July 24 and 25, 1863

Macomb Eagle
July 24, 1863

The Latest News.

            Again a substantial Federal success is reported from the Southwest.  Jackson, the capital of the State of Mississippi, is ours, and Jo. Johnston and his ragged army are wanderers and fugitives in that part of the earth.  The victory is an important one, and gives us a point which is it stated Gen. Grant has decided permanently to fortify and strongly garrison.  It will be greatly to the discomfiture of the rebels in the Southwest thus to find the old Stars and Stripes securely floating over the State capital of Mississippi.  Jackson is situated on the west bank of the Pearl river, forty-five miles from Vicksburg.  It was claimed by the rebels that at this point Johnston would take ample vengeance for Vicksburg.  Either he is in a forgiving mood, or was not in a competent condition for giving Sherman the reception threatened.  The only misadventure to the Federal army in the whole affair was the late repulse of Gen. Lauman’s corps.  The enemy seem to have retired without appealing to a full test of strength, hastening to get away without the utter demolition that they feared awaited them.

Latest advices report all going on well with our operations before Charleston, and the crisis drawing near, which can have but one conclusion.  The city is doomed, and cannot long be kept from our hands.

A Memphis dispatch, dated the 20th, says that parties just in from Grenada represent that the report is prevalent in that city, that Gen. Gilmore had succeeded in gaining the whole of Morris Island, having captured Fort Wagner on the morning of the 13th.  That on the same day, iron-clads had moved up and attacked Fort Sumter in good earnest, while every exertion was being made by the Federal commander to get the batteries on Morris Island in position to assist in a grand final attack.

A later report seemed to be prevailing that Charleston had actually fallen arising probably from the terrible bombardment of Fort Sumter, which immediately followed the fall of Morris Island batteries.

A New York dispatch, of the 22nd says, that during the gale of yesterday the wall of the 18th precinct station house, in Twenty-second street fell. – The building was destroyed last week by the mob, one wall alone remaining standing.  The ruins, at the time of the fall, were filled with women and children searching for coal and wood.  Eleven bodies, mostly of children, have thus far been taken from the ruins, seven dead, and one past recovery.  It is unknown how many yet remain in the ruins – the police think not more than three or four, while others estimate the whole number of victims between 25 or 40.

The Herald’s Washington dispatch says: “All efforts to induce the Government to suspend or avoid the draft in New York are unavailing.  The conduct of the rioters there has tendered it, in the estimation of the authorities, imperatively necessary that the draft shall be enforced.  If, however, the quota should be filled by volunteers, there would be no occasion to proceed with the draft.  Under no other circumstances can or will the draft be dispensed with.”


The New York Mob.

            The mob in New York that held the city in a perfect reign of terror for nearly a week, has at last been suppressed by the strong arm of military power.  The traitors in this great emporium of the Nation, have found to their sorrow, that the Government has the power, not only to cruch Jeff Davis at the South, but also to put down his friends at the North.  They have found that those men, who, in their speeches and through the press have advised a resistance to the laws, know very little of the strength of the Government they desire to overthrow.  The copperheads in other cities, who are arming themselves to resist the Conscription Act, will do well to learn a lesson from the result of the New York mob, and conclude to give up their opposition to the laws, for be it known to all, that the Government is earnest in this matter.  The draft will be enforced in every loyal State, though it has to be done at the point of the bayonet.  A failure to enforce this law will end the power of the Government at once.  If the Government is too weak to compel the citizen to give his service in its defence, when traitors are fighting for its overthrow, then it is a failure, and the sooner it makes terms with Jeff Davis, the better.  But thank Heaven the New York mob has demonstrated that the Government can enforce the draft, that resistance on the part of the copperheads can only end in their overthrow and discomfiture.  The draft will proceed at once in New York, and a sufficient military force will be at hand, to protect the Government officials, and compel submission to the laws, and the same will be the result throughout the country.  Those men in this county, who have in their township meetings, resolved to resist the draft, will do well to reconsider their treasonable actions, and resolve like good citizens to acquiesce in the necessity that requires such sacrifices upon the part of the citizen.  By so doing, they will save themselves and the Government trouble.


“Wants Money.”

