HISTORY OF THE 84TH REGI-
MENT ILL. VOLS.
BY L. A. SIMMONS.
The condition of the wounded during this great battle was deplorable. On the morning of January 1st, 1863, we assisted in gathering together at one of the field hospitals, all the wounded of the Regiment, where their wounds were attended to by Asst. Surgeon McDill, assisted by Lieut. Alex P. Nelson of company K who being a member of the medical profession, was detailed for duty in the absence of Surgeons Kyle and Marshall, who were sick or on duty in hospital. But when, we had collected all these suffering men, at the Division hospitals, we were unable to procure tents to shelter one tenth of them; nearly all for two or three days had to lie out of doors, upon the damp ground, covered only with blankets, and having a good fire at their feet. As rapidly as possible, they were sent to the hospitals at Nashville, but suffering as they were, the torture was most excruciating, as they rode twenty-six miles in army wagons. On the 4th of January we visited the general field hospital, where the vast amount of pain and suffering made us truly “sick and sore at heart.” Here were acres of ground covered with hospital tents, all of which were full of wounded men, nearly four thousand in all, and wounded in every possible manner. There were probably a hundred brace men dying daily at these hospitals. Such is war, but we cannot describe its horrors.
CAMP NEAR MURFREESBORO, FORAGING,
For several days after the battle of Stone River, the whole army that had taken part in this terribly bloody engagement remained near the battlefield. All were needing rest, for the exertions of both men and officers had been extremely fatiguing, but situated as the army was, without tents, with a very scanty supply of blankets, at midwinter; even in this thickly timbered country we could not pass the nights comfortably now that the excitement of action had subsided. During the battle night after night no fires were permitted. The men and officers worn out by the labors of the day, would lie down and sleep till chilled through, and often wet through by the cold rain, then walk and run till warmed by exercise. But now the battle was over and each day we were anticipating an advance in pursuit of the enemy, who had fallen back to Tullahoma, or orders to go into winter quarters. On the morning of the 7th of January, the 2d division was ordered to march, and slowly moved out from the thick woods northwest of the battle field of December 31st, and passed directly by it, on the road to Murfreesboro. We crossed the river about a mile northwest of the town and between the river and town noticed the broad fields where the enemy had a few days before been encamped. Many of their chimneys were still standing, from which it was evident, that they had been built to last for the winter. Passing through Murfreesboro where all the public buildings, and many private residences, had been converted into hospitals, in which the enemy had been compelled to leave hundreds of their wounded – we took the pike leading towards McMinnville and Woodbury. After marching out about three miles the division encamped, and our Regiment was detailed for grand guard or picket. On the next day we were relieved and found, on returning, that the brigade had gone into camp, and was expected to remain some time. Our teams had come up from Nashville, bringing most of our tents and baggage, and with them came a score of those who had been sent to convalescent camp when we started out for the fight. – The day was passed in hard work, cleaning up camp, building chimneys, &c., and about 4 o’clock, p. m., the whole brigade was moved some two miles north, and again encamped near the Lebanon pike, in a thick grove. The succeeding two weeks passed without incidents of especial interest. We were in the midst of material for building log houses and shanties, but not yet having learned this material portion of the great art of making life in the army not only endurable but agreeable, we built no houses but contented ourselves with the old Sibley tents; long since thrown aside as murderous, totally unfit for white men to live in. Almost day by day those who had fallen sick on the Kentucky campaign and at Nashville were rejoining us, so that our decimated ranks were soon filled up, and we had more men present for duty than we had on the eve of battle. The weather was not very cold, but damp and rainy.
On the 23d of January drilling again commenced, but the same day we were suddenly surprised by the “assembly” being sounded at brigade headquarters and within an hour were on the march toward Woodbury. – Marched that evening twelve miles to Readyville, when the 1st and 2d division were encamped. On the 24th, the whole division advanced on Woodbury, eight miles distant, from which the enemy were driven after a brief skirmish – and the division returned late the same evening to the vicinity of Readyville. Here our brigade remained until 4 o’clock p. m. of the next day, when the order to return to camp, which we reached about 7 o’clock, having made about half the distance on the “double quick,” while the rain was pouring down in torrents.
