July 31, 1863

Macomb Journal

Then and Now.

            The Administration has made the war odious to the people by diverting it from its original purpose, as avowed by the President, the Congress, and the Generals commanding the army.  Volunteers sufficient to fill up the ranks of the army were obtained until the abolition of slavery, and not the restoration of the Union, was announced as the object to be obtained by all the expenditure of blood and treasure we have witnessed and are likely still to witness. – Macomb Eagle.

Will the editor of the Eagle have the kindness to tell his readers when the war was not odious to the Copperheads.  Has there been a time since the hoary headed traitor Buchanan gave up the Presidential chair that the whole pack of mangy confederate curs have not been barking at the heels of the Administration, and condemning the war for the preservation of the Union.  It may answer very well for the editor of the Eagle to claim that there has been a time when he and his party did favor the prosecution, but is it true?  A few extracts from the columns of the Eagle may throw some light upon this subject.  On the 19th of January, 1861, nearly three months before Lincoln was inaugurated, the Eagle contained the following:

It is evident that the incoming administration is for war – war against our own people – war against our blood and kindred.  There will be a call for volunteers; and if this means fail to secure men enough to shoot and be shot.  Those, who by their votes and speeches, and otherwise, have aided the work of COMPELLING the South into rebellion (if they please to term it so), should have the glory of imbruing their hands in their kindred’s blood.                        *         *          *          *

If war does come it will not be the fault of any Democrat.  Let those who shall cause it fight it out.  Let the Democrats cultivate their fields, work at their benches and pursue their usual business.  Let conservative, Union-loving Republicans [obscured] the same thing.  Let them raise the corn and hogs and make up the goods to clothe the abolition fanatics who want to carry out Lincoln’s doctrine of making the States all free.  Again we say, let the abolitionists do the volunteering and be the subjects of drafting.  Democrats and Union-loving republicans can be engaged in better business than shooting their neighbors.

From the above it will appear that the Eagle was not in favor of compelling the South to submit to the Constitution, and yet it was evident to every one that the people of the South were determined to break up the Government.

On the 13th day of April, of the same year, after the rebels had fired upon the Star of the West and one day after they had opened fire on Fort Sumter, the Eagle contained the following, fully recognizing the Independence of the South, so that at this time the very day that the rebels were shelling a United States fort the Eagle was not in favor of the war:

“If the administration wants to hold these forts, it wants to do it for the purpose of AGGRESSIVE measures against the Confederate States; it wants these as a basis of operations, from whence are to issue armies for the conquest of an INDEPENDENT NATION, and to reduce a free people to the condition of vassals and serfs.  The pretext that hostilities will be commenced by the South is so shallow and frivolous that is almost incredulous.

*          *          *          *          *          *

            “The whole conduct of the administration is brimfull of taunts and menaces toward the South – insulting and spurning them – and then defying the Confederate States to help themselves.  It is pursuing the same policy toward the Confederates, that the British crown pursued toward the Colonies.

*          *          *          *          *          *

            “We repeat that the Administration has no PRACTICAL use for Sumter or Pickens, except as a standing menace and defiance to ANOTHER POWER; and the attempted reinforcement of those fortresses, after the repeated declarations of the Confederate States that such reinforcements would be resisted to the last extremity, and be regarded in no other light than as a willful and deliberate intention on the part of Lincoln and his abolition advisers to wage a war of aggression, of conquest, of subjugation, against those States.  If he does not wish to do this, there can be NO DISHONOR IN RECOGNIZING THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES; of at least in first exhausting all peaceable negotiations.”

The above is the Eagle’s record in regard to the war at the very commencement.  Now certainly the Administration had not made the war odious to the people at that time, because in the extract that heads this article the Eagle says “the administration has made the war odious to the people by diverting it from its original purpose,” admitting that there has been a time when the war was not odious to the people.  But whatever the people may have thought of the war, it is certain that the editor of the Eagle considered it odious from the start – that no subsequent action of the Administration has changed his opinion in the least.

But how is it with the party which now threatens to open the fire in the rear.  On the 17th of August, 1861, the Democracy of Tennessee township, held a convention and passed the following resolution:

Resolved, That the present civil war which Abraham Lincoln is waging upon sovereign States is alike unconstitutional, inhuman and unjust, and unless speedily checked must end in the complete overthrow of liberty, and in the establishment of a military despotism.

