Our War Power.
The principle ground on which copperheads oppose the war policy of the Government is, that the war is now prosecuted for the abolition of slavery. This is a false view of the President, at least, and cannot be honestly entertained. But suppose it were true? What then? Neither the rebels, nor those who sympathize with them, would have any right to complain. They who instigated the war are responsible for its legitimate consequences.
Every Government that is worthy of the name must protect itself, when assailed, against either foreign or domestic enemies. And the law of self defence, whether applied to individuals or states, is necessarily absolute. No written Constitution can possibly set definite limits to the authority and power of any Government to defend itself, because no human intelligence can foresee to what means it might be forced to resort for its own preservation. Hence, the idea that the Administration is restricted in its efforts to put down the rebellion by constitutional limitations, is grossly absurd. Its real war power can be measured only by its right to preserve itself against any aggression, and that right is essentially unlimited save by the character and extent of the danger which threatens it. This is the common law of England and this country, as to the privilege of every citizen to save his own life, whenever it is put in extreme peril, and it would be strange indeed, if a larger liberty or action were allowed by the municipal law, in defense of the life of an individual, than is granted by the political law in defense of the life of a Nation.
We assume therefore, that every Government, has an unbounded right of self defense, and consequently an unlimited and illimitable defensive war power.
This being so, it follows clearly, that those who put the Government on its defense, cannot justly object to any measures which it may deem necessary to employ for its protection. The rebels are engaged in an armed insurrection against the National authority. They have waged the war for over three years with great obstinacy and vigor. They have been powerfully aided by their slaves, whose industry has not only supplied their armies with food and enables all the whites to serve in the ranks of the rebellion, but have been employed in building entrenchments and fighting their battles. To strike therefore, at slavery in the South, was to aim a stunning blow at the Rebellion itself. And was not any measure that would destroy the institution justified as a defensive war measure on the part of the National Government?
Slavery in this country is doomed. No satisfactory – because no endearing – peace can be made, unless it is effectually wiped out. The means taken for its preservation have precipitated its destruction, and the civilized world will not regret the fact.
We believe that the masse of the Southren people will, in time, come to rejoice over their deliverance from an evil and a curse which, but for this war, might have encumbered and afflicted them for a series of years. Whatever may be the future fortunes of the colored freedmen, this, we think is certain, that the whites of the south will eventually find their social and industrial condition greatly improved by the abolition of slavery, and that as experience forces this conviction upon them they will become not only reconciled, but gratified to those who have relieved them of so serious a nuisance.
The Oquawka Spectator on the Rampage.
The last No. of the Oquawka Spectator honors us with rather a lengthy notice, which, judging from the tenor of its remarks, is not all complimentary. The editor says we lied in our remarks two weeks since about his perverting the meaning of the Declaration of Independence. Language emphatic but not refined. He calls us, in real copperhead and fools argument style, “fool,” “ass,” “knave,” “small potatoes” and “fellow,” but for the first time during the administration of Mr. Lincoln, the title of “Abolitionist” is left out. From the way he squirmed, we should infer that he thinks our article was not such “balderdash” as he represents. We simply intended to show how copperhead editors pervert the sentences of that time-honored document, the Declaration of Independence, and to what straights they are put to defend the poor, persecuted democrats of Coles county, or “any other man.” The Spectator supposes that we howled for “free speech,” “free press” and “Fremont” in 1856. We always have been in favor of a free press and free speech, but we wish every sensible man to understand that “free speech” does not give license to preach treason. We think our “penny whistle” tooted too loud for the Spectator, and without calling hard names, wish him consigned to the same fate which awaits the nominees at Chicago, which is defeat.
→ The war is now waged for the abolition of slavery. – Eagle.
The abolition of slavery must be guaranteed before our armies submit to peace, the howl and cry of the eagle to the contrary notwithstanding. We do no not propose to magnify the negro, but judging from copperhead sheets and orators a “nigger” is better than a white man, for they accord more space and attention to him that to the salvation of the country. Follow the policy of your superior Mr. Eagle, and ignore the negro for dominion. Be a man or a mouse. The restoration of the Union for the aggrandizement of slavery is of secondary importance – scarcely secondary, for the American people will not consent to one inch of slave territory in the Union as it is to be.
