April 28, 1865

Macomb Journal


            N the 18th inst. an agreement was entered into between Gens. Sherman, and Johnston, Breckinridge being present, for a suspension of hostilities, and a memorandum signed as a basis of peace. This memorandum provides that the confederate forces shall deliver up their arms, after a formal pledge to cease from further acts of war; that the confederate government shall be recognized upon the constitutional oaths; that the authority of federal courts shall be re-established; that the people of the south shall be guaranteed in their political rights, and right of person and property, as defined by the constitution; and that no person shall be disturbed by the federal authorities on account of participation in the rebellion.

Upon the receipt of this document at Washington, on Friday, a cabinet meeting was held, at which the action of Gen. Sherman was disapproved for the following reasons, viz: –

First – It was an exercise of authority not vested in Gen. Sherman, and its face shows that both he and Johnston knew that he, Gen. Sherman, had no authority to enter into any such arrangements.

Second – It was a practical acknowledgment of the rebel government.

Third – It undertook to re-establish the rebel state governments that had been overthrown at the sacrifice of many thousand loyal lives and an immense treasure, and placed arms and ammunition in the hands of rebels at their respective capitols, which might be used as soon as the armies of the [fold] and used to conquer and subdue the loyal states.

Fourth – By the restoration of the rebel authorities in their respective states they would be enabled to re-establish slavery.

Fifth – It might furnish a ground of responsibility by the federal government to pay the rebel debt, and would certainly subject loyal citizens of the rebel states to the debt incurred by rebels in the state.

Sixth – It puts in dispute the existence of loyal state governments, and the new state of West Virginia, which had been recognized by every department of the United States Government.

Seventh – It practically abolished the confiscation laws, and relieved rebels of [fold] people from all pains and penalties for their crimes.

Eighth – It gave terms that had been deliberately, and solemnly rejected by President Lincoln, and better terms than the rebels had ever asked in their most prosperous condition.

Ninth – It forms no basis of true and lasting peace, but relieved the rebels from the pressure of our victories, and left them in a condition to renew their efforts to overthrow the United States government, and subdue the loyal states whenever the strength was recruited and an opportunity should offer.

Gen. Grant and the President coincided in the disapproval. Gen. Grant was ordered immediately to take charge of affairs in North Carolina, and direct operations against Johnston.

Secretary Stanton telegraphs that Sherman’s order to Stoneman to withdraw from Salisbury and join him will probably open the way for Jeff. Davis to escape to Mexico or Europe with his plunder, reported to be very large.

There is no truth in the rumor that Gen. Sherman has been superseded. – His terms with Johnston were conditional and no responsibility rested upon him. He is the same General he ever was, and the people still have the same unbounded confidence in him. If he has committed any mistake in this mat- it is as a negotiator, not as a general. While we condemn him for assuming powers, we should not impugn his motives. No braver or more loyal man is to be found than Gen. Sherman. With the exception of Gen. Grant, he has done more hard work than any other general in the service, and consequently, the public should withhold their criticism until an explanation is received from him. We have no doubt Gen. Sherman supposed the war to be virtually ended, and wished no unnecessary blood to be shed, and was satisfied to leave things as they were, to the civil authorities, believing the use of the military to be not longer necessary.


            The remains of President Lincoln will arrive in Springfield on Wednesday morning next, at 8 o’clock.


The Chicago Conspiracy.

            The Chicago Tribune, of the 26th inst., has the full official report of Gen. B. J. Sweet, in relation to the great Chicago Conspiracy, and in the report we notice a schedule of names of the prominent members of the “Sons of Liberty,” among the names which we find are those of our “going-to-be-indignant” friends, J. W. Matthews, J. C. Thompson, Thomas A. Mustain and Honorable William H. Neece.

How those names come to be there is beyond our comprehension, and our aforesaid friends owe it to the community and to themselves to clear their skirts of the “foul calumny.” Come, gentlemen, don’t be bashful, but speak right out in meetin’, and let us know by what authority Brig. Gen. B. J. Sweet makes use of your names in connection with penitentiary convicts, and noted rebels of law and high degree.


Day of National Humiliation and Mourning.

