July 17, 1863

Macomb Journal

The Latest News.

            The latest news from the Potomac states that Lee’s army has made its escape across the river, and is now safely in Virginia.  Gen. Meade was in close pursuit and had taken 2,000 prisoners from them while crossing, and a large number of guns.  The rebel general, Pettigrew, was killed.

Morgan’s raiders are now in Ohio, and are pretty well hemmed in.  A large force of Federals are in hot pursuit, with a good prospect of capturing his whole force.

Gen. Burnside has declared martial law in the cities of Cincinnati Covington and Newport.

Gen. Sherman had attacked and completely routed Johnston’s army, and is pressing on after his demoralized columns with fair prospects of capturing his entire army.

Bragg is reported to have fallen back from Chattanooga to Atlanta, and Rosecrans is fast making preparations to follow him on.

The attack on Charleston commenced on the 10th.  Our force had captured Morris Island, with the exception of one fort, which was closely invented and it was thought would surrender in a few hours.

Official reports, received at Cairo on the 15th, fully confirm the reports of the surrender of Port Hudson.  It surrendered on the 9th.  18,000 prisoners were captured.  This opens the Mississippi to its mouth, and releases a large army for operations in other fields.

Two or three weeks more of such successes as have crowned our arms for the last two or three weeks, will destroy the whole rebel army.  Since the 1st of July, our forces have killed and captured 90,000 rebels.  They can’t stand many such drafts upon their strength.


Great Riot in New York.

            A terrible riot commenced in the city of New York on Monday last, and at the latest dates was still raging. – The riot started in opposition to the draft, which commenced on that day – The mob commenced at the headquarters of the 9th District.  The books, blanks, and all the machinery of the draft, were destroyed, and the building burned.  The mob increased with such rapidity that the police were entirely powerless in putting it down.  A large number of buildings have been destroyed, and quite a number of lives lost. – Mayor Opdyke issued a proclamation commanding the rioters to disperse, and Gov. Seymour also made a proclamation stating that the laws must be enforced.  At the last accounts the mob had increased to several thousand, and were cutting down telegraph poles, burning property, and murdering by the wholesale.  The Governor had called out a large military force to suppress the riot.  This riot is the direct result of the teachings of such papers as the New York World, and the Chicago Times.  It is the ripened fruits of Copperheadism.  The Chicago Journal of Wednesday evening says that the riot will be quelled on Thursday at all hazards.


            Arming Themselves. – That the Copperheads of this county are arming themselves there is no longer the least doubt.  On Friday last, a box, containing pistols, was received at the Express office at Tennessee in this county.  The box was consigned to a noted Copperhead by the name of Driscoll, in that place, and the charges on it were nearly $700.  The box was immediately taken to a vacant building and distributed among the faithful.  Is there no way in which the selling of arms to men who are known to be disloyal can be prohibited?  This wholesale arming on the part of Copperheads certainly means trouble, and the sooner the authorities take some action in regard to the matter, the better it will be for the country.  Let the Provost Marshal report the facts to the military authorities in Chicago, and let the merchants in Chicago who are supplying the desperadoes all through the State with firearms looked to.


            Preparations for War. – It is very evident that the Copperheads are preparing for something out of the usual order.  If not why are they arming themselves to a man?  If not, why are they meeting together and drilling?  Why are they laying in such large supplies of ammunition?  They claim to be Peace men.  Why then all this war-like preparation?  The fact of the business is these men are preparing to resist the upcoming draft, and the sooner the Government takes the necessary steps to meet and put down opposition the better it will be.


Henry Clay Dean in Macomb.

            On Monday last, according to announcement, the great apostle of copperheadism, H. Clay Dean, made a speech in this city.  Early in the day the copperhead fraternity began to gather in from all quarters, and when all were here they formed about the hardest looking crowd that could be gathered, outside of Dixie.  In fact very few of the respectable portion of the party were here.  About 10 o’clock a horse company, about fifty strong, came in from the west part of the county, principally from Tennessee township.  They were a pretty hard looking set, and many took them for a company of Missouri bushwhackers. – They rode upon the square and at the command of Steve White, their captain, gave three cheers for the traitor Vallandigham.  They were all well armed with revolvers.  After riding around the square they dismounted and proceeded to the whisky shops, where we are informed, many of them drank to the health of Jeff. Davis.

