Macomb Weekly Journal
There has been but little news of an exciting character for the last week. Charleston has not fallen, as yet, but Gen. Gilmore is approaching the city by degrees, and it must surrender soon or be battered and burned down by shells and Greek fire.
Lee’s army is reported to be at Richmond, and Lee has his headquarters there.
Gen. Pleasanton has been having heavy skirmishing with the rebels between Culpepper and Racoon Ford on the Rapidan. The rebels, so far have successfully resisted his attempt to cross.
About 100 Union men and a section of artillery have captured by Imboden’s forces in Western Virginia.
The President has issued a proclamation suspending the habeas corpus in military and naval cases.
It was reported that a part of James Island, in Charleston harbor had been captured, and also that a white flag had been displayed at Fort Moultrie, but latest news fail to confirm the report.
Reports from Gen. Steele’s expedition in Arkansas, continue favorable.
Never since this unholy rebellion broke out, has the prospects looked so bright for a speedy solution of our difficulties, as at the present moment. The rebel armies in the West are everywhere fleeing before our victorious columns. Gen. Gilmore is thundering at the very gates of that most pestilential of all cities, Charleston, with a fair prospect of a speedy surrender or what would be far better, the complete destruction of that vile hole. The only army that the rebels have in the field, that has not yet been thoroughly whipped, is that of Gen. Lee, and he is too weak to make an advance. But more than all this, Chattanooga, the last stronghold of the rebellion in the west, is in our hands; and Tennessee is completely delivered from rebel occupation and oppression. The rebel armies are day by day growing weaker by desertion, while the Federal armies are rapidly filling up and becoming stronger day by day. The rebel finances are becoming low, while ours are improving. Truly the loyal heart can take courage at the prospect. A few more months and a few more hard blows, and the rebels will be powerless at the feet of the Government they have insulted, but failed to destroy.
New Court House.
We understand the project of building a new Court House has been before the Board of Supervisors now in session, and that the Supervisors requested aid of the city, which the council declined, assigning the following reasons:
To the Board of Supervisors:
The undersigned, appointed a committee by the City Council of the City of Macomb to answer a communication from your honorable body to the Council on the subject of building a Court House, respectfully beg leave to say that the Council decline, under all the circumstances involved in the case, to concede to the proposal made by the Court. The objections to the proposal, in the minds of the Council, were several and diverse, but the principal ones are as follows, viz:
By section 4, article 13, of city charter, the county is exempt from the support of the city paupers; and the city is moreover taxed with the costs of all criminal prosecutions in the circuit court against citizens of the city of Macomb, and for these burdens we are exempted from county tax. These provisions alone impose on the city an annual tax of little or none short of four hundred dollars – an amount equal at least to that which we are now asked to incur to pay the interest on county bonds to erect a court house building. – Besides this, we have a large annual tax for paving and road labor beyond the city limits, which, taken together with our school tax about 2 per cent, which is nearly double the ordinary rate in the county at large.
It is moreover objected because our city will probably assume the building of all the pavements hereafter made in in the city – a great part of which is now borne by the property holders severally. These accommadations, furthermore, are enjoyed by the citizens of the county when in town as well as by ourselves. A third objection is that the proposition takes us unadvised, and we are not prepared to say whether the people would be willing to assume this additional burden, however much, under some circumstances, they might desire a creditable court house building. In addition to these reasons, we are wholly unadvised as to the plan, location or accommodations the city officers or people might enjoy in the building. Finally, if we are to participate in this expense, we must resort to a separate loan as the only possible means of raising our share of the funds, and as a majority of the council do not deem this one of the subjects for which we can, by our charter, tax the city; and as our charter requires us to lay a tax to pay the interest and create a sinking fund for the principal of all sums borrowed by the city, we would be not only in their estimation, incurring an illegal expense, but would be offering to sell bonds which might be worthless in the hands of the lender.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
W. E. WITHROW,
Why we Oppose it.
We oppose the emancipation edict because it stands in the way of a speedy suppression of the rebellion. It has brought no strength to the Federal cause – it has caused no rebel to lay down his arms – neither has it filled up the ranks with new recruits nor infused new courage into the old soldiers. – Macomb Eagle.
So says the Macomb Eagle. But the facts in the case are entirely different, and go to show that instead of standing in the way of the speedy suppression of the rebellion, the emancipation proclamation has and is proving the strongest blow yet struck at the rebellion. Previous to that time our armies were employed in protecting rebels’ property, and in keeping the niggers to work raising supplies for the rebels. Since that time the negroes have been taken to help whip the rebels, and we have no doubt that this is the real cause of the Eagle’s opposition to the emancipation proclamation. But again, the Eagle says it has “brought no strength to the Federal cause.” But the Adj. General’s books show that we now have over 60,000 negroes armed and equipped, as the law directs, and now doing valiant service in the federal army. This too, is the fruit of the emancipation proclamation. It has also infused new life into the old soldiers. Since the proclamation has been acted upon, the federal cause has no met with a single disaster, or defeat; on the contrary the greatest victories won over the rebels, have been under the emancipation policy. In that proclamation the soldiers saw the adoption of a policy that struck a death blow at the rebellion – they saw that the administration was no longer to be governed by a pro-slavery-do-nothing policy, and that hereafter they were to have the benefit of that element that had heretofore been used against them, and the consequence was that new life and brighter hopes were aroused in the old soldiers. The soldiers almost to a man were in favor of the emancipation proclamation. It is only traitors that oppose it, and they only oppose it because in it they see the utter overthrow and destruction of all their treasonable designs.
