June 5, 1863
The latest accounts from Vicksburg still leaves that city in the hands of the enemy. Gen’l Grant and his heroes, however, have closely invested the place, with the determination to take it at all hazards. Three distinct assaults have been made on the works by storming parties, but as yet have not succeeded. The loss is considerable on both sides, but we must be prepared for that, as the mode of warfare in besieging cities consist in feats of personal daring, where small bodies of troops can only be brought into action, and every man is expected to exert his utmost endeavor, with true courage, knowing his danger, and cooly performs his duty. The troops under Grant are composed of Western men, a large portion of whom are sons of Illinois, of whose deeds the world has heard, and well may we be proud of their achievements. The men of Illinois has figured conspicously in every battle field since the war began, and nobly have they contributed to the success of our arms, they have made a name of imperishable renown and future generations will be proud to acknowledge a brotherhood with Illinois, and even now a soldier from Illinois is looked upon by the enemy with respect, and think him worthy of their steel. With such men Vicksburg must fall, and God “grant” it may be soon.
Our army on the Rappahannock still occupy their old encampment. The accounts however, are that the enemy under Lee, is moving large bodies of troops in the direction of Kelley’s Ford and Culpepper. Military men construe their movements as a ruse, to cover a contemplated raid into Maryland and Pennsylvania.
Gov. Curtin is at Washington, pressing the claims of Pennsylvania for protection if it should turn to be so. – Hooker will attend to them.
Rosecrans army is on the move, to where no persons knows; his movements are counter movements to those of Bragg’s no doubt. We can risk Rose and some day soon he will turn up with the enemy in front, with his usual success.
Our Monitor fleet at Charleston are quietly swinging at anchor, no indications of early movements in that department.
→ The advices in reference to the rebel movements on the Rappahannock are still speculative and conflicting. One account says they are moving southward, and another represents them concentrating at Culpepper, with the design of making a grand raid northward. None of these reports are worthy of credence.
WESTERN CONFIDENCE IN GEN. GRANT. – Western men do not seem to doubt the success of Gen. Grant’s movement against Vicksburg. Anticipating the opening of the Mississippi, the Illinois Central Rail Road has made arrangements for a daily line of steamers from Cairo to New Orleans. The capture of Vicksburg would open an immense business on the Mississippi. Louisiana is destitute of cattle, mules, hay, oats, and other western products, which will be poured into New Orleans the moment the last rebel stronghold on the Mississippi is destroyed.
→ The example of Gen. Grant and his brave and gallant soldiers, must stimulate the generals and soldiers of the Republic, in other parts of the great theatre. For unless they can at least equal or eclipse his sublime achievements, Grant and his army must rank as the greatest general and best fighters of the 19th century.
Free Speech and Free Press.
Free speech and Free Press are just now the great hobbies of the Northern sympathizers with Southern traitors. Column after column of editorials are launched at the Administration for its arrest of Vallandigham and a few other traitors, and the cry is at once raised that “Free Speech” is to be suppressed, and instantly the whole pack of King Jeff’s mangy whelps at the North proclaim that the Free Press to be muzzled. One might almost think that these were in earnest, and that their great outcry was really through fear that the liberties that are the birthright of every loyal citizen of America, were in danger of overthrow, if he could blot from memory the history of the past twenty-five years. – But who are the men that are making all this fuss about the outrages upon Free Speech and a Free Press. Are they not the men who, a few years ago, murdered Lovejoy because he claimed the right of establishing a Free Press. Are they not the men who applauded the traitorous Brooks when he made a brutal attack upon Free Speech in the person of Hon. Chas. Sumner? Are they not the men who were loud in their praise of the dirty scoundrels who destroyed the Free State Presses in Kansas, but a few years ago, and who murdered defenseless men and women by scores, merely because they claimed the right to express their honest opinions and principles? Are they not the very men who have ever applauded, or at least, submitted, in peace to the outrages that have for the last ten years, been committed upon the rights of American citizens by the slaveholders of the South? Have these men who are now holding up their hands in holy horror at the usurpations (as they term the acts of the Government) of the Administration, ever been known to find fault, because the hell-hounds of the South hung and shot every Northern man that dared to exercise the right of Free Speech? No, when Chas. Sumner was struck down in the Senate of the United States by an assassin’s blow, these very men said it was good enough for him. When the Free State men of Kansas were being mobbed and murdered for no other reason than their determination to maintain this very right of Free Speech, these men saw no danger to our liberties – that was all right and perfectly constitutional in their eyes. They had no words of condemnation to pour out upon the scoundrels who were committing these outrages, but on the contrary they gave them their sympathies and we doubt not, in many cases, their active aid. But lo! what a change has come over the spirit of their dreams. No sooner does the Government, in self-defence, and in a clearly constitutional manner arrest and punish a Northern traitor than these men all at once, become the great advocates of Free Speech. The moment that men, whose every effort has been to stir up dissension and incite treason to the Government, are laid hold of Free Speech becomes a sacred thing. The very moment that a disloyal paper that is notoriously in the interests of the rebels, is suppressed that moment these men discover that a free press is the great palladium of our liberties.
