January 28, 1865

Macomb Eagle

Opposing the Bounty.

            We understand that a meeting has been called for Macomb township, on Saturday, to express opposition to the proposed bounty to volunteers and conscripts. We do not know positively who are the originators of this movement, but we have reason to believe that they are men who have opposed all adjustment of the troubles from the beginning; who have voted for the war to begin and voted for it to continue; who have rejoiced at the failure of all attempts to put an end to the strife on terms honorable to both parties; and who have had no tears to shed over the frightful loss of life the war has entailed. They have called for the last man and the last dollar to fight out this war, and now when there is a prospect of a few of their dollars being called for, they attempt to get up meetings to manufacture a public opinion that will serve their individual interests. By appropriating a liberal bounty the drafted men may be enabled to purchase negro substitutes, and thus be saved to their families and the community. Is it not better to keep the young and able-bodied men of McDonough at home, to perform their accustomed labor in the workshops and fields, and let the negroes fill the graves, if graves must be filled? And yet there are men clamoring to spend the last dollar, who are whining piteously at the prospect of paying out the first dollar to keep their white neighbors at home. They say too that negroes make as good or better soldiers than white men. Why not, then, send these to the army, and keep our friends with us? Why not spend the dollars first and save the men to the last?


Their Inconsistency.

            Our radical opponents during the past presidential canvass, were continually denouncing the policy advanced by the Democracy, of “exhausting all the resources of statesmanship practiced by civilized nations, and taught by the traditions of the American people, consistent with the honor and interests of the Union to secure peace and re-establish the Union.” Such a course was held by them to be coqueting with treason, “making a dishonorable peace,” &c., but yet we now see those very same gentlemen playing the role of peace makers. Greeley is a peace maker, Blair is another, even Singleton, of Peoria peace meeting memory, is called into action, and white winged messengers of peace are as plenty as blackberries in August. How all these peace movements may result, we know not, but we certainly do know, that the Democracy received the censure, the abuse, the calumny, vilification and slander of the radicals during the entire presidential campaign, for simply proposing to do what those very worthies are now themselves very wisely doing. Verily the world moves, and so does radicalism.


Sherman to the Georgians.

            A few days since we commented on on a letter written by General Sherman to a prominent citizen in Georgia, in which an incorrect telegraphic dispatch made him say that Georgia was out of the union, and that reconstruction was therefore appropriate. The letter in full shows that this was just the opposite of what he asserted. He says “Georgia is not out of the union, and therefore the talk of ‘reconstruction’ appears inappropriate.” The telegraph may have unintentionally made the slight change necessary to represent the general as saying exactly what he did not say. The “loyalty” of the operator who first transmitted the dispatch may have suggested the propriety of amendment, or it may have been suggested by the war department, which is notoriously fertile in expedients for amending telegrams. Be this as it may, we are glad to have the opportunity afforded us for correcting the injustice we did the general in commenting upon the imperfect dispatch. The letter is entirely consistent, and we doubt not will commend itself to every conservative man. General Sherman, in his correspondence with Hood and the mayor of Atlanta, unequivocally asserted that he was fighting simply for the union. He substantially repeats the statement in the letter to a citizen of Georgia, and thus gives evidence that the man who has been most efficient in overthrowing the military power of the rebellion is firmly opposed to the ultra and revengeful purpose declared by the ruling party to be the object of the war. Good for Sherman. The common sense and patriotism which have so largely contributed to his success as a general have also given him clear conceptions of just civil policy. – Chicago Times.


Proposed Convention to amend the State Constitution.

Correpsondence of the Chicago Times.

Springfield, Ill., Jan. 23.

            A bill was introduced on Friday last coming from the republican side of the house – I do not recall from what individual member – providing for the call of a convention to amend the Constitution. I understand that, although this measure has not been discussed in caucus, it will probably be carried through, if possible, by the republican majority.

Perhaps is is as well that the people of Illinois should now have a full and fair opportunity of deciding whether they will consent to having the negro made their full political equal, as abolitionism has long since, so far as it possessed the power, made him their social equal. In the election of members to a convention designed to alter the fundamental law of the State, the issue would be quite clear and simple between the Democratic and abolition candidates. It would be whether the word “white” should be stricken out of the constitution, and the right of suffrage, which is now nearly the only privilege of which they are deprived, extended to negroes.

Step by step, since it attained to power, has the republican party marched on to the goal of radical abolitionism. The Democratic orators and journals, ten years ago predicted the several advances that would be made in the principles and demands of that party, which have each and all been verified as absolutely as the prophecies of Holy Writ. From the first modest demand that slavery should not be extended over the territories, they have passed the successive barriers of abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia; then in every State in the Union; then of organizing a negro army; finally of breaking down all obstacles to the immigration of negroes into the State, of allowing them to serve on juries, and to testify against white men; and now the crowning consummation of their schemes is approached – the removal of the last political distinction between the races, so as to allow the negro the highest and grandest privilege of a freeman, the right to vote and hold office.

