What it Costs to be a Union Man in the South.
Have the plain people of this country ever thought of what it costs a man in the South to be a friend of the Union? This may seem a singular question, for we doubt not there are many persons who do not think that a sum of money, or any amount of property, be it much or little, should be demanded of the southern people as a condition precedent to their exercising their living rights under the Constitution and Government of the United States. But, singular or not, such is the fact; and we purpose to show the amount of the sum of money or its equivalent that is demanded. We will take the State of Georgia, whose soil has drank the blood of so many thousands of our brave soldiers. The white population of this State in 1860 was 591,588. This population held and owned negroes to the number of 462,198. These slaves were worth perhaps $600 each, which would make their total value $277,318,800. This is about two-thirds of the assessed personal property of the people of Georgia, as shown by the census of 1860. But suppose we make the estimate at $300 each, the price at which this administration purchased the slaves in the District of Columbia, and the price at which Mr. Lincoln has been so anxious to purchase the same property in Missouri, Kentucky, and other States. This would make the negroes in Georgia represent the value of $128,659,400. The emancipation proclamation of the President, if it can be enforced by the power of the federal armies, destroys this vast value and impoverishes the people to this immense amount. The President says this “promise” of freedom to the negroes and robbery of white men “must be kept.” The system of negro subordination must be destroyed, the negro must be made free as the white man, before Georgia can return as a State in the Union. We trust the reader now begins to realize what it costs a man to be a friend of the Union in the South. One hundred thirty-eight millions six hundred fifty-nine thousand four hundred dollars is no small sum, even in these days when people have become so used to immense aggregates. It amounts to $234 38 to every man, woman, and child in the State of Georgia. A demand is made of them that they shall divest themselves of this immense sum or its equivalent, before they can become Union men. They are not asked to put it into the national treasury and thus diminish the federal debt and federal taxes; they are not asked to invest it in railroads or other public improvements; they are not asked to make it a school fund for the education of the children of the State; they are not asked to build churches, print the Bible, or in any other way advance the cause of Christianity; they are not asked to part with this moenty for the purpose of aiding any of these desirable objects. They are asked to take this much of their own property and destroy it – destroy it as effectually as if they were to have it
“In the deep bosom of the ocean buried,”
This is what it costs to be a friend of the Union – an opponent of the rebellion – in the State of Georgia, and relatively in the other rebel States. Is it any wonder that our brave countrymen are mown down by thousands in the shock of battle, when a criminal administration sends them on such an errand? How would the people of Illinois feel under such a test placed upon their loyalty? How would their hearts go out in love towards a “government” which should seek, in mere maliciousness, to inflict so terrible a calamity upon them? The assessed value of the real estate in Illinois in 1860, as appears by the census returns, was $101,987,432. This sum is $36,600,000 less than the amount demanded of the people of Georgia before they can become loyal friends of the Union! If the real estate of Illinois were capable of being turned into unproductive and desert lands at a word, how would the land-owners and all dependent upon them like for the administration to demand that they should accomplish this destruction of fertility, as an evidence of their intention to “support the government?” Intensely criminal as this would be, it is precisely what this republican administration of Abraham Lincoln demands as the price of being a friend of the United States in the rebel States.
→ Secretary Chase has authorised a new definition of loyalty. A person must now favor his new system of national banks which shall crowd all other banks out of existence or be set down on the Secretary’s books as disloyal. Mr. McCulloch, an agent of the Treasury Department, who is now in New York to engineer the new system, flatly declares that “if the government has not the power to establish this system over all opposition, it is not worth a tithe of the effort and sacrifice that are made to maintain it.”
→ Some of the republican papers in this State are opposing the proposition to increase the pay of the soldiers. This is too bad. We did not expect the peculiar friends of the soldiers to turn the cold shoulder to them in this way. We believe the soldiers deserve fifty dollars a month. Would not that sum help volunteering – help fill up the ranks and make the army large enough to crush out the rebellion at once? Why don’t the republicans favor some tangible plan to end the war speedily?
Harmony and Discord.
