July 3 and 4, 1863

[We’re running a couple of days late here at E&J, but never fear, the news is here to stay.]


Macomb Journal
July 3, 1863

The News.

            The following summary of the news we copy from the Chicago Dailies:

The Army of the Cumberland is moving forward to give battle to that of Bragg, at Tullahoma.  The troops left the fortifications at Murfreesboro on Wednesday last, and at last accounts, after some severe skirmishing with the enemy’s rear guard, the right wing had reached and occupied Shelbyville, and the left had occupied Manchester. – Shelbyville is a short distance northwest, and Manchester a few miles northeast of Tullahoma, the rebel stronghold.  It is probable that the next important news from that region will be that our army has reached the enemy’s works in front of Tullahoma.

It appears to be certain that a considerable portion of Bragg’s army has been sent to Mississippi to reinforce Johnston – 10,000 is the number stated at Grant’s headquarters.  We deem it very improbable, however, that any portion of Bragg’s army has, as reported, been sent to Richmond or to Lee.

We have no definite data upon which to estimate the strength of Rosecrans’ force, but are quite certain it is considerably larger than Bragg’s, and that the latter will depend upon his fortifications.  A great battle cannot be avoided, unless Bragg abandons Tullahoma, and retreats.  In that event, he would fall back to Chattanooga, which is the principal rebel stronghold in that department, and Bragg’s “last ditch.”

A special to the N. Y. Times, from Harrisburg, dated June 30, says:

“Throughout the day our forces have held a position beyond the Harrisburg fortifications, in anticipation of the enemy’s advance.  The rebels have not showed an inclination to make an attack.  This morning a few shells were exchanged between the rebels and our pickets.  The opinion is gaining credence that the rebels are maneuvering to take Harrisburg by a flank movement.  There is a report that they have a pontoon train twelve miles this side of Columbia.  This, however, is somewhat doubtful.

“A gentleman just escaped from the rebel lines at Chambersburg reports a rebel column moving eastward to the number of 37,000, accompanied by 104 [obscured] last Saturday.”

The rebels in Vicksburg can hold out a fortnight, says one authority, and there are other and various rumors given on the same point.  There is no change to note in the situation since yesterday’s dispatches.

The rumor of the capture of Port Hudson is not yet sufficiently well confirmed to be admitted to public confidence.

Gen. Rosecrans has made a brilliant and successful movement with his army and has his headquarters at Manchester, Tenn.  Bragg is still opposed to Rosecrans, and not at Richmond.

The convention of Missouri have fixed a five years limit to an institution that has been the only curse of their noble State.  Slavery is to end in 1868, if the vote of the people so decree it.


Shooting Affair at Carthage.

            A terrible shooting affair occurred at Carthage, Hancock Co., on Monday last.  The particulars as near as we can learn them, are as follows:  A soldier, home on furlough, was at Carthage on Monday, and got into a dispute with some of the Hancock Copperheads, and finally struck one of them a blow.  The Sheriff then undertook to arrest the soldier, when he drew a revolver and shot the officer.  The Deputy Sheriff then undertook to arrest both, when he also shot the Deputy. – The soldier then made his escape.  The latest reports we have heard, state that the Sheriff and Deputy have both died, and that the citizens turned out and killed the soldier.  These reports may be somewhat exaggerated, but that the soldier shot the two officers there is no doubt.  There can be no excuse for men shooting officers of the law while in the discharge of their duties; and soldiers are no less amenable to the law than civilians, and we trust the soldier, if at large, will be arrested and have a fair and impartial trial.


→ What is the necessity for the enrollment that is now being made, preparatory to the conscription?  Are not all the “loyal” men already enrolled in the “loyal leagues” of the country?  Why not draft from these at once and save time? – Macomb Eagle.

We can tell the Eagle why it is necessary that the enrollment in this State should be made.  It is because there is a large party in the loyal North which has steadily opposed the war, discouraged enlistments – encouraged desertion – aided traitors – and by every means in its power has endeavored to make the Southern rebellion a success.  While the history of the past has demonstrated that any call of the President upon the patriotism of the people, would be promptly met, that history has also demonstrated another fact, that the system of volunteering if persisted in, will eventually take all the loyal men from the North, and leave nothing but Copperheads and enemies of the Government in the rear of our loyal army.  These men who have done all they could to discourage enlistments in the past, now think themselves strong enough to resist the Government in many portions of the North.  That strength they gained from the absence of so many in the field.  Now the question is this, is it policy to still further drain the loyal strength of the North and thus increase the power for evil of the disloyal element, or is it not best to make the burdens in the future fall alike upon all.  Another call for volunteers would only secure the services of the loyal, while a draft would take from our midst many Copperheads, who, if left at home, would only plot treason and carry on the fire-in-the-rear. – Thank Heaven the Government has at last struck upon the true policy.  Henceforth every man, be he loyal or disloyal, must stand his lot, and help bear the burdens of this war.  The Copperheads of the North are protected in all their rights of person and property by the same Constitution and the same laws that loyal men are.  Then why should they not, when that Constitution is assailed by traitors, be required to help defend it?  No, Mr. Abbott, had the party to which you belong come up to the work of volunteering as did the Republicans and loyal Democrats, there would have been no necessity for a draft.  This rebellion would have been crushed long ago, and peace would have reigned throughout our borders.  But by your treasonable efforts the war has been prolonged, and now you and your foolish dupes have got to be forced to the [obscured].


