September 17, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Three Dollars a Year.

            The continued increase in the price of printing paper and other articles necessarily consumed in a printing office, render a further advance in subscription rates indispensable. We have therefore raised the price of The Eagle to three dollars a year – or one dollar for four months. There will be no deviation from these rates. Those who think they cannot stand it will please call and settle accounts without delay.


Hon. H. K. Peffer for Senator.

            The convention at Monmouth on Tuesday nominated Henry K. Peffer for Senator. This is one of the best nominations that has been made in the State; he is emphatically the right man in the right place. Two years ago he was elected representative from Warren county, over one of the most popular republicans that could be run against him. His record in the Legislature is marked by a thorough devotion to the interests of the State, and a firm and consistent opposition to the swarm of claim agents that thronged the capital. Mr. Peffer is a good speaker, a logical debater, and a thorough sympathizer with the laboring population in their efforts to resist the grasping avarice of capital. He will take occasion to address the citizens of this county in a few weeks, and we bespeak for him large audiences and candid attention.


          → Gen. Grant, it seems, has had such an easy task in destroying Lee’s army, in taking Petersburg and Richmond, and in breaking the backbone of the rebellion generally, that he has had ample leisure to write a letter in aid of Lincoln’s falling fortunes. In looking over the graves of one hundred twenty-five thousand federal soldiers which mark his path from the Rapidan to the Weldon road, he thinks that with a few more men and Lincoln’s proclamations he will be able to end the war immediately if not sooner. He certainly comprehends the temper of the people, when he asks that they “quietly” submit to the “robbing of the cradle and the grave,” in the interests of abolitionism and despotism, as fully as he comprehends the strategy necessary to defeat Lee.


            → Let the people who have friends or relatives languishing and dying n southern prisons, remember that these gallant men will never be exchanged while an abolition administration holds sway. He refuses to exchange prisoners of war until the rebels will recognize a negro as the equal of a white soldier. This they will never do. But when McClellan takes the chair, as he will do on the 4th of March next, one of his first steps will be to order a general exchange of white soldiers held as prisoners of war. Let every true friend of the soldier unite in assisting to elect such a president.


A Valuable Accession.

            We understand that Jas. H. Stewart, Esq., of Monmouth, has openly proclaimed his renunciation of the republican party, and avowed his intention to support McClellan and the Democracy in their righteous efforts to restore Union and Peace to the country. This is a good accession to the cause of constitutional rights. Mr. Stewart is one of the first lawyers in this part of the State, and will have a large influence. He is satisfied that the principles and policies of the Lincoln party are antagonistic to the general welfare, are destructive of all the rights that individuals and States enjoy under the federal constitution, are exercising despotic as well as unwarranted and unnecessary power, and are perverting the war which was began against a rebellion, into a crusade against institutions and laws and privileges. Therefore, as a lover of his country, and a sincer hater of everything mean and despicable in an imbecile or corrupt administration, he obeys the dictates of conscience and of principle by allying himself with the Democracy of the country.


Spurious Unionism.

            While the awful absurdity of a vast and bloody war is being enacted for the obviously impossible object of restoring the Union, and while the lessar absurdity to terming the party which upholds such a war as its sole mode of attaining that object a “Union party,” is still beguiling thousands of unreflecting men, the utter falsity of both assumptions is constantly shown in the spirit of intense and malevolent hatred which characterizes every expression of this spurious Union party towards the Southern people. The idea of uniting with a people for whom such bitter malice and implacable hatred is cherished would appear preposterous to every body but a Loyal Leaguer or a lunatic. A pretty Union party, which denies the equality of States, and declares that the Union shall not be restored save on condition which render its restoration impossible. Every prominent leader of the abolition party has proved himself a traitor to the Union – has worked for its dissolution, and, to use the language of Stephen A. Douglas, “urged war as a means of accomplishing disunion.” – How supremely absured, then, for the administration to claim to be a Union party.


            → The abolitionists have the unparalleled impertinence to call themselves “unconditional Unionists.” – Ask one of them if he would accept the restoration of the Union if slavery were to be retained, and he will reply “no,” at once. At least Lincoln says he will not even open a treaty to restore the Union until by sacrificing the lives of a million or so of white soldiers, he has succeeded in freeing the negroes. This is the their Unionism.


            → This country has had but one President whose name was George, but he was about the best President we have ever had. The people all love his memory, and they intend to elect another George this fall and see if he won’t make a good President too.


Scotland Township.

            The Democratic club of Scotland township will meet at center school house on Tuesday next, 20th inst., at 2 o’clock p. m. Speeches on the state of the country will be made. All are invited to attend.


The County Fair.

            The attendance at the county fair on Thursday and Friday was very good, but not so large as we have seen. Some of the departments were well filled, while others were miserably meager. This was especially the case with


            The articles in this line consisted of two squashes, 3 cabbages, a peck of scraggy potatoes, bony cane stalks, a quart of onions, a sample of good German wheat, and perhaps something else not worthy of mention.


there was one wagon, a patent churn, ditto loom, and nothing more.


was well filled with quilts, children’s dresses, cushions, millinery, chemises, skirts, shirts, etc., etc., exhibiting much skill in needlework, and taste in design and execution. We cannot particularize where so many articles deserve meritorious mention.


            There was a good variety of large and small fruits on exhibition.

Apples. – Mr Damron exhibited 35 varieties, and Mr. Chandler 21, all desirable.

Grapes. – Mr. Damron had speciments of the Concord, Isabella, Catawba, Oporto, Ibex, McCrosky, Diana, Hartford, Prolific, and Clinton – all fine and luscious.

Mr. Vawter had samples of Delaware, Clinton, Concord, Oporto, Catawba, Isabella.

The most of these are very fine grapes, or we are no judge.

Mr. Marx exhibited a Clinton and an Isabella vine, two years old, growing in a box containing less than half a bushel of earth. – Both were very large and full large clusters of grapes.

Pears. – Mr. Damron had 8 varieties of pears and Mr. Chandler 3, all appearing to be fine fruit and of large size.


            There were several pens of good hogs on exhibition, and considering the insignificant amount of premiums offered for this stock, the display was better than might have been expected. Exhibitors certainly did not take this stock to the fair solely for the premiums they might receive.

Mr. H. S. Head exhibited 2 sows and 8 pigs. We could not learn the breed, or age, there being nothing to inform visitors of these particulars. They are very fine animals and are worthy of the attention of hog raisers.

One pen contained 2 Berkshires – fine animals – and another pen 2 of another color. The owners did not deem it necessary to [?] around and answer questions, or to post up any information concerning them, so we are without further particulars.

Mr. Hankins had “the big hog” of the lot, but as a notice of this animal has been made elsewhere, nothing further need to be said here.

We must defer till next week a notice of the sheep, cattle, horses, etc. on exhibition.


            Good Fits. – Those who want to enjoy the comfort of well made and exactly fitting clothes can obtain them at the tailoring and clothing house of Mr. August. This gentleman has lately secured the services of one of the best cutters in Illinois – Mr. Wright – and is prepared to guarantee satisfaction and a little more than satisfaction to all who entrust the making up of their garments to his hands. Gents will please take notice.


            Egyptian Wheat. – Mr. C. F. Long of Prairie city township has left at our office a few heads of “Egyptian wheat,” raised by him this year. It is a good berry and yields, as we are informed by Mr. Long, at the rate of forty bushels per acre.


            Watch Lost. – Mr. C. Von Wolff lost a silver watch on the evening of the 3rd inst. – It is of small size, French make and cylinder [?]. The owner will be suitably rewarded by leaving it at this office.


            Largest Hog in the County. – Mr. A. J. Hankins had a hog at the late fair, which is undoubtedly the largest “lump of swine” in the county. The animal is three years old, weighs over 200 pounds, breadth across the shoulder 30 inches, length from snout to tail seven feet. It is a cross of Chester and Berkshire, and color white.


            A Good Churn. – Markille & Smith’s patent churn is a good invention. The ease and rapidity with which the “churning” can be done are its great recommendations. We have tried one of these churns, and can advise our farmers that it is worth the money. Sold by Jos. T. Mitchell, at J. W. Arnold’s, five miles north of Macomb.


            → The house of Strader & Co. have just received a large invoice of boots and shoes for the fall and winter trade. They will sell a better article at lower figures than any other firm in the county. That’s so.


Answer Before You Vote.

            The following questions will be found interesting at the present time:

How much regard have rulers for the rights of the people?

When will passion give way to reason?

What kind of government, and how much debt are we to have when the war is over?

If the war should continue until the last man is killed and the last dollar is spent, who will bury the last man, and who will hold the last dollar?

Does sovereignty reside in the office holders or in the people?

Should the freeing of slaves be the paramount object of the war?

Is there any recoil to a musket in the hands of a negro soldier?

Do all governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed?

Is love, hatred or fear, the stronger bond of Union?

Has one-tenth of the people of States a right to rule the nine-tenths?

Does the right to think, and speak and vote, constitute the life of liberty?

If slavery caused the war, what caused the split in the republican party, between Fremont and Lincoln?

Are men made for the governments, or governments for men?

How many bad men are kept in office?

How many good men are kept out of office?

Shall negro soldiers, after the war shall be ended, be kept as a standing army, to domineer over white citizens?

If not, what will you do with them?

September 16, 1864

Macomb Journal





The Union men of McDonough county will hold a grand

Mass Meeting

at Macomb, on

Friday, September 23d,

which we want everybody to remember. Gov. Yates, his successor, Maj. Gen. Oglesby, Long John Wentworth, Hon. Wm. Pitt Kellogg, Col. L. Waters, Hon. Wm. Walker, Major Fullerton, and our own D. G. Tunnicliff and C. F. Wheat will promulgate the truth to all who wish to hear.

Rally, Union men! – Come and hear these noble, patriotic Statesmen who are representing the “Prairie State” in the field and the council Halls of the nation, and we promise to present to you “the noblest works of God,” our county ticket.


            Hurrah for Lincoln. – A letter received by us from the U. S. Gen’l Hospital at Keokuk, Iowa, announces the result of a vote taken on the 11th inst. Of 607 votes cast, Lincoln received 583, McClellan 21, Fremont 2, and Val-hand-him-a-dime 1. That’s the boasted strength of copperheads in the army everywhere.


            → The Eagle is like the poor boy at a corn husking, and hasn’t a word to say about the grand fizzle they had on the 3d. They publish the proceedings of their county convention, but we find no resolutions, no endorsement of Chicago and its doings, nor a word about Dick Richardson’s great speech. What’s the matter? The editor – lost as he is to shame – hasn’t sand enough to come out and endorse such a speech coming from such a man. “That’s what’s the matter.”


The Chicago Ticket.

            Chicago has spoken, both in candidates and resolutions. Fernando Wood, at Dayton, Ohio, sometime prior to the meeting of the Convention, predicted the nomination of an unconditional peace man on an unconditional peace platform. How aggregiously he was mistaken. The ultra’s had to ignore principle for availability, and barter their convictions for a man they thought could command a large army vote.

Geo. B. McClellan can accept the nomination for President on any platform. The instigator of emancipation, he was the first practical emancipationist. The adviser of arbitrary arrests, he was the first to demonstrate that military law in time of a great rebellion was supreme to civil law, and to confiscate the property of rebels was one of his cherished ideas. His war record is clear, explicit, and unconditionally for Mr. Lincoln’s policy. Deposed from the command of the army of the United States, he changes his base politically with as much sangfroid as he did martially, and we now find him, with the blood of one hundred thousand men on his hands, trying to steal into the Presidential chair on the cry of “Peace, peace, when there is no peace.”

Their party is more than execrated for attempting to surrender the nation to a peace both ruinous and dishonorable. We are not far wrong in supposing that the portion of the Democracy (!) which opposes the war on every ground, is really in favor of peace on any terms. This is the most significant meaning of the Chicago Convention, its platform and its nominees. It has shown its inconsistency by endeavoring to serve the Union and the rebellion at the same time; in offering a peace which repudiates the purposes of the war, and it but conceals the real motives of the men who are operating, not so much to secure the triumph of a party as the defeat of Mr. Lincoln and the success of the South; or, in other words, a peace of any kind. Those who have not scrupled to lend their whole opposition to every feature of the war, would not scruple, we know, about terms. It is not love of peace, but love of the South and power which was the animus of the men at the Chicago Convention.

Gen’l McClellan has nothing to predicate his claims upon for the Presidency. His only success, during his career as an officer, was his defeat of Gen’l Pope at the second battle of Bull Run, and then he had the assistance of Fitz John Porter. Weak, vascillating, without any stamina, devoid of moral courage, and withal, ambitious, he sold himself to a handful of politicians for political purposes – permitted his ambition to predominate over his loyalty, and endeavored to become a dictator to the present administration.



From the 78th Regiment.

Field Hospital, 2nd Division 14th A. C. near Atlanta, Ga.
August 24, 1864.

            Our dear and much beloved Col, Carter Van Vleck, has closed his eyes in death. He expired last evening at this Hospital soon after sunset. His estimable companion, but now his afflicted widow, arrived here yesterday morning in company with her brother, and thus had the sweet satisfaction of being with him in the last few hours of his life, and giving him those kind attentions that none can so well bestow as a gentle and affectionate wife. Colonel Van Vleck received his fatal wound on the 11th of the present month, and from the first he was perfectly conscious that his wound must inevitably result in death before many days should pass away. Never did a man meet death more serene, more tranquil, more resigned, or better prepared. He was a pure patriot, an honest and upright man, and a consistent Christian. Our regiment is cast down with grief, and will miss him much. Macomb has lost one of her best and most useful citizens. Thus is another noble name added to the long list of martyrs who died in the defense of his country, in a just and holy cause.

