August 19, 1864

Macomb Journal

The Wade-Davis Manifesto.

            It is sometimes difficult for the uninitiated to probe the motives of prominent politicians in seeking to distract and dismember the party which has elevated them to a prominent public position. Disappointed ambition has caused many a towering intellect to fall to the ground, unmourned, and unwept, and it would be strange indeed, if the Union party was exempt from the disaffected elements which pervades all parties, at all times, and especially during an exciting Presidential campaign.

This protest has been a God-send to the opponents of the Administration, and they catch at it as a drowning man does at a straw. They smile and smirk over it as though the disaffection of two disappointed office-seekers was a sure fore-runner of our defeat. The Eagle – as a matter of course – gives us a lengthy article upon the subject, which he denominates “A fire in the front.” He tells us that Messrs. Wade and Davis “are of the loyal household;” that they are the very pillars of the church;” that they are exerting themselves to arrest “Mr. Lincoln in his despotic career, and that “when such politicians sound the alarm it is high time for the people to heed the warning.”

The opposition of the two Hon. Gentlemen to Mr. Lincoln’s nomination is a fact too well known to need recital. As early as April last, while at Roseville, Ga., we had the pleasure of receiving a letter from a very prominent gentleman in Maryland, and one holding high office under Gov. Bradford. In that letter he says, two-thirds of Maryland are in favor of Old Abe, while the balance are but wire-pullers in the interests of Henry Winter Davis – who aspires to the Vice-Presidency – trying to carry the State for Mr. Chase. Pomeroy, Wade and Davis are littery opposing President Lincoln and you need not be surprised to hear of them bolting the Baltimore nominee.” Thus, as early as April did this disaffection make itself apparent to be concluded. Wade wanted to be minister to St. James and Davis Vice President – positions for which they are both totally unqualified – and they knew that Mr. Lincoln had guaged their calibre and if he was re-elected, they would have to serve in the ranks four years longer.

Occupying that antagonistic position towards the Administration, it is fallacy to suppose that the alarm of such politicians, would scare the people into endorsing their protest, and so far from being “pillars of the church” they knew nothing more of the administration than their positions as members of the National Legislature entitled them to.

We yet believe that Mr. Davis and Mr. Wade, will come out of the darkness into light, and we should be glad see them take a bold stand for Mr. Lincoln, but they chose to coalesce with either Cleveland or Chicago we would ask them to be received as they deserve. The democratic party was never proverbial for its generosity toward renegade Whigs, and the copperheads have too many paupers of their own to lionize, without picking up the crumbs of intellect dropping from the support of Mr. Lincoln.


Our County Convention.

            To-morrow the Convention assembles which is nominate our county officers. We would urge upon the delegates, that unity and harmony of action which is a sure harbinger of success. Let no personal feelings enter into the Convention, but give to us our ablest, our most loyal, and most available men. Laying aside all preferences, and selfish feelings, we hope to see them present a ticket to the people of McDonough, which will command the united support of all loyal men. We want men who will work for the success of the cause as well as for their own personal aggrandizement, and men who will work hard.


            → The following questions, which we take from the Missouri Plaindealer, a paper published at Savannah, in that State, were proposed to us by the editor thereof because we published a letter written by him to one of our citizens:

A “Loyal” Paper. – The Macomb Journal claims to be the genuine exponent of “loyalty” for McDonough county in the State of Illinois, and, although he did not want Lincoln nominated, he has concluded to support him since his nomination. We want the Journal editor to tell us how much he is willing to “go on Lincoln,” and we know of no better way of his answering us, than I answering the following interrogatories:

  1. Are you in favor of the Amnesty Proclamation?
  2. Are you in favor of allowing rebels, who have been in arms against the Government since the 17th of December, 1861, but who have taken Mr. Lincoln’s amnesty oath, to vote during the existence of the rebellion?
  3. Are you in favor of negro equality, and of allowing negroes the right to vote?
  • *                           *                           *                         *

Now, Mr. Journal, answer these questions without “dodging,” and let your “loyal” readers know how and where you stand! Don’t “nigger” out of answering these questions, without equivocating, and in a positive manner. We shall any questions you may have in store for us, and in such a way as to allow you to determine “which side we are on.”

  1. We are.
  2. If they take the oath in the spirit in which it was intended we see no reason why they should he deprived of the privilege.
  3. We are not, nor never were.

The 4th question we decline to answer, as we do not make war on private individuals.

          The 5th and last question is “why do we join hands with Heaton in a warfare against us?” [Whitaker.] We do not “see it in that light.” Mr. Heaton considers you an abolitionist, but we don’t, and we published your letter to prove that you are not; also to show the people where you and the conservative crew of Missouri stand on the great issues of the day. We do not wish to make war against you as an individual, but we do against your principles.

