November 25, 1864

Macomb Journal

The Prospect.

            We sometimes look out after a storm of many days has lulled away, to see if there are not some omens of coming light and clear weather. We watch for the belt of blue between the horizon and the lifting clouds, and the refreshing breezes which come after a rain. So at this stage of our struggle for national existence against the minions of treason, there is a sort of lull in the storm, and we eagerly look to see if aught of joy or hope portends.

In the outset very few seemed to realize the fearful portentions the conflict would assume. The Government hoped to crush the monster with small force and expense; while the South was equally confident that a bold front and vigorous dash would frighten the loyal North into ignominious concessions. Both parties were doomed to disappointment. A power mightier than men’s controlled the elements. Thus, for three years and more has the contest raged with varying success to the combatants, until, weary of strife, we look for coming peace. The present time is a time of hope. The clouds are lifting; the war-king wavers, while rebellion hesitates and falters, fast nodding to the fall. Hope murmurs through the breeze, and lights up the brow of loyal millions, while the half-suppressed hum of triumph rolls along the loyal lines. Nine months have elapsed without a reverse. The crisis is at hand. We predict a speedy peace.

 ——————–

Election News.

            The official returns from all counties in this State show Lincoln’s majority to be 31,033. The entire Union vote is 188,498; the vote for McClellan except in Clinton county, where his majority only is reported, is 152,604. – The total vote of the State, to be increased by the difference between the full vote of Clinton county and McClellan’s majority is 344,102. The total vote in 1860 was 332,376; in 1862 the total vote was 257,620 – an increase in 1864 over 1862 of 87,082. – The increase over 1860 would have been greater if all the soldier vote of the State had been polled. At the election in that year all the voters of the state, except the usual incidental absentees, were in the state.

A comparison of majorities in the last three general elections exhibits the following result;

Republican majority in 1860 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11,946
Democratic majority in 1862 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,666
Union majority in 1864 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31,083
Union gain over 1860 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19,137
Union gain over 1862 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47,749

 ——————–

From General Sherman.

Louisville, Nov. 18, 1864.

            The correspondent of the Chicago Tribune, says:

To controvert false rumors in regard to Sherman, I hasten to send you the following facts:

I left Marietta, Georgia, Saturday evening, November 12th, eight hours after the last railroad train going to Chattanooga. At two o’clock p. m., of that day a simultaneous movement, the railroad was destroyed from Atlanta to Ackworth. At the Etowah we met General Sherman bringing up the rear of the column – Jeff. C. Davis’ 14th army Corps – and as we passed, Ackworth, Cartersville and Calhoun were burning. On Sunday the bridges over the Etowah, and the railroad beyond were destroyed. Atlanta smouldered in ashes on the 14th, and on the 15th the expedition cut loose from their communications. Their destiny is unknown. The best informed say it will go via Macon and Augusta to the Atlantic coast. This looks reasonable; for at Macon Hood’s communications with Richmond are cut, and Andersonville is located only a few miles below.

Sherman has the 14th, 15th, 17th and 20th Corps, besides several thousand cavalry; is penetrating the vital part of the Confederacy, and sure to succeed. No wonder gold is drooping. Hood is 150 miles in his rear, with a large force under Thomas to watch him. Verily the termination of this accursed rebellion is fast culminating.

On the 13th our overland expedition, consisting of 75 persons, six guns, and the residue armed with sticks, walked from Ackworth to Calhoun, fifty miles. At Adairsville we barely escaped the rebel cavalry.

We were the last to leave he expedition, and know more of the condition of affairs than wild rumor indicates, and here you have it.

 ——————–

            → The plates of the new fifty-cent fractional currency are ready for printing. These notes will be of the same breadth as those now in circulation, but nearly twice as long. The new five-cent notes will be of the same size as the old ones, while the ten and twenty-five cent notes will be of lengths graduated between the highest and lowest denominations. It is probable that a three-cent note will be issued, for the greater facility of making change.

 ——————–

Consternation Among the Rebels.