            Under this head the Eagle says, “Gov. Yates, in proroguing the Legislature, prevented the passage of the bill making appropriations for carrying on the State government.”  Now we desire to ask the Eagle  a question or two, and trust it will answer candidly and truthfully.  1st. Did not the Legislature have ample time and opportunity to pass all the necessary appropriation bills?  2nd. Did not the Republican members of the Legislature endeavor, by all means in their power to get a vote upon the appropriation bills?  3rd. Did not the Democratic members just as persistently refuse to pass the bills?  Did not your party have a majority in both houses and have the power at all times to pass the appropriation bills?  Did not the Republicans on the very day that the Legislature was prorogued, try to get those bills through?  Then if your party had the majority, the time and the power to pass the appropriation bills, how can you charge the responsibility upon Gov. Yates.  We wait for an answer.


Down in the Mouth.

            The following extracts from late Southern papers show that the rebels have at last got a true account of the late brilliant Federal victories, and they don’t seem to be very highly pleased at the results.  They are evidently whistling to keep up their courage.

The Richmond Examiner, as well as most of the Southern journals, contain gloomy editorials on the situation of the Confederacy.  They are endeavoring, by desperate appeals and threats, to intimidate the growing party of submissionists, who are beginning to talk openly of making peace with the North and returning to the old Union.

The Mobile Advertiser says: “The Confederacy has seen darker days and emerged from them.  It is not dark enough to justify it to be prudent in those who are ready to submit, and anxious for peace and the security of their property, on the basis of submission, to show their hands.  Yet there have been some signs of this white-feather fluttering during the few past gloomy days. – Let us warn them that is base to feel and dangerous to be premature, in the utterance of such sentiments.  The land has made too many sacrifices for its freedom to falter at the last hour.  The timid and faithless must not be allowed to fetter the footsteps of the revolution.  It must roll on in triumph, although its wheels have to roll over them and their fortunes.”

The Richmond Enquirer, the organ of Jeff. Davis, shows its alarm in a long editorial on military necessity, in which it urges that the only salvation of the Southern Confederacy is in calling out a levy en masse; the application of martial law to the whole country, as in a state of siege; absolute control of all trading, especially in drink, as within the military lines; abolition of substitution, exemption, and foreign protection; and material enlargement of the President’s power to supervise elective officers, make appointments, and get rid of inefficient officers.

The Columbia (Ga.) Sun says; — “The people of the Confederate States will soon be called upon to undergo a severe trial – one that will fully test the sincerity of the profession heretofore made.  We cannot escape the ordeal.  The time for trying men’s souls is not far in the future.  Many, we fear, will be weighed in the balance and found wanting on that dreadful day.  Many will be the artifacts and subterfuges resorted to in order to shield cowardly skulkers and chicken-hearted patriots from the odium of their comrades.  Already do we begin to hear murmurings, gloomy predictions and visionary speculations.”


“Little Mac.”

            The New York Herald, in its account of the great riot in New York states that a large number of the rioters visited the residence of Gen. McClellan, but not for the purpose of destroying it, but to cheer the played out General.  What a spectacle this is.  A gang of murderous thieves and cut-throats stopping in the midst of their bloody work to cheer a General of the United States army, and this, too, at a time when all the worst passions of the mob were excited against every man that was known to be loyal to the Government.  Who ever before heard of a gang of rebels cheering a loyal General.  Would such a demonstration be peculiarly gratifying to a man who has the good of his country at heart?  If Gen. McClellan is a loyal man, he has entirely failed in impressing the fact upon the rowdies and rebels of New York. – They evidently count him as with them in sentiment, or they would not thus honor him.  A large majority of the loyal men of the country came to the same conclusion as did the New York mob, long ago.  Abbott, what do you think of Little Mac’s loyalty?


Don’t Like It. – Some of our copperhead friends don’t like the notice we gave Dean’s show last week.  Well if they did like anything that appears in the Journal, we should think that we had failed in our duty.  The condemnation of the copperheads, will, we believe, count for righteousness and loyalty.


A Day of Thanksgiving.

            The President has issued a proclamation for a day of National Thanksgiving, praise and prayer.  Thursday, August 6th, is the day appointed.  In view of the great victories that have recently been won, both by land and sea, it is peculiarly appropriate that the nation should return its thanks to the Great Disposer of events.  Never before in the history of this nation have we had such cause for devout praise and thanksgiving to Almighty God.  Our arms everywhere have been signally successful.  The Mississippi, the great commercial highway of the West has been opened to its mouth.  Lee, the proud invader of loyal soil, has been driven back in confusion, his columns shattered and dispirited.  Morgan and his band of cut-throats have been captured – in fact everywhere victory has perched upon the banners of the Federal army.  Truly then, every loyal heart in the land will heartily respond to the President’s call.  Let the 6th of August be religiously observed.  Let us thank God for the victories already won and pray earnestly for still greater ones.


