March 28, 1863

Macomb Eagle

Aiding the Enemy.

            We cannot see why it is that the republican papers so persistently misrepresent the position of the Democratic party on the question of peace.  We do not advocate a peace that, for the time of such advocacy, shall in any manner give the color of encouragement to the rebellion; nor do we ask a peace that will recognize the independence of the Southern Confederacy. – We want a peace for the express purpose of preventing that recognition.  Our opponents, however, are giving the rebels all the aid and encouragement that they can hope to receive from the North.  By falsely representing that the Democracy, now in popular majority in more than half of the northern States, are in favor of ultimately recognizing the Confederacy, they give them aid and comfort; and encourage them to greater efforts and more resolute daring in the face of our armies.  The amount of comfort and strength which the rebels may derive from this source will be just in proportion to the credence they put in the statements of republican newspapers and republican speeches.  Had it not been for the access which the South have had to republican stories about a large party in the North favoring the rebellion – the cause of the Confederacy would not have attained a respectable military strength in the first place, and would have received a speedy explosion.  Having thus furnished the Davis administration with the means of firing and consolidating the southern heart, the republicans have ever since persistently held out to them the false statement that the Democratic party favored the rebellion and would aid in its final success.  One would think the republican leaders had earned infamy enough in the first instance, without adding to it a wicked persistence in their slanders.  It seems to us that our soldiers will properly appreciate the efforts of these demagogues to nerve the South to greater resistance, notwithstanding the effort to cover up their dirty work, and that if they have any vengeance to wreak upon those whose conduct has aided the enemy and prolonged the war, it will fall upon the heads of those republicans who have infamously misrepresented the purposes and efforts of the Democratic party.


The Richmond Jeffersonian.

            The mob of soldiers which destroyed the Jeffersonian office at Richmond, Ind., were instigated to do the lawless act by some of the leading abolitionists of that city.  Their courage was also excited by copious potations of whisky furnished by men who are in the habit of claiming all the decency and honesty for their own party.  The Jeffersonian, we think, was guilty of no particular offense; but it was obnoxious to the general charge of being a Democratic newspaper and of supporting the Constitution, after the good old Jeffersonian manner.  We have been a reader of the Jeffersonian for perhaps twenty years, and for a time enjoyed a personal acquaintance with its editor.  During that long time it has never opposed the enforcement of any provision of the Constitution, not counseled resistance to any law of the land, so far as we could discover.  But patriotism and devotion to order are nothing now, unless it runs to niggerism.  We again give warning that the men who incite and get up mobs are more culpable before Heaven and the country than those men who actually commit the violence.


→ We don’t see what keeps the “1185” republicans of McDonough county, who voted last June against laws to prevent negro immigration into Illinois, from volunteering to fill up the decimated ranks of the army. – They think it is all right to free negroes and then send them among us.  Why don’t they go and help do it, instead of lounging about and abusing people for daring to differ with them.


Democratic Meeting at Knoxville.

            We had the privilege of attending a large meeting of the Democrats of Knox county, at Knoxville, on Wednesday last.  The greatest good feeling, earnestness, and enthusiasm prevailed.  Many of those present walked a distance of five to ten miles, showing by that act alone that their hearts are thoroughly engaged and their efforts wholly devoted to the patriotic work of restoring the Union as it was and vindicating the Constitution as it is.  Hon. J. T. Lindsay of Peoria made a most able, eloquent, and unanswerable speech of two hours and a half in its delivery.  His remarks were received with unbound satisfaction, and elicited frequent and thundering applause.  He was followed by Mr. Rounseville of Peoria, and Mr. Mason of Galesburg, who, in a half hour each, made effective and forcible speeches.  The resolutions adopted were bold and patriotic, and are such that all who love our Constitution can maintain.  A full report of the proceedings will be published next week.


What the Soldiers Think of the War for Negroes.

More Extracts from Letters.

            The letter from which the following extracts are taken was written by a volunteer from McDonough county.  He went away a republican, but he appears to have a different way of thinking now:

Louisville, Ky., March 3, 1863.

