April 22, 1864

Macomb Weekly Journal

Full Return of the Election.

            We have at length got the full returns from all the townships in the county. The copperheads have been bragging about carrying the county by two hundred majority, then by fifty. – We were fearful that the latter figure was about correct, but we are happy to state that the following figures show a decrease from the vote of last fall. – The figures verify the assertion we made several times before the election, that we could carry this county if the members of our party would only turn out. The vote encourages us to renewed exertions for the coming campaign. A majority of twelve can certainly be overcome, especially when we remember that the “cops.” Polled their full vote, fearful of a defeat if they did not. Union men, let us each work for the cause during the coming summer and fall, and success will crown our efforts.

Dem. Maj.   Union Maj.  
Lamoine, 21 New Salem, 27
Eldorado, 27 Scotland, 50
Bethel, 24 Mound, 2
Industry, 44 Macomb, 94
Chalmer, 14 Prairie City, 130
Tennessee, 43    
Emmet, 56    
Hire, 10    
Walnut Grove, 3    
Sciota, 16    
Blandinville, 57    

315                                                                           303

Dem. Maj.          12


Showing Their Colors.

            It has been charged repeatedly by the Union press of the United States that the so-called Democratic party, alias, Copperhead, was in sympathy with the South, and that nothing would gratify them more than to see the independence of the Southern Confederacy acknowledged. The leaders of that party have denied it as often as we have made the assertion, but still, their every action, and ever word they uttered, went to prove that they were in deep sympathy with the South. They are now beginning to show their true colors. Long, of Ohio, Fernando Wood, Rodgers, of N. J., and Harris, of Maryland, have made speeches in Congress advocating the acknowledgement of the independence of the South, and the withdrawal of our armies north of Mason and Dixon’s line. All of the copperhead papers throughout the land will now take their cue from those speeches, and howl long and loud for that policy. Well, let them howl.



Facts and Incidents of Fiendish Barbarity.

            As the facts come to light of the massacre of negro troops at Fort Pillow, they show a depth of depravity truly horrible to contemplate, especially when we reflect that there are persons in the North who uphold and glory in such work when committed by “chivalry.” The following, which we take from the Chicago Journal is a truthful account of the perfidy of the rebel leaders. The Journal says that Fort Pillow is added to New York city, Lawrence, Tecumseh and Richmond, on the scroll that chronicles the barbarities and atrocities that distinguish the warfare that the slaveholders of the South wage against the Government of the United States.

The statements that we shall now proceed to make can be relied upon. – We obtain them from eye-witnesses and parties who participated in the strife.

First and foremost – perfidy and a lie. During the cessation of hostilities and under the flag of truce the rebel commander secretly made such a movement of his troops as to make the holding of the fort impossible and the capture of it easy. A portion of the rebel troops were ordered to creep along the ravine that partially surrounds the fort and station themselves close to the breastworks, behind which our troops were resting unsuspectingly on their arms, their commander being in conference with the rebel commander in good faith under the white flag. At a given signal the rebel troops thus perfidiously located were to pour over the walls. The conference ended. The flag of truce was withdrawn. The signal was given. Instantly the rebels were in the fort. As might have been expected, and as was utterly unavoidable, at the appearance of the enemy in such formidable numbers and in such magic suddenness, in the very midst of our garrison, the garrison was thrown into confusion and feel back overpowered to the banks of the river. The fort was immediately surrendered; but what was the horror and amazement of Major Bradford to see his troops massacred burned and buried alive before his face! Beside the rebel troops that were stationed where and when as we have described, there was, at the same time, and under the same flag of truce, another squad so stationed as to pour their fire upon our troops when they were driven back to the river. Between these two fires our helpless soldiers perished by scores, after the surrender, and crying in vain for quarter. No quarter was given them. No quarter was intended for them. The blacks and their officers were shot down, bayoneted, and put to the sword in cold blood, the helpless victims of the perfidy by which they were overpowered, and of the savage, barbarous, brutal, devilish blood-thirstiness that burned in the hearts and impelled the arm of their victors – reveling in their fraudulently gotten victory.

Out of four hundred negro soldiers only about twenty survived. At least three hundred of them were distroyed after the surrender! This is the statement of the rebel General Chalmers himself to our informant. Negroes were compelled to dig trenches into which they were thrown alive! Our informant – an officer in whose probity and moderation we have entire confidence – says he saw the charred remains of negro soldiers mingled with the ashes of their tents! Their tents were fired, and they were prevented from escaping.

They were deliberately burned to death! The spectacle, as presented to the eyes of our informant, was one that no human being and no inhabitant of perdition imagined within the range of human or inhuman possibilities on the face of the earth. The wounded with great gashes in the head and with limbs dissevered from the body, writhed and pelled with agony that terrified the horses, but made the rebel fiends in human shape laugh, and jest, and jeer.

We have no heart for more words . Words may convey the facts – they are inadequate to the reparation of them. Loyal men! the spectacle of Fort Pillow on the 12th is before you – what will you do about it? Submit to it or avenge it!


A Union Disaster in Louisiana.

