December 4, 1863

Macomb Weekly Journal

The Latest News.

            The latest advices from the army of Gen. Meade are to Saturday afternoon.  The enemy has been repulsed in an attempt to turn our right wing, losing 900 in prisoners alone.  Our loss in killed and wounded is reported at 1000 – probably an exaggeration.  A general engagement is deemed imminent – Lee’s army is estimated at 41,000 infantry, 8,000 cavalry, and 80 cannon.  So far Meade appears to have completely out-generaled Lee.

Major General Foster arrived at Cumberland Gap, on Monday last, en route for Knoxville.  Nothing later from Burnside.

The number of men mustered into the service in Ohio averages four hundred per week.

A dispatch from Chattanooga says sufficient reinforcements, under General Gordon Granger, have been sent to Burnside to insure his success.

Bragg’s main force is reported beyond Dalton.  Stragglers are still coming in.

Fifteen hundred Chattanooga prisoners arrived at Louisville Monday night.

Guerrillas are very troublesome on the Cumberland river.  Boats are fired into, and citizens robbed and property carried off or destroyed.

The rebel John Morgan has escaped and is now out of harm’s way, in Canada.

Heavy cannonading was heard in the direction of Orange Court House, Virginia, on Monday, and a battle is supposed to have been fought between Meade and Lee.  Gen. Meade having cut himself loose from all communication with Washington, the news of yesterday’s situation or events has not been received.

The New York Tribune’s army correspondent at Metamoras, says Sam. Houston is certainly dead.  He died at Huntsville, Texas.

Guerrillas are very troublesome on the Cumberland River.  Boats are fired into.  A body under Heinson is scouring the country between Lineport and Canton, robbing the houses of citizens, carrying off horses, and destroying what they [?] off.

[?] the Potomac states that a general engagement between Meade and Lee is imminent.

A Washington dispatch dated Dec. 1st, says: The armies of Meade and Lee are divided by Mine Run Valley crossing the Fredericksburg and Orange Plank Road, about 12 miles from the latter place.

The enemy is strongly entrenched and exhibit a determination to make a desperate resistance.  Since cannonading had taken place that day, which was briskly replied to by our batteries.  Their line of works is near Verdiersville, and in commanding portions, but they will probably be attacked to-day or to-morrow.  Nothing of a decisive character transpired up to the present time.


The Battle at Chattanooga.

            The late battle at Chattanooga was a complete and decisive victory for the Federal arms.  Bragg has suffered a sore defeat, and his army is terribly demoralized.  The battle lasted three days, and the loss on both sides is heavy.

Bragg commenced the fight at Missionary Ridge with 40,000 men; he has lost 4,000 killed and wounded, and including all the battles at least 7,000 prisoners, and I believe these figures are greatly under the mark; but above all, he has been isolated from Longstreet, and driven from East Tennessee without a shadow of hope of regain- [obscured].

Our loss in the three days battles will be from 3,000 to 4,000 in killed and wounded, and not more than 100 or 200 prisoners.

It will be impossible for the rebels to make a second stand, without evacuating Virginia, and concentrating all their forces at a single point.  But that would be an act of desperation and must end disastrously.

The result of this battle secures the Federal position at Chattanooga, and relieves Gen. Burnside from his unpleasant predicament at Knoxville. – The Federals fought with the greatest bravery, and made some of the most brilliant charges of the war.

Since the battle, expeditions have been sent out to cut the railroad between Cleveland and Dalton and I have reliable information that it has been a success, and that all the bridges and culverts on the road for 15 or 20 miles have been destroyed.  Bragg is retreating southward, and our forces are between him and Longstreet.  The latter must retreat at once; his only railroad connection has been severed; he cannot subsist his forces in Tennessee, and must make the best of his way out.


“The War to Continue.”