That Subscription.

            The Copperheads are making a great stir about that $47,000 raised for the soldiers.  Why don’t they pay the money over to the Sanitary Commission, and show the receipt for it?  All their assertions that they have raised that amount of money for the soldiers will not be half as effectual in making the people believe it as would be a card of thanks from the soldiers themselves. – They declare that “Honest John Moore” has the money, but why don’t “Honest John” pay it over so that it may be applied to the relief of the suffering soldiers.  The fact of the business, this subscription is one grand humbug – calculated to make political capital, and even should the money be paid over no one will believe to the contrary.  Men are not in the habit of denouncing the soldiers as murderers and assassins, and then giving of their money to support and maintain them in their work of murder, without some object in view.  But until they show that the money has been paid over no one will believe that it was raised.


“Won’t Go.”

            The editor of the Fulton Democrat says if he is drafted that he “won’t go,” and advises all his readers to resist the draft to death.  So far as the editor himself is concerned, he runs no risk in saying that he will not go. – Fortune has so made him up that he would be of no account in the army. – Davidson you can laugh at the draft. – The Conscription Act requires men and exempts the class that you belong to entirely.  But when you advise others to resist the draft, you are taking a course that is well calculated to bring trouble upon them.  Your dupes will learn, perhaps, when too late, that if drafted they will go or die.


Good Templar’s Association.

            The Good Templar’s Association of McDonough County, met at Prairie City on Wednesday of last week.  The attendance was large, and the session lasting two days, was harmonious.  The reports from the Lodges of the county indicate that the Order is steadily increasing in numbers and moral strength.  The next session of the Association will be held at Blandinville, commencing on the 1st Tuesday in October next.


New Postage Law.

            The new Postage Law passed at the last session of Congress took effect on Wednesday last.  There are many changes in the Law, among which we notice the following, in which every reader is directly interested.

Drop Letters.

            Letters deposited in an office, or a branch office, for delivery at the same office, or through branch offices or carriers, are to be charged with two cents the half ounce or fractional part of a half ounce, no charge to made for delivery.

Postage on Regular Printed Matter.

            The maximum weights for the single rate of postage on matter under the second and third classes, is four ounces Avoirdupois, excepting in the case of circulars; and no package can be sent by mail that exceeds four pounds in weight, excepting public documents printed by an act of Congress.

Newspapers to Regular Subscribers.

            The postage on newspapers issued from a known office of publication, and sent in the mail to regular bona fide subscribers, once a week or more frequently, each not exceeding the standard weight of four ounces, and payable quarterly or yearly in advance at either [obscured] two cents per quarter; semi-weekly, ten cents; tri-weekly, fifteen cents; six times a week, thirty cents; seven times a week, thirty-five cents.  For any excess over four ounces, and not exceeding eight ounces, double the rates named, and so on for any additional excess over the standard weight of four ounces.

Publishers of weekly newspapers are permitted to send one copy to each subscriber living in the county where published, free of postage, as under the old law.

Under this new law postmasters are prohibited from delivering any mail matter whatever, unless the postage is paid quarterly, in advance.  It also requires that Box rent must be paid quarterly, in advance.  So that all persons using Boxes in the Post Office will have to pay the rent October 1st, before any mail matter can be delivered.  There are numerous other changes, but our limited space this week, will not allow us to notice them.


Army Correspondence.

            Nashville, Tenn.,
June 16, 1863.

            To the Officers, Non-commissioned Officers and Privates of Co. C, 59th Reg’t Ill. I. V.,

Comrades in Arms: –

In retiring from the army, (which I have felt it my duty to do by circumstances beyond my control,) it is but due that I should return to you my thanks for the many acts of kindness I have received at your hands, and for the prompt and cheerful obedience to my orders during the time I have had the honor to command you.

