May 27, 1865

Macomb Eagle

The Beginning.

            The occurrences, noted elsewhere in this paper, in relationship to the assault by a negro upon two highly respectable women of this town, may well call for a few serious reflections. This negro’s work is but the beginning of the end. It is one of the fruits of the ascendancy of republican teachings in our State and nation. During all the years that we have lived in Macomb, no crime so heinous and dastardly has ever come to light. Yet in three short months after the work of a republican Legislature becomes known, we find the town the resort of some half dozen of brutish negroes, one of whom breaks into the residences of two married women whose husbands are in the army, fighting to secure to such beasts the very “liberty” which they thus are swift to show they are utterly incapable of appreciating. – The negro both as an abstract idea and a living animal, has many warm and devoted sympathizers in town and county, who have literally made themselves hoarse many a time “shrieking for freedom!” Their efforts in the cause of what they unctuously style the “interests of God and humanity,” have been unceasing and diligent. – The result in this instance that has crowned their efforts is in keeping with the character of the arguments they have employed to achieve it. – They started out upon the supposition that a negro is “a man and a brother,” and have fed themselves upon the delusion until they have really believed the fiction of their own coining. – Whether the occurrences of Sunday night will serve to open the eyes of any of the admirers of free negroism, remains to be seen.

Had not the provisions of the State constitution been disregarded by the republican administration, and its wholesome restrictions been violated by our republican Legislature, the wives of our absent soldiers would not have been frightened and insulted nor our city been the theatre of these disgraceful crimes. Is it not time that the people were working up to the monstrosity of the doctrines of our republican legislators?


Negro Suffrage.

            Chief Justice Chase has been to Charleston, and he made a speech there to a dozen or two white men and several hundred negroes. The burden of Chief Justice Chase’s speech was the “glorious nigger,” the beauty and excellence of his “moral attributes,” and his divine right to rule America in company with his unsmoked brethren. This is the question which is now before the people and the leading men of the republican party are forcing their followers to swallow the doctrine. They have not made many converts in Macomb this week.


The Disposal of Booth’s Body.

            The New York Tribune, of the 11th instant, contains an eloquent phillipic, by one Junius Henri Browne, against the Administration for disposal of J. Wilkes Booth’s body in a secret and mysterious manner. We quote the conclusion of Mr. Browne’s communication:

But no matter what his crime; were it even a hundred times more horrible that it was, the treatment of his corpse is a stain upon the National escutcheon, a stigma upon our humanity as a people, that we must remove as soon as possible.

Great God, was it reserved for the model Republic in the nineteenth century to reproduce the horrors of the Byzantine Empire; to lapse into the barbarities of the Middle Ages; to regenerate the cruelties of the Spanish Inquisition?

There is something absolutely astounding, entirely incomprehensible in the course adopted toward the remains of the President’s assassin.

Booth once dead, justice is satisfied and malignity too should be also.

There is no excuse, no palliation under [?] for the secret interment and degration of the lifeless clay. Booth committed murder and by the severest constriction of the law paid the fullest penalty by his death.

It is a common aphorism, “Noble spirits war not with the dead.” This is a great country; is the noblest and the freest, and the most enlightened of Republics, at the very moment it has passed through a terrible ordeal of blood, and came out purer, brighter, more glorious than ever, an exception to the aphorism? is it privileged alone to persecute what it has fatally punished?

Let this foul blot be wiped out at once! In the name of common justice and common decency let the body of Booth, wherever it may be buried, be given up to his brothers or his mother. They may not have asked for it, in the wild excitement of the hour they have feared to crave even so small a boon.

But can any one suppose that Booth’s mother, to whom he was ever kind and generous, does not desire his remains; that she would not purchase them with half her remaining years of life.

Profligate, Rebel, assassin though he was, he was her son, and she his mother.

An unknown hand strewed flowers over the tomb of Nero; a woman wept over and tenderly kissed the slain Caligula.

Let the mother of Booth have the wretched consolation of mourning at the grave of her misguided and fanatical son, for whom, perhaps, no other in the world of kin or kind, will drop one pitying tear.

Junius Henri Browne
New York, May 9th, 1865.


            ‒ Delegations of contrabands waited on President Johnson a week ago and read to him a series of resolutions talking beautifully of the liberty they had just gained, &c. The President gave them a lecture, rather than smooth words in response. He told them “it was easy to utter nice sentiments upon paper,” but they must learn to understand that “freedom” meant simply “the liberty to work and enjoy the product of their own hands,” and not indolence, with support from public charity. He loved the African, he did, but “trusted in God” they would soon be scarce in this country, and gathered by themselves in a clime and country better suited to their constitution and habits.


A B B O T T ‘ S
New Cash Dry Goods House,

Southwest Corner Square, Macomb.

                        GOODS ALL NEW.

                                    STYLES ALL NICE,

                                                and CAREFULLY SELECTED.

My old friends and “the rest of mankind” are respectfully invited to give me a call.

 Nelson Abbott.


Horrible Outrage by a Negro.

            A negro names Jack, entered the house of a lady whose husband is in the army, on last Sunday night, and attempted to commit a rape on the person of the lady. She was wakened by the noise and demanded who was there. The negro told her to keep still or he would kill her. She then attempted to give the alarm, when he seized her by the throat, choking her considerably. She then managed to wake up her little boy who immediately gave the alarm, and the negro left. Not satisfied with his attempt, he, an hour or two later, went to the house of another lady, whose husband is also in the army, and crawled in at the window and attempted again to satiate his hellish desires. Fortunately at this house there were two ladies occupying the same bed, one of whom immediately ran to the neighbors and gave the alarm, who went to the relief of the lady. – The negro made his escape, but was tracked by Mr. Newton, Mr. Knapper, and Mr. Lea, to the livery stable of Messrs. French & Haggerty, where he worked. He was arrested and committed to jail and on Tuesday was brought before Justice Withrow for trial. In default of bail, he was committed to jail to await his final trial at the next term of our circuit court.


            → The people are continually flocking to the photograph gallery of Hawkins & Philpot, on the southeast corner the square, for the purpose of getting their photographs. Those who want good pictures can always get them by applying to these gentlemen.


            Family Groceries. – Watkins & Co., on the southeast corner of the square, keeps always on hand a full and complete stock of family groceries. Customers patronizing this establishment will find friend Merriman and his gentlemanly clerks obliging, and get a good article for their money.


            → If you want, and who is it that don’t want, good reading, go the store of S. J. Clarke & Co., on the north side of the square. They keep school books, magazines, novelettes, blanks and blank books, albums, etc.; also, the leading dailies and New York literary papers.


            A Rare Chance. – Those of our readers who wish one or more of those large sized pictures, elegantly framed, at New York prices, of prominent warriors and statesmen of this country, such as Washington, Douglas, Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, McClellan, and others, can get them by calling immediately at S. J. Clarke & Co.’s. Do not delay as they are selling very readily and will last only a few days.


            To the Farmers. – Our young friend H. V. D. Westfall, of Bushnell, is the agent for McDonough county, for the celebrated John P. Manny’s combined reaper and mower. Those in want of this or any other machine, would do well to call on Mr. Westfall. See advertisement in another column.


            Fruits and Vegetables. – Mr. C. C. Clark, at the fruit and vegetable store, on the north side the square, is daily receiving fresh vegetables. Those in want of such things are directed to call on Mr. Clarke and make their purchases. See advertisement.


The Sky is Brighter.

            For a long time our citizens have been imposed upon. We have always been compelled to pay the highest price for flour, and more than half the time it was not fit to eat, but now we can assure our friends that “the hour is coming, and now is” when they can get the very best of Spring and Fall wheat flour at the store of Wadham & Stowell, on the northwest corner of the public square. They keep Spoon River and Vermont flour.


            → Our friend Clarke of the Journal has been confined to his house for nearly a week by rheumatism. We trust he may soon be able to wield the pen again in the “interest of God and humanity and tell us of the beauties of free negroism as illustrated by negro Jack, in this city.


            Fire. – On Wednesday last some little children while at play, set fire to a building, belonging to Mr. Nathaniel Decker. The house contained the household goods of Mr. J. H. Nicholson, all of which were consumed by the fire.


Bushwhackers at Fowler Station.

            Quincy, Ill., May 22. – Six bushwhackers, supposed to be Missourians, entered Fowler Station, on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy railroad, twelve miles east of here this evening. After robbing the express agent, freight agent, and a store, they left, probably to rob another small town and farmers on their way to the river. They claimed to be forty strong, and that the balance were not far off. No damage was done to the railroad track or telegraph wires.


            The Journal says that we had a negro employed in our office last week. He is certainly mistaken. The editor of the Journal has never been in our employ.



            On Tuesday, May 23, by Thompson Chandler, Esq., Mr. Hiram Tatman, sr., to Miss Elizabeth F. Martin, all of this place.

Accompanying the above came the greenback, for which the printers return thanks. We hope the happy couple may live long and enjoy the sweets of connubial bliss; that the bridegroom may yet be prepared to breast the storms of adversity and land safely in the “happy land of Canaan.”

May 26, 1865

Macomb Journal

Change of English Sentiment.

            The tone of the British press, and of British statesmen in sympathy with the Southern Confederacy, until quite recently, has been that the South could not be subdued, that the North could not succeed in re-establishing the government over the revolted States. On that strain alone, over and over again, have been rung all the changes possible, and over all Europe, wherever the chords of a kindred sympathy have extended, the same sentiments have been repeatedly echoed. Because of the utter impossibility of a success on our side they have extended their fatherly, fraternal and affectionate advice to us to let the south go, acknowledge their independence, and thus put an end to this fratriciday war, this monstrous effusion of blood. But somehow or other we have been so uncourtly and impolite as to give no heed to their advice; and now as they read in unmistakable characters, the doom both of slavery and the Confederacy and perceive that our complete triumph is sure and near at hand, with remarkable facility they change their tactics with the tone of their voice, and, turning to the common people try to excite and prejudice them against us by telling them that when we have finished the Confederacy, we shall make war upon England and the Canadas.

We would advise our beloved cousins to keep cool, and not be unnecessarily alarmed. No doubt they feel condemned for the many improprieties both in net and feeling towards us committed during our adversity, and instinctively believe that a war upon them in retaliation would be but the weighing out of simple justice. We have the fullest confidence that the wisdom, love of justice, and christian sentiment that exist and underlie the surface of excitement in both countries will find a satisfactory solution of all existing difficulties between us, without recourse to the less satisfactory arbitrament of war. There is not real trouble between us, and we hope that good sense will prevail on both sides, and stop this unnecessary and untimely babbling about war.

So far as the Canadas are concerned, we don’t want them. We are not prepared to take them as a gift. We have room enough, land enough, and resources enough, and intend to keep all we’ve got. We shall not make war upon our neighbors without just and strong provocation. Give up your alarm, beloved friends, pursue your own peaceful way, and quietly eat your roast beef and drink your punch.



            Governor Blaisdell, of Nevada, is six feet and four inches in height. When the legislature in not in session they use him for a telegraph pole.

There is a young man in this city, who is six-foot-eigth. He is so long he can’t sleep all over in one night. They used to use him for a shot-tower down in Kentucky, but since he has been here, he has been studying astronomy without the aid of a telescope.

The “Cloak of Religion” is to be known sometimes by the very fine nap it has during sermon time. – Ex.

We seldom see any of those “fine napped” ones, but we often find them with a mighty poor lining.

An old proverb says: – ‘A stumble often preventeth a fall.’

We suppose this is the reason we haven’t fallen oftener, for a person can’t walk ten steps in our city, after dark, without stumbling, and as an exception to the proverb, falleth sometimes.

‘A kiss of the mouth often touches not the heart.’

If it did a great many young ladies in this vicinity would die of heart disease. What a silly practice for girls to make a running kiss at one another every time they meet, if it’s a dozen times a day. It always makes us feel so bad.