About one o’clock the crowd proceeded to the Fair Grounds to listen to the address.  The crowd at the stand was not less than 1,000 strong.  Henry Clay Dean fearing from the appearance of many of his admirers, that they had too much rot-gut to be quiet, had a committee of thirteen appointed to keep order.  This guard, by patroling the grounds, succeeded in keeping the boisterous crowd within bounds.  The speaker commenced his harangue by stating that he was a Peace Democrat, and as such he always advised Democrats to keep the peace and to obey the laws.  This was rather an unexpected turn of affairs, particularly upon the part of a gang of rowdies who had posted themselves in the trees and around the outside of the crowd, fully prepared for carrying out any fighting advice that might be given.  The crowd which were at first disposed to cheer the speaker, at this point subsided into the best kind of order.  They didn’t care about cheering any such sentiments.  The speaker then went on to pitch into the Republicans in beautiful style, charging upon them all the blame for the present rebellion.  He was particularly severe upon the Union Leagues stating that is was a military organization, and that the different Leagues were being armed by the Governor of the State.  But he forgot entirely to say anything in regard to the K. G. C.  It was in his estimation a terrible thing for Union men to organize, but he had not a word to say to the rabble that surrounded him, four-fifths of whom were at that very time armed with revolvers, and filled with bust-head whisky, about the impropriety of Copperheads arming and holding their midnight meetings.  Oh, No, all the difficulty that has arisen in the county was the fault of the Republicans and Union men.  The speaker then went on to give the clergy fits, and in this direction he excelled himself.  We suppose he spoke from experience, and judged the whole class by his own corrupted nature.  His speech from beginning to end, was made up of inconsistencies and misrepresentations.  His misquoted and misapplied, even the scripture, and endeavored to make the teachings of Christ and the teachings of Jeff. Davis harmonize.  In regard to the Conscription Act, he advised the crowd not to resist the law, but to have it carried up to the courts, and assured them that it was unconstitutional.  He told them that it was their duty to submit peaceably to all constitutional laws, and then declared the Conscript Act unconstitutional.

He denounced the President as a usurper and tyrant, and charged that Lincoln and his cabinet had subverted the laws, and that we now had no laws whatever, but were governed wholly by edicts, orders and proclamations, but followed this announcement by counseling his hearers to obey the laws.  He then went off into an exhortation in behalf of peace.  Here the ex-reverend was in his element, and he sailed in handsom style, interspersing his speech with quotations from the Bible, anecdotes, oaths and blackguardism. – Fearing that his speech had not come up to the expectations of the crowd he ended off by requesting them not to cheer him, a request that, under the circumstances, was entirely needless. – The crowd after passing a series of Resolutions, offered by Dean, quietly dispersed.  That a large portion of the most radical were heartily disappointed was plainly to be seen.  They came together to hear a regular blood-and-thunder speech – advising a resistance of the draft and the shooting of enrollment officers.  But there was nothing of this kind, or at all.  It was adroitly covered up that the crowd couldn’t see it.  On the whole we think that the tendency of the speech will be good. – The orator’s experience in the hands of the military power has evidently done him good, and if the Copperheads of this county will faithfully follow his advice, all will go well.


Rebel Invasion.

            The following letter from Shawneetown, Illinois, we copy from the Chicago Evening Journal.  That there is a scheme on foot among the Rebels to invade all the Border States, there can be no doubt, and that the State of Illinois ought to be at once placed upon a thorough war-footing is equally true. – We have all the laws necessary to organize the militia of the State, and certainly all the signs of the times indicate the necessity of such a step. – Let the people take the alarm in time, and prepare for giving the rebel invaders a warm reception.  The correspondent of the Journal says:

The reports of rebel raids in Kentucky and Indiana are occasioning considerable uneasiness in this part of Southern Illinois.  Morgan with his army of mounted marauders will probably strike through Indiana, across the Wabash, into this State.  There is reason to expect a dash upon Mound City and Cairo, with the view of capturing or destroying the Government stores and other war material lying there.  Indeed, there is nothing to prevent a rebel army from making a successful foray through the entire length and breadth of the State of Illinois, destroying our railroads, robbing our towns, and devastating our rich farming country now teeming with the promise of a rich harvest.  We have no armed organization now in the State, and Illinois is in fact as much at the mercy of the invaders, should they succeed in reaching our soil, as was Pennsylvania.  Is it not time for our people to be stirring?  Should we not immediately organize for home defense?  The State militia should be placed on a war footing – that militia which is authorized by the State laws, but which is still unorganized.  In the absence of such an organization, is it not plainly the duty of the men of Illinois to form themselves into companies, battalions and regiments, and be prepared for any emergency?  There is danger.  Illinois will be invaded within the next week, if the rebel plan is carried out.  Failing to resist the onward march of our great armies, and unequal to the work of successfully meeting our men in a fair field, the rebel plan now seems to be to scatter their forces in detachments of small armies, and harass the loyalists by rear movements, guerrilla raids, and damaging invasions of the Northern border States.  We here have good authority for believing that this is the rebel scheme for the remainder of the summer and autumn campaign, and that an invasion of Illinois is a part of their programme.  Forewarned, let us be forearmed.  While our brethren are defeating the rebel armies in the South, let our people at home be ready, at an instant’s warning, to repel and destroy these marauding bands that threaten to desolate our homes, lay waste our public improvements, and rob our citizens.

It is time for Illinois to wake up to this danger.  We are asleep in the midst of an over-confident feeling of security.  We have sent tens of thousands of brave men to the armies of the Union, and complacently suppose we have done enough.  But the greatest danger seems now to threaten us, and the greatest need of preparation and action is therefore now upon us. – Shall we prove equal to the crisis?



