “The United Sisters of Benevolence,” who propose holding a sanitary fair, commencing the 23rd of December, for which they solicit donations from any who may feel disposed to aid in this work. All contributions of whatever kind, however large or small, will be thankfully received and honestly applied. – All money may be given to the treasurer, Mrs. Henry Twyman, and all other contributions left at Mr. Piper’s store. Let every reader feel himself personally called upon to do something for this good cause. Any one wishing to become a member of the society can do so by signing the pledge and paying not less than 25¢ admission fee.

By orders of the society,

Mrs. J. M Campbell, 1st directress.
Mrs. C. Van Vleck, Sec’y.

 ——————–

            → A reward of $5,200 has been offered by the relatives and other friends of the late W. H. Randolph, for the arrest of the Bonds who are charged with his murder.

 ——————–

            → We are indebted to Jas. Smith of Scotland, for a gallon of fine sorghum syrup – good enough for anybody.

 ——————–

            → The squad of soldiers mentioned last week, after a fruitless search around Blandinville, returned to Mt. Sterling on Saturday.

 ——————–

Putting up Potatoes.

            Potatoes should be taken from the ground only in fair weather, and not left exposed to the sun and wind longer than is necessary. In handling, care should be taken not to bruise the surface or break the skin. It is a common error that a potato will stand all manner of ill usage and not be the worse for it. Orchardists know that if an apple is bruised in gathering it is not for winter keeping; in like manner people should know that for table use the potato needs the same careful handling, to insure the best results. – A potato that is bruised or chafed, or is subject to a water bath after leaving the ground, materially injured for winter keeping; a potato of the finer varieties, such as neshannock, kidney, peachblow, mercer, lady’s finger, etc., when grown upon a suitablr soil, properly harvested, and cooked right, is a positive delicacy upon the table. But take the same lot, let them be roughly handled, chafed, immersed in water, and laid by in that ruined and undone condition for a few weeks, and then cooked even tolerably well, and they are not a very inviting dish. When the potato crop of Ireland failed, that people were confronted with starvation, and little did we Americans realize how much suffering of the poor, and positive inconvenience to the rich, would be caused by a failure of the potato crop in this country. The potato is both bread and meat in many households, and deserves all the consideration of a prime staple, as well as luxury, in human food. Potatoes for table should not be stored at all in a wet cellar. In such a place their starch is hydrogenized, thereby spoiling their finest quality for food; they become soggy, and will never cook dry or mealy. For the same reason, where potatoes are stored in heaps out of doors and covered with earth, avoid placing them on any other than land which is naturally dry and where water will not stand. On sandy land potatoes will keep very well in heaps, if properly covered from the winter rains and secured from frost. Cellar storage is most common, and most convenient for household purposes; but the cellar should be dry. If the potatoes are free from disease, they may be stored in close bins, with the tops covered with dry sand or loam; those which are tainted with rot must have their sire spots dried by exposure to a dry atmosphere and a dust of slaked lime. Such potatoes are not fit for human food, and should only be used under protest in case of dire necessity. In the storage of large quantities of potatoes for stock use, say in barn cellars, it is well to use a dust of slaked lime. We saw a good example of this practice in the barn cellars of the famous old agriculturist, James Gowan, of Germantown, Pa., last fall. Mr. G. feeds largely of roots to his stock in winter; his ample stone-walled cellars were heaped with potatoes and other roots, all in the nicest order. – Before putting in the stock of roots for winter, he has the walls and floors nicely cleaned and sprinkled with lime dust, and as potatoes are wheeled in, other dustings are administered, by which all foul vapors are prevented and the place is free from the noisome atmosphere usually encountered where vegetables are stored in any quantity. – Michigan Farmer.

November 5, 1864

Macomb Eagle

A Lincoln Watchword.

            “THE UNION IS A THING OF THE PAST, HATED and DESPISED OF EVERY PATRIOT.” – William Bross, of Illinois.

 ——————–

The True Union Ticket.

            Men who love their country should be sure to vote the Democratic Union Ticket next Tuesday. This is the true Union ticket. All others labeled “Union” are falsely so called, and the word Union is only used to deceive the people.

Lincoln is not for the Union under the Constitution. He says “any “portion of such people who can, may revolutionize” and destroy the Union. He pretends to be in love with the Union, just as a strumpet may pretend to be in love with virtue, but it is only to secure the destruction of an unsuspecting victim. Lincoln and his party have well nigh destroyed every Union sentiment in eight millions of people, and in the name of the Union they seek power to destroy the last vestige of Unionism from the heart of every American. They use Union as a cloak for wickedness. They steal the livery of Heaven to serve the devil in.

Hannibal Hamlin mocks and makes a jest of Union men; he says they “would form a good subject for a picture!” Jim Lane, a Senator and supporter of Lincoln, says he is “ready to see any man shot down who is in favor of the Union.” Wm. Bross, a Lincoln supporter and candidate for Lieutenant Governor, says the “Union is hated and despised of every patriot” – by which he means that every leading Lincolnite hates and despises the Union. Thad Stevens says that “a man who talks about the Constitution and the Union in these times is a traitor.” These scoundrels are prating about patriotism and loyalty, and their paltry echoes and yelping lick-spittles throughout the country are swearing that they are the only Union party! Impudence and falsehood could go no farther.

The Democracy constitute the true Union party; their candidates are the true Union candidates; their ticket is the true Union ticket. No man supports it who wants Union men shot down; no one of our candidates hates and despises the Union, nor does our candidate for President say that “any portion of the people may revolutionize” and destroy the Union, as Lincoln does say.

 ——————–

The Old Men.

            Democrats! see that the old and feeble voters of your township are not brow-beat and crowded from the polls by abolition bullies. Let no the cry of “copperhead” or “traitor,” which are so glib upon the tongues of the Lincolnites, deter any man from doing his duty to his country and his God. Men in epaulettes will swear terribly, and abolitionists will swagger vigorously; but Democrats must not be intimidated. The price of liberty is something more than vigilance now.

 ——————–

Are You Ready?

            The great battle for constitutional liberty and the continuation of the American Union will be fought next Tuesday, the 8th of November. It will be great because it will be decided whether the people are in favor of Gen. McClellan, peace and a preserved government, “the Union at all hazards,” or Mr. Lincoln, and an endless war for the emancipation of the nigger, enormous taxes, draft after draft for more soldiers, and final ruin and disunion. Choose ye. McClellan’s election will be a great victory on the side of the country – a victory that will bring joy and gladness to every heart that loves the old Union and Constitution, the noble and holy work of the fathers. To the polls, true Union men, protect and perpetuate the government reared by the fathers. The efforts put forth must be none the less strong, none the less resolute, none the less united and determined than those of the fathers. On that day every true Union man on the side of McClellan and the country assists our brave and gallant armies in the field, and fights at the ballot-box the Shoddy party, the left wing of the rebel army. On that day an important decision is imposed upon us. We must decide whether the twin stars of Union and Liberty shall be once more put in the ascendancy, or whether they shall be forever blotted out, and the dark, portentous clouds of Anarchy, Disunion, and Despotism shall shut out the hopes of the American people. On that day we must decide whether the blood and treasure, the suffering and sacrifices made by our gallant boys in the field, for more than three years past, shall all be thrown away as fruitless, and the rebels at last be allowed to complete our national political and financial ruin. On next Tuesday we must decide whether the Union and the Government shall be utterly destroyed for the purpose of freeing the negro. On next Tuesday we must decide which shall prevail, Honesty or Dishonesty, Liberty or Oppression, Union or Disunion.

With an honest elections, we are confident of the result, but we want the rout a complete one, overwhelming and terrible. We want it so gigantic that it will strike terror and dismay to every shoddy sneak who howls Union, but whose acts show that he means the abolition of slavery or disunion and utter ruin.

Freemen! to your posts! Go to work one and all! Let the 8th of November, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, sound the death knell to the hopes of Treason, Rebellion, and Disunion, and elect for President the gallant and the brave McClellan. “The Union is the one condition of peace. We ask no more.”

 ——————–

The Coming Taxation.

            There are many who suppose that their taxes are already quite as high as they are likely to become. This is a delusion which it is as well were cleared away at once. No tax levied on real estate by Congress has yet been paid. For the purpose of keeping the people quiet until after the presidential election, Congress carefully deferred the assessment of a land tax till the year 1865. In the meantime, they are running the government on money received from incomes and licenses, but mainly from bonds and greenbacks, which, if ever redeemed, will be paid out of the land tax to be collected regularly, after the present year. It would have been a much easier plan for the farmers to have paid at the time what was properly due in each of the past three years, but this did not suit the trick purposes of the abolition leaders. They considered it necessary to keep it back until after they could elect another President, and for this reason, the farmers have as yet paid no part of the Federal war tax resting like mortgages on their lands.

 ——————–

Another Draft close at Hand.

            Washington correspondents say that in case Abraham Lincoln is re-elected and his policy endorsed, it has been decided that a draft for 500,000 more men will be made about the first of January. The Chicago Journal of the 25th recounts the bounties to volunteers, reminds the people that only one-half of the quota of each district was called for last month, and that after the immense outlays by individuals and towns and counties another draft for half a million or more will soon be called for. That papers says:

“These suggestions are thrown out for the purpose of averting, in the only feasible manner, the unpleasant experiences of the last two months, should another call for men be made AS IT PROBABLY WILL BEFORE MID-WINTER.”

A vote for Lincoln is a vote for another draft – a vote for more war, more taxes, more bloodshed, more sorrow. Young men, beware how you vote yourselves into the army. Fathers, beware how you vote your sons to die by cruel murder. Wives, implore your husbands to vote themselves and their country out of this war. Young women, entreat your lovers not to vote for Lincoln and your unhappiness. Vote for McClellan, if you want peace and Union without further war. Vote for McClellan and your own and your country’s welfare.

 ——————–

“We Change our Name but retain our Principles.”

            So says the organ of the Lincoln party in this county. The ‘principle’ for the party in 1856, when they called themselves the ‘Anti-Nebraska party,’ and run Fremont for President, was the same that it now is? If the word of their paper is true, they lied most prodigiously in 1856, or they lie most prodigiously in 1864. Then they only wanted to keep slavery out of the Territories; now they demand its abolition in all the States. Is the ‘principle’ identical? Did they deceive the people in 1856, when they broke up the whig party and organized the Anti-Nebraska party to keep slavery out of the Territories? Or is this war carried on to keep slavery out of the Territories? Is this why you want Lincoln reelected? Are the people to be conscripted and murdered by thousands, merely to carry out the anti-Nebraska ‘principle?’ Are they to be robbed of one-half their earnings, in the shape of taxes, in order to keep slavery out of Kansas and Nebraska? Are men to be arrested without cause and punished without trial, to aid in electing the woolly horse? Are the rights and liberties of white men to be subjected to a military despotism, in order that niggers may have freedom in Kansas? Oh, “we are all republicans.” When they demand the “Union without conditions,” and “no Union without abolition,” then they “retain the principles” of the Fremont campaign!

 ——————–

Army Victories.

            Even if victory was perching upon the banners of our army everywhere, – even if the Confederates were defeated at all points, and flying in disorder – this would only furnish an additional reason why McClellan should be elected. The present administration is incapable of taking a proper advantage of any victory, and no success contributes to the restoration of the Union. With subjugation and extermination as the motto of the party in power, all successes are barren and useless. With McClellan as President success in the field would be a substantial advantage, and would be a step towards restoration. Other means would also be employed to dissipate and disperse the rebel army, and thus render the task of our soldiers in the field more easy and certain. The plan of the republican party demands a long war or a recognition of Confederate independence. The plan of McClellan promises a speedy restoration of the Union and a peace of mutual advantage. Voters, choose between them!

 ——————–

What Commenced the War.

            The republicans have denied any responsibility in originating our civil troubles. But Mr. Lincoln at last claims for the anti-slavery element the credit it unquestionably deserves, of bringing on the terrible strife. In his thanksgiving proclamation just published Lincoln says:

“Moreover, he has been pleased to animate and inspire our minds and hearts with fortitude, courage, and resolution sufficient for the great trial of civil war into which we have been brought by our adherence, as a nation, to the cause of freedom and humanity, and to afford to us reasonable hopes of an ultimate and happy deliverance from all our dangers and afflictions.”

This is a plain statement that we were brought into this terrible war by the abolition sentiment, which Mr. Lincoln and his party are fond of calling “the cause of freedom and humanity.” How terribly the people have suffered! What a horrible catalogue of murdered white men and starved negroes stare the nation in the face! And Lincolnism is responsible for our woes!

 ——————–

            → Is it possible that any person with ordinary information, can fail to see the certain destruction to this country that will follow another four years of Lincoln’s administration. – About one-half of the country is now as good as mortgaged for the public debt, and the same policy will sweep away the balance! “The last man and the last dollar” will have gone in the effort to abolish slavery in the rebel States! and be a failure at that!

 ——————–

J. S. Bailey and J. C. Thompson,

            Will address the people of McDonough county at Macomb, on Saturday, Nov. 5th, at 1 o’clock p. m.

 ——————–

A Difference between Men.

            Daniel Wod was drafted in Emmet township, but he was exempt from service because he was afterward enrolled in Hire. R. J. Thornburg was drafted in Chalmers, but he was exempt from service because he was afterward enrolled in Macomb. They are both republicans and all right for Lincoln.

Woodford Chappell was drafted in Eldorado. He was afterward enrolled in Industry, and after that he moved to Schuyler county; but he is a Democrat, and the fact of his being enrolled elsewhere and stood the draft elsewhere did not exempt him from service. The examining surgeon said he did not believe that Chappell could stand the service, but as he was unable to give the union league sign, he was held.

Why is there a stringent rule for Democrats and a loose rule for Lincolnites?

 ——————–

A few Questions for Democrats.

            Have you made preparations to bring the sick and infirm to the polls?

Have you seen your neighbor and impressed upon him the necessity of voting, and voting early in the day?