Bushwhackers in Illinois.

            Fowler station, about 48 miles below here on the C & Q. R. R., was visited on Monday evening by a body of bushwhackers, who nabbed the post office, and a store connected with it, of all the money that could be found, and also a large quantity of goods. They also took from the Station Agent all the money he had. The Quincy Whig, from which we gather these facts, says, – The miserable rebels who have harbored and encouraged the villains for the past three years and who always escaped, should be made to pay all the damages occasioned by the raid. They are responsible for them and should be held accountable.

We sincerely hope that the rascals will be followed, caught and shot at sight, and if any trial is necessary give them the benefit of it afterwards, but by all means let the shooting be done first.


Particulars of the Arrest of Jeff. Davis.

            When the guard went to the tent they were met by Mrs. Davis, in dishabille, with, “Please, gentlemen, don’t disturb the privacy of ladies before they have time to dress.” “All right, madam,” said the corporal, “we will wait till you have on your duds.” Presently there appeared at the tent door an ostensibly old lady, with a bucket on her arm, and escorted by Mrs. Davis and her son. “Please let my old mother go to the spring for some water to wash in,” said Mrs. Davis, in a pleading tone. “It strikes me your mother wears big boots,” said the guard, as he hoisted the old lady’s dress with his sabre and discovered a pair of No. 13 calf skins, and “whiskers, too,” said the Sergeant, as he pulled the hand from her face, and lo; Jeff. Davis in all his sweetness, stood before them. A carbine was immediately pointed at him and he was marched back in durance vile. Only about $8,000 in specie was with the party. The several boxes were not yet searched. They were brought along however and will be delivered to the authorities at Washington.

There was found on the person of Post Master General Reagan papers showing a large amount of specie shipped for London, which will also be delivered to the authorities by Col. Pritchard. The latter, with his prisoners, started immediately for Macon. The party were all sullen, and Davis remarked to Pritchard that had they not been taken by surprise they would not have surrendered without a fight.

While on the road they received a copy of President Johnston’s proclamation offering $100,000 for Davis. Davis read it and trembled, his hands dropped to his side, and, with a groan, he dropped the paper. His wife picked it up and read it aloud, and the entire party burst into tears. The cavalcade arrived at Macon on the 13th, and soon after took a special train for Atlanta, and thence to Augusta. Stephens and Wheeler were captured by detachments of Gen. Upton’s divisions, and Clay and lady surrendered to Gen. Wilson, at Macon.


Jeff Davis at Fortress Monroe.

Fortress Monroe, May 19. – Jeff.

Davis, with his family, staff officers, etc., captured in Georgia, arrived here to-day at 12 o’clock, from Hilton Head, S. C., in the steamer, Wm. H. Clyde, conveyed by the U. S. gunboat Tuscarora, commodore Frauley. Col. Pritchard of the 4th Michigan Cavalry, with a strong guard of his men, accompanied the rebel party on the steamer Clyde northward to this place, and on reaching here immediately telegraphed to Washington for instructions regarding the disposal of his charge. Rumors have been continually flying about this afternoon to the effect that the steamer Clyde ran in along close to the beach about 4 o’clock this afternoon, and landed Davis and his party on the beach about one mile from the port, and that from there they were marched into the sallyport of that water battery, in order to escape the gaze of the curious. The steamer Clyde has just dropped her anchor in the Roads, and there now seems no doubt that Jeff. Davis must have been landed somewhere along the beach. No communication whatever is allowed with the steamer, and it is more than probable that the larger portion of the party still remain on board. The officer in charge awaits instructions from Washington.


The Lincoln Monument.

At a meeting of the National Lincoln Monument Association at Springfield, last Saturday afternoon, Damon G. Tunnicliff, Esqr., of this city, was appointed an agent, (with the power to appoint sub-agents) for the purpose of raising funds for the Association.

It is expected that every loyal man in McDonough Co., will have his name upon the “roll of honor” by subscribing something towards a monument to be erected over the remains of our late President. It is a just and fitting tribute to the memory of the deceased.



That we are among thieves no person will deny. There is hardly a night passes but what some dwelling house, smoke house, or stable, is entered and articles of more or less value taken away, and the robbing of clothes lines is very common. The question naturally arises, “who are the offenders?” Indirectly, we would answer this question by referring to the loafers, – vagrants, – who have no visible means of employment, who have been hanging about, for months at a time living as well, dressing as comfortably, and having a great deal more means than honest working men ever do. You can’t get them to do a day’s work upon any consideration, and they are the men you will meet on the street, if you are out late at night. If they can’t be caught in the act of stealing, arrest them as vagrants, and we will soon be rid of them.


Our New Supervisor.

Mr. Smith, our new Supervisor, is going at “right down hard work,” next Monday morning, on the streets, and we will soon see an improvement in the matters coming under his supervision, that will surprise the “blockaders.”


            → There will be services in the Universalist Church, next Sabbath, at the usual hours.


            → J. W. Richardson, Esq., “ye local” of the Quincy Whig, called upon us the other day, and we enjoyed quite a little chat. He is a fine fellow and worthy of all the praise bestowed upon him.


Beef and Groceries.

Can any one tell why the butchers in this city ask the price they do for beef? When gold was $70, beef was 12 ½ cents – now, when gold is 130, it is 15 cents. The cattle on foot cost the butchers about 5 cts, and allowing they lose one-half, which includes all the loss, by weather or otherwise, there is a nett profit of 5 cents per pound, which is equal to about 60 per cent. profit. We call this rather a dishonest way of putting the hand into our pockets. At one time there was four shops running, and we got meat at a reasonable price, but now the old monopoly exists, and we have to pay fabulous prices. The community calls loudly for another butcher’s shop, conducted by men who will not enter into a combination to swindle the people. In the Grocery business, although we believe there is no combination, there is a general understanding that gold comes down a little too fast, and it is more trouble to mark goods down every day than it was to mark them up. Upon the staple articles the merchant never intended to make much profit, until now, they have got the figures so that 15 to 20 per cent. is as little as they can get along with.


Trial for Murder.

The trial of George Adams, now confined in our jail for the murder of Coe, the pedlar, will take place at Carthage, Hancock county, next week, he having taken a change of venue from this county.


Board of Supervisors.

A Special Meeting of the Board of Supervisors is called for the 12th day of June. See ad. in another column.



A building, formerly used as a carpenter shop, by Mr. N. B. Harris was totally destroyed by fire, on Wednesday forenoon last. Mr. J. H .Nicholson, had all his household furniture, beds, bedding, &c., stored in it, which were entirely consumed. The fire was set by some children playing with matches.



C. C. Clarke, on north side square has got a good variety of vegetables on hand which he sells cheap.


            → A negro named John Lewis, was bound over, last Tuesday, in the sum of $500, for his appearance at the next term of the Circuit Court.


Dry Goods.

The Chicago papers report the dry goods as quite dull and prints very firm. The leading prints are quoted at 26 to 28 cents at wholesale. The latest and most desirable styles in Macomb can be found at Mr. Abbott’s new cash dry goods house, southwest corner of the square.


            A Deserved Appointment. – We notice by the Quincy Daily Whig, of last Saturday, that our old friend and former “boss,” Wm. A. Miller, Esq., has received the appointment of deputy Postmaster of Quincy. We congratulate Mr. Miller on his luck, and also the citizens of Quincy on their having a thorough business man appointed to the station. Until the breaking out of the war, Mr. Miller was a Democrat of the Jacksonian school – uncompromising and untiring in his efforts in upholding the party, but when the foul head of rebellion raised its loathsome form to destroy the Government, and when the party with which he had so long acted began to make rabid strides towards copperheadism, he boldly cut loose from it, and came out squarely and openly for the “Union now and forever, one and inseparable.” Hence, we say that the appointment was deserved, aside from his business qualifications and his thorough knowledge of postoffice matters.


An Original Story.

Next week we shall publish an original story, entitled “The Medical Student, or, A Night in a Dissecting Room,” by a medical gentleman now stopping in this city. It is a very well written story, and every word entirely true. It will create a shudder in the breasts of many persons, especially in this community, where, in many instances the dead are buried before they are hardly cold.



The members of the choir of the Universalist Church in this city purpose giving a grand concert shortly. It will be worth going to hear.



Spoon River and Vermont Spring and Fall Wheat Flour at

Wadham & Stowell’s

N. W. cor. Square.



A fine assortment of violins just received and for sale cheap at Clarke’s bookstore.


The Season.

All the predictions of wiseacres that this is to be wet season have thus far proved a failure. Very little, if any, more than the usual quantity of water has fallen during the Spring season. Crops never looked better, especially the fall wheat, and it is seldom the agricultural community have a better opportunity of raising a crop than now. Our farmers are all very busy, and a large amount of corn is being planted, some of which has made its appearance above ground. We may look for abundant harvest if the season continues propitious. Fruit was injured some by the late frost, especially the peaches, but a sufficient of most kinds will be raised.


Our Neighbors.

Parks & Strader, are still behind the counter tying up boots and shoes, hats and caps, with a will and when it comes to “paying up” you will be surprised to find what a small amount of money it takes to buy a big bundle of goods.


Getting Hot.

As the warm weather approaches, people naturally seek for something cooling and refreshing. That something can be found at G. K. Hall & Co’s east side of the square, in the shape of ice cream as it ice cream. It is good, gooder, goodest – rich. Go and try it.


Great Competition.

The competition in the price of groceries is very great, and we know it is impossible to do better than to go direct to Watkins & Co. They keep a splendid assortment, and you cannot fail to be pleased.


Our Young Folks.

This beautiful Magazine has arrived, and is certainly a master piece both in a mechanical and literary point. If more of our young friends would drop the “yellow-covered” trash and subscribe for this excellent monthly, we should soon see a change in their morals. Published at Boston, Mass.


“Halloo, what’s the Rush?”

“Why, people are going to George Bailey’s – the cheap store, on the east side – to buy some of those beautiful patterns of dry goods. Go there and take a look at them.


Steel Engravings.

S. J. Clarke & Co are just in receipt of a large stock of steel engravings of President Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, and others. Also a large engraving representing the death bed scene of the President, with the members of the cabinet and other notabilities grouped around. We predict for this picture a large sale. Call and see it.


Dime Novels.

All of Beadle’s and Monroe’s Dime Novels just received at Clarke’s. – Price 10 cents.


Wanted to Trade.

Browne, on the South Side of the Square, wants to trade you a new hat for that “shocking bad one,” you have been wearing so long. Also a good trade is offered for all the old boots and shoes in the County. He’s ahead.


            → There was a grand pic-nic on Tuesday last – there will be some ordinary nes, in the course of the season, to to which the “mudsills” may get an invitation.

May 20, 1865

Macomb Eagle

Important Notice.

            We have determined that from and after this date to reduce the subscription price of THE EAGLE, to two dollars a year. In order to be able to furnish the paper at this rate, we will have to insist on prompt payment on the part of the subscribers. We would be pleased if our friends would go to work and assist us in increasing the circulation of THE EAGLE.


Law for the Protection of Fruit
Growing in Illinois.

            The following law was wisely enacted by the last legislature of Illinois.

It will be of great value to fruit growers. Boys and young men will please make note of this:

An Act for the Protection of Fruit Growing.

Section 1. Be it enacted by the people of the State of Illinois, in the General Assembly, That is any person or persons shall hereafter enter the inclosure of any person, without leave or license of such owner, and pick, destroy, or carry away any part or portion of the fruit of any apple, pear, peach, plum, or other fruit tree or bush, such person or persons shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, may be fined in any sum not less than ten dollars nor more than fifty dollars, and may be imprisoned in the county jail for any period of time not exceeding twenty days. The penalties incurred by a violation of this act may be enforced by indictment in any court having jurisdiction of misdemeanor, in the county where the offence is committed, or the fine may be recovered in an action for debt before any Justice of the Peace of such county.

Approved February 16, 1865.


