September 23, 1864
A Bid for the Solders Vote.
The effrontery of the Chicago platform culminates in an insult to the soldiers of the Union. The last resolution extends the sympathy of the Democratic party to them, and promises, [fold] them all the “care and protection, regard and kindness” to which they are entitled. Are the framers of this resolution and the voters for it such asinine wittlings as to suppose the soldiers can be gulled by hypocrisy so transparent? Have they such small acquaintance with human nature as to pretend that those whom they have sneeringly called “Lincoln hirelings” would accept their hollow-hearted proffers of sympathy? They have done every thing they could to discourage and damp the ardor of these brave defenders of the Government. They have worked like beavers to disfranchise these intelligent voters, and to deny them a privilege in the field which they would be compelled to accord at home. They know that men who go to the battle-field to fight for a principle will go to the polls to vote for it, and they are afraid of their exercise of the right of suffrage. They know that the army vote will decide the great question of the day, and that though many in the army are attached personally to McClellan because he was their former leader, their attachment to the cause which he failed adequately to represent, and from active sympathy with which he is now more remotely removed than ever, is ten fold stronger. While these demagogues have labored to create the impression that the war is unjust and injurious, that it is carried on in the interest of partisanship and for the perpetuation of the “Lincoln dynasty,” the soldiers who comprehend the real import of the struggle are offering up their lives upon the altar of their country, and sealing with their blood their devotion to a cause which does not concern their country alone, but in which the great heart of humanity and philanthropy everywhere looks for its chosen embodiment, its favorite impersonation. What bond of sympathy can possibly exist between those who are straining every nerve in favor of slavery, aristocracy and rebellion, and those who are risking capture and imprisonment, maiming and death in the interests of freedom and good government? What affiliation is there between those who indulge in absurd and stupid whining about the coercion of sovereign States, and those who are fighting for a strong, consolidated Government, made up, not of Confederated, but of United States? Do the Copperheads presume when they attempt to flatter the soldiers, that the brave fellows are blind to the slurs of the newspaper press and deaf to the conversations in which it is intimated that they had better stay at home than to be fighting “for the nigger.” It is not very complimentary to the intelligence of those voters who go forth in their country’s defense, to suppose that they can be oblivious to the past, or unconscious of the present. More than this, it is a wanton insult to gloss over with fair words what everybody knows – is rankling in their hearts. They cannot bury written records, nor recall their utterances; they cannot blot out their deeds, nor efface their memories. They cannot consistently at one moment denounce the soldier as a “minion” of Lincoln, and at another cringe at his feet for his vote. They have no business to vote against his right of suffrage, and when it is conceded by large majorities of those who are his true friends, to beg its exercise in their favor. Yet it need not create surprise. A party so lost to all the claims of the present and all the demands of the future as this heterogenous fusion called the democracy, will not hesitate to resort to any means, fair or foul, for the attainment of its ends. But the soldiers whom they have heretofore slighted and insulted will reject their offers with scorn, and rebuke them as they deserve at the ballot box.
The copperhead press, with characteristic effrontery, is endeavoring to bolster up their candidate for the Vice Presidency. With surpassing coolness, they either deny or explain away the allegations of the Union press affecting his loyalty, and the records of his opposition to the war measures of the Government, and of his sympathy with Jeff. Davis and his followers in their treasonable designs. If Mr. Pendleton is not a secessionist, perhaps the Eagle will obligingly instruct us how to construe the language of his speech in the House of Representatives, January 18th, 1861, in opposition to the bill to provide for the collection of duties on imports – substantially the same, as most of our readers can recollect, as that which was passed under similar during Gen. Jackson’s administration. In this speech – which may be found in the Appendix to the Congressional Globe, XXXVI Congress, Second Session – he contended that the Government had no right to enforce its laws in the seceded States.
Mr. Buchanan had nominated Mr. McIntyre, of Pennsylvania, [fold] on Charleston harbor, and Mr. Pendleton, who dissented from such a course on the part of the Government, enjoys the signal honor of being the only Northern man who stood up in opposition to the Government’s policy. In the course of his remarks, he urged his fellow members to yield disgraceful concessions to the armed traitors of the South, who were preparing to strike a deadly blow at the life of the nation, adding these words:
“If you will not; if you find conciliation impossible; if your differences are so great that you cannot or will not reconcile them; gentlemen, let the seceding States depart in peace; let them establish their government and empire, and work out their destiny according to the wisdom which God has given them.”
