The Convention at Springfield.
The Union Convention met at Springfield on Wednesday, and organized with Hon. A. J. Kimball as chairman.
Gen. Richard J. Oglesbee was nominated for Governor on the first ballot, by 383 votes. This vote indicates harmonious action on the part of the members of the convention.
Wm. Bross, Esq., of Chicago, was nominated for Governor on the first ballot.
The news from Gen. Sherman’s Depart. is very encouraging. He has captured Rome, Ga., and has captured a good deal of provisions and seven fine ironworks with machinery. We have secured two good bridges and an excellent ford across the Etowah.
The news from Banks is to the effect that our forces have evacuated Alexandria; our gunboats have all got out safe.
Gen. Canby had arrived at the mouth of Red river, and was collecting forces to assist Banks if necessary.
Butler has abandoned the seige of Fort Darling for the present and fell back to the line of his entrenchments. In a fight that he had last Friday, he captured the rebel Gen. Walker, of the Texas troops.
Government has prohibited the publication of news from Grant’s army. – We only know that he has made a forward movement, and it is reported that he is within thirty-eight miles of Richmond.
Grant’s army is as strong at the present time as it was when it crossed the rapidan.
Gen. Meade has succeeded in turning Lee’s right flank, and Lee is in rapid retreat to the South Anna river, where, it is stated he will make a stand for the decisive battle.
On Saturday last, at midnight, a large force of rebels attacked General Cutler’s troops, driving in his pickets, but were speedily repulsed by a withering fire from our artillery, aided by the gunboats on the Appomattox. – Finding their reception so warm, they soon retreated, leaving their killed, numbering 263, on the field.
A scouting party from Little Rock [obscured] Saline river. It is believed that they are in force on the south side., Their movements are concealed, as they refuse to receive any flags of truce.
In the Senate a bill has been introduced to abolish the three hundred dollar commutation fee for drafted men.
The Board of Supervisors and the Liquor Question.
The Township Supervisors elect, convened at the Court House in this city on Monday last, and after duly organizing according to law, proceeded to business, and dispatched it with unusual celerity. Among other business brought before the board for their action, were several applications for license to sell liquor by retail, principally from the village of Bushnell. On a vote being taken whether such license should be granted, the vote stood eight against and six for granting – two of the Board dodged the vote. By this vote of the Supervisors, McDonough county says to the world, and the “rest of mankind,” that she is opposed to the retail sale of liquors for a beverage.
The proceedings of the Board will be published as soon as the copy is furnished us.
From the 78th Regiment.
Camp two miles south of Ringgold, Georgia,
May 5, 1864.
I wrote you on the 1st inst., that our regiment was under marching orders. The next morning by eight o’clock all the troops which had been camped in and about Rossville were in line of march southward. As a general rule each soldier packed up to carry with him only such articles as were absolutely required, viz. – one blanket, one half shelter tent, and an extra shirt and pair of stocking. The result was that a large amount of valuable property was left in camp to be gathered up by the citizens, who began to flock into camp as we marched out. I saw many good overcoats, pants, blankets, boots and shoes, and also cooking utensils thrown away or abandoned. But the almost destitute citizens thereabouts will undoubtedly make good use of all abandoned property.
Our line of march was toward Ringgold, the vicinity of which we reached soon after noon. In the course of the afternoon we marched to an exceedingly beautiful woods, but a short distance of the once beautiful town of Ringgold, where we were ordered to stack arms and put up our shelter tents. These tents are made of stout muslin, and each man carries what is termed a half tent, which is about five feet square, and the rule is for two to tent together. These tents are arranged with buttons and button holes at the edges so that they can be readily buttoned together, and two persons with their pocket knives can cut a couple of sticks and have their tent erected in two or three minutes. We remained in that place of woods until this morning, when soon after daylight we struck tents and started southward again. We passed through Ringgold, and through Hooker’s Gap, and reached the ground where we are now camped about nine o’clock, A. M. I am not permitted to write about the number of troops or their contemplated movements, but I will say this much, that as far as my eye can reach I can see the blue coats in every direction. I have seen large armies in this war, but I now have an opportunity of seeing a little of the largest army that I ever looked upon. Each man is expecting a battle, and that soon, and I do not believe they will be disappointed. I can look out from my [?] shelter tent upon the distant hills now occupied by the lean and lousy rebels, but I look with every feeling of confidence that before three days pass away our troops will be marching triumphantly over those hills. Before these lines are printed in the columns of the Journal our flag will be floating over the rebellious town of Dalton, and our army pushing the rebs beyond it, or else thousands of my comrades in arms will be lying cold in death in their endeavors to achieve a glorious victory.
The 84th Ill. Is now camped scarcely a mile from us. Several of our boys have been over to visit them to-day. – Col. Waters, of the 84th rode into our camp a few moments ago and is now exchanging congratulations with his friends in this regiment. The 16th Ill. is camped only a few rods from us in plain view.
