June 26, 1863
The news of the past week has been of an exciting but contradictory character. The rebels have invaded the States of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Indiana.
Rumors of invasions, advances, retreats, battles, skirmishes, victories, defeats, occupations and evacuations, are the principal parts of the news from the East.
The situation at Vicksburg is about the same.
The seige of Port Hudson is progressing finely, with every prospect of its speedy capture.
The rebels who invaded Indiana have all been captured, and they will be summarily dealt with.
The British “neutrals” have sent out another pirate to war on our commerce. Semmes, of the Alabama, is to be commander of her.
“Extra Billy” Smith is reported dead.
Upon What Terms?
The Peace Democracy are continually finding fault with the Government because it does not make peace with the rebels. In their conventions the staple of all their resolutions, the burden of all their speeches, and the text for all their newspaper articles is “Peace.” – Why then don’t these political [?], who are so anxious for peace, propose some plan upon which an honorable peace can be based? The rebels declare that they will not lay down their arms until the Government recognizes their independence, and consents to a division of the Union. They spurn, with contempt, all propositions for a compromise. They insist that they want no terms – that they will accept no terms short of entire and full acknowledgement of all their demands, and this, too, in a very decided and earnest manner. Yet the Democracy are all the time crying “peace,” “peace,” and at the same time declare that they will not consent to a disruption of the Union. If these men have some powerful and secret antidote to southern madness and treason, why don’t they make it known. If they have any assurance that the Southern leaders would go into a convention and there strive to settle, peaceably, the difficulties between the sections, why don’t they make them public? If they have any scheme that possesses the shadow of merit or plausibility that will accomplish the desired result – that is to secure peace, and at the same time save the Government, why don’t they lay it before the Administration? If they have discovered a new and better road to an honorable peace than through fields of carnage and blood, why don’t they lay down the chart and furnish the pilot that can steer the good old ship of State clear of the rocks and shoals of war, and anchor it safely in the harbor of peace and prosperity? But no, they do nothing of this kind. They only find fault with the plans of the Administration without suggesting any better ones. They hate and growl at every attempt to conquer a peace, without showing that there is any better way to secure it. – They are like a ship at sea without rudder or compass, the sport of the winds and waves – a party in pursuit of a great object, without a plan. Their cowardly hearts shrink from the conflict of arms, and so they tamely sit and cry “peace!” “peace!” The above would all be true were the Democracy honest. – But we fear they are not. We fear they have a plan – a well digested and terrible plan, by which they intend to aid the rebels. We fear that their cries of peace means something more than the terrors of cowardice. We fear that if they once get the power into their hands that it will be found that peace will be made with the rebels upon their own terms – that compromise as heretofore will mean a complete surrender to the lords of the South. Already have the Democracy of this State in mass convention assembled, declared that they are in favor of changing the Constitution to suit the rebels. How much farther will they have to go to consent to change it for the Montgomery Constitution. This, we doubt not, would secure peace, and this we firmly believe is the only way to secure it, except by crushing the traitors by the strong arm of military power.
The Enrollment in this County.
Geo. Wells, Enrolling Officer for this county, informs us that the enrollment has been nearly completed, and we are happy to say that thus far no opposition has been made. No one has seen fit to act upon the hint thrown out in the last Eagle, consequently the enrolling officers have none of them been attacked by the disease spoken of. The returns from all the townships have not yet been made by the Deputies, but it is expected that they will be in a few days.
The Grand Pow-wow.