It is astonishing to note the harmony of the clergymen on the question of the abolition of slavery. Take up the fast day or thanksgiving sermons, or the regular pulpit exercises, or the proceedings of conferences, synods, associations, and conventions of the various denominations, and a striking similarity will be observed in all their resolves and deliverances on this subject. Methodists, Baptists, Congregationists, Episcopalians Universalists, Unitarians United Brethren, Christian, Presbyterians, etc., through their ministry, with only an occasional exception, proclaim it to be the will of God that slavery shall be abolished through the instrumentality of Abraham Lincoln and the war. Now it is certainly a fine thing to see brethren dwell together in unity, and some good people suppose that this harmony is conclusive evidence that God speaks through them. It may be so – but we cannot help wondering, if it be a fact, why the Almighty makes them to see alike in regard to a temporal question, and at the same time has left them so discordant, acrimonious, and even quarrelsome on the great spiritual question as to how a man shall be saved. It used to be thought that the welfare of the soul was the question of greatest concern to man, and that, in comparison to it, all other matters sink into utter insignificance. But our latter-day preachers, who claim to be wiser than the Apostles and Prophets, show a dozen different ways or methods to secure salvation, each sect clinging with disputations and sometimes angry tenacity to its own formula; a man must be saved as each one prescribes, or there is an oracular shake of the head, as much to say, “I would not give a red apple for his chance in Heaven.” If God speaks through these clergymen and puts into their mouths a new revelation, is it not reasonable to suppose that He would teach them unity on religious matters? Such unity would enable all denominations to consolidate their resources, save vast sums from the expenditure of rival church establishments and publications, and enable religious people to set about converting sinners instead of wasting so much of their energies in attempts to proselyte each other. Is not this as desirable an object, as the abolition of slavery? Does it not strike plain people that this ministerial unity on the slavery question is begot by the spirit of the devil, who is said to be still going about seeking whom he may devour? When the clergy present a united front on the subject of the greatest spiritual concern of man, then they may, with some show of correctness or claim to be heard, enlighten the people on a purely temporal matter. Until they do this, it were perhaps well for them not to assume to be reverend and divine in their deliverances on slavery.
A Question in Figures.
The Lafayette Argus says that the United States “Government” a few years since, had all the available forces of the army of 20,000 in full chase after Billy Bowlegs and his three hundred Indians, for over five years, and could not catch him or drive him into a dishonorable capitulation. He was located all that time in one limited spot, the Everglades of Florida. When Billy did surrender with his 300 followers, he made his own conditions with the government, and took his own time, and a mighty bad job was over when Billy gave up. Now the government have nine millions of whites to conquer, scattered over one million of square miles. If it took five years and the flower of 20,000 troops to wear out the patience and resources of 300 Indians in the southern swamp, how many years and how many troops will it take to break down nine millions of resolute, daring, brave whites, scattered over a territory as large as all Europe, and, as Mantellina would say, “what will be the [?] sum total of the expense?”
Willl some of our Republican stay-at-home blood and thunder war patriots attempt a solution?
– The country inquires why it is that Halleck, with that cabbagehead of his, retains his place – why he is not permitted to retire to his ancestral krout gardens on the Mohawk, and there, among his kindred, find, in the killing of cut-worms and the care of his cabbage crop, the employment for which his genius is fitted. – Chicago Tribune.
“Cabbagehead” is good, coming from an intensely loyal paper. As Halleck is a part of the administration, are we not in danger of having a cabbagehead government?
→ A republican paper says that their “party is fighting for a peace that shall be everlasting.” But alas! It is the peace of desolation, the peace of death, the peace of eternal ruin. The peace the Democracy seek is one of life, reconstruction, happiness, and everlasting Union. Theirs is the peace that follows destruction. Ours is the peace that follows salvation. The one is the peace of the infidel, the other the peace of the christian.
→ Mr. Lincoln has been sick with varioloid, a mild type of small-pox. We fear he has inoculated the country with the worst form of the disease, and republican doctors, like quacks, have only made the patient worse.
Southdown Sheep. – We notices lately at the railroad station two fine young sheep or lambs, of the Southdown breed. They were raised by John Wentworth of Chicago, and one of them (a buck) is out of the celebrated Southdown buck presented to Mr. W. by the Prince of Wales. The other one (a ewe) is of equally fine stock. They were purchased by Mr. D. Lawson, of this city, and will make a valuable addition to his herd of sheep. For the information of the curious in such matters – and almost everybody is in that category – we will state that the lambs cost $50 each. The Southdown are a l[?] sheep, and the wool is as valuable for [?] purposes as any other breed.
For the Holidays. – The holidays are near at hand, and every one, both old and young, whishes to make some suitable present to a friend or “ladye love.” S. J. Clark, at his Book Store on the north side of the square, knowing such to be a fact, has laid in a large and well selected stock of Photographic Albums, Gift Books, etc., which will be sold cheap. He has some Photographic Albums of a new and elegant design which are just the thing to present to a lady as a Christmas present. Go and see them.
New Clothing House. – A new clothing house has been opened on the southwest corner of the square, by our enterprising townsman, G. F. Clark. He will keep a good assortment of all kinds of clothing for men and boys, and will sell cheaply for cash. His stock is large and purchasers are requested to call and look at his goods. Clothing made to order and guaranteed.