April 3 and 4, 1863

Macomb Journal
April 3, 1863

A Blast from the 16th.

            In another column we publish a series of resolutions adopted by Co. A, 16th Reg. Ill. Vol’s, and signed by every member of the company, and we have no doubt that every man in the Regiment would have been willing to have signed the same if requested to do so.  The resolutions may seem to some to be rather hard on the copperhead fraternity, but when we reflect upon the fact that all the efforts of the traitorous gang have a tendency to prolong the war and increase the hardships of our brave soldiers in the field, we do not wonder that they feel bitter towards them.  The soldiers have enlisted in the war for the purpose of defending the Government against traitors, and it cannot be expected that they will draw any very nice distinctions between traitors in the South and traitors in the North.  The resolutions referred to were passed by soldiers who have been in the service since the commencement of the war – by soldiers who have seen all the hardships and dangers of the camp and field, and yet they give the lie to the assertions made by the copperheads of the North, that the soldiers are tired of the war and would rejoice at peace at any price. – But we suppose Abbott will tell his readers that Co. A have been engaged in the cotton speculation.  Judging from the spirit of the resolutions, they would like to engage in the “hemp business.”


The Union Meeting at Bardolph.

            In another column we publish the proceedings of the Union Meeting held at Bardolph on Monday last.  The meeting was well attended, and the Resolutions were adopted with a hearty good will.  Just such meetings ought to be held in every township in the county.  The loyal men of the county ought to come together and show the Administration, the Soldiers in the field and the miserable, traitorous Copperheads, that Old McDonough is right on the Union question.  If there ever was a time in the history of any Government when the Administration needed the active sympathies and the hearty support of the people it is now.  Again we say, hold Union meetings, express your sentiments of devotion to the Government and your abhorrence of traitors both North and South.


K. G. C.’s. – It has been denied that there were any of the K. G. C.’s in this county.  But one thing is certain, there are quite a number of the leading Copperheads in this city who wear their badge.  The badge adopted by this infamous organization is the head of a copper cent with the word “Liberty” cut out, worn as a breast pin.  We have noticed several of these breast-pins within the past week.  The badge is certainly a fit one to designate the copperhead breed.


Pass the Traitor Around.

            In another column we publish a letter written by a Fulton county traitor to his nephew in the army advising him to desert and come home.  We also publish the reply of the nephew to his copperhead uncle.  The one is just what might be expected from a man who reads the Fulton Democrat and the Macomb Eagle, the other just what might be expected from a brave, patriotic soldier of the Union.  This man Mosher ought to be hung by the neck until he is dead, dead, DEAD.


Army Correspondence.

Nashville, Tenn., March 19.

Editor Macomb Journal:

Dear Sir – I send herewith a copy of a letter written by E. Mosher, of Cuba, Fulton County, Illinois, to his nephew, Richard Speake, Co. A, 16th Illinois, advising him to DESERT his Regiment, and go home.  And I also send Mr. Richard Speake’s reply to his Uncle’s letter, which expresses the sentiments of all the soldiers in the 16th Regiment, and I hope you will give it a place in your paper.

Respectfully yours,
H. W. Gash, Lieutenant,
Co. A, 16th Regiment.

Cuba, Fulton Co., Ill., March 1.

            Dear Richard: I understand you are fighting for the Union.  Let us look at it, on the 22d of September, Old Abe issued his proclamation declaring that if every State was not represented that every slave should be forever free, and on the 23d of the same he suspended the writ of habeas corpus, and enslaved the North so that no man was allowed to speak his sentiments except an abolitionist.  Old Abe has signed the bill to disannul the Constitution of the United States, to this the North is opposed.  You spoke of the disgrace of our Legislature and State, if so why does the State of New Jersey and of Connecticut adopt the same resolutions, as you say you would like to come up here and put down the rebels.  I would to God that not only you but the whole Northern army would for the abolitionists are the ones.  Dick, the Conscript Bill has passed and not a man from old Fulton is agoing to fight for the nigger, but their rights.