→ Abbott calls on the “Knights of the St. John” to defend him. When the election occurs in November next, he will send up a piteous cry for darker nights than the Saint to hide his shameless head.
→ There is no doubt in our mind, but that the Eagle will support Fremont in preference to any war Democrat the Chicago convention places on the track. He delights in quoting from the mule-eater’s letter of acceptance, and thinks “his language cannot be too often nor too strongly presented to the public.” Wonder why he didn’t keep his language before the public in ’56.
The Peoria Convention.
The Peoria Peace Powow has adjourned, having recorded its treason in a series of resolutions, which are too long and too worthless for repetition; but the following condense their meaning:
Resolved, 1. That Abraham Lincoln is a traitor and Jeff. Davis is not.
- Secession, according to the resolutions of 1798 and 1799, is constitutional, and has failed, and must be stopped.
- Repeal emancipation laws, submit to the rebels, and leave the country, to a National Democratic Convention.
- Mr. Lincoln is a usurper. He has denied the constitutional right of the rebels to secede, and therefore absolved them from all allegiance. His Administration “has, and is still waging a bloody and relentless war for the avowed purpose of exterminating eight millions of freemen from the homes of their fathers, and blotting from the American constellation one-half of the States of the Union.”
- In order to redress these wrongs, rebels and traitors must vote.
- But Africans must be excluded from fighting for the Union.
- Because Mr. Lincoln told “all whom it may concern” that a rebel proposition to return to the Union and abandon slavery would be acceptable to him, therefore the abolition of slavery is the sole object of the war.
- No martial law against rebels in Kentucky.
- Brink back or discharge the Coles county rebels.
- Martial law is a “course of sprouts.”
- If the President puts us through a “course of sprouts,” we’ll fight. – Chicago Tribune.
Letter from Lieut. Wilson to Eight Young Ladies.
[Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.]
Memphis, Tenn., July 28, 1864.
To Eight Young Ladies, residing in Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan:
Ladies permit me to address a few lines to you through the Tribune, in regard to “correspondence” with soldiers and officers serving in the army of our country. We the officers and soldiers of the army, need and deserve the sympathy and council of our mothers, wives, sisters and lady acquaintances from dear homes we have left behind. From these, letters are always acceptable, are read with a deep interest, and there is always a deep feeling of respect for the writers, and the dear old homes whence they come. There is no levity or expression of vulgar thought, or lewd allusions to the writers of them – holy home thoughts of the dear ones we love so well; and often have I seen the bronzed face of the veteran, as well as the fair cheek of the young recruit flushed with manly pride, or over them flowing tears that spoke louder than words of true hearts and Brave men. Not so when your cold insipid and stale letters are received. There is generally a shout of derision from many voices as your carefully written nonsense is retailed out to a corporal, sergeant, private, or may be a negro servant; and could you hear the vulgar wit and coarse expressions over your letters and at your expense, I think, ladies, you would answer no more “Wanted correspondence, for mutual cultivation.” I trust ladies, that this article may be of service to you inasmuch as it will urge you to write only to those whom you know; and you may put it down for a fact that any soldier or officer advertising for lady correspondence, does so for no honorable or noble purpose. Ninety-nine out of every hundred letters received by officers or soldiers are treated with contempt and derision. Thus you see that your tender effusions, gushing out flowery and sentimental platitudes, are used to your disadvantage and injury. In many cases the officer or soldier takes pains to ascertain your true name and then your letters not only reflect to your disadvantage, but bring disgrace to your friends. I know of one young lady who is the laughing stock of a whole regiment, and many of them are or were friends and neighbors of hers not two years ago. Her fair name and character are blighted, and one who has counted on her being something more than a friend to him in future has cast her aside, and her letters of truth to him are unanswered, or returned, unopened. Ladies good bye. Learn from this to do better. Write to your known and tried soldier friends and relatives, and none other.
I am, ladies, your friend and well-wisher.
E. V. Wilson,
1st Lieut Co. H, 39th reg’t Wis. Vo’s.