About this time the report of Col. Grose upon the battle of Stone River was published, and excited no little angry feeling in our Regiment. We thought then, and still think that he did us gross (Grose) injustice. He complimented all the regiments of his brigade for their valor, and closed by saying that the new regiments (ours was the only new regiment in the brigade) seemed to vie with the old, &c., &c., – when we claimed, and to this day stand ready to prove, that we withstood the furious charges of the enemy more firmly, and maintained our positions more tenaciously than any other regiment in the brigade. – But for some time before the battle, Col. Grose and Col. Waters had not been on very friendly terms, in fact, on the Kentucky campaign some hostility of feeling was engendered between them, which only ended by separation at the close of the war – and at the time above mentioned and frequently thereafter proved not only an annoyance but an actual injury to the Regiment, giving it severer duty and depriving it of its just deserts. But of this anon.
This was a season in which rumors and reports were constantly pervading camp, one of the most amusing of which was that our Regiment was shortly to be mounted on donkeys – for outpost and scouting duty.
On the 28th of January the Regiment was detailed to work on the extensive fortifications which were then being erected northwest of the town of Murfreesboro. The weather was rainy, windy, and excessively cold, and double rations of whiskey having been served out, there were not a few amusing incidents transpired “in the shanks of the evening.” Some men who had never before been known to taste liquor came to camp seeing double and marching mightily cross-legged.
On the 31st of Janary the Regiment was detailed to guard a wagon train to and from Nashville – from which place up to this time we had drawn all out supplies in wagons – and marched through the same day. The next day, while the train was [fold] men had an opportunity to see their sick and wounded friends in the hospitals. The wounded of our Regiment were not recovering as rapidly as might have been expected, the effects of the fall campaign still lingered in their systems, and having been deprived of vegetable diet, there were many cases of erysipelas and gangrene.
On the 3d day of February Col. Waters returned from home, where he had made but a very brief stay and brought the very gratifying intelligence that the 84th had been heard of in our own State; that at home it was appreciated, if it could not be by our brigade commander. The next day the Regiment returned, having had a rather unpleasant trip, for the weather had been severely cold the last two days they were out. As soon as Col. Waters returned he directed elections to be held to fill the vacancies occasioned by death on the field and from wounds as well as by resignations. Captain Davis, of company D, had died of wounds received at Stone River; 1st Lieut. Adam was promoted to Captain; 2d Lieut. Scoggan to 1st Lieut., and Sergeant H. B. Miller was elected 2d Lieutenant. Lieut. Kendrick, of company I, died in hospital at Bowling Green, Ky., in November, and Q. M. Sergeant A. S. McDowell having been elected 2d Lieutenant, had command of the company through the battle, as Captain Griffith and 1st Lieut. Scott were both in hospital when we marched from Nashville. Captain Griffith having resigned, Lieutenant McDowell was promoted to the captaincy. Company H had been particularly unfortunate in battle, 1st Lieut. Ball and 2d Lieut. Abercrombie having been killed on the field, private Peter McLain was now elected 1st Lieutenant and Corportal J. N. White 2nd Lieutenant to fill these vacancies. While speaking of promotions we may here mention the fact that 2d Lieut. James A. Russell, of company B, had been promoted to 1st Lieutenant and Quartermaster before we left Nashville, but being on duty as brigade commissary at the time, did not enter upon the duties of his office until January 1, 1863. Sergeant Dilworth had been promoted to 2nd Lieut. of company B, and this we believe concludes the list of commissioned officers up to March 1, 1863. Early in February the question was started, and not a little agitated, as to who was the ranking captain of the Regiment, a question of much importance in case of the absence or inability of the Col., Lieut. Col. and Major, but the question was not settled till several months after, when Capt. Ervin, whose claims were advocated by many (including the author) did not receive the honor justly merited by organizing the first company.
On the 8th day of February the Regiment was ordered out to guard a foraging train, and had a very severe days work, marching out fourteen miles, loading a large train and guarding it to camp. Though the Regiment had recruited very much since the battle, there were in February a great many sick, and as each company had only one wall and two Sibley tents, we cannot think it remarkable that many should suffer from living in in such close quarters.
On the 10th day of February, the rifle pits in front of our camps were commenced and for several days heavy details were made for this duty. Still there were many (there always is,) who remained in camp, but they were seldom idle. At this particular time, about three-fourths of the whole Regiment were devoting their leisure hours to making rings, shields, etc., out of the beautiful white muscle shells, which were found in the shoals and on the banks of Stone river, Many of these articles manufactured in camp, no doubt speedily found their way to the homes of the makers, and will long be preserved as mementoes, as keepsakes from the hands of a battle-tried soldier.