Believe me, I shall carry to my home the most earnest solicitude for your welfare.  The past two years have been replete with unremitting toll and exertion, taxing all your fortitude and patience.  Your ranks have been thinned by disease and death.  How many of your brave companions have been precipitated into that gulf that sends no murmur from its profound depth.  Some are sleeping beneath the sterile soil of Pea Ridge.  The bones of some are bleaching upon the bloody field of Chaplan Hill; others are resting beneath the evergreens of Stone River.  The grass grows green over their graves; others who have lingered and died in the hospitals of Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi and Kentucky.  Some of your number have been discharged and sent to their homes feeble and emaciated – the fountains of their lives sapped by toil and exposure – there to linger out a few days of suffering, and then die, victims of that foul rebellion, for the suppression of which you are to-day so nobly battling.

Your numbers are reduced to a little over a score of as brave men as ever shouldered a musket – an honor alike to the army of which you form a part, and the State from which you came.  Illinois has good reason to be proud of her sons.

I shall always remember with pride my connection with Co. C, and the old fifty-ninth.

Please accept my most sincere wishes for your welfare and the highest regard for your happiness.  Hoping that the clouds that now lower so darkly over our beloved country will soon be dissipated and you permitted to join in the congratulations of your friends at home over a restored Union, I have the honor to remain.

Very Respectfully Yours,


Camp 59th Reg. Ill. Vols.
Near Murfreesboro, Tenn.
June 23, 1863.

Capt. B. M. Veatch,

Dear Sir: — Your address of the 16th inst., to the Officers, Non-commissioned Officers and Privates of Co. C, 59th R. I. V., was duly received, and in reply, we would say that our relations with each other have always been pleasant and agreeable.  We have served long and faithfully together and we have always found you competent for the task imposed on you.

The service at large, and this company in particular, have, in your resignation, met with a severe loss, difficult to replace; and have lost in you an officer whose peculiar tact and military talent was invaluable and a companion of genial and happy temperament.

We deeply sympathize with you in your afflictions, and trust that your health may soon be restored, and that we may early hear of your offering your services to the Government to further assist in suppressing this rebellion.

Captain, please accept our most sincere regrets of your leave from among us.  We have the honor to remain

Very respectfully yours,

D. W. Henderson, 1st Lieut.,
Norman Curtis, 1st Sergeant, Samuel Purdum, 2nd do.
Corporals – Thomas McGovern, Geo. W. Eastwood, Jesse W. Beals, Edward F. Fielding, Joseph Spencer

[Obscured] James M. Elledge, James Cochman, Henry Dabbs, Joshua H Sullivan, Henry R Turpin, John Cheely, Crist Brinda, Vachal Hutchison, Willard Morris.


Hunting in Couples.

            “Gen.” James W. Singelton, editor of the Quincy Herald and author of the cowardly ‘peace’ resolutions at Springfield, and who announces himself as ‘the bold, uncompromising champion of peace and the Union,’ and Henry Clay Dean, of Iowa, who announces himself as ‘the great orator of the Northwest,’ are stumping Adams county together, like two ‘confidence men,’ in favor of stopping the war.  Singleton does the terrific tragedy part of the performance and Dean the ‘low comedy.’  A delectable pair of patriots are they. – Chicago Tribune.


A Desecration of the Day.

            The Eagle of last week’s announcement that Henry Clay Dean, the great Copperhead leader of Iowa, will address the people of this county on the political questions of the day, on Saturday, July 4th.  Heretofore the 4th of July has been held as a sacred day – a day set apart for National rejoicing – a day upon which all men could sink party and party considerations, and meet together as American citizens in celebrating the Anniversary of the Nations birth.  Whoever before heard of stump speeches and political demonstrations on the 4th of July. – One would as soon think of the Sabbath being appropriated  to the same purpose.  The citizens of McDonough county, without regard to party politics, have made all the arrangements for a grand National Celebration.  But the editor of the Eagle advises the people to come in and listen to a political speech from a renegade preacher and traitor.  We are glad to know, however, that the better portion of the Democratic party are not in favor of thus using the day, and we understand that some of them have written to the great martyr to put off his visit until some other day.  We hope this may prove true.


Carriage and Wagon Factory. – In another column will be found the advertisement of A. Hunt & Co.  This Company is now fully prepared to manufacture or repair anything that runs on wheels.  Blacksmithing in all its various departments promptly attended to.  Give them a call.


The Enrollment Complete. – We understand that the enrollment of the militia in this county is now complete.  The enrollment officers, except in two or three instances, had no difficulty.  In Tennessee township loud threats were made that the enrolling officers would be shot if he did not desist, but the names were all obtained.  One or two other instances occurred, were refugees who had been driven out of Missouri by the loyal people, refused to give their names, but on the whole, we think that the enrollment has passed off satisfactorily.  It is needless to say that only in those townships where the Chicago Times and Macomb Eagle have a large circulation, was any difficulty experienced.