By the President of the United States of America:

Whereas, By my direction, the Acting Secretary of State, in a notice to the public on the 17th of April, requested the various denominations to assemble on the 19th of April, on the occasion of the obsequies of Abraham Lincoln, late President of the United States, and observe the same with appropriate ceremonies; and

Whereas, Our country has become one great house of mourning, where the head of the family has been taken away and, and believing that a special period should be assigned for again humbling ourselves before God in order that the bereavement may be sanctified to the nation:

Now, therefore, in order to mitigate that grief on earth which can only be assuaged by communion with the Father in Heaven, and in compliance with the wishes of Senators and Representatives in Congress, communicated to me by a resolution adopted at the National Capitol, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby appoint Thursday, May 25th next, to be observed wherever the flag of the United States may be respected, as a day of humiliation and mourning, and recommend my fellow-citizens there to assemble in their places of worship, then to unite in solemn service to Almighty God in memory of the good man who has been removed, so that all shall be occupied at the same time in contemplation of his virtues, and sorrow for his sudden and violent end.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at Washington, April 24, 1865, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the eighty ninth.


By the President: W. Hunter, Act’g Secretary of State.


            Robbery. – On the evening of the 20th inst., about 8 o’clock, two men, wearing false faces, entered the house of Solomon Grate, near Bedfordville P. O., Henderson county, unobserved by him, and making him prisoner, forced him to give up his money, (amounting to $315,) a revolver and gun. They smashed the gun and left it at the wood-pile.

We are indebted to one of our subscribers, Mr. N. L. Hunt, for the above.


            A Small Tornado. – On Monday afternoon, two heavy clouds, one approaching from the north-west, and another from a south-west direction, come together near the Catholic burying ground in the eastern limits of this city. The two united, formed a tunnel-shaped cloud with its apex descending to the earth. With a whirling motion and a roaring sound, this new cloud started in an eastern direction, having the speed of a locomotive, tearing off large limbs from the trees and sweeping everything in its track. The fences on the farm where Mr. I. Cochran now lives, were all swept away, his stable blown down, and the roof carried clean off and scattered in every direction. – The track of the tornado is only about 150 yards wide, and of course the damage was limited. – Hancock (Ill.) New Era.

We had a slight touch of the same wind in this city, on the same day, though not near so severe. It rained very hard for awhile.


            ‒ The agreement for the rebel surrender – or, rather, the surrender to the rebels – signed by General Sherman and Jos. Johnston, was partially drawn up, it appears, by the rebel Genera Breckenridge, and Jeff. Davis was only a few miles distant at the time, in telegraphic communication with Johnston. What in the world could General Sherman have been thinking of, when he put his signature to such a document? This is surely no time to concede extraordinary rights and immunities to the rebels, and yet General Sherman conceded to them about everything they could be presumptuous enough to ask, under the circumstances of their defeat and failure.



            At Macomb, Ill., Friday, April 21st, 1865, MARY E., wife of D. G. Tunnicliff, Esq., in the 30th year of her age.

Mrs. Tunnicliff was the only daughter of Col. W. W. Bailey. In early life she became a professed follower of the Savior, and her whole subsequent life was a beautiful exemplification of the pure, peaceful, gentle spirit of the Gospel. Though she died in the full assurance of the Christian faith, it is still a melancholy duty we are called upon to perform when we announce her death, and write these few lines as a tribute to her memory. It is a loss when a faithful companion and a loving mother is taken away. She is missed from the family where she was the example, and the guiding spirit. Ever ready to show kindness, she is missed as a faithful Christian friend. Faithful and patient in every duty and trial, she learned to lean confidently on the arm of the Divine Master, who did not forsake her in the most trying hour. In death a strong arm supported her, and free from all doubts she passed away from earth forever. The completion of such life through such a death makes the transition easy to a more perfect love, in a nearer presence of Him who was her trust where she enters upon the brighter enjoyments of heaven.

A large circle of relatives, and many former friends and neighbors mourn her early death.





            I am County Agent for the


COMBINED REAPER and MOWER, a Machine well known and justly appreciated by all.