Have you made arrangements to resist all attempts to corrupt the ballot box, and are you determined to stand up boldly and resolutely, like freemen, for a fair vote?

Have you appointed challenging committees, and committees to see that every Democrat has transportation to the polls?

Don’t put these things off to the last moment, but attend to them before another sun shall set.

To work, friends, to work!

 ——————–

Look out for Falsehoods.

            We again warn the Democrats to look out for abolition falsehoods on the eve of the election, when it will be too late for exposure. – This is an old trick of the corrupt politicians who engineer the republican party. Foiled in their disgraceful attacks on Mr. Neece and Mr. Smith, they will be only the more desperate in consequence of it. There is no conceivable falsehood too infamous, if it promises a vote, to be unused by them. Messrs. Neece, Smith, and Nickel will be the particular objects of abolition fury. It will be safe to believe nothing that may be told about any of our candidates. Vote the whole Democratic Union Ticket, and nothing else. Vote it early – vote it all the time!

 ——————–

            → A company of soldiers made their appearace in Macomb on Thursday morning. We do not know at whose instigation they came, nor for what purpose. The civil authorities are certainly competent to enforce the law in this county, and when this has failed it would be time enough to invoke military assistance. We suppose the soldiers, whatever their business may be, will not do anything to provoke excitement or a violation of good order and law.

 ——————–

            → A citizen of this county, a member of the 78th regiment, who is now at home on furlough, says that he was at New Albany, Ind., on the day of the election in that State. He says he voted the abolition ticket, and he thinks about seven hundred votes were polled in that city by soldiers who were not residents of that State. We think this man ought to be allowed the run of the ballot boxes in this county next Tuesday.

 ——————–

            Broke Jail. – A man named Medley broke from the jail in this city on Tuesday night. – He cut a hole through the brick wall, and so escaped. It is evident that he had assistance from the outside. He was convicted of horse stealing at the last term of our Circuit Court and had served out about half his term of imprisonment.

 ——————–

            → Over 800 recruits, conscripts, and substitutes left Camp Butler on Friday for Nashville, via Indianapolis. They were loaded in box cars like cattle, and a heavy guard put on each car. Don’t you want to vote for Lincoln and be drafted?

——————-

W. H. Randolph Shot!

            A most deplorable shooting affair occurred at Blandinville on Wednesday morning last, which will probable result in the death of W. H. Randolph. Mr. B. had went to Blandinville to arrest John Bond, a drafted man who had failed to report. There are several versions of what took place between Randolph and Bond and his two brothers. One report says the firing was done by persons concealed and another that it was done by Randolph ad Bond alone. Six or seven shots were fired, Randolph received one in his abdomen and three or four in other parts of his body, which were supposed on the afternoon to be mortal. John Bond immediately fled; and it is believed his brothers have followed. Warrants for the arrest of the three Bonds were placed in the hands of sheriff Dixon, who started with a posse after them, but up to the time of going to press nothing had been heard from him.

No man can help lamenting this deplorable affair, and condemning the spirit which prompted resistance to an officer under the law. The law may be hateful and oppressive, and the officer may be personally obnoxious; but these facts will not justify resistance to the one or the murder of the other.

  1. S. Since the above was put in type, we learn that Mr. Randolph died at 2 o’clock Thursday morning.

November 4, 1864

Bushnell poster

Poster part of the digital image collection of the Western Illinois University Malpass Library.

http://collections.carli.illinois.edu/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/wiu_digimgc&CISOPTR=1300&DMSCALE=25&DMWIDTH=600&DMHEIGHT=600&DMMODE=viewer&DMTEXT=%20civil%20war&REC=11&DMTHUMB=1&DMROTATE=0

October 28, 1864

Macomb Journal

GET YOUR TICKETS.

            We are requested to state that Township Committees can get their supply of tickets for the election at the Circuit Clerk’s office. We would urge upon the Committees to make no delay in the matter, and also for them to see that they have enough for all the voters in their respective townships, and be careful that they are not exposed the malicious designs of the venomous copperheads who would destroy them.

——————–

 

The Eagle Screams.

            The Eagle of last week overflows as usual with falsehood, misrepresentation and abuse. It has the boldness and to accuse the administration of a design to disrupt the Union and establish a Northern Confederacy. Hear the Eagle scream:

“Think you these men have abandoned their purpose of letting the South go? Give them four years more of the control of this Government and they fancy they can so consolidate their power as to accomplish their long cherished object of a northern Confederacy. – Who can believe that they will establish a peace of good feeling, of friendship, of mutual interest, save with the independent confederate States?      *          *            Men who sincerely desire a restoration of the Union, with its old advantages and blessing, must vote to remove Lincoln from the Presidency.”

How supremely loyal the Eagle is getting to be. It is actually “afeered” Mr. Lincoln is going to recognize the independence of the Southern Confederacy, and it calls upon the loyal Democracy to come to the rescue. – Well, this is a progressive age, and the Eagle is surely a progressive paper. – It is only a little more than three years ago that this same paper, the Macomb Eagle, edited by Nelson Abbott, loudly proclaimed that the Southern confederacy was an “INDEPENDENT NATION,” and that Mr. Lincoln had no business to send armies or munitions of war into their territory. Here are its own words:

“If the administration wants to hold those forst, it wants to do it for the purpose of aggressive measures against the Confederate States; it wants them as a basis of operations, from whence are to issue armies for the conquest of an independent nation, and to reduce a free people to the condition of vassals and serfs.

                                    *                      *                      *                      *

            The continued possession of forts, and maintaining of armies in the territory of another nation, is tantamount to a declaration of war.

*                      *                      *                      *

            We repeat that the administration has no practical use for Sumter or Pickens, except as a standing menace and defiance to another Power.

                                      *                      *                      *                      *

            And yet a little more. We ask the reader to look over again the first extract taken from the Eagle of last week and note how fearful the Eagle man is that Lincoln will “let the South go.” “Men who sincerely desire a restoration of the Union must vote to remove Lincoln.” Here is an appeal to Union lovers to save the Union. Now listen to this Democratic organ of three years ago:

“If Mr. Lincoln does not wish to wage a war of aggression of conquest, of subjugation, against [fold] IN RECOGNIZING THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES.”

How true is the old adage that “Time works wonders!” A little more than three years ago, at the close of the Democratic (?) administration of James Buchanan, the Eagle and its party labored to have it recognize ! as a settled fact that the Union was permanently dissolved, that the Confederate States were a free and independent nation. – The Eagle in its simplicity supposed that its Southern friends had fixed their scheme of secession and independence, so nicely and so strongly, aided as it was by a Democratic administration that it was beyond the power of Mr. Lincoln and his administration to overthrow them. But Mr. Lincoln has disappointed them. He met the rebellious scoundrels in that true and pure spirit of patriotism which declared that the Union must and shall be preserved. – And now after a struggle of three years, under the firm and wise policy of Mr. Lincoln, the Confederate states to-day are not recognized as a Government by a single nation upon the face of the globe, and the Stars and Stripes proudly float over every State in the Republic. Even the Eagle is now forced to recognize the fact that the Union still lives, and its nice cherished scheme of Southern independence is knocked to the winds, and instead of giving Mr. Lincoln credit for upholding and maintaining the Union, it now with its characteristic meanness, duplicity; and hypocrisy, declares its fears that Lincoln will establish a “northern Confederacy.” The truth of the matter is just here. The Eagle knows full well that Mr. Lincoln and the party which supports him are determined that the “Union must and shall be preserved.” A large portion of those who act and vote with the Democratic party sympathize in all efforts to preserve the Union, but a still larger portion believe with the Eagle that there can be “no dishonor in recognizing the independence of the Confederate States.” Now these disunion Democrats, of the Eagle stamp, will vote the McClellan ticket without doubt – they are reliable – but it is necessary for that party to pursue a policy that will catch the votes of these Democrats who are supposed to be still loyal to the Union, and hence we find the Eagle assuming to speak for the loyal sentiment of the county, and endeavoring to thrown doubts upon the loyalty of Mr. Lincoln. That’s the way to catch the votes of Union Democrats. But they must be ignorant indeed who are caught by any such shallow means. The developments of the past four years prove conclusively enough that all issues are now narrowed down to the one great issue of Union or Disunion. All disunionists favor the election of McClellan, and every true Union man in the country will support Mr. Lincoln.

——————–

 

The Last Grand Rally.

            Let every Union man in the county bear in mind that on Friday next it is proposed to get up the biggest meeting ever yet held in Macomb. Hon. Wm. Bross, candidate for Lt. Governor, Dr. Tiffany, who is said to be one of the most eloquent orators of the West, E. S. Taylor, Esq., of Chicago, and other distinguished speakers, will be present. Arrangements are being made to secure if possible the presence of Hon. Schuyler Colfax and Hon. John Wentworth. We would urge upon the good and loyal citizens of every township to be prepared to attend this meeting. – Appoint your local committees, marshals, &c., and get up a delegation or procession in every township. Come one and all, and give this day to the cause of your country. With each succeeding day our prospect brightens. – Victory perches upon the banners of our brave and gallant armies. The loyal masses of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana, have spoken to us in a spirit to which they invite us to respond. – Let us turn out then on Friday next and make a demonstration which will show that we are in earnest in this work, and which will be an augury of triumph at the polls on the following Tuesday.

——————–

 

They Never Change.

            It has been the boast of the opposition party that they never change their name, and that we change ours too often ever to succeed. Well, we acknowledge that the opposition stick to their name very well, but there is this difference between us; while they retain their name they change their principles; while we change our name and retain our principles. But to show how consistent they are, if our friends will take the pains to examine the McClellan tickets they will find that the name is changed. Their tickets are headed, “Union Democratic Ticket.”

They never change! “We are all Democrats!”

——————–

 

The Prospect.

            In less than two weeks our citizens will be called upon to use the elective franchise so dear to the heart of every American citizen. The issue presented is, as we firmly believe, Union or disunion – an honorable peace, or a dishonorable one. Which will you choose? The prospect at the present time appears bright for the Union. On every side the indication are that Old Abe will be triumphantly elected. The watch-fires of the Union are burning brightly, and all true hearted Unionists are certain that the dark days of treason are near their end. Peace! That blessed boon vouchsafed to erring mortals by He who rules our destinies, appears on the horizon. Grant, Sherman and Sheridan are its fore-runners, and they are fulfilling its behests in a manner calculated to strike terror into the hearts of rebels North and South. The election of Lincoln will bring about this much-to-be-desired result. We therefore call upon all, Republicans and Democrats, to cast their votes for Lincoln, for thereby can only peace be restored.

——————-

 

Adjourned Meeting of the Macomb Protection Society.

Tuesday Eve., Oct. 25, 1864.

Thompson Chandler in the chair.

On motion of J. M. Campbell, Esq., G. W. Patrick was appointed Secretary for the evening.

Mr. Tunnicliff, from committee appointed last evening, offered the report of the committee, which was as follows:

The undersigned, your committee appointed by the citizens of Macomb to submit a plan of organization for the protection of our homes, persons and property against marauders and thieves, beg leave to submit the following by-laws and regulations:

1st. This society shall be called the “Macomb Protection Society,” and shall consist of one President, two Vice Presidents, one Secretary, and one Treasurer, and such members as shall sign these by-laws.

2nd. The object of the society shall be the protection of every member of this community against lawless desperadoes, and to that end the members pledge themselves to aid in the formation and sustaining an armed guard to be suitably armed and equipped, and placed under competent commanders to accomplish the purpose aforesaid.

3rd. Said guard shall act under and by the authority of the Mayor of the city of Macomb, and the President of the Society or either of them.

4th. Every member of this Society shall at all times be bound to furnish the Mayor of the city or the President of this Society with any and all information tending to show danger from raiders, horse thieves, or others who shall thereupon take such action, thereon, as he or they shall deem proper.

5th. There shall be a standing committee of five to be called a Finance Committee whose duty it shall be to raise funds by subscription or if they shall deem it necessary by a just and equitable assessment upon the different members of this Society, and which funds when raised shall be paid over to the Treasurer of this Society, who shall hold the same subject to the order of the Mayor of the city, or the President of this Society, for the purpose of carrying out its objects.

6th. The regular meetings of this Society shall be on the first Saturday night of each month, but the Mayor of the city or the President of this Society shall have the power to call special meetings at any time they or either of them may deem proper.

7th. Every member of this Society shall be bound to render such [?] in aid of its objectives as the Mayor of the City or the President shall direct.

Your committee would further report that they have conferred with Capt. G. L. Farwell, as the best means of forming said guard for our protection, as contemplated in these by-laws, and who has consented to undertake to raise the same, and then will make a verbal report to the meeting of his progress.

Your committee recommend the following named persons as permanent officers of this Society, to wit:

For President. – Thompson Chandler; For Vice Presidents – O. F. Piper and Joseph Batton; For Secretary – J. B. Cummings; For Treasurer – John Knappenberger; For Finance Committee – A. E. Hoskinson, Washington Goodwin, James Anderson, F. D. Lipe and Thos. J. Beard.

Your committee recommend that each person becoming a member of this Society, be required to sign the agreement hereunder written, all of which is respectfully submitted.

T. M. Jordan, J. M. Campbell, J. Knappenberger, D. G. Tunnicliff, and G. L. Farwell, Committee.

AGREEMENT.

            The undersigned, agree to become members of the “Macomb Protecion Society,” and to conform to, and abide by its by-laws, rules and regulations.

The report of the committee and by-laws were unanimously adopted, and the committee discharged, and the gentlemen named in the report of the committee were declared to be the permanent officers of the Society. Mr. D. G. Tunnicliff offered the following, which was adopted:

Resolved, That each township in the county be requested to form similar Societies to this, and to form a guard of at least ten men active vigilant men in each town, to act in concert with this Society and the guard of this city, and with each other.

Resolved, That the President of this Society appoint a committee to coner with the citizens of each township with a view of effecting such organization.