Capture of Jeff. Davis.

Macon, Ga., May 12 – 11 A. M.

            E. M. Stanton:

The following dispatch, announcing the capture of Jeff. Davis, has just been handed me by Col. Mertz, commanding the 2nd division:

Headq’rs 4th Mich. Cavalry,
Cumberland, Ga., May 11.

            Capt. T. W. Scott A. A. G., 2d Division:

“Sir – I have the honor to report that at daylight yesterday, at Irwinsville I surprised and captured Jeff Davis and family, together with his wife sisters and mother; his post master general, Regan; his private secretary, Col. Harrison; Col. Johnson, A. D. C., of Davis’ staff; Col. Morris Lubbeck, and Lieut. Hathaway; also, several important names(?) and a train of five wagons and three ambulances, making a most perfect success. Had not a most painful mistake occurred, by which the 4th Michigan and 1st Wisconsin came in conflict we should have done better.

This mistake cost us two killed and Lieut. Bonde wounded in the arm, in the 4th Michigan, and four men in the 1st Wisconsin. This occurred just at daylight, after we had captured the camp. By the advance of the 1st Wisconsin, they were mistaken for the enemy.

“I returned to this point last night, and shall move right on to Macon without waiting orders from you as directed, feeling that the whole object of the expedition is accomplished.

It will take me at least three days to reach Macon as we are seventy five miles out and our stock much exhausted. I hope to reach Hawkinsville tonight.

“I have the honor, etc,
B. D. Pritchard,
Lieut Col 4th Michigan cavalry.

New York, May 15.

            The Times learns from a source of undoubted authority that Jeff. Davis will be confined at Fort Lafayettte.


A Perfect Nondescript – A Double
Calf which is Not at all a Calf.

From the Yreka (Cal.) Journal.

            Dr. Ream, of this city, has in his possession an animal which is really the greatest curiosity of the kind that we ever saw, read of, or heard of. It is the offspring of a cow, the property of D. H. Shaw, of Scott valley, and was sent by him to the doctor. To give a correct idea of it by a written description is impossible. Upon looking at it one is bewildered by a confusion of legs, tails, eyes, and ears. – The nondescript has eight legs, four ears, two tails, and three eyes, one of the latter being placed directly on top of its head. Its general appearance is that of two calves joined together, from the umbilical region upward, their fore parts being compactly grown together, breast to breast. The abdominant cavity is single without partition, containing two perfect viscera, including two stomachs, two hearts, two livers, and a double set of all the digestive organs. The head is the strangest part of all, it being not the head of a calf, but a perfectly natural head of a beaver, covered with a beaver’s hair, and in every respect like the head of an ordinary beaver, except that its mouth is somewhat smaller and rather resembling a sucker’s mouth. The eyes are placed on each side of the lower part of the head, and two directly together, forming a large orifice close back of the large eye, just at the juncture of the neck and head. There is but a single windpipe and esophagus, though these organs branch after entering the chest. The hindparts are perfect and entirely independent, each one standing on its own footing. The four hind legs are perfect in every joint, standing side by side, eacn having perfect hoofs, resting squarely on the ground. The fore legs are also perfectly formed, two resting on the ground and two sticking straight up above the shoulders. If the animal had lived, it would have stood and walked upon six legs, four behind and two before with an extra pair of fore legs to fall back upon. Its height is about two feet, and its weight about fifty pounds. The mother of this nondescript is an ordinary cow, which Mr. Shaw has had in his pasture for several years. There is in the pasture, however, a large beaver dam, which to the minds of the curious may account for the beaver’s head. Dr. Ream has skinned it entire and stuffed it. He also intends preserving the skeleton, so all who wish to see this singular lucus nataera can do so by calling at his office.


Free Love Communists.

            We have a pamphlet recently published by the Oneida community. It is a conversational exposition of the principles and practice of the men and women who have for some years past been living in a distinct community. They were formerly called perfectionists. A man by the name of Noyes was the leader and prophet of the new sect, and is still at its head, standing in same relation to it that Joe Smith did to the Mormons.

It is certainly remarkable that this community, established in 1848, and numbering now only 500 members, yes, has a flourishing existence in the midst of the country. Its cash receipts and disbursements last year were $44,880, 82, and the taxes they paid amounted to more than $8,000.

The social principles of this community are revolting to all ordinary ideas of decency, as they are opposed to the laws of God and man. They do not believe in marriage. They live in one house, and each one follows his own inclination in regard to social and domestic arrangements. The children are cared for in a common department, with no recognized relationship to parents. – Wash. Observer.


Fight between White and Black
U. S. Soldiers.

            The National Intelligencer says that a fight took place lately at Fort Pickering, Tennessee, between the 31st U. S. colored artillery and a white regiment. Both regiments belonged to the garrison of the fort, and were about equal in numbers. The blacks got pretty well thrashed, several of whom were killed, and one white soldier. The fight grew out of a disagreement about rations. Some folks try to make other folks believe that negroes make as good soldiers as whites, but our opinion is, that blood will tell in a fight as well as in other things. We go our pile on the white man in a fight; but in the consumption of bacon and cabbage, we believe the negro is the white man’s superior.


Up jumps our devil in a rage,
And sets two lines to fill this page.


            → If you want to find the best stock of boots, shoes, hats and caps, go at once to Browne’s, on the south side the square, for the has on hand the best selected stock and the cheapest ever brought to Macomb.


            Photographs. – Hawkins & Philpot understands how to take fine pictures of a good looking man or woman, and when they are not very handsome, it makes no difference, the picture will be. The best way to prove this to be a fact, is to call and have your photograph taken.


            → The Journal calls the doctors of this city a set of scavengers, and says they don’t know small pox from chicken pox. We are informed that upon close examination the physicians have decided that the editor of the Journal hasn’t either the small or chicken pox.


            Jeff. Davis Captured. – The capture of Jeff. Davis has caused a slight decline in groceries, and the people are rushing to the store of Watkins & Co., for the purpose of buying their summer’s supply. Persons may feel assured that, when buying goods of this firm, they will always get the best articles and at the lowest figures.


            → The editor of the Journal made two or three attempts at wit last week, and has been sick ever since.


            → Those in want of paints, oil, varnishes, brushes, etc., will find them at the store of Dr. S. Ritchie. The Dr. has a large supply, which he will sell cheap.


            → The attention of our readers is directed to the advertisement of O. F. Piper, in another column. Those in want of groceries, queensware, etc., will find it to their interest to give Mr. Piper a call before purchasing, as his motto is “quick sales and small profits.”


            → The popinjay of the Journal says that “brains” have been crowded out of this paper. It will never be crowded out of the Journal while their present editor has charge of it.


            → S. J. Clarke & Co. have just been making large additions to their stock of Books, Stationery, Yankee Notions, etc., and now have one of the best selected stock of goods in their line of trade, to be found in any store of the kind west of Chicago. New goods received by every express.


            → The editor of the Journal says that “truth and brains” are crowded out of this paper. The editor must certainly have been scratching his head for an idea.


            → The sale of delinquent lands and town lots, in this county, will commence on next Monday. Let those who are interested be present on that day.


            ‒ Among the curiosities lately placed in a museum is a mosquito’s bladder, containing the souls of twenty four Government contractors and the fortunes of twelve editors. It is nearly half full.

May 19, 1865

Macomb Journal

“After Four Years of Failure.”

            It will be remembered that the Chicago Convention, last summer, did not adjourn sine die, as they supposed their services might be needed again. We would suggest that they get together and reconsider their declaration “that the war to put down the rebellion has proved a failure.”

Thus far in the progress of our struggle against the slaveholder’s rebellion, all the assertions, predictions, and forebodings of the party which arrayed itself against the administration which had the cause of the government upon its shoulders, have been utterly groundless and unfulfilled. It is the height of injustice to set down every man who has identified himself with the opposite party, as an evil wisher to the country’s cause, for differences of opinion upon questions of a public policy always have existed, and always will exist at all times, and under all circumstances. But in the conglomeration of elements that took the name of Democracy, there has been so much disparagement of generals who were in favor with the administration; so much that was apologetic for, and defensive of, rebel action, so much to try to convince the people that Mr. Lincoln was a tyrant under the name of a President; so much to discourage enlistments; so much denunciatory of every fresh call for men; so many efforts to cry down the public credit; – that every public man associated with this organization suffers in the popular esteem.

Whatever may occur in the future, and we certainly see nothing portentious of evil ahead – up to the present time the opposition have proved false prophets. Mr. Lincoln, it was at one time hinted, would never allow another presidential election to be held. Sherman’s capture of Atlanta really accomplished nothing in subduing the rebellion, it was said, and learned writers argued to show that the march from Atlanta was rather a compulsory movement than otherwise. Grant’s campaign was pronounced a failure long before the capture of Richmond, and all their editorials labored to show that its capture was a small beginning. – And so this strain was continued. But against this doleful picture we have the bright facts of the capture of all the places which it was said could not be taken, and the formal surrender of armies which it was said were to keep up a war for years. So far from the truth was the statement that arms could not conquer a peace, that the thing has been done, and the leaders captured. The administration of the past four years has nobly vindicated itself in its results, and no man who voted to clothe it a second term, with power, has reason to repent his action.


Democracy and Mr. Lincoln.

            During the last Presidential election the following call was issued for a Democratic meeting in McDonough county:

Once More to the Breach!
Grand Rally at Bushnell, Friday, No-
vember 4th,

            Hon. L. W. Ross, Major S. P. Cummings, T. E. Morgan, and Jos. G. Thompson will address the people on the above occasion, and declare to them the whole truth of the matter.

White men of McDonough! who prize the Constitution of our fathers, who love the Union formed by their wisdom and compromise; brave men, who hate the rebellion of Abraham Lincoln and are determined to destroy it; noble women who do not want their husbands and sons dragged to the valley of DEATH by a remorseless Tyrant, rally out to this meeting in your strength and numbers.


            This L. W. Ross is the Copperhead member of Congress from the 9th District, and has been for the success of the South from the beginning of the war. Fulton county, in his district, is the worst secesh hole in the State.

On the 28th of April, 1864, W. W. O’Brien of Peoria, made a speech at the Court House in Princeton, Bureau county, during which he said:

“Under the present Administration the Federal Union has become cruel, dark and damnable. Democrats have no heart to join in a war against their brethren, and they must organize to resist the tyranny of Lincoln. I say, don’t let all the blood be shed on one side; don’t stop to count the cost; assert your rights as men, and at all hazards; – peacefully if we can, but forcibly if we must, the abolition despot must be hurried from place and power.”

The above extracts need very little comment. Do the loyal people of this community believe that the hearts of those same men who are now mourning over the death of Mr. Lincoln have changed? Have those men, whose names were published by Gen. Sweet, and their constituents, any different sentiments towards Mr. Lincoln and the present administration than they had last summer? No. They are subdued by recent victories and forced to withhold them – without these victories they would not [tear in page] . . .



            A genius in Connecticut advertises a Bible with a “photograph department,” openings being left for sixteen family pictures.

We wish he would send some into this neighborhood, for the most of them hereabouts look as though they hadn’t been opened since their creation, and seem to want some inside attraction.

The rebels who propose to surrender to Gen. Hobson at Mt. Sterling, Ky., asked to be furnished with transportation to some foreign port.

Transportation ought to be granted to some “foreign port,” with tickets in the shape of a slip-noose, signed, “H. S. M., through conductor.”

It is said the prettiest girls in Utah marry Young.

It is very different here. That kind don’t marry at all, now-a-days.

Jeff. Davis has the advantage over many persons – he is prepared to die.

‒ There are forty-two whip manufactories in Westfield, Mass.

Tis a pity we couldn’t start one here just before the schools open for the summer term. The teachers could keep one running, and not strike “a lick amiss.”


Letter from Jas. K. Magie.

Holly Springs, N. C.
April 28, 1865.

