September 2, 1864

Macomb Journal

The Chicago Convention.

            We have no time this week to comment upon the actions or resolutions of the Chicago, Secesh Convention, which assembled in that city on Monday last. The notorious characters of the personages there assembled in solemn conclave to save the country, is too well known to require any extended notice at our hands.

Their platform – if it can be designated by such a title – is such as would have been expected to emanate from Richmond in the early and palmy days of secession. They have indirectly declared their intention to fight for the defeat of Mr. Lincoln, and while appearing before the American people as the advocates of peace, they proposed to make it on terms to suit themselves, and in direct opposition to the will of the majority.

We can conceive of no baser mode of gulling the people into their support, than the one they have adopted, and it behooves every man to call his thinking faculties into operation, before he concludes to support the nominees of a party who has practiced nothing but deception as far back as our memory extends.

Whoever their nominee may be, he is obliged to war against the Union, except upon the same platform which was to carry the rebel Breckinridge into power. Forsaking principle, country and everything which tends to make a patriot, they are but true Bardolphs, who, when told of their deaths, will exclaim:

“Would I were with them where some’er they be – either in Heaven or in Hell.”

We desire that all should remember the promises made in ’56, when that old arch-traitor Buchanan was elevated to the Presidential chair through chicanery and fraud. Many good men now unite with the majority in denouncing the O. P. F., but the same men advocating the same principles, are now the head and front of the Copperhead party, and as they have so often succeeded in elections by the game of “brag and bluff,” have adopted the same method, only on a more extended scale.

The example set by the hordes of traitors at the South, is now being followed up their accomplices in the North, and while we are resting in the fancied security; while many, very many, cannot be aroused to a sense of the danger which threatens our perpetuity as a government, these home traitors – under the auspices of the Chicago leaders – are arming and drilling to resist the constituted authorities of the land. We are an alarmist, but these facts are so palpable, that he who runs can read, and he who reads can not but understand.

The Eagle, – which is the fountainhead of treason in this county – is prepared to resort to any means to defeat the Union party, and is so lost to all patriotism, all love of country and every principle which constitutes a man, that nothing is too low or degrading for [fold] to diffuse among a community when their [fold] peculiar views and party predilections are to be advanced. It is a matter of vital import to the safety of our rights, that when a small party in the North is struggling for the Southern Confederacy, to assume control of the Federal Government, and to circumscribe and destroy our National institutions, that the people should rise in their might and crush with one powerful blow all opposition to our legally constituted rulers.

P. S. We stop the press to announce that “the great GUYASTICUTUS are loose.” Gen. Geo. B. McClellan and Geo. H. Pendleton were nominated by the Peace Convention – on Wednesday last. We wait patiently to see how they will reconcile McClellan’s war record with their peace platform.


          → The people have met with trouble wherever their rulers, influenced more by a wicked ambition than by moral principles, have assumed the right to regulate matters not pertinent to their jurisdiction. – Eagle.

True, and the democratic party is a dead example of this assumption to regulate matters for the success of party, and ignoring the rights of the people. Jeff. Davis, Jas. Buchanan, C. L. Vallandingham and those who have been identified with their clique, are the rulers, to whom we are indebted for all our present Mr. Lincoln of “wicked ambition” in enforcing the laws, because forsooth, their power has departed never to return. This is an enlightened age Mr. Eagle, and such stuff won’t go down.


          → Gov. Yates has issued his proclamation calling for a regiment of volunteers for State service. It is said the regiment is to be used to enforce the draft, and for the arrest of obnoxious individuals. This is but commencement. – Eagle.

We should like to know of the Eagle, who says this regiment is to be raised for the purpose he states, except the Chicago Times? Even were it so – which we most emphatically deny – would it not be but a counter movement to protect Union voters at the polls? Is not the Copperhead party organized into armed and secret societies for the purpose of intimidating those who choose to vote the Lincoln ticket? No loyal man need fear Martial law. – They claim to be good, loyal, law-abiding citizens; if so, they are as safe from martial law in Illinois, as they are from the rebel bullets of Hood or Lee.



From the 78th Regiment.

Field Hospital, 2nd Division 14th A. C. near Atlanta, Ga.
August 10, 1864.