On the 20th of February another of those hard days marches was made with a foraging train. The Regiment this time went back towards Nashville, crossing over Stewarts creek and in the neighborhood of Smyrna, sixteen miles from camp loaded their train, and returned to camp the same night. On the 22d of February, Gen. Rosecrans issued a very patriotic and complimentary order, and directed that a battery from each division fire a salute. The 4th U. S. battery attached to our brigade executed the order in fine style about sunset. About this time Gen. Rosecrans also issued his order directing the selection in each company of each regiment, of the men who had particularly distinguished themselves in the recent engagement, directing that their names should be entered upon a roll, to be known as the “roll of honor.” The selection in our Regiment promptly took place, but the result seems to have been lost from the regimental records, and we regret our inability to give the names of the soldiers which were placed upon the roll. We will state in passing that, it was the design of Gen. Rosecrans to organize the men, thus designated into battalions, for special duty in scouting etc, but this design was subsequently held impracticable by the War Department, and the “Roll of Honor” was almost if not entirely forgotten ere [fold] of the war.
On the 24th of February, the Regiment drew a ration of soft bread, that is, ordinary bakers bread; the first they had seen since we crossed the Ohio river. During the month of February, most of the officers of the Regiment were busy making out their Ordinance returns, and the almost innumerable reports required at Regimental, Brigade, Division, and Department Head Quarters.
On the 4th day of March 1863 the Regiment having been in a commotion for at least three weeks, on this account, received pay to the 31st day of December 1862. It was a day for setting all accounts, for no sooner did the men receive their hard earned greenbacks, than they hastened to the sutlers, and the other creditors and squared accounts. This custom ever continued prevalent in the army, and it was most common on the day after pay day to hear the men saying in an exultant tone, that they owned no man anything.
On this same day we were paid (March 4th) Sergt. Edson, J. G. Waters and several others who had been severely wounded, rejoined us able for duty. These were the first of our wounded, who had returned from hospital since the battle. At least two thirds of those who were severely wounded never rejoined us afterward, many were assigned to duty in hospitals, many were discharged, and a few were so unfortunate as subsequently to be transferred to the Veteran Reserve, or Invalid Corps. From the fact, that men who disliked hard work, or would flinch in the hour of trial and danger, had on one pretext and another obtained transfers to this corps; it became very unpopular with men at the front, and members of it were generally designated as “Condemned Yankees.” On the sixth day of March, the author in company with Uncle Chauncy Case, the oldest man in the Regiment, and J. G. Waters, visited the battle field of Stone river. We noted particularly the positions of both armies, and especially the positions held and so pertinaciously maintained by our Regiment, during that day of carnage, commotion and slaughter, December 31st, 1862. Though more than two months had elapsed, there were abundance of mementoes of the terrible conflict, in the split and shivered trees, the barked and bruised underbrush, the fragments of shells and more than all the flattened “minnie balls” that we could gather up by scores, anywhere over many broad acres. The field of battle of January 2d did not furnish nearly so many indications of the recent deadly struggle, but at the ford of Stone river, where the Regiment crossed three times during the battle, we found many “minnies” among the beautiful shells. We secured many memorials, and on our return went to each of the strong positions taken by the defeated army, thence to the strong forts and breastworks then nearly completed under the direction of Gen. Rosecrans, which have been the means of keeping Murfreesboro, in our possession, ever since it was gained by the great battle of Stone river, by the blood and lives of thousands of brave, noble patriotic men.
The 9th of March will ever be remembered by the Regiment as the day when we had tents struck, teams loaded, accoutrements on, and momentarily awaited the order to move from 9 o’clock a. m. until dark, and finally set our tents for the night, and in the morning were informed that we should not move at all. On the 11th Lieut. Coulson, of company C, was marched out of camp by a file of soldiers sent for him, having been dishonorably dismissed from the service by order of General Rosecrans, for disloyalty. We record this with sincere regret, but to make our history true and correct, facts must be stated however unpleasant. The drill by company, battalion, and brigade, was assiduously attended to when the weather was suitable, during the entire winter and spring, and ere we started upon the summer campaign, ‘the boys’ thought they understood it very thoroughly. The great complaint in camp, during this period, was a lack of reading matter, papers were scarce, and very few books could be obtained. We must think that the good people at home scarcely realized this want, or they would have done more to alleviate it. The remaining incidents of camp life from March 15th to June 24th, 1863, when we started on a campaign, which we deem worthy a place in our Regimental History, we reserve for another Chapter.
[To be Continued.]
