HIS SON, HIS NEPHEW AND TWO
THE NATION IN MOURNING.
The following dispatch was received here this morning. This news was so unexpected, that at first few credited the news, but it being confirmed, sorrow was depicted on every countenance, all business was immediately suspended, flags dressed in mourning and hung at half mast, and the Church bells tolled forth the sad intelligence. Thus, at the hands of an assassin and murderer, has fallen the nation’s most honored son.
Chicago, April 15, 1865.
To all Offices:
President Lincoln was assassinated last night while at Ford’s Theatre. He was shot through the head and died this morning. Secretary Seward was assassinated and his throat cut by a desperado, who cut down his son Fred. and his nephew and two nurses before reaching the Secretary. At last accounts he was still alive.
Signed, Chicago Office.
The Assassination of President Lincoln.
About half past 7 P. M., Hon. Geo. Ashman called at the White House and was ushered into the parlor, where Schuyler Colfax was seated, waiting for a short interview with the president on business which had a bearing upon his proposed overland trip. A few moments elapsed, when President Lincoln entered the the room, and a short conversation took place upon various matters. The president was in a hapy and jovial frame of mind.
Mr. Lincoln finally stated that he must go to the theatre, and warmly pressed Speaker Colfax and Mr. Ashman to accompany him, but they excused themselves on the score of previous engagements.
At about 8 P. M. Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln started for their carriage, the latter taking the arm of the Mr. Ashman, and the president and Mr. Colfax walking together. As soon as the president and Mrs. Lincoln were seated in the carriage, the latter gave orders to the coachman to drive around to Senator Harris’ residence for Miss Harris. As the carriage rolled away, they both said Good bye, good bye, to Mr. Ashman and Colfax, and the carriage had in a moment more disappeared from the ground in front of the White House.
A few moments later, a party of four persons – the president and Mrs. Lincoln, Miss Harris, and Mr. Rathbourn, of Albany, step son of Senator Harris, arrived at the theatre, and entered the front and left hand upper private box.
A moment before the attack was made, the president was leaning forward, resting his head on his hand, in his accustomed careless way, his eyes bent upon the stage, and enjoying a hearty laugh. Miss Harris, who was in the box with the president, makes the following statement:
“Nearly one hour before the commission of the deed, the assassin came to the door of the box and looked in, to take a survey of the position of its occupants. It was supposed at the time that it was either a mistake or the exercise of impertinent curiosity. The circumstance attracted no particular attention at the time. Upon his entering the box again, Maj. Rathburn rose and asked the intruder his business. He rushed past the major without making a reply, and, placing his pistol close to the back of the president’s head, actually in contact with it, fired, and instantly sprang upon the cushioned baluster of the box, when he made a backward plunge with his knife, aimed at the face or breast of Mr. Lincoln. Maj. Rathburn, springing forward to protect the president, received a stab in his arm. The murderer then jumped upon the stage and effected his escape. The rapidity with which all was committed upon the president was astounding. Mrs. Lincoln saw the form of a person go down from the box, and thought Mr. Lincoln had fallen out, and looked to see if she could see him on the floor and barely saw the culprit jump to the stage. When all was over, she turned her eyes to the box, and saw that Mr. Lincoln’s head had dropped forward upon his breast, and at once realized what had transpired.”
From the moment the president was shot up to his death, he was insensible, and exhibited no signs of pain, recognized no person, and in fact, I believe, did not open his eyes. Blood troubled his breathing, often making it extremely difficult. He was watched with tender care, and all that could be was done for him.
At 22 minutes past 7 his muscles relaxed, and the spirit of Abraham Lincoln flew from its earthly tabernacle to that undiscovered country, from whose bourne no traveler returns. The countenance of the president was beaming with that characteristic smile which those who have seen him in his happiest moments can appreciate, and, except the blackness of his eyes, his face appeared perfectly natural. He died without a struggle, without even a perceptible motion of a limb. Calm and silent, the great and good man passed away. The morning was calm and rain was dropping gently upon the roofs of the humble apartment where they laid him down to die. – Guards had been stationed to keep the people from the house, and no noise could be heard in the streets save the footsteps of the sentry pacing to and fro as he guarded all that remained of Abraham Lincoln. All present felt the awful solemnity of the occasion, and no man could have witnessed the touching scene without melting to tears.
