July 1, 1864

Macomb Journal






O. H. MINER,of Sangamon.



S. W. MOULTON, of Shelby.


            → “Two things American citizens will do well to remember.”

1. The copperheads claim to be the great Democratic party of the country, and yet are afraid to put their principles on paper so that the people can read them.

2. The copperheads receive all the secesh, bushwhackers, Morgan raiders, &c. that come from the South, with open arms, and depend upon their votes to carry the elections next fall.


            → The editor of the copperhead organ in this city talks about the “Democratic creed.” Will he please inform us what the “Democratic creed” is as the “Democratic” convention that assembled in Springfield on the 15th ult. Utterly forgot to enunciate a creed; and, if we are not mistaken, the “Democratic” party all over the North has forgotten to tell the people what their “creed” is. We would like to know what it is.


            → The editor of the copperhead paper in this city hints that we are an ass. We deny it, for we are no relations of his whatever.


            → The editor of the Eagle is on the stool of repentance. In his last issue he inquires for a copy of Greely’s Life of Fremont. Can’t somebody furnish him with a copy.



From the 78th Regiment.

Camp 4 Miles North of Marietta, Ga.,
June 17, 1864.

            I have received copies of the Journal regularly up to June 3rd. In the issue of that date I must say that I felt a little vexed at the number of inexcusable blunders made by your compositors in my communications. I found a number of words left out, and in some instances other words substituted for those which I wrote. When you substituted the word “concentrated” for the word “evacuated” you destroyed the meaning of what I wrote. But it is too late now to specify errors.

Since I wrote you last our regiment has moved forward about five miles toward Marietta. Here we lie in full view of the hills upon which the enemy are well entrenched. Our skirmish lines are not over one hundred yards apart. For the past four days we have had an incessant roar of musketry and artillery. Day before yesterday we drove the enemy back a half a mile or more and still hold the ground. The 78th was not engaged. From a hill upon which the 78th is now camped we have a fine view of our lines extending for a mile or more upon our front and to our left. Soon after two o’clock in the afternoon all appeared to be ready. A strong skirmish line in advance, well supported by two or three solid lines of battle, moved steadily forward upon the enemy. As they neared the enemy’s lines we noticed a large number of the “grey jackets” emerging from the brush and the timber and running as fast as their legs could carry them, straight for our lines, some of them swinging their hats, and others waving white rags or handkerchiefs. At first we thought it a charge of the rebs upon our men, and we looked for a desperate hand to hand encounter. But the excitement was not at all diminished when we ascertained that these “grey jackets” were deserters from the enemy’s ranks, seeking protection in our lines. Many of them were fired upon by their own men as they ran away from them, and they sought the protection of trees upon the side toward our men before they had reached our lines. One officer came dashing over to our side upon horseback. From my own observation I can estimate that there were at least one hundred desertions from the enemy’s ranks in that charge, but I hear rumors of a much larger number. It cannot be denied that there is much disaffection and demoralization existing in the rebel army, and as they begin to learn the true state of thing, and to get a proper idea of the hopelessness of their cause there will be more of it. A few days ago a few boys of Co. B, in this regiment captured six rebels as they were busy gathering some vegetables in a garden not far from their own lines. – They were surprised, but at the same time they were not sorry to be taken in by the blue jackets. I am told that they were not aware that our forces had taken Dalton, but that they supposed that the forces down this way were mere raiders. There were only some three or four engaged in the capture of these rebs, and they deserve some credit for the cool and quiet manner in which they did it, as there was a pretty large force of rebel cavalry but a few hundred yards off.

