March 26, 1864

Macomb Eagle

The Administration Favor it.
Leading Republicans say the People
must Adopt the Doctrine.

          Yes, Abolitionism always defiant of God’s, and man’s laws, and with a fanaticism and hardihood only equaled by the Jacobins of the French Revolution, long since determined not only to free the negroes of the South, but to place them upon perfect social and political equality with the white race.
Hence Lincoln’s proclamation and its kindred measures, the recruitment of the blacks for our army, Navy, &c. As first they were only to be employed in the performance of menial services, such as digging ditches, camp duties, &c., with an allowance of but half pay. Soon, however, the mask was dropped and now Sambo is by law made the equal in all respects of the proud veterans of Donelson, Shiloh, Antietam and Gettysburg, and should any officers of a Regiment – border State or other – manifest the slightest repugnance to so recognizing the darkies he will be immediately removed if not imprisoned and disgraced by the administration.
But not content with thus degrading our high spirited and noble soldiers – because they have despotic power over them – the revolutionary Jacobins who now rule our unhappy country are determined, like their bloody-minded prototypes of France, that none shall escape their wild and utopian schemes of “liberty, fraternity and equality.” Day after day, the immortal Cuffee is introduced upon the Congressional theatre, and made to play a controlling part to the neglect and injury of our white soldiers and the public service generally. On the 10th ult., Sumner, of Massachusetts, a giddy and moon-struck abolitionist,
“Loquacious, loud and turbulent tongue,
Awed by no shame, by no respect
Controlled,” –
Moved in the Senate a resolution to admit colored persons to an equal enjoyment of all railroad privileges in the District of Columbia. From his remarks it now appears that Lincoln and Stanton are appointing negroes to the higher officers of the army, and we may soon expect to see them giving orders to white soldiers. In support of his resolution, Mr. Sumner [abolition] said
My special motive in offering this resolution is to call attention to a recent outrage which has occurred in this District.
An officer of the United States with the commission of a Major, with the uniform of the United States, has been pushed off one of the cars on Pennsylvania avenue by the conductor for no other offense than that he was black. Now, sir, I am free to say that I think we had better give up railroads in the District of Columbia if we cannot have them without such an outrage upon humanity and upon the good name of our country. An incident like that, sir, is worse for our country at this moment than a defeat in battle. It makes for our cause abroad enemies and sows distrust. I hope, therefore, that the Committee on the District of Columbia – I know that the disposition of my honorable friend [Mr. Grimes] the chairman of that committee – in the bills which we are to consider relative to the railroads in the District will take care that such safeguards are established as will prevent the repetition of any such outrage.
Mr. Hendricks (democrat). It seems to be considered a great outrage that the negroes in the District of Columbia are not allowed to take their seats in the cars with the white men and women who travel in the railroads of this city. If I were to express any opinion on the subject, I should say the outrage would be the other way. But perhaps it is due to the company to say that I have observed the fact, as I suppose other Senators have observed it, that there are cars furnished for the colored people of the District, and those cars are very plainly indicated, so that there can be no mistake about it.
I do not understand from the Senator who has introduced this resolution that any negro has been denied the right to ride on the cars which, at the expense of the company, have been provided for their accommodation; but the difficulty, I suppose, has arisen because the negro declined to ride in the cars that are provided for persons of his color, and claimed the right to ride in the cars that are provided for the white men and women who travel on these railroads.
By mistake I have entered the cars designed only for the use of colored persons and not wishing to intrude upon their rights I withdrew.
Mr. Grimes [abolition.] I have found myself in some of the cars, and I did press myself upon their attention and rode with them, and I did not consider myself disgraced by riding to the Senate chamber in a car with some colored people.
Mr. Sumner declared that the treatment of the colored Major “is a disgrace to this city – it is an outrage – it is a disgrace to the government. The Major had just as much right in the cars as the Senator from Indiana. I go further,” he continued, “and I say – I merely take him for illustration – that the ejection of that Senator from a car would not bring upon this capital half the shame that the ejection of this colored officer from the car necessarily brings upon the capital, or any other Senator, for I do not mean, of course, to make the remark personal; but as the Senator from Indiana has entered into this discussion, and chooses to vindicate this inhumanity, I allude to him personally.”
Mr. Wilson [abolition] said:
But, sir, this is not the only place that needs reform. There are other portions of the country that need reform also.
The other day a friend of mine came up from the army, and with him two colored men, and they were forced into a cattle car while he alone in a freight car over that road, forced there by the personal exercising the control under the authority of the United States.
The country will yet, however, be abolitionized and civilized and humanized, but it must be abolitionized before the high civilization or the high humanity will come.
Mr. Hendricks. I desire to ask the Senator from Massachusetts who has just taken his seat if he has not heard of tens of thousands of cases where white soldiers have been compelled to ride in cattle or burden cars. I know that nothing is more common in the pressure upon the railroads of the North West then for that very thing to occur.
Mr. Wilson. In reply to the question of the Senator I will say that there is no doubt it is true. That, however, I take it was a matter of necessity.
Mr. Hendricks. During the very cold winter weather towards the commencement of the session under the very eye of Senators, the veterans from the Potomac and the Rapidan came into this city in cars that were not all fit for white people, in which they suffered extremely for the want of fire – and yet that Senator nor any other Senator felt that the cause of humanity and right required them to call the attention of Senate to the circumstance.
I am satisfied, sir, that the Senators have now declared the end which we are to come, and that by the action of the Federal government the social as well as the political equality of the negro is to be forced upon the white race. * * * The people that I represent in this chamber have not yet adopted that sentiment. The distinction between the two races is yet maintained in Indiana.
The Senator says that abolitionism is to do its work, as I understand from him, is to bring about social equality. I presume he means also political equality. I think we will not consent to that very readily in Indiana. * *
And yet, sir, accustomed as we are to white labor there, and to none other, we are not content that equality, social and political, of the black race, shall be forced upon us; and I am glad not that in plain terms the two distinguished Senators from Massachusetts and the Senator from Minnesota have told the country that this is the end we are to come to, that this war is not only for the freedom of the negro but for the equality of the negro socially as well as politically, and the country can now appreciate the issue that is before it.
Mr. Pomeroy [abolition] declared Indiana is not a free State, not such a one as he would make.
Senator Grimes, in another debate, greatly to the annoyance of Sumner, claimed that himself and Harlan had been the first to advocate the employment of negro troops, and hinted that Sumner was stealing their thunder.


