October 14, 1864

Macomb Journal

READ! READ! READ!

ARE THEY LOYAL?

Read the Record.

            We clip from the Macomb Journal of November the 27th 1863, the following record of McDonough county Democracy (!) What was applicable then, is applicable now, for they have not changed one iota in sentiment since the war began. We commend a careful perusal of this record to the voters of the county.

We take it for granted that all men, of whatever political cast, who are not in favor of the Southern rebellion, will, when they rightly understand the principles of the secesh Democracy, spurn it with contempt. There are thousands of good loyal men in this State, who still adhere to the so-called Democratic party, believing it to be a loyal organization. But there was never a greater mistake committed. That the masses of the party are loyal is proven by the result of the late elections, which must have been carried by the assistance of loyal Democrats. The leaders of the party, however, are now, and have been from the commencement of the war, notoriously disloyal. Let honest Democrats, who are in favor of the restoration of the Union, read the record of the Democracy of McDonough county, and then say, if they can, that the charge of disloyalty to the Government is not fully sustained by their own utterances. Take, for instance, the Macomb Eagle, the acknowledged mouth piece of the party in this county, and see if it can be harmonized with principles of loyalty. As far back as January 18th, 1861, the editor of the Eagle said:

It is evident that the incoming administration is for war – war against our own people – war against our own blood – [tear]. There will be a call for volunteers; and if this means fail to secure men enough to shoot and be shot, those who, by their votes and speeches, and otherwise, have aided the work of compelling the South into rebellion (if they please to term it so,) should have the glory of imbuing their hands in their kindred’s blood. * * * If war does come it will not be the fault of any Democrat. Let those who shall cause it fight it out. Let Democrats cultivate their fields, work at their benches, and pursue their usual business. Let conservative Union-loving Republicans – and there are many such – do the same thing. Let them raise the corn and hogs and make up the goods to clothe the abolition fanatics who want to carry out Lincoln’s doctrine of making the States all free. Again we say, let the abolitionists do the volunteering and be the subjects for drafting. Democrats and Union-loving Republicans can be engaged in better business than shooting their neighbors.

On the 13th of April of the same year, the Eagle, which has of late been a great lover of the “Constitution as it is and the Union as it was,” came out boldly in favor of recognizing the independence of the Southern Confederacy, and declared that the Government had no right to hold the United States forts that were located in the Southern States. The following extracts are from editorial articles in that paper of that date:

If the administration wants to hold those forts, it wants to do it for the purpose of AGGRESSIVE measures against the Confederate States; it wants them as a basis of operations, from whence are to issue armies for the CONQUEST of an INDEPENDENT NATION, and to reduce a free people to the condition of vassals and serfs. The pretext that hostilities will be commenced by the South is so shallow and frivolous that it is almost incredulous.

                      *                      *                      *                      *

                The whole conduct of the administration is brimfull of taunts and menaces toward the South – insulting and spurning them – and defying the Confederate States to help themselves. It is pursuing the same policy toward the Confederates that the British crown pursued toward the Colonies.

                       *                      *                      *                      *

                The continued possession of forts, and the maintaining of armies in the territory of ANOTHER NATION, is tantamount to a declaration of war.

                       *                      *                      *                      *

                We repeat that the administration has no PRACTICAL use for Sumter or Pickes, except as a standing menace and defiance to another Power; and the attempted reinforcement of those fortresses, after the repeated declarations of the Confederate States that such reinforcement would be resisted to the last extremity, and be regarded in no other light than as a willful and deliberate intention on the part of Lincoln and his abolition advisers to wage a war of aggression, of conquest, of subjugation, against those States. If he does not wish to do this, there can be no dishonor in recognizing the independence of the Confederate States, or at least in exhausting all peaceable negotiations.

                   *                      *                      *                      *

                The “seceding States” are perfectly indifferent as to what we of the North may do in regard to negro slavery. They “claim” to have a separate and independent sovereignty, and have no desire or expectation of shaping or influencing the legislation of the Northern States, than they have of influencing the legislation of the Canadian provinces. That they would like to see the great majority of our people understand and acknowledge the natural status of the negro is probable enough. But that they want us, who are living under another Government, and in another climate, to “love slavery,” and “assist in its expansion,” etc., is an idea so foolish that none but an abolitionist brain could conceive of it.