            I am with the gallant old 78th once more. I left the Hospital at Charleston on the 16th inst., rejoined my detachment, and took steamer bound for Wilmington. Arriving at the mouth of Cape Fear river we received orders to proceed to Moorehead City. From that point I pushed on in advance and reached the regiment on Sunday last at this place, which is about fifteen miles north-west of Raleigh. Found my old comrades generally in good health, and in high spirits over the prospect of a speedy close of the war. Yesterday we received the official announcement of the surrender of Johnston’s army, and that we would take up our line of march for Alexandria, Va., on the first of May. Our cup of joy is full and even runs over. “Home, sweet home,” is now the song of all. – We return with our proud flag tattered and torn by the storm of battle, but still triumphant, and more powerful than ever.

It is understood that we march from here direct to Richmond, and from thence to Alexandria. It will probably be a month or more before we can muster out and reach our homes.

I would remark that I have about recovered from my attack of rheumatism, and now feel as well and hearty as I ever did.

I would say to the readers of the JOURNAL, that it is my intention on reaching home, to resume the editorial chair, and to direct my efforts to make the “Macomb Weekly Journal” the best county newspaper in the State. I shall put the paper in new type immediately, and in other respects improve its appearance. I have laid by an abundance of material in regard to my experience in the army, from which I shall draw liberally to enrich its columns. In the mean time I trust the friends of the establishment will continue to give us a helping hand in the way of subscriptions and advertisements.

Hoping soon to greet my McDonough friends and neighbors in person I subscribe myself


Jas. K. Magie.


            On Tuesday last, Deputy Collector Chase, of Peoria, seized the distillery of Dunne, Fuller & Co., located at Coolville, a few miles from Peoria. – The following are the particulars of the discoveries made after the seizure. The distillery is built against a bluff, which forms the wall of the building on one side. In this bluff there was a vault, in which nothing was found to implicate the parties. Satisfied that another vault existed, search was made until an air-hole or ventilator was discovered in the bluff wall of the distillery. Returning to the vault, a lot of barrels, tanks and kegs, which were piled up one side, were pulled away when a second or inner vault, carefully concealed, was discovered; and in this vault was found stowed away two hundred and fifty-seven barrels of highwines. The highwines were at once seized, together with the distillery, and on Thursday the whisky was conveyed to Peoria and put in the custody of the proper officers.


City Government.

The new aldermen took their seats on last Monday evening, and elected the following officers:

Marshal, Assessor and Collector – J. E. Lane.

Supervisor – G. W. Smith.

City Clerk – W. E. Withrow.

City Attorney – C. F. Wheat.

City Weigher – W. G. Cord.


            → We hear of a great many cattle and hogs dying in this neighborhood. We have not heard the cause.


            → One day this week a colored boy – a genuine “darkey,” was employed to “roll” in the Eagle office. He stayed but a few minutes, however, when he “rolled” out. It is quite a serious question in our mind whether the office was too obnoxious for the “nigger,” or the “nigger” too obnoxious for the office. We had as soon believe one way as the other.


Those Fat Men.

Jo. Parks and Mike Strader are the gentlemen proprietors of the large Boot and Shoe Store, on the West Side they are selling goods at uncommonly low prices.


The Effect

Of the fall in gold is nowhere more plainly visible than at the dry goods store of Geo. Bailey, east side the Square. Call there for bargains.


Patent Hay Fork.

Have you seen those patent Hay Forks, advertised on outside? If not, call at Lancey’s, or upon the agent. No pitchfork or labor needed to put the hay in the mow, or upon ricks.


The Sidewalks.

It is probable the sidewalks will be repaired by our new supervisor, and if so, it will take a vast amount of lumber. We advise our readers to call on Bartleson, before the rush commences.



            In this city, on Monday evening, William Herbert, son of Rev. J. H. Rhea, aged 13 years.

William had been sick a number of weeks with the epidemic which has been raging among us, and for sixteen days had not partaken of a morsel of food. This child was an example among young christians; having a genial, social disposition, he was beloved by all, and we could not help but notice something more than ordinary in that bright eye and pleasant countenance. It would be well for his young friends and schoolmates to remember him as a model.

This is the twelfth death in Mr. Rhea’s family in five years. His wife and six children were among the number.



Mr. C. C. Clark has opened a store on the North Side for the sale of Vegetables and Fruit. This has long been needed, and we wish him success.



Thomas & Danley have made a large addition to their rooms over Browne’s shoe store, where they are taking pictures that can’t be beat. Give them a call.



When we buy groceries we want to know they are clean and neat. This is the casre at Watkins & Co., all the time. No one can doubt it who takes a look at their splendid establishment, in a new brick, south-east corner Square.


Life is Uncertain.

We advise all our friends to go immediately to Hawkins & Philpot’s rooms, and get a picture of themselves, before it is too late. How often do we hear mother’s exclaim, “O, how I wish I had a picture of my little girl.”


Boot and Shoe Manufactory.

Parties preferring to have their work made to order can be accommodated, as I have both skillful and reliable workmen, and the best leather that can be procured in the market. At the Boot and Shoe Store of

C. M. Ray.


Portable Wardrobe.

This handy little invention is a tip top concern for tidy housewives and forlorn bachelors. It is a simple contrivance to hang clothes on, and should be in the families of everybody. All you have to do to see them is to call at the hardware store of T. J. Beard & Co., north side of the square, and you will be satisfied that they are just the thing you need. They are both useful and ornamental. Get one.

May 13, 1865

Macomb Eagle

Negro Equality.

            Conspicuous among the very natural tendencies of the republican party has been the political and social elevation of the negro to the level of the Caucasian. This Democrats charged upon them the hour of its first conception, and every subsequent indication of its fulfillment has been quickly pointed out by them. There has been no question but an overwhelming majority of our people were strenuously opposed to this gross injustice to themselves, and hence the leaders of the party contemplating it ultimately have so soundly denied it, until such a time as the people should be educated up to a standard of thinking that would approve it. Thus thousands, who originally abhored the idea, have gradually been led to regard the negro as equal to themselves, and as much entitled to equality in everything as their own brothers. There yet remains many republicans who maintain the superiority of their own race, and if the question be asked them to-day would reply that they never would consent to their own degradation by equalizing the condition of the two races.

Still blinded by the hollow denials of party leaders and confined by party prejudices this class still adhere to that party and are being rapidly educated to that point which will soon accept the now abhorent doctrine, as divine. The mental vision being thus rendered obtuse they have failed to perceive the rapid strides already made by their party to a consummation of this disgraceful scheme. And though striking confirmation of this occur almost every day, they fail to comprehend them. To such it is even useless to cite the most glarring and self-evident proof which occurred in the making up of the funeral procession of our lamented President at the Capitol. We allude to the humiliating fact that first and foremost in the procession was placed a detachment of COLORED TROOPS.

This was made known to us by the following paragraph from the details of that mournful event;

“First in order of procession was a detachment of colored troops; then followed White regiments of infantry, bodies of cavalry and artillery; the navy, marines, army officers on foot.”

Though there were white veterans there, brave and noble men, who had promptly responded to the first call for troops to defend the Union, and who had heroically fought our country’s battles for four long and bloody years to sustain their fallen chieftain, they were denied the proud distinction of leading that solemn throng, and that honor was bestowed upon the negroes who perhaps, had never faced the cannon’s mouth.

Not only was this humiliating to our white soldiers but was equally to the entire white race in America. Nor was this by chance, it was premeditated. And yet, there are still those who, in spite of such overwhelming proofs as this will deny such to be the just intention of those who lead the policies of the Republican party. – But it is folly for them to deny it longer. Already have its journals begun to demand this for the negro. The Liberty Herald of recent date reaches what we have seen in many other kindred journals, as follows:

“There is use talking or objecting. We have got to come this at last, and we may as well realize it at once as to put it off. Colored men are citizens, and if they help to defend the country, restore the Union and maintain the Government, they must be allowed the right to vote at elections.

This is mildly, but honestly drawn, and can leave no candid man long in doubt as to the ultimate result of such teaching. We repeated it time and again asserted since 1856; The Republican party must be voted down, or, they will vote the negro up to a level with us all. As there is at present but little prospect of voting them down, the progress they have made already that direction, justifies us in the prophecy that:

In 1868 the negro will walk up to the polls with the white man; have an equal voice in saying who shall govern us set in jury boxes with our neighbors, and stand at the marriage altar with our daughters.


“Catch the Hare – then Skin Him.”

            The extreme patriotism of many northern journals sometimes often carries them too far and leads them into positions at once ridiculous and untenable. A large number of these publications are already discussing the method of punishing the rebel president. One paper declares that he should be hung; another advocates exile; another imprisonment; another that his personal property be confiscated.

Now, we would suggest that those intensely loyal journals hold their tongues, restrain their patriotism and hold back their verdicts until they catch Jeff. Davis. Then, let all these sentences be passed upon him, – let him be punished as justice may dictate. But, by all means, “catch the hare – them skin him.”

In the meantime, it might be well for them to employ their leisure time in attending to the leaders of secession – Butler, Dix & Co. – and inventing some means of punishing them as they deserve.



            Mr. Editor: – Below is the programme of the annual meetings, for the present year, of the various Bible Societies of your county.

The undersigned has just been appointed general agent for McDonough county, and while he himself enters zealously upon his work, he would most earnestly invite the co-operation of all the officers and local agents, and all friends of the Bible in the different societies of the county.

The present is a time of great need – both of men and means. For this cause to much cannot be done. It is most confidently hoped that this cause, which has done, and is doing so much for man’s spiritual as well as his temporal well-being, will receive the cheerful and liberal contributions of all who are patriots, philanthropists, or Christians.

D. C. McCoy, Agent.

            Lamoine, in North S. H., Sunday May 7th, at 10 1-2 a. m.

Bethel, at Middletown, Sunday, May 7th, at 3 p m.

Industry, in C. P. Church, Sunday, May 14th, at 10 1-2 p. m.

Sugar Creek, at Nevada S. H., Sunday, May 14th, at 3 p. m.

New Salem, in M. E. Church, Sunday, May 21st, at 10 1-2 a. m.

Camp Creek, in Camp Creek Church, Sunday, May 21st, at 3 p. m.

Colchester, in M. E. Church, Sunday, May 28th, at 10 1-2 a. m.

Tennessee, at Tennessee, Sunday, May 28, at 3 p. m.

Friendship, at C. P. Church, Sunday, June 4th, at 10 1-2 a. m.

Friendship, at M. E. Church, Sunday, June 4th, at 3 p. m.

Blandinville, at M. E. Church, June 4th, at 7 1-2 p. m.

Spring Creek, at M. E. Church, Sunday, June 11th, at 10 1-2 a. m.; also at Prosperity Hall, at 3 p. m.

Sciota, in Center School House, Sunday, June 11th, at 7 1-2 p. m.

Walnut Grove, C. P. Church, Sunday, June 18th, at 10 1-2 a. m.; also, in Presbyterian Church, at Hickory Grove, at 3 p. m.

Prairie City, (Churches) Sunday, June 25th, at 10 1-2 a. m.; also, at Union Meeting, at 2 1-2 p. m.

Bushnell, in Reformed Dutch Church, Sunday, June 25th, at 7 1-2 p. m.

Bardolph, in Pres. Church, Sunday, July 2nd.

Macomb, Sunday, July 9th.


            → Thanks to Messrs. Strader & Co., for their favor in the shape of a bran splinter new pair of shoes. These gentlemen are too magnanimous to us pass their splendid assortment of boots, shoes, hats and caps, in our dilapidated condition, and have the same generous feeling toward all those standing in need of anything in their line. Of course it could not be expected of them to make a wholesale business of giving their goods away; these gentlemen like the “rattle of greenbacks” as well as any one, but we assure our readers if they want anything cheap for cash, that they have an extended assortment of goods; or if any should be so unfortunate as ourselves – minus the “greenbacks” – give them a call, they will not turn you away, but give you anything you want – for an equivalent.


