September 5, 1863

Macomb Eagle

Go to the McDonough Co. Fair next week.

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The Abolition Plan to End the War.

            In July 1862, the President informed the border State congressmen that unless he acceded to the demand made by the abolitionists to abolish slavery in the States, he would lose their support and be compelled to end the war by a recognition of the southern confederacy.  This is not his language, but it is the substance of his declaration.  This was the first official confirmation of the abolition conspiracy to acknowledge the independence of the rebels.  The President held out against it till the meeting of the governors of the northern States, in September, when he succumbed to their demands, and issued his decree of abolitionism.  The end sought for, however, was not attained by this proclamation, although it invited the slaves to make their escape over the dead bodies of women and children and by the light of the burning houses of their masters.  These abolition conspirators now try another tack, and send M. D. Conway to London to make overtures to the minister of the Confederacy for the acknowledgement of their independence.  This Conway is the editor of a paper in Boston, the personal organ of Sumner and Andrew, and the copartner of Lovejoy, Greeley, Stevens, Yates, and the balance of the band, in the effort to destroy our Constitution.  Conway informs Mr. Mason that he is “sent by the leading abolitionists” and has “authority” to make a proposition for the stopping of the war.  That proposition was simply this: If the Confederate States will abolish slavery, then the abolitionists and the leading anti-slavery men of the North will immediately oppose the war, withhold from the President all aid and means for its prosecution, and compel it to end by the recognition of the independence of the Confederate States.  The objects of the abolitionists and leading anti-slavery men are now fully disclosed.  They formed a conspiracy to abolish slavery at no matter what cost.  For this purpose they prevailed upon the republicans to oppose and refuse all terms and plans of adjustment in the winter of 1860-’61, the adoption of which would have prevented the war.  After the war had been in progress a year or more, they threatened the President with defeat, disaster, and an inglorious termination of the struggle, unless he acceded to the infamous demands they presented to him.  To avoid losing their support and to avoid a recognition of the Confederacy in 1862, the President became the tool of these plotters against the country’s honor and peace.  But they made slow progress in the work of emancipation, and this year the conspirators send an agent to England to make the proposition above recited to an agent of the Confederate government.  The integrity of the Union was nothing, the peace of the country was nothing, in the estimation of these abolitionists, who control the President and his administration; but the abolition of slavery is everything.  For this they preferred war to peace, for this they have caused the death of hundreds of thousands of men, for this they have loaded the nation with a debt of thousands of millions of dollars, for this our land is filled with mourning, for this they have inflicted untold calamities and suffering on the people, and for this they are willing to treat with rebels in arms and recognize their independence.  These conspirators are the men who control the President, who organize and direct union leagues, who lead the republican party, and who induce fanatics and idiots to denounce all men as traitors who will not join them in their damnable schemes.

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            → According to Mr. Whiting, the legal adviser of our rail-splitting “government,” the slaves of the South are “public enemies,” and at the same time they are invited to “share the dangers and the honor of sustaining the Union.”  The white men of the South are not treated with so much regard; they are “public enemies,” but they are not invited to become loyal allies of the government.  Alliance with the negro is sought after, but the friendship and assistance of the white man is refused.  The nigger is ahead, in the estimation of Abraham I.

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            → The New York Herald says that Mrs. Lincoln, on visiting the French frigate La Guerriere, “was received with all the respect due to her rank and position.”  We think this the first instance on record of the wife of a President getting “rank.”  The “government” ought to be ashamed of “hisself.”

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Middletown.

            There will be a Democratic rally at Middletown on Saturday, September 5th.  Speaking will being at 2 o’clock.  Let everybody come.

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Coal and Wood.

            Those subscribers who wish to pay their subscription accounts in coal or wood are requested to bring it along now.

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            → The Hancock County Agricultural Fair will be held at Carthage, Sept. 22nd to 25th.  A liberal premium list is offered, and every other arrangement made to secure an attractive and successful exhibition.

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            → The finances of certain union leaguers in Prairie City must be getting very low, or their morals very desperate, or they would not attempt to rob a man of the small sum of one cent, and in broad daylight at that.