We are well aware that the above are the sentiments of the Eagle, and unless approved by the Democracy of the county not justly chargable to them. But how stands the matter in this respect? In the Fall of the same year, after Abbott had thus openly advocated the cause of the Southern traitors – the Democracy, in their township conventions, fully indorse the Eagle in its treasonable course, and thus assumed advocacy of the same principles. In Hire township the following resolution was passed:

  1. That we heartily recommend the Macomb Eagle as a bold and independent Democratic journal, and well worthy the support of the Democratic party of McDonough county.

In Industry township:

  1. Tbat we cordially commend the Macomb Eagle, for its bold and independent course as a Democratic journal, and as such consider it entitled to the support of good and true Democrats, and as many of our Republican friends as may prefer it to the little Tribune;

In Chalmers township:

  1. That we heartily recommend the Macomb Eagle as a bold, independent and true Democratic journal, and as such entitled to the support of every true Democrat and true patriot.

But this is not the only way in which the same principles were endorsed. – On the 17th of August, the Democracy of Tennessee township met for the purpose of electing delegates to the county convention, and unanimously passed the following resolutions:

Resolved, That the present civil war which Abraham Lincoln is waging upon sovereign States is alike unconstitutional, inhuman and unjust, and unless speedily checked must end in the complete overthrow of liberty and in the establishment of a military despotism.

Resolved, That the taking of human life under the frivolous pretext of war, before all reasonable means have been resorted to which human wisdom can invent to avert the evil, and before Congress has made a declaration of war in a legal and constitutional manner, is as unjustifiable as the taking of life contrary to civil law.

Resolved, That we most cordially endorse the fearless and manly stand taken by the Hon. C. L. Vallandigham of the House of Representatives, and the Hon. J. C. Breckinridge of the Senate, in the debates of the last session of Congress.

It will be noticed that in these resolutions the miserable traitors, Vallandigham and Breckinridge, were fully endorsed; one of whom has been convicted as a traitor, and banished from the country, and the other is a general in the rebel army. The delegates who voted for these resolutions were admitted to the County Convention, and tool part in its proceedings.

On the 24th of August, 1861, men calling themselves Democrats, met in Emmet township, and passed the following resolutions, also endorsing Vallandigham and Breckinridge:

Whereas, We believe that the present war inaugurated by Abraham Lincoln is unnatural, unconstitutional and unjust, and that the liberties of our people and nation are endangered thereby; and

Whereas, We believe the whole scheme of prosecuting a war upon the Southern States, in preference to compromising with them, has for its end and aim the abolition negro slavery in those States – therefore,

Resolved, That we are in favor of peace and Union on compromise terms, to be effected by the voice of the people, through all the States.

Resolved, That we are opposed to general government interfering with domestic institutions of any State or territory, especially the institution of negro slavery except to protect them according to the intent and meaning of the Constitution, and according to the law of nations.

That we most cordially endorse the fearless and manly Hon. C. L. Vallandigham of the House of Representatives, and the Hon. J. C. Breckinridge of the Senate, in the debates of the last session of Congress.

The secesh Democracy of Bethel township protest in line manner:

Resolved, That of all wars a civil war is the most repulsive and inhuman, and that we regard it as the worst of all POSSIBLE means to be used in the achievement of our present difficulties.

The above is a true copy of the record made by the copperheads of this county during the first year of this war. And let it be borne in mind that all this took place before the PResident had issued his Emancipation Proclamation – before negroes had been employed in the service – before Confiscation acts were passed, or even thought of. The Eagle is now in the habit of declaring that the opposition of the copperheads to this war is predicated upon these acts of Congress and the administration – that there has been a time when they were in favor of the war. But reasoning men, with the above record before them, will fail to discover the exact point of time at which this was the case. Since that time the party of this county have not improved upon the above record, unless a still more open advocacy of the rebel cause can be called an improvement.

A few days since the same party held another convention, and nominated a ticket for county officers, every one of whom have endorsed all the treasonable acts and doings of the party – a ticket that if elected will be claimed as an indorsement of the most treasonable principles. Let no Union man be deceived. The issue is the same in McDonough county that it was in the Ohio election. The question before the people is will we stand for the government, or for the traitors who are seeking its overthrow. The success of Vallandigham would everywhere have been taken as an expression of enmity to the government, and a refusal to stand by it in putting down treason. The same will be the case in this county. Every man who votes for the copperhead candidates, thereby endorses all the ungodly heresies of the men who are in favor of the recognition of the Southern Confederacy as an independent nation – who denounce our brave solders as cutthroats. Again we say be not deceived. Read closely the record made by these men, and vote as your conscience and your duty to your imperiled and bleeding country demands.