The action of the republican majority in this legislature has already sufficiently indicated their intentions to repeal the statute laws passed in pursuance of the positive mandates of the constitution – ratified four years ago by over a hundred and fifty thousand popular majority – which prevent the immigration of emancipated contrabands into Illinois, and disqualifying them from testifying or serving on juries in the trial of white men. Were it in their power, they would assuredly remove every barrier, and, by legislative action, extend them the right of suffrage: but that, under the present constitution, is impossible, and they accordingly desire a convention which will be empowered to finish the nefarious work they propose to begin in the general assembly and which nearly every abolition newspaper of the state has openly applauded. I say, perhaps it is well that the people of Illinois should now have the opportunity deliberately to decide whether they are willing to accept these dicta of abolitionism, and gratify the desires of Wendell Phillips and Garrison, the controlling spirits of the republican party, have always been seeking to realize – the elevation of the negro to the level of the white race. For my part, I entertain no fear of the result. Illinois, at least, is not yet abolitionized nor prepared to sanction the course pursued by the republican representatives in this general assembly, who are attempting to enact measures for which they were not sent by their constituents. If the people have not discovered the real purpose and ends of the abolition party, after the full and open disclosure of their hands in this legislature, the case, I admit, is hopeless, and the United States afford only another example of a people who were “given over to believe a lie and be destroyed.”


            Not a Safe Place. – A young friend of ours, having a few surplus greenbacks, put away about $250, in what he supposed was a safe place of deposit, where no thief could find or steal them. But a destroyer that he had not counted upon found the secret place, and on looking at his treasure the other day, what was his dismay to find a matronly mouse domiciled among his greenbacks, and a lot of juvenile mice feeding on dainty bits of fives, tens and twenties. One half the sum had literally disappeared, probably having gone the way of all mouse rations, and of the remainder a large circle was cut out of the center and lower side of each bill, leaving about two-thirds of each note intact.

Moral. – Lay not up your greenbacks where mice can eat them.


            Sugar from Corn. – The Chicago Times of Friday last has a long article on the manufacture of sugar, and a description of a process by which this commodity can be made from corn. The process is one perfected by Mr. Hirsh, and a company is organized to begin the work on an extensive scale. The corn is first ground, then made into starch, the starch made into dextrine, the dextrine into sirup, and the sirup into sugar. The process is very delicate and requires much care in all its stages. Experiments have demonstrated that one hundred pounds of corn will yield sixty pounds of sugar or seventy of sirup fit for table use. Cane sugar is two and a half times sweeter than corn sugar.


            → We direct attention to the advertisement of Mr. Wells, who has opened a lumber yard at Bardolph. He will take a great deal of the trade which has heretofore come to Macomb, unless the lumber men here imitate his example and make a more liberal investment in printing ink than they have heretofore done.


            → We stated two or three weeks ago that Dr. Dungan had sold out, with the intention of moving to Minnesota. This, we are glad to learn, is a mistake. The doctor has no desire to sell his home, farm, or leave McDonough county. He has, however, a tract or two of land that he will sell to a cash purchaser.


            No Credits. – Provost marshal general Fry states that no credits will be allowed any district, on the approaching draft, except for enlistments made after the 19th day of December, 1864. So that Macomb, and Prairie City, and Blandinville, and Tennessee, may prepare to be “pulled” as well as the other townships.


            → We understand that Mr. J. B. Cummings intends going to Bushnell for the purpose of engaging in the banking and exchange business. Bushnell is a thriving town and a large business is transacted there, and will no doubt furnish an exchange office with a paying custom.


            → The Lewistown Democrat says that five horse thieves – “gay and festive cusses” – are in jail in that town. They ought to be allowed a good season for “revelry” at Joliet.


            → The people of Iroquois county have again become dissatisfied with the location of their county seat and will vote next spring to remove it to Watseka.


            → The weather this week has been about as cold as people of this latitude desire. It is, however, dry, invigorating, and healthful.


            → A special meeting of the board of supervisors is called for the 6th day of February next.


            → We see that Mr. Wike, representative from Pike county introduced a bill for “fixing the time of holding courts” in this judicial district, and that the bill has passed both houses. Probably the time for holding court in this county may be changed so as to benefit some person living in Pike county, though we think the action of Mr. Wike in the matter, rather premature, to say the least. It would, no doubt, be just as well for our representatives to consult the wishes of the people in some matters, before legislating for them. – Mt. Sterling Record.

So say we. We do not know whether the bill proposes changing the time of holding the courts in McDonough county; but if it does, it will surely fail to give the satisfaction which the present law does.


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