The Grand Copperhead Pow-wow came off, as advertised, on the 17th inst. In point of numbers, the thing was a failure. Ten thousand is a high estimate, although the Times claims one hundred thousand. But in the utterance of treasonable sentiments and the inauguration of treasonable schemes, the thing was a success. The leaders of the party were nearly all in favor of adopting resolutions of a milk and water character, that might be construed either for or against the further prosecution of the war, but this would not answer for the masses. They were less cunning but more honest than the leaders. They were ready to plunge headlong into the vortex of treason, and to come squarely out against the war, consequently the leaders were suppressed, and pure unadulterated Copperheadism held entire sway. The resolutions, which were very lengthy, condemn everything that the Administration has done, but as usual have nothing to say in regard to the infractions of the Constitution by the rebels. A person who knew nothing of the circumstances of this war, would not get the least idea from reading them that a great rebellion was in progress against the Government, and that traitors were striving to destry its very existence. – But the whole animus of the meeting can be gathered from the 23d resolution, which reads as follows:
23. That the further offensive prosecution of this war tends to subvert the Constitution and the Government, and entails upon this nation all the disastrous consequences of misrule and anarchy. The we are in favor of peace upon the basis of a restoration of the Union as it was, and the securing by constitutional amendments such rights to the several States and the people thereof as honor and justice demand.
There is nothing ambiguous or double faced about this resolution. It declared that the Democracy of Illinois are opposed to the further prosecution of the war against the traitors – that they are in favor of laying down their arms and acceeding to the demands of the traitors. Heretofore it has been claimed that the Democracy were not opposed to the war, but to the manner in which it was being conducted. Now, however, they lay off the mask and show their true colors. This, then, is the issue upon which they intend to stand, and upon which all loyal men will meet them. This convention will have one good effect at least. It will clear away the rubbish that has surrounded the question, and place the Democracy in their true position, that of opposing the Government, and thus giving aid and comfort to the rebels. The last clause of this resolution also gives the lie to all their previous protestations that they are in favor of the “Constitution as it is,” for it declares that they are in favor of “securing, by constitutional amendments, such rights to the several States and the people thereof as honor and justice demands.” Thus another refuge of lies is swept away, and the Democracy no longer claim to venerate the “Constitution as it is,” but are in favor of changing it to meet the desires of armed traitors. This resolution, also, in effect, charges the soldiers who are prosecuting this war, with being traitors, seeking to subvert the Constitution, and as murderers of innocent men. They cannot get around this construction of their language. If the further prosecution of this war is calculated to subvert the Constitution, then it necessarily follows that those who are prosecuting it are guilty of treason. Yet in the 24th resolution they declare their sympathy for and their admiration of these same soldiers, whom they denounce as fighting against the Constitution. So to take them upon their own admissions, they are what we charge them with being sympathizers with treason and traitors. It is therefore evident that there is hypocrisy somewhere. Either the 23d resolution does not express the true convictions of the Democracy, or else the sympathy manifested for the soldiers in the 24th is only for effect, and no one that has watched their proceedings closely, can doubt, for a moment, which is the true position.
The collection which was taken up for the benefit of the soldiers is of the same character, and will do the soldiers just about as much good. The Times says that this collection amounted to over $47,000, but it does not tell where the money is. Now the truth is, that the money was never raised, and never will be. When the donations were called for the Copperheads got up and pledged their respective counties for a specified sum, to be raised hereafter by subscription among the Copperheads, or by appropriations by Copperhead County Boards.
The speeches on the occasion were all of little account, none of the big guns advertised being present. On the whole, we think the meeting will be a benefit to the Union cause, as the party has thrown off its Union mask, and all Union Democrats can now see the hideous features of treason in the party they have so long worshipped. The Democracy have resolved to make a desperate venture, and hazard all, and if unsuccessful, abide the consequences.
→ It has become very unhealthy for enrolling officers in some parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. They are afflicted with a disease, the mildest type of which are rotten eggs, tar and feathers ,and in one instance with the malignant and fatal blue pill.
