May 1, 1863
Are They the Same.
The charge is often made that the term “Copperhead,” as used by the friends of the Government, applies to all Democrats. Never was charge more falsely made. In using the term “Copperhead,” no epithet is applied to Democrats whatever. The necessity for a new name grew out of the very fact that in the Democratic party were many true and loyal men, and it would be an insult to them – an insult to the patriots who founded the party – to call traitors by the good old name “Democrat,” consequently a new term had to be coined, that should be expressive of the nature of the men who had proved traitors alike to their party and their country, and no word in the English language so aptly expresses it as “Copperhead.” The men, who boast of being copperheads, and who are kicked out of loyal society for wearing the copperhead insignia, know that they are as different from the men that founded the Democratic party as black is from white. They know that they have proved recreant to every principle advocated by Jefferson, Madison, Jackson and Douglas – that by by their course they have lost the confidence and respect of every loyal man be he Republican or Democrat. No, the term copperhead does not apply to a Democrat any more than it does to a It is only when men depart not only from Democratic principles, but from the principles of loyalty and patriotism, that they become the equals – nay, not the equals, but the inferiors of the crawling, slimy copperhead. We don’t know but some new term ought to be applied to them, unless we think it is right to slander the whole serpent tribe.
To be a Democrat is no disgrace to any man, and the man who would apply the term copperhead to a conscientious loyal Democrat, ought to be knocked down for his impudence and want of sense. Ben. Butler, Logan, McClernan, and thousands of others are Democrats, but what relationship do they bear, or what quantities do they have in common with such men as Vallandigham, Ben. Wood and Nelson Abbott? Heavens, is it possible that such men claim to be Democrats? If they are true representatives of Democracy, what shall we call Jeff Davis? He would be a god in Democracy, while they are but new-fledged angels. Democrats are everywhere standing by the country in its hour of peril. They are found in the tented field with muskets in their hands, dealing death to traitors – they are found shoulder to shoulder with Republicans, putting forth every energy to save the Constitution and the Union, and bearing the glorious Stars and Stripes, and the sheets of flame and bullets of the battle field. But where do you find the copperheads? – Giving aid and comfort to the enemies of the Government – whining about the usurpation of power by the Administration – on their knees to traitors begging for terms of peace – strutting around the streets displaying upon their shirt bosoms emblems of treason and hatred to free institutions. Again we ask, Are they the same? If the devil and a cherub from the Throne of God are possessed of the same nature, then is a Democrat and a copperhead the same.
The Union Meeting.
Don’t forget the Union Convention for nominating candidates for city officers, on Saturday night. Let every true Union man – every man who is in favor of no compromise, except that which speaks from the mouths of loyal cannon, be on hand. Macomb has sent many men to the army who are now confronting the cohorts of treason in the South, but there is enough Union men left behind to wipe out the traitors in their rear. Again we say come out on Saturday night.
Thursday, April 30th
Thursday, April 30th is the day set apart by the President’s Proclamation as a day of Fasting and Prayer to Almighty God – a day of National humiliation in view of our many sins and transgressions as a Nation. The day should be observed by all. Let the cares and perplexities of business be forgotten for a few hours, and let every heart, with the deepest humility, be lifted up in the throne of Divine Grace in earnest prayer that our National sins may be forgotten – that the calamities that are upon us may be speedily removed.
The different religious congregations will unite in holding Public Worship at at 11 o’clock, A.M., at the Presbyterian church.
A case of youthful depravity came to light in this city on Saturday last, which is truly surprising. For some time past it has been known that some one was in the habit of taking money from the money drawers in different stores in this city, but no clue could be got to the perpetrators of the thefts. A few days since the store of S. P. Dewey, Clothing Merchant, was entered while the clerks were absent to dinner, and $12 taken from the money drawer. A day or two after, the Drug store of J. McMillen & Co. was entered just before night, and while two clerks were present in the store, and some $5 taken from the drawer. From some circumstances, a young boy named Thaddeus Cord was suspected in this instance, and he was searched by officer Barrett, but nothing was found to strengthen the suspicions, and subsequent events, we are happy to say, clearly shows that the boy was entirely innocent. Word was passed around the square to be on the look-out, and on Saturday evening the thief was was caught. A boy named Bryant Head the guilty party. On Saturday evening Thos. J. Beard saw this boy come out of his store and he immediately examined his money drawers and found that every one of them had been emptied of their contents. He at once had the boy arrested and found the money, $22, in his possession. Young Head is about eleven years of age, and we believe has always been considered an honest boy. He at once made a clean breast of the whole matter, and owned that he took the money from Mr. Dewey’s drawer, and also from Mr. McMillan’s and also that he had stolen $5 from Mr. Piper’s money drawer. This last sum had not been missed. He also stated that he got the money by watching when no one was behind the counter, and then crawling in on his hands and knees and opening the drawer, and then slipping out in the same manner. We do not recollect of so bold a game being so successfully carried out before. But sharp as he was he got caught at last.