   *  *  We cannot tell what is to become of us, for things seem to get worse daily, and no signs of peace, only to fight it out.  It does seem to us as if that will never be done.  Some will say that it could be compromised, while others say that compromise men are traitors, but that does not make it so.  Is it better to kill two or three million men in settling this war, or is it not better to settle on some other terms?  I think old Abe’s proclamation was uncalled for.  It has had no tendency to settle this rebellion – it has only made it worse.  Some are making it pay them nicely, and others are making hobby horses of it to ride into office; these men do not care how long the war lasts, or how it shall end, so they get their money.  It is too serious a thing to tamper with in that way.  See the lives of millions of men that are at stake, and the hundreds of thousands beneath the sod; they are our countrymen, of the same blood, and many of the same family.  It is horrible.  And yet the cry is, fight it out.  Oh, when will this once glorious and prosperous Republic cease to feel the shock of war?  *  *

The party that wants to arm and put Mr. Nigger in the field will never save this glorious country.  It is not designed by the Almighty that the two races should run together.  I wish the abolitionists had to command these black soldiers.  They delight in this war.  Why are they not here, if they like it so well?  No, they are the last ones to face the cannon for Sambo. – If they should get killed, they could not enjoy his company after the war is over.  *  *  *

According to the army regulations, I am entitled to my discharge, for it says if a man is in the hospital sixty days he is entitled to a discharge, and I have been in the hospital over sixty days.  Again the regulations say that if a man has six months pay due him and he gives ten days notice, and the money is not forthcoming, he shall be free.  There are more than six months pay due me, but neither money nor discharge can I get.  They have with the army regulations, as they have done with the Constitution, thrown them away.                                        J.C.P.

The following is from a letter dated Lafayette, Tenn., Feb. 12, 1863:

It is true that I am now a soldier, not a politician; yet the booming cannon and glittering bayonet remind me but too forcibly of the purity and immortality of the great principles of democracy.  Too well do I know that to day the North and South would be a united, prosperous and happy people, but for the power of a political party whose purpose is and has been to turn the fertile fields of the Sunny South into vast burying grounds, to be peopled by western soldiers, in order that their vacant places by the fireside and hearthstone may be filled by a worthless, vagabond, refuse lot of barbarous niggers, for whose liberty we sacrifice our lives.

An Indiana soldier, writing from Murfreesboro, says:

This regiment is made up of good old farmers, and they went out to fight to maintain the constitution and laws and restore the Union, and after sacrificing so much they are not willing to lose all for the sole purpose of upholding the high handed usurpations of the Abolitionists, in their wicked attempts to destroy the very thing they went out to fight for.  We, as good soldiers, earnestly pray to the Ruler of nations to interpose in our behalf that these things should no longer be; and we also petition the good citizens that we have left behind, that they petition the authorities to bring about an armistice for a time and try to stop any more blood being shed, that there is now an effort made to settle the difficulties.

John H. Lane, another Indiana volunteer, writes as follows:

I have been in the United States service for seventeen months, and I declare myself among America’s loyal sons; but the honors of this war don’t amount to a hill of beans, because there is no honor about it, and never will be as long as things continue the way they are.  This thing of bringing the negroes upon an equality with the whites, grinds.  Who are they?  Abolitionists, who at home hide for fear of being drafted.  That is the way the d-d nigger-lovers are a doing.  There was a while they would say, ‘Come, boys, and let’s save the Union;’ but where are they now?  In hollow logs, like a pack of wolves!  These are they who save the Union!  What are they but a set of cowards; just like a hound pup?

The following is from a letter published in the Monmouth review, and dated at Paoli, Kansas, March 3, 1863:

They may talk and blow as much as they please, any form of government would be preferable to what we now have.  A man is here, in the army, even denied the freedom of speech, and if they could they would deprive him of the freedom of thought.  A man dare not speak a word against the Government, which means here Abraham Lincoln, or against his policy.  Never before have I seen despotism so complete.  I have the promise of being discharged in the spring.  If I am, I intend to go where I can live and speak my sentiments.  *  *  *  Let me know what you doing and whether a man can live there.  If he can by fighting a little, I want to come there, for that will be as much better than this as Heaven is better than Hell.


Township Meetings.

            The Democrats of Hire township will hold a meeting at the Rock Creek school house, Saturday, April 4th, at 1 o’clock p.m., to nominate candidates for township officers.  A full attendance is desired.