Richard takes a fools advice and come home if you have to desert, you will be protected – the people are so enraged that you need not be alarmed if you hear of the whole of the Northwest killing off the abolitionists.  I will send you some resolutions which we received with joy, read them carefully.  No more at present.

Your Uncle,
Ed. Mosher.

Camp at Edgefield, Tenn., March 12th, 1863.

Mr. E. Mosher:

Dear Sir – Yours of the 1st came to hand last night, and I hasten to reply while the contents of your treasonable letter are still in my mind, but should you discover in my answer anything tending to a love for “the Union, the Constitution and the enforcement of the laws,” you must impute it to my democratic principles, in which school of politics I have been reared.  Not your modern Copperhead Democracy, not your Democracy which seeks political elevation at the sacrifice of our rights our liberty and our freedom, but the Democracy founded by Jefferson, taught by Jackson and practiced by Douglas.

You tell me with a great flourish that Mr. Lincoln the day after he issued his emancipation proclamation, suspended the writ of habeas corpus, and stopped the freedom of speech, both of which acts meet my hearty approval, and if I have a regret on the subject it is, that he has not enforced this stopper on loud-mouthed politicians, and not only confined them in our Northern Forts, but hung them from every gatepost in the loyal States.  You made such an outcry about arbitrary arrests, that the President in his anxiety to promote the cause in which we are engaged – released some of the most notorious traitors in the country.  No sooner had this been done than the cry of a “nigger war” was taken up and under the lead of such men as Vallandingham, Voorhees, Seymour, the Wood’s of N.Y., and a host of smaller pot-house politicians, the cry was converted into a howl, knowing that their bread and butter, which has been furnished them for years, by the United States – depended upon their reviving an antagonistic party to the Administration, and here let me remark, that, had the Administration been free from any error, had it been as pure and immutable as that of Christ over his disciples, the black-heartedness of treason of such men and their followers would have found some cause for complaining, and their endeavors to assist Davis and his horde of hell-hounds would have been the same.

The arming of negroes is not only a military necessity, but an act which should have been done long ago in justice of self defence.  They have not only remained at home to raise their sustenance, but have assisted them in the erection of their Forts; and in fighting their battles.  But a few days ago in the fight at Franklin, 16 miles from here, Van Dorn placed two nigger regiments in the front to take a battery, which their cowardly hearts would not allow them to attempt themselves, and it would be well for you to enquire into your heart of hearts, and ascertain whether the Government will allow itself to be destroyed by a system which has not only engraved itself into our politics, but struck at the foundation of right, justice and liberty.  Have you no word of condemnation for the infraction of the Constitution by Davis & Co.  Was it in accordance with the Constitution for these miserable poltroons to drive the Star of the West out of Charleston harbor while conveying to a starving garrison of 70 men, to train our glorious banner in the dust at Sumter, to threaten our Capital by an armed mob, armed too, with weapons stolen from the Forts (which was supporting them) by one of your modern Democrats, the hero of Fort Donelson, Mister Floyd.  This I presume is in your estimation of carrying out the Constitution to the letter of the law.  Let me tell you, sir, that I am not only in favor of arming the niggers, but mules, bloodhounds, anything or any invention to kill rebels.  I am for my country, right or wrong, and woe to the double dyed traitors of Illinois if the 16th should be sent home to enforce the conscript law.  We will use Barnaby Rudge’s moral suasion clubs and if necessary let them smell loyal powder and feel loyal steel, that is if we don’t kill them too dead to leave them insensible to smell and feeling.

You speak in your letter of my coming home, well I am more anxious than ever to fulfill my promise, for when I intimated that I would like to do so, I had not the remotest idea I should be greeted by a host of traitors worse than any we have fought or seen in Dixie.  Our meeting may not prove so pleasant to you as you anticipate, for when I do come it will be in a capacity to destroy all enemies of my Government.

