February 19, 1864

Macomb Weekly Journal

Citizens’ (?) Meeting.

Macomb, Feb. 5th, 1864.

            For the purpose of preserving quiet and good order in McDonough County, a large number of citizens met in Campbell’s Hall, Feb. 15th, and unanimously adopted the following


            WHEREAS, Our City and County have lately been the scene of lawless violence perpetrated by a small portion of returned soldiers upon some of our most peaceable and law-abiding citizens; in some instances boys and old, grey-headed men have been assailed by said soldiers with revolvers in their hands, insulted, beaten, and compelled to take certain oaths unwarranted by law. – Other citizens from the country have been dragged off of their horses, cruelly beaten and compelled to halloo for Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation.  And

WHEREAS, The City authorities of Macomb have neglected or refused to interfere and stop such disgraceful proceedings.  Therefore, be it

Resolved, That it is the duty of all good men of McDonough county to take steps for the protection of the citizens in the enjoyment of their Constitutional and God given rights, to wit: Life, liberty and property.  Therefore

Resolved, 1. That we are now, as we ever have been, in favor of obeying the Constitution of the U. S., and all laws made thereunder.

Resolved, 2. That we will resort to the civil law to suppress the lawless invasion of our rights, and if these fail, we will repel force by force, and we ask all good men, without respect to creed or party, to stand with us and assist in maintaining law and order in our community.

Resolved, 3. That we are free to acknowledge that the much larger portion of the soldiers have behaved themselves as gentlemen, and for all such we have respect and cherish the kindest feelings towards them and those who have used their personal efforts to prevent any disturbance are entitled to the gratitude of the people of this county.

Resolved, 4. That there are individuals in our midst who have been busy in pointing out citizens to soldiers as “Copperheads,” and urging them to attack the peaceable and well disposed citizens of our county, and to such we say, the sooner you change your course the better for your own personal safety.

Resolved, 5. That as the city authorities of Macomb have quietly set by, and seen day by day the grossest violations of law within the city limits without making any attempt whatever to suppress the same, which has given just cause to the citizens to believe that they have sanctioned the conduct of said disorderly soldiers and encouraged them in their law easness by their non-action.

Resolved, 6. That the peace, safety and happiness of this community depends upon the obedience by all  to the country and to their impartial enforcement against all offenders, without respect to creed, party, position or condition.

Resolved, 7. That we call upon the constituted authorities of the county to take legal steps for the suppression of all such lawless violence in McDonough county, and we pledge ourselves to render such assistance as may be necessary to accomplish the desired object.

Resolved, 8. That a copy of these resolutions be sent for publication to the Chicago Times, Quincy Herald, Macomb Weekly Journal and Macomb Eagle.

J. H. HUNGATE, Sec’y.


A Concerted Meeting of the De-
mocracy – Knights of the Gol-
den Circle, or the Castle Again.
Preparations for Fall Cam-

            Our community was quite startled on Saturday last, at an early hour, by what clearly foreshadowed a general and concerted meeting of the Democracy.  The meeting was called without public notice or the slightest inkling to those outside the party, and was evidently the result of a systematic and labored arrangement, as it embraced heavy representations from almost every precinct.  There were too many inuendos and significant shrugs made, and some of the knowing ones sighed as though they could tell something alarming if they durst.

In other words it was the regular outcropping of the Knights of the Golden Circle – or as it is now more generally known in this county – of the Castle.  The notices are no doubt all given by their secret signs, confidentially, and by design, to make an overpowering demonstration in force.  And no doubt they came well armed, as there appeared to be a perfect understanding between the knowing ones of town and country.  The officials of the party, ins and outs, were all on hand.  There were a few of the more prudent men of the party, it is true; who showed that they disapproved the machinery of the whole thing.

The object of this “storm in a teapot” was soon understood to mean that two or three of the soldiers last week and the week before had taken the responsibility of making certain suspected individuals who are accused of having hurrahed for Jeff. Davis and wearing Copperhead breast-pins, hurrah for the Union.  We understand that to some extent, two or three (and no more) of the youngest of the soldiers, under the influence of liquor, had gone to some excess in the matter and molested a few persons not guilty of the offense.  But no class of men as a body could have behaved better than have the great body of the soldiers since their return, and this is the Democratic meeting concedes.  There was really no substantial cause for this insulting array of the party.