            Forward Movements. – There is much talk from the lines of the army about greater activity and forward movements against the enemy.  Whether this is reliable or not we cannot pretend to say; but it is certainly high time that the army was doing something toward the accomplishment of the object before it.  There is no doubt, however, that a forward movement has been made in Macomb against high-priced boots and shoes, which every one of our readers can verify by calling at Mr. S. F. Wright’s store, southwest corner of the square.  That’s so.


→        The Journal tells us that “THE EAGLE is in no danger of being mobbed.”  We are glad to be so assured from the organ of the mobocrats in this county.  Our immunity from danger, however, does not arise from the efforts and advice of that paper in favor of law and order, nor from any good will which the leading republicans entertain toward us; but rather from the fact that they feared reprisals.  The assertion contained in couplet

“The fear of hell’s a hangman’s whip
To hold the wretch in order,”

explains to the commonest comprehension why it is now announced that “THE EAGLE is in no danger of being mobbed.”


→ It was our good fortune to meet at Knoxville last Wednesday, a trio of brother editors – Rounseville of the Peoria Mail, Swain of the Monmouth Review, and Morton of the Knox County Observer.  They are all good looking men, clever fellows, are visited by no compunctions of conscience, and will go their length in support of the copperhead Democracy, knowing that to be the only organization that can bring order out of the confusion visible throughout the country and capable of restoring peace and a fraternal Union to the great brotherhood of American States.  Long may they wave.


            Judge Higbee. – The spring term of the McDonough circuit court was brought to a close on Monday last.  We cannot let the occasion pass without referring to the able and impartial manner in which Judge Higbee has discharged the duties of judge of the court.  As at former terms, the rapidity with which he dispatches business, the correctness of his decisions on mooted questions, as well as his urbanity toward all parties and on all occasions, challenges alike the admiration and gratitude of the people.  We trust he may long live in the enjoyment of a well-earned reputation and the confidence of his fellow-citizens.


Hon. J. T. Lindsay, of Peoria. – We had a call this week from the above-named gentleman.  Mr. L. is the senator from the Peoria district, having been elected last year in a district which the republicans had arranged to secure the return of a member of their own party; but in the general abandonment of the corruptionists last fall and the aggregation of patriotic men to the Democratic party, the district turned up Democratic.  Mr. Lindsay’s personal efforts contributed chiefly to this desirable result.  Early in the session Mr. L took a leading position in the Senate, not only as a Democrat, but as a debater and legislator, which position he retained throughout the session.  We are glad to see the senator in good health, and hopeful of the speedy triumph of Democracy and justice throughout the whole country.


Democratic Meeting in Tennessee Township.

            The Democracy of the town of Tennessee met at the Tennessee school house, on 21st of March, and elected Saml. A. Knoff, Esq., chairman, and E. L. Yarnell, secretary.

On motion, S. A. Whife, E. N. Driskell, R. Martin, B. F. Irish, and Wm. Anderson were appointed a committee on resolutions.  During their absence, Mr. Proffitt entertained the meeting in an able speech in defense of the Constitution.  The committee reported the following resolutions, which were adopted:

WHEREAS, “This abolition administration and its coadjutors have violated their solemn pledges to the conservative people of the nation, as set forth by the Presidential messages and proclamations, diplomatic correspondence, congressional resolves, and speeches all over the country, to wit: ‘that they had no desire or intention to interfere with any institution of the States, but to restore the Union with all the rights, power, and dignity of the States unimpaired;’ but with shameless impudence and perfidy changed the war for the suppression of the rebellion and the restoration of the Union, to a war for the suppression of the Constitution and the liberation of the negro, as soon as a million brave and patriotic hearts beat time to the martial roll of the drum.  We arraign the administration for violations of faith and law; for, under the tyrant’s plea of military necessity, abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia; for taxing the blood and sinew of this generation, and also of unborn millions of white freemen of the North, for compensated emancipation of slaves, thus doubly cursing us and them with the burdens of debt and the burdens of a thriftless population to crowd our poor-houses and prisons; for an attempt to trample down the Constitutions of the of the States, by forcing the negroes North; for dividing Virginia without the consent of the people; for encumbering the halls of Congress with bogus members from military districts; for proclaiming martial law in the loyal States; for arbitrarily arresting and imprisoning peaceable and loyal citizens, without due process of law; for exacting, as a condition of release from the dungeon, an oath that the outraged party would not institute legal proceedings against his oppressors, for wrongs received; for a disgraceful attempt to paralyze the arm of justice by an act of Congress to indemnify President Lincoln and his sub-Lincolns for their violations of laws which they had with uplifted hands solemnly sworn to preserve; for attempts to suppress the freedom of speech and of the press; and for the most stupendous profligacy that ever blackened an administration or cursed a confiding and loyal people.”  Therefore,

1. Resolved, That we are for the Union – the whole Union – without the erasing of a single star from our banner, if it can on honorable terms be had.