It is due to Mr. Cord’s son, to say that the only thing that led to suspicions in his case was that he was the only one that the clerks could recollect coming in the store about the time the money was taken. It will be a great relief to him and his friends to know that his innocence is established beyond any doubt.
Young Head has been held to bail for his appearance at Circuit Court.
The 16th Regiment.
In another column we publish the truly patriotic Resolutions of the 16th Reg’t Ill. Vol’s. This regiment is one of the oldest in the field, and is, we believe, the first Illinois regiment whose feet pressed the sacred soil of Secessia. It has experienced as many hardships and trials as any other regiment, but still it is undaunted – still it is opposed to any compromise short of an unconditional submission on the part of the rebels. Co’s A, B and C, in this regiment, are from this county, and we are glad to see that they are unanimous in their condemnation of the Northern Copperheads. Co. B was raised by the late Capt. Wells, and had quite a number of Democrats in its ranks, but this does not prevent a unanimous voice in condemnation of the course pursued by the eagle and its supporters.
The Voice of the 16th Illinois Infantry.
The following bold and truly excellent and patriotic resolutions of the soldiers of the 16th Illinois Infantry, who are on duty across the river, will be read with admiration by loyal men everywhere. There is not a shadow of doubt that the sentiments herein expressed are the sentiments of the soldiers en mass. We have talked with hundreds and hundreds of privates from every State in the Northwest and beyond all doubt the sentiments expressed here are the sentiments of our intelligent citizen soldiers:
16th R. I. V. Infantry,
Camp at Edgefield, Tenn.,
April 1st, 1863.
In pursuance of a call made for a meeting of the non-commissioned officers and privates of the 16th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, it was determined to appoint a committee of one from each company to draft resolutions expressive of the view of the regiment on the important questions of the day, and also in reply to the numerous letters and resolutions from friends at home. The committee met and, on motion, John Geddes, Sergeant of company F, was appointed President, and Noble L. Prentiss, of company D, Secretary. On calling the roll of the companies, the following named soldiers reported as delegates from their respective companies:
Private Wm. H. Head, company A, private Abia Butler, company B, Corporal Jesse S. Craig, company C, private Noble D. Prentiss, company D, private Edward Patten, company E, Sergeant John Geddes, company F, private Thomas C. McGrate, company G, private M. Howard, company I, private Wm. S. Baldwin, company K.
After the deliberation the committee reported the following Preamble and Resolutions, which were adopted by the respective companies, as shown by the reports of the Orderly Sergeants:
Resolutions of the Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates of the
16th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
WHEREAS, The soldiers of Illinois in every department of the Western army, have met and expressed in the form of resolutions, their unalterable attachment to the Government, their faith in the righteous cause for which they are in arms; and also to express as far as language can do so, their detestation for those base and designing men in the North, who have shown a disposition to aid, by every means in their power, the armed traitors in the South; and whereas, we, the non-commissioned officers and men of the 16th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, desire to join our brethren in arms in the expression of their sentiments, have therefore,
Resolved, 1st That we do not consider that our absence from home, in our country’s service, has deprived us of all the privileges of citizenship, or of the faculty of discerning the difference between the just, the honest, and the brave and the treacherous, the wicked, and the cowardly. We reject as an insult to our common sense, the assertion that the opinion of the rank and file are directed and controlled, or stifled and suppressed by the officers of the army; and we hereby declare, that, we, the musket carrying men of this regiment, are able to make and do now make a full and freed expression of our sentiment.
2d. That we declare our fixed faith to the Government of the United States for whose existence we are fighting and for whose maintenance we have pledged, like its founders, our lives our fortunes and our sacred honor. We recognize no other Government, and design no other, and we regard any proposition to dismember and destroy it by any means whatever, as treason, unmitigated and disgraceful.
3d. That we have watched with mingled pain and disgust the progress of the so called “Peace Party,” in the North, and that we express our heart-felt contempt, and aversion for it in all its forms and manifestations, wherever it appears. We earnestly call the attention of our Government to the cases of all traitors, from CLEMENT L. VALLANDIGHAM, to the despised wretches, who recently, in the State of Indiana, desecrated the grave of a Union soldier; and that we hail with joy, the recent order of Gen. ROSECRANS, sending traitors beyond our lines, believing that armed foes in front, are preferable to pretended friends in our rear, and would recommend its extension and enforcement throughout the whole North.
4th. That we heartily endorse the Emancipation Proclamation, believing if properly supported that it will lead to the final extention of slavery, and to the re-establishment of our Government, upon the principles of justice and liberty without which we can never have a permanent peace.
5th. That in the recent acts of Congress, known as the Confiscations and Conscription Bills, we recognize wise and patriotic measures, calculated to fill up the ranks of the Army, punish the traitors, and lighten the burden of taxation upon the loyal.
