October 28, 1864

Macomb Journal


            We are requested to state that Township Committees can get their supply of tickets for the election at the Circuit Clerk’s office. We would urge upon the Committees to make no delay in the matter, and also for them to see that they have enough for all the voters in their respective townships, and be careful that they are not exposed the malicious designs of the venomous copperheads who would destroy them.



The Eagle Screams.

            The Eagle of last week overflows as usual with falsehood, misrepresentation and abuse. It has the boldness and to accuse the administration of a design to disrupt the Union and establish a Northern Confederacy. Hear the Eagle scream:

“Think you these men have abandoned their purpose of letting the South go? Give them four years more of the control of this Government and they fancy they can so consolidate their power as to accomplish their long cherished object of a northern Confederacy. – Who can believe that they will establish a peace of good feeling, of friendship, of mutual interest, save with the independent confederate States?      *          *            Men who sincerely desire a restoration of the Union, with its old advantages and blessing, must vote to remove Lincoln from the Presidency.”

How supremely loyal the Eagle is getting to be. It is actually “afeered” Mr. Lincoln is going to recognize the independence of the Southern Confederacy, and it calls upon the loyal Democracy to come to the rescue. – Well, this is a progressive age, and the Eagle is surely a progressive paper. – It is only a little more than three years ago that this same paper, the Macomb Eagle, edited by Nelson Abbott, loudly proclaimed that the Southern confederacy was an “INDEPENDENT NATION,” and that Mr. Lincoln had no business to send armies or munitions of war into their territory. Here are its own words:

“If the administration wants to hold those forst, it wants to do it for the purpose of aggressive measures against the Confederate States; it wants them as a basis of operations, from whence are to issue armies for the conquest of an independent nation, and to reduce a free people to the condition of vassals and serfs.

                                    *                      *                      *                      *

            The continued possession of forts, and maintaining of armies in the territory of another nation, is tantamount to a declaration of war.

*                      *                      *                      *

            We repeat that the administration has no practical use for Sumter or Pickens, except as a standing menace and defiance to another Power.

                                      *                      *                      *                      *

            And yet a little more. We ask the reader to look over again the first extract taken from the Eagle of last week and note how fearful the Eagle man is that Lincoln will “let the South go.” “Men who sincerely desire a restoration of the Union must vote to remove Lincoln.” Here is an appeal to Union lovers to save the Union. Now listen to this Democratic organ of three years ago:

“If Mr. Lincoln does not wish to wage a war of aggression of conquest, of subjugation, against [fold] IN RECOGNIZING THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES.”

How true is the old adage that “Time works wonders!” A little more than three years ago, at the close of the Democratic (?) administration of James Buchanan, the Eagle and its party labored to have it recognize ! as a settled fact that the Union was permanently dissolved, that the Confederate States were a free and independent nation. – The Eagle in its simplicity supposed that its Southern friends had fixed their scheme of secession and independence, so nicely and so strongly, aided as it was by a Democratic administration that it was beyond the power of Mr. Lincoln and his administration to overthrow them. But Mr. Lincoln has disappointed them. He met the rebellious scoundrels in that true and pure spirit of patriotism which declared that the Union must and shall be preserved. – And now after a struggle of three years, under the firm and wise policy of Mr. Lincoln, the Confederate states to-day are not recognized as a Government by a single nation upon the face of the globe, and the Stars and Stripes proudly float over every State in the Republic. Even the Eagle is now forced to recognize the fact that the Union still lives, and its nice cherished scheme of Southern independence is knocked to the winds, and instead of giving Mr. Lincoln credit for upholding and maintaining the Union, it now with its characteristic meanness, duplicity; and hypocrisy, declares its fears that Lincoln will establish a “northern Confederacy.” The truth of the matter is just here. The Eagle knows full well that Mr. Lincoln and the party which supports him are determined that the “Union must and shall be preserved.” A large portion of those who act and vote with the Democratic party sympathize in all efforts to preserve the Union, but a still larger portion believe with the Eagle that there can be “no dishonor in recognizing the independence of the Confederate States.” Now these disunion Democrats, of the Eagle stamp, will vote the McClellan ticket without doubt – they are reliable – but it is necessary for that party to pursue a policy that will catch the votes of these Democrats who are supposed to be still loyal to the Union, and hence we find the Eagle assuming to speak for the loyal sentiment of the county, and endeavoring to thrown doubts upon the loyalty of Mr. Lincoln. That’s the way to catch the votes of Union Democrats. But they must be ignorant indeed who are caught by any such shallow means. The developments of the past four years prove conclusively enough that all issues are now narrowed down to the one great issue of Union or Disunion. All disunionists favor the election of McClellan, and every true Union man in the country will support Mr. Lincoln.