The above extract we clip from the last number of the Macomb Eagle. – No article has ever appeared in that miserable sheet that exhibits more fully the malignant treason that fills Abbott’s heart than the above. The regularly appointed officers of the Government while in the discharge of their legitimate duties, are shot down by the traitors of Indiana, and the double-dyed traitor of the Eagle cracks a joke over the matter. In his eyes the mobbing and killing of United States officers is a praiseworthy act. And yet this man claims to be a great lover of the law and the special friend and champion of the Constitution. If a loud-mouthed traitor is arrested and sent to his friends in the South, or if a treasonable newspaper is suppressed by the military authorities, the Eagle man holds up his hands in holy horror, and denounces the Administration in the most measured terms for violating the laws of the land. If the negro of a rebel, who is in arms against that Constitution that Abbott claims to venerate, escapes to our lines and is then protected, Abbott howls like a Bashan Bull, because the several guarantees of the Constitution have been disregarded. But he can contemplate, with the greatest complacency, the murder of innocent men, and crack his devilish jokes at the expense of the murdered victims.
To him, the shooting and mobbing of enrolling officers are innocent pastimes, while the punishing of traitors and the maintenance of the laws are acts of tyranny. But Abbott has another object in view than the mere penning of the pun. The enrolling officers in this State and county, are now discharging their duties, and the cowardly traitor hoped to induce some of his foolish dupes to play the same game here. It has long been a favorite idea with him, that the Conscription Law could not be enforced in this State, and fearful that his prophecies would prove false, he takes this method to invite the traitors in this county to give the enrolling officers a “blue-pill,” and we have no doubt that the announcement of the death of an enrolling officer in his own township would be received by him with a grin of satisfaction, and if his cowardly soul would permit, we presume he would crack a joke over the event. – We challenge the meanest traitor that fights under the banner of King Jeff to pen so heartless and malignant an article over the murder of innocent men as the above.
We see it announced in the Quincy Herald that the traitors Henry Clay Dean and Gen. Singleton, are to address the Democracy at Macomb, at 10 o’clock on Saturday, July 4th. It is bad enough on other days to preach treason, but for the sake of common decency let not the glorious day that gave birth to the liberties of the American people, be polluted by tory harangues. We do not charge that Democracy of Macomb are responsible for this appointment, in fact, we do not believe that any respectable portion of the party will be willing to have the day used in that manner. Let the committee of arrangements, at once, inform these men that the citizens of Macomb can find a better way of passing the day than listening to political harangues from any politician whatever.
→ Late advices from rebeldom states that Vallandigham has left Wilmington, N.C., in a blockade runner, on his way to Nassau, and thence to Canada.
From a War Democrat.
The following extract is from a private letter to a gentleman in this county. The writer has always been a Democrat, but when the war broke out volunteered in his country’s cause, and now belongs to that class that the Eagle calls “Abolitionists.”
I would to God that all who have friends in the army, would write as you do. Soldiers would become more satisfied and better patriots, for let me tell you that friends at home have a great influence with soldiers in the field, and it takes a strong minded soldier to detect errors written by friends at home, from the fact that a soldier’s life is a hard life, his sacrifices is so great if he has a family that he has left, that the name of home is sweet to him. O, let me here say to all of my friends that I have left, and those that have friends in the army, be careful never to discourage a soldier in your letters, for I know that our cause is just. I have received letters since I have been in the service, reproving me in the manner I have written, telling me to be careful and not sell my birthright for popularity in the army. Let me here say that it is that birthright that I am fighting for. I was born under the stars and stripes and under the constitution of the United States, which our fore-fathers framed with their blood, and that I claim to be my birthright. I am not a candidate for promotion, I am not out for money, but for the good of my country, and as S. A. Douglas said, whose name I am proud to speak, “I know that they (the secessionists) have expected to present a united south against a divided north, the conspirators have been led to the hope that in the Northern States it would be a party question, producing civil war between Democrats and Republicans, and the South being united, would step in with their legions and help destroy the one and then conquer the victor. The scheme was bloodshed and civil war in every Northern State.”