            We see by the correspondent of the Chicago Journal that the Third and Fourth Division of the 13th Army Corps, under Gen. Ransom, were badly cut up in a recent fight in Louisiana. Our loss is about 2,000, Gen. Ransom, was wounded and Capt. Cyrus E. Dickey of this State was killed. By the timely arrival of the 19th Army Corps our forces succeeded in checking the enemy.


            → We see it stated that the Coles county murderers have been released by the authorities at Springfield, by taking the oath of allegiance. It appears from this that Illinois will have to undergo the purification of fire the same as Missouri did in 1861-2. For every rebel so let loose on the community, two Union men will have to suffer. This taking the oath is about “played out.” We want a McNeil in this State, and then there would be no danger of another outbreak.



From the 78th Regiment.

Camp Near Rossville, Ga.,
April 6, 1864.

            Our expected review which I spoke of in my last letter came off on Thursday. The weather was as pleasant as could be expected. The men were all admonished that clean clothes, clean hands and faces, and hair well combed, and shoes well blackened would be expected of every one. Our whole division was marched out to a piece of ground which had been prepared for the occasion about half a mile to the south of camp, and I must say that the display was very grand. Generals Thomas and Palmer, with their respective staffs, reviewed the division according to the roles in such cases made and provided, but what conclusions they arrived at as the result of their observations this deponent has never yet been informed.

At length we have something like spring weather. The season is very backward for this latitude. I think the peach crop is about destroyed, and the apple crop nearly so. From the situation of our camp we can see but little or nothing of the farming country about us, and hence I can make no report of any progress in farming in this section. I think that slaves are scarce on the plantations and troops too plenty hereabouts for farmers to thrive much.

Mr. W. S. Hendricks of Macomb township, formerly a Lieutenant in the 57th Ill., arrived on Monday last in company with about a dozen others, new recruits for this regiment. Mr. H. will probably receive the appointment of Sergeant Major, which post has been vacated by the promotion of Harmon Veatch to a Lieutenancy in Co. I.

Adjutant C. V. Chandler has resigned his position in this regiment and he started for his home in Macomb this morning. It is only about four weeks since that I mentioned in one of my letters his promotion to the position of Adjutant. He found that his wound received at Chickamauga, unfitted him for active duty, and in consideration of this, taken in connection with the serious affliction which has recently befallen his father, he felt it to be his duty to resign.

The members of CO. C, have lately been made the recipients of favors at the hands of the patriotic ladies of Blandinville, for which they have passed resolutions of thanks which I suppose will be duly forwarded to you for publication.

There are no indications of a move with us at present. When the weather permits we have our regular company and battalion drills, and so each day comes and goes with but little variation in routine. I do not believe that we will be long inactive. The day and the hour rapidly approaches when the decisive blow will be struck which will proclaim the nation redeemed and disenthroned from the dark pall of rebellion which has so long hung over it.

J. K. M.

            Rossville, Ga., April 10, 1864. – We have just received orders to prepare three days rations and be ready to march to-morrow morning at day-light. I do not know the object of contemplated move, but am inclined to think it is another reconnaissance in force toward Dalton. All appear to be in good spirits and in fine condition. – I will write you again upon the first opportunity after we shall have moved.

J. K. M.


            – The rebel railroads are represented by refugees as in a terrible condition, trains not being able to make more than ten miles per hour. Large numbers of troops are on their way to Richmond from different portions of the South.


            – The farmers in Michigan are paying farm laborers from $26 to $28 per month. The former rates paid for farm hands was $10 to $15 per month. The great scarcity of labor, as well as the high prices of the necessaries of life, have caused this advance in the price of labor.


Wanted – Correspondence.

            Seven young men, who are not going to die very soon with beauty, and who have reenlisted for three years more, if not sooner shot, wish to correspond with any number of young Ladies with a view to Fun, Love or its Consequences hereafter. Address, Charley Mead, D. D. Woods, W. F. King, W. F. Thomas, J. W. Pope, F. Colwell, and W. Walters, Co. “B” 16th Reg’t Ill. V. V. Inf’t. Nashville, Tenn.


            $[?] Reward. – Lost in or near D. Walker’s nursery, a Smith & Wesson Pistol, small sixe, partially silver plated. The above reward will be paid to the finder by leaving it at Johnson’s store.


            Religious. – We understand that a Meeting will be held in this city commencing sometime next week by the members of the Christian Church of this State. We learn that a large number of ministers and elders will be in attendance.


            Runaway Team. – On last Saturday a sorrel team attached to a two-seat wagon started to run from the front of Cottrel & Bro’s store, on the [?] side of the square and ran “with [?] and main” around the square, knock one of the corner posts of the railing in front of S. J. Clarke’s book store and knocking it to splinters, passed under W. S. Bailey’s awning and broke the posts of that, and finally brought the wagon to a stand still in front of [?]’s, and breaking a corner post of his awning. After getting loose from the wagon they “slightly” knocked Mr. Beardsley, became entangled for a short time in a corn cultivator, then went like rockets up Caroll Street. People should be more careful about leaving their horses without tying them fast to some stationary [?]


