February 25, 1865

Macomb Eagle

The Fall of Charleston.

            Charleston at last had to yield. – Thus is chronicled another brilliant achievement of General Sherman. – For the last twelve months every important effort of this distinguished general has been marked with success.

Charleston was the first city to inaugurate rebellion. – She boasted in defraut tone of her impregnable forts, strong walls and indomitable courage of her citizens, little dreaming that she could be made to yield to the “infernal yankee.” But she too has to succumb, and her proud and self-arrogant citizens have to bow in humble submission to the power of the federal arms.

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            New York has a brilliant Governor – leastwise he has made a brilliant remark: In his message to the senate transmitting a notice that Congress had abrogated the present Federal constitution, he said: “The day is not far distant when the Constitution of the United States will harmonize with the Declaration of Independence.” – How unfortunate that Mr. Fenton did not live at the time the Constitution was framed so as to have informed those noodles, George Washington and James Madison how to make their acts “harmonize!”

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Two Volumes.

            The recent republican general assembly of Illinois resolved, just before final adjournment, that the private laws it had passed should be published in two volumes. The legislature of 1857, in which the same party was dominant, ground out so many charters for individual aggrandizement that the volume, containing them has ever since been referred to as a monstrous monument of bad legislation. It was reserved for the twenty-fourth general assembly to eclipse its predecessor in the magnitude of its labors in behalf of chartered monopolies, and to such an extent that it requires two volumes to contain its handiwork! And this is the body that voted to pay its members in gold for their labors in the manufacture of private corporations! We suppose the general laws will be issued in pamphlet, and a small one at that.

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            The Dayton Journal says a bill to be introduced into the Legislature to prohibit school boys from playing “tag” at recess. The Legislature is full of business, and determined to make laws enough to force everybody to be virtuous. The Ohio Legislature is not unlike the Missouri State convention.

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Gross Inequality of Taxation.

            We are rapidly tending to a monied aristocracy. Even in England, where the nobility and other men of wealth control legislation, the holders of securities of the government have to bear their just proportion of the taxes. But by the recent legislation of congress, our wealthy men and banks, and other monied corporations, who vest their capital or moneys in United States stocks, payable in gold, giving them an income equal to from twelve to fifteen cent premium, are exempt from all local taxation upon such investments.

Our farmers, mechanics, and other industrial classes, therefore, have to sustain nearly the whole burthen of State, county, town, city and village taxation, including highway taxes, and taxes for the support of our common schools. – And the United States government, by ordering drafts from the citizens to increase the army, instead of offering such bounties as will insure volunteers, compels the states, counties and other localities, to offer such bounties and to provide for their payment by local taxation. The result of this is to throw nearly the whole expense of recruiting for the army as well as the expenses of the State, county and other localities upon the industrial classes, for the special benefit of the monied aristocracy who have invested their property in United States stocks, payable in gold. The contractors, those special favorites of the United States government, who have made their millions by speculations upon the misfortunes of their country, and have invested their enormous profits in United States stocks, are also exempted from all local taxation. No one should hereafter be elected to congress, or to the state legislature, who will not pledge himself to oppose and prevent such unequal taxation, whenever he has an opportunity to do so. And members of congress, who have already been elected, should be instructed by their constituents, and senators should be instructed by the state legislature, to repeal all laws which have a tendency to exempt the property of the men of wealth from local taxation, so as to relieve the industrial classes and the citizens of small means from the enormous weight of local taxation which is now so unjustly thrown upon them.

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Carrying the Doctrine to its Legitimate Results.

            The abolition press is making a terrific howl over the fact that Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, of Gen. Sherman’s army, while marching through the State of Georgia in its recent campaign, refused to burden the march and efficacy of the army by allowing all the wenches, old negroes and black children in the country to come into his camps, eat up their subsistence, and in every way prove injurious to his army while rendering it, nor the negroes any possible good. Because he cast them off, or rather refused to encourage them to hang on, they charge him with brutality, inhumanity, and pro slaveryism. And from this fact arose the opposition in the United States Senate to the confirmation of his well earned and highly deserved promotion to the rank of Major General.

As a General and Warrior who seeks success by the power of his arms and the efficacy of his soldiers Gen. Davis is completely justified in the eyes of sane men. In an enemy’s country, on a perilous exhibition, without fully knowing the obstacles to be encountered, he would have laid himself liable to severe censure should he have hampered his movements by adding to his train numberless useless and helpless persons. As a civilian he is justly excused by the order of Gen. Sherman, himself, who instructed his officers to permit such negroes only to follow the camp as could be made serviceable. It is reasonable to suppose that he, as all other subordinate officers obeyed these instructions, and hence he stands precisely upon the footing of the others.

