August 6, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Keeping Promises.

            Lincoln, in his Conkling letter last September, says that “the promise have been made” to the negroes, it “must be kept.” He made the promise, but neither he nor his supporters stop to enquire if he had the rightful authority to make the promise, and this war is now carried on, as they themselves say, to keep the promise good to the negroes. While the President and his friends are thus solicitous about keeping their promises to negroes, would it not be well for them to call up a few promises they have made to the white men? Who have kept the promises of the Chicago platform? where are the promises of the Lincoln speakers and electors in 1860? where are the promises of the inaugural? – where is the oath of the President? – where are the promises of Congress in 1861? where are the promises of the generals commanding the armies? – where are the promises of every Lincolnite who has told us that this is a war to destroy the rebellion, not to abolish slavery? Why does not Lincoln remember some of these promises to white men and pledge himself anew to [fold] the courters who surround his throne stop singing hosannahs to “John Brown and his heir,” and remind the royal potentate of his promises to white men? Why is a promise to a few negroes more sacred than repeated promises to many white men? Why?


Magnifying the Nigger.

            It cannot escape the attention of the most careless observer, that all of Lincoln’s policies have for their chief object the magnifying of the negro. In his no less celebrated than infamous note “to whom it may concern,” this disposition is strikingly magnifest. In that the negro is everything, and all other questions are insignificant. If slavery be abolished, then it will be time to discuss other matters. An inducement is held up to abolish slavery, by saying that other questions will be “liberally construed.” The restoration of the Union is of secondary importance compared to the “abandonment of slavery, and so also it the assumption of the confederate debt and the recognition of the old doctrine of State rights. These are all dwarfed in order that the negro may be magnified. In this vicious idea has been the fruitful source of our troubles, and it is singular that men who are intelligent and sane on other topics will persist in hugging the fatal negromania. If Lincoln and his advisers will not desist from placing the imaginary welfare of the negro higher than the real prosperity of the white men of this country, then the people must turn them out of the stations which they lack either the honesty or the statesmanship to fill creditably to themselves or profitably to the interests of the nation.


            → The truth is now self-evident that we are to have no Union nor Peace, so long as the present administration is in power. Were patriots and civilized beings at the head of our affairs, peace would be restored to-day and Union re-established. After this summary repulse of their fourth effort, the rebels would be cravens and cowards to repeat their attempt for a negotiation of peace. There is now but some hope left to the American people, which is to raise in their majesty and power, and hurl from place the murdering butchers who now hold the reins of Government. Will they do it?


Another Raw-Head and Bloody Bones.

            The republican papers “sup on horrors.” They have run the “Knights of the Golden Circle,” until that scarecrow no longer furnishes an appetizing dish at a loyal feast, and determined not to be without a “skeleton in the house,” they have invented a new sensation about a “copperhead conspiracy for a northwestern confederacy,” and they are cooking and serving up the dish in all the approved styles of the loyal cuisine. Only think of a Northwestern Confederacy which will be shut out from the blessings of puritan grace! Only think of a conspiracy organized under the name of “Ancient Order of American Knights,” numbering five hundred thousand men in its sworn councils west of the Hudson river, waiting for years to be discovered by Lincoln’s loyal subjects! – Knights of St. John and Sons of Malta, defend us! To be more serious, if possible, the associated press has been at the expense of telegraphing the terrible story all the way from St. Louis, in which city it first made its appearance in a sensation radical sheet called the Democrat. The whole story upon its face is as wicked as it is absurd. – It would not merit the slightest notice were it not probable, from the importance which has been given it, that it was inspired by the Washington people for some sinister objects of their own. The story sets out with the supposition that Mr. Vallandigham’s views are not in accordance with those of the Democratic Party – that he despairs of inducing the Chicago Convention to respond to his wishes, and that by this secret organization he proposes, as a matter of surprise, and against their will, to induce the conservative organization to take open arms against the government. If it were true, that there was any such organization, and that it comprises five hundred thousand men, it is very certain that it would never have been kept secret for so long a period. It is also queer that one hundred and twenty thousand men should be in arms in the State of New York to establish a northwestern confederacy. In truth, the whole story is full of the most incomprehensible stupidities, and must have been invented by some loyal-leaguer while in a fit of the delirium tremens. As we have said, its only importance is to be derived from the use the administration may attempt to make of this absurd canard, to create terrorism at the North, and, if its military plans do not succeed, to [fold] at the point of the bayonet. But we are satisified it will not succeed, and that they will not have the nerve to put any such nefarious scheme into execution. No doubt Mr. Lincoln’s advisers have will enough to do any possible scoundrelism; but they are arrant cowards all, as their frequent panics touching the invasions of Maryland prove. All that the opposition has to do is to maintain its party organization intact, and it will carry the election next November beyond all peradventure.


More True than Preaching.