You will perceive that I still date my letter from the Field Hospital. I have been here a much longer time than I anticipated when I first came. It appears that the hardships and fatigues of the late laborious campaign have broken me down. I am much debilitated, and in the last few days I appear to be losing strength rather than gaining any. My prospects of a speedy return to my regiment are not very flattering. I have always endeavored in my letters to the Journal to avoid croaking, grumbling or fault-finding, but I feel disposed just now to indulge a little in that privilege. To come to the point at once I must say that I have never been so nearly starved as I have been at this Hospital since the memorable famine last fall on Stringer’s Ridge, near Chattanooga, when we were on quarter rations. I have not time or strength just now to go into particulars, but in behalf of some twenty or thirty starving patients in Ward (No. 1.) in the matter of the quality and quantity of food furnished us I must enter a solemn and indignant protest. I have ascertained that in other Wards there is not so much cause of complaint, but I think our good folks at home will agree with me that one table-spoonful of boiled rice, and a part of a cup of coffee is scarcely calculated to be enough for one man’s meal, especially for one who has passed the crisis of his disease, and needs only good and sufficient nourishment to be restored to his former health and strength. I have felt the cravings of hunger so strongly since I have been here that I shall ever feel a profound gratitude to Mr. William Shannon, of Co. K, and Lieut. Worrell of Co. D, for favors which relieved me in some degree from the awful stringency of the sick ration in Ward No. 1.

There is just now a buzz of excitement throughout the Hospital. A move is on the tapis. Names are being taken of all unable to march, and they are to be sent to the rear. I find that I am booked for the rear, but how far we will be sent back I am not able to say. It is thought, however, that we go to Chattanooga. At whatever point we bring up at, I will add a few words to this letter and send it forward.

Field Hospital, Chattanooga,
August 27, 1864.

            Here I am once more in Chattanooga, and I must say that the change of Hospitals is most gratifying to me, as it must be to every Hospital patient sent from the front, especially those from Ward No. 1, to which allusion is made above. We left the Field Hospital near Atlanta in a train of ambulances about three o’clock, P. M. 24th inst., and arrived at Vinings Station on the railroad, north of the Chattahoochee river, about ten o’clock the same evening. At this point is situated the Field Hospital for all sick and wounded soldiers of the Department, and it was here that we began to realize some of the blessed influences of the Sanitary Commission. We here enjoyed the comforts of a good clean bed, faithful and attentive nurses, and the next morning – will I ever forget the breakfast, — never! It may appear not only strange, but ridiculous to the well-fed readers of the Journal, that a man on the sick list should be so exercised about his rations, — but that breakfast! Columbus did not feel a greater glow of joy when he discovered America than I felt when I saw my breakfast brought to me in the morning. It consisted of a good thick slice of soft bread, a table spoonful or more of delicious bread pudding, a moderate slice of cold boiled ham, and a generous little piece of pickle, and a cup (and more if I wanted it) of good coffee, with milk and sugar. Now that was not very extravagant in quantity, but there was about ten times as much as had been dealt out to me at the Hospital I had just left, and didn’t I feel grateful for the change? In short, let me say, that the Sanitary Commission, is performing a noble work. I have no doubt its influences have saved, and is destined to save thousands of lives. I remained at Vinings Station until about ten o’clock on the evening of the 25th, when a long train was filled with sick and wounded, and started for Chattanooga. The Sanitary Commission provided us with a breakfast at Kingston, about 80 miles south of Chattanooga, and with an excellent dinner at Dalton. We arrived at Chattanooga about 4 o’clock, P. M., having been eighteen hours on the road. The sick were distributed among the various Hospitals at this point. The field hospital is pleasantly located near the railroad, not far from the beautiful Tennessee river, and but a short distance from Lookout Mountain, of which we have a splendid view at this place. I cannot speak too highly of the arrangement, and the system upon which this hospital is conducted. Everything calculated to promote the comfort and cheer the spirits of the sick and wounded is done here that can be done. The food is sufficient in quantity, and excellent in quality. I think I will recover here – but Ward No. 1, 2d Div. 14th Army Corps, will haunt me a long time. Oh, happy deliverance! But I will drop that unpleasant subject. It has no pleasant memories for me.

I think I have forgotten to mention in my former letters the death of John Munshan of Blandinville. He died about three weeks since and was buried here in Chattanooga.

When I left the front the rumors were that our army was being thrown to the rear of Atlanta to attack from that point. The 78th was under orders to march, and will undoubtedly perform its part. Whatever may be accomplished you will learn by telegraph through the newspapers before this can reach you.

J. K. M.


From the 137th Regiment.

Hd. Qrs. 137th Reg’t I. V.
Memphis, Tenn., August 31, 1864.

            Messrs. Editors: — Believing that it would be interesting to your readers, especially to those who had sons or friends in this regiment, I send you a few lines for publication in the Journal.

Our camp was aroused at 3 o’clock on the morning of the 21st by the firing on our pickets, which at the point of attack, was not more than three hundred yards from our camp. Our men sprang out of bed, seized their arms, and rapidly began to form, loading their pieces as they came, but before our line was completed the enemy was upon us, under the command of the arch rebel, Forrest, in great force. – He made a furious charge upon our partially formed lines, but was gallantly met and repulsed. Again he came up in great fury, seemingly determined to destroy us, and again he was driven back. He gathered his forces for a third charge, but our boys stood firm, and a third time drove him back into the road. By this time the enemy had moved a regiment of dismounted men towards our left, endeavoring to get in our rear. At the same time he opened upon us from two batteries which he had got into position within 150 yards of our lines, pouring the grape and cannister into our ranks with terrible effect. O, it was awful to hear the fiendish yells of the enemy as they came up within a few yards of our lines, and it would have done the heart of any patriot good to have seen our men so nobly and so gallantly defending the dear old Flag for the first time in their lives. There they stood like old veterans in war. And these were the boys who were sneeringly call “Infantry” by rebel sympathizers in Macomb. But every parent who has a son, relative or friend in the regiment from McDonough county, ought to feel proud of these boys. They have gloriously maintained the honor of their gallant old State.

We had now fought the enemy alone for more than an hour and a half. O, how anxiously I listened to hear the sound of some friendly gun coming to our aid, but none had yet appeared. I saw many of these brave boys fall, pierced by the bullets of our enemy, and seeing we were likely to be surrounded and cut off entirely, I reluctantly gave the order to our men to fall back and take a better position, which order was executed in pretty good order notwithstanding the thick, heavy fog that had now set in. But just before the order was given to fall back I was struck by a spent ball in my side, which lodged against a rib, but from which the surgeon very kindly relieved me after the fight was over; yet I was not compelled to leave my regiment at all. Finally, about half past seven o’clock, we received orders to move our regiment to the support of a battery that had at last got in position, where we remained until all was over.

Our men had been under arms for more than six hours. And now came the hardest part we had yet to perform. When we marched into our camp, O, what a sight met our eyes. There lay many of our noble boys, cold and stiff in the embrace of death; their blood mingling with that of the enemy, who lay scattered all about our camp. The ground where we met the second charge of the rebels was almost literally covered with dead men, and ead horses and mules. This, to me, Messrs. Editors, was the most trying time of all. Here lay my comrades – the gallant, brave boys, whose parents had committed them to my care only a few months ago. I thought of bereaved ones at home, and mentally lifted a prayer that God, in his goodness, would sustain them by his grace, when this sad news shall come to their ears. Our loss was very heavy – 7 men killed dead, 45 wounded, 13 of whom have since died, 20 in all, and 69 missing. The greater portion of the latter were sick in the hospital, and on duty there waiting upon the sick. Dr. Dunn heroically remained by the sick and wounded when he knew he would be captured, but he would not desert his post, and when the sick were ordered out by the rebels he was taken too, but after going several miles he was released to take care of our sick and the rebel wounded that they were forced, in their flight, to leave behind, and soon made his way back to camp, and for meritorious conduct was made Acting Second Assistant Surgeon of our regiment, and is now on duty as such in the hospital. – Of the McDonough boys in Capt. Veatch’s company, none were killed. – Sergt. Huston was wounded in the leg but is doing well. E. S. Brooking was taken prisoner at the hospital and driven so hard by the rebels, in their haste to get away, that he fell dead from pure exhaustion on the road. James Thompson, Charley Patrick, Sergt. Drais, Milton Eakle, and Jacob Kians were also captured, the latter wounded but not severe. In Capt. Johnson’s company, Christopher Stantiol was killed. Wounded – A. E. Carrier, in hand; A. J. Collar, in ancle; Henry Hull, in thigh; John Orr, finger. In Capt. Oglesbee’s company, Lester Porter was killed, and Martin West wounded in the head, slight; D. Wells, skull fractured, severe; Sergt. J. A. Kyle, in hip, not severe; captured – L. Wykoff, S. F. Sanders, Lewis Arnold, L. Lemaster, J. Lennington, A. L. Barnes, Corporal J. Dawson, D. Chamlees, A. Sherman, P. Lyttle, W. Rhodeck and Nelson Wilson. These are the names, I think, of all from our county that were killed, wounded or missing.

All our wounded are doing well, and everything is being done for them that can be done here to make them comfortable.

I should love to give you the names of many of our county boys who distinguished themselves in the late battle, but where all done so well, I need not particularize. Our men are less homesick, and have more confidence in themselves, than before the engagement, and if they could only have a few days at home before the draft, many of them would re-enlist. We expect orders very soon to go North. Our time is out on the 13th of September, but if Uncle Samuel needs us longer here we are ready to serve him.

J. K. Roach
Lt. Col. Com’d’g 137th Ill. Vol.


            Butter Wanted. – I will pay 37 1-2 cents cash for all Butter delivered at my store. – G. K. Hall.


            Job Printing. – Having recently purchased and set up a new job printing press, and added largely to our stock of job type and material, we are now prepared to do job work as neatly and expeditiously as it can be done outside of Chicago. Terms reasonable, and work solicited.


            At Home. – Capt. G. L. Farwell, late of the 28th, and soon to be our Sheriff, arrived at home on Saturday last, after serving faithfully three years. The Capt. looks well, and his many friends congratulated him on his return to civil life after being wounded and a prisoner in the hands of McClellan men South. We extend to him our hearty welcome, and know him to be a [?] youth with a vitreous optic, or, in army phrase, “a bully boy with a glass eye.” Long may he wave.


            List of Casualties in the 78th. – We copy from the Chicago Journal the following list of killed and wounded in this noble regiment, formerly commanded by the lamented Col. Van Vleck:

Co. “C.” – Killed – Jno. W. James, Jno. B. Forrest, Jno. W. Rush.

Wounded. – Sergt. Michael Mealy, neck; Corp. Luther Meek, right arm; Wm. C. Freelan, thumb off; Marion D. Bond, right leg; John Green, contusion; Jas. A. James, right shoulder; Geo. Martin, left shoulder; Cyrel Tift, right thigh.

Co. “I.” – Wounded – Corp. S. Carnahan, neck, slight; Jno. C. Pembroke, right arm; Henry Parker, right arm; Wm. Weaner, head.


            Runaway. – On Tuesday last a two horse team was taken with the flanks, an concluded to try Hood’s method of fighting by running away. – We did not ascertain who the team belonged to, or what injury was done, but suppose it was some returned emigrant’s from the Chicago Convention, just having heard of Mac’s letter of acceptance, was fearful they would place that on top of the platform and completely bust their wood-en machine.


            Cheap Groceries. – The late news from Mobile and Atlanta has determined Watkins & Co. S. E. Corner of the square to put the price of groceries down to the lowest figures, and we should request everybody to call and see them before purchasing elsewhere.


            Our County Fair. – The McDonough County Fair opened on Wednesday the 7th inst., and though it did so under very unfavorable auspices, continued to improve until it became the best we have had for the past three years. The show of stock, vegetables and Fancy goods were excellent. The Floral department was also creditable. The “ladies’ bazaar” for the benefit of the poor was well patronized and they realized a fund as creditable to them as their exertions deserved. We had been promised a schedule of the trotting matches, but the absence of the Secretary, F. R. Kyle, Esq., prevents our publishing it this week.


            Officers of the Agricultural Society. – An election for officers of the McDonough County Agricultural Society was held at the Fair Grounds on Friday last, which resulted in the re-election of the present able incumbents, Joseph Burton Esq. for President and F. R. Kyle Esq. for Secretary, without any opposition.


            The 28th at Home. – We just have time before going to press, to announce the arrival of the non-veterans from this gallant regiment. They arrived yesterday (Thursday) morning, and look as though they were ready for the “free fight” which the Eagle promises us in November. We extend to them a hearty welcome.


            Hop at the Brown House. – On Tuesday evening last, Macomb turned out her fairest daughters. The Brown House had more beauty, more fashion and more facination in it on that occasion than generally falls to the lot of a public house in a small place. “The boys” were pleased, the ladies – God bless ‘em – were pleased, and everything passed off to the satisfaction of a well pleased party.


            Pretty Faces. – If you want to look pretty, and see how you do look after passing through the able artists hands, go to Hawkins & Philpot’s gallery on the southeast corner of the square. – “Photos” are done up on short notice and no one could be displeased with the work which they pride themselves on turning out.

September 10, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Democratic National Nominations.

For President,

For Vice President,

For Electors – At Large.


  1.   SAMUEL ASHTON,          8. A. E. STEVENSON,
    2. HENRY T. HELM,              9. J. C. THOMPSON,
    3. WILLIAM BARGE,                       10. J. M. WOODSON,
    4. HENRY K. PEFFER,          11. H. K. S. O’MELVENY,
    5. JOHN V. LINDSAY,          12. THOS. DIMMOCK,
    6. S. W. BOWEN,                    13. CRESSA K. DAVIS
    7. A. L. KELLER,

For Governor,

For Lieut. Governor,

For Auditor of State,

For Secretary of State,

For State Treasurer,

For Sup’t Public Instruction,

For Congress, at Large,

For Congress,

For State’s Attorney,

For Circuit Clerk,

For Sheriff,

For Coroner,


McClellan or Lincoln.