The Constitution.

            Next week we propose to commence the publication of the Constitution of the United States with all its amendments.  We do this because we believe that it is a document, that in such times as these, ought to be thoroughly understood.  We almost daily here men declaring that such and such things are “unconstitutional,” when they have never read the Constitution, and know nothing about its principles.  It is a favorite expression of the copperheads that it is “unconstitutional,” and every loyal man ought to carry a copy of the document in his pocket, and when he hears such expressions just ask the man to pick out the clause in the Constitution that prohibits it.  We, of course, do not suppose that reading the Constitution will enable every man to settle satisfactorily all Constitutional points, for that is something that the most learned jurists have been unable to do, but every man can understand the most of it and guard against imposition. – Let every reader of the Journal preserve the copies that contain this important document.


A Literary Copperhead.

            The following specimen of Copperhead literature has been sent us by a friend.  The manner of men who buy Copperhead books is sufficiently indicated by this literary effort;

June the 1863
Concord Buda Bureau Co Ill

            “Dear sur please send mee to copyes of mahoneys great book

“The Democrats are agitting waked up out here, give mee liberty or give me deth

“direct to Concord Buda Bureau Co Ill

“yours with due respect
Eldridge Stevens

“Ps you wish agents iff I can due eny thing for you I will due it”


In this county of McDonough they have appointed a committee to wait on the Governor and get guns from the State. – Macomb Eagle.

The above extract, we clip from the last Eagle.  The editor refers to the Union Leagues, and says that they have appointed a committee to get arms from the Governor.  Now one of two things is certain.  Either Abbott don’t know anything about it, or else he means to tell a downright lie about it; and the last supposition is the most reasonable.  We know that no such committee has been appointed.  Mr. Abbott don’t know that there has.  And we don’t believe that he thinks there has. – But by producing such an impression he hopes to stimulate a mob spirit in our midst.  He knows that every man who belongs to the K. G. C.’s is armed to the teeth, and now he wants to rouse their passions and get them to use their arms in killing Union Leaguers.  But, while it is not true that the Union Leagues of this county have applied to the Governor for arms, we have no doubt that all loyal men will be prepared to defend themselves if necessity requires.


Rain. – After three months of uninterrupted drougth, on Saturday night last this section was blessed with a good shower.  Also on Sunday morning and Sunday night, we had showers.  Not enough rain has yet fallen to wet the ground thoroughly, but we are very thankful for even small favors in this direction.


→ We are sorry to learn that a son of Mr. O. F. Piper, of this city, is lying dangerously ill in the hospital at Manchester, Tennessee.  His father has gone to visit him.

P. S. – Since writing the above, Mr. Piper has returned.  He went as far as Louisville, when he learned of his son’s death.  His body will reach this city today.

Thus another one of our young citizens has fallen a sacrifice to this unholy rebellion.


New Eating House. – Abram Haines has opened a new Eating House on the West side of the square, next door to Adler & August’s store, where he is prepared to furnish the public with all kinds of nice eatables and ice cool lemonade.  Give him a call.


Macomb Eagle
July 25, 1863

→ Gen .Meade asks to be relieved from the command of the army of the Potomac.  We are not surprised.  The administration thinks he has won glory enough, and he cannot be insensible of their determination to shear him of his fame.  They do not intend he shall win another battle, for that would be contrary to the programme.  The administration agents have industriously telegraphed all over the country, for weeks, that Lee and his army were in Meade’s power – that nothing but cowardice or treachery could prevent their capture.  They knew this was all false, but they wanted the country to expect impossibilities from Meade, and if he don’t accomplish these impossibilities, then he is to be disgraced.  This has been the fate of every commander of the army of the Potomac, and Meade will not escape so long as the conspirators at Washington go unwhipt of justice.


