September 17, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Three Dollars a Year.

            The continued increase in the price of printing paper and other articles necessarily consumed in a printing office, render a further advance in subscription rates indispensable. We have therefore raised the price of The Eagle to three dollars a year – or one dollar for four months. There will be no deviation from these rates. Those who think they cannot stand it will please call and settle accounts without delay.

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Hon. H. K. Peffer for Senator.

            The convention at Monmouth on Tuesday nominated Henry K. Peffer for Senator. This is one of the best nominations that has been made in the State; he is emphatically the right man in the right place. Two years ago he was elected representative from Warren county, over one of the most popular republicans that could be run against him. His record in the Legislature is marked by a thorough devotion to the interests of the State, and a firm and consistent opposition to the swarm of claim agents that thronged the capital. Mr. Peffer is a good speaker, a logical debater, and a thorough sympathizer with the laboring population in their efforts to resist the grasping avarice of capital. He will take occasion to address the citizens of this county in a few weeks, and we bespeak for him large audiences and candid attention.

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          → Gen. Grant, it seems, has had such an easy task in destroying Lee’s army, in taking Petersburg and Richmond, and in breaking the backbone of the rebellion generally, that he has had ample leisure to write a letter in aid of Lincoln’s falling fortunes. In looking over the graves of one hundred twenty-five thousand federal soldiers which mark his path from the Rapidan to the Weldon road, he thinks that with a few more men and Lincoln’s proclamations he will be able to end the war immediately if not sooner. He certainly comprehends the temper of the people, when he asks that they “quietly” submit to the “robbing of the cradle and the grave,” in the interests of abolitionism and despotism, as fully as he comprehends the strategy necessary to defeat Lee.

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            → Let the people who have friends or relatives languishing and dying n southern prisons, remember that these gallant men will never be exchanged while an abolition administration holds sway. He refuses to exchange prisoners of war until the rebels will recognize a negro as the equal of a white soldier. This they will never do. But when McClellan takes the chair, as he will do on the 4th of March next, one of his first steps will be to order a general exchange of white soldiers held as prisoners of war. Let every true friend of the soldier unite in assisting to elect such a president.

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A Valuable Accession.

            We understand that Jas. H. Stewart, Esq., of Monmouth, has openly proclaimed his renunciation of the republican party, and avowed his intention to support McClellan and the Democracy in their righteous efforts to restore Union and Peace to the country. This is a good accession to the cause of constitutional rights. Mr. Stewart is one of the first lawyers in this part of the State, and will have a large influence. He is satisfied that the principles and policies of the Lincoln party are antagonistic to the general welfare, are destructive of all the rights that individuals and States enjoy under the federal constitution, are exercising despotic as well as unwarranted and unnecessary power, and are perverting the war which was began against a rebellion, into a crusade against institutions and laws and privileges. Therefore, as a lover of his country, and a sincer hater of everything mean and despicable in an imbecile or corrupt administration, he obeys the dictates of conscience and of principle by allying himself with the Democracy of the country.

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Spurious Unionism.

            While the awful absurdity of a vast and bloody war is being enacted for the obviously impossible object of restoring the Union, and while the lessar absurdity to terming the party which upholds such a war as its sole mode of attaining that object a “Union party,” is still beguiling thousands of unreflecting men, the utter falsity of both assumptions is constantly shown in the spirit of intense and malevolent hatred which characterizes every expression of this spurious Union party towards the Southern people. The idea of uniting with a people for whom such bitter malice and implacable hatred is cherished would appear preposterous to every body but a Loyal Leaguer or a lunatic. A pretty Union party, which denies the equality of States, and declares that the Union shall not be restored save on condition which render its restoration impossible. Every prominent leader of the abolition party has proved himself a traitor to the Union – has worked for its dissolution, and, to use the language of Stephen A. Douglas, “urged war as a means of accomplishing disunion.” – How supremely absured, then, for the administration to claim to be a Union party.

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            → The abolitionists have the unparalleled impertinence to call themselves “unconditional Unionists.” – Ask one of them if he would accept the restoration of the Union if slavery were to be retained, and he will reply “no,” at once. At least Lincoln says he will not even open a treaty to restore the Union until by sacrificing the lives of a million or so of white soldiers, he has succeeded in freeing the negroes. This is the their Unionism.

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            → This country has had but one President whose name was George, but he was about the best President we have ever had. The people all love his memory, and they intend to elect another George this fall and see if he won’t make a good President too.

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Scotland Township.

            The Democratic club of Scotland township will meet at center school house on Tuesday next, 20th inst., at 2 o’clock p. m. Speeches on the state of the country will be made. All are invited to attend.

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The County Fair.

            The attendance at the county fair on Thursday and Friday was very good, but not so large as we have seen. Some of the departments were well filled, while others were miserably meager. This was especially the case with

VEGETABLES.