But aside from these facts, the meeting was attended by low cunning and hypocrisy.  For while it was really a meeting of a secret order, it was on paper palmed off as a meeting of citizens at large, and as such goes forth to strangers – implying of course that the people generally have a cause of quarrel with the soldiers, which the leaders of this move know to be false.  They moreover know that even the imprudencies complained of were aimed, not at democrats as a class, but at those distinguished for sympathy with treason.

As to the proceedings and resolutions, they recite a number of exceptionable acts said to have been done to democrats, some of which were news to us, and then proceed to read a lecture to the people of the city and the officers charged with the administration of the city laws.  This of course was the design from the start.  The meeting was doubtless got up by leading democratic officials, to throw odium upon their opponents, and especially those entrusted with the care of the city government; and to render the poison effective, we are told that we are requested to publish the proceedings of the “people!

Now we do not wish to shield city officers, and we are equally sure that we wish no one annoyed improperly by soldiers any more than by any one else.  Civil law should be, and is in our city, paramount; and if any one has been derelict, we know that it was from no design to uphold the offender; and nine tenths of our citizens, had they been respectfully asked to do so, would have voted a resolution disavowing all sympathy with disorder. – And furthermore there has been no day, if a complaint had been made, that a warrant would not have been issued and served for all alike – citizen or soldier.  Many think that an officer can arrest an offender at any time, when in truth, if he is not personally present at a breach, he must await a complaint and writ or he is a tresspasser.

Coming from the quarter, and in the manner they do, these proceedings deserve comment.

In the first place, there were numbers of those newfangled puritans and “peace” men in that room, and voted for the above resolutions, who are known to belong to that class who have invariably opposed the enforcement of city law whenever they could.  During the administration of Marshal John Q. Lane, a lot of them would come regularly to town on public days, and crowd the sidewalks and public crossings, and if the Marshal asked them to clear the walks, would answer that “this is a free country and we’ll stand where we please.”  If one of them was arrested, the rest would stand by to instigate resistance, to advise a change of venue, and every devise to avoid punishment; and yet the hypocrites clamor now for law and order!

In the next place, why do not these civic reformers look after their own officials?  They have three police officers in the city council, any one of whom might have made the arrests.  But we especially allude to the more flagrant defaults of the county officials.  Both Sheriff Dixon and Constable Barrett are made, by ordinance, City Policemen, and could have made these arrests either under City or State law; but we understand that Dixon was at this so-called “citizens’ meeting,” helping to censure others.  What part they had in getting up this gathering, no one knows.  Sheriff Dixon now has an execution of the city in his hands, against David Crissman, dated March, 1863, ordering him to make a small fine of $3,00 and costs, amounting in all to perhaps $12,00, for assaulting an officer with an axe; which execution directs him to collect the fine or imprison the defendant, and he has never served the paper although Crissman has been in town often, and most of the time in in the county.  Furthermore, it is known that this same Crissman, who is a regular bruiser, and who made it a custom to annoy town officers, and by hurrahing Jeff. Davis, to collect crowds and disturb the peace, was indicted at the March term of the court, 1863, for an assault on one of the city officers with a deadly weapon; and yet Sheriff Dixon has not been able to arrest Crissman, although he is about the only man, we presume, who could not have found him.

And so of the Whites – one of whom at least seemed to be a central figure in the late gathering, surrounded by his obsequious body guards.  They are for peace (?) and yet it is known that they enrolling officer was grossly insulted by them in the peaceable discharge of his duty, and threats were made by them against all enrolling officers.

We understand that some of the true leaven of this sham Democratic demonstration leaked out under the influence of bad whisky.  As the delegates from the eastern townships passed through New Salem, they hurrahed for Vallandigham and Jeff. Davis, and boasted that they could whip any republican in the town; and we doubt not that whisky was the only element needed to have had a great deal more of such echoes from this meeting.

Such men as these are the apostles of peace, law and order. (?) Saints, truly, of the first water.