Whereupon the President appointed the following gentlemen as such committee: C. F. Wheat, J. H. Baker and G. W. Bailey.

On motion, it was ordered that the Finance Committee be instructed to solicit funds from the citizens for the use of the Society.

It was also ordered that the Fincance Committee be instructed to keep a list of the names of the contributors to this fund, with the amount contributed by each, and that the Treasurer obtain and preserve a copy of the same.

On motion of J. M. Campbell, the editors of the Eagle and Journal were requested to publish the proceeding of this Society.

On motion, adjourned until Thursday evening, at 7 o’clock, P. M.

T. CHANDLER, President.

G. W. Patrick, Secretary.

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The Missouri Rebels Recruiting in Illinois.

            It has been known for some time past that our county has been infested by refugees from the South, who, on arriving here professed great Unionism, but after becoming acquainted with the Copperhead residents, and, finding that they could, spouted their treason with impunity. We have long looked upon these gentry with suspicion, and our fears have proved not to be groundless, as the following from the Burlington Hawkeye, of Oct. 22d, fully shows:

“Some thirty or forty men of the most desperate character, probably Missouri guerillas, who have been hiding in McDonough county, Illinois, armed with revolving rifles and pistols, having stolen horses enough to mount the band, crossed the Mississippi, Wednesday, above Dallas, and rode their way through Lee county towards Missouri yesterday. Mr. Finch, of Dallas, says they took ten horses from one stable, and were said, by those who ferried them across, to be very desperate men. In this state we hear of their stealing several horses.

These roving bands of desperadoes are doubtless made up of rebels concealed in our midst and prompted by home traitors. These horse-thieves, who plunder and murder our citizens indiscriminately, are evidently well posted – know where to go, and what roads to take. If we are to have any security for life and property it will be necessary to know all comers and goers – to know that we are not harboring murderers and thieves, ready to burn and lay waste the country on a given signal.

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To Soldiers Home on Furlough.

            The following General Orders are, no doubt, of interest to our soldier readers, who are now home on furlough. But they will not be so interesting to the Union party, if the soldiers do as the copperheads say they will – that is, vote for McClellan. – However, we are willing to risk it, which is more than the Cops. will say:

Head Qrs., District of Illinois,
Springfield, Ill., Oct. 22, 1864.

General Orders, No. 13.

I. By the direction of the Secretary of War, all soldiers now on leave or furloughs in the State of Illinois may, on application to these Headquarters, have their furlough extended until the 10h day of November, 1864.

II. Application for extension of furloughs, may be made by letter addressed to the Asst. Adjutant General of the District, by giving: 1st, The name, rank, Company, Regt, Brigade, Division, and army Corps of the applicant. 2nd, The place where the furlough was given. 3d, The date of commencement and time of expiration.

III. In all cases where it is practicable, application for extension of furloughs will be endorsed with the approval of a commissioned officer of the army.

By command of

                        Brig. Gen. JOHN COOK.

Geo. W. Carter,

            Capt. & A. A. A. Gen.

 ——————–

For the Journal.

The 78th Regiment.

            I would say to friends and others interested in the 78th regiment that I have no very recent news from the regiment. The last information I have of their whereabouts they were at Chattanooga, having just returned from a chase after the rebel Forrest along the line of the Tennessee and Alabama Railroad. Several members of the regiment are now at home on furlough, and I expect to see the faces of more of them before election. The come to meet their friends once more, and to vote for Honest Old Abe. I expect to return to my regiment immediately after the election when I shall resume my weekly letters to the Journal.

I have been permitted to read a letter, received by Mr. John S. Smith, of this city, from his son, a member of the 78th, now a prisoner of war at Savannah. The letter is dated Oct. 4th, and contains the following:

I send this letter by a sailor who is going to our lines to-morrow. I am still in good health. George Hall, Morris Chase, Nat. Decker and myself are still in the Hospital as attendants. There are eleven of us alive yet to represent Co I out of twenty that were captured. I will give you the names of the dead: — Richard Allen, Hugh Dorae, Frank Stewart, John Carroll, C. Brown, L. Allshouse, Samuel Gibson, Simon Criag. The rest are all well as far as I know.

There is now every reason to believe that an exchange will soon be made of all prisoners now in rebel hands.

J. K. M.

 ——————–

            Accidents. – On Saturday last, Mr. John Axford, whilst working at his broom corn press in this city, met with rather a serious accident which came near proving fatal. It appears that they press the broom corn by lever power, and as he was bearing down on the lever something broke about it and the the hammer part flew up and struck Mr. Axford on the head and shoulder, cutting his forehead severely but not dangerously. We understand he is improving.

On the same day Mr. W. P. Pearson’s little boy got his forefinger broke it being caught between a gate and the post. The finger was put together, and the Doctor thinks it will heal without trouble.

 ——————–

            The Drafted. – Nearly all the men who who were drafted in this county have reported at Mt. Sterling, and passed through the hands of the Board of Examiners. Some few were rejected, some procured substitutes at prices ranging from eight hundred dollars to one thousand, whilst others donned the suit of blue for themselves. We have heard of some two or three that skedaddled. We do not envy them their lot in the future. A few of the drafted men were released on the ground that they were enrolled in two townships.

 ——————

            Cold Weather. – Winter is coming on rapidly, and the long evenings have to be filled up some way, and one of the pleasantest ways we know of is to look at some handsome pictures; – Hawkins & Philpot know how to take beautiful photographs such as we all like to look at. Don’t forget to go there.

 ——————–

            Snow. – “The ground was all covered with snow,” last Friday morning. It fell thick and fast for awhile, but soon melted off, and was seen no more. A cold drizzly rain succeed, and altogether the day was one well calculated to give one the blues. Since then, the weather has been unusually fine.

P. S. – Since the above was in type, we have had a big rain. The roads are in a very muddy and sloppy condition.

 ——————–

            Lincoln and Johnson Club. – This Club will meet at the Court House on Monday evening next. A general attendance is requested, as the time is short in which to work. There will be only two regular meetings between this and the election, so do not forget to attend.

 ——————–

            Bad Roads. – Every body, especially farmers, know what bad roads are, and the difficulty of navigating them. From experience we know that bad roads will for some be time the order of the day, and our farming friends will be troubled to get in to town – consequently they should lay in a supply of groceries at once, and the place to get them is at Watkins & Co’s, southeast corner of the square, in Randolph block.

 ——————–

Married,

            On the 29th inst. at the residence of the bride’s father, by Rev. J. H. Rhea, Mr. John E. Lane and Miss Josephine A. Kendrick, all of this city.

We pity Jack, we do – from the bottom of our heart we do; for after serving three long years in the army, and never surrendering to the enemy, he now surrenders to one woman.

At Prairie City, by Rev. P. W. Thomson, Mr. Farnk M. Dewell and Elizabeth C. Campbell, all of this county.

No cards, no time, no greenback, no thanks, no nothing.

October 21, 1864

Macomb Journal

Valedictory.

            With this issue of the Journal, my connection with it ceases. Cause, off for the war. During my short career as editor, I have endeavored to avoid all personalities and do every man justice, who is a candidates before the people. To those friends who have sustained the Journal I can but return thanks. To my political enemies I would say, turn from the error of your ways and vote the Union ticket from Lincoln to our County officers. The Journal will lose none of its earnestness in the cause by my retirement, and I sincerely hope that it will receive that encouragement and support which it deserves.

Thinking as I do, that this rebellion must be crushed by force of arms, and knowing that copperheads, as a party, oppose the further prosecution of the war, I think it my duty to give my humble efforts for the accomplishment of the much desired peace alike honorable to ourselves, to the world, permanent, and to complete that the hydra-head of treason may never arise again.

C.L. Sanders.

 ——————–

Gone to the War.

            As will be see by his Valedictory, at the head of our columns, our late associate, Mr. C. L. Sanders, has again gone to try his hand at fighting rebels. He served three years faithfully in the field, and came home this Summer satisfied that he had performed his duty to his country, but after enjoying the comforts of “God’s country” for a few brief months, his desire to be “in at the death” of the rebellion overcame his love of ease, and he has given way to it. Our best wishes go with him, and we hope to soon see him return to us with the announcement that this “cruel war is over,” and that Peace once more hovers over our happy country.

 ——————–

            → James W. Brattle is not a renegade, and if elected – as he assuredly will be – he will stay in the county and perform his duty. Refugees will not be employed by him.

 ——————–

The Copperhead Meeting.

            On last Friday, 14th inst., our city was enlivened(!) by a grand rally of ye unterrified, alias, Copperheads. In point of numbers it was a respectable gathering, but in order to increase the show, and cause the verdant to believe there was an immense outpouring of the great unwashed, they had recourse to the theatrical trick of doubling the procession – that is, they marched up Jackson street to the east part of town, then returning on the back streets to the west side, rejoined the procession – in humble imitation of McClellan riding the war horse and peace platform, cider mill fashion.

The principal speaker on the occasion, and, we believe, the only one, was he notorious Dick Merrick, of Chicago. He appeared on the platform, where he was greeted with a few faint cheers by those in the immediate vicinity of the stand, and after pulling out of his pockets the two great electioneering documents of ye Copperheads – McClellan’s Report and the Chicago Times – he commenced speaking his piece.

The principal points he discussed were, the failure of the Administration to crush the rebellion, and the great success that had so far attended the rebel arms. He ridiculed our victories but magnified our defeats. He acknowledged that we had taken a few inches of territory from the “Confederates,” but that did not amount to much, and from the tone of his remarks one would be led to infer that the rebels could retake all that we have captured them whenever they wished, and as proof of his assertion, he cited the present invasion of Missouri by the rebel General Price, who was within one hundred miles of St. Louis. At this announcement the enthusiasm of the Cops. was unbounded. One old gray haired Cop. in particular, who sat upon the platform, cheered vociferously. – And all through the speech it was just so – cheering whenever allusion was made to Johnnies. The speaker, in speaking of the back bone of the rebellion, said that it was not broken, but that it was being as vigorously prosecuted as ever.

How the crowd would have received any allusions to our recent victories in the Shenandoah Valley, and in Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania, we have no means of knowing, for the speaker appeared to be entirely oblivious of those things.

On their posters, announcing the meeting, the unterrified were called on to give one day to the salvation of their country, and to cheer up the hearts of the brave soldiers who are now battling for Constitutional liberty; but not one word was uttered calculated to cheer the hearts of the brave Union soldiers – not one word in favor of the old flag – not one word in condemnation of those who are fighting our brave soldiers. A queer mode of “cheering the hearts of our brave boys.”

Taken altogether, the speech was more suitable to the latitude of South Carolina than Illinois.

 ——————–

Lincoln and Johnson Club.

            A Club bearing the above name has been organized in this city, and is doing a vast deal of good for the cause here. We speak of it, in order to call the attention of Union men in other townships to the importance of thoroughly organizing into clubs throughout the county. We cannot expect to succeed unless we work, and to do that as it should be, we must combine together. Individual efforts are very good things in themselves, but concert of action is required to conduct a canvass to a successful issue. Therefore, we would urge our friends to speedily commence the organization of clubs, and for them to meet often – see that their friends attend, – appoint committees to confer with like committees from other townships – circulate documents – bring out voters, and the day is ours. Remember that last Spring election, also the election last Fall. We lost those elections by dilatoriness, and a belief that we could not elect if we were to try. Do not let it be said so this Fall.

 ——————–

Gov. Yates’ Speech.

            We neglected to notice last week the speech of our honored Governor, Dick Yates, in this place two weeks ago to-day. The day was very unfavorable for out-door speaking – it having rained the night before – the streets were muddy, the weather raw and windy, and very disagreeable for standing out of doors. Considering the state of the weather, we had a very good crowd who came to town to hear the soldiers’ true friend. The Governor spoke for about two hours, but owing to being a little hoarse, and the high wind prevailing, he could not be heard by all who were in the Court House square for that purpose. The Governor made one of his happiest efforts, and did a vast deal of good.

 ——————–

“Mr. Neece and his Traducers.”

            Under the above imposing caption the Eagle of last week presumptuously assumes that the statement published by Mr. Neece in both the city papers of the week before “is a triumphant vindication” of the charges which have been made in this paper against that individual. We can’t see it. The main points in the charges against Mr. Neece still remain uncontradicted. – Even the carefully prepared statement of Mr. Neece does not conceal the fact that he made the exorbitant charge of twenty dollars against the widow and her sons for the simple act of buying her land at tax sale at a cost of seventy eight cents. Very profitable transaction for Mr. Neece. Pays out seventy-eight cents, and charges therefor twenty dollars. Magnanimous man – who will dispute that he is not the friend of the widows and orphans?

But it is perfectly idle for Mr. Neece, or any of his friends to publish statements attempting to deny the charges made against him so long as the record stands uncontradicted. We have the original certificate of purchase made by Mr. Neece in which the claim is made for fifty odd dollars, when the same certificate shows that only seventy-eight cents was paid for the land. Mr. Neece and the Eagle are both careful to say nothing about the certificate. That certificate is a perfect sock dologer. That speaks for itself. The charge does not rest up on our testimony, but there is the certificate, gentleman, which we are ready to show to the curious. And besides this, there is the transcript from the Justice’s docket which proves that Mr. Neece was sued upon this matter and a judgment rendered against him of about Thirty dollars. That’s so. Mr. Neece nor the Eagle will dare to deny this stunning fact. Documents and old records are sometimes stubborn things. You had better said nothing about this little affair of robbing the widow, Mr. Neece, for the more you stir it the worse it will smell.

 ——————–

            → For Circuit Clerk, John B. Cummings – the energetic, accommodating and competent incumbent of the office.

 ——————–

Going to Inaugurate Him at Springfield.

