August 14, 1863

Macomb Weekly Journal

The News.

            The news from the Army of the Potomac at the latest advices are that Lee’s headquarters are at Gordonville, and altogether in a dispirited, demoralized condition, and though with a recent reinforcement of 15,000 troops, yet in a far weaker condition than ever.

Generals Warren and Banks are talked of for commander of the Potomac, in case Meade’s resignation should be accepted.

The latest news from Morris Island is to the effect that our position is strong, our soldiers in good heart and condition.

On Sunday, the 22d, a terrific engagement took place, in which three Federal boats, including the Ironsides, our works on Morris Island and the rebel forts took part.  The latter were silenced.


Why Is It?

            Why is it that ever since the present war began, the Democratic party, so-called – we mean those blowers and strickers and candidates for political preferment, (and their name is legion) – have taken decided and positive grounds against the Government in any and all measures it has adopted to put down this hellish rebellion?  The foul-mouthed organ of this city, before the fall of Sumter, was loud in denunciation of the Government making any effort whatever to preserve its national integrity; accusing the Government of keeping a “standing menace” inimical to the interests of another “Nation.”  And when a call for troops was made to prevent the slave-holding oligarchy from sacking the City of Washington, and plundering the archives of the nation, this same party cried out lustily, and with hands upraised in holy horror against the unconstitutionality of such proceedings, that the rights of the people and of the States (the C. S. A. States no doubt) had been trampled upon, and an outrage perpetrated upon the country – forsooth unconstitutional for a nation to defend itself!  An arrant coward will defend his person and family.  After sweating over it, their ire cooled down; then the repulse at Bull Run occurred, and with what feelings of gratification the news was hailed by this always “fernenst” (not Latin) party.  Their journals were filled with the scenes of carnage and bloodshed, denouncing it as uncalled for and unnecessary, to use their mildest terms. – Soon that passed away while they were deeply plotting some other flimsy pretext to decry the Administration, which culminated in the celebrated Constitutional Convention of 1862, where the leading spirits of opposition to the Government did congregate, and in their midnight-caucuses resolved to sell their country, and in open day proposed their hellish designs to hurl this State into the arms of the C. S. A., but – the “wisest schemes of mice and men,” &c.  The people arose in their might and declared in thunder tones they would not serve Mammon.  Again the party were foiled and defeated, but like their great prototype, the Devil, it must not be given up so.  They met in their dark chambers and agreed on opposition to taking property of rebels, using the blacks, to erect forts, &c., &c., all of which in its turn died a natural death.  Then the President’s proclamation of January 1st was heralded forth, and this was the straw that broke the “camel’s” back.  How piteous the sight to see the so-called Democracy wallowing in dust of their own making, their hopes of future political supremacy dissolved to smoke, and the nigger question taken out of their partisan creed.  From this they have never recovered.

And now they show their bitter hatred to the Government, by their undisguised looks of satisfaction when our arms, in the fortunes of war, are unsuccessful against the enemies of their country.  Have not the citizens of this county seen them, on receipt of unfavorable news, laugh in triumph and mockingly ask Union men on the streets if they had heard from the Potomac, Fredericksburg, or of Hooker?  What meaneth this?  Does it not show us where their feelings are?  They ought to be with Lee and under the banner of Jeff Davis, assisting their “friends,” instead of cowardly remaining at home and whining and constitutional rights.  If they had a spark of manhood, they would hide their heads with shame when residing the estimate put on their sympathy for the South by their leading journals.

Again we have had victories in the field.  Donelson, Murfreesboro, Vicksburg, Gettysburg, and Port Hudson, over which our loyal citizens justly felt proud, and in the fullness of their hearts rallied together with demonstrations of joy and fraternal greetings.  While the great unterrified – would sneak to their homes hours earlier than they had done in years before, and even when a gallant officer is reported slain in the battles of his country, two and a half lines is all the space they can give in their pestelential columns, announcing the death of a neighbor and an upright citizen.  Out on such vindictive spleen.  Surely the blood in their own veins runs cold and slow, none of that healthful bounding pulsation ever courses through their cowardly carcasses.