The penalty of treason is death, and the man who would desire me to add perjury to my other sins by deserting the cause of my country in her hour of trial I have so little respect for that I cannot express my contempt for him. – Honor indeed, why he who would advise such a step has no more conception of honor of the word than Buchanan had of patriotism or Floyd of honesty.  He would make a competent member of Jeff Davis’ cabinet but I’m not so sure of that either for he would be base enough to defraud the robbers and then advise them to return to their allegiance on account of poverty.

The resolutions which you say have been adopted by Illinois, New Jersey, Connecticut, and others, does not emanate from the people, but from a set of cowardly poltroons, who, not having the fear of God or a just enforcement of the laws before them, have endeavored to coax the South into a Union which they loath and hate as the devil does holy water.  The Southern press teems with every epithet and infamous name at their command, against those who are endeavoring to conciliate them. – They don’t ask your assistance, and won’t have it whether it comes under the guise of Democracy or peace men, and must it not be consoling to you sympathizers to think your southern brethren these robbers, thieves, assassins, murderers and savages, give you a kick out of their lines and tree you.  You are too degraded for even those to associate with.  How any man with the least particle of self-respect, honor or principle can crave an association with them, I can’t conceive, but excuse me you have ignored all honor ad principle, and consequently are fully competent for the task.

When you want to write treason again, do it to some Copperhead, you will find few traitors in the army of the Cumberland, and none in the 16th Reg.  I am of the opinion that when the enrolling officer comes around “Old Fulton” will literally puke out her conscripts, and if she don’t the Government has such a winning way of doing things that they will consider treason don’t pay.  You have no doubt heard of read of the magnet – well Uncle Sam instead of placing this magnet before the object which it wishes to draw, puts it behind and the peculiar sensation which it causes to have a sharp peice of steel in close proximity to a man’s body generally causes him to change his opinions as to the justice of the proceeding.  Our Regiment is decimated and in want of 400 or 500 men, the rest of us are just about capable enough to drill you into loyalty.  To be sure you are not very desirable company, but by holding our noses, and associating with you for a little while we may probably be brought to endure your presence.

On account of the fire-in-the-rear and the treason at home, our invincible Rosecrans, the idol of the army and the terror of traitors, has issued an order that all war news shall be contraband, giving the Chicago Times, Macomb Eagle, and other like ilk full license to manufacture grapevine to their hearts content.  So obnoxious have these treasonable sheets become, that the soldiers refuse to buy them, and woe be to the newsboy who cries through our company paper advocating such [obscured].  Any news found in them, unless official, must be received with due allowance, but like master, like man, and he who refuses to make those sheets their standard of democracy, ceases to be a member of that august body.  Gen. Rosecrans knows traitors too well to repose any confidence in the Copperheads, for the underground railroad furnishes too many facilities for furnishing news to the bogus government at Richmond.

Yours truly,
Richard Speake,
Co. A 16th Illinois Volunteers.


Edgefield, Tenn., Mar. 23.

            Editor Journal: In behalf of company A, I enclose you for publication in the Macomb Journal, a series of resolutions which have been signed by every member of the company.  The only regret is, that we feel ourselves incompetent to do these loathsome creatures (whose very presence must infect the pure air of freedom) justice.  Unlike the “army correspondents” of the Eagle, we do not fear to make our names public in connection with these resolutions.

For my own gratification as well as for your information, I have taken a political census of the company, and find it results as follows: Democrats, 15; Republicans, 29; Americans, 10.

You will confer a favor by forwarding a package of the Journal containing the enclosed.  The health of the Regiment remains good and the boys send respects. Yours, truly,
Charles L. Sanders.

Whereas, The Copperheads of Illinois are using their utmost endeavors to create a civil war at home, and weaken the arm of the National Government in its efforts to crush this hellish rebellion; and

Whereas, The Macomb Eagle, as the organ of these double-dyed, hydra-headed traitors, having sold itself to treason, is attempting to demoralize the army, corrupt the people in their loyalty, and, by its low, filthy, contemptible publications, its perversions of facts, and the use of forged letters from the army, encouraging treason abroad and civil discord at home; therefore, be it

Resolved by the Officers, non-commissioned Officers and Privates of Co. A, 16th Ills. Vol., That Nelson Abbott, editor of the Macomb Eagle, his supporters and compeers in treason, should be notified to leave the State in twenty-four hours, and in case of their non-compliance with the request, they should have their ears cropped, branded in the forehead with the letter T, and be sent outside the Federal lines to feed upon the cold charities of the kingdom of King Jeff. the 1st.

