May 29, 1863

[Editor’s Note – Due to lack of resources, there will be no material from the Macomb Eagle this week.]

Macomb Journal
May 29, 1863


            The news of the week adds but little except in Gen’l Grant’s Department, to what we have heretofore published. – Gen. Grant after beating the rebels in six important battles, has taken the outer works, and at the last accounts had closely invested Vicksburg with a speedy prospect of its capture.  Our boats had also landed forces and occupied Haines’ and Chickasaw Bluffs above Vicksburg on the Yazoo.

On Friday morning Pemberton sent a flag of truce to Grant, offering to surrender Vicksburg if he (Grant) would allow the rebels to lay down their arms and march out.  The offer was refused.

On Thursday the rebel batteries on the hill north of the town were taken and turned on the enemy.  On the evening of the same day, the water batteries at the foot of the hill were captured; also, on the same evening, the water batteries below Vicksburg were taken by Porter’s gunboats; also, on the same day, four thousand and twenty prisoners were brought over to Sherman’s Landing.  Other prisoners were brought over afterwards – number not known.

On Friday, after he refused to accept Pemberton’s terms of surrender, Grant moved on his works, and the rebels were driven to the inner fortifications.

The tone of French and British papers is decidedly more pacific to the United States, and the middle classes amongst the English manifest quite a decided preference to the success of the Union army.

Vallandigham has been handed over to Bragg, of the Confederate army, by Gen’l Rosecrans, under a flag of truce, and his outgushings of sympathy for the South, may now take its fill.  He claims, however, still to be a Union man, which all spies and traitors can easily do as words are cheap.


Travels in Dixie.

            A Washington special to the World says: “The World’s correspondent with Grant’s army arrived to-day from Richmond, after a tour of three weeks in the Southern States.  He says only about 15,000 men were at Vicksburg when he left.  Gens. Loring and Forney commanded the corps there.  At Montgomery, Alabama, he met Joe Johnston and 6,000 troops from Savannah [obscured] gunboat at Montgomery.  The troops in Mississippi and Alabama were excellent.  At Atlanta they were confined in prison in prison in consequence of the excessive attention shown the Union prisoners by the populace two days before.  At Richmond a report was current, on Saturday, that Vicksburg had fallen.  The next rebel line of defense is on the Tombigbee river; thus releasing the whole State of Mississippi.  There are no forces in the interior of the Confederacy.  The railroads are in a bad condition.  The strength of the rebel army may be cut down at 300,000 men, half of whom are in Middle Tennessee and Virginia.  The rebels robbed and maltreated our wounded in Alabama.  At Atlanta, Augusta, Columbia, Knoxville and Weldon, our prisoners were greeted with substantial evidences of kindly feelings.  The solid men of the South are anxiously asking what terms we can offer and what is to be their fate.  The impression is gaining ground in the Confederacy that we can outlast them and overrun their country.  In relation to the capture of Col. Straight’s command, the correspondent says Straight fought till his ammunition was exhausted and his animals gave out. – Forrest’s loss was 500; ours 50 disabled.  Richmond is bare of troops. – One regiment is going South daily.”


→ The Great West has four armies in the field, all in first-rate fighting trim.  Gen. Burnside’s army is pushing for East Tennessee through Cumberland Gap.  Rosecrans is patiently biding his time at Murfreesboro, as is Gen. Blunt on the Western frontier. – Gen. Grant is whipping the rebels unmercifully around Vicksburg, while at the lower end of the Mississippi, Gen. Banks, with eastern troops, is helping clean up the obstructions to the navigation of the Mississippi.  Meantime the smoke of the iron-clads and rams fills the air from the northern line of Arkansas to New Orleans.  The rebellion bids fair to be cut in two before many days.


→ Everything is going on finely for the Union cause.


Light in the Darkness.

            The French and English croakers and their Copperhead imitators at home can see nothing but clouds for our cause in the United States.  They tax their utmost ingenuity too, to discover the light of hope for the traitors in all their defeats.  But notwithstanding a number of serious reverses and notwithstanding a lamentable increase of public debt, in addition to the treason at home and the meddling from abroad, the success of the Government under all the circumstances is really most gratifying.