The answer is simply this.  Their aid, politically, was from the South, and now their trade is gone.  Yes, more, the leaders of their party still think this war a political campaign, and that defeat to our arms in the field is equivalent to the election of a Democratic constable in a township heretofore supposed to be Republican.  Truly, the mantle of Jackson has fell on degenerate followers, and his body must rest uneasily in the grave when he looks over the parapets of heaven and sees rank treason claiming him as their Democratic father.  He who exclaimed and acted on it, “the Constitution must and shall be preserved.”


Cry Fire! Fire! and then Rob Your Neighbors.

            Nelson Abbott, J. C. Thompson and J. H. Hungate, we understand, are traversing the county and making speeches to inflame the hatred, and maintain, if possible, the delusion of the masses of their party.  The Vallandigham leaders of Democracy have galvanized a show of life by dint of a great deal of lying into something they call the Democratic party, and the blowers and strikers every where are on the run.  It reminds one of the fable of the ass and the lion’s skin, with a copperhead substitute for the ass – great show of strength though nothing but serpents underneath.  Now, what this so called Democratic party has in common with Democracy of old would require a magician to define.  Under Jackson the Democratic party was a tower of strength and virtue.  In those days the party enrolled such names as Thomas H. Benton, S. Wright, Martin Van Buren, R. Y. Hoyne, G. M. Duffie, Judge Levi Woodbury, and many more, whose talents and virtues reflected honor on any party.  Even under James Buchanan, (that unclean beast) the skeleton of the party was not so rotten, but that it nominally held within it men of mark and patriotism.  Dix, Douglas, Dickenson, Holt, Andy Johnson, Stanton, and such men are surely not to be despised for talent, nor can their lofty patriotism be called in question.  How such a heterogenous mess of honest men and knaves could kennel together, is a riddle only to be explained by the charm of party names, and the binding influences of party affinities.  The separate fragments of that great party now concede that it then embraced some of the most scaly rogues and political scape-goats that men ever pinioned together for the sales of spoils and plunder.  The Charleston convention proved the bolder, on which this mass of rottenness fell to pieces, and opened up the nest to an honest airing before the nation.  Every body in this latitude then could hear from their own preachers that Old Buck was a scoundrel of the first water, and our petty politicians of McDonough belched out their hatred to this old apostle of Democracy and the other half of the party, on every street corner, for months after the family quarrel.  The Democratic party, said they, is the Douglas wing of the convention; this is the pure, infallible, unbroken line, never contaminated.  On the other hand full half of the old pest house claimed, on really better grounds, that the Southern wing was the pure State rights – strict construction, constitution expounding democracy, and the others were mere mudsills.  Buchanan, Pierce, Butler, and many more of the notables east, and Skinner, Purple, Bright, and many lesser lights west, conceded the ancient right of their Southern allies to guide the party. – Multitudes north and south, know, of course, little of the merits of the question on either side, but were ready with their accustomed democratic zeal to pronounce the party shibboleth as they gradually fell in with their respective sections of the old hue.  Still many honest men north and south, held loosely to their several claims,  and it has always been a question which pen held the most black sheep, though doubtless, there were patriots in both.

In the meantime the war burst upon us, and raised new questions and sunk old ones.  The honest leaders of all parties rushed to the defence of the country; willing, like all honest patriots, to have the Constitution and laws carried out by whomsoever the people choose for the time.  It seemed that for a season, party was hushed throughout the north to sustain, and throughout the south, to overthrow the Government.  But underneath this apparent unity, there a hungry pack of partizans in the north prowling for prey, starving for spoils, and ever watchful for a raid, come on whom it might, let it burn friend or foe.  Who pretended to see wrongs on which they could, before the unsuspecting masses, erect a scaffolding strong enough in a time of trouble, to base an opposition to the Government.  Richardson, Vallandigham, Voorhees, Woods and Seymour, with the editors of the Chicago Times, Cincinnati Enquirer, and New York World, came forward, and like Guy Fawkes, were ready to apply the torch to the temple of Liberty.  Every secret machination and device were applied to caricature their own Government, whilst they were silent on the sins of secession. – The conscription law, the confiscation law, the emancipation proclamation, were each successively tried to inflame the masses with hostility to the Government, whilst acts much more oppressive, were being daily enforced, and cruelties unsurpassed, constantly practiced by their old associates in the south, holding the same State rights, creed and clamorous for the same limited construction of the Constitution and were wholly unrebuked.

