Confiscation in McDonough.
The Congress of the United States, in its eagerness to punish traitors passed the “confiscation” bill, which in its practical operation, is no more nor less, than a bill of pains and penalties, by virtue of which the west half of the southeast quarter of section 14, 5, n, 4 w., and the south west quarter of section 14 – 5 n. 4 w., situated in this county, and belonging to Andrew Johnson, have been confiscated, and the life estate sold to Harrison Dills of Quincy. Mr. Johnson, was formerly a citizen of this state, and practiced law at the Macomb bar, and has not to our knowledge been convicted of treason yet, his lands by decree of the district court of the United States for the Southern district of Illinois, have been confiscated. The question naturally arises how does the above mentioned decree comport with Article 5, of the amendments to the Constitution – which says:
“No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, * * * * nor be deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law.”
And section 9, article 3rd, of the Constitution which reads:
No bill of attainder, or expost facto law shall be passed.
“A bill of attainder,” Story says” “in its technical sense, is an act passed by the legislature, convicting a person of some crime – for which it inflicts upon him, without any trial – the punishment of death, if it inflicts a milder punishment; it is usually called a bill of pains and penalties. In a republican government, such a proceeding is utterly inconsistent in its worst form – by arming a popular legislature, with the power to destroy at its will the most virtuous and valuable citizens of the state.”
The New Railroad.
Hon. B. T. Scofield informs us that contrary to general expectations, the charter for the proposed railroad from the line of the C. B. & Q. road to the Mississippi river, has passed both houses of the legislature, and is in the hands of the governor for his approval. This virtually gives us the road. The charter contemplates any point from Bushnell to Plymouth as a commencement, and any point from Nauvoo to Warsaw as a termination. The principal question of interest to the Carthage people is settled, we think, by the following list of gentlemen, who by the bill are made incorporators and who likewise form the board of directors: Phinneas Kimball, Nauvoo, Geo. Edmonds, Jr., Sonora, Alexander Sympson, David Mack, H. G. Ferris, F. M. Corby, B. T. Scofield, Carthage, — Graves, Colmar.
The road is in the interest and ownership of the C. B. & Q. company, subject wholly to the control of the directors during its construction, and who of course, will govern its points of location. The company express their intention of building and equipping it during the next summer. Their ability to do so is beyond question, so that our people may reasonably expect to be afforded a new and cheaper outlet to the north and east by the first of January next, at farthest.
Mr. Scofield is entitled to and will receive the thanks of all our people for the energy and tact he has displayed in engineering through our legislature a measure of as great importance to Hancock county. – Carthage Republican.
Macomb, Ill., Feb. 28, ’65.
Editor of Macomb Eagle:
Sir: – I am credibly informed that about eighteen hundred rebel prisoners recently confined in Rock Island, and who have now taken the oath of allegiance, and entered the federal service, are all credited to the State of Pennsylvania. Out of curiosity, I wish to know, by what authority they were credited to that state more than to any other state. As they were residents of the state of Illinois at the time they enlisted – ought they not to have been credited to this state, or equally divided amongst all the states.
→ Rev. Phillip Albright, of the Catholic church of this place, has been called by the bishop, to take charge of a church in Chicago. His congregation added many testimonials of regard; bidding him an affectionate farewell – and requesting that as soon as possible, he would again make Macomb his field of labor. They were reluctant to part with one, who for four years had given universal satisfaction. Mr. Albright leaves many personal friends, who will not soon forget that he possessed a genial disposition, a kind and generous heart.
We understand that Rev. J. Larmer is his successor.
Dr. E. G. Perry, veterinary surgeon, will be at Brown’s hotel, on Saturday and Monday next, for the purpose of practicing on lame and diseased horses. The Dr. having had twenty-six years experience in the treatment of horses – he feels confident of giving entire satisfaction. On leaving Macomb the Dr. will go to Industry, and from there to W. J. Merritt’s, New Salem township.
Clarke’s Book Store.
We would invite the attention of our readers when wanting any thing in the line of School and Miscellaneous Books, Blank Books, Letter, Cap and Note paper, or anything usually kept in a Book store, to the house of S. J. Clarke & Co., of this city, where everything can be obtained at the lowest cash price. This firm is well known, and whatever they promise can be relied on. Orders by mail will be attended to.
‒ Our friends Ragan & Woods, still flourishes at their new and really beautiful photographic gallery over Burton’s stores. Macomb is essentially a city of photographers, and among its best and most experienced artists, we may safely name Ragan & Woods. Persons who desire to view some magnificent specimens of the photographic art can do so by calling at Ragan & Woods gallery – they make Cartes de Vesite and photographs of every description at moderate rates, and every picture taken by them that becomes faded or discolored, will be retaken by them without extra charge.
→ We are informed that the military authorities at Mount Sterling, are so well satisfied of the injustice of the enrollment in this county, that in all probability, an entirely new enrollment will be ordered. Mr. Westlake proposes to send Mr. Richard Lawrence here to enroll the whole county. We hope that Mr. Lawrence will be sent immediately. We feel satisfied that Mr. L. will discharge his duties faithfully, and not enroll men when he is informed they are dead. The correction of the enrollment heretofore, has consisted in putting on all new comers, and never erasing those who have left the county or died.
‒ Capt. William Ervin of 84th regiment Illinois Volunteers, who has been home on a short furlough, left again for post of duty to-day, (Friday.) He represents the boys all well and in fine spirits.
‒ The Ladies’ Aid Society meets every Wednesday afternoon, at the parlor of the Randolph House.
