July 29, 1864

Macomb Journal

Latest News

            The news from Sherman’s army is encouraging. Our army has steadily advanced from Chattanooga to the gates of Atlanta, and during that time have had a series of brilliant victories unequalled in the annals of warfare, driving the enemy from natural and artificial strongholds which appeared impossible to be taken.

Joe Johnson, after meriting the name of the Great Retreater, has been superceded by a General Hood. This Hood, having the effects of continued retreats before him, in a badly demoralized army, determined that he would retrieve all that Johnson lost, “and more too,” attacked Sherman’s army with fury and desperation, and succeeded in – getting whipped. Our loss in the battle before Atlanta will reach 2,000 men, principally from Hooker’s corps. The rebel loss in killed, wounded and missing exceed 6,000, including three Brigadier Generals.

A report, believed to be reliable, announces the occupation of Montgomery, Alabama, by Rosseau.

Kentucky continues to be overrun by guerrilla bands. On Thursday, the village of Henderson, on the Ohio river, was attacked and occupied. Gunboats have been dispatched to the spot, and at last advices, were shelling the woods at the lower edge of the city.

An order has been received at Cairo, from the Treasury Department, prohibiting the granting of ‘authorizations for the purchase or transportation of products or merchandise to or from any insurrectionary States or districts whatever, either under existing trade regulations or otherwise.’ This resumption of trade restrictions is owing to the fact that certain treasonable parties have abused the trade privileges by rendering aid and comfort to the enemy.

It is reported that the rebel Mosby has made a dash into Maryland. One report puts the rebel force at 5,000, but others state that it numbers only a few hundred.

The guerrillas still do a thriving business in Missouri, robbing towns and individuals with a degree of boldness and success that is astonishing. The entire State appears to be overrun by these desperadoes.

The bushwhackers in Missouri appear to have things all their own way. They are burning bridges, &c., on the line of the Hannibal and St. Joe railroad. The Pawpaw militia appear to be deserting the Federal cause by regiments, and using the arms furnished them by the Government.

Rumors come to hand of disasters to our forces in Hunter’s Department in Virginia.

It is stated that the rebels are returning, and that Generals Crook and Averill have been defeated by them.

It is rumored that Col. Mulligan, of Lexington fame, is killed. It needs confirmation.

The rebels occupy Martinsburg.

A guerrilla band has crossed the Ohio river, from Kentucky into Indiana, at Ross’ Landing, and are now plundering citizens in that vicinity.

The guerrilla excitement in Missouri continues, without any very startling new features. A quantity of arms and ammunition for the guerrillas have been stopped at Quincy, Ill.

Our latest advices from the army in Georgia state that we do not yet occupy Atlanta, but something better than that would be is expected. What this better thing is, we must wait to find out.

General Ford, with a rebel force of 7,000, has demanded the surrender of Brownsville, Texas. General Herron, commanding that point, is believed to be capable of making an effectual resistance.


            The Senatorial Convention, advertised in this paper last week, has been postponed, as the day appointed is the day that President Lincoln has appointed for humiliation and prayer. – We presume that the committee will appoint an early day for the Convention, due notice of which will be given through our paper.


Perverting Its Meaning.

            The Oquawka Spectator, a paper that was for a long time supposed to be edited by high-minded, upright men, but since the rebellion broke out has shown its true colors – which are coppery – in speaking of the Coles county prisoners, and of their being “kidnapped” by order of the President, quotes from the Declaration of Independence to prove that our liberties are in danger of being trampled on – by “A. Lincoln, the usurper of authority not granted by the Constitution.” In order that our readers may see what part of the Declaration they copy to support them in their views, we here insert it:

“Does not this illegal and unnecessary seizure “deprive us of the right of trial by jury?” Does it not “render the military independent of, and superior to the civil power?” Is it not in effect “transporting us beyond seas, to be tried for pretended offences?” Does it not “abolish the free system of laws?” It is not “obstructing the administration of justice?

The editors of the Spectator know full well – or, at least, ought to – that they pervert the meaning of the author of the Declaration when they attempt to institute a comparison, or similarity, between the men “kidnapped” by the British Government before the Revolutionary war, and the Coles county prisoners in 1864. Our forefathers were “kidnapped” by order of the British Government for words uttered that were far less treasonable than any of the speeches of Wigfall and other Southern Senators in Congress during the winters of ’60 – ’61 – words that did not, nor intended to, convey the idea of separation from the mother country, but were merely petitions to have wrongs redressed, unconstitutional laws repealed, equal taxation, equal representation. For such crimes, and such only, were our forefathers “kidnapped” and transported beyond the seas, while, on the other hand, the Coles county prisoners were not “kidnapped” “for pretended offences,” but for actual murder – murder committed in cold blood on inoffensive furloughed soldiers. Such, readers, you see, is the way copperheads pervert the meaning of the time-honored Declaration of Independence. They not only pervert the meaning of the Declaration, but every other document, and all the actions of men that tends to destroy the powers of the rebels, and the Oquawka Spectator, is no exception. What makes the matter worse is, the Spectator pretends to be strongly for the Union, and the soldiers’ only friend, while at the same time it never misses an opportunity to vilify and sneer at both.

