January 6, 1865

Macomb Journal

The Old and New Year.

            The year 1864 with all its pleasant memories, promises broken and kept has passed away, and the light of another year has dawned upon us. The year just passed, in many respects, was the most remarkable in history. Many a great and good man has passed away beyond the shores of time. Some have died by disease while others have offered up their lives as a sacrifice to the unholy rebellion that yet rages in our fair land. In the beginning of the year ’64 it appeared that every move made by our armies was fatal, that reverses attended them; but at its close success attended in all. At the present time everything betokens the speedy overthrow of the rebellion, and we surely can see the “beginning of the end.” So mote it be.

In regard to local matters, we have no cause to complain. Good crops and fair prices our farmers have obtained for all their produce, and as a necessary consequence the merchant also has done well.

Hoping success to our readers in all things, we wish one and all a happy new year.



Nashville, Tenn.
December 24, 1864

            A detachment of the 14th Corps, numbering about 200 persons, is under orders to start to-morrow morning from this place to New York city, to be furnished transportation from thence to Savannah or any other point at which Gen. Sherman’s army may be found. – The 78th regiment will be represented in this detachment by myself and about a dozen others, among whom are Sergeant Major Wm. S. Hendricks, Sergeant A. J. O’Neil, and Jas. R. Huddleson from McDonough county.

I have not written you since the great battle at this place. The telegraph and the city newspapers have undoubtedly given you full particulars of the defeat and utter route of Hood and his demoralized army. I was in the battle two days before Nashville, and was then engaged three days in pursuit of the retreating rebels, travelling through rain and mud beyond Franklin, a distance of over twenty miles. Our company numbered about forty-five men, a number of whom were new recruits or conscripts, commanded by Lieut. Sam. Simmons of the 78th regiment. There were some twelve or fifteen in the company belonging to the 78th regiment, and I am proud to say that every man of them stood up nobly to the work, and never flinched when ordered to charge upon the rebel works. Lieut. Simmons was wounded in the early part of the fight, and the command of the company then devolved upon me. I led the company up to the works and went over into the rebel rifle pits, secured four Johnnies and sent them to the rear, when it was discovered that a body of rebels were about to flank us, and the order was given to fall back. At this particular juncture the bullets flew like hail from a second rebel line on our front, and also from the newly discovered line on our left. I was the last to leave the rebel works, but when I did go there might have been a specimen of running that the best of French’s horses (and he has some fast ones) could scarcely have equalled. I escaped without a scratch. The casualties in our company numbered two killed and eight wounded. Lieut. Simmons received a ball in the leg, but his wound is doing very well, and he will probably be all right again in a month. We were in another charge on the second day with nineteen men, only one of whom was wounded. Some of our new consripts run like frightened sheep, while others stood up to the work like veterans.

The 17th colored regiment were in close proximity to us during the two days of the fight, and they did valiant service. Lieut. J. C. McClellan, of Industry is an officer in this regiment. William McClellan, of Co. I 78th regiment has recently been commissioned a second Lieutenant in this regiment.

I will write again of opportunity offers from New York city.

J. K. M.


A Gossiping Letter from Louisville.

Lousiville, Ky.,
December 28th, 1864.

            Dear Journal: – We are in the midst of the holidays, which I suppose you will think no news, as it is an affection or infliction common to all latitudes. But then we are deeper in than you, for we are down to the black depths – for in all slave States the darkies celebrate Christmas and New Year with much more unction than their fairer-skinned neighbors. [Hope it won’t “fire the Southern heart” to speak of the “darks” as neighbors of the chivalry.] The colored people, in many cases, rest from their labors for the entire week intervening and including those blessed days. As they fell upon Sunday this time, Saturday last was partially celebrated by them, and the many curious vehicles which I “laid my blessed eyes on” during a protracted stroll along Market street, in this city, on that day, in which the said dusky people had come to town, made a show unequalled by any “caravan” ever in Macomb.

But, for good eating, of all the world, commend me to Kentucky. I verily believe that the inhabitants of this State have the largest stomachs of any people in Christendom. Of the latter I am perfectly satisfied, though I might, if pressed down, conclude that some of the Sucker ladies excelled in the former blood-expelling and love-retaining vessel. Why, one good lady politely forced me to eat enough on last Sunday to do me a week, and although, from a fore-knowledge of Kentucky hospitality, I had duly prepared myself by a proper fasting, still I was sick all the next day from the effects.

Probably no city which is occupied by our forces contains as large a proportion of disloyal people as this. We “$16 a month dogs,” as they sometimes politely term us, are continually in hot water. We cannot find Union people to board with, and of course will express our sentiments at our boarding houses, which does not conciliate our hosts and fellows. Of course a soldier has to get used to these “skirmishes” with the enemy, but they are hardly pleasant even after “use hath blunted the sharp edge of perception.”