The Last Grand Rally.

            Let every Union man in the county bear in mind that on Friday next it is proposed to get up the biggest meeting ever yet held in Macomb. Hon. Wm. Bross, candidate for Lt. Governor, Dr. Tiffany, who is said to be one of the most eloquent orators of the West, E. S. Taylor, Esq., of Chicago, and other distinguished speakers, will be present. Arrangements are being made to secure if possible the presence of Hon. Schuyler Colfax and Hon. John Wentworth. We would urge upon the good and loyal citizens of every township to be prepared to attend this meeting. – Appoint your local committees, marshals, &c., and get up a delegation or procession in every township. Come one and all, and give this day to the cause of your country. With each succeeding day our prospect brightens. – Victory perches upon the banners of our brave and gallant armies. The loyal masses of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana, have spoken to us in a spirit to which they invite us to respond. – Let us turn out then on Friday next and make a demonstration which will show that we are in earnest in this work, and which will be an augury of triumph at the polls on the following Tuesday.



They Never Change.

            It has been the boast of the opposition party that they never change their name, and that we change ours too often ever to succeed. Well, we acknowledge that the opposition stick to their name very well, but there is this difference between us; while they retain their name they change their principles; while we change our name and retain our principles. But to show how consistent they are, if our friends will take the pains to examine the McClellan tickets they will find that the name is changed. Their tickets are headed, “Union Democratic Ticket.”

They never change! “We are all Democrats!”



The Prospect.

            In less than two weeks our citizens will be called upon to use the elective franchise so dear to the heart of every American citizen. The issue presented is, as we firmly believe, Union or disunion – an honorable peace, or a dishonorable one. Which will you choose? The prospect at the present time appears bright for the Union. On every side the indication are that Old Abe will be triumphantly elected. The watch-fires of the Union are burning brightly, and all true hearted Unionists are certain that the dark days of treason are near their end. Peace! That blessed boon vouchsafed to erring mortals by He who rules our destinies, appears on the horizon. Grant, Sherman and Sheridan are its fore-runners, and they are fulfilling its behests in a manner calculated to strike terror into the hearts of rebels North and South. The election of Lincoln will bring about this much-to-be-desired result. We therefore call upon all, Republicans and Democrats, to cast their votes for Lincoln, for thereby can only peace be restored.



Adjourned Meeting of the Macomb Protection Society.

Tuesday Eve., Oct. 25, 1864.

Thompson Chandler in the chair.

On motion of J. M. Campbell, Esq., G. W. Patrick was appointed Secretary for the evening.

Mr. Tunnicliff, from committee appointed last evening, offered the report of the committee, which was as follows:

The undersigned, your committee appointed by the citizens of Macomb to submit a plan of organization for the protection of our homes, persons and property against marauders and thieves, beg leave to submit the following by-laws and regulations:

1st. This society shall be called the “Macomb Protection Society,” and shall consist of one President, two Vice Presidents, one Secretary, and one Treasurer, and such members as shall sign these by-laws.

2nd. The object of the society shall be the protection of every member of this community against lawless desperadoes, and to that end the members pledge themselves to aid in the formation and sustaining an armed guard to be suitably armed and equipped, and placed under competent commanders to accomplish the purpose aforesaid.

3rd. Said guard shall act under and by the authority of the Mayor of the city of Macomb, and the President of the Society or either of them.

4th. Every member of this Society shall at all times be bound to furnish the Mayor of the city or the President of this Society with any and all information tending to show danger from raiders, horse thieves, or others who shall thereupon take such action, thereon, as he or they shall deem proper.

5th. There shall be a standing committee of five to be called a Finance Committee whose duty it shall be to raise funds by subscription or if they shall deem it necessary by a just and equitable assessment upon the different members of this Society, and which funds when raised shall be paid over to the Treasurer of this Society, who shall hold the same subject to the order of the Mayor of the city, or the President of this Society, for the purpose of carrying out its objects.