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            Returned. – We had the pleasure of meeting Moab Lovely, Esq., on the street the other day.  Mr. L. went to the Salmon river gold mines last spring a year.  He returns in good health, and with the conviction that McDonough county is a good place to live after all.

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            → On Wednesday last a glass lamp, oil can, and five window shades, belonging to J. H. Welch, were placed by mistake in some other man’s buggy, and taken from Macomb.  The man who has them will please return them to Mr. Welch in Tennessee or to this office.

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            Destructive Frost. – On Sunday morning last this county was visited by a heavy frost, which has proved very destructive to a large portion of the corn crop.  On the creek bottoms and other low grounds, the corn is completely killed.  The fields on the high grounds are but little injured.  It is probable that not more than half a crop of sound corn will be raised this year in this county.

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            Telegraph Office. – The wire for a telegraph line along the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy railroad, from Galesburg to Quincy, has been up for a couple of weeks.  The machinery for opening an office was brought to this city on Thursday, and is now in successful operation.  The railroad brought us next door to all the world, and the telegraph has placed us cheek by jowl “with the rest of mankind.”

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            For the Farmers. – S. F. Wright has just opened a large invoice of boots, shoes, hats, and caps, for the fall trade.  His stock has been selected with care, and with a special regard for the kind of articles required by the farmers of this county.  The “Dickenson boot,” which can only be found at Mr. Wright’s store, is the best adapted for outdoor wear of any boot now manufactured. – The best shoes for women’s wear can also be had at this popular house.  Any description of work made to order, and a large stock of home-made work kept constantly on hand. – His stock of hats and caps for farmers’ fall and winter wear is new and large, and unsurpassed for low prices and good qualities. – People who want to purchase the best article for the least money will go to Wright’s for their goods.  That’s so.

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Attempt at Robbery.

To the Editor of The Macomb Eagle:

Prairie City, Sep. 1, 1863.

            Happening to be in this village last Saturday I partly saw an attempt at robbery, more mean and disgraceful than any I ever read of in either the domain of truth or fiction.

A man whose name is Munn, lately from California, was wearing a copper coin (new issue) of the value of one cent, fastened to a watch chain.  He was approached by a Mr. Lancaster, who wanted to know if Mr. Munn was a “copperhead.”  The latter replied that he was.  Lancaster told him that he could not wear that copper cent, and then as I am informed made a grasp at the money; but failing to get it he left.  After this a man who had been a Lieutenant in the army approached Mr. Munn and made a grab at the coin. – He failed to also, when he brought up a reinforcement in the shape of a burly swaggerer.  By this time Mr. Munn had placed the coin in his pocket.  The Lieutenant and his aid, however, seized him, one by each arm, and demanded the copper cent, and declaring that if he had “anything near copper” about him they would have it.  A crowd of citizens had gathered around and the assailants were compelled to desist.

X.

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            → The Mt. Sterling Record has the following account of the murder of Jefferson Burton, mentioned in our last paper:

He was murdered in Springfield, Tenn., by two men named Cheatham and Pollock.  Mr. Burton with two other gentlemen left Nashville for the purpose of buying cattle.  When they arrived at Springfield, Mr. B. stepped into a store to purchase some cigars; he asked the price and was told they were worth ten cents a piece.  He concluded to take a box, and while paying for them remarked to the store keeper that if he would drop into his (Burton’s) store when he came to Nashville, he would sell the same cigars for two cents.  Cheatham immediately spoke up and said he would not allow any person to insult a man in his presence.  Mr. Burton, seeing he was about to be attacked and having nothing but a whip about his person to defend himself, wrapped the lash around his hand and started out, when Cheatham and Pollock both shot at him, killing him instantly.  One of the men who accompanied Mr. Burton, hearing of the affair, hastened to the spot, but he was dead, and the villains gone.

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What a Soldier Says.