Every act of the Government as well as every resort on the citizens at homer were belied and maligned; and whilst their friends were secretly organized to defeat the Government, they were malignant, town-leagues formed for no other purpose than the support of the Government.  It is in vain that they are assured that this organization does not forbid any man of any party who will take the oath of allegiance to join them.  Slander is their design and they want not the truth.

And yet, these God forsaken faction of odds and ends, call on us to greet them as the Democracy.  They assume to be the ever consistent, strict constructionists, constitution defenders, and true and faithful friends of the people.  They are so honest in their adherence to the Constitution, that were the nation about to hang a rogue or stop a riot, they would claim to have the knot adjusted agreeable to the dicta of their creed, and in default of this, they would join the rogue and make common cause with him.  If old Hickory were alive a blast of the breath of his nostrils would scatter such Democracy to the four winds.

When the slaveholders revolted, the Democratic party lost much of its more cavalier and lofty element, and nearly all of its talents.  But when it was further depleted by the loss of Logan, Grant, Holt, Stanton, McClernand and such like men, what is left of it lacks salt to save it from the putrescence, and yet most of its malignity, cunning and crime survives.  It is really now a serious question in which end north and south, of the Government as it was, treason and secession are most plainly taught.

In McDonough, we have the corporals of this new order scouring the country, misleading the unwary and accustoming the minds of the youth to despise their Government.  Abbott, we are informed, quite naturally asked his audience if they did not wish to know why, at a time when no elections were pending, men should canvass the county and stir up strife.  He enlightened their minds by saying that one thing was, that the members of the league were organized and armed all over the county, and that his friends must be ready to defend. – Another reason was, that the conscription was unconstitutional, and that he did not expect to go.  He would not advise others, &c.  This, of course, ment that somehow men ought to avoid the draft.  In other words, let the party be organized; if the Government should again be embarrassed, it may be best for the party to unite with Furnando Wood and his robber outlaws in a direct military resistance to the Government.  If his paper were divested of its heading and read anywhere in Dixie or Europe, they would assign its origin to the purlieus of some southern city.  And yet, this man is making public sentiment in the north.  Abbott has good reason to know that his charges against the league is false.  They meet in a hall near his own office, where other citizens meet; and they retire as other societies.  The township leagues meet at private houses without secrecy of place or time, and neither the men nor the houses have more guns, or as many, as other people.  Some men are quite jealous of guns.


Loyal Men should Patronize Loyal
Institutions – Illinois College.

            In times like the present, when loyal men have so much to fear from open rebels and covert traitors, it becomes their duty to support and sustain each other as far as possible; and the fact that any individual or institution is unconditionally and unfalteringly loyal gives that man or institution a just claim to the esteem and support of those of a kindred faith.  Intellectual and professional men, who from their very callings must necessarily exert influence wider than others, should be measured more particularly by this criterion, and every assistance and support possible be given to those who cast this influence in the scale of loyalty.   A man of fine culture and strong mind, whether his sphere be in the pulpit, at the bar, or in the Professor’s chair, and who in his expositions of Divine truth, the subtleties and niceties of the law, or in the instruction of young men, conveys enwoven in the midst of his discourse or instruction the deadly doctrines of treason, or by his acts and known opinions bestows upon these doctrines the sanction of his position and intellect, is one of the most dangerous and powerful of traitors, and those who support or countenance such men lend their aid to the most insidious and promoters of treason.  A disloyal minister, lawyer, doctor, or teacher, should be discountenanced, and if not openly opposed, should at least be deprived of the support of loyal men. – Especially is this true of institutions for the education of young men.  Young men pursuing a course of study at any such institution, cannot but be powerfully influenced by the opinions and doctrines of their instructors.  Even where these teachers openly profess no sympathy with either the Government or its enemies and announce their determination to exclude from the hallowed precincts over which their power extends all such vexations and unprofitable topics as treason and loyalty, the force of opinion, attempt to conceal it as they may, must and will be felt, often fatally, for the young man whose wavering and half-formed convictions are brought within the reach of that influence.  Disloyal professors have much to account for, but only second to, if not greater than their responsibility, is that of parents who voluntarily or through carelessness expose their sons to the operations of any such forces.  They should be careful in their selections of instructors as if they were choosing new parents for them, for teachers, in many respects, stand in the place of the real parent.

