October 2, 1863

[Editor’s Note – Due to lack  of materials, there will be no edition of the Macomb Eagle tomorrow.]


Macomb Weekly Journal

From the 84th Regiment.

            The following letter is from J. A. Eyre, to his father, G. W. Eyre.  As there are many items of interest in it, Mr. Eyre has consented to its publication.

Chattanooga, Tenn.,
Sept. 15, 1863.

            Dear Father: — Having nothing in which to occupy my time this evening, I thought I would write you a few lines to let you know how things are going in this part of the world.

Well, at last that great rebel stronghold, Chattanooga, is ours, and that, too, without a fight.  Old Bragg has found that Old Rosy is too much for him; and as he does not feel much like dying just yet, he has concluded not to make Chattanooga his last ditch.

I have not been with the regiment for three or four days, on account of not being very well.  The Captain left me with the team to take care of his and the company’s things.  The regiment is in the front, and, at last accounts, were about twenty miles from this place.

The rebels left here on the 9th, and our men came in on the same day. – They did not stop, but followed right on after the rebels.  Bragg is losing a great many men by his retreat – they are deserting and being captured at an astonishing rate.  An officer came the from the front this morning, who said that on Friday night they issued rations to 2,800 who had been taken prisoners.

Deserters are coming in very fast. – I saw 45 in one squad come in a day or two ago, and they are coming in in squads of two or three all the time. – The Provost Marshal is administering the oath to them as fast as he can, but he cannot swear them near as fast as they come in.  He puts them into the depot buildings until he can attend to them.  The buildings are capable of holding two thousand or three thousand men; and, believe me, there are more than can get in.  According to their accounts, their army is getting very much disheartened.  They say they think that their leaders are trying to get them to some place where they can get away and then skedaddle and leave them to shift for themselves, and they concluded they might as well go home now as any other time.  I think it a wise conclusion.

But I must tell you something about Chattanooga.  It is situated on the Tennessee River, between the mountains; is a place of about as many inhabitants as Macomb.  It has been, in times of peace, quite a business place.  There are two or three hard-ware stores, and several groceries now open in town.  I did not see any dry goods stores.  Everything shows how hard pushed the rebels were to get along.  I saw a young man who had on a pair of common shoes, which, he said, he paid $25 for.  In Macomb they would cost about $1,25.  Common boots, such as we draw and are charged $1,40 for they sold here for $45.  Chattanooga is very strongly fortified, and is naturally the strongest place I ever saw.  If Bragg, with forty-five thousand men, could not hold this place, it is useless for him to try any other.

We have not had any news lately, but hope all is going right on the Potomac and at Charleston.

As my sheet is full I will close. – Please write often.  Give my love to all the family, and remember me as ever,

Your affectionate son,

J. A. Eyre.


For the Macomb Journal.

Prairie City Correspondence.

Prairie City, Sept. 10th, 1863.

            Mr. Editor: — The enemies of the Union have carried their partisanism to such an extent, that every public gathering, of whatever character, must necessarily, to some extent, exhibit its political tendencies, and as the doings of every gathering of any magnitude, therefore possesses some interest for the numerous readers of your valuable paper, we send to them greetings and would say that the citizens of this and surrounding communities met today in the grove 3 ½ miles southeast of this place, and held a Union Sunday school pic-nic.  About 800 persons were in attendance and 7 Sabbath schools were on the ground with music, banners, and all of the paraphanelia of such assemblies.  All of the mottoes inscribed on the banners were of a very high, moral character, and one in particular, which I give, ‘The American Bible Student, the true exponents of loyalty.’

In the forenoon addresses were delivered by Prof. D. Branch, principal of the Prairie City academy, and the Rev. Mr. Thompsons, of this place. – These addresses were very able and marked, and through each there ran a vein of patriotism which appeared highly gratifying to the audience.  At the close of Mr. Thompson’s remarks, the ladies “moved out a detachment on a foraging expedition,” which returned in a few minutes, “having succeeded in capturing” a large amount of bread, butter, cheese, pickels, chickens, hams, cakes, pies, &c., of good things to numerous to mention; and strange to say, all in a prepared state that would have tempted the palate of the most fastidious epicure.  A descent was immediately made, and the work of demolition commenced, and the way good things disappeared would have been a caution to city folks, who never enjoyed a county pic-nic.  After dinner the crowd [obscured] stand and listened to a patriotic address by Rev. Mr. Underwood.  This was a very marked feature of the day.  The address took strong ground in favor of the Union; such was the crowd that “your reporter” could not procure a seat near the stand, and will not attempt to give a synopsis of this truly eloquent appeal to the people in behalf of the Union.  At the close of Mr. Underwoods remarks, ‘The old Union wagon’ was sang by a ‘soldier boy,’ at the close of which three times three hearty cheers were given for the Union and the old flag.

After several short addresses by individuals, members of the different schools, the crowd disappeared, feeling that the day had been profitably spent, and that it had done them good to be there.

May many more such Sunday school pic-nics be held throughout the [obscured] is the sincere wish of

Your humble servant,

W. S. [?]


Latest News.