Resolved, That, in the event of any of our company having the good fortune to return home, we, individually and collectively, pledge ourselves to lay such a “reprisal” upon their backs as a proof positive that the soldiers from “old McDonough” are neither demoralized, nor wishing for a peace at the expense of our honor, our integrity, and our national existence.

Resolved, That He who said “Thou shall be obedient to the powers that be,” has guaranteed to man the right to punish treason, and that it is the duty of the President to use every means in his power to crush this infernal rebellion, even to the arming of negroes, and hanging Copperhead traitors in the North.

Resolved, That those who are not for us are against us; therefore, those who do not heartily endorse every measure, as yet resorted to by the President, to put down the rebellion, and are not willing to sacrifice their all, even to their lives, in so holy a cause, are not worthy the name of American citizens, but are cowardly traitors and should be treated as such.

Resolved, That, while we are absent from our homes, our firesides, and from the smiles and caresses of our loved ones, exposed to the dangers and hardships incident to war, we can but regard Nelson Abbott, the third-rate country lawyer, J. C. Thompson, and others of like ilk, in no other light than as open and avowed enemies of our Government, and as periling the lives and plotting the destruction of those most near and dear to us at the North.

Resolved, That we believe it the imperative duty of the loyal and patriotic Governor of the State of Illinois to call from the field of action, if needs be, a sufficient number of the armed forces of the State, to arrest, imprison and confine, at the point of the bayonet, the traitors, cowards, villains, liars, political poltroons and hell hounds of McDonough county, (Nelson Abbott, the third-rate country lawyer, J. C. Thompson, and others;) who by their speeches, acts and writings, would force a dishonorable peace with the rebels and traitors of the South.

Resolved, That the loyal people of McDonough county are not doing themselves, the country, or the cause in which we are engaged, justice by permitting the publication of so foul a sheet as the Macomb Eagle in their county, and they would be justified by using any means in their power to wipe out this foul stain upon humanity from their midst.

Resolved, That we who once acknowledged the names of Democrats, Republicans and Know Nothing, do now ignore the existence of all such party ties and those contemptible poltroons who in this hour of our country’s danger would agitate any such party spirit, are “workers of inequity” and are fit associates for the Devil and his angels.

Resolved, That the penalty of treason is Death! and any other punishment is too mild for justice to meet out to traitors.

Captain – Eben White.
1st Lieut – H. M. Bartholomew.
2nd Lieut – H. W. Gash.
John E. Lane, 1st Sergeant.
Clark C. Morse, 2nd do
G. L. Hainline, 3d do
C. L. Sanders, 4th do
Wesley Wood, 5th do
Edward Horley, 1st Corporal
Wm. Morrison, 2nd do
Charley Hoak, 3rd do
John V. Mason, 4th do
Marsh B. Burr, 5th do
Jas. L. Hainline, 6th do
Wm. F. Bain, 7th do


            R. H. Speake, Lloyd Thomas, R. N. Clark, J. H. Stainbrook, O. M. Sperry, Benj. F. Disler, W. W. Overstreet, John Y. McCarthy, Robert Morrison, Benj. F. Spencer, Harrison Gordon, Tip Botham, W. J. Franklin, Cyrus Lane, John M. Graham, Wm. H. Head, Ellis Thompson, Joshua Allison, Charles Watters, P. H. Delaney, W. H. Prentice, James Ervin, H. H. Hampton, J. B. Baggs, George Slocum, Michael Fitzgerald, R. F. Hendrickson, Wm. H. Hainline, James M. Fortest, Geo. Wheeler, M. B. Taylor, T. B. Chapman, Wm. Logan, A. Updegraff, Martin McCordy.