→ The Army of the Potomac lies idle, unable to make an offensive movement, because it has been weakened by the withdrawal of 30,000 or 40,000 troops. These troops have been sent to New York city for the purpose of recommending the conscription act to the favor of the people. – Macomb Eagle.
True as preaching every word of it. But did the editor of the Eagle ever reflect that if the Governor of New York and all his political friends were loyal men, and in favor of supporting the Government, and lending it all the aid that it needs, that it would not be necessary to withdraw troops from our army to keep down traitors in the North? This very fact, that in the hour of National peril, when the Government was engaged in putting down the most unholy and ungodly rebellion that ever disgraced the annals of any nation, it became necessary to weaken our armies in the field to keep down traitors within its own lines, will be the damning record that ever pertained to any party or set of men in existence. When this war shall be ended – when peace and prosperity shall again smile upon our beloved land – and when the crimes of the leaders of the great rebellion of 1861 shall have been almost forgotten, even then the guilt of the men, who, still claiming to be friends to the Government, were endeavoring to stab it in the back, will shine as clear as the noon day sun. The copperheads of the North have made a record during the past two years that will be read and remembered by all loyal men as long as time shall last. When the names and crimes of Benedict Arnold, Jeff Davis, and even the Devil himself, shall have passed into oblivion, or been repented of and forgiven, the names of Seymour, Vallandigham and the Woods will be remembered, and only be remembered, to be hated and derided. There is a sin that cannot be repented of – and that sin the copperheads have committed.
→ The abolitionists of this State had a grand wool-gathering at Springfield last week. – Macomb Eagle.
Yes, and among all the wool-gatherers present at that great meeting, there was not a disloyal man. In this respect it was entirely different from the copperhead gathering in June last. The speakers were all loyal to the government. Quantrel, the cut-throat and assassin, didn’t participate as he did in the meeting in June. No hurrahs for Jeff Davis, and the meaner traitor Vallandigham.
Hasn’t Heard the News.
The Eagle is yet in blissful ignorance of the results of the elections in Vermont and California. Won’t some friend of that enterprising sheet get the figures and send them to Abbott? He, poor fellow, is so exercised over the “Progress of Despotism,” and the laying of plans to “resist tyrants,” that little matters like the murdering of a hundred or two loyal men and women, or the complete success of the Union ticket in Vermont and California, don’t attract his attention. For the sake of the readers of the Eagle who do like to hear the news of the day, we hope that some one will remind Abbott of those little omissions.
A Smart Paper.
The Eagle has not yet informed its readers of the terrible and cruel sacking of Lawrence. It can find plenty of time and space to comment on the robbing of chicken coops by Union soldiers, but such terrifying work as Quantrel and his horde of thieves and cutthroats made at Lawrence is beneath its notice. And Why is it so. The cause is plain enough. The chicken coops robbed belonged to traitors and copperheads, but the citizens of Lawrence were loyal men and women; and for such the editor of the Eagle has no sympathy or no tears.
Fairs and Their Objects.
Essay read before the McDonough County Agricultural Society, by O. W. Hoff, evening session.
Every individual person or incorporated body, should have for their object the good of the people. Everything they do should be for the advancement of civilization. Self should be placed in the back-ground. Earnestness should be the Drive-wheel. Thousands of good practical ideas have never been developed for the want of earnestness. We assemble yearly amid the fruits of our land and the work of our hands, and why is it? Why is it that we labor and toil to develop the good and beautiful, and then gather them together in one grand exhibition? Is it simply for the show? or the small sum of a premium which sinks into insignificance when compared to the public good? Is it to feast our own selfish gratification? Is there no higher object than this? Must the mind be compelled to traverse so narrow a channel? Let us see what effect this yearly gathering, when properly conducted, has upon the public welfare.
First, it stimulates activity in all the industrial departments in our land in honorable competition. Competition stimulates research and investigation, the result of which is yearly exhibited before the people. With greater developments comes greater zeal, and new advocates are added to the list of co-workers.