            The following cutting note, though addressed to the negro-war politicians in Indiana, will be found equally true of the same class in Illinois:

To Gov. Morton, Gen. Carrington, Col. Baker, and Capt. Farquear:

Your speeches at the reception of the 13th Indiana regiment will long be remembered. – Your partisan appeals ought to damn you all. You are wanting in every attribute to the soldier. Three of you are candidates before the people for office, and you seize upon the time and occasion of a reception of war worn soldiers to advance your interest and secure votes. You are mistaken. You are fully appreciated by the soldier who has stood amid the leaden hail of many a battle. One of your number, at least, has been repeatedly ordered to the field, and has never gone; and none of you ever will. The soldier knows you, and will remember you all. Your patriotism is affected. Talk about fighting! When did either of you ever see a fight or even smell gunpowder, unless at a reception or a review? But you would pile up the bones of your fellow citizens all over the country, to bleach on a thousand sanguinary fields, and keep your precious bodies at a distance. You are known, and you are understood, and notice is now served you that at least one true soldier will remember you at the polls.



            Discrimination in Favor of the Negro. – The widows of white soldiers have to prove themselves to be such by a ludicrous and complex process, in which they are liable to fail before they can secure pensions.

A “colored lady” has only to prove that she has lived with a nigger two years as his wife, and in the event of his death she receives a pension. A white woman, it seems from this, is not quite as good as a black one, if she does behave herself as well. – Peoria Mail.


What For?

            Will the sympathizers with Lincoln have the hardihood to longer present that this war is waged for the restoration of the Union? An opportunity to restore the Union has been presented by the Confederates, but it met with an indignant rejection at the hands of Abraham Lincoln. The war is now waged for the abolition of slavery. – The administration has fairly and openly established its position upon this issue, and there is no longer any room for cavil or doubt. The fact now stares us in the face that all this sacrifice of life and treasure has been only for the negro, and that it is only for this purpose that new and more extensive sacrifices are being, and will be demanded. As unpleasant as may be the reflection we are all compelled to know that every brother or son lost in this war has perished – not for a good and noble purpose, in a high and holy cause – but for the liberation of a few ignorant and brutish negroes, five million of whom are not worth the life of one white man.


A Word in Season.

            We earnestly commend to the Democrats of this county the following remarks of a cotemporary: “We have a word to say to you in reference to the importance of the political campaign now before us. You are anxious for the success of the democratic party that the government may be brought back to the principles of the framers of the constitution. You are opposed to the erection of a military despotism upon the ruins of the best government devised by human agency. You admit that the Democratic press exerts a potent influence in its behalf. Will you, individually and collectively do all in your power to extend the circulation of your local and city democratic papers? It is your duty so to do. Will you not perform all that can be reasonably required of you? Always remember one thing – that the principles of democracy flourish just in proportion to the success of the press – no more, no less. We hope you will go to work in earnest in this matter. If you can increase the circulation of every democratic paper one hundred per cent., you do vastly more than can be done by mammoth mass meetings, flags and banners. If you have a neighbor who cannot afford to take a paper in these times, go and pay for one during the campaign, and have it sent to him free of charge. We give you good advice, hope you will profit by it.


            How Can He Afford It? – We stopped in to Gamage’s new meat shop the other day, and presently had an armful of roast and steak thrust into our hands. On tendering a greenback in payment it was politely but firmly declined. How Mr. G. can afford to do business in that style, or how he expects to get paid for his meat, is a mystery to us. We are bound to say however, that the meat was tender, juicy, and of the best quality, and we have no doubt our readers can find equally as good anytime they may call for it.


            → Mr. J. H. Foltz of Hire township returned from the Boise mines, Idaho, last week, after an absence of two years. He reports the miners in that section to be doing well. He showed us a specimen lump of gold just as he found it, which is worth about $85. We think such as that will be the best cure for greenbax that can be found.


            → The postmaster at Tennessee reports to us that the copies of The Eagle addressed to two men at that office are not taken out. – One of them owes $2.25, and the other $2. – We are tempted to give their names to the public, but they may have some honest friends who would be mortified by the exposure.


            → The negro troops have again showed how little reliance is to be placed in their courage. Grant’s defeat at Petersburg is laid at the door of their cowardice. What will the negro war papers do now? The facts are too palpable to deny, and the disaster to extensive to palliate.


            → The Democrats of Scotland town will hold a meeting at Center school house, on Saturday, 20th inst., at 8 1-2 o’clock p. m., to appoint delegates to the county convention. A speech or two may be expected.


            → Lieut. Andrew W. McGaughey of the 28th Illinois, was killed in one of the late battles under Sherman. The members his late company testify their high approval of his ability and gallantry.


            → W. M. Lipe, who left this town for Idaho in March last, returned on Wednesday morning. Others who went in the spring may be expected ere long.


            → The Democrats of Sangamon and Logan counties have nominated James W. Patton and Dr. A. M. Miller for the Legislature.


            → The barn of Mr. Venable, in the southside of town, was destroyed by fire on Friday afternoon last. The loss was about $300. There is no clue as to the origin of the fire.

A Card of Thanks. – To the friends who so kindly assisted me on last Friday afternoon in saving my house from fire, and for other assistance, I beg to return my sincere thanks.

John Venable.


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