            The nomination of McClellan and Pendleton is well received by the people. Although not the first choice of the conservative portion of the voters of this part of the State, yet since the issue has been narrowed to McClellan or Lincoln – the former for Peace and the Union of white men, and the latter for war to compel “the abandonment of slavery” – there can be no hesitation among Democrats and the friends of constitutional government, as to whether they will serve God and McClellan or Lincoln and Baal. The issue is strongly and sharply defined: on the one hand is honesty, capacity, fidelity, and McClellan; on the other is corruption, imbecility, faithlessness, and Lincoln. With the first we have the promise of Peace with all its attendant blessings and prosperity; with the latter is connected a permanent War, with its burdens, its distress, its ruin. The former promises us a government of white men, for white men and their posterity forever; the latter threatens us with a government in which negroes may have an equal share. The former promises us a government according to the Constitution and the principles of our fathers; the latter threatens us with despotism, in which the liberty and life of the citizen is held at the caprice of whatever tyrant may possess the throne. The former promises a free election to all citizens of the Republic; the latter threatens to drive from the polls all voters who will not subscribe to the destructive fanaticism of the hour. The former promises free speech and free discussion of the acts of public men; the latter threatens imprisonment and forfeiture of goods for all who point out the errors of the administration. – The former promises to open the prison doors and let the victims of illegal and despotic arrests go free; — the latter threatens to punish without conviction and imprison without trial.

Choose whom ye will have!


            → Let every man and every man’s wife who buys a piece of cotton goods at the present enormous prices remember that these enormous prices are the direct and logical results of the abolition policy adopted by Mr. Lincoln. – By freeing the negroes, and confiscating the plantations and burning and plundering the houses and other improvements on them, he in the first instance almost destroyed the production of the raw material. He now gives it the finishing stroke by permitting Massachusetts and other abolitionists to save their “loyal” hides by enlisting the few able-bodied negroes heretofore left about the plantations. A blind man can therefore see that, as all the able bodied negroes will be taken for soldiers, there will presently be no production of cotton at all, and hence no limit to high prices which abolition policy has already placed on cotton goods.


The cause of the War.

            “Slavery which is the cause of the war, must be destroyed before the war can stop.”

This is the stereotyped prattle of all the big and little Lincoln sympathizers in the land. If the logic and reasoning be good, it is worth following. Something is the cause of slavery, and if that must be destroyed then its cause should be wiped out. Negroes are the cause of slavery, for without them there would have been no slavery, and without slavery no war; therefore negroes should be abolished, lest there’s a repetition of slavery and of the war. Now there is a cause for negroes – and that cause is either Africa or the Almighty. Now let the Lincolnites carry out their argument, and insist upon a war to abolish the Almighty, because He made negroes, without which negroes there would have been no slavery, and without which slavery there would have been no war.


            → Abolition misrule has given us nearly four years of the bloodiest war the world has ever witnessed, and placed this once fair and happy land on the brink of ruin. They grant us no hope of release from this state of horror. – They spurn the very thought of peace. Men who urge the nation to turn their thoughts to the “things that make for peace” are denounced as “sneaks.” – The time has come to change our rulers. In the days of the Hebrew monarchy under King David, the sacred historian records that “the children of Issachar were men that has understanding of the times to know what Israel ought to do.” Our country looks to McClellan and the Democracy, as the men who have understanding of the times and know what the nation should do.


            ‒ The Democrats will have a peaceful election this year, if they have to fight for it.


            → The subject of buying fifteen or twenty acres of ground for the use of the agricultural society is being agitated by those interested in the prosperity of our county. It would certainly be more satisfactory if the requisite grounds could be obtained. The improvements would then be of a permanent character, and every citizen of the county would feel that he had an interest in the success of the society. We have no time to say further about it this week, but we trust the project will meet with that success which it deserves.


            → As we go to press the county fair is in the full tide of successful operation. A large amount of stock and productions of the farm and the workshop are on exhibition. – The fair promises to be as extensive in quantity on exhibition, and as successful in point of numbers in attendance, as any previous fair. We have no time for particulars this week.


            → Jones & Beggs have opened a meat shop on the south side of the square, where they will have for sale fine beef and mutton. They are prepared to suit all customers with sweet and tender meats.


            → A collision occurred on the railroad on Monday night, near Aurora, in which seven persons were killed outright and a large number severely wounded. Three locomotives were destroyed, and several freight and passenger cars smashed up.


            → Dr. Hebern, on his last visit to this city, had quite a number of applicants for cures of cancerous and other tumors. He has treated many cases of this kind quite successfully in this county. He makes regular visits, and will continue to do so as long as there is a patient of the kind who wishes to be cured.


            → Charley Wolf wishes the farmers of this county to understand that he is in the market for fat beef cattle, especially young ones, as well as sheep and hogs. He is daily selling large quantities of meat to the citizens of Macomb, and is ready to pay the highest price for good live stock.


            → We are requested by the school inspectors to give notice that the public schools in Macomb will commence the winter term on Monday 19th inst.


Judge Higbee and Singleton.

Quincy, August 24, 1864.

Editors Whig and Republican:

Being in this city on business, your daily paper of yesterday fell under my notice, in which I observed an extract taken from the Springfield correspondence of the Chicago Tribune purporting to give some charges which he says Gen. Singleton made against Judge Higbee, of Pike county, in a speech made by the general at Springfield, on the evening of the 18th inst., to the effect that he (Higbee) was a demoralizer, and that he was at one time a Mormon, and the editor of a Mormon paper at Nauvoo, which at length became so dirty and contemptible that Joe Smith threw it into the Mississippi; and that he hung around the legislature till he got it to plea a docket fee bill, and then went home, became a candidate for judge, and was elected.

As Judge Higbee is an immediate neighbor of mine, and as I have been intimately acquainted with him for many years past, I deem it a privilege as well as my duty, to pronounce each of these charges wholly and utterly false. And without determining who the father of these charges may be, would say that no one knows – or ought to know – better than Geo. Singleton himself, that they are without any foundation in fact.

The character o Judge Higbee is too well known throughout the State to be injured by such calumnies; but still I have thought it proper to brand them as they deserve. So far from being a demoralizer he is an exceptional of a man, not only in public but in private and domestic life, for virtue and uprightness of purpose and action.

An elder brother of Judge Higbee, Francis M. Higbee, now deceased, was once connected with a paper in Nauvoo; but it was not as falsely charged, a “Mormon paper,” but it was an anti-Mormon paper, devoted to the purpose of exposing the corruptions and heresies of Mormonism. So bold and successful was it in uncovering Joe Smith’s wicked purpose that he (Smith) being mayor, called the city council together and procured an ordinance declaring the press a nuisance, and had it thrown into the river; which act did much to arouse the indignation of the people against the Mormons at Nauvoo than any other. Judge Higbee did not have anything to do with the paper whatever. This silly fabrication against him is of a piece with the balance.

As to his procuring the passage of the docket fee bill and then returning and running for judge, I have only to say Judge Higbee went on to the bench in the fore part of the year 1861, and the bill in question was passed in the year 1863.

I hope sir as an act of justice, you will publish this correction, and that the Chicago Tribune will give it a place in its column.

Very respectfully, &c.,                        Scott Wike.

September 9, 1864

Macomb Journal

Campaign Paper!



          The Journal will be published from this issue until after the November election for 50 cents. The coming election is the most important which was ever held in this country and it behooves every loyal man to spread the truth, and disseminate the principles of our great and free government throughout the land.

We desire the aid of every well wisher of our National perpetuity, to extend the circulation of the Journal throughout this Congressional district. Do not forget the Campaign Journal for ONLY 50 CENTS.





A Free Ballot or a Free Fight.

            We had written an article under the above caption, for this weeks issue of the Journal, but the following from the Chicago Tribune reflects our views so well, that we commend it to the perusal, not only of loyal men, but the supporters of Geo. B. McClellan. It rests with them to say, whether we shall have “a free ballot or a free fight,” or both. The Lincolnites are the most accommodating set of men in the world, and would as leave fight as not, and a little leaver:

The Peace Democracy have been in great distress for a long time least they should pass through the approaching election without “a free ballot or a free fight.” They may suspend their anxiety on this point: or, if they choose they may change their cry to “a free ballot and a free fight.” We have the pleasure of informing them that the most ample arrangements are making to give them all the voting and all the fighting they can stomach. The one hundred and fifty regiments of brave volunteers from Indiana and Illinois, who have been for several years temporarily absent from their homes, giving the “Democracy” of the South a “free fight” at their own request after having once given them a free election will all return in November, if the exigencies of the military situation shall possibly permit, and will meet their brethren of the North in a free election or a free fight in their respective precincts. Some of them were engaged in a “knock down” at “Donelson.” – Others has a “set to” at Vicksburg. Some were in a “mill” under Rosecrans, at “Murfreesboro;” and others have participated in a controversy with the advocates of States rights and the opponents of the Lincoln despotism from Chattanooga to Atlanta. We who have remained at home will do what we can, also, in our humble way, to make the election interesting to our Copperhead friends, if they desire a lively time. On the whole, therefore, we trust the Copperheads will cease shouting themselves hoarse, to the great disgust of all decent and loyal men, by bawling for a free election, when they alone have interfered with the freedom of elections, by bullying honest citizens away from the polls, and they will rest assured that if, in addition to a free election, they have the slightest disposition for a free fight, we shall give them every facility in our power, and there is no doubt that the free fight will satisfy their most sanguine anticipations.

These are not an army of hirelings and mercenaries, as the Copperhead papers have styled them, but an army of citizens, a grand posse comitatus for enforcing the Constitution and the laws, and none of us have so well earned a right to vote as they. Yet the Copperheads have steadily endeavored to prevent them from voting, and in Indiana and Illinois, alone of all the States of the Union, are they obliged to return to their homes to vote. Perhaps the Copperheads, by way of facilitating “a free election or a free fight,” will conclude to prevent them from voting at home, as they have prevented them from voting in their camps. If so, look out for a free election or a free fight.


The “Unterrified” in Council.

            Saturday last was a huge day for the McClellanites. They held a County Convention and nominated a ticket which is even weaker than the one presented at Chicago. Neece for the Legislature, Hungate for Circuit Clerk, Smith for Sheriff, and Sullivan for Coroner are the victims. In the afternoon they held a meeting in the court house yard where Dick Richardson and Lew Ross blated treason for two hours, to a very slim audience composed mostly of Lincolnites. Ross was not enthusiastic on the performances which took place at the great show in Chicago, but confined himself to giving his hearers an outline of local affairs in Washington, which, he of course held the Administration responsible for. Dick was pretty drunk – as usual. He told an anecdote of a miller who kept fat hogs, but his neighbors couldn’t tell where the corn came from. Our liquor law is pretty stringent in the city just now and the same anecdote is very applicable to his case, as he was very drunk, but nobody could tell where the liquor came from. Probably advised of the slim chances for wetting up in Macomb, he came with a jug of steam in his satchel, as a timely precaution against going home dry. We have had the pleasure of seeing the inimitable Burton playing “Toodles,” and Dick reminded us very much of the deceased comedian with this difference, Burton played drunk; while it required no exertion on Dick’s part to be drunk. He told us that as soon as McClellan was elected, Lincoln was to be shot. – Abraham, Abraham, be thou on the alert! He also told us that negroes should not be protected by the Government, wherein he differs from his Chicago brethren, for in their platform they have declared, that, ‘The sympathy of the Democratic party is heartily and earnestly extended to the soldiery of our army, who are and have been in the field under the flag of our country.” If our memory serves us correctly, we have about 200,000 negroes armed and equipped, in the field, “fighting under the flag of our country;” and the query now is, does this plank in their platform include them? Of course it does; and they but endorse our sentiments by declaring a loyal negro as better than a disloyal white man.

He unintentionally told the truth when he was endeavoring to justify McClellan’s arrest and imprisonment of the Maryland Legislature, for he told us that “in time of rebellion the civil authority must succumb to the military power to preserve our Government intact,” thus, in the most emphatic manner endorsing the policy which Mr. Lincoln has pursued, to accomplish the same purpose, “to preserve our Government intact.” A few more speeches from Richardson and the copperheads can’t command the vote of a Corporal’s guard.


            → It was a noticable feature at the copperhead fizzle on Saturday last, that no allusion whatever was made to the fall of Atlanta. The Quincy Herald of that day contained the official bulletin of Secretary Stanton, announcing that we took possession of it on the 2d inst. We immediately issued the dispatch in the form of a small poster, and several times attempted to have it passed into the speakers’ hands to be read. They refused to announce the defeat of their friends, Old Dick ranting furiously about National honor. – What a comment on their patriotism and love of country!


            → Fort Morgan fell, Gen’l Morgan fell, Atlanta fell, Gold fell, McClellan stock fell and Lincoln stock rose in proportion. Sherman has strengthened the weak-kneed Union men by his brilliant success, and Grant is electioneering for Lincoln before Richmond. Let every man who doubts the success of the Union cause, take courage from these indications of a brilliant victory in November next. – The copperheads cannot arouse any enthusiasm for their half-breed ticket on their peace platform, and it now rests with us Lincoln hirelings to teach them a never-to-be forgotten lesson.


            → Lew Ross, said in his speech on Saturday last that there were better men than him looking through “the grates of a prison.” We have no issue with him on that score, for the remark was a true and happy one. He probably made a mistake, but the truth will slip out occasionally, notwithstanding his efforts to choke it down.


Tribute of Respect.

            At a call Communication of Macomb Lodge, No. 17, A. F. and A. Masons, held in their “Hall in the City of Macomb, on Thursday September 1st, A. D. 1864, A. L. 6864.” The following preamble and resolutions were adopted:

WHEREAS, It has pleased the Almighty Father of the Universe in his inscrutable wisdom to remove from among us, Col. Carter Van Vleck, late of this city, who was wounded by an unseen foe in his camp near Atlanta, Ga., and died on the 23d of August, 1864, after severe suffering. When wounded he was as Colonel of the 78th Illinois Volunteers, in command of his regiment. Death overtook him in the prime of life, and usefulness to his family and friends, and to his country as a soldier of devoted fidelity, and

WHEREAS, Though gone from among us, he will not be forgotten. We will ever remember his kind and pleasant deportment, cherish his name as one worthy of the high esteem in which he was held by his brethren of the “Mystic Tie.”

Resolved, That in the death of Brother Van Vleck, the Fraternity have lost a worthy member, his wife and child a kind and affectionate husband and father, the nation a faithful soldier and officer the country an upright citizen; who regulated his life by the plumb line of justice and squared his actions by the square of virtue; and we hope that he is now in the “Grand Lodge” above where the Supreme Architect of the Universe presides.