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            → Think of $25 for a watermelon. That’s what they pay in Dixie.

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Can’t Stand the Fire.

            We learn that a few days since a meeting for political discussion was called at a school house in New Salem township. Both parties were pretty well represented at the meeting. A Mr. Randall, of Bushnell, was the first speaker, who proceeded to expound Democracy according to the modern views of that party. The burden of his speech was an argument to prove that it was not our “mis-guided Southern brethren” who had rebelled against the Constitution and the Government, but it was Lincoln and his administration. Randall spoke about two hours, and after he had subsided a Mr. Throgmartin, late of Ohio, rose to reply. He had talked about fifteen minutes, and was making the fur fly from the backs of the Democracy, when a well-known, inveterate Democrat, John Miner by name, rose and requested all those interested in the Democratic Invincible Club to adjourn to Grimm’s barn in the vicinity, and so the Democracy retreated in good order. No better evidence is wanted of the rotteness and weakness of the Democratic party than their disposition, as manifested upon all occasions, to avoid a fair and candid discussion.

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OH! SAY HAVE YOU HEARD!

            The thunders of Unionism have been heard from Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The result is a decided victory. The minions of Jeff Davis have been beaten in a fairly fought contest, and these noble States sends greeting to their gallant boys in the trenches, the watchword of UNON and FREEDOM. Let us emulate their noble example and roll up such a majority in November as will forever silence loud mouthed blatant traitors at home. Look at our pyramid.

OHIO!
MAINE!
VERMONT!
I N D I A N A !
PENNSYLVANIA!

            “Glory to God on high.”

The people tired of Cop’s and also of their treason,
And Thus will EVERY State come back to thoughts of reason.

We have gained three members of Congress in the old Keystone State; three in the Hoosier State, and the glorious, faithful old Buckeye gives us a gain of twelve. Gov. Morton is returned to the gubernatorial chair by 20,000 majority. This news answers the purpose of an electioneering document. The hords of treason are hurled back, the weak strengthened, the doubting becomes hopeful, and glorious, thrice glorious victory, perches upon our banner.

“The Star spangled banner in triumph shall wave,
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.”

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Georgia to Secede!

            It is not improbable that the Southern Confederacy will in a short time be obliged to take a dose of its own medicine. Governor Morton stated at Indianapolis on Monday night that an agent of the Sanitary Commission had just arrived from Atlanta. When he left there, Governor Brown and staff were in conference with General Sherman, arranging terms for the withdrawal of Georgia from the Slaverholding Confederacy.

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“Abolition Falsehoods.”

            Under the above caption, the Eagle of last week says that we are “resorting to falsehood and calumny against the Democratic candidates.” To give color to this accusation, he cites our stricture on Messrs. Neece and Smith. We desire to say to the people generally, and the Eagle particularly, that we were neither dismayed or chagrined when Mr. Smith denied the charge which we made against him min a public meeting. We knew he was there before the meeting opened, and was sitting by his side before speaking. Capt. Farwell was also on the same seat, and it was such a good opportunity for drawing a comparison between the two candidates that we had to do it. Mr. Smith may deny these charges made against him, but that will not avail in the light of the overwhelming testimony against him. We would call the attention of the public to the card of William Venable, Jr., late a member of the 2nd Ill. Cavalry. Facts are very stubborn things, and we have the assurance of Mr. Venable that he read both the letters of Mr. Smith wrote to Mr. Cockerham:

Editors of Macomb Journal:

Sirs: — As there has been some discussion as to the “gist” of what L. F. Smith wrote to William Cockerham, a member of Co. H, 2nd Ill. Cav., I will give as near as I can remember the substance of the two letters which I read during the summer of 1863.

They first spoke of the former friendly relations that had existed between himself (Smith) and Cockerham; next he said that Cockerham’s democratic friends, including, I think, C’s father, were extremely mortified by the false position he, (C.,) being a Democrat, occupied as a Federal soldier.

Then, Smith proceeded to abuse the Administration; the policy pursued in conducting the present war. He said that as the war was conducted he had no sympathy for the Federal army, but professed great regard for our honest, yet misguided, soldiers.

Then he pitched into “Old Abe” and his co-laborers, calling them by the hard names usually used by the Copperhead journals.