Grand Union Meeting at Bardolph.

            A rally of the unconditional Union men and women of Bardolph and vicinity was held on the afternoon and evening of the 30th of March, 1863.

The meeting was called to order by Wm. McCandless, Mr. O. M. Hoagland being called to the chair, and Mr. T. J. Creel, secretary.  The Presbyterian church was filled both on the afternoon and evening to overflowing.

On motion, the following gentlemen were appointed a committee on resolutions: Dr. Cowgill, J. B. Cummings and A. D. McBride, who submitted the following, which were adopted as being expressive of the feelings of the meeting.

Whereas, Our Government, through its legal and constituted authorities, is engaged in suppressing the most causeless and wicked rebellion the world has ever known; and whereas, there are men in our midst who are using every effort, every means, and every device in their power to embarrass the Government, and in violation of their plighted faith to our soldiers in the field, are endeavoring to destroy their efforts, by sowing the seeds of discord amongst them; and by inducing them to desert the flag of their country, therefore be it

Resolved, That we, the unconditional Union men of McDonough county, will stand by the officers of our Government and by our devoted brethren in the field, and that we call upon them to use every means in their power which God and nature have placed in their hands and sanctioned by civilized warfare in order to put a speedy end to this rebellion.

Resolved, That we pledge ourselves, under all circumstances, to render untied and willing assistance at home and on the field of battle to the Government and the army.

Resolved, That the thanks and gratitude of this meeting are especially due to the brave and loyal patriots from every county, who have so largely contributed to swell the volunteer force of Illinois.  They are our sons, our relations, our neighbors and our friends, and we proudly and profoundly appreciate their courage, constancy and sufferings to sustain the Government.

Resolved, That we sink all party predilections and considerations for the sake of our country, and that we invite all loyal men to unite with us; and we reiterate that noble sentiment of the immortal Jackson, “The Union must and shall be preserved;” and that we recognize no parties, only loyal and disloyal parties and traitors.

Resolved, That this meeting, under solemn conviction of duty, and in a firm reliance in the justice of that Providence which guides and guards Governments and Nations, does hereby pledge itself to an unconditional support of the Government to all the constitutional efforts to suppress the rebellion, and uncompromising opposition to treason in whatever form it appears.

The Rev. Mr. Worrel, who addressed the meeting, made a most stirring and eloquent union speech, followed by Mr. Wheal, to an attentive audience. – The meeting, which was much enlivened by cheers and thrilling music, closed by three cheers for the speakers, six cheers for the Union, and six for the boys in the field of battle.

O. M. Hoagland, Ch’n.

T. J. Creel, Sec’t’y.


            Sad Accident. – On Friday evening last, Robert Davis, son of A. J. Davis, of this city, met with a severe accident which resulted in the loss of an arm.  On that day some boys went out gunning.  Davis shot off one barrel of his gun and laid it down upon a brush heap to get his game.  When he took the gun up, the cock caught on the brush and discharged the gun, the load entering his arm above the elbow completely shattering the bone, and literally tearing the arm to pieces.  The boy that was with him got help as soon as possible and he was brought home. – The arm was so badly injured that amputation was necessary.  The operation was performed the next day by Drs. Huston, Hammond, Westfall and Dunn.  The boy is getting along finely.  This should be a warning to boys not to handle firearms carelessly.


Macomb Eagle
April 4, 1863

The Great Issue.