Resolved, That we tender to the bereaved wife and family of the deceased our sincere condolence at their irreparable loss, and while we sympathize with them in this dispensation of our Divine Master; may it serve to strengthen the ties of “Brotherly Love,” in those of us who survive him; and lead us to live so that when the sound of the “Gavel” shall call us from earth we may gain admittance in that “Celestial Lodge” “not made with hands eternal in the Heavens.” When with our departed brother we may cease from labor and enjoy the reward vouchsafed to all true and faithful Masons.

Resolved, That as a testimonial of our respect the members of this Lodge will attend his burial, and plant with our brother the evergreen and ever cherish the memory of his many virtues as a citizen, soldier, officer and mason; that we will wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days and drape our Lodge in mourning.

On motion, it was ordered that a copy of the foregoing resolutions be presented to the widow of our deceased brother, also be published in the city papers, and Masonic Trowell, at Springfield.

By order of the Lodge.

Attest,                                                                                                             T. M. HALL, Sec’y.


            → In these times of high prices, it is well to remember that children can be supplied with shoes for less than half the usual annual cost, by wearing Metal-Tipped Shoes, to say nothing of stockings destroyed and health endangered by wet feet, arising from the childlike habit of wearing out their shoes at the toes first.


            To Correspondents. – We have received a letter from Lieut. Col. T. K. Roach, of the 137th, but too late for this weeks paper.

A well written communication from a correspondet at Prairie City will be inserted shortly.


            Accident on the C. B. & Q. R. R. – The passenger train which left Chicago on Tuesday night at 9.30 arrived at Earl Station behind time. Fearing they might meet the freight going east they started an engine ahead to clear the road, and immediately started out after it. The pilot engine having met the freight was preparing to return to Earl, when they saw the passenger train coming at full speed. The engineers on the two engines jumped off thereby saving their lives, but the passenger cam in full tilt, making a complete wreck of the three engines, a number of cars, killed seven emigrants and wounding some fifteen or twenty. The accident was certainly the result of carelessness and should be minutely inspected.


            Grand Rally. – That statesman, patriot, and soldiers’ friend Gov. Yates, and his successor Gen. Dick Oglesby, will be on hand to address the people of McDonough county, on Friday the 23d inst. at Macomb. We want to see the Union men of the county turn out in their strength, and show to home traitors, that the nominations at Chicago does not terrify them in the least. – Let us show these vipers that loyalty is predominant in old McDonough, and send greeting to our brave boys in the field, the fact that they are sustained at home while battling for our country, and that we will take care of local treason, while they are whipping armed rebels. Come out, everybody.


            The Fair. – The Fair of the McDonough county Agricultural Society opened on the morning of the 7th, under rather gloomy prospects, owing to the lowering state of the weather, but in the afternoon it was more encouraging; and yesterday (Thursday) morning the prospect for a good show was very flattering to the friends of the society. The show of horses, colts, jacks, mules, and cattle was very creditable. Of fruits we saw but little, as it was early while we were there, and there had not been much brought in, but what we saw was of superior quality – making one’s mouth water with desire to taste the “forbidden fruit.” – Taken altogether, we believe the present Fair will be the best that we have ever had, the credit of which belongs to the energy and perseverance of its popular President and Secretary – Jos. Burton, Esq. and Frank R. Kyle.


            Funeral of Col. Van Vleck. – Thursday last was a sad day for Macomb. The body of the late Col. Van Vleck arrived here on Wednesday, was taken charge of by the Free Masons, of which order the Colonel was a member – and the funeral ceremonies conducted under the auspices of the Masonic fraternity. The body was escorted to the Presbyterian church where a fine discourse was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Nesbitt, to a large audience, and from thence to the cemetery, to which place it was followed by an immense concourse of people, paying the last sad rights to one who fell nobly in our great national struggle.


            The Big Show.Howe’s establishment will be hear on to-morrow (Saturday) and with its world wide reputation cannot fail to attract everybody and more too. A combination of performances are advertised, which must prove both interesting and instructive to all classes of people, and as this is the last and best show of the season we bespeak for them all the patronage they have labored so long to deserve.


            Circuit Court. – This Court commenced its session on Tuesday last, Judge Higby presiding. There have been but two cases of importance yet before the court. The first was “The People of the State of Illinois,” vs. William Williams and Edward Worthington, indicted for assault, on change of venue from Schuyler county. The same vs. Nathaniel Slack, U. S. Provost Marshal. The defendants were acquitted in both cases.

September 3, 1864

Macomb Eagle

The Nominations.

            We returned from Chicago on time to announce the result of the labors of the Democratic national comvention. Geo. B. McClellan received 202 ½ votes for President on the first ballot, and Thos. H. Seymour 23 ½ votes. On motion of Mr. Vallandigham the nomination of McClellan was made unanimous.   Geo. H. Pendleton of Ohio was nominated for Vice President on the second ballot. That’s the ticket, on the platform to be found in this paper. Rally to it and save the Republic. All round it is satisfactory and will be accepted and endorsed by an overwhelming majority of the people.


An Awful Summons.

            On the occasion of the funeral service at the burial of Bishop General Polk at Atlanta, the venerable Bishop Elliott delivered an address. Its conclusion was thus: At the close of his deeply interesting remarks, Bishop Elliott descended from the pulpit and turning his face to the North, said in the most solemn and impressive tones. “In the name of my Episcopal office; in the name of the blood that, like that of Abel calleth aloud from the ground for vengeance on those who lend the sanction of the church of this crusade against religion; in the name of desolated homes and blackened roof-trees of desecrated churches, of altars profaned and the Holy Sacrament tramped in the mire; in the name and by the authority of God, and by the enchanting spell-word evoked from the presence of the martyred dead – in his name who closes for this hour the list of prelates murdered, I summon such of the Episcopal Bishops and Clergy of the North, as have urged on this war, to meet me and their victims, alive and dead at the Judgment Bar of Almighty God, there to answer! – And may God have mercy upon them in that day!”


            → Among the crimes charged upon the king of Great Britain, by Jefferson, Franklin, and the great men of the revolution, was “that he had affected to render the military independent of and superior to the civil power.” From the midst of reeking corruption at Washington, Abraham Lincoln directs his military officers to disregard the process of our civil courts, and to spurn civil authority. To resist such tyranny our fathers fought out the revolution. So vital to liberty did they deem this point that eight of the states which originally made up this Union, declared in their constitutions “that the military power should in all cases, and at all times be held in exact subordination to the civil authority, and be governed by it.” The question must now be met. Will our people stand up for the liberties our fathers gained?


Platform of the Democratic Party.

            Resolved. That in the future, as in the past, we will adhere with unswerving fidelity to the union under the constitution as the only solid foundation of our strength, security and happiness of the people, and as a framework of government equality conducive to the welfare and prosperity of all the states, both northern and southern.

Resolved, That this convention does explicitly declare, as the sense of the American people, that after four years of failure to restore the union by the experiment of war, during which, under the pretence of a military necessity or war power higher than the constitution, the constitution itself has been disregarded in every part, and public liberty and private right alike trodden down and the material prosperity of the country impaired. Justice, humanity, liberty, and the public welfare demand that immediate efforts be made for a cessation of hostilities, with a view to an ultimate convention of the states, or other peaceable means to the end that at the earliest possible moment peace may be restored on the basis of the Federal States.

Resolved, That the direct interference of the military authorities of the United States in the recent elections in Maryland and Delaware, was a shameful violation of the constitution, and a repetition of such acts in the approaching election will be held as revolutionary, and resisted with all the means and power under our control.

Resolved, That the aim and object of the Democratic party is to preserve the Federal Union and the rights of the States unimpaired; and they hereby declare that they consider the administrative usurpation of extraordinary and dangerous powers not delegated by the constitution – the subversion of the civil by the military law in States not in insurrection; the arbitrary military arrest, imprisonment, trial and sentence of American citizens in the states where civil law exists in full force; the suppression of freedom of speech and of press; the denial of the right of asylum; the employment of unusual test oaths; and the interference with and denial of the right of the people to bear arms in their defense, is calculated to prevent a restoration of the union and the perpetuation of government deriving its just powers from the consent of the governed.

Resolved, That the shameful disregard of the administration to it its duty, in respect to our fellow citizens who are now and long have been, prisoners of war in a suffering condition, deserves the severest reprobation on the score alike of public policy and common humanity.

Resolved, That the sympathy of the Democratic party is heartily and earnestly extended to the soldiery of our army, who are, and have been, in the field under the flag of their country; and, in the event of its attaining power, they will receive all the care, protection, and regard that the brave soldiers of the republic have so nobly earned.


            → The mortal remains of Col. Carter Van Vleck arrived at this place on Wednesday, and were buried on the next day. Our absence during the week must be our apology for the absence of a poor though sincere tribute to the memory of the deceased.


            → Patrick Noonan died suddenly Wednesday last. He was a private in comp. C 90th Regiment, was severely wounded last winter, and returned home last week, recovered from his wound, but disabled from further service. His disease was cholera morbus.


            Returned. – Dr. W. G. Nesbit has returned from his trip up the Mississippi, and will be happy to serve his old and new friends who may want their “dental arrangements” attended to. Office at the former place.


            → Strander & Co. are now receiving their fall stock of boots, shoes, hats, caps, etc. They have the latest style of hats and caps, and also will sell them at lower figures than any other house in town. Call around and see how well they can suit you in any article of goods in their line.


            → Another huge circus is advertised for Macomb on the 10th inst. A great parade of actors, clowns, wild beasts, and other attractions, is spread before the public, and wonderful things are promised, all for the small sum of fifty cents in greenbacks.


            The Model of Ancient Jerusalem. – There is now on exhibition in Campbell’s Hall, a most surprising and ingenious work of art, being composed of more than ten thousand pieces of wood & c.; representing the Mount of Olives, Zion, Calvary, Moriah; also Valleys of Jehosaphat, Hibbem, Kedron, Tophet, and the whole city with its walls, gates, towers, palaces, and the Temple covered with gold. – Arrangements will be made so that Sunday Schools will be admitted on Monday at reduced rates. Let all go and see it.

September 2, 1864

Macomb Journal

The Chicago Convention.

            We have no time this week to comment upon the actions or resolutions of the Chicago, Secesh Convention, which assembled in that city on Monday last. The notorious characters of the personages there assembled in solemn conclave to save the country, is too well known to require any extended notice at our hands.

Their platform – if it can be designated by such a title – is such as would have been expected to emanate from Richmond in the early and palmy days of secession. They have indirectly declared their intention to fight for the defeat of Mr. Lincoln, and while appearing before the American people as the advocates of peace, they proposed to make it on terms to suit themselves, and in direct opposition to the will of the majority.

We can conceive of no baser mode of gulling the people into their support, than the one they have adopted, and it behooves every man to call his thinking faculties into operation, before he concludes to support the nominees of a party who has practiced nothing but deception as far back as our memory extends.

Whoever their nominee may be, he is obliged to war against the Union, except upon the same platform which was to carry the rebel Breckinridge into power. Forsaking principle, country and everything which tends to make a patriot, they are but true Bardolphs, who, when told of their deaths, will exclaim:

“Would I were with them where some’er they be – either in Heaven or in Hell.”

We desire that all should remember the promises made in ’56, when that old arch-traitor Buchanan was elevated to the Presidential chair through chicanery and fraud. Many good men now unite with the majority in denouncing the O. P. F., but the same men advocating the same principles, are now the head and front of the Copperhead party, and as they have so often succeeded in elections by the game of “brag and bluff,” have adopted the same method, only on a more extended scale.

The example set by the hordes of traitors at the South, is now being followed up their accomplices in the North, and while we are resting in the fancied security; while many, very many, cannot be aroused to a sense of the danger which threatens our perpetuity as a government, these home traitors – under the auspices of the Chicago leaders – are arming and drilling to resist the constituted authorities of the land. We are an alarmist, but these facts are so palpable, that he who runs can read, and he who reads can not but understand.

The Eagle, – which is the fountainhead of treason in this county – is prepared to resort to any means to defeat the Union party, and is so lost to all patriotism, all love of country and every principle which constitutes a man, that nothing is too low or degrading for [fold] to diffuse among a community when their [fold] peculiar views and party predilections are to be advanced. It is a matter of vital import to the safety of our rights, that when a small party in the North is struggling for the Southern Confederacy, to assume control of the Federal Government, and to circumscribe and destroy our National institutions, that the people should rise in their might and crush with one powerful blow all opposition to our legally constituted rulers.

P. S. We stop the press to announce that “the great GUYASTICUTUS are loose.” Gen. Geo. B. McClellan and Geo. H. Pendleton were nominated by the Peace Convention – on Wednesday last. We wait patiently to see how they will reconcile McClellan’s war record with their peace platform.


          → The people have met with trouble wherever their rulers, influenced more by a wicked ambition than by moral principles, have assumed the right to regulate matters not pertinent to their jurisdiction. – Eagle.

True, and the democratic party is a dead example of this assumption to regulate matters for the success of party, and ignoring the rights of the people. Jeff. Davis, Jas. Buchanan, C. L. Vallandingham and those who have been identified with their clique, are the rulers, to whom we are indebted for all our present Mr. Lincoln of “wicked ambition” in enforcing the laws, because forsooth, their power has departed never to return. This is an enlightened age Mr. Eagle, and such stuff won’t go down.


          → Gov. Yates has issued his proclamation calling for a regiment of volunteers for State service. It is said the regiment is to be used to enforce the draft, and for the arrest of obnoxious individuals. This is but commencement. – Eagle.

We should like to know of the Eagle, who says this regiment is to be raised for the purpose he states, except the Chicago Times? Even were it so – which we most emphatically deny – would it not be but a counter movement to protect Union voters at the polls? Is not the Copperhead party organized into armed and secret societies for the purpose of intimidating those who choose to vote the Lincoln ticket? No loyal man need fear Martial law. – They claim to be good, loyal, law-abiding citizens; if so, they are as safe from martial law in Illinois, as they are from the rebel bullets of Hood or Lee.



From the 78th Regiment.

Field Hospital, 2nd Division 14th A. C. near Atlanta, Ga.
August 10, 1864.