6th. The regular meetings of this Society shall be on the first Saturday night of each month, but the Mayor of the city or the President of this Society shall have the power to call special meetings at any time they or either of them may deem proper.

7th. Every member of this Society shall be bound to render such [?] in aid of its objectives as the Mayor of the City or the President shall direct.

Your committee would further report that they have conferred with Capt. G. L. Farwell, as the best means of forming said guard for our protection, as contemplated in these by-laws, and who has consented to undertake to raise the same, and then will make a verbal report to the meeting of his progress.

Your committee recommend the following named persons as permanent officers of this Society, to wit:

For President. – Thompson Chandler; For Vice Presidents – O. F. Piper and Joseph Batton; For Secretary – J. B. Cummings; For Treasurer – John Knappenberger; For Finance Committee – A. E. Hoskinson, Washington Goodwin, James Anderson, F. D. Lipe and Thos. J. Beard.

Your committee recommend that each person becoming a member of this Society, be required to sign the agreement hereunder written, all of which is respectfully submitted.

T. M. Jordan, J. M. Campbell, J. Knappenberger, D. G. Tunnicliff, and G. L. Farwell, Committee.


            The undersigned, agree to become members of the “Macomb Protecion Society,” and to conform to, and abide by its by-laws, rules and regulations.

The report of the committee and by-laws were unanimously adopted, and the committee discharged, and the gentlemen named in the report of the committee were declared to be the permanent officers of the Society. Mr. D. G. Tunnicliff offered the following, which was adopted:

Resolved, That each township in the county be requested to form similar Societies to this, and to form a guard of at least ten men active vigilant men in each town, to act in concert with this Society and the guard of this city, and with each other.

Resolved, That the President of this Society appoint a committee to coner with the citizens of each township with a view of effecting such organization.

Whereupon the President appointed the following gentlemen as such committee: C. F. Wheat, J. H. Baker and G. W. Bailey.

On motion, it was ordered that the Finance Committee be instructed to solicit funds from the citizens for the use of the Society.

It was also ordered that the Fincance Committee be instructed to keep a list of the names of the contributors to this fund, with the amount contributed by each, and that the Treasurer obtain and preserve a copy of the same.

On motion of J. M. Campbell, the editors of the Eagle and Journal were requested to publish the proceeding of this Society.

On motion, adjourned until Thursday evening, at 7 o’clock, P. M.

T. CHANDLER, President.

G. W. Patrick, Secretary.



The Missouri Rebels Recruiting in Illinois.

            It has been known for some time past that our county has been infested by refugees from the South, who, on arriving here professed great Unionism, but after becoming acquainted with the Copperhead residents, and, finding that they could, spouted their treason with impunity. We have long looked upon these gentry with suspicion, and our fears have proved not to be groundless, as the following from the Burlington Hawkeye, of Oct. 22d, fully shows:

“Some thirty or forty men of the most desperate character, probably Missouri guerillas, who have been hiding in McDonough county, Illinois, armed with revolving rifles and pistols, having stolen horses enough to mount the band, crossed the Mississippi, Wednesday, above Dallas, and rode their way through Lee county towards Missouri yesterday. Mr. Finch, of Dallas, says they took ten horses from one stable, and were said, by those who ferried them across, to be very desperate men. In this state we hear of their stealing several horses.

These roving bands of desperadoes are doubtless made up of rebels concealed in our midst and prompted by home traitors. These horse-thieves, who plunder and murder our citizens indiscriminately, are evidently well posted – know where to go, and what roads to take. If we are to have any security for life and property it will be necessary to know all comers and goers – to know that we are not harboring murderers and thieves, ready to burn and lay waste the country on a given signal.



To Soldiers Home on Furlough.

            The following General Orders are, no doubt, of interest to our soldier readers, who are now home on furlough. But they will not be so interesting to the Union party, if the soldiers do as the copperheads say they will – that is, vote for McClellan. – However, we are willing to risk it, which is more than the Cops. will say:

Head Qrs., District of Illinois,
Springfield, Ill., Oct. 22, 1864.

General Orders, No. 13.

I. By the direction of the Secretary of War, all soldiers now on leave or furloughs in the State of Illinois may, on application to these Headquarters, have their furlough extended until the 10h day of November, 1864.