A disease which has afflicted mankind in all ages, especially in the winter months, has hereabouts assumed of late an epidemic form. The results time will show. I allude to matrimony. One day last week no less than eight newly-wedded pairs were passengers on one boat of a daily-line which runs hence to Cincinnati. Should the same parties take the same trip a year hence, wouldn’t that boat be enveloped with squalls!

Next Monday the Legislature of Kentucky meets, it being a called session. The most important question, and in fact the main business they are to consider, will be the abolition of slavery. From indications I think it will be abolished without opposition of any great amount. This seems to be accepted by the people as one of the legitimate results of the made scheme of secession adopted by the Southern leaders. All parties seem to consider the institution dead, and the question is how to decently bury it, and your correspondent would exclaim, “Peace to its ashes.”

Lousiville has been “blessed” for two weeks with the “Grand Opera” under one Mr. Grover, of Washington, New York, and numerous other places. The moderate sum of $2 secured a seat for one evening. As Uncle Sam has not been very flush of late, your correspondent is not able to “speak by the card” of the performances. But he supposes from the malignant form of the dramatic mania in Macomb that the subject would be intensely interesting to your readers, if he could. We would say to the uninitiated that operatic performances resemble those of the drama, but in the former the dialogues are sung (generally in a foreign language) instead of being spoken.

Perhaps you have little idea of the perils of navigation between here and New Orleans. Great as they are, a few boats are running regularly, though they are fired on at many points. Some enterprising gentlemen of Cincinnati built two very fine and large boats for this trade, last winter, each one costing over $100,000. They are called “Mississippi” and “Missouri.” I had the pleasure of a good survey of the latter, the other day. They only make four landings between Cairo and New Orleans. Consequently they have to take on a large supply of coal, and use no wood. Bunkers are made on deck to contain the bituminous fuel, the bulk of which would monopolize all the space on a small boat. The Pilot while steering, stands in a cylinder of iron, which is just high enough to conceal all of him but his head above the eyes. The “Mississippi,” on her first trip, cleared $30,000!

Au revoir,



A Statement

Of John H. Bailey, in regard to the mal-
practice of Dr. Jones, of Bardolph,

            Messrs. Editors:- I wish to lay a few facts before the public, through your columns, in relation to the pretenses of one Dr. Jones, residing in the village of Bardolph, Ill. The facts are these: On the 2nd day of Dec. 1864, I was thrown from my horse, by which my left elbow was dislocated. A friend went for Dr. Jones, who came to my residence. I asked him (the Doctor,) if he understood Surgery, and if he did not, I told him I did not want him to undertake to do anything with my arm. He represented himself to me as being well qualified, having practiced two years in Government service. He examined my arm and pronounced it broken, and proceeded to set it. He called on me twice after the operation, and I went once to him in Bardolph. He pronounced the arm all right each time in presence of witnesses. My arm not improving any, on the 24th ult., I called on Drs. Stewart and Jordan in Macomb, who pronounced it a dislocation. The next day, the 25th ult., I went to Bardolph and informed Dr. Jones what Drs. Stewart and Jordan said about it. He reiterated his first statement that it was broken, and also stated that Drs. Stewart and Jordan did not know anything about it, and other words to that effect. I have since had my arm set by Drs. Stewart and McDavid, which is now doing well.

I can prove all the above statements by creditable witnesses.

John H. Bailey.


The Legislature.

            The Legislature of Illinois met at Springfield on Monday last, and organized both branches. Adjt. Gen. Fuller was elected Speaker of the House on the first ballot. The Representatives mean work by the way they go at it. The Governors message was read on the 3d. It is a voluminous document, occupying sixty-six pamphlet pages. We will not get it soon enough to print a synopsis this week.


The State Debt of Illinois.

            We take the following item in regard to our State debt from the Springfield Journal: The total debt of the State is $11,121,564.45. Two years ago the State debt amounted to $12,222,388.20, and has consequently been reduced $1,100,823.75.


            Macomb Academy. – Rev. Mr. Rhea, Pastor of the M. E. Church in this city, proposes to open a High School or Academy, for males and females, on Monday, the 9th inst., in Churchill’s building, one door south of the M. E. church. Such a school is greatly needed in this city, and we believe Mr. Rhea will make the project a success. He has had several years experience in teaching, and, from our slight acquaintance with him, we believe he has the faculty to conduct a school properly and successfully. We heartily wish him success in the enterprise, and hope that he will be an honor to himself and to the city.


            Wanted. – By an experienced farmer, a stocked and furnished farm, to work at halves. Would take possession immediately. For further information call at the Journal office, Macomb, Ill.