            Alas, for human expectations. Here I am at the Hospital again numbered among the long list of patients unfit for duty. When I wrote you about the 1st inst., I spoke of returning to the regiment in two or three days. Well, I went, although I knew I was weak, and not exactly well; but on reaching the regiment, I soon became convinced it was not the place for me just yet. Our Surgeon’s were of the same opinion, and yielding to the force of circumstances, I took the back track, and I suppose I will have to serve out my allotted time at the Hospital; but whether it will be long enough to run into weeks, or short enough to be counted only by days, I will be better able to tell you next Christmas. My complaints are not of a serious nature, but are such as will require a little time and careful nursing to remedy.

Our regiment in the past few days has suffered considerable in wounded and some few killed. Sylvester McFall and John S. Mayhugh, of Co. C, were each wounded in an arm four or five days since and have been sent to Chattanooga. They were both severe flesh wounds, but luckily no bones factured. On the 6th inst. Marshal I. Cline of the same company was struck with a piece of shell in the abdomen and died the same night in great agony. At the breaking out of the war, Mr. Cline was residing in a secesh district in Missouri, but being loyal to the core, as soon as he could complete his arrangements he moved his family to Blandinville, the place of his former residence, and then enlisted in the 78th regiment. He was a good soldier, and from what I learn of him, a very worthy man. Jesse Warner, of Co. C, and James Ellis of Co. I, were both slightly wounded from the bursting of the same shell which killed Cline. Warner was struck in the head, and Ellis on the under part of the knee. They are both here at the Hospital, and will probably be unfit for duty for two or three weeks. Day before yesterday there were four wounded men brought in here from our regiment, viz: Lewis Achbaugh of Co. D, severe flesh wound in right arm; Sergeant A. Abbott, same co., wound in left hand; John Buskirk, co. K, flesh wound in right arm; Corp. Peter S. Caunnery, co. G, wounded by a piece of shell in bowels. Caunnery’s wound is severe, but with care he may recover.

Col. Van Vleck has been on the sick list for two or three weeks, but is getting better. Michael Baymiller, of co. I, has been laid up here at the hospital for several days with sore eyes, but I am glad to notice he is rapidly improving.

Dr. W. H. Githens, of our regiment, has charge of the wounded in one of the wards at this hospital, and it gives me pleasure to note that there is no Surgeon here more faithful and industrious in the care of his patients than is Dr. Githens. He appears to take a special care in each case, and is careful to observe that they receive all the attention and care they require.

It is a very common thing for patients at a hospital to find a great deal of fault with their treatment, and to note particularly that nothing is done right. – For my own part I try to make all allowances, and am truly thankful for all the mercies and favors I receive. But while others are finding fault with everything, I propose to express my displeasure only upon one matter – and that is the loose system which appears to prevail in the receiving of patients at the hospital. The first time I was brought to the hospital there were some six or eight of us unloaded from the ambulance in front of the hospital ten’s, and there were lay in the hot sun for fifteen or twenty minutes before we received any attention. When I came back two evenings since I was in company with four others from our regiment, and we were unloaded in like manner, and the ambulance was driven away. We patiently sat upon the ground, knowing it was the duty of somebody to look after us and assign us our proper places. After waiting as patiently as we could for nearly half an hour, I concluded to go myself and ascertain whether the hospital was closed against further admission, or whether somebody was derelict in duty. The Surgeons were very busy just then attending to a fresh load of wounded which had been brought in, and I concluded not to disturb any of them, but observing a very benevolent looking Chaplain who appears to be stationed at the hospital, standing by looking on at the amputation of a poor fellows leg. I concluded that he was my man. After getting his attention I told him that there were five sick men who had been brought in, and who were lying out upon the bare ground, and I thought as night was setting in they ought to be looked after. I failed to raise the sympathy in this mans breast that I had supposed I could, and to cut short my story I have only to say that those sick men were obliged to lay out in the bushes all night without any food, or any attention only such as they were able to render each other.

Aug. 12. – Have an opportunity today to send this letter. Col. Carter VanVleck was brought to the hospital last evening mortally wounded with a bullet in the head. He only left us yesterday noon to return to the regiment. He is still alive, but little or no prospect of recovery. A gloom pervades the regiment. He was a man of many noble qualities. Capt. Ruddell, of Co. B, is also here with a severe wound in his head.

J. K. M.


137th Regt. Ill. Vol.

Camp Memphis, Aug. 22, ’64.

          We had quite a battle yesterday. The rebels attacked us about half past three in the morning. They came in on our Regiment first, as we were the farthest out on the Hernando Road. They were all through our camp before we knew anything about it. They captured the pickets and came in upon us with a yell. After awhile the Major got us in line of battle, then we gave them a volley or two and had to fall back – as they were peppering us with grape and canister, not over twenty-five steps from us. We kept falling back, giving them volley after volley, until some of the other regt’s came to our support. We fought them about two hours, our reg’t. alone, as the other regt’s were in town, and it is about three miles to the city. At one time our regt. Was in Preacher Hawley’s yard, and had quite a little fight there. Mr. Hawley was out there talking to the boy’s. Some of the boys in our Company carried a wounded rebel in Mr. H’s house. The fight began about half-past three, and lasted until three or four in the afternoon. When we came back to our tents, in the afternoon, the dead rebels were laying thick on our camp ground. While we were fighting them, when they first attacked us, it was so dark we could not see them, but had to guess where they were; which we did pretty well, as the dead horses are lying around everywhere; there is two lying dead in our company quarters. The rebels took all the rubber blankets that they could get ahold of and some woolen ones. The boys all drew new clothing the day before; I drew a new pair of pants and some socks, but the rebels didn’t open my Knapsack; all they got from me, was my rubber blanket. Some of the boys lost all they had. – There was a sick boy in our company, that could not get out of his bunk. They took him out of his bunk, to the front of the tent and shot him through the head, and also ran a bayonet through his body, “he was murdered in cold blood.” I was over to the College grounds this morning and saw five dead rebels laying behind trees, each one had a tree to himself, and they were all shot through the head. I guess the rebels thought they would make a dash in here and capture Gens. Washburn and Hurlbut and release some of the prisoners that we had here, but the prisoners had been sent up the river the day before. They come very near getting Gen. Washburn, but he made his escape. My tent has got four bullet holes in it. Last night about twelve o’clock, we were called out again, the rebels were coming in again. We got up and marched about a mile to support a battery, and slept on our arms the rest of the night, and this morning came back to camp. There are men detailed this morning to bury the dead. At some of the houses around our camp, they set a supper for the rebels, and when our Reg’t. came in the fight, the Major went over to the houses and told them to have supper ready for him and the rest of the officers in our Regt., and told the boys to forage all they wanted to. Col. Roach was slightly wounded in the back, by a spent ball. There was two men killed in our Company. Thad. Houston was wounded in the leg; the ball went in at the knee and come out in the fleshy part of the thigh. Surgeon Dunn said that he wasn’t badly wounded. I have not seen him, he is down town in the Hospital. I think he was the only one wounded in our Company. I believe there were 10 or 12 of our Company taken prisoners. Ed. Brooking of Macomb, and a boy from Colchester named Charley Patrick. The rest that were taken were from other towns. Capt. Veatch was down in the Hospital, his sword was hanging up in his tent, the rebels took that, and also the Lieuts. Dress coat and his best pants, and several other things. Most of the officers lost nearly everything they had. I am detailed to take charge of a squad of men and report at Head Quarters immediately. I don’t know what for, so I must bring this to a close. Dr. Dunn was taken prisoner, they took him about three miles and put him in charge of the sick and wounded, when he made his escape.

Fred. L. Lancey.


            The rebels are in our front – their Canadian allies in our rear, their copperhead allies in our midst – and their Indian allies on our right flank. Loyal men of the Republic are you alive to the exigency and necessities of the hour? If you shut your eyes upon the crisis, or seeing it, treat it with unconcern, what hope is there for your country, your city, your property, the house over your head, or the children at your hearthstone?


Carter Van Vleck.

            Death has found another shining mark. Another brave and dashing patriot has fallen a free-will offering on his country’s altar, in the perilous field of battle: and another patriotic hearth is left in sadness. Col. Carter Van Vleck is no more, wounded in the brain by a random shot from the enemy before Atlanta, on the 11th inst., he lingered until about the 23d inst., when his spirit in great tranquility ascended to his God.

Col. Van Vleck was a native of Hamilton, Madison county New York, and was at his death 34 years of age. He studied law at Springfield, Illinois, and practiced as an attorney at Beardstown in this State some years, from whence he removed to this place nine or ten years ago.

A man of easy and refined address, of humane, kind-hearted, generous and manly emotions, he readily won the affections of both old and young; and his death has caused almost universal mourning. Col. Van Vleck possessed an easy flowing oratory, which rendered him one of our most impressive public speakers, and the way was fast opening for him to assume a place amongst our most prominent men. His morals were pure and unsullied and his integrity unquestioned. He was, for some years before his death, a consistent devoted member and elder of the Presbyterian Church, where he had warm friends, amongst them the young and adult members.

But the closing years of his short and useful life were spent in the immediate military service of his country, amidst the stirring scenes of the great national struggle now in progress. When others periled their lives he was not one to set by unmoved. In 1862 he was appointed by Gov. Yates a Lieutenant Colonel, of the 78th Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, and he was afterwards promoted to the place of Colonel in the same regiment. As a military man Col. Van Vleck has exhibited powers highly gratifying to his many friends, and in seeming contrast with his amiable and gentle manners. On the battle-field he was prompt and daring; eager to divide the labor, the danger and the risks with all around. – Although seriously wounded on the battle-field of Chickamauga, he rejoined his regiment with his arm in a sling, and sought not honorable retirement.

But he has at last fallen, and we will greet no more in our streets his noble, manly and generous countenance, and will hear his soft and soothing voice no more.


            Casualties in the 137th Regiment. – The following is the list of casualties in Co’s C and I, 137th Ill. Inft., on the morning of Aug. 21st, at Memphis, Tennessee:

Co. C – Killed – James Poling – Wounded – Orderly Sergeant Thaddeus Huston, leg, severe; Davis N. Rogers, bowels, dead. Captured – Sergt. James H. Drais; Private Edward S Brooking, died on the way, Bailey Cozzard, Milton Eakle, Jacob Kious, slightly wounded; John F McCord, Charles V Patrick, James Thompson, Prestly Williams.

Co I – Killed – L W Porter. Wounded Serg’t J A Kyle, thigh; Privates Ulast West, head; D L Wells, head; J R Gentry, thigh; Thos Jones, leg, slight.

Prisoners – J P McDonald, paroled; Corp. J R Dawson, Privt. Jas Bennie, J W Couch, still in hands of rebs; J Pennington, leg; N M Wilson, arm; W B Radecan, D L Wycoff, S F Sanders, Dave Chambers, J L Lemaster, A L Barnes, D A Davis, Benj. Montague, A Sherman, J C Arnold.

Killed, 1; wounded 5; prisoners, 16; still in hands of rebs, 13; total 22. This is just one fourth of our company.

C. D. Hendrickson, O. S. Co. I.


            From the 16th. – We have received letters from this regiment dated the 21st, and as no mention is made of the death of the officers reported killed in our last, we feel inclined to doubt the correctness of the report.


            School Notice. – The Public Schools of the City will open on Monday the 19th of this month.


            From the Front. – Col. Lew. Waters of the gallant 84th, arrived at home on Saturday last from near Atlanta. The Col. comes home to recuperate his health, which the arduous duties of the present campaign has impaired to a considerable extent. He brings us the cheering intelligence, that Gen. Sherman’s operations are of the most satisfactory character, and his final success, merely a question of time. – He saw, and conversed with Col. Van Vleck on the 20th, and says the opinions of the Surgeons are not at all favorable to the Col.’s recovery. He was wounded on the 11th, the ball entering near the forehead, glancing upward and could not be extracted. We welcome Col. Waters to his home once more but regret he cannot he with us to fight the political campaign through.


            Death of Ed. S. Brooking. – We see, in a list of casualties of the 137th. In the Memphis fight on the 21st ult., that Mr. E. S. Brooking was captured by the enemy and afterwards died from exhaustion. His numerous friends will be pained to learn of his death.


            County Fair. – The County Fair commences on Wednesday next the 7th inst., when it is to be expected everybody and the rest of mankind will turn out. It is the desire of the officers to make this the best exhibition of the kind ever before held in Macomb, and it can only be done by a hearty response from the people of the county. The prospects for a large turn out is a very flattering one, and we have no doubt the expectations of the managers will be realized.


            Thanks. – To the fair unknown, who so kindly favored us with a box of delicious Grapes last week, we beg leave to return our thanks, and beg leave to proclaim “to all whom it may concern;” that we are open for the reception of all favors of that kind, at all times.


            Still Another. – The “Vets” of the old regiments, whose time has expired, are returning every day – the latest arrival we notice in John Anderson, a son of James Anderson, Esq. He looks remarkably well, and as though he could stand three years more easy.

Joe Low, another brave Macomb boy, has also returned to receive the congratulations of his friends and acquaintances. Joe has grown tall and stout, and looks every inch a soldier.


          Personal. – We notice the arrival, on Wednesday morning of Sergt. Major Hendricks, of the 78th. It will be recollected that Mr. Hendricks was wounded in the foot some time last Spring. We are happy to state that he has recovered from the effects of his wound, and that he will return to his regiment shortly.


            Lost. – Jim Gash has lost a tuning fork, and any one finding the same will please return it to him at the Dry Goods Store of A. J. Davis, where they will be amply rewarded by the thanks of Jim, and an opportunity to purchase a cheap bill of goods from that popular salesman.


            The Chicago Museum. – Those of our readers who visit Chicago, should not fail to go to Col. Wood’s Museum, on Randolph street, between Dearborn and Clark streets. The attractions at that popular place of resort are numerous and instructive, among which we will name the “Trial of Christ,” a collection of wax statuary unequaled in America. Seen by gas-light it forms one of the most superb sights that can be imagined. The Col. will have, in a short time, a wax figure of the “Chicago Beauty,” which will be worth going far to see. There are thousands of other curiosities there, and any one visiting the Museum will not go away dissatisfied. Lovers of Nature, Art, the marvelous, or the wonderful, all will find something to feast the sight with. Be sure and visit Col. Wood’s Chicago Museum while you are at Chicago.