Macomb Eagle
July 4, 1863


            The appointment of Henry Clay Dean, to speak at Macomb, on Saturday, 4th inst., has been withdrawn. – The arrangements for celebrating the Fourth, which had been previously made, it was concluded, should not be interfered with, and Mr. Dean has been requested to name a future day, on which to address the people of this county.  Due notice will be given.


→ The administration must and will be held responsible for the unfortunate condition of the military operations around Washington.  Had the President and his advisers pursued the prosecution of the war with the same vigor that they displayed against the liberties and rights of the people under the Constitution, they would not now be menaced with hostile armies and enduring almost a state of siege.  Fanatical and quarrelsome among themselves, traitorous to the trust reposed in them, and too imbecile to use the means placed at their disposal, they have suffered the enemy to defeat our armies in a manner not much better than downright butchery.  With an army twice as large as that of the rebels, they are outgeneraled and impotent.  Blindness, criminal wickedness, and a fiendish indifference to consequences mark the conduct of the administration.  And in the midst of all this, like Nero fiddling at the burning of Rome, President Lincoln indulges in jesting and continues to tell the “anecdotes that happened out in Illinois!”


→ Judge Davis, of the United States circuit court for Illinois, in a late charge to the grand jury said: “We seek to establish the supremacy of the government, and to compel the unqualified submission of the rebels to the laws.  How can we ask them to submit, if we do not ourselves render a willing obedience?”  We repeat the question to the administration agents who are daily violating the laws, and to the administration journals who are daily apologizing for such violations.


→ Within two days after President Lincoln announced his determination to continue the infamous system of arbitrarily arresting citizens for criticizing his administration, he called upon the same people to rush to arms to defend his beleaguered capital.  Oh, shame, where is thy blush?


A Few Butternuts.

            Our government is “mild and paternal.”  It thinks a man who says nothing should be arrested for what he might say; and a man who does nothing should be arrested for what he wants to do.  The Abrahamic creed is good.

Massachusetts has been called the Bay State.  Considering the proclivities of her republican population, the Black State would be a better title.

A story is told of a doctor who used butternut bark as a medicine.  When he wanted an emetic, he scraped the bark upward; if he sought a purge he scraped downward.  Doctor Lincoln has evidently scraped the bark both ways and taken a heavy dose.

Gov. Yates is said to be laboring under “mental prostration.”  Common people would call it “sod-corn on the brain.”

The millennium must be near to us.  If the lion and the lamb do not yet lie down together, the contractor and the contraband certainly do.

When Lincoln was a lad he split rails.  When he became the government he set about splitting the Union.

The next time Lincoln visits the army on horseback, we suppose the seat of government will be in the saddle.

Ye Governor’s Epitaph.

Beneath these stones lie Richard’s bones;
And, Death, I am much mistaken,
If ever hell, since Adam fell,
Smelt such a mess of bacon.


Shooting at Carthage. – We hear that a deplorable affair occurred at Carthage, Hancock county, last Monday.  The facts, related by a young man who was there at the time, are these: a soldier had a dispute with a lame man and finally kicked him and drew a revolver on him.  The latter had a warrant issued against the soldier for assault and battery with intent to kill.  The warrant was placed in the hands of the sheriff, and when the officer went to arrest the offender the latter made resistance and shot the sheriff and his deputy.  It is said the latter died in a few minutes.  The soldier then jumped into a buggy and left as fast as the horse could take him.  A large number of citizens turned out in pursuit, and it was thought that he would certainly be captured.

After the above was put in type we have learned that a posse of citizens pursued the soldier, and on overtaking him he attempted to shoot again, when he was immediately shot and killed by one of the pursuing party.


→ We respectfully inform the editors of the Quincy Whig and Macomb Journal that we shall neither admit their right to dictate what news items shall be published in THE EAGLE, nor indulge in a blackguard controversy with them.  We leave the use of drivel and falsehood to those who proclaim themselves incapable of a decent effort in journalism.  The editor of the Whig has been more than once thrashed in the streets of Quincy; and an idiotic countenance and capacity has heretofore secured immunity to the animal behind whose name the cowardly whelps in Macomb hide their driveling heads, while they void their filth through the columns of the abolition concern in this city.


→ At a meeting of the stockholders of the Mississippi and Wabash railroad, held for the purpose of electing directors, at Blandinville, the following named gentlemen elected directors of said road: Thos. C. Sharp, Warsaw; J. K. Harnish, Keokuk; David Gochenour, La Harpe; Daniel N. Baintor, Fountain Green; Wm. Berry, Blandinville; James H. Smith, Bushnell; Isaac Underhill, Peoria.


→ “Have you any consecrated lye here?” inquired a little girl at one of our grocery stores the other day.  “No,” was the reply, “but we can refer you to Blackburn’s church for a pure article.”


→ A little shower of rain fell on Tuesday night.  It was very good and quite wet, as far as it went.


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