The following is an article that appeared in the Eagle of the 27th ult., referred to in our last issue. We bespeak for it a careful perusal by our readers in order that they may see the straights to which the opposition is reduced to make issues to divide the people:
The occurrences, noted elsewhere in this paper, in relation to the assault by a negro upon two highly respectable women of this town, may well call for a few serious reflections. This negro’s work is but the beginning of the end. It is one of the fruits of the ascendancy of republican teaching in our State and nation. During all the years that we have lived in Macomb, no crime so heinous and dastardly ever came to light. Yet in three short months after the work of a republican Legislature becomes known, we find the town the resort of some half doz. of brutish negroes one of whom breaks into the residences of two married women whose husbands are in the army, fighting to secure to such beasts the very “liberty” which they thus are swift to show they are utterly incapable of appreciating. – The negro, both as an abstract idea and a living animal, has many warm and devoted sympathizers in town and county, who have literally made themselves hoarse many a time “shrieking for freedom.” Their efforts in the cause of what they unctuously style the “interests of God and humanity” have been unceasing and diligent. The result in this instance that has crowned their efforts is in keeping with the character of the arguments they have employed to achieve it. They started out upon the supposition that a negro is “a man and a brother,” and have fed themselves upon the delusion until they have really believed the fiction of their own coining. Whether the occurrences of Sunday night will serve to open the eyes of any of the admirers of free negroism remains to be seen.
Had not the provisions of the United States constitution been disregarded by the republican administration, and its wholesome restrictions been violated by our republican Legislature, the wives of our absent soldiers would not have been frightened and insulted, nor our city been the theatre of these disgraceful crimes. Is it not time that the people were waking up to the monstrosity of the doctrines of the republican leaders?
The writer of the above evidently [fold] and unanswerable, but we consider the whole thing bosh and supremely ridiculous, and we rather think we are wasting time in noticing it. The idea of making the crime of one man, be he white or black, and however heinous the crime, the crime of a whole community, could only originate in the addlepated brains of those who are afraid of losing all power in the political affairs of the country. Now we do not wish to apologise for the crime of the negro, for we believe he should be punished to the full extent of the law, but we do object to making the crime of one an excuse for the condemnation of all. – The negro race has suffered much, have always been held in subjection, and it certainly cannot be expected when their freedom has been so suddenly forced upon them that they will make the best citizens – they must be educated to it.
So far as the crime of the negro being the result of the teachings of the Republican party, the Eagle man knows it is not true. The freedom of the negro by proclamation of the President, has been the result of the war, and now is it not the duty of all to take the consequences, make the best of the matter and not try to institute a feeling of hatred between the races? The Eagle seems to think the blacks are the only ones guilty of crime, but we believe if the Eagle or any other man, will examine the Police reports of our large cities, (Chicago for instance vida the Chicago Times) he will see by far the larger proportion of crime is committed by white men, and of that nationality he so well admires. Is that any reason we should condemn them? – Far from it. Then why this balderdash about the black race and the teachings of the Republican party? – All can see it is merely for the purpose of making political capital, but in that we know they will fail, as the people of this country are too intelligent to be deceived by a party who alone are responsible for the war and the evil condition, if evil condition it is, of the country at the present time.
June 2, 1865.
We are in the midst of the Summer solstice, and the fervent rays of old Sol comes down with a potency and power which licks up the dampness which has been deluging mother earth hereabouts for many months, equal to that with which Phil. Sheridan licked the Lee’s miserable at Five Forks. In fact its growin’ weather, and perpirin’ weather, and gold is going up while paper is coming down (paper shirt-collars I mean.)
Next Monday the races commence here. These contests between the equine species are perhaps the greatest trial of horse-flesh, depth of pocket, and capability of human stomachs to resist the action of certain highly-concentrated fluids, known in the United States. The grounds are seven miles from the city, on the Frankfort Railroad, and are very large and spacious. The races will last six days this year, and promise to be of unusual interest. If you cor. can secure a dead-head ticket and a French furlough, he may be able to tell you of what occurred there on one day.
Competition is said to the life of trade, but is sometimes death, financially, to the trader. However, to buyers it is always fun and generally profit. Two remarkable instances of competition are now in process of action here. First, to the largest. The distance from here to Cincinnati, by river, is 144 miles. A rich corporation has been running a daily line of large and elegant steamers between the two ports for at least twenty-five years. As rich corporations generally do, they have grown very illiberal and unaccommodating, both in regard to transporting freight and packages. A number of merchants in the two cities associated themselves and started an opposition line, which has been running about two months. The boats of both companies leave here at precisely 12 o’clock M., each day, and there is always an exciting scene at the levee as they move off. Before the opposition commenced, the price of passage was $4, now it is down to $2, and there is a report that it will be only $1. This for 144 miles of a ride, two fine meals and a night’s lodging, might be called “cheap for war times.” Vive la competition. The old [fold] new boat, called the United States, the like whereof, for splendor, never floated on the Western waters.