On the 24th of the same month, the Democracy of Emmett adopted the following:

WHEREAS, we believe that the present war inaugurated by Abraham Lincoln in unnatural, unconstitutional, and unjust, and that the liberties of our people and nation are endangered thereby; and

WHEREAS, we believe the whole scheme of prosecuting a war upon the Southern States, in preference to compromising with them has for its end and aim the abolition of negro slavery in those States – Therefore

Resolved, That we are in favor of peace and union on compromise terms, to be effected by the voice of the people through their delegates in a general convention of all the states.

About the same time the Democracy of Blandinville adopted the following resolution:

2nd. That we are opposed to the present war policy; that we sincerely believe its results will be to drive the remaining slave States from the Union; exasperate the whole South, consolidate their confederacy, bankrupt the North, and render a reunion impossible; that as the Union was made in peace it should be preserved in peace and can never be by force of arms.

The Democracy of Bethel township protest in like manner:

Resolved, That of all wars a civil war is the most repulsive and inhuman; and that we regard it as the worst of all possible means to be used in the settlement of our present difficulties.

Thus it appears that before Mr. Lincoln was inaugurated, after the rebels had fired upon Fort Sumter, and in mid summer of the same year, the great [obscured] party were opposed to the war.  Again we ask the Eagle when in the history of this war it has not been odious to the Copperheads.

But again the Eagle says “volunteers sufficient to fill up the ranks of the army were obtained until the abolition of slavery and not the restoration of the Union was announced as the object to be obtained.”  But Mr. Eagle, was not that volunteering in opposition to your advice and counsel?  Were you at the time that Union men, by the thousands, were rushing to the ranks in favor of the prosecution of the war?  On the other hand were you not making piteous appeals, especially to Democratic voters, to stay at home?  Then how can you, who claims to be christian, base your opposition to the war on the ground that it has been diverted from its original purpose.  The statement is false; you were opposed to the original purpose, and have opposed every measure that was calculated to restore the Union – you have condemned the Administration – the soldiers – the abolitionists – in fact everything but the rebels, from the commencement of the war down to the present time.  Every effort that you have made has been in the direction of favoring the rebels, and your poor foolish dupes are now arming to resist the laws of Congress that have been made necessary by the treason of your dear Southern brethren.



            The last Eagle contains a communication over the fictitious signature of “Copperhead,” making some serious charges, but the fact that the writer dare not give his name, is a sufficient refutation of his charges against the Republicans.  This silly Copperhead also asks us if we have “ever heard of a coffin weighing 600 or 700 pounds being brought from the seat of war, taken to the county and buried.”  We have heard of several – three within the past week – coffins containing the remains of brave, loyal, Union men – coffins that contained more patriotism and moral worth than the carcass of a dozen such Copperheads as the author of the communication in question.  The writer further asks if we have “any idea what that coffin contained, and what doctor resurrected the body?” – We presume the coffin contained the body of a Union soldier, and that the doctor must have been a Copperhead, for that or a hyena are the only two creatures that are mean enough to rifle a dead soldier’s coffin.


For the Journal.

From Vicksburg.

Vicksburg, Miss., July 13.

            At sundown roll call, it being officially announced that our worthy Captain Thomas K. Roach [Co. I, 124th Illinois – ed.], had resigned, and was soon to leave us.  On motion Lieut. R. S. Howard, was chosen chairman, and Lieut. B. A. Griffith, Secretary.

The company then unanimously adopted the following resolutions:

Resolved, That it is with deep regret we part with our worthy Captain and companion in arms, and feel that in so doing we part with one who has been true and faithful, and has proved by his course that he was entitled to the position in which our confidence placed him.

Resolved, That we part with him fill confidence in his unwavering integrity, sterling patriotism, and consistent christian character, as manisfested so long among us, in the camp and along the weary march.

Resolved, That we follow him with our best wishes and kind regards, to the bosom of his family and through all his future life.

Voted that a copy of the resolutions be sent to the Journal with a request for publication.

R. S. Howard, Char.
B. A. Griffith, Sec’y.


Killed. – We learn from Captain Farewell that Thos. Fullkner and E. V. Sayern, two of his company formerly citizens of this place, were killed at Jackson.  Josephus Russell lost two fingers.  These were the only casualties in his company.



            DIED – At Manchester, Tennessee, of typhoid fever, on the morning of the 18th of July, 1863, EDWARD S. PIPER, of Company C, 84th Reg’t Ill. Vol., eldest son of Orlando F. and Mary A. Piper, of this city.

The deceased was born April 19th, 1845, and was therefore eighteen and a quarter years old.  Was a boy of much promise, and greatly beloved in the family, and by intimate friends.  Quiet dipostion, and unobtrusive in manners, attentive, patient and faithful in all trusts committed to him; a friend to all, and a favorite with chosen companions.