We can agree with the Spectator in one thing. Our liberties are endangered, and our lives, too, so long as the Government permits such prints as the Spectator and other copperhead sheets to endeavor to rouse up all the evil passions of man to war against his neighbor. If the mere perversion of the meaning of the Declaration of Independence, and the proclamations and speeches of Abraham Lincoln were the only consequences of permitting such sheets to have an existence, we should not complain, but when they lead to murder, as they have done in Coles county and other places, we think it is high time to suspend them, especially during the time of insurrection and rebellion.



From the 78th Regiment.

Camp 9 Miles North of Atlanta, Ga.,
July 13, 1864.

            Since I wrote you last our regiment has not been called on for any very active exercise, and to-day finds us camped in the woods about a mile and a half north of the Chattahoochee river, which is now the dividing line between us and the rebels. It is understood that on our extreme left a large portion of our army is across the river, and pressing upon the suburbs of Atlanta. Our boys need rest, and they appear to enjoy the little respite granted them. It is indeed refreshing to be removed once more from the noise of musketry and cannon, and be enabled to walk upright, and not in a stooping posture, dodging bullets or shells from the enemy’s line. We are not so remote, however, as to be beyond the sound of cannon, for even while I write I hear the booming of cannon some miles distant in the direction of Atlanta. The officers are improving the present occasion in fixing up their ordinance and clothing reports, &c. We have finished up our muster and pay rolls for the two months ending June 30th, but that is no sign that we will be paid very soon. – Rumors are current, but I cannot say how authentic they [obscured] that Paymasters are on their way hither. Our regiment has six months’ pay due, and I have no doubt it would be a great relief to the families of many in the regiment if Uncle Sam should adjust our little accounts.

The weather is just now exceedingly hot, but for my own part I find the heat no more oppressive in this Southern clime than I have usually experienced when at home in In Illinois. The evenings, I think, are cooler here than in Illinois. But I am told we have not yet reached the “heated term,” which we may probably find in August. We were in Shelbyville, Tenn., last August, and I remember seeing men with overcoats on in that month seeking the comforts of a fire.

It is now blackberry time with us, and although that fruit grows in great profusion about here, there are so many soldiers to gather them that but few berries get ripe. They are gathered as soon as they turn red and are stewed up, sometimes with sugar, and often without it, and are devoured greedily. We need more food of a vegetable nature. There are many symptoms of scurvy in the regiment which a change of diet would remedy.

I have already mentioned the fact that our regiment won distinguished praise for courage and firmness in their recent charge upon the enemy’s works near Kennesaw Mountain. There were undoubtedly many individual instances of gallantry worthy of honorable mention, but there were two or three cases that came under my own observation, which I am induced to mention. Our regiment was ordered forward on the double quick, and we were obliged to cross a little rivulet that lay between two hills. The regiment was somewhat broken in crossing the rivulet, but the men rallied in pretty good order, and pressed forward, the bullets in the meantime humming a wonderful tune all about us, but as is generally the case, the most of these passing over our heads. I was acting sergeant-major at the time, and my place was upon the left of the regiment a few paces in the rear of Co. B. The 121st and 113th Ohio regiments led the advance. They rushed fearlessly forward, under a most galling fire, until they came upon the enemy’s breastworks, which were found to be of such a formidable character that it would have been impossible to scale them without a loss of more than half the brigade. When I afterward came to view these works, I did not wonder that the 121st halted, wavered, and that many of them should run back panic-stricken. The firing was terrific; men were falling killed and wounded all about us, and many of such wounded as could walk were passing by us to the rear. And when portions of those regiments in advance of us were fleeing in confusion through our ranks to the rear, as far as I could observe from my position, every man of the 78th was pressing forward with gallant tread, ready to obey every order from our Colonel. At length the enemy opened a crossfire upon us of grape, canister and shell, and then came a grand rush from our front of panic stricken men saying they had orders to fall back. As I have said, I was upon the left of the regiment, in rear of Co. B. There were some two or three in that company that could scarcely resist the tide that was bearing to the rear, but the 78th had as yet received no orders to halt or retreat, and it became every man as a true soldier to keep his place and obey orders. – Sergeant Joseph Strickler noticed the few that wavered and instantly ordered the men to keep their places. It was a trying moment – it appeared like certain death to remain or to advance, but Strickler, knowing that if a break was made, disorder and confusion would ensue, seemed to throw his soul into the work. He was determined that no man of Co. B should break to the rear, and by his persuasion, encouragement and example, every man remained at his post of duty. We soon had orders to halt and lie down, and in that position our danger was not so great. I was not far from Wm. C. Dixon, of Co. B, when he was wounded. I saw him jump up with his right arm dangling by his side, and bleeding profusely, but before he would leave for the rear he went and notified Lieut. Woodruff, who was in command of the company, that he was wounded and obtain his permission to go to the rear. Dixon was a good soldier, and I am sorry to learn that was found necessary to amputate his arm.

