January 29, 1864

Macomb Weekly Journal


            With this number of the Journal my connection with the paper ceases; and henceforth the duty of making the paper interesting will devolve upon others.  In the five years that have passed since I first became connected with the paper, I have endeavored to discharge my duty to the patrons of the paper faithfully, and to consistently advocate the principles and policy that seemed best calculated to advance the interests of the country.  Although the Journal has been a humble and unpretending sheet, it has never faltered in the support of of those men and measures that were in favor of sustaining the Government and perpetuating the blessings of liberty to the American people.  I firmly believed that the principles advocated by the Republican party were identical with those of our fathers, and that upon their success depended the perpetuity of the Government.  Hence I have endeavered to advance the interests of that party by all honorable means in my power.  In my business relations with the patrons of the paper, I have generally found them prompt and obliging, and can truly say that for the most of them I entertain the kindest of feelings.  The life of a country editor is not the most pleasant in the world, yet there have been many expressions of approval and interest on the part of my patrons that will be remembered with the warmest feeling.

Mr. James K. Magie, my former partner, has purchased the office and leased it to Mr. T. S. Clarke, who will conduct the publishing department of the paper.  Mr. Clarke is an old printer and understands well his business.  The editorial department will be under the control of a competent gentleman, and I have no hesitation in saying that the Journal will be worthy the support of every Union man in the county.  Let every man who believes that the principles advocated by the Journal are right, give the paper their hearty support. – By so doing, the publisher will be enabled to furnish a good paper.  Good wishes for the success of the paper are [?], but an advance subscription from each well wisher will be far more acceptable to the publisher.

I have made arrangements by which all subscribers who have paid in advance will be furnished the paper until [fold].



            It will be seen from the above that I have assumed the publication of this paper.  I do so with a full realization of the responsibilities devolving upon me.  I shall make no promises that cannot be fulfilled, but will endeavor to make the paper worthy of the patronage of every citizen of the county.  I expect to make arrangements in a few days whereby the editorial department will be assumed by a gentleman of this city.  In the meantime I shall have competent assistance in that department.  The business management of the office and local department will be conducted by myself.



To the Readers of the Journal.

            It will be seen by a notice elsewhere in this paper that the partnership heretofore existing between Mr. Nichols and myself, in the publication of this paper has been dissolved.  Mr. Nichols retires altogether from the establishment, having other business which claims his attention.  While I retain a proprietary interest in the establishment, the Journal will be conducted under the management of T. S. Clarke as publisher.  Mr. Clarke has for several months been employed in the office, and he has a clear understanding and appreciation of the wants of the public in respect to their county paper, and he will spare no pains to make a neat paper in typographical appearance, and he will always be found prompt to the hour of publication.  I am confident that the paper will be improved under the new management, and here I bespeak for it an increased patronage.  I start this morning on my return to my regiment at Chattanooga.  I shall hereafter be regular in my communications to the Journal, and will endeavor, in my department as army correspondent, to add interest to its columns.


Jan. 25, 1864.


Progress of Free Institutions in the South.

            The good cause of general freedom goes bravely on.  Not only do we see the radicals triumphant in Missouri and Maryland, but in Arkansas steps are being taken to reorganize the State on free principles, and to come again into Congress under the proclamation of the President.  And in Louisiana, Gen. Banks has issued a proclamation to call an election and reorganize the State Government of Louisiana, in which he thus summarily disposes of the peculiar institution.  “So much of the constitution and laws of the State as relate to slavery, being inconsistent with the present condition of public affairs and plainly inapplicable to any class of persons now existing within its limits, are inoperative and void.

Shades of old Pub. Func!  What next!

A strong Union feeling is known to pervade Western Texas and Mississippi and North Carolina is on the verge of throwing off the confederate government.  With every turn of the wheel in the abrogation of human slavery, copperheadism wriggles and writhes. – Seymour sees the cause of free government giving under with each link of human bondage dissevered by the march of events; and his underlings and imitators in the country bite their lips and scowl.


