July 29, 1865

Macomb Eagle

Rest for the Loyal.

            We trust that our loyal friends will now sleep more soundly of nights, and not be troubled as much in the future as in the past, by having the Golden Circle on the brain. The president of this celebrated order, now in confinement at Fort Warren, has issued an “order” suspending the operation of he Circle until July, 1870, when a “congress” will assemble at Washington and lay the corner stone of the Saxon University.


Fencing In vs Fencing Out.

            The farmers of Livingston county, Illinois, have adopted a plan to abolish the present system of fencing. They require those who keep cattle and other animals to keep them, thereby relieving others of the expense of barricading their yards and fields for protection. This is the only rational mode. Our whole system of fencing is a burden unjustly and absurdly imposed upon the community. The man who raises stock is under the same obligation to protect his neighbor’s crops from their depredations as he is in protecting the persons of his neighbors from the violence of a wild animal, should he fancy to keep one. Obliging a man to fence out his neighbor’s cattle and hogs is wrong in principle. It does not obtain, in any of the older social or neighborly relations, and is one of the miserable relics of an age of feudalism, when the poor dependent, if he cultivated a little ground, was obliged to protect his crops from the roving herds of the lordly proprietor.

Public sentiment needs a little wholesome ventilation upon this subject. Farmers permit themselves to be burdened with building and keeping up fences at an enormous expense, without thought of complaint or protest, when, if they were to reflect upon the matter they would see that the system, as at present practiced, is manifestly unjust. – Fences, to a certain extent, are required, but the onus of fencing devolves upon the owner of stock and not upon the owner of a crop; in other words, the principle should be that of “fencing in,” and not of “fencing out.”


Letter from a Soldier.

            We are permitted to take the following extract from a letter a soldier to a friend in this city, dated Alexandria, La., July 6:

We left Memphis the 16th of June an arrived on the 27th. We will probably soon be on our way to Texas. There was quite a mutiny raised on the part of our boys, before leaving Memphis which resulted in the knocking down of several shoulder straps, and raising the devil generally. It was some time before the boys could be induced to go on board the boat, and when they did, they swore they would sink here before she run to Vicksburg; and when they did try it, for a hole was bored in the hull of the boat, and she came very near sinking, so that we were obliged to change boats at Vicksburg. Guards were placed all over the boat to keep the boys from destroying her. The war is over now and I think we should be permitted to return to our homes instead of being sent off to Texas, where there can be no possible use for us. If there was an armed force there in rebellion and our services were required to ‘flax’ them out, we would all go cheerfully and willingly without a murmur; but as it is we cannot see the necessity of taking us there. They will have a ‘jolly time’ with us before they get through, I am thinking. The officers have no control over the boys, whatever; and we do just about as we please. They issue about a dozen orders a day, but they cannot enforce them. There was an order issued when we first came here that “any man found outside of camp without written permission from his regimental commander would have his head shaved and receive 25 lashes on his bare back, well laid on,” & c. You can guess what a commotion that raised in camp. The boys just naturally marched up to the old General and told him that whipping was ‘played out,’ and if he ever tried to carry such an order as that into execution, he would not live 24 hours. There has not been any of it done yet, and there hadn’t better be. Although we have been fighting for the damn nigger we don’t propose to change places with him. – There has been several desertions in our regiment since we came here. – The boys are only waiting to be paid off, when there will be a general stampede. The 2d Illinois cavalry are up to Shrevesport. I haven’t seen George since we came here. We have plenty of roasting ears, peaches, potatoes, &c., and live fine, notwithstanding the “General Orders” against foraging. The weather is pretty considerable warm. I am changing to a beautiful mahogany color from the effects of the sun, and if I could only get my hair to curl I believe I could pass myself off for a pretty good nigger. It would be to my advantage if I could, for a nigger has more privileges than a white man.


            Apology. – We owe an apology to our readers for the appearance of the paper this week. We bought paper – as we thought, the usual size but found after it was too late to change, it was too narrow.


            Stolen. – Two horses belonging to Mr. S. Jacobs, of Bardolph, were stoen from his stable on Tuesday night, July 25th. One is an iron gray, 4 years old last spring, about 15 1-2 hands high, and feet rather speckled above the hoofs. The other is a bright bay mare about 6 years old, about 15 1-2 hands high, slightly lame in one hind foot when she trots, one fore foot curbed or turned in. Mr. Jacobs offers a reward of $50 for each horse returned, and $25 for the convictions of the thieves.


            Sprouted. – We are informed by the farmers of different sections of this county that [?] all the wheat has sprouted. Hay is considerably damaged, but the corn looks fine.


            → Dr. Stephen Ritchey on the West side of the square, and claims to be equal to, if not a little ahead of any other Drug establishment in the city. If there is any thing he does sell cheap, it is paints and oils. He can not be undersold by any Drug dealer in any article belonging to his branch, and beside he always makes it a point to be accommodating, and invariably send you away perfectly satisfied.


            Something Good. – If you want to get something good in the way of boots and shoes go to the store of C. M. Ray, on the East side, and you can get a No. 1 article. Mr R. does not claim to sell cheaper than any body else, but he does claim that he has a better made boot than can be found at any house in Macomb.


        → We will commence the publication of the History of the 84th Ill. Vol., August 12th, 1865.


McDonough County Fair.

            Every effort is being made by the officers of the society to insure an exhibition worthy the resources of our own and neighboring counties. A great deal depends upon farmers, and others identified with agricultural interests. No one owning good horses or cattle should fail to prepare them to be seen – no matter whether they will all take premiums or not. The man who enters his stock, but takes no prize, contributes as much to the success of a fair as his more fortunate neighbor; and not unfrequently his animals leave the ground the favorites of all but the judges. This estimate by the spectators is even more valuable than the blue ribbon, and should be equally as encouraging to stock owners. Only good and fair men are appointed judges but the very best are by no means infallible. It is a display of peeviseness unworthy a public-spirited man to become offended at an adverse decision, and declare he will not again present his stock. His confidence in the merit of his horse or cow is more sensibly shown by contesting future premiums before other judges. We do hope that petty jealousies, if any exist, will be overcome, and that the farmers will individually determine to make the Fair of 1865 memorable in the annals of McDonough. What better plan could be devised for commemorating the return of peace? The fife and drum have had their day. Let our ears be greeted by the welcome efforts of other years – the tinkle of the shepherd’s bell and the song of the reapers – and we will again be a happy and prosperous people. The producers of a country are its only sources of wealth. Where the mountains of gold, and the valleys of silver, the world would not be one grain of corn the richer. Who, then, will hesitate to lend his aid in promoting the common good by giving increased interest to agricultural pursuits. The more effectual way in our opinion, of doing this, is by properly sustaining our annual Fairs. Let their be no hanging back this fall.


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