The Testimony of Republicans.

The Boston Post thus cleverly epitomizes the testimony of leading republican authorities, showing corruption and weakness on the part of the administration. Mr. Phillips says only five United States senators are in favor of Mr. Lincoln’s re-election, and among those are not Messrs. Sumner and Wilson. Mr. Blair, on the floor of congress, accuses the secretary of the treasury of gross misdeeds – says the department is rotten with corruption, and that this is so palpable the friends of Mr. Chase dare not call for investigation. Fremont declares he has been badly treated by the administration, and pouts. The Grotz Brown radicals smite the President as Samson did the Philistines, hip and thigh, and often with the same weapon. – Banks is derided by the republicans in Massachusetts! Senator Hale said in his seat he thought the liberties of the country were more in danger from the profligacy, that was practiced upon the treasury than they were from the rebels in the field. The Springfield Republican asks, “is lying a vice inherent in republican institutions, or merely incidental to Mr. Lincoln’s administration?” Thaddeus Stevens says if the government go on expending money at the present rate, the people will be involved in one general bankruptcy and ruin. Thurlow Weed writes to the Albany Evening Journal: “Until the administration thoroughly sifts and probes the iniquities of the New York custom-house, the people will be justified in inquiring whether their treasure and blood shall continue to flow by millions and in rivers, while its own officials are playing into the hands of the enemy.” Senator Pomeroy says that should Mr. Lincoln be re-elected the affairs of the country will go on from bad to worse in his hands, and the war will languish until our public debt will overwhelm us. Mr. Boutwell denounces the president’s plan of reconstruction; Winter Davis charges the president with acting without law, and Miss Dickinson boxes the ears of Mr. Seward to the evident delight of a republican multitude who hang upon her words as the bee upon the flower. The persons here named are all republicans, if not “all honorable men.”


How Long?

The Springfield Register pertinently remarks that General Lincoln’s cool and summary order upon the country for two hundred thousand more men – making seven hundred thousand since the 1st of January, is but a sample of what is in store for us in future. We have now at last reached a point when we feel the burden of these drafts upon our fighting material. It will not take our presidential joker long to get rid of this levy if he pursue the policies that have marked his course in the past. A few more Florida raids: some more such battles as Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville; another summer of feeble demonstrations in the swamps and lagunes of malarious Dixie will rapidly exhaust the long lines of fresh and stalwart men this mandate will send into the field. And then another call, and yet another. There was no dearth of enthusiasm; enlistments needed no unnatural stimulus when McClellan led the armies to fight “not populations, but armed forces in the field;” and when it was declared that we were fighting “to restore the Union under the constitution,” and that when “this was accomplished, the war should cease.” How is it now, when the armies of the nation are used to electioneer for the re-election of an imbecile, whose only talent is that of telling broad, but funny stories –when our generals are employed as runners, to scatter this joker’s latest and most stupendous joke – the amnesty proclamation, through the south? Is it the will of the people that their strength and their wealth should still be wasted thus, or will they, by placing a democratic administration in power, preserve this Union, uphold the constitution, and restore peace and consolation to this sorely-afflicted land?