            Alas, for human expectations. Here I am at the Hospital again numbered among the long list of patients unfit for duty. When I wrote you about the 1st inst., I spoke of returning to the regiment in two or three days. Well, I went, although I knew I was weak, and not exactly well; but on reaching the regiment, I soon became convinced it was not the place for me just yet. Our Surgeon’s were of the same opinion, and yielding to the force of circumstances, I took the back track, and I suppose I will have to serve out my allotted time at the Hospital; but whether it will be long enough to run into weeks, or short enough to be counted only by days, I will be better able to tell you next Christmas. My complaints are not of a serious nature, but are such as will require a little time and careful nursing to remedy.

Our regiment in the past few days has suffered considerable in wounded and some few killed. Sylvester McFall and John S. Mayhugh, of Co. C, were each wounded in an arm four or five days since and have been sent to Chattanooga. They were both severe flesh wounds, but luckily no bones factured. On the 6th inst. Marshal I. Cline of the same company was struck with a piece of shell in the abdomen and died the same night in great agony. At the breaking out of the war, Mr. Cline was residing in a secesh district in Missouri, but being loyal to the core, as soon as he could complete his arrangements he moved his family to Blandinville, the place of his former residence, and then enlisted in the 78th regiment. He was a good soldier, and from what I learn of him, a very worthy man. Jesse Warner, of Co. C, and James Ellis of Co. I, were both slightly wounded from the bursting of the same shell which killed Cline. Warner was struck in the head, and Ellis on the under part of the knee. They are both here at the Hospital, and will probably be unfit for duty for two or three weeks. Day before yesterday there were four wounded men brought in here from our regiment, viz: Lewis Achbaugh of Co. D, severe flesh wound in right arm; Sergeant A. Abbott, same co., wound in left hand; John Buskirk, co. K, flesh wound in right arm; Corp. Peter S. Caunnery, co. G, wounded by a piece of shell in bowels. Caunnery’s wound is severe, but with care he may recover.

Col. Van Vleck has been on the sick list for two or three weeks, but is getting better. Michael Baymiller, of co. I, has been laid up here at the hospital for several days with sore eyes, but I am glad to notice he is rapidly improving.

Dr. W. H. Githens, of our regiment, has charge of the wounded in one of the wards at this hospital, and it gives me pleasure to note that there is no Surgeon here more faithful and industrious in the care of his patients than is Dr. Githens. He appears to take a special care in each case, and is careful to observe that they receive all the attention and care they require.

It is a very common thing for patients at a hospital to find a great deal of fault with their treatment, and to note particularly that nothing is done right. – For my own part I try to make all allowances, and am truly thankful for all the mercies and favors I receive. But while others are finding fault with everything, I propose to express my displeasure only upon one matter – and that is the loose system which appears to prevail in the receiving of patients at the hospital. The first time I was brought to the hospital there were some six or eight of us unloaded from the ambulance in front of the hospital ten’s, and there were lay in the hot sun for fifteen or twenty minutes before we received any attention. When I came back two evenings since I was in company with four others from our regiment, and we were unloaded in like manner, and the ambulance was driven away. We patiently sat upon the ground, knowing it was the duty of somebody to look after us and assign us our proper places. After waiting as patiently as we could for nearly half an hour, I concluded to go myself and ascertain whether the hospital was closed against further admission, or whether somebody was derelict in duty. The Surgeons were very busy just then attending to a fresh load of wounded which had been brought in, and I concluded not to disturb any of them, but observing a very benevolent looking Chaplain who appears to be stationed at the hospital, standing by looking on at the amputation of a poor fellows leg. I concluded that he was my man. After getting his attention I told him that there were five sick men who had been brought in, and who were lying out upon the bare ground, and I thought as night was setting in they ought to be looked after. I failed to raise the sympathy in this mans breast that I had supposed I could, and to cut short my story I have only to say that those sick men were obliged to lay out in the bushes all night without any food, or any attention only such as they were able to render each other.

Aug. 12. – Have an opportunity today to send this letter. Col. Carter VanVleck was brought to the hospital last evening mortally wounded with a bullet in the head. He only left us yesterday noon to return to the regiment. He is still alive, but little or no prospect of recovery. A gloom pervades the regiment. He was a man of many noble qualities. Capt. Ruddell, of Co. B, is also here with a severe wound in his head.