            The rebels have heard definitely of Sherman’s movements, and they are astounded. Wheeler, it seems, had been detailed to watch Sherman, and he reported him moving toward Bridgeport. Now he discovers that he is moving against Macon. The censure Wheeler for this mistake. Sherman, they admit, has cut loose from his base of supplies, and “burned the bridges behind him.” Macon, we infer from the remarks of the Richmond papers, is strongly fortified, but is defended only by militia. These, they think, will baffle Sherman. The force of the latter is put at 35,000. The people of the country are called upon to turn out en masse, burn bridges, block up roads, fight at passes, cut off foraging parties, etc. If the rebels expect this class of men to check the progress of Sherman’s veteran army, they will be woefully disappointed. If they cannot meet him with a veteran army of forty thousand, he will sweep through their country and accomplish his purpose. And we do not see how it is possible for the enemy to throw a veteran army in Sherman’s front. It is manifest from the remarks of the Richmond editors that the rebels have been outgeneraled in Georgia. The movements of Beauregard and Hood were made for the purpose of compelling Sherman to retreat from Atlanta. This was Davis’ plan. He felt sure of success. They never dreamt of Sherman advancing from Atlanta. Hood was again deceived when he reported Sherman’s army only 35,000 strong. If this had been true, the rebels would have succeeded. But now a larger force than this has advanced from Atlanta, and Hood is confronted with a powerful army, large enough to render his advance or retreat a very delicate undertaking. The rebel army in fact is left out in the cold. What will it do? Will it advance or retreat? The rebel papers say they can’t tell. Neither can we. One thing is certain, however; If Sherman had the disposing of Hood’s army, he could not have placed it in a position more advantageous to himself. By no possibility can Hood reach the field that Sherman has before him. – The movement of Breckinridge in East Tennessee was part of the rebel plan to flank Sherman. This was based on an error of judgment, as in the case of Hood, and of course it is a failure, so far as regards the object aimed at. It is rumored that Breckinridge is coming into Kentucky. This is doubtful. But no matter; nothing is to be accomplished. Hood may fight Thomas, and if he does he will get whipped. The roads are bad in Kentucky and Tennessee, and there can be no formidable movement northward this winter. – There are men enough in Kentucky to take care of any raid Breckinridge may undertake. The rebels, it is plain to see, are much stirred up about this bold and to them, unexpected movement of Sherman’s. They are also excited about matters near home. They expect a furious assault by Grant, and they say a large part of Sheridan’s army has joined him. Early’s force has doubtless been withdrawn to Richmond, and Lee has probably sent some men South to look after Sherman. – Grant will not, we may be sure, allow the weakening of Lee to pass without improvement, and news of a fight in front of Richmond may now be expected any hour. Great events are crowding into the few days of the campaigning season that remain.

Simultaneously with Sherman’s southward movement the rails were taken up on the railroad from the Chattahoochee river to Dalton, and carried into Chattanooga. The bridge over the Chattahoochee river was destroyed, and the rails south of that place taken up and bent so as to be unfit for use. – All the public buildings in Atlanta, as in Rome, were destroyed.

 ——————–

            → “The World Health Association,” which seems to be chiefly made up of reformers and bloomers, is holding its session in New York. Mr. Wells, the phrenologist, on Tuesday night was examining the head of one of the male members, and was asked whether the subject had voted for McClellan. Mr. Wells replied that he did not know. Men changed their political opinions so rapidly that the bumps had not time to the changes.

 ——————–

            → Mr. Lincoln is the first citizen re-elected to the Presidency from a Northern State. The preceding two-term Presidents have been Washington, Jefferson and Madison – all from Virginia – and Jackson of Tennessee.

 ——————–

            → Four hundred drafted men and substitutes left Camp Butler on Friday last to join the 42d regiment of Illinois volunteers, now at Nashville, Tenn., or in that vicinity.

Sixteen hundred drafted men, substitutes and recruits left Camp Butler during last week to join their respective regiments in the South.

 ——————–

            → The weather on Monday and Tuesday of this week were the coldest of the season. Crooked creek is frozen hard enough to make excellent skating.

 ——————–

Communicated.

Macomb, Nov. 21, 1864.

            Editor Journal:

I infer from an article in last week’s Journal, under the heading of “Tender-footed,” that you suppose that I left the church because the blessing of Deity was invoked in aid of the President elect. Now, sir, I want to disabuse your mind of any such impression. I am somewhat given to visiting church, and if I would take offense at any such cause, I would have been broken of the habit long since. I think it highly proper that God’s blessing should be asked by the prayer of all God’s people to make A. Lincoln and all our rulers better men. I had hoped when I got up and left my seat in church that there the matter would drop, but you have seen fit to give me a little newspaper notoriety, and as I have been drawn before the public against my own inclinations, now while I am up, I will tell you why I did leave church – it was because the Rev. Mr. Hays evinced an overweening desire as I thought to drag the issues of the past political campaign before the congregation through the instrumentality of prayer.

Hoping you will be kind enough to give this a place in your paper.

I am, Respectfully,

Jos. Burton.

 ——————–

            → We had the pleasure of attending the first exhibition of the Good Templar Dramatic Association, last evening, and have seldom witnessed a drama better performed than that of “The Drunkard.” The other pieces were also admirably performed. We shall give a more extended notice next week. To-morrow evening they will perform “Box and Cox,” and repeat the “Drunkard.”

 ——————–

            An Extensive Raid. – During the last week an extensive raid was made on the grocery establishment, of Watkins & Co., by the citizens of this place and vicinity, for the purpose of purchasing, groceries, boots, &c. Mr. Merriman, the gentlemanly resident partner, says that such raids are very gratifying to the firm, and hopes that they will continue to “raid.”

 ——————–

What Makes a Bushel.

            The following table of the number of pounds to a bushel, is of great interest, and should be cut out and preserved by every farmer, at least:

Wheat 60 lbs
Corn, shelled, 56
Corn, on the cob, 70
Rye, 56
Oats, 35
Barley, 46
Buckwheat, 56
Irish Potatoes, 60
Sweet Potatoes, 50
Onions, 57
Beans, 60
Bran, 20
Clover Seed, 60
Timothy Seed, 45
Hemp Seed, 45
Blue Grass Seed, 14
Dried Peaches, 33

 

→ A destructive fire occurred at Galesburg on Thursday, destroying the plaining mill and hay press manufactory of Colton, Waste & Bro. The amount of loss we could not ascertain.

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