All testimony goes to show that Mr. Pendleton has acted consistently with this view during the rebellion, and we must accordingly give him credit for his consistency. He, at least, will cling to the peace plank of the platform which McClellan has deliberately kicked overboard. But does it ever occur to the people, that if this inharmoniously-yoked couple should be elected, to ask themselves what kind of President Mr. Pendleton would make in case of McClellan’s death.
Does the Eagle with its blasphemous treason endorse Mr. Pendleton in his endeavors to acknowledge secession, contrary to all law, of which they claim to be the exponents? Please come out and make some issue, as we have a few more facts on which we wish you to express an opinion.
Messrs. Editors: By your permission I wish to say a few things through the Journal upon the above subject. – The writer of this has never been one who much believes in the consistency of democracy. On the contrary, a life long experience has convinced him that if he wished to find that “jewel” he must seek elsewhere than in the democratic party to find it. As he grows older every day experience makes that conviction stronger. Only last week we had a very fair sample of Democratic Consistency, in the action of the Board of Supervisors for this county. – It was in this way. A proposition was made that the county should appropriate one thousand dollars for the benefit of soldiers families and the widows and orphans of those who have fallen on the field of battle. The majority of the Board voted it down, giving as one of their reasons that there was no law authorizing such an appropriation by the Board. Now mark what follows. – During the same session only a day or two afterwards these same men voted three hundred dollars out of the county treasury to pay a reward for the arrest of one Adams who was accused of murder. This they did not only without any law authorizing it, but contrary to the spirit, meaning and intent of a law of the land. “Oh! consistency thou art a jewel,” and Oh! democracy thou art a ruby of great price.
A LOOKER ON.
→ I say to this people, and to Abraham Lincoln, that if there is not to be a free election, there will be a free fight. – Dick Richardson.
We say to the people, Dick Richardson and the copperheads generally, that they can be accommodated either way. There is no intention to prevent a free expression of opinion at the ballot box, and woe, to the man who endeavors to stop Union voters by inaugurating a free fight.
By J. K. M.
I have been favored once more by Uncle Sam’s officials with permission to return home for a few weeks. I arrived on Friday morning last, having left Chattanooga on the Monday afternoon previous. My readers are perhaps aware that I have been absent from my regiment since the early part of August. I am improving in health, but am still quite unfit for active field service.
On the first of September the glorious old 78th was engaged in a desperate encounter with the enemy and won a brilliant victory, taking a large number of prisoners and several pieces of cannon. But it was accomplished with fearful cost. While I feel the exultation of victory my heart is cast down at reading the long list of killed and wounded, many of whom were my most intimate and particular friends. My company (C), suffered terribly, but I am proud to know they did noble and valiant service. A list of the killed and wounded is published in a letter in another column from Mr. Wm A. Duffield. I take this occasion to express my thanks to Mr. Duffield for his good will and promptness in furnishing the letter. I perceive that my friend, Sergeant O’Niel of Blandinville, was first and foremost in the fray, capturing a battle flag from the enemy. Thos. Broaddus, of this city, a son of the late Major Broaddus, took a rebel General prisoner. Bully for Tom.
Company I, which was raised in this city and vicinity, suffered comparatively little. Company C, of Blandinville, appears to have suffered more heavily than any other company in the regiment. In the published list we have four killed, but I have subsequent advices which informs me that Cyrel Tift died from his wounds a day or two after the battle. Joseph Bond, I learn, has suffered an amputation of a leg. – In the death of Henry Venning our company loses an excellent soldier, and his family a kind father and affectionate husband. This is indeed a terrible blow to Mrs. V. She is a very worthy woman and in rather destitute circumstances, and is now left with five small children to care for and protect. She and her children must not suffer in this land of plenty. Justice to the memory of John W. James requires that I should say a word of him. He was a young man of excellent character and a willing soldier. In all the trials and vicissitudes of camp life he never forgot his duties as a persevering and faithful Christian. He was unwell for several days in the past summer, but I could not help but admire him for his earnest disposition to be reported for duty whenever it was in any degree compatible with his health. Our company will ever remember him for his noble and sterling qualities.