→ “War is a consuming fire, and men are the fuel.”  Those who want the war to continue indefinitely, should throw themselves into the furnace and help keep up the red heat of destruction.  The men who are arrogating to themselves all the patriotism in the land, because they are in favor of prosecuting the war until the last negro is set at liberty, should not be backward about encountering the fire.  Windy patriotism is as cheap as it is valueless.  The flames require more victims.  Why don’t the “patriots” go in and get scorched?


→Vallandgiham was arrested because he condemned the course of the administration and denounced an order of Burnside as violating the Constitution; at least these were substantially the charges on which he was tried by the court martial.  But the President now says he was arrested “because he was laboring with some effect to prevent the raising of troops, to encourage desertions from the army, and to leave the rebellion without an adequate force to suppress it.”  This is a nice state of affairs.  Vallandigham is banished because of having said certain things, and the President justifies it by saying he was doing certain other things.  In our courts if a man is convicted of libel, how can the judge sentence him to the penitentiary for horse stealing?  Yet this would be an analagous case.


→ The riot in New York has subsided, through the combined influence of Gov. Seymour and grape shot.  The outbreak, with all its attendant calamities and crimes, is clearly attributable to the teachings of lawlessness and contempt of order which have characterized the Lincoln party, and the Lincoln administration.  The higher law doctrine and the infamous plea of military necessity can bear no other fruit than such disgraceful scenes as New York has suffered.  Either doctrine can be proclaimed by a mob as well as by a political party or an administration.  Republicans have no right to complain if their doctrines come home to them in the shape of mobs or otherwise.


→The administration has made the war odious to the people, by diverting it from its original purpose, as avowed by the President, the Congress, and the generals commanding the army.  Volunteers sufficient to fill up the ranks of the army were obtained until the abolition of slavery, and not the restoration of the Union, was announced as the object to be obtained by all the expenditure of blood and treasure we have witnessed and are likely still to witness.


→ A dispatch from Springfield says that under no circumstances can the draft be ordered in Illinois for some weeks to come.  The enrollment has been completed in but one district, and the returns from all have to be forwarded to Washington before the draft can be ordered.


→ Persons wanting wagons or carriages are referred to the advertisement of A. Hunt & Co., who are prepared to put up any kind of a vehicle which may be wanted, either for farm use or pleasure on the road.


→ Dr. Nesbitt, will be in Bushnell on Tuesday and Wednesday of each week, for the purpose of attending to dental business.  Dr. N. is a good operator, and work entrusted to him will be done in a satisfactory style.


Death of Capt. Farewell. – We learn that Capt. G. L. Farewell, of the 28th Illinois Regiment, was killed in a recent engagement at Jackson, Miss.  The company he commanded was from Macomb and vicinity.


Death of Mr. Thomas Pickett. – We learn that Mr. Thomas Pickett, formerly of this city, died at St. Joseph, Mo., on the 18th inst.  He was an estimable citizen.


→ A good shower fell through the central part of the county on Sunday night.  It will do much good.  More rain would not do any harm.


→ The Fulton Democrat says that an enrolling officer declared, while engaged in his duties, that he hoped the time would soon come when he could see “copperheads” hanging on every tree.  And yet we are told that nobody but Democrats are trying to make trouble.


“Arming Themselves.”

To the Editor of The Macomb Eagle:

Under the above caption the Journal of last week has two articles, the object of which is to show that the “copperheads” are arming themselves to resist the draft when it comes.

Now, sir, in view of the following facts;

1st. That the republicans for the past two years have been arming themselves, both publicly and privately; 2nd. That one of the known objects of the union leagues was to force Democrats into the army; 3rd. That another known object of the Union leagues was to prevent Democrats from voting at the next election; 4th. That prominent republicans living within five miles of Macomb did, both last harvest and the present, declare in their fields that this war would never cease until every Democrat was killed and his property confiscated or destroyed; 5th. That the Macomb Journal has, for the last year and more, incited to the best of its little ability, the soldiers returning from the war to acts of violence.  In view of those and other facts I submit that it is not only the right but the duty of every Democrat to provide himself with the means of defense; and more especially as the Constitution guarantees to every man the right to bear arms.

While on this subject, I would respectfully inquire of the editor of the Journal, whether he ever heard of a coffin weighing 600 or 700 pounds, being brought from the seat of war, taken to the country and buried, and when a few days afterward the friends of the supposed corpse visited the grave, they did not find it empty? and also whether he has any idea what that coffin contained, and what “doctor” resurrected that body?

Yours,                                                                                     COPPERHEAD.


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