            → Our friend L. Stoker started for Germany last week, on a visit, but before leaving New York he bought a large stock of watches, clocks, and jewelry, of the latest patterns, which may be found at his store on the south side of the square.


            → If you want the best stock of boots, shoes, hats and caps, go at once to Browne’s, on south side the square, for he has on hand the best selected stock and he cheapest ever brought to Macomb.


Ladies’ Baskets.

           S. J. Clarke & Co., have just received a very large stock of Ladies’ Baskets, which they offer at about one half former prices. – They have also received a very large stock of Yankee Nortions, consisting of China goods for the centre table or what-nots, violins, rubber balls, dolls, beads of all kinds, tin toys, innumerable, fish hooks and lines, and a thousand and one other things, which we would advise our readers to go see, buy and be happy.


            → Palmer’s Great Western Circus is coming, and will exhibit in this city on Thursday, May 18th. Before entering the canvass the circus troupe will make a grand procession thro’ the streets, prominent in which will be a grand tableau wagon drawn by Forty Horses – at least so the bills say. – The members of this circus whom we have seen, are gentlemanly fellows, and no doubt the lovers of amusement will find in this exhibition enough to pay for attendance.


            We have received No. 3 of a new monthly entitled “Soldier’s Casket.” It contains short sketches of the heroism and bravery of individual soldiers, which will be read with interest, especially by those who have relatives or friends in the army. The magazine is entirely devoted to the interests of the soldiers. But few households have not sent some of their members to this war, and therefore a publication of this kind will no doubt receive a generous support. Valuable premiums offered to those sending clubs. Price, $2 a year, or $1 for six months.


            Dick Taylor has Surrendered, – And G. W. Bailey, determined not to be surpassed or undersold in this market, is still offering his new and choice stock of goods at the very lowest prices, and money can be saved by making your purchases of him. The ladies can not fail to admire the rich dress goods, which were selected with much care for this market. Be wise and call on him.


            Fight. – John Upp and John Curtis tried their hand at a “fisticuff” two or three times on Saturday last. They were both taken before Justice Withrow, and on the last round were fined $10 and cost. Bad sport that, and not very cheap either.


            Tailoring Establishment. – In connection with their ready-made clothing store, Dernham & Johlinger have fitted up a room for the merchant tailoring business. This branch will be under the management of Mr. W. H. Kerman, whose experience and skill in cutting and making fashionable clothing will be a sufficient guarantee of his ability to give satisfaction to those who may need articles in his line.


            → Messrs. McElrath & Co., on the southwest corner of the square, are daily receiving additions to their already large stock of dry goods, which they are selling at remarkably low figures. In connection with this establishment will always be found a large and well made stock of furniture which they will warrant to give satisfaction.


            → Mr. C. C. Clark is fitting up a room on the north side of the square, for the purpose of opening a confectionery and vegetable store. Success to him.


            H. Humiston. – This gentleman has just opened a jewelry store, on the south side of the square, two doors west of Watkins & Co., where he is prepared to do all kinds of watch and clock repairing. He also has a large assortment of jewelry, Yankee notions, picture frames, etc. Call and see him.


            ‒ We understand that two or three boys were engaged in the innocent amusement of smashing in the windows of Mr. William Barnes’ house. There can be no excuse for such work; and it is his duty to see that they are punished to the full extent of the law.

May 6, 1865

Macomb Eagle


The Disaster on the Steamer Sul-
tana – Fifteen Hundred Lives
Lost – Incidents of the Catastrophe.

Cairo, April 29.

            It is now ascertained that 2,300 people were on the ill fated Sultana, and 736 have been found alive. A soldier of the 228th Indiana brought a woman and child ashore, although he had a leg badly scalded and was otherwise badly injured.

Many different rumors are afloat as to the cause of the accident. There were too many people on board; but her officers were careful, competent men, and her engines had but recently passed inspection.

The hospitals, military and citizens of Memphis deserve great praise for their great exertions in behalf of the rescured.

A Chicago banker, name not given, is reported to have lost a trunk containing several thousand dollars.

Several persons were taken out of the water as much as twenty miles below Memphis, late on the day of the accident.

[Fold] appointed a committee to fully investigate the entire affair. They are now takink testimony.

Mrs. Hoage was found dead, late in the day, holding fast to a limb of a tree.

About two-thirds of the entire soldiers were from Ohio and Indiana.

One soldier made a noble attempt to save two little children. He got them on a plank, and floated down, opposite Memphis, when a rope was thrown to him from a boat, and, attempting to grab the rope his exhausted arms let his precious cargo fall into the river. He plunged from the plank, and, at the peril of his life, attempted to rescue them. The brave young man was picked up when nearly drowned.

Mrs. Hardin, whose husband is a member of the firm of Cushman, Hardin & Co., Chicago, who was returning from a wedding tour, was lost. Mr. Hardin was saved. He was formerly adjutant in the 53d Illinois.

A woman was rescued opposite Memphis, clinging to a plank, with a child in her arms. The child was dead when taken out.

An officer on a gunboat, his wife, two children, and sister, were on the boat. The wife only was saved. The officers of the gunboat Essex made up a purse of $1,000 for her.

There was no baggage saved.

The greatest portion of those rescued were more or less wounded or scalded. On some the cuticle was taken entirely from their bodies by the hot steam.

The steamer Bostona merits great praise for her exertions to save the drowning. As soon as Capt. John L. Watson, of the Bostona, discovered the burning wreck, he put on all steam, and, by lowering boats, rescued all that could be reached in time, and also threw over bales of hay, planks, staging, or anything else on which the sufferers could float. In some cases three or four persons would cling to a single bale of hay, and be rescued. In many case the unfortunates were found dead, floating on planks or doors. Three dead men were taken from trees to which they had swam and climbed up. Those found dead and floating are supposed to have been so weakened by their long imprisonment that they chilled to death.

The steamer Bostona saved about 200 lives.

The body of a cabin passenger was picked up at Memphis. He wore two fine shirts, on which was marked “J. D. Fontaine, Dallas City, Ill.” A little girl was seen in a skiff, struggling in the water. She had on a life-preserver, but it was so low down that it forced her head under the water. The men in the skiff tried to save her, but the swift current carried her by.


An Interview with the Rebel
General Lee.

New York, April 29.

            A Richmond correspondent recounts an interview he has had with General Lee. He called on him to obtain his political views and lay them before the public. On informing Gen. Lee of his object, the latter said, “I am a paroled prisoner; I have never been a politician, and know but little of political leaders. I am a soldier.” He further said he was ready to make any sacrifice, or perform any honorable act, that would lead to the restoration of peace and tranquility and peace to the country. He said, that as a believer in state rights, he had considered his allegiance due, primarily, to his native state. He had opposed secession; but, when his state went out, he considered it his duty to go with it. When he accepted a command under the rebel government, he considered that he was serving his state. He regarded his surrender of military, not political significance; that it was not a surrender of the doctrine of state rights. When the south was wholly subdued, then only would the doctrine of state rights be surrendered. The surrender of a single army was only a military necessity. When the south surrenders all her forces and returns to the union, then only will [fold] of secession. That principle will then be settled by military power. On this question of state sovereignty, he contends that there exists a legitimate casus belli. The question was left unsettled in the convention forming the organic law, and the war is destined to settle it. Therefore the war raised on this issue cannot be called treason. If the south is compelled to submit, it of course can only be looked upon as the triumph of the federal power over state rights, and the forced annihilation of the latter. The south have not been, and are not yet prepared to beg for terms, but are ready to accept fair and honorable terms, their own political views to be considered. As to slavery, they consider it dead, and the best men have long been anxious to do away with it. He expressed the opinion that, should arbitrary, or vindictive, or vengeful policies be attempted, the end was not yet. He remarked that the assassination of the president was a crime beyond execration. It could not be approved by any good man, from any conceivable motive. As to the terms of peace, to the suggestion that the political leaders only be held to a strict accountability, he asked, “Would that be just? What has Mr. Davis done more than any other southerner that he should be punished? It is true that he has occupied a prominent position as the agent of the whole people, but that has made him no more or less a rebel than the rest. His acts were the acts of the people were his acts. He is not accountable for the commencement of the war. On the contrary, he was one of the last to give in his adherence to the secession movement, having strenuously opposed it from the outset, and portrayed its ruinous consequences by speeches and by writings.”


Mr. Lincoln’s Death in a Theatre.

            Rev. D. W. Huntington, of Rochester, N. Y., delivered a funeral sermon in that city on the 19th ult., in which, after speaking in warmest terms of Lincoln as an apostle of anti-slavery, he went on to speak in great harshness of his last appearance in life. We quote:

‘True, there is one item in this history over which we wish a veil of secrecy could have been drawn. Our lamented chief magistrate was shot in a theatre. It is inexpressibly to be regretted that he was at a theatre. A theatre is a place in which no one would wish to die. He might have been murdered that night if he had not been at a theatre, but if he had not saved his life by being elsewhere, he would have saved the Christian public the double shock of not only knowing that their president was dead, but that he fell where they would wept to have seen their sons alive. He was the head of the nation; the eyes of the civilized world were upon him; thousands of our youths were looking upon him as their exemplar, and he should not have gone to the theatre. We know that custom allowed him to be there; we allow that the education of his courtly surroundings taught [fold] –mit that he may never have raised the question of duty in his mind upon that point, we know that, wise and experienced as he was, he was a ‘young convert’ in religion, and we have no disposition to arraign his conscience I the matter. But we should be unjust to truth if we did not say that our chief magistrate had no possible business in a theatre. He was the ‘minister of God.’ What a place is a theatre for God’s ministers! That he went there conscienciously sinning we do not believe, and no man has a right to say but that his presence there was a lamentable infraction of the properties, and a perversion of the influence of his high position, we judge to be quite certain.

If proof was needed that it is intimated in the fact that his murderer was a vagabond tragedian, whose preparation for the crime had been his education in a theatre. There were many villainous men in the country who had hated the president and wished him dead, but when the agent was found who could plan and execute the deed of blood, to express the guilt of which no language will ever furnish a phraseology, the volunteer was a theatrical performer. It took J. Wilkes Booth to murder President Abraham Lincoln. Common rebels and rowdies and guerrillas stood back and paled at the thought, but a miscreant stage-player was found equal to this infernal task. An imagination educated to tragedy can put its scenes in practice with but a short step in advance. All crimes are first committed in thought, and he whose thoughts are continually fed with criminal scenes belies himself if he does not commit the deeds. Towards this every lesson in the contemptible hypocricies of stage-playing tends, and the crime of Booth, by which he outranks the most infamous regicide of history, is but the fruits of his theatrical life.


            → Elder A. H. Rice will preach at the Christian church on Saturday evening at 7 o’clock; also, on Sunday, at 10 1-2 o’clock a. m.


            → If you want to buy some durable new style of spring goods, remember that Mr. Wetherhold, on the east side of the square, has just received a new stock of goods, which were bought before the recent advance in prices, which he is offering at this house. Those in want of spring goods would study their interest by giving this stock a thorough examination.


            → Dr. A. E. Stewart left last Tuesday morning for the east. The Dr. expects to be gone about five or six weeks. We trust that he may have a pleasant trip, and return soon to take charge of the afflicted in our midst.


            → The city election, in this city, passed off quietly on Monday last. There was ot much interest taken, and Dr. Jordan, therefore, received almost a unanimous vote.


            Groceries and Queensware. – If you want to get the worth of your money in that which is substantial, and wholesome, &c., go to Watkins & Co. If you want to exchange all kinds of produce to the best advantage, and for the highest market price, for either greenbacks, groceries, or queensware, give them a call at their store on the southeast corner of the square.


            → We were told before the city election, that the city council intended to fence up Lafayette street, but we did not believe it until last Tuesday morning.