Smith wound up by asking a reply from Cockerham, wishing to know how C. felt in regard to soldiering, and the policy pursued by the Administration.

L. F. Smith may deny that he said in so many words – “Cockerham, desert, come home, and your Democratic friends will protect you,” yet he cannot deny that by implicating he did as much as he dared to do to encourage dissatisfaction and desertion from the Federal army.

If it will afford him any consolation to know what many of “our boys” tho’t of him after these letters had been received and read, I’ll tell him; the words are to the point, if not fit for ears polite – “Frank Smith, or any one else, is a d – d traitor, that entertains such sentiments towards the army and Government.

William Venable, Jr.
Late of Co. H, 2nd Ill. Cav.

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That Letter.

            We publish to-day the card of Mr, L. F. Smith with the affidavit of several of his friends. We have no desire to so Mr. Smith injustice, and told him at the time the charge was preferred, that our columns were open for his denial at any time he saw proper to use our paper for the purpose. We too have written to Mr. Cockerham – or at last procured a friend to write for us – for the original letter if he still retained it, and if it had been lost or destroyed to give us the substance of its content.

We would call the attention of the public to the card of Mr. Wm. Venable elsewhere, and ask for it a careful perusal.

Mr. Scott’s affidavit and his communication are very much of the same tenor and the same construction placed upon it, that the letter was calculated to discourage soldiers in the field. We shall probably give more attention to the matter next week.

A Card from L. F. Smith.

            Mr. Editor: Having been unable as yet to procure that letter which I wrote to William Cockerham, in which you assert that I told him to “desert” and come home and he would be protected, I herewith furnish for you to publish, the affidavits of the following gentlemen – two of whom have read my letter to said Cockerham, and the other two were told by said Wm. Cockerham himself, when at home last spring, just what they testify to in their affidavits. And I will here say that none of these men are in any way related to me, and there can be no inference drawn in that quarter; and that one of them, Mr. Scott, is a very strong Republican. I will further say that I have written to said Cockerham for the letter, (which I can prove by two witnesses,) and that so soon as I can obtain said letter you shall have it for publication.

            I remain your friend,

L. F. Smith.

Affidavit of Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith.

Scotland Township, Oct. 10, ’64.

            Alexander Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him there was nothing in any letter written to him by L. F. Smith, which told him to desert and come home and he would be protected, or even encouraged or intimated such a thing.

Jeremiah Smith being duly sworn says that William Cockerham told him the same as stated by his brother [Alex. Smith.]                                                            Jeremiah Smith.

I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do testify that Alexander Smith and Jeremiah Smith were duly sworn before me this 10th [Oct.] 1864.

Affidavit of John Scott.

            Scotland Township, Oct. 10, 1864.

            Mr. John J. Scott being duly sworn says that, I read a portion of a letter that L. F. Smith wrote to William Cockerham and sent to him by F. F. Patrick, and heard the letter read by Wm. Cockerham and that there was nothing in it telling the soldiers to desert and come home. But the letter contained very abusive language against the administration and the Republican party, and, as I thought, calculated to discourage soldiers in the field.

John Scott.

            I, Robert McNair, Justice of the Peace, do hereby testify that John J. Scott was duly sworn before me, this 10th day of October, 1864.

Robert McNair, J. P.

Affidavit of Andrew J. Cockerham.

Tennessee Township, Oct. 5, 1864.

            Andrew J. Cockerham being duly sworn says that, I saw L. F. Smith in Macomb on the 13th day of July, 1863 it being the day that H. Clay Dean spoke in said city, and that he requested the said Smith to write to his son William Cockerham then in the army, and relieve his mind of certain false impressions that he had received from letters written to the army by persons at home, viz: that the Democrats at home were all copperheads, and in league with Jeff. Davis. Said Smith agreed to do so, and that my son when at home in March, 1864, told me he did receive a letter from said Smith, and that he (William) had said letter with him when at home. I read the letter myself, and William also read said letter to his mother and all of my family that were at home at the time. The reason of his and my reading said letter being that certain persons had said I and Mr. Smith and others had been writing to said William Cockerham and had told him to desert the army and come home. I further declare that there was no such advice given or even intimated in said L. F. Smith’s letter, which I read. And I further declare that William Cockerham my son told me that neither I nor said L. F. Smith had ever advised or even intimated such a thing to him, and that the whole thing was a lie from beginning to end.

Andrew J. Cockerham.

