May 28, 1864

Macomb Eagle

Democratic Prices and Republican Prices.

            The following comparison of the prices for 1860 and 1864, on the leading articles of consumption by farmers, mechanics, and laborers, is taken from the regular market report of a leading New York journal. The quotations were for the first week of April and at wholesale rates. The column for 1860 gives the prices when Democrats administered the Government; the column for 1864 gives the price of the same articles after three years of republican misrule and maladministration:

 1860.  1864.
Alcohol, 100 gals ………………….                        $44 00                      $206 00
Coffee, Jave, 100 lbs …………………                          15 50                          47 00
Codfish, dry 100 lbs ………………….                           3 00                           7 00
Cotton prints, Allen’s, yard ……….                                9                             23
Cotton shirtings and sheetings…….                                9                             43
Cotton drills, bleached ……………                                3 ¼                             42
Cotton jeans, bleached ……………                                8                             40
Iron, Am. Pig, 100 lbs …………….                          12 00                         32 00
Indigo, lb …………………………..                               70                           1 40
Lead, 100 lbs ………………………                            5 85                         12 00
Leather, Hemlock sole, lb …………                               20                             84
Molasses, Cuba …………………….                               25                           1 14
Nails, keg …………………………..                               35                             70
Oil, Linseed, gal ……………………                               60                           1 61
Oil, coal, refined, gal ………………                               25                             45
Oil, petroleum, crude, 100 gal …….                           17 25                         34 50
Rosin, bbl …………………………..                             1 57                         42 00
Rice, East India, 100 lbs …………..                             4 00                           9 00
Sugar, Cuba, 100 lbs ………………                             6 00                          15 50
Sugar, refined and crushed ………..                            10 00                          20 00
Salt, Turk’s Island, bush. …………..                                18                              43
Tea, young hyson lb. ………………                                29                            1 02
Tin, 100 lbs …………………………                            30 00                           45 50
Tar, bbl …………………………….                              2 45                           23 00
Turpentine, gal …………………….                                 45                             3 50
Tobacco, 100 lbs …………………..                              6 75                            20 75


This comparison was made early in April. Since then prices have advanced 25 or 50 per cent. The prices of farm products have also increased in the same time, but not in proportion to the above; wheat is but a few cents higher, and corn commands a good price solely because of its scarcity. – Neither have the wages of laborers kept pace with the price of the articles they necessarily consume. The rule of Democrats was better, everyway, than that of the republicans has been. The rule of the latter has enabled the the rich to amass greater riches by [obscured.]


            → We oppose the re-election of Abraham Lincoln because he has not exerted the power of the nation for the single purpose of destroying the rebellion. There are many other reasons for opposition to him, but this is an overshadowing one. The rebellion would never have broken out had he been either a patriot or a statesman, and it could have been destroyed long ago had he used the means in his power for that purpose. Abolitionists, who twin-monsters with secessionists, prevented him from doing this. He yielded himself an easy prey to their devilish schemes of destruction. He grew in their eyes as fast as Wendel Phillips “watered him,” until he has become as bigoted and fanatical as his keepers. The Union can never be restored under his administration, be that one year or five years. The word Union presupposes terms and conditions, but Lincoln’s keepers are committed to the policy of no terms, no conditions, no union with the South. He goes the full figure of hatred and destructiveness, of vindictive animosity and utter annihilation of the white people of the South. There is no hope of the adoption of any other policy by the present or any succeeding republican administration. No matter how many hundreds of thousands of lives be lost, no matter how deep the soil becomes saturated with blood, no matter if the old men and women only are left to bear the weary burden of taxation, the republican politicians say the war must be prosecuted to destroy free institutions and free governments in the South. They will no more turn from it than the negro can change his skin or the leopard his spot. There may be hope for reform of a horse-thief or the repentance of a murderer but there is none for the fool-hardy fanatics who lead the republican party. If the people want to see the end of this war – if they want to see the Union restored – if they want to enjoy the blessings of peace, and rejoice with the return of prosperity, they must vote to change the administration.


Despotic Assumption of Power.