Union League Notice. – A meeting of the County Council will be held in the city of Macomb, on the 3d day of September next, at one o’clock P. M. A full attendance is requested.
No Letter. – We have again failed to receive our army letter.
Boy Killed. – A young lad by the name of Stewart was killed at Colchester on Wednesday last, being run over by the up Freight train. He was getting on the Cars while in motion, slipped, and the whole train passed over him severing the head from the body.
Fast-day. – The national Fast day was very generally observed in this community. Union religious services were held in the Methodist church in the morning, when we listened with much pleasure to a discourse from Rev. Mr. Nebitt, of the Presbyterian church. Such unions of the Christian church is decidedly benificial and a frequent repetition of them might result in much good, if conducted with a view to promote harmony among all denominations.
O, Yez! O, Yez! – We cannot too often refer to the fact that Geo. W. Bailey, on the east side of the square, keeps on hand a superior stock of dry goods, boots, shoes, hats, caps Yankee notions, &c., and that he sells as cheap as the cheapest – a fact that people are finding out to their own profit every day. If you want to get good goods and such as they are represented to be, go to G. W. Bailey’s.
– We had the pleasure of receiving in our Sanctum this week Mr. D. Sweet, Editor of the Van Buren county Tribune, published in Decature, Mich.
He gives us glowing accounts of the Lincoln and Johnson cause from the Wolverine State.
Decidedly Cool. – A few evenings since while “bobbing around” town in company with Squibob we dropped into the ice cream saloon of Gordon & Hampton and called for a couple of dishes of ice cream – it was forthcoming, and we partook of it with great gusto and then asked for the “damage,” and were informed that there was nothing to pay – decidedly cool, we thought. It was good cream, though, and we would advise all to go there when they want a real good article of ice cream.
– We received a letter from Mr. Geo. Litzenberg, of Bardolph, for publication, but too late for this weeks paper. We shall publish it next week.
Licensed Auctioneer. – We are requested to state that David Clarke, Esq., has taken out Auctioneer’s License, and that he is prepared to attend all calls in his line. He may be found at all times at the book store of S. J. Clarke & Co., north side of the square.
Returned Home. – Mr. Theodore Bonham, after an absence of over four years, returned home a few days since. Mr. Bonham was stopping in Missouri when the war broke out, and was one among the first to respond to the call of the President for men to suppress the rebellion. He remained faithfully in the army for three years and has been honorably discharged by reason of the expiration of his term of service. He was in Banks’ expedition, and received a slight flesh would in the leg, the only one while in the service.
Coming to Macomb. – We learn that Mr. Price, of Industry, in this county, the inventor of Price’s Sorgho Sugar Evaporator, is coming to this city to engage on a more extensive scale in the manufacture of his celebrated Evaporators. We welcome him heartily, and hope that he may be able to supply the demand for his evaporators. Men of Mr. Price’s energy and go-ahead-itivness are needed here, and we wish a few more would come.
– There is no mistake about it, but the business of Macomb is increasing rapidly, and as an evidence we would refer our readers to the establishment of T. & J. McElrath, on the south side of the square. From their constantly increasing trade, these gentlemen have been compelled to enlarge their store rooms by putting on another story on the back part, which has materially enlarged their place of business, and where they will keep always on hand a large and varied assortment of fashionable furniture, and which they will sell as low as the times will justify. Give them a call.
The Weather. – We have had a considerable mixture of weather during the last week, but most of the time it has been extremely warm. Several slight showers have passed over within the last few days, but not enough to amount to much.
– Messrs. Alex. Hall and Van C. Hampton, have opened a news and periodical store at Bushnell, in the Hail House. These two young men have recently been mustered out of the U. S. service having served three years in the 16th reg’t, with credit to themselves, and honor to the cause. They are well worthy of patronage. Call and see them.
Lay Me Down and Save the Flag. – Such were the words of the brave Mulligan, after being mortally wounded. Messrs. Root & Cady have just issued an excellent piece of music founded on the above words which is for sale at Clarke’s Bookstore. Clarke has also received Ballou’s and Peterson’s Magazines for September.