            Subscribed and sworn to before me, the 5th day of October, 1864.

Samuel A. Knott, J. P.

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S C R I B B L I N G S.
By J. K. M.

            From the 78th Regt. – The latest information I have from the 78th is up to the 26th ult. The men were still in camp near the suburbs of Atlanta, and were generally well. A not from Lieut. Blondin says that our wounded are getting along very well. Corporal Stafford, of Co. C has been promoted to 5th Sergeant, and Joseph A. James to 1st Corporal. I learn indirectly from a source subsequent to the 26th that the Paymaster had arrived and was paying off the troops.

            I have received from Lieut. Col. Vernon, commanding the 78th, a full report of the operations of the regiment from the 2d day of May, when they broke camp at Rossville, until the battle of Jonesboro, and the occupation of Atlanta, which will be published in the columns of the Journal in a week or two. I have also received a full and complete list of the killed and wounded in the regiment from the 2d of May to the 5th of September, giving the date of death or wound in each case, also the character of the wound, and the place at which each casualty occurred. These reports will form very interesting and important docu- [obscured] 78th.

            With this number of Journal the names of all those to whom this paper has been sent by friends in the 78th, and who are not paid for in advance, will be struck from the list. The attention of all such will be called to this article by a mark of the pen around it.

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Our Prisoners.

How McClellan Men South Treat Our Prisoners.

            We accord space in our columns this week for the following letter from a McDonough boy, and as it speaks for itself, requires no comments from us.

Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 28th, 1864.

            Friend Charlie, Having just returned from a tour of inspection, I shall – for old acquaintance sake – try, to the best of my abilities, give you a short history of my adventures while sojourning in Dixie, and the care that McClellan men bestows on us Union men.

On the night of our capture we were taken to Brig. Hd’qrs and there examined in regard to the amount of troops that had crossed the creek with us. I very politiely, – you know my manners are very becoming – told the commandant that I had not counted the “yanks.” His Southern blood got riled and he very humanely remarked that he would swing me to a tree for my insolence. Again he made enquiry as to our forces, and I, in rather a tremulous tone informed him that there was sufficient force to hold the position. After he had gained all the information he could, off we started for the rear. We had proceeded but a short distance when the friends of the Northern copperheads relieved us of all our surplus baggage, such as Rubber blankets, canteens, tin cups, writing material, &c. We were then escorted into Atlanta, arriving there in the “wee, sma, hours of the morning.” After a few hours rest we were conducted to his highness the Provost Marshal, where our rank and command were taken. On being conducted to prison we were asked if we had any money, or jewelry, which luckily we had not. We stayed here until the next night when we moved our base six miles south of the city to East Point. Remained there two days and marched to Griffon 40 miles south of Atlanta, where we took the cars for Macon. After two days knocking about we landed at Andersonville, unloaded, counted off in detachments, and then marched to the blockade. The gates of hell opened, we passed through they closed and we were engulphed in a mass that mans most fertile imagination cannot describe. There we found 30,000 prisoners eking out their existence on hal putrid rations, and we became actors in this awful drama. I felt that the world and all its pleasures were gone and I was no more counted in this mundane sphere.

The stockade that we were placed in encloses 22 acres inside this there is 15ft cut off all the way around which constitutes that terror of all prisoners the dead line there is about 4 acres cut off, by this then there is a swamp running through the prison which takes 3 acres more, leaving 15 acres to be occupied by the prisoners. Here they are many of them naked not a stick of clothes except a piece of old rag tied around their hips, scarcely none of them has shoes, hats or coats, they lay there some have shade others none they lay out in the hot sun all day and the cold dew at night, here are thousands that cannot held themselves laying in the hot sand which is moving with vermin, often I have saw the skeleton of a man moving around and maggots working out of their nose, eyes and mouth. At roll call in the morning the sick have to be carried to the appointed place in blankets, so the chivalrous sons of the south can see them I had charge of one mess while we were there and I asked the sergeant who had the calling of the roll if I couldn’t let one or two of my men who were very sick stay in quarters during roll call as the hot sun was nearly death to them, his answer was no if they are dead damned and delivered they must come out, and thus the thing wore on until it wore a man out, the deaths during our stay was 4,500 during the month of Aug. there was 3,100 carried to the grave yard, which interesting action is performed by loading them into a large army wagons thus transporting them to that “bowrne from whence no traveler returns,” each load contains 40 human carcasses, and is drawn by six mules. Our grub consisted of one half pound of corn bread with out salt and the meal not sifted, 1-3 pound of fly blown beef, 1 pt. of cooked corn peas the shells peas and a fair proportion of sand all cooked up in the same pot.