            The latest news from Rosecrans army, states that no further fighting is probable for several weeks to come. – Rosecrans is not in a condition to take the offensive just now, and Bragg is too badly used up to attack Rosecrans in his present strong position.  In the meantime both armies will do their best to reorganize their shattered ranks.  The Government is sending on reinforcements to Rosecrans from several points, and there is no doubt that when he again takes the offensive it will be with a force that the rebels cannot resist.

The expedition into Texas is still moving on with every prospect of success.

All is quiet in the army of the Potomac.

Gen. Gilmore has again commenced operations at Charleston.


Don’t Forget.

            We trust that the Union men in each township in the county will see to it that delegates are elected to attend the Convention on the 12th of October. – Let these primary meetings be held on Saturday, the 10th of October, and let men be elected who will attend to this duty.


Union Meeting.

            There will be Union mass meeting at Hickory Grove, in this county, on Saturday, the 10th of October, at 2 o’clock p. m.  The meeting will be addressed by Capt. T. K. Roach and D. G. Tunnicliff, Esq.  The invitation is general.  Let there be a good turn out.


            Enlarging. – The Randolph House, in this city, must be doing a large business.  It is the largest and finest hotel in the city, but yet it is too small to accommodate the custom, and a portion of the rear is being raised two stories.  This will make an addition of 38 rooms to the house.  When finished, this will be one of the finest hotels in the State.


            → Covalt & Morehead on the north side of the square, have a full supply of Fruit of all kinds, confectionaries, Irish and sweet potatoes, &c.  They are selling a No. 1 article of Irish potatoes at $1,00 per bushel.  Give them a call.


            → The Board of Supervisors wants plans for a new Court House.  They offer premiums for the three best plans.


Copperhead Literature.

            The following correspondence has been handed us for publication.  It appears from the note that one Green has been making a confident of a good Union man, and that thereby some of the copperhead secrets have leaked out, and some cowardly rascal, who ought to be in the penitentiary, takes this way to prevent any further developments.  The note is as follows, and the letter of Mr. Dunn explains where it was found:

Dun you ar a marked man you exposed what was told to you by Green in confidence to hurt his credit  you have got to take it back and say he never said it or you will never cross the misisipi alive

This are bloody times
and its so as sure as god


Your money wont help you any


Mr. Editor: — The original of the above was found on my door step some days since.  It would not be noticed in public, but we have every reason to believe that it emanated from persons who hold some petty offices, and who wish to scare an abolitionist who is on the point of leaving the State, for the sake of effect afterward; but I have served too long an apprenticeship as one of Old Rosy’s chief scouts in Western Virginia to be frightened by the above “Coperhed” or his minions.  I never saw a guerrilla bushwhacker half so sneaking and cowardly as the getter up of the above.  I have no explanation to make – the note speaks for itself.

May God bless my friends and the Union.

Wm. Dunn.

            N. B. – The original will be left with John Logan, of Sciota.


            → The poor old secesh organ of this city, seems to think that the result of the late election in Maine, is not much of a defeat for the copperheads.  In fact the old granny that controls that dirty sheet, manages to figure out a large gain for the copperhead ticket. – It is said that figures will not lie, but Abbott has a peculiar faculty for making everything that he takes hold of lie.  Abbott says that in 1860, Lincoln had a majority over Douglas, of 24,000. – We don’t know how many votes the Breckinridge ticket got in Maine in 1860, but Lincoln got only 16,371 over the opposition.  Abbott also says that the “abolition majority in Maine last year was 20,000, while this year it has fallen to 14,000.”  Now what are the facts in the case?  Last year the Union ticket was elected by 6,025 majority. – This year it was elected by 18,279, and Abbott claims that the copperheads are gaining in that State.  Last year the copperheads carried Ohio by 8,000 majority.  If they gain in Ohio by the same ratio that they have in Maine, how will the miserable old traitor Vallandigham, stand after the election. – Abbott you will have to figure again.


            → Hear Gen. Grant: “I am not an abolitionist, I never was an anti-slavery man, but I try to judge everything honestly and fairly.  I am satisfied that the North and South can never live in peace except as one nation, and that a free nation.”


            → Abbott seems to have a particular spite at the loyal citizens of Prairie City.  The reason is plain enough. – Prairie City has very few copperheads.  Its voters are mostly loyal men, and, as such, they are not in the habit of treating traitors with much leniency.  Copperhead breastpins are at a discount in that place, and copperheads get no sympathy or encouragement from the loyal men of Prairie City.  Abbott always hates Union men, and to be denounced by the Eagle is good evidence of loyalty.


            → The Eagle of last week quotes from Gen. Jackson to prove that the war for the preservation of the Union is an Abolition war.  If Old Hickory were now alive and in the Presidential chair, he would have every black-jack in the country ornamented with the carcasses of such men as Vallandigham and his supporters.  Will Abbott please quote from Gen. Jackson’s proclamation to the traitors of South Carolina in 1832? and then harmonize the language with that of the compromise-peace-traitors of 1863?