The other case is this: At the foot of the Falls and canal is the town of Portland, where all large boats are compelled to land in low water, as the canal is not large enough to permit them to ascend any further. From this city to that town there has been a “horse-railroad” in operation for fifteen or twenty years. The accommodations on said road were poor and the charge twenty cents. The motive power was one small mule to each car. – Lately the city gave another company the right, and they constructed another road between the two points, on a much better road. So competition hot and furious has commenced between the rival lines. The rate of passage is now 2 1-2 cents, and it is soon expected that they will pay people for riding over the route.
We hear that many soldiers are to come to this place to be mustered out, but as yet it does not seem to be definitely settled what ones. The army of the Tennessee and the 4th Corps are both reports to be on their way here. Our citizens will be so emersed in blue and green shortly that they will hardly know what to do. The hawks of the Israelitish persuasion are already whetting their beaks vigorously in anticipation of rich pickings.
Your correspondent has been in the penitentiary! Now don’t laugh, for it’s sober truth. Only like the colored Minstrel’s experience at college, he was shown in at one door and out at the other. In others words, I visited the Indiana Southern Penitentiary the other day, and, by the payment of “two bits” and keeping of a still tongue in my head, was allowed to go all over it, accompanied by a guide. The outside brick wall which is about forty feet high, encloses 4 3-4 acres of ground, and inside of this are located the prison and shops. I noticed, tobacco packing, iron and machine casting, cooking, carriage and furniture making, and a number of other mechanical operations being very industriously pursued therein. The present number of inmates is 225. The State has another prison, for the Northern District, located at Michigan City, 50 miles from Chicago.
If you shouldn’t get this letter, don’t print it. If you’re gone in Chicago Fair, with the Macomb fair, and fare badly, act fair with me, and print this fairly, so that it can be read by both fair and fowls (Shanghais.)
Penny Script. – You’ll hear from me agi’n afore long, if I continue to still be long (to the army.) T.
From the 84th.
[We take the following extract from a letter written by a young soldier, a member of Company C, 84th Ill. The advice contained therein is good and we hope it will be heeded by our citizens:
“I suppose now that so many soldiers are expected home, the thought often occurs to their friends and relatives ‘How will they return? Will they be morally and socially a blessing to the community at home?’ I think that on the friends at home depends very greatly the conduct of the returned soldiers.
Let all those who really desire the soldiers’ good unite in welcoming them back heartily, but without placing in their way temptations, such as treating them to liquor and drinking with them.
While at home on furlough I saw men of good character and intentions offering liquor to soldiers when they would not think of treating a passing friend who was not a soldier. They do it thoughtlessly, and because the opinion is general that all soldiers in the army use more or less liquor even though unaccustomed to its use at home. My experience is that there is less drinking done by the private soldiers than by the same number of citizens at home; – and if they are not urged to drink at home by old and valued friends, a drunken soldier will be seldom seen. There are many soldiers that cannot be persuaded to drink by any one under any circumstances. Yet many would yield who have not done so in the army. Many who have formed bad habits here will endeavor to quit them when they go home, and the more help and encouragement they meet with the greater number will be successful, and become at once good and quiet citizens. But perhaps I have already written too much on this one subject, yet it is because I would hate to see a friend urge a soldier to drink, and then if that soldier was seen drunk, it would be said the army has ruined that man. It will only be done through thoughtlessness or a wilful disregard for the soldier’s welfare.”
→ To Geo. B. McClellan, a Rome or roaming – Sir; “All’s quiet on the Potomac.”
Fourth of July.
The ladies of this city are requested to meet at Campbell’s Hall on Saturday, June 10th, at 8 P.M., for the purpose of making arrangements to celebrate the 4th of July in a becoming manner, and giving our husbands, brothers, and lovers a fitting welcome home.
Macomb June 8th 1865.
→ Owing to a press of Job work and a lack of help, we are compelled to omit several items of local matter. – We will try to make it up in the future.
It has been very warm – in fact, hot – for the last week or two, and there has been a great rush to G. K. Hall & Co’s for Ices and other cooling luxuries, and we have enjoyed several dishes of as rich cream as can be found in the West. We hereby return our thanks for the “cool treatment” we have received from the gentlemanly proprietors.
The members of the choir of the Universalist Church in this city will give a grand Concert at their church on Friday evening, 16th inst. There will be some splendid singing, as some of our best singers are engaged to assist. The whole will conclude with the representation of the allegorical tableau of the “Temple of Liberty,” to be exhibited with red fire. Goddess of Liberty, Miss Baker; Hope, Mrs. Browne; Justice Miss Randolph.
→ Prof. J. H. Rhea’s school closed yesterday. Considering all circumstances, this school has been a decided success. The scholars have a pic nic today.