These thoughts, though general in their application, have been suggested by having our attention called to the prospectus for the coming year of Illinois College, located at Jacksonville, in Morgan county.  This institution has received the best possible indorsement at the hands of the great Copperhead, the Missouri Republican.  Its professors have been subjected to all manner of personal abuse, and every act of the faculty been misrepresented and belied; parents have been warned away from it, and finally with no basis for such a statement, other than their own desires, they have circulated a report that the College would be closed the coming year.  We are happy to learn by a recent favor from a member of the faculty of the falsity of this report, and that, although over sixty of the under graduates have entered the army of the Union, all the classes are standing with fair numbers, and financially the College was never so prosperous.  The institution has been so fortunate as to retain the services of the old corps of instructors, a fact upon which we congratulate the trustees most sincerely.

This institution, in consideration of the principles we have named, we think particularly deserves the confidence and patronage of loyal men in this State and Illinois.  Its professors have not tried to make capital of their loyalty, but while they have endeavored to treat all pupils under their charge impartiality, they have never concealed or endeavored to weaken the effect of their opinions on the great issue of the day.  For this cause they have been maligned, misrepresented, abused, and assailed with all the underhand weapons which Copperhead ingenuity could devise.  And upon this healthy food of abuse and malice they have flourished, and the College stands before the community as, in the strictest sense of the term, an Institution, and one well worthy of hearty and confident support. – From observation we can testify that, aside from the merits named, the instruction is thorough and careful; the course comprehensive and admirable selected; the college grounds are beautiful, and the buildings elegant and commodious.  The town of Jacksonville, too, is not only remarkable for its beauty, but also is one of the most loyal towns in the State.  Altogether, Illinois College is an honor and ornament to the State and the West, and it will be an importunate exponent of public feelings if the coming year does not show a fuller list of students and a more prosperous condition than ever before. – Missouri Democrat.


            → The Union rally at Charleston, Coles county, in this State, on the 31st ult., was a decided success.  From 8,000 to 12,000 persons were present, and great enthusiasm prevailed.  Gen. Ogelsby, Hon. R. W. Thompson, Hon. S. W. Moulton, and others addressed the people.

A Union lady at the meeting broke her parasol over the head of a butternut who was cheering Vallandigham.  A contribution was taken up to purchase her a dress, and over $100 raised instanter.


Shocking Murder and Attempted Suicide at Freeport, Ill.

            Freeport, Aug. 8, 1863.

            A terrible murder and attempted suicide was perpetrated here about 11 o’clock, this morning.  As far as I have been able to learn, the facts are these:

A Mr. Walton, living in Oneco, came here this morning to visit Mrs. Whitney, who lived here, and whose husband is in the 15th Illinois volunteers.  Mr. Walton, it is said, has for the last two years been very intimate with Mrs. Whitney, and became jealous of her, and upon meeting her this morning in front of the Keystone House, on Stephenson street, drew a revolver and shot her, killing her instantly, after which he shot himself, with intent to kill. – The ball took effect on the left cheek, passing through the nose.  He will live.  He is now in the jail here.  Both parties have heretofore bore a good character.


            “Lather and Shave ‘em.” – Who is it that does not like to sit in a soft cushioned chair and be shaved with a smooth razor, that he will scarcely feel, by a man who understands his art? – Nary one.  Well, then, go to the old stand of Julius Hartung, on West Jackson street, and you will find that what we say is true.  Give him a call and verify our words.


            Sorghum Manufacture. – Any of our readers who have planted Sorghum and who desire information on working up the cane, and manufacturing syrup and sugar of a superior quality, can get a valuable work on the subject free, by remitting 75 cts. for the Valley Farmer, which will be sent from May to December, 1863; and in addition the State Horticultural Transactions of Missouri for the past year.  Address, N. J. Colman, Editor, or Benj. Bryan, publisher, 97 Chestnut St., Saint Louis, Mo.


            → The splendid rains shed upon the panting fields within the last week, have done incalculable good. – They have started the growth on the crisp prairies, and by the same sign reduced the price of butter, besides showering down upon us unnumbered bushels of potatoes.


            → We had the pleasure of a call from Col. Chas. G. Gilchrist, of the 18th L. V. I.  The Colonel looks hale and hearty, and appears to have enjoyed himself hugely in Dixie.  He returns to Vicksburg on the 20th.


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