            → Lee has surrendered, his grand army has succumbed to the generalship of the immortal Grant! This fact thrills all loyal hearts, but there is another fact of very great significance in the photographic world and that is this:

All the artists around these parts must surrender the palm to Hawkins & Philpot, for taking the best photographs, giving the truest expression, finest and most exquisite finish. Go and see specimens at their splendidly furnished rooms over Watkins & Co.


            → There are a few young men in this city that make it a business to hang around whisky shops and play one cent pokey, that are continually poking their noses where they are not wanted. Strangers would have thought, last Monday, that the whole city government rested upon their shoulders.


            → A number of our citizens started for Springfield, last Wednesday, to attend the funeral of ex President Lincoln.


            → Will the editor of the Journal please inform its readers where John D. Hall buries his dead.

May 5, 1865

Macomb Journal

[From our Extra of last Friday]



            Washington, April 27. – Yesterday morning a squadron of the 16th N. Y. cavalry traced Booth and Harrold to a barn between Bowling Green and Port Royal, near Fredericksburg, Va. The barn was surrounded and a demand made for their surrender, which Harrold was in favor of complying with; but upon Booth’s calling him a coward, he refused to do so. – The barn was then set on fire, and upon its getting too hot, Harrold again presented himself and put his hands through the door to be handcuffed. – While this was going on Booth fired upon the soldiers, upon which a sergeant fired at him. The ball of the sergeant took effect in Booth’s head, killing him.

Booth was on a crutch and was lame. He lived two hours after he was shot, whispering blasphemies against the Government, and sending messages to his mother. At the time he was shot, it is said, he was leaning on his crutch, and preparing to fire upon his captors.


Washington, April 27, 1865.

To Maj. Gen. Dix: J. Wilkes Booth and Harrold were chased from the swamp in St. Mary’s county, Maryland, to Garrett’s farm, near Port Royal, on the Rappahannock, by Col. Baker’s forces. – The barn in which they took refuge was fired. Booth, in making his escape was shot and killed, lingering three hours, and Harrold was captured. Booth’s body and Harrold are now here.


Edwin M. Stanton,
Sec’y of War.


            ‒ Generals Grant and Sherman have reached Washington, after having accepted Johnston’s surrender on the same conditions that Lee surrendered to Grant. So the decided misfortune with which we were threatened by Sherman’s unexplained and unexampled conduct, has fortunately been averted. There is now no rebel force in existence east of the Mississippi river, and all United States territory west of that river will undoubtedly soon be placed in the same desirable situation.



            In Johnson’s reply to Grant’s demand for the surrender of his army, he asks, as a condition, the pardon of Jeff. Davis and the other rebel leaders. – “We are glad to see,” says the Chicago Tribune, “the rebels waking up to the fact that what they need is not supremacy, or prerogativeness, or even rights, but simply ‘pardon.’ That word implies a knowledge that crime has been committed and that punishment is due. – Such language is much more satisfactory and healthy in its tone than was Sherman’s stipulation that the rebels should deposit their arms in their own State capitals, subject to the control of their own rebel Legislatures, while Sherman would disband his army and evacuate their soil, leaving the conquered in possession, while the conquerors were self-expelled. We like to hear the rebels begin to talk about pardon instead denying the jurisdiction of the Court. But let us not be in a hurry about pardoning them. Neither our military commanders nor our civil authorities will probably take any action at present which will prevent Congress from passing a bill of attainder upon the persons and property of the leading rebels. Let no stipulations be granted to rebels in arms. The terms at Fort Donelson – “unconditional surrender” – are sufficiently liberal for the best of them. By all means let the rebel leaders be so disposed of as to secure us indemnity for the future. – Meantime it is something to know that the rebellion is seeking not power – that is crushed; not prerogatives, those are vanished like the baseless fabric of a vision; but “pardon.” So much for “four years of failure” to subdue the rebellion “by the expedient of war.” – It is now in order for the Copperheads to ask pardon. Which of them speaks first? It would be sad to see the rebels returning to loyalty in advance of the Copperheads. The latter then would be in the condition of a parasite with nothing to grow upon.



For the Macomb Journal.

Camp near Charleston, S. C.
March 20, 1865.

            I have permitted a number of weeks to elapse without communicating anything for the columns of the Journal. My reason for this has been, mainly, that I have supposed ever since I left New York, that a very few days would find me with Sherman’s army, greeting once more my old friends and companions in the gallant old 78th Regiment, and that there I should have a large budget of items for the columns of the Journal, but I have been doomed to disappointment. The prospect at present with me renders it doubtful whether I ever rejoin the regiment for duty. – I have been sorely afflicted for about three weeks past with a species of rheumatism which has compelled me to go upon the sick list as totally unfit for service. Instead of improving I find myself gradually growing worse, and [obscured] that in a few days I shall be unable even to hobble about with the assistance of a cane. I will remain with the same detachment with which I started from New York, but I should not be surprised if ere long I am compelled to part company and seek the comforts of a hospital. But I hope for the best, and cling with some degree of confidence to the comforting assurance of my physician, that the warm weather will bring me out all right again.

Our detachment, consisting of a little over seven hundred men, left New York on the steamer Blackstone, on the afternoon of the 31st of January. – We had splendid weather, and no mishaps, and on the evening of the 3d of February, we cast anchor in the harbor off Hilton Head. A day or two after we were transferred to a steamboat and sailed up Broad river, and about 2 o’clock in the afternoon were landed at a point called Blair’s Landing, about five miles from Pocotaligo Bridge, on the Savannah and Charleston Railroad. We found the contrast in the weather great indeed. Less than a week before we had left New York where the cold was intense, and ice abounded, but here we found the birds and frogs singing as merrily as in the summer months in Illinois. We laid out a camp at this place and remained about [obscured] Sherman, and in fact from nobody else. We were in a great measure isolated, and time hung heavy. We had one source of comfort and consolation, and that was – oysters. At low tide we could go down to the river bank and pick them up in large quantities. – Many of our western boys, who had never seen oysters, soon learned to hull and eat them equal to any salt water fisherman. About the 12th of February a fresh detachment of Sherman’s men arrived, among whom I was rejoiced to find my old comrades of the 78th, George K. Hall and Wm. F. Smith, who had been fourteen months prisoners of war in rebel prisons. They were lately from Macomb, and this, too, was a gratifying circumstance to me, as I had not heard from home in two months. And I may say here, that I have received but one letter from home, and seen but one copy of the Macomb Journal since I left Macomb on the 10th of November last, and those were both received before I left Nashville which was on the 27th of December. The difficulty in this respect is our inability to join our respective commands, where, I have no doubt we all have mail awaiting us.

We broke camp at Blair’s Landing, on the night of the 16th of February, and sailed down Broad river, and the [obscured] the Cumbahee river, and landed about dusk and found a good camping place about a mile from the landing. We remained three days at this place, when we ordered to prepare for a march. It was on the morning of the 20th that we shouldered our muskets and knapsacks and turned our faces toward Charleston. We had had no news of military operations since we left New York, but we had gathered some vague rumors from indefinite sources that Charleston was in our possession, which city lay to the east of us about forty-five miles. We were four days in making the journey. We found on our journey but few white families, while the colored population abounded on every plantation. Occasionally we would pick up a rebel deserter, tired and sick of the war, and very willing to avail himself of the benefits of old Abe’s Amnesty Proclamation. I saw many fine residences which had been abandoned by the frightened votaries of secessionism, committed to the flames.


U. S. Hospital, No. 1,
Charlestown, S. C.

April 13, 1865.

The above was written, as will be seen by date, March 20. I have suffered so much since by my complaint that I have felt in no humor to write. From the date of this it will be seen that I have at length reached the hospital, I am now convinced that I am gradually getting better, although I have been betrayed a number of times by flattering prospects.

We have heard the news from Richmond, and all hereabouts, soldiers and citizens, appear to rejoice in the conviction that the war will now be brought to a speedy close. Charleston, the cradle of the rebellion, has numbered among its citizens from the first to the last, during all the vicissitudes of the rebellion, men of loyal hearts who now rejoice in triumph of their salvation. But Charleston, as a city, has suffered awfully by the war. Since the commencement of the rebellion at least one third of the city has been destroyed by fire. The lower part of the city is much riddled and damaged from the effects of the shells. I do not think the city will ever recover from the [obscured].

To-morrow will be a great day in this city. The old Fort Sumter flag will be hoisted again to waved in triumph in its wonted place. The ceremonies will undoubtedly be of a very interesting character.

If my health continues to improve as I hope it may, I will try and write you again next week. But I cannot promise a very entertaining letter when the sharp pangs of rheumatism are playing hide-go-seek up and down my limbs.

Jas. K. Magie.

            P. S. Not a word yet from home. A mail arrived this morning which has not yet been distributed, which I trust may bring me something. George Hall, W. F. Smith and G. S. DeCamp, of Co. I, 78th reg’t are still in camp near the city.


Union County, Illinois.

Union county, in this State, in despite of its loyal name, contains a larger percent of Copperheads and rebels than any other county in Illinois. Bad it notoriously is, yet we can hardly credit the truth of the following statement sent to the N. Y. Tribune, by its Cairo correspondent relating how the news of the murder of the President was received in Union county:

“No more work was to be done. – The news flew from house to house. – Young men mounted their horses, and [fold] Frequently they shouted and whooped. I heard their sharp yells as they rode through the wooded hills. Remember this was in Union county, thirty miles from Cairo, a county that gave seven hundred majority for McClellan. – Union men except in scattered neighborhoods and in towns, are few. The rejoicing among these people, natives of North Carolina, was general and almost enthusiastic. My daughter, while riding out on horseback, was met by another young lady who was radiant with joy. She said she had never been so happy in her life. Women went to see their neighbors to speak to of the glad tidings. They have an idea that it is a great victory to the South. At a quarterly meeting the congratulations of many of the members were warm. – But some feared the news was too good to be true.

I am so sorry for these things. Gen. Fremont, in 1856, got five votes in this county; last year Mr. Lincoln got about 800, and McClellan 1,500, while 500 to 800 were so bitterly secesh that they refused to vote for McClellan and remained away from the polls.


The City Election.

Our charter election on last Monday was an occasion of much excitement. – The issues hinged altogether on local matters. The opposition [fold] to run in on an issue that they themselves made, that Dr. Jordan, the Union nominee, was pledged in case of his re-election, to close the north end of Lafayette Street. In order to refute this assertion, a certified copy of the proceedings of the City Council in relation to the opening of Randolph street, and closing a short road on the north end of the Cemetery, was printed and put in circulation, which had the effect of opening the eyes of several voters, and the consequence was that Dr. Jordan was elected by a large majority – in fact by about double the majority he would have got under ordinary circumstances.

The true issue, according to our judgement, and say this without consulting with any person in particular, was the liquor license question. It is true neither of the candidates for Mayor, or Aldermen, were pledged either way, but there seemed a tacit understanding between those who favor license and those opposed, that that was the only issue, and they voted accordingly. We suppose that the Aldermen elect will so understand this and comply with the wish of the large majority of the loyal voters in this city.

The following is the vote of the city:

Mayor.                                                 Jordan.            Burton.
Ward One,                                              52                    55
Ward Two,                                              49                    15
Ward Three,                                           76                    12
Ward Four,                                            36                    80
                                                                                         213                142

Majority for Jordan, 71.

Aldermen.                                                       Blount             Hammond

Ward One.                                             54                   54
Cochran           Churchill

Ward Two.                                             45                   17
Updegraff       Wells

Ward Three.                                           74                   13
Beardsley        Brown

Ward Four.                                             30                   65

It will be seen that the vote in the First Ward resulted in a tie. The candidates, in the presence of the Council, at their evening session, drew lots, which resulted in the choice of J. W. Blount, the regular Union nominee.

It is due to Mr. Wells, 3d Ward, to state that he declined to run as a candidate upon the Democratic ticket, (he not being of that stripe) and therefore used no exertion to secure votes.

