May 14, 1864

Macomb Eagle

The Contest in Virginia.

            We give elsewhere all the news that we deem reliable in regard to the campaign in Virginia – and probably some that is not reliable. It may be that Grant will drive Lee to Richmond – he may capture that city. Suppose he does – what then? Is the rebellion destroyed? – is friendship and goodwill re-established? Is the Union restored? Is the end of the war and the return of the soldiers to peaceful pursuits so near at hand that the days can be counted? He who confidently calculates on these things is a visionary, and has learned nothing from the terrible experience of the last three years. Guns and bayonets may be potent weapons; but the employment of the conciliatory measures would be far more efficient in decimating the rebel armies. A change of the policies of the war – a removal of the causes of irritation – a guarantee that the power of the Government should not be used to oppress the governed – these are now more imperatively demanded, if we would achieve a victory that would bring forth fruit substantial or desirable, than ever. But we have no hope that the eyes of this administration can be opened so as to take advantage of whatever success our armies may obtain. Therefore it is that all the defeats of the enemy this year will be unsubstantial, productive of no lasting benefit, and will add nothing toward the restoration of the Union. It will be so much blood and treasure thrown away – so many advantages unimproved – so much time wasted. – The administration of the government must be changed – the object of the war must be proclaimed to be the enforcement of the Constitution and the laws, both State and national, and not the destruction of either – our soldiers must be permitted to fight to restore the Union, not compelled to abolish slavery and associate with negroes as their equals. When these shall be the objects of the Government then we may reasonably begin to look for the end of the war, for the restoration of the Union, for the return of prosperity, and the establishment of confidence among the people.


Another Convention.

            We publish in this paper the call for a mass convention of republicans to meet at Cleveland to nominate a candidate for President in opposition to the candidate of the shoddy convention at Baltimore. We ask attention to the grave statement of the call that, “The time has come for all independent men, jealous of their liberties and of the national greatness, to confer together and unite to resist the swelling invasion of an open, shameless, and unrestrained patronage which threatens to ingulf under its destructive wave the rights of the people, the liberty and dignity of the nation.”

The admirers of Fremont in the republican ranks have been numerous heretofore and they will hail with pleasure, we presume, this movement of his friends to place him before the people untrammeled by the shoddyism of the Washington dynasty. The Cleveland convention will be controlled by ideas and principles, as opposed to patronage and contracts. We shall witness in the republican party a determined struggle between the men of principle on the one hand, and ‘the cohesive power of public plunder” on the other.


What They are For.

            The reader has not forgotten the declaration of Richard Yates, who in the way of punishment from the hand of the Almighty is Governor of Illinois, that the “Democrats have no rights which even a negro is bound to respect.” This was said just before he went to Washington for the purpose of having twenty thousand of our people mustered into the United States service. What these soldiers were to be used for was not a matter of doubt among far seeing people, especially in view of the declaration above quoted. But to make appearance doubly sure we have the remark of Col. Coburn in his speech at Indianapolis – a speech made at a meeting to encourage enlistments in the “hundred days” regiments: — Col. Coburn said,

“The loyal men must rally. The medicine that was good for the rebels of the South was good for the Democrats of the North. – There was danger that a disloyal Democratic Governor might be elected in Indiana! – There was a danger that a traitor who would make terms with the rebels might succeed to the presidential chair. To prevent such things as these the loyal people were now called upon.”

So these “hundredazers” are not to be sent where they can be of service in defeating the rebellion; but they are to be used to control the election of Governors in these States, and to prevent by force of arms the election of a man to the presidency who would use the power of that office to restore and cement the Union, instead of disintegrating and destroying it. This may be very patriotic – but we don’t see it.


Against the Union.

            When the following resolution was offered in Congress, sixty-seven republican members voted against it:

“That the Union is not dissolved, and that whenever the rebellion in any one of the seceded states shall be put down or subdued, either by force or voluntary submission to the authority of the Constitution and laws, such state shall be restored in all its rights and privileges under the Constitution of the United States, including the right to regulate, order, and control its own democratic institutions, free from all legislative or executive control.”

Will plain people now understand who are the friends of the Union, and who are the disunionists, the secessionists? These republicans voted to declare that it shall not be restored. – Every Democratic member voted for this resolution – voted to declare that “the Union is not dissolved,” and voted to restore the Union and all its parts to their former vigor and prosperity. Facts like these are sufficient to upset all the gas that the shoddyites can let off on street corners or crossroads.


            → No provision has yet been made for the subsistence of the “hundredazers” who have been mustered into the service of the United States at Springfield. They are now fed by the sanitary commission, and the state will be called upon to foot the bill. – These men were not needed nor desired by the Government, and they were accepted only to get rid of the importunity of the western Governors. – Gen. Grant has no use for them and has made all his plans for the campaign without the least reference to them. The whole scheme is an impudent electioneering trick, and the design to carry senatorial and congressional districts with the “hundredazers” will soon be apparent to the dullest comprehension.


            Army Coffee. – A recent experiment a Brigade Commissary in the army of the Potomac revealed the fact that in the ground coffee furnished to soldiers there was a large admixture of pulverized glass. One barrel charged as one hundred and sixty pounds of coffee was found to contain ten pounds of glass. Thus the contractor swindled the government out of four dollars, receiving 40 cents per pound for fractured window panes. It would be well for the soldiers to grand their own coffee, and reserve the privilege of buying their own glass. – Wash. Letter to Cin. Com.


            Another Business House. – R. H. Broaddus & Co. have opened a grocery store in the old frame corner opposite Brown’s Hotel. – They have on hand a large stock of coffee, sugars, teas, sirups, fruits, tobacco, [?] and all the various articles that go to make up the well stocked grocery and provision store. – Their stock is all new and of the best quality, and will be sold at as low rates as similar goods can be sold by any other man. The public are requested to call and see.



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