→ The Eagle of last week had not a word to say about the Grand Celebration of the 4th, nor did it have anything to say about the importance of the great Federal victory at Vicksburg, further than to give the President some advice as to his duty in the premises. – Certainly the Eagle could not have been very highly pleased over either event.  The 4th of July is a day that has no peculiar attractions for the Eagle man, and such victories as that at Vicksburg don’t give him any cause for rejoicing.


Wanted – – Correspondents.

Two festive Boys of Uncle Sam’s
Once the “darlings of their mams,”
Desire to bow at beauty’s shrine,
And pay their court in language fine,
To “hearts that feel and hands that dare,”
The wedding rings to wear.
Or, if not of the marrying mind,
‘Twill furnish food of another kind;
And if we fail to make you gay,
We promise all expense to pay.

            Address with Carte de Visite enclosed to  NARCISSUS and HAMLET, Co. A, 16th Reg’t Ill. Vol., Nashville, Tenn.

N.B. – No copperheads need apply, as their sentiments are not appreciated.


Wanted – – Correspondents.

            Two of Uncle Sam’s dashing Nephews wish to open correspondence with a number of young ladies, of good appearance and undoubted loyalty – none other need apply.  Address, ADOLPHUS and PHILANDER, Co. A, 16th Reg’t Ill. Vol., Nashville, Tenn.

N.B. – Photographs exchanged if desired.



            I will open a HIGH SCHOOL in Macomb on Monday, the 3d day of August next.  Terms and all necessary particulars will be announced in due time.

J. C. Reynolds.

Macomb, July 10, 1863.


A Hint to the Young Ladies.

            Mr. Editor: You are aware, no doubt, that there exists in Macomb a [obscured] accomplishing great good in the way of sending articles to our noble soldiers who are battling for the preservation of our Government.  But of one thing in regard to it perhaps you are not aware, which is that the meetings are attended almost entirely by married ladies – the unmarried ones absenting themselves – from what cause it is not known.  It is argued that the young ladies are much better able to attend – being free from the cares of a household – and it is hoped that they will see the necessity of so doing.  The meetings are held weekly, on Wednesdays, and at present in Brown’s Hotel.


Macomb, July 15, 1863.



            Quite an excitement was raised in Walnut Grove township, a few days since, by a negro raid.  The facts of the case are as follows:  A son of a Copperhead, “spiling for fun,” blackened his face, and went to a neighbor’s house, while the men were at work in the harvest field, and told the women of the house that the negroes were about to take possession of the county, and that he had come to take possession of that house.  This, of course, got up a habbery at once.  The women nearly frightened out of their wits, at one gave the alarm to the men in the field.  The announcement that a nigger was loose of course brought them out in a hurry.  The men at once armed themselves and set out in search of the sable gentleman.  In the meanwhile, the lad that was the cause of all the disturbance, becoming frightened of all the storm he had raised, washed his face and hands, and joined the party in search of the nigger.  Some of the children, however, who were in the secret of the joke disclosed the whole thing, which of course restored peace and quiet to the neighborhood.  The best part of the joke is that all the parties concerned were copperhead.


Held for Trial. – A young man named Cunningham, who has for a few days past, been in the employ of Mr. Schanck, was on Tuesday evening last arrested at the depot on a charge of stealing.  The facts as elicited on the examination before Justice Franklin, are as follows: A man named Miller got on a bender on Tuesday afternoon, and after tearing around town a spell he went to bed in a stall of Schanck’s Livery Stable.  Cunningham was at work at the Stable, and is charged with stealing Miller’s Pocket Book while he was asleep.  The pocket book contained about eight dollars.  Cunningham also stole a pair of pants from the stable, which were found in his carpet sack. – He was held to bail in the sum of $100 and in default of bail went to board with Sheriff Dixon, until Circuit Court meets.


That Flag. – At last the Eagle has thrown its flag to the breeze.  The 4th of July, the Anniversary of American Independence failed to bring it out. – The news of the capture of Vicksburg and the thrashing of Lee’s army failed to bring it out.  But on Monday, the day that witnessed the advent of Henry Clay Dean, the Chief Mogul of the Copperhead party in the Northwest, the Eagle throws the flag to the breeze. – Verily straws show which way the wind blows.


→ The other day we saw a copy of a daily Vicksburg paper, of June 20th.  It was printed on wall paper only one side being printed.  It contained only four columns of reading  The matter in it was mostly copied from Northern papers, a large portion from the Chicago Times.  This paper fully shows the desperate straits to which the rebels were reduced before their surrender.


→ A man from the country went into Clarke’s Bookstore, and after purchasing a paper made the remark that is was the first paper he ever bought in his life!  We thought certainly he must be a brother to the man who lived within ten miles of a river and a railroad and yet never saw a steamboat or a train of cars.  But to witness the crowd that throngs around Clarke’s Bookstore every morning and evening is a sure sign that those men are one out of a millions and that Clarke’s Bookstore is the most popular establishment in the city.


Ladies, see here!

            Have you seen the fine assortment of Baskets at J. M. Browne & Co’s Boot and Shoe store, on south side of square?  If not, call and see them as they are selling them very low.


Harvest. – Our farmers are now in the midst of harvest.  The yield of wheat will be much below an average crop.


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