            Another case of the fondness of Lincoln to exercise despotic power, and to trample all law and all respect for law beneath his feet, has occurred within the past week. A proclamation was sent to all the New York papers purporting to come from the President, calling out 400,000 more men and appointing a day of “fasting, humiliation and prayer” for the losses sustained lately in Virginia. It was very like Lincoln, only that it wore an air of candor and truthfulness on its face. The World and the Journal of Commerce published it, while the other papers rejected it as a forgery, probably so judging from its frankness. The proclamation turned out to be a forgery – at least Lincoln says so, and that functionary, in his wrath, ordered the arrest of the publishers of the World and the Journal of Commerce, and sent them to Fort Lafayette. – They were the first to offer a reward for the arrest of the author of the forgery and to place all their information in the hands of Gen. Dix. But notwithstanding their manifest innocence of any crime, and their honest effort to ferret out the guilty party, their offices were closed by military authority and themselves immured in a military prison. In the meantime the perpetrator of the forgery was arrested, but the publishers were not released. Lincoln’s new rule in such cases, or in all cases where political malice can mark a victim, may be new in this country, but it is old in despotic governments. It is to condemn without trial and punish without law, and to accept an accusation as sufficient evidence of guilt to warrant the infliction of punishment. Give this man, or any man of his party, another four years of power and the liberty of the citizen will not be worth the snap of one’s finger. Many honest men, whose intentions are good, and who think they are acting for the best, are upholding these usurpations and justifying these acts of despotism, because they are cajoled with the cry that they are necessary to sustain the government. The truth is no government ever was, or ever can be, worth sustaining which steps out of its written charter, and the administration that does so it taking fast hold on measures to perpetuate its power in spite of the will of the people.


            → A great many flashy schemes have been devised by capitalists to enrich themselves at the expense of others. The last and most dangerous is that of Lincoln’s administration, which exempts the bonds of the Government from taxation. Capitalists and rich men purchase these bonds to the extent of thousands of dollars, and thus escape taxation at the expense of the State, of the county, and of the school district. The result is that an additional tax must be laid on the laborer, the mechanic, and the farmer who has no means to invest in these bonds. The poor must be made poorer, burdened to death with taxes, in order that his rich neighbor may be made richer. And the people are expected to submit to this gross injustice under the plea that it is necessary to sustain the government in freeing the negroes of the South!


            → The placing of negroes in the army is now pretty generally conceded to a weakness and not strength. Grant has found no use for them and no mention is made of them in any dispatches. Soldiers cannot but feel mortified at being placed on an equality with them, and though they may not murmur their dissatisfaction, there can be none who do not feel mortified at the spectacle they see about them. No one but a deluded and debauched abolitionist can be so low as to voluntarily consent to place himself under obligations to a negro for his political or social rights.

The demoralization which their presence nicities may be one of the means adopted by the administration to hold the war level till after Lincoln is re-elected, when he can recognize the independence of the South and perfect his despotism over the North.


            → The Sciota Democratic Club will meet at the center school house, Saturday, May 28th, at 3 o’clock p. m. Speeches may be expected.


            → The Democrats of Hire township will meet at Hick’s school house, Saturday evening, 7 p. m., for the purpose of organizing a Democratic club. Speeches may be expected.


            → The Democrats of Industry township will meet at the village of Industry Thursday evening, June 2nd, at 7 o’clock p. m. A full attendance is requested. Speeches may be expected.


            → Tuesday next is the last day which subscriptions or payments for the paper will be received at the rate of $1 50. After that day the price will be inflated to $2 for every man. Let no subscriber ask for less! If any one thinks he can’t pay it he can come and tell us, pay what he owes, and that will be the end of it.


            Hot. – Saturday last was one of the hot days we read about. The thermometer marked 94 in the shade. The man who looked at the instrument had a heap of courage.


            → The board of Supervisors met on Monday last. Jeremiah Sullivan of Chalmers was elected chairman of the board for the ensuing year. This is a worthy honor to a most excellent gentleman.


            → It is to be hoped that the next call for troops will be postponed a month or two, and give time for the patriotic mothers to take the frocks off a few more little boys before the union leaguers entice them away for soldiers.


            → The abolition paper of this town says its editor will join the “hundredazers” if we will. This is very generous and very brilliant, but we think we can equal it, and we hereby agree to vote the Democratic ticket next election if the abolition editor will.