            Dick Merrick said in his speech here on last Friday that in case Lincoln was elected this Fall by such frauds as were perpetrated in Indiana last week, that they (the Copperheads) would take George B. McClellan and inaugurate him at Springfield in this State. Dick had better be careful, or he will expose the programme of the Cops too soon. – We have no earthly doubt that it is the intention of the Copperhead party to inaugurate civil war in the North if McClellan is defeated, but Dick should not blow it too soon, for fear the spark might go out. What a jolly old time the Cops will have at that inauguration. Micawber, would be in his glory – ‘depressing circumstances” would be abundant.

Hurrah for McPendavis!

 ——————–

            → For Sheriff, G. L. Farwell – the man who believes in serving out the full time in the army for which a man enlists.

 ——————-

Ye Cops Rejoiceth.

            Last week the Quincy Herald and the Macomb Eagle brought out their big Rooster, and crowed lustily over the election returns from Pennsylvania and Ohio. Bully for them! We had not supposed that they would rejoice over our success so much as to bring out their chickens, but we were mistaken. However, there is a certain animal called a coon, which is very fond of chickens. We opine that Abbott’s bird will be non est after this.

 ——————–

City Hall.

            Editor Journal: – With your permission I would say a few words in regard to the building of a City Hall. It is well known there is no place in our city adapted to holding Lectures, Concerts, or a public meeting of any kind. Campbell’s Hall is objected to on account of its being too wide for its length, the ceiling too low, and not being of easy access. I would now propose a plan which could easily be adopted, if the citizens will take hold of the matter. Let a sufficient number of shares of Ten Dollars ($10) each be issued for the purpose of building and furnishing the Hall. Then let the share-holders elect annually, or otherwise, as they may see proper, officers to take charge of the building, and see that everything is kept in proper order. The officers might consist of a Treasurer, Agent, Doorkeeper, Janitor, Executive Committee, and others if needed. Dividends might be declared as the stockholders saw proper.

A suitable location could be had for a hall of this kind. Will not our citizens think of the matter and start a subscription paper and see what could be obtained. The investment would profitable to all.

 ——————–

            → The question is often asked, Why do the citizens of the great, free noble West tolerate such a foul-mouthed treasonable sheet as the Chicago Times?

In Greece it was the fashion to intoxicate a slave, in order that young men and maidens might witness the disgusting effects of drunkenness, and so refrain from following the example.

The Times is the drunken slave, playing fantastic tricks of treason that disgust even the weakest-minded, and so serves as a hideous example of what unprincipled men may become.

 ——————–

            → Prices’ rebel army, at las accounts was between Independence and Kansas City, Mo., and our forces were moving after them from Jefferson City. There will soon be a great change in Western Missouri.

 ——————–

How the Soldiers Vote.

            The following letters, received from the writers a few days since, show how the soldiers vote in the field, and would vote were they permitted to come home at the election. The 124th is only one regiment, but the vote shows how all the regiments from Illinois would vote. Read the letter:

            Head Quar’s 124th Ill Vol. Inf.
Vicksburg, Miss. Oct. 9th ’64.

            Editor of the Macomb Journal:

Sir: – At the request of the officers and men of my regiment a vote was taken this p. m. for President and Vice President of the United States with the following result:

Whole number of votes cast                           516.

For Lincoln and Johnson                                502.

For McClellan and Pendleton                         14.

The vote was by ballot, and is the uninfluenced and voluntary expression of Veteran soldiers, who have borne the flag of the Union on many long and weary marches, and amid the storm of battle, and have never turned their backs to the foe; men who long for peace – honorable, just and permanent peace – but who will never consent to surrender the Union, or to sue for peace at the feet of a wicked and traitorous enemy who has been beaten and driven to the verge of the “last ditch” which now yawns to receive him – They will never thus dishonor the graves of their fallen comrades.

Your obedient servant,

J. H. Howe,
Col. Comd’g Reg’t.

Head Quarters Co. D 124 Ill. Vol. Inf.
Vicksburg, Miss. Oct. 9 ‘64

            Editor of the Macomb Journal:

Sir: – It having been asserted by the Quincy Herald and other secession sheets that the soldiers are for little Mac I therefore, forward here with a communication of Col. J. H. Howes for publication, showing the result of an election held in this regiment on the 9 inst. The two companies which represent McDonough voted as follows:

Company D.

Lincoln and Johnson                                       55

McClellan and Pendleton                               0.

Company I.

Lincoln and Johnson                                       49.

McClellan and Pendleton                               0.

            We have some thirty-three men not with the above companies, but will probably vote the same as above, I am highly gratified and pleased with this expression of sentiment. It proves the deep interest and lofty patriotism of our noble soldiers in this our national struggle.

Respectfully your obedient servany,

Abraham Newland.

Capt. Co. D, 124 Ill. Vol. Inf.

 ——————–

A Noble Record.

            The following, which we take from the Vicksburg Daily Herald, is truly a noble record of one of Illinois’ best regiments. The 124th has done gallant service under the heroic Logan, and are ready to do more, by either fighting the rebels in front with bullets, or fighting their allies at the North, (the Copperheads,) with ballots. All honor to the 124th:

The 124th regiment Illinois infantry now encamped at this place, has a record of which the noble regiment may well be proud. It has been in service nearly three years, and in a contest for superiority in drill was awarded the banner over all competitors in the division to which it belonged, 3d division, 17th army corps. In battle, it has proven worthy of the great State from which it hails; and its deeds of valor stand as enduring records of the heroism of the officers and men composing it. But it has, if possible, a record more to be boasted of than that of valor or discipline. Although so long a time has elapsed since its formation as a regiment, and notwithstanding the diversity of character of its numerous members, and the perilous scenes of trial and temptation it has been passed through during this exciting war, makes the proud and glorious boast that not a man in the 124th Illinois infantry has ever been brought before a general court-martial to be tried for a violation of the articles of war or any general order.

Is it not a noble record, and may not the “Sucker State” point with pride and pleasure to this gallant regiment and say, “These are my jewels?”

May every member of the regiment continue to feel that its honor is in his keeping, so that when it shall have fulfilled its allotted time of service, it may make the same proud boast as now, No member of the 124th has ever been before a courtmartial.

 ——————–

Close of the Volume.

            With this No. of the Journal Vol. 9 closes. We commence the new Vol. with very flattering prospects of success, for which we return our sincere thanks to those of our friends who have so kindly assisted us the past year. – Our circulation is now greater than the paper has ever enjoyed since it has been started, and with proper exertion it can be greatly increased. “As in the past, so in the future,” we will be found endeavoring to give our patrons a good county paper.

 ——————–

            Still Another. – From the Canton (Ill.) Register we learn that just after dark on Wednesday night of last week, several shots were fired at Mr. George Lucky, while quietly pursuing his business at home. Fortunately, however, none of the shots took effect, though some of them came uncomfortably near. He has been acting as Assistant Provost Marshal of Buckheart, and had already notified nearly all the drafted men in his township. There is no doubt that some of the peace sneaks were attempting to carry out their threats of shooting the draft officers.

The Register says that such proceedings are the legitimate results of the teachings of the “Democratic” peace-sneak party, and they must bear the infamy thereof as long as history shall last. While they are continually howling for peace –when every sane man well knows that no peace can be obtained without conquering the rebels or submitting to the division of the Government – they are at the same time arming themselves, in accordance to the teachings of their leaders and papers and doing the very things which tend to plunge the entire country into a more sanguinary war than ever; and when the authorities find it necessary to send armed forces among them to preserve order and prevent further outrages, then they set up a howl, that their liberties are destroyed by a military despotism. From these things it is very evident that their determination is to rule the country as they see fit – without regard to the voice of the people – or to ruin it.

——————–

Wm. Pitt Kellogg.

            This gentleman will speak at Bushnell, in this county, on Thursday the 27th. We expect citizens of Prairie City township will will give him a good audience, as they generally take a hold of political matters with a will, and are all sound on the great questions of the day. We would earnestly call on our political opponents to go and hear Mr. Kellogg that day.

 ——————–

            Guerillas in Illinois. – A raid was made in this county and Hancock last Tuesday night, by some lawless persons, and 15 horses taken by force from Union men. We understand that most of the men engaged in the robbery were drafted men. It appears by this, that the muttered threats that we have heard from time to time, are being fulfilled. Well, if these peace men are bent on bringing war into this State, let them “pitch in,” Burkus is willin’.”

——————–

            Attempted Assassination. – An attempt was made week before last, near Lewistown, Fulton county, to assassinate Mr. Charles Phelps, Assistant Provost Marshal for Fulton County. The cowardly sneaks who did the deed were hid in the bushes, and fired on him as he passed by on the road. He was walking at the time and leading his horse. One ball took effect in his left hip, and thirteen bullet holes were counted in his overcoat. His horse was killed. Mr. Phelps had been out notifying the drafted men in Isabella township, and this attempt was undoubtedly the work of some of the peace sneaks of that county.

 ——————–

            Penmanship. – Prof. J. Morton a gentleman who comes among us well recommended, as a teacher of Penmanship, proposes to open a school in this city for the purpose of teaching writing, both plain and ornamental. – From specimens shown us by Mr. M. we should judge that he is just the man that is needed here. He is stopping at the Randolph House, where specimens of his penmanship can be seen.

Terms – $2 per scholar, for twelve lessons.

 ——————–

            A City Hall. – In another column will will be found a communication from “Fist,” in which he broaches the project of having a “Town Hall,” in which Lectures, Concerts, Exhibitions, &c., can be given. We have long since came to the conclusion that a thing of this kind was needed in this city, and we hope our citizens will take hold of the matter and push it to an early completion.

 ——————–

            Delivered Free. – W. P. Pearson wishes us to inform the citizens of this city that he delivers, free of charge, all goods bought at his establishment, north side of the square, one door east of Wadham & Stowell’s. See advertisement.

 ——————–

            → A flock of seven hundred sheep passed through this place on Wednesday morning last, en route for Iowa. – We understand they were from Ohio.

 ——————-

            → The household furniture of peace men in Indiana consists of pistols, rifles, hand grenades, rockets, bombshells, and other inoffensive utensils. – It is with these that they propose to maintain peace.

 ——————–

            $1,000 Reward. – Several of our prominent citizens offer a reward of $1,000 for the detection of the person or persons who have been guilty of poisoning horses in this city lately. – Capt. F. D. Lipe, as was mentioned last week in the Journal, having lost three of his best horses within two or three days of each other, the conclusion was reached that they were poisoned.

We sincerely hope that the perpetrators of such diabolical meanness will be found out, and that punishment swift and sure may follow.

 ——————–

            → Window paper at old prices at Clarke’s Bookstore.

 ——————–

            → A portion of Bill Anderson’s rebel cavalry, numbering between two and five hundred, made a raid from Missouri into western Iowa last week, committing considerable depredations , plundering the country and even murdering citizens. The news of the raid has had the effect to stir up the people of Southern and Central Iowa, and at last advices great preparations were making to repel the invaders and defend the State. No armed rebels can stay in the brave and loyal State of Iowa many hours alive.

October 15, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Pennsylvania all Right!

Ohio and Indiana Coming!

“Little Mac” the next President.

Old Abe up Salt River and no chance to swap Horses!

NOW FOR ILLINOIS.

            Pennsylvania stands firm for the people and the Constitution. The Keystone State still nobly and firmly supports the arch of the Union. She votes for McClellan. The Democratic majority is about 10,000, and the soldiers will increase it, because they are voting for McClellan and the Union. With Pennsylvania the Democracy can elect the President. Pennsylvania always votes for the candidate that is successful. New York is with her in this fight. The glorious phalanx of the Northwest will spring to the contest with renewed courage. The news from Ohio is full of hope. We have gained 75,000 on the vote of last year, and complete returns may give us a majority. Indiana is not unfavorable. The abolitionists claim five to ten thousand majority. Both these States can be carried in November. McClellan will be the next President, and drafting will be stopped, our prisoners released, the Union be restored, domestic tranquility preserved, the general welfare promoted, and the numberless blessings of peace showered upon the land. Lincoln and war and disunion are played out. Be of good heart, and make one grand effort for Illinois. The Prairie State must not be lacking nor lagging. Pennsylvania calls to our Democracy. Rally, rouse to the work – for our country’s salvation draweth night.

“Sound the loud timbrel o’er land and o’er sea,
Jehovah has triumphed – his people are free.”

——————–

 

“To Whom it may Concern.”

            We give below the entire list of drafted men – 210 in number – for this county. It is a heavy list, and has carried anxiety and distress to more than two hundred households in the county. A good many will furnish substitutes, but others are too poor to do that, and will therefore have to submit to being dragged off under guard, shut up in filthy pens with niggers and jail-birds, and finally sent to the front to be killed in a war not to restore the Union, but to compel the “abandonment of slavery.” This will not be the last draft, if Lincoln should be elected again. The man who votes for the administration votes for more useless slaughter, more drafts, more tears, more taxes, more orphans, more sorrow, more niggers. Let these two hundred and ten names be living and speaking arguments against the continuance of a policy that will render necessary the recurrence of these scenes of anxiety and suffering.

Hire.

                                    1.  D. Prophet,                        12. Bedford Graham,
2. T. J. Wallace,                      13. W. L. Wilson,
3. D. W. Badger,                     14. Alexander Cosland,
4. Ben Parrish,                        15. W. H. Grigsby,
5. James Parrish,                    16. J. V. Banks,
6. A. Huff,                                 17. G. W. Hickerson,
7. James Bice,                          18. H. Hainline,
8. Marcellus Shyrack,             19. James Hays,
9. A. Zimmerman,                   20. Abner C. Keithley,
10. Henry Cord,                      21. Jacob Colton,
11. J. H. Milsap,                      22. John Bond.

Chalmers.

                                    1. Thos B. Lillard,                   6. Robt. McCutcheon,
2. Samuel Godfrey,                 7. Wm McMillan,
3. John N. Burr,                      8. Horace Avery,
4. Geo A. Cover,                      9. Charles Stephens,
5. Robt. J. Thornburg,           10. Wm M. Reid.

Sciota.