Soon after our lines advanced, on the afternoon alluded to, our regiment was called upon for three companies to be sent to the front as skirmishers. Companies A, H, and C were detailed for that purpose, and as I am enrolled in the latter company I had the privilege, in common with the rest, of going forward to be shot at by the rebs. It was about dark when we relieved some other companies of the 34th Ill., and took their places. It was in a rather dense forest, with a thick undergrowth, not far from the railroad. We found the rebs only about seventy-five yards in our advance, and our only protection from their bullets was lying upon the ground or getting behind trees. In the course of the evening the firing gradually diminished until a shot in our vicinity was rarely heard. We then went to a large wood pile on the railroad and carried to our respective positions enough cord wood to make us a very substantial protection against the enemy’s bullets. We were stationed off in groups of four, six and eight at distances from eight to twelve paces apart, and in this manner our line extended for several miles. In our immediate rear, about ten rods distant there lay several companies as a reserve. I do not speak of this as a special arrangement for that night, for it is just in that manner that we have moved forward from Ringgold here, a distance of nearly one hundred miles. After we had got our breastworks built we laid down quietly behind them and endeavored to listen for what might be heard over in the rebel lines. We soon ascertained that some hardshell preacher was carrying on meetin’ exercises. We could hear him give out the hymn, and then came the singing, the praying and the preaching. I thought of a very appropriate hymn for them but I am not sure it was the one they sang. It commences –

And are we wretches yet alive,
And do we yet rebel,
‘Tis truly God’s amazing grace
That we are out of hell.

            It is a very common thing for our boys and the rebs while on the skirmish line to strike up a conversation with each other. Sometimes I have been much amused at the witticisms passing back and forth, at other times the conversation would take a more serious turn, and I have known of information being gained upon both sides of the whereabouts of old acquaintances. This conversation is too apt, however, to run into blackguardism. Last night a reb called over to one of our men asking some insulting question about nigger wenches. He got for an answer, “We have no use for them, we have more of your wives and daughters then we know what to do with. They trade for hardtack.” Yesterday afternoon on one portion of the line our boys and the rebs became so friendly that several laid down their guns and met each other halfway. In conversation they reported great victories for Lee over Grant, but admitted that Sherman was rather getting the better of Johnson, but he would never get to Atlanta. They said there were a great many in their army they could not trust on the skirmish lines, as they would come over to us the first opportunity. – After making some trades for tobacco, &c., they shook hands, resumed their respective places, and were ready to shoot each other again.

I have to record two more casualties in this regiment. Yesterday morning as our Sergeant Major W. S. Hendricks, was coming from the spring with some water, and while even within the limits of our camp, a chance bullet from the enemy’s lines, three-quarters of a mile distant, struck him in the heel of one of his feet, making an ugly and painful wound, rendering it very probable that his foot will be permanently crippled. He was immediately taken to our field hospital in the rear, since which time I have not heard from him. The other case is that of Jeremiah Stewart, of Co. D, who was struck in the head by a bullet the same day, and died in the course of the night.

Dr. Wm. Githens, our indefatigable Assistant Surgeon, informs me that our regiment at this time enjoys an unusual degree of health. There are no serious cases reported at the present time.

We have received the proceedings of the Union Convention held at Baltimore, on the 7th inst., and as far as I have heard any expression of sentiment among the soldiers, it is unanimous in approval of the nominations and the platform.

J. K. M.


            – Travelers just returned from Europe declare that the American war creates far more interest on the continent, and especially among the Germans, than the war in Denmark, nearer home. The news by every steamer is read with the greatest avidity, and in all the great cities it is posted up in the hotels as soon as it is received. The feelings of the Germans are generally in sympathy with the North; those of the French half and half.


            – The Supreme Court of Iowa has decided that a note, though expressly stated “to be paid in gold,” can be paid in United States Treasury Notes. The question involved was, “can the plaintiff, to whom the defendant loaned $700 in gold United States coin, pay that loan back in United States Treasury Notes, though he promised to repay the loan in coin.” The Court decided that he could.


            – The prisoners from Coles county, Ill., who have been in confinement at Camp Yates, Springfield, were, it is stated, sent off to Fort Delaware, near Philadelphia, on Friday, by order of Secretary Stanton.


            The 4th. – Our citizens are at last [?]sed up to the importance of celebrating the glorious 4th in an appropriate manner. The programme fixed for the occasion consists of ringing of bells and firing of guns at sunrise, a grand procession, orations, singing, reading the declaration, fireworks, [?] race, greased pig, greased pole, etc. Taken altogether, if properly [?] out, the day will be fitly celebrated, and a pressing and cordial invitation is extended to everybody to come to town and join with us.