            Improving. – Watkins & Co., not content with keeping already the largest stock of Groceries in this City, deem their present extensive storeroom too small for their growing trade, and also wishing to improve the appearance of the city, are putting up a large three story brick building on the southeast corner of the square, opposite their present location. When finished their building will be an ornament, not only to that part of the square but to the city.


            Great Show. – The only real Circus – S. B. Howe’s European Circus – will exhibit in this city on the 10th. The press every where speaks of this show as being the only one traveling that is fully up to the mark. If you want to see genuine acting go to Howe’s circus on the 10th.


            → In these times of high prices, it is well to remember that children can be supplied with shoes for less than half the usual annual cost, by wearing Metal-Tipped Shoes, to say nothing of stockings destroyed and health endangered by wet feet, arising from the childlike habit of wearing out their shoes at the toes first.


Township Quotas.

Hdq’s. P M’s Office,
Ninth District.

Mt. Sterling, Ill., Aug. 29 ’64.
W. E. Withrow, Esq. Macomb, Ill.

            Dr Sir: — The following is the quota of the several towns in McDonough Co., of which fact, please notify the people of said towns, in order that the men may be raised without draft, to wit:

No. 44 Eldorado         .           .           20 men.

“   45  Industry,         .           .           2 “

“     46 Bethel,             .           .           14 “

“   47   Lamoine,         .           .           21 “

“   49 Chalmers,          .           .           9 “

“ 50   Scotland,         .           .           23 “

“   51   New Salem,     .           .          19 “

“   52   Mound ,           .           .           23 “

“   54   Emmett,          .           .           17 “

“   55   Hire,                .           .           22 “

“   57   Sciota,             .           .           14 “

“   58   Walnut Grove,   .       .           25 “

Total Required            .           .           209 “

            The following Towns are in excess and consequently not liable to draft, to wit:

Tennessee        town.               42 men ahead,

Blandinsville   “                      7          do

Macomb          “                      94        do

Prairie City      “                      25        do

            Yours, Respectfully, B. F. Westlake, Capt. and Pro. Mar. 9th Dist. Ill.

August 27, 1864

Macomb Eagle

County Convention and Mass Meeting.

            We trust the Democrat and other conservative men of McDonough county will not fail to attend the county mass meeting on the 3rd of September. It is designed to make the first grand meeting to ratify the Chicago nominations for President and Vice President, and the people who desire Peace and Union instead of War and Disunion should turn out in their strength and make such a demonstration as will carry dismay to the ranks of the negro shoddy party. The convention to nominate for county officers will be held the same day, and will probably commence at 10 o’clock in the forenoon, so that its work may be finished in time for all to attend the speaking. Mr. Ross, our candidate for Congress, and a number of other distinguished speakers, are confidently expected to be in attendance. Rally out Democrats, and let us begin the campaign earnestly and effectively.


Nomination of L. W. Ross.

            The convention which met at Beardstown on Tuesday last nominated the Hon. L. W. Ross as the Democratic candidate for congress, in the 9th district. The convention was largely attended, and its proceedings were marked with entire harmony and good feeling. Three candidates were before the convention, Mr. Ross, Mr. Archer of Pike, and Judge Bailey of McDonough; pending the first ballot the two latter were withdrawn, and then the nomination of Mr. Ross was make by acclamation. This was an appropriate mark of respect and confidence in a faithful public servent. – Mr. Ross in a short speech, accepted the nomination, and pledged himself to use his best exertions to aid in restoring peace and Union to the States. Mr. R. intends to make a through canvass of the district, and we bespeak for him an impartial hearing on the part of the people.


            → Gov. Yates has issued his proclamation calling for a regiment of volunteers for State service. It is said the regiment is to be used to enforce the draft, and for the arrest of obnoxious individuals. This is but the commencement. Before November Illinois will be ruled by martial law, and will be as completely enslaved as is Kentucky to-day.


            → Colonel Jacques, an abolition parson, and Gilmore, an abolition author, went to Richmond to arrange terms of peace with the Confederacy. Nobody sent them, they carried no propositions of pacification, and had no authority to accept any. These two men report that Davis will accept no peace without a recognition of the independence of the South; and upon the strength of this the abolitionists are everywhere triumphantly assuring us that the war must go on because Davis will not have peace. All this is very flimsy. The utterances of those self-constituted plenipotentiaries are no more importance than the utterances of any refugee, deserter, or other individual from the South. They did not communicate officially with the Confederate government, and consequently their conclusions have no more force than those of mere individuals. Their report may be correct, or it may not; it is not a matter of the slightest importance in either respect. Two individuals from the North hold a conversation with two individuals in the South, and now the administration journals are claiming that this conversation should be accepted as conclusive evidence that the South will accept nothing less than independence.


Abolition Outrages in Fulton County.

            On Saturday morning last the Democratic hall in the town of Avon, in this county, was set on fire and burnt to ashes. It was located on the second floor of a large wagon manufactory, and was owned, we are informed, by a Democrat. A correspondent writing from Avon says there is no doubt in the minds of the people there that the Abolitionists were the instigators of this, the first [?] act. $500 reward will be given for the apprehension of the incendiary.

While the meeting was in progress at Cuba, on Saturday evening last, some fiend entered the hotel stable and cut a harness belonging to Mr. Edward Sayre; the villain no doubt supposed the harness belonged to Mr. James, as they were on the horse which this gentleman drove there. A bridle belonging to Dr. Hull’s harness was also taken. A horse belonging to Mr. Horace Loveland was taken and rode about five miles, — and Mr. L. not finding him until Saturday evening. Several other minor outrages were committed which is unnecessary to enumerate. [?] will be paid for positive proof against the villain who committed these outrages.

On Sunday last the station house in which is the store of Mr. James C. WIlcoxen, at Bryan station, in this county, was set on fire, but the fire was quenched in time to prevent serious damage. Mr. Wilcoxen is a Democrat, and, we believe, is the owner of station building. $600 reward will be paid for the arrest of the incendiary.

On Sunday last the lead pipe belonging to the tank at Bryant station was stolen.

We have no hesitancy in pronouncing these outrages the work of Abolitionists. Dick Yates has said that Democrats have no rights which a negro was bound to respect, and his satellites throughout this country have given utterance to like expressions, while intelligent, law-abiding dupes of their person carry into practice what they only mean to preach. We would say to our friends that, when you have certain knowledge that these outrages were committed by miscegens (and who doubt it?) it is your duty to retaliate in kind. Abolitionists must taught that Democrats have rights which must be respected. – Fulton Democrat.


            → No great reform was ever accomplished – no great evil eradicated by violence. History is repeating itself, and judging from the past, future historians will report that the crowning failure of the 19th century was the abolition crusade against slavery. The lesson of this war will be, as [?] of allowing has been, that great moral evils cannot be eradicated by the sword; but that the hope of the world lies in toleration – in bearing up evil for the sake of good. The prophet of Israel was taught that it was not by the sword nor the fire, nor the earthquake that the nation could be reformed, but by the still small voice, “and he covered his face with his mantle.” Let our abolition preachers of fire and sword follow the example.


            Emmet Township. – The Democrats of Emmet Township will hold a meeting at Union School house, on Friday, September 2nd, at 2 o’clock p. m., for the purpose of appointing delegates to the county convention.



            We are authorized to announce J. M. Egbert as a candidate for Sheriff of McDonough county, subject to the decision of the Democratic county convention.


            Fare to Chicago. – The railroad company, we understand, have agreed to sell tickets to Chicago and return, for the National convention, at a reduced rate. From Macomb, Ill. ticket will be $9.00, and we supposed will be good from Saturday evening train till adjournment of the convention.


            → Gamage is serving up the best of steaks and roasts to his customers. His meats are fat and sweet, as we know from repeated trials, and we advise our readers to satisfy themselves of this fact in the same manner.


McDonough County Agricultural Society.

            The tenth annual fair will be held at the fair ground in Macomb, Ill., on the 7th, 8th and 9th days of September, 1864.

Great exhibition of farm stock and products.

Liberal premiums are offered in all departments.

A purse of $50 is offered for the fastest trotting horse, $50 for the fastest pacer, and $25 sweepstakes open for all pacers and trotters.

It is earnestly hoped the citizens of McDonough and adjoining counties will attend our fair and compete for prizes.


The Black Ticket.

            A small meeting of Lincoln sympathizers met in Macomb last Saturday and put in nomination a ticket to be supported by all persons in this county who believe that the war should be prosecuted to compel “the abandonment of slavery,” and not to restore the Union of our Fathers. Such a ticket is very appropriately composed of A. Blackburn for Representative; J. B. Cummings for circuit clerk, and G. L. Farwell for sheriff. A white man’s ticket will knock that “higher’n a kite.”


            → The republican loyal leaguers of Tazewell county, in convention assembled, adopted a resolution in favor of giving negro soldiers the right to vote. It was agreed to with only two dissenting votes. We have yet to learn whether the republicans of McDonough county are fully up to this “loyal” sentiment. We presume the only question would be about the policy of publicly adopting it. Are they not all republicans?

August 26, 1864

Macomb Journal


            We have the pleasure of presenting to the people of McDonough county, for their suffrage, a ticket which it should be the pride of every loyal man to support, and work for with a will so hearty as to admit of no doubt of success.


Who we expect to see represent us in our next State Legislature, is from Chalmers township, and is known to be a gentleman of unimpeachable character, and one to whom tm to leave the people can trust their interests with safety. An “old war horse” of the Whig party, he has the vim to work for the cause, regardless of personal interests, or self-aggrandizement, and devoted to the cause of the Union.


Of Macomb, candidate for Clerk of the Circuit Court, is well known as our present able incumbent. Mr. Cummings is intensely Lincolnized, and a firm and active friend of the soldier. – His administration of that office for the past four years has been such as to merit the approval of even his political enemies, and we confidently predict his election.


Of Macomb, has claims upon his fellow citizens which all will readily recognize. Disabled in the service of his country, his patriotism and loyalty would not allow him to leave the army until his term of service had expired, and we again find him on duty in the “tented field,” where none but the brave dare go. His efficiency for the office none dare question.


Of Bushnell, our candidate for Coroner, was the only man, of our party, elected on the county ticket in ’56, and we are assured that he has lost none of his popularity by remaining true to the cause of the Union.


Is the nominee for county Surveyor, and his large experience is sufficient guaranty of his ability.

The convention which nominated these gentlemen was a perfect unit on the great questions of the day, and the unity and harmony of its actions reflects credit on the delegates, who, laying aside all personal preferences, joined hands to give us our best and most available men. It now rests with the people to endorse the action of the convention at the ballot box, and we have no doubt that victory will crown our efforts in November next.


            → The copperheads have resolved to have peace, if they have to fight for it!



          It is noticeable fact and one which defies successful contradiction, that all “Peace brawlers” are more concerned about slavery and the triumphs of its champions in the approaching Presidential contest, than they feel willing to admit. They want no peace which shall lay the rebellion and its cause prostrate at the feet of the Republic and its constituted authorities. They contend – without a shadow of authority that the Emancipation policy is the only obstacle to a realization of their chief desire, and that if Mr. Lincoln would withdraw this obnoxious proclamation, the rebels would at once lay down their arms and return to their loyalty.

Throughout the South, it was understood and agreed, prior to the outbreak of the rebellion, that slavery deliberately staked its own existence on the struggle it was provoking, and now their Northern allies are willing to inaugurate war at home, to propogate slavery and make peace with the South. “We will beat Lincoln if it has to be done at the point of the bayonet,” says a blatant peace man. This is their kind of peace and the only kind they desire. Jeff. Davis has abandoned slavery as the corner stone of their confederacy because his friends in the north have kindly taken it off his hands, leaving him but the one issue to contend for.

Emancipation is peace, while slavery is disunion. If the shackles of every slave in the country were broken today, rebellion would die, and disunion be an impossibility. Our Union would soon reconstruct itself and be firmer and stronger than ever. It would be done by the irresistable law of political gravitation.

“We seceeded to rid ourselves of the role of the majority,” says Mr. Davis. Here then is the whole truth in a nutshell. We of the North must submit to the minority, or continue the war until that rebellious minority is crushed or acknowledges the supremacy of the laws. Is any man, deserving of the name, and calling himself loyal, prepared to barter away his liberty by a fawning sycophancy toward the “rule or ruin” party? We have more confidence in the integrity of the people, than to suppose for one instant, they will permit a party to ride into power, whose acknowledged creed is peace and disunion.


              → The peace party have taken their stand, and no power of place or temptation of office can prevail against them. They can make no concession to the false pretences of those who advocate war as a party policy, without the sacrifice of principle, honor and pride. We are the advocates of pure Democratic principles, they of a ruinous party policy. – Gen. Singleton.

Singleton is the acknowledged head and front of the copperhead party in this State and their most prominent candidate for Governor. We hope he will be, as the only issue will then come before the people, which is peace upon any terms offered by Jeff. Davis. He controlled the Springfield convention in June ’63, he was the Father of the Peoria – Secesh meeting a short time ago, and engineered he great rebel fizzle, armed-mob, nix-cum-arous, gathering at Springfield on the 18th inst. He beat Higby, and was monarch of the mob he surveyed. “So mote it be.”


            → Mr. Sanders is a very clever young man, and we wish him all the glory of leading the forlorn hope of Lincoln sympathizers in this county. – He might as well attempt to make Crooked creek run up stream, as to attempt to roll back the swelling tide of democracy in old McDonough. – Eagle.

→ We feel personally complimented by the above, but politically think it reflects little to our credit. We have no desire to turn the course of that limpid stream known as Crooked creek, but we have heard of a very crooked party being straightened out in old McDonough. For further information, see the election returns of 1860.



                                                                                                                          Bardolph, Ill.,
July 9, 1864.