            But to give you anything like a true description is impossible suffice to say that for suffering barbarism and misery, the old Spanish inquisition would be shamed into nothingness. – We were exchanged by a special exchange of 2000 by Sherman and Hood, when the gates of hell opened and we walked out and they were shut between us and this den I felt as though heaven and earth had come together I must close. Hurrah for Lincoln three times Hurrah. I remain yours,

Geo. L. Hainline.

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            Mysterious. – On Sunday night last, Capt. Lipe lost a very fine mare by death. On Tuesday night he lost his fine Morgan stud “Beautiful Boy” in the same manner and Wednesday night a fine blooded mare. We believe that such a series of losses are occasioned by human interference, and some steps should be taken to hunt down the scoundrel who thus cowardly seeks revenge. We hope he may be discovered and justice meted out to him.

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            Our Next State Senator. – The tour of Hon. Jas. H. Strain through this county, has been a series of orations seldom accorded to a candidate for office. Everywhere, the people turn out in their strength to hear him. Alexander Blackburn Esq., our next Representative, and John B. Cummings Esq., who is sure to be re-elected – are with Mr. Strain, and there is every indication that McDonough County will respond gloriously to the thunder of the guns from Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. Mr. Strain speaks to-day (Friday,) at Pennington Point, at [?] 1-2 o’clock P. M., and Saturday afternoon at the same hour in Macomb. – Turn out and here him.

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            Sheridan vs. Early. – General Sheridan is down in the Shenandoah Valley, and from all accounts is getting the better of the rebel Gen’l, Early, and while they are having their little fracas down there, the people in this section of the country are quietly going to the dry goods house of Geo. W. Bailey, on the east side of the square, where they find a full and complete assortment of dry goods, boots, shoes, hats, caps, Yankee notions, &c., at reduced prices. George has a natural tact to get customers to call at his store, and his polite and urbane manners causes them to forget their earthly troubles and buy “hugely,” and with entire satisfaction to themselves.

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            At Home. – We welcome the arrival of Lieut. L. A. Simmons, Q. M. of the 84th Ill. Vol. Inft. Mr. S. is just from the front, and returns to repair his health which has become impaired during the arduous campaign before Atlanta. May he soon recover his health and wave as usual.

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            Substitutes. – There are numbers of our fellow-citizens who are wanting substitutes to fill their places in Uncle Sam’s grand army, and are freely offering the sum of $1,000, but Hawkins & Philpot are still manufacturing superior photographs at their old stand, southeast corner of the square. Our advice to principals, substitutes, and everybody and his wife is to go to Hawkins & Philpot’s to get their pictures.

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            Conscript. – The words “draft” and “conscript” are muchly used now-a-days, and so are Watkins & Co’s groceries. We last week neglected to speak of them – the groceries – but we take notice that the people have not forgotten to go there for first-class groceries at low rates. When this enterprising firm get into their new store house look out for a splendid stock of groceries.

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The Draft.

            We are indebted to Mr. Chas. Waters, clerk in the Provost Marshal’s office, for the following list of drafted men, which completes our quota. We have a personal acquaintance with but few of them, and we cannot but note the difference of a drafted Union man’s countenance and one of the Copperhead persuasion. Substitutes are in demand, but they hold themselves at rather high figures:

Emmett.

                                    Lafette Hickman,                    William G. Nesbit,
James Carter,*                         Benjamin F. Wheeler,
Daniel Wood,                          John B. Purdy,
John Askew,                           Jack Humbard,
Archibald T. Lea,                    Wesley Bugg,
Lewis P. Atkinson,                 William B. Naylor,
Randolph Inman,                    Robert McCord,
Martin Bergen,                        Benjamin Guy.

Sciota.

                                    Benjamin Provolt,                   John J. Buxton,
William Prince,                        William Warren,
C. M. Smith,                           John Kitt,
Richard Jones,                         David Allen,
John Arther,                            George Castle,†
John Scott,                              William H. Dudley,
James Allen,                            Charles Blandin.

Hire.