          → Who thinks of calling Lincoln “honest” any longer? We hear of “Old Abe” still, and never of “honest Old Abe.” Even the boundless impudence of the republican editors cannot quite come that now.


          → Let Congress tax whisky just as high as it pleases. The chief tax after all that men will pay for it will not be out of their pockets, but out of their health, their nerves, and their lives.


          → The government can’t make “cents without making Copperheads.” And it can’t make Copperheads without having “sense” either.



The New York Tribune of the 16th instant thus states the miscegenation question:
“1. Will the admixture of white and black blood necessarily produce a physically weak progeny? This is a question for the physiologist.
“2. Will such admixture necessitate a race to be of naturally inferior position in the family of man? This is a question for the ethnologist.
“3. Have such admixtures heretofore been followed by the evil consequences which a modern recurrence to them would threaten? This is a question for the historian.
“4. Are such admixtures forbidden by the law of God? This is a question for the theologian.
“5. Will such admixtures lessen the productive resources of the country? This is a question for the economist.
1. The admixture of white and black blood will produce an abolitionist. – The claims for exemption from the draft in the abolition State of Massachusetts the past year prove that abolitionists are “physically weak.”
2. The answer to the first interrogatory compels an affirmative answer to the second, as there is a singular harmony between the physical and mental weakness of abolitionists.
3. The answer to the third question can perhaps be more intelligently made by waiting for the development of the progeny of the sixty-one school marms at Port Royal.
4. Such admixtures, we infer, are not forbidden by the law of God, because those “engaged in the interest of God and humanity” are their practical and zealous advocates.
5. Such admixtures will lessen the productive resources of the country, unless the progeny are superior to their black progenitors; for did not Mr. Lincoln aver to Patten and Dempsey concerning the negroes in our army, “They eat and that is all?” – Chicago Times.


Sherman’s Expedition.

How Sherman’s late “big raid” profited the country, is thus told by a Tribune correspondent at Vicksburg, who rolls the sweet morsels under his tongue with evident gusto:
“Some three thousand slaves of all ages and colors reached here yesterday. It was one of the saddest spectacles witnessed for a long time in Vicksburg. The women and children were almost starved, and half naked. Such a terrible picture of abject want and squalid misery can neither be imagined or portrayed with pen. Many of the women and children were sick with fevers, brought on by the great fatigue and exposure of the long march from Meridian, Enterprise, Quitman, and other places. Will not the friends of freedom and the humane philanthropists of the north came forward at once, and with their generous hands rescue these liberated slaves from premature graves. Shoes and clothing for both sexes are needed immediately.”
If General Sherman failed to take Mobile, it will be seen that he succeeded admirably in that other and more important object, “making the nigger squeal.” And are we not fighting under the leadership of “heir of the aspirations of Christ and John Brown,” to strike the fetters from the limbs of our poor fellow creatures in the south, after which they are to be fed, clothed and “miscegenated?”
Is not such a war a glorious one, and worthy a great and free people?


Two Hundred Thousand more.

The new presidential proclamation for two hundred thousand conscripts, in addition to the five hundred thousand volunteers which have almost been raised, will not not be received with patience by the country. After all the patriotic sacrifices which have been made by wards, towns, and counties throughout the North, it is disheartening that, after all, we should be subject to the hardships of an enforced draft. What makes the matter more discouraging is the utter uselessness of giving Mr. Lincoln more men without a distinct assurance of a change of military policy. During the past six months a winter campaign, in the gulf states and against Savannah and Charleston, could have been conducted better than any other time of the year; yet all Mr. Lincoln has to show for the vast outlay of money and they myriads of men placed at his disposal is Olustee and a few irritating and fruitless raids. We appeal to our files to show that we have honestly and earnestly done what we could to help volunteering; but this order for a draft is more than we bargained for. In view of the readiness with which volunteers can be secured when sufficient pecuniary inducements are offered, it is a needless and cruel hardship to force poor men from their families and compel them to serve for the pittance in depreciated currency now paid our soldiers.


Township Meetings.

