February 12, 1864

Macomb Weekly Journal

The Latest News.

            Gen. Butler got within twelve miles of Richmond, but found the roads and fords so blocked up by felled trees that he had to return.

Toombs, of Georgia, has seceded from the C. S. A., and has been imprisoned in consequence.  We hope he will have plenty of leisure while in prison to prepare his slave roll to be called at the foot of Bunker Hill Monument.

Beauregard, through his agents, has been paying U. S. taxes at Memphis.

Lee’s army, rebel, is between Gordonsville and Orange C. H.  He expects to have 45,000 conscripts added to his army by the new levy.

All is going on well at Newbern.

The rebels are about to place free men of color, between the ages of 18 and 65, in the military service.  What will the copperheads say.

Recruiting goes briskly on in this State.  Two hundred and ten arrived in Springfield on last Saturday and Monday.

The guerrillas are still troublesome on the Mississippi.

The “Lieutenant General” bill will certainly become a law.


Union Men, Organize.

            The last elections it will be recollected, might easily have been carried. – The light of events is loosing the scales from the eyes of honest Democrats everywhere, and with a moderate exertion the county of McDonough will be disenthralled from Copperhead dominion.  We want to live part of our days under a more honest and patriotic administration than that by which we have so long been cursed.  We would breathe easier and look our children in the face with more complacency.  We would like to get away from under the narrow minded bigots who rule the county.  If any man with an ounce of patriotism and liberality, would step into this rump court for once, he would appreciate our desires.  A court that cannot make an appropriation of fifty dollars to fence in the dead committed to their care by the fathers who settled the county – who cannot vote $100, to the families of soldiers, and who will not build a court house as long as they can get a pig-sty to stow the people in, ought to be superseded before we are absolutely scandalized.  Besides we want to carry the State, and we can do so readily.  But we must organize.


Editing a Paper.

            [Fold] people who seem to think it a very easy matter to edit a paper, and if they only had the chance they could double the circulation of any given paper in a very short space of time.  To them it would be mere pastime to sit down by a table, with a pile of exchanges by their side, scissors in hand, and feet elevated several degrees above their heads, and scissor items and extracts – and as for writing, O, how they write.  Column after column of flaming editorials would flow from their pens in endless profusion.  Politics, religion, education, morality, horse-racing, marriages, deaths, balls, slavery, abolitionism, copperheadism, amalgamation, and everything that could be thought of, or dreamed of, would be chronicled by them in long, windy leaders that would not be read by one in a hundred.  They could do it, yes, sir-ee, they could.

We would state for the benefit of all such that it is no easy matter for one man to be editor, foreman, jour, pressman, devil, and make-himself-generally-useful, to do all and do justice to the paper.  The scant patronage bestowed on the publisher of a country paper, by way of subscription, necessitates him to crowd his columns with advertisements, to the exclusion of reading matter , and to the intense disgust of a great many of his readers; and not only that, but he is compelled to do the manual work in the office when his time should be occupied in culling the exchanges, and writing editorials of “length and ability.”


Who Wants to Give Abraham Lincoln Another Boost.

            It is proposed by our Eastern friends that the Union men of all parties – friends to the re-election of President Lincoln, shall hold mass meetings in every county and in all the States, to express that wish on Monday, the 22nd of February, inst.  Mr. Lincoln has bared his bosom to the fearful perils of the present term, in which the most daring rebellion recorded in history has arisen, and, as we hope, about subdued.  He is made of the right stuff for the place, and the people should determine in their strength that he should hold the position four years in tranquility. – We are authorized by the Union Central Committee to say that such a meeting is in contemplation, to embrace all who desire this re-election of Mr. Lincoln without distinction of party.


Day Dawning

            The clouds that have so long lowered in the horizon, begin to break away at all points and the clear blue and starry sky begins to shine forth.  Humanly speaking the rebellion seems already essentially crushed.  The anaconda may have been ridiculed once, but its fearful gripe now seems too much for its antagonist which writhes in every limb and shows too plainly that the vitality of the rebellion is essentially crushed.  In the first place the Southern papers acknowledge that their case is an extreme one.  They confess to almost every want and more than all to an almost total want of confidence in their rulers.  Mutual recriminations are hurled from civilians to soldiers and from soldiers to civilians.  The army cries for more men and more bread. – The people say we are starving now and if more men are withdrawn to the army we must all starve alike.  Many regiments are actually rebelling rather than submit to be conscripted, having served out their original term of enlistment.  Multitudes too of the soldiers feel fully convinced that secession is essentially a delusion.  Instead of glory, independence and wealth, it has brought poverty, suffering and wrong to the masses, for the uncertain advancement of scheming politicians.  Instead of cowardice as they were taught to believe being the character of Northern soldiers, they have everywhere met foeman worthy of their steel, and a vastly superior ordnance, commissariat and financial system.  The North moreover have undertaken the great work coolly; they have applied to it all of their mighty energies, if we rebate one item only, and that is the truckling sympathies of secessionists in our midst.  But the South see their friends here on their backs, and even this comfort is withdrawn.  The rebel money is mere trash even amongst themselves.  Meminger, himself, acknowledges that they had no idea that the strength of the north would be thrown upon them in such an avalanche.  Our regiments are re-enlisting everywhere, whilst the old regiments in the confederacy are only retained by a most cruel and unjust conscription.