            The eagle is trying its hand at prophecy again.  It is now prophesying that the war will continue for an indefinite length of time, and bases its prophetic words upon the assumption that the Administration does not desire to end the war.  This is just about as consistent as the course of Copperheads heretofore.  Having found fault with every measure adopted by the Administration since the commencement of the war, that was calculated to bring it to a speedy close by conquering the rebels – having used every means in its power to cripple the energies of the Government, and give aid and comfort to the rebels, this pink of perfection and consistency now turns around and charges that the Administration does not desire to end the war.  The prophecy of the Eagle will prove true.  The war will continue until the last armed rebel succumbs to the rightful authority of the Government, and the old flag waves in triumph over every inch of American soil.  The efforts of the Copperheads have heretofore prolonged the war, and their efforts in the future will undoubtedly be in the same direction.  But, thank God, the venemous serpent has lost its sting, and will be powerless for evil.  Had the people of the North been united in the prosecution of the war, peace would have been declared a twelve month ago, and the thousands of precious lives that have been sacrificed, and the millions of treasure that have been expended might have been saved.  But no! the accursed spirit of treason in the South had spread all over the North, and Jeff. Davis found friends in every town and city, willing to help him in his unholy purpose of breaking up the Government.  This is the reason why the war has continued to the present time, and why it must still continue.  The first thing  necessary to end the war was to crush the allies of treason in the North.  This has been effectually done; and as a result, the rebellion is tottering to its fall.  The death blow was given to the rebellion, when the loyal masses of the North rose in their might and put the seal of condemnation upon the infamous schemes of the Copperheads.  Previous to that time the rebels maintained a bold front, and defied our armies.  But how is it now?  The rebels are everywhere flying in confusion before our victorious arms.  The rebels now see that their hopes of Northern aid are [obscured] the people are with them; hence they fight with renewed energy.  Yes, the war will continue, but, thank God, the backbone of rebellion is broken, and not many months can elapse before our victorious hosts will have conquered the last rebel stronghold; and an honorable, and because honorable, an enduring peace will be vouchsafed to us.  The Administration is in earnest, and now relieved from the “fire-in-the-rear,” will make speedy work of the rebellion.  All that is necessary is to push on the columns, and the ides of March will see the Union restored, the Constitution saved, and the laws enforced.


Union Men, Keep up Your Organizations.

            It will not answer, now that the elections are over and the enemies of the Government everywhere defeated, for the Union men to give up their organizations, and slacken their efforts.  The Copperheads have been defeated, it is true, but they are none the less malignant or energetic than they were before.  The great contest of 1864 is at hand, and he who supposes that the Copperheads will not make a desperate effort to carry the Presidential election, is laboring under a great mistake.  The only thing that will ensure the final overthrow of the enemy is to keep up the Union organization.  Let the council fires be kept burning, and let the Union men be on the alert constantly remembering that “Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty.”  It is important that we begin right.  The Copperheads in this county should be defeated next spring at the town and city elections.  To this end let all our energies be bent.  Let the long winter evenings be spent in holding Union meetings.  Let neighborhood meetings be held in every school house in the county.  All that is necessary to convince the people of the infamous designs of the Copperhead part, is a free and full discussion of the questions at issue.  There is no reason why this county should not give 300 majority next fall.  A lack of faith was all that defeated us this fall.  With a thorough organization and an energetic canvass, a glorious triumph awaits us.  But inaction and lack of organization will just as surely work our defeat.


            WANTED. – Butter, eggs, chickens, turkeys, &c., &., at Lea’s Fruit Store on the north side of the square, for any or all of which the highest market price will be paid, in cash.


Change of Base.

            That a change of base is about to be made by the “fire-in-the-rear” party, in intent to all.  The leading copperheads now see that a course of opposition to the Government will not be sustained by the masses of the people. – This is plainly show by the result of the late elections.  Hence, a change of base has become a necessary.  The copperhead papers and orators will now claim to be in favor of the vigorous prosecution of the war.  But let no loyal man be deceived by these death-bed repentances.  The men who have done all that was in their power, for the past two years, to make the rebellion a success, are no less traitors now than before the election.  This seeming change of sentiment is only because they thus hope to gain the power that they have failed to get in their true characters. – Does any man believe that Brooks, of the Quincy Herald, is a better Union man today than he was six months ago?  Yet the Herald preaches a very different doctrine now than it did then.  So with nearly all the leading copperhead papers.  Since the elections they have discovered that, to save the Government, the rebels must be put down by force.  It is true that some of the smaller fry, like the Fulton Democrat and the Macomb Buzzard, are still barking at the heels of the Administration, and denouncing the war.  But this does not prove that a change of programme has not been adopted.  It only proves that these one horse editors lack the brains to discern what is a patent fact to the more cunning leaders of the party.  These papers receive their inspiration from the Chicago Times, and until that falls in with the new order of things, nothing but Treason can be expected from its echoes.  Again we say, let no Union man be deceived by these sudden conversions to Unionism.  Let these men once get the power into their hands, and they will be found just as black-hearted and treasonable as before.  As the open enemies of the Government, they are powerless, but as its pretended friends they will, if care is not taken, prove dangerous.