            The issue before the country, says the New York Argus, is no longer whether rebellion shall be put down and civil liberty maintained, under the forms and guarantees of the Constitution, but whether, in addition to the rebellion in the South, a civil revolution shall be permitted in the North, which shall sweep away the last vestige of State rights and personal liberty.  This issue, unhappy and alarming as it appears to reflecting men, is fairly before the country and upon its results depends the future of this Government.  The struggle is to be a fearful one, but we rely on the good sense and patriotism of the people to conduct it in a manner which shall produce discomfiture to the conspirators and save our country from the additional horrors of intestine war throughout the northern States.  The republican leaders presume largely upon the patience or the imbecility of the people, in supposing, as they seem to do, that they will tamely submit to the overthrow of their liberties and the destruction of their civil rights without a struggle.  They have evidently acted upon the belief that by demanding unconditional support of the measures of the administration, as a condition of loyalty, and by holding up the terrors of the bastile before all who dare to question either the legality or the wisdom of their policy, the spirit of free discussion could be crushed out and the radical policy of the abolitionists engrafted permanently upon the government. – The conservatives of the country are law abiding and Constitution loving men, who deprecate any action which is not strictly within the letter and spirit of the fundamental law.  They condemn and denounce all departures from there by the men in power – they will abstain from such action themselves, unless driven to it by the persistent violation of their rights and liberties by the administration.  The course pursued by the administration and its supporters, towards those who do not approve their action, is little short of infamous.  They demand of us an approval of their unconstitutional acts, a blind support of their insane policy, on pain of being pronounced disloyal, and of forfeiting our rights and our liberty.  They require us to support the war as they choose to conduct it, in defiance of constitutional provisions, in opposition to the teachings of experience and the dictates of wisdom, or else be insulted with the epithets of “traitor,” “copperhead,” and other opprobrious names.  They set up a standard of loyalty outside and above the Constitution, and demand that we conform our action to it.  Are the people of this country to submit to these outrages?  Will such usurpations on the part of the administration, such arrogance on the part of its leading political friends, be long tolerated by a free and enlightened people?  These are questions of momentous interest to the people of the country at this critical period.  May the wisdom and good sense of the people, under the guidance of a merciful Providence, furnish a solution, which shall not deluge the land with blood.


Enforcing the Draft.

            Those who are subject to conscription, and have not $300 to purchase exemption, should not forget that one object of the Union League, as confessed by republican papers, is to aid in “enforcing the draft.”  The men actively engaged in getting up these Leagues are most of them wealthy men, or men in good circumstances.  They can purchase exemption, and they will; not one of them will go except, perhaps, as an officer, but they are determined to make all poor men toe the mark.  Noble patriots! ain’t they?


Township Meetings.

            Hire. – The Democrats of Hire township will hold a meeting at the Rock Creek school house, Saturday, April 4th, at 1 o’clock p.m.. to nominate candidates for township officers.  A full attendance is desired.


Democratic Township Meetings.



            Whereas, from 1798 to 1860, under Democratic rule and the administration of the government on Democratic principles, the nation progressed in all the elements of greatness with unexampled rapidity – checked only by the temporary success of the opponents of democracy in 1824, 1840, and 1848 – thus proving that those principles are the natural outgrowth of and congenial to our form of government; therefore,

Resolved, That in our opinion the only salvation for constitutional liberty is to restore the administration of the Government to the wisdom and guidance of Democratic statesmen; and that peace, harmony, and prosperity will follow such restoration.

Resolved, That while we approve of the enforcement of the Constitution and laws, in spirit and in letter, we do most emphatically deny that any necessity has arisen or can arise for violating one provision of that sacred instrument, in order to the enforcement of another; and that a violation of the Constitution is no less wicked and treasonable in the President of the United States, than in the humblest citizen.

The meeting was addressed by J. E. Taylor of Middletown.


            Supervisor, Wm. Twaddle; town clerk, W. H. Horrell; collector, Wm. H. Twaddle; assessor, Wm. Gumning; highway commissioner, A. H. Rash; Overseer of poor, L. D. Clark.




            Resolved, That we recommend to the board of supervisors the propriety of making an appropriation sufficient to buy from the army every citizen of this county, who may be taken under the conscription law.


            For supervisor, Gilbert T. Green; town clerk, Jasper A. Dungan; assessor, Jas. M. Wallin; collector, Henry Knappenberger; highway commissioner, Ephraim Dice; overseer of poor, A. Watkins.