The secret of this attack lies in the fact that Gen. Davis is one of the very few Democrats in the army who have not, for the sake of office sold himself, body and soul to the abolitionists, and they seize upon this flimsy pretext to begin a war upon him which will ultimately result in his being relieved of his command and the country robbed of his much needed and very valuable services in the field. From this same spirit our best Generals have been compelled to leave the service, and hence we are to day with but two or three general officers in the service whose names are illustrious in the pages of history, while there are several such at home who would gladly, were it not for this intolerance, assume active duty and lead our brave soldiers to certain victory. So it goes. In the language of Gen. Sherman, “The North has gone mad about the negro,” and in that madness everything is sacrificed to the altar of their Etheopian God. One more good victory by Sherman by which our people are more assured of success and feel less the want of a General, and he, too, will become the object of their attacks, and he victim at which their venom will all be thrown.

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The Constitutional Amendment.

            The following is the resolution and proposed amendment to the Federal Constitution, passed by the present Congress and submitted to the Legislatures of the several States for their ratification or rejection:

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, (two-thirds of both Houses concurring,) That the following article be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which, when ratified by three-fourths of said Legislatures, shall be valid, to all intents and purposes, as a part of the said Constitution, namely:

Article XIII.

            Sec. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Approved February 1, 1865.

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            ‒ Our Representative, Wm. H. Neece returned home on Friday last, and has been quite sick ever since.

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            ‒ Mr. Charles Chandler has been confined to his room for a week or so past by sickness, but we are glad to learn that he is now improving rapidly.

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            ‒ We regret to learn that Dr. John Montgomery is confined to his room by sickness. We hope to see him around again soon.

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            ‒ Mr. Benjamin Vail who is considerably deranged, was sent to Jacksonville on Monday last, but on account of some informality, was sent back on Tuesday last.

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            ‒ There was quite a rejoicing here last night over the fall of Charleston. Several houses were illuminated, and bonfires, skyrockets, etc., were the order of the night.

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            ‒ We learn that a number of our business men contemplate building country residences in Bushnell this summer.

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            ‒ Mr. Dewey, wishing to make room for a large stock of clothing, is now selling his old stock at greatly reduced prices.

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            ‒ Dr. Nesbit has sold his dwelling house in the Western addition, to Mr. George H. Payne.

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            ‒ Mr. Wyne, postmaster, informs us that he has received no orders to take defaced postage currency at their face. So you that have defaced currency, will have to dispose of them as best you can.

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            ‒ R. J. Adcock has purchased of his former, partner Mr. Moab Lovely, his interest in the property known as the ‘American House.’ Mr. Adcock informs us that he again contemplates going into the grocery business this spring.

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            ‒ A. J. Davis started this week for the east to lay in his stock of spring and summer goods. We notice that Mr. Davis has lately been refitting his store room, and it now looks as ‘neat as a new pin.’

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            ‒ Andrew and John Allison sold to Sacket & Co., 100 head of hogs which averaged 325 lbs. Considering the number it is decidedly the best lot of hogs that has been sold in this county this season.

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            ‒ S. H. Hogan Esq., of Scotland township, returned home from Ohio on Saturday last. While in Ohio, Mr. Hogan purchased a fine lot of brood mares. This is an improvement which has been much needed, and we are glad to see that our farmers are waking up to the importance of having the best of brood mares.

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            ‒ If you want the latest daily papers magazines, novels etc., go to the post office. Willie always keeps the latest news. He also has a large stock of albums, letter, and note paper, envelopes, school books, etc., which he offers cheap.

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            ‒ There is quite a demand for dwelling houses at this time, and almost any kind of a house demands a good price. Cannot some of our moneyed men be induced to put up a lot of houses to rent. We are sure that they can get more interest on their money invested in this manner than in any other way.

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            ‒ Joseph Anderson and James W. Matthews, created quite a stir in our city on Friday last, by bringing a couple of wenches to town. Mr. Anderson informs us that large numbers of our citizens have already called to pay their respects to his house keeper.

We understand that our friend Thad, wishes, on account of the loss of his teeth, to procure a wench as a wet nurse.

Now that the black laws are repealed, we expect in a short time to see our city filled with “American citizens of African descent.”

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            ‒ The members of the Christian church of this city have been holding for the past two or three weeks, a series of prayer meetings from house to house, the result of which has been to allay all feelings of envy and jealousy, that have existed on the part of the members, and re-kindled the spirit of brotherly love.

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            ‒ We call attention to the card of Dr. Blaisdell in this weeks paper. The Dr. has resided in our city for some three or four years, and in the practice of his profession has given entire satisfaction.

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            ‒ The attention of our readers is directed to the card of Drs. Pittman & Akin. Dr. Pittman has been practicing medicine for a number of years past in Tennessee and vicinity, and has given universal satisfaction. We commend the Dr. to all in need of ‘physic.’

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            ‒ Our streets and sidewalks are in a filthy condition. The late squall in the weather has left them in such a state that it is with the greatest difficulty that ladies can perambulate. While there is a spirit of improvement shown in the way of building, not surpassed any town of its size in the State, we think it no more than just that our side walks and streets should undergo a thorough repairing. We hope the Sun will soon bid the mud ‘dry up.’

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            ‒ Josh Billings says ‘If you don’t kno how to chu terbacker, luze no time to larn. The best wa iz to go behind a hog pen and practis before you chaw in publik; but persevear, it’s the only way your pa learnt.’

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