            The articles in this line consisted of two squashes, 3 cabbages, a peck of scraggy potatoes, bony cane stalks, a quart of onions, a sample of good German wheat, and perhaps something else not worthy of mention.

OF MANUFACTURES.

there was one wagon, a patent churn, ditto loom, and nothing more.

THE LADIES DEPARTMENT

was well filled with quilts, children’s dresses, cushions, millinery, chemises, skirts, shirts, etc., etc., exhibiting much skill in needlework, and taste in design and execution. We cannot particularize where so many articles deserve meritorious mention.

FRUITS.

            There was a good variety of large and small fruits on exhibition.

Apples. – Mr Damron exhibited 35 varieties, and Mr. Chandler 21, all desirable.

Grapes. – Mr. Damron had speciments of the Concord, Isabella, Catawba, Oporto, Ibex, McCrosky, Diana, Hartford, Prolific, and Clinton – all fine and luscious.

Mr. Vawter had samples of Delaware, Clinton, Concord, Oporto, Catawba, Isabella.

The most of these are very fine grapes, or we are no judge.

Mr. Marx exhibited a Clinton and an Isabella vine, two years old, growing in a box containing less than half a bushel of earth. – Both were very large and full large clusters of grapes.

Pears. – Mr. Damron had 8 varieties of pears and Mr. Chandler 3, all appearing to be fine fruit and of large size.

SWINE.

            There were several pens of good hogs on exhibition, and considering the insignificant amount of premiums offered for this stock, the display was better than might have been expected. Exhibitors certainly did not take this stock to the fair solely for the premiums they might receive.

Mr. H. S. Head exhibited 2 sows and 8 pigs. We could not learn the breed, or age, there being nothing to inform visitors of these particulars. They are very fine animals and are worthy of the attention of hog raisers.

One pen contained 2 Berkshires – fine animals – and another pen 2 of another color. The owners did not deem it necessary to [?] around and answer questions, or to post up any information concerning them, so we are without further particulars.

Mr. Hankins had “the big hog” of the lot, but as a notice of this animal has been made elsewhere, nothing further need to be said here.

We must defer till next week a notice of the sheep, cattle, horses, etc. on exhibition.

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            Good Fits. – Those who want to enjoy the comfort of well made and exactly fitting clothes can obtain them at the tailoring and clothing house of Mr. August. This gentleman has lately secured the services of one of the best cutters in Illinois – Mr. Wright – and is prepared to guarantee satisfaction and a little more than satisfaction to all who entrust the making up of their garments to his hands. Gents will please take notice.

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            Egyptian Wheat. – Mr. C. F. Long of Prairie city township has left at our office a few heads of “Egyptian wheat,” raised by him this year. It is a good berry and yields, as we are informed by Mr. Long, at the rate of forty bushels per acre.

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            Watch Lost. – Mr. C. Von Wolff lost a silver watch on the evening of the 3rd inst. – It is of small size, French make and cylinder [?]. The owner will be suitably rewarded by leaving it at this office.

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            Largest Hog in the County. – Mr. A. J. Hankins had a hog at the late fair, which is undoubtedly the largest “lump of swine” in the county. The animal is three years old, weighs over 200 pounds, breadth across the shoulder 30 inches, length from snout to tail seven feet. It is a cross of Chester and Berkshire, and color white.

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            A Good Churn. – Markille & Smith’s patent churn is a good invention. The ease and rapidity with which the “churning” can be done are its great recommendations. We have tried one of these churns, and can advise our farmers that it is worth the money. Sold by Jos. T. Mitchell, at J. W. Arnold’s, five miles north of Macomb.

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            → The house of Strader & Co. have just received a large invoice of boots and shoes for the fall and winter trade. They will sell a better article at lower figures than any other firm in the county. That’s so.

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Answer Before You Vote.

            The following questions will be found interesting at the present time:

How much regard have rulers for the rights of the people?

When will passion give way to reason?

What kind of government, and how much debt are we to have when the war is over?

If the war should continue until the last man is killed and the last dollar is spent, who will bury the last man, and who will hold the last dollar?

Does sovereignty reside in the office holders or in the people?

Should the freeing of slaves be the paramount object of the war?

Is there any recoil to a musket in the hands of a negro soldier?

Do all governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed?

Is love, hatred or fear, the stronger bond of Union?

Has one-tenth of the people of States a right to rule the nine-tenths?

Does the right to think, and speak and vote, constitute the life of liberty?

If slavery caused the war, what caused the split in the republican party, between Fremont and Lincoln?

Are men made for the governments, or governments for men?

How many bad men are kept in office?

How many good men are kept out of office?

Shall negro soldiers, after the war shall be ended, be kept as a standing army, to domineer over white citizens?

If not, what will you do with them?

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