                                     1.Benj Provolt,                        8. John Buxton,
2. W Prince,                             9. Wm Warren,
3. C. M. Smith,                       10. John Kitt,
4. Richard Jones,                    11. David Allen,
5. John Arthur,                        12. George Castle,
6. John Scott,                          13. W H. Dudley,
7. James Allen,                        14. Charles Blandin.

Emmett.

1. E Hickman,                         9. W G. Nesbit,
2. James Carter,                      10. B F. Wheeler,
3. Daniel Wood,                      11. John B. Purdy,
4. John Askew,                        12. Jack Humbard,
5. A T. Lea,                               13. Wesley Bugg,
6. Louis P. Atkinson,              14. W B. Naylor,
7. Randolph Inman,                Robert McCord,
8. M Bergen,                            15. Benj Guy.

Lamoine.

                                    1.Edward Powell,                  12. Chancellor Sanford,
2. R McGuffey,                      13. William Wier,
3. John Sammons,                   14. Wesley Ralston,
4. R Huston,                            15. Thos Simmonds,
5. Ralph M. Brown,                16. James Woodard,
6. Wm Goodrich,                    17. Bird Roberts,
7. Aug P. Garrett,                   18. Silas J. James,
8. John Watts,                         19. David Toland,
9. John S. Shootman,              20. Pink Whittington,
10. Andrew Wear,                  21. Benj Griffin,
11. A J. Hortey,                      22. Joseph J. Monk.

Bethel.

                                    1.  John I. Dunsworth,             8. Cleaver C. Horrell,
2. Benj Miller,                           9. Jacob Allen,
3. J Freshwater,                       10. Geo B. Reed,
4. John Smizer,                        11. Isaac L. Tayor,
5. A. J. Dunsworth,                 12. John Stoneking,
6. John Vorhes,                       13. Wm Monk,
7. Geo G. Vennard,                  14. Abraham Rush.

Eldorado.

                                    1. Jas Langston,                      11. Wm Carnahan,
2. David Bruner,                     12. Thos W. Ausbury,
3. Johnathan A. Mick,            13. Woodford Chappell,
4. Peter Van Buren,                14. James Hartford,
5. George Cox,                         15. W. R. Pennington,
6. Henry Long,                        16. Thos G. Smedley,
7. James T. Pyle,                     17. E C. Dawson,
8. Elisha Keach,                      18. Erastus Eastman,
9. Geo R. Price,                       19. Moore Marshall,
10. J W. Chipman,                  20. J A. Seward.

New Salem.

                                    1.    Wm Mercer,                      10. Thompson Milkey,
2. A J. Grimm,                         11. Wm Loots,
3. John Vaughn,                      12. Barton Husted,
4. Willis Graves,                      13. W B. Swango,
5. John Carrison,                     14. John Douglass,
6. David Littlejohn,                15. George McQueen,
7. Reuben Nebergall,              16. Solomon Cox,
8. Geo T. Harland,                  17. Shadrack Mitchell,
9. Joseph Chambers,               18. David Miller.

Mound.

                                    1.   John Kaley,                         13. John Beale,
2. Jas Lawrence,                      14. Leonard Yeast,
3. John H. Crall,                       15. John Wrell,
4. N Towns,                               16. Jas Thompson,
5. Jacob Wagner,                     17. R L Smith,
6. B F. Hartsook,                     18. Elias Steele,
7. T B Little,                              19. Jacob E. Meadows,
8. B Quate,                               20. B F Smith,
9. J N Putnam,                        21. A Boaz,
10. I S Kelso,                            22. Wm Work,
11. A Garrett,                            23. D A Colleflower,
12. Joseph Melvin,                  24. M V. Markham.

Scotland.

                                    1.  W C. McGrath,                   12. Jonas Ringer,
2. Wm H. Parker,                    13. Thos W. Nunn,
3. Wm McHenry,                    14. George Jones,
4. George Suntker,                  15. Albert M. Chase,
5. F M. Bash,                          16. Jonas Lindsey,
6. F M. Beck,                          17. Samuel Jones,
7. John F Watson                    18. I P Monfort
8. Robt Littleson,                    19. R M. Hammer,
9. James Boyd,                        20. Archibald Watson,
10. T S Saunders,                    21. J A Provine,
11. W Simmonds,                   22. Chas Andrews.

Walnut Grove.

                                     1. James Ewing,                    14. Moses Hoyt,
2. Charles Elting,                    15. James Boyles,
3. Geo W. Curtis,                    16. Harvey Dungan,
4. H Hallocker,                        17. Frederick Cruser,
5. Christian Englehart,         18. Warnell Tracey,
6. A. W. Laney,                       19. Wm D Starke,
7. George Hay,                        20. Thomas McMahan,
8. Wesley Dodge,                   21. W Thompson,
9. J W Sneider,                       22. Herman George,
10. Samuel Towler,                23. F Thompson,
11. James Langston,               24. E T Boyles,
12. Wm Tanner,                      25. J D Mitchell,
13. J M. Bowers,                     26. Lewis Ebelsizer.

            Industry,

  1. Christopher Vail,                 2. John Peak.

 

Mr. Neece and his Traducers.

            We hope that no one of our readers, when they read the triumphant vindication furnished by Mr. Neece last week, supposed that the abolition clique of this county would give up the matter without an effort. We have known animals too long – have been cognizant of too many of their tricks – to suppose that they would give up the game in the face of the clearest proof, or that they would abandon their cherished maxim that “a lie well stuck to is as good as the truth.” We were prepared therefore to find a reiteration of their falsehood; but we were not prepared for their attempt to impeach the veracity of not only Robert Irwin, but also of his aged and respectable mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Irwin. – Two men undertake this, and say they visited James Irwin, while he lay sick in bed, to get from him a statement that would damage the character of Mr. Neece. James Irwin never recovered from that sickness, and no longer able to give a contradiction, these two abolition worthies report what they say he had told them. What do honest people think of this? These abolitionists importuned and dogged a man in his dying sickness, for some words whereby they could manufacture a story about a Democratic candidate. They wait several weeks, till the man dies and is buried, and then they make public their startling declarations! Why did they not publish this before James Irwin died? Why did they hold it back for weeks, till they knew he was beyond the power of giving a contradiction? – Unfortunately for them Mrs. Elizabeth Irwin says she was present when these two men called to see her son James – that she heard their conversation, all of it – and that James Irwin gave no such statement as these men have published. If the question of veracity lay merely between Mrs. Irwin – an honest woman, and who has no possible motive for prevarication in the matter – on the one hand and these two scheming abolition demagogues on the other, who could doubt which to believe? But Mrs. Irwin is supported by the testimony of her son Robert, who was knowing to all the facts, who was pecuniarily interested, and who says that Mr. Neece never attempted to take any advantage of his brother, and that their settlement was entirely amicable and satisfactory to all concerned.

We leave these facts for the people of this county to reflect upon.

 ——————-

            → Capt. Lipe’s fine Morgan stallion was found dead in his stable on Wednesday morning. He was a very valuable animal and got $2,500 last spring. A fine mare, also belonging to Capt. Lipe, and worth over $300 was found dead on Sunday morning previous. Most persons will be inclined to suspect foul play; it is hardly probable that both were accidental deaths. If they were poisoned, the wretch who did it deserves the severest punishment that human ingenuity can inflict. On Thursday morning a valuable mare belonging to Mr. Shumate, which had been in the stall occupied by the horses, also died. We learn also that Mr. Lipe has lost a valuable gelding in the same mysterious war. There is terrible villainy connected with this.

 ——————–

            → Woodford Chappell, drafted in Eldorado township, has not lived in that township for some two years. He was entered in Industry township, and also in Schuyler county. We are told that one J. W. B[?] entered him in Eldorado this summer. – There’s accuracy for you – B[?] ought to have some public office.

 ——————-

            → James Langston is the “luckiest” man we have heard of. He was enrolled in Eldorado and Walnut Grove townships, and got drafted in both. If he goes himself and furnishes a substitute it may be sufficient to exempt him for one year.

 ——————–

            → Johnny Westfall, at the express office, has a fine lot of McClellan badges, photographs, and flags. Also school books, stationery, notions, and various useful and fancy articles.

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The Calumny against Frank Smith.

            “Remember that L. F. Smith, the secession candidate for sheriff, wrote a letter to a member of the 2nd Illinois Cavalry, advising him to desert.”

The above appeared in the abolition paper of this county last week. The letter alluded to was written to William Cockerham, son of Andrew J. Cockerham of this county. Mr. Smith, being unable as yet to procure the original letter, has taken the trouble to procure affidavits as to its contents, which, together with a note from Mr. Smith, we publish below:

            Mr. Editor: Having been unable as yet to procure that letter which I wrote to William Cockerham, in which you assert that I told him to “desert” and come home and he would be protected, I herewith furnish for you to publish, the affidavits of the following gentlemen – two of whom have read my letter to said Cockerham, and the other two were told by said Wm. Cockerham himself, when at home last spring, just what they testify to in their affidavits. And I will here say that none of these men are in any way related to me, and there can be no inference drawn in that quarter; and that one of them, Mr. Scott, is a very strong Republican. I will further say that I have written to said Cockerham for the letter, (which I can prove by two witnesses,) and that so soon as I can obtain said letter you shall have it for publication.

            I remain your friend,

L. F. Smith.

Affidavit of Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith.

Scotland Township, Oct. 10, ’64.

            Alexander Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him there was nothing in any letter written to him by L. F. Smith, which told him to desert and come home and he would be protected, or even encouraged or intimated such a thing.

Jeremiah Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him the same as stated by his brother [Alex. Smith.]                                                            Jeremiah Smith.

I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do testify that Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith were duly sworn before me this 10th [Oct.] 1864.

Affidavit of John Scott.

            Scotland Township, Oct. 10, 1864.

Mr. John J. Scott being duly sworn says that, I read a portion of a letter that L. F. Smith wrote to William Cockerham and sent to him by F. F. Patrick, and heard the letter read by Wm. Cockerham and that there was nothing in it telling the soldiers to desert and come home. But the letter contained very abusive language against the administration and the Republican party, and, as I thought, calculated to discourage soldiers in the field.

John Scott.

            I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do hereby testify that John J. Scott was duly sworn before me, this 10th day of October, 1864.

Robert McNair, J. P.

Affidavit of Andrew J. Cockerham.

Tennessee Township, Oct. 5, 1864.

            Andrew J. Cockerham being duly sworn says that, I saw L. F. Smith in Macomb on the 13th day of July, 1863 it being the day that H. Clay Dean spoke in said city, and that he requested the said Smith to write to his son William Cockerham then in the army, and relieve his mind of certain false impressions that he had received from letters written to the army by persons at home, viz: that the Democrats at home were all copperheads, and in league with Jeff. Davis. Said Smith agreed to do so, and that my son when at home in March, 1864, told me he did receive a letter from said Smith, and that he (William) had said letter with him when at home. I read the letter myself, and William also read said letter to his mother and all of my family that were at home at the time. The reason of his and my reading said letter being that certain persons had said I and Mr. Smith and others had been writing to said William Cockerham and had told him to desert the army and come home. I further declare that there was no such advice given or even intimated in said L. F. Smith’s letter, which I read. And I further declare that William Cockerham my son told me that neither I nor said L. F. Smith had ever advised or even intimated such a thing to him, and that the whole thing was a lie from beginning to end.

Andrew J. Cockerham.

            Subscribed and sworn to before me, the 5th day of October, 1864.

Samuel A. Knott, J. P.

 

October 14, 1864

Macomb Journal

READ! READ! READ!

ARE THEY LOYAL?

Read the Record.

            We clip from the Macomb Journal of November the 27th 1863, the following record of McDonough county Democracy (!) What was applicable then, is applicable now, for they have not changed one iota in sentiment since the war began. We commend a careful perusal of this record to the voters of the county.

We take it for granted that all men, of whatever political cast, who are not in favor of the Southern rebellion, will, when they rightly understand the principles of the secesh Democracy, spurn it with contempt. There are thousands of good loyal men in this State, who still adhere to the so-called Democratic party, believing it to be a loyal organization. But there was never a greater mistake committed. That the masses of the party are loyal is proven by the result of the late elections, which must have been carried by the assistance of loyal Democrats. The leaders of the party, however, are now, and have been from the commencement of the war, notoriously disloyal. Let honest Democrats, who are in favor of the restoration of the Union, read the record of the Democracy of McDonough county, and then say, if they can, that the charge of disloyalty to the Government is not fully sustained by their own utterances. Take, for instance, the Macomb Eagle, the acknowledged mouth piece of the party in this county, and see if it can be harmonized with principles of loyalty. As far back as January 18th, 1861, the editor of the Eagle said:

It is evident that the incoming administration is for war – war against our own people – war against our own blood – [tear]. There will be a call for volunteers; and if this means fail to secure men enough to shoot and be shot, those who, by their votes and speeches, and otherwise, have aided the work of compelling the South into rebellion (if they please to term it so,) should have the glory of imbuing their hands in their kindred’s blood. * * * If war does come it will not be the fault of any Democrat. Let those who shall cause it fight it out. Let Democrats cultivate their fields, work at their benches, and pursue their usual business. Let conservative Union-loving Republicans – and there are many such – do the same thing. Let them raise the corn and hogs and make up the goods to clothe the abolition fanatics who want to carry out Lincoln’s doctrine of making the States all free. Again we say, let the abolitionists do the volunteering and be the subjects for drafting. Democrats and Union-loving Republicans can be engaged in better business than shooting their neighbors.

On the 13th of April of the same year, the Eagle, which has of late been a great lover of the “Constitution as it is and the Union as it was,” came out boldly in favor of recognizing the independence of the Southern Confederacy, and declared that the Government had no right to hold the United States forts that were located in the Southern States. The following extracts are from editorial articles in that paper of that date:

If the administration wants to hold those forts, it wants to do it for the purpose of AGGRESSIVE measures against the Confederate States; it wants them as a basis of operations, from whence are to issue armies for the CONQUEST of an INDEPENDENT NATION, and to reduce a free people to the condition of vassals and serfs. The pretext that hostilities will be commenced by the South is so shallow and frivolous that it is almost incredulous.