The limits of the revolt are now so narrow that our armies when next they move will be in supporting distance of each other.  The Blockade becomes more and more effectual and the rebels seem to have really not a pin left to hang a hope upon.  Unless our successes make us vainglorious and over-confident it now seems that this monstrous iniquity [fold]

How changed, too, the tone of European sentiment towards the belligerents, and how glorious our future even now, with the blessing of Divine Providence promises to appear.  Our country was heretofore great in Peace, now will be fearful in War.


The Draft Day

            This day so much dreaded by the timid and traitorous is coming on apace. – A month more and the much dreaded day will be on us.  McDonough has little to fear.  From those posted in military ciphering we understand that fifty men will square our account.  Volunteering is rapidly progressing, and we see no reason why a draft should take place here at all, and yet it may.  We deem drafting much the fairest way of reaching the great desideratum, viz., an overpowering army.  And we would favor the repeal of the $300 clause. – These measures certainly look more equal – more republican.  We understand that Capt. Randolph has sent over one hundred volunteers since the first of October, and that Capt. Farwell and Lieut. Gash have each recruited quite a number.  We are glad to see the policy of the Government maintained, however much we might desire to see it modified.  Illinois presents a brilliant record of patriotism in this great struggle, that will enroll her name high in the list of honor among the States.


            – A large portion of the Union prisoners at Richmond are about to be transferred to Georgia.  There is much sickness among them.  Gen. Butler is quite confident of his ability to effect a resumption of the exchange of prisoners ere long.


            – A Richmond paper records, for the sake of posterity, as it says, the current prices in that city for making and repairing boots: For making boots, $225; footing, $140; cavalry boots, $250; gaiters, $110, and so on.  It would seem that the present generation in Richmond would feel much more interested in these prices than their posterity.


Army Correspondence.

            In Camp, 78th Reg’t
Rossville, GA., Feb. 1, 1864.

            I arrived in camp yesterday, making the journey from Macomb in just seven days.  I discovered that during my absence the regiment had not been idle.  Winter quarters, more substantial, roomy and comfortable than we have ever before occupied had been erected.  And I have also discovered since my arrival here that is more work and less play than usual with the troops.  The regular company and battalion drills have been resumed, and the frequent inspections now made render it necessary for the boys to be industrious in keeping their arms and accoutrements in proper order.  When I left there, five weeks since, they were on short rations, but now full rations are issued.  The railroad to Chattanooga is completed and cars now run regularly to that place, thus increasing our means of transportation, the insufficiency of which heretofore being sole cause of short rations.

On my way hither I passed a number of trains in Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee, loaded down with re-enlisted veteran troops.  Indeed, the whole country seemed full of soldiers.  Gen. Thomas, of this Department, has been very liberal this winter in the matter of furloughs.  Our regiment has been highly favored in this respect.  I passed at LaFayette, Ind., three members of our regiment on their way home to enjoy a thirty days furlough, viz: Wm. McClellan and John Weaver, of McDonough county, and Wm. J. Thomas, of Hancock county, and at Nashville, I met another one of our boys, Wm Bates, of Industry, who had been similarly favored.  But I suppose the granting of furloughs will now be suspended.  Spring is rapidly approaching when every man is expected to be at his post. – This war must be finished with the next campaign, and I have a large share of confidence in the belief that it will be.  Deserters from the enemy in large numbers are coming in every day. – They all tell the same doleful stories of destitution, disaffection and dispair.  A few days ago a rebel captain came in and gave himself up.  He proved to be one of the same officers who paroled our two companies, B. and C., when they were taken prisoners in Kentucky a year ago last December.  When he left the rebels he was Acting Commissary or Quartermaster.  He was sent out to find a beef for the hungry rebs, and after he started [obscured] he was pretty sure he couldn’t find one short of the Yankee camp, and so he rode in, and for some unexplained reason was not halted until he reached the Major’s tent, where he announced himself a deserter from the enemy, who desired to avail himself of the benefits of the amnesty offered by the President.  We have abundant evidence that the Amnesty Proclamation is working out glorious results.  It is underrunning the structure of the whole Southern army, and it cannot be many months before the flimsy fabric will fall.