J. K. M.


137th Regt. Ill. Vol.

Camp Memphis, Aug. 22, ’64.

          We had quite a battle yesterday. The rebels attacked us about half past three in the morning. They came in on our Regiment first, as we were the farthest out on the Hernando Road. They were all through our camp before we knew anything about it. They captured the pickets and came in upon us with a yell. After awhile the Major got us in line of battle, then we gave them a volley or two and had to fall back – as they were peppering us with grape and canister, not over twenty-five steps from us. We kept falling back, giving them volley after volley, until some of the other regt’s came to our support. We fought them about two hours, our reg’t. alone, as the other regt’s were in town, and it is about three miles to the city. At one time our regt. Was in Preacher Hawley’s yard, and had quite a little fight there. Mr. Hawley was out there talking to the boy’s. Some of the boys in our Company carried a wounded rebel in Mr. H’s house. The fight began about half-past three, and lasted until three or four in the afternoon. When we came back to our tents, in the afternoon, the dead rebels were laying thick on our camp ground. While we were fighting them, when they first attacked us, it was so dark we could not see them, but had to guess where they were; which we did pretty well, as the dead horses are lying around everywhere; there is two lying dead in our company quarters. The rebels took all the rubber blankets that they could get ahold of and some woolen ones. The boys all drew new clothing the day before; I drew a new pair of pants and some socks, but the rebels didn’t open my Knapsack; all they got from me, was my rubber blanket. Some of the boys lost all they had. – There was a sick boy in our company, that could not get out of his bunk. They took him out of his bunk, to the front of the tent and shot him through the head, and also ran a bayonet through his body, “he was murdered in cold blood.” I was over to the College grounds this morning and saw five dead rebels laying behind trees, each one had a tree to himself, and they were all shot through the head. I guess the rebels thought they would make a dash in here and capture Gens. Washburn and Hurlbut and release some of the prisoners that we had here, but the prisoners had been sent up the river the day before. They come very near getting Gen. Washburn, but he made his escape. My tent has got four bullet holes in it. Last night about twelve o’clock, we were called out again, the rebels were coming in again. We got up and marched about a mile to support a battery, and slept on our arms the rest of the night, and this morning came back to camp. There are men detailed this morning to bury the dead. At some of the houses around our camp, they set a supper for the rebels, and when our Reg’t. came in the fight, the Major went over to the houses and told them to have supper ready for him and the rest of the officers in our Regt., and told the boys to forage all they wanted to. Col. Roach was slightly wounded in the back, by a spent ball. There was two men killed in our Company. Thad. Houston was wounded in the leg; the ball went in at the knee and come out in the fleshy part of the thigh. Surgeon Dunn said that he wasn’t badly wounded. I have not seen him, he is down town in the Hospital. I think he was the only one wounded in our Company. I believe there were 10 or 12 of our Company taken prisoners. Ed. Brooking of Macomb, and a boy from Colchester named Charley Patrick. The rest that were taken were from other towns. Capt. Veatch was down in the Hospital, his sword was hanging up in his tent, the rebels took that, and also the Lieuts. Dress coat and his best pants, and several other things. Most of the officers lost nearly everything they had. I am detailed to take charge of a squad of men and report at Head Quarters immediately. I don’t know what for, so I must bring this to a close. Dr. Dunn was taken prisoner, they took him about three miles and put him in charge of the sick and wounded, when he made his escape.

Fred. L. Lancey.


            The rebels are in our front – their Canadian allies in our rear, their copperhead allies in our midst – and their Indian allies on our right flank. Loyal men of the Republic are you alive to the exigency and necessities of the hour? If you shut your eyes upon the crisis, or seeing it, treat it with unconcern, what hope is there for your country, your city, your property, the house over your head, or the children at your hearthstone?


Carter Van Vleck.

            Death has found another shining mark. Another brave and dashing patriot has fallen a free-will offering on his country’s altar, in the perilous field of battle: and another patriotic hearth is left in sadness. Col. Carter Van Vleck is no more, wounded in the brain by a random shot from the enemy before Atlanta, on the 11th inst., he lingered until about the 23d inst., when his spirit in great tranquility ascended to his God.