The weather is magnificent. The health of the boys is generally good. All the convalescents who were able to trudge along on foot are with us. All appear to be in good spirits and look forward to a victory.
We received a pretty large mail this afternoon. Letters mailed at Blandinville April 26th, and at Macomb April 27th were received by this mail. I can look about me in all directions and can see more than fifty of our regiment seated upon the ground with their port-folios upon their knees, writing perhaps their last word to the loved ones at home.
I must now close. I will write again in three or four days if I shall be afforded an opportunity to send off my letter.
J. K. M.
FROM GENERAL SHERMAN’S EXPEDITION.
The Rebels in Full Retreat.
Our Forces in Close Pursuit.
New York, May 25. – Extended details of General Sherman’s operations, published in the New York Tribune, show that, after several days’ fighting, on the morning of the 16th instant, the rebels were found to be in full retreat, his supply and ammunition trains burning, but the artillery was carried off.
We have four thousand prisoners, and hundred more are coming in.
General Hooker has crossed the river near Resaca; General Schofield crossed near Pelton; General Stoneman, with his cavalry, is pursuing Johnston, who engaged them with artillery that morning.
Washington, May 18, 1864.
After ten days of desperate fighting the Army of the Potomac has taken a rest and is gathering up its strength for another onset.
The battles of this war have furnished examples of the most desperate fighting that has ever been recorded, and the ten days of fighting in the Wilderness and at Spottsylvania Court House, were if possible more desperate than any that have yet taken place. – The soldiers of both armies felt that the fate of the nation and the cause for which they were fighting depended upon their efforts, and they fought only as Americans can fight. For a week past there has been one constant stream of wounded coming in day and night, while the streets have been full of soldiers marching to the front, to reinforce the Army of the Potomac. All the fortifications about Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York, have been stripped of troops, which have been sent to the front.
Many of these were heavy artillery regiments that have been in the service for more than two years, some of them two thousand strong, and as they have been drilled half the time in the infantry drill, they will do good service.
It is impossible to tell how many soldiers have gone forward since the fighting commenced, but I should think at least thirty thousand, and enough I presume to make good Gen. Grant’s losses in the late battles. Their places are being rapidly filled by the one hundred days men. Several regiments of the Ohio one hundred day’s troops have arrived here and have marched out to the fortifications around the city, they were fine looking men, representing all professions and kinds of business. The Wesleyan University, at Delaware, Ohio, has been temporarily broken up by the late call, for one hundred day’s troops the Professors and Students being members of the National Guard that responded to the call of Governor Brough.
We all feel sanguine in reference to the result of the contest which has commenced, and every loyal face is looking bright and cheerful, while on the other hand the secessionists look downcast and miserable. Many of the wounded that have been brought here will be able to go to the field again in a few days, as the fighting in the Wilderness was principally with musketry [obscured].
A great many stragglers that managed to get to Washington with the wounded have been sent back under guard. Two squads of these repentant and sullen individuals, passed through the streets yesterday, under guard on their way to the boat. One skedaddler kept repeating as he was marched along “I’ll fight it out this time.” This was intended evidently for the bystanders and judging from their smiles, it afforded them considerable amusement. I regret to say that several officers, some belonging to the regular army, have come under the same circumstances, and I have been told of one who crawled into an ambulance for safety and while there was wounded by guerillas. But these are exceptional cases, that occur with every army. The rank and file of the Army of the Potomac have in every instance given evidence of bravery not surpassed by any troops in the world, and have shown by their actions in the late advances, that all they require to insure victory is a proper leader. With Grant as their leader they feel a confidence that has never before existed and the result cannot fail to be the overthrow of Lee and his army.
There are some upwards of ten thousand wounded soldiers in the hospitals, in and about Washington, and more are coming in every day. They are brought to Bell Plains via Fredericksburg, in ambulances and from there to this city by steamboat. The hospitals are commodious and well ventilated, and when the wounded reach here they receive every attention that could be desired; while the Sanitary and Christian Commissions assisted by hundreds of volunteers from this city, and the states are at the battle field, Frederisckburg and Belle Plains, doing all in their power to alleviate suffering. So many have gone down to assist that for the present the Surgeon General has stopped issuing passes, thinking as many have gone as can be of service.
I received information yesterday that two of my friends Captains B – and D — , of the 4th Ohio, had come up wounded and were at Armory Square Hospital. Capt. B – was wounded in the breast, and Capt. D – had received a minnie ball through his right shoulder.
I went down immediately and ascertained the number of their ward and went in searching for a couple of emaciated forms, for such I expected to see, and as I was passing along I was surprised to hear a voice call out “Hallo, Old fel! How are you?” and there were my two friends as cheerful and jolly as two men could possibly be under any circumstances. I asked them whether they were hurt much by transportation. “Well,” said Capt. B, “we did swear a few where the roads were rough.” While we were talking their rations were brought around, and Capt. B. sat up in his bed put his plate on his knees and dispatched a good sized loaf of bread and a pint of coffee, all the time talking to me, telling me that the patch on his breast covered a hole where a minnie ball had entered seven days before, and that it was in there somewhere yet. The surgeon had been probing for it that morning, but could not find it. It is wonderful what men can endure.