            Accidentally Shot Himself. – We learn from the Canton, (Ill.,) Register, that on Wednesday of last week a boy named Albert Gridley, living in Farmington, took a pistol, loaded with shot, to school with him.  The teacher, seeing him have it spoke to him about it, and went to the door to ring the bell, when she heard the report of the pistol, and turning round, saw young Gridley lying on the floor, with his mouth torne nearly through to the back of one cheek.  It is supposed he was blowing in the pistol to ascertain if it was loaded.  A further examination showed that a portion of the charge had gone through the top of his mouth.  At last accounts it was doubtful whether he could recover.


            Copperhead Literature. – The following rich specimen of copperhead literature was received, through the mail, by Mr. Cherry, of Colchester.  It shows how law abiding these “constitutional democrats” are:


            abe you damned abolitionis you have 10 days to leave the county if Don’t leve in that time your hide wont hold shucks so lev or we send you to hel this is short notis but is al a man of Sens wants

a coprhead


Army Correspondence

From the 78th Regiment.

            Rossville, Ga., Feb. 5, 1864.

            It may be supposed by our good folks at home that a soldier away down here in Georgia, almost within rifle shot of the enemy, has abundant opportunity to learn lots of news respecting the condition of things in the Confederacy, the movement of troops, and prospects generally; but such is not the case.  It may be said that a soldier in the army knows only that which he sees.  Our friends at home have better opportunities through the newspapers, to post themselves respecting the condition of things in this Military department, than the soldier has merely by his own observations.  There are newspaper correspondents here who have access to the various divisions of our army, and who have no other duties to perform than to gather news and write it down.  But a soldier like myself, a private in the ranks, if he performs his duties as he should, attends all the drills, is prompt to roll-call, and takes his turn at guard and picket duty, can learn but little news beyond what transpires in his own regiment.  We see the newspapers with as much interest as our friends at home, to learn what is going on around us.  We rely chiefly upon the Nashville, Louisville and Cincinnati papers.  The Nashville papers reach us the next afternoon from the day they are printed.  There are three newspapers printed in Nashville, viz: the Union, the Press and the Dispatch.  The Union is considered a radical newspaper.  It goes in, heart and soul, for immediate and unconditional emancipation.  The Press is more conservative, but not copperheadish.  It gives a hearty support to the Amnesty Proclamation, and is willing to see slavery abolished, but then it seems to cry out – “not so fast, gentlemen, you will overdo the matter; this nigger business is a delicate matter.”  The Dispatch is supposed to be a sort of secesh concern.  It has little or no circulation in the army, and is supported by citizens of secesh proclivities.  The Louisville Journal, that good, old, staunch, Whig newspaper of olden times, has degenerated into a miserable, good-for-nothing, pro-slavery, copperhead sheet.  There are but a few copies of it taken in the army, and it is only valued for its latest telegraphic dispatches.  The Cincinnati Commercial circulates largely here, and it may be set down as an excellent newspaper.  These papers all sell at five cents each.  And speaking of newspapers, we find that they contain the important information that the President has made another call for 500,000 men, or 200,000 additional to those already called.  The soldiers hail this piece of information with evident satisfaction.  We would prefer a draft to any more volunteering.  There is a certain class of fire-in-the-rear men that we would be glad to see fighting for the “constitution as it is,” and then in his new call we see the determination to make the balance of the work short and quick.  It must be finished the coming summer, and I think it will be.

And now I wish to say a few words on home matters.  While at home last month I ascertained that there was not a vacant dwelling house in the city of Macomb.  This is certainly more encouraging than otherwise to the people of the city.  It indicates thrift and prosperity.  I learned also that there were many families who would move to Macomb if they could only get a house to live in.  This matter should receive the attention of the business men and capitalists of Macomb.  I think they would be consulting their own interest if they would invest some of their surplus funds in the erection of more houses.  It would no doubt pay a reasonable interest on the investment, besides the general benefit to be derived from an accession of population.  I should be glad to learn of a number of houses going up in the Spring.

Although there are many discharged and furloughed soldiers throughout the country, still when I was at home I was struck with the extraordinary number of those wearing the uniform of the United States soldier.  I was not long in ascertaining that a large proportion of those wearing the uniform were persons who had never been in the service, and hence had no business to wear a soldier’s coat or pants.  There is national law upon the subject which forbids any other than a soldier to wear the Federal uniform, and every Provost Marshal is empowered to arrest any person wearing the uniform who has no right to do so, and to take possession of such clothing.  A soldier honorably discharged has a right to wear the uniform, as it is considered a badge of honor and merit.  Citizens, then, who have never been in the service, have no right to assume for themselves the honors due to the soldier, and the practice of purchasing from soldiers their clothing, should be discontinued an prohibited.

