Macomb Weekly Journal
Another Law and Order Advocate. –
An Interested Person Turned Judge.
In the last Eagle, a contributor under the assumed garb of a mere looker on, says several wise things, and preaches a homily on government. He adopts the signature X, and heads his piece in allusion to our last, “an apologist for lawless violence.” We are quite disposed to guess from the wincing of this jade that the saddle fitted somebody’s back quite closely. He is still anxious to perpetuate the falsehood of the resolutions he assumes to defend, for he says still that the “resolutions were passed by a large and respectable number of our most worthy citizens.” Now we never doubted that there were a number of respectable men at the meeting, and there may have been a majority of the votes of that class; but what we before denounced, and now denounce is the getting up of a secret conclave and then publishing the proceedings as having been held by citizens without distinction of party. – Why not say at a meeting called by the leading copperheads of McDonough county, attended by as many honest men as could be deluded into the meeting – such and such things were done.
We called the array insulting because it studiously spoke for the public when not one-fifth of the public was represented. And assumed to hold out implied threats which they would enforce.
But we again say, what this commentator, “X,” well knows, that but for the copperhead breast pins and Jeff. Davis and Vallandigham sympathies foolishly paraded by many of his party leaders if not by himself, and defended by most of them, the boys would not have acted so, nor the prompters had the means of instigating them. If saying this much is sympathy, then we must be guilty. We repeatedly condemned the actions of some of the soldiers, but we remarked that people who lived in glass houses must not throw stones.
He talks learnedly of publishing on suspicion, and makes quite a far fetched allusion to the official prosecution of Judge Jeffries in the times of one of the Charleses or Jameses of Great Britain. Unfortunately for the analogy, Jeffries was an old royalist beast who brought to a nominal judicial trial under forms of law, those suspected of [obscured] King, their master. But the suspicions complained of against the young soldiers were suspicions of sympathizing with the enemy in time of war; and the evidence was pretty clear that some at least of these so-called persecuted men had worn the insignia very much akin to the genuine rebel. Nor did the young soldiers array the courts and officers nor bodies of men against their victims; on the contrary, they seemed willing to settle their spite with their personal prowess.
But “X” galvanizes again an old thrice dead argument derived from the party claim that they had “raised our county to the highest pinnacle of greatness.” This correspondent certainly quotes from the ancient classics. He is talking about a thing of the past. All the democracy that had anything to do with national glory is dead and plucked up by the roots years ago. The present party has assumed the lion’s skin, but the master beast has long since left it, and the hideous braying of the present tenant discloses too plainly for deception the nature of the inhabitant. Democracy lied when James Buchanan, the rotten leader, and Floyd, the prince of thieves, and Cobb, the polished scoundrel, and Toucey, the northern Judas, and a whole administrative phalanx, as the standard bearers of the party, fore-swore themselves, and publicly sold their country. It died still more effectually when instead of heeding the advice of Dix and Davidson, of Douglas, Logan and Butler, in supporting the existing governm’t, i tfollowed the councils of such jacobins as Vallandigham, Wood, Richardson and H. Clay Dean. The Illinois democracy, held to Douglas just so long as he had a prospect of distributing the spoils. When his power in that line was gone they repudiated his counsels, made new creeds and hang like Cossacks on the administration that succeeded, holding to the motto – rule or ruin. This writer says the democratic party is a law and order party, they hate blood. Where were the voices when Free State men were slaughtered by the hundred in Kansas, and when appeals to law in Congress were met by the democracy with scorn. This extraordinary fondness for law and order is too rediculous to deserve a moment’s notice.
From the 78th Regiment.
Tiner’s Station, Feb. 17th, 1864.
Just as I closed my last letter, I was called to assist in the construction of our new shanty, and now I have the pleasure of announcing its completion, and here I am seated upon a three-legged stool, (a present made to me last evening, by my friend Karr McClintock) a cheerful fire illuminates our neat little fire place, and with portfolio upon my knee, and pencil in hand, I propose to devote a short time in scribbling a few lines for the columns of the Journal. About the most gratifying news to the 78th, that I am able to send you at this time is that we have nearly all completed our shanties, and we are expecting every day a visit from the Paymaster. It appears to have been in former times the practice of the army to dwell in tents, but that practice has become almost obsolete, especially with the 78th. A few of the officers retain some old mildewed, dilapidated tents, but the men, the rank and file, seek their homes in log huts or shanties, as the most of us call them, which for comfort are far superior to many of the dwellings of the “poor white trash” of this country. A large smooth straight white oak is selected and peeled to the ground, about twelve feet of the butt cut off. This is carefully split into rails or slabs of uniform size, and these are laid up, carefully notched or dove-tailed at the corners, log house fashion, with the exception that the front of the cabin is left open. The sides are carried up about five or six feet high, and then the covering is put on. A large majority in the regiment have what we call “dorg tents,” which is a piece of heavy muslin about a yard and a half square. Four persons uniting together can put a very good shelter over their cabin. Those who have not yet drawn “dorg tents,” or have lost them, split out clap-boards, which are placed in proper position for shelter and secured to their places by heavy logs laid upon them. Not a nail is used. The front of the shanty is set apart for a fire place and a door way. – Our fire places are generally built of clay, which is tramped down in frames made of proper shape from our clapboards. A fire is then built, and the inside frame burned away, leaving the clay nearly as hard as a brick. Bunks for sleeping purposes are made in the rear part of the cabin. The finishing touch is to daub every crack and crevice with mud. The cabins so constructed are much more comfortable and convenient [obscured] A party of four persons with no other tool than axe can complete a shanty in two or three days.
I have said that we were expecting a visit from the Paymaster. We signed the pay rolls last week, and it was rumored that in a day or two the Paymaster would be on hand. But if, as some say, there is more pleasure in the anticipation of an object that in the possession of it, the boys ought to be satisfied, for the anticipations are assuming more huge proportions every day. I have no doubt the realization will come before we are called upon to move from this place. It is currently rumored and believed in camp that when we move from here we will go to Chattanooga, to do garrison duty at that place. I can not say how reliable these rumors are, but they come in a shape that gives them an air of probability.
I was much amused the other day, while attending my turn at picket, at the vehement expressions an old lady of secesh proclivities, who had come into our lines to obtain some necessaries of life. We have what is called a chain picket surrounding the brigade which is camped here, and there are only four places at which persons are permitted to enter or depart. The old lady was accompanied by her daughter-in-law, and they had been to the commissioner’s, and the large sack of hard tack and bacon which they carried showed that they had not been turned empty away. It appears that the old lady was obliged to travel about a quarter of a mile out of her way in order to pass out at station No. 1, and this she considered shameful treatment of a poor old woman like her. But that treatment was nothing to be compared to the scandalous manner in which she had been treated at the depot of the commissary. She had heard that our officers were issueing rations to the citizens, and she had walked three miles on purpose to get some coffee, sugar and tea, “and would you believe it,” said she addressing me, “not an ounce could I get, and they put me off with these nasty hard crackers, and only five or six pounds of bacon.” They had sugar for she saw it, and also coffee, but they refused her a grain of it, a poor old woman like her needed tea and coffee, — and so she railed on with a glib tongue about the shameful treatment in refusing her tea, coffee and sugar. She will probably be back in a day or two for more hard tack and bacon.
A general order has been issued from Department Headquarters, which was read on dress parade last evening respecting the matter of furloughs. It appears that furloughs may be granted to those having urgent business, not exceeding five per cent. of the effective force present. The furloughs in this regiment I do not think have reached two per cent. of the number reported for duty. Mr. L. Mainard, of Industry, one of our principal musicians, has been paroled with a furlough and started home on Monday last. There are a number of applications in, and I presume the larger portion of them will be granted.
There are no serious cases of sickness with us at present, but still the sick list is intolerably large, the complaints being principally heavy colds, rheumatism, and a few cases of dropsy. Harry Curnes of Blandinsville, has been on the sick list for a long time, complaining of rheumatism. Robert Laughlin of Macomb, has been unfit for duty for many weeks, and if he does not get better soon will be discharged.
We have had magnificent weather for two or three weeks past, but last evening it blowed up cold, and before morning it was severely cold, freezing and bursting some of our canteens, and forming ice half an inch thick. To-day the weather is clear and cold, and too blustering for dull exercise.
We have here a very remarkable spring at which we procure our water. It is situated at the base of a gently sloping hill, and furnishes enough water to turn a good saw mill. The water boils up from an aperture about five feet in diameter, which has been sounded to the depth of four hundred feet and no bottom found.
J. K. M.
For the Macomb Journal.
There being a number of returned soldiers in the town of Eldorado in this county, the Union people thought it proper to give these defenders of the Union and of our homes, some testimonial of their esteem, and under an appointment of the Union League, they met at the residence of Mr. Joseph Smith on the 9th of February, each bearing their burthen of good things which in due season were arranged upon the tables, and the company to the number of at least two hundred with twenty-five of the brave defenders of the Union, with the families of our brave volunteers, sat down to a sumptuous feast, to which all seemed to do ample justice. After thus nourishing the inner man we had a feast of reason, in the shape of a patriotic address from Col. Hamar, and then a flow of soul in patriotic song, all passed off in the most harmonious manner, and after giving three cheers for Old Abe, and the Union, and for the Stars and Stripes, which during the occasion were floating over the house. The company mostly dispersed, feeling that those who defend our goodly heritage are worthy recipients of the honor and esteem of their fellow citizens.
Coming West. – The farmers of Washington county, Maryland, owing to the apprehension of rebel invasion early in the spring, are selling their farms and stock, preparatory to moving west. Washington county is one of the largest and best wheat growing counties in the State of Maryland, but since the breaking out of the rebellion, the farmers have been such heavy loosers by having their crops destroyed by the rebel army, that many of them put out an unusually small crop of wheat last fall.
State Items. – From the Carlyle Union Banner, we learn that one hundred and twenty bales of Illinois cotton, the product of last year will be shipped from Carbondale, this season. All that has yet reached market brought eighty cents per pound. The lint is fine, silky and white, though somewhat shorter than Mississippi cotton.
Tribute of Respect.
At a Meeting of Blandinville Lodge No. 233, A. F. and A. M., Feburary 23, 1864, A. L. 5864. The following preamble and resolutions were adopted:
WHEREAS, It has pleased the Almighty Ruler of heaven and earth to remove from our midst our beloved brother, Thomas J. Davis, Co. C, 78th Illinois Infantry, Volunteers.
Resolved, That in this our sad bereavement while we recognixe the hand of the Supreme Architect of the universe, that we are convinced that our brother has gone from his labors on earth to an everlasting refreshment in the paradise above,
Resolved, That we sympathize with the afflicted family and friends of the deceased and offer them our condolence in their affliction, whereby they have lost a devoted husband and affectionate father, and our country a self-sacrifice patriot.
Resolved, That in token of our respect to our departed brother, we will drape our hall in mourning and wear the usual badge for thirty days.
Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing resolutions be presented to the family of the deceased, and also for publication to the Macomb Journal, Macomb Eagle and the Masonic Trowel.
W. W. GILLIHAN,
Increasing. – Our subscription list is rapidly increasing, but we have room on our books for a few more names, and we would advise our friends, if they want to take the Journal during the campaign at the present rates to hurry up their names, for if paper keeps raising in price we will have to raise our subscription correspondingly high. So bring them along.
Now is the Time. – Lieut. Geo. Naylor, of Co. H., 2nd Ill. Cav., is stopping at the Randolph House, and has opened a recruiting office there, where he will be happy to wait on all who wish to enlist in a good regiment – one that has seen service and will see more. Lieut. Naylor is well and favorably known here, and as the company is the one that was raised in this county by the late Dr. Jas. D. Walker, recruits will know that they cannot do better than enlist under him. He will remain here until the 16th – so, “now is the time.”
Elocutionary. – Our citizens were favored on Monday evening by a lecture on elocution, by Prof. H. H. Belding. We have seldom seen an audience more unanimously pleased than the one that listened to Mr. Belding that evening. Mr. B. thoroughly understands the art of elocution, and his recitations and personations are perfect. – The “green boy at the show” was decidedly rich. As several of our citizens did not get to hear him that evening, we are requested to state that he will be here again in a short time, when another opportunity will be given for all to hear him.
Heard From. – J. W. Nichols, Grand Worthy Chief Templar of the Good Templars of this State is now traveling for the good of the order through the south part of this State. – We received a copy of the Winchester Democrat the other day of the 26th ult., in which we saw the announcement that he was to lecture there in the M. E. Church the next evening.
Agricultural. – We neglected to call the attention of our readers to the advertisement of S. F. Lancey, dealer in Agricultural implements and farmers tools generally. Mr. Lancey keeps on hand a full supply of every kind of article wanted by a farmer, and he wishes to dispose of them as evidenced by his advertising in our paper. Give him a call before you purchase elsewhere, and you will be very apt to be sated.
Acknowledgements. – We acknowledge the receipt of the Daily Quincy Whig and Republican in exchange for our Weekly, for which we return our sincere thanks to J. J. Langhorn, the accommodating proprietor and publisher.
Also our thanks are due to Hon. Lewis W. Ross, M. C., for continued favors.
Suicide. – We learned last week, after we went to press, of a melancholy suicide at Tennessee, in this county. – An old woman, whose name we did not learn, hung herself on the morning of the 24th ult. We did not learn the particulars.
Charitable. – Mr. J. K. Gray of Bushnell, in this county, has been for some time raising money for the destitute widows of Lawrence, Kansas, and will leave for that place in a few weeks to take and distribute the same to them and will faithfully take any sums that may be forwarded to him for said sufferers. They are worthy objects of our charity and this is a good chance to get any mites to them, would it not be well for our ministers to take collections in their churches, for this object, and forward to Mr. Gray, at Bushnell, Ill. Benevolent ladies might do good by raising some money among their neighbors, and forwarding the same. The number to be provided for is about fifty widows and one hundred and fifty orphans. The following speaks for itself. And we hope a response will be made to this. Mr. Gray will publish the amount received by him and to whom given.
WHEREAS, Mr. Jos. K. Gray, of Bushnell, Illinois, proposes to call upon the public in behalf of the Widows and Orphans made so by the recent murders at the sacking of Lawrence, Kansas, and having entire confidence in the integrity of Mr. Gray, and that he will see the money judiciously distributed, we, the undersigned, recommend him and the cause he advocates to a generous public.
D M Wyckoff, Notary Public , Stewart & Clark. Wm Shreeves, J H Smith, Capt B F Pinckley, Dr Wm T Wright, George F Hendrickson, Elder John Scott, Wm H Oglebee, Beard & kinne, rev G J Cowgill, A Parker, Sidwell & Kelley, Rev B B Kennedy, Cole & Walters, A Hess, Rev B C Swarts, Abingdon; Dr E D Rice, Lewistown; Richard Yates, Governor of Illinois; John W Ingersoll, Hon Wm Kellogg, Hon A C Babcock, Dea John G Piner, Major Jonas Ruwalt Canton; Col Robert G Ingersoll, Rev Richard Haney, Peoria; Rev D H May, Woodhull; Capt Wm H Randolph, D G Tunnicliff, J B Cummings, Circuit Clerk, Alex McLean, J W Nichols, H V Westfall, Macomb; Rev M L Haney, Chaplain 55th Reg Ill Vol; Rev B C Johnson, La Harpe; Rev P J Strong, Princeton; Elder Charles Cain, Buda; Rev T J Addis, Moneka, Kansas.
More Excitement in Edgar County Illinois.
Terre haute, Ind., Feb. 29. – Another outbreak occurred to-day at Paris, Edgar county, Ill. About fifty butternuts from the Big Creek country, went to Paris and took possession of an old stable, and from it fired on passing soldiers. A soldier who attempted to enter the building was shot and instantly killed.
In retaliation the soldiers killed his assassin, having put thirteen balls through him.
Much excitement prevails, and further serious troubles are apprehended.
- If you want a nice photograph of yourself or your friends, call on Pearson & Thomas, at their rooms, south side of the square, over J. M. Browne & Co’s boot and shoe store.
- Another lot of Buckwheat flour at 6 cents per pound at WADHAMS. North west corner of the Square.
- Something New. – Solomon, the wise man, the man who was a great deal married, said once upon a time that there was nothing new under the sun. Solomon did not live in Macomb. If he was alive and in this city at the present time he would take that back, for all he, “or any other man” would have to do to see his mistake, would be to go into S. F. Wright’s Boot and Shoe Store, and he would find plenty of new boots, shoes, hats and caps of the very best quality, and at the lowest prices. – Wright has received a choice invoice and will be in receipt of goods in his line for some time to come.
The National Debt Thousands of
Millions of Dollars Larger
Than is Generally Supposed.
Lavishness of expenditure, fraud, and concealment lead to but one end in public as in private affairs. No State can live whose credit is subjected to all these destructive agencies. We can repair the cost of extravagance by years of sacrifice and economy. We can punish fraud; but we can not deal with concealment and falsehood. They demoralize credit, and disorganize finance in such a way that there is no chance of reformation. The very word credit implies confidence in truth. – Without this element of confidence there can be no faith on the part of the creditor; and without this base of truth there can be no superstructure of finance.
The very means taken by Mr. Chase to insure the success of his schemes must in the end destroy them. The puffery and quackery by which the Five-twenties are got off; the pretenses that no more debt is to be created, the pretended oppugnation to paper money, and particularly the false statement of means and expenditure, are devices so shallow that they can last but a brief time.
The debt on the 1st of July, 1863, according to Mr. Secretary Chase, was $1,098, 793, 181, and the total debt in July, 1864, will only increase it to $1,635,956, 641; and it is upon this basis he is borrowing money and promising to pay interest in gold. The public creditor accepts his statement of affairs, and makes it the basis of his advancement to Government. But what are the facts? Here are figures taken from the acts of Congress, compiled and published in the Yew York Journal of Commerce:
Appro’ns 1st sess. 37th Congress $279,071,500
2d “ “ 878,109,600
3d “ “ 971,128,100
Here are the appropriations of Congress up to March 4, 1863, since when nearly a year has passed – a year of increasing expenditures, in which all estimates have to bear the inflating influence of an expanded currency. – The Lincoln Administration found, when it came into power, a debt of $60,000,000. It had demanded and received from Congress, up to March 4, 1863, $2,128,309,200. There are deficiency bills now pending in Congress, which show that all this has been expended, and more too. The only offset to this is the amount received from taxes, but we do not believe that this has been sufficient to meet the current interest on the debt. This accumulated excess of interest must then be added to the debt, and if, in addition, we add the expenditures of the account to meet.
How does Mr. Chase accomplish this juggling feat? How is it that two thousand millions were long ago expended, beyond the means of Government and yet without debt? How is it that thousands of millions have been since expended and no debt? – How is it that an immense expenditure has been going on, in addition, for which no provision of payment is made, and no debt?
The appropriations up to July 17, 1862, exceed Mr. Chase’s statement of the debt. That was the result of a year and a third of expenditure. – We have, since then, a year and a half of expenditure, at double rates. – In what form is that concealed? – What deception screens that from the eye of the public?
Will the people submit to this deception? Will Congress? Will the public creditor? Congress is organized upon the basis of repressing inquiry. It is bound to this system of deception, instead of being a check upon it. It encourages this false estimate of our affairs because it finds in this falsehood an excuse for shirking its imperative duty of providing for the public credit by taxation.
It is a fearful thing to contemplate the destiny of a country in which falsehood like this predominates through every department. The estimate of the Secretary of Finance is false; the Secretary of War presents a false statement of troops in the field; the Secretary of the Navy “follows suit” in his exhibit; Mr. Seward paraded his charlatanism before every Court in Europe. And does this system of deception stop here? No; the Paymaster follows the Secretary in his false roll of men; and the Quartermaster in the field juggles his accounts with all the dexterity of his superiors and models at Washington. The underlings in the Custom-House are not slow in imitating. They, too, have their false statements, their adroit deception and their system of turning public calamities into personal or political profit. Thus, through every vein of the body politic, runs this poison, which demoralizes and destroys it.
When is all this end? With the end of the bad men, who, chosen to govern the country, have conspired against it, who pretending to be wedded to it deceive it, blind it, and hand it helpless over to its enemies.
Let Farmers Read This.
The high price of farming productions is a kind of ignis fatuus which lures the farmer to support the war policy of the administration, while the soil under their feet is imperceptibly sliding away, and carrying him to irretrievable ruin. It may startle a farmer to tell him that half his farm now belongs to the Government, but it is nevertheless true. Even admitting that the Southern States will be compelled to return to their allegiance, still the half of every farm in the Union, at the cash value according to the census of 1860, if sold, and the money paid over, would not pay the present national debt.
The cash value of all the farms in the United States, is sixty hundred millions of dollars. Thirty goes into sixty twice. If every farm in the thirty-four States was sold, and the money received, it would take one-half of it to pay the national debt.
But suppose the war goes on a year or two more, then it will take the full price of every farm to pay the debt – that is, the country put up at auction would pay the debt, provided the land brought its cash value.