            Railroad Accident. – We learn from the Quincy Whig that a brakeman named Samuel Lennington, on the C. B. & Q. R. R. freight train, met with an accident last Monday evening, as the train was rounding the curve about a mile above the point above the depot, at Quincy, which resulted in the dislocation of his right ankle, fracture of his left clavicle, and a severe contusion of the brain. The patient is still lying in a very critical condition.

We understand that Mr. L. has a wife and parents living at Bushnell. It is thought the accident happened from his slipping as he was getting down from the top of the cars to attend to some of his duties. He was seen to disappear suddenly and was afterwards discovered behind the train in the condition above stated.


            → Mr. Magie has been ordered to rejoin his regiment now with Sherman. He will have to go by the way of New York. When he reaches his destination, he will, no doubt, give our readers an interesting account of the great march through Georgia.


            Religious. – The Methodists are holding a series of meetings in their church this week.

The Presbyterians are also holding meetings every evening in their church.

The Baptists also are holding meetings, at their church.

Our citizens certainly cannot complain of a want of religious instruction this week, anyhow.


            In the Wrong Pew. – A person by the name of Reed, of rebel proclivities was in Adcock’s billiard saloon on Saturday evening last, and boasted of having served three years in the Confederate army, and also said that he would like to be in the same service again. His boasting brought on a severe attack of the “kicks” by which he went down stairs in a hurry. It was a bad place for such cattle.


            At Home. – Col. L. H. Waters, of the 84th, who was wounded at the late battle at Franklin, Tenn., arrived here on Monday last. His wound, we believe, is doing well.


            At Home. – Frank Smith, son of J. S. Smith, of this city, returned home last week. He was taken prisoner at the battle of Chickamauga, and remained in rebel hands over fourteen months.


            Suicide. – An old man, by the name of Thomas Morris, from Mt. Sterling, committed suicide in this city on Wednesday last, by shooting himself. No cause, that we could learn, was assigned for the act. It is supposed that he was insane.


            → Ingram Pace of the 78th who was severely wounded at the battle of Missionary Ridge, has been discharged, and is now at home. His wound has not entirely healed.


            New Year’s Spree. – The ‘boys’ had quite a lively time on Saturday night last. They removed unfortunate dry goods boxes, blockaded sidewalks, and made night hideous with their bacchanalian songs. The chorus of one of their songs was,

“There’s no bad whisky there.”

            We think that would be the place for them to go – they can be spared here.


            More Amusements. – Our citizens, so far this winter, have enjoyed more varied amusements than they have for several winters past, and they seem destined to enjoy still more, for we see by posters pasted up around town that the celebrated Prof. De Castro, the world-renowned magician and ventriloquist, proposes to give one of his wonderful entertainments at Campbell’s Hall on Saturday evening the 7th inst. Let all lovers of fun and magic be sure to attend.


            Dramatic Association. – The Dramatic Association of this city, we understand propose to give another entertainment at Campbell’s Hall sometime next weekend. They have been at considerable expense in preparing their next performance, having secured sufficient scenery to show off to the best advantage any play the may wish to perform. We hope on their next and every succeeding appearance they will be greeted with a full house, for they deserve it. They perform Schiller’s great tragedy of the Robbers, with a laughable afterpiece on each evening.


            Declining. – The price of stone coal has declined somewhat in the last few days. It is offered at 22 cents. – Wood brings from $4 to $6 per cord.


            Say, Old Fellow. – If you are in want of new and fashionable dry goods and notions, call on Geo. W. Bailey, east side of the square. ‘Uncle Billy’ Hays is there, ready to give you good bargains and cause you to go away happy.


            Butter and Eggs. – Watkins & Co. buy all the butter and eggs that are brought to them, and they always give the highest price for them, and sell their groceries the cheapest. Farmers, when you come to town, give Watkins & Co. a call, at the Randolph block, south east corner of the square.


            Hard Walking. – The ground is very hard at present, and the roads are not smooth by a long ways, consequently walking is not a pleasant job, and unless a person has a pair of boots or shoes he is apt to “bust” them. You want good boots – that’s what you want, and where could you get so good a boot as at Strader & Co’s west side of the square, in Campbell’s block.


            → We would like to notice, in our paper, all the returned soldiers who are at home on furlough, or discharged, or who are about to return to their regiments. Will the soldiers or their friends see to it that we are furnished such items.


            Fresh Groceries. – Messers. Wadham & Stowell, on the northwest corner of the square are continually receiving and opening new and fresh groceries. Besides everything in the grocery line, they have a large assortment of Queens and glassware, wooden ware, crockery ware, brooms, fish, fresh and cove oysters, &c., &c.

P. S. – If we had a “beaver” we would tip it to Messrs. W. & S. in acknowledgement for the bivalves sent to us this week.


            → City Collector Case is around, so pay your taxes.


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