The editor of the Plaindealer says that he will answer any question we may have in store for him. Well, to begin:

  1. If you are, as you profess, a Lincoln man, why do you rejoice over the success of the copperheads at elections?
  2. If you are a Lincoln man, how is it that you get all your support from “democrats, copperheads, rebel sympathizers, and even rebels?”
  3. If you are a Lincoln man, why do you leave people to infer, from your letter, that you will be in attendance at the copperhead convention at Chicago as a delegate or wire-puller?



From the 78th Regiment.

Field Hospital, 2nd Division 14th A. C. near Atlanta, Ga.
August 1, 1861.

            I failed in writing you a letter last week. I am down sick with the fever, at this Hospital, but I think I am improving some and hope to be about again in a week or so. I had commenced a letter, and got it about half finished, when our Division was called upon to make reconnaissance some six or eight miles beyond the extreme right of our army. We made the trip out and back, the enemy almost constantly disputing our advance both ways with a small force of cavalry. The 78th did the most of the skirmishing, and has the honor of killing the rebel Gen. Wheeler, chief of cavalry. The 78th lost none in killed and wounded, but a number broke down with excessive heat and fatigue. That day’s work is what is the matter with me. This is the first time since I entered the service that I have been reported, with the exception of three days in Louisville. And I may say that last week is the only week in which I have failed to write a letter for the Journal since I commenced writing regularly on the first of February last, but I perceive that some two or three letters have miscarried. – It is my purpose to write you a letter each week, whenever I am able to do so.

I am too feeble to write more. Relying upon a strong constitution, cheerful spirits, nourishing diet, and throwing to the dogs all medicine, I hope to be about again in time to write you a good long letter for the next Journal.

J. K. M.


            By the last number of the Macomb Journal (miscegen) we notice that Mr. Chas. L. Sanders has assumed the editorship of that paper. We welcome him to the heavenly fold, and believe he will do the Democracy of McDonough county more good than harm. Handle the new editor gently, Mr. Eagle. – Fulton Democrat.

That is just our mission Mr. Editor. We believe that some good may be brought out of Nazareth and we expect to see such a rattling among the dry bones of Copperheads as will shake the Jeff. Davis Confederacy to its very center. We neither ask now expect any gentler usage from the Eagle, than we met with from his friends in Dixie, the three years we carried a bright and shiny gun through that benighted region.


            → Did we not have “national existence” and “free government” up to four years ago? And yet slavery existed. – Eagle.

Yes, and we would yet have “national existence,” with slavery included, had the South not have endeavored to spread and propogate the “peculiar institution” to the detriment of “free government.”


            Union League Notice. – A meeting of the County Council will be held in the city of Macomb, on the 3d day of September next, at one o’clock P. M. A full attendance is requested.


            Ladies Benevolent aid Society. – There is a movement among the ladies of the county, to raise a fund for the poor, and we would like to see every lady in McDonough assist the movement. It is proposed to have contributions of every description, provisions of all kinds, clothing, fuel and money subscribed to further this noble effort. It has no affiliation with the Soldiers Aid Society, but is formed on an independent basis. Our poor will suffer the coming winter unless an organization of this kind is sustained and we call upon the ladies of the township to contribute their mite. All contributions will be sent or delivered to Mrs. Hugh Ervin, of Macomb, and will be exposed for public sale on the Fair Grounds next month. This notice comes too late for us to comment upon it this week in our editorial columns but in our next issue, we propose to bring the matter more fully before the public.


            Stop it. – We have been requested to state to those persons who are in the habit of shooting guns and pistols inside of the city limits that they must stop it. A few days since some person discharged a gun, or pistol near the square, and the ball entered the house of Mr. Ervin Brown, passed just above his wife’s head, striking the opposite wall and fell to the floor. Another day some boys were firing at a target near the third ward school house and one of the balls entered a window in Mr. B. J. Head’s house, breaking the glass. It is true, no serious consequences happened from these cases, but there may be one happen some day, and they should be stopped.


            Robbery in Bushnell. – Some person, or persons, on Saturday night raised the window of the bedroom of Mr. Tuttle and taking out his pantaloons abstracted therefrom $15. They also, the same night, reached into the bedroom of Mr. A. Hess and took his pantaloons from which they got $100. Quite a good nights work, we think. – No clue has been had of the perpetrators. We would suggest to our citizens the necessity of keeping a watch over their loose property.