Suppose, again, that the war will immediately close with the recognition of the Southern Confederacy, then the North would have to pay the debt, and it would take every farm at cash value to pay the debt incurred during the last three years.
But it is argued that the immense resources of the North are amply sufficient for the debt. Well, where are the resources? All the money arising from duties, income tax, and the sale of lands, will not pay half of the interest on this debt and defray the civil expenses of the General Government, while the other part of the interest will annually go to increase the debt. How, then, will it be paid?
“Why,” the Abolitionists say, “let posterity pay the debt.” But posterity cannot do it, as the resources of the entire Government are inadequate to pay half the interest. Besides, posterity may have wars and expenses of its own, so that if left entirely unencumbered, it would require all the economy possible to keep out of debt.
Three years ago we were out of debt; now we owe thirty hundred millions, besides unliquidated damages for losses of steamboats, railroads, bridges, ships, goods and chattles. Well, how will it be paid?
Another plan is to repudiate; but repudiation is bankruptcy. So take it as you will the inevitable negro has upset the title of all our lands and involved us all in eternal bankruptcy and disgrace. Here are the statistics:
No. of acres in the 34 states, 407,000,000
Cash value of the land $6,600,000,000
Present national debt 3,300,000,000
Interest on the national debt 198,000,000
Assessment of interest per capita – six dollars per head for man, woman and child, black and white, every year. [obscured] fifty cents per acre, there being two hundred millions of interest and four hundred millions of acres.
Now as our Government has never done more than barely sustain itself in the most prosperous periods it is fair to argue that it always takes its ordinary revenues to pay its ordinary expenses. If this position be correct, the nation must resort to taxation to pay the interest on a debt it can never pay, and with the other enormous rates of tax, the burden becomes too great to bear.
A True Picture.
Republican editors occasionally tell the truth. The Joliet Republican of last week, in an article on national affairs, makes the following frank admission, which we need not tell our readers is a truthful rehearsal of the results that followed the election of Abraham Lincoln and the triumph of the Republican party:
“In a moment the bright sky was darkened with the fierce clouds of civil war, and our prosperity was driven away, like stubble before the wind. Instead of peace, we have war. Instead of the respect of nations, we are held in contempt. Instead of freedom, our liberties are abridged. Instead of less burdens and taxes, we are loaded down with them.”
Agricultural Meeting. – There will be a meeting of the executive committee of the McDonough county agricultural society at Macomb, on Saturday 5th day of March next, for the purpose of making arrangements for the annual fair. It is earnestly requested that there be a general attendance. Every man in the county, who feels an interest in the success of our agricultural society, is invited to be present. The meeting will be held in the office of Judge Chandler.
Jos. Burton, Prest.
Advance in Medicines. – In consequence of the great advance in the price of patent medicines, the druggists of this city have unanimously agreed to advance the retail price of such articles on the first of March next.
→ Dr. Hebern, the physician who cures cancers, and the like, will be at Brown’s Hotel next Monday and Tuesday.
→ The old regiments who have re-enlisted have been ordered to the front, it being generally conceded that there will be sharp work with the enemy before many weeks pass.
→ The weather has been fine and warm again, affording farmers a good opportunity for sowing spring wheat – which, we suppose many have improved.
→ The Democracy, who are unconditionally for the Union of these States, oppose the present policies of the war against the South, because they are calculated and intended to prevent reunion; the abolitionists, to whom the Union is a curse, which they have been laboring to destroy for nineteen years, support these policies for the same reason. And yet they have the insolent effrontery to call their party a “Union party.”
→ The Springfield Republican, a “loyal” paper, says the Democrats “are likely to take the moderate ground that slavery is not to be protected against the natural consequences of the war, while for the future each State is to decide that matter for itself heretofore.” – This has always been their ground, and so it always will be. It is for the States to say whether they will have slaves or not, and when they have spoken then the Federal government is bound by their decision.
→ Under no circumstances would a Democrat consent to a permanent dissolution of the Union. They say to the abolitionists, a Union with slavery is preferable to disunion, and to the rebels that a Union without slavery is preferable to disunion. This is the only unconditional Unionism. The abolitionists will have no Union unless slavery is first abolished, and the South made a desert. This they call “unconditional Unionism.”
An Apologist for Lawless Violence.
For the Macomb Eagle.
An article appears in last week’s Macomb Journal, purporting to be editorial, but really from the pen of some violent partisan scribbler, which attacks and denounces the resolutions passed in Campbell Hall by a large and respectable number of our most worthy citizens for the purpose, and sole purpose, of maintaining law and order in our community.
The resolutions recite a number of outrages committed in our town and county, which no man not wholly destitute of moral principle can approve, and then ask all good men irrespective of party, to take a firm and decided stand for law – to check violence, save the effusion of blood, and maintain good order. What is the response from the organ of the republican party in this county? Does it come up with a true spirit of manly feeling, with a high-toned self-respect, and recommend the suppression of violence and the observance of law? No! But having smelt of blood it becomes obsequious to the mob, and while our citizens are lying in the agonies of death, with broken limbs, lacerated flesh, and bleeding wounds, it enters an apology for those committing the hellish outrage upon what it terms “suspected individuals.” Suspected individuals! such was the language of Jeffries, who convicted without evidence and murdered without pity; of Baere and Robspiere, when no man could greet his neighbor, say his prayers, or dress his hair, without committing capital crime; when spies lurked in every corner, as they do now, and the guillotine did the bloody work of death. “Suspected individuals!” the law presumes a man innocent until he is proven guilty. Yet the writer for the Journal can apologize for mobocracy and mobocrats, under the influence of whisky at that, and by apologies justify lawless violence which endangers the life and liberty of our citizens, and murders the peace of society – all under the tyrant’s plea of punishing “suspected individuals!” A fanatic suspects everybody who does not agree with his whims, as a maniac suspects all but himself of being mad.
What would the writer for the Journal have those “suspected individuals” do? Lose their honor and self-respect, tamely submit to buffets and kicks, and like a whipt spaniel yelp, under duress and coercion, for Lincoln and emancipation? “I’d sooner be a dog and bay the moon than such a Roman.” Does he suppose that hurrahing for the Union would hurt a Democrat, whose every pulse beats for his country? No. But the whisper of the word under coercion would make him a slave. This principle the true man will acknowledge. Many of the soldiers do acknowledge it, and I am glad of an opportunity to do justice to those who, impelled by a high sense of honor, love of country, and a true sense of their duty to their fellow citizens, have respected the rights of citizens and aided to preserve quiet. Among the number of such I am glad to record the name of Capt. Lane.
The writer for the Journal goes on to say that the meeting was a “preconcerted movement of the Democracy, gotten up through a secret organization – Knights of the Golden Circle, or Castle – attended by low cunning and hypocrisy.” As to the first charge, pretty much all meetings are preconcerted. I presume the attack upon the resolutions was preconcerted before he ever saw them. That the meeting was gotten up through any secret organization is false – and as to the word “Castle,” I presume he coined that word to suit his purpose for the occasion. I can’t see, however, why he jumps off of his old hobby-horse on to the Castle. Rode him too hard or got sore, I reckon. He will next have it, no doubt, “Knights Circle of the Copperhead Castle.” And I presume no one will care particularly if he puts it, “Knights Copperhead Circle in a Castle.” These are all invectives used to supply the place of argument, and to vary the argument they have only to change the form of the term. But suppose we have a secret organization; it would much become the writer for the Journal, before he denounces the other, to renounce the secret order to which he belongs. “Let him who is innocent cast the first stone.” A union leaguer denouncing secret orders! Satan rebuking sin! Both patriots no doubt and very loyal. But says the writer for the Journal, the meeting was attended by low cunning and hypocrisy.” I think he could be convicted on an indictment for libel and slander before the bar of public opinion. Such base calumny only needs to be mentioned that it may be despised, and the wretch is convicted is unworthy of execution. So I pass on.
Says the Journal or the writer, and both are responsible: “There was really no substantial cause for this insulting array of the party.” Insulting array! Insulting to whom? Only to outlaws and their apologists – and, truly the Democratic party that raised our country to the highest pinnacle of greatness, ought to be ashamed to insult such dignitaries. We are surprised that the writer should have the brazen effrontery to assume that the meeting of Democrats is an insult; yet we tell him to his teeth that so long as the Constitution guarantees the right of the people to peaceably assemble, Democrats will meet in McDonough county and in Macomb, though mobs and mobocrats oppose. The writer in sinuates that the meeting was in favor of Jeff Davis and only wanted a little more bad whisky to echo its real sentiments. This was designed for the soldiers, who now have the authority of the Journal that when they pitch into Democrats as a party or as individuals, they are fighting traitors. And when soldiers, thus encouraged by the Journal, commit excesses, they find a ready apologist who talks with ifs and ands of “suspected individuals”! When any outrage, however flagrant, is committed on Democrats the Journal has in every instance either sanctioned it or printed the proceedings of mobs without comment, and thus tacitly approved it. If an editor must needs be thus basely obsequious, God grant that I may never be an editor.
Democrats are opposed alike to secession and innovation, and regard both as revolutionary and unconstitutional, and no inducement, threat, or intimidation will induce them to sanction the one or support the other.
The writer for the Journal seems to think that an invidious distinction was attempted to be made between the police officers of Macomb, whereas the resolutions make no such distinction. But it is a fact well known that some of our police officers gave as a reason for not making arrests when personal rights were outraged in our streets, that prominent civilians were encouraging the thing.
The uncalled for attack upon Sheriff Dixon was rather untimely. I was unable to see what his having writ for Chrisman had to do with either the meeting or the resolutions; besides we learn that Dixon has used every exertion in his power to make the arrest and has finally arrested Chrisman and holds him in custody, to be dealt with according to law as his offenses merit.
The only way to preserve the peace in our community is for every man of every party and creed to give his whole influence in favor of maintaining the civil law and enforcing it against all offenders alike. If our police force is so weak as to be intimidated either by mob violence or outside pressure, let us increase it. Let the proper authorities invest our aldermen, who are conservators of the peace, with a star and a cane, and make it their duty on public occasions as well as all other officers to keep down tumult on our streets. Then women can walk the streets without going into the mud to get around a squad of drunken men. If these arrangements were made, tumult would cease, strangers would have a higher notion of our civility, and ladies would have greater cause for respecting us.
Correspondence of The Macomb Eagle.
Onvi’le, Feb. 10, 1864.
“5. Resolved, That the ‘Peace Party” in the North is almost as bad as the war party in the South.” – M. E. Quart. Conf.
I desire to address the following article to the members and preachers, local and traveling, of the M. E. Church, and hope that you in particular, and all others interested, will seriously consider the subject brought to your notice.
First, I point you to the resolution heading this article. The Peace Party here is designated “as almost as bad as the war party” or rebels in the South. This charge is tame in comparison to the declarations and denunciations hurled against the “Peace makers,” which teem without stint from the mouths of members and preachers, while you at the same time profess to be the most exemplary and steadfast followers of the “Prince of Peace.” Now, I ask, are you not striving to “serve God and mammon?” or rather, are you not serving the devil, while you profess to serve God? Is not Jesus Christ really the “Prince of Peace?” Did not holy angels herald his birth to the shepherds with the announcement that “Unto you is born a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord?” did not these angels shout, “Glory to God in the highest, on earth peace and good will toward men”? Did not the Messiah, the Prince of Peace, say, “blessed are the peace makers, for they shall be called the children of God”? – Has he not commanded you, “That ye resist not evil, but whosoever shall smite you on the right cheek turn to him the other also”? Does not Paul say, “if it be possible, be at peace with all men”? In short, is not our religion one of peace? Is it not “righteousness, peace, and joy?” If this is its glorious mission, and you dare not deny it, how is that you , its professed followers, are the advocates of war – of cruel, desolating, domestic war? How is it that you are the foremost in the strife of blood? How is it that you evince a fierce desire to dip your hands in a brother’s blood, rebel though he be? Mark me, I am not now speaking of the right or legality of “crushing” the rebellion; but of your christian obligations, of your duty to promote love, peace, and concord. But instead of that you are vindictive, revengeful and provoking. – You pretend to be “loyal,” when in reality you are boldly seeking to overthrow the Constitution and laws of your country, in order that you may strike down your brethren of the Southern M. E. Church, that you may glut your vengeance, your hate – aye, dip your hands in their blood. Is not this the secret, the main spring to your loyalty? Is this the way to save souls, to carry out your character as messengers of peace and good will? When did God command you to make war? to save souls by killing them on the bloody battle field? When did he change your mission?
But you say in your fierce spirit of revenge that “the Peace Party of the North are almost as bad as the war party of the South,” or as bad as the rebels, whom you denounce as the worst creatures on the face of the earth. Now what is the offense of this Peace Party of the North? They want peace – honorable peace – based on the true principles of Christianity, of forgiveness and brotherly love. – They are tired of war, sick of blood flowing from the veins of their fathers, brothers, and sons; tired of a war waged solely in a spirit of revenge, of subjugation. They are tired of cant and hypocrisy under the plea of benevolence and freedom, and such benevolence as would make angels weep and devils rejoice. Freedom to the slaves! benevolence to the blacks! Was ever a people cursed with such hypocritical cant? Look at your “freedmen,” dying by hundreds and thousands, rotting with foul diseases, starving or freezing, or placed before the cannon’s mouth. This, oh, my brother Methodists, is your boasted philanthropy. The Peace Party are tired and sick of such a war, of such charity and philanthropy. They are tired of a devastating war, waged to keep a corrupt party in power. They are tired of seeing the Constitution violated; they are tired of tyranny and usurpation, of a systematic plundering of the people, of excessive taxation. They are tired of party favoritism and persecution for opinion’s sake. They are tired of the universal spirit of Jesuitism which pervades the land, and imprisons men and women in military bastiles for no crime. Finally they are tired of the blasphemy of the clergy. – For all this, O ye preachers and laymen of the M. E. Church, you denounce them as “copperheads,” “traitors,” “secessionists,” etc. Now I ask you in all sincerity, are you really serving “God and humanity,” or the devil and tyranny? Is it pious to sing “Glory, Hallelujah” to the spirit of John Brown – the extol the death of a traitor and murderer as a martyr? Is it right to denounce a Peace Party as traitors? Is it right to sow the seeds of discord, to engender strife, to stir up hatred, animosity, and revenge in a peaceable community? Is this preaching Christ and him crucified, or is it “keeping yourselves unspotted from the world”? Now, in view of all this, am I not right in saying that the M. E. Church has degenerated and become degenerated and demoralized, and is it not about time, O ye preachers, to set about a reformation – to divorce yourselves from the sin of preaching politics and the nigger, and set about your real and legitimate calling of preaching Christ and Him crucified?
Hoping that you will really and earnestly set about your great calling, I am yours &C.,
J. M. Osborn.
An Iowa Farmer – Immense Profit.
Eds. Prairie Farmer: — I have a farm here in Iowa, near Fulton Station, on the Mississippi and Missouri railroad, fifteen miles west of Davenport, containing sixty-two acres of land. And although the past season in Iowa was extremely dry, I think the profits of this farm will compare favorably with any eastern or western farm of the same extent.
I will give you, Messrs. Editors, a statement of the products, and also the amount of gross receipts and net profits from the sale of the produce of 1862, which was sold in the Davenport and Chicago markets.
The farm is located on prairie land; was broken in July, 1862, at a cost of $2 50 per acre; a large portion of it was re-plowed before seeding.
Twenty acres were put in wheat and corn, the balance in onions, potatoes, sorghum; one half in onions to raise seed, and the fourth of an acre in vegetables for home consumption, which are not here enumerated. The larger portion was seeded with onion seed, put in with a hand drill.
The gross receipts amounted to ten thousand one hundred and eleven dollars.
The net profits, after deducting three dollars per acre for interest, for rent of land, also cost of seed, all labor, transportation, commission, and all expenses, was seven thousand nine hundred and twenty-seven dollars per acre, net profit.
The land was thoroughly worked, and possessed railroad advantages to ship cheaply, and also the advantage of being located on what is considered the best or first quality of rolling prairie land; a vast body of which, in all its natural fertility, extends along the above mentioned railroad, in this vicinity, and sells at eight to fifteen dollars per acre, depending upon its location to the railroad or the depot. Three to four dollars per acre, cash in advance, is the rent now paid by tenants in the vicinity, for lands broken and fenced without buildings, and the demand cannot be supplied.
I am now enlarging the above sixty two acre farm by adding and enclosing six hundred acres more, one hundred and thirty acres of which I broke last June and July, for the next years crop, and will report progress to you in December 1864.
A. C. Fulton,
Davenport, Dec. 29, 1863.
Macomb Weekly Journal
Our Cotemporary and the Late Copperhead Meeting.
The Peace organ of this city came out last week with quite a flaming article, in its notice of the copperhead demonstration of the 13th inst. If our neighbor was not so conscientious a person as to be able to see even a mote in other people’s morality, we would think that, comparing his narrative of the meeting with the facts, we would accuse him of composing a romance. – But so pure a man as he, who cannot look upon the chief executive of his own country, even in time of war, without abhorrence, can only be accused of mental hallucination or hysterical tergiversation. Hear him:
“Saturday last witnessed one of the most extraordinary and patriotic spectacles that has ever occurred in the history of McDonough county. It was an uprising of the people, almost en masse, who had heard with alarm of the repeated assaults upon the life and the liberty of various citizens of the county; and they came, as by one impulse, determined to set the seal of their condemnation upon all lawless characters, and to warn those who have incited and encouraged these violations of law and order, that a fearful retribution may overtake their guilty souls, unless they speedily mend their practices. The people of the country had become excited and indignant, and justly so; for many of them could not come to town without being in danger of personal assault or life, at the instigation of certain business men in Macomb.”
Now this is so near fiction, that we can only repress our impulse to characterize it by a sharp little epithet from the reflection that our neighbor is afflicted with a chronic diarrhea of hateful words and misrepresentation.
This “uprising of the people almost en masse,” amounted, when seated in Campbell’s Hall, (democrats only counted,) to not more than two hundred persons all told. In addition to which were perhaps one hundred citizens and soldiers whose curiosity led them to go in and see what asses people sometimes did make of themselves in a free country. Instead of its being a “spontaneous meeting of the people,” it was a sneaking assemblage, brought about by stealthy machinations of politicians to obtain a temporary ascendancy in the city on a public occasion, and to [fold] whom he magnifies into a host, and perhaps a half dozen half-grown boys and foolish men who were inconsiderate enough to laugh at the drunken soldiers. It is on the souls of these last we suppose the fearful retribution is to be visited. Common sins, such as rebellion and secession, may be punished in this world and by bodily visitations, but friend Abbott has an inkling that the souls of these men are to be given over to the arch-destroyer for hunting up copperheads for the soldiers. The “God given right” to wear a copperhead breast pin and hurrah for Vallandigham and Jeff. Davis, he supposes to be of the order of mortal sins, i. e., forgiven neither in this world not that which is to come; whereas, the other offense is venial; for it is noticeable that in his remarks he only accuses them of “pointing out copperheads and Vallandighamers.”
Every one knows, too, that whatever error the soldiers may have committed, it was only ultra men whom they intended to molest.
In one respect, however, we think our neighbor has learned of the “citizen scoundrels” whom he anathematizes so fiercely for skulking on the day of the great citizens’ meeting. Whilst he is very denunciatory of the soldiers’ acts, he don’t say that the soldiers committed them. During the weeks the soldiers were at home he restrained his weekly balderdash about the army, and such was his disposition in his own classic language “to keep in the darkest corner of his hole,” that even in this long editorial, he does not say soldier once. Somebody did this violence – some “lawless characters” – he leaves the reader to guess who are the guilty ones.
- Union Prisoners sent to Georgia. – The Newbern Times announces that several thousand prisoners were sent from Richmond to Georgia a few days ago.
From the 78th Regiment.
Tiner’s Station, Tenn.
Feb, 16, 1864.
Last Saturday afternoon the company commanders in this regiment ordered their respective commands to be prepared to march the next morning at day light. Various were the conjectures as to our destination and the object of our move. Before the hour of “taps,” it was pretty definitely ascertained that our Brigade only would move, and that our destination was a point on the Knoxville and Chattanooga Railroad, about ten miles from Chattanooga. It was with some reluctance that our boys bid farewell to the snug and comfortable cabins they had been so careful in building, to rough it again on the open prairie until new quarters could be built. It was near nine o’clock before the Brigade moved, and about one o’clock we reached the station, and proceeded to occupy the ground selected for our new camp. It is on a rising piece of ground or ridge that gently descends to the North and South, and is about twenty rods from the depot. As soon as the camp was staked out, each company proceeded to the work of clearing up their respective grounds, and a lively time they had of it all the afternoon. All the trees, bushes and shrubs were cut down and cleared smoothe with the ground. Large bonfires soon reduced to ashes all the rubbish, and before night we had a clean, smooth ground, where but two or three hours before stood tall timber, with a heavy undergrowth of bushes, dead leaves, &c. In the course of the afternoon a little scene was witnessed which was the source of much fun for the boys. A large, tall and hollow oak by some means caught fire, and soon after a large opossum was seen to emerge from a hole in the body of the tree, pretty well up towards the top. – He was beautifully singed, and seemed to be in much perplexity at the aspect of affairs. He ran about the top of the tree, up one limb and down another, but the fire which was now issuing from the body of the tree near the top, seemed to admonish him to keep his distance and so, selecting the longest limb, he ran out to the extreme end, and grasping the small twigs with his feet and tail, there he swung. Now commenced a vigorous pelting with sticks, stones, and other missiles. At length he fell to the groud, and fifty or a hundred of our brave soldier boys rushed to seize [obscured] savory smell of roasted meat pervading the camp, but I am unable to say in what company they had animal food for supper.