Mrs. Lincoln remained but a short time, when she was assisted into her carriage, and, with her son, Robert and other friends, was driven to the house which, but last evening, she left for the last time with her husband.
Secretary Stanton called upon Seward just before 12 o’clock. Mr. Seward, recognized him at once, asked him why the president had not called upon him. Seward up to this time, had no knowledge that the assassins had attacked any person outside of his house. Upon Stanton, therefore, devolved the unpleasant duty of informing him of the fate of the president. Considering it best not to keep him longer in ignorance of the sad event, Stanton gave him a short and succinct statement of what had transpired. He at once appeared to comprehend the great evens of the past night. Instead of having the effect to depress him, it seemed to nerve him to meet his own afflictions, and his symptoms have been encouraging and hopeful all day.
The elevation of Mr. Johnson to the presidency makes appropriate a brief notice of his life. He was born in Raleigh, N. C., December 29, 1808. When he was 4 years of age he lost his father, who died from the effect of exertions to save a friend from drowning. At the age of 10 he was apprenticed to a tailor in his native city, with whom he served seven years. His mother was unable to afford him any educational advantages, and he never attended school a day in his life. While learning his trade, however, he resolved to make an effort to educate himself. He was assisted to learn the alphabet by the journeymen with whom he worked. He applied himself to books from two to three hours every night, after working from ten to twelve hours at his trade. In the autumn of 1824 he went to Laurens Court House, S. C., where he worked as journeyman nearly two years. In may, 1826, he returned to Raleigh, where he procured work, and remained until September. He then went to Greenville, Tennessee, taking with him his mother, who was dependant on him for support. He remained there about twelve months, married, and soon afterwards went further westward, but returned to Greenville in a short time and commenced business. Up to this time his education was limited to reading, as he had never had an opportunity of learning to write or cipher; but under the instructions of of his wife he learned these and other branches. In 1828 he was elected alderman of the village, and was twice re elected to the same position. In 1830 he was chosen mayor, which position he held for three years. In 1835 he was elected to the legislature, and was again elected in 1839. In 1840 he served as presidential elector for the state at large on the Democratic ticket, and canvassed the state. In 1841 he was elected to the state senate. In 1843 he was elected to Congress, where by successive elections, he served until 1853. He was active during this period of service in advocating respectively the bill for refunding the fine imposed on General Jackson at New Orleans, the annexation of Texas, the tariff of 1846, the war measures of Mr. Polk’s administration, and a homestead bill. In 1853 he was elected governor of Tennessee, after an exciting canvass, and was re-elected in 1855. At the expiration of his second period as governor, in 1857, he was elected U. S. Senator for a full term ending March 3, 1863. Soon after the expiration of his term as senator, he was appointed by President Lincoln military governor of Tennessee, and in the election of November last was elected to the vice presidency. His irregular habits have lately been the theme of much comment by the press of all parties, but he is reported to have expressed a determination to reform them, and the terrible crime which has elevated him to the presidency and startled and shocked the nation may, we hope, so deeply affect his sensibilities that he will fully appreciate the solemnity of the situation, and properly prepare for the discharge of its duties. Never were graver responsibilities unexpectedly devolved upon an officer than today rest upon Mr. Johnson. – Chicago Times.
‒ When Sherman was in Savannah a prominent civilian, with a view of getting Sherman’s opinion of Grant, ventured upon a mild denunciation of the military abilities of the Lieutenant General.
‘It won’t do, sir,’ said Sherman, ‘it won’t do, sir! Grant is a great General! He stood by me when I was crazy, and I stood by him when he was drunk, and now, by G-d, sir, we stand by each other.’
→ The course forshadowed by Mr. Johnson, says the Chicago Times, seems at the very outset to be [?] meet with formidable opposition. It seems determined to hang all the leaders; and among these leaders is General Lee. This officer has, however, received the promise of Grant that he shall not be disturbed as long as he observes the laws of the government. If General Lee be interfered with, not only Grant’s promise, but the faith of the nation, will be broken.
This fact will probably have but little weight. Promises, the faith of the government, the constitution are all small matters, when compared with the fierce desire of the radicals for vengeance.