The war began in the summer of 1861.  For although 75,000 men were called out to defend the city of Washington in the spring of that year, — Nothing effective was attempted until after the meeting of Congress in July.  Hence it will appear that the war has not yet really existed in force two years.

In the meantime let it be remembered that the Nation had been robbed of its guns, and to a good extent of its forts, ship-yards and ships; and from a state of profound peace, undertook a war the most stupendous, in many respects, in the annals of the race.

The rebels had possession of 2,000 miles of coast which must be blockaded, besides presenting an internal line of contact more than 2,000 miles long. – With these immense difficulties, our officers and men, with scarce an exception, had never seen a hostile army.

With all these drawbacks the actual success of the Government has really been great.  Of the States which are claimed for the confederacy – Maryland, one half of Virginia, Kentucky, Missouri, half of Tennessee, nearly  the half of North Carolina and Louisiana, and portions of South Carolina, Georgia and Arkansas, have been reclaimed.  In any country but this our conquests alone would be regarded an Empire.  They exceed in dimensions England, France and Spain.  In addition to this conquest, moreover, we have now, doubtless, undisputed possession of the Mississippi, cutting thereby the rebel territory in two, and really suppressing the struggle in Arkansas, Texas and Louisiana, besides making the Mississippi the future base of our operations to invade Mississippi, Alabama and East Tennessee.

We also still hold that entire seacoast line, grasped as in a vice, stopping their supplies.  So that even the meddlesome British pronounce the blockade effe- [obscured].  Everywhere the rebels complain that they are held with an iron grasp.  They are capable of making aggressions nowhere.  They are oppressed with worthless currency, they are in want of every necessary, they have exhausted their entire enlistment roll.  Whilst our country was never more flourishing; our credit is wholly unimpaired, our army is well fed, well caparisoned, and at every point undemoralized.  On the contrary every victory proves to the rebels nearly as expensive as defeat.  Their great strain has done its best, and every serious loss is irreparable.  The death of Stonewall Jackson and the loss of 20,000 men, left their army weaker after their nominal victory on the Rappahannock than before, which is clearly manifest from their inability to follow up our retreating forces.

Their Railroad and running stock are much worn, and their transportation of all kinds much embarrassed.

But we must confess to one dark spot in our horizon – though, thank God, but one – and that is that we have at home and have had, a wily secret and insidious foe in the shape of an organized Copperhead party, ready to thwart every movement of the Government and rejoice in every difficulty.

But with the moral effect of a series of great victories at Vicksburg, these copperheads will draw in their heads, we trust until Richmond has given the rebels such a punch that Copperhead sympathy will no more invigorate them.


→ It is said that the Empress of Russia, like several of her predecessors of unenviable fame, is at the head of all that is illiberal and retrograde in Russian policy.  She is the sister of the King of Prussia, and governs him as entirely as she does her husband, dictating the Russian dispatches to that King, and their answers at the same time.  She is a woman of unbounded energy and ambition, and is employed from morning till night, either in writing with her own hand, or in dictating the imperial decrees and dispatches.


For the Journal.

Adjt. Gen. Thomas at Lagrange, Tennessee.

            At about noon the long roll beat in the several camps of this command and the boys turned out expecting that some daring force of the rebels were about to make a raid upon the place.  They were soon drawn up in line of battle on the north side of the town near the rail road, the artilery resting upon the right and left, the infantry occupying the centre.

Gen. Smith, our able brigade commander, and now in command of the division, was on the ground with his staff; with his usual smile for the brave boys under him.

Presently the iron horse with a train of cars from Memphis, arrived bringing as a passenger Adjt. Gen. Thomas.  He landed from the train opposite to the line formed by the troops, and after being introduced by Gen. Smith, addressed them on the policy of the Government, in reference to the war.  He stated briefly, but pointedly, what that policy was.  First, to crush the rebellion and to use all means in the hands of the Government for that object.

To employ the contrabands in guarding railroads and protecting the Government plantations, which would allow the force now used for that purpose, the opportunity to engage in more active service.  Adjt. Gen. Thomas then called for the expression of the troops for or against the first policy of the Government, and the sustaining of President Lincoln.  Which was given in favor of sustaining the President and his war policy with a unanimous voice of officers and men amid the waving of hats and loud huzzas of the whole command.