We have recently had quite a large accession to our regiment.  The 34th Ill. Regiment, which was in the same Brigade with us, re-enlisted as veterans, with the exception of about seventy, and these have been transferred to this regiment.  We have also received some thirty or forty new recruits, and I learn that more are on their way to join us.  We have thus a fair prospect of bringing the numbers of our regiment up to the minimum which will entitle us to another field officer, and perhaps three or four line officers.

It would seem that the furlough system is not yet suspended.  I have just learned that my friend and fellow-citizen, Mr. B. F. Gill, of Macomb, has been favored with a leave of absence for thirty days.  Ben has been a good soldier.  For several months past he has been our Brigade blacksmith, and a better workman never shod a horse.  I wish him a pleasant visit home, and in due time, a happy return to his regiment.

The health of our regiment continues good.  I heard that a case of small-pox was reported yesterday, but there is no panic upon the subject.  The utmost care and caution is exercised in all that pertains to health.  Capt. Hume, of Blandinville, has not been well for several weeks, but he thinks his health is now improving.  Capt. Reynolds, of Industry, and Capt. Black, of Hancock county, are both home of sick leave.

I must not lay aside my pen, but next week you may expect to hear from me again.

J. K. M.


Editing a Paper.

            Last week we wrote a short article under the above caption, and we should not refer to it again soon if we had not come across an article in the Lagrange National American which suits us a great deal better than anything we can say on the subject.  The American is edited by Charleton H. Howe, a bold, vigorous writer – in fact, one of the ablest editors in the State of Missouri.  He is thoroughly radical, and expresses his opinions on the great question of the day – slavery – without fear or favor. – Our hope is that he may see his fondest wishes realized, in the immediate emancipation of negro slavery, and Missouri take her proud position among the free States.  But read the article, ye would-be advisors of editor:

Editing a paper is a very unpleasant [?] business.  If it contains too much political matter people won’t have it. – If it contains too little they won’t have it.  If their type is small they can’t read it.

If we publish telegraphic reports they say they are nothing but lies.  If we omit them they say we have no enterprise or suppress them for political effect.  If we publish original matter they damn us for not giving selections.  If we publish selections they say we are lazy for not writing more and giving them what they have not read in some other paper.  If we have a few jokes, folks say we are a rattlehead.  If we give a man a complimentary notice we are censured as partial.  If we do not, all hands say we are a greedy hog.  If we insert an article which pleases the ladies, men become jealous.  If we do not cater to their wishes, our paper is not fit to have in their house.  If we attend church they say it is only for effect.  If we do not, they denounce us as deceitful and desperately wicked.  If we speak of any act of the President with praise, folks say we dare not do otherwise.  If we censure they call us traitors.  If we remain in our office and attend to business, folks say we are too proud to mingle with our fellow men.  If we go out they say we never attend to business.  If we we wear poor clothes they say business is poor.  If we wear good ones they say we are a spendthrift.  Now what is a poor fellow to do?


The Davenport Boys Caught.

            The Peoria Transcript relates that when the Davenport Boys were in Kenosha recently, an enterprising genious of that ‘burg’ applied a mixture of oil and lampblack to his hair, and then allowed himself to be shut up in the ‘cage’ along with the bound ‘mediums.’  Presently he felt a ‘spirit’ hand resting on his head.  He requested that the hand might part his hair as he was accustomed to do in boyhood.  The request was complied with, and when the box was opened, although the boys were securely tied the hand of one of them was thoroughly besmeared with oil and lampblack, showing that whatever the ‘spirits’ may do, they make use of human agencies.


            Musical. – Will the lady who borrowed Mrs. T. Gilmore’s Piano Instructor by Henri Bertini, please return it.


            Singing School. – Geo. K. Hall will commence a singing school at the Universalist Church next Sunday, at 2 o’clock P. M.