            → Officers belonging to General Grant’s army, absent on furloughs, have been ordered to join their commands immediately.  This indicates active work.  The battles of Chickamauga have put all our armies in motion, or rather in preparation for motion.  We are on the eve of grand events.  A blow struck simultaneously all around the board at this time will tell.  The shell is very weak in most places, and it will break easily.  We are already feeling the enemy at Mobile.  The armies sent to strengthen Bragg have left many important points exposed.


            → The Iowa African regiment has now between four and five hundred men in camp at Keokuk, and enough additional men at the various recruiting stations to fill the regiment.


Notice to Subscriber.

            Two more numbers of the Journal will close vol. 8.  As a large number of our subscribers commence with the [?], their time will expire in two weeks.  We hope that all will promptly renew by sending us the money for another year.  We also hope to receive [?] additions to our list.  If every subscriber of the Journal would make [?] effort, he might get us one new [?].  This would double our list and expand the influence of the paper.  How many will make the effort?


            Later From the Army. – The latest news we have received from our [?] in the 84th, is a letter from Alex. Blackburn, received in this city Thursday morning last.  From this we learn that none of those named in McCabe’s letter as wounded were seriously injured, except Thos. J. Martin, and his wound was only a very severe flesh wound, and we trust that this will prove correct.  This letter, and several others received, place the death of Maj. Broaddus about ten minutes after entering the fight, and was instantly killed.


Another Brave Boy has Fallen.

            The Thos. Martin, reported dead, is the son of B. F. Martin, Esq., of this city.  When this unholy rebellion broke out, Tommy, as every one called him, was employed in the Journal office to learn the trade of a printer.  Soon after quitting the office, he volunteered in Capt. Bayne’s company, in the 10th Missouri, but his health failing, he was granted a discharge, and returned home.  But he had too much patriotism to remain idly at home, when his country needed his services, and when Capt. Ervin’s company was recruited he volunteered again.  At the battle of Stone River, he was wounded, but not very severely.  In that engagement he displayed the most heroic courage.  In the battle, on Saturday the 19th, he received a mortal wound, and it is reported has since died.  Tommy was a good boy and a brave soldier.  He was about 18 years old.


More Improvements.

            We notice several new buildings are being erected at the present time.  O. F. Piper is putting up a brick on the north-east corner of the square.  J. E. Wyne is putting up a frame building on the east side, and Chas. Farmer is putting up a frame on the north-west corner of the square.  Several old buildings are also undergoing repairs.  Garlinghouse is putting in a new frount and otherwise improving the old American corner.  On the whole, Macomb is improving in a satisfactory manner.  But there is still a great lack of buildings, both for dwellings and business houses.  It is almost impossible for a new comer to find a vacant house in the city.  Some of our capitalists would do well to build a few neat little cottages for rent.  Many people, who like our town, and would settle here, are deterred from doing so because they cannot find accommodations either for business or their families.


            The Big Show is Coming. – In another column will be found the advertisement of G. F. Bailey & Co.’s grand combination show.  The papers speak very highly of this establishment, but to find out whether it is a good one or not you will have to go and see for yourselves.


News from the 84th Regiment.

            From a letter written by John McCabe to his wife in this city, dated Chattanooga, Sept. 21st, we learn that the 84th was in the heat of the conflict on both Saturday and Sunday.  On Saturday the Regiment lost about 70 in killed and wounded.  Mr. McCabe, being wounded on Saturday, did not know the loss on Sunday.  The following names of killed and wounded are given: John McCabe, slightly in ankle; John Baker, shot through leg; Wash. Willis, leg broke; Dan. Walker, shot through arm; Wm. Jones, slightly. – The letter also states that Dan. Wooley, John Provine, Harvey Provine, Alex. Blackburn and Thomas Martin were mortally wounded; but a dispatch sent from Nashville, by Chas. Chandler, Esq., dated the 26th, says that none of the above are mortally wounded except Thos. Martin.  The letter at its close says that Martin is reported dead. – Wm. Whiting, Dick McClintock and Eli Glimps are reported killed.  Lieut. Col. Morton, of Quincy, is also reported killed.  Before many days we shall get full particulars and lists of killed and wounded.


            Returned. – We understand that Rev. Wm. Watson, who has been the pastor of the M. E. Church for the past year, has been returned by Conference.  We believe that Mr. Watson has given entire satisfaction during the past year, and his return will be welcomed by all connected with the church.


            Gone South. – Alex. Blackburn and W. W. Provine, of this city, started for Chattanooga yesterday.  If they succeed in getting through, they will do all in their power to assist our suffering boys.


Stocking Yarn and Homemade Socks.

            John Venable, on the north side of the square, is in the market for the purchase of the above articles in any amounts.  Give him a call before selling elsewhere.  Good homespun yarn is worth from $1 to $1,50 per lb., according to quality and condition.  Do not sell before calling on him if you want to make money.


            → In spite of war and hard times, men and boys have to purchase new clothes.  To meet the demands of this inexorable law, S. P. Dewey has just received a large and complete assortment of ready-made clothing, which he is now offering at prices that cannot fail to suit.  Winter will soon be upon us, and it is the part of wisdom and prudence to secure a sufficient protection from its chilling blasts.  To do so, call on S. P. Dewey.


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