After the firing had pretty much ceased, our regiment was ordered to hold the ground and to throw up breastworks. There was then some canvassing in each company to ascertain who was killed, wounded or missing. Co. H was found to have suffered the least of any other company in the regiment, but there was one man missing – Philo Ogden. No one could tell where he was; he had been seen in the thickest of the fight, but where he had gone no one seemed to know. Lieut. Simmons, who was in command of the company, inquired of me if I had seen Ogden – I had not. Some one then remarked that he must have gone to the rear. I knew Ogden, and I knew that a braver or better soldier could not be found in the Army of the Cumberland. I remarked to the Lieutenant – “if Ogden has gone to the rear he has been carried there.” A little further investigation developed the fact that Ogden was in the extreme front, only a few yards from the rebel breastworks, loading and firing as fast as he knew how.

Orderly D. W. Long, of Co. G, has received his commission as 1st Lieut., and will probably be mustered in a day or two.

It is currently rumored that we shall move to-morrow. I will try next week to furnish a report of the sick in each company, and the whereabouts and condition of the wounded as far as I am able to learn.

J. K. M.


Death of Gen. Harker.

            The following tribute to the gallant soldier is from the pen of B. F. Taylor, the happy letter writer, now in Washington:

But, there is one, away there in Georgia, of whom I think with an aching heart. – Brigadier General Charles S. Harker – So young – not twenty-nine – so courteous, so generous, so modest, so winning, so gallant [obscured] with an eye that takes the breath” – can it be the rebel shot was ever moulded that could kill such a vigorous life and still a heart so noble! I am sure the basest of them all would never have done it had they known his as I knew him. A Colonel at first, of the 65th, he was at Shiloh, at Corinth, at Stone River, at Chickamauga at Mission and Rocky Face Ridges, and a hero everywhere.

I knew him well. With the frankness and simplicity of a boy he united the dash of Marion and the wisdom of a veteran. I saw him earn his “star” at Mission Ridge, as he led on his brigade like the wave of the sea, right into the hell of [?] fire and shattered shell. I saw him the next morning; and nothing about himself – not a word – but everything about some valiant Lieutenant, some gallant fellow in the rank, and [?] I had to go elsewhere for the details of his own story. And he is dead! For them that have loved him longest, God strengthen them. Young General, good night:

Good night to they form, but morning to thy fame.


But the new

south of Adcock’s Grocery store is where may be found all kinds of FRESH MEAT at tall times, which will be sold at the lowest figures for CASH. As I intend to sell for Cash only, I shall be able able to sell cheaper, for I shall have no bad debts to loose. So, consumers, look to your interests and give me a call and prove what I say.


P. S. – Wanted to buy – Cattle, Sheep, Hogs, Tallow, & c., for which the highest market price in cash will be paid.


            From the 16th. – The following list of casualties in the 16th Regiment Illinois Veteran Volunteer Infantry, during the late campaign under Sherman we take from the Quincy Whig and Republican:

Company A – George Hamilton, wounded in left shoulder, and Samuel [?], in left hand, July 7th, near Chattahoochee river.

Company B – William C. Green [obscured] killed at Resaca, 25th, A. L. [?], wounded in face, July 7th, near Chatthoochee river.

Company C — — McDonald, killed at Kenesaw Mountain, June 27th; Corporal H. H. Spencer, killed. Corporal [?] Trainer, wounded in left shoulder, and Monrose Washburn, in right [?] near Neals Dow, July 4th.

Company D – C I King, killed at Buzzard Roost, May 9th.

Company E – Lennard F Barnett, wounded in right thigh at Buzzard Roost, May 9th; George Smith, in left shoulder, at Resaca, May 15th; Patrick [?], in left hand at Kenesaw Mountain, June 27th; Coporal Paul [?] and James Orr, missing since May 25th, at Dallas.