I suppose that our regiment is now in the city of Atlanta. I have no positive information upon the subject, but from what I can gather I think our regiment will form a portion of the garrison of that city and remain there during the winter.
On my return home from Chattanooga I met Thos. Edmondson of Co. I, and Dr. Sapp of Co. A, at Louisville on their return to the regiment, having enjoyed the pleasures of a thirty days’ furlough. The Doctor has been very low during the past summer with typhoid fever. Edmondson was wounded in the battle of Peachtree creek in July last. He has now quite recovered from his wound. Tom is what we call a “bully soldier.” He was promoted from Corporal to 2d Sergeant on the battle field before Kenesaw in June last for brave and gallant services as color bearer.
During the time I shall be at home I will try and keep posted in regard to the regiment and communicate through the columns of the Journal.
[?] writing the above we learn that Michael Mealey of Co. C., Wm. Weaver, of Co. G., and Richard H. Scott, of Co. A., have died of their wounds.
To Whom It May Concern. – A number of my friends and acquaintances in the 78th Regiment during the past summer subscribed for the Journal, to be sent as a present to their friends or families at home, with the expectation of paying me for the same when the regiment should be paid off. Up to the time I left the regiment they had received no pay – nearly eight months pay being their due. I have no doubt, however, that the paymaster has visited them before this time. I wish to say to those receiving the Journal from the source indicated above that I have abandoned the money on each of these subscriptions and settled with Mr. Clarke for the same. A goodly portion of these are my friends, who, in the kindness of their hearts, were disposed to send the Journal as a weekly visitor to loved ones at home, now lie cold in death, while a still larger number have been obliged to leave the regiment on account of sickness or wounds. I have no doubt that those wounded or sick are anxious to pay me but it is impractable for them to do so at present. I am poorly able to lose the large amount in the aggregate due me from those who have died. I would therefore say to all those receiving the Journal, through the kindness of friends in the 78th, that I would be much gratified to have a settlement of the same, and I would remark especially to the friends of the deceased, sick and wounded, that a dollar sent to me at Macomb would be duly credited to the name for whom it was sent and the Journal continued for the length of the time paid for.
I would here say that as long as the 78th regiment has an existence or an organization I expect to be connected with it, if my life is spared; and the readers of the Journal may expect to hear from me every week. I shall at no very distant day write a history of the 78th, with some discriptions of the country through which we have traveled, with a number of very thrilling and interesting adventures, hair-breadth escapes, etc. I should be pleased to see every name now upon our subscription book continued.
I learn that my old friend and former associate in the publication of the Journal, Mr. J. W. Nichols, has recently been very low with typhoid fever at the house of a friend in Aurora, in this State, but, I am pleased to announce that he is now much better, and will probably reach his home again in this city sometime next week.
Letter Robbed. – Mr. Isaac Tunus, of this city, a member of Co. I, 78th Reg’t, who is now sick at Hospital in Nashville about six weeks since deposited a letter containing twenty dollars in the post office in that city directed to his wife at this place. The letter has failed to reach her. The wretch that would rob a poor soldiers letter of the money designed to cheer the hearts of his wife and little ones at home, by furnishing the necessaries of life, ought to be choked to death with a halter. I learn that Mrs. Tunis is now quite sick with fever, and needing the aid and sympathy of her kind neighbors.
Bow Wow Wow!!