Military matters are very quiet with us just now. We have heard no extravagant rumors of late. Deserters continue to come in as usual. Last Saturday about seventy passed this station on their way to Chattanooga. – They expect that many more will follow soon.
Col. Van Vleck this morning assum[ed] command of this Brigade, which is known as the 2nd Brigade; 2nd Division, 14th Army Corps. It has for the last three months been under the command of Gen. John Beatty, of Ohio, who, I understand, has resigned on account of private affairs at home.
There is just now some discussion among the troops here as to the probability of our being paid in money the difference between short and full rations. When we were first put on short rations in October last, it was reported that Gen. Rosecrans declared that we should be paid the difference in money; and our Regimental Commissary was careful to keep an exact account of our dues in that respect. I learn that a portion at least of these dues has been paid to certain officers, and it appears to be retained by them for reasons best known to themselves. We are now, however, on full rations, and are drawing a few extras to which we have been strangers for a long time; such as soft bread, potatoes, molasses, &c.
A few days ago a detail of one commissioned officer, two non-commissioned officers, and two privates was ordered to be made from this regiment for the purpose of proceeding to Illinois to take charge of the new recruits assigned to this regiment. The persons selected were Lt. Punteny, of Hancock county, Orderly Summers, of Adams county, Surg. McKim, of Henderson county, Private Hunley of Adams county, and Private Demoss, of Schuyler county. – They start to-morrow morning on their mission. It is supposed they will bring back with them a sufficient number to bring our regiment up to the minimum number which will entitle us to another field officer, and render some promotions necessary.
Everybody about Macomb knows our old friend and neighbor, Alexander Blackburn. This man is one of nature’s noblemen. I have been cognizant for a long time of his noble deeds of charity among his poorer neighbors, but I recently hear of his kindness and benevolence among the sick and wounded soldiers at Nashville, which I am constrained to mention, although I know the generous old man will not thank me for it. He had a son seriously wounded in the bloody battle of Chickamauga, and upon receipt of the intelligence he hastened to Nashville where he found his son in one of the hospitals at that city. He remained with him for several days, and while there he was called to sympathize with many lying sick and wounded about him. True to his noble nature, he administered to their wants in various ways; assisting one to more easy position in his bed, handing another one a glass of water, and feeding those that were helpless. – In the course of his ministrations among these poor, sick and wounded soldiers he parted with a considerable amount of money, making no stipulation for its return; but the soldiers determined not to abuse the kindness of Mr. Blackburn obtained his name and address, and the most of them, as soon as they were paid off, sent to him the respective amounts he had so kindly furnished them. He is indeed the soldiers’ friend. His praises are sung by many soldiers in this regiment, whose families at home have been the recipients of his generous bounty.
There has of late been much irregularity in the mails between this point and Illinois, and there is a large leak hole somewhere through which many a dollar has slipped away, probably never to be seen again by their owners. Philo Ogden, of Co. H, about two months ago, sent a letter to his father at Durham, Hancock county, containing $5.00 The letter was received in about twenty days minus the five dollars, the letter bearing traces of having been opened and sealed up again. John Gulbraith, of Co. C. several weeks since, sent five dollars to Cincinnati, which has not been heard from. Daniel Mudge, of Co. H, with one or two others are losers to the amount of $18.00. I might enumerate many other instances of money lost in the mails. I think the leakage is somewhere between here and Nashville. This matter should receive the serious attention of the Post Office authorities, and while they are about it they might ascertain wherein is the necessity of consuming from ten to twenty days in carrying a letter from here to Macomb, when the journey can be performed by a passenger in four or five days.
I must no close this communication as my messmate is desirous that I shall perform my part of the work in the building of our shanty, and I fly to the task rather than to incur his serious displeasure. J. K. M.
Washington, Feb. 17, 1864.
There is quite a stir this evening at the National Hotel over the arrival of the escaped Union officers from Libby prison. They were furnished with new clothing at Fortress Monroe, by General Butler, and they were looking as well as could be expected when we consider the privations and hardships they have endured. I had quite a lengthy conversation with two of them, Lieut. Jas. M. Wells, of the 8th Michigan Cavalry, and Capt. Terrence Clark, of the 79th Ill., from Edgar County.
Both of these officers knew Lieut. Elisha Morse, of Macomb. Captain Clark was in the same room with him, and they both said that he was well at the time of their escape, (Feb. 6th), but do not think he attempted to escape.
Lieut. Wells gave me the names of parties who were room mates with Lieut. Morse, told me who slept next to him, and other particulars; and he said that in spit of the miserable fare and barbarous treatments, he was in good spirits, and like all the rest did not want our Government to flinch on account of their situation. The recital of these brave men was intensely interesting, as they gave in detail an account of their sufferings and of their efforts to escape. Their first plan was to rise and overpower the guard, seize the arsenal, arm themselves, and cut their way through.
This plan by some means became known, then they tried two attempts at digging out, but found they could not succeed in the direction they were working, which was towards the canal, as between the prison and the canal the ground was made, and consisted of timbers and stone so firmly packed that they could not dig through it and if they dug under, it would fill with water.
Capt. Clark was the third man who came out of the tunnel, which was dug across the street, and opened out on the inside of a tobacco house. He said that they resolved not to be taken alive, so great was their horror of imprisonment, they cut cudgels and determined to sell their lives as dearly as possible and die, if die they must, in the open air. Their imprisonment has increased their desire to hurt rebels and their friends, and added new fire to their patriotism.
Capt. Clark said that the heaviest blow that had been struck at the rebellion [obscured] of the war was the overthrow of the Copperheads at the last fall elections. He was premitted to purchase rebel newspapers and could see the effect it had by their disheartened tone, and also by the acts and words of Rebel officers that visited the prison.
The Presidential Question.
The Presidential question is the all absorbing theme here and the universal verdict, so far as I have heard it, that Old Abe will be nominated almost without opposition.
This admission I have heard from some leading men who at the same time expressed themselves as opposed to it, but said that it would be done by the people and no opposition of leaders could prevent it.
Some noise is made by the radicals rather ultra-radicals about Fremont, Butler and Chase, but when you come to sift the matter down and investigate it, you will find that the talk comes monthly from Copperhead journals who are making misrepresentation and perverting facts in order if possible to divide the Union Party. Mr. Lincoln stands up as the representative of the will of the people, he moves just as fast in his course towards the suppression of the rebellion and its attracting consequence, the extinction of slavery, as he is warranted by the sustaining voice of the people, and no further. He has sworn to support the Constitution and the Laws, and in his efforts to put down rebellion so that the Constitution and Laws can be enforced, he moves forward steadily without swerving in his cause, alike uninfluenced on the one hand by the Proslavery conservatives, or by the radicals of the Wendell Phillips school on the other.
He has thus far been, and will be sustained by the majority of the people of the United States.
What Will Be Done with the Negroes?
This cry which has been the reply to all the arguments in favor of liberty for years has at last received a positive answer, and now the question is not “what will become of the negroes?” but “what will become of the masters.”
The experiments that have been tried with the Freedmen both in Virginia and in the West, show that the negroes can take care of himself. Your readers may not be aware of the fact that the Government has, just across the river from here, established a Freedmens village. Into this village has been collected the poor and destitute Africans who have escaped from bondage. Buildings have been erected suitable for their accommodation, the abandoned farms in the neighborhood have been cultivated by them, a regular rate of compensation being allowed.
Those who are competent go out to service under the supervision of the superintendent, and although a majority of the able bodied men have not been employed on these farms, they have prospered so well that they have paid for all the improvements from the results of contraband labor, and have money in the bank. Schools are kept up in these villages, and the colored children are compelled to attend school. Educating the negroes! Think of it! What a blow to slavery and its allies – the copperheads.
This scheme, and the success of Genera Thomas’ plan in the West, of leasing plantations, show that there is no need of providing for colonization. The negroes are needed where they are as laborers, both for themselves and for those who employ them, from the fact of their being freemen instead of slaves.
Let the copperheads whine and howl about “nigger equality;” that kind of talk is “played out.” They can do nothing; the great car of human progress is moving forward, and if they get in its way it will crush them.
The ladies have been holding a fair for the benefit of the Sanitary Commission, in a spacious pavilion erected for the purpose, at the intersection of Seventh Street with Pennsylvania and Louisiana Avenues.
The Great Fair of the season commences on the 22nd. It is held in the model rooms and north wing of the attic story of the Patent Office. From the great preparation which is being made, it will most probably be a great success. The proceeds go to the Christian Commission.
The Army of the Potomac, or rather the 2nd Corps, gives a ball on the 22nd, which will be a grand affair, and is intended to surpass the one lately given by the 3rd Corps. Washington will be largely represented there, and as we promise ourselves a little amusement on that occasion, we may give you some account of it in our next letter.
Soldiers after the War.
Macaulay, in the portion of his history relating to the state of English society at the close of the great Revolution, touches upon a subject curiously paralleled in our own times. Speaking of the fears that were then entertained as to the result of disbanding Cromwell’s army and throwing its unruly elements back into society, he says:
“The troops were now to be disbanded. Fifty thousand men, accustomed to the profession of arms, were at once thrown on the world, and experience seemed to warrant the belief that this change would produce much misery and crime – that the discharged veterans would be seen begging in every street, or would be driven by hunger to pillage. But no such result followed. In a few months there remained not a trace indicating that the most formidable army in the world had just been absorbed into the mass of the community. The royalists themselves confessed that in every department of industry, the discarded warriors prospered beyond other men; that none was charged with any theft or robbery; that none was heard to ask alms, and that, if a baker, a mason, or a wagoner attracted notice by his diligence and sobriety, he was in all probability, one of Oliver’s old soldiers.”
For the Macomb Journal.
By J. Ella Rollins.
“Great victory at F –, Tennessee. – Our loss only five killed and five wounded.
We are very apt to speak lightly of these words “Only five men killed, and five wounded.” But to some they bring great sorrow, mourning and affliction.
One of the killed is a darling son, the light and joy of his home. Only a few days before they have received a letter from him; he is in good health and high spirits. But in looking over the paper they find his name – killed. What anguish! What tearing asunder even life itself! How soon is he who is so promising, so full of life and hope, shot down and hurried into eternity. O, the suffering, the anguish which this cruel and unholy rebellion has caused.
Another is a husband and father. – He has a delicate wife and a family of children all dependent upon him for support. His letters always bear some message of love and tenderness for each member of the family. His fond wife weeps, and watches, and prays for him in vain, for he, too, is gone. Long, long years will roll by, and their vision will never be gladdened by the presence of him whose absence makes their hearth-stone desolate. God bless the orphans and widows everywhere.
Another is the father of a little girl at the tender age of nine years, whose mother is dead. She is full of hope and bright anticipations for the future. She talks a great deal of what she will do when father comes home. But, alas! how soon are her bright hopes vanished. She will never more in this world see the father whom she loves so well. Some traitor hand has shot him down, and she is left an orphan in the cold and unfriendly world.
Another is the only son of his mother, and she is a widow. She has hoped and prayed to see him once more in this world. But this can never be. – Her bright hopes will never be realized. Her son will never more return to comfort and cheer her heart. She is a widow, and childless. She is entirely alone in the world. She has no strong arm to lean upon for support, no friend to sympathize with her in all her afflictions and sorrows and to rejoice with her in her joys.
Another is the eldest son of parents who most tenderly love and dote upon him. His younger brothers and sisters thought there was no boy like “dear brother John.” All loved him for a friend and companion. He was universally loved and respected by all who knew him. He was a favorite with everybody. He always wrote such encouraging and interesting letters to each member of the family. No matter how hard the times or how poor the fare he never murmured. He always looked on the bright side of everything. But they are never to receive a letter from him again. The hand that wrote them is now cold and still in death. The clear, ringing voice that made music everywhere it went, is hushed and silent forever. The fair, noble face is now cold and pale in the tomb.
Of the wounded, there is one young husband. But a few days before, he had written his young and beautiful wife an affectionate letter full of hope and love. He said a great deal of what he intended doing when he came home. He laid many plans for the future, but, alas, he never lived to carry them out. In looking over the paper she finds his name – fell mortally wounded, was conveyed to the hospital and died in twenty-four hours. How young is she left a widow.
The rest of the wounded lived, but they are cripples for life.
O, never speak lightly of so few killed, for to some they are worth more than all the wealth of the Indies.
Corrected Weekly by G. K. Hall.
Flour…………………………………2 50a3 62
Buck wheat flour…………….6 ¼
WHEAT – Winter…………………….90a1 10
do Spring……………………………85a1 00
Corn – old………………………75
do new………………………….55a 60
PORK – gross………………………4 1/2a 6
BEEF…………………………………2a 3 ½
EGGS………………………………10a 12 ½
TURKIES – dressed per lb. ……………5a 6
CHICKENS – live per dozen. ……1 25a 1 50
HIDES – green …………………………5a 7
do green, salted …………………….7a 9
do dry ……………………………15a 16
do grubby …………………………..4a 5
APPLES – green ……………………..45a 75
do dried per lb. …………………….5a 6
ONIONS …………………………1 25a 1 25
BEANS – white ………………….1 75a 2 00
TURNIPS – English per bu ……………… 20
COAL ………………………………..12a 13
BROWN’S CORN PLANTERS.
MOLINE AND CANTON PLOWS.
RIDING AND SHANGHIA PLOWS.
MANNY’S IMPROVED REAPER, &c.
And FARM TOOLS generally, for sale by
S. F. Lancy.
County Fair. – There will be a meeting of the Executive Committee of the McDonough County Agricultural Society, in Macomb, on Saturday, the [?] day of March, 1864, for the purpose of making arrangements for the annual fair.
It is earnestly requested that there be a general attendance, and every man in the county is invited to attend, who holds an interest in the success of Agricultural societies. The meeting will be held in the office of Judge Chandler, or the Bank.
JOS. BURTON, Pres’t.
Advance in Medicines. – In consequence of the great advance of the risk of patent medicines, the Druggists of this city have unanimously agreed to [?]ance the retail price of such articles on and after the first of March, 1864.
Dave Crissman and his Friends Again. – A few days after the notice of this worthy, the veritable Dave Crissman again made his appearance in the custody of the sheriff and [?] of the faithful. We wondered what new phase this case had assumed. The party leaders so readily endorsed his cognizance before the justice in his behest for shooting at Brooking, that we do not suppose they would now refuse to see him through. Dave has surely [?] no character, since then. Indeed we suppose he had been more decent of [?]. At that time the strife seemed to be not who could get off, but who [?] get on the recognizance. The [?] seemed all backers; nor do we risk they had any fear of having the deed to pay, if the recognizance was unveiled. A jury selected by the present Supervisor’s Court would never see to find Dave guilty as long as he could do the fighting for the party. – We supposed among other guesses that perhaps there was a plan to swap off the outlaw against the Marshal, who, in the attempt to arrest him, was so unfortunate as to break Dave’s head, and the party have manifested all through determination to have the officer and the outlaw subject to the same punishment. This with the peace party would be about a quid pro quo. We are told that the plan is probably different. It is understood that some of his backers in the Brooking case would rather be rid of it, from appearances at least – time have changed some – and that Dave’s sons and sons-in-law now go the [?]; and by the time court comes on [?] there is another forfeiture, there is no telling where the property will be, but it is all Dave’s anyhow.
We intend to post ourself on this case. This seems to be a time of holding officers up to public criticism. Perhaps give and take is a fair game. We will air some things at least.
Since writing the above we learn that Crissman is loose again, having taken his friends on his bond. We have no idea that the integrity of the party will be sacrificed.
Hardware. – We would call the attention of the farming community who [?] Bushnell, to the advertisement of [?] Hess, tin and hardware dealer. His stock is complete, and he will sell as cheap as you can find anywhere in the [?] The best notice we can give him is, go and see for yourselves, and you will be satisfied that you can get good bargains.
Marble Works. – We were in the pretty city of Prairie City a few days ago, and while there we had the pleasure of visiting the Marble Works of Mr. John P. Sparks, successor to Benedict & Co. To simply say that Mr. Sparks is a good workman is not enough; he is a No. 1 marble cutter, and any one wishing to purchase a nice Tomb Stone or Monument, cut in superior style, would do well to call on him at Prairie City.
Bushnell. – We paid this village a short visit on Friday last, and were agreeably surprised at the amount of business done there. The weather was very cold, but notwithstanding this, the streets were crowded with wagons loaded with grain, principally wheat. We had often heard that Bushnell shipped more grain than Macomb, but could hardly believe it till we were up there, when we became convinced that it was about so. We found the merchants all prospering, and everything around betokens thrift, and go-aheadativeness. – Bushnell is beautifully situated, on a gentle, rolling prairie in the midst of a rich agricultural country, and her energetic business men to keep the ball rolling, is bound to be a “right smart chance of a place” yet. While there we had the pleasure of adding several names to our already large list of subscribers in that place, and were promised several more.
Farm for Sale. – Do not fail to read the advertisement of Esquire Oglesbee, who wishes to dispose of one of the best Farms in the Military Tract. This Farm is beautifully situated on the dividing line between this county and Fulton, in easy distance to a good grain market, and is well calculated to make a man enjoy all the comforts of life, having, as it has, rich soil, good, living water, and – the most important item of them all in this country – plenty of fuel, both wood and stone coal. Any one wishing to purchase such a farm will secure a good bargain by calling on the advertiser.
Caught at Last. – The notorious Dave Crissman has at last been arrested. On Thursday night, 18th inst., the Sheriff, accompanied by Constable Barrett, went out to Crissman’s house, and made the arrest quietly. A thing that might have been done months ago.
Pardoned. – We understand that James O’Brien, who was sent to the penitentiary last fall for stabbing Tom. Troy, has been pardoned by Gov. Yates.
The Festival. – We neglected last week to notice the Festival held by the Good Templars of this city at Campbell’s Hall, on the evening of the 12th inst. We will only say now that the supper was excellent, and the tableauxs and burlesques were well performed. Everything passed off pleasantly and to the satisfaction of all.
→ We shall have a few words to say about Prairie City next week.
Personal. – Dr. J. B. Kyle, Surgeon of the 84th, has been home for a few days past, on a short leave of absence. He returns to his regiment this (Thursday) evening. The Doctor looks as jolly as in days of old, and appears to enjoy army life to perfection.
Lieut. Chandler, of Co. I, 78th, who was severely wounded at the battle of Chickamauga last September, and has since been home, starts on his return to the regiment on Friday, 26th inst.
Capt. Reynolds, of Co. I, 78th, has been home for some time past on sick leave, has recovered and starts to rejoin the regiment in a few days.
Army Bulletin. – We have received a number of the Chattanooga Army Bulletin, a spicy little paper published at Chattanooga, Tenn. It is small, but it contains a variety of interesting items of the doings of the Army of the Cumberland.
SPONTANEOUS MEETING OF THE PEOPLE.
Its Object to enforce Law and Order.
Saturday last witnessed one of the most extraordinary and patriotic spectacles that has ever occurred in the history of McDonough county. It was an uprising of the people, almost en masse, who had heard with alarm of the repeated assaults upon the life and the liberty of various citizens of the county; and they came, as by one impulse, determined to set the seal of their condemnation upon all lawless characters, and to warn those who have incited and encouraged these violations of law and order, that a fearful retribution may overtake their guilty souls, unless they speedily mend their practices. The people of the country had become excited and indignant, and justly so, for many of them could come to town without being in danger of personal assault or of life, at the instigations of certain business men in Macomb. A few facts will suffice:
A Democrat of Emmet township was thrust upon a goods box, kicked and cuffed, until in terror of his life, he yielded to the demand to “hurrah for Lincoln.”
Another Democrat of the same township was served in the same way.
Another Democrat was assailed by four or five persons and compelled to run for his life.
Other citizens of the country have been assailed for no crime or bad conduct whatever. All the while certain small republicans in Macomb have instigated and gloried in these lawless practices.
At Colchester, a Democrat was beaten and bruised and finally made to swear allegiance to Lincoln and all his proclamations past and future.
Another man, old and infirm, and scarcely able to ride a few miles to obtain a few articles his family stood in need of, was also beaten and bruised and left half dead in the street.