                      *                      *                      *                      *

                The whole conduct of the administration is brimfull of taunts and menaces toward the South – insulting and spurning them – and defying the Confederate States to help themselves. It is pursuing the same policy toward the Confederates that the British crown pursued toward the Colonies.

                       *                      *                      *                      *

                The continued possession of forts, and the maintaining of armies in the territory of ANOTHER NATION, is tantamount to a declaration of war.

                       *                      *                      *                      *

                We repeat that the administration has no PRACTICAL use for Sumter or Pickes, except as a standing menace and defiance to another Power; and the attempted reinforcement of those fortresses, after the repeated declarations of the Confederate States that such reinforcement would be resisted to the last extremity, and be regarded in no other light than as a willful and deliberate intention on the part of Lincoln and his abolition advisers to wage a war of aggression, of conquest, of subjugation, against those States. If he does not wish to do this, there can be no dishonor in recognizing the independence of the Confederate States, or at least in exhausting all peaceable negotiations.

                   *                      *                      *                      *

                The “seceding States” are perfectly indifferent as to what we of the North may do in regard to negro slavery. They “claim” to have a separate and independent sovereignty, and have no desire or expectation of shaping or influencing the legislation of the Northern States, than they have of influencing the legislation of the Canadian provinces. That they would like to see the great majority of our people understand and acknowledge the natural status of the negro is probable enough. But that they want us, who are living under another Government, and in another climate, to “love slavery,” and “assist in its expansion,” etc., is an idea so foolish that none but an abolitionist brain could conceive of it.

We are well aware that the above are the sentiments of the Eagle, and unless approved by the Democracy of the county not justly chargable to them. But how stands the matter in this respect? In the Fall of the same year, after Abbott had thus openly advocated the cause of the Southern traitors – the Democracy, in their township conventions, fully indorse the Eagle in its treasonable course, and thus assumed advocacy of the same principles. In Hire township the following resolution was passed:

  1. That we heartily recommend the Macomb Eagle as a bold and independent Democratic journal, and well worthy the support of the Democratic party of McDonough county.

In Industry township:

  1. Tbat we cordially commend the Macomb Eagle, for its bold and independent course as a Democratic journal, and as such consider it entitled to the support of good and true Democrats, and as many of our Republican friends as may prefer it to the little Tribune;

In Chalmers township:

  1. That we heartily recommend the Macomb Eagle as a bold, independent and true Democratic journal, and as such entitled to the support of every true Democrat and true patriot.

But this is not the only way in which the same principles were endorsed. – On the 17th of August, the Democracy of Tennessee township met for the purpose of electing delegates to the county convention, and unanimously passed the following resolutions:

Resolved, That the present civil war which Abraham Lincoln is waging upon sovereign States is alike unconstitutional, inhuman and unjust, and unless speedily checked must end in the complete overthrow of liberty and in the establishment of a military despotism.

Resolved, That the taking of human life under the frivolous pretext of war, before all reasonable means have been resorted to which human wisdom can invent to avert the evil, and before Congress has made a declaration of war in a legal and constitutional manner, is as unjustifiable as the taking of life contrary to civil law.

Resolved, That we most cordially endorse the fearless and manly stand taken by the Hon. C. L. Vallandigham of the House of Representatives, and the Hon. J. C. Breckinridge of the Senate, in the debates of the last session of Congress.

It will be noticed that in these resolutions the miserable traitors, Vallandigham and Breckinridge, were fully endorsed; one of whom has been convicted as a traitor, and banished from the country, and the other is a general in the rebel army. The delegates who voted for these resolutions were admitted to the County Convention, and tool part in its proceedings.

On the 24th of August, 1861, men calling themselves Democrats, met in Emmet township, and passed the following resolutions, also endorsing Vallandigham and Breckinridge:

Whereas, We believe that the present war inaugurated by Abraham Lincoln is unnatural, unconstitutional and unjust, and that the liberties of our people and nation are endangered thereby; and

Whereas, We believe the whole scheme of prosecuting a war upon the Southern States, in preference to compromising with them, has for its end and aim the abolition negro slavery in those States – therefore,

Resolved, That we are in favor of peace and Union on compromise terms, to be effected by the voice of the people, through all the States.

Resolved, That we are opposed to general government interfering with domestic institutions of any State or territory, especially the institution of negro slavery except to protect them according to the intent and meaning of the Constitution, and according to the law of nations.

That we most cordially endorse the fearless and manly Hon. C. L. Vallandigham of the House of Representatives, and the Hon. J. C. Breckinridge of the Senate, in the debates of the last session of Congress.

The secesh Democracy of Bethel township protest in line manner:

Resolved, That of all wars a civil war is the most repulsive and inhuman, and that we regard it as the worst of all POSSIBLE means to be used in the achievement of our present difficulties.

The above is a true copy of the record made by the copperheads of this county during the first year of this war. And let it be borne in mind that all this took place before the PResident had issued his Emancipation Proclamation – before negroes had been employed in the service – before Confiscation acts were passed, or even thought of. The Eagle is now in the habit of declaring that the opposition of the copperheads to this war is predicated upon these acts of Congress and the administration – that there has been a time when they were in favor of the war. But reasoning men, with the above record before them, will fail to discover the exact point of time at which this was the case. Since that time the party of this county have not improved upon the above record, unless a still more open advocacy of the rebel cause can be called an improvement.

A few days since the same party held another convention, and nominated a ticket for county officers, every one of whom have endorsed all the treasonable acts and doings of the party – a ticket that if elected will be claimed as an indorsement of the most treasonable principles. Let no Union man be deceived. The issue is the same in McDonough county that it was in the Ohio election. The question before the people is will we stand for the government, or for the traitors who are seeking its overthrow. The success of Vallandigham would everywhere have been taken as an expression of enmity to the government, and a refusal to stand by it in putting down treason. The same will be the case in this county. Every man who votes for the copperhead candidates, thereby endorses all the ungodly heresies of the men who are in favor of the recognition of the Southern Confederacy as an independent nation – who denounce our brave solders as cutthroats. Again we say be not deceived. Read closely the record made by these men, and vote as your conscience and your duty to your imperiled and bleeding country demands.

 ——————–

            → Think of $25 for a watermelon. That’s what they pay in Dixie.

 ——————–

Can’t Stand the Fire.

            We learn that a few days since a meeting for political discussion was called at a school house in New Salem township. Both parties were pretty well represented at the meeting. A Mr. Randall, of Bushnell, was the first speaker, who proceeded to expound Democracy according to the modern views of that party. The burden of his speech was an argument to prove that it was not our “mis-guided Southern brethren” who had rebelled against the Constitution and the Government, but it was Lincoln and his administration. Randall spoke about two hours, and after he had subsided a Mr. Throgmartin, late of Ohio, rose to reply. He had talked about fifteen minutes, and was making the fur fly from the backs of the Democracy, when a well-known, inveterate Democrat, John Miner by name, rose and requested all those interested in the Democratic Invincible Club to adjourn to Grimm’s barn in the vicinity, and so the Democracy retreated in good order. No better evidence is wanted of the rotteness and weakness of the Democratic party than their disposition, as manifested upon all occasions, to avoid a fair and candid discussion.

 ——————–

OH! SAY HAVE YOU HEARD!

            The thunders of Unionism have been heard from Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The result is a decided victory. The minions of Jeff Davis have been beaten in a fairly fought contest, and these noble States sends greeting to their gallant boys in the trenches, the watchword of UNON and FREEDOM. Let us emulate their noble example and roll up such a majority in November as will forever silence loud mouthed blatant traitors at home. Look at our pyramid.

OHIO!
MAINE!
VERMONT!
I N D I A N A !
PENNSYLVANIA!

            “Glory to God on high.”

The people tired of Cop’s and also of their treason,
And Thus will EVERY State come back to thoughts of reason.

We have gained three members of Congress in the old Keystone State; three in the Hoosier State, and the glorious, faithful old Buckeye gives us a gain of twelve. Gov. Morton is returned to the gubernatorial chair by 20,000 majority. This news answers the purpose of an electioneering document. The hords of treason are hurled back, the weak strengthened, the doubting becomes hopeful, and glorious, thrice glorious victory, perches upon our banner.

“The Star spangled banner in triumph shall wave,
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.”

 ——————–

Georgia to Secede!

            It is not improbable that the Southern Confederacy will in a short time be obliged to take a dose of its own medicine. Governor Morton stated at Indianapolis on Monday night that an agent of the Sanitary Commission had just arrived from Atlanta. When he left there, Governor Brown and staff were in conference with General Sherman, arranging terms for the withdrawal of Georgia from the Slaverholding Confederacy.

 ——————–

“Abolition Falsehoods.”

            Under the above caption, the Eagle of last week says that we are “resorting to falsehood and calumny against the Democratic candidates.” To give color to this accusation, he cites our stricture on Messrs. Neece and Smith. We desire to say to the people generally, and the Eagle particularly, that we were neither dismayed or chagrined when Mr. Smith denied the charge which we made against him min a public meeting. We knew he was there before the meeting opened, and was sitting by his side before speaking. Capt. Farwell was also on the same seat, and it was such a good opportunity for drawing a comparison between the two candidates that we had to do it. Mr. Smith may deny these charges made against him, but that will not avail in the light of the overwhelming testimony against him. We would call the attention of the public to the card of William Venable, Jr., late a member of the 2nd Ill. Cavalry. Facts are very stubborn things, and we have the assurance of Mr. Venable that he read both the letters of Mr. Smith wrote to Mr. Cockerham:

Editors of Macomb Journal:

Sirs: — As there has been some discussion as to the “gist” of what L. F. Smith wrote to William Cockerham, a member of Co. H, 2nd Ill. Cav., I will give as near as I can remember the substance of the two letters which I read during the summer of 1863.

They first spoke of the former friendly relations that had existed between himself (Smith) and Cockerham; next he said that Cockerham’s democratic friends, including, I think, C’s father, were extremely mortified by the false position he, (C.,) being a Democrat, occupied as a Federal soldier.

Then, Smith proceeded to abuse the Administration; the policy pursued in conducting the present war. He said that as the war was conducted he had no sympathy for the Federal army, but professed great regard for our honest, yet misguided, soldiers.

Then he pitched into “Old Abe” and his co-laborers, calling them by the hard names usually used by the Copperhead journals.

Smith wound up by asking a reply from Cockerham, wishing to know how C. felt in regard to soldiering, and the policy pursued by the Administration.

L. F. Smith may deny that he said in so many words – “Cockerham, desert, come home, and your Democratic friends will protect you,” yet he cannot deny that by implicating he did as much as he dared to do to encourage dissatisfaction and desertion from the Federal army.

If it will afford him any consolation to know what many of “our boys” tho’t of him after these letters had been received and read, I’ll tell him; the words are to the point, if not fit for ears polite – “Frank Smith, or any one else, is a d – d traitor, that entertains such sentiments towards the army and Government.

William Venable, Jr.
Late of Co. H, 2nd Ill. Cav.

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That Letter.

            We publish to-day the card of Mr, L. F. Smith with the affidavit of several of his friends. We have no desire to so Mr. Smith injustice, and told him at the time the charge was preferred, that our columns were open for his denial at any time he saw proper to use our paper for the purpose. We too have written to Mr. Cockerham – or at last procured a friend to write for us – for the original letter if he still retained it, and if it had been lost or destroyed to give us the substance of its content.

We would call the attention of the public to the card of Mr. Wm. Venable elsewhere, and ask for it a careful perusal.

Mr. Scott’s affidavit and his communication are very much of the same tenor and the same construction placed upon it, that the letter was calculated to discourage soldiers in the field. We shall probably give more attention to the matter next week.

A Card from L. F. Smith.

            Mr. Editor: Having been unable as yet to procure that letter which I wrote to William Cockerham, in which you assert that I told him to “desert” and come home and he would be protected, I herewith furnish for you to publish, the affidavits of the following gentlemen – two of whom have read my letter to said Cockerham, and the other two were told by said Wm. Cockerham himself, when at home last spring, just what they testify to in their affidavits. And I will here say that none of these men are in any way related to me, and there can be no inference drawn in that quarter; and that one of them, Mr. Scott, is a very strong Republican. I will further say that I have written to said Cockerham for the letter, (which I can prove by two witnesses,) and that so soon as I can obtain said letter you shall have it for publication.

            I remain your friend,

L. F. Smith.

Affidavit of Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith.

Scotland Township, Oct. 10, ’64.

            Alexander Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him there was nothing in any letter written to him by L. F. Smith, which told him to desert and come home and he would be protected, or even encouraged or intimated such a thing.

Jeremiah Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him the same as stated by his brother [Alex. Smith.]                                                            Jeremiah Smith.

I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do testify that Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith were duly sworn before me this 10th [Oct.] 1864.

Affidavit of John Scott.

            Scotland Township, Oct. 10, 1864.

            Mr. John J. Scott being duly sworn says that, I read a portion of a letter that L. F. Smith wrote to William Cockerham and sent to him by F. F. Patrick, and heard the letter read by Wm. Cockerham and that there was nothing in it telling the soldiers to desert and come home. But the letter contained very abusive language against the administration and the Republican party, and, as I thought, calculated to discourage soldiers in the field.

John Scott.

            I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do hereby testify that John J. Scott was duly sworn before me, this 10th day of October, 1864.

Robert McNair, J. P.

Affidavit of Andrew J. Cockerham.

Tennessee Township, Oct. 5, 1864.