Col. Van Vleck was a native of Hamilton, Madison county New York, and was at his death 34 years of age. He studied law at Springfield, Illinois, and practiced as an attorney at Beardstown in this State some years, from whence he removed to this place nine or ten years ago.

A man of easy and refined address, of humane, kind-hearted, generous and manly emotions, he readily won the affections of both old and young; and his death has caused almost universal mourning. Col. Van Vleck possessed an easy flowing oratory, which rendered him one of our most impressive public speakers, and the way was fast opening for him to assume a place amongst our most prominent men. His morals were pure and unsullied and his integrity unquestioned. He was, for some years before his death, a consistent devoted member and elder of the Presbyterian Church, where he had warm friends, amongst them the young and adult members.

But the closing years of his short and useful life were spent in the immediate military service of his country, amidst the stirring scenes of the great national struggle now in progress. When others periled their lives he was not one to set by unmoved. In 1862 he was appointed by Gov. Yates a Lieutenant Colonel, of the 78th Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, and he was afterwards promoted to the place of Colonel in the same regiment. As a military man Col. Van Vleck has exhibited powers highly gratifying to his many friends, and in seeming contrast with his amiable and gentle manners. On the battle-field he was prompt and daring; eager to divide the labor, the danger and the risks with all around. – Although seriously wounded on the battle-field of Chickamauga, he rejoined his regiment with his arm in a sling, and sought not honorable retirement.

But he has at last fallen, and we will greet no more in our streets his noble, manly and generous countenance, and will hear his soft and soothing voice no more.


            Casualties in the 137th Regiment. – The following is the list of casualties in Co’s C and I, 137th Ill. Inft., on the morning of Aug. 21st, at Memphis, Tennessee:

Co. C – Killed – James Poling – Wounded – Orderly Sergeant Thaddeus Huston, leg, severe; Davis N. Rogers, bowels, dead. Captured – Sergt. James H. Drais; Private Edward S Brooking, died on the way, Bailey Cozzard, Milton Eakle, Jacob Kious, slightly wounded; John F McCord, Charles V Patrick, James Thompson, Prestly Williams.

Co I – Killed – L W Porter. Wounded Serg’t J A Kyle, thigh; Privates Ulast West, head; D L Wells, head; J R Gentry, thigh; Thos Jones, leg, slight.

Prisoners – J P McDonald, paroled; Corp. J R Dawson, Privt. Jas Bennie, J W Couch, still in hands of rebs; J Pennington, leg; N M Wilson, arm; W B Radecan, D L Wycoff, S F Sanders, Dave Chambers, J L Lemaster, A L Barnes, D A Davis, Benj. Montague, A Sherman, J C Arnold.

Killed, 1; wounded 5; prisoners, 16; still in hands of rebs, 13; total 22. This is just one fourth of our company.

C. D. Hendrickson, O. S. Co. I.


            From the 16th. – We have received letters from this regiment dated the 21st, and as no mention is made of the death of the officers reported killed in our last, we feel inclined to doubt the correctness of the report.


            School Notice. – The Public Schools of the City will open on Monday the 19th of this month.


            From the Front. – Col. Lew. Waters of the gallant 84th, arrived at home on Saturday last from near Atlanta. The Col. comes home to recuperate his health, which the arduous duties of the present campaign has impaired to a considerable extent. He brings us the cheering intelligence, that Gen. Sherman’s operations are of the most satisfactory character, and his final success, merely a question of time. – He saw, and conversed with Col. Van Vleck on the 20th, and says the opinions of the Surgeons are not at all favorable to the Col.’s recovery. He was wounded on the 11th, the ball entering near the forehead, glancing upward and could not be extracted. We welcome Col. Waters to his home once more but regret he cannot he with us to fight the political campaign through.


            Death of Ed. S. Brooking. – We see, in a list of casualties of the 137th. In the Memphis fight on the 21st ult., that Mr. E. S. Brooking was captured by the enemy and afterwards died from exhaustion. His numerous friends will be pained to learn of his death.