Peace Will Soon Bless the Land Again!
The following important official dispatch was received here on Friday morning, and owing to a failure in getting our edition off at the usual time, we stop the press to give it an insertion. We now have hope that this bloody war is over, and peace will again bless the land:
War Department, Washington, April 13, 8 P. M. – To Maj. Gen. Dix: The Department, after mature consideration and consultation with the Lieutenant General upon the results of the recent campaigns, has come to the following determinations, which will be carried into effect by appropriate orders to be immediately issued:
1st. To stop all drafting and recruiting in the loyal States.
2d. To curtail purchases for arms, ammunition, quartermaster and commissary supplies, and to reduced the expenses of the military establishment in its several branches.
3d. To reduce the number of general and staff officers to the actual necessities of the service.
4th. To remove all military restrictions on trade and commerce so far as may be consistent with the public safety.
As soon as these measures can be put in operation it will be made known by public order.
(Signed) E. M. Stanton.
The Assassintation of the President.
THE NEWS IN THE CITY.
SERVICES IN THE CHURCHES.
On the receipt of the news, in this city, of the death of President Lincoln, the business houses were closed and appropriately draped. Church bells tolled forth the sad intelligence that the President had been murdered by a cowardly assassin, while at Ford’s theatre. Everybody expressed a feeling of sorrow that he had thus suddenly been taken from his duties, just at the close of a long and bloody war, when victory crowned his life. On Sunday the churches of the city were neatly draped, and the services conducted with reference to the mournful occasion.
The Christian Church was appropriately draped with black, with white streamer. Over the pulpit was the American flag dressed in black, and on the chandeliers were black and white streamers. Elder Reynolds commenced the services by reading the 7th Psalm. He said it was proper on such occasions that a proper respect should be shown to the memory of the departed. He spoke of the effect that the death of President at this time, and feared that it might postpone the day of peace. He then reviewed the dealings of God with the ancient nations, and showed that when they departed from His ways and became rebellious, He had always punished them; but when they repented, He had always forgiven them and restored to them the blessings of peace. He exhorted the congregation to put their trust in God.
The Presbyterian Church was handsomely draped in black and white, and the flag draped and hung with the Union down, representing distress. On entering the house one was deeply impressed with the solemnity of the occasion. The services, in the absence of the pastor, was conducted by the Rev. Mr. Leavenworth, who commenced by reading the 15th verse of the 23d chapter of Job.
The Baptist Church was decorated in becoming style, and the services conducted by Rev. Mr. Metcalf. He commenced by reading part of the 9th chapter of Daniel and 4th Psalm. His text was from the 28th chapter of Jeremiah and 16th verse: “This day thou shalt surely die.” He said I am not ashamed of my tears. We are all mourners to-day; a great man has fallen, and we do well to weep. A false prophet having broken a wooden yoke from the neck of Jeremiah, intended to replace it with a yoke of iron upon the neck of his nation. This intended deception was the means of his speedy destruction. A similar fate may be in store for the nation’s enemies.
The Methodist Church was draped in black and white, with draped flags over the pulpit and on the chandeliers. Mr. Hunter commenced by saying that he would follow no particular form on the occasion. He said, “What means this vast and solemn assembly? What means this mourning? It is because the chief magistrate of the nation has fallen at the hands of an assassin. He who would thus take the life of the President, must be a fiend incarnate.” He was followed by the Rev. Mr. Rhea, in a few appropriate remarks.
At the Universalist Church the Rev. Mr. Westfall spoke at considerable length on the life and public services of the late President, and other prominent statesmen, but in no very flattering terms of Horace Greeley.
The Cumberland Church was also appropriately draped, and the services conducted by the Rev. Mr. Cleaver, who read the 4th Psalm. He said he was not prepared to deliver a regular discourse on the occasion. He then made a few remarks appropriate to the occasion.
How much pleasure all can find,
In a picture that is true in kind,
One that portrays the living being,
Is always pleasing and worth seeing.
What would we give, what undergo,
To have a picture that is, you know,
As much like life as it can be?
The real thing for you and me.
Then go to Hawkins & Philpot,
Who are always ready on the spot,
To do everything Art can do,
To make a picture just like you.