            Departure of the 28th. – Co. D, of the 28th, left this place last Friday [?], bound for Natchez, Miss., their furloughs having expired. While at home, the boys enjoyed themselves greatly, and departed in good spirites to the stern realities of war for another wearisome three years. At the depot a large concourse of friends and [?] generally waited to see them, and as the cars slowly left the [?], three rousing, hearty cheers were given for the gallant boys of the 28th.


            Death of Dr. Husten. – We were saddened to learn, on Monday last, of the death of Dr. Wm. A. Auston, 1st Surgeon of the 137th Ill. Vol. Dr. Huston was a resident of this city, and enjoyed a large and inclusive practice, when the late call for 100 days’ men, went into the service. He was not in the service quite a month when he was stricken down with congestion on the brain. He was taken sick on Saturday the 21st ult., and died the following Saturday. His remains were brought home on Wednesday morning, and buried the same day.


            Grand Concert. – The Musical Convention, which has been in session in this city for the last two week will give a Concert at the Universalist church in this city on Saturday (tomorrow) evening, at 7 1-2 o’clock We have no doubts that it will be a rare [?] to our music loving citizens to attend this concert, as the convention in composed of some of the best singers we have in this section of the country. The price of admission is places so that it is in reach of all to attend. See bills.


            The Equescurriculum. – The [?] show with the unpronouncable name advertised in our paper to be held on the 9th inst. The Chicago papers prenounce this show to be the show of the season. Grizzly Adams, with his performing bears, accompany this show, and will appear in the ring at each performance.


            Runaway. – Runaways used to be of rare occurrence in this city, but of late they are quite common. On last Friday, a team, belonging to Mr. A. V. Brooking started to run, and did run for awhile, but evidently being circus horses ran around in a circle two or three times and then fetched up against the court house fence. No damage done. On Monday another team, belonging to A. Blackburn, Esq., started from the square, and ran up Carroll street to the east side of town, and then turned south but were stopped before doing any great damage.


            An Old Friend. – When the writer of this was quite young, the Saturday Evening Post was his favorite, and as he grows older still he retains his affection for the old “stand-by.” We are pleased to see that it has come out with an entirely new dress, and looks as nice as – as – a lady. In our estimation, the Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post is far superior to all the New York “Sledgers” that ever were printed. Deacon & Peterson are the editors and publishers. If you want a really good literary paper, send for the Post.


            Sold Out. – Mr. S. J. Hopper has sold out his entire stock of dry goods, hats and caps, notions, &c., to Messrs. Gilfry & Davis, who will remove their stock of goods to the Randolph block. With the two stocks united, Messrs. Gilfry & Davis will have a very large and complete assortment of goods in their line, and they inform us that they intend to sell at old prices, regardless of the late advance in goods. Persons in search of a bargain will do well to go to Gilfry & Davis’ new stand, on the east side of the square, and they will be sure to be suited.


            Ho! for Bardolph! – Grand 4th of July Demonstration! Big Basket Dinner! Cheering Music by the Bushnell Brass Band! Patriotic Songs by the Macomb Glee Club! Good Speeches by eminent Speakers! – A grand celebration of the Fourth of July will be held in the grove three-fourths of a mile north of Bardolph, in which Bushnell, Macomb, “and the rest of mankind” (and women, too) are invited to take a part. Eminent speakers from various parts of the country will be there. The service of the Bushnell brass band and the Macomb glee club have been secured. Let everybody come out to honor the day that gave birth to our national independence. All are requested to bring their baskets of provisions with them.

The programme of exercises will be as follows, and will begin at 10 o’clock, A. M.