            Whereas, We firmly believe that war is disunion, and disunion is destruction; that the people are the strength of this nation, and that if the people destroy themselves in this bloody war of fraternal conflict, then the strength of the nation is gone, and one country both North and South will be at the mercy of the usurper at home and the invader from abroad; and we believe that this Union can never be restored as it was and the Constitution preserved as our fathers made it, by an administration that have no respect for promises to the people nor oaths to the Constitution.  We believe that the administration is not prosecuting the war for the purpose of putting down the rebellion, but to free all the negroes in the United States, at the expense of the white man’s blood and treasure.

Resolved, 1st. That we are for the Union, the whole Union as it was, and the Constitution preserved inviolate as it is.

2. That we are opposed to an acknowledgement of the Southern Confederacy by Abe Lincoln and his cabinet.  That the settlement of our national difficulties belongs to the people alone, in a general national convention of their delegates, untrammeled by the proscriptive authority of a President, Cabinet, or even a perjured abolition Congress.

3. That as our people volunteered in this war for the preservation of the Union and the sustaining of the Constitution and laws, for the good of the whole country; and their purposes having been turned to a wrong use, we are determined to settle it as free men of America; else the great experiment of self-government by the people will be lost, dishonored, and debased at the tyrant’s feet.

4. That we go into no war with our brethren, to please the ambition of a few abolition fanatics, without the olive branch of peace in one hand.  And that as a vigorous prosecution of the war for two years has failed to put down the rebellion, we are in favor of a Christian conciliation of peace, as this Union can only be preserved by forming it in the affections of the people, and the security it gives to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness to all its members.

5. That we are loyal to any President just so long as he is loyal to the Constitution, and we never will surrender the rights guaranteed to us by the Constitution, thereby the abject slaves of usurpers and tyrants.

6. That we, as citizens of the State of Illinois, will maintain our State rights and enforce our State laws, against an influx of free negro population; and also that we will resist the arbitrary arrest and removal of our citizens from the State, to the death (of shoulder-straps), so long as the courts of justice are open.

7. That we are opposed to all secret political or military associations, whether known as “S.B.,” “U.L.,” or by any other designation.  The very fact of the existence of such associations is one of the bad signs of the times, pointing to further outrages upon the rights of citizens.

8. That we denounce Lincoln’s proclamation of Sept. 22, 1862, declaring four millions of barbarous African slaves free, and inciting them to cut the throats of defenseless women and children, as the most monstrous and cruel ever perpetrated in peace or war, by despot, monarch, president, or chief, in christian or savage nation.

9. That we recommend to the board of supervisors the propriety of making an appropriation to buy out of the army all citizens of this county, who may be taken under the conscript act.


            For supervisor, Wm. C. McLeod; for town clerk, John B. Purdy; for assessor, John S. White; collector, Henry A. Painter; highway commissioner, Samuel H. Murfin; constable, O. P. Pennington.



            Resolved, That we as a party, whatever shades of opinion may exist among us, unite in this, a determination to abide by the Federal Constitution and to preserve the Union which that great instrument established. – Standing on this firm and truly loyal ground, we are unalterably opposed to separation, and determined to maintain the integrity of the Government, and to bring back into their proper sphere all the seceded States, by the use of all the means approved by a wise and benignant constitutional government – arms, amnesty, redress of grievances, and honorable compromise of subjects of controversy; in a word, by the exercise of such pregrogatives as become an enlightened and christian nation.

[Resolutions condemning the importation of negroes, the agitation of political questions in our public schools, in favor of a national convention to restore the Union, and complimenting the bravery of the Illinois soldiers were adopted, also a long preamble setting forth the violations of the Constitution and falsification of promises by the Lincoln administration.  We regret that we have not room to publish them in full. – Ed’r Eagle.]


            For supervisor, Lyman Porter; town clerk, John A. Harland; assessor, Wm. Summerwell; collector, Warner Lanning; highway commissioner, Richard Rutledge; constables, William Deary and John Mitchell; overseer of poor, Barnet Swango.



            For Supervisor, P. B. Cordell; town clerk, Wm. R. Vance; assessor, Simon Anstine; collector, Edgar R. Wright; highway commissioners, Warner Pennington, William H. Carroll, James Cooper; constable, Jas. Pennington; overseer of poor, W. B. Miller.