→ At the late Republican convention in Warren county, the soldiers claims were entirely ignored, every office of any importance was given to the stay at home patriots, instead of soldiers. They did condescend to nominate one soldier for an unimportant office. In Warren the republicans can elect their candidates without reference to the soldiers, hence they give them the cold shoulder. In this county they cannot, and hence they think if they put out a soldiers ticket they can BUY soldiers votes. Noble opinion you have of soldiers, ain’t it? Do you think they CAN BE BOUGHT because one of their number is placed upon a ticket with those who favor negro suffrage. We think you will find that the soldiers have a more exalted opinion of their principles than to barter them away for place.
A Poor Opinion.
A republican told us the other day that he was opposed to “running men for office simply because they had been in the military service,” but says he “we intend to run some this fall in order to get the soldiers votes.” Soldiers, don’t you think that the republicans have an exalted opinion of you. They intend to run soldiers to ‘CATCH SOLDIERS VOTES.’ We rather guess they will find that the soldiers will not be CAUGHT with such small game.
The Bushnell Press an exclusively “loyal” paper published at the thriving city of Bushnell in this county, has a short article in last weeks issue giving some of his loyal friends “a rub on the knuckles” for trying to curb him on the negro question. Mr. Swan says he advocates negro suffrage from “principle and he does not care whether it helps or injures this man’s or that man’s chance for office or not. That is the way to do it, Swan, advocate your sentiments whether it injures their poor chances for office or not.” You republicans who claim to be opposed to negro suffrage, what do you think of this? The patriotic leaders tell Swan that they believe as he does, but it won’t do to say so until after the election! No, if we advocate it openly we can not catch some poor fellows vote. We will deny it until we get your vote, and then we will advocate what we please. We ask those who are opposed to negro suffrage if they intend to be caught by such shallow bait.
→ The republicans of this county have called what they term a convention for the purpose of nominating a ticket for county officers. The thing is nothing but a farce. The Macomb clique have men selected and every thing cut and dried for the occasion. The delegates will meet for this purpose of ratifying the selection of the Macomb clique. We are informed that it is the intention of the wire workers in Macomb to make a bid for Soldiers votes. We judge they will wake up and find that the soldiers are not IN THE MARKET.
Editor Eagle: – The editor of the Journal, one “Maggy,” lately distinguished in battle scenes, is wont to “take on” because some of our good citizens are so unfortunate as to have in the year 1864 but small incomes subject to taxation. Now I believe the list is correct, and it is far from my purpose to reflect upon any one of those who have been fortunate enough to have an income subject to taxation, be it ever so small; and while it may be a matter of surprise that our “popular merchant’s” income is larger that anybody’s, and that the shoe merchant Mr. Browne’s income is larger than G. W. Bailey’s, and several other merchants, and that Andrew H. Allison’s is only fifty dollars, and that Tom Gilfrey confesses to more than Joe Anderson, (this latter though not so much a matter of surprise as I am told the stock business was very poor up to the first of last January), still I hold that to say the least, it is in very bad taste for a man to grumble because other people do not have large incomes, while he himself does not pay a cent. If the interest on our public debt was not collected until Magie paid a part of it, “Gabriel” would blow his trump before Bill Bailey would get a cent of interest on the $35,000 of 5-20 bonds he is so lucky as to hold. Poor Man.
Soldiers Dinner at Spring Creek.
FROM OUR SPECIAL REPORTER.
On Thursday the 24th inst. the patriotic citizens of Spring Creek, in this county, prepared a dinner for returned soldiers, extending their invitation to all the returned soldiers of the county. The recent return of a large number who had belonged to the 124th Illinois Vols. including Lt. Colonel Roach and Capt. Griffith haqd perhaps initiated the movement, but returned soldiers from all other regiments were invited, and heartily welcomed. It was our good fortune to be present at the festivities and partake of the excellent dinner, and cordial “welcome home” there given. The invitation by some mishap, had not been very generally made known, and its being now one of the busiest seasons of the year, we had not expected to see a very large assembly, but when about 10 1-2 o’clock a. m. we reached the beautiful grove, near the residence of J. D. Hainline Esq., we were agreeably surprised to find a large crowd already congregated. The grove for some distance on this side was filled with vehicles and saddle horses, the ample supply of edibles was being collected and while we were strongly reminded of a “good old fashioned camp meeting,” we did not fail to note the great cordiality and good feeling that prevailed amongst all the citizens, and returned soldiers there assembled.