6th. That we hail with this pride, the recent uprising of the loyal people of North. We thank them for their sympathy, and support, and assure them that we are not weary in “well doing,” and fully able to take care of the armed rebels in front, if they will, as we believe they can, dispose of the lurking traitors in the rear.
7th. That we are gratified to see more stringent measures adopted by the Government for the apprehension of deserters, and we urge the loyal men of Illinois to lend every aid to the authorities in their attempts to return these men to their respective commands, furthermore we request every loyal woman to treat the deserter like the perjured criminal he is.
8th. That it is with pleasure that we embrace the present opportunity to render our grateful regards to Governor YATES, of Illinois, for his untiring energy in arming and equipping the large force our State has now in the field, and for his humanity and kindness to hundreds and thousands of our sick and wounded comrades.
9th: That we assure all whom it may concern, that we do not wish to receive anymore “secesh” letters or newspapers in this regiment. That we are not the material deserters are made of, and we regard a proposition to desert our flag as an insult that we shall, if an opportunity offers, wipe out most effectually. We care not for compliments to our courage from those who are the enemies of our country. Finally, appealing to the God of Battles, we declare that we are for the Union; the whole Union; and nothing but the Union, at every hazard and to the last extremity.
10th. That these resolutions be forwarded for publication to the Nashville Union, the Quincy Whig, the Chicago Tribune, and also that a copy be forwarded to his Excellency, Gov. RICHARD YATES, of Illinois.
Co. A reports 53 men for duty, the vote in favor of the resolution was unanimous.
J. S. Lane, 1st Serg’t.
Co. B, 53 men for duty, the vote was unanimous.
J. L. Bassett, 1st Serg’t
Co. C, 53 men for duty, the vote was 53 in favor of the resolutions.
Geo. W. bates, 1st Serg’t
Co. D, 59 men for duty, the vote stood 58 for and 1 against the resolutions.
H. A. Olive, 1st Serg’t
Co. E, 60 men for duty, the vote stood 36 for and 13 against the resolutions, 11 neutral.
R. A. Glenn, 1st Serg’t
Co. F, 64 men for duty, the vote was unanimous.
Wm. C. Porter, 1st Serg’t
Co. G, 77 men for duty, the vote was unanimous.
Geo. W. Baimhart, 1st Serg’t
Co. H, 68 men for duty, the vote was unanimous.
S. Schlund, 1st Serg’t
Co. I, 69 men for duty, the vote was unanimous.
Maxwell Dickey, 1st Serg’t
Co. K, 49 men for duty, the vote stood — for and 3 against the resolutions.
R. E. Coulter, 1st Serg’t
Patriotism at Bardolph.
To the Editor of the Macomb Journal:
Bardolph, though a very small place, is strong in its attachment to the Union of our fathers, and is determined to sustain the brave men who have nobly left the allurements of home and friends to defend and preserve unsullied our glorious old banner, the Stars and Stripes.
On the afternoon of the 23rd, our citizens assembled, almost en masse, at the church, to listen to a warm, patriotic speech by Rev. E. P. Livingston, of Bushnell. This was followed by a thrilling account of the gallant 84th Illinois regiment, by its former chaplain, Rev. R. Harris. The choir was present and enlivened the meeting with patriotic songs.
At 7 o’clock the summons came to adjourn to the hotel, and partake of a supper given for the benefit of the Soldiers Aid Society of this place. The landlord deserves great credit for the manner in which we were received and entertained.
After supper, although late, the company repaired to the church, to listen again to Mr. Harris, and
“Sit and sing of brothers abroad,
Forgetting the midnight chime.”
Then not feeling satisfied, took up a collection amounting to $7.83, which was placed in the hands of the society; and adjourned with one cheer for the speakers, one for the choir, one for Mr. Turney (the landlord), and three for the Union and its brave defenders in the field.
The society met the following day, and found the proceeds amounted to $66.70 – net $30.45. The following resolution was passed unanimously:
WHEREAS, We think an injury has been done to the cause in which we are engaged, [obscured] have reason to censure us as members of the Soldiers Aid Society, as well as individually, we having pledged ourselves to the community, that there would be no dancing upon the occasion, therefore,
Resolved, That we feel Mr. Turney has not acted in good faith towards us, he having given his word to our agent that he would not permit any dancing upon the evening of our supper. Mary A. Hoagland, Pres.
Belle B. Creel, Sec.
→ We issue the Journal one day earlier than usual this week in order to pay due observance to the President’s Proclamation on Thursday.
→ Good goods and low prices are sure to win. Do not fail to visit the house of J. M. Browne & Co., on south side of Square, if you need anything in the Boot and Shoe line, for they have a complete assortment, and are selling at very low figures. They are constantly receiving additions to their stock, so they cannot fail to suit all.
→ We have received a communication relating the particulars of an egg party held in Chalmers Township, in which an old copperhead got rather roughly handled by some patriotic young ladies. It will appear next week.