The only crime that these men or any of them had committed was, that they loved the Constitution more than Abraham Lincoln, and the peace of slavery and the settlement of negroes in our midst. The story of these outrages becoming circulated over the county, the people became aroused and by a tacit consent gathered at Macomb, as a central point, on Saturday last. They were the independent yeomanry of the county, who have never yet been intimidated nor been false to their birthright of freedom and liberty, and who were determined that these God-given rights should not be destroyed while they had arms to strike or bodies to interpose in their defense. The utmost quiet and order prevailed throughout the day. There was no bluster and no threats. And it was noticeable that those citizen-scoundrels who had been forward to point out “Vallandighamers” and “copperheads,” very discreetly kept in the darkest corner of their holes. After dinner a meeting was called at Campbell Hall, for the purpose of expressing their opinion and their determination, in a few brief and pertinent resolutions. Mr. James M. Campbell was called to the chair, and after reciting the causes which induced this gathering of the people, a committee on resolutions was appointed. This committee reported the following, which were adopted without a dissenting voice:
WHEREAS, Our City and County have lately been the scene of lawless violence perpetrated by a small portion of returned soldiers upon some of our most peaceable and law-abiding citizens; in some instances boys and old, grey-headed men have been assailed by said soldiers with revolvers in their hands, insulted, beaten, and compelled to take certain oaths unwarranted by law. – Other citizens from the country have been dragged off of their horses, cruelly beaten and compelled to halloo for Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation. And
AND WHEREAS, The City authorities of Macomb have neglected or refused to interfere and stop such disgraceful proceedings. Therefore, be it
Resolved, That it is the duty of all good men of McDonough county to take steps for the protection of the citizens in the enjoyment of their Constitutional and God given rights, to wit: Life, liberty and property.
Resolved, 1st. That we are now, as we ever have been, in favor of obeying the Constitution of the U. S., and all laws made thereunder.
2nd. That we will resort to the civil law to suppress the lawless invasion of our rights, and if these fail, we will repel force by force, and we ask all good men, without respect to creed or party, to stand with us and assist in maintaining law and order in our community.
4th. That we are free to acknowledge that the much larger portion of the soldiers have behaved themselves as gentlemen, and for all such we have respect and cherish the kindest feelings towards them and those who have used their personal efforts to prevent any disturbance are entitled to the gratitude of the people of this county.
5th. That there are individuals in our midst who have been busy in pointing out citizens to soldiers as “Copperheads,” and urging them to attack the peaceable and well disposed citizens of our county, and to such we say, the sooner you change your course the better for your own personal safety.
5th. That as the city authorities of Macomb have quietly set by, and seen day by day the grossest violations of law within the city limits without making any attempt whatever to suppress the same, which has given just cause to the citizens to believe that they have sanctioned the conduct of said disorderly soldiers and encouraged them in their lawleasness by their non-action.
7th. That the peace, safety and happiness of this community depends upon the obedience by all to the country and to their impartial enforcement against all offenders, without respect to creed, party, position or condition.
8th. That we call upon the constituted authorities of the county to take legal steps for the suppression of all such lawless violence in McDonough county, and we pledge ourselves to render such assistance as may be necessary to accomplish the desired object.
9th. That a copy of these resolutions be sent for publication to the Chicago Times, Quincy Herald, Macomb Weekly Journal and Macomb Eagle.
J. H. HUNGATE, Sec’y.
JAMES M. CAMPBELL, Chair’n.
A Strong Indictment.
The Louisville Journal, in the course of an energetic article upon political affairs says: “There is not one element of political or civil liberty which has not been ruthlessly attacked the civil and military authorities of the Federal Government. The elective franchise, and responsibility of public officers, the distribution of powers, the independence of the Judiciary, the supremacy of the civil over the military power, the powers and franchises of States, the freedom of opinion, of speech and of the Press – the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, and all the other liberties of the citizen, have been outraged openly and in numerous instances. Thus the internal structure and vital spirit of the Government is threatened with revolution by the direct agency of the military and civil power. The systematic transformation of our Government into a despotism is a peril immediately at hand. The times, therefore, are entirely different from all that have heretofore been the subject of party discussions and contests.”
→ A pamphlet published as a campaign document for Lincoln, says: “The statue of liberty which has just crowned the Capitol at Washington, stands as a symbol of the future American of this continent.” The statue here referred to is black. That, we are told by an advocate of Lincoln, is the symbol of the American war for the future.
→ Guilt only dreads freedom of speech. The ruler, or the party which attempts to punish it, publishes his own villainy to the world. The man that answers a man’s arguments with a Bastile, acknowledges himself the scoundrel which he is accused of being.
Living up to the Doctrine.
The Administration in its humane efforts to elevate the character of the Africans and equalize them with white people two years ago, benevolently sent out from Massachusetts, to Port Royal, South Carolina, at the expense of the whole people of the United States, a few hundred spinsters, to educate, civilize and refine the contrabands at that place. The New Hampshire Patriot, of the 4th of October, gives the result of this very benevolent experiment of Mr. Lincoln in the following paragraph:
“Private advices from Port Royal say that many of the female abolitionists who went to Port Royal to teach the little niggers how to read and pray, have been obliged, within a few months, to abandon their black charges, and open nurseries on their own private account. An officer informed us recently that no less than sixty-four white spinsters had contributed to the population in and about Port Royal harbor. The climate seems to favor population even more than the production of Sea Island cotton, by paid negro labor.
The information furnished us by the officer concerning the sixty-four little mulattoes, has been confessed by the testimony of the Rev. Liberty Billings, Lieutenant Colonel of the First South Carolina Regiment, and who is here in consequence of ill health. He says it is a sad truth.”
Here, republicans, is a sweet little morsel for your particular mastication. President Lincoln has used the money of the people to prostitute these Yankee women, with buck niggers, and we may now expect him to provide a grand Magdalen Asylum for them and their woolly paramours. Oh the morality of this republican administration!
→ We are indebted to Hon. L. W. Ross for a copy of McClellan’s report, and other favors.
→ Another cold spell of weather came to us last Monday night, and following the warm pleasant weather of a week previous, it chilled to the marrow. The temperature must have changed about 30 degrees in ten hours.
→ Hon. W. A. Richardson made a speech in the Senate, on the 9th, in which he handled the administration severely for its prolongation of the war and the consequent waste of treasure and loss of human life.
Public Speaking. – Capt. C. Rattery, of the 57th Illinois regiment, will deliver an address in the church at Bardolph on Monday night, and at Dyer’s (or 16th) school house, Mound township, on Tuesday night. If any of the boys want to join the gallant 57th let them come along. Large bounties, clever comrades, careful officers, and a good time generally.
One More Opportunity. – Now is the time to enlist in the 78th regiment. Each recruit will be passed free to Mt. Sterling, and will receive a certificate for a premium of $15, or if a veteran $25, in addition to his large bounty. Remember that on the 1st of March the Government ceases to pay the increased bounties. For particulars enquire of Lieut. Chandler, at Macomb.
→ The abolitionists of Pike county made an attempt to destroy the office of the Pittsfield Democrat, one day last week. At a public meeting in Pittsfield a speech was made by J. S. Irwin, a jack-leg lawyer of that town, the evident purpose of which was to excite a mob and destroy the Democrat office. This would probably have been done, had it not been for the efforts of Capt. Westlake, provost marshal of this district, and the sheriff of the county, seconded as they were by the Democrats and a few of the better class of republicans.
Macomb Weekly Journal
Citizens’ (?) Meeting.
Macomb, Feb. 5th, 1864.
For the purpose of preserving quiet and good order in McDonough County, a large number of citizens met in Campbell’s Hall, Feb. 15th, and unanimously adopted the following
WHEREAS, Our City and County have lately been the scene of lawless violence perpetrated by a small portion of returned soldiers upon some of our most peaceable and law-abiding citizens; in some instances boys and old, grey-headed men have been assailed by said soldiers with revolvers in their hands, insulted, beaten, and compelled to take certain oaths unwarranted by law. – Other citizens from the country have been dragged off of their horses, cruelly beaten and compelled to halloo for Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation. And
WHEREAS, The City authorities of Macomb have neglected or refused to interfere and stop such disgraceful proceedings. Therefore, be it
Resolved, That it is the duty of all good men of McDonough county to take steps for the protection of the citizens in the enjoyment of their Constitutional and God given rights, to wit: Life, liberty and property. Therefore
Resolved, 1. That we are now, as we ever have been, in favor of obeying the Constitution of the U. S., and all laws made thereunder.
Resolved, 2. That we will resort to the civil law to suppress the lawless invasion of our rights, and if these fail, we will repel force by force, and we ask all good men, without respect to creed or party, to stand with us and assist in maintaining law and order in our community.
Resolved, 3. That we are free to acknowledge that the much larger portion of the soldiers have behaved themselves as gentlemen, and for all such we have respect and cherish the kindest feelings towards them and those who have used their personal efforts to prevent any disturbance are entitled to the gratitude of the people of this county.
Resolved, 4. That there are individuals in our midst who have been busy in pointing out citizens to soldiers as “Copperheads,” and urging them to attack the peaceable and well disposed citizens of our county, and to such we say, the sooner you change your course the better for your own personal safety.
Resolved, 5. That as the city authorities of Macomb have quietly set by, and seen day by day the grossest violations of law within the city limits without making any attempt whatever to suppress the same, which has given just cause to the citizens to believe that they have sanctioned the conduct of said disorderly soldiers and encouraged them in their law easness by their non-action.
Resolved, 6. That the peace, safety and happiness of this community depends upon the obedience by all to the country and to their impartial enforcement against all offenders, without respect to creed, party, position or condition.
Resolved, 7. That we call upon the constituted authorities of the county to take legal steps for the suppression of all such lawless violence in McDonough county, and we pledge ourselves to render such assistance as may be necessary to accomplish the desired object.
Resolved, 8. That a copy of these resolutions be sent for publication to the Chicago Times, Quincy Herald, Macomb Weekly Journal and Macomb Eagle.
J. H. HUNGATE, Sec’y.
JAMES M. CAMPBELL, Chair’n.
A Concerted Meeting of the De-
mocracy – Knights of the Gol-
den Circle, or the Castle Again.
Preparations for Fall Cam-
Our community was quite startled on Saturday last, at an early hour, by what clearly foreshadowed a general and concerted meeting of the Democracy. The meeting was called without public notice or the slightest inkling to those outside the party, and was evidently the result of a systematic and labored arrangement, as it embraced heavy representations from almost every precinct. There were too many inuendos and significant shrugs made, and some of the knowing ones sighed as though they could tell something alarming if they durst.
In other words it was the regular outcropping of the Knights of the Golden Circle – or as it is now more generally known in this county – of the Castle. The notices are no doubt all given by their secret signs, confidentially, and by design, to make an overpowering demonstration in force. And no doubt they came well armed, as there appeared to be a perfect understanding between the knowing ones of town and country. The officials of the party, ins and outs, were all on hand. There were a few of the more prudent men of the party, it is true; who showed that they disapproved the machinery of the whole thing.
The object of this “storm in a teapot” was soon understood to mean that two or three of the soldiers last week and the week before had taken the responsibility of making certain suspected individuals who are accused of having hurrahed for Jeff. Davis and wearing Copperhead breast-pins, hurrah for the Union. We understand that to some extent, two or three (and no more) of the youngest of the soldiers, under the influence of liquor, had gone to some excess in the matter and molested a few persons not guilty of the offense. But no class of men as a body could have behaved better than have the great body of the soldiers since their return, and this is the Democratic meeting concedes. There was really no substantial cause for this insulting array of the party.
But aside from these facts, the meeting was attended by low cunning and hypocrisy. For while it was really a meeting of a secret order, it was on paper palmed off as a meeting of citizens at large, and as such goes forth to strangers – implying of course that the people generally have a cause of quarrel with the soldiers, which the leaders of this move know to be false. They moreover know that even the imprudencies complained of were aimed, not at democrats as a class, but at those distinguished for sympathy with treason.
As to the proceedings and resolutions, they recite a number of exceptionable acts said to have been done to democrats, some of which were news to us, and then proceed to read a lecture to the people of the city and the officers charged with the administration of the city laws. This of course was the design from the start. The meeting was doubtless got up by leading democratic officials, to throw odium upon their opponents, and especially those entrusted with the care of the city government; and to render the poison effective, we are told that we are requested to publish the proceedings of the “people!”
Now we do not wish to shield city officers, and we are equally sure that we wish no one annoyed improperly by soldiers any more than by any one else. Civil law should be, and is in our city, paramount; and if any one has been derelict, we know that it was from no design to uphold the offender; and nine tenths of our citizens, had they been respectfully asked to do so, would have voted a resolution disavowing all sympathy with disorder. – And furthermore there has been no day, if a complaint had been made, that a warrant would not have been issued and served for all alike – citizen or soldier. Many think that an officer can arrest an offender at any time, when in truth, if he is not personally present at a breach, he must await a complaint and writ or he is a tresspasser.
Coming from the quarter, and in the manner they do, these proceedings deserve comment.
In the first place, there were numbers of those newfangled puritans and “peace” men in that room, and voted for the above resolutions, who are known to belong to that class who have invariably opposed the enforcement of city law whenever they could. During the administration of Marshal John Q. Lane, a lot of them would come regularly to town on public days, and crowd the sidewalks and public crossings, and if the Marshal asked them to clear the walks, would answer that “this is a free country and we’ll stand where we please.” If one of them was arrested, the rest would stand by to instigate resistance, to advise a change of venue, and every devise to avoid punishment; and yet the hypocrites clamor now for law and order!
In the next place, why do not these civic reformers look after their own officials? They have three police officers in the city council, any one of whom might have made the arrests. But we especially allude to the more flagrant defaults of the county officials. Both Sheriff Dixon and Constable Barrett are made, by ordinance, City Policemen, and could have made these arrests either under City or State law; but we understand that Dixon was at this so-called “citizens’ meeting,” helping to censure others. What part they had in getting up this gathering, no one knows. Sheriff Dixon now has an execution of the city in his hands, against David Crissman, dated March, 1863, ordering him to make a small fine of $3,00 and costs, amounting in all to perhaps $12,00, for assaulting an officer with an axe; which execution directs him to collect the fine or imprison the defendant, and he has never served the paper although Crissman has been in town often, and most of the time in in the county. Furthermore, it is known that this same Crissman, who is a regular bruiser, and who made it a custom to annoy town officers, and by hurrahing Jeff. Davis, to collect crowds and disturb the peace, was indicted at the March term of the court, 1863, for an assault on one of the city officers with a deadly weapon; and yet Sheriff Dixon has not been able to arrest Crissman, although he is about the only man, we presume, who could not have found him.
And so of the Whites – one of whom at least seemed to be a central figure in the late gathering, surrounded by his obsequious body guards. They are for peace (?) and yet it is known that they enrolling officer was grossly insulted by them in the peaceable discharge of his duty, and threats were made by them against all enrolling officers.
We understand that some of the true leaven of this sham Democratic demonstration leaked out under the influence of bad whisky. As the delegates from the eastern townships passed through New Salem, they hurrahed for Vallandigham and Jeff. Davis, and boasted that they could whip any republican in the town; and we doubt not that whisky was the only element needed to have had a great deal more of such echoes from this meeting.
Such men as these are the apostles of peace, law and order. (?) Saints, truly, of the first water.
Accidentally Shot Himself. – We learn from the Canton, (Ill.,) Register, that on Wednesday of last week a boy named Albert Gridley, living in Farmington, took a pistol, loaded with shot, to school with him. The teacher, seeing him have it spoke to him about it, and went to the door to ring the bell, when she heard the report of the pistol, and turning round, saw young Gridley lying on the floor, with his mouth torne nearly through to the back of one cheek. It is supposed he was blowing in the pistol to ascertain if it was loaded. A further examination showed that a portion of the charge had gone through the top of his mouth. At last accounts it was doubtful whether he could recover.
Copperhead Literature. – The following rich specimen of copperhead literature was received, through the mail, by Mr. Cherry, of Colchester. It shows how law abiding these “constitutional democrats” are:
abe you damned abolitionis you have 10 days to leave the county if Don’t leve in that time your hide wont hold shucks so lev or we send you to hel this is short notis but is al a man of Sens wants
From the 78th Regiment.
Rossville, Ga., Feb. 5, 1864.
It may be supposed by our good folks at home that a soldier away down here in Georgia, almost within rifle shot of the enemy, has abundant opportunity to learn lots of news respecting the condition of things in the Confederacy, the movement of troops, and prospects generally; but such is not the case. It may be said that a soldier in the army knows only that which he sees. Our friends at home have better opportunities through the newspapers, to post themselves respecting the condition of things in this Military department, than the soldier has merely by his own observations. There are newspaper correspondents here who have access to the various divisions of our army, and who have no other duties to perform than to gather news and write it down. But a soldier like myself, a private in the ranks, if he performs his duties as he should, attends all the drills, is prompt to roll-call, and takes his turn at guard and picket duty, can learn but little news beyond what transpires in his own regiment. We see the newspapers with as much interest as our friends at home, to learn what is going on around us. We rely chiefly upon the Nashville, Louisville and Cincinnati papers. The Nashville papers reach us the next afternoon from the day they are printed. There are three newspapers printed in Nashville, viz: the Union, the Press and the Dispatch. The Union is considered a radical newspaper. It goes in, heart and soul, for immediate and unconditional emancipation. The Press is more conservative, but not copperheadish. It gives a hearty support to the Amnesty Proclamation, and is willing to see slavery abolished, but then it seems to cry out – “not so fast, gentlemen, you will overdo the matter; this nigger business is a delicate matter.” The Dispatch is supposed to be a sort of secesh concern. It has little or no circulation in the army, and is supported by citizens of secesh proclivities. The Louisville Journal, that good, old, staunch, Whig newspaper of olden times, has degenerated into a miserable, good-for-nothing, pro-slavery, copperhead sheet. There are but a few copies of it taken in the army, and it is only valued for its latest telegraphic dispatches. The Cincinnati Commercial circulates largely here, and it may be set down as an excellent newspaper. These papers all sell at five cents each. And speaking of newspapers, we find that they contain the important information that the President has made another call for 500,000 men, or 200,000 additional to those already called. The soldiers hail this piece of information with evident satisfaction. We would prefer a draft to any more volunteering. There is a certain class of fire-in-the-rear men that we would be glad to see fighting for the “constitution as it is,” and then in his new call we see the determination to make the balance of the work short and quick. It must be finished the coming summer, and I think it will be.
And now I wish to say a few words on home matters. While at home last month I ascertained that there was not a vacant dwelling house in the city of Macomb. This is certainly more encouraging than otherwise to the people of the city. It indicates thrift and prosperity. I learned also that there were many families who would move to Macomb if they could only get a house to live in. This matter should receive the attention of the business men and capitalists of Macomb. I think they would be consulting their own interest if they would invest some of their surplus funds in the erection of more houses. It would no doubt pay a reasonable interest on the investment, besides the general benefit to be derived from an accession of population. I should be glad to learn of a number of houses going up in the Spring.
Although there are many discharged and furloughed soldiers throughout the country, still when I was at home I was struck with the extraordinary number of those wearing the uniform of the United States soldier. I was not long in ascertaining that a large proportion of those wearing the uniform were persons who had never been in the service, and hence had no business to wear a soldier’s coat or pants. There is national law upon the subject which forbids any other than a soldier to wear the Federal uniform, and every Provost Marshal is empowered to arrest any person wearing the uniform who has no right to do so, and to take possession of such clothing. A soldier honorably discharged has a right to wear the uniform, as it is considered a badge of honor and merit. Citizens, then, who have never been in the service, have no right to assume for themselves the honors due to the soldier, and the practice of purchasing from soldiers their clothing, should be discontinued an prohibited.
We have recently had quite a large accession to our regiment. The 34th Ill. Regiment, which was in the same Brigade with us, re-enlisted as veterans, with the exception of about seventy, and these have been transferred to this regiment. We have also received some thirty or forty new recruits, and I learn that more are on their way to join us. We have thus a fair prospect of bringing the numbers of our regiment up to the minimum which will entitle us to another field officer, and perhaps three or four line officers.
It would seem that the furlough system is not yet suspended. I have just learned that my friend and fellow-citizen, Mr. B. F. Gill, of Macomb, has been favored with a leave of absence for thirty days. Ben has been a good soldier. For several months past he has been our Brigade blacksmith, and a better workman never shod a horse. I wish him a pleasant visit home, and in due time, a happy return to his regiment.
The health of our regiment continues good. I heard that a case of small-pox was reported yesterday, but there is no panic upon the subject. The utmost care and caution is exercised in all that pertains to health. Capt. Hume, of Blandinville, has not been well for several weeks, but he thinks his health is now improving. Capt. Reynolds, of Industry, and Capt. Black, of Hancock county, are both home of sick leave.
I must not lay aside my pen, but next week you may expect to hear from me again.
J. K. M.
Editing a Paper.