The new Board will stand five Unionists to three Democrats.


Muddy Sport.

As the opposition on election day reported that Dr. Jordan was pledged, in case he was so elected, to close up Lafayette street, upon the result of the election becoming known, some of the boys, on Monday night, when every body else and his wife were in bed and asleep, concluded that, as a majority of the people of Macomb, were in favor of “fencing up” said street, they would save the city the expense, and accordingly borrowed enough rails from a gentleman of the city to run a fence across the street from the jail yard to the opposite side. The [unknown] – faces were considerably stretched in climbing the fence next morning. We understand that the “boys” found “some mud” on the street – don’t know how that is, for we haven’t see the street for some time on account of “high water.”


New Marble Factory.

Mr. John S. Sparks, formerly of Prairie City, in this county, has removed to this city, and opened a marble factory on the south side of the square. Mr. Sparks is a superior workman, and persons wanting anything in his line, cannot do better than to give him their orders. Drop in, when passing, and see specimens.


Burton & Hall.

We neglected last week to call attention to the full column advertisement of Messrs. Burton & Hall. This firm has a very heavy stock of new and fashionable dry goods, purchased during the late great decline in prices, and they sell as cheap as the cheapest. They also keep boots and shoes, glass and queensware. Read their ad., and give them a call at their store northwest corner of the square, one door north of Chandler’s Bank.


Life & Death in Rebel Prisons.

We have received a book with the above title from the publishing house of A. Kidder, 98 Washington street, Chicago. – The writer is R. H. Kellogg, late Serg’t Major of the 16th Connecticut Regiment. He was captured by the rebels in April, 1864, and taken to Andersonville, Ga., prison, where, with 30,000 other starving prisoners, he dragged along a miserable existence for several months. He was finally released by exchange with a few others at Savannah in December last.

The book is ably written, and shows how horribly cruel our brave boys were treated by the “Southern chivalry.” Everything that transpired while the writer was in prison is minutely detailed. The privations, the hope and despair, the schemes of escape, the deaths, the weary life, the expedients to pass the time, the brutality of the rebels, the heroic endurance of the men, the Christian meetings, and the robberies and murders, in short all the events of the prison-house are unfolded in this thrilling narrative. It contains 400 pages and numerous [fold]

This work will be sold by traveling agents only, a number of whom are wanted. Address A. Kidder, 98 Washington street, Chicago. See advertisement in another column.


“Remarkable Episodes.”

Our corpulent friend, Joe Parks, of the firm of M. Strader & Co., has had a “remarkable episode” – in fact, two of ‘em – in his family. He now takes rank with the great exhibitor of “moral wax figgers,” A. Ward, as the “father of twins” – both boys. Joe can take our hat, provided he presents us with a new one from his well-stocked shelves.

P. S. – Friend Joe still lets his older children play with other people’s children as usual.


            → Squibob says that he can make the assertion without fear of successful contradiction, that the streets of Macomb are decidedly muddy. We agree with Squibob.

April 29, 1865

Macomb Eagle

Vallandigham’s Paper on the Assassination.

            We have little space to copy the articles from papers relating to the assassination of President Lincoln, but make room for the following from the Dayton Empire, which is noted as being one of the most bitter of the opposition sheets, and the personal organ of Mr. Vallandigham:

“Last night was a night of horrors in Washington. President Lincoln perished by the hand of an assassin. At any time this would have been monstrous – inexpressibly horrible. – Just now it is the worst public calamity which could have befallen the country. Great God! have mercy upon us! This is the beginning of evils. The hearts and hopes of all men – even of those who had opposed his policy earliest and strongest – had begun to turn toward Abraham Lincoln for deliverance at last. And not without reason; for his course for the last three months has been most liberal and conciliatory. But he has fallen by the most horrible of all crimes, and he who at this moment, does not join in with the common thrill and shudder which shocks the whole land is no better than the assassin.


            ‒ By a letter of Booth, which has just been published, it is learned that he assisted in the execution of John Brown. One would think that the fate of Brown for assassination would have deterred Booth from committing the same crime. But it did not, and, judging by other portions of his letter, the lessons conveyed by the hanging of Brown were lost upon Booth through the ill-advised action of the abolitionists. He says in effect that Brown, after being hung for assassination, was made a god. What more likely than that Booth, seeing that murder and a halter had made a god of one man, should court the same fate by treading the same dark and bloody pathway. Seeing assassination rewarded by deification, what wonder is it that the lessons of Brown’s hanging should lose their weight? Abolitionism has much to answer for, among which are the inducements by its custom of conferring canonization upon the assassin. – Chicago Times.


American Rule in Poland.

            The Warsaw correspondent of the Danziger Zeitung thus describes the present state of the kingdom of Poland:

Imprisonments and confinements in the citadel continue without intermission, and although latterly a few prisoners were liberated, because there were no proofs whatever against them, they have been fined incredible sums – some as much as 15,000 silver roubles. The deportations to Siberia, too, do not cease, although the number of persons sentenced to banishment is not so large as formerly. – Four days ago a new transport of 63 prisoners left the citadel by the Saint Petersburg railway for Pakow, whence these unfortunate people will be driven on foot through ice and snow to the Siberian steppes. The self-will and abuses of the police are as great as ever. Some days ago they arrested two sisters, daughters of a well known and respected inhabitant of this town, just at the moment when they were about to take part in a concert for a charitable object. The only offense with which they were charged was, that they had refused to perform at one of the musical soirees of the director of the conservatory of Warsaw, given for the amusement of Count Berg and his Russian friends. Both the ladies were imprisoned for three days in the police court; and when at last they were set free, they were severely admonished not to feign sickness another time when called upon to fulfill the wishes of Count Berg, while being perfectly well when asked to sing for a charitable purpose.


Wilkes Booth not a Secession Sympathizers.

            St. Louis, April 17. – Wilkes Booth has connections living in this city. – They say he has heretofore been radical in politics, and quote remarks made by him showing that he was not a secessionist. On one occasion during Booth’s last engagement, the company were taking up a subscription for the benefit of the inmates of Gratiot street prison. Booth, when applied to refused to contribute for such a purpose. Being generally liberal with money, his refusal was attributed by those who applied to him, opposition to secession. A young man who has been a book companion of Booth whenever the latter came to St. Louis, also says that he has known Booth during the whole war to have been a radical union man.

About a dozen persons have been arrested in the last two days for exulting over the murder of Mr. Lincoln. Two others have been killed, and two wounded in affrays growing out of the circumstances. The excitement now seems to be allayed. Astonishment is expressed that a feeling of exultation has been shown by persons who are known to be strong abolitionists. Several such are known to have uttered regrets that Seward was not killed also.


            ‘Mr. Speaker – I think sheep is paramount to dogs, and our laws had not oughter be so that dogs can commit ravages on sheep. [Applause in the gallery for which the Speaker threatened to have the persons turned out if such demonstrations are again repeated.] Mr. Speaker, I represent sheep on this floor. [Laughter, and cries of ‘that’s so,’ from the opposition.] Up where I live the sheep is more account than dogs, and although you may tell me that dogs is useful, still I say, on the other hand, that sheep is usefuller; and show me the man that represents dogs on this floor and that thinks dogs is more important than sheep, and I will show you a man that is tantamount to a Know-Nothing. Mr. Speaker, I am done.’


Booth Killed!


War Department, Washington, April 27, 1865.

          To Maj. Gen. Dix:

J. Wilkes Booth and Harrold were chased from the swamp in St. Mary’s county, Md., to Garrett’s farm, near Port Royal, on the Rappahannock, by Col. Baker’s forces. – The barn in which they took refuge was fired. Booth was shot and killed. Booth’s body and Harrold are now here.


Edwin M. Stanton,
Sec’y of War.

          Washington, April 27. – Yesterday morning a squadron of the 16th New York cavalry traced Booth and Harrold to a barn between Bowling Green and Port Royal, near Fredericksburg, Va. The barn was surrounded and a demand made for their surrender, which Harrold was in favor of complying with; but upon Booth’s calling him a coward, he refused to do so. – The barn was then set on fire, and upon its getting too hot, Harrold again presented himself and put his hands through the door to be handcuffed. – While this was going on Booth fired upon the soldiers, upon which a sergeant fired at him. The ball of the sergeant took effect in Booth’s head, killing him.

Booth was on a crutch and was lame. He lived two hours after he was shot, whispering blasphemies against the Government, and sending messages to his mother. At the time he was shot, it is said, he was leaning on his crutch, and preparing to fire upon his captors.


City Election.

            Next Monday is the day fixed by law for the election of city officers, in this city. As yet, there seems to be but little attention paid to it. We do not think it amounts to much who runs the machine. We are sure of one thing, that is that no body of men can be found that will more completely run the thing in the ground, than those who are at the helm. We suggest, that by common consent, they be left alone in their glory. – We suppose that the whiskey question will enter into the contest; if not, it will into a goodly number of our loyal citizens.


Be Ye Registered?

            As the election takes place on Monday, it becomes necessary for all those who wish to vote, to see that they are properly registered. We understand that commissioners have been appointed for that purpose, but we are not sure that they are anxious to register the names of voters, as they have never given notice to that effect. One thing we are sure of, and that is, they have performed their services whether they have performed them or not.


            Sad Accident. – On Monday last, Mr. Hiram Russell, while boring pumps at the pump factory of Mr. W. M. Ervin, his sleeve got caught on the augur, drawing his arm in contact with some of the machinery, tearing the flesh nearly all off of his arm, and had it not been for the boy having the presence of mind to throw the band, he quite likely would have lost his life.


            → Our readers are referred to the advertisement of Messrs. Burton & Hall, in another column. Their store is filled with new goods which were bought during the late decline, thus enabling them to compete successfully with any other house in the city. Their efforts to accommodate customers, we know, will be untiring, and we hope they will be liberally patronized.


            → Mr. A. V. Brooking, the gentlemanly proprietor of the omnibus line, has reduced the fare on that institution to 40 cents.


            Another Large Hog. – A. J. Hankins, sold to George Chase, a hog 15 months old weighing 535 pounds. This hog gained 53 pounds in the last 16 days it was fed. It was a cross of the Poland, Chester and Big China stock. We have heard of several large hogs the past winter, but none to compare with the above. Mr. Hankins has some of the same stock of hogs which he will sell. Farmers would do well to purchase, and thereby improve their stock.

April 28, 1865

Macomb Journal


            N the 18th inst. an agreement was entered into between Gens. Sherman, and Johnston, Breckinridge being present, for a suspension of hostilities, and a memorandum signed as a basis of peace. This memorandum provides that the confederate forces shall deliver up their arms, after a formal pledge to cease from further acts of war; that the confederate government shall be recognized upon the constitutional oaths; that the authority of federal courts shall be re-established; that the people of the south shall be guaranteed in their political rights, and right of person and property, as defined by the constitution; and that no person shall be disturbed by the federal authorities on account of participation in the rebellion.

Upon the receipt of this document at Washington, on Friday, a cabinet meeting was held, at which the action of Gen. Sherman was disapproved for the following reasons, viz: –

First – It was an exercise of authority not vested in Gen. Sherman, and its face shows that both he and Johnston knew that he, Gen. Sherman, had no authority to enter into any such arrangements.

Second – It was a practical acknowledgment of the rebel government.

Third – It undertook to re-establish the rebel state governments that had been overthrown at the sacrifice of many thousand loyal lives and an immense treasure, and placed arms and ammunition in the hands of rebels at their respective capitols, which might be used as soon as the armies of the [fold] and used to conquer and subdue the loyal states.

Fourth – By the restoration of the rebel authorities in their respective states they would be enabled to re-establish slavery.

Fifth – It might furnish a ground of responsibility by the federal government to pay the rebel debt, and would certainly subject loyal citizens of the rebel states to the debt incurred by rebels in the state.

Sixth – It puts in dispute the existence of loyal state governments, and the new state of West Virginia, which had been recognized by every department of the United States Government.