The Rebellion About Played Out.

            A gentleman who has spent several years in Macon, Georgia, recently reached New York.  One of the principal bankers told him before leaving that “Our only hope is that the Federal army will deliver us from our troubles, for without that intervention we must perish.”  The utmost destitution prevails everywhere.  The conscription is being enforced with pitiless energy, including every gray haired man.  Slavery, he says, is dead, and this is admitted by nine-tenths of the Southern people.

Three years ago the same man wrote letters in strong terms that the South could not be subdued.

Gen. Thomas states that 7,300 deserters have come into our lines within the military district of the Cumberland alone.  They all say that want and suffering are the only wages they get for fidelity to the rebels.

Their railroads and railroad stock are wearing out everywhere.  The railroad men are taken as soldiers, and the negroes are taken to work the roads and serve around the camps, leaving the farms uncultivated, and prospective [fold] on the soldiers and their families than ever before.

The editor of their leading Review, was lately imprisoned for sending out an article setting forth the contrast between the prospects of the North and the South.

In addition to this, our old regiments are everywhere re-enlisting, and there is no prospect of any diminution of old and veteran troops for the spring campaign besides the large numbers of fresh recruits pouring into the army daily. – Truly “the way of the transgressor is hard.”


“A Few Facts.”

            Under this head the Richmond Whig of a recent date presents the following facts illustrative of the rebel condition:  Three thousand men in Longstreets corps are bare foot; Johnston’s army is suffering terribly for want of blankets and clothing; Lee’s soldiers are destitute of socks and other necessary clothing and the whole energies of the confederacy are summoned to supply the demand, the prospect for clothing next year is dark and gloomy; it cannot be got through the blockade, and there are no materials in home market.  The sources both of leather and wool are diminishing every month; the supply of food is equally scant; very little bacon is left; beef is going and mutton would not feed great armies even could it be had; the crops are failing, and prices constantly going up; besides there is no labor, without which there can be no production; the conscription is taking to the ranks all the whites, and the negro will not work.  Even if he would he could not prevent famine, which would bring insurrection with it.  Then witeout crops, horses cannot be fed, and an army without horses is a man without limbs.  Even now horses sufficient to serve the purposes of the existing army are obtaineb with the greatest difficulty so that it is utterly impossible to doule the army and increase the trains, as some extravagantly talk of doing; still futher, besides wagons and trains, muskets, cannon and ammunition must be had, and these it is not possible to procure.  There is now only a bare sufficiency of muskets and cannon to supply present needs and as to ammunition since Charleston and Wilmington have been closed and the niter beds of Tennessee torn from the rebel grasp the supply can never be more than equal to the demand of the present army.


Recovery of Major Broaddus’ Body.

            The remains of Maj. Broaddus, of the 78th Regiment, who was killed at Chickamauga on the 20th of September last, have been recovered, and reached this city on Monday last.  The following extract from a letter written by Col. Van Vleck gives the particulars.  The letter was written to the Major’s wife who resides in this city:

“I yesterday went with sixty men and the ambulance to the old battlefield in search of the remains of your lamented husband, greatly agitated by hope and fear as to my success, since I learned for a certainty that our dead had been left by our inhuman enemies unburied, and that they had so remained until since the recent battle of Chattanooga, when they were buried by order of Gen’l Grant.  We had no difficulty in finding the precise spot where the 78th fought and where the Major fell.  I had taken with me the men that I detailed during the battle to bear the Major’s body from the field, and who reported to me that they had performed that duty.  They very steadily agree upon the spot where they had laid him, and Capt. Reynolds who saw him after he was taken back, concurred with them in the designation of the place. – To my surprise, however, it was not more than 150 yards in rear of our line of battle.  There were many graves where we fought, but they mostly bare the marks of time, and were evidently the graves of those that fell at our hands.  There must have been fully a hundred of the enemy who bit the dust before the guns of the 78th, and who were buried where they fell.  But very near, only a few feet from the place to which they had borne your lamented husband, was a newly made grave on the ground we occupied, contained the remains of all the dear ones that we left upon that fatal field, and none other than those of our regiment could be buried there; for no other regiment was sufficiently near.  I ordered the whole grave to be opened, for although I knew that decomposition would have advanced so far that the features of none could be recognized, yet I knew that inasmuch as we had but one officer killed, there could be but one officer buried there, and he would readily be distinguished from the others by his dress.  I was not disappointed.  There was the body of an officer in the center, laid out with much more care than the others.  I at once recognized the coat and the vest, and through the collar of each was the mark of the fatal bullet that pierced his neck.  His overcoat, pants and boots, and even the buttons from his vest had been purloined by his fiendish enemies; but there remained the striped shirt, the knit drawers and the bright blue socks with white toes, that I could never forget.  The flesh had all molded from his head and face, but there still lingered, as a faithful witness of his identity, a single lock of his [fold]  But you will remember a more distinguishing mark than any I have mentioned.  I did not forget it, and, although I was satisfied beyond a doubt, yet I could not neglect a single test.  I examined the mouth to see if it would corroborate the other numerous witnesses.  There was the lower jaw which was entirely without teeth, and for a long time had been, as the process was entirely absorbed and no sockets remained, and in the upper jaw were the few teeth so peculiar to the Major.  I could ask for no stronger proofs of his identity, and called for Thomas.  He came forward and at once recognized all the marks that I have mentioned, as well as the general shape of the head and the peculiar shape of the feet, which were still perfect in form.  Every person present having fully concurred with Thomas and me as to the identity of the corpse, I ordered it to be carefully removed and folded in a blanket and placed in the ambulance.  We returned slowly to camp with our precious charge, and reached here just before dark.

I was indeed thankful that my efforts were crowned with so great success, which I confess seemed impossible when I started out.

This morning I sent the body to Chattanooga in charge of Major Green, accompanied by Thomas and several of his company, with instruction to bury it in a common coffin at Chattanooga, there to remain until we can get a metallic coffin, for which we will have to send to Bridgeport.  As soon as that can be obtained, the body will be sent to Macomb by Express.


Schools and Teachers.

            We learn that a trial of considerable interest took place before one of our justices a few days since, in which the citizens of Mound township took a deep interest.  The case came up on a complaint by a parent for assault and battery.  The case was well managed on both sides by good attornies, and the youth of the school – some twenty or more – were the leading witnesses.  During the trial the justice’s office was crowded, and there seemed to be an unusual desire to hear an investigation of the power of a teacher to enforce discipline by corporal punishment, and to what extent, if any, that mode of punishment may be carried in our common schools.

We understand that the Justice, after hearing the testimony and comments of attorneys, decided that whilst the correction might not have wholly computed the mildness and circumstances with the best discretion, it was not attended with such cruelty or excess as [?]fied the interference of a court of [?]

[Missing paper] subject we reluctantly [?] school officers that one [?] the boys, roam the [?] near by, on eye [?] to all that pass.  The house also begins to show the marks of their storming parties, in split and broken weather boarding, broken windows, doors, &c.; and it is said that the boys have actually fired it on more than one occasion.  Perhaps one half the pupils are now kept at home and the remainder, mostly a set of regular bruisers, seem to be retained to finish up the demoralization and ripen themselves in crime and scandal.  What can parents mean in tolerating such lawlessness? – Cannot a teacher of sufficient energy be found to reduce these insubordinates to the proper place of school boys, or must we acknowledge these tyroes supreme in their outlawry?  Parents may find that [?] precociousness of their children will some day bring sorrow to their hearths.

Since the writing the above we understand the boys have been triumphant, and the school officers for the time at least, succumbed and had to discontinue the school.  We hear that another teacher is expected, and we hope from the bottom of our heart that this insubordination may be subdued.