Last week we wrote a short article under the above caption, and we should not refer to it again soon if we had not come across an article in the Lagrange National American which suits us a great deal better than anything we can say on the subject. The American is edited by Charleton H. Howe, a bold, vigorous writer – in fact, one of the ablest editors in the State of Missouri. He is thoroughly radical, and expresses his opinions on the great question of the day – slavery – without fear or favor. – Our hope is that he may see his fondest wishes realized, in the immediate emancipation of negro slavery, and Missouri take her proud position among the free States. But read the article, ye would-be advisors of editor:
Editing a paper is a very unpleasant [?] business. If it contains too much political matter people won’t have it. – If it contains too little they won’t have it. If their type is small they can’t read it.
If we publish telegraphic reports they say they are nothing but lies. If we omit them they say we have no enterprise or suppress them for political effect. If we publish original matter they damn us for not giving selections. If we publish selections they say we are lazy for not writing more and giving them what they have not read in some other paper. If we have a few jokes, folks say we are a rattlehead. If we give a man a complimentary notice we are censured as partial. If we do not, all hands say we are a greedy hog. If we insert an article which pleases the ladies, men become jealous. If we do not cater to their wishes, our paper is not fit to have in their house. If we attend church they say it is only for effect. If we do not, they denounce us as deceitful and desperately wicked. If we speak of any act of the President with praise, folks say we dare not do otherwise. If we censure they call us traitors. If we remain in our office and attend to business, folks say we are too proud to mingle with our fellow men. If we go out they say we never attend to business. If we we wear poor clothes they say business is poor. If we wear good ones they say we are a spendthrift. Now what is a poor fellow to do?
The Davenport Boys Caught.
The Peoria Transcript relates that when the Davenport Boys were in Kenosha recently, an enterprising genious of that ‘burg’ applied a mixture of oil and lampblack to his hair, and then allowed himself to be shut up in the ‘cage’ along with the bound ‘mediums.’ Presently he felt a ‘spirit’ hand resting on his head. He requested that the hand might part his hair as he was accustomed to do in boyhood. The request was complied with, and when the box was opened, although the boys were securely tied the hand of one of them was thoroughly besmeared with oil and lampblack, showing that whatever the ‘spirits’ may do, they make use of human agencies.
Musical. – Will the lady who borrowed Mrs. T. Gilmore’s Piano Instructor by Henri Bertini, please return it.
Singing School. – Geo. K. Hall will commence a singing school at the Universalist Church next Sunday, at 2 o’clock P. M.
Report of the Sanitary Commission, Chicago. – We have received the Report of this patriotic and charitable organization for the last four months of the year 1863, which brings the published Reports of the Commission up to January, 1864. The report is very full, and gives all the information that can be desired. Its money receipts for these four months were [?], which includes the net profits of the North-Western Fair; its expenditures for the same time were [?], of which $39,511 46 was supplies to the hospitals. During the same time the Commission has received 5,097 boxes from various Societies, and has shipped 12,298 boxes to Vicksburg, [?], Memphis, [?], Libby Prison, Richmond, Leavenworth, Kansas, Nashville. [?] Virginia, Camp Butler, Springfield, Chattanooga and Paducah, Ky. – The whole number of boxes shipped by the Commission, up to January, 1864, [?]. All the items of these receipts, and expenditures are given in full, together with a list of the articles purchased, and the source from whence every box and every dollar has been received. The Soldiers’ Home at Cairo is under the care of the North-Western Commission, which during the four months has entertained 15,[?] soldiers, and furnished them 51,[?] meals.
The North-Western Commission invites the most rigid scrutiny into their [?] of business, their receipts and expenditures, and inform the public that their books and rooms are always open to investigation. They are content that the economy, system and [?] of their transactions will not suffer by comparison with those of any of the best business establishments. A report is to be published hereafter every two months.
Changeable. – The weather on last [?]day was truly delightful. The sun came out, and everything betokened spring weather; but before old Sol took to his rest, the wind veered round to the North, and “blew great [?]” all night. Tuesday was an extremely cold day. Stone, coal and overcoats were in good demand.
Swinish. – We are informed that a sow belonging to Mr. Butler, living [?] miles east of this place, was buried under a snow drift on the night of the [?] of December last, and laid imbedded in the snow twenty-six days. Her [?]eship is doing well since her return [?].
Windy. – Last Saturday was a very [?] day. We presume the reason was , there was an immense crowd of the great unwashed in the city on that day.
St. Valentine’s Day. – This day was generally observed by the youth of the city last Monday, by sending lace paper and “comic” pictures through the Post Office.
Meeting for the 22nd Postponed. – We are authorized by the Central Committee to state that, owing to the uncertainty of the weather, and their inability to secure speakers for the 22nd, the meeting for the purpose of signifying our approval of the nomination of Abraham Lincoln for the Presidency, has been postponed to some future time.
Macomb as a Grain Market. – We shall prepare an article with the above caption, as soon as we can obtain the proper statistics, which we think will show that Macomb does considerable, if not more, in the way of receiving and shipping grain.
Our Market Reports. – We intend to give a full and correct market report every week. It will be corrected every Wednesday evening by G. K. Hall, a gentleman well posted in the matter, and people can rely on it as being correct up to that evening.
Ye Copperhead in Trouble. – On Monday last a copperhead got to spouting treason in the hearing of one of our returned veterans, and got knocked down and pummelled as he deserved for it. Copperheads have been warned time and again to beware how they talk before soldiers, but it seems that some have to have the knock-down argument enforced.
Sensible Amusement. – Some of our worthy citizens, tired of the monotony of every day life, and wishing to revive an old, past times amusement, tired an oyster can to a dog’s tail on Wednesday last. The dog made quick time through the streets, much to the edification of the denizens of this city.
Parting Dance. – A parting dance was given to the boys of the 16th on Tuesday night at the Randolph House. We understand they had a pleasant time, and all went “merry as a marriageable belle.”
The 57th. – We learn by a note from O. M. Hoagland, Esq., that Capt. C. Rattery, of the 57th Reg’t Ill. Vol., will deliver an address in the Church at Bardolph, on next Monday night, and also at Dyer’s school house, in Mound township, on Tuesday night. It will be a good time for any one to enlist. The 57th is one of our best regiments. Go and hear the Captain.
78th Regiment. – Now is the time to enlist in the 78th. Each recruit will passed free to Mt. Sterling, and will receive a certificate for a premium of $15; or $25 if a veteran, in addition to his large bonus. Remember that on the first of March the Government ceases to pay the increased bounties.
For particulars, enquire of Lieut. Chandler, at Chandler’s Bank, Macomb, Illinois.
One of the greatest questions which are now imperative upon the conductors of an independent press is the question of negro citizenship. That the leaders of the republican party are fully committed to the support of this most pernicious and disgusting principle, no longer admits of doubt. It has been brought forward by them in almost every conceivable shape, and covered with almost every kind of device, in order to make it acceptable to the masses of their party. Those who cannot be coaxed into swallowing the nauseous doctrine are to be whipped in under the threat of being called “disloyal” or “copperheadish,” and the whole vocabulary of treasonable synonyms will be charged upon them to induce them to recognize the negro as “a man and a brother.” Lovejoy’s bill to make negroes citizens and voters, and the President’s declaration that none who have aided to achieve victory in this war must be deprived of the benefits of that victory, are unerring indices of the proposed equalization of white men with negroes. This measure, as many of the leading republicans assert, is only a question of time as to its adoption by that body. After this equalization shall have been affected, then we are told is to begin the work of miscegenation, or the mixing of the races. We are to become a nation of mulattoes in order to secure the highest development of physical and mental attributes. This is the goal of republican efforts – the dulce far niente of abolition philanthropy.
One and Equal.
A republican orator lately said that the republican party “is based upon the idea that all races of men are one and equal.” Then the party is based upon a grand ethnological and historical falsehood. The Esquimaux, when his hunger is satisfied with blubber fat, sleeps in a crevice of the ice, and has no thought. The Carib pays no attention to even his next day’s existence. The negro, in his natural state, lives like almost any other wild beast, and is to-day the same animal that he was at the dawn of history. Never, of his own motion, has he taken the first step of improvement. The attempt to make this creature the equal of the Caucasian race has only been equaled by the attempt to build a tower up to Heaven on the plains of Shinar. But this is precisely what the leading men of the republican party are attempting.
Where They Get it.
It must be remembered that all the ideas which free negroes have about their being equal to white folks, and entitled to all the rights and privileges which white men enjoy, have been put into their heads by the leading abolitionists and republicans. These negroes readily believe what is told them, and we them becoming insolent and provoking disturbances, on railroads or wherever else they may be. – The republicans have told these negroes to “take no sass” from white men, and they construe all invitations to keep in their places as an infringement of their “rights.” Democrats have never put such nonsense or such falsehood into the heads of free negroes, and the leading republicans are primarily responsible for every disturbance that may grow out of negro insolence.
→ Who does not see, enquires a cotemporary, that the shadow of death is passing over the land? That every day there is less sun? That faith has perished, that love has perished, that the Constitution has perished, that the Union has perished, and that all which made us happy at home and respected abroad has perished? And what have we received in exchange for our country’s soul? We have received Lincoln, the bastile, the Congress, the negro! Is it not time to purge the temple of liberty and scourge out the money changers?
Never Comprehended the Situation.
We have always believed that Lincoln and the republican party never comprehended the situation of public affairs. Even before the election of 1860 they exhibited a surprising ignorance of the effect which their success would produce on the southern people. When Democrats earnestly warned then that they were sowing the seeds of storm and devastation, they laughed at our prevision. When Lincoln was elected they still insisted there would be no war. When seven States had withdrawn their representatives from a participation in our Government, and after they had organized a Government of their own, designed to be independent of ours, Mr. Lincoln gravely informed the public that this “was nothing wrong.” When war at last came, they thought seventy-five thousand men adequate to end it in three months. After the first battle of Bull Run the excuse they gave for raising so large an army as five hundred thousand men, was, that it was better to make a powerful effort and end this war at once than to allow it to drag on for two or three years. In the winter following, they put a stop to enlistments, alleging that they had troops enough to crush the rebellion. In less than six months thereafter they made a sudden call for three hundred thousand men to save the imperiled country. Shortly afterward they ordered a draft for three hundred thousand more, but they wanted them for only nine months as within that time the war would certainly be closed. And thus have they gone on with a blind hand-to-mouth no-policy in which enormous calls for new levies have trodden close upon the heels of the most hopeful and cheering assurances that the rebellion was about to break down. – They have never, at any time, had a statesmanlike comprehension of the present or a reasonable foresight of the future. They have organized six great campaigns against Richmond, and Richmond is not yet taken. They have sent great land and naval armaments against Charleston, but they have just abandoned Charleston as a hopeless job. They have recovered the Mississippi, but they have not opened it to commerce. They have conquered Tennessee, but they hold it by so insecure a tenure that they expect it will cost a great and bloody campaign in the spring to retain it. – This new call for half a million of men may be in keeping with the actual situation and the threatened dangers of the spring campaign, but it is inconsistent with the credit claimed for Mr. Lincoln in the fall elections, with any pretension on his part to statesmanlike forecast, and especially inconsistent with any hope that, under his management, the war can ever result in the restoration of the Union. He feels less assurance that these five hundred thousand men he now demands will suffice than he felt that his first draft of three hundred thousand men would consummate the work; for the levy is not only more numerous, but the men are held to a term of service precisely four times as long as was thought necessary. If the fulfillment of our hopes is to recede at this rate, when will the Union be restored? We are like Tantalus in the infernal regions; as often as stretch forth our hands to pluck the fruit it retires and eludes our grasp.
→ Garrison defends Lincoln. He says “he has traveled as fast towards the negro as popular sentiment would warrant him in doing.” It was Garrison who originally denounced the constitution as a league with hell and a covenant with death. Lincoln will make proclamation to that effect just as soon as he thinks the republicans will sustain it as a war measure.
→ A negro who was not recognized by Lincoln, assured the worthy President thus: “I’se one of your kine – I’s a child ob dis-union.”
The Sanitary Commission.
How the Soldiers are Robbed to enrich the “Loyalists.”
The following letter is taken from the Lousiville Journal, and is worthy of attention from all parties. It is an earnest and truthful statement, by a brave soldier, of the rascalities practiced by “loyal leaguers” in the “name of God and humanity.” Read, read!
Chattanooga, Jan. 16, 1864.
In a recent number of your journal I read a communication addressed to you from Bridgeport, animadverting on the manner in which Sanitary stores are disposed of to the army. I hoped that the writer would continue the subject, and, in place of skimming over the surface, like a skillful surgeon probe deep the ulcer, and lay bare the rottenness so artfully covered by the thin guise of piety, and concealed beneath the gloss of political hypocracy. Now that the people of the northern States are filling the coffers of the sanitary commission with a lavish prodigality, is an auspicious moment for a Gibbon or Junius to unmask the loyal scoundrels who infest the camps to bleed the soldier and pocket the generous offerings of a magnanimous people. Did the correspondents of the public press, who feed the public on diluted fiction, do half their duty, they would expose the frauds perpetrated on the soldiers, and scourge the vultures who prey upon the vitals of the nation, in place of lauding Bacchanalian revels and writing worthless politicians to stars and eagles. Specimens of this class of worthies may be daily seen in that extra loyal sheet, the Cincinnati Commercial, compounded by its correspondent here of equal parts of African odor and the unadulterated essence of falsehood.
Why these falsehoods are put forth to the country, when a question to the first soldier he met would convince the writer that half clothes and half rations are all he gets, is enigmatical and mysterious. The same story was told in the Cincinnati papers before the recent battles, when the soldier lived on half a cracker a day, and such intestines as he could purchase from the contract butcher, at enormous prices, to keep the body and soul together. Since the army of the Cumberland was compelled, by the disasters of Chickamauga, to occupy Chattanooga, like the garrison of a beleaguered city, the men never draw more than half rations, and most of them not more than a fourth. For want of food and clothing since the cold weather set in, a large portion of the regiments are on the surgeon’s list, laid up with colds and pulmonary diseases. But that is not all. Heretofore the Army Regulations authorized the soldiers to be paid in money for all rations saved or not furnished by the government; but lately some wiseacre at Washington discovered this to be illegal and ordered that no money be paid though he received but one fourth, or no ration at all. No finer system could be devised to cheat the toiling private and fill the pockets of dishonest Commissaries of subsistence. Yet with these facts patent and public, the helpless soldier is not only to be cheated out of his rights, but his friends and the country are to be lied out of the knowledge of them. It is, perhaps, unavoidable that food should be scarce and clothing scanty, yet I cannot see the necessity of propping up a misfortune with a deliberate falsehood. That things might be better and food more abundant I have no doubt, did not the spirit of avarice take possession of public functionaries, and the greed of gain swallow up every feeling of humanity and justice.
General Thomas is thoroughly honest and anxious to stop speculation in every branch of the service, but had he the eyes of Argus and the hands of Briareus he could not watch the leaks nor pillory the blunders of his subordinates. The desire to get rich is so universal that it has become a national crime to lack the capacity or the will to appropriate your neighbor’s property and fill your coffers with public plunder. If cotton is king, the dollar is the deity at whose shrine the saint and sinner alike offer up their daily orisons. – While the private out of elbows and out of toes hugged his rifle on picket and parade, wondering when the next cracker would find a resting place in his collapsed haversack, the landings along the river from Chattanooga to Bridgeport were crowded with provisions permitted to rot because the Commissaries were too busy regulating their private finances. If the visionary has failed to find the philosopher’s stone the more practical Yankee has discovered that the soldier is the goose that lays the golden egg, worth all the efforts of loyal incubation. This knowledge has drawn to camp all the buzzards of the country from the vender or spurious lottery tickets to the thrifty descendant of Abraham, who peddles pinchback chronometers and barters shoddy for greenback under the sign-manual of the provost marshal. Against orders, special and general, from department headquarters, the Yankee peddler finds his way into camp with his clothes pins and patent nostrums and swindles the soldiers out of his last dollar, either by the permit or the connivance of the guardian of army morals.
The great Sanitary Fair of Cincinnati is over the funds collected munificent and object of the contributors noble, should result be commensurate with design. Unfortunately, the experience of the past does not augur favorably for the future. The political managers of such concern are not apt to throw their loyalty away without compensation, nor permit such heavy proceeds to escape from their clutches without extracting a poundage to make their disinterested service appear respectable.
The Walkers and Caldwells who peddle loyalty to the millions, and reap a profitable harvest in the manufacture of grips and signs for every newly fledged ism that courts the favor of the masses, could not be expected to waste their time and energies in the cause of patriotism and humanity without coupling the rewards said to await the benevolent in regions celestial with the more solid offerings of terra firma. If the true believer earnestly watch for the millennium, and the saint subsist on the [?] of the faith, the benefactor of humanity who is liable to be vagged by the law for having no visible means of support, can plead the highest authority for asserting that “the laborer is worthy of his hire.” Pass, then, the net proceeds of your fairs, shorn of all its ugly angles and unseemly weight, into the hands of the Sanitary Commission, and it will get an additional rounding from the careful attaches of that institution. After pocketing a handsome gratuity from the contractor, the agent turns over the delicate viands to the hospitals for distribution, where they receive the best attention of the surgeons and the subordinates. Lest the fruits, preserves, and other delicacies prepared by the ladies of the North should cause the invalid a relapse, the surgeon in the kindness of his heart consents to take the dose himself; and when the residue reaches the pallet of the sufferer, after the surgeons, stewards, nurses, and niggers are satisfied, it is sure to be in such moderate quantities as not to endanger life or limb.
As the viands of the Sanitary Commission are only fit to grace the mess table of the surgeon, it is but right that the vintage should stimulate the mucous membrane of the Esculapian stomach, and the sheets and pillows adorn the couch of the man of pills. Nor are they entirely bereft of generosity; for I frequently saw their generous donations wooing to peaceful slumber the tortured brains of Quartermasters and gallant Colonels. In regiments, the supplies drawn from the Commission as well as from the Commissary, for the resident sick, find the same channel. – Modern pharmacy discovered that pills are more potent than preserves, and sheet-iron crackers more conducive to health than farinaceous potatoes. Nor is it strange that the professers of the healing art, who know so well the effects of a roll of fresh butter and the contents of a demijohn on the ailing body, should brace their over taxed nerves with a jar of jelly and a bottle of Schledam, when the physicians of the soul lend fresh vigor to the swelling strains of the doxology by a bumper of “old rye.” The Sanitary Commission and the Christian Commission are excellent neighbors. They occupy adjoining houses and share each other’s gifts with a grace and a piety that have a humanizing effect on themselves at least, if not on the entire army. The Sanitary gentleman takes a daily dose of the spirits of the Gospel, while the pillar of the church, with up turned eyes, puts himself outside a godly goblet of the spirit of Bourbon. These Christian Commissioners came all the way from Maine and the sanctified precincts of Boston to gather the lost sheep to the fold, and to strengthen them in the holy work, take heed of the Apostolic injunction, “to take a little wine for the stomach’s sake.” Whether the lambs viewed their shepherds in the light of wolves in sheeps’ clothing, I am unadvised, but, certain it is, the only result of their efforts is the plucking from the burning half a dozen she wooly-heads, who aid them in digesting the good things of the Sanitary Commission, and share with the pious gentlemen their bed and board. Of all the grand humbugs the war entailed on the country, this Christian Commission is the meanest and the worst. Army chaplains, in all conscience, are nuisance enough, but the imposition of a band of strolling mountebanks, from the confines of the Union, who do nothing but steal niggers and feed them on sanitary stores sent to the sick, is a disgrace to the country, and a lasting blot on the escutcheon of Christianity.
How little do the generous people of the North know how they are fleeced and fooled by these emissaries of abolitionism, from whom no doubt they receive elaborate reports of their conquests in camp, and the glory they brought to the house of Ham. No wonder that such disorders should afflict the State, when the gospel of peace is made an engine of war, and the thunderbolts of the Almighty are hurled from society. What matters it to those white impious hands against the pillars of civil sofaced fanatics of icy Maine, the up-rooting of social order, or the sacrifice of blood and treasure to produce universal chaos; to gratify their inordinate vanity and carry out their idea of sable superiority, they would canonize the damned, pull down the heavens from etherial space, and plunge saints and angels into one promiscuous everlasting ruin. Atheists at heart, their sympathies are absorbed by the sirens of color, who devote their time to pilfering and sensuality. Under their golden rule the Decalogue is paraphrased, the town denuded of its virtuous citizens and filled with painted strumpets of every hue and color. In view of their dwelling, and under their own observation, without a frown or a word of complaint, are destitute and virtuous women and children hurried from their homes by dashing staff officers, and their houses filled with blooming ladies of easy virtue. Under the dispensation of Maine theology, Chattanooga has become a charnel-house of corruption, where disease festers into infection that will leaven the community for ages after the votaries of Mars turn their swords into plow shares and resume the domestic duties of husbandmen.
Ran away from the County Poor House, on Friday the 22nd day of January last a certain pauper by the name of Henry Huffman. The said Huffman is about 35 years of age, about 5 feet 10 inches high, rather slender, and of light complexion. He had on when he left a vest with sleeves to the same, no coat, and mixed cottonade pants. Any information in reference to said pauper will be received by the undersigned, or may be left at the office of The Macomb Eagle.