            Writing School. – Mr. [?] Hill proposes to open a writing school in this city on Thursday evening, December 10th.  From specimens of penmanship exhibited by Mr. Hill, we have no hesitancy in pronouncing him the best penman we have ever met.  Let all who have a desire to write a beautiful hand, avail themselves of this excellent opportunity of receiving instructions of a first class teacher.


            Business Change. – W. J. Lea has purchased the Fruit and Vegetable Store of A. B. Cavolt, on the north side of the square.  He intends to keep a complete assortment of Fruits, Confectioneries, Fire-Works, and in fact everything belonging to a Fruit and Confectionery Store.  We bespeak for Jourd a prosperous trade.


            The Holidays. – The holidays are approaching, and old “Santa Claus” will soon have to lay in a stock of Confectionery, nuts, &c.  We should advise this old friend of the children to drop in and examine Lea’s stock before purchasing.


The 84th Regiment.

            The 84th Regiment was engaged in the late battle at Chattanooga.  Only partial lists of the killed and wounded have been published.  Among the wounded, we notice the names of J. Shoopman and O. Morris, of the 84th.


            A Proposition. – R. J. Thornburg has built a new blacksmith shop, one block south of the public square, and proposes to show the people of McDonough county what good work in the blacksmithing line is.  He expects to turn out good work and do it at fair prices.  The farmers will do well to call on him and test the truth of the proposition.


            → The Government, fully appreciating the value of veteran volunteers, has added to the large bounty offered for their re-enlistment, the privilege of thirty days’ furlough prior to the expiration of their present term of service, to be granted at such times as will be least prejudicial to operations in the field.

Transportation is also supplied to the furloughed soldier.  Doubtless, this inducement will secure the service thousands of men tried by all the tests of endurance on the march and valor in the fight.


            → President Lincoln has been confined to his bed by illness for two or three days past, but we have the gratifying announcement to-day that he is recovering.


Circulate the Journal.

            If the Union men expect to carry this county at the next election, they must see to it that the Journal is more widely circulated.  There were Union men enough in the county this fall who did not know when the election occurred to have changed the result.  If these men [?] have been readers of the Journal they would not have failed to vote. – There are some townships in the county where there are more than one hundred Union voters, and yet not half a dozen copies of the Journal taken. – With such a state of things existing, we cannot expect to get out the full strength of the party.  But there are other reasons why the Journal should be taken.  There is much local news that cannot be obtained in any other paper, and every man should keep [?] in home matters.  We intend for the year to come, to pay more attention to local matters than in the past.  All that is necessary to secure a wide circulation for the paper is for its friends to make a little effort in its behalf.  One day spent in each township by a good, energetic canvasser, would double the subscription list.  Now, will not some one in each township set apart a day or two to this work.  We have offered to give any person who will [?] or a club of ten advance paying subscribers, a fine Steel Engraving worth $3.00.  The first to make up [?] can have their choice between the portraits of Washington, Edward Everett and Washington Irving.  Already several have signified their intention of securing one of these engravings.  The portraits can be seen by calling at the Journal office.  Any one getting up a club of 30 subscribers will be entitled to the three portraits and a copy of the Journal one year, or in lieu of the Journal, we will give them a copy of the Chicago Weekly Tribune.  Who will avail themselves of these liberal offers?


            Protracted Meeting. – A protracted meeting is in progress at the M. E. Church in this city, under the charge of the pastor, Rev. Wm. Watson.


            On Time. – This week the Journal is out on time, and we will try to keep it so in the future.  Circumstances over which we had no control has for the past three weeks prevented our going to press on Thursday, and in consequence, the papers have not been sent out in Friday’s mails.  But we hope to be out in time hereafter.


            Preaching. – Rev. Mr. Bruce will hold Episcopal service at the Universalist Church, next Sunday, at 11 o’clock A. M., and 3. P. M.


            Business is Lively. – We never saw business of all kinds as lively in [?] square is daily crowded with teams, and the stores are literally crowded from morning till night.  We think we can safely say that the business of Macomb has doubled within the last year.  Every business house in the city is occupied, and several new ones are already under way, and still the demand is increasing.  Several new establishments have opened within the past few days, and yet there seems to be trade enough to keep them all busy.


            Thanksgiving Supper. – We learn that the Thanksgiving supper at Blandinville for the benefit of the Sanitary Commission was a complete success. – The supper was No. 1, the speeches good, and the receipts large.  The people of Blandinville kept thanksgiving to [?] purpose.


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