July 30, 1864

Macomb Eagle

A War for the Negro Confessed.

            The correspondence at Niagra, if nothing farther grows out of it, discloses one important fact, and for that the people will be duly grateful. This fact is, that the war is no longer prosecuted in behalf of the Union as our fathers made it, but it is now solely waged to compel “the abandonment of slavery.” This is Lincoln’s declaration of what must be the precursor of peace. The mask is therefore fully torn off, and the black purpose of the republican leaders stands out in bold relief. The rebellion in the South against the Constitution and the Union is at an end, and there is not the least necessity for enlisting another man for the army, nor for consuming that army in active hostilities. There is no necessity for the shedding of another drop of blood. The way to peace is open – the way to a restoration of the Union, just and honorable to all, is so plain that a fool need not err therein. There is nothing to hinder but the abolition of slavery – the consummation of a project which, so far from being a benefit to either blacks or whites, will prove of incalculable injury to both. The question now comes home to the people whether they will longer continue in power the “infernal fanatics and abolitionists” who have held high revel in the country’s agony and blood. It is for the people to say whether Mr. Lincoln shall be re-elected merely for the purpose of continuing this war, with all its horrid sacrifice of life, and and the daily addition of millions of debt upon the over-burdened shoulders of the laboring population, merely to secure “the abandonment of slavery.” Three years of war we have had, and and another year of war we are likely to have before the expiration of Lincoln’s term of office – they have been literally years of bloodshed, years of sorrow; the people are saddled with a debt of three thousand million of dollars, and have the prospect of an addition of another thousand million – a sum so vast that the mere payment of the interest will consume one-half the proceeds of every man’s labor; — five hundred thousand men have lost their lives in this terrible struggle: — and we are told that the object of all this is to secure “the abandonment of slavery.” We are called on to re-elect Lincoln and continue in power the infernal fanatics who have plunged the country into its miserable condition, and to continue this war another four years in behalf of negro freedom. May the Great Jehovah and the spirits of our Fathers forbid it!

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Democratic Congressional Convention.

            We think it about time that some arrangements were being made for the calling of a Democratic convention in this (the 9th) congressional district. The committee appointed at the last convention consists of A. K. Lowry of Brown, Jos. Burton of McDonough, H. L. Bryant of Fulton, L. Lacey of Mason, T. W. McNeeley of Menard, H. Phillips of Cass, and M. H. Abbott of Pike. The removal of Mr. Lowry from the State leaves the member from this county (Mr. Burton) at the head of the committee. – In view of the fact that our National convention meets at Chicago on the 29th of August, and the State convention on the 6th of September, it will be very inconvenient to hold the district convention on either of those weeks. To postpone it till the middle of September will leave but a short time for the candidate to make a canvas of the district. We therefore suggest to the committee the propriety of calling the convention together early in the week preceding the National convention.

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Lincoln and the Rebellion.

            Lincoln entered upon this war with a united North and a divided South. He adopted a policy which has resulted, in less than three years, in dividing the sentiment and support of the North, and in uniting the South as with a welding heat. He has, month by month, destroyed the chances of extinguishing the rebellion. He has refused to employ the means which would have insured success. He is waging a war against State Governments, against State laws, against the property of a people – a war of subjugation, of devastation, or annihilation. He will fail, as Done Quixote failed against the windmills.

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            → The miscegenation republican party call themselves “the friends of humanity.” But there never did live on the earth a set of men who, in the same length of time, inflicted greater woes upon humanity.

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The South want Peace and Union.

            It is no longer within the power of the noisy clamorers for a negro war to say that the South are not disposed for peace and Union; they cannot even say that the Jeff Davis government will listen to no terms save separation and independence. The statement of Messrs. Clay and Holcombe that they “are in the confidential employ of their government, and entirely familiar with its wishes on the subject” of peace and restoration, is sufficient demonstration of the fact. Knowing the wishes of the Confederate government and people, these gentlemen came in good faith to tell the people of the North that they desired a restoration of the old Union and the old friendship, with their incalculable blessings. Why are not these overtures met with an equal desire for peace and Union on the part of Lincoln’s administration?

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            → What patriotic or Christian heart is there in all this land that will not join in Bishop Clark’s fervent invocation: “Blow from the South, O winds of God, and bring us tidings of reconciliation and love! Blow from the North, O winds of God, and carry back the message of fraternity and peace! Scatter the darkness, roll away the clouds, and give unto us all once the sunshine of tranquil rest. Under the shadow of Thy wings we make our refuge. O God, give us peace!”

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            → When the war is successful on our part, the Lincoln organs tell us that that is no time to make peace, because the rebellion will be speedily subdued if we go on with the carnage. When the Confederates are successful, the same organs tell us that our national honor and dignity will not allow peace. The question is, when are we to have peace under these conflicting doctrines?

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            → The Lincolnites seem resolved that negroes shall be placed on equality with white men. They may succeed with the leading men of their own party, but not with the mass of the people. To make negroes and Lincolnites equal, we do not know whether it will be necessary to level up the Lincolnite or level down the negro.

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            → It is said that Lincoln and his cabinet are very sick with a new and dangerous disease called the flanks. A man afflicted with it will involuntarily around an obstacle, and the danger is that he will run against a worse one. It is assuming an epidemic form, and we should not wonder if the whole republican party were to be down with it.

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            → Lincoln seeks to coerce the people of the North into the army in order to coerce the people of the South into obeying the demands of a usurper and despot. It is doubtful whether the northern people like the coercion any better than the southern.

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Why Five Members of the 28th Illinois did not Re-enlist.

Natchez, Miss., July 12.

To the Editor of the Chicago Times.

As some surprise has been manifested at home in Illinois, that myself and four brothers, members of the 28th Illinois, did not re-enlist with the great body of others composing that corps, I have only to say that my brothers and myself were born white men; and since old Granny Thomas, Adjutant General, has decided that nigger soldiers are as good as white men, and as white soldiers here are made to do all the fatigue duty, while the niggers are almost entirely exempted, I cannot degrade myself by re-enlisting.

If the time should ever come when I will not be forced to salute nigger officers, I will be found ready to fight for the Union and constitution of my native land.

The officers of the nigger regiments here for the most part are jail and gallows candidates, and I never will salute them.

Yours respectfully,
James Bains,
Late of the 28th Illinois.

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            → Hon. L. W. Ross, our member of Congress, was in town this week. He is in good health, and congressional honors appear to sit easy upon him. We believe that his course in Congress has given general satisfaction to his constituents.

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            → The negro war party of the 9th congressional district held their convention at Beardstown last week, and nominated “Major Hugh Fullerton” for Congress. McDonough county was not represented in the convention, and will not be too much extent in the way of voting for “ye gallant major.”

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            → The Union League has provided for the use of its members, a signal whistle, which is only to be blown “when a prompt gathering of members is required.” It is a double barrel concern, or two whistles with one mouth piece, and makes a peculiar noise, and is patented, the patentee binding himself to sell to non but dis ‘Union Leaguers.’ The moderate price of two dollars is charged for the whistle.

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            → These warm clear days are just right for taking photographs, and Hawkins & Philpot’s gallery is the place to go to get them in the best style of the art.

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