Mr. Douglas further said: “I am a good partisan hater and fighter in time of peace, but you will find me as good a patriot when the country is in danger. It is your duty to lay aside party creeds and party platforms. Then I appeal to you my Democratic friends, do not let mortification, growing out of a defeat in a partisan struggle, convert you from patriots to traitors to your native land. Whenever our Government is assailed, when hostile armies are marching under rude and odious banners, the shortest way to peace is the most stupendous and unanimous preparations for war.” Upon this platform I stand, and would save the Democrats and Republicans, down with party platforms and in the name of Heaven be united, and let us put down this rebellion. Don’t call it a nigger war, for if it is a negro war the South has made it, we are not to blame. Then why will you sympathize with traitors. Oh, stop and think, shall we have a Government or not, if you want a Government, sustain the Administration. I care not what becomes of slavery. If the negroes are freed in this war they may thank the South for it, and not us, for if the South had remained in the Union, Lincoln never could have freed the first slave, he had no power to do it, therefore I endorse every proclamation and every act of confiscation that Lincoln made, and further, I am in for anything and everything that will weaken the South or have any tendency to put down this rebellion. – Good words and usages has ceased to be virtue, we must try the reality of bullets, therefore, let me say to my friends at home, unite with us in putting down this rebellion. Give all the encouragement you can to your friends in the army, while they are suffering the privation of the tented field, undergoing all the heardships of a soldier’s life. – Oh, prove to them that your heart is with them in your kind letters, and your kindness to their families that are so dear to them that they have left behind.
I must now speak of that class called copperheads, but I hope they are few and far between. I would say to such, halt, in God’s name study well your position. Do you want a Government will you quote the Constitution and at the same time sympathize with traitors, you must give up one or the other, for traitors are in direct opposition to the Constitution. Therefore if we obey the Constitution we must support the Administration until it commits some overt act, and then we should handle it according to law, and not by mob law as the South has done. I sincerely hope that all of the people of Illinois will unite in putting down the rebellion.
D. H. Cramelet,
103d Regiment Illinois Vol.
Removal. – The Good Templar’s Lodge of this city, has removed to Campbell’s Hall, where its meetings will be held regularly on Friday evening of each week.
Aid for the Soldiers.
Mr. Editor: I am directed to communicate to you a few things respecting the formation of a Soldiers Aid Society in this community, hoping our good example may provoke in others like good works.
The people of Pennington’s Point and vicinity met at the M. E. Church, June 2d, at 2 o’clock p. m., to take steps toward organizing a Soldiers’ Aid Society.
The meeting was organized for the transaction of business by appointing Mr. James E. Scott, President, and Mr. Geo. I. Butts, Secretary. F. M. Chaffee and Joseph Porter were appointed a committee to draft a constitution and by-laws for the permanent organization of a Soldiers’ Aid Society, to exist as long as the war may last.
A soliciting committee, consisting of two ladies for each school district, represented in the meeting, were appointed as follows: New Salem township, District No. 2, Mrs. J. Porter and A. Hanson; No. 3, Misses Nancy Head and Lois Jacobs; No. 4, Misses Elzira Yocumb and Abba Blackstone; No. 5, Mrs. S. Pontius and Miss C. Lounds; No. 6, Misses J. Paekle and J. Lutes; No. 7, Mrs. C. Cook and J. A. Seaburn; No. 8, Mrs. J. N. Wetsell and L. J. Rineheart; No. 9, Misses L. Hensley and J. Hammer.
Scotland township, District No. 6, Mrs. Kyle and Miss Kate Woolley; No. 7, Mrs. G. I. butts and W. Harlan; No. 8, Misses E. Craig and M. Watson.
Industry township, No. 1, Mrs. P. H. Dailey and Miss R. Harlan.
Eldorado township, No. 3, Misses R. Greenup and S. Reed.
A liberal collection was taken up, when the meeting adjourned to meet again on Saturday, the 6th, at 2 o’clock p. m.
F. M. CHAFFEE, Cor. Sec’y.
→ The earthquake that was lately experienced in many parts of Vermont was also felt in New York. Lake Champlain shook all over, and the fish jumped out of the water in great numbers.