Reading in the Eagle of last week that the Democratic Club of Scotland township would meet at the central school house on Tuesday, 20th inst., at 2 o’clock P. M., and that “speeches on the state of the country” would be made, and noticing particularly that all were invited to attend, we were induced to believe that the meeting would be an important and interesting one, and that we would be fully recompensed in travelling the distance of six miles to attend it. Accordingly, in company with a friend, was fully impressed with importance and interest attaching to the contemplated meeting, we rode out to the center school house at the appointed time. We was a little dilatory in starting, and our friend was quite impatient lest the crowd at the school house would get in before us, and we thus fail to secure a good seat. But having one of French’s fast nags, we made pretty good time, and it was only half-past two when we arrived at the school house. From what we had read in the Eagle and other Democratic papers about the great enthusiasm among the masses over the nomination of the young Napoleon, we expected to hear the cheers of the multitude long before we reached the place of meeting, but the awful and profound silence which reigned in and about the school house, and the solemn and grave visages of about half a dozen peaceful individuals, who had assembled in a fence corner a few rods from the school house led us to suppose that we had made a mistake, either in the place or the character of the meeting which had been called. Perceiving a young man in soldiers clothes approaching, we inquired of him if this was a church elder’s meeting, or was it a primary meeting of some sort. – The young man solemnly assured us that it was a mass meeting of the Democracy in Scotland township, and considering all things it was quite an outpouring or pouring out of the admirers in Scotland township, of that newly discovered policy by which the war shall be conducted on peace principles. In a short time Mr. Smith, whom we were told had kindly consented to allow the use of his name as a candidate for Sheriff, appeared, and discovering the half-dozen individuals in the fence corner, with quite a nervous feeling, informed the said half-dozen individuals that he knew the people wouldn’t turn out to such a meeting in the day time. Our friend, whom we had invited to come with us gave us such a look that we felt the rebuke immediately. As soon as we had opportunity we apologized for inviting him to such a place in open day, where everybody could see us, telling him that I had but recently returned from the army, and didn’t know that people held such meetings in such disrepute as to refuse to be seen at them in the day time. Our friends and neighbors, Messrs. Hangate and Neece, rode up, but taking a hint from Mr. Smith, they soon rode off again. There was no speaking, the school-house was not opened, and there is three dollars gone for hoss-hire, for which the Eagle man, or the parties who instigated that notice in the Eagle, ought to pay.
From the 78th Regiment,
In Camp at Jonesboro, Ga.,
September 2, 1864
Editor Journal: — As Mr. Magie, your correspondent in the 78th, is sick in hospital and unable to keep you informed of the condition and movements of the regiment, and as the friends at home are anxious to hear from us often, especially so after a battle has been fought, I shall try and write a short letter to you for the benefit of those having friends in the regiment.
We left camp near Atlanta on the morning of the 26th of August. We moved by short marches, encountering but little resistance until we got near Jonesboro station, on the Atlanta an Macon R. R., where, on the morning of Sept. 1st it becoming apparent that a fight was imminent, we were formed in line of battle to await the coming combat. We lay in line until about 1 p. m.. when the order was given to move forward, and soon the rattle of musketry and booming of cannon mingled with the hissing of shells and whistling minnie balls, told that the ball had opened. The fighting continued until long after dark, resulting most disastrously to the rebels, and most gloriously the 78th. The regiment, under command of Lieut. Col. Vernon, went for the “Johnnies” at the double quick, capturing their first line of works, many prisoners, and a battery of four guns with their caissons. This glorious work, however, was effected with a severe loss on our part – the regiment losing in all some seventy-five in killed and wounded. The rebels remained in their works, loading and firing their cannon, until our men commenced bayoneting them, when almost that entire part of the line surrendered as prisoners of war.
It was a glorious time for the 78th – some of the boys being almost wild with delight at our success, throwing their hats and cheering with the greatest excitement. There were many instances of individual bravery, but all behaved most gallantly. Sergt. O’Neil, of Co. C, captured a rebel flag, but afterward laying it down to assist in repelling a charge the rebels were making to regain their guns, it was stolen by a soldier belonging to another regiment. – Co. B captured a fine team of mules. – Thos. Broaddus, of Co. I, took a rebel General prisoner while exhorting his men to stay in their works. I think his name was Vance. Co. C. lost rather heavier than any other company on account of its central position in the regiment, and on account of the kind of ground passed over while making the charge. It lost four killed and eight wounded. As our men clambered over the rebel works a rebel fired at the color bearer and tried to hit him with his gun. Corp. Richart, of Co. H, ordered him to surrender, and upon his refusing to do so, he charged upon him with unloaded gun, striking him upon the head until his gun stock broke. Corp. Ogden of Co. H, was hit on the head by a glancing ball, and as it bleed considerable, he started back to a small rivulet that was in the rear, meeting on the way Major Green, who ordered him to the rear; but upon washing his wound, and finding it but slight, he immediately returned to his post. Capt. Black, of Co. d, was killed instantly by a musket ball in the head. Maj. Green had an arm broke. We lost as many men as at Chicakamauga, but with far different results.