            Wild Cat. – Geo. W. Bailey makes an announcement in our business column that everybody and his wife would be well to heed. The bankers having determined to throw out all the wild cat and red dog currency, people had better go and exchange all they have for goods while they have the opportunity of passing them at par. “A word to the wise,” &c.


            Have you Good Teeth? – Teeth, considered as an aid to digestion, and also an ornament to a person’s mouth, are a very good institution you can always tell whether a man, or a lady, has good, round white teeth by the open smile upon the countenance, the lips just parted enough to show the pearls encased within. Most people are at first blest with such teeth as we have described above, but they, through neglect, or ignorance, suffer them to become yellow by never cleaning them properly, or decayed by continually “picking” them with metal tooth-picks – pins; and the consequence is, they are tortured with the toothache until nothing will ease them till the tooth or teeth are drawn out. When your teeth do get to aching the best way to do is to go to some good dentist, one who understands his business and have all drawn out and a new set put in. The time has been when such a course could not be pursued by every one, for the false teeth cost from two hundred to three hundred dollars per set, but that time has past. An entire new set of teeth can now be obtained for sixty dollars. It also was the case in time past that a person had to go from here to some large city to get work in that line done; but that time, also, is past. We have resident dentists here who are perfect masters of the art. Dr. E. A. Floyd, Practical Dentist, on the east side of the square, has been located in this city for several years, and in that time has built up a reputation, as a first-class dentist, that is to be envied by older practitioners than himself. He has fitted up rooms in superb style, and had all the modern improvements wherewith to draw teeth, make teeth and insert them. His office is divided into three rooms – the reception room, operating room and workshop, and everything is in nice order which makes it a pleasure to go there and see. His prices for work are all reasonable. We will only mention one – that for inserting an entire new set of teeth, which is only sixty dollars. Call on him and see how easy he draws that “confounded tooth.”


            The Valley Farmer. – We have received the April number, and notice among its various articles – Curing Tobacco, Hemp Culture; in the stock department – Milch Cows, Doctoring Sick Animals, Worms in Horses, Mad Itch, &c. A great variety of Horticultural matter to suit Grape Growers, Fruit Raisers and Florists, including the Vegetable Garden and other choice matter. Farmers should at once remit by mail $1 and secure this valuable Journal. Back numbers furnished from January, when the present volume commenced. A treatise on Sorgho given free to every new subscriber. Address Norman J. Colman, Editor and Proprietor, or B. Bryan, Publisher, St. Louis, Mo.


            Schools. – Schools have been opened in the different ward school houses in this city, and are rapidly filling up with scholars. Still, there are a great many children in the city who are not sent, but are allowed to roam around our streets and loaf in stores and other places of resort. Parents would confer a lasting favor on their children by sending them to school. The cost of sending them to school will be far less than it will be to pay surgeon’s bills for broken limbs or damages and costs for some mischievous pranks played by their children. With such a talented class of teachers as we have in this place, there should be no excuse for parents to keep their children away from school.


              Raise Good Crops. – Attention is respectfully called to the advertisement of W. L. Imes, Manufacturor of Plows, Cultivators, &c., at the Union Plow works in this city. Now, that hands are scarce, farmers will consult their own interest to purchase such machinery as will enable them to cultivate their farms without extra labor. Produce brings a good price, and they should endeavor to raise enough to meet the demand. Call on Mr. Imes and see those Riding Plows.


               Clip Your Wool. – John Venable is again in the market ready to purchase all the wool that can be brought to him. He has received his Spring stock of woolen goods, and will exchange them for wool, or pay cash for it. Take your wool to him and buy your woolen goods of him, as he sells as reasonable as the times will admit of. See his new advertisement.


                Going East. – Luther Johnson, the mammoth dry goods dealer in this city, will start next week for New York and Boston, where he will purchase, and will soon have here for sale, a large stock of goods in his line. When they come they will be announced through the columns of this paper.


                 To Farmers. – Farmers look to your interest by reading the card of Graham & Brother. These gentlemen have just opened in this city and they will be found to be up to the times by having a stock of Agricultural Implement on hand suitable for every man.


                 Ice Cream Saloon. – G. K. Hall, on the east side of the square, is fitting up an ice cream saloon that would be a credit to any city. It will be a nice place to go to during the warm days and evenings the coming summer. – Ice cream and strawberries are good.


                 The “Doctors.” – The medical fraternity of this city have unanimously agreed upon a “medical fee-bill,” and passed resolutions making it obligatory on all to live up to it. Some of the fees are very reasonable, while others are, we think, exorbinant.


                 → The Philomath Society of this place is in a flourishing condition. The young men appear to take hold of the matter with commendable zeal. We have not had the pleasure of meeting with them yet, but shall soon, and when we do we shall report.


                   → The man who took John L. Anderson’s “bee gum” hat from W. H. Phelps’ tailor shop is very kindly requested to bring it back.


                    → Assessors will find, under the head of new advertisements, a particular notice to them and will govern themselves accordingly.


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