            The 16th Ills. Reg. at Home. – All loyal hearts rejoiced to meet the soldiers of the glorious 16th on a short furlough previous to their entering on a new term of service in which they have enlisted.  They are generally in fine health, and full of life and patriotism.  Their manly size gives this body of men a very soldier-like appearance, and their orderly behaviour, and manly bearing, renders their stay amongst us a source of joy to everybody.


            The Cross. – There are several kinds of Crosses in the world – the Roman Cross, the Greek Cross, St. George’s Cross, and “cross babies,” but the cross that most interests us at this time, is the cross at the head of our [?] column.  It is a peculiar kind of cross, exclusively the property of publishers of newspapers – not for torture or punishment – but to remind forgetful and negligent subscribers that they will soon be out of reading matter, unless they heed its warning.


            The Weather. – The furious storms which ushered in the new year have been succeeded by ten days of copious sunshine and calm.  The snow, except a few of the deepest drifts, is gone; and the frost has nearly left the ground.  We have undergone in a few weeks, the alternation a traveler would experience in a journey from Siberia to Italy.  The roads are muddy and do not [?] freeze at night.


            Our City. – We can see all around us, traces of a good and healthful trade the past season and preparations for the year to come.  New business rooms have been opened since the holidays and while perhaps our merchants have not found the past season as large nominal profits as some years, they have their profits in cash to renew their stocks.  In the banking business we have another excellent house lately established by Dr. Jordon on the North East corner of the square, giving to those who desire to do business in the various branches of banking, a choice between two concerns, either of which is a credit to society.  Another year will make a very manifest impression on the visible improvements in Macomb.


            Idahoe and the Mines. – Quite a gold fever has pervaded our community for a few weeks, and, with the present progress of this excitement, allowing for half to back out, we will lose, for a time, quite a number of our citizens.  Really the gold prospects are deservedly flattering, if half that is said be true.  But we must remind those in good business at home, of the remark of Jacob Strawn, the mammoth farmer of Morgan, that “there is more gold within one foot of the surface in Illinois that in all of California.”


            What No One Knows. – What Everybody Knows. – No one knows how soon this present rebellion will come to a close, and peace again be restored to our country.  But every one knows, who has tried the experiment, that they can buy Boots, Shoes, Hats and Caps at S. F. Wright’s cheaper than elsewhere in the country.


            Bed Coverlets. – If you are in want of a nice covering for a nice bed, call at the store of John Venable.  He has just received a stock of the nicest coverlets ever brought to Macomb.  The patterns are good and colors warranted fast.

N. B. – If the Old Gentleman who purchased the last one of the old stock – and who complained about it being too short – (he was a long man!) “or any other man,” will call now we will guarantee “a fit.”  We have them “long enough for the longest man or short enough for the ‘scrubbiest’ boy.”  So come along.


            Meat Market. – Chas. Wolf has opened a meat market on the west side of the square in this city, where he is prepared at all times to furnish the citizens of Macomb and surrounding country with anything they may desire in the meat line.  Charlie is an old hand at the business, and fully understands the wants of the market, and is an upright and accommodating dealer withal.  A word to the hungry is sufficient.


            Something New. – Mr. Wadham, a grocer of this city, has a supply of the new double tube tobacco pipe.  This pipe we have no hesitation in recommending as the thing for smokers.  It has two tubes – one carrying the smoke to the mouth, the other conveying the saliva to a cup at the bottom of the bowl.  We have tried this pipe and find it just the thing.  Smokers will do well to call and examine it.


A Card.

            The undersigned desire to express thanks to the large number of friends who made us a “surprise visit” on the evening of January 20th.  If some leakage had occurred in the secret part of the programme so that we had been informed that we were to be surprised, we should still have been surprised at the number of our friends, the munificense of their gifts, and especially the fact expressed in a note found in our house the next morning, from which we extract the following:

Bro. Watson: – What you received was but small tokens of our friendship to you and family.                                                                                                                     “*”

We highly prize your visit and the material benefit, and esteem your friendship more than gold.  The Lord award you a thousand fold in this life, and in the world to come – eternal life.



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