July 23, 1864

Macomb Eagle

The Definition of a Great ‘Crime.’

            “This war, so far as I have anything to do with it, is carried on on the idea that there is a Union sentiment in those States, which, set free from the control now held over it by the presence of the Confederate or rebel power, will be sufficient to replace those States in the Union. If I am mistaken in this, if there is no such sentiment there, if the people of those States are determined with unanimity, or with a feeling approaching unanimity, that their States shall not be members of this Confederacy, it is beyond the power of the people of the other States to force them to remain in the Union; and, in that contingency – in the contingency that there is not that sentiment there – this war is not only an error, it is a crime.” – Abraham Lincoln.

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The Justification of the Rebellion.

            “Any people anywhere, being inclined and having the power, have a right to rise up and shake off the existing government and form a new one that suits them better. This is a most sacred right, which we hope and believe is to liberate the world. Nor is this right confined to cases in which the whole people of an existing government may choose to exercise it. Any portion of such people that can, may revolutionize, and make their own of so much of the territory as they may inhabit. More than this, a majority of any portion of such people may revolutionize, putting about them who may oppose their movements.” – Abraham Lincoln.

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Five Hundred Thousand More!

            The President has issued a call for five hundred thousand more men for the military service of the United States. Since the first day of October last seven hundred thousand have been enlisted, and this call now shows that half a million of soldiers have sunk out of sight in six months of this year. It shows that notwithstanding the vaunting promises of the early spring, the great object of securing impartial freedom for negroes is as far from being attained as ever. The five hundred thousand now called for will disappear – will sink out of sight – as the last five hundred thousand have done, and then the destruction of the South will still be unaccomplished, the negroes will still be negroes, and another five hundred thousand will be called for. Thus it will go on, under Mr. Lincoln’s policy, until the last man shall disappear and the last greenback be not worth the paper it is printed on. Lincoln’s policy will still make the confederate army a wall of fire, against which our northern hosts will dash and melt away, precisely as they have heretofore dashed against that burning obstacle and been consumed. Let it go on, say the republican leaders – it is all right – the King can do no wrong. What are the lives of millions of whites, compared to the impartial freedom of negro barbarians? Let the men go to war – and melt out of sight, as frostwork melts before the morning sun. Let the women go into the harvest field – let general poverty and destitution fall upon the land – let the old men and the boys be ground into the dust with the weight of the national debt – let them coin their heart’s blood into gold to pay the annual taxation – and all for the sake giving impartial freedom to negroes. We are in favor of this war, in favor of this call and of all subsequent calls, in favor of a general judgment, and in favor of eternal hell fire for every able-bodied abolitionist who won’t put himself in the way of being killed by rebel bullets.

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Grant’s Losses.

            We are informed that Hon. Henry T. Blow, a member of Congress from Missouri, and who has just returned from Washington, states upon his veracity and as a man of honor that Gen Grant has lost since he first crossed the Rappahannock, the first of last May, one hundred and twenty-five thousand men, in killed, wounded, diseased and prisoners.

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            → The republicans boast that Andrew Johnson was once a tailor. That is certainly no disgrace to him, but at this time the “ninth part of a man” will never do for vice President.

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Democratic State Convention.

            This body has been called to meet at Springfield on the 6th day of September next. McDonough is entitled to eight delegates. Our cotemporary at the capital says: As our readers know, we had favored an earlier call of the convention, believing that in no way could the party be so thoroughly organized as by the selection of standard bearers for the people to rally around; but the committee has decided differently, and we are well satisfied with their action. In 1862, after being beaten in the June election, we put out a state ticket on the 18th of September, which swept the state with a majority of fifteen thousand. WE CAN INCREASE THIS MAJORITY NEXT NOVEMBER. And the consternation which the postponement of the national and state conventions has produced amongst the devotees of Lincoln, has satisfied us of the wisdom of such postponement. The Democracy are wide awake, eager, enthusiastic and confident, while their opponents are torn by factious contentions, and daily becoming more de- [obscured] serves to convince intelligent men that the present administration are utterly incapable of extricating the country from the terrible difficulties into which they have plunged it. Delay, then, does us no injury, while it adds infinitely to their weakness and demoralization.