The health of our regiment continues unusually good.  The latest death I have heard reported was that of Sylvester Rudolle, of Blandinville, who died at Nashville about the 29th of December last, of small-pox.  Mr. Rudolle was a worthy man, and esteemed by all who knew him.  Thomas Davis, of Blandinville, and J. C. Cowgill, of Bushnell, were discharged on account of sickness, and started for home.

The weather is very warm and pleasant; much like April weather in Illinois; but I think this warm weather is a little in advance of the season, as it is not yet time for the budding of the trees even in this Southern clime.

J. K. M.



– It is settled that there will be no election for U. S. Senator in Kentucky.

– Great preparations are being made to hold a grand Union Convention at Indianapolis on the 22d.

– The new Copperhead Church has been name the “Christian Union Church.”  We suppose a branch will be started in Macomb soon.  Who’ll jine?

– Five deserters from the 128th Ill. Regiment were arrested in Williamson county on the 3rd inst., and taken to Cairo.  Another, resisting arrest, was shot by the officers and killed.

– Robert Grigson, the man who captured Black Hawk, perished in a snow drift on new year’s day, near his own house, eight miles from Oshkosh, Wisconsin.  He was eighty years of age.

– At the same time that the Free State Convention of Arkansas declares slavery dead, it provides for the establishment of Free Schools.  Comment is unnecessary.

– A correspondent writes that Gen. Grant is of the opinion that the great battles which will decide the fate of the rebellion will be fought in Northern Georgia and East Tennessee before the first of May.


The 124th Regiment Illinois Volunteers.

            Our readers will recollect that two companies of this regiment, were recruited in this county.  The following correspondence directed to Adj’t Gen’l Fuller, of this State, dated Vicksburg, Jan. 26th, shows the estimation in which the regiment is held by those high in authority:

General – Permit me to bespeak your especial attention to the 124th Ill. Vols. and ask that facilities may be offered to fill its ranks.  Under the skillful management of Lt. Col. Howe, and the excellent line officers of the Regiment, the 124th Ills., has become one of the very best regiments among the many good ones from Illinois, in the Old 3d Division, Logan’s Old Veterans, the 124th is to day the “Excelsior Regiment,” and carries the Flag described in the enclosed Order No. 4.

I am General, your obedient servant,

Brigadier General Comm’ng

            General – Details from the 124th Ill. Vols. have been sent home to obtain recruits for the Regiment, and I trust you will do anything you can consist-ly, to facilitate their object.  The regiment though one of the youngest in the 3d Division, (late Logan’s) has won a proud position in my command, having distinguished itself for bravery and gallantry in the battle-field, and recently carried off the “Prize Banner” competing fairly with all the regiments in the Division.  The regimental and line officers are thoroughly in earnest and well qualified for their positions, and you can rest assured that recruits joining this regiment will find a good school in which they can learn everything appertaining to the duties of a soldier.

Very Respectfully
Your Obedient Servant,
Maj. Gen’rl Commanding.

            General – The 124th Ill. Infantry has been permitted at this late day to send a recruiting party home.  The 124th is well known in the 17th Corps.  Its discipline, drill, the admirable condition of its camp, the order of its records, and returns, and its steady gallantry in action has won the respect of the old Regiments with which it is associated, and of the Commanding Generals under whom it serves.

It has just won the Division Colors given to the regiment which is awarded to surpass in drill, discipline, camp police, and whatever goes to make up a regiment.  Recruits assigned to the 124th will be placed in a good school, and will be where they will have opportunities of seeing service.

Your Obedient Servant,
Brig. Gen’rl Com’dg 1st Brig.

            General – The 124th is at length allowed to send a recruiting party home.  As a special favor to me and a recognition of the high claims of the regiment, now one of the best in the service, my hope that you will be able and willing to send me recruits unassigned to any other regiment, at least to the minimum.  I shall see you as soon as I can after returning from a pending expedition, and most earnestly hope that you will aid us all you can, as other regiments have had more time and greater facilities to fill their ranks.  I have not forgotten your former courtesy and friendship for me and the regiment, and trust I may still rely upon it.  I am sure whatever you can do for us will be gratefully acknowledged and reciprocated.  Please afford my recruiting party every facility you fairly can and give its members such advice as they may need.

Your Obedient Servant,
Lt. Col. Com’dg Excelsior Reg’t


– Took the oath. – “Windy” Jim Davidson, of Monmouth, a notorious copperhead, was made to take the President’s Amnesty oath a few days since by a squad of returned soldiers, in Oquawka.  The scene is described as being exceedingly rich.

– The Galena and Chicago Union R. R. Co. used the ice on the Mississippi river at Clinton during the late cold weather, as a railroad bridge, by laying a track and crossing trains, lately.