This morning the rebels were gone, and our men are now on their track. – The railroad is being thoroughly destroyed as we advance, which indicates that the campaign is nearly over for the present.
Our boys need money and clothing sadly, but I hear no murmuring – all being in good spirits. Below is a list of the killed and wounded so far as I have been able to ascertain:
Co. A – Wounded – Sergt. John D. Corvie, left arm, slight; Privates Wm. H. Curtis, neck, severe; Alexander Shamil, neck, severe; C. L. Wilson, left arm and shoulder, severe; Rhichard H. Scott, abdomen, severe; Henry Vandiver, head, severe; Harvey Hendricks, right hand, slight; H. C. Rodenhamer, right leg, slight; Thos. R. Atway, scalp, slight; Wm. R. Ruggles, hand, slight.
Co. B – Wounded – Sergt. W. K. Miller, arm, slight; Privates Daniel Newcomer, severely in lower part of breast; Wm. Beaty, through the chest, mortal; Wm. Patterson, wrist broken; Chris. Mangle, burned by the explosion of a caisson.
Co. C – Killed – Privates, John W. James, John Rush, Henry Venning and John S. Forrest.
Wounded – Sergt. Michael Mealy, neck, severe; Corp. Luther Meek, arm, slight; Privates, Joseph Bond, leg, severe; Wm. C. Freeland, hand; John F. Greene, side, slight; Joseph A. James, arm, slight; George Martin, shoulder, slight; Cyrel Tift, leg, severe.
Co. D – Killed – Capt. R. M. Black, Sergt. Albert Wallace, Privates, Samuel S. Davis, George W. Crotts.
Wounded – Wm. S. Davis, John C. Cormack, Wm. H. Thompson, Jacob J. Fry, J. J. Herst, M. E. Wallace, Jas. Craig.
Co. E – Wounded – Corp. Francis M. Barnard, thigh, severe; Edward Williams, thigh, severe; Privates, Jesse Cunningham, thigh, severe; Samuel Deighton, thigh, severe; John W. Hendricks, forehead, slight; P. Hoffmaster, shoulder, slight.
Co. F – Killed – Sergt. Robert Welbourne.
Wounded – Theodore Chandler, shoulder, severe.
Co. G – Killed – 1st Lieutenant D. W. Long, Private John S. Beckett. Wounded – Corps. George W. Wisehart, shoulder, severe; J. C. Malthamer, breast, slight. Privates, Wm. T. Beckett, thigh and wrist, slight; Richard Flack, in leg; Clayton W. McGill, right knee, slight; Alfred Pollock, head severe.
Co. H – Killed – Sergt. Wm. H. Thomes. Wounded – Sergt. Jno. Gibbs, heel, slight. Corp. Philo Ogden, head, slight. Privates, Thomas Robinson, breast, severe; Jeremiah Ward, breast, severe; Henry Gilbreath, hands, severe; Joseph Walker, side, slight; Wm. Stanley, arm, severe.
Co. I – Wounded – Corps. Sophroneus Carahan, neck, slight; John C. Pembroke, arm, severe; Henry Parker, arm, slight; Wm. Weaver, head, severe.
Co. K – Killed – Perry Lesenr. – Wounded, 1st Sergt. Jonathan Butler. Corp. John P. Beers, arm, slight. – Private Thos. H. Winfield, thigh, severe; Wm. Cray, neck, severe; David M. Coulter, leg, severe; John Riley.
A good many of the wounded will probably prove fatal. Jeff. C. Davis commanding the 14th A. C. made a speech to us to-day, in which he said we had more than made up for our repulse at Kenesaw Mountain, on the 27th of June last. More anon.
W. H. DUFFIELD.
Gov. Yates. – We regret to announce that owing to an arrangement made between Gov.’s Yates and Morton, our talented Governor will not be present at the Grand Mass Meeting to-day, (Friday,) but an appointment has been made for the 7th of Oct., when we predict a large turn out to see and hear the soldiers’ friend, the successor of Dick Richardson in the U. S. Senate, and the rising Statesman of the West, Hon. Richard Yates.