The Democrats of Emmet township will meet at the Union school house on Saturday, 26th March, at 2 o’clock p. m., for the purpose of nominating candidates for township officers.
→ The Democrats of Lamoine township will meet at the Lamoine Mills, on Saturday, April 2nd, at 1 o’clock p. m., to nominate candidates for town officers, and also to organize a Democratic Club. A full attendance is requested. J. H. Hungate, Esq., will address the meeting.


          Gone. – Messrs. J. Ben. Naylor and W. Mitch. Lipe started on Monday last for the gold regions of Idaho. Their destination is West Bannock, which they expect to reach by stage in twenty days after leaving Atchison. The route goes by Salt Lake, and if they escape the snares of Mormonism (and we think they will), they will be sure of getting their share of the precious metal, which has been so long hidden among the Rocky mountains. “Ben” has been a workman in this office for seven years, and we certainly wish him a good time and the most abundant success in his search after gold.


          Murder! – A most lamentable encounter tool place in town on Thursday night of last week. Owen Manion, Thomas Brown, and two other men, about midnight, left Kruse’s store, and when on the street one of the party who was quite drunk said he had lost some money. The rest began to accuse each other of having stolen it. Manion so accused Brown, which the latter angrily denied, and after some dispute seized Manion by the breast or throat. At this Manion drew a pistol and shot his antagonist in the abdomen. Brown died the next day. Manion has been known as a quiet, peaceable citizen, and is one of the last men whom we would have supposed was likely to get into a difficulty of this kind. – He will probably have a trial during the present session of the circuit court.


          → A case of careless shooting occurred in McClintock’s billiard rooms last Saturday, which should serve as a lesson of caution to all persons handling fire arms. A soldier who was pretty well “corned” pulled a pistol from his pocket and fired it “promiscuously” toward several men. The ball passed through the arm of a young man named Roark, inflicting a severe wound, and thence through the coat sleeve of Mr. Crissy, and barely missing the body of Mr. McClintock, it brought up finally in a brandy bottle on the shelf. – The firing was a piece of drunken mischief, and demands the severest condemnation.


          → A hump-backed, Jew-nosed individual put his body inside our office the other day and asked, “Is that man I wanted to see in here yet?” We were about to inquire what man, but seeing the end of a whisky bottle sticking out of his pocket, we were satisfied, and answered, “The man you want to see is in the abolition office.” He left.


          To Teachers. – Teachers and citizens wishing to attend the Teachers Institute will meet at the school house in the second ward, at 10 o’clock a. m., on Tuesday next.


          -It is said that Lincoln has a presentiment that he will not live after the war is closed. One of his spiritush mediums has so knocked it out from the world of spirits. That is, to him, the best reason we can imagine why he should be so madly opposed to peace.


-The faithful of the Republican camp talk less than formerly of Sambo as “a man and a brother” and more of Dinah as a “woman and a sister.”


Fifty Packages.

→ The first stock of boots and shoes for the spring trade is now being received at Wright’s, the popular emporium for this trade. He has not only the first arrival, but he has also the largest and most complete assortment, all of which were manufactured on his order expressly for this market. The ladies especially will find the neatest and best variety of shoes for spring wear, embracing every possible or fashionable style. The assortment for men and boy’s wear is kept full, and any kind of boot or shoe, that can be desired by country or city gent, will be sold at the lowest prices. Also all work made to order, by competent workmen. Be sure to call at Wright’s, for anything in his line of trade.


[For the Macomb Eagle.]

“The Longer Man Lives the More
He Finds Out.”