                                    David Prophet,                         Bedford Graham,
Thomas J. Wallace,                 William L. Wilson,
David W. Badger,                    Alexander Cothan,
Benjamin Parish,                     William H. Grigsby,
James Parish,                           Job V. Banks,
Abijah Hough,                          Geo. W. Hickerson,
James Bice,                               Hiram Hainline,
Marcellus Shyrack,                  James Hays,
A. Zimmerman,                        Abner Keithley,
Henry Cord,                              Jacob Cotton,
James H. Milsap,                     John Bond.

Chalmers.

                                    Thomas B. Lillard,                  Robt. McCutchin,
Samuel Godfrey,                     William McMillen,
John N. Burr,                          Horace Avery,
George A. Cover,                    Charles Stephens,
Robt. J. Thornburg,                 William M. Reid.

Lamoine.

                                    Edward Powell,                      Chancelor Sanford,
Rial McGuffey,                       William Wier,
John Sammons,                       Wesley Ralston,
Riley Huston,                          Thomas Simonds,
Ralph W. Bowman,                James Woodard,
William Goodrich,                  Bird Roberts,
Augustus P. Garrett,               Silas J. James,
John Watts,                             David Toland,
Jno. S. Shootman,                   P. Whittington,
Andrew Ware,                        Benjamin Griffin,
Andew J. Hartrey,                  Joseph S. Morris.

Bethel.

                                    John T. Dunsworth,                Weaver C. Howell,
Benjamin Miller,                     Jacob Allen,
Joshua Freshwater,                  George B. Reed,
John Smizer,                            Isaac L. Tayor,
A. J. Dunsworth,                     John Stoneking,
John Vorbes,                           William Monk,
George G. Vanard,                 Abraham H. Rush.

Walnut Grove.

                                    James Ewing,                          Moses Hoyt,
Charles Elting,                        James Boyles,
G. W. Curtis,                           Harvey Dugard,
Henry Herlocker,                    Frederick Cruser,
Christian Englehart,                — Tracy,
A. W. Lancy,                          William D. Stark,
George Hoy,                           Thomas McMahan,
Wesley Dodge,                       William Thompson,
Jackson W. Sneider,                George Harmon,
Samuel Noel,                           Franklin Thompson,
James Langston,                      Elijah Boyles,
William Tanner,                       J. G. L. Michel,
John M. Bowers,                     Lewis Evelsizer.

Scotland.

                                    William C. McGrath,              Jonas Ringer,
William H. Parker,                  Thomas W. Nunn,
William McHenry,                  George Jones,
George Suntker,                      Alfred N. Chase,
Francis M. Bash,                     Jonas Lindsey,
Francis M. Beck,                     Samuel Jones,
Robert Littleton,                     Rich’d M. Hammer,
James Boyd,                            Archibald Watson,
Thomas L. Sanders,                John A. Provine,
Weston Simmons,                   Charles Andrews.

Mound.

                                    John Caley,                             John Beal,
James Lawrence,                   Leonard Yeast,
John H. Croul,                        John Wrel,
Nicholas Comes,                     James Thompson,
Jacob Wagoner,                      Richard S. Smith,
Benj. F. Hartsook,                  Elias Steel,
Tobias P. Little,                       Jacob E. Medaris,
Leander Quait,                         Benj. F. Smith,
John W. Putnam,                    Esa Boaz,
Elias Kelsoe,                            William Wood,
Augustus Garrett,                   David A. Calliflower,
Joseph Melvin,                        Martin V. Markham.

Industry,

                                    Christopher Vail,                     John Peak.

New Salem.

                                    William Mercer,                      Thompson Wilkey,
Andrew J. Grimm,                  William Leety,
John Vaughn,                          Barton Husted,
Willis Graves,                          William B. Swango,
John Carrelson,                       John Douglas,
David Littlejohn,                    George McQueed,
Reuben J. Nebergall,               Solomon Cox,
George T. Harland,                 Shadrack Mitchell,
Joseph Chambers,                   David Miller.

Eldorado.

                                    James Langston,                      William Darnahan,
David Breener,                        Thomas W. Ausbury,
Johnathan A. Mick,                 Woodford Chappell,
Peter Van Buren,                    James Hartford,
George Cox,                            W. R. Pennington,
Henry Long,                            Thomas E. Smedley,
James T. Pile,                          Enoch C. Dawson,
Elijah Keach,                           Erastus Eastman,
George R. Price,                      Moore Marshall,
John W. Chipman,                  John A. Seward.

* In the 28th Ills.

† Live in Walnut Grove Township.

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