September 24, 1864

Macomb Eagle


            “THE UNION IS A THING OF THE PAST, HATED and DESPISED OF EVERY PATRIOT.” – William Bross, of Illinois.


Voting and Fighting for Lincoln.

            Elsewhere in this paper will be found a quotation from Seward’s late speech at Auburn, wherein he insists upon the “divine right” of Lincoln to “be President four years of the whole United States.” This impudent claim is sufficiently answered in the connection, and we desire to call attention to another passage in the same speech:

“How shall we vote then, to save the country from this fearful danger? (Vote Lincoln in again.) You have hit it exactly, my friend. We must vote Lincoln in again, and fight him in at the same time. If we do otherwise, we have only the alternatives of acquiescence in a perpetual usurpation, or of entering an endless succession of civil and social wars.” – Seward’s Speech at Auburn.

What does Seward mean by FIGHTING Lincoln in? Why does he seek to terrify the timid into Lincoln’s support, by threatening “an endless succession of civil and social wars,” as the penalty for a failure to vote Lincoln in? If the republican ticket be defeated then we are to have not only one “social and civil war,” but an “endless succession” of them? Mr. Seward and his party tell us that negro slavery is the only contest in the present civil war. What further war have they in mind? Do they intend to resist the decision of the people at the polls, unless that decision shall be in their favor? Who has uttered language that smacks more strongly of treason and rebellion than this?

But the Secretary says that the republicans “must vote Lincoln in and fight him in at the same time.” We should like to know where this fighting is to be done. Does he mean that electoral votes must be given by Federal bayonets and niggers in Florida, Louisiana, Arkansas, the Carolinas, etc.? Or does he mean that when his party vote for Lincoln they must also fight away all opposition from the polls? What else does he mean when he says that the voting and fighting must be done “at the same time?” To make sure work of it the two jobs must be finished at one blow? Is not this what Seward means – is it not what he meant should be understood from his expressions?

The people will not be deterred from electing McClellan, in consequence of these puerile threats from Lincoln’s chief adviser. They will vote for and elect McClellan, and then, if necessary, fight him into the presidency. Mr. Seward and Mr. Lincoln might as well understand at once that “that’s what’s the matter.”


“Official Documents.”

            Under this head the union leaguers are flooding the country with old Abe’s “Opinions on slavery and its issues.” Scarcely a mail arrives that does not bring large packages of pamphlets for distribution among the “loyal.” And these purport to be “Official documents from the Patent office.” Being marked “official,” they must emanate from the administration. Wonder how much the Government pays for printing Lincoln’s campaign documents? Thus it is that under “official” guise the administration in power prostitutes the the mails for the furtherance of Lincoln’s re-election.


The Terms of Peace.

            Fairness or candor or truth are not to be expected of abolition journals when they speak of the Democratic party or its candidates. To state our positions fairly would destroy their efforts to deceive the people. Hence it is that upon the great question of the country’s Peace, abolitionists furiously and wickedly misrepresent the Democratic candidates. They say we are in favor of “peace at any price” – “a peace recognizing the rebel Confederacy” – “any kind of peace,” etc. Now this is all false. The resolutions of our national convention declare for “Peace on the basis of the Federal Union,” and Gen. McClellan says emphatically that “The Union is the one condition of Peace.” These are the terms of Peace. Language could not be more explicit. They are honorable terms. They are just and equitable to all sections.

The pledge of the Democratic platform to the people of the South as well as the North, is, that an earnest, frank, and fraternal effort should be made for [fold] “without the effusion of another drop of blood” – for the Peace that every intelligent man who is not either a knave or a fanatic would hail with unbounded joy. There is reason to believe that the people of the South are ready to return to the house of their fathers. For our country’s sake let us clear the Lincoln impediments out of the way, and encourage them to come back.