            Already some of the forerunners in this new exodus are beginning to move.  Nate Fulton of our city, and some others making a mess of four or five, left this city on Monday on their long journey.  We understand they contemplate going by easy marches to Omaha, Nebraska or somewhere near, and there await the spring.  Food for their cattle, and suitable stores for the men, we hear are cheaper there than here.  The cattle will be fresh when grass comes, and they will be some twenty days or more in advance of those going from this meridian in the spring.  This [?] for an early and successful campaign in the gold regions, looks to us promising, and were we to suggest a [?] which promised golden prospects, it would commend this one.  We would be happy to see our neighbors do well.  The greatest fear that now presents itself in this new Eldorado, is that of [?]rvation.  If 20,000 emigrants go to the mines the present season, we think the meat and bread prospect is somewhat alarming.  The nearest depot must be the Columbia river in Oregon, Washington, and the western commercial cities of the Missouri, and to [?] of these the distance must be 500 miles or more, over bad roads.


Shooting Affray at Colchester.

            We understand that quite a serious affray occurred at Colchester on the 9th inst. between a soldier or soldiers and the Whites, including Stephen White, John White and a younger man of some connection.  The facts, as far as we can get them, are about as follows: The Whites have made themselves quite obnoxious to many of the Union men about Colchester, and they have shown quite a belligerent spirit towards everything going to enforce the draft or support the government, and are said to have made harsh expressions at times against soldiers.  On the occasion of the late disturbance the Whites were riding through town, and when [?] past Cherry’s grocery store, a ( number of returned soldiers standing near,) [?]ed their horses, when one of the soldiers, Pat Lary, asked John White if he had not been in the habit of hurrahing for Jeff. Davis.  John said it was a d – d lie, and reached back to his belt or pocket for his pistol, when the soldier drew his pistol in advance, but [?] it in his left hand and picked up a stick and threw it at White, whereupon White fired two or three shots, one of the balls taking effect in the leg of the soldier below the knee, and two of the shots passing by and injuring two serious, supposed to be fatal injuries, on an old man residing [?] by the name of Humbard, and was in no way connected with the soldier.  The soldier also fired his pistol without effect.  As the White left town they were accused of shooting at another soldier named Douglas through a window as he sat conversing with a lady in the outskirts of the town.


            Father Kemp is Coming. – We are happy to inform our readers that the original “Old Folks Concert Company” from Boston, being on their way to Quincy, will stop over on Wednesday evening next, and give one of their [?] concerts at Campbell’s Hall. – It will no doubt be the greatest musical treat that was ever enjoyed in this city.  Let no one fail to see and hear them.


            Difficulty on the Railroad. – A difficulty occurred on the cars last Friday on this side of Bushnell, between a soldier, belonging to the 16th, and a negro soldier.  The Quincy Whig and Republican gives an account of the affair which does not tally with the facts.  It appears – and we have our report from good authority, — that as some of the soldiers, who had been up to Bushnell, at a reception supper, got on the car, that the seats were all filled, and among the crowd who were already seated were three negroes, occupying two seats.  They were kindly requested by the soldiers to get up and allow the ladies to sit down.  The negroes refusing, the soldiers undertook to use a little force, whereupon the negro drew his revolver, but before he could use it the soldier had his out and fired at him.  His arm was struck up by another soldier, or the negro would have been shot.  There was no knocking down about it.  After the shooting the three negroes concluded it to be the best policy to retire to another car. – Every one with whom we have conversed on the subject, and who were on the cars at the time say the negro was served just right.


            Another Recruiting Office. – Capt. Reid, of the 66th Regiment, (Yates Sharp-shooters,) has opened a recruiting office at the old American House, south-east corner of the square, where he will be found during business hours, ready to enroll names for his Regiment.  The Captain has been in the service over two years, and understands the ropes.  Fill up the ranks, boys.


            Going Back. – Thomas Martin, of the 84th, will start on his return to his regiment on Monday next.  Any person wishing to send letters by him to friends in the regiment, can do so by leaving them at B. F. Martin & Son’s Furniture Store, on the north side of the square.


            Runaway. – A span of horses, attached to a wagon, ran away on Monday last, in this city.  They made fast time around the square.  We could not learn to whom they belonged, nor what caused them to start.  Some of our citizens, with more zeal than wisdom, undertook to stop the horses by throwing clubs at them.  A good way, surely to stop a frightened horse.


            Rennovating. – We notice that the old building on the east side of the square, known as the Grantham building, is being remodeled.  It will be occupied as a boot and shoe store.


            Supper at Buhnell. —  The citizens of Bushnell gave a Supper to the soldiers of Co. A, 16th Regiment, on Thursday evening of last week.  We learn that the attendance was large, the Supper all that could be desired, and the utmost harmony and good feeling prevailed.


            Remember the Festival. – No lover of fun or amusement should forget the Good Templar’s Festival this evening at Campbell’s Hall.  Give them a full house and you will be richly entertained.


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