December 24, 1864

Macomb Eagle

→ The President’s call for 300,000 more troops has made its appearance. It orders a draft on the 15th of February next for all quotas unfilled at that date. The understanding at Springfield is, that Illinois will be required, under this call to furnish about 14,000 men, being the additional 50 per cent. of the sub-districts in arrears.

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An Answer by a Republican.

            The President, in his message, draws a very flattering picture of the alleged prosperity of the country, during the war. The best reply we have seen to this worse than nonsense is the following, taken from the New York Times, edited by Mr. Raymond, the chairman of the republican national convention. The Times says:

We are spending at a frightful rate. Our taxes are stretched almost to the extremity. The gold bearing loans will soon come to an end from the limit fixed by the gold returned in duties. New loans will be placed and readily taken, but they can not meet probably one half of our daily expenditure. – Production itself – the measure of our wealth – is already feeling the effect of the loss of labor, and has diminished in the most important cereals about seven per cent. during the last year, instead of increasing, as we had hoped it would do. It is true that the most remarkable and fortunate development of our mineral resources during the last three years, in the produce of the mines of Colorado and Nevada, and the sudden discovery of petroleum in immense quantities, give us much hope for the future. Still we are spending on a gigantic scale. There is a limit even to the power of this nation on bearing a public debt. It should always be borne in mind that national bankruptcy is among the things possible. Of the crushing of the rebellion there can be no doubt, but it may be gained through the destruction of the public credit. Bankruptcy in the free States would be a calamity, of which in all the material evils of this war we have never yet experienced even the resemblance.

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            → A correspondent of the Albany Argus, referring to Gen. Banks’ “negro labro” scheme in Louisiana, says that England gave to the Jamaica negroes an allotment of land to every family, and that these negroes are now “the most debased and rotten community on the face of the earth – more diseased and loathsome than any tribe of negroes from Congo to Senegambia.” Just so, but as “Massachusetts now rules the country,” who has the right to complain, even is she, in her ineffable wisdom, does ruin the country?

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            Removal of the State Capital. – The newspapers are discussing the propriety of removing the State capital from Springfield to some other point. The discussion thus far seems to have been confined to those of them that favor the project. The Peoria papers are decidedly in favor of removing to that place. The Decatur papers want it there. The Jacksonville papers think it should be removed to the vicinity of the insane hospital, while the Joliet papers contend that if the capital is removed it should by all means be taken to the neighborhood of the State penitentiary. To all which the Springfield Journal savagely objects, maintaining that the State capital should remain where the poorest whisky in the United States can be found in the largest quantities. – Chicago Post.

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            Up Salt River. – A correspondent writes us, from the head waters of Salt River, that the Democratic emigrants to that delightful region are in fine health and spirits. The climate is salubrious and they have concluded to stay in that region “until this cruel war is over.” The currency is Democratic, being exclusively gold and silver, and the market prices about the same they used to be here, “a long time ago,” under democratic administrations. The following are the latest quotations:

Coffee ……………………… Per lb. ……………………… ………………12 ½
Tobacco ……………………. “   ………………………….. ………………25
Bacon ……………………… “   ………………………….. ………………10
Butter ……………………… “   ………………………….. ………………15
Muslin …………………….. “ yd ……………………….. ………………12 ½
Whisky, per Gallon (for Medicine) ……………… ……………… 50

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            ‒ An Iowa paper says that a cave partially filled with stolen goods was lately discovered about four miles from Oneida, in that State. Among other traps in the den was a pair of boots, with the soles reversed so as to bring the heels where the toes should be.

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            ‒ The labor of the body relieves us from the fatigues of the mind; and this is what makes the happiness of the poor.

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            Death of Wm. P. Pearson. – This gentleman met with a sudden death on Thursday evening of last week. He was returning from a funeral, driving a two-horse carriage with a seat outside. While descending the hill between the cemetery and town the horses became unmanageable; he kept them in the road till the foot of the hill was reached, when he found a team occupying the narrow embankment, and being unable to check his own horses he attempted to pass around the other. In doing this the carriage was overturned down the embankment and fell on top of him. He was taken out in a few minutes insensible, and an examination showed that his neck had been broken by the fall, producing instant death. Mr. Pearson was an industrious and energetic citizen, highly respected by all who knew him.

‒ There were several persons inside the carriage, all of whom escaped injury, except Mrs. Welker, who received a few painful bruises.

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            Santa Claus’ Headquarters. – This ubiquitous disposer of Christmas gifts – this descender of chimneys at midnight, and searcher after tiny stockings and clean platters – has established his headquarters at Clarke’s bookstore. He has a better assortment of toys, wares, traps, notions, trinkets and everything that can please and delight the childish fancy, than we have ever seen before. “Santa” will fill his pockets and baskets at Clarke’s, and as fast as they are emptied at one house, he will return for more to take to the next one, and thus until every child in Macomb shall be made to rejoice, and every little eye to open wide and every little voice carol its delight. Children, be sure to ask “Santa” to go to Clarke’s, for he has more toys and better ones, and prettier, and cheaper, than can be found anywhere else.

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            Large Hogs. – George N. Chase, the other day, bought of Joe Harkrader 18 hogs, the heaviest lot that we have heard of this year. One of these hogs was 26 ½ months old and weighed 780 lbs. The remaining 17 were 18 months old and averaged 425 lbs. The price paid was $10 87 ½ per 100 lbs. If anybody can beat that lot of hogs we should like to hear of it.

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            → As Christmas comes on Sunday this year, would it not be well for those who wish to “celebrate the day,” to have their fun and frolic on Saturday? The usual quiet and rest of the Sabbath should not be broken by the noise, and confusion usually attendant upon “taking Christmas.”

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            → A brakeman on the railroad was killed at Tennessee, on Monday last. Is there no one in that village who thought enough of the matter to send us his name and other particulars?

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            → We regret to hear that Dr. Dungan has sold his farm, with the intention of moving from the State.

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Bounty for Volunteers.

            The following note explains itself. People who believe in fighting out the war – and there now seems to be no other way of ending it – have now a chance to be well paid for shouldering a musket along with their principles:

Mt. Sterling, Dec. 19, 1864.

W. E. Withrow, enrolling officer Macomb:

You will please give as wide publicity as possible to the following fact: That $300 will be paid to each recruit for the First Corps, as soon as mustered in, in addition to the usual bounty of $100, $200, and $300 now paid to men enlisting for one, two, or three years respectively.

Respectfully,                                                                                       B. F. Westlake,

Capt. and Provost Marshal.

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