            → The republicans seem to be as little inclined to fight out this war as any other people. At least we think so, from the fact that they are not volunteering, nor making any efforts to get up volunteers. Neither do they want to be drafted. In fact they don’t want to be killed in “Lincoln’s war” at all. Now the way to avoid drafts, and conscriptions, and rebel bullets, is to vote for and elect McClellan. Then there will be no more war – for the Union will be restored without shedding of another drop of blood, and Peace will diffuse its blessings throughout the land.


            → Gen. Grant, in his late letter, says: “All we want now to insure an early restoration of the Union is a determined unity of sentiment North.” Certainly and this unity of sentiment will be made manifest by the election of McClellan. It can never be obtained under Lincoln’s policy. His stubborn demand for “the abandonment of slavery” renders this impossible, and every man of common intelligence knows it. Until this foolish and wicked edict is revoked, there can be neither unity of sentiment North, nor Union sentiment South, upon which to work for reconciliation and peace. Then vote for Little Mac!


            → Abolition journals charge us with “offering a peace which repudiates the purposes of the war.” What is the purpose of the war? Is it to procure “the abandonment of slavery,” as Lincoln says? Is it to re-elect Lincoln President, as Seward says? If either of these or both be the purpose of the war, then the Democracy do repudiate it, and do prefer Peace on the basis of the Federal Union.


            → Republicans generally have much to say about every man’s being either for or against his country. Now, we agree with them fully, in such most obvious premises, but in regard to conclusions, there is more than a slight difference. What are their conclusions from the premises? Why that republicans are the friends, and democrats the enemies of the country! We have always supposed that the more a man upheld and labored for the maintenance of the Constitution and Constitutional Laws of his country, the more he was for his country. But republicans, it seems “don’t see it,” so after trampling the most prominent principles of the Constitution under foot, they turn round and tell us, “you old copperheads, you are always such sticklers for the strict observance of Constitutional Law, you are enemies to your country. We are its true friends! Every man is for or against his country. We are for, and therefore you are against it.” How conclusive!


H. K. Peffer’s Appointments.

            Hon. H. K. Peffer, Democratic candidate for Senator, will address the people of McDonough county, at the following times and places:

Blandinville, Monday afternoon, Sept. 26th.

Knappenberger’s school house, Sciota, same evening.

J. B. Purdy’s school house, Emmit, Tuesday afternoon, 27th.

Macomb, same evening.

Tennessee, Wednesday afternoon, 28th.

Lamoine mills, same evening.

Middletown, Thursday afternoon, 29th.

Center school house, Scotland, same evening.

Industry, Friday afternoon, 30th.

Rinehart’s school house, New Salem, same evening.

Bushnell, Saturday afternoon, Oct. 1st.

Prairie City, same evening.

The afternoon meetings will be held at 1 ½ o’clock, and the evening meetings at 7 o’clock. Other speakers will accompany Mr. Peffer. – It is hoped that all parties – will take the time to attend these meetings, and hear a candid discussion of the “things that pertain to their peace.” The ladies are especially invited.


            → There was a good meeting of the Democracy of the southeast part of McDonough and the adjoining portion of Fulton, at Foster’s Point, on Saturday last. The crowd in attendance was large, probably numbering one thousand persons. A common feeling of devotion to the Union and of earnest enthusiasm for the redemption of our country through the election of McClellan, pervaded every heart. The strong wind that was blowing made it laborious work for the speakers; but notwithstanding this, Mr. T. E. Morgan made a most eloquent and effective speech, scattering to the fierce winds the pretensions of the republican leaders that their policy is designed to promote the general welfare of the people. We regret that we cannot give a synopsis of his speech, for all admit that it was one of the masterly efforts which the present crisis has brought forth.


            → This town has very nearly gone dry. The dust flies in clouds through the streets, the wells on the square are pumped out every day, the water in Crooked creek has dwindled to a span’s breadth, “Green river” has known no flood for many a month, and there is no “lager” in town! What will thirsty people do?


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