I have conversed with several of the rebel wounded and they are loud in their praises of the kind treatment they have received.
A Lieut. of a Georgia reg’t., in reply to my inquiries why they treated our prisoners so badly, said, “It was not right, but the fact is, we give them about the best we have.”
I have seen some of the photographs taken of returned prisoners, by the War Committee, and they are perfect skeletons, literally starved to death. – This Lieut. said, “We are fighting for the perpetuity of slavery, and the Union men are fighting for its extinction, and the question will have to be settled before there is peace.” In reference to copperheads, he said, “We despise them, but of course it to our interest to encourage them and keep up a divisions in your ranks.”
It has been raining for a week, but as soon as the roads dry up you can expect to hear of startling events in Virginia.
The Weather and Crops. – Warmth and sunshine have at length visited the earth, and their effects are visible upon the face of vegetations. We learn that corn is now mostly planted and coming up. Wheat and oats generally look promising for a good crop. The prospect for most kinds of fruit is also good. – Ottawa (Ill) Republican.
New Goods. – Luther Johnson the proprietor of the mammoth dry goods store on the north side of the square, has just returned from the east, where he has been for several weeks [?] engaged in selecting and buying a pretty large assortment of dry goods, boots, shoes, Yankee Notions, &c., &c. His goods are striving, and he is busily engaged in opening and displaying them to the public. Some idea may be [?] of the magnitude of his trade when we state that he buys the original package in large quantities. From a small retail store, with no one but himself to wait upon customers, his trade has increased to such an extent in nine years that he employs six assistants. – The great secret of his success is, large [?], small profits on good goods, together with a judicious use of printer’s ink, the consequences are, he sells largely of every variety of goods that he has. We do not deem it necessary to advise any one to give him a call, as every one acquainted with his mode of dealing, does that without telling. See his new advertisement in another column.
Dave Chrisman Again. – On Saturday last our city was disgraced again with the presence of the notorious and infamous Dave Chrisman, and, as usual, he got into a row, this time with a discharged soldier. He commenced to abuse the soldier for wearing the U. S. uniform, and finally struck the soldier, who immediately retaliated and was getting the better of him, when our new Marshal appeared on the scene and took Chrisman into custody. He was taken before Judge Chandler, who very promptly fined him five dollars and sentenced him to three day in the calaboose. Chrisman offers to bet one hundred dollars that Lee will whip Grant yet. Who will take the bet?
Valley Farmer. – We have received the May number, and notice among it various articles – Tobacco Culture; How to Manure Land; Popular Superstitions; How to make a Barn Yard; Agricultural Items; Honey Bees. In the Stock Department – Trotting Horses, Breeding, &c.; The Stallion “Stone Plover;” Doctoring Sick Animals; Useful Receipts, &c. A great variety of Horticultural matter to suit Grape Growers, Fruit Raisers and Florists. Also, choice family reading for young and old.
→ Farmers should at once remit by mail $1 and secure this valuable Journal. Back numbers furnished from January, when the present volume commenced. A treaties on Sorgho given free to every new subscriber. – Address Norman J. Colman, Editor and Proprietor, or B. Bryan, Publisher, St. Louis, Mo.
No More Liquor License. – The new Board of Alderman have unanimously voted against granting any more license for the retail sale of spirituous or malt liquors. The Marshal was ordered to inform those sellers, whose license had expired, that they must close their shops under penalty of the law. We believe that the Board mean just what they say, and that the Marshal will see to the execution of all orders on the subject.
In this connection we will state that we were mistaken a week or two since in stating that there was one Alderman elected in favor of granting license. – We have since been informed, and his vote on the question shows, that he was pledged against liquor license being granted.
Off the Track. – The Wednesday morning train from Chicago, due here at 6:53, was thrown from the track by running against a cow. The baggage car was thrown completely off the track, also the front end of the forward car. The rails and ties were torn up for some considerable distance, but no was injured in the least, which was quite providential, as there were a large number of passengers aboard. After several hours detention the cars were got upon the track and left for Quincy.
N. B. – The cow was killed.
Time About Expired. – Those interested, will observe that the time has nearly expired in which they can have the Journal for $1,50. We will still take subscriptions at the old price till the 1st day of June, but after that date the subscription will be two dollars in advance. Paper and other material are too high to afford it any less, and we do not propose to publish a paper for amusement.
A Peddler Killed. – On Wednesday afternoon, a peddler, from the house of O. P. Bissell, of Peoria, was most foully murdered by some person or persons unknown, a short distance this side of the village of Colchester. – We could not learn what was the cause of the shooting, but it is supposed it was done for his money. We hope the murderer will be caught and punished to the full extent of the law.