Rally Union men of Scotland. – There will be a meeting at the Central School house in Scotland township on Wednesday evening next when able speakers will be present to address the assembly. Mr. J. K. Magie who has just returned from the 78th will be present and express the sentiments of the Illinois troops.
Flag Raising. – On Wednesday last the Union men of the city flung to the breeze, a handsome, new American flag, that starry banner, representative of the cause for which we are contending. The pole in the Court house yard had been repaired and at 5 o’clock, the flag – measuring 8 by 24 – was run up and so bright did the stars appear, that the McClellan secessionists, could but glance and then droop their heads like whipped curs.
The Star spangled Banner was thrown
to the breeze’s.
In the Court house yard, over the trees’s.
Long will it float.
Vote for Lincoln. – A vote was taken, Wednesday, on the train from Keokuk Junction to Hamilton which resulted as follows: Lincoln, 41; McClellan, 19, and Fremont 1. Fremont believes in being No. 1 and nothing else, at least as far as the number of votes is concerned. On the train from the Junction to Macomb, same day, a vote was taken which resulted for Lincoln, 80; McClellan, 22; Fremont, 1.
Western Sanitary Fair. – This Fair commences at Quincy on the 11th inst., and from the preparations making, will far exceed anything of the kind held in the West. The C. B. & Q. R. R., will issue excursion tickets, and from the reputation M’Donough Co. has for aiding the soldiers, we anticipate a large turn out from this section.
Acquitted. – Pat Leary, Co. C, 16th Ills. Inf. who was indicted for riot in February last was tried and acquitted last week. Pat has started for the Reg’t at Atlanta.
That’s So. – We heard a friend remark the other day that Strader & Co., sold the best article of boots and shoes, hats and caps, and at the cheapest rates in town. We agree with our friend, and advise all those who are looking for a good bargain in the boot line to call on Strader & Co., west side of the square.
Runaways. – On Sabbath last, the fine premium grey team of Mr. A. V. Brooking, took fright from some cause, broke loose and started on a little trip upon their own account. They were finally brought up about two miles in the country, but little damage being done to the carriage, none to the harness or themselves. Mr. B. says eight dollars will cover the damage.
Monday afternoon the team running for Tinsley’s mill, go tired waiting at the depot, and concluded to hurry home. A young lad – son of the miller – was in the wagon at the time, and, brave little fellow as he was, prevented them from a general smash up. They were stopped on the square without any mischief being done.
Dry Clothes. – Every one knows the importance of having wearing apparel thoroughly dried before wearing, and the best thing that we know of to effectually wring the water out of them is the “Universal Clothes Wringer,” for sale by Wadham & Stowell, northwest corner of the square. These wringers have been sufficiently tested to prove them to be worthy of all the encomiums and first premiums that have been bestowed on them. Go to Wadham & Stowell’s and procure one.
Victory. – C. M. Ray has achieved a splendid victory over the high prices of boots, shoes, hats, caps &c. He has a very large and complete stock of the above goods, and he is selling them at very cheap rates. Mr. B. has in his employ some of the best workmen, in the boot and shoe line, in the West, and is prepared to make to order all kinds of boots and shoes. All work warranted. His store is on the east side of the square, at the sign of the “Big Boot.”
He has also a large supply of Copper Tipped shoes, for children, which he is selling at last year’s prices. Remember that one pair of the copper tipped shoes will last a child as long aqs two pairs without tips.
Improvement. – Joe Wynne our indefatigable and energetic Post-master has added to the accomodations of the public by having lock drawers placed in the P. O. We don’t think this a useless expense Joe for “Father Abraham” will continue you four years longer, and every body “and more too” is perfectly satisfied with your administration, except one or two Copperheads who expect office under McClellan or Jeff. Davis, they don’t know which.
From the 16th. – A letter from Lieut. Gash, dated the 11th gives us the casualties in the fight at Jonesboro. Edwin D. Kelly, Co. “A,” killed. Mr. K. was from Bushnell, and no other fatalities occurred to members from this county. We know him to have been a good soldier, and one who would not flinch from any duty imposed upon him. He fell in the cause of his country and his family have our heart-felt sympathies.