            We are permitted to take an extract from a letter written by a McDonough county soldier to his wife.  It is dated, Memphis, Tenn., Aug. 11th:

We are too close to Memphis to be pleasant.  The boys can buy all the whisky they want, and you can have an idea how they act.  It is the most wicked place I ever saw.  I do not care how soon we are moved, for I do not like to see officers and men ruin themselves, as they are doing here.  I do wish that our northern “war Democrats” and republicans could see their sons and brothers as I see them.  If they could know that thousands of them, who were good boys at home, spend half their time drinking and gambling, I believe they would be willing to have the war end, even if they would have to return to the old Constitution to end it.  The advantage that freedom will be to the negroes will not begin to atone for the evil we are bringing on ourselves.  I have but a poor opinion of the republican party, and I have no respect whatever for those who call themselves “war Democrats.”  Poor, deluded men! for the sake of a paltry office they give up their principles, and become the slaves of men who have no principle.  But the reading portion of the army will mark all such men, and if we live to get home we will put them “where the dogs won’t bark at them.”

Notwithstanding all that the abolition papers may say, I believe the majority of the army is opposed to the President’s negro policy, — and that is about all the policy he has got now.  I still have faith in the people at home, and I do hope that this fall’s elections will teach the men who are in power that they must not trample our Constitution and laws under foot.  Although the people are threatened with the whole military force, I do hope they will assert their rights and then maintain them.

I presume I ought not to write politics, for the republicans say that it is wrong.  They say we ought to all join together to put down the rebellion.  That sounds nice, but how do they want us to do it?  They say, “You Democrats must give up your principles and fall in with us, do as we do and say as we say; and when Lincoln issues a proclamation you must not say anything about the Constitution, but take off your hats and ‘hurrah!’”  What do they want us to do all this for?  “Because,” they say, “if we don’t the South will think we are divided, and that there are some men in the North who are favor of the old Constitution and the Union, and that will give the rebels heart to fight on.”  This is a grand mistake of the republicans.  The North is divided in sentiment because abolition politics and unconstitutional measures have been needlessly thrust into the conduct of the war.  The President and his advisers are directly responsible for all the strength that the rebellion may gain from this division of sentiment in the North.  It is unmanly in the republicans to blame others for the results of their own policy.

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Artemus Ward on the Draft.

            ‘A. Ward’ thus burlesques the ridiculous circulars issued from the provost marshal general’s office, ‘explanatory’ of the draft.  His circular is at least as sensible as any of Col. Fry’s:

Circular No. 78.

            As the undersigned has been led to fear that the law regulating the draft was not wholly understood, notwithstanding the numerous explanatory circulars that have been issued from the national capital of late, he hereby issues a circular of his own; and if he shall succeed in making this favorite measure more clear to a discerning public, he will feel that he has not lived in vain.

1.  A young man who is drafted and inadvertently goes to Canada, where he becomes embroiled with a robust English party , who knocks him around so as to disable him for life, the same occurring in a licensed bar room on British soil, such young man cannot receive a pension on account of said injuries from the United States government, nor can his heirs or creditors.

2.  No drafted man in going to the appointed rendezvous will be permitted to go round by way of Canada on account of the roads being better that way, or because his ‘uncle William’ lives there.

3.  Any gentleman living in Ireland, who was never in this country, is not liable to the draft, nor are our forefathers.  This latter statement is made for the benefit of those enrolling officers who have acted on the supposition that the able bodied male population of a place included dead gentlemen in the cemeteries.

4.  The term of enlistment is for three years, but any man who has been drafted in two places has a right to go for six years, whether the war lasts that length of time or not – a right this department hopes he will insist on.

5.  The only sons of a poor widow, whose husband is in California, are not exempt, but the man who owns stock in the Vermont Central Railroad is.  So also are incessant lunatics, habitual lecturers, persons who were born with wooden legs or false teeth.  Blind men (unless they will acknowledge that they ‘can’t see it,’) and people who deliberately voted for John Tyler.

6.  No drafted man can claim exemption on the ground that he has several children whom he supports and who do not bear his name, or live in the same house with him, and who have never been introduced to his wife, but who, on the contrary, are endowed with various mothers, and ‘live around.’

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