He then called for their sentiment in reference to the use of contrabands for soldiers, or second policy of the Government.  Which was received in the same manner with great enthusiasm.

The troops then gave three hearty cheers for Adjt. Gen. Thomas and Brig. Gen. Smith.  Gen. Thomas the departed on the train for other points on the road.

The troops then retired to their camps, to praise the Administration and curse the Copperheads of the North, whom they regard as the worst enemies they have; because they make their attacks in the rear, and aim a bullet at every loyal heart in the army.

Let the Copperheads come here and tell the men who see the workings of [obscured] the great question at issue, and they would be taught a lesson that they will yet have to learn.

B. W. G.


            Springfield, May 16. – There are no copperheads in Springfield to-day.  The snake died yesterday, tail body and fangs.  The few disaffected stood all the afternoon on the corners of the streets, talking loud and gloriously over our great victory.  An impromptu glorification was participated in during the evening by those who never before since the war begun, took pride in our successes.  It requires much to arouse the dormant patriotism of some people.



            To the memory of John H. Rollins, by his messmate, Alex. Blackburn.

 Young and hopeful, brave and cheerful,
Ever ready in his place;
Who’d have thought the King of Terrors
Had his mark upon his face.

Ever with us on our journey,
Never absent from our ranks;
Always smiling, never grumbling,
Beguling time with roguish pranks.

 But disease had marked this fair one –
He must lie beneath the sod;
Die upon his country’s altar,
For his country and his God.

 In our memories we hold him,
As of comrades, one most dear;
Happy in the realms of glory,
Who could wish that he were here.

 He has died, a glorious martyr;
For his country gave his life.
How could more than this be offered,
Though he fell not in the strife.

 May this bloody war be over,
And the flag for which he died,
Float once more o’er land of traitors,
Of America the pride.



            At this office immediately a good steady boy, about 16 years old to learn the Printing Business.  For terms, apply to the office.


Our People’s Liberality.

            We are much gratified to learn that in obedience to the request of the Sanitary Committee at Chicago, our people on Tuesday contributed seventy-two dollars, to the relief of the sick and wounded at Vicksburg, and that our Supervisors Court voted to the same worthy purpose, one hundred dollars, all of which went forward by Mr. H. Cummings, on the 25th inst.  This is as it should be.  People who cannot share in the afflictions of our soldiers don’t deserve a Government.  We think the more of this donation of the County Court, as heretofore the majority have declined making appropriations for the soldiers, and some of them, doubtless, think the exercise of the power doubtful, but if the representatives of a free people cannot help the offering and uphold the struggles of our own troops, we surely have the most important Government on earth. – We doubt not all honorable men approve the act of the Court whether they approve of the war or not.


4th of July Celebration.

            It has been suggested by many of our people that at this crisis in our National affairs, a Celebration of the 4th of July, irrespective of parties, would be highly appropriate.  When the hearts of thousands in our Southern States have proved traitorous to the pledges of their fathers, and they have stretched out a patricidal hand to destroy the noble work to which their own, as well as their progenitors so magnanimously contributed, it would surely be well for those of us that remain to visit again the shrine of our fathers.  Even the hearth stones, the groves and the graveyards of our ancestors have a sacredness which no well balanced mind can visit without hallowed and ennobling reflections.  What then must be the influence of sitting again, for a day, under the teachings of 1776, and drawing in anew the inspirations of our knightly dead as they then committed themselves to the work of a separate and united effort for liberty.  “Let bonfire illuminations and the firing of cannon, forever commemorate these generous deeds.”  We propose that a meeting be held at the Court House, in Macomb, on Saturday, the 30th inst., at 2 o’clock, p. m., to make arrangements for a celebration of the glorious old 4th.


→ Notwithstanding the great expectations entertained of a large emigration this year, the real number arriving every week surpasses it all. – Most of the arrivals leave at once for the West, though some of the mechanics and artisans stop in the eastern cities.  Very few of the new comers seem disposed to enlist.


→ The Tycoon of Japan recently sent to President Lincoln a notable gift, consisting of a metalic coat of mail. – The Tycoon evidently wishes our President to be an “iron-clad.”


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