Company F – Robert Spence, wounded in left foot by a tree, at Ringgold, May 3d; Jacob Curry, in right leg, slightly, at Buzzard Roost, May 9th.

Company G – John Collins, wounded twice, Buzzard Roost, May 9th; S. F. [?], in hand, at Dallas, May 29th.

Company H – Charles Wackwitz, killed at Dallas, May 31st; A. C. Bidder, wounded in left arm, near Kenesaw Mountain, July 2d.

Company I – 2d Lieutenant William Howard, killed; Francis Dolby killed; Fr. Hummelke, killed; John Mar[?] wounded in right ankle, since died; [?] Harrington, through both hips; [?] Uhler, in right arm; Joseph Ro[?], in right hand; B W Swany, in [?] slightly, all at Buzzard Roost, May 9th; G. Cofie, killed and S. W. [?], wounded in hand, at Dallas, May 27th; Corporal John Bartlett, in arm, and Daniel Welker, in abdomen, slightly, at Resaca, May 15th.

Company K – Math. Cook, wounded right arm, at Buzzard Roost, May 9th; Ch. Allen, in left arm, near Kenesaw Mountain, June 24th; Corporal Charles [?], in left arm, Corporal John [?], in right leg, Montgomery [?] in face, Harris Bennett, in left leg, William Badgely, in left foot, severely, William Cooper, in both legs, near Neals Dow, July 4th.

This shows a total loss to the regiment of 42; 10 killed, 30 wounded, and 2 missing.


            Arrested. – C. H. Whittaker, editor of the Missouri Plaindealer, a paper published at Savanah Missouri, [?] to be very conservative, and in favor of Lincoln for President, has been arrested and placed under bonds to appear before the military commission.


            The Missing Letter. – Last week we stated that one of Mr. Magie’s letters had failed to reach us, the one with the list of the killed and wounded of the 78th at the battle of Kenesaw mountain on the 27th ult. – We have just received it, but too late to go in this week’s issue, so we will only copy the list of killed and wounded, and state that the letter is mainly devoted to a description of the battle. – The letter is much shorter than usual:

Co. A.

            Killed. – James Thomas.

Wounded. – Lieut. G A Brown, severely; Serg’t Oliver Brooks, ball through left breast and right arm; Corp Joseph Curtis, flesh wound in left thigh; James Curtis, flesh wound in left side; John Johnson, two fingers shot off; T C Noel, one finger shot off; Wm Hilyer, finger shot off; Ed N Wheeler, flesh wound in leg; Harvey F Hendricks, slight wound in left breast; Nelson Vanderveer, slight wound in right hand; J W Mullen, deranged by concussion of shell.

Co. B.

            Killed – Corporal Julius Rice.

Wounded – Wm C Dixon, right arm amputated; Corporal J S Grimes, Walter S Baldwin, John D Parsons, slightly wounded.

Co. C.

            Killed – Orderly J E James, Jacob W Michaels.

Wounded – Richard L Terry, leg amputated below knee; James H Huddleson, scalp wound.

Co. D.

            Killed – Corporal Wm Manlove.

Wounded – Orderly Wm H Crotts, severely; Corp Wm Frost, flesh wound in neck; Joseph M Parrish, slight wound in face; Wm Cicil, flesh wound in left arm.

Co. E.

            Killed – Orderly Wm H Pierce, Charles H Blake.

Wounded – Fielding R Smith, slight in shoulder; John Kuntz, slight; John A Pottorf, scalp wound; Francis M Barnard, slight wound in left arm.

Co. F.

            Wounded – Henry Barrett, flesh wound in right thigh.

Co. G.

            Wounded – Capt F L Howden, bruised with shell; Corp Jesse Haley, slight wound in hand; Isaac A Bottorf, in neck, not serious; Thomas Bottorf, slightly; Madison Hanly, James A Becket, Benj Hildrath, Joseph D Parker, John Wisehart, Alex Simon, all slightly wounded.

Co. H.

            Sergt E R McKim was bruised with fragments of shell, but not seriously.

Co. I.

            Wounded – Robert Laughlin, flesh wound in right arm; John E Pritchard ball through hand; Sergt Jesse B Scudder, finger shot off; George P Hogue deranged by discussion of shell; John Pembroke, severely stunned – gun knocked to pieces.

Co. K.

            Killed – Isaac W Adkins, John W Newmarr, Wm B Strahl.

Wounded – Capt Wm B Aikens, slight scalp wound; F M Tyer, severe wound in leg; John Zemmer, slight in back; Segt John Buckalow, bruised with shell in leg; Norman R Butler, scalp wound; O L Harkness, flesh wound in hip; Paschal T Hickman, bruised leg; Corp John A Hyman, slight wound in wrist.