            Andrew J. Cockerham being duly sworn says that, I saw L. F. Smith in Macomb on the 13th day of July, 1863 it being the day that H. Clay Dean spoke in said city, and that he requested the said Smith to write to his son William Cockerham then in the army, and relieve his mind of certain false impressions that he had received from letters written to the army by persons at home, viz: that the Democrats at home were all copperheads, and in league with Jeff. Davis. Said Smith agreed to do so, and that my son when at home in March, 1864, told me he did receive a letter from said Smith, and that he (William) had said letter with him when at home. I read the letter myself, and William also read said letter to his mother and all of my family that were at home at the time. The reason of his and my reading said letter being that certain persons had said I and Mr. Smith and others had been writing to said William Cockerham and had told him to desert the army and come home. I further declare that there was no such advice given or even intimated in said L. F. Smith’s letter, which I read. And I further declare that William Cockerham my son told me that neither I nor said L. F. Smith had ever advised or even intimated such a thing to him, and that the whole thing was a lie from beginning to end.

Andrew J. Cockerham.

            Subscribed and sworn to before me, the 5th day of October, 1864.

Samuel A. Knott, J. P.

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S C R I B B L I N G S.
By J. K. M.

            From the 78th Regt. – The latest information I have from the 78th is up to the 26th ult. The men were still in camp near the suburbs of Atlanta, and were generally well. A not from Lieut. Blondin says that our wounded are getting along very well. Corporal Stafford, of Co. C has been promoted to 5th Sergeant, and Joseph A. James to 1st Corporal. I learn indirectly from a source subsequent to the 26th that the Paymaster had arrived and was paying off the troops.

            I have received from Lieut. Col. Vernon, commanding the 78th, a full report of the operations of the regiment from the 2d day of May, when they broke camp at Rossville, until the battle of Jonesboro, and the occupation of Atlanta, which will be published in the columns of the Journal in a week or two. I have also received a full and complete list of the killed and wounded in the regiment from the 2d of May to the 5th of September, giving the date of death or wound in each case, also the character of the wound, and the place at which each casualty occurred. These reports will form very interesting and important docu- [obscured] 78th.

            With this number of Journal the names of all those to whom this paper has been sent by friends in the 78th, and who are not paid for in advance, will be struck from the list. The attention of all such will be called to this article by a mark of the pen around it.

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Our Prisoners.

How McClellan Men South Treat Our Prisoners.

            We accord space in our columns this week for the following letter from a McDonough boy, and as it speaks for itself, requires no comments from us.

Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 28th, 1864.

            Friend Charlie, Having just returned from a tour of inspection, I shall – for old acquaintance sake – try, to the best of my abilities, give you a short history of my adventures while sojourning in Dixie, and the care that McClellan men bestows on us Union men.

On the night of our capture we were taken to Brig. Hd’qrs and there examined in regard to the amount of troops that had crossed the creek with us. I very politiely, – you know my manners are very becoming – told the commandant that I had not counted the “yanks.” His Southern blood got riled and he very humanely remarked that he would swing me to a tree for my insolence. Again he made enquiry as to our forces, and I, in rather a tremulous tone informed him that there was sufficient force to hold the position. After he had gained all the information he could, off we started for the rear. We had proceeded but a short distance when the friends of the Northern copperheads relieved us of all our surplus baggage, such as Rubber blankets, canteens, tin cups, writing material, &c. We were then escorted into Atlanta, arriving there in the “wee, sma, hours of the morning.” After a few hours rest we were conducted to his highness the Provost Marshal, where our rank and command were taken. On being conducted to prison we were asked if we had any money, or jewelry, which luckily we had not. We stayed here until the next night when we moved our base six miles south of the city to East Point. Remained there two days and marched to Griffon 40 miles south of Atlanta, where we took the cars for Macon. After two days knocking about we landed at Andersonville, unloaded, counted off in detachments, and then marched to the blockade. The gates of hell opened, we passed through they closed and we were engulphed in a mass that mans most fertile imagination cannot describe. There we found 30,000 prisoners eking out their existence on hal putrid rations, and we became actors in this awful drama. I felt that the world and all its pleasures were gone and I was no more counted in this mundane sphere.

The stockade that we were placed in encloses 22 acres inside this there is 15ft cut off all the way around which constitutes that terror of all prisoners the dead line there is about 4 acres cut off, by this then there is a swamp running through the prison which takes 3 acres more, leaving 15 acres to be occupied by the prisoners. Here they are many of them naked not a stick of clothes except a piece of old rag tied around their hips, scarcely none of them has shoes, hats or coats, they lay there some have shade others none they lay out in the hot sun all day and the cold dew at night, here are thousands that cannot held themselves laying in the hot sand which is moving with vermin, often I have saw the skeleton of a man moving around and maggots working out of their nose, eyes and mouth. At roll call in the morning the sick have to be carried to the appointed place in blankets, so the chivalrous sons of the south can see them I had charge of one mess while we were there and I asked the sergeant who had the calling of the roll if I couldn’t let one or two of my men who were very sick stay in quarters during roll call as the hot sun was nearly death to them, his answer was no if they are dead damned and delivered they must come out, and thus the thing wore on until it wore a man out, the deaths during our stay was 4,500 during the month of Aug. there was 3,100 carried to the grave yard, which interesting action is performed by loading them into a large army wagons thus transporting them to that “bowrne from whence no traveler returns,” each load contains 40 human carcasses, and is drawn by six mules. Our grub consisted of one half pound of corn bread with out salt and the meal not sifted, 1-3 pound of fly blown beef, 1 pt. of cooked corn peas the shells peas and a fair proportion of sand all cooked up in the same pot.

            But to give you anything like a true description is impossible suffice to say that for suffering barbarism and misery, the old Spanish inquisition would be shamed into nothingness. – We were exchanged by a special exchange of 2000 by Sherman and Hood, when the gates of hell opened and we walked out and they were shut between us and this den I felt as though heaven and earth had come together I must close. Hurrah for Lincoln three times Hurrah. I remain yours,

Geo. L. Hainline.

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            Mysterious. – On Sunday night last, Capt. Lipe lost a very fine mare by death. On Tuesday night he lost his fine Morgan stud “Beautiful Boy” in the same manner and Wednesday night a fine blooded mare. We believe that such a series of losses are occasioned by human interference, and some steps should be taken to hunt down the scoundrel who thus cowardly seeks revenge. We hope he may be discovered and justice meted out to him.

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            Our Next State Senator. – The tour of Hon. Jas. H. Strain through this county, has been a series of orations seldom accorded to a candidate for office. Everywhere, the people turn out in their strength to hear him. Alexander Blackburn Esq., our next Representative, and John B. Cummings Esq., who is sure to be re-elected – are with Mr. Strain, and there is every indication that McDonough County will respond gloriously to the thunder of the guns from Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. Mr. Strain speaks to-day (Friday,) at Pennington Point, at [?] 1-2 o’clock P. M., and Saturday afternoon at the same hour in Macomb. – Turn out and here him.

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            Sheridan vs. Early. – General Sheridan is down in the Shenandoah Valley, and from all accounts is getting the better of the rebel Gen’l, Early, and while they are having their little fracas down there, the people in this section of the country are quietly going to the dry goods house of Geo. W. Bailey, on the east side of the square, where they find a full and complete assortment of dry goods, boots, shoes, hats, caps, Yankee notions, &c., at reduced prices. George has a natural tact to get customers to call at his store, and his polite and urbane manners causes them to forget their earthly troubles and buy “hugely,” and with entire satisfaction to themselves.

 ——————–

            At Home. – We welcome the arrival of Lieut. L. A. Simmons, Q. M. of the 84th Ill. Vol. Inft. Mr. S. is just from the front, and returns to repair his health which has become impaired during the arduous campaign before Atlanta. May he soon recover his health and wave as usual.

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            Substitutes. – There are numbers of our fellow-citizens who are wanting substitutes to fill their places in Uncle Sam’s grand army, and are freely offering the sum of $1,000, but Hawkins & Philpot are still manufacturing superior photographs at their old stand, southeast corner of the square. Our advice to principals, substitutes, and everybody and his wife is to go to Hawkins & Philpot’s to get their pictures.

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            Conscript. – The words “draft” and “conscript” are muchly used now-a-days, and so are Watkins & Co’s groceries. We last week neglected to speak of them – the groceries – but we take notice that the people have not forgotten to go there for first-class groceries at low rates. When this enterprising firm get into their new store house look out for a splendid stock of groceries.

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The Draft.

            We are indebted to Mr. Chas. Waters, clerk in the Provost Marshal’s office, for the following list of drafted men, which completes our quota. We have a personal acquaintance with but few of them, and we cannot but note the difference of a drafted Union man’s countenance and one of the Copperhead persuasion. Substitutes are in demand, but they hold themselves at rather high figures:

Emmett.

                                    Lafette Hickman,                    William G. Nesbit,
James Carter,*                         Benjamin F. Wheeler,
Daniel Wood,                          John B. Purdy,
John Askew,                           Jack Humbard,
Archibald T. Lea,                    Wesley Bugg,
Lewis P. Atkinson,                 William B. Naylor,
Randolph Inman,                    Robert McCord,
Martin Bergen,                        Benjamin Guy.

Sciota.

                                    Benjamin Provolt,                   John J. Buxton,
William Prince,                        William Warren,
C. M. Smith,                           John Kitt,
Richard Jones,                         David Allen,
John Arther,                            George Castle,†
John Scott,                              William H. Dudley,
James Allen,                            Charles Blandin.

Hire.

                                    David Prophet,                         Bedford Graham,
Thomas J. Wallace,                 William L. Wilson,
David W. Badger,                    Alexander Cothan,
Benjamin Parish,                     William H. Grigsby,
James Parish,                           Job V. Banks,
Abijah Hough,                          Geo. W. Hickerson,
James Bice,                               Hiram Hainline,
Marcellus Shyrack,                  James Hays,
A. Zimmerman,                        Abner Keithley,
Henry Cord,                              Jacob Cotton,
James H. Milsap,                     John Bond.

Chalmers.

                                    Thomas B. Lillard,                  Robt. McCutchin,
Samuel Godfrey,                     William McMillen,
John N. Burr,                          Horace Avery,
George A. Cover,                    Charles Stephens,
Robt. J. Thornburg,                 William M. Reid.

Lamoine.

                                    Edward Powell,                      Chancelor Sanford,
Rial McGuffey,                       William Wier,
John Sammons,                       Wesley Ralston,
Riley Huston,                          Thomas Simonds,
Ralph W. Bowman,                James Woodard,
William Goodrich,                  Bird Roberts,
Augustus P. Garrett,               Silas J. James,
John Watts,                             David Toland,
Jno. S. Shootman,                   P. Whittington,
Andrew Ware,                        Benjamin Griffin,
Andew J. Hartrey,                  Joseph S. Morris.

Bethel.

                                    John T. Dunsworth,                Weaver C. Howell,
Benjamin Miller,                     Jacob Allen,
Joshua Freshwater,                  George B. Reed,
John Smizer,                            Isaac L. Tayor,
A. J. Dunsworth,                     John Stoneking,
John Vorbes,                           William Monk,
George G. Vanard,                 Abraham H. Rush.

Walnut Grove.

                                    James Ewing,                          Moses Hoyt,
Charles Elting,                        James Boyles,
G. W. Curtis,                           Harvey Dugard,
Henry Herlocker,                    Frederick Cruser,
Christian Englehart,                — Tracy,
A. W. Lancy,                          William D. Stark,
George Hoy,                           Thomas McMahan,
Wesley Dodge,                       William Thompson,
Jackson W. Sneider,                George Harmon,
Samuel Noel,                           Franklin Thompson,
James Langston,                      Elijah Boyles,
William Tanner,                       J. G. L. Michel,
John M. Bowers,                     Lewis Evelsizer.

Scotland.

                                    William C. McGrath,              Jonas Ringer,
William H. Parker,                  Thomas W. Nunn,
William McHenry,                  George Jones,
George Suntker,                      Alfred N. Chase,
Francis M. Bash,                     Jonas Lindsey,
Francis M. Beck,                     Samuel Jones,
Robert Littleton,                     Rich’d M. Hammer,
James Boyd,                            Archibald Watson,
Thomas L. Sanders,                John A. Provine,
Weston Simmons,                   Charles Andrews.

Mound.

                                    John Caley,                             John Beal,
James Lawrence,                   Leonard Yeast,
John H. Croul,                        John Wrel,
Nicholas Comes,                     James Thompson,
Jacob Wagoner,                      Richard S. Smith,
Benj. F. Hartsook,                  Elias Steel,
Tobias P. Little,                       Jacob E. Medaris,
Leander Quait,                         Benj. F. Smith,
John W. Putnam,                    Esa Boaz,
Elias Kelsoe,                            William Wood,
Augustus Garrett,                   David A. Calliflower,
Joseph Melvin,                        Martin V. Markham.

Industry,

                                    Christopher Vail,                     John Peak.

New Salem.

                                    William Mercer,                      Thompson Wilkey,
Andrew J. Grimm,                  William Leety,
John Vaughn,                          Barton Husted,
Willis Graves,                          William B. Swango,
John Carrelson,                       John Douglas,
David Littlejohn,                    George McQueed,
Reuben J. Nebergall,               Solomon Cox,
George T. Harland,                 Shadrack Mitchell,
Joseph Chambers,                   David Miller.

Eldorado.

                                    James Langston,                      William Darnahan,
David Breener,                        Thomas W. Ausbury,
Johnathan A. Mick,                 Woodford Chappell,
Peter Van Buren,                    James Hartford,
George Cox,                            W. R. Pennington,
Henry Long,                            Thomas E. Smedley,
James T. Pile,                          Enoch C. Dawson,
Elijah Keach,                           Erastus Eastman,
George R. Price,                      Moore Marshall,
John W. Chipman,                  John A. Seward.

* In the 28th Ills.

† Live in Walnut Grove Township.

October 8, 1864

Macomb Eagle

What Abolition Has Cost Us.