II. Application for extension of furloughs, may be made by letter addressed to the Asst. Adjutant General of the District, by giving: 1st, The name, rank, Company, Regt, Brigade, Division, and army Corps of the applicant. 2nd, The place where the furlough was given. 3d, The date of commencement and time of expiration.

III. In all cases where it is practicable, application for extension of furloughs will be endorsed with the approval of a commissioned officer of the army.

By command of

                        Brig. Gen. JOHN COOK.

Geo. W. Carter,

            Capt. & A. A. A. Gen.


For the Journal.

The 78th Regiment.

            I would say to friends and others interested in the 78th regiment that I have no very recent news from the regiment. The last information I have of their whereabouts they were at Chattanooga, having just returned from a chase after the rebel Forrest along the line of the Tennessee and Alabama Railroad. Several members of the regiment are now at home on furlough, and I expect to see the faces of more of them before election. The come to meet their friends once more, and to vote for Honest Old Abe. I expect to return to my regiment immediately after the election when I shall resume my weekly letters to the Journal.

I have been permitted to read a letter, received by Mr. John S. Smith, of this city, from his son, a member of the 78th, now a prisoner of war at Savannah. The letter is dated Oct. 4th, and contains the following:

I send this letter by a sailor who is going to our lines to-morrow. I am still in good health. George Hall, Morris Chase, Nat. Decker and myself are still in the Hospital as attendants. There are eleven of us alive yet to represent Co I out of twenty that were captured. I will give you the names of the dead: — Richard Allen, Hugh Dorae, Frank Stewart, John Carroll, C. Brown, L. Allshouse, Samuel Gibson, Simon Criag. The rest are all well as far as I know.

There is now every reason to believe that an exchange will soon be made of all prisoners now in rebel hands.

J. K. M.


            Accidents. – On Saturday last, Mr. John Axford, whilst working at his broom corn press in this city, met with rather a serious accident which came near proving fatal. It appears that they press the broom corn by lever power, and as he was bearing down on the lever something broke about it and the the hammer part flew up and struck Mr. Axford on the head and shoulder, cutting his forehead severely but not dangerously. We understand he is improving.

On the same day Mr. W. P. Pearson’s little boy got his forefinger broke it being caught between a gate and the post. The finger was put together, and the Doctor thinks it will heal without trouble.


            The Drafted. – Nearly all the men who who were drafted in this county have reported at Mt. Sterling, and passed through the hands of the Board of Examiners. Some few were rejected, some procured substitutes at prices ranging from eight hundred dollars to one thousand, whilst others donned the suit of blue for themselves. We have heard of some two or three that skedaddled. We do not envy them their lot in the future. A few of the drafted men were released on the ground that they were enrolled in two townships.


            Cold Weather. – Winter is coming on rapidly, and the long evenings have to be filled up some way, and one of the pleasantest ways we know of is to look at some handsome pictures; – Hawkins & Philpot know how to take beautiful photographs such as we all like to look at. Don’t forget to go there.


            Snow. – “The ground was all covered with snow,” last Friday morning. It fell thick and fast for awhile, but soon melted off, and was seen no more. A cold drizzly rain succeed, and altogether the day was one well calculated to give one the blues. Since then, the weather has been unusually fine.

P. S. – Since the above was in type, we have had a big rain. The roads are in a very muddy and sloppy condition.


            Lincoln and Johnson Club. – This Club will meet at the Court House on Monday evening next. A general attendance is requested, as the time is short in which to work. There will be only two regular meetings between this and the election, so do not forget to attend.


            Bad Roads. – Every body, especially farmers, know what bad roads are, and the difficulty of navigating them. From experience we know that bad roads will for some be time the order of the day, and our farming friends will be troubled to get in to town – consequently they should lay in a supply of groceries at once, and the place to get them is at Watkins & Co’s, southeast corner of the square, in Randolph block.



            On the 29th inst. at the residence of the bride’s father, by Rev. J. H. Rhea, Mr. John E. Lane and Miss Josephine A. Kendrick, all of this city.

We pity Jack, we do – from the bottom of our heart we do; for after serving three long years in the army, and never surrendering to the enemy, he now surrenders to one woman.

At Prairie City, by Rev. P. W. Thomson, Mr. Farnk M. Dewell and Elizabeth C. Campbell, all of this county.

No cards, no time, no greenback, no thanks, no nothing.


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