            Report of the Sanitary Commission, Chicago. – We have received the Report of this patriotic and charitable organization for the last four months of the year 1863, which brings the published Reports of the Commission up to January, 1864.  The report is very full, and gives all the information that can be desired.  Its money receipts for these four months were [?], which includes the net profits of the North-Western Fair; its expenditures for the same time were [?], of which $39,511 46 was supplies to the hospitals.  During the same time the Commission has received 5,097 boxes from various Societies, and has shipped 12,298 boxes to Vicksburg, [?], Memphis, [?], Libby Prison, Richmond, Leavenworth, Kansas, Nashville.  [?] Virginia, Camp Butler, Springfield, Chattanooga and Paducah, Ky. – The whole number of boxes shipped by the Commission, up to January, 1864, [?].  All the items of these receipts, and expenditures are given in full, together with a list of the articles purchased, and the source from whence every box and every dollar has been received.  The Soldiers’ Home at Cairo is under the care of the North-Western Commission, which during the four months has entertained 15,[?] soldiers, and furnished them 51,[?] meals.

The North-Western Commission invites the most rigid scrutiny into their [?] of business, their receipts and expenditures, and inform the public that their books and rooms are always open to investigation.  They are content that the economy, system and [?] of their transactions will not suffer by comparison with those of any of the best business establishments.  A report is to be published hereafter every two months.


            Changeable. – The weather on last [?]day was truly delightful.  The sun came out, and everything betokened spring weather; but before old Sol took to his rest, the wind veered round to the North, and “blew great [?]” all night.  Tuesday was an extremely cold day.  Stone, coal and overcoats were in good demand.


            Swinish. – We are informed that a sow belonging to Mr. Butler, living [?] miles east of this place, was buried under a snow drift on the night of the [?] of December last, and laid imbedded in the snow twenty-six days.  Her [?]eship is doing well since her return [?].


            Windy. – Last Saturday was a very [?] day.  We presume the reason was , there was an immense crowd of the great unwashed in the city on that day.


            St. Valentine’s Day. – This day was generally observed by the youth of the city last Monday, by sending lace paper and “comic” pictures through the Post Office.


            Meeting for the 22nd Postponed. – We are authorized by the Central Committee to state that, owing to the uncertainty of the weather, and their inability to secure speakers for the 22nd, the meeting for the purpose of signifying our approval of the nomination of Abraham Lincoln for the Presidency, has been postponed to some future time.


            Macomb as a Grain Market. – We shall prepare an article with the above caption, as soon as we can obtain the proper statistics, which we think will show that Macomb does considerable, if not more, in the way of receiving and shipping grain.


            Our Market Reports. – We intend to give a full and correct market report every week.  It will be corrected every Wednesday evening by G. K. Hall, a gentleman well posted in the matter, and people can rely on it as being correct up to that evening.


            Ye Copperhead in Trouble. – On Monday last a copperhead got to spouting treason in the hearing of one of our returned veterans, and got knocked down and pummelled as he deserved for it.  Copperheads have been warned time and again to beware how they talk before soldiers, but it seems that some have to have the knock-down argument enforced.


            Sensible Amusement. – Some of our worthy citizens, tired of the monotony of every day life, and wishing to revive an old, past times amusement, tired an oyster can to a dog’s tail on Wednesday last.  The dog made quick time through the streets, much to the edification of the denizens of this city.


            Parting Dance. – A parting dance was given to the boys of the 16th on Tuesday night at the Randolph House.  We understand they had a pleasant time, and all went “merry as a marriageable belle.


            The 57th. – We learn by a note from O. M. Hoagland, Esq., that Capt. C. Rattery, of the 57th Reg’t Ill. Vol., will deliver an address in the Church at Bardolph, on next Monday night, and also at Dyer’s school house, in Mound township, on Tuesday night.  It will be a good time for any one to enlist.  The 57th is one of our best regiments.  Go and hear the Captain.


            78th Regiment. – Now is the time to enlist in the 78th.  Each recruit will passed free to Mt. Sterling, and will receive a certificate for a premium of $15; or $25 if a veteran, in addition to his large bonus.  Remember that on the first of March the Government ceases to pay the increased bounties.

For particulars, enquire of Lieut. Chandler, at Chandler’s Bank, Macomb, Illinois.


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