Mr. Editor: — During last week it was my province to visit nearly every house in Mound township, and all over the township good Union men told me that my name had been handed around as a copperhead and traitor. It is to vindicate my character against these slanderous falsehoods, that has induced me thus publicly to deny those charges preferred against me, for I claim to be an unconditional Union Douglas Democrat – for my country, and against its enemies wherever they are found, whether in South Carolina or in Illinois. These charges, so slanderous upon my character, have not been made publicly, by good Union men, but have been circulated by a few base, unprincipled men, through a channel known to myself, and one which offers good facilities for such men to execute their slanderous designs, and for escaping the mortification which [obscured], feels when he is made to face the object of his abuse, and whose character he has attempted to destroy. To prove that I am an enemy to our brave men who are battling for our beloved country, and the eternal, immutable principles of right, and that I am not a sound Union man, the following is the evidence which these slanderous men have been enabled to elicit: 1st, That I gave the editor of the Eagle the items which he published in his paper in regard to the lawlessness of some hundred days’ soldiers, who stopped at Bardolph sometime during this summer. 2nd: That I voted for a Democrat at the Spring election.

To the first charge, I do frankly admit that I told Mr. Abbott that these men came into my grocery store, and after I had given them all the crackers I had, they stole whatever they wanted, and some things that could be of no use to them; and that they turned the faucet in an oil can and let out a considerable amount of oil; that one man went into Mr. Folsom’s shop, and while his back was turned, put on a pair of new shoes and left his old ones, and that they treated Mr. Jackson in a similar style to me.

Do any one of those cowardly sneaks who are circulating any of the above statements to injure me, dare to say I did not tell the truth? I cannot understand that to be a friend to the soldier, and a good Union man, I must attempt to shield them in their acts of lawlessness. The same style of reasoning would prove a man an enemy to the Christian religion who failed to conceal any thefts which a member of the church might commit. Yet this illogical style of reasoning is used to convince the loyal people of this vicinity that I am a copperhead and a traitor to my country.

In regard to the second charge, I will only say that I will answer it whenever I am convinced that any one has a right to question my right to vote for a Union Democrat. The course that I have pursued, in regard to voting since the commencement of this unholy rebellion, is the same that I expect to follow during its continuance. I vote for Union Republicans in preference to copperheads, and for Union Douglas Democrats in preference to Republicans.

If any of those men, who are slandering me, wish to test my loyalty, will come to me, I can forgive them for all the injury they have done me, if they will quit their mean, cowardly, slanderous conduct towards me, I, with them, will lay my hand upon the Bible, the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, and we will swear eternal allegiance to the Stars and Stripes, and recommend the citizens of this county to hang the first one of us who violates that oath.

G. H. Litzenberg.


            No Letter Again. – We have again failed to receive a letter from Mr. Magie. We learn that he is still in the hospital. We earnestly hope that he will soon be able to resume his place in the regiment, and we can be favored with his interesting news for our paper.


            War Meeting. – A meeting will be held in Colchester to night, (Friday) [?] a local bounty for the purpose of procuring volunteers sufficient to make up the deficiency of Tennessee township. The volunteers procured for one years service in the state [?] good opportunity to avoid the draft is offered.


            From the Front. – We regret to learn that the 16th has again been suffered the loss of many good men. – [?]ing the casualties since our last [?], we have to record the killing of Capt. Eben. White, Co. A, Capt. [?] Hutch and Lieut. – Applegate [?], and Lieut. Jos. Haines of Co. [?] We have no particulars as to the time or place where they fell. Col. Van Vleck of the 78th we also learn has been severely wounded, but to what extent we could not learn.


            Tremont House, Quincy. – Hotels are always an advantage to the traveling public, and for a first rate house, we would recommend to our friends and patrons the “Tremont House” at Quincy. For clean beds, comfortable, well ventilated rooms, a table spread with all the luxuries of the [?], prompt and polite attendance, a [?] landlord, and an accommodating and gentlemanly clerk, with reasonable charges, it has no superior in the [?]


            Come in out of the Draft. – Col. Sam. Wilson, formerly of the 16th is raising men for the one year’s service, under the recent call of Gov. Yates, for one Regiment for State service and to be stationed at Alton. – This is a rare opportunity for volunteering to avoid the draft, and as the bounty and pay is the same as for troops in the field, we look for a hearty response to the call. Col. Wilson has had experience in the field, and we know him to be an able and efficient officer. Any person desiring to enter an easy branch of the service, under a good and competent officer, can by applying to Mr. W. H. Randolph at the Randolph House receive all the information regarding this Regiment.


            From the 137th. – A dispatch, received in this city Wednesday, states that in the attack of Forest on Memphis, Orderly Sergeant Thad Hurton received a flesh wound in the leg, and that Mr. Ed. Brooking was taken prisoner. We also learned that a Mr. Porter, belonging to the same regiment, was killed. The rest of the boys from this place are safe, we presume, as no mention was made of any more in the dispatch.


            Enlarging. – Luther Johnson, in order to keep up with the growing demand for goods, is building a large addition to his store. When completed, he will have as large a store room as any town in the West. His new goods will be here by the time his building is finished.


            The 2nd Ills. Cavalry. – Two hundred and eighty of these “bully boys” were at Springfield on Monday last waiting to receive their pay and discharge papers. We were glad to see the McDonough portion of them arrive on Wednesday and congratulate them on the impression they made upon the State Register at Springfield. That vile sheet of the 21st stated that “they are heartily sick of fighting for Sambo, and expect in the approaching election to prove to the despot at Washington, that they have not been so far demoralized as to take his interpretation of the Constitution, or rather his will, as the land mark by which they should be guarded.” These noble veterans, who have fought from Cairo to “Sabine cross roads” could not relish this imputation on their loyalty, and are out in a card denouncing the editor of that garbage cart in no complimentary terms. We receive the edition of the Journal too late to publish their protest this week, but will take great pleasure in laying it before our readers in our next issue. How are you State Register?


            Chronicles of the Rebellion. – Mr. T. B. Chapman, late of the 16th Ill. Inft. is the agent for the sale of this popular and interesting work. He is canvassing the Bushnell district with headquarters at Hail & Hampton’s news depot, Hail House, Bushnell.


            At Home. – Several of the 2nd Cavalry boys have arrived at home, having served their three years faithfully, among whom notice Mr. Jacobs, Wm. Venable and Charlie Bartleson. They look healthy, and appear well pleased that they are at “home again.” Joe Russell of the 28th Illinois and Logan Sweeney, of the 10th Missouri also arrived home a day or two since. The boys are welcome.


            Excitement. – About the only excitement we had in town on Tuesday was a dorg fight. The dogs fit and fit and fit, but finally concluded to quit. Nobody hurt!


            The Fair. – Our citizens should remember that the Fair of the McDonough Agricultural Society opens on the 7th of next month. We expect to see a full turn out, and good time generally. The officers will spare no pains to get up such a Fair as will not fail to please all who may attend.

August 20, 1864

Macomb Eagle

“To Whom it may Concern.”

            I declare that I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so. * * * The right of each State to order and control its own democratic institutions according to its own judgement exclusively, is essential to the balance of power on which the perfection and endurance of our political fabric depend. – Abraham Lincoln, March 4, 1861.

Any proposition that embraces the restoration of peace, the integrity of the Union, and the ABANDONMENT of SLAVERY, and comes by and with an authority that can control the armies now at war with the United States, will be received and considered by the executive government of the United States, and will be met by liberal terms on substantial and collateral points; and the bearer or bearers thereof shall have safe conduct both ways. – Abraham Lincoln, July 18, 1864.


“The power of the Government.”

            “With abolitionists the right of property is nothing, the efficiency of the power of the general government is nothing; a civil war, a dissolution of the Union, and an overthrow of the government, in which are concentrated the hopes of a civilized world, are nothing. – He must be blind to what is passing before us who does not perceive that the inevitable tendency of their proceedings is to invoke finally the potent power of the bayonet.”

The above extract from a speech of Henry Clay, some twenty years ago, is true and as applicable to the Lincoln sympathizers of to-day, as it was to the abolitionists against whom the argument was directed. Men who probably have never read the Constitution of the United States, or given an hour’s unprejudiced study to the theory of our government, and ignorant alike of the principles and practice of the fathers who established it, are now found declaiming volubly about the powers of the government. They make the mistake of all superficial thinkers, that a government is nothing unless it is powerful to meddle with and control the affairs of the people. They think the power of a government must necessarily be unlimited, or it will go to pieces ad anarchy ensue. While the idea of a government’s power being unlimited may be true of the despotisms and absolute monarchies of Europe, it is most untrue of the United States. The power of our government is limited and defined by a written Constitution. This Constitution confers upon the Government all the power it can rightfully exercise, and when the executive or administrator attempts the use of power beyond the written limit, he then becomes a usurper. If he is unchecked and unrebuked in this, his ambition will soon make him a despot and a tyrant over the people. Our Government has all the power conferred upon it to conserve the general welfare of the people that is necessary for the accomplishment of that purpose. In peace or war no step need be taken outside of the written limit; and our own short history, vivid in every citizen’s mind, furnishes numerous illustrations of the fact. The people have met with trouble whenever their rulers, influenced more by a wicked ambition [fold] the right to regulate matters not pertinent to their jurisdiction. The government, as intimated in the quotation from Clay, is deficient in certain powers; but these are powers in which it should be deficient. Were it not so, it would not be a Republic, but a Monarchy or a Despotism, where the liberties and rights of the people would be held at the caprice or whim of the executive. No argument is needed to show that the fathers were right in creating the Government with limited powers – in making it deficient in certain powers. Time and our history have justified their wisdom. The duty of the people at this hour is to jealously guard their own rights, as reserved by the Constitution, and not to be deceived by the foolish cry that “the Government must possess absolute power or it will perish.” If it does not possess absolute power, then it deserves destruction, and those who would usurp such power, under any pretext whatever, are the enemies of popular liberty, and are knowingly or blindly seeking to establish a despotism.


            → A little more than a year ago Mr. Lincoln seized the occasion of the meeting of the republican convention at Springfield to declare himself, still more emphatically than ever, as waging the war exclusively to save the Union. He had been charged with waging it for abolition purposes, and his reply was:

“You say you will not fight to free negroes. Some of them seem willing to fight for you. But no matter; fight you then exclusively to save the Union. I issued the proclamation on purpose to aid you in saving the Union. – Whenever you shall have conquered all resistance to the Union, if I shall urge you to continue fighting, it will be an apt time for you to declare you will not fight to free negroes.

President Lincoln has now justified the declaration that the northern people will not fight to free negroes. He make abolition the yoke fellow of Union and does urge the continuance of fighting for other purposes than the only one which is lawful or attainable. He thus falsifies every pledge, disregards every declaration, and violates his official oath. It is impossible now to fight in this war without fighting to free the negroes. Resistance to the Union has ceased. According to Lincoln himself it is now “apt time” for every man to keep out of this war.


            → If niggers make as good soldiers as the abolition reporters would have us believe, why in the name of of all that’s good, don’t the “government” quit drafting white men, and take all the blacks? There is any amount of them in this State that could be spared, and although we we have no desire to see the poor fellows dragged into a war which they did nothing to bring about, yet it would save the lives of so many white men, and as abolitionists say that all who die on the battlefields in this contest go straight to Heaven, it would be such a good chance to get the “cause” of our troubles shipped off to that “better country,” where neither niggers, slavery, abolitionism or war is known.


            That X. – Perhaps some of our subscribers have noticed, opposite their names on the margin of their paper, an X, or cross. Now we are not in the habit of dunning our subscribers, and don’t propose to but we never refuse money, and when our subscribers find any of the marks indicated, on their paper, they can understand that they are indebted to us, and that we want the money. Will they heed the request and save us further trouble in the premises? Crops are good, greenbax circulate freely, and all can pay who wish to.


            Macomb Township. – The Democrats of Macomb Township will hold a meeting at Macomb on Firday, August 26th, at [?] o’clock p. m., for the purpose of nominating delegates to the county convention.


            → Don’t forget the meeting in Scotland township, on Saturday 20th inst., at 3 p.m. Rally up – let us have a good meeting, and be prompt to the hour.


            Ladies Benevolent Aid Society. – There is a movement among the ladies of the county to raise a fund for the poor, and we would like to see every lady in McDonough assist the movement. It is proposed to have contributions of every description, provisions of all kinds, clothing, fuel, and money subscribed to further this noble effort. It has no affiliation with the Soldiers Aid Society, but it is formed on an independent basis. Our poor will suffer the coming winter, unless an organization of this kind is sustained, and we call upon the ladies of the townships to contribute their mite. Contributions may be sent to Mrs. Hugh Iriwn, of Macomb, and will be exposed for public sale on the fair grounds, next month.


            → The lovers of scandal in Macomb have been reveling in luxury the past few weeks. Reports of crim. Con., of fornication, and of adultery, sufficient to shock the dullest sensibility, have been plenty as blackberries. The details would fill a book, if drawn out after the style of tales “to be continued.” Some of the “gay Lotharios” implicated have acknowledged their peccadilloes, while others have put on a “stiff upper lip” and indignantly denied the impeachment. – There are also rumors afloat of assignations by parties who probably have flattered themselves that their sin would not find the snout. There may be and doubtless is some aggregation and some untruth in what has been told, but there is enough of fact to satisfy any man that the town is festering with lechery. Meretricious charms are more sought after and adored than homely virtue, and men whose position in society, even if they had no higher motive, should prompt them to a virtuous life.


            → Ben. Naylor returned home on Sunday evening last, looking well and “hearty as a buck.” There is plenty of gold in the niches of the mountains, but the labor of getting it costs, in a majority of cases, more than the gold is worth.


            → We are indebted to T. J. Pennington and Marshall Rogers each for a half-bushel of fine summer apples, and to J. P. Clark and S. H. Martin for sacks of green corn. – Thanks to all.


            → The Democrats of Chalmers township will hold a meeting at Dunsworth’s school house, on Saturday August 27th, at 3 o’clock p. m. to appoint delegates to the county convention.


            → A rumor reached us on Thursday morning that Col. Van Vleck of 78th regiment had been mortally wounded in one of the late engagements before Atlanta.


            → By the last number of the Macomb Journal (miscegen) we notice that Mr. Chas. L. Sanders has assumed the editorship of that paper. We welcome him to the heavenly fold, and believe he will do the Democracy of McDonough county more good than harm. Handle the new editor gently, Mr. Eagle. – Fulton Democrat.