For terms, & c., I refer you to Jos. W. Hays, at the store of T. J. Beard & Co., Macomb, Ill. Sorter & Sanders, Blandinville, or myself, at Bushnell, where you will also find a great variety of first class Farm Machinery, and I would be very happy to receive a call from you.


            Bushnell, April 28, ’65.

P. S. Farmers, I would like to have your orders for the REAPER, by the middle or last of May.                                                                                                             H. V. D. W.


City Election.

The election for City Officers takes place next Monday, the first day of May. There has been but very little said about it till within the last day or two. As yet (Thursday morning) there has been no nominations made. We are not fully posted as to what will be the issues on which candidates will run.


Close the Stores.

We sincerely hope the merchants, mechanics, laborers, and all others, will duly observe the 25th day of May, “as a day of humiliation and mourning,” in accordance with the request of the President. Let us abstain wholly from all business on that day and turn our attention to the subject of mourning. Let us all assemble at some place of worship, without regard to sect or creed, and “unite in solemn service to the Almighty.”


Narrow Escape.

Two drunken whelps were riding about our streets on Tuesday last, without molestation, whooping and yelling like wild Indians, and in furiously crossing the walk at the north-west corner of the Square, came within a hair’s breadth of killing a little girl! If they are not arrested and fined to the extent of the law, there is no use in having city marshals and police magistrates.


            → It may not be generally known by the citizens of Macomb that their groceries will be delivered free of cost if they buy them of Watkins & Co., but such is the fact. We would advise our readers to give them a call, as all goods will be sold as cheap as the cheapest.


            → Our city is about to buid a large and fine school house, and as it will create a demand for lumber, we advise our friends to go to Bartleson’s and purchase what they want immediately.


To School Directors.

S. J. Clarke & Co. keep constantly on hand a full assortment of all the School Blanks issued by Adams & Blackmer, of Chicago, and can fill orders for any amount.


School Notice.

As we shall be engaged in visiting schools during the Summer term, the office will be open for the transaction of other business only on Saturdays.

The office is removed to the residence of P. S. Brewster, three squares east of the court house.

Mr. Brewster, having been appointed Deputy, is authorized to grant certificates.

John Barge.

            County Superintendent of Schools.

Macomb, April, 1865.


            → Do not spend a dime for boots, shoes, hats or caps, until you go and examine Browne’s new stock, just received from New York. He has recently enlarged his store, and is now prepared to show the cheapest and best stock ever offered for sale here.


            → In consequence of repairs being in progress in the Universalist Church, it will be closed next Sabbath.



House and Lot for Sale.

A house and lot within two blocks of the Public Square, for sale. House contains four rooms, and is nearly new.

Inquire at this office.


            → The “cold snap” of last Saturday did not stop the rush of people to Hawkins & Philpot’s Photograph Gallery. They have a splendid suite of rooms, and their pictures are unsurpassed.



On Monday afternoon, Mr. Hiram Russell, while at work at the Pump Factory, in this city, met with quite a severe accident, by having his left arm caught in the machinery, whereby the flesh was torn from above and below the elbow in a shocking manner. Mr. Russell is an old and respected citizen of this place, and has the sympathy of many acquaintances.


City Drug Store.

Dr. Ritchie, of the old “City Drug Store,” has refitted his establishment to beautiful style, and now has the finest drug store in the Military Tract. We would especially say to the ladies that the Dr. has a very large assortment of fancy and toilet soaps, perfumes of all kinds, etc., and other articles which the daughters of Eve delight in.


Wadham & Stowell.

These gentlemen from the crowds that flock around their store, are certainly doing a thriving business. A large lot of Irish potatoes for sale cheap. Give them a call.


            A Warning to Euchre Players. – A young man in Rochester, who is very fond of euchre, and also very fond of the daughter of a pillar of one of the Orthodox churches, was taking tea at the house of his adored a short time since, and had some fruit cake offered him. Being somewhat confused on account of his situation as the cake was held out to him, he cried out, – “I pass.” The father hearing him, and having played some in his younger days, was horror struck at his infatuation for game, and thought he would teach him a lesson. He spoke bluntly – “You pass, do you, then I order you up – and there is the door; I shall make a march!”


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