            Railroad Accident. – The express train west on Wednesday morning met with a sudden stoppage near the corporation line. – A cow was standing on the track which the engine pitched into and jumped off. The rest of the train was no so fortunate. The baggage car was thrown off the track and also the forward end of the first passenger car. Fortunately no one hurt, but the cow fared worse, being rolled and ground to pieces. From what we can learn the engineer is to blame, he having made no effort to drive the cow from the track.


            → The abolition journal of this town pretends to get very indignant because the “loyalists” do not fill up the ranks [?], nut persuade off the boys in their stead. The organ’s astonishment at this exhibition of its party’s loyalty is very thin. It has but a very small capacity for human [?] if it ever supposed that a loyalist’s [?] about “supporting the government” was anything more than the merest vaporing. The duty is performed when he writes high sounding phrases for the organ, belches out his gas in the street, or persuades some poor widow’s last boy off to do the fighting he [?] himself.


            Sale of Town Lots. – We understand that there will be a public sale of a number of town lots and a store house in Bushnell, on Tuesday 7th of June next. Those lots, some twenty in number, are eligibly located and will attract the attention of men who wish to invest in real estate. Bushnell is possibly the most thriving town in the county, and but few points on the Quincy and Chicago Railroad offer greater inducement for the investment of capital.


            Murder Most Foul! – A most coldblooded and premeditated murder was committed within four or five miles of Macomb on Wednesday afternoon last. The victim was a man named Cole, who was in the employ of Bissell & Bro., of Peoria, driving a peddling wagon. It seems that Cole left Colchester taking the road toward Macomb, and when some two miles from that village the team was stopped in the road, and the unfortunate man found lying on the seat of the wagon, in in a dying condition, having been shot with buckshot, six or eight of them having taken effect in the side of his head. This most atrocious act was committed on the public highway, one traveled as much as any other in the county, and in broad daylight. Cole was known to have a considerable sum of money last week, and to get possession of that was probably the motive for his murder. At the time of our going to press (Thursday morning) no clue to the perpetrator had been discovered, but it is hoped that no effort will be spared to arrest him, and mete out the punishment his crime deserves.


            → The busy season of cornplanting is about over, and the young men of the country will soon be bringing their sisters to town for the purpose of obtaining photographs for family momentoes. If any young man has no sister of his own, he can bring somebody else’s, and get the picture at Hawkins and Philipot’s gallery.


Disenfranchising White Men.

            We have always predicted that the next step of the abolition party would be to deprive poor white men of voting. The other day, in the senate of the United States, the proposition was actually made. Senator Morrill, of Vermont, proposed that the right of suffrage be given to all whites and blacks who possessed a freehold of $250, and denied to all others! Many of the abolition Senators were afraid to meet the issue, in this form, just at the present time. Mr. Cowan, of Pennsylvania, protested that new and distracting questions should not be brought forward now. The evident intention is to postpone this matter until Lincoln is elected, if he can be, when look out for the disenfranchisement of white men. In no other way can they hope to permanently bind upon the shoulders of labor the burden of their gigantic public debt. In no other way can white men be reduced to that condition of serfdom that already exists in some of the military departments now presided over by Lincoln’s satraps.


Corn Culture.

            The Secretary of the Iowa Agricultural College in his late report speaks thus of this important crop.

Requisite to a good yield of corn. – Of all other crops grown by the farmers of Iowa, the production of a fair crop of corn is generally best understood. Still there is no other secret about it but good seed and clean and careful cultivation. The best crops of corn are raised in something like the following manner:

1st. The ground is plowed deeply in the fall, if the previous crop was other than corn.

2d. It is thoroughly harrowed if the season is dry.

3d. If plowed in the fall mark off shallow in the spring, thereby preventing the weeds which may be covered in the fall from springing up in the hill.

4th. Carefully selected seed is dropped and covered.

5th. It is rolled after planting, to give the seed the best chances for germinating.

6th. It is harrowed just as the corn is coming up, that being the first assault upon the weeds.

7th. It is plowed out one way.

8th. It is plowed out the opposite way.

9th. It is plowed out a second time the first way.

10th. It is plowed out a second time the second way, and the corn, even and completely, to the exclusion of everything, takes full and we may say magnificent possession of the ground.

A crop with such or similar cultivation suited to the soil and the season, is harvested in time to be out of reach of any ordinary frosts, yielding from 60 to 75 bushels per acre. The corn crop has been the foundation, and will continue to be the foundation of three-fourths of the agricultural prosperity of our State.


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