            County Fair. – The County Fair commences on Wednesday next the 7th inst., when it is to be expected everybody and the rest of mankind will turn out. It is the desire of the officers to make this the best exhibition of the kind ever before held in Macomb, and it can only be done by a hearty response from the people of the county. The prospects for a large turn out is a very flattering one, and we have no doubt the expectations of the managers will be realized.


            Thanks. – To the fair unknown, who so kindly favored us with a box of delicious Grapes last week, we beg leave to return our thanks, and beg leave to proclaim “to all whom it may concern;” that we are open for the reception of all favors of that kind, at all times.


            Still Another. – The “Vets” of the old regiments, whose time has expired, are returning every day – the latest arrival we notice in John Anderson, a son of James Anderson, Esq. He looks remarkably well, and as though he could stand three years more easy.

Joe Low, another brave Macomb boy, has also returned to receive the congratulations of his friends and acquaintances. Joe has grown tall and stout, and looks every inch a soldier.


          Personal. – We notice the arrival, on Wednesday morning of Sergt. Major Hendricks, of the 78th. It will be recollected that Mr. Hendricks was wounded in the foot some time last Spring. We are happy to state that he has recovered from the effects of his wound, and that he will return to his regiment shortly.


            Lost. – Jim Gash has lost a tuning fork, and any one finding the same will please return it to him at the Dry Goods Store of A. J. Davis, where they will be amply rewarded by the thanks of Jim, and an opportunity to purchase a cheap bill of goods from that popular salesman.


            The Chicago Museum. – Those of our readers who visit Chicago, should not fail to go to Col. Wood’s Museum, on Randolph street, between Dearborn and Clark streets. The attractions at that popular place of resort are numerous and instructive, among which we will name the “Trial of Christ,” a collection of wax statuary unequaled in America. Seen by gas-light it forms one of the most superb sights that can be imagined. The Col. will have, in a short time, a wax figure of the “Chicago Beauty,” which will be worth going far to see. There are thousands of other curiosities there, and any one visiting the Museum will not go away dissatisfied. Lovers of Nature, Art, the marvelous, or the wonderful, all will find something to feast the sight with. Be sure and visit Col. Wood’s Chicago Museum while you are at Chicago.


            Improving. – Watkins & Co., not content with keeping already the largest stock of Groceries in this City, deem their present extensive storeroom too small for their growing trade, and also wishing to improve the appearance of the city, are putting up a large three story brick building on the southeast corner of the square, opposite their present location. When finished their building will be an ornament, not only to that part of the square but to the city.


            Great Show. – The only real Circus – S. B. Howe’s European Circus – will exhibit in this city on the 10th. The press every where speaks of this show as being the only one traveling that is fully up to the mark. If you want to see genuine acting go to Howe’s circus on the 10th.


            → In these times of high prices, it is well to remember that children can be supplied with shoes for less than half the usual annual cost, by wearing Metal-Tipped Shoes, to say nothing of stockings destroyed and health endangered by wet feet, arising from the childlike habit of wearing out their shoes at the toes first.


Township Quotas.

Hdq’s. P M’s Office,
Ninth District.

Mt. Sterling, Ill., Aug. 29 ’64.
W. E. Withrow, Esq. Macomb, Ill.

            Dr Sir: — The following is the quota of the several towns in McDonough Co., of which fact, please notify the people of said towns, in order that the men may be raised without draft, to wit:

No. 44 Eldorado         .           .           20 men.

“   45  Industry,         .           .           2 “

“     46 Bethel,             .           .           14 “

“   47   Lamoine,         .           .           21 “

“   49 Chalmers,          .           .           9 “

“ 50   Scotland,         .           .           23 “

“   51   New Salem,     .           .          19 “

“   52   Mound ,           .           .           23 “

“   54   Emmett,          .           .           17 “

“   55   Hire,                .           .           22 “

“   57   Sciota,             .           .           14 “

“   58   Walnut Grove,   .       .           25 “

Total Required            .           .           209 “

            The following Towns are in excess and consequently not liable to draft, to wit:

Tennessee        town.               42 men ahead,

Blandinsville   “                      7          do

Macomb          “                      94        do

Prairie City      “                      25        do

            Yours, Respectfully, B. F. Westlake, Capt. and Pro. Mar. 9th Dist. Ill.


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