“The longer man lives the more he finds out,”
Is a very trite maxim; yet, we have those who doubt
Such old fogy notions. It is quite obsolete
With a class in our midst; should they chance to repeat
This axiom sound, it is done with contempt;
From receiving more knowledge they are clearly exempt –
In their own estimation. Well, so let it pass;
While I introduce to your notice a few of this class.
There’s the miss of fourteen, that embryo belle
Whom you see on the street. She is known by the smell
Of musk or verbena, by manner and style,
By the sling of her skirt, with a view to beguile
That youth on the corner – whom, you see, can’t be beat –
Into the idea she’s “punkins” of the ton, the elite.
But this worthy who now attracts our attention
I will here introduce without further detention:
He is our young belle’s gallant, her “feller,” her “dear.”
He too has his smell, though it smacks much of beer;
He chews, smokes cigars, (at conclusions we jump)
If short of “spondulix,” will pick up a stump;
His attire is costly – paid for by his dad –
(But I shouldn’t have told this.) It’s really too bad,
That a gent of his cloth, I can scarcely believe,
Has no funds of his own; but looks oft deceive –
All is not gold that glitters, you have often been told –
So if this chap proves brass, instead of hard gold,
Who’s to blame? But I’ll hasten without more loss of time,
To cite a few more and then end my rhyme.
There’s our dandy young clerks who sell tape in the stores,
Who look fierce, stroke their beards, as they stand in their doors;
And our newly made captain – just home from the wars –
A hero; a son of the god of war – Mars.
His manners are fine, though none of your fops;
He’s intensely loyal – “aren’t” he down on the “Cops?”
(These words are not mine – no “by the Eternal,”
They are Forests – poet Laureate – who writes for the Journal;
A genius of fancy, both subtile and rare,
Who builds up on ether, erecting “in air”
A “castle of marble,” which age cannot sever,
Standing majestic and “enduring forever.”)
There are hundreds of others, in every profession,
Dispute it you can’t – there’s no room for discussion.
You would think from their walk, their manner, their look,
What to them is unknown wouldn’t make a large book.
They will tell you if asked, I haven’t a doubt,
That this maxim of ours is long since played out,
Or at least they’re exceptions – don’t smile at the thought –
It’s so. But I say, if they each could be bought
At their worth, and then sold at their own valuation,
What a trade it would be, what a grand speculation!
And now to conclude, I would say to the trade,
Go in, buy them up, there’s a “pile” to be made;
But for public content, and to give satisfaction,
Export all you buy; and in case of contraction
Of the market abroad, dispose of your ware,
If only for neat price – they are not wanted here.
Thus your pockets you fill, and from thence cease to doubt,
That “the longer man lives the more he finds out.”


Rules for the Preservation of Health.

Wash yourself now and then.
Change your inner garments occasionally.
Chew your meat; eschew greasy gravies.
Don’t chew your tobacco.
Drink as little as you choose.
Don’t eat much more than your stomach will hold.
Keep your temper.
Temper your keep.
If a soldier, don’t rest on your laurels until they have been well aired.
Avoid falling out about trifles.
Fall out of the window as seldom as possible.
If your constitution requires you to sleep during the sermon, see that the sexton has an aired night cap for you and a hod of hot bricks to put to your feet.
Keep your mouth shut on dusty days.
Never open your mouth in frosty weather.
Close your mouth very tight when the wind blows from the east.
If your business compels you to go out before breakfast, have some breakfast first.
If it is wet under foot, house your poor feet.
Beware of the ices of Summer and the snows of Winter.
Don’t swallow too many telegrams.
Keep off the streets when gold is falling.
If the silver of advancing years, in on your hand, don’t change it for paper.
Don’t let your circulation slacken; especially if your are a newspaper man.
Use tooth powder instead of gunpowder.
Neither sleep in hot rooms nor eat mushrooms.
Live on six nickel cents a day, but don’t earn them, as some wretched speculators are doing now.
Partake sparingly of wild fowl – particularly of the ‘canards’ that come from the army.
Violate, persistently, all the military rules insisted on by Hall’s Journal of Health.
If you cannot for the milk in the cocoanut, do not hesitate to make free use of it.
Never eat your own words, unless you are madly desirous of giving an additional flavor to the cup of bitterness.
Should your thermometer indicate an extreme degree of cold or heat, immerse it in cold or hot water, until it arrives at a proper sense of its duty.
If you are subject to swelling, wear kid gloves next to your skin.
Rise early before you are twenty-five if possible.
Do not let your physique go to the dogs.
Always dress yourself with care.
Never dress your salad with cod liver oil.


American Horse Stock.

For the last two years the demands of the times have begotten a special demand for sheep; the next sensational item of stock husbandry, will be Horse. The uses and wastes of war in the destruction of over one hundred thousand horses a year, superadded to the usual demands for domestic purposes, have made such a drain upon the horse stock country that there are unmistable symptoms of a horse famine close at hand. When the country was full of supernumerary colts – two, three, four years old – the drain upon horses fit for the field was readily supplied; now the available market stock is used up, the colts are all put upon the civil list, and the slow process of breeding does not fill the vast prospective needs of the country.
The first year of the war used up a host of big-headed, straight-shouldered, wooden-legged brutes, which were then well out of the way; but after the demands took in better blood and breeding, and with them quite a number of mares, which is a serious drain upon our productive resources. Every farmer who has a good mare should now look upon her as a treasure, and hold capabilities of production at a high estimate. Do not fool away the golden opportunity by breeding to every penny-royal stallion that may be had at a low price, but go in for a colt that will amount to something. Now is the time to bestow especial attention upon the producing horse stock of the country. – Ohio Farmer.


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