→ The Dubuque Times says the first battalion of the 7th cavalry has been ordered to prepare for a march to the Indian country.
Grand Pic-Nic Celebration.
In another column will be found the programme for the Celebration of the Fourth. The Procession will form at 10 o’clock, in the forenoon. The exercises in the forenoon will be under the supervision of citizens, and in the afternoon, under the direction of the Good Templars of the county. The Lodges are requested to meet at Campbell’s Hall at half past nine o’clock, and bring their Regalia. All citizens in this and adjoining counties, are invited to participate. Let all who venerate the principles promulgated on the 4th of July, 1776, join in celebrating the 87th anniversary of that day.
FOURTH OF JULY – ALL BUSINESS HOUSES TO BE CLOSED.
Macomb, June 22, 1863.
The undersigned, business men of this city, believing that all men should [?] at least one day in the year to [?] country, and meet on the anniversary of that nation’s birth, to counsel together and renew the pledges which their fathers made to each other, and keep alive the patriotic spirit which [?] them, agree to close our business houses on the coming 4th day of July and remain closed all day.
WM. S. BAILEY,
A. J. DAVIS,
F. R. KYLE,
GEO. D. KEEFER,
J. McMILLEN & CO.,
ADLER & AUGUST,
B. F. MARTIN & SON,
R. J. ADCOCK,
O. F. PIPER,
B. F. GOODRICH,
S. F. WRIGHT,
N. F. TINSLEY,
J. W. VANHOESEN,
T. & J. McELRATH,
J. M. BROWNE & CO.,
COTTRELL & BROTHER,
R. T. BRINKER,
WATKINS & CO.,
CHAMBERS & RANDOLPH,
F. J. HOFFMAN,
GILFRY & DAVIS,
GEO. W. BAILEY,
J. B. WILSON,
C. M. RAY,
J. P. UPDEGRAFF,
S. J. CLARKE,
S. P. DEWEY,
THOMAS J. BEARD,
J. W. NICHOLS,
S. F. LANCEY.
New Livery Stable. – Mr. Schenck, formerly of Canton, Ill., has opened a Livery Stable on the east side of the square, in the Randolph stabler, where he can be found at all times ready to accommodate the traveling public with every kind of vehicle, from a four-horse omnibus to a “sulky,” or saddle horse, by the hour, day or week. Mr. Schenck has the reputation of being an accommodating gentleman, and we bespeak for him a liberal share of the public patronage.
N. B. – Horses and carriages furnished for Funerals and Pic Nic excursions on short notice.
A Snake. – We noticed in the front window of McMillan’s Drug Store, the other day, a live Rattle snake. He was about 18 inches long. The reptile was caught on the prairie about nine miles north of this city. These snakes once so plenty in this county, are now quite a curiousity, however, they have been succeeded by the Copperhead, a great deal meaner snake and full as dangerous.
The Drought. – The drought still continues in this section. Grain and grass are suffering very much, and unless we have rain in a very few days, these crops will be almost a failure. – Corn has not suffered much yet from the drought, but the cool weather is keeping it back.
4th of July Celebration.
The day will be ushered in by the ringing of all the bells of the various churches in the city at sunrise, with a display of the National Flag.
The Procession will form upon the public square under the direction of Chief Marshals J. P. Updegraff and Jos. Burton, at 10 o’clock precisely, in the following order:
CHAPLAIN, ORATOR, READER.
Exercises on the ground.
Music – By the Band.
Music – By Glee Club.
Reading Declaration – By T. E. Morgan, Esq.
Music – By the Band.
Oration – By W. H. Window.
Music – By Glee Club.
Adjourn to Dinner.
Toasts – Principal and Volunteer.
Music – By the Glee Club and Band.
Afternoon exercises under the direction of Good Templars.
Music by Band.
Music by Glee Club.
Reading of Washington Farewell Address, by J. W. Nichols.
Music by Band.
Music by Glee Club.
Music by Band.