1st, Music by a band and choir; 2nd, Prayer by Chaplin, Rev. H. C. Mullan; 3rd, Music by choir; 4th, Reading the Declaration of Independence, by G. H. Litzenburg, of Bardolph; 5th, Music by band; 6th, Patriotic Oration, by Mr. Harris, of Chicago; 7th, Music by band; 8th, Basket Dinner; 9th, Music by the band and choir; 10th, Speech by Col. Thomas Hamer, of Vermont; — 11th, Music, by band and choir; 12th, Speech, by C. F. Wheat, of Macomb. 13th, Music, by band.

Submitted by the Committee of Arrangements.

H. C. MULLAN, Ch’n.

            A. Russell, Sec’y.


            “Not a Drum was heard.” – So says the “poick,” but S. J. Clarke & Co. are determined that it shall not be said in this place the coming 4th, so they have just received a supply of superior drums, enough, in fact to wake young America up with a rush. Get your drums of Clarke, and you can make noise. They have also received a handsome lot of flags – the regular stars and stripes. Go and see them.


            The Crops. – We learn from our farmer friends that there is a better prospect for good crops of corn and wheat than has been for several years. The farmers say that Spring wheat will average from 25 to 30 bushels per acre. This large yield, take in connection with the great breadth of land sown, shows that we need not entertain no fears of a famine this year at least.


            Dry Goods. – If you come into town on the 4th and wish to purchase anything in the dry goods line, give Geo. Bailey, on the east side of the square a call. George sells good goods, and cheap for cash.


            → As you go along, keep your eye on the south side of the square, and you will find Browne’s boot, shoe, hat and cap store. Then call on him, and if you need goods in his line, you will certainly buy, for he beats all selling goods cheap.


Philomathi Society.

Macomb, June 27, 1864.

            Editor Journal: — With your permission I would say a few words in regard to the Literary Society, recently organized in this city. We have now been organized about three months and number at this time about twenty members. Our object is our mutual improvement in oration, essay, declamation and debate, and in furtherance of that object it is necessary we should have a library connected with our society which we can refer to at all times. A committee has been formed to wait upon our citizens to solicit such donations of books and periodicals as they are willing to contribute. Historical, biographical, religious and scientific works preferred, but any kind will be thankfully received.

We would say to all those who would be willing to contribute, but fear the society will not be sustained any length of time, that it is a fixed institution, as every member is actuated by that which our name signifies – the love of learning, and will not, under any circumstances, allow the society to go down.

We propose, if a sufficient number of books are contributed, to have what might be denominated Reading Members; who upon paying the initiation fee of the society, and such dues as may be levied upon the members, shall be entitled to the privileges of the library, the same as regular members.

We would return our thanks to S. F. Wright and others for their very liberal donation of books. A suitable acknowledgment will be made to all who contribute when the names are reported in full.

Hoping to meet with encouragement from our fellow citizens in our effort to establish a society of this kind, we remain                    Yours truly,

Cor. Sec’y.


            → Sergeant Thad. Huston, of the 137th regiment starts on his return to his regiment, Tuesday the 5th inst. Those wishing to send letters by him can do so by leaving them at Chambers & Randolph’s store. No large bundles taken.


            Reed’s Pianos. – Mr. Reed, one of the proprietors of Reed’s Musical Temple, of Chicago, is in this city soliciting orders for pianoes. Any person wishing to purchase an A. No. 1 piano should buy of Mr. Reed, as he warrants all his instruments to give perfect satisfaction. He refers any one who wishes to buy to Capt. J. L. N. Hall and S. F. Lacy, Esq., of this city, as they have pianos purchased at Mr. Reed’s establishment.


To Whom It May Concern.

Rockford, June 1st, 1864.

            We understand there is an agent of a certain would-be rival Reaper, telling the people that he has had a John P. Maney Reaper and Mower, and had to Return it to Rockford. We would say that we never sent any machine to McDonough county until last year. We invite the farmers to look at J. P. Many’s before purchasing. County Agency at Bushnell.



            Notice is hereby given to all persons that my wife Eliza Bice, has left my bed and board without any provocation on my part. I hereby warn all persons from trading with her on my account, as I will not be responsible for any contract she may make after this date the 13th day of June, A. D. 1864.



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