Seventh – It practically abolished the confiscation laws, and relieved rebels of [fold] people from all pains and penalties for their crimes.

Eighth – It gave terms that had been deliberately, and solemnly rejected by President Lincoln, and better terms than the rebels had ever asked in their most prosperous condition.

Ninth – It forms no basis of true and lasting peace, but relieved the rebels from the pressure of our victories, and left them in a condition to renew their efforts to overthrow the United States government, and subdue the loyal states whenever the strength was recruited and an opportunity should offer.

Gen. Grant and the President coincided in the disapproval. Gen. Grant was ordered immediately to take charge of affairs in North Carolina, and direct operations against Johnston.

Secretary Stanton telegraphs that Sherman’s order to Stoneman to withdraw from Salisbury and join him will probably open the way for Jeff. Davis to escape to Mexico or Europe with his plunder, reported to be very large.

There is no truth in the rumor that Gen. Sherman has been superseded. – His terms with Johnston were conditional and no responsibility rested upon him. He is the same General he ever was, and the people still have the same unbounded confidence in him. If he has committed any mistake in this mat- it is as a negotiator, not as a general. While we condemn him for assuming powers, we should not impugn his motives. No braver or more loyal man is to be found than Gen. Sherman. With the exception of Gen. Grant, he has done more hard work than any other general in the service, and consequently, the public should withhold their criticism until an explanation is received from him. We have no doubt Gen. Sherman supposed the war to be virtually ended, and wished no unnecessary blood to be shed, and was satisfied to leave things as they were, to the civil authorities, believing the use of the military to be not longer necessary.


            The remains of President Lincoln will arrive in Springfield on Wednesday morning next, at 8 o’clock.


The Chicago Conspiracy.

            The Chicago Tribune, of the 26th inst., has the full official report of Gen. B. J. Sweet, in relation to the great Chicago Conspiracy, and in the report we notice a schedule of names of the prominent members of the “Sons of Liberty,” among the names which we find are those of our “going-to-be-indignant” friends, J. W. Matthews, J. C. Thompson, Thomas A. Mustain and Honorable William H. Neece.

How those names come to be there is beyond our comprehension, and our aforesaid friends owe it to the community and to themselves to clear their skirts of the “foul calumny.” Come, gentlemen, don’t be bashful, but speak right out in meetin’, and let us know by what authority Brig. Gen. B. J. Sweet makes use of your names in connection with penitentiary convicts, and noted rebels of law and high degree.


Day of National Humiliation and Mourning.

By the President of the United States of America:

Whereas, By my direction, the Acting Secretary of State, in a notice to the public on the 17th of April, requested the various denominations to assemble on the 19th of April, on the occasion of the obsequies of Abraham Lincoln, late President of the United States, and observe the same with appropriate ceremonies; and

Whereas, Our country has become one great house of mourning, where the head of the family has been taken away and, and believing that a special period should be assigned for again humbling ourselves before God in order that the bereavement may be sanctified to the nation:

Now, therefore, in order to mitigate that grief on earth which can only be assuaged by communion with the Father in Heaven, and in compliance with the wishes of Senators and Representatives in Congress, communicated to me by a resolution adopted at the National Capitol, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby appoint Thursday, May 25th next, to be observed wherever the flag of the United States may be respected, as a day of humiliation and mourning, and recommend my fellow-citizens there to assemble in their places of worship, then to unite in solemn service to Almighty God in memory of the good man who has been removed, so that all shall be occupied at the same time in contemplation of his virtues, and sorrow for his sudden and violent end.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at Washington, April 24, 1865, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the eighty ninth.


By the President: W. Hunter, Act’g Secretary of State.


            Robbery. – On the evening of the 20th inst., about 8 o’clock, two men, wearing false faces, entered the house of Solomon Grate, near Bedfordville P. O., Henderson county, unobserved by him, and making him prisoner, forced him to give up his money, (amounting to $315,) a revolver and gun. They smashed the gun and left it at the wood-pile.

We are indebted to one of our subscribers, Mr. N. L. Hunt, for the above.


            A Small Tornado. – On Monday afternoon, two heavy clouds, one approaching from the north-west, and another from a south-west direction, come together near the Catholic burying ground in the eastern limits of this city. The two united, formed a tunnel-shaped cloud with its apex descending to the earth. With a whirling motion and a roaring sound, this new cloud started in an eastern direction, having the speed of a locomotive, tearing off large limbs from the trees and sweeping everything in its track. The fences on the farm where Mr. I. Cochran now lives, were all swept away, his stable blown down, and the roof carried clean off and scattered in every direction. – The track of the tornado is only about 150 yards wide, and of course the damage was limited. – Hancock (Ill.) New Era.

We had a slight touch of the same wind in this city, on the same day, though not near so severe. It rained very hard for awhile.


            ‒ The agreement for the rebel surrender – or, rather, the surrender to the rebels – signed by General Sherman and Jos. Johnston, was partially drawn up, it appears, by the rebel Genera Breckenridge, and Jeff. Davis was only a few miles distant at the time, in telegraphic communication with Johnston. What in the world could General Sherman have been thinking of, when he put his signature to such a document? This is surely no time to concede extraordinary rights and immunities to the rebels, and yet General Sherman conceded to them about everything they could be presumptuous enough to ask, under the circumstances of their defeat and failure.



            At Macomb, Ill., Friday, April 21st, 1865, MARY E., wife of D. G. Tunnicliff, Esq., in the 30th year of her age.

Mrs. Tunnicliff was the only daughter of Col. W. W. Bailey. In early life she became a professed follower of the Savior, and her whole subsequent life was a beautiful exemplification of the pure, peaceful, gentle spirit of the Gospel. Though she died in the full assurance of the Christian faith, it is still a melancholy duty we are called upon to perform when we announce her death, and write these few lines as a tribute to her memory. It is a loss when a faithful companion and a loving mother is taken away. She is missed from the family where she was the example, and the guiding spirit. Ever ready to show kindness, she is missed as a faithful Christian friend. Faithful and patient in every duty and trial, she learned to lean confidently on the arm of the Divine Master, who did not forsake her in the most trying hour. In death a strong arm supported her, and free from all doubts she passed away from earth forever. The completion of such life through such a death makes the transition easy to a more perfect love, in a nearer presence of Him who was her trust where she enters upon the brighter enjoyments of heaven.

A large circle of relatives, and many former friends and neighbors mourn her early death.





            I am County Agent for the


COMBINED REAPER and MOWER, a Machine well known and justly appreciated by all.

For terms, & c., I refer you to Jos. W. Hays, at the store of T. J. Beard & Co., Macomb, Ill. Sorter & Sanders, Blandinville, or myself, at Bushnell, where you will also find a great variety of first class Farm Machinery, and I would be very happy to receive a call from you.


            Bushnell, April 28, ’65.

P. S. Farmers, I would like to have your orders for the REAPER, by the middle or last of May.                                                                                                             H. V. D. W.


City Election.

The election for City Officers takes place next Monday, the first day of May. There has been but very little said about it till within the last day or two. As yet (Thursday morning) there has been no nominations made. We are not fully posted as to what will be the issues on which candidates will run.


Close the Stores.

We sincerely hope the merchants, mechanics, laborers, and all others, will duly observe the 25th day of May, “as a day of humiliation and mourning,” in accordance with the request of the President. Let us abstain wholly from all business on that day and turn our attention to the subject of mourning. Let us all assemble at some place of worship, without regard to sect or creed, and “unite in solemn service to the Almighty.”


Narrow Escape.

Two drunken whelps were riding about our streets on Tuesday last, without molestation, whooping and yelling like wild Indians, and in furiously crossing the walk at the north-west corner of the Square, came within a hair’s breadth of killing a little girl! If they are not arrested and fined to the extent of the law, there is no use in having city marshals and police magistrates.


            → It may not be generally known by the citizens of Macomb that their groceries will be delivered free of cost if they buy them of Watkins & Co., but such is the fact. We would advise our readers to give them a call, as all goods will be sold as cheap as the cheapest.


            → Our city is about to buid a large and fine school house, and as it will create a demand for lumber, we advise our friends to go to Bartleson’s and purchase what they want immediately.


To School Directors.

S. J. Clarke & Co. keep constantly on hand a full assortment of all the School Blanks issued by Adams & Blackmer, of Chicago, and can fill orders for any amount.


School Notice.

As we shall be engaged in visiting schools during the Summer term, the office will be open for the transaction of other business only on Saturdays.

The office is removed to the residence of P. S. Brewster, three squares east of the court house.

Mr. Brewster, having been appointed Deputy, is authorized to grant certificates.

John Barge.

            County Superintendent of Schools.

Macomb, April, 1865.


            → Do not spend a dime for boots, shoes, hats or caps, until you go and examine Browne’s new stock, just received from New York. He has recently enlarged his store, and is now prepared to show the cheapest and best stock ever offered for sale here.


            → In consequence of repairs being in progress in the Universalist Church, it will be closed next Sabbath.



House and Lot for Sale.

A house and lot within two blocks of the Public Square, for sale. House contains four rooms, and is nearly new.

Inquire at this office.


            → The “cold snap” of last Saturday did not stop the rush of people to Hawkins & Philpot’s Photograph Gallery. They have a splendid suite of rooms, and their pictures are unsurpassed.



On Monday afternoon, Mr. Hiram Russell, while at work at the Pump Factory, in this city, met with quite a severe accident, by having his left arm caught in the machinery, whereby the flesh was torn from above and below the elbow in a shocking manner. Mr. Russell is an old and respected citizen of this place, and has the sympathy of many acquaintances.


City Drug Store.

Dr. Ritchie, of the old “City Drug Store,” has refitted his establishment to beautiful style, and now has the finest drug store in the Military Tract. We would especially say to the ladies that the Dr. has a very large assortment of fancy and toilet soaps, perfumes of all kinds, etc., and other articles which the daughters of Eve delight in.


Wadham & Stowell.

These gentlemen from the crowds that flock around their store, are certainly doing a thriving business. A large lot of Irish potatoes for sale cheap. Give them a call.


            A Warning to Euchre Players. – A young man in Rochester, who is very fond of euchre, and also very fond of the daughter of a pillar of one of the Orthodox churches, was taking tea at the house of his adored a short time since, and had some fruit cake offered him. Being somewhat confused on account of his situation as the cake was held out to him, he cried out, – “I pass.” The father hearing him, and having played some in his younger days, was horror struck at his infatuation for game, and thought he would teach him a lesson. He spoke bluntly – “You pass, do you, then I order you up – and there is the door; I shall make a march!”

EXTRA! April 27, 1865



            Washington, April 27. – Yesterday morning a squadron of the 16th N. Y. cavalry traced Booth and Harrold to a barn between Bowling Green and Port Royal, near Fredericksburg, Va. The barn was surrounded and a demand made for their surrender, which Harrold was in favor of complying with; but upon Booth’s calling him a coward, he refused to do so. – The barn was then set on fire, and upon its getting too hot, Harrold again presented himself and put his hands through the door to be handcuffed. – While this was going on Booth fired upon the soldiers, upon which a sergeant fired at him. The ball of the sergeant took effect in Booth’s head, killing him.

Booth was on a crutch and was lame. He lived two hours after he was shot, whispering blasphemies against the Government, and sending messages to his mother. At the time he was shot, it is said, he was leaning on his crutch, and preparing to fire upon his captors.


Washington, April 27, 1865.

            To Maj. Gen. Dix: J. Wilkes Booth and Harrold were chased from the swamp in St. Mary’s county, Maryland, to Garrett’s farm, near Port Royal, on the Rappahannock, by Col. Baker’s forces. – The barn in which they took refuge was fired. Booth, in making his escape was shot and killed, lingering three hours, and Harrold was captured. Booth’s body and Harrold are now here.


Edwin M. Stanton,
Sec’y of War.


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