Thus, in a few years, manual labor has been transferred to machinery, driven by horse and steam power. – Science has gone into partnership with the Farmer, and the new firm has filled our fields with machines that has done away with the so-called “drudgery,” and the farmer is fast being exalted to his proper position – that which was originally intended for him to be – the Lord of the Land. The time is not far distant, when the young man will have to obtain an agricultural education before he will be capable of filling a situation on the Farm. Sons of our farmers are more willing to devote their youthful energies to the improvement of our land, especially since Horticulture has become a partner in the firm and united its charms with Agriculture and Science, thus turning our broad and desert-looking prairies into beautiful gardens and fields of fruit. – No longer, as formerly, do young men of intelligent farmers – who have dignified their calling, and clothed it with all the improvements of the age – seek the city for commercial pursuits, which they have learned to know, are dependent upon the success of the farmer. – They also see plainly that the farmer is fast becoming the truly independent gentleman of the land, enjoying, in all their fullness and ripeness, the precious multitude of blessings first handed from the God of Nature.
What part has our agricultural journals taken in this matter? They have been the pioneers in the very foreground, cultivating and preparing the mind of the people for each step in the improvements of our land. Every citizen is deeply interested in the welfare of his native county; in the improvements of his State; in the progress of his county, and especially in the upbuilding of his township. Every house built on the improved plans; every orchard planted of the choice varieties of fruits; every improved class of stock introduced, from the noble horse down to the smallest fowl that struts the yard, helps to increase the value of your broad acres of land. You cannot introduce the smallest improvement but what it will attract attention and stimulate competition. Our State agricultural journals display upon their leaves specimens of improvements in rural homes. They exhibit the improved classes of fruits and stock, with discussion on the same from our Agricultural and Horticultural Societies, and from men of intelligence and practical experience. On their pages are displayed from time to time all the improvements in machinery; and if your neighbor takes these journals, he has the privilege of knowing, as well as you, the merits of each machine from its reputation, and he will keep pace with you in the improvements of his land and his home. Therefore, you should use your influence to extend their circulation. I consider these journals of more importance to the farmer in a pecuniary point view, than any other in the land. They keep the mind active on these subjects, and when a farmer is thoroughly interested, he finds the year altogether too short to bring about such developments as he desires. The object of these papers is not to lay down a “book course” for the farmer, as many suppose, but they come to you rather as a guide and counselor. If there is any good to come from the use of machinery and and the improvement of our homes, we cannot keep it before the people too much; and each county should keep its interests represented in these papers. By doing so, the intelligent world will know where intelligent people live in Illinois. And that township or county that can send forth the best record of facts, will receive in return the best and most enterprising citizens as settlers. This matter should come with force to our leaders in agriculture and horticulture; and no officer of those societies should let a year go by without taking his State agricultural journal.
→ An Iowa paper says that at a recent copperhead meeting at Oskaloosa, in that State, two young ladies, appropriately adorned with butternut brestpins, occupied the front seat. The next day the young “ladies” were in jail for shoplifting, the stolen goods having been found in their possession.
County Fair. – The County Fair passed off very pleasantly last week, and the attendance was much better that on last year. The display of stock was No. 1, but owing to the severe drought and the early frost, the display of vegetables was rather slim. But on the whole it was quite an improvement on the past two years.
Sentenced. – Jimmy O’Brien, the man who stabbed Ned Troy last week, has been sentenced to the penitentiary for one year. The time is altogether too short, but better than nothing. The cause of the affray was – whiskey! We understand that a petition is being circulated for signatures to obtain his reprieve. All who are in favor of peace and quiet will keep their names off that petition.
→ The Board of Supervisors have been in session this week. We have not learned any particulars of the business brought before them. We will have the proceedings next week probably.
Accidents. – On Friday evening last, as the people were going home from the Fair, two teamsters undertook to run their teams, and as is generally the case, both got into a difficulty. – Both wagons were upset, and a lady in each badly injured. We have not learned the ladies names, nor the extent of their injuries.
Another New Building. – We notice that O. F. Piper has commenced work on his new building on the north-east corner of the square. – The building is to be 24 by 60 feet, two stories high, and built of brick. When finished it will be a credit to that side of the square. Mr. Piper will occupy the building himself with his grocery store.
Dedication at Bushnell. – The new M. E. Church at Bushnell was dedicated on Sunday last. Rev. Dr. [?], editor of the Northwestern Christian Advocate, officiated in the [?]dicatory services. Bushnell now has a pleasant and creditable M. E. church. We understand that the entire indebtedness of the church for the erection of the new building was promptly provided for, and one or two hundred dollars [?]
Woolen Establishment. – Among the many useful establishments in this city, none rank higher than Hampton’s Woolen Factory. He cards wool, dresses cloth, and manufactures yarn, jeans, flannels, &c. Farmers who have wool to work up, will secure their own interests, and help build up a useful branch of home industry, by patronizing this manufactory.
Copperhead Convention. – The copperheads of this county propose to hold a convention at Macomb, on Saturday, October 10th, for the purpose of nominating candidates for the county offices. The work is hardly necessary, for the Union men intend to fill all the offices in this county henceforth.
→ We have received a well-written communication from a friend in Bushnell, which we will publish next week. We were too much crowded with job work to set it up this week.
GONE EAST. – Jos. McCandless, Esq., and family started for a pleasure trip East this morning. We wish them a pleasant journey – warm greetings and a safe return.