            Four years ago our people were united, prosperous and happy. We had no standing army worth the name, nor was there any necessity for any. The Government, under Democratic auspices, rested in calm security upon the will of the people, who were all interested in its maintenance. We had no national debt, and, consequently, all that a man earned by his labor was his own. He paid no national taxes that he felt. He could buy cotton goods to clothe his family for 12 ½ cents per yard, shoes, and every other article necessary for himself and family in like proportion. But how is it now, after three years of rule under Abraham Lincoln? We are compelled to keep under arms half a million of soldiers to maintain the authority of our own people of a government calling itself Republican, and although we have given over two millions of men to put down opposition to the party dogmas of this Lincoln, the horrors of the draft still stares us in the face. The poor man finds himself deprived of two-thirds of what he earns when he buys the necessities of life to sustain a government which four years ago cost him nothing. And yet the people are asked by the present office-holders and Lincoln’s shoddy-parasites to renew their confidence in an administration which has brought all these burdens on us. If Mr. Lincoln and his paid stipendiaries succeed as a natural sequence, those who desire freedom of the press, freedom of discussion, safety of their persons, immunity from conscription, and desire what they earn shall be their own, must, if they vote for Lincoln, hereafter be silent. They will seal their own doom. Let your reason and judgment choose.

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Historical Facts.

            When you hear abolitionists charging the rebellion upon Democrats, confront them with the following truths from History:

  1. That there were no symptoms of rebellion in the South until after the election of Abraham Lincoln, who had proclaimed that this government could not exist part free and part slave – and that he would not be bound by a decision of the Supreme Court if it decided that slaves could be held in the Territories.
  2. That all the difficulties would have been settled by the Peace Convention, and war prevented, if Lincoln, Chase, Chandler, et al, had desired it.
  3. That if Lincoln had called Congress to meet on the 20th of May – as he could have done – and called 75,000 men simply to protect Washington until Congress had acted – there would have been no war. The Border States would not have gone out – and the men who fired on Sumpter, would have been punished by Law.
  4. That at any time since the war commenced, Lincoln’s Congress could have made Peace by simply guaranteeing to the State their Constitutional Rights – and can do so, even now.
  5. That from 1833 to 1860, the Southern States had respected and executed every law of Congress – while large numbers of citizens in every Northern State, had rebelled – resisted the Broad Seal of the United States of America, tore it up, trampled it under their feet, and assaulted the officers of the Government.
  6. That in no Southern State – except South Carolina – was there a majority of all the voters who voted for President in 1860, in favor of Secession: and had the war been prosecuted solely to enforce the Laws and defend the Constitution – and put down armed rebels, it would have ended two years ago, and there would not have been now armed rebel in any State.
  7. That the election of Abraham Lincoln was the immediate cause of this war and all its disaster – and his removal – through the ballot-boxes – will bring immediate Peace and restore the Union.

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Geo. H. Pendleton.

            The shoddy papers and orators hereabouts are just at present quite busy villifying the character of the distinguished gentleman whose name heads this article; he is denounced as a “disunionist,” as a “peace at any price” man, and as one whose sympathies are against the Government in the present crisis. We present our readers with the following extracts from his speeches made since the war commenced, and showing he utter falsity of those charges. On the 13th of July, 1861, in the debate on a bill for increasing the regular army Mr. Pendleton used this language:

“I will heartily, zealously, gladly support any honest effort to maintain the Union and reinvigorate the ties which bind these States together. I will not vote for an increase of the regular army, for this uprising of the people of the North shows that our brave and noble volunteers are ready and able to do the work now to be done. Neither will I vote for bills of indemnity to the President – for bills which are not intended to relieve the country from its difficulties, but to cover the acts and doings of the administration from fair investigation and honest judgment. Nor will I vote for the suspension of those laws for the protection of personal liberty which the President tells us were passed in too great tenderness of the rights of citizens. I will do what is fairly necessary to give the administration power to maintain the government and prevent disaster to its flag, and enforce obedience to the obligations of the Constitution and the laws passed in accordance therewith.”

Another declaration made by Mr. Pendleton in Congress, March 12, 1862, gives us the means of estimating what the shoddyites consider Mr. Pendleton’s disunionism. “This bill,” said Mr. Pendleton, speaking on the bill for establishing irresponsible and unlawful provisional governments over the seceded States, “ought to be entitled a bill to dissolve the Union and abolish the Constitution of the United States. I AM UNALTERABLY OPPOSED TO THE DESTRUCTION OF EITHER from any quarter whatsoever.”

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Abolition Falsehoods.

            We have never yet known a canvass in this country, without the abolition leaders resorting to falsehood and calumny against the Democratic candidates. They do this in the hope that they can prevent some persons from voting for them. Sometimes these falsehoods are published in their abolition paper, and sometimes they are retailed around the county by word of mouth. Mr. Neece and Mr. Smith seem to be chosen by these abolition leaders as the victims of their falsehood and calumny, and upon whose devoted heads must be showered their pent up wrath.

The first attack was made upon Mr. Smith. At an abolition meeting in Scotland township last week, one of the speakers asserted that he had been told that Mr. Smith, the Democratic candidate for sheriff, “had written a letter to a soldier advising him to desert and come home, and the Democrats would protect him.” Mr. Smith happened to be present, and much to the dismay and chagrin of the speaker he rose to his feet and pronounced the statement a falsehood – a falsehood so base as to be without the shadow of a foundation.

Being thus foiled in their attack on Mr. Smith, the abolition clique turned their attention to Mr. Neece, the Democratic candidate for Representative, and we find the last number of their paper overflowing with their abuse and falsehood. Mr. Neece has lived from a child in this county, and his character for honesty and probity is too firmly established to be shaken by scurrilous attacks from the two or twenty lying abolitionists who write for the Macomb Journal. The charge in the present case is, that Mr. Neece has swindled a widow lady – Mrs. Elizabeth Irwin – out of some $96, on a swindling tax certificate. The infamy of this accusation may be fully appreciated by reading the following statement from Mrs. Irwin herself and her son Robert Irwin. We introduce them without further comment:

         Statement of Robert Irwin.

To the Editors of the Macomb Weekly Journal:

Dear Sir – I take this opportunity to request you to correct a statement in your issue of last week in regard to a certain tax certificate purchased by W. H. Neece in 1860, on the land owned by the heirs of James Irwin, sen’r deceased. The statement as it is made does great injustice to Mr. Neece. – The facts of the transaction are as follows: before the land sales of 1860 my brother, James Irwin, sold Mr. Neece a horse. – Neece was to pay the tax on the land in question, and it was understood between my brother and Mr. Neece in regard to the sale of the land to the highest bidder, that Neece was to see that the taxes were paid, and was to have credit on the purchase of the horse or the amount of the tax. – Sometime after this, brother and Neece settled, Neece only claiming a credit of about twenty dollars, and the balance be paid over to my brother. The settlement was perfectly amicable and agreeable to both Mr. Neece and my brother.

Sometime after this Mr. Wm. H. Randolph persuaded my mother that he could make something for her – that he could recover it all off Neece – promising to pay all cost, &c. The suit was commenced, but nothing was recovered; the suit was abandoned.

As for Neece demanding the double of the tax or any other sum o my mother, or any of us, it is entirely false. The transaction was satisfactory with both my brother and myself, and there never would have been any trouble if it haqd not been for the conduct of Mr. Randolph. You can rely on this fact that Neece never claimed the benefit o his contract off my brother nor was he compelled to pay any amount by virtue of said suit.

Robert Irwin.

Certificate Of Elizabeth Irwin.

            I have just read a note signed by my son, Robert Irwin, in regard to a certain editorial in the Macomb Journal, bringing in question the character of Wm. H. Neece. The facts stated in my son’s note are true, as I understand them.

Elizabeth Irwin.

            Oct. 3rd, 1864.

            Copies of the above notes have been sent to the Journal office, and we will see whether its editor will have the manliness to admit them to its columns.

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            → President Lincoln is a chief magistrate seeking re-election by all nefarious means; striving, by abuses of military power, by the subversion of freedom of the ballot, of the press, and of political discussion, by the corrupting power of public plunder, by the distribution of offices and spoils, by cunning and intrigue, to grasp for another term the powers with which in three short years he has almost accomplished the independence of the South and the subversion of the liberty of the North. Can any honest, patriotic citizen vote to re-elect a man of whom his own partisans confess these truths?

 ———————

            → The following sentence from a a private letter from Munfordville, Ky., addressed to the editor of this paper, contains a question which Democrats will do well to give more than a passing thought:

“I think when abolitionism is put down, we will have Union; but if they succeed in November we are gone – liberties, and all that we hold dear. Will you Democrats of the Northwest stand firm and deliver yourselves and us from Despotism?” Kentucky will vote if she has to vote through scenes of fire and blood. I fear elections will not save us, and that the only salvation for the Democracy is in her strong arm. This is a war upon Democracy, which is the Constitution and State righs. Our Fathers said that Republican Governments could only exist through and by the consent of the governed. May the God of Heaven preserve us!”

 ——————–

Electioneering Falsehoods.

            We warn the Democrats of this county to be on their guard against the electioneering falsehoods of the abolitionists. These will come in various stripes, and their direct object is to damage the character of the Democratic candidates. Some of these will be retailed verbally, like the one about Frank Smith’s advising a soldier to desert. Others will be published in their journals, where they can find the editors totally oblivious to truth and decency, like the one about Mr. Neece’s swindling a poor widow. And there are others which are distributed in pamphlet form. These are aimed at the Democratic candidate for President, and are the spawning of the dense corruption at Washington. – These are thrust into the hands of the unwary and unsuspecting, like the issues of the counterfeiter’s art, for the purpose of deception and ruin. Let Democrats beware of anything that come from the hands of an abolition leaguer.

 ——————–

            → The abolition press have just now a more difficult balancing feat than any of Blondin’s. They try to convince the soldiers that McClellan is a for a dishonorable peace, and a surrender to rebels. And they try to demonstrate, at the same time, to those the term “peace democrats,” that he is in favor of war to the bitter end, arbitrary arrests, confiscation, and all the wickedness that Lincoln is practicing. Between the two they are decidedly in a bad way.

 ——————–

            The Draft. – Drafting in five townships of this county took place at the provost marshal’s office in Mt. Sterling, on Wednesday last. The following is a list of the “lucky” men:

Eldorado.

                                    James Langston,                      William Carnahan,
David Bruner,                        Thos W. Ausbury,
Jonathan A. Mink,                  Woodford Chappell,
Peter Van Buren,                    James Hartford,
George Cox,                            W. R. Pennington,
Henry Long,                            Thomas E. Smedley,
James T. Pile,                          Enoch C. Dawson,
Elijah Keach,                           Erastus Eastman,
George R. Price,                      Moore Marshall,
John W. Chipman,                  John A. Seward.

Democrats 17, abolitionists 2, unknown [?].

New Salem.

                                    Wm Mercer,                            Thompson Wilkey,
A. J. Grimm,                           Wm Louis,
John Vaughn,                          Barton Husted,
Willis Graves,                          W. B. Swango,
John Carrison,                         John Douglas,
David Littlejohn,                    Geo McQueen,
Reuben Nebergall,                  Solomon Cox,
George T. Harland,                 Shadrack Mitchell,
Joseph Chambers,                   David Miller.

Democrats 10, abolitionists 5, unknown 3.

Mound.

                                    John Kaley,                             John Basic,
Jas Lawrence,                          Leander Yeast,
John H. Crall,                          John Wrell,
N. Towns,                               Jas Thompson,
Jacob Wagoner,                       R. L. Smith,
B. F. Hartsook,                       Elias Steele,
T. B. Little,                             Jacob E. Meadows,
B. Quate,                                 B. F. Smith,
J. W. Putnam,                          E Boaz,
I. S. Kelsoe,                            Wm Work,
A Garrett,                                D. A. Colleflower,
Joseph Melvin,                        M. V. Markham.

Democrats 7, abolitionists 3, unknown 9.

Scotland.

                                    W. C. McGrath,                        Jonas Ringer,
Wm H. Parker,                        Thos W. Nunn,
Wm McHenry,                        George Jones,
George Smither,                      Albert M. Chase,
F M. Bash,                              Jonas Lindsey,
F M. Beck,                              Samuel Jones,
John F. Watson,                      I. P. Monfort,
Robt Littleson,                        R. M. Hammer,
James Boyd,                            Archibald Watson,
T. S. Saunders,                        J. A. Provine,
W. Simmonds,                        Chas Andrews.

            Democrats 5, abolitionists 18, unknown 4.

Walnut Grove.

                                    James Ewing,                          Moses Hoyt,
Charles Elting,                        James Boyles,
Geo. W. Curtis,                       Harvey Dugan,
H Hailocker,                            Frederick Cruser,
Christian Englehart,                Warnell Tracey,
A. W. Laney,                          Wm D. Stark,
George Hay,                            Thomas McMahan,
Wesley Dodge,                       W Thompson,
J. W. Sneider,                          Herman George,
Samuel Towler,                       F Thompson,
James Langston,                      E T Boyles,
Wm Tanner,                            J. D. Mitchell,
J. M. Bowers                           Lewis Ebalazer.

Democrats 10, abolitionists 14.

Those in the first column will be taken first, and if any other of them are exempted, those in the second column will be taken in numerical order. It is a pleasant prospect truly.

 ——————–

            → Prof. Clamber, known as the “Wizard of the Alps,” will give another entertainment at Campbell’s Hall on Friday evening. He will introduce a number of new and astonishing feats, and completely puzzle the acutest intellect. No superior to Prof. Clamber in his line has ever appeared in Macomb, and as this will be his last exhibition here, those interested will not fail to attend.

 ——————–

            → Keefer, the indefatigable, go ahead druggist, is now receiving his fall purchases of medicines, drugs, paints, oils, dye stuff and the thousand and one articles which are always to be found in a first class wholesale and retail drug house. Keefer’s goods are always A 1, and purchasers may always rely upon getting exactly what they bargain for.

 ——————–

            → Two showers of rain fell this week – one commenced on Monday morning and lasted all day, and the other began in Tuesday forenoon and continued till night. Both showers were somewhat wet.

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