The meeting was speedily called to order and all the returned soldiers requested to assemble at Mr. Griffith’s house, about three or four hundred yards distant. It was like sounding “the assembly” in camp, and in a few minutes about two hundred came together [fold] Lt. Colonel Roach to take command. He accepted the post of honor, and informed us that a battalion would be formed and marched to the grounds, and listen to an address welcoming us home, by the Rev. Mr. Kirkpatrick; that it would now be necessary to select one or more of our number to reply in our behalf to this address after which we would march to the tables. Capt. Brink and Lieut. Simmons were selected to reply, and the battalion being speedily formed, marched in fine style to the stand, where the column closed in mass, and Mr. Kirkpatrick welcomed the returned “boys in blue,” in a very cordial, eloquent and pertinent manner. For once, we must say we had the pleasure of listening to a brief, pointed speech, defective only in its unusual brevity. Capt. Brink replied in an impressive, candid and eloquent manner, and was followed by Lieut. Simmons, who reviewed the progress of the war, and dwelt at considerable length upon the condition of the country before, during, and its fortunate termination. Next came the most excellent dinner, but we must despair of doing it as much justice in description, as we did by standing for more than half an hour, at the board loaded with all the substantial articles that go to make-up a good living, while all the delicious delicacies in which our prosperous neighborhoods abound were placed in profusion before us, or handed around by lovely, smiling, almost adorable young ladies, who seemed to be greatly delighted in giving this bounteous welcome to the brave boys who had endured the trials and hardships of life in the army. Ere the soldier boys left the table, we heard several deep sighs along the line, but failed to determine whether they originated in the satiety occasioned by over-eating, or in the deep impression made by the fair ladies in attendance, upon the susceptible hearts of our soldiers just returning to citizen life. After dinner was over, Lieut. J. G. Waters being loudly called for, came to the stand and addressed the assembly in his fluent, impressive and eloquent style. Col. Roach was next called for, and spoke with deep feeling in regard to the joy experienced on returning home, dwelling with strong emotion upon the fate of the many noble ones, who have fallen by disease and on the battlefield, during this long and terribly cruel conflict, this great and grand [fold] He expressed himself in favor of erecting a monument in this county, while in our hearts we cherish the memory of those noble unreturning braves with solemn and sincere affection.
Mr. Alexander Blackburn Sr. being called for responded in some very pertinent remarks in regard to building a monument of those who went from this county and laid down their lives upon the glorious altar of our country. He said talk would not do, we must act in this matter; it must have a beginning if a Soldiers Monument Association is organized in this county. He then put to vote the resolution: that we are in favor of erecting a monument in this county which shall contain the names and regiment of all who have been killed or have died from wounds or disease while in the United States service from this county; which passed unanimously. He then moved that a committee of three be appointed to prepare an address on this subject to the citizens of McDonough county to have it published in the county papers, and in said address to appoint a day for the citizens the whole county to assemble at Macomb and organize this association.
This resolution was unanimously carried, and Col. Roach, Capt. Ervin and Capt. Griffith were selected to prepare and publish the address. It will probably appear next week.
The exercises of the day were closed about four o’clock by the members of Co. I. 124th regiment Illinois Vols. returning to the ladies of the Good Templars Lodge at that place, the old flag which was by them presented to the company when it organized in 1862. The remarks of Col. Roach in returning it, and of Capt. Brink in receiving it, on behalf of the ladies, were interesting and appropriate.
The assembly now began to disperse, and we heard diverse estimates upon the number which had taken part in the pleasing exercises. We think there was at least twelve and possibly fifteen hundred persons present. It was a day of welcome, thanksgiving and joy; old and young, matron and maiden, soldiers returned and citizens whose sympathies had ever been with our army, all seemed to enjoy the occasion vastly, and we may hope that much good feeling and “good will to all” were unkindled, that we may frequently have the rare pleasure of meeting our fellow soldiers in as kind-hearted a community at as luxurious a repast as was prepared for us, by the generous sympathizing and patriotic citizens of Spring Creek.
Coming Down in the Price.
In 1860 the republicans paid men from a suit of clothes down to five dollars and all the whiskey they could drink, provided they would vote the republican ticket. In 1865, the same republicans propose to BUY soldiers votes by placing soldiers on their tickets to county officers. Verily, they think soldiers are easily bought.
→ Our friend Brattle says that the republicans wont run on the negro suffrage question this fall. Oh! no but they will be loud for negro suffrage after the election. They are afraid they can’t catch soldiers votes if they come out and advocate their principles openly.
→ S. H. Williams has sold his dry Goods Store to W. C. Burns. Mr. B comes recommended as a thorough business man just such as Macomb has long since needed.