2. That a vigorous prosecution of the war for nearly two years, having failed to destroy the rebellion, or bring about a settlement of the difficulties, we are in favor of a vigorous prosecution of peace.

3. That we are in favor of a cessation of hostilities, and the calling of a National Convention of all the States at the earliest practicable period, for the purpose of re-uniting this once prosperous and happy people.

4. That we demand no more than our constitutional rights and will accept nothing less.

5. That we will stand by any President as long as he will adhere to the Constitution, — and that we will never consent to become the slaves of despots and tyrants.

6. That neither President nor Congress have the right to exercise powers over the States or people beyond the grant of the Constitution.

7. That we will not submit to arbitrary and unlawful arrests, where the courts are open and no opposition to the civil law, under an order from Abe Lincoln or any one else.

8. That no abolition conscript law can ever compel us to fight our own white brothers for the purpose of giving freedom to the negroes, merely to please the abolition scoundrels of the North.

9. That we are opposed to all secret political societies, under the name of “S.B.,” or any other name; and that we are in favor of discussing publicly all political questions.

10. That we base our political faith on the Virginia resolutions drawn by Thos. Jefferson, as a true exposition of the intent and meaning of the Constitution of the United States.

11. That we are fully convinced of the correctness of an extract contained in the farewell address of Andrew Jackson, that “the Constitution cannot be maintained nor the Union preserved in opposition to public feeling, by the mere exercise of the coercive powers of the Government.  The foundation must be laid in the affections of the people; in the security it gives to life, liberty, and property in every quarter of the country, and in the fraternal attachment which the citizens of the several States bear to each other, as members of the same political family, materially contributing to the happiness of each other.”

12. That we do most cordially endorse the bold and patriotic speeches in defense of the Constitution and the liberties of the people, delivered by Messrs. Vallandingham, Seymour, Voorhees, and others.

13. That the secretary be requested to forward these resolutions to the Chicago Times, Cincinnati Enquirer, Carthage Republican, and the The Macomb Eagle.

The following nominations were then made: for supervisor, Stephen A. White; for assessor, Daniel A. Keyser; for collector, James F. Bradford; for clerk, Edward Doyle; for highway commissioner, John S. Harrison; for overseer of poor, E. N. Driskell.


“Secesh” Democrats.

            Under this head the Rock Island Argus explains the principles and intentions of the Democratic party.  The article is brief, and is so plain and explicit a statement of what the people may expect from that party, that we cannot fail to give it a place in our columns:

Our abolition fellow citizens are very fond of denouncing Democrats as “secesh,” “copperheads,” “butternuts,” “traitors,” &c., and probably think that in the use of such epithets they prove themselves very loyal to the government, and Democrats disloyal.  As far as we are concerned these epithets do not disturb us in the least. – They will not deter us from discussing any measure of public policy which may be before the country.  Democrats offer no resistance to law, but they will discuss the justice and policy of all laws – if they are, in their opinion, unjust or against public policy they will say so and assign their reasons for their opinions.  They will obey the law, and offer no resistance to its fair and honest execution, but claim the right to ask its repeal or modification in a lawful manner.  They will discuss the policy of this or any other administration, with perfect freedom.  They will expose and denounce the corruptions and the imbecility of their public servants.  They will defend the constitutional rights of the States and the people.  They will defend and sustain the personal rights and personal freedom of the citizen, no matter whether that citizen be an abolitionist or a Democrat.  They will sustain the government, whoever may administer it.  They will aid the administration in all its lawful and proper acts, and condemn whatever they think wrong. – They will sustain the freedom of speech and the freedom of the press, and maintain the right to peaceable assemble and express their opinions.  And they will grant to all people the same rights they claim for themselves.  It this makes us “copperhead,” then we are one.


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