Mr. Sanders is a very clever young man, and wish him all the glory of leading the forlorn hope of Lincoln sympathizers in this county. He might as well attempt to make Crooked creek run up stream, as to attempt to roll back the swelling tide of Democracy in old McDonough.


            → A “blockade runner” was caught in town last Wednesday night. It is supposed she came in with all sails set, but in scolding around the harbor “under bare pole,” she run against some “sunken rocks,” and was unable to get off before discovery by the commander of the blockading fleet. The “prize” was tied up, and was yesterday examined before the high court of admiralty and condemned as a privateer.

August 19, 1864

Macomb Journal

The Wade-Davis Manifesto.

            It is sometimes difficult for the uninitiated to probe the motives of prominent politicians in seeking to distract and dismember the party which has elevated them to a prominent public position. Disappointed ambition has caused many a towering intellect to fall to the ground, unmourned, and unwept, and it would be strange indeed, if the Union party was exempt from the disaffected elements which pervades all parties, at all times, and especially during an exciting Presidential campaign.

This protest has been a God-send to the opponents of the Administration, and they catch at it as a drowning man does at a straw. They smile and smirk over it as though the disaffection of two disappointed office-seekers was a sure fore-runner of our defeat. The Eagle – as a matter of course – gives us a lengthy article upon the subject, which he denominates “A fire in the front.” He tells us that Messrs. Wade and Davis “are of the loyal household;” that they are the very pillars of the church;” that they are exerting themselves to arrest “Mr. Lincoln in his despotic career, and that “when such politicians sound the alarm it is high time for the people to heed the warning.”

The opposition of the two Hon. Gentlemen to Mr. Lincoln’s nomination is a fact too well known to need recital. As early as April last, while at Roseville, Ga., we had the pleasure of receiving a letter from a very prominent gentleman in Maryland, and one holding high office under Gov. Bradford. In that letter he says, two-thirds of Maryland are in favor of Old Abe, while the balance are but wire-pullers in the interests of Henry Winter Davis – who aspires to the Vice-Presidency – trying to carry the State for Mr. Chase. Pomeroy, Wade and Davis are littery opposing President Lincoln and you need not be surprised to hear of them bolting the Baltimore nominee.” Thus, as early as April did this disaffection make itself apparent to be concluded. Wade wanted to be minister to St. James and Davis Vice President – positions for which they are both totally unqualified – and they knew that Mr. Lincoln had guaged their calibre and if he was re-elected, they would have to serve in the ranks four years longer.

Occupying that antagonistic position towards the Administration, it is fallacy to suppose that the alarm of such politicians, would scare the people into endorsing their protest, and so far from being “pillars of the church” they knew nothing more of the administration than their positions as members of the National Legislature entitled them to.

We yet believe that Mr. Davis and Mr. Wade, will come out of the darkness into light, and we should be glad see them take a bold stand for Mr. Lincoln, but they chose to coalesce with either Cleveland or Chicago we would ask them to be received as they deserve. The democratic party was never proverbial for its generosity toward renegade Whigs, and the copperheads have too many paupers of their own to lionize, without picking up the crumbs of intellect dropping from the support of Mr. Lincoln.


Our County Convention.

            To-morrow the Convention assembles which is nominate our county officers. We would urge upon the delegates, that unity and harmony of action which is a sure harbinger of success. Let no personal feelings enter into the Convention, but give to us our ablest, our most loyal, and most available men. Laying aside all preferences, and selfish feelings, we hope to see them present a ticket to the people of McDonough, which will command the united support of all loyal men. We want men who will work for the success of the cause as well as for their own personal aggrandizement, and men who will work hard.


            → The following questions, which we take from the Missouri Plaindealer, a paper published at Savannah, in that State, were proposed to us by the editor thereof because we published a letter written by him to one of our citizens:

A “Loyal” Paper. – The Macomb Journal claims to be the genuine exponent of “loyalty” for McDonough county in the State of Illinois, and, although he did not want Lincoln nominated, he has concluded to support him since his nomination. We want the Journal editor to tell us how much he is willing to “go on Lincoln,” and we know of no better way of his answering us, than I answering the following interrogatories:

  1. Are you in favor of the Amnesty Proclamation?
  2. Are you in favor of allowing rebels, who have been in arms against the Government since the 17th of December, 1861, but who have taken Mr. Lincoln’s amnesty oath, to vote during the existence of the rebellion?
  3. Are you in favor of negro equality, and of allowing negroes the right to vote?
  • *                           *                           *                         *

Now, Mr. Journal, answer these questions without “dodging,” and let your “loyal” readers know how and where you stand! Don’t “nigger” out of answering these questions, without equivocating, and in a positive manner. We shall any questions you may have in store for us, and in such a way as to allow you to determine “which side we are on.”

  1. We are.
  2. If they take the oath in the spirit in which it was intended we see no reason why they should he deprived of the privilege.
  3. We are not, nor never were.

The 4th question we decline to answer, as we do not make war on private individuals.

          The 5th and last question is “why do we join hands with Heaton in a warfare against us?” [Whitaker.] We do not “see it in that light.” Mr. Heaton considers you an abolitionist, but we don’t, and we published your letter to prove that you are not; also to show the people where you and the conservative crew of Missouri stand on the great issues of the day. We do not wish to make war against you as an individual, but we do against your principles.

The editor of the Plaindealer says that he will answer any question we may have in store for him. Well, to begin:

  1. If you are, as you profess, a Lincoln man, why do you rejoice over the success of the copperheads at elections?
  2. If you are a Lincoln man, how is it that you get all your support from “democrats, copperheads, rebel sympathizers, and even rebels?”
  3. If you are a Lincoln man, why do you leave people to infer, from your letter, that you will be in attendance at the copperhead convention at Chicago as a delegate or wire-puller?



From the 78th Regiment.

Field Hospital, 2nd Division 14th A. C. near Atlanta, Ga.
August 1, 1861.

            I failed in writing you a letter last week. I am down sick with the fever, at this Hospital, but I think I am improving some and hope to be about again in a week or so. I had commenced a letter, and got it about half finished, when our Division was called upon to make reconnaissance some six or eight miles beyond the extreme right of our army. We made the trip out and back, the enemy almost constantly disputing our advance both ways with a small force of cavalry. The 78th did the most of the skirmishing, and has the honor of killing the rebel Gen. Wheeler, chief of cavalry. The 78th lost none in killed and wounded, but a number broke down with excessive heat and fatigue. That day’s work is what is the matter with me. This is the first time since I entered the service that I have been reported, with the exception of three days in Louisville. And I may say that last week is the only week in which I have failed to write a letter for the Journal since I commenced writing regularly on the first of February last, but I perceive that some two or three letters have miscarried. – It is my purpose to write you a letter each week, whenever I am able to do so.

I am too feeble to write more. Relying upon a strong constitution, cheerful spirits, nourishing diet, and throwing to the dogs all medicine, I hope to be about again in time to write you a good long letter for the next Journal.

J. K. M.


            By the last number of the Macomb Journal (miscegen) we notice that Mr. Chas. L. Sanders has assumed the editorship of that paper. We welcome him to the heavenly fold, and believe he will do the Democracy of McDonough county more good than harm. Handle the new editor gently, Mr. Eagle. – Fulton Democrat.

That is just our mission Mr. Editor. We believe that some good may be brought out of Nazareth and we expect to see such a rattling among the dry bones of Copperheads as will shake the Jeff. Davis Confederacy to its very center. We neither ask now expect any gentler usage from the Eagle, than we met with from his friends in Dixie, the three years we carried a bright and shiny gun through that benighted region.


            → Did we not have “national existence” and “free government” up to four years ago? And yet slavery existed. – Eagle.

Yes, and we would yet have “national existence,” with slavery included, had the South not have endeavored to spread and propogate the “peculiar institution” to the detriment of “free government.”


            Union League Notice. – A meeting of the County Council will be held in the city of Macomb, on the 3d day of September next, at one o’clock P. M. A full attendance is requested.


            Ladies Benevolent aid Society. – There is a movement among the ladies of the county, to raise a fund for the poor, and we would like to see every lady in McDonough assist the movement. It is proposed to have contributions of every description, provisions of all kinds, clothing, fuel and money subscribed to further this noble effort. It has no affiliation with the Soldiers Aid Society, but is formed on an independent basis. Our poor will suffer the coming winter unless an organization of this kind is sustained and we call upon the ladies of the township to contribute their mite. All contributions will be sent or delivered to Mrs. Hugh Ervin, of Macomb, and will be exposed for public sale on the Fair Grounds next month. This notice comes too late for us to comment upon it this week in our editorial columns but in our next issue, we propose to bring the matter more fully before the public.


            Stop it. – We have been requested to state to those persons who are in the habit of shooting guns and pistols inside of the city limits that they must stop it. A few days since some person discharged a gun, or pistol near the square, and the ball entered the house of Mr. Ervin Brown, passed just above his wife’s head, striking the opposite wall and fell to the floor. Another day some boys were firing at a target near the third ward school house and one of the balls entered a window in Mr. B. J. Head’s house, breaking the glass. It is true, no serious consequences happened from these cases, but there may be one happen some day, and they should be stopped.


            Robbery in Bushnell. – Some person, or persons, on Saturday night raised the window of the bedroom of Mr. Tuttle and taking out his pantaloons abstracted therefrom $15. They also, the same night, reached into the bedroom of Mr. A. Hess and took his pantaloons from which they got $100. Quite a good nights work, we think. – No clue has been had of the perpetrators. We would suggest to our citizens the necessity of keeping a watch over their loose property.


            Police Court. – The past week has witnessed some rather amusing and exciting doings at our Police Court. – The first case that we have to report is an assault and battery case between two women, residents of this city. – Jury couldn’t agree, and case dismissed. The next two cases came under the ordinance prohibiting the sale of spirituous liquors. The parties were fined $60 and costs. The next was a gentleman of the Irish persuasion, charged with whipping his wife. A night in the calaboose and a fine of $5 was the penalty for his “amusement.” ‘Tis but a short journey from Ireland to Germany. The Catholic priest in charge of a congregation in this city charged his cook, a Teutonic of immense lager beer power, with stealing, and Mr. Cook now lies in Bliss-ful repose in our county jail. The next case is of a poor, God-forsaken, man-despised creature, who was hounded through our streets on Wednesday night by about fifty young men and boys, was arrested and placed in the calaboose and kept till morning. For the crime of appearing in our truly moral city, she was fined $5 and costs. Mr. Weller warns his son to beware of “vidders.” We would say to all unfortunate women – beware of police courts in Macomb!


            Fire at Colchester. – On Saturday the 13th, the shafts in the mine of Mr. Wm. Morris took fire, and in a few seconds was enveloped in flames. A large number of men and boys were at work at the time, but fortunately two means of egress had been provided, which doubtless saved the loss of life. – The cause of the accident is imputed to “incompetent men placed in responsible positions.” Our informant does not give us the amount of Mr. Morris’ loss, but says it is large, and may not be repaired for some time, causing a number of men to remain without employment for some time.


            Riding by moonlight. – Quite a number of our young ladies and gentlemen, taking advantage of the pleasant moonlights nights, took a merry ride to Bushnell on Tuesday night. On their arrival, and as soon as the hall was prepared they repaired to the dancing to the dancing room and to use the expression of Artemus Ward, “slipped up on the light fun-tus-tic toe” until the “wee sma’ hours” of the morning. The little affair passed off pleasantly and was highly appreciated by the participants.


            “Senex.” – In last week’s Journal we published a communication from “Senex,” but received it too late for any comment.

We would like to impress the subject more strongly upon the minds of our citizens, as they may be called upon to decide the question at the ballot-box. – The proportion of Macomb under the present charter, in criminal and pauper expenses, is certainly too large, and the proposed amendment would be but an act of justice.

The poor, throughout the county, knowing the liberality which Macomb extends to that class of our population, prefers coming within the city limits to going to the poor house, thus throwing a large proportion of the county poor upon us, for which we have to pay. – And the same occurs in our criminal expenses. One or two men may arrive here on the cars, commit depredations by breaking open our banks, stores or houses, and though their arrest and punishment is equally for the benefit of the county, yet the city is to be taxed for the jail and court expenses. Not one of our citizens will demur against paying their quota of county expenses, but they do not wish to be burdened with the whole expense of supporting or punishing the paupers or criminals of the entire county.


            Found and Lost. – A week or two since a burglar broke jail at Lewistown in Fulton county, and came to the vicinity of Bushnell, in this county. Constable Steele, of the latter place, hearing of his whereabouts, soon started out on Monday morning last and soon succeeded in capturing him, but unfortunately, while hitching the horse, which was a very wild one, the thief jumped a fence close by, and succeeded in making his escape.


            Rebel Flag. – We have in our sanctum, for the inspection of the curious, a handsome rebel flag, captured at New Madrid on the 14th of March, 1862, by several of the 16th boys. It is a very handsome silk flag, trimmed with gold fringe, and belonged to the “Lafayette Beagles.”


            Refreshing. – We have had some very warm weather within the last three or four weeks, and we notice that crowds of our citizens, to allay the the burning thirst occasioned by the excessive heat, have sought the cool rooms of Gordon & Hampton’s ice cream saloon and indulged themselves in the luxury of splendid ice cream – such as the “boys” know how to get up. If you want a luxurious dish, don’t take our word for it, but go and test it yourselves.


            From the 16th. – Letters from Lieut. Gash, dated the 6th inst., report the regiment in good health and spirits, with no casualties in Co’s “A,” or “B.” Col. Smith is commanding the Brigade, Gen. Morgan the Division, and Gen. Davis the 14th Army Corps.


            Board of Exemption. – The Board of Examiners for Exemption convened at the Court House, in this place, on the 11th and 12th insts. We did not ascertain the number of applicants for Exemption, but this township turned out all “their lame halt and blind” which occupied the Board for the two days it was in session. Some good “goaks” were perpetrated at the expense of a few of the applicants, but the “sold” generally appreciated the point and showed their good feeling by getting considerably “beered”, happy in the misfortune which prevented them from being “grafted into the army.”


            → We see that the new wheat is beginning to come into market rapidly within the last few days, and we understand that it is of a superior quality.


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