            For supervisor, Joshua Larkin; town clerk, Robert F. Anderson; assessor, J. B. Pearce; collector, John B. Spicer; highway commissioner, Perry Phillips; overseer of the poor, Joshua Larkin.




            For supervisory, L. F. Smith; town clerk, A. W. Gray; assessor, Samuel F. Smith; collector, T. R. Wilcox; highway commissioner, Samuel C. Knight.




            For supervisor, V. M. Hardin; town clerk, William W. Gillihan; assessor, Harrison Hungate; collector, John V. M. Hardesty; highway commissioner, George Bughman; overseer of poor, Redmond Grigsby.



            For supervisor, Stockton West; town clerk, Jacob H. Aller; assessor, Sanger Stearns; collector, John B. Hunt; highway commissioner, David McDonald.


A Shallow Trick. – If a man wants a contemptible, cowardly trick performed, we advise him to employ an abolition republican to do it – one of those leaders in his township or county, who imagines himself a sub-Lincoln with a bell on.  Some of these fellows have been sending word to certain republican soldiers from this county, to induce them to denounce the editor of THE EAGLE, and threaten his office with destruction.  We can assure the home operators in this cowardly business that they need not expect to escape unscathed, in the event that the threats they have instigated shall be put into execution; they are marked, and had better control all their dogs.  As for the republican soldiers, we neither fear them nor ask favors of them; they were our political enemies before the war, as they had a right to be, and we shall make no effort to conciliate their good will.  They have retained their political opinions in the army, and we shall exercise the same right by speaking our opinions of the army.


A Distressing Accident. – On Friday last, Robert Davis, aged about fifteen years, son of A. J. Davis, of this city, met with a serious gunshot accident.  He was hunting up the creek, had shot a duck, and laid his gun down to get it.  Returning to the gun he seized it by the muzzle, and in drawing it toward him the hammer caught on a twig, and was raised far enough to explode the cap and discharge the gun.  The load passed into his right arm, completely severing the bone, and taking one or two inches of its length. – He was taken to the house of Mr. Fuhr, and brought to town the next day.  His arm was amputated by Drs. Houston and Hammond, and he is now in a fair way to recover.


Musical Convention. – A musical convention will be held in the city of Macomb, commencing on Tuesday April 7th, and continue three days, under the direction of Mr. L. B. Miller of Galesburg, assisted by Miss L. E. Tucker, pianist.  To close with a grand concert.  All interested in the science of music are invited to attend.


A Crusade upon the rights of Democrats.

            A beautiful feature in the abolition programme has been discovered in this place, emanating from the “STRONG BAND” of “S.B.’s” – more properly speaking the “Sons of Belial.”  The arrangements, as brought to light by a leaky vessel of the concern, are as follows:

When the conscript is about to be enforced, all the “Strong Band” or “Sons of Belial” will arm themselves and patrol the towns and counties throughout the North, in squads sufficiently strong to move on every Democratic house in one night, or, go from house to house until the work is accomplished, which is, the disarming of every Democrat.  If Democrats are so foolish as not to give up their arms, this Band will proceed to search the house, and woe be to the man who resists the attempt.

We know that a “hint to the wise is sufficient,” yet we propose to offer a few suggestion, and have Democrats fix their own plans for defense:

1st. We would suggest that every Democrat has his house well fastened every night.

2nd. That no stranger be allowed to enter any man’s house after nightfall without being able to give a good account of himself.

3rd. As every man’s house is his castle, we know the laws will bear them out in defending their castles.

4th. As no one but thieves and robbers would engage in such midnight work, we urge upon every Democrat to be sure and leave every man who engages in such an outrage, where he finds him – that is: if men are found prowling about your premises, with arms in their hands after dark, not to let them go away themselves; but arrest the further progress of their hellish undertaking.

All other arrangements must be effected by each man as opportunity offers. – Lincoln Courier.


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