A. J. HANKINS,
Sup’t Co. Poor House, McDonough Co.
To Land Purchasers. – Men who wish to purchase land in this county can know of several desirable farms, which are offered for sale at low figures, by applying at this office.
→ Capt. Reid, Comp. D, 64th Regiment – popularly known as the “Yates Sharp-Shooters” – has opened a recruiting office on the southwest corner of the square, and will be happy to receive volunteers. A premium of $15 will be paid to any persons presenting an acceptable recruit, or $25 for a veteran recruit – while the recruits themselves will receive the large bounties heretofore paid.
→ The Quincy Whig, with its characteristic preference for negroes ever [?] more, is very severe on those soldiers who administered a little wholesome discipline to the niggers on the train last Friday. We have not seen the Whig’s article but the simple fact of its defending negroes and abusing white soldiers is enough to stamp it as having reached the lowest depth in infamous journalism. The soldiers can stand its abuse, we think, and be in no danger of becoming converts to the republican doctrine that niggers are as good and the equals of the white men and must be so treated.
Shooting at a Nigger. – On Friday last an affair occurred on board of the western morning train, which came near being fatal to one of Uncle Sam’s black soldiers. A number of ladies and men got on board the train at Bushnell, and on finding there were no vacant seats for all the former, several negroes who were snuggly enconsed on the [?] were requested to give the ladies their seats. This they refused to do, probably acting on the advice of their republican friends not to give up their seats to any white person. Among those who requested the niggers to move were several soldiers, who were home on furlough. The latter were determined that the niggers should “git,” and on one of the latter becoming impudent a soldier drew his revolver and would have shot the black scoundrel dead, had it not been knocked to one side by a man standing near. The niggers then vacated, and quiet was soon restored. – It was a summary way of dealing with the darkies, but they have not sense enough to listen to any other kind of argument, and all men with white preferences must say amen to the conduct of the soldiers in the instance.
Shooting at Colchester. – We learn that on Tuesday last as Mr. John White and his brother were passing through Colchester they were assailed by several persons who evidently designed to provoke a difficulty. A short time afterward as they were returning through the town, peaceably and saying nothing, they were assaulted by one or two persons wearing the garb of soldiers who threw or were in the act of throwing stones [?] At this John White and a soldier drew pistols simultaneously and began rapid firing. The soldier was shot in the leg and another ball struck Mr. Humberd, who was some distance off taking no part in the affair. Mr. White then turned to ride away, when one A. B. Cherry began firing at the [?], on which Mr. W. made a demonstration toward him and he “vamosed.” This is barely the facts as told to us. The assaults made on the Whites was entirely unnecessary and unprovoked, and probably would never have been made had not the soldiers been put up to it by some abolitionists, who want somebody insulted or even killed and are too cowardly to attempt it themselves. The soldiers, we think, will soon find out these men who are trying to get up disturbances in the community, and will refuse any further to be used as cats-paws by the cowardly sneaks.
Father Kemp’s Old Folks. – This celebrated concert company have been induced to stop over one night in this place and give one of their popular concerts at Campbell’s Hall, on Wednesday evening next. They have appeared in all the great cities of the West, and are spoken of as the largest and best concert troupe in the country. Wherever they appear no matter what the weather few halls can be found roomy enough to accommodate the vast crowds who gather to see and hear them. We predict great success from them in this place. They appear in [?] costumes and sing the music of “ye old tymes.” Let no one fail to hear.
Correspondence of The Macomb Eagle.
Seneca, Kansas, Feb. 5, 1864.
After an absence of a few months from the flourishing city of Macomb, I find myself in “the flourishing young city of Schees,” in the State of “poor, bleeding Kansas,” not many hundred miles from the great town of Osawattomie, where that great martyr of freedom, John Brown, once lived and reigned supreme; but, as is well known to your readers, he afterwards removed to and settled in “good old Virginia.”
“And now his body lies mouldering in the grave,
But his soul is marching on” – down below!
Kansas is destined to become one of the greatest and most powerful States of America. She has all of the natural advantages to make a great and powerful country – rich, rolling prairies, and living streams of water. And besides she has the honor of being represented in the United States Senate by that great chieftain, Jinneral Jim Lane, and that other great champion of freedom, Senator Pomeroy; and in the House by the great Wilder, who, with a master stroke of eloquence, unaided and unassisted, put in nomination the great Channing for chaplain of the House of Representatives.
Kansas has likewise the great Martin F. Conway, who introduced a resolution in Congress asking that body to recognize the independence of the Southern Confederacy. On his resolution he made a weighty, powerful, and mighty speech; saying, in connection with many other great and mighty sayings, “That we as a nation should stand upon the great principle of universal emancipation and universal suffrage for all time to come.” So great was the influence of this mighty man, that his resolution received all of one vote, and Martin cast that.
Gov. Carney in his annual message to the Legislature, in speaking of the negroes of Kansas, says: “The constitution as it now stands does not recognize the colored race, and it is for you to submit to the people whether they desire to have them recognized or not. I am for their freedom everywhere, and for conferring upon them the rights of freemen.”
It is well known that our great Senators, Lane and Pomeroy, and our representative Wilder, are in favor of conferring upon the “free Americans of African descent” equal political political privileges with white folks, but strange as it may appear, our Legislature is opposed to “nigger equality” and Jim Lane, and have been bold enough to elect officers in both houses who don’t believe that a negro is any better than a white man; and what is more, they are opposed to the great chieftain! What fools! they should be arrested for disloyalty.
Macomb Weekly Journal
The Latest News.
Gen. Butler got within twelve miles of Richmond, but found the roads and fords so blocked up by felled trees that he had to return.
Toombs, of Georgia, has seceded from the C. S. A., and has been imprisoned in consequence. We hope he will have plenty of leisure while in prison to prepare his slave roll to be called at the foot of Bunker Hill Monument.
Beauregard, through his agents, has been paying U. S. taxes at Memphis.
Lee’s army, rebel, is between Gordonsville and Orange C. H. He expects to have 45,000 conscripts added to his army by the new levy.
All is going on well at Newbern.
The rebels are about to place free men of color, between the ages of 18 and 65, in the military service. What will the copperheads say.
Recruiting goes briskly on in this State. Two hundred and ten arrived in Springfield on last Saturday and Monday.
The guerrillas are still troublesome on the Mississippi.
The “Lieutenant General” bill will certainly become a law.
Union Men, Organize.
The last elections it will be recollected, might easily have been carried. – The light of events is loosing the scales from the eyes of honest Democrats everywhere, and with a moderate exertion the county of McDonough will be disenthralled from Copperhead dominion. We want to live part of our days under a more honest and patriotic administration than that by which we have so long been cursed. We would breathe easier and look our children in the face with more complacency. We would like to get away from under the narrow minded bigots who rule the county. If any man with an ounce of patriotism and liberality, would step into this rump court for once, he would appreciate our desires. A court that cannot make an appropriation of fifty dollars to fence in the dead committed to their care by the fathers who settled the county – who cannot vote $100, to the families of soldiers, and who will not build a court house as long as they can get a pig-sty to stow the people in, ought to be superseded before we are absolutely scandalized. Besides we want to carry the State, and we can do so readily. But we must organize.
Editing a Paper.
[Fold] people who seem to think it a very easy matter to edit a paper, and if they only had the chance they could double the circulation of any given paper in a very short space of time. To them it would be mere pastime to sit down by a table, with a pile of exchanges by their side, scissors in hand, and feet elevated several degrees above their heads, and scissor items and extracts – and as for writing, O, how they write. Column after column of flaming editorials would flow from their pens in endless profusion. Politics, religion, education, morality, horse-racing, marriages, deaths, balls, slavery, abolitionism, copperheadism, amalgamation, and everything that could be thought of, or dreamed of, would be chronicled by them in long, windy leaders that would not be read by one in a hundred. They could do it, yes, sir-ee, they could.
We would state for the benefit of all such that it is no easy matter for one man to be editor, foreman, jour, pressman, devil, and make-himself-generally-useful, to do all and do justice to the paper. The scant patronage bestowed on the publisher of a country paper, by way of subscription, necessitates him to crowd his columns with advertisements, to the exclusion of reading matter , and to the intense disgust of a great many of his readers; and not only that, but he is compelled to do the manual work in the office when his time should be occupied in culling the exchanges, and writing editorials of “length and ability.”
Who Wants to Give Abraham Lincoln Another Boost.
It is proposed by our Eastern friends that the Union men of all parties – friends to the re-election of President Lincoln, shall hold mass meetings in every county and in all the States, to express that wish on Monday, the 22nd of February, inst. Mr. Lincoln has bared his bosom to the fearful perils of the present term, in which the most daring rebellion recorded in history has arisen, and, as we hope, about subdued. He is made of the right stuff for the place, and the people should determine in their strength that he should hold the position four years in tranquility. – We are authorized by the Union Central Committee to say that such a meeting is in contemplation, to embrace all who desire this re-election of Mr. Lincoln without distinction of party.
The clouds that have so long lowered in the horizon, begin to break away at all points and the clear blue and starry sky begins to shine forth. Humanly speaking the rebellion seems already essentially crushed. The anaconda may have been ridiculed once, but its fearful gripe now seems too much for its antagonist which writhes in every limb and shows too plainly that the vitality of the rebellion is essentially crushed. In the first place the Southern papers acknowledge that their case is an extreme one. They confess to almost every want and more than all to an almost total want of confidence in their rulers. Mutual recriminations are hurled from civilians to soldiers and from soldiers to civilians. The army cries for more men and more bread. – The people say we are starving now and if more men are withdrawn to the army we must all starve alike. Many regiments are actually rebelling rather than submit to be conscripted, having served out their original term of enlistment. Multitudes too of the soldiers feel fully convinced that secession is essentially a delusion. Instead of glory, independence and wealth, it has brought poverty, suffering and wrong to the masses, for the uncertain advancement of scheming politicians. Instead of cowardice as they were taught to believe being the character of Northern soldiers, they have everywhere met foeman worthy of their steel, and a vastly superior ordnance, commissariat and financial system. The North moreover have undertaken the great work coolly; they have applied to it all of their mighty energies, if we rebate one item only, and that is the truckling sympathies of secessionists in our midst. But the South see their friends here on their backs, and even this comfort is withdrawn. The rebel money is mere trash even amongst themselves. Meminger, himself, acknowledges that they had no idea that the strength of the north would be thrown upon them in such an avalanche. Our regiments are re-enlisting everywhere, whilst the old regiments in the confederacy are only retained by a most cruel and unjust conscription.
The limits of the revolt are now so narrow that our armies when next they move will be in supporting distance of each other. The Blockade becomes more and more effectual and the rebels seem to have really not a pin left to hang a hope upon. Unless our successes make us vainglorious and over-confident it now seems that this monstrous iniquity [fold]
How changed, too, the tone of European sentiment towards the belligerents, and how glorious our future even now, with the blessing of Divine Providence promises to appear. Our country was heretofore great in Peace, now will be fearful in War.
The Draft Day
This day so much dreaded by the timid and traitorous is coming on apace. – A month more and the much dreaded day will be on us. McDonough has little to fear. From those posted in military ciphering we understand that fifty men will square our account. Volunteering is rapidly progressing, and we see no reason why a draft should take place here at all, and yet it may. We deem drafting much the fairest way of reaching the great desideratum, viz., an overpowering army. And we would favor the repeal of the $300 clause. – These measures certainly look more equal – more republican. We understand that Capt. Randolph has sent over one hundred volunteers since the first of October, and that Capt. Farwell and Lieut. Gash have each recruited quite a number. We are glad to see the policy of the Government maintained, however much we might desire to see it modified. Illinois presents a brilliant record of patriotism in this great struggle, that will enroll her name high in the list of honor among the States.
– A large portion of the Union prisoners at Richmond are about to be transferred to Georgia. There is much sickness among them. Gen. Butler is quite confident of his ability to effect a resumption of the exchange of prisoners ere long.
– A Richmond paper records, for the sake of posterity, as it says, the current prices in that city for making and repairing boots: For making boots, $225; footing, $140; cavalry boots, $250; gaiters, $110, and so on. It would seem that the present generation in Richmond would feel much more interested in these prices than their posterity.
In Camp, 78th Reg’t
Rossville, GA., Feb. 1, 1864.
I arrived in camp yesterday, making the journey from Macomb in just seven days. I discovered that during my absence the regiment had not been idle. Winter quarters, more substantial, roomy and comfortable than we have ever before occupied had been erected. And I have also discovered since my arrival here that is more work and less play than usual with the troops. The regular company and battalion drills have been resumed, and the frequent inspections now made render it necessary for the boys to be industrious in keeping their arms and accoutrements in proper order. When I left there, five weeks since, they were on short rations, but now full rations are issued. The railroad to Chattanooga is completed and cars now run regularly to that place, thus increasing our means of transportation, the insufficiency of which heretofore being sole cause of short rations.
On my way hither I passed a number of trains in Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee, loaded down with re-enlisted veteran troops. Indeed, the whole country seemed full of soldiers. Gen. Thomas, of this Department, has been very liberal this winter in the matter of furloughs. Our regiment has been highly favored in this respect. I passed at LaFayette, Ind., three members of our regiment on their way home to enjoy a thirty days furlough, viz: Wm. McClellan and John Weaver, of McDonough county, and Wm. J. Thomas, of Hancock county, and at Nashville, I met another one of our boys, Wm Bates, of Industry, who had been similarly favored. But I suppose the granting of furloughs will now be suspended. Spring is rapidly approaching when every man is expected to be at his post. – This war must be finished with the next campaign, and I have a large share of confidence in the belief that it will be. Deserters from the enemy in large numbers are coming in every day. – They all tell the same doleful stories of destitution, disaffection and dispair. A few days ago a rebel captain came in and gave himself up. He proved to be one of the same officers who paroled our two companies, B. and C., when they were taken prisoners in Kentucky a year ago last December. When he left the rebels he was Acting Commissary or Quartermaster. He was sent out to find a beef for the hungry rebs, and after he started [obscured] he was pretty sure he couldn’t find one short of the Yankee camp, and so he rode in, and for some unexplained reason was not halted until he reached the Major’s tent, where he announced himself a deserter from the enemy, who desired to avail himself of the benefits of the amnesty offered by the President. We have abundant evidence that the Amnesty Proclamation is working out glorious results. It is underrunning the structure of the whole Southern army, and it cannot be many months before the flimsy fabric will fall.
The health of our regiment continues unusually good. The latest death I have heard reported was that of Sylvester Rudolle, of Blandinville, who died at Nashville about the 29th of December last, of small-pox. Mr. Rudolle was a worthy man, and esteemed by all who knew him. Thomas Davis, of Blandinville, and J. C. Cowgill, of Bushnell, were discharged on account of sickness, and started for home.
The weather is very warm and pleasant; much like April weather in Illinois; but I think this warm weather is a little in advance of the season, as it is not yet time for the budding of the trees even in this Southern clime.
J. K. M.
- It is settled that there will be no election for U. S. Senator in Kentucky.
- Great preparations are being made to hold a grand Union Convention at Indianapolis on the 22d.
- The new Copperhead Church has been name the “Christian Union Church.” We suppose a branch will be started in Macomb soon. Who’ll jine?
- Five deserters from the 128th Ill. Regiment were arrested in Williamson county on the 3rd inst., and taken to Cairo. Another, resisting arrest, was shot by the officers and killed.
- Robert Grigson, the man who captured Black Hawk, perished in a snow drift on new year’s day, near his own house, eight miles from Oshkosh, Wisconsin. He was eighty years of age.
- At the same time that the Free State Convention of Arkansas declares slavery dead, it provides for the establishment of Free Schools. Comment is unnecessary.
- A correspondent writes that Gen. Grant is of the opinion that the great battles which will decide the fate of the rebellion will be fought in Northern Georgia and East Tennessee before the first of May.
The 124th Regiment Illinois Volunteers.
Our readers will recollect that two companies of this regiment, were recruited in this county. The following correspondence directed to Adj’t Gen’l Fuller, of this State, dated Vicksburg, Jan. 26th, shows the estimation in which the regiment is held by those high in authority:
General – Permit me to bespeak your especial attention to the 124th Ill. Vols. and ask that facilities may be offered to fill its ranks. Under the skillful management of Lt. Col. Howe, and the excellent line officers of the Regiment, the 124th Ills., has become one of the very best regiments among the many good ones from Illinois, in the Old 3d Division, Logan’s Old Veterans, the 124th is to day the “Excelsior Regiment,” and carries the Flag described in the enclosed Order No. 4.
I am General, your obedient servant,
M. D. LEGGETT,
Brigadier General Comm’ng
General – Details from the 124th Ill. Vols. have been sent home to obtain recruits for the Regiment, and I trust you will do anything you can consist-ly, to facilitate their object. The regiment though one of the youngest in the 3d Division, (late Logan’s) has won a proud position in my command, having distinguished itself for bravery and gallantry in the battle-field, and recently carried off the “Prize Banner” competing fairly with all the regiments in the Division. The regimental and line officers are thoroughly in earnest and well qualified for their positions, and you can rest assured that recruits joining this regiment will find a good school in which they can learn everything appertaining to the duties of a soldier.
Your Obedient Servant,
JAS. B. McPHERSON,
Maj. Gen’rl Commanding.
General – The 124th Ill. Infantry has been permitted at this late day to send a recruiting party home. The 124th is well known in the 17th Corps. Its discipline, drill, the admirable condition of its camp, the order of its records, and returns, and its steady gallantry in action has won the respect of the old Regiments with which it is associated, and of the Commanding Generals under whom it serves.
It has just won the Division Colors given to the regiment which is awarded to surpass in drill, discipline, camp police, and whatever goes to make up a regiment. Recruits assigned to the 124th will be placed in a good school, and will be where they will have opportunities of seeing service.
Your Obedient Servant,
M. F. FORCE,
Brig. Gen’rl Com’dg 1st Brig.
General – The 124th is at length allowed to send a recruiting party home. As a special favor to me and a recognition of the high claims of the regiment, now one of the best in the service, my hope that you will be able and willing to send me recruits unassigned to any other regiment, at least to the minimum. I shall see you as soon as I can after returning from a pending expedition, and most earnestly hope that you will aid us all you can, as other regiments have had more time and greater facilities to fill their ranks. I have not forgotten your former courtesy and friendship for me and the regiment, and trust I may still rely upon it. I am sure whatever you can do for us will be gratefully acknowledged and reciprocated. Please afford my recruiting party every facility you fairly can and give its members such advice as they may need.
Your Obedient Servant,
J. H. HOWE,
Lt. Col. Com’dg Excelsior Reg’t
- Took the oath. – “Windy” Jim Davidson, of Monmouth, a notorious copperhead, was made to take the President’s Amnesty oath a few days since by a squad of returned soldiers, in Oquawka. The scene is described as being exceedingly rich.
- The Galena and Chicago Union R. R. Co. used the ice on the Mississippi river at Clinton during the late cold weather, as a railroad bridge, by laying a track and crossing trains, lately.
Already some of the forerunners in this new exodus are beginning to move. Nate Fulton of our city, and some others making a mess of four or five, left this city on Monday on their long journey. We understand they contemplate going by easy marches to Omaha, Nebraska or somewhere near, and there await the spring. Food for their cattle, and suitable stores for the men, we hear are cheaper there than here. The cattle will be fresh when grass comes, and they will be some twenty days or more in advance of those going from this meridian in the spring. This [?] for an early and successful campaign in the gold regions, looks to us promising, and were we to suggest a [?] which promised golden prospects, it would commend this one. We would be happy to see our neighbors do well. The greatest fear that now presents itself in this new Eldorado, is that of [?]rvation. If 20,000 emigrants go to the mines the present season, we think the meat and bread prospect is somewhat alarming. The nearest depot must be the Columbia river in Oregon, Washington, and the western commercial cities of the Missouri, and to [?] of these the distance must be 500 miles or more, over bad roads.
Shooting Affray at Colchester.
We understand that quite a serious affray occurred at Colchester on the 9th inst. between a soldier or soldiers and the Whites, including Stephen White, John White and a younger man of some connection. The facts, as far as we can get them, are about as follows: The Whites have made themselves quite obnoxious to many of the Union men about Colchester, and they have shown quite a belligerent spirit towards everything going to enforce the draft or support the government, and are said to have made harsh expressions at times against soldiers. On the occasion of the late disturbance the Whites were riding through town, and when [?] past Cherry’s grocery store, a ( number of returned soldiers standing near,) [?]ed their horses, when one of the soldiers, Pat Lary, asked John White if he had not been in the habit of hurrahing for Jeff. Davis. John said it was a d – d lie, and reached back to his belt or pocket for his pistol, when the soldier drew his pistol in advance, but [?] it in his left hand and picked up a stick and threw it at White, whereupon White fired two or three shots, one of the balls taking effect in the leg of the soldier below the knee, and two of the shots passing by and injuring two serious, supposed to be fatal injuries, on an old man residing [?] by the name of Humbard, and was in no way connected with the soldier. The soldier also fired his pistol without effect. As the White left town they were accused of shooting at another soldier named Douglas through a window as he sat conversing with a lady in the outskirts of the town.