            Religious. – In accordance with the President’s recommendation divine service will be held in the M. E. Church, at 11 o’clock. Sermon by Rev. Mr. Nesbitt. All are respectfully invited to attend.


            Bible Meeting. – The annual meeting of the McDonough County Bible Society will be held at Macomb, in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, at 2 o’clock, P. M., Thursday, August 4th, 1864. All friends of the Bible are invited to be present. The exercises usually attending such meetings will be had on the Sabbath following, at the same place at 4 1-2 o’clock, P. M.


            Geese. – History informs us that Rome was once saved by geese. We wish Rome was in danger now, and would send over here for a cargo of the birds, for we are more than usually blessed (?) with the critter, so says Squibob. It is evident that Squibob don’t like geese.


            Circulate the Journal. – Will those of our friends, who take any interest whatever in the success of our paper, please put forth a little exill those of our friends, who take any interest whatever in the success of our paper, please put forth a little exertion in our favor by obtaining subscribers for us? We have more than doubled the circulation that we had when we took possession of this office, but we want more. An important political campaign is about opening, and it is the presumption that our paper will be the organ of the Union party, in this county consequently the Union men should see to it that we are well patronized. We say again, circulate the Journal.


            Jail Birds. – It is not often that the McDonough county jail has more than one tenant, but at present we have quite a “medley” of birds there – two murderers, one horse thief and one burglar. Sheriff Dixon is a kind, sociable man, and very popular with all who are acquainted with him, and knows how to “keep hotel,” but the rooms he furnishes his lodgers are rather dark to be comfortable, and he has a very unpleasant way of insisting that his guests shall remain with him awhile, and he even carries his pleasantry so far as to lock the doors of the bedrooms occupied by his visitors, therefore beware, O, Young America how you conduct yourself, lest you be invited to stop with Sheriff Dixon.


            Dorgs. – They city marshal of Quincy, as we see by the Whig, is “down on dorgs” of high or low degree – in fact he’s a killin’ of ‘em. Squibob suggests that it would be a good thing for our city fathers to order our Marshall to make war upon the dorgs that daily and nightly perambulate our streets. He says that he is in mortal fear for the safety of his coat tail, like wise his calves, after taking leave of his “gal” some time between 12 o’clock and daylight. Git eout, purps!


            Correspondence. – We saw an advertisement, a day or two since, in the Chicago Journal from two young ladies of this city, wanting correspondents among the fun loving and intelligent gentlemen. Squibob says he can’t write, but is death on talking; and if Miss. “Mollie Raymond” or Miss “Anon Ashton” will favor him with their place of “loafing” he will go and talk with them.


            A Poor Calaboose. – Macomb has a good, substantial calaboose, one that would puzzle a Jack Shepperd to break out of, but some of our citizens improvised one on Tuesday last, by taking the coal house in the court house square, and incarcerated therein one of our citizens who was engaged in hod carrying, using his hat as a hod. The worthy gentleman had too much of a load, becoming tired and sleepy stretched himself at full length in the square. He was safely conveyed to the coal house, and locked in where he enjoyed the luxury of a “coal” – not cold – bed until “nature’s sweet restorer, balmy sleep” had sufficiently operated on his load of “brick” to bring him to a realizing sense of his situation. A spade, which was left in the “calaboose” gave the means by which he released himself from his prison house, and he walked forth in the free air of heaven a new – and black – man. Selah.


            Burglary at Blandiville. – Last Tuesday a young man by the name of Kiss was brought to this city from Blandinville and committed to jail. He had burglariously entered the store of Messrs. Ward & Huddleston, and was found and arrested there on Monday night, the 25th inst.


            Horse Thief. – Sheriff Dixon has under his charge a young man, committed since two weeks since, for stealing a horse from Mr. Runkle, living in the south part of this county. The name of the young gent is Medley, and a sorry medley he has got himself into by trying to ride somebody elses horse. Young gentlemen should beware how the “take somethin” for they may find themselves in the same “medley.”


            Had to Enlarge. – Mr. John Gesler, in order to accommodate his increasing custom, has had to enlarge his oven so that he could fill all orders. – His new oven is built in the modern plan, and if you want a good article of bread or cake call on John Gesler, northwest corner of the square.


            → “The Tanner Boy,” “The Ferry Boy,” and “Young Housekeeper’s Friend,” are among the new books at Clarke’s Bookstore.


            → Go to Gordon & Gash’s for your ice cream. We know whereof we speak when we say they make good cream.


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