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Democratic Guards.

            The Rushville Times very appropriately advises “that in view of the threats and menaces of the ‘Union Leaguers’ and the alarming indications that the party in power intend to carry the election by force, that the Democrats should take some precautionary steps against such an emergency. We do not wish to counsel any covert or unlawful proceedings, but would advise the Democracy in every township to organize companies to be designated as ‘Democratic Guards’ for the purpose of insuring a free election. A free vote or a free fight should be your motto. Do not meet secretly, or by night, nor bind yourselves in unusual oaths like the ‘Leaguers,’ but in open day, with your objects and intentions openly avowed. Claim nothing but your constitutional rights, and these maintain at all hazards. The Leagues make some measure of this kind absolutely necessary upon your part. Will our friends act upon these suggestions, or will they devise some more plausible methods.”

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            Pile on the Taxes. – The New York Times, a Lincoln organ, calls for more taxes. It says, we must tax heavily, although in 1864, the people will be called upon to pay:

→ Federal Taxes.
→ State Taxes.
→ County Taxes.
→ Borough and Township Taxes.
→ School Taxes.
→ Bounty Taxes.
→ Conscription Taxes.
→ Militia Taxes.
→ Special Taxes.
→ License Taxes.
→ Road Taxes.
→ Poor Taxes.
→ Internal Taxes.
→ Income Taxes and a heavy additional taxation for everything they eat, drink and wear. Oh, the beauty of keeping Lincoln in power.

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            → We dislike very much to talk about the vices and wickedness of the town in which we live. But it is manifest to the dullest comprehension that the morals of Macomb “are getting no better fast.” There is entirely too much devotion to “beauty and the beast” to comport with a due regard for religion or even virtue. A sister in one of the churches is accused of sinning with the gay husband of another sister, and Madame Rumor says – no matter what she says – it isn’t fit for publication. Certes, there are immoralities that need correcting, vices that need uprooting, and wickedness that should cause some other feeling than mirth among our people. No search need be made for distant objects of missionary labor, or foreign fields to work in the “interest of God and humanity.” Worse than the Greeks are at our doors, and Christians may as well pluck out some wickedness at home before inveighing indiscriminately against all who do not every Sunday recite the catechism of “loyalty.”

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            The Yield of Wheat. – The wheat in this county is now all cut and shocked, and much of it placed in the barns and stacks. The grain is very large and plump, and the yield is more abundant than has been known for years. Many of our farmers say they have never harvested a better crop. We hear of numerous fields will turn out twenty-five bushels to the acre, and of but few that will go under that number. McDonough county will send off an immense quantity of No. 1 wheat this fall.

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            → Politics run into the harvest field occasionally. A blatant fool in Emmet township broke up a set of hands, in the middle of wheat cutting, merely by his insufferable talk about “copperheads.” A republican’s wheat stood some time in consequence of it.

In New Salem township they managed better. In the fields of Mr. Grim, on Thursday last, were two reapers and fourteen men at work and but one blacksnake among them, and he kept straight as a shingle.

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            Real Estate. – Mr. David Lawson has sold his farm east of town, comprising 320 acres, for $8,000.

Mr. Blount has sold his farm north of town, comprising about 150 acres land, 20 acres timber at the rate of $40 per acre.

We have heard of some sales of raw prairie at as high a figure as $25 per acre.

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            → Two horse thieves, who gave their names as Benj. Gee and T. Haynes, were arrested at Monmouth last week. They had two horses, which they said were stolen from John Sickman of Schuyler county.

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            → A fine light-bay horse was stolen from Wm. R. Scott, eight miles southeast of Macomb, on Monday night. A reward of $50 is offered for the horse.

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            → This county was visited by a glorious shower of rain last Tuesday. The corn and potatoe crops will profit thereby amazingly.

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