Father Kemp is Coming. – We are happy to inform our readers that the original “Old Folks Concert Company” from Boston, being on their way to Quincy, will stop over on Wednesday evening next, and give one of their [?] concerts at Campbell’s Hall. – It will no doubt be the greatest musical treat that was ever enjoyed in this city. Let no one fail to see and hear them.
Difficulty on the Railroad. – A difficulty occurred on the cars last Friday on this side of Bushnell, between a soldier, belonging to the 16th, and a negro soldier. The Quincy Whig and Republican gives an account of the affair which does not tally with the facts. It appears – and we have our report from good authority, — that as some of the soldiers, who had been up to Bushnell, at a reception supper, got on the car, that the seats were all filled, and among the crowd who were already seated were three negroes, occupying two seats. They were kindly requested by the soldiers to get up and allow the ladies to sit down. The negroes refusing, the soldiers undertook to use a little force, whereupon the negro drew his revolver, but before he could use it the soldier had his out and fired at him. His arm was struck up by another soldier, or the negro would have been shot. There was no knocking down about it. After the shooting the three negroes concluded it to be the best policy to retire to another car. – Every one with whom we have conversed on the subject, and who were on the cars at the time say the negro was served just right.
Another Recruiting Office. – Capt. Reid, of the 66th Regiment, (Yates Sharp-shooters,) has opened a recruiting office at the old American House, south-east corner of the square, where he will be found during business hours, ready to enroll names for his Regiment. The Captain has been in the service over two years, and understands the ropes. Fill up the ranks, boys.
Going Back. – Thomas Martin, of the 84th, will start on his return to his regiment on Monday next. Any person wishing to send letters by him to friends in the regiment, can do so by leaving them at B. F. Martin & Son’s Furniture Store, on the north side of the square.
Runaway. – A span of horses, attached to a wagon, ran away on Monday last, in this city. They made fast time around the square. We could not learn to whom they belonged, nor what caused them to start. Some of our citizens, with more zeal than wisdom, undertook to stop the horses by throwing clubs at them. A good way, surely to stop a frightened horse.
Rennovating. – We notice that the old building on the east side of the square, known as the Grantham building, is being remodeled. It will be occupied as a boot and shoe store.
Supper at Buhnell. — The citizens of Bushnell gave a Supper to the soldiers of Co. A, 16th Regiment, on Thursday evening of last week. We learn that the attendance was large, the Supper all that could be desired, and the utmost harmony and good feeling prevailed.
Remember the Festival. – No lover of fun or amusement should forget the Good Templar’s Festival this evening at Campbell’s Hall. Give them a full house and you will be richly entertained.
Josh Billings on Pigs.
Az the white rose wakens into buty, so doz the white pig cum tew gladden us. His earz are like the lilac leaf, played upon by the young zephurz at eventide, hiz silkaness is the wool of buty, and hiz figger is the outline of lovleness. Hiz food is white nectar, drawn from the full mountain of affecshun. He waxes fatter and more slik evra day, and hangs from the buzzum of hiz mother like an image of alabaster. He laffeth at forms, and curleth hiz tale closur, as hiz feast goeth on, and he riseth with gladness and wandreth with his kindred, beside the still waters. Hiz brothers and sisters are az like him as flakes ov snow, and all the day long among the klover and beneath the white thorn, he maketh his joy and leadeth a life akaliean. – Hiz words are low muzik and his language the unrotored freshness of natur. His pastime is the history of innersence, and his lezzure is elegance. He walketh where grase leadeth, and gambles to the dalliance of dewy fragrance. He gathereth straw in his mouth, and hasteth awa on arrants of gladness. – He listeth to the reproof of his parent; his ackshuns are the laws of politeness, and his logic iz the power of instinct. His datime is pease, and his even is gentil furgitfulness. As he taketh on years, he loveth kool places, and delveth in liquids, and stirrith the arth to a fatness, and painteth hisself in dark cullurs, a refuge from flize, and the torments of life. He forgetteth his parent, and becumeth his own master, and larneth the mystery of food, and groweth hugely. Men gaze at his porkyness, and kount his valu by pounds, and lay in wate for him, and sackrifise him, and give his flesh salt for its safety.
A few Statistics of the Reaper Trade.
But few persons not actually engaged in the enterprise have any definite idea of the immense proportions the business of manufacturing reapers and mowers is assuming in this country. We have reliable information that there were made of 1762, 33,000 of these machines; for that of 1863 something over 40,000, and for the business of the present present year upwards of 70,000 will be made. Out of the 70,000 between 14,000 and 15,000 will be manufactured in the State of Illinois.
Seventy thousand machines at an average of $130 each (combined machines selling the ensuing season at $150 to $160 or even higher and mowers from $105 to $140), and we have the enormous amount of $9,100,000 paid by the agriculturists of the North in a single season for a single class of implements. Probably the repairs on machines, old and new, will swell the amount to nearly $11,000,000. Can any country in the world equal or even approach these figures? – Prairie Farmer.
Five Hundred Thousand More.
The telegraph on Sunday conveyed the following order to the public, it having been issued on that day:
It is ordered that a draft of five hundred thousand men, to serve for three years, or during the war, be made on the 10th day of March next, for the military service of the United States – crediting and deducting there-from as many as may have been enlisted or drafted into the service prior to the 1st day of March, and not heretofore credited.
We are not told what is the urgency of this call, whether is it based on an apprehended intervention by France, or a large reinforcement of the rebel armies, or whether Imboden’s raid into Pennsylvania has again alarmed the “Washington people.” The order is just sufficiently explicit to give rise to a difference of opinion about the number actually called. It may be in addition to three hundred thousand already being raised, or it may be only to increase the number of that call to five hundred thousand. But it is “no sort of consequence” which of these is the true meaning. The real question is to get the men. – We think they will be found without much trouble. True, the country, has been drained of a large portion of its fighting population, but this was done before the war assumed its present policy, and there are now in reserve the “swarms” promised by Gov. Andrews which were to “fill the highways and byways Massachusetts with volunteers” rushing to fight in behalf of negro freedom. We think now is a good time for Massachusetts to swarm – better late then never. There are also in reserve the nine hundred thousand promised by Greeley, a respectable instalment of which should now be forth-coming. And last, but not least, there are the armies which Abraham would be able to “stamp out of the earth” on the issuance of a “proclamation of freedom.” These immense forces are almost all in reserve, and we suggest that now is the time for them to come forth. Abraham believed these promises, he performed what was asked of him, and surely the trio of tempters will not fail in the fulfillment. So we expect this five hundred thousand will be in the field within the month, and we congratulate the country upon the rebellion being food for history within the next three months. “Rally at the call, boys!”
→ St. John, in his apocalyptic vision, tells us what Satan will first do after his release from the thousand years confinement in prison: His first work is “to deceive the nations” and “gather them together to battle.” Are there not Christians in this land who will pause, in this day of stupendous deception and most cruel and unnecessary battle, and ask themselves if they have not unwittingly been emissaries of Satan in deceiving the people to their hurt?
→ A “Convention” in Arkansas, how elected is hard to tell, is engaged in making a new constitution for that State, to conform to modern views. It has abolished slavery by but one dissenting vote. What is the use of the farce of a “Convention,” when Old Abe can declare null and void the constitution and laws of Arkansas or any other state, at his own will and pleasure?
→ It is said that nobody now appears at the so called Union meetings in New Orleans, except the northern disunion abolitionists, who have been exported to that city by Mr. Lincoln. These wretches assemble, to the number of a few hundred, and call themselves the State of Louisiana – elect members to Congress, and perform other similar frauds and abominations, as they are instructed from Washington.
Prolonging the War.
It has been very generally suspected and not unfrequently charged, that the abolition radicals who dictate the policy and control the action of the administration, have kept constantly in view the prolongation of the war as a means of accomplishing their cherished object of negro emancipation, which many of them do not hesitate to admit they make paramount to everything else. Had the war been successfully prosecuted to an early close, with the re-establishment of constitutional authority in the insurgent States, there would have been no time for the fruition of the negro schemes of radicals. When the charge of desiring to prolong the war was preferred against the radicals some time ago in the U. S. Senate, Mr. Hale, of New Hampshire, whose three thousand dollar transaction had not yet come light, with that show of indignation he knows so well how to effect, repelled the charge. And in denying it he tool occasion to characterize any man who desires the prolongation of the war one hour beyond its necessary prosecution for the vindication of the laws of the government, as a wretch whom no honest man should take by the hand. The language thus uttered was well calculated to pass as sincere, but we now have evidence that such prominent advisers of the administration as Senator Sumner, of Massachusetts, has confessed his purpose of preventing a close of the war until negro slavery shall be abolished. The facts are stated by a cotemporary from whom we copy:
From the Hartford Times.
The Rev. Dr. Massie, the British “Emancipation” agent, having recently returned to England, is now giving an account of his reception in various parts of the United States. He will be remembered by the Hartford people from the fact of the meeting held while he was here, in one of the speech makers. At a late meeting of the Glasgow Union and Emancipation Society, Dr. M. referred to his interview with Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Sumner, in which the Massachusetts Senator laid down the real doctrine of the Abolitionists who now govern the country, viz, that their great object is to prevent the war from being ended before negro slavery shall have been abolished.
The following extract from the Society’s proceeding at the meeting in Glasgow, Scotland, is given:
“Dr. Massie described the great change that had passed in public opinion as to slavery, referring particularly to the city of Washington, where, after an address, the minister of the place said: “Had you delivered that address a year ago, you and all the meeting would have been mobbed, and the church gutted.” He believed that every disaster had been to the advantage of the anti slavery cause. Mr. Chas. Sumner had said to him, that he feared more their successes than their defeats. Their successes were likely to make the people ready to say, “Let us patch it up now.” Their defeats were a prolongation of the war, and gave the people reason to put the question to themselves, Why is God fighting against us? Why is he delaying the day of peace? It is because of slavery. – Therefore, let us abolish slavery.”
In view of such facts as these, Mr. Hale’s indignant denial does not amount to much. – The infamous utterances ascribed to Senator Sumner in the above correspond with the doctrine promulgated by the New York Anti-Slavery Standard some time since, when it “thanked God for defeat,” and prayed that “reverses” might continue. In the light of the above declaration of Sumner these infamies become perfectly intelligible. And we can now more clearly understand the motive of Mr. Lincoln’s one-tenth plan. It is all of a piece with this scheme to prolong the war in the interest of negro emancipation. This to the fanatical radicals is of more importance than the lives of our people and the happiness of the country.
Macomb Weekly Journal
Another Call Made.
President Lincoln has called for 500,000 more men. This call includes the 300,000 called for last October. The draft is certainly ordered to take place on the 10th of March next – “no postponement on account of the weather.” Let us see it to that McDonough county has her quota filled before that time.
Several opinions are advanced as to the reason of this call: the preeminent one is, the speedy crushing of the rebellion; another, to intimidate France. We think that both have something to do with it. The authorities are determined to end this accursed rebellion, and the best way to do it is to over-power the rebels by our numerical strength. The brave and gallant men who have so long borne the hardships incident to a soldier’s life in active duty – the long, weary marches, scanty fare and deprivation of every home comfort – are re-enlisting almost en masse. – Let us emulate their example and show to the rebels and to the world generally, that we are terribly in earnest; that every one living within the boundaries of the United States must submit to the laws, and we will soon see the Sun of Peace shining once more over our beloved country.
Candidates for Governor.
Both parties are casting about for good material to hold the honorable post of Governor of this Commonwealth. With the Republicans and Union men, Generals Palmer, Oglebee and Logan and perhaps some other heroes of the war are prominently mentioned; besides the old Auditor Jesse K. Dubois, an honest and worthy man, so far at least, as the offices he has held show. Amongst the democrat nominees we see none so prominently before the party as S. Coring Judd of Lewiston. Now, we are perhaps too old fashioned to know exactly how little brains it requires to run the governmental machine of this great State, but we had supposed that Mr. Judd, against whom we certainly entertain no hostility as a man, was quite as high when denominated a leading attorney at the Fulton County bar as [fold] have proclivities for governing a State never displayed for want of materials to spend his skill upon, but we would surely never have guessed Mr. Judd’s capacity as evincing any of the ear-marks of a live Governor in time of war. He belongs however, to the peace wing of the Democracy, and may possess the philosopher’s stone by the touch of which a rebel becomes a patriot and a traitor an honest man.
The Carthage Republican of last week, publishes [fold] it claims to be an extract from the Mo Republican purporting to disclose the Society of the Union League. From this extract we learn that Union and Liberty are the watchwords, and “intense loyalty” pervades the Ritual. Now, whatever smacks of these sentiments seems always painful to our Carthage neighbor and generally to the St. Louis Republican. But if the League has half the devotion to the Union that the Democracy charge upon it, we really think we shall join, as this is the company we like to be in, and as these Democratic sentinels have given us the raps and the grips who knows but that we can get in.
The League seems to lack one thing to intensify the democratic hate, and that is they are silent on the nigger. – We look in vain for any condemnation of the League on that score, and we conclude the League won’t admit the sable brethren.
There seems to have been a serious revolt of soldiers against the secesh government at Mobile, on the 18th of January, in which the rebel soldiers and officers of Fort Morgan, took possession of the fort and when the rebels sent gun boats to subdue them, they fired upon and drove off the boats. At night, however, a large force from Mobile went down and finding the garrison off their guard, re-captured them. Seventy of the revolters, it is said, are sentenced to be shot.
Good Templar’s Festival – The members of this enterprising Order contemplate holding a Festival at Campbell’s Hall, on the evening of the 12th inst. All are invited to attend without respect to membership. Admittance, one dollar per couple. The conditions are evidently fair and easy to all, and we bespeak for this active body of reformers a full house.
Our Illinois Senator.
We are pained to publish the gross debauchery of our Senator from Illinois. His political career has mostly been of the extreme Southern type of Democratic surveillance. With the exception of a short time previous to the late Presidential election and a very short time after, he has been a partizan of the Southern rights stamp, full of bitterness, and overbearing to Northern politicians.
As a neighbor, father and husband he is reputed to be affectionate and kind. His lady is said to be a highly exemplary and Christian woman, and is at this time suffering from painful disease. These considerations induce us to lament the aberrations of the Senator most deeply. We could have wished that he had maintained the stand he at one time assumed alongside his intimate friend Judge Douglas.
- The National Democratic Convention is to be held at Chicago on the 4th of July. What [fold] will have.
- Passed off Pleasantly. – The supper and reception to the gallant old Sixteenth.
- Muddy. – The streets of Macomb.
- President by Acclamation. – From present appearances, Honest Old Abe will be made the next President by acclamation.
- Re-enlisted. – The 2nd Ill. Cavalry. Thus the roll of veteran regiments is extending.
- About to Return. – Arkansas is about the return to its allegiance. Ditto Tennessee, ditto North Carolina.
- A Great Institution. – Printer’s Ink. Try it, ye unbelievers.
- A New Church. – The Copperheads of Ohio are about to start a new Church. Dr. Olds, of Fort Lafayette notoriety, chief prophet. In their opening conference, neither prayer nor hymn was offered. Good for the C. H.’s. Wonder where they will locate their Heaven?
- Wanted. – Fifteen hundred subscribers for the Macomb Weekly Journal.
- Invitation. – We invite all our old friends to call on us at our office and have a friendly chat.
- Gold is quoted at 157 3-4 at New York.
- Governor Gamble of Missouri, died on Sunday last.
- The suspension bridge across Niagria River at Lewiston was blown down by a gale on Monday last.
- There has been a four hours fight on the upper Potomac, between General Kelley’s Union forces and Early’s rebels. We are not informed of the result.
- John Brown’s daughter is teaching the freedmen at Fortress Monroe.
- An important army expedition is about to start for the South from Memphis. A heavy blow is to be struck at some unexpected point. The details are contraband yet.
Washington, Jan. 25, 1864.
In striking contrast to the extremely cold weather you have been having in Illinois, is the warm sunshiny weather, we are enjoying here.
To-day is as warm and pleasant as spring; overcoats are thrown aside and windows are thrown open, to enjoy the warm, balmy atmosphere.
Washington as is usual in winter, is crowded and gay. The lecture rooms, theatres and other places of amusement are packed every night. In the theatrical line we are having at present, Mrs. D. P. Bowers at Ford’s and Vestvali at Grovers. Prof. Agassiz has just finished a course of lectures on “Glaciers” at the Smithsonian Institute and during the winter we have had John B. Gough, Bayard Taylor, Dr. Storrs, Miss Anna Dickinson and others.
“Hops” are affairs of weekly occurrence at the National Hotel and Williard’s, but the grand “hop” of the season was at the National on Thursday evening last, and was a most brilliant affair. The hall was crowded, many Congressmen, their ladies, foreign ministers, and the elite of the city were in attendance. The ladies were out in magnificent array, and diamonds flashed and silks rustled. I am not “Jenkins” enough to go into a minute description, but for the benefit of your lady readers I will say that “low necks” and trails were the style. The waists were made with double points and some ladies were without hoops while the majority wore those of very Quaker like dimensions. Hair was arranged variously. “A la frizzle” seemed to be the most prevalent style, though “a la grac” curls, “rats,” “mice” and “waterfalls” were quite common. It was a splendid affair end everyone seemed to enjoy it.
During the past summer and fall, Union men here, and perhaps all over the country, felt a great anxiety in regard to the political complexion of the coming Congress, and fears were entertained that the friends of the Union and the administration would not have a majority. The election of Colfax on the first ballot by an overwhelming majority dispelled all doubts on this point and gave assurance to loyal hearts everywhere. It was interesting to hear Colfax ring out confidently from the Un-[fold] of the house, and witness the hopeless despondency with which the Copperheads cast their few scattering votes for Cox, Malloy and others.
It seems as though this hopeless minority of treason sympathizers were studying the best means to forever politically damn themselves, if we are to judge from their continued efforts to embarrass the Government in the prosecution of the war and their opposition to all measures that are calculated to injure rebels, or their cause.
It is hard to understand how men possessing intelligence and education act so; for even if they are destitute of patriotism, history proves nothing more plainly, than that men who oppose their country in time of war, bring down a judgment upon their own heads.
The Tory of the Revolution, the members of the Hartford Convention, and those who voted against supplies for the Mexican war, are examples of this fact.
I had the pleasure a short time since of spending a few hours in company with Col. Mudd late private Secretary of that deceased statesman Hon. S. A. Douglas. As McDonough contains many men who at one time professed to follow the teachings of that distinguished political leader, I will give in substance some of the remarks of Col. Mudd. The subject came up in reference to the opinions and action of Judge Douglas, in regard to the present rebellion.
Col. Mudd said: “I remember the day that Fort Sumter was fired upon. Judge Douglas gave me some manuscript to copy and went down street, he came back very much excited and said to me: “Colonel they have fired upon our flag; they have made war upon the Union; and now it becomes every man to do his duty and stand by the Government. This Rebellion must be crushed! Politically I am opposed to Abraham Lincoln, but I shall stand by him in his efforts to crush these traitors and I shall call upon him and tell him so,” and he did call upon the President and say to go on in his efforts to put down treason and as far as laid in his power he would aid him; and he also said that the President should have called for five hundred thousand instead of seventy-five thousand men.”
The position and feelings of many who were once the followers of S. A. would be much more enviable had they continued to follow his patriotic teachings and by word and deed “helped mankind on to this great consummation” instead of having striven to binder it “with malignant heart and deceitful speech.”
The confirmation of Gen. Schofield is a question that is agitated here very freely at present. It is impossible to state what the result will be; there are some who are very bitterly opposed to it and all or nearly all the Senators are understood to have taken firm positions on the question either pro or con. To speak of the objections that are urged against him would involve the whole Missouri question which I do not propose to do, but merely wish to say a few words in reference to the position occupied by the President in the matter.
Many of Mr. Lincoln’s warmest friends condemn him for his action in the matter and that he has erred is probable, but it must be borne in mind that while the opponents of Schofield were urging their objections against him, in a manner perhaps that was not so well calculated to influence a man of Mr. Lincoln’s firmness as a milder tone would have been. On the other hand Gov. Karney and other Union men of Kansas were urging him to retain Gen. Schofield. Gov. Gamble also was the warm friend of Schofield and he could say and probably did say, “I have used all my energies to put troops in the field and to aid in suppressing the rebellion,” and then request that Schofield be retained to the injury of the cause of the Radical Union men of Kansas and Missouri. I have heard several of the Radical members from Missouri talk on this question and they exhibit a bitterness that I have never seen equalled.
If Mr. Lincoln has erred in this particular he is doing all in his power to set it right at present, and the evidences of the Union press and people all over the country show that he occupies a place in the hearts and confidence of his fellow citizens not equalled or approached by any other man.
Without some great change it is safe to predict that “Abraham is the man” for 1864.
A Drunken Senator.