One thing, however, these men must learn that there is a grand difference between the Freedom of Speech and of the Press in times of Peace and war. When there were no armed hosts in our country, ready to destroy the Government, fools and traitors may be allowed to show their lack of brains and political virtue. But now, when the Government is putting forth every energy to save itself from its enemies, it would be false alike to its duty and its interest if it did not put a stop to the ravings of traitors within its own lines. But this is not all. The very papers which are charging upon the Government a design of destroying the Freedom of the Press, are of themselves the strongest possible contradiction of any such design. – The Macomb Eagle, for instance, is week after week, filled with false charges against the Government, and yet it is allowed to belch forth its treason month after month, when in justice, he ought to be hung, and yet the ungrateful pup is doing his best to stir up rebellion against the very Government that thus protects him while showing his treason and lack of sense.
The “little” Parliament, as “Jim,” the Ex-Chairman was in the habit of designating it, has met, deliberated and adjourned, the latter action being the most sensible part of their duties. During the session Resolutions were introduced of liberal and patriotic sentiments, indicating to the Government that they, as a body were willing, by word and deed, to assist it in its laudable efforts to put down the rebellion now raging in our land. But lo and behold, the greater portion of this august body were astonished, nonplused, and taken by surprise; immediately a comparing of notes was had and a hasty examination of this premises. When the moving “spirit” suggested to the less informed portion of this august body, that he would manage it, and he did so, by moving that the resolutions should be laid on the table; a proceeding in all deliberative bodies equivalent to ignoring and kicking the subject out of doors. It was done, and the records show that the resolutions were thus disposed of. After the adjournment for the day, the more candid and fair portion of the Parliament, on second thought, became alarmed, and after considerable caucusing, concluded that they had better call up the resolutions and introduce substitutes, it was done at the next morning session. The original mover of the former resolutions, arose in his place, asked what objections there was to the document. He was answered that they had a political tendency, and at the same time the objectionable portion was pointed out. – The friends of the resolutions at once offered to strike out the objectionable features, but no, they would have none of it, they must make it out of whole cloth, and promptly refused the amendments. Then at once the substitute was read, and in them the usual amount of grumbling and faultfinding with the Government; during the debate, the leading “spirit” of this body very “properly” intimated to the members that all such matters should be left to politicians, and not handled by farmers. Of course this was right, as his “business” would be slightly encroached upon, as he could attend to it on his arrival at Springfield, where “ye” politicians and men of business arrange all such matters. Take it all in all, one thing was clear, that they as a body, (excepting the friends of the original resolutions) were opposed in toto to giving encouragement to the Government, as the remaks during the pendency of the action clearly indicated. – This matter being disposed of they passed an order allowing them their per diem and adjourned, some to their farms and the Politician to Springfield.
On Tuesday last a large silver hunting case Watch, on the Macomb and Rushville Road, a few rods south of old David Smith’s, some four miles south of Macomb, about 11 o’clock A.M. The watch was of Swiss manufacture, had a short hair or cotton guard, steel key and gold hook. Any person finding and returning said watch to the Randolph House, in Macomb, or to C. W. Taylor, at the Rushville Hotel, or to me, will be liberally rewarded.
The following letter was received from the Chicago Sanitary Commission by Dr. Huston, and handed us for publication.
Chicago Sanitary Com. Rooms
Chicago, May 27, 1863.
The Chicago San. Com. returns its heartfelt thanks to the citizens of Macomb for their liberal donation of $71,80, for the relief of our brave boys. – We also return our thanks to the court of McDonough county for their noble donation of $100. Could you witness, as we have done, the gratitude of the poor fellows for the comforts these donations bring them, you would feel fully repaid for all you have or can do. – They are now marching in the hot sun, no tents by day or night. God bless you for the help.
The Big Show is Coming. – Lake & Co.’s Great Western Circus, with its big tents, little ponies, trick horses and funny clowns, will pay this city a visit on Thursday, June 11th. We are informed that this circus is the best now traveling in the west. But of course every one that patronizes such institutions will visit it and learn for themselves whether it is or not.
Something Good. – The fact is now pretty generally known that LUTHER JOHNSON is selling fresh goods cheaper than they have been sold in this market for some months, and intends to keep doing it. “From early morn till dewy eve” the ladies flock to his store, rendering the place a regular “palace of beauty” – being filled with beautiful women and beautiful goods. The eye can be feasted and money saved by visiting that establishment, to say nothing of the pleasure of being waited upon by such obliging clerks as Alfred and Frank.
The 16th Regiment.
We clip the following from the Nashville Daily Press, through the politeness of Lieut. Col. Sam Wilson, who has just returned from a visit to his old regiment. It will be read with interest by all the friends of that regiment:
As pleasant a sight as can be witnessed in the vicinity of Nashville, is the evening dress-parade of the 16th Illinois Infantry, Edgefield. This regiment has been encamped in Edgefield some five or six month, and in the excellent conduct of its officers and men, the citizens over there are indebted for an absence of every disorder and interruption common to localities occupied by troops. Lieut. Col. Cahill, commanding, is a thorough disciplinarian, has the respect and confidence of his men, and has spared the people of even the slightest complaint against his regiment. Indeed, the admirable decorum and gentility of the Sixteenth is the particular theme of residents of Edgefield, and to be “as nice as Cahill’s boys,” has gone into a proverb. The evening turnout of this regiment is a feast for all sages, matrons and beauties of the garden-spot across the river.