‒ Willie Wyne wishes us to keep is before the people, that he keeps all the latest daily papers, novelettes, books, paper, pens, ink, albums, etc., which he offers as cheap as the cheapest.
‒ Mr. Brown’s smoked yankee has left him and gone to French & Haggerty.
‒ The members of the Universalist Church in this city, contemplate improving their church building in a few weeks.
‒ By reference to our columns, it will be seen that the Catholic church will after this, hold services in Campbell Hall. The Rev. Mr. Larmer, informs us that it is the intention to erect a house of worship this summer.
‒ There will be a public sale of the personal property of the late Rev. James M. Chase – two miles south of Macomb, on Thursday, March 16th, a large lot of horses, mules, colts, cattle, sheep, hogs, & C., will be sold.
‒ Frank R. Kyle, has sold his drug store to Dr. S. Richey. Dr. R. will continue the business at the old stand. Our young friend G. W. Doddson, still remains at the store – ready to deal out pills, patent medicines, &c.
‒ The Good Templars Dramatic Association will give one more entertainment this season, at Campbell Hall, on the 9th inst.
‒ Mr. Wyne, the gentlemanly and accommodating postmaster, has concluded to have regular hours for the opening and closing of the post office. This is as it should be. We know of no law which requires a postmaster to keep his office opened both day and night.
‒ There is a constant demand for houses in this city. If there were houses enough, Macomb would soon contain a population from five to six thousand; and those wishing to build houses will find it to their interest by calling at H. R. Bartleson, as he has purchased a large lot of lumber, lathes, shingles, &c., which he offers so cheap, that any person will be able to have a house of his own.
Letter from Savannah.
We take the following extracts from a private letter to a gentleman of this city. – Ed. Eagle.
Office Ass’t Q. M. Savannah,
January 30, ’65.
Dear Sir: – I hope you will pardon me for neglecting to make good my promise, which has so long been due.
I remained at Nashville until the first day of January, when we received orders from General Sherman to report at Savannah, via New York; leaving Nashville pursuant to order – we arrived at New York on the 8th inst., via. Cincinnati, Pittsburg, and Harrisburg rail road, stopping in the city eight days, we took passage on board the Daniel Webster, and was soon out on the deep.
The weather was fair and very promising for a pleasant trip. On the 18th, while rounding Cape Hatteras, we met a severe gale, and then ‘cum the tug of war.’ I became very sea sick, and was not by several an exception in that particular. After passing the cape the sea became calm, and the remainder of the voyage was very pleasant. Passed blockading fleet off Charleston, 6 o’clock P. M., 19th., arrived at Savannah at 3 P. M., 21st. We strike the Savannah river water on the ocean, about thirty miles from its mouth. It is of a redish clay color, and makes a perfect line on the ocean. The city is about eighteen miles from the beach.
Savannah is the most pleasantly arranged and best laid out city I have ever seen, streets are broad and thickly set on either side, with large shade trees. About every two or three squares is a beautiful park, set well with evergreens, and at the eastern center of the city, is a large central park, which bids fair for a pleasant place of resort on a warm summers evening. In the center of the smaller park’s, is usually a large monument, erected to the memory of some distinguished person. The one at the burial place of General Pulaski is magnificent; being a fine specimen of sculpture, about fifty feet high. At the south west corner of the city is the cemetery, very large, and most beautifully adorned, with fine monuments and fences, evergreens & c., that I have ever saw. But this, though sacred place, has been much defaced by the armies. The forests around are very heavy, and almost exclusively composed of pine trees very large, occasionally a cedar and black oak. The soil is very sandy, suited to raising rice and water-melons. Great place for fishing with hook or line – in salt water or fresh, and oysters till you can’t [?] Fruit of all kinds is very scarce, though this is said to be a great peach country – plenty of oranges grow in some parts of the state; but they are few here. The same may be said of figs. The staple luxuries with the residents are fish, oysters and tobacco, and snuff for the women.
On the night of the 27th inst., fire broke out near the arsenal, in the center of the city. The wind being fair, the arsenal soon caught fire. When the shells began to explode the crowd dispersed for life, and no one dare venture near, for the space of two hours – during which time the fire was so spread under a strong wind that it was not stopped until three whole squares were a total loss. Over one hundred families are left homeless. – Couldn’t save any furniture, not clothing on account of the shells bursting in the arsenal. Several persons were killed and wounded. It has not yet been ascertained who they were that were killed, nor how many. The cause of the fire is not known. Suppose to be the work of an incendiary. A keg of powder was found the next morning near the magazine, which is only four squares from the arsenal, with one head knocked out, supposed to have been placed there for the purpose of blowing up the magazine which contained several tons of powder.
It is a remarable fact that the young women here, of from sixteen to twenty, look old enough for old maid’s of thirty. They have but little of that fair lady-like appearance, characteristic in the north, and in the social circle they are very backward – (fifty years behind the times.)
J. W. Duncan.
Immigration of Mormons into Hancock County. – Rumors are current that five or six hundred Mormon families are expected to arrive in the vicinity of Nauvoo during the coming spring and summer. It is alleged that they are wholly adherents of the young Jo. Smith, now residing at Nauvoo. There are already in this county some three or four hundred persons who adhere to the Mormon doctrine; most of whom reside near Nauvoo, and attend the preaching of the young prophet. Their meetings are held in a two-story brick building near the river, which was formerly known as the Lord’s store house. Thus far we have heard no complaints of these people whatsoever. What may transpire upon the coming of the large body expected, time will determine. – Carthage Republican.