The Chivington Massacre. – The massacre of a whole village in Western Kansas by a noted Kansas parson, famous or rather infamous for brutality and excessive “loyalty,” named Col. Chivington; is undergoing investigation at Atchison Kan. In his testimony, Gen. McCook says, “it was the most coldblooded, revolting, diabolical atrocity ever conceived by man or devil.”
“And not only did the organ spit its venom upon the soldiers, and all who claimed to be the soldiers friends, but it went so far in its hate as to attack the reputation and character of the soldiers’ wives, by uttering the meannest and vilest insinuations against their chastity.” – Journal.
We do not hold ourselves responsible for anything that may have appeared in the Eagle prior to our connection with it. But when Magie says that any such thing as the above has appeared in the Eagle at any time, he asserts what he knows to be a low, mean, contemptible lie. But if the editor of the Journal wishes to enter into that kind of discussion we are ready for him. We assert boldly that those who have made such remarks – and have even went farther – in this town and other places in this county are republicans, and we can give their names, places, and the times when and where.
That’s So. – Messrs. C. C. Chapman & Co. announce through our columns that they have purchased the stock of books and stationary of Willie Wyne, at the Post Office, and are adding largely thereto, which they offer to the public at reasonable rate. Every thing that is kept in a first class book store can be found or procured at short notice. Call on them and examine their goods. Remember they hold forth at the post office.
“The Eagle is moved to say something about the monetary contributions of Democrats, and thereby hangs a tale.” – Journal.
If the tail of the Journal man had hung closer to him, he might have gained a much better reputation.
More New Goods. – A. J. Davis has just returned from the east where he bought a large stock of goods. Mr. D. knows just what kind of goods is required in this market and has never failed to make good selections and always keeps the best in the market. Go to Davis, to make your purchases.
→ The poor quintessence of all meanness says that he made out his bill for advertising and printing, amounting to $28, and then contributed $13 of the amount and received in cash $15. Magnanimous soul!! Charge the executive committee for publishing a notice of the 4th of July celebration $10, a thing which was never before thought of by any publisher in Macomb, and then out of the magnanimity of his gizzard makes a present of $13. Sweet Magie, gentle Mage; noble, generous hearted Magie.
→ Our young friends James H. and Nathan W. Johnson intend removing to Mount Sterling and opening a dry goods store in that flourishing town. These young men have been clerking for Mr. Luther Johnson, the popular dry goods merchant of this place, for a number of years, and are therefore thoroughly acquainted with the business. – We congratulate the citizens of Mt. Sterling on the acquisition of so thorough and energetic business men as the Messrs. Johnson’s, and bespeak for them a liberal patronage.
New Music. – “Good Night, Farewell,” “Andante and Scherzo,” “Gay and Festive Fellow of the West,” “Rain on the Calm Lake,” “Floating on the Lake,” “Linden Bowers,” “Love, the Guerdon of Love,” “Pilgrim’s March,” “The Coming of the Day,” “The Prayer,” “Look out upon the Stars,” “The Bird at Sea,” are among the many new pieces of music just received at Clarke’s bookstore.
To N. L. Hunt. – Those boots advertised by you as lost have been found and left at this office. You can have them by calling or sending for them.
Returned. – Our friends Henry Marvel and Jesse Bowman have returned from Idaho. They think that Illinois is a better country than any they have seen and say they are perfectly satisfied to settle down in Old McDonough and remain during the remainder of their days.
They have no love for the soldiers. – Journal.
You are a pretty man to talk about love for the soldiers. Did you not buy old papers at a cent a piece, and sell them to the soldiers for ten cents, in violation of orders, and for this swindle was you not sent back to the regiment.
Information Wanted. – A poor widow desires to ascertain where her only son may be found. His name is Samuel T. Rankford; about eighteen months since he enlisted in company C, 45th regiment Ohio volunteers, in Capt. J. D. Stover’s company, and his mother has not heard from him since. He is eighteen years old, heavy set, and about five feet six inches high. Any information will be gladly received by his mother.
Salem, Marion County, Ill.
Papers friendly to a disconsolate widow will please copy.
The attempted negro insurrection at Aquia creek is a legitimate result of the agitation of abolitionism. The negro has seen several millions of white people murdering each other to secure his freedom; and he now finds that he is more an object of solicitude than southern white men, and hence it is not wonderful that he has obtained an exaggerated idea of his own importance and his own rights. The end of these negro riots and mutinies will only occur when we extend to the negro no more considerations than we do to white men.