It would be really amusing, if it were not thoroughly disgusting, to witness the drunken vagaries of the gentleman whose name heads this paragraph, as [fold] to place in the Capitol building; drunk at morning, drunk at noon, and drunk at night; drunk in his seat, and drunk out of his seat; drunk at assembly and drunk at adjournment. As he passes the street corners the little boys point their fingers at his bloated features, and mock his unsteady gait. It is sad, indeed, to look at him rolling rather than walking into the Senate chamber, and to think that he should have a voice in the enactment of laws to govern a great nation; sad, indeed, to think that his voice should be as potent in the decision of momentous questions, as that of Mr. Sumner, or any other member of the Senate; sad, indeed, to see the homage due to a United States Senator, paid to a poor drunken fool like him; and sad, indeed, to see half of the great State of Illinois represented by such a sot. We boast of the freedom of the press in this country, yet here is a living disgrace to a State and the nation; against which a word is rarely uttered. Citizens of the United States ought to take pride enough in the highest legislative body in the land, to see that worthless drunkard excluded from it, and when one gets in occasionally, the press ought to write him out, his State ought to vote him out, or if that will not do, the people ought to kick him out.
McDougal, of California, and Richardson of Illinois, are the only habitual drunkards of the Senate. McDougal is harmless in his cups. He goes out horseback riding, falls into the gutter, and the small boys rally round him and have a little fun at his expense. He seldom troubles the Senate chamber with his presence. Richardson, however, is disgusting in his bacchanalian revelries – always obtrudes himself upon the Senate when scarcely able to stand erect – always, unfortunately for himself and for his State, in his seat to be pointed at from the galleries, and to have his name given in reply to the oft repeated question, “Who is that drunken fellow over there?”
On the first page, at the head of the first column will be found our terms – [?] per annum, strictly in advance. We will be compelled to adhere to this [?] rigidly in order to be able to “run the machine” as it should be run – that is to buy paper, for which we have to pay with money down; pay our hands, our rent, and all other expenses which are necessarily incurred in publishing a paper. A great many object to take our paper on account of the price we ask for it; but we think they would consider it cheap, if they knew the amount it cost to issue each [?] of the paper.
We hope our friends will think of this and promptly renew their subscriptions, and endeavor to add to our subscription list. It will only take a very small exertion on their part to increase our circulation to 1200 or 1500 and they will gain by it as well as ourself; the more patronage we receive the better paper we can give them in return. An exciting political campaign is almost upon us, and it behooves all good Union men to exert themselves the utmost to be successful, and nothing will do more to secure that success, so much desired, as a well con[?] paper. And such a paper we propose to give, provided we are properly sustained. Let each man whose name is now upon our subscription book consider himself appointed a committee of one to canvass his neighborhood or school district, and we will have a patronage that will enable us to go on our [?] rejoicing.
Funeral of Maj. Broaddus. – The body of Maj. Broaddus having been retained by the family and friends a number of days, was finally interred on Thursday last. A large concourse of citizens were in attendance. The family was escorted to and from the church by a body of returned soldiers, and the funeral services were held at the M. E. Church, of which he has long been a devoted and consistent member. The funeral services at the church were conducted by Elder Haney of Peoria, and were said to have been highly satisfactory to those in attendance. After the services the body was carried to its last resting place, attended by a large procession of friends.
Thus ends another victim, who has gone from our neighborhood, of this accursed war. What thousands of offerings have gone in this way; some from almost every township in our land to appease this demon of Secession. – Thousands of our brave men from all parts of the North sprang with alacrity at their country’s call, as did Maj. Broaddus, not stopping to count the cost, but ready if need be to sacrifice life and all earthly hopes on their country’s altar, and what multitudes of such men have gone down to an honored grave – but nevertheless having left broken-hearted families, afflicted friends and irreparable gaps in society, as memorials of their loss.
Coffee for Two. – We understand that two persons calling themselves John Harry and Nancy J. Harry, claiming to be man and wife, were committed to jail by Esquire Withrow for trial at the next term of the Circuit Court on a charge of larceny. The proof seemed to show that sometime about Christmas last, a clock was missing at the depot from the warehouse of Graves & Graham, and on one of the days last week these same parties went afoot to Bardolph and Bushnell, the woman offering for sale, and finally selling this clock, and the man hanging about the corners of the street, whilst the woman peddled her ill-gotten merchandise. A writ was obtained and constable Barrett followed the parties to Monmouth, and brought back Sheriff Dixon two pretty sure boarders until the third week of March.
Melancholy Casualty. – We learn that William Williams, a young man of our city, of sober and industrious habits and but just married, came to his end on Sabbath, under circumstances calculated to engage the sympathies of every heart. Williams worked at Clisby’s mill, and had just eaten his dinner on Friday at two o’clock P. M., at his brother’s where he boarded, when he went back of the house, where some of his friends were shooting with an indifferent pistol. The mainspring of the pistol was so weak that at each setting of the cap after loading, it was necessary to press the cap tight down on the tube, so that the weak stroke of the hammer of the pistol might explode it. This pressing was usually done by forcing the hammer down slightly on the cap before firing. On this occasion, and as Williams walked up those in charge of the pistol were in the act of adjusting the cap. To fit it more closely the one who held it tapped the hammer on a small tree near by, when the cap bursted igniting the charge, and the ball struck Williams, who by this time was within a few feet, entering the chest near the lower extremity of the heart, and inflicting a wound from which he died on Sunday. As before stated he was married just a week before the accident and looked forward to a long and happy life. He leaves a young wife who surely deserves the commisseration of all humane persons. She had just united herself to his fortunes, as she doubtless supposed for a long life and in the midst of her early joys has been called to mourn a widowed bride. Such Providences are mysterious, past finding out. But the Lord reigns. Were it not that those connected with this great misfortune already, no doubt, have suffered much from their own reflections, we would feel it to be our duty to comment on the careless use of fire-arms with some severity.
At Nashville. – From a private note from Mr. Magie, we learn that he arrived safely at Nashville on the 29th ult. He expected to reach Chattanooga on the morning of the 31st. He promises a letter for the paper as soon as he reaches camp.
Recruiting Office. – We would notice that Capt. Chapman, and Lieut. Gash of the 16th regiment have opened a recruiting office on the south-west corner of the square. Any one wishing to enlist, will do well to give them a call.
Soldier’s Festival. – The entertainment to which we alluded in our last, came off agreeably to appointment on the 28th. And our soldier friends attended in force. It was not exactly everybody and his wife on that occasion, but every soldier and his girl, including some wives of course. The blue coats and brass buttons shone conspicuously through the day all over town, and during the afternoon the Bushnell and Prairie City division came in with a stirring brass band. At four o’clock the large hall was jammed and the feast of fat things commenced. Much credit is due the managers for a sumptuous entertainment arranged with much skill and taste, and for a time the soldiers forgot hard tack and bacon flitches for the kind offerings of home. Much hilarity and good feeling prevailed in the dense crowd, and not a case of disorder or dissatisfaction is known to have occurred at the feast. The evening was devoted to the dance, and the soldiers with their ladies, and many of our young citizens and their lasses, participated in the merry ring to a late hour. The hall was quite too small to afford facilities for all to engage in the evening entertainment, and we understand that seventy-five couple swarmed and settled again at the ball room of the Randolph House. The whole affair seems to have been highly gratifying to all those who participated.
Ho! for Idaho. – We understand that Wm. Bowles and Rate Fulton are to start for Idaho some time next week. We wish them a safe journey and good luck after they get there. Who goes next?
→ We are indebted to S. A. Epperson of the 7th Ill. Cav. for a copy of the Charleston (S. C.) Mercury, of the 17th of December ’63, which he captured along with other property of like value. The following is a price list of a few articles in Charleston:
Bacon,$1per lb; Candles, $1,25’ Coffee $4; Flour $28 per bbl; Hogs net 60 cts per lb., gross 41; Horses $700 each; Lard $1 per lb. Sole leath – $3; Upper leather $4; Harness, $3,75; Molasses $6 per gal. Potatoes $3 per bushel; Salt 60 cts per lb.; Shirting $1,25 per yard; Army Shoes $15 per pr; Socks $2,50; Sugar $2,00; Tea $10, Tallow, $1.50; Wheat $5; Wool $4; Wagons $300; Yarn $2,50.
Sold Out. – Frazer, the Oyster man on the south-west corner of the square, has sold out his goods at auction.
Recruits. – Quite a large number of recruits have been enlisted in this county since the October call. We were promised by the recruiting officers the exact number, but have not received it yet. We hope to have the number and names next week.
The 84th’s Flag. – We have been presented by Messrs. Hawkins & Philpot, Photographic Artists of this city, with a Photograph of the old Flag of the 84th. This Flag was brought home by Col. Waters of the 84th, and is “all tattered and torn” by rebel bullets and cannon balls. It has been through the battles of Stones River and Chickamauga. The Photograph is worth preserving by all the friends of the gallant 84th.
Re-enlisted. – We are gratified to learn that the gallant old 50th, has re-enlisted for the war. Every man in the regiment, with the exception of the new recruits, who have not been in long enough has re-enlisted. Good for the 50th. Col. Bane, the commander has long been in command of a brigade at Corinth. They will rendezvous at Quincy, for the purpose of recruiting.
Fogetful. – A certain Mr. J. N. Hill, a writing school teacher, and fancy man generally, borrowed our specimen book a few days before he left this city, and forgot to return it. We can do without the book, but are sorry to lose Mr. Hill.
A Good Suggestion. – The Quincy Whig and Republican suggests that a subscription be started for the purpose of furnishing the 10th, 16th and 50th Regiments, which are to rendezvous there for the purpose of recruiting, with a Regimental Flag each. Subscriptions to be limited to one dollar. Cannot our citizens do something towards the object?
Read Them. – Look over our advertising columns, read them, and then you will know with whom to deal, for it is an incontrovertible fact, that the most liberal men to deal with are they who advertise, and make known their business through the medium of the public prints – let them be merchant, lawyer, doctor, banker or mechanic.
Removed. – W. H. Phelps has removed his tailor shop to the room over Gilfry & Davis’ store. Entrance on east side.
New Bank. – As an evidence of the increase of business in this place we will state that a new Bank has been opened here by Dr. T. M. Jordan, of this city, in the old post office building, one door north of Piper’s new brick store. All who have business of that kind will do well to call on the Doctor.
Acknowledgement. — We are indebted to Hon. L. W. Ross, M. C., from this district for valuable public documents, and other favors, for which he will please accept our sincere thanks. We are also indebted to our friend C. H. Whitaker, Esq., for favors from Jefferson City, Mo. Thanks, friend Charlie.
At Home. – Capt. Ervin, of Co. C, 84th Reg’t, arrived home on Saturday last. The Capt. looks well, and appears to enjoy army life hugely.
Valentines. – Clarke’s Bookstore is just in receipt of a large lot of comic and sentimental valentines. We would advise all ye “Young America” of this city to go early and make a good selection, for nothing takes so well with the young ladies as to receive a nice valentine from a nice young man.
Geo. W. Bailey, on the east side of the square, becoming convinced of the utility of advertising, has determined to increase his already extensive business, by letting the people know what he has to sell through the columns of our paper. George sells on the ready-pay system, and consequently, very cheap. See advertisement, in another column, and then give him a call.
J. McMillan & Co., still continues the Drug business at their old stand. They keep constantly on hand medicines of all kinds of the best quality. Painters are especially invited to give them a call.
O. F. Piper, at his new brick, on the north-east corner of the square, has among his extensive stock of Groceries, Cove Oysters, and good ones too. We notice that he has flour for sale.
S. J. Clarke, has torn out the partition wall in his book store, and is extending his shelving back, an evidence that he is prospering. He will have a large assortment of Wall and Window paper in a few days. The increase in his business is a good illustration of the benefit of advertising.
Brown & Hillier, Carpenters, can be found at their New Shop, opposite the jail, where they are prepared to do work in their line at reasonable rates, and in good style.
An Intelligent Dorg. – Monroe, the Barber Shop man, has an animal of the canine species that is quite intelligent. Drop in and see it.
Do you want good bread? If so, call on John Gesler, north-west corner of the square, and you will be sure to get it – both good and nice.
To Live and let Live. – That’s the Question. – Whether ‘tis better for people to buy boots, shoes, hats, or caps at high rates, or go direct to J. M. Browne & Co.’s, on the south side of the square, and get the very best at lower prices the they can be bought at any similar establishment.
Watchman, what of the night? – John H. Wilson, watchmaker and jeweler, on the north side of the square, has just received a large assortment of clocks, which he says he will sell cheap. Wilson has fitted up his room in city style, and is prepared to repair watches, clocks and jewelry as low as the time will justify.
Dr. I. H. Clarke announces through our columns his willingness to attend the sick and afflicted. The Doctor has long experience in the practice of medicine, and is very successful in treating the various diseases of this country.
The Pay of the Soldiers.
The proposition, now before Congress, says the Springfield Register, to increase the monthly pay of soldiers and non-commissioned officers of the army, by paying them the present rates in gold or its equivalent, is a Democratic measure, and one to which every Democrat will give a ready assent. There is no dissent from the proposition that that present pay of the soldiers is totally inadequate to make suitable provision for the families many of our soldiers left behind them when responding to their country’s call. Attempts are made to compensate, in part, for this deficiency, by organizing societies to seek out and relieve destitute families of soldiers in the field – by making town or county provision for soldiers’ families, and in many cases by individual donations. All these things are humane and praiseworthy; but they do not meet the exigencies of the case. To say nothing of the numberless instances of distress and suffering that are never discovered and relieved, the principle which underlies the entire system is wrong. The American soldier ought not to feel that his wife and children are dependent, in whole or in part, upon the charities of the nieghborhood for support, as though they were beggars – the idea would be inexpressibly humiliating and degrading. His pay ought to be such that while his own personal wants are amply provided for by his government, he is able to supply his family regularly with ample means to maintain themselves in comfort, independent of public or private charities.
Better than Mass-Meetings.
A cotemporary very truthfully says: Now is the time to make advances. – Flood your townships with Democratic newspapers. What Democrat is it who can’t afford to spend three to ten dollars in spreading Democratic papers? This is the way to insure the success of the Democracy this year. A few dollars spent in this way will do more good that hundreds in getting up the best mass-meetings. In this way, quietly and surely, the public mind may be disabused, and awakened to the awful condition of our country. Papers circulated during the next four months will exert twice the influence that they will after the presidential nominations are made. Will the Democrats of this county be wise in time?
→ A republican paper says that Democrats should not object to political preaching, because “the pulpit at the South has for more than thirty years been prostituted to politics.” If this be so, we cannot see how the “prostitution” of the pulpit in the South can justify or even palliate a similar “prostitution” at the North.
→ General John A. Logan says he is not aware that a single negro has obtained his freedom in consequence of this proclamation. Nor is anybody else. But General John will lose his chance for the abolition nomination for Governor if he talks that way.
Only a Change of Masters.
That “the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel,” is being illustrated in a thousand ways, by the treatment of the negroes by abolitionism. The worse than Neapolitan lazar-homes to which the negro has been consigned at Washington, at Island No. 10, at Vicksburg, Natchez, &c., &c., are but every day examples. Of all the negroes that have fallen into our possession since the war began, it is estimated that at least one-fourth have perished from sheer brutality and neglect on the part of their kind “liberators.” But not only are the negroes being thus killed by disease, cold, overfeeding, starvation, and neglect, but, according to Mr. Yeatman, an agent of the Government, a gigantic scheme has been concocted by Grandmother Thomas and the cotton speculators down the Mississippi to swindle the few remaining negroes in that region that are willing to live by honest toil. This is what Mr. Yeatman says of Thomas’ cotton scheme:
A good negro man would hire for from $200 to $240 per annum, and a woman for from $160 to $180 per annum, and to be fed and clothed besides, and that too when cotton was only worth 10 cents per pound. Now it is worth 70 cents. Why should not the freedmen now get at least as much for his labor as the slave owner did for it when he was a slave. The planter who formerly hired a negro slave obtained from $450 to $500 as the result of his labor; now he will obtain at least $1,500 while the laborer, if he should obtain his entire year’s wages, will only receive $[?]; $[?] per head being deducted to pay his medical attendance, which is never given. But the poor freedman fares even worse than this. He does not get his $7 per month, or $84 per annum, plus $2 for medical attendance. He only gets paid at that rate for the actual number of days which he may work, that is 27c. per day, so that if the planter furnished but ten days labor in the month, the laborer received just $2,70 for his month’s labor.”
Grandmother Thomas affixed the tariff of wages and supplied the form of contracts with the lessees, who have taken advantage of her imbecility and the negroes. Is there not here an explanation, in-part of the “President’s plan?” The pious Puritans have diligently used “pressure” to produce such an opening “for the elevation of the oppressed.”
The ‘Soldiers’ Friend’. – Among the incidents attending the reception, in this city, of the 7th regiment, on Monday last, one of the most prominent and significant has not yet found its way into print. We allude to the manner in which the ‘Soldiers’ Friend’ prepared himself to perform his part of the programme. To the many hundreds who witnessed the exhibition he made of himself while attempting to speak his ‘piece,’ a recapitulation of the performance is wholly superfluous; but it is well enough for the people of the state, as well as the soldiers in the field, to know that after it had for days been advertised that the governor of Illinois would, in the name of the people, greet, upon its return, one of the first and noblest regiments which our state sent forth to battle against rebellion, deliberately prepared himself for the discharge of his duty, by getting shockingly, maudlin drunk! The affair was an insult to the soldiers and a disgrace to the state. Let it be remembered that the governor’s condition was no mild, excusable form of intoxication, but the last stage of drunkenness, prior to absolute unconsciousness. It is thus this ‘friend of the soldier’ prepared himself to welcome our heroes. – State Register.
Washington’s Body Guard.
To the Editor of the Macomb Eagle:
The following incident, related in “Peter Parley’s Tales,” shows how Washington was shielded from danger while holding the office of President. What was true of him in this respect has been equally true of every Chief Magistrate except Abraham Lincoln. Alas, my country! how sad the change!
Some years since an Englishman who was visiting Philadelphia was walking with a young American, and conversing upon our Government and officers. At that time Washington was President, and the Englishman expressed a particular desire to see that extraordinary man. Just at that moment a tall and dignified man was walking on the opposite side of the street. “There he goes!” exclaimed the American. Now perhaps my young friends do not know that in England the King never appears in public without a number of soldiers about him, called “the King’s guard,” whose duty it is to keep off all danger and disturbance from the Monarch.
“Is that General Washington?” said the Englishman, surprised to see him walking unattended. “Does your President go in public without a guard?”
“A guard?” replied the American, striking his breast. “Washington has a guard in the heart of every American.”
He meant by this that Washington was so much beloved and honored by all Americans, that no one would attempt to molest him in any way, and that he therefore needed no guard.
→ We are making out and sending bills to those subscribers who are two years or more in arrears. We must have a prompt response from these gentlemen, or we shall employ other means for the collection of the sums due us. And, we don’t do that kind of credit business any longer.
→ Owing to “circumstances beyond his control” the editor hereof has been unable to pay proper attention to all his duties. He has therefore conscripted nearly all of what appears as editorial on the preceding page.
Shot Himself. – We learn that a man by the name of Earwig, living near Brooklyn, Schuyler county, was killed by the discharge of a gun in his own hands, on Monday last. The gun had been loaned to a neighbor, and after its return Mr. E. pulled the hammer back with his foot and was in the act of blowing in the muzzle to see if the gun was loaded, when his foot slipped from the hammer and gun was discharged, the contents entering his mouth. He died instantly.
→ We learn from the Mt. Sterling Record that A. K. Lowry – formerly of this city, and lately of Brown county – has gone to California.
The Late Major Broaddus. – The remains of Major Wm. L. Broaddus of the 78th regiment, were buried in the cemetery near this city on Thursday 28th inst. Maj. B. was killed in the battle of Chicamauga last fall and left on the field, his friends being unable to carry him off. After the Federal success under Grant drove off the enemy beyond the battle ground, Major B. was found in the same spot where he had been left, unburied. The body was immediately sent home for burial. Major Broaddus was a worthy citizen and a brave officer, and few men have fallen in the war who possessed more of the respect of his acquaintances than he did.
→ We are informed that a change will be made in the management of the abolition Journal in this town. The fellow who has been managing the concern for a year or two drops out, very much as a rotten bottom drops out of a decayed swill tub. Mr. T. S. Clarke will appear on the stage as “sole see.” Whether he will discard the briefless attorneys and attenuated counter-hoppers who have heretofore aired their drivel in its columns, and in place of it establish some degree of decency and respectability, remains to be seen. For the sake of his own prosperity – of which we wish Mr. Clarke an abundance – we hope he will be “boss in his own shop.”
Leap Year. – This is “Leap year,” and it is to be sincerely hoped that those ancient maidens who have been “watching and pr[?]-ing on the border,” as well as all fresh, blooming young ladies, will take advantage of the privilege accorded the ladies during Leap year and bring to their embrace the erratic, accentric and in fatuated young men who stand modestly back. Give us an occasional item for our nook devoted to the chronicling of marriages!