At the outbreak of the rebellion, his young heart, glowing with patriotism, panted for the conflict, but his extreme youth, and the lack of vigorous health, induced his parents to restrain his ardor until about a year ago, when after weeks of the most persevering importunity, he obtained their consent, and on the same evening entered his name in Capt. Wm. Ervin’s Co., then filling up in this city.  He was mustered into service at Quincy, and soon after ordered to Louisville, where, after a few days camp and picket duty, he was marched off with his regiment after Bragg’s forces through Kentucky, with only a single suit of clothes, without knapsacks or overcoats.  The weather was warm when they started, but so cold as to freeze severely and snow five inches deep before they reached their supplies.  He bore up under the most trying campaign, under which most of his companions sank, and endured all its hardships like a veteran; but was so unwell at the of the advance on Murfreesboro as to be compelled much against his will, to remain a few days in the hospital.  Soon after, however, he rejoined his regiment, and remained with it till his death.

When the advance on Tullahoma was ordered, he was just recovering from a billious attack, and urged by his surgeon, Dr. Kyle, to remain behind for a few days, but he could not endure to be again left when his comrades were marching on to attack their enemy, and stoutly and nobly braced himself up for the forward march; endured the untold hardships of that terrible fifteen days campaign of mud and water, on half rations, and sometimes none, till his division fell back on Manchester.  The excitement of the forward  movement died out, disease rallied and prevailed over exhausted nature, and in about nine days from his last hard march he yielded up his life on the altar of his country.  A glorious death A willing sacrifice in support and defense of the best government ever vouchsafed by a beneficent Creator on his creature, man.  The blood of another martyr for truth and right “cries from the ground” against treason, violence and wrong.

The remains, in a metallic case, arrived here on the Friday evening train by express, and on Saturday, just one week from his death, were interred with military honors, attended by a very large concourse of mourning citizens, neighbors and friends.

In the army, Edward received many marks of regard and approbation from his officers, among them was that of Color Sergeant of his regiment.  In his last sickness, he had the kindest care from the officers of his regiment, the regimental and brigade surgeons, the captain, lieutenants and all the company officers and men.  His old Chaplain, now an invalid, Rev. R. Harris, was in the pulpit at his funeral and made a very few most telling and appropriate remarks.  One of his old lieutenants and his first orderly, both now invalids, led the military at his burial, and the squad was largely composed of old friends and comrades in arms.  O, ‘tis noble sacrifice in a glorious cause.  Let no Iscarriot in our midst exclaim, “To what purpose this waste.”

DIED – In hospital at Vicksburg, on the 8th of July, NATHANIEL M. GUY, son of G. G. Guy, of this county, aged 24 years.

The deceased was a member of Co. I, 124th Reg’t Ill. Vols.  His remains arrived on Saturday, and his funeral was attended by a large concourse on Sunday last.  He was buried with military honors.  The good Templars, of which organization he was a worthy member, attended his funeral in a body.

At Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, JAS. W. HARLAND, son of Wesley Harland, of this county.

The deceased was a member of Capt. Bayne’s company, in the 10th Reg’t Mo. Vols.  His remains arrived on Monday morning, and his funeral was attended on the same afternoon by a large concourse of sympathizing friends.  His funeral sermon was preached by Rev. G. W. Palmer, formerly Chaplain of his regiment.  The soldiers from this city buried him with military honors.


The Dead Alive.

            To the agreeable surprise of every one, on Monday last, Capt. Farewell, arrived home safe and sound.  The Captain, it is true, was wounded but not so seriously as to endanger his life.  The report of his death was from the fact that he fell on the field, pierced through the right shoulder with a Minnie ball.  He was also struck in the breast with a fragment of a shell.  He was taken prisoner by the rebels and taken to the hospital, where he received kind attention from the rebel surgeons, and as soon as able to travel, was paroled.  No one in this city had any intimation of his coming until he was in our midst – and if one had really risen from the dead, it would not have caused more surprise.  On Monday evening, the friends of the Captain turned out and gave him a serenade, and as much joy was manifested as the taking of Vicksburg.  As a general rule, the circumstances that compel a journalist to take back any statement made are of an unpleasant character.  But not so in this case.  May many such reports prove as untrue as this, is our hearty wish.


Postponed. – The opening of the “High School,” advertised by J. C. Reynolds, has been postponed until the time for the opening of the city schools.  The time of commencement will be announced next week.


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