            Police Court. – The past week has witnessed some rather amusing and exciting doings at our Police Court. – The first case that we have to report is an assault and battery case between two women, residents of this city. – Jury couldn’t agree, and case dismissed. The next two cases came under the ordinance prohibiting the sale of spirituous liquors. The parties were fined $60 and costs. The next was a gentleman of the Irish persuasion, charged with whipping his wife. A night in the calaboose and a fine of $5 was the penalty for his “amusement.” ‘Tis but a short journey from Ireland to Germany. The Catholic priest in charge of a congregation in this city charged his cook, a Teutonic of immense lager beer power, with stealing, and Mr. Cook now lies in Bliss-ful repose in our county jail. The next case is of a poor, God-forsaken, man-despised creature, who was hounded through our streets on Wednesday night by about fifty young men and boys, was arrested and placed in the calaboose and kept till morning. For the crime of appearing in our truly moral city, she was fined $5 and costs. Mr. Weller warns his son to beware of “vidders.” We would say to all unfortunate women – beware of police courts in Macomb!


            Fire at Colchester. – On Saturday the 13th, the shafts in the mine of Mr. Wm. Morris took fire, and in a few seconds was enveloped in flames. A large number of men and boys were at work at the time, but fortunately two means of egress had been provided, which doubtless saved the loss of life. – The cause of the accident is imputed to “incompetent men placed in responsible positions.” Our informant does not give us the amount of Mr. Morris’ loss, but says it is large, and may not be repaired for some time, causing a number of men to remain without employment for some time.


            Riding by moonlight. – Quite a number of our young ladies and gentlemen, taking advantage of the pleasant moonlights nights, took a merry ride to Bushnell on Tuesday night. On their arrival, and as soon as the hall was prepared they repaired to the dancing to the dancing room and to use the expression of Artemus Ward, “slipped up on the light fun-tus-tic toe” until the “wee sma’ hours” of the morning. The little affair passed off pleasantly and was highly appreciated by the participants.


            “Senex.” – In last week’s Journal we published a communication from “Senex,” but received it too late for any comment.

We would like to impress the subject more strongly upon the minds of our citizens, as they may be called upon to decide the question at the ballot-box. – The proportion of Macomb under the present charter, in criminal and pauper expenses, is certainly too large, and the proposed amendment would be but an act of justice.

The poor, throughout the county, knowing the liberality which Macomb extends to that class of our population, prefers coming within the city limits to going to the poor house, thus throwing a large proportion of the county poor upon us, for which we have to pay. – And the same occurs in our criminal expenses. One or two men may arrive here on the cars, commit depredations by breaking open our banks, stores or houses, and though their arrest and punishment is equally for the benefit of the county, yet the city is to be taxed for the jail and court expenses. Not one of our citizens will demur against paying their quota of county expenses, but they do not wish to be burdened with the whole expense of supporting or punishing the paupers or criminals of the entire county.


            Found and Lost. – A week or two since a burglar broke jail at Lewistown in Fulton county, and came to the vicinity of Bushnell, in this county. Constable Steele, of the latter place, hearing of his whereabouts, soon started out on Monday morning last and soon succeeded in capturing him, but unfortunately, while hitching the horse, which was a very wild one, the thief jumped a fence close by, and succeeded in making his escape.


            Rebel Flag. – We have in our sanctum, for the inspection of the curious, a handsome rebel flag, captured at New Madrid on the 14th of March, 1862, by several of the 16th boys. It is a very handsome silk flag, trimmed with gold fringe, and belonged to the “Lafayette Beagles.”


            Refreshing. – We have had some very warm weather within the last three or four weeks, and we notice that crowds of our citizens, to allay the the burning thirst occasioned by the excessive heat, have sought the cool rooms of Gordon & Hampton’s ice cream saloon and indulged themselves in the luxury of splendid ice cream – such as the “boys” know how to get up. If you want a luxurious dish, don’t take our word for it, but go and test it yourselves.


            From the 16th. – Letters from Lieut. Gash, dated the 6th inst., report the regiment in good health and spirits, with no casualties in Co’s “A,” or “B.” Col. Smith is commanding the Brigade, Gen. Morgan the Division, and Gen. Davis the 14th Army Corps.


            Board of Exemption. – The Board of Examiners for Exemption convened at the Court House, in this place, on the 11th and 12th insts. We did not ascertain the number of applicants for Exemption, but this township turned out all “their lame halt and blind” which occupied the Board for the two days it was in session. Some good “goaks” were perpetrated at the expense of a few of the applicants, but the “sold” generally appreciated the point and showed their good feeling by getting considerably “beered”, happy in the misfortune which prevented them from being “grafted into the army.”